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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, May 31, 1882, Image 1

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! . WEEKLY EDITION. WIXNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1882. ESTABLISHED Hf 1844. j
Robin Redbreast.
ET JOHN G. WHITTXE2.
^ My old "Welsh neighbor over the way
Crept slowly out in the son of spring,
Pushed from her ears the locks of gray
And listened to hear the robin siDg.
. Her grandson, playing at marbles, stopped,
B fcf And cruel in tport as boys will be,
Tossed a stone at the bird, who hopped
From bough to bough on the apple tree.
"Xay," said the grandmother, "have you nc
" heard
My poor bad boy ! of the fiery pit
And how drop by drop this merciful bird
Carries the water that quenches it ?
.tie onngs cool dew on his little bill
And lets it fall on the soul of sin?
You can see the mark on his red breast still?
Of fires that scorch as he drops it in.
" ITy poor Bron rhuddyn ! my breast bcrnec
bird!
Singing so sweetly from limb to limb,
Very dear to the heart of onr Lord
Is he who pities the lost like him."
"Amen," I said to the beautiful myth,
Sing bird of God in my heart as well,
Each good thought is a drop wherewith
To cool and lessen the powers of helL
Prayers of love like rain drops fall,
y ?. Tears of pity are cooling dew.
ahu ciear w zae nearc 01 our Xiora are au
s.-v-* *
Who suffer like him in the good they do.
jg THE QABDENER'SSTORT.
F "And so you have had two wives,
Robert, they inform me, and you are a
mji very young man still."
This was said, by way of parenthesis,
to Robert Kennie, the gardener, who
had, about a year before, married a
Rflamstrp-Rs. VPTr wnf?Tl tn Vila r\run Vior._
pin ess.
"Two wives, did you say, ma'am?''
"Yes, Robert^ and the last parcel
was thrust into the basket in the same
breath with the response.
kSirange enough, Robert set the basket
upon the floor, and the smile of honest
pride and pleasure at the interest we all
took in the affairs of little Jeannie
passed from his face, and he replied, in
a thoughtful, musing manner:
"I am not sure about that same,
jn 13 i* L x
am. j. wuaia oe a gres i> easing to my
I mind, ma'am, if you would explain
things a bit to me."
"Certainly, Robert, I will aid you in
any way that I can, to the best of my
ability; but will not Jeannie be expecting
you home?"
"No; Kate Randell is with her, and I
think I might be made a happier man
by telling a bit about poor Mary."
? He had taken a small rake unawares,
it would seem, into the room, and now,
having taken the chair I pointed out,
" he leaned his two hands upon the handle
of the implement, and, to my astonishment,
I beheld large tears dropping
from his eyes upon the floor.
"I think, ma'am, I committed a great
wrong in the matter of poor Mary, and
my muaa is never quite easy aoonc it. -1
didn't think so much abont it till the
. day she died, poor thing. I'm thinking,
ma'am, that some women folks are
just like these flowers. They must have
t just the right kind of soil, and the right
light, and the right heat, and everything
suited to their natures, or else
Lthey will die."
"Why, Bobert; yon are certainly indulging
a sickly fancy in talking in this
wise of Mary; and as to any self reproach,
it onght to be cut of the ones
rtioB, for I am sore you have too good a I
^ to Wact any one. And then,
too, Robert, ! sfiair -speaKTrannyi-Trof I
have heard that Mary was a sickly,
complaining, melancholy creature, like
to make both herself and yon miserable.
Now, Jennie?"
'God bless her," interrupted the
i gardener, rising to an attitude of re|L
spectful earnestness; "but, irdeed,
ma'am, that is why I wish to tell of Mary
because she v,as blamed when I was the
one to bear the blame. God forbid that
I should ever have neglected Mary. No,
^~ T stoYA/3 V/a* nifrhfr onil aV Knt.
JJ,* J* JL V?i t-U AVi. UV4. bMv. j
it wasn't the right kind of care, nor
J0ka. the right one, and she grcto sickly,
died. She didn't love me, ma'am,
. as a woman should love, to become a
m wife.
"Yon see, when I first came to this
country, ma'am, I was employed by old
Mr. Brewster upon his grounds, and
Mary * was a bit of a lass, doing small
work for the ladies of the family. At
first she was always smiling like, and
l singing. Then she began to grow pale
W z, and mute, and I?I, a fool of a boy,
f " must needs think she m as pining for me.
Then I began to think how wondrous
lovely and meek and good she was. One
day I did something tender like to her,
and she burst,out crying as if her little
heart would break. I put her head on
fc my shoulder, and eke seemed like a
p dear child to me. You must know that
Mary talked the whole matter over bew
fore she died, aid also seemed more
like the Holy .Virgin ia spirit than anything
else.
?T
"A HCVCI WMAUU. iUYD ULf I'uau VUUU) i
. ma'am, never; and yet I began to talk
Ik abont going to the priest's. Mary was
| fearful in her nature, and she did no*
tell me all about herself. She was an
g:? orphan, with neither kith nor kin, and,
W liie one of these plants, made to cling
to something else, or they cannot
grow. She had a lover, to whom she
had been attracted like ever since they
rwertf^Snildren. She did not tell me
this till I began to regard her so much
. mine tbat it would have been terrible
to part with her. He was to come out
at a certain period, and she was to keep
her faith till that time. If he did not
come then, she might suppose he was
dead or changed.
^ "Poor little Mary! This was the time
k I first began to notice her. She moved
' about, heavy like, and grew pale, and
the smallest thing set her to crying.
She sometimes thought he had forgotten
her; and then came the fear that
he might be dead. Then when I began
W to go with her wherever she went
' never talking about it?for somehow I
X X T 13 X 7
w aia Hoc, yet ? comu nut ue&r w see miyqody
else near her, and even was angry
when Mary did not look to me lor protection?then
Mary told me of her absent
lover. She was gentle and loving
in her nature, and had regarded me as a
brother whom she might love and trust,
with no thought as to the future.
"Ma'am, I was nigh on't wild when I
t lltwu ui wiO| oiiu x unmq ouu^ |/iuliwb
that if Dermont did not come within
two weeks after the time appointed, she
would be my wife. Ton may think she
was imiiappy, ma'am. No, she was like
a sweet child, that when she saw all
Hr smiling and happy abont her, she
HT ooaldn't be miserable herself, even
thongh things were not qnite to hex
liking. Bnt I remember now, and,
ma'am, I shall never,-forget how territ
fied her eyes looked sometimes, and
E, "hnw she tried to smile and it came faint'
like, and her hands grew icy cold, and
her voice stopped its singing. Bat ]
wouldn't- regard these things then; and:
God forgive me, often and often I wish
ed Dermont would never come?for ]
was selfish, and full of a blind love fo:
the meek, innocent creature.
"Well, the time came, bat 110 love:
came with it; the two weeks were over
* and the bridal made ready. "We had i
few of onr own people, and the pries
maSe Mary mine; and she seemed quiti
gentle and content, and I though
more beautiful and lovable than ever. !
don't know why it is, ma'am, that :
sorrowful face should go so nigh to th
heart, but so it is.
^ ""We were to have a fine treat; an:
* * while the wor^-rr. prepared that in on
room, the younger folks were matin
perry in the other. We heard a knoc
at the door, and then some one spoke
Mary sprang for the door, and I
ma'am'?yes, I?held the poor chili
back with a grasp that left the mar]
npon her arm. I held that child fr'on
the heart that?"
Robert's eyes were distended as i
with horror at the recollection, and thei
suddenly drawing in his breath, he sanl
like a stricken child upon his knees
and, scarcely above a whisper, utter
>t ed,?
"Tell me truly, ma'am, was it not m]
duty then at that moment to have giver
her to her lover V
'Most assuredly, Robert. God forgive
you that you did not."
"I did not, and ehe so beautiful, so
lovable, and the priest had bound hex
to me. She was mine. I could not,
would not resign her to another. The
very peril of losing her made me more
1 fiend than human."
