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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, June 07, 1882, Image 1

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WEEKLY EDITION. ^ WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 7, 1882. ESTABLISHED IN 1844.
Perseverance.
One step and then another,
And the longest -walk is en-led ;
One stitch and then another,
^ And the largest rent is mended ;
One brick upon another,
And the highest wall is made;
One flake upon another,
And the deepest snow is laid.
^ So the little coral workers,
By their slow and constant motion,
BMr' * Have buiit tho;e pretty islands
In the distant dark-blue ocean ;
Alld the noblest 1111
Man's -wisdom hath conceived,
By oft-repeated effort
Have been patiently achieved.
TheD do not look disheartened
On the work you have to do,
And say that such a mighty task
Yoa never can got through;
r" Eat just endeavor, day !.y day,
Another point to gain,
And soon the mountain which you feared
Will prove to be a plain !
T> x t _ - " -t ??
jwme wasiioi, uuiiueu m s. uay,
The ancient proverb teaches,
And nature, by ber trees an,1 Ho were,
- The same sweet sermon preaches.
* Think not of far-off duties,
Bat of duties which are near,
And having once begun to work,
Besolve to persfrvere.
?s <
| A MEMORABLE TRIP.
"One of you girls must go to he! at
once," said ray mother.
"Brit. mamma." rir;a3ed Oriana. "T
can't go, for I'm in the midst cf mj i
post-graduate course at college.
"And I can't go !" breathlessly added
Louise, who had jast engaged herself
to young Mr. Leggett, who kept the
stationery store on the corner, and was
in a fool's Paradise of bliss.
"Girls, don't talk snch nonesense!"
said my mother, briskly. "Here is your
Cousin Patsey Ponnsett, sick out in
"Wisconsin, and needing care and com
1 fl L 1 J. 11 91
pansnip. oome one most nasien mere.
' Let Flossy go," suggested Oriana.
"Yes," chimed in Louise; "why nol
Flossy V
"But Flossy is such a child," said
my mother, in a perturbed voice.
> "And?"
But here I dropped the cat out of my
lap, and rose, trying to look as tall as !
possible.
"I am nearly eighteen," said I. "And (
oh, mamma, do let me go to rich <
n "D.Sni,A ?,-n
vsxu. vyuuajn iawrj, auu nuc will
make me her heiress." t
"Dear, dear!' said my mother, "what i
y" can have put such mercenary ideas into i
? the child's head?" - ?
"But isn't she very rich 7" I questioned.
"She is very eccentric," said my ?
mother.
"Weil, then, of course she's rich," I <
nodded. "Eccentric old maids always 1
are. And, oh, it will be such fun, and
I should so like to see what Wisconsin '
is like. I suppose they have bears s
there, and giraU'es, and all such jvild I
beasts." c
And I ran laughing away after the
kitten, which had frisked out among 1
the daffodils in the garden. Not, how- \
arcar on (ay Ivnfc fhot T m-rr r
jfr mother saying: "What a child she is!" f
And Oriana, answered with.?-la-ugh: .. *
"Oh, lee her go r~ if Consin rafisey
Wb> should take a fancy to her, it might be g
HHb. the making of. her fortune. Who J
knows ?' s
So they bought me a new dress, retrimmed'my
plush hat with cherry-satin ?
ribbon, and sent me oS to Wisconsin, i
with Oriana's new traveling-bag and
mamma's waterproof cloak. e
I had never traveled before by myself, j
^ but I quite enjoyed the novelty of the s
I* situation, I had my novel to read, my s
little basket of fruit and sandwiches to c
fall back upon, and all the flitting scenery
to study from the car-window? c
tit)tii. ffettintr out at Eardsdale, to buy ]
some oranges 'which had taken my girl- t
ish fance, I mistook the car, and found s
myself, alone and bewildered, in the t
midst of strange faces.
"My bag!" I cried. "Ob, I left my 3
bag right here on the seat, and now it ?
' is gone! And my cheque was in it, and i
my ticket. Oh, dear! oh, dear! What i
shall I do?"
And then a tall, plea3ant-faced young '
man came forward. I had seen once or
twice before, passing through the train. 1
ie "Was it a black canvas-bag," said he, '
Uir^fV. iH U' rm it 9 -a?aR thftre a <
ITibU V/? XJ.I VM AW ,, m . _ _
book and shawl lying beside it 7*
And I answered, breathlessly:
"Yes." _ i
"It is in the back car," said he. "Yon ]
were sitting there, I think. Allow me
to conduct yon thither. The train is in :
\ * motion, and it will be difficult to pass !
from one car to another." <
And thus, to my infinite relief, I
fonnd my treasures undisturbed, and,
all-forgetful of mamma's many cautions,
chatted and iaughed with my new ac- i
quaintance all the way to Powder City,
k- I confided to him tbat I was going to
a rich cousin, who would probably adopt
?" 'Kof T noror TinrJ TiAAn awaV frOCl
L^-" JJ-LC UXU*U JL MWV? WWW. ? .. ?^
home before?thafc my name was Flora
Harper?that my cousin was called Patsey
Pounsett?that I had twenty dollars
in gold in my pocket-book, and a new,
ehecked-silk dress, with fonrteen little
, flounces np the front
rAnd not nntil he had pnt me in a cab
at Powder City Station, and directed
the driver to go to Miss Patsey Porrnsett's,
on the Cedar Koad, did I realize
how foolishly and unnecessarily communicative
I had been.