"What did Mary say, Robert ?"
"Poor girl! she only looked into my
face, so still, so sorrowful, her blue eyes
without a tear, and her dear cheek
white, and the light curls all away from
one side to her face, just as they had
fallen when I thrust her back. I thought
she had stopped breathing. Then the
door opened and closed softly, and the
room was hushed as if for the dead.
"My mother whispered how Dermont
was there, and how she told him all;
and that he was sitting by the door with
no power to move. And then she
turned to Mary, and said:
" 'He only asks one kiss of ye, Mary,
and then he will never trouble ye again.'
" 'One, Kobert, only one,' said poor
Mary, rising to co.
" 'Ye are my wife, Mary, and James
Dermont shall never, never kiss your
cheek;' and I held her with a strong
hand. Mary neither spoke nor moved."
"Robert, Robert, you may well pray
God to forgive you?"
I stayed my speech, for the man was
crushed at his own recollections.
"Mary never uttered his name from
that time forth. She strove to smile ;
she was gentle and good ; and, oh, so
nTMof. f TTAnl^ V*OT?O fnrOTJ A<3
to have met an angry glance. I wonld
have given worlds to have her reproach
me. Bat night and day I watched over
her. I was doomed to early lose the
being I had wronged, and whose patient
misery was a contintial reproach to me.
I neglected everything to meet her
slightest wishes ; while she, as she
never reproached me, so did she forbear
to icaLi npon me for the slightest
attention. Sne had a forlorn aspect, as
a plant will have that has been left to
the mercv of a storm."
"Did she live long, Robert?''
The poor man started with a sharp
' One day my mother came in and
told as that Dermont was dead. It was
not a year from that fatal night. The
third day Mary was in her grave. A
blossom of beauty, aEd a bnd never
unfolded to the light My mother?for
women feel differently about such
tilings from what we do?my mother
bade me bnry Mary beside of Deimont,
and I obeyed."
"Robert," I said, "yon are ill. This is
so unlike yon, that I cannot believe it
to be real truth yon have told me."
"Ay, ma'am, it seems like a terrible
dream. I have tried to think it over. I :
have tried to find an ezcuse for my
cruelty. But poor dead Mary?it is too,
too true. It was not love that I bore 1
her?it wa3 the love of power?the ten- :
derness of a brother; but I could never 1
bear ooposition. I could not sacrifice :
creature iS. tlusrgr?at gneFcif^Sgea ?m^ 1
whole nature."
"But where is Jeannie all this time ? i
Did you conceal this strange story from
her?"
"God forbid. I told it to her when
I first found what it meant to lose
another. And to-night she bade me
talk with you, thinking you might see
it in a different light from what I did/
"No, Robert, no; do not hide your
great fault from your own eyes. Dare*
fnno VAV\OTVf. TnoTt..
IU lUUii. 10 ILL Uig iCkVC) auu iv^/VMV
fully therefor. Mary was no wife o.;
yours iu the sight of God, and you
should have yielded her to the lover,
the betrothed lover, whom you defrauded
by a miserable quibble?fo::
days and weeks are not to be named iu
the csilendar of woes between true
hearts."
Robert bowed his head in silence. At
length he resumed, in a tone trembling
from anxiety:
"Jeannie is not in the least like poor
Mary, and yet now when she is moving
* 1 -
in cue very room wuoid ?/wj. mchj
to sit so quietly, and she is silently
making this small work, I have more
than once shuddered to see just such a
look pass over her face as Mary had. I
sometimes fear I am to be punished in
a still greater manner?that the four
poors r?? acnnv is not atonement
,
enough!"
| And the tears gushed from the eyes
I of the darkened man, and he grasped
i the chair convulsively for support.
Little can be said upon subjects like
these. They are viewed sccording to
the enlightenment of sentiment and
conscience; and only to the Great Comforter
can the weary heart carry its
burden.
Robert's presentiments of evil, however,
were unrealized. Jeannie is as
blooming and more cheerful than ever ;
for a house is ever prosperous where
love presides at the altar; and the
smiles of infancy will of themselves
chase away all the spirits of evil.
Mermaids.
The mermaid of the ancients v>as
probably identical with the dugong of
the Indian ocean. It is a species of
cetacea, but differs materially both from
the whale and the seaL its head end
heart are not unlike that of the human
family. It has flippers and tail like a
seal, "but unlike that animal, lives on
vege table food. According to an article
in the Popular Science Monthly, its
usual length is twelve feet and weight
is about a ton. It often comes to the
surface of the water to breathe, and
utters a peculiar cry which has been
described as a plaintive appeal, as if a
child half awakened ha'd softlj moaned
and turned over to sleep again. ."Dagong
fishing has become an object of thriving
industry, especially at Moreton Day,
Queensland, Australia. The submarine
pastures on which it feeds lie at a depth
of from eight to fourteen feet, where it
feeds down the herbage so close as to
leave a well-defined track. It is usually
taken by stretching strong nets across
1 its feeding track, and in which it becomes
hopelessly entangled. The flesh,
1 which the church permits to be eaten
; on fast days, is easily made by various
cooking to resemble either beef, veal or
bacon, and forms delicious dishes. The
' bones are close-grained and capable of
1 taking a high polish. The skin, which
* * t - i * x-_
is sometimes an men ana a nan wiiu&,
[ is good to make a jelly as acceptable
L and beneficial to invalids as calf s-foot,
' and for leather. It is timid and in no
; vay dancerons. As a food animal, it
L is probably unsurpassed.
r -
Statistics of the average number oi
f persons who inhabit a house in the va?
rious cities of Europe give an excellent
* notion of the distribution of wealth,
6 Among the larger cities of Westerr
9 Europe, where the system of family
t houses is dominant, the average is, o
I course, small. Thus, the average foi
a Bremen is 6?, for London 8, for Am
e sterdam 9, for Rome 12, for Cologne 1<
and for Frankfort-on-the-Main 16. Ii
3 other well-known cities the averagesar<
e these: Paris 35, Trieste 32, Buda-Pest}
g 33, Konigsbnrg 25, Breslau 26, Liepsi<
k 36?, Berlin 58 and Vienna 57,
THE UNITED STATES AHEAD.
I Some Interesting Facta and Fieares fro:n
j. the C'ennus Returns.
i The Chicago News says: The features
in Robert P. Porter's book which wili
f excite the most surprise in many minds
i will be the figures which place the
: United States ahead of all other nations,
, not only in the aggregate annual pro
duct of its industry, but also ahead of
any other nation m the annual product
r of its manufactures (including flour),
l and also in its carrying trade. Our annual
product of manufactures is placed
; at S4 410,000,000, as against S'J, 790,000,000
for Great Brits.in, ?2,425.000,000
i for France, $2,135,000,000 for Germany
and $1,145,000,000 for Russia. Tha
statistics used in these comparisons
: with other nations are taken for the
United States from the census of 1880,
and for the other nations fromMulhall's
"Progress of Nations," Mr. Mulhall
having assumed of late leading position
among English statisticians. So rapid
is the growth of manufactures throughout
the world that Mr. Porter speaks of
the "industries that now occupy
12,500,000 workmen in Europe as having
been in their infancy at the period
of Waterloo." He computes the number
of operatives employed in manufactures
in the United States at nearly
three millions. The product per operative
in the United States is $1,560
oer vear. atrainst SI, 120 in Great
Britain, $1,100 in France and $515 in
Germany. This may be partly owing
to the greater skill in economizing
human labor shown by American operatives,
but it must also be partly due to
our greater use of machinery, healthier
and more vigorous mode of life, and to
the fact that man who are making better
profits or wages on their work will
do more work?partly, perhaps, it may
be owing to the fact that America has a
better market in which to sell many
kinds of manufactured goods, though
a _ 1J J -
| Luis point wuuiu uiKiupwr xi iu >veie
j found that the product of manufactures
were as much greater than elsewhere
when measured bj quality as when
measured by price. We make to-day '
one fourth of the world's iron, one-fifth
of its steel, one-sixth of its textile '
fabrics (cotton goods and woolens), and 1
even one-eighth of its silk, though this, 1
we suppose, cannot include the portion j
of the silk product consumed in China,
which is said to be very great rela- '
tively to its export. i
In the "carrying trade'' the United
States are set down as earning $890,- \
000.000, against S805.000.000 by Great .