"Oh, dear!" I thonght to myself, t4I
hope he's not a burglar or a housel*
breaker."
My Consin Patsey did not live in a j
chateau or a picturesque Swiss cottage.
It. was a tumble-down old farm-house, I
?- * - onr? fxrrk I
W1UI s ^vuu XU liiVJUV) MUV* *I|W
dismal weeping ?VLL?*?? at the back.
She lay very 2i in &Ottv ;.M parlor,
with a fire of damp logs sulking
fire-place, and a general smell of camf
phor about the premises.
She was an ugly, yellow-faced old
woman, with a hooked nose, and a
xxrastache on her wrinkled npper lip.
"Oh!" said she. "You sre Mary Harper's
girl from down East ?"
"Yes," said I, faintly as I looked
around at the uncarpeted floor and
mildewed walls. "What can I do for
? you. Cousin Patsey ?"
i-1? XV- T Kl/vm
"XOU can laxo nie yeuuwro oxlu. uiu?t .
k tip the fire," said the old crone. "And
you can make me some oatmeal gruel.
Mfet Ard to-morrow joi can go out and sell
Kp- yarbs for me."
Pf "Sell ?" I hesitated, uncertain
W*/ whether I had heard aright.
"Yarbs!" screeched the old woman. :
? "Ya-a-arbs! Don't you hear me ? Cat- i
nip, and penny-rile, and tarragan, and j
life-everlastin' and sich?the garret's |
f full of 'em. That's the way I makes |
my livin', sellin' yarbs; And I was \
mortal 'feared I'd lose all my custom |
" * * " ' ?* _ti |
with. tins pessy rneumaxiz. jduc nsau
right, now you've come."
So this was my Cousin Patsey! This
was the life of rich refinement to which i
I had fancied myself dedicated. I cried
myself to sleep that night, and dreamed
f I was a beggar-girl plodding from door
to door.
I was up betimes in the morning to
oook Aunt Patsey's breakfast over the
kitchen stove?I, the petted darling of
the household, who had never been allowed
at home to know a single care?to
clean her room and comb out her tan?
gled white hair. And then, with many
reproaches over my sluggishness and
? lack of "faculty," I was sent up to the
garret to fill a basket with the ltfctL
bi nches of dried herbs which wen
dai gling from hooks in the beams over
head.
'What ami to do with them, Cousii
Pa s?y V said I, feebly.
"i'ake 'em into town," said Miss Patsey.
"Sell 'em."
"But where?" pleaded I.
"From door to door," responded m^
witch-like consin. "Go everywhere
Tell 'em they're Miss Patsey Ponnsett'f
yaibs. Everybody knows me. Fiv<
e ,r.ts a bnnch for the small ones, ten foi
the large ones. And don't let the grass
| grow under your feet, for I've got tc
| take jry hot drink at one o'clock, anc
j you must be home to fix it for me."
And this was the fashionable careei
of v. hich I had dreamed at Powder City,
Wei], what was I to do ? I could not gc
back to the East, for I had not monej
enough. I couldn't write home, for the
matter of the "yarbs" was too pressing
to admit, in Cousin Patsey's eyes, of
even a half-hour's delay.
Moreover, there was the old creature,
sick, alone, and in trouble, and I was
too loyal to dream of abandoning her.
So, without more ado, I took the basket
and set forth on my weary way, blushing
if any one looked at me?ready to
cry if any shrill-tongued housekeeper
decried the value of my wares.
I sold some herbs?enough to buy
Miss Patsey's medicine, and a little
knuckle of veal to boil into nourishing
soup?and came home, with muddy
boots, weary limbs, and a considerably
depreciated valuation of myself.
Cousin.Patsey had a great many questions
to ask, and appeared to think that
I might have driven a deal more profitable
business if only I had chosen. But
she was feeble and weak, and I pitied
her too much to rebel.
On the third day, I chanced to meet
my traveling companion?the tall, dark
young man, with the bright eyes, who
had been instrumental in finding my
traveling-bag on my journey. He was
in a store where I had meekly proffered
my wares, and he stepped eagerly forward,
with a smile of recognition.
"Miss Harper I" he exclaimed, offering
his hand."
"Do you want to buy any herbs ?"
said I, with a mischievous twinkle in my
eyes. "Catnip, tarragan, feverfew!
Only five cents a bunch ! And quite
fresh and genuine."
"I'll buy the whole basket!" said he.
"No," I pronounced, "that wouldn't be
business. But if you choose to select
half a dozen assorted bunches?"
So he bought them, with such wondering
eyes that I felt myself constrain*
sd to explain.
"My Cousin Patsey isn't rich at all,"
said I. "She earns her living by selling
these herbs. And as she is ill aiid
mable to sell them herself, I am acting
is her proxy."