Britain, ?310,000,000 by France and 1
$345,000,000 by Germany. We assnme j
on the face of these figures that the
terms "carrying trade'*" as here used
cover carrying by land and river as well e
as by lake and sea, and domestic as 8
well as foreign. Bat if so, the statement
of the "commerce" of the United
Rhftfoc in t.Via sftniA khlfl shnnld ho lim- i E
ited to the "foreign commerce only, bs v
only under that limitation would the ?
"commerce" of the United States stand
at $1,505,000,000, against $3,460,000,000 13
for Great Britain, $1,660,000,000 for 5
France and $1,920,000,000 for Germany a
In fact, the domestic commerce of the *
United States is about twenty times as a
peat as its foreign commerce. It is the 8
intensity of the demand for the invest- e
ment of capital in our domestic trans- 8
portation and commerce which has e
caused American capitalists so largely
to transfer their capital from foreign to ?
domestic trade, because the profits were ?
tar higher and more certain. A notable "
&%, fl
i860 from Panama and other steamship P
and foreign transit companies, where ?
the losses were prodigious and the dividends
fluctuating, to interior railway ?
linos, wherein his profits, by various f1
means, were prodigions, even as compared
with hiii dividends, and his losses ?
nothing. Durant, Field and many ^
others made similar transfers of capital,
thns showing that the subsidence of
onr ocean carrying trade, instead of
being an index of decline in onr national
piosperity, was dne to the enormous T
? x i i
increase in the activities 01 our miernsu g
carrying trade, and so was due to the r
almost abnormal rapidity of our national s
advancement. c
Another striking indication of the r
changing condition of the country is c
that the annual produofc of our manu- 8
factures not only exceeds the annual s
product of our agriculture, but exceeds c
it by the broad margin of 50 per cent, j
Our manufacturing product is $4,410,- (
000,000 a year, while that of our agri- j
culture is only ?3,000,000,000 a year. ,
This is largely due to the greater use j
that can be made of machinery and (
especially of steampower, in manufac- j
tures than in agriculture. And it is
doubtless out of this increased use of (
? *i??~ nAmflr fhaf. mannfac-1 i
UlUd LLltUl ii4an uai ^vnv* vmm? ? I
tnring nations grow in wealth so ranch j
more rapidly than agricultural. j
Onr mining industries produce $360- (
000,000 a year, as against $325,000,000 (
in Great Britain, while onr earnings in (
banking are $260,000,000, against $540,- ,
000,000 in Great Britain, $170,000,000 ]
in France, $140,000,C00in Germany, and ,
$75,000,000 in Bussia. The total annual .
- ^ *- nt oil C-inr?a 1<J 1
product. UI UUT liJiuuooxxco vx utA vw j
310,395,000.000, as against ?10,130,000,
000 for Great Britain, $6,625,000,000 for .
France, $6.345,000.000 for Germany, j
$4,3u0,000,000 for Russia, and $3,285,- '
000,000 for Austria. In the light of
these figures 1880 may be set down as ,
the census year in which the United ,
Slates clearly and unmistakably as- ,
j turned the position of the first industrial
power among nations. In one or
two respects hsvo still a few laps to
gain in our race with our competitors.
Great Britain still leads us in capital,
in banking, and in navigation. But,
taking our general race in industry as a
whole, we are now cleai'ly at the head
of all nations, wnetner weai x>riu?ii
I leads us in the quantity of her machine
power we do not ^et learn from this
volume. These points are but a few of
those which occur to us on glancing at
Mr. f orter's book, which is one of great
and inestimable value?the best work
yet done, we think, in connection with
any census.
Layiag Back the Ears.
The expressive gestures which many
animals make with their ears are matters
of familiar observation. Nothing
is more significant than the drawing
hick and -pressuie of the ears to the
head, which indicates a savage frame of
mind. Mr. Darwin, in his recent work
on the means of expression in men and
animals, gives an ingenious explanation
of this movement. He observes that it
is only fonnd in the species which fight
with their teeth. All the carnivora do
this, and all, so far as he has observed,
draw back their ears when feeling
savage. This may be continnally seen
with dogs fighting m earnest, or, perhaps,
fighting in play. Cats, leopards,
tigers and lynxes show the same peculiarity.
It is very noticeable in horses,
and the vicious expression it gives to
1 them is unmistakable. Bnfc cattle,;
sheep or goats, though they fight, never
use their teeth in fighting, ard never
draw back their ears when enraged.
The elephant, which fights with its
tusks, does not retract its ears, but, on
. the contrary, erects them when rushing
i at an enemy. The connection between
' biting as a means of warfare and laying
' back the ears as a sign of danger is so
r uniform 2nd the exceptions are so few
that Mr. Darwin's explanation of the
) nrio-in of the habit is highly probable.
w#*o? ? ? - ? - 1
He says animals which fight in this
2 way try to bite each other's ears, and rei
versely, being conscious that the ear is
3 a weak point of attack, lay it back upcu
the he&d to keep it out of the Tray.
s.
,
"Pickety" in Kansas.
We make the following extract fron:
Mr. Charles L. Brace's article, entitled
"Wclf-reared Children,''in St. Nicholas.
"Piokety" is a New York street arafc
who has been induced to leave the
Boy^ Lodging House and " Go West."
Pickety at first thought he might be
sent where bears wonld hunt him, or InJ
* 1. - "L 1_ * J Xl. ~ 2. 1 t 3
uians caicu mm, ana inaine womaearn
very little and would lose all the sights
and fun of New York, so he was almost
afraid to go; but, on hearing all about
it, and seeing that he would never come
to much in a city, and especially hoping
to get more education in the "West, and
by and by to owr. a bit of land for himself,
he resolved to join a party under
one of the Western agents of the Children's
Aid Society and go to Kansas?
i."L ~ \T ? J.T
wujuu iu tue i\bw j.urn uuv seems me
best state in the West.
We have not time nor space to follow
his, fortunes there; everything was
strange to him, and he made queer work
of his duties in a farmer's house; but
the strangest thing of all to him was to
be in a kind. Christian familv. He won
dered what ^iade them all so good, and
he began to think he would like to be
as they were, and mcst of all like the
One he had heard of in the Lodging
House meeting.
He was-careful to write to his New
York friends about his new home, and
here is one of the letters received from
him, after he had been in the West a
few months:
" , , Kansas.
"Mr. Mac??Deae Sep.: I write you
these few lines hoping you are in good
health at present, and not forgetting the
rest of the gentlemeD that I remember
in the Children's Aid Society. I am
fretting on splendid with my studies at
school, and I send you my monthly report,
but please return it, as I want to
keep all of my reports. I have a good
place and like my home, and am glad I
came.
"The first time I rode a horse bareback,
he slung me over his head and
made me sick for a week. I also had
diphtheria but I am all right again and
in good health, and can ride or gallop a
horse as fast as any man in town. "When
summer comes I will learn to plow and
sow, and do farmer's work, I will get
good wages out here. It is a nice country,
for there is no Indians, or bears, or
:>ther wild animals-- ceptprairie-wolves,
md you can scare them with anything.
"If any boy wants a good home, he
;an come here and have plenty of fan.
[ have fan with the mules, horses, pigs
md dogs. No pegging stones at ragpickers
or tripping up men or tramps in
he Bowery or City Hall park,
"Tell 'Banty' I send him my best reipects.
Tell him it is from 'Pickety,' :
md he will know me.
"Yours truly, ." i
He learned his farm-work fast and
oon made himself very useful; the next '
pinter ho went to school again, and be- ;
ame a verv srood scholar. He knew <
low to make money, too; when a far- !
tier gave him a calf, or a lamb, or a <
heep, he took good care of it, and by ]
nd by sold it, and bought other stock '
pith the proceeds, and in this way, after j
few y?ars, he had saved a considerable i
um. With this he bought some "Gov- s
rnment land," on which he built a 1
nanty; ana so ne oegan to oe a "land- 1
d proprietor." i
He was do longer "Pickety," but had 1
Christian name, and for his last name t
e took that of the kind people to whom
e felt like a son. He had acquired a
lir education, too; and the neighbors
han,H as they called mm. ne mra ^
uite lost his "wolfish nature by this <
imo, and now had a new one, which I
ad come to him from the Good Being i
iO had heard of in the Lodging House, 1
hrough the civilizing. Christian influ- <
nee that had been thrown around him. 1
ind here we will leave him,?a thriving j
armer on his own land. J
Malibran iu New York. I
Maria Garcia was the most accom- ,
vocalist, the most dramatic .
inger, in all respects the most gifted
cmsical artist, of modern days ; and
he had such beauty of person and
tharm of manner that she became the ;
uost supreme of prima donnas?a sort
>f women who from their first appearance
have Deen accustomed to see the
rorld at their feet. She was the idol
>f society in New York, and was hardly
ess admired and beloved by the geniral
public. Such a creature had not
)een seen before for half a century, and
vas not to be seen again for quite as
loner. Her voice was a contralto which
?nabled her to sing with equal ease the
nusic of "Semiramide" and "Areace."
As an actress she was made by nature
equally mispress of the grand, the paretic,
and the gay. Her face was, peraaps,
not in all points regularly beautiful
; but it was full of beauties, each
iminent in its land, and had an everinduring,
always-varying charm. Her
lark, bright ayes fascinated all on
whom their brilliant glances fell, and
by her smile, which revealed brilliant
md beautifullv-ahaped teeth, not only
lil men, but even all women, seem to
have been carried captive. Her figure
was so exquisitely beautiful in all
points that it was somewhat extravagantly
said that she might be studied
for an improvement upon the Venus de'
Medici. The poise of her daintilyshaped
head upon her shoulders was an
appeal to admiration, and her graceful
carriage Tvould have been dignified had
she been a little taller. To : power
of varied expression in her face there
seems to have been no limit; but that
most natural to it, and most commonly
seen upon it, was a fascinating radia
tion 01 Happiness irum uw uwu ouu w
all within her influence. Nor did her
manner and her look belie her nature.
According to all evidence, she was as
good aa she was beautiful and fascinating?"as
good as an angel." There is
no record of any other such supremacy,
personal, vocal, and dramatic, except in
the great G&brielle, who turned the
head and won the heart of all Europe
three-quarters of a century before her ;
and Gabrielle was far below her moral
It 11-1- T
lyv and m aii icat/ manes wvmzu.? uiuou
admirable and lovable.
It is greatly noteworthy tbat the career
of such a woman as this should
bs.ve been really begun and shaped in
New York, the New York of 1825. Bnt
so it was. In New York she received
the first recognition cf her talents ; in
New York she first felt the glow of triumph,
and was conscious of the poseessesion
of sustained power. In New
York, too, she passed from msidenhood
to wifehood, and acqmrea tno name uy
which, notwitstanding a second marriage,
she was afterward always known,
and will be known while the world
reads the history of music. She had
not been long npon the stage of the
Park Theater when M. Francois Eugen9
Malibran, a French merchant of New
York, proposed marriage to her. He
was fifty years of age, bhe seventeen ;
but she was willing, and after a brief
opposition on the part of her father she
became Madame Malibran in March,
1826?only four months after her ap
o?/3 in +Vin rmrlot. nf Vior
iiCi c, c*u.v*. *? v. ? w*.
operatic and social success?[Century
Magazine.
Inventions Needed.
A writer on cranberry culture, in the
,'Raral New Yorker, says that there is
much needed a machine for separating
the rotten and frozen cranberries from
the sound in preparing them for the
market. A machine of this kind that
will do perfect work is not known. A
machine" for harvesting the berries n
also greatly needed.
?1?IMM??^?1?I
In an Insane Asylum.
i One Samnel Patton, of Chatsworth,
[ 111., makes affidavit to, the trnth of a
long statement which he sends to the
i Chicago Inter-Ocean, setting forth his
I experiences in the insane asylums at
Jacksonville and Kankakee, in that
i state. He says he was unjustly deprived
of his liberty. Among the stories he
tells are the following: I saw a man in
the Jacksonville asylum ^confined in a
cage that prevented him from setting
up, except wnen it was opened 10 enaoie
him to eat bis meals. He was there,
apparently, a strong, healthy man, and
seemed to be civil and quiet, but when
I last sa?v him, three weeks ago, he was
a raving maniac. And when taken from
his cage and thrown by force into the
bath tub, to take his weekly bath, I saw
large sores on his back, cansed by lying
constantly in one position, and his
body was. reduced almost to a skeleton.
Very few patients are allowed outside of
the building, and I have not observed a
single instance since I came here in
which a patient inside of it has improved;
but nearly all of them seem homesick
and tired of confinement. And new
patients coming in contact with those
who have been confin?id here for years
lose all hope of ever ge#s.^g out, and,
being cat off from communication with
their friends and the world outside,
soon sink into a state of despair that
wonld have a tendency, to injure the
best intellects.
Daring the last year I was there the
men were sometimes taken oat into a
little yard, three of which, abont 100
feet square, had been, inclosed with a
fence about ten feet high, made cf
matched flooring. When in the wardroom
the men were often severely pun
ished for leaving their seats, and I have
often seen them jerked from them and
knocked down, when I conld see no
excuse for it whatever, and stamped in
the face by the attendants, who always
employed the heels of their boots for
that purpose, until the floor aronnd
them was smeaied with blood, when
the hopeless victim would be taken to
his room and locked in. This was of
frequent occurrence, and I was once
threatened with the ss.me kind of treatment
myself for looking at them while
engaged in an outrage of this kind.
After being compelleid to sit among
lunatics two years anil seven months,
Trif.hnnf qr\rt hnrta nf T I
II4WJ.IVUU v* .*VAVM<.-V) TTUV/1U A
was seldom allowed to speak or leave
my seat, tinder penally of such treatment
as I have described, though I
sometimes received nearly as bad, anyway,
I was transferred-io the asylum *t
Kankakee. This occurred on the 10 th
of August, 1881, and Ijhad only been at <
Kankakee a few days when one of the <
attendants asked me to take a walk with ]
him. "When I was jmt into the Jack- ]
scnville asylum I weighed 150 pounds, ]
but when transferred to Kankakee my \
weight had been reduced to 141 pounds, <
and I had become so enervated that I i
sould only endure slight exercise. But (
[ was soon after allowed to go where I I
chose. I C3n find no fault with the
management of the Kankakee asylum,
rhe patients are treated with courtesy,
md when willing and trustworthy are
allowed to do work outside or walk ?
a"hrmf. AT<^vAiea qt>/1 mnaf fVtrx v\o- 1
4K/UUV AVi. WAVAUIOV) AUVWV VA UUU ?/CM ^
;ients who were removed from Jackson
sdlle when I was are greatly improved, ]
showing tha advantage of good treat- j
nent over hopeless imprisonment and '
ijranny. -j' |
Americai.it is. 1
Pearls are found. rrY country, and *
j-tXt^TAnr am tTCTirj-i . i ,
;ome from the Gulf of California, ;
:hough about ?3,000 worth come from 1
;he fresh-witer musnels, all over the *
Union, especially from the Miami river, 1
3hio. A Now York reporter having in- '
erviewed I\Ir.Andrews, the head of the *
jewel department of a New York house, |
learned from lxim the following facts: '
The California pearls are as fine as ;
- '"v? x_*J ?nvA trolnn/^ oo
nij unsntti.i pcuiiS) 24u^ aiu uha\JSA HU
highly. Tie fresh-water pearls are '
almost all small, but brilliant and some- 1
what rosy in tint. About half the Cali- 1
fornia pearls are blaci, and command a
better price than white pearls. Some
years ago about eighty per centum of |
California j>earls were black, the proportion
having diminished rapidly !
during the last ten yeirs
The biggest pearl ever found in this
country wan the celebrated one found 1
about tweu'iy years ago in a New Jersey
pond awcl sold to the then Empress
Eagenie.