' You're a heroine!"said he, earnestly.
"A very involuntary one," I answered,
iigoing and smiling.
When he had gone out of the store, I
jould not help asking the old woman
Dehind the counter who he was.
"It's Mr. Aylmer," she answered.
'He's an ar:isf, miss, as paints picters,
ind they do say as bow he gets dreadful
)ig prices for a bit of canvas as you
;ould cover with a dinner-nlate."
Mr. Aylmer came ont to the farmlouse
to see me the next day. He
wrought me a bunch of rhododendrons,
md eat and chatted with Cousin Patsey
or a long time. The old crone eyed
keepV .
?1 aon fc approve of followers, as a
,'eneral thing," said she; "but I reckon
'ohn Aylmer is a good fellow?and I
ort o' think, Flora, that he likes you."
"But, Cousin Patsey, he has only
;een me twice before!" cried I, turning
rery red.
"That makes no difference," said she,
sharply. "Love don't go by the multi)lication-table.
I've lived solitary and
tlone all my life; but I don't want them
is I'm fend of to do the same. It's too
ireary?a deal too'direary!"
T staved with Cousin Patsey a month,
loing all the drudgery of her wretched
louse, selling herbs for her, keeping np
i cheerfnl face throngh it all, and then
ihe died?died suddenly and alone, in
;he dead of night.
They bnried her, and I prepared to
etnrn to the East; not, however, xincil
John Aylmer had made me promise that,
if he came for me in the antumn, I
ivonld be his wife.
"We shall be poor, Flossy," he said;
"but love is better than gold "
I was sitting in the depot, waiting for
;he train, with John talking to me,
when old Mr. Dodge, the white-whiskered
lawyer, made his appearance.
"Miss Flossy," he said, "perhaps yon
hadn't better go East just yet. There's
i will, you know, and ail Miss Pounsett's
property Is left to yon."
"Oh, yes, Mr. Dodge," said I; "but
it's only a hovel and a swamp, and Mile
Mesrs has offered me three hundred
dollars for it all."
"Yes," said the lawyer; "but the old
chimney blew down this morning, and
there's an iron box under the hearthstone,
containing ten registered onethousand-dollar
Sacramento bonds,
made out in Miss Pai;sey's name; and of
course they are all yours."
I looked at John with sparkliDg eyes.
"So I am an heiress, after all," said I.
"Oh, John?dear John?I only wish it
<? Vm-n^-ro^ fimpq as much. SO that 1
could lay it all an voir feet!"
For Miss Pounsett had a deal of th^
miserly element in her nature, 'and had
died in poverty sooner than to break in
upon upon her idolized hoard.
And that is how it happens that I am
living out here in Wisconsin, an artist's
happy wife. And to the end of my days
I shall always love the smell of peppermint
and rae. bore:6t, and penny
? ?' * ? 1 er _t
royal, Uousrn -Fatseya treasured -yarus.
Do Fishes Sleep 2
Formerly it was the received opinion
that a fish never slept, bnt lately this
opinion has been changed, in consequence
of such facts as the following:
In one division of the Berlin Aquarium
were about a dozen carp, that
coi_-^nced in October to act curiously.
Fiom tiui. time the majority of the
fish, occasional*-: .all of them, would
asp-nme a crooked and remain
so for hours, or ur.tiit^GJ- were disturbed.
When worras or other food
were thrown into tiae water they would
spring up to seize it. and immediately
resume their old position. These fish
were often very particnlar in choosing
their resting-placss. Some would examine
carefully with their heads the
surrounding rocks and stones; then
slowly torn themselves over on the
right or left side, c.nd either remain
quiet or swim away to seek some other
place.
Other fish would lie on the gravel,
resting on their heads and tails, in the
form t.f a bow. One carp always stood
on his head, with his body erect in the
water?a veritable wonder of balancing
that showed the capabilities of its fins.
It was easy to arouse most of the fisQ,
by means of food or of a noise; but
some of them slept so soundly that it
was only possible to disturb them by
hitting or snaking ihem repeatedly.
The lidless, always open eye 'of the
fish makes it difiicalt to distinguish its
sleep from its periods of ordinary rest,
but this last experiment was conclusive.
The suggestion that this behavior is
! the result of illness is answered by
: stating that this habit of sleep was ob!
served nearly every day for more than
! six months, and during all that time
j the fish ate regularly, and were free
i from any appearance of sickness.
Patience, the second bravery of marij
is, perhaps, greater than the first.
e The Bird Market of Paris.
6 One of lay walks, says a Paris
- correspondeat, brought me to th<
"Quai am Fieurs," where on Wednesi!
da.} s and Saturdays the largest of th(
; many flower markets in the city is held,
- j But on Sunday afternoons quite a dif
I ferent picture presents itself here, thai
i of the bird mirket. Such an animated
r BWiiO iU> 11 IS, IUU, Wil/U ll>3 IUYY Ui
. filled with singing canaries, cooing
3 doves, crowing roosters and an al5
most endless variety of the feathered
c tribe. Even the white-robed, pink3
eyed rabbits are sold here, and one
> brown bunny with her host of little
I ones was stowed away in a basket like a
pile of shabby scraps of cast-away fur.
Over the din of all these rose the haggling
and bargaining of the crowd of
buyers and sellers. Here was a man
calling out ' young pigeons at fifty sous
each," wnile the so-called young pigeons
strutted and arched their gorgeous
iridescent necks in the sun and looked
( as if capable of a great deal of resistI
ance under the carving knife. I noticed
a number of merchants offering canaries,
and saw one rub the feathers a little to
make them appear as if just growing.
"How much ?" said I, and, as quickly detecting
in these two words an unfamiliar
accent, tli6 merchant veered around
and boldly said twelve francs. "Thanks,
it is too much." "Ah, but, madame,
look you?" and if all this merchant
said of the bird be true, it was the only
genuine canary left in the world. "I
do not want it." "But just to please
madame, and, as I have not sold anything
to-day, she may have it for ten."
"No." "Well, for nine, then," and I
moved away as fast as the crowd would
permit me, with the bird-merchant
shrieking after me, "Will madame give
five?" It was difficult getting out of
the crowd. One woman was struggling
with a refractory rooster she had purchased,
and another looking for an escaped
rabbit, which search was detrimental
to onfi's ennilihrfnin. Onnft out
I came across the usual knot of children
playing about and overheard the
following conversation : "I am tired of
this; let us play marbles." "No, I
don't want to," responded a curlvhaired
urchin. "Well, then, let us go
to the Morgue," proposed a veteran of
about nine, who was tending a babysister
just beginning to walk. "Oh,
yes 1" chorused all the voices, and
grabbing up the baby they all went off
around the corner to stand on tip-toe
and peer through the plate-glass windows
at the ghastly sequel of some
horrid tragedy.
Everything looked so fair on this
lovely, sunny day I The river so blue,
the quai with its little sheds, under
whioh the lively crowd of the bird market
were so gay; there the windows of
that big building to the left lets the
sunshine in on the sick of the "Maison
| Dieu," or hospital, and that handsome,
gilded, wrought-iron gate on the right, j
rm? nf trio olnrioa nf T'oriot ifl tllA ATI
trance of the ''Palais de Justice," while
a step farther on grand old Notre Dame,
now so beautiful in the fall benediction
of the sanshine which was denied her
for so many years; by the accnmolation
of buildings around her, looms up ra
front of the Morgue as if t( hide it.
A Mechanical Larynx.
A remarkable example of how mechanical
ingenuity is called to supplement
surgical ski'l is famished by the
tation therefor of a metal contrivance
which supplies the place of the lost
organ so perfectly that the patient is
able to talk with as little difficulty as
if the operation had not been per
formed. For the benefit of the reader
not familiar with the fractions of the
larynx, we may recall the fact that the
voice is produced therein by the vibration
of the column of air passing
through a narrow slit, which forms the
entrance to the trachea and lung?.
The natural meclianism of the larynx
is closely analogous to that of a reed
instrument, in which a column of air,
passing forcibly through a narrow slit
bounded on one or both sides by a
1 thin, elastic plate of wood or met*!,
! first causes the edge of the plate to
vibrate with sufficient; rapidity, and is
j thus itself thrown into sonorous vibrai
T-n lorrnv OCAI-V variation
| blUili JLU uuw AUij v ? w?j
| between the two extremes of high 3nd
| low notes is prodaced in similar man|
ner by alterations in the width of the
slit and the length and tension of its
vibrating edges 01 vccai chords. When,
therefore, a person is deprived of his
larynx, he becomes like an organ withont
pipes. ,The lungs, which correspond
to the bellows, are there, and so
is the articulating apparatus, which
answers to the keys, but there are no
means of producing onnd.
Dr. Foulis's voice-tube is exceedingly
simple. It consists of two silver pipes,
one of which pisses upward to the
epiglottis and the other enters the open
trachea. The lower tube slips into the
upper one, and 'aolds the reed plate
and button.
The articulation of the patient is
said to be wonderful, and, saving its
monotony, it cannot be distinguished
from the natural voice. The vowels
are clear and distinct, both in whispering
with the reed out and intoning
with the reed in the tube, showing
that the vowels are products of changes
in the shape of the buccal cavity, and
are not formed by alterations of the
glotti?. The patient progresses favorably,
although somewhat subject to
colds.
r,<\T-/il0CCTHlCV<#
W3U J
From time to time the papers tell us
of persons who have blown out the gaslights
in their bedrooms, instead of
putting out the lights by shutting off
the gas. Of course they have been
found dead in the morning, suffocated
in their sleep by the gas which had been
pouring into the rooms all night. Persons
accustomed to blow out lights
given by lamps in their own homes
should be especially careful lest their
habit assert itself abroad, notwithstanding
their knowledge of what they should
do to put out a gaslight.
The stove-damper is sometimes partiallv
closed, and the stove door partial
ly opened at night in a bedroom.
During the night the wind perhaps
changes, outside air becomes damp and
heavy, and the gas, instead of ascending
in the cold chimney, is forced into
the room. Here, too, the sleeper sometimes
passes quietly into the sleep of
death, as the carbonic acid gradually
arrests the action of the brain. Under
no circumstances should the damper of
j a stove be closed in a sleeping room at
! night.