Of late many small ana almost worthless
pearls hare been received from
Texas farmers, who have an exaggerated
notion of their value. The firm
buy them more as a 'matter of encouragement
to the pearl-hunters than anything
else. Some day these hunters
may discover valuable gems, and their
custom may be worth something, Mr.
Andrew showed the reporter a handful
of these small, pink, irregular-shaped
pearls, the majority of them not larger
than a pin-head. The larger they are
the more defective they are in shape
and color. Home 01 me larger ones
might be mistaken for bits of bone
polished L.p. The only use to which
they can ba pnt is for replacing lost
pearis in old jewelry of no great valne,
which is sent for :repair. Sometimes
they can be cut into thin pieces, and a
small piece of fair pearl can be obtained
for enameling.
rpu,* finnat cfinner nf rvAarls ever
J. lid UUVOU -V- J. _
brought to this country is now in possession
of the firm. It consists of sixty
pearls, the largest being about the size
of a wren's eng. Every pearl is perfectly
round and pnre in color, and not
one is valued at less than 8500. While
examining this string, the reporter happened
to remark that he could not tell
the difference between that string of
enormous value and one of imitation
pearls.
"No more can any one," said Mr.
Andrews, "until they are handled. The
best,experts cannot tell a good imitation
pearl from the real without touching
it. The weight is deficient in
imitation pearls, and the surface is
different to an experienced hand. They
can only be distinguished by touch and
weight. But every pearl in a ball-room
might be false without the best expert
in the trade suspecting it."
Johnny's Composition.
The trustees of a school once offered
a r.ri7:c- tn the scholars in it for the best
composition. All the boys were compelled
to write, and were allowed to
choose their own subjects. One boy
declared that he could not do it. He
could not think of anything to write
about. Nevertheless, he was obliged
to become one of the unwilling competitors.
When the day of trial came,
he read his composition or rather part
of it, for he was not permitted to read
it all. He began: "My composition
is about spring. Spring will soon be
1 * f ^ " T 0 "DAnnnon
nere. nuw UU X auvtt uuau i jL;^vauo^
it came last year, and.the year before that
and that the year before that. The grass
will soon grow green, and the trees pnt
forth leave?. How do I know that ?
Because the gras3 grew green, and the
trees pnt forth leaves last year, ana the
year before that. And the little lambs
will come., and they'll gambol and play
and have a good time. How do I know
that ? Because 'the little lambs gamboled
last year, and the year before
"* *1 1? x? i m
) that, ana tne yearoeiore mat. - anai
i will do, Johnny," interrupted a trnstee,
; tired of the iteration, and Johnny
l marched from tb.e stage to his seat, rei
peating: "And the year before that,
; and the year before that." The anii.
ence screamed with laughter, bni
i Johnny's composition did not gain the
prize,
V
} \
I
A Horrible Beast in a Sewer,
One of the most remarkable incidents
, that has jet come to light?or rather to
i .darkness?in North St. Louis is recorded,
and although the hero in the case
, escaped with his life, he is not particularly
anxious to go on any more exploring
expeditions, even when they are in
the interests of home comforts and re
T> *ii T~? l i- 11
qu-ireuiouts. jdiiiy rrani js a wenknown
meat-shop keeper doing business
on Ninth streeN near St. Louis
avenue. Be resides at Elliot and Sullivan
avenues, and the Rocky > Branch
sewer carries away the ofial and refuse
of tbe locality. For some time Mr.
Prant has had trouble with his sewerage,
and the other afternoon he took
his jounger brother with him tq investigate
matters. The sewer is a natural
one, and large enough to allow
a wagon with a double team to
drive throu/h it. From the surface the
depth is something over twenty feet, .
and a rope and a ladder was bronght
into requisition. Mr. Prant descended
through the man-hole, which was barely
large enough to allow of his descent.
He had scarcely entered the sewer when
he heard a rushing tnrough the rushing
stream cf water and offal, which
sounded as one might imagine the
breaking out of a menagerie, and by the
uncertain light he saw plunging toward
him a monster dog, with eyes bloodshot
and emitting sparks of phosphorescent
fire. The animal was about two
and a half feet high, and was heavy
i- - ? U - t. . 31 "1 ?-- "At
eec, 01 tee Diooanounc. species, wiin a
crossing of mongrel blood, and prob- i
ably weighed as znnch as a deer '
or a colt. He was howling i
madly, and his white, gleaming i
fangs were bared in a manner which 1
evidently meant business. The beast ]
was covered with short white and black \
hair, and was endowed with other characteristics
which were peculiarly inter- t
esting and worthy of research. Mr. (
Prant, however, remembered an import- 1
ant end of the ladder, and, after break- 1
ing the paralysis of fear, he moved np c
the rungs as quickly as possible, and y
not a moment too soon, leaving the 1
beast howling fiercely at foot, and \
expressing its rage in canine shrieks, c
ji*? mi?
nuiw tvwciwiijf muun-uuruiiug. Jiue i
younger Prant heard the noise below, f
and felt the ladder shaking violentlj, i
and his heart stood still until t
his brother appeared in da?- v
light, looking blanched and agitated, h
Mr. Prant soon got back to terra firmaand
postponed investigations of that e
nature. Mr. J. Kurtzelom, a gentle- s
man who is particularly well posted in d
matters in that locality^ expressed his v
opinion that the dog must have been ti
carried into the sewer when a pup, and t]
had lived there all its life. It was too t]
large even to get in through any man- m
iole, and as for its getting out at any t]
iime, that is simply absurd. The only tl
is hv wav nf t.Tifi riwr +.Via am",
nal would be drowned instantly if he w
jver attempted to get out that way.? a;
St. Louis Post-Dispatch. fc
.st
A Woman Turning into a Man.
The Troy Time3 says: Another u
itrange case of metamorphosis, in j
?hich a woman was turned into a man. ^
rhe person referred to is described as
laving been a "sweet little cherub" in E
nfancy and childhood, and grew up to jj
De a handsome young lady. Her name w
yas Eosa Fear, and she was quite a ^
jelle in the neighborhood in which she 01
ived, in Erie county, not far from Buf- ^
alo, and was much courted and ailv.
T5?ao f 1 r? el^A /innort/'l f a <vA ?
lWtnT w
ng, the family in which she lived was ^
istonished to find her missing, together ^
p?ith a snit of male garments, while her a]
)wn wardrobe was left behind. A let- ?
:er addressed to her friends tcld them ?
;hat the writer had gone away; that it
would be useless to follow her; that e*
her life had become unbearable; that 1
within a year natnre had worked a j*
complete metamorphosis, nnseiing her,
md making it necessary for her to
change her home and raiment. Here a.
is the sequel: ^
A. moDth passed away and a letter ](
came in Eosa's fine hand. It informed j,
the family that the writer was well and '
was working as a farm hand in Ohio, _
" ? -u us u
but tne stamp on tne letter wouiu givo Q
ro clew to her address. Two years ^
elapsed, and one morning a fine-looking
young man, with sun-burned face,
magnificent beard and heavy, dark
mustache, stood at the gate of the Fear
homestead. "Do you not know me, s
Mary?" he said to the young lady who E
came out to ascertain his business, j
The tones were deep and manly, and ?
there was a familiar note in the stran- c
ger's voice. "It is Eosa!" said the girl, j
and the next moment the spectators of ?
that scene were regaled with the sight ]
of Miss Mary Fear clasped in the arms j
nf a Toniiff fellow, eivinsr back as many .
kisses on his mustache as he showered a
upon her uplifted face. "Not Rosa, ^
but Charles Fear now," said the whilom g
housemaid, and then he told them how, (
after that wonderful change, he had j
hired out as a male help; that he had j
made a little money and had come home j
to live and work on the farm. Mr ?
Charles runs that farm to-day, and j
Ripley has no citizen held in higher ]
estimation than he. Since his return :
he has twice been appointed a teacher ,
in the pnbiic school?, and he can be ,
seen on the Fear farm every day of the ]
week. 1
The facts are vouched for by the ]
most reliable residents, who are fa- miliar
with Fear's history.
Lightening His Work. i
A certain laborer attending a plas*?-nraa
on the
LCXCX TTUW 0
third story of a honse fotind that he 1
had much to do; for, work as hard as he
could, the plaster-board was alwajs
empty and the plasterer waiting when
he got tip. At last he hit npon a novel
way of lightening his labor. He purchased
three cents' worth of hickory
i nnts, and, pntting a few among the
mortar in the hod, he emptied it on the
board. The plasterer, seeing a nut i
sticking among the lime as he was lay-1
inar it on the wall, picked it out, and, j
cleaning it with his apron, cracked the
she)l and ate the kernel. Repetition of
this several times took up so muNh of
his time that when the hodman time
np with the next hod very little of the
former one had been nsed. Tha hodman
put in a few more whenever he was
falling behind, and at night told his
boss if he would add a quarter a day to
his wages he would keep any two plasterers
going.
Geographical.
On what part of the map do yon look
for the North ?
On the cold side, of conrsc.
What are the meridian circles ?
The marks left on the ice by a new j
beginner on skates. Try it once and |
be convinced.
What are parallels of latitude ?
Compromising with official embezzlers.
Plenty of latitnde and heaps of
-n.niialc in t.Viis rnnntrv.
What does the term climate signify ? J
About fourteen different sorts of
weather mixed together and ladled
out in quantities to suit.
How many zones are there ?
Dead loads. You can't throw a brickbat
without knocking one over. " They
are usually tame this year.
Why is the climate not in the torrid
zoue ?
Built that way to spite plnmber3 p.Dd
' ice dealers.
> When duty eeenis to clash, * 'the moral
law always has the right of way."
The Cruelly of the Cuckoo.
The cuckoo leads a wandering life,
building no nest, and attaching itself to
no particular locality. It shows no hostility
toward birds of another kind and
little affection for those of its own. If
two males meet in the course of their
wandering, they frequently fight with
! infnnpo ^V* rvon oivt/vl a
ij-i uc-uoo ouimuoiiijj uiiu inccc; oju^ic
combats account 110 doubt for the belief
formerly entertained that the cuckoo
was the only hawk that preyed on its
own kind. It does not pair, and it
is unusual to see even a male and a female
together. It is, however, frequently
accompanied by a small bird
of another kind. There does not appear
to be any mt?macy or any hostility
between the ill-matched pair. The
larger bird flies first; tbe lesser one, as
if spell-bound, follows it. If the
cuckoo perchea on a tree, tbe other
posts itself crt another hard by or on
another branch of the same. If tbe
cackoo alights on the ground, the other
is by its side. No sooner does the
young bird see the day than he proceeds
to secnre for himself the whole
space of the nest and the whole attention
of his foster parents, by insinuating
himself under the other young
uuuv auu our cggo wiuull m a J jrumuiii
unmatched, and hurling them over the
edge of the nest, where they are leic
to perish. The singularity of it3 shape
is well adapted for these purposes; for,
different from other newly-hatched I
birds, its back from tha shoulders
downward is very broad, wiih a considerable
depression in the middle.
This depression seems formed by nature
for the design of giving a more
3ecure lodgment to an egg or a young
bird when the young cuckoo is employed
in removing either of them from
;ne nest.
A young cuckoo was hatched with
;hree young titlarks on the 6th of June.
Dn the afternoon of the 10th two of the
;itlarks were found lying dead at the
Dottom of the ditch. The other had
iisappeared. Subsequently this cuckoo
vas removed and placed in another titark's
nest nearer home, for more conrenient
observation. On the following
lay the cnefeoo was found covered by
he old titlark with outstretched wings
rom a very heavy shower of rain, while
ler own young ones had in the meanime
been expelled by the cuckoo, and
rere lying lifeless within two inches of
ler nest.
An eye-witness of the crime thus decribes
the murder: "The cuckoo
traggled about till it got its back uner
one of its nestling companions,
rhen it climbed backward, directl? up
be open side of the nest, and hitched ;
tie bird from its back on the edge. It j
ien stood quite upright on its legs, i,
'hich were straddled wide apart, with j.
ae claws firmly fixed half-way down j
ie inside of the ne3fc, among the in j
;rlacing fibres of which the neet was |,
'oven; and stretching it wings apart j 1
ad backward it elbowed its victim ::
lirly over the margin so far that it j'
:ruggles took it down the bank. After I
lis the cuckoo stood a minute or two ;
:eling back with its wings, as if to J
take sure that the little thing was fairf
overboard, and then ^subsided into t
le bottom of the nest. As it was get- ,
ng late, and the cuckoo did not im- j
Lediately set to work on the other nest- {
ng, I replaced the ejected one, and j1
ent home. On returning nest day, ; (
oth nestlings were found dead and cold, j,
it of the nest. I replaced one of * ^
lem, but the cuckoo made no effort to ,
3fc under and eject it, bnt settled itself }
Ihe tor j}f it._ But what .
t a feather, or even a hihr ol future p
iathers; its eyes were not yet opened,
ad its neck seemed too weak to sup
ort the weight of its head. Its com- !
anions bad well-developed quills on (
le wiags and buck, and had bright
res pariialiy open; yet they seemed
uite helpless under the manipulations
f the cacsoo, which looked a much ,
5ss developed creature. The cuckoo's
jgs, however, seemed very muscular;
nd it appeared to feel about wih its
'irigs, which were absolutely featherjss,
as with hands. The most singu*r
thing of all was the direct purpose
rith which the blind little monster
lade for the open side of the nest, the |
nly part where it conid throw its bur- j
.en down the bank.'
Effect of a Liglitninsr Stroke.
The Arizona teamster who survived a
troke of lightning which killed his two
aules in their tracks last August has
ast returned by easy stages to his old
tome in Illinois. A pair of mules which
annot kick an electric bolt right back
nto its native cloud are worthy of no
espect or sympathy, but the man who
ived to describe such an expert-ice
3 entitled to pity and esteem.
'The current touched his head jast
,bove the right temple," says a Western
)aper, "divesting that side 01 ins neaa
ind face of all flesh. Its course whs
lown the neck to the shoulder, where
t divided; darting from the shoulder
t reached the waist, where it encircled
;he entire body, nearly destroying the
ibdomen and tearing off the flesh from
he right hip in a frightful manner
Bat this destructive element had
lot yet spent it3 icrce. ai,
[?ent coursing down the right leg with
slight damage until it reached the ankle,
when it laid the bones absolutely
bare. He was picked up about five
hours afterward in an unconscious state.
The work of snppljicg the missing
flesh confronted the physicians, and
this was done by grafting flesh from
the bodies of other men. It is tbe
opinion of his physician that he will
altimately recover the use of his limbs
sufficiently to go about alone."
Bamboo for Oregon.