Guests from the country are quite apt
to leave the waste pipes in our city bedrooms
open, in the bedrooms in which
they sleep, thus giving free ingress into
the rooms of sewer gas, with its germs
of typhoid fever, or of other infectious
diseases. A cautionary hint should be
! given them by their hosts.
People often leave vials containing
poisons by the side of other vials that
j contain medicines that some person is
j using, and the contents of the former
! are sometimes taken or thoughtlessly
! administered instead of the latter, by
: the patient himself or by his attendant.
Recently the life of a nsefnl and worthy
; man was thns suddenly brought to an
untimely end. The two should ngver
. be kept together.? Youth's Compaction.
I " _
s Italy is the only country in Europe
i where all famous men are expected to
sit in Parliament, and where the humblest
citizen would rather vote for a
, great composer or general than for a
local celebrity.
iNEW YORK i>*DIA>*S.
> Tbo Lazy and Shiftlews Onondatas?Tht-i
Lot? l'or Liquor.
; A Syracuse (N. Y.) correspondent o
, the New York Herald, writing abon
. the Onondaga Indians, located in tha
; vicioity, gays: :'One thing which at
[ tracts the attention of the visitor to th<
C\r>/\y".Aonroc ic + rrr^of nnmVtor nf/^Anrc
5 AO IUU giVMU Wi \Av^kj
; Tbey are a pecul.ar breed, and retail
the characterises of the Indian dog t<
. a remarkable degree. The valley ii
. literally overran with them, and no In
i dian is too lazy and shiftless as not to
i own one or more. In passing some oi
, tbe houses it will be noticed that a stick
leans against the outside of the door?
generally the handle of the woodei
pestle with which they poand theii
corn in making it ready for use, Tha'
stick is the "lock" of the house, anc
any one acquainted with their customs
wonld know at once that the family was
away irora nome, ana aunongn no sej
i3 turned, the house is as sacred to th<
Indians as if it had been secured bj
bolts and bars. If the family are al
home and it is summer leather thej
are usually seen somewhere in the
shade,and what little work is done is performed
by the squaws, for the Onondags
man disdains work as too debased foi
him, and, while the women labor, sits
smoking his pipe and dreaming ovei
the -vanished glories of the Ononaagas.
If by any chance there should be a crop
growing on the farm it is almost certainly
planted by some white man, who
h:i3 leased the place at a low figure.
Once his land is leased it is off the
warrior's mind, and he can give his individual
attention to occasional basket
making, and to the more difficult task
of leading his family down to Oneida
county for the purpose of picking hops
when in season, and giving their labors
his general supervision. He also super
intends their work when tkey hoe corn
for the neighboring white farmers, and
kindly consents to take charge of and
disbtirse the money which they earn.
By this means, with such fish and small
game as can be secured, the farnil}' pick
up a precarious livelihood from year to
year, happy in their ignorance and dirt;
for?Bishop Huntington to the contrary,
notwithstanding?the Onondagas are
not reaching cut for a higher life; they
do not want to raise themselves, and
would not thank any one who forced
elevation upon them. But be it nnderstcod
that there are some few among
them who are really good farmers and
wiling to work, but they are the shining
exceptions and not the rule. It
* k i . - i-i - 3 -.V _ l _ r\ x _
may ce saieiy staiea mas me unouaagas
are lazy, filthy and ignorant, and
thf.t their highest aspiration as a nation
is to drink all the whisky they can by
any possibility secure.
Their love for liquor is a passion, and
for that they will sacrifice anything.
Here, in Syracuse, their general headquarters
is Warren street, and on any
pleasant day their wagons may be seen
strung along in the shade on that thoroughfare,
generally occupied by squaws
and ps.ppooses, laughing and chattering
| with one another, if the head of the
| family should be absent-, as he generally
[ is, in quest of fire-water. In other parts
of the city a noble brave may be seen
slouching along at the head of a procession
consisting of his mother, his
squaw (the latter generally carrying a
copper-colored pappoose strapped on
her back) and from three to ten young
regdkrt<mi0
"beautiful squaw" vanish when you see
the Onondaga woman. Poor, jaded and
sickly, these femal es lack eveTy attribute
oi the woman depicted in Cooper's
tales, and, alas! as anxious for fire-water
as the slouching Indian who leads them
People in Syracuse give but a passing
and contemptuous glance at them,
and wonder where they will get their
whisky, as they will be sure to do be
fore they leave the town. The women
carry about and sell various bead ornaments
and basket work which thay have
manufactured, while the head of the
fam:Jy continues to skirmish for whisky.
Very often some warior is dragged beVnya
nn1i/>o infit.iV.A- namftillv driink.
4.V/XW wvawv , ? y #
but it is impossible to find out from
him "where his liquor was obtained. It
is really wonderful to hear him lie.