The American consul-general at
Shanghai has recently sent twenty boxes
of bamboo cuttings for transplanting in
Oregon. He writes to the state department
that in the Chinese empire, south
of the Yang-tze, about sixty varieties of
bamboo are said to grow, although five
or six furnish the principal materials
used. At Foochow and Swatow the
1 --? ?- ?flf+Tr fcaf Tiiorh
large size gru wo iuilj w
and six or seven inches in diameter; on
the Island of Formoso it is fonnd even
larger.
The bamboo serves at least five hundred
different purposes in China. The
roots are carved into images, lantern
handles and canes; the tapering culms
are used for every conceivable place
where poles and ribs can be put; the
leaves are worked into thatcbes, umbrellas
and screens; cut into splints, the
wood is woven into baskets, plaited into
awnings, and twisted into cables; the
shavings stuff oillows; other parts supply
chop sticks for eating. beds for sleeping,
brooms for sweeping, pipes for smoking,
fuel for cooking, skewers for the
hair, paper for writing, rods for whipping,
tables to eat on, bnckets for water
drawing, and the tender shoots are
highly esteemed as a vegetable to be
eaten.
The consul-general urges the naturalizing
of the bamboo in the Southern
S'ates and on the Pacific coast. "
a-TTdt for man. not men
i for institutions; and the ultimate te&l
of an? system of politics, or body ol
opinions, or form of belief, is tbe effect
j produced cn the conduct and conditior
j of the people who live and die undei
1 them.
I There's a young ludy who follows tl <
I fashion so cicsely that she will not c a
1 oysters unless they are scalloped.
IIASH-HEESH EATERS.
1 How They Submit Themselves to Its Effect
1 aud tlie Iiesa!?.
"Is there any habit equivalent to the
. eating and smoking of opium?" the
writer inquired of 3Ir. Jomacmahn,
professor of chemistry, who was seated
in bis private laboratory.
"Yes," replied the professor, thought*
felly, as he stroked his side whiskers.
"There are those who eat hasheesh."
''Is that habitual?" j
"Certain!/," was tiie rejoinder. "But
it is not common in tilis country,
though I personally know of two or
three mc-n who ate hasneesh eaters."
"Are the cHecic aiid the results the
same as those of opium?'
"No?not exactly," replied the profesfer.
"The effects are generally pleas
anier and the results less harmful. A
man under the influence of hasheesh is
jost as happy as it is possible for a man
to be, or, perhaps, just the opposite extreme.
The hasheesh is a preparation
of Indian bemp."
"Bat does not the hemp of other
European countries, or even that raised
in America, have the same properties?"
"No," said the professor, emphatically,
'-they do not. In the Northern
I&tifc-'i'ied biw ntjTlip jji&iii' g?uwa nimuai
entirely to the fibre, and is a great resource
for mats aad cordage. In the
South?oi rather lulia, however?the
plant loses its fibrous texture, but se'
cretes, in quantities equal to one-third
j of its bulk, an opaque and greenish
resin. Hasheesh is obtained by boiling
the adhesive parts of the plant in alcohol,
which is afterwards distilled off,
leaving a resinous extract with a somewhat
fragrant odor and a bitterish, acrid
taste. The stimulant and narcotic of
the Indian hemp has been known in
the early times. It was employed as an
anesthetic as far back as A. D. 220. At <
present it is employed in the Eastern i
countries as an anodyne and narcotic, <
and to affect the mental functions. It !
It is considered safer than opium, bel
i. i -- ?:i
lauoaua a.;, u siuiuac iciucwcoj aa m <
does not check the secretions of or im- ]
pair the digestion. It has teen known
by several expressive names?for in- 1
stance, 'Causer o 1 reeling gait,' 'laugh- 1
ter-mover,' and various others. It Is \
generally beliered to have been the <
nepenthe of the ancients." i
"How is the drag taken?" "It is 1
sometimes taken in its crude state as it 1
comes from the stalk. Then it is man- f
nfactured into a conserve with classified <
butter, honey r,cd spices. The dried j
plant is also smoked in pipes, or chew- t
ed. Again, it is taken in the form of a
pill, in Arabia, Persia, Syria has- s
neesli saloons are 111 comparison as com- c
mon as the liqnor saloons in this conn- }
:ry. The interiors of the saloons are c
lot unlike the concert saloon? of Jf T? ^
fork. The walls and ceiling are gorgef- c
ously paintnd to represent picturesque r
scenes in Oriental type. They are hor- I
rible daubs, however; yet to the has- f
lieesh eater, or smoker, they grow gi- I
zantic in proportion, and appear to be c
genuine scenes of rare beanty. A few
string instruments furnish the music,
md an occasional story-teller--the genaine
story-teller of the E^st?endeavors
:o carry his listeners through a land of I
wonders; and he usually succeeds, for a
ais listeners, under the influence of the o
Irug, with a little assistance, will allow e
Via *'Trt3<rm*t?rm tn n.irrv them to the t
extreme. The twang of the musical in- n
struments, even though shuck in accoid, t!
Till reverberate through the saloon j
frith a sweetness uneqnaled by any t
siisic listened to in a sober state. I 1
gisfEs^iaw''maerthe ".v
' The effect upon different people is L
is various as that of alcohol; with some I
it merely produces stupor, while others t
experience a mental ecstasy. Alcohol f
enlivens, saddens, excites, depresses, f
fills with tenderness, or nrges to brntal- f
ity, imparts vigor and activity, or nau- f
seates and weakens, while on tne otner e
band hashe _-sh gives rise to still greater ?
phenomena. The first sensation ex- <
periencea bj the eater is sometimes a (
pain in his head. The top of his skull 3
seems to move up and down like the 1
cover of a cofToe-pot when standing on
the stove. After that sensation has j
passed away lie begiii3 to have visions t
of no ordinary kind. For a time he is 1
apparently transformed into another be- i
iug, and has taken Sight to another i
world. Ee becomes exceedingly happy, i
and his visions are of a p easant nature, j
Occasionally he will burst out into fits !
Jwi'cforrnc innchter. with no idea of ]
vyi wuik>i,L*vwv
what lie is laughing at, except that every
thing has assumed a ludicrous
appearance. Time lengthens, and a i
minute seems like hours; space expands, :
2nd a distance of ten feet seems a long
way?a tiresome journey.
'What ^decided effect will the drug
have upon a pei son?"
"Hasheesh is always characterized by
the most remarkable phenomena, both
spiritual and physical. Experiments
made by eminent medical men at Calcutta
some forty years ago proved that
it was capable" of producing ordinary
nr even of trance.
5 ' Vi V-WWiV ^/..y j w- ? . ? -Constant
use of th3 drug causes imbecility."
"Can a hasheesh eater be detected by
appearances 9'' the wri'er inquired.
"Yes,".replied the professor, "by the
extreme pallor of the person's face, or
by a peculiarity in his walk."
"But what seriou3 physical results
will constant use of the drug have ?"
' Like many other pleasure-producing
habits, it is injurious. For a momentary
happiness a men may lose his health
j and sacrifice many years oc his life,
i ~v,ni vniii ia ncif. /wnfined entirely to
hasheesh eating alone, but excess of
any pleasure that requires a mental or
physical effort will lead to the same
results."
'Is it ever used as a narcotic in preference
to opinm and timilar drugs?"
"Yes. it has been successfully used in
many coses," replied the professor.
"For iaitance, in cases of amputation or
other surgical operations that would
necessarily be painful to the patient."
"Is there any effectual antidote for
nasiiecsn i znc wrxicz uuuuj
"There is no effectual antidote. The
jnice of a lemon will allay the sensations
somewhat, bnt will not restore the
person to his normal state," concluded
the professor.?[Brooklyn Eagle.
Origin of the Names of Fabrics.
Many kinds of dry goods possess old
English names, which are used, more
or less corrupted, throughout the
world. The origin cf these old names
are given by Sir Gocr~e Birdwood as
follows:
Damask is frr,m the city of Damascus,
* /lall'/tA
satin iroui /^j?vcowuj m y^inuaj vo^iw
from Calcutta ir-nd muslin from Mosul.