"Bc-y bring him from Ofcisco." "r-jun
man fetch bottle from Oneida." "Find
him in woods." Anything except the
truth. And there are many white men
mean enough to not only sell him
liquor contrary to law, but swindle him
with all the counterfeit and mutilated
coin they may have on hand. Occasionally
these men are hauled up, but; as it is
imoossible to get the Indian to testify,
thej generally escape punishment.
Mecnauicai Jiusic.
The Black Forest is famous for these
mechanical organs-orchestrions, as they
are called?and in some instances they
are brought to great prefection. There
is a shop closo to the exhibition, bearing
the name of Lamy Sohnej fnll of
clocks and singing-birds and orchestrions,
where you may pass half an hour
in a fairyland of surprises and all kinds
of mechanical music. One morning I
went in with an old lady and gentleman
?the latter a grave dignitary of the
Church of England. "A very tirincj
thing," said the old lady; "all up and
down hill; the only fault I find with
the Black Forest. Couldn't they level
it, my dear?"?to her husband?"or
build viaducts or something? Or at the
very least, couldn't they organize pony
chaises all over the country?like those
you know, that we found so useful at
T>? Tnr-l TTfoii 0" "To I-O Q l-Tlftir
JO'JULUCLLlUUUll i.?ou jew. ^ ,
my love," said the old gentleman, sympathetically,
without committing himself
to an opinion. Aud he placed one
for her, while the young man in the
shop (whose jolly, good-natu?ed face
and broad grin delighted one to behold)
wound up the orchestrion. The old
lady sat down somewhat heavily from
sheer exhaustion, and immediately the
chair struck up the lively air of "The
Wn.f-.tVh on the "Rhine." with a decidedly
martial influence upon its occupant.
She 3prang from her seat as if it had
been a gridiron, and asked her husband
reproachfully if he was amusing himseli
at her expense, and whether her age
was not sufficient to secure her from
practical joking. "Dear me !" cried he,
in amazement, looking at the offending
chair as though he expected it to walk
away of its accord. ''What a musical
nation these Black Foresters are! It's
music everywhere 1 The very chairs
you sit dotf n upon are full cf it." At
this moment the orchestrion struck up s
selection from "Don Giovanni," and
the old lady recovered her amiability in
listening to a reaiiy spienaia msi/rumeiii..
I left them still enjoying it, marveling
at all the birds and boxes and thinking
each one more wonderfnl than another,
Snakes.
A trout thirteen inches long was founc
the other day in a water rattlesnake
five and a half feet long and thirteei
inches around, at Reid's Station, Ga.
H?nry N. Jones, a Mount Pleasant
Fla , schoolboy, was bittea by a larg<
rattlesnake, and although every remedy
was 35romptly nsed he died in ten hours
John S'.ew rt, of Hillsborough, Fia.
was cutting the rattles from a snaki
! +v>o+. >ia Rhot. when the reniili
struck him a blow that stunned him
The snake was seven feet long.
W.iien the nve-year-old son of Oht<
! Rust, of Kendall, Texas, was bitten b;
i a copperhead snake, his father cut ou
the near with his pocket knife, thei
, hurried with him to a physician, wh<
, cauterized the wound, and saved th(
child's life.
A STORY ABOUT EAKS.
1 An Admirable Snb*tStnie for the "nako
I .Romance?The Wonierfui Ears of an ln?
! tllun Boy.
*! The Lafayette (Ind.) Courier has
f this curious story: A strange
'; and wonderful phenomenon has been
" j brought to our office in the
9 i person of little "Willie Lester, whose
I father is a well-to-do farmer on the Wea
1 Plains. Willie is oclv about ten years
3 old, unusually bright and intelligent
3 for his age, and has always been re*
markable in his neighborhood for his
I wonderful ears. Ei.3 right one is perfectly
Immense, beinar, we should iudore.
as large as a palm-leaf fan, while the
other is no bigger than the ear of an
1 ordinary-sized wax doll. Until quite
r recently nothing unusual had ever been
I" noticed in his hearing, but lately he
1 has developed wonderful powers in that
5 direction. With his small ear he can
3 hear the faintest buzzing of the emall7
est bugs and insects, and can even de5
tect sounds uttered by the minutest
[ animalcules?so small that they are not
5 even visible to the naked eye, A fly
r running along a window-pane, a cater'
pillar crawliDg across's. sheet of paper,
' makes sufficient noise to attract his atk
tention, even when his back is turned.
: The sense of hearing is so acute in this
' ear that it is absolutely painful to him,
and he is compelled to wear a cork in
it &t all times. The right and large
' ear is quite the reverse of its little companion
in both its powers and properties.
To it those minute and near
sounds so plainly discernible to the
other are lost, but distant neises are
readily heard. Although residing fifteen
and a quarter mjles from any railroad?Lafayette
being the nearest
point?yet Willie can distinctly hear
the trains and mills blowing their whistles,
and can easily distinguish between
the engine bells and the city bells.
When the Wabash roundhouse blew up
some weeks since, Willie felt the shock
as severely as though he had been in
the building itself. He had been unwell
for some days and was sleeping later
than usual that morning, and when the
explosion occurred h9 sprang from, the
bed with a frightere-'l 3ream, and,
holding his ear wit-l .hands, stood
for some time tremblii... in the middle
of the room. On clear days he has often
heard Sheriff Taylor summoning
witnesses from the court-house window.