Bncbiazn derived its name from Bochara;
fustiun comes from Fostat, a city
of the Middle Ages, from which the
modern C.:iro is descended. Taffeta
and tabby from a street in Bagdad.
1 Cambric is from Cambrai. Gauze has
1 its cucie from Gaza; baize from B3jae,
dimity from Damietta and jeans from
Jaen. Drugge t is derived from a city in
i Ireland?Droghcda. Duck, from which
Tucker street, in Bristol, is named,
comes from Torq;ie, in Normandy.
Diaper is not jrom D'Ypres, but from
the Greek diaspron?figured. Velvet
i is from tho Italian vellnte?wolly
~~ ** * * *? f t \ i
t {Latin, veiius?a Liuie or pen.; onawi
t is the Sanserif sala?floor, for shawls
^ere first used as ca:pets and tapestry.
Bandanna is frcm an Indian word
meaning to bind or lie, becaufe they
3 are tied in kncts before djinjj. Chintz
t i comes from the Hindoo word chett.
1 Delaine is the Trench of wool.
BACCABAT.
The Latest Fashion in Card Gambling1
which is Fashionable in New York.
In certain circles in New York, says a
city paper, baccarat has to some extent
taken the plSce of poker. There is no
3 J ?1?1 ? ?' A/I
zero ana uuuluo zexv oo xu iuuioiuc, um xo
there the "splits" of faro. The bankerhas . _
absolutely nothing in liis favor except the
"guessing" which his antagonist has to
| constantly perform. There ie a general
[ belief that it is impossible to cheat at
baccarat, but this is quite a mistake^
although in clubs and gambling places
the possibility of cheating is reduced to a
minimum, by the use of cards with
monograms upon them. Baccarat is
?1 Va??? aUVm vrnllrk
eu LU 11CB JLV1& uuua mvu iviu
packs of cards, and before dealing these
packs are carefally shuffled by the
dealer. When the play begins, the
banker gives one card to the right, one
to the left, and one to himself, and then
repeats the operation; court*cards and
tens count as zero, and if in his two
cards he can get nine, he wins all the
stakes placed upon the cards given to
the players on the right and left.
The cheating banker puts all the
packs before him, with their backs_to
himself and theif faces to the players.
Suppose that there is * three facing the
players; the confederate notes this as
the "bilker" moves it to the top of the
packs, and so soon as a six appears at
the bottom of the pack the confederate
makes a sign to the "banker,'' who at
once moves it to the top of the packs,
taking care to place two cards above it
When he deals, his own two cards are
consequently six and three, making nine.
He thus arranges a series of consecutive
conps which he is certain to win* The
cards are then handed to be cut, and by
a trick which consists of pinching some
cards and slipping others, which,
although impossible to explain, is not
difficult in practice, ne anrmw *ne cut*
leaving his series at the top of the pack,
where he had placed it. An adroit cheat
?an arrange a series without any very
lengthy shuffling.
The player cheats the banker in this
way: He puts a nine np his sleeve;
when he is given two cards, he takes
:he chance of one of them being a ten
)r a court card. Supposing that he gets
> ten and a three, he takes the cards up,
;hrows the three up his sleeve, and
wrings from it the nine; then he exhibits
i ten and a nine, and thus wins. Any )ne
with very small practice as a conurer
can do this without fear of detecion.
Quite recently an officer of the British
irmy was detected in cheating at baciarat
at the Eoast Club. He was in the
labit of putting a five-pound note just
rat side the line on which the stakes
rere placed. If his card lost, he withtr?w
the note; if it won, he pushed the
tote wi&in the line. The club expelled
iim, as dfii another club of which he
pas a membe*,- and he killed himself,
lis previous losses baccarat had been
onsiderable.
/
All About Tornadoes.
General William B. Hazen, Chief
Jnited States Signal Officer, is paying
good deal of attention to the subject
f tornadoes. There is now in press an
1oVu?o4fl nM^Aonnnal natur wWftli rtfltl.
^VAVWIWUIM n ?- ?
aim a tabulated statement of 600 torado
es and some generalizations from
heir facts. The 600 storms cover a
eriod of eighty-saven years and the
rhola conntry. Their examination
eads to the conclusion that tornadoes
ccur most frequently is the ^th of
:as Lad fifty-four from, lkl4 fcfl" Iwwiv- ? ,
Missouri has had forty-four from 1814
o 1881; New York has had thirty-five
rom 1831 to 1881; Georgia thirty-thiee
rom 1804 to 1881; Iowa thirty-one
rom 1854 to 1881; Ohio twenty-eight
isos fn iftfil: Indiana twenty
IViU AVMV m
even from 1854 to 1881. The States
ind Territories that haye had only one
?ach from 1794 to 1881 are Colorado,
California, Indian Territory, Nevada,
STcw Mexico, Montana, Rhode Island,
{Vest "Virginia and Wyoming.
The storms occur most frequently from
ive to six in the afternoon, although
:here is no hour of the day that has
3een entirely free from them. The
iverage width of the path of destruction
is 1,085 feet, and the* storm clouds run
fflth a velocity of from twebe to sixty
miles. The wind within the vortex
3ometimes attains a velocity of eight
hundred miles an hour, the average
relocity being three hurdred and ninetytwo
miles. Among the most valuable
suggestions of the paper are those with
reference to the pncnlianty oi ujo
movements of tornado clouds, containing
rules for arriving at their violence;
A tornado clond always has a center,
and it always moves forward from west
to east. It may, however, sway from
side to side in its progressive movement.
Changes in motion are sometimes very
sudden. In tho event of a sudden
change the observer who is east or sonth
of east of the storm shonld move quickly
to the sonth. If he is northeast he
shonld move to the north. If within a
short distance of the clouds the observer
RhnnM ran east, bearing to the south.
This indicates the character of the directions
which have been given for the
avoidance of the disastrous effect of
storms.
VjSSj
A Hint for Summer.
The tattie in India, says Chambers'
Journal, is a large curved or sloping
screen, which accurately fits into each
door or window facing the west, and is
made of the roots of the khus-khus
grass (Andropogon muricatus), which
singularly combines strength and porosity
with the most delicious and refresh
ing fragrance. These screens are aoout
an inch in thickness, and, during the
hot and dry west wind, are saturated
from outside with water, which imme- . b*
diately commences evaporating under
the fierceness of the blast, and as evaporation
always implies cold, the wind
which, in the veranda, would raise the
thermometer to 120 degrees Fahrenheit,
*-A- xr- - 1??oaworfr.firp IYP
passes lnro mo hullo*? au uv*_ ___
eighty degrees, laden with a delicious
fragrance. While tatiies are in working
order all other cooling appliances are unnecessary.
In the neighborhood of
G walior and Jhansi there is another form
of tattie, A small, creeping, thorny
variety of the ber (Zizyphus jujuba) is
largely found in the jungles; this is collected
and dried, and at the proper time
the whole west veranda is inclosed with
thorny walls nine to ten inches thick,
and these being saturated from the out~
" J ^
side, all doors are tnrown open, ?uu a
delightful temperature is secured.
Tatties are of no use during the easterly
wind, which ushers in and accompanies
the rains; laden with moisture, it is a
damp wind, and therefore retards evaporation.
s
_
ri/stmanv Vim twenty-three steel works
with eighty converters and a yearly
production of nearly one million tons.
England, with the same number of
work 8, produces one million four hun
dred and sixty-one thousand tons, Asutria
turns out from twelve steel works
three hundred and fifty thousand tons,
France from seven works three hundred
and sixty thousand tons, Bussia from
"? T-~ ??? Vnnrthousand toes,
Jive wurAs
Sweden eighty thousand, and the United
States one million fire hundred
The giiading of leaf sumac in Vir;
cinia, amounting in 1881 to abouS eight M
I thousand {oas, repreeented aboT^ |S

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