He distinctly heard the noise of the
mob at Kokomo on Monday night,
which was a very clear night. Although
unable to make out what they were j
doing, yet he heard tiae shouts "Rope's |
down 1" "Time's up !*' and heard poor |
Long sing "See That My Grave i3
Kept Green," the tune of which Willie
at once recognized, and in a low, sw?cc
voice sang the accompaniment, it being
quite familiar to him. He can hear the
coming of a storm long before there
are any signs of ic in the air, and even
long before the weather bureau gives
notice of its approach. At the suggestion
of a neighbor, Mr. Lester had a
wire-gauze lid with a tin rim made to
fit over Willie's ear. It consists of two
thicknesses of gauze, the outer one being
of larger mesh than the inner one;
between the two there is an intervening
thickse3s of loose flannel to soften
sounds. Willie wears it continually,
and this with the cork in the small ear
has the effect of reducing his hearing
to a normal condition.. Willie i? a handsome,
fair-faced, golden-haired little _
any notice taken OrETm seems toTTe
quite painful to the little fellow.
Saluting Infant Royalty.
At the gnardhouses there is consider
able fuss made whenever any royalty
passes that way. It is the duty and the
only duty of the sentry on guard, to
keep his eye open for royalty. When
he sees it?and he seems to have a remarkably
long range of vision?he yells
at the top of his by no means musical
voice. The rest of the gnard drop their !
cards and pipes, rash precipitately out,
fall in, and present arms with drums
beating. This sort of thing is gone
through with every time any royalty
passes. Even the infant children of
the crown prince receive the same
homage. There is something strange
in seeing a lot of grown men present
arms to a year-old infant. Bnt they
do it. every time the nurse of
the crown prince's family takes the
children ont for an airing. But this
-"isn't a circumstance," as Chicago sa;ps,
to what, according to the story of cne
of the American colony, happened here
once. The nurse had a little child of
the crown prinee out for a walk, and
happened to pass one of the guardhouses.
The sentry on duty yelled,
11 1 3 ? ? i. w\?iAOAY)faf^
xue guara lurneu uuu auu COCilU&U I
arms while the drums beat. Just as
the nurse and child got in front of the
line of soldiers, the child espied a heap
of nice, clean sand suitable for the
manufacture of mud pies. The instinct
of the child got the better of its training
; it broke away from its nurse and
began to play in the sand. The nurse
protested,' entreated, begged?but it
was of no use. That child was bound
to indulge in a little plebeian amusement.
It had its own way, and played
in the sand until it had satisfied its
royal mind, and all this .time the guard
stood at a "present arms," while the
drummer nearly wore his drumhead
out.?Berlin Litter.
A Minister's Happy Thought,
The late Rev. Dr. J. B. Wakeley related
to me, with great glee, how he
extricated himself once from a most
awkward dilemma. Preaching in a
Hudson river town on a warm summer
afternoon to a congregation of farmers
mainly from the text, "If any man draw
back, my soul hath no pleasure in
him," he inadvertently observed, "My
brethren, sheep never fight." Those
who were awake looked; np at him, and
showed, by their interest, that the
minister had never seen two old rams
trying to bntt each other's brains ont
The doctor discovered his mistake as
soon as they did, but not seeing his way
out of it he repeated the statement with
greater emphasis. These of the audiI
ence who were awake nudged their
: sleeping brethren, who, on opening
their eyes, looked to see what had happened,
This greatly embarrassed the
, doctor, and he was now sadly puzzled.
: He ventured with still greater emphasis,
to repeat the statement. "My brethren,
sheep never fight," whe:i luckily he saw
nr!Klin or Vna I
j ma way uuu, auu uu?.,^,6 -? ,
struck it into the palm of the other
' hand, adding, with gennine nnction,
"except they first draw back."?[Harper.
The Editor's "Treats."
^ The editor's hardest task is to dispose
I of his time. His wonld be a monoto'
notis life, indeed, were it not for the
kindness of a few hnndre-i people who
call npon him every Jay to enliven his
dull life with stories of their grievances,
I of their brand new enterprises, and
( with antedilnvian anecdotes. When
i yon grow np to be men and women,
children, remember this, and spend all
the time yon can in the editor's sanc'
turn. He loves company so very much,
j. j on know, and sometimes has to be ai
' iant and alone lor a wnoie nail minnie.
Is it not too bad?
? The business of the editor is to enter3
tain itinerant lecturers, book canvas s2
ers, exchange fiends and other philan*
thropists. lie gives his whole days to
these. He writes hi3 editorials at night
> after he has gone to bed.
7 The editor is jaever so happy as when
t writing complim"5qtary notices. For
1 ten cents' worth of presents he will
gladly give ten dollar?' worth of adver
11 A nlanenvA -i+>
3 I tising ail Oil kucuuiiu v.- WUW jl/aoaoiuo iv
I giyes him to write, yon know.
t
?
i
i '
V
| amosg the japs.
; Scene* in a Leadins Japanese City?Carious
Vehicles.
j A correspondent of the Detroit Free
Press, writing of a visit to Yokohama,
I .Ta.no.Tv Tntinc a "namnan" T lpft
the ship, and during the mile pnll that
brought us to the shore I had ample
opportunities to stndy the peculiarities
of the craft and its owners. It was
nothing more than a flat-bottomed boat I
very rudely constrncted and propelled
by meanj of two great sculls of a peculiar
form. The boatmen beloDg to a
class that live in their beats the whole
year round, and were small but powerful.
In sculli.ig the boat, on9 man takes
his place in the stern and the other on
the side. The oars are formed of two
pieces and are triangular in appearance,
something like a Hie with the faces
rounded out. As a substitute for rowlocks,
they have a pin fastened to the
gunwale and a crescent-shaped piece of
wood, with a hole in the rounded part
for the pin, fastened to the oar. Where
the man catches hoid he has another
pin, and over this he passes the loop of
a rope fastened to the bottom of the
boat. In sculling, each man has an
inclined rest for one foot. The boats
are clumsy looking things, but move
very rapidly. The men are a wild, savage-looking
set, and very small. They
are all bare-headed, and nearly all, as I
was informed by my boatman, have a
circular patch on the top of their heads
shaved. Most of them wear sandals
made out of straw, though many go
bare-footed, even in winter.
On arrival at the landing I was besieged
by a crowd of men, who followed
me as persistently as the hackmen in the
United States follow railroad passengers,
each and every one wanting to
know if I would not like a "rifcisha."
Picking out one of these famous
carriages of the East, I
seated myself, and told the man
to take me tip to "Bentendori,
a street in "Japtown," as the foreigners
call it, where most of the silk and lacqners
stores are. The "jin rikisha," in
appearance, looks like an enlarged
baby carriage, and is in fact nothing
else. It is drawn, not as one might
suppose by a horse, but by the man
himself, who jogs along at a steady
trot, bare-headed, bare-legged, through
mnd and water in his sandals with apparent
ease. The "jin rikisha" business
is an important one in the East,
and all rates are regnlated by local
enactments, the same as our" cab fares
are regulated in America and England.
There is an immense difference, however
in in the fare patd for a hack and
that paid for a "rikisha." The latter
may be had for ten sen an hour, or
about six cents in American money. ' (
The city of Yokohama is of very re
cent origin, but is growing rapidly, (
having at the present time a population .
of about 45,000 Japanese and 2,500 ;
foreigners, the latter forming a colony !
or their own. In the European part of ,
the city the houses are very substanti- ]
ally built of stone, but in the native J
portion the buildings are very lightly (
built. Few houses in either portion of {
the city are built very high on account j
of the earthquakes which occur quite (
frequently. There are many Europeans >
engaged in business here, principally ^
in the trade with 'Frisco. Owing to :
the depreciation of the native paper (
moneji eschange,s_ flourish,, oru near]v?IbroK^rbusiness
seems to be entirely in ,
the hands of John Chinav.--, who also j
controls the tailoring business. The ^
taste of the Japanese is displayed in the I
beautiful public buildings that have
been erected, nctably the depot of the
Tokio and Yokohama railroad, a building
which would evendo credit to Detroit.
' Curio" Town, for so the Japanese
portion of the city might be very aptly
called, is the m?t interesting portion
of the whole city. The streets are
alive with people, from the little Japanese
children with their queer-looking
faces, flying kites and playing in the
streets, to the letter-carrier with his
bundle of letters. Dismissing my
"rikisha" as soon as "Bentendori" was
reached, I wandered on from store to
store gazing in amazement at the curious,
beautiful wor&s of art. One might
spend many hours in a single store
looking at the lacquer ware, curious
carvings in tortoise-shell, and in stained
pig-skin, which so closely resembles
tortoise shell that it would take an expert
to tell them apart Then the ]
-? * t Al_
bronze wor&, done m every iorm, me :
work in mother-of-pearl and ivory, the
old armor, swords formed from steel ,
that is as finely tempered as the famous
Damascus blade, in beautiful lacquered j
scabbards, photographs, paintings on
silk, embroidery, and many other things, j
will not allow your attention to flag for
an instant. One has to be in Japan but
a very short time to realize that tne .
people are naturally artistic *nd me- .
chanical, and that they are fully as in- ,
telligent as any nation on earth, and
infinitely more polite. They never
meet one another in the streets without
saluting, and in their houses and stores
?-*i.U
tney always wan on you wuu gxavo autention,
and bow you out vcith th9 same
politeness, no matter how much trouble
and inconvenience you may have put
them to, and especially is this true
among the business men. In their
houses the people are very particular
about leaving their shoes outside. This
practice is probably duo in a great
measure to the fact that the sandals 1
they wear in the streets would be very
clumsy affairs in. the house, and they
therefore change them. Hence the
curious sight one has sometimes ol a
dozen or so of sandals in front of the
house. In all their habits and customs
cleanliness is the prevailing trait. They
abhor dirt in any iorm.
It would hardly do to pass over the
silk paintings by merely mentioning
them as an attraction. Given a photograph,
the color of hair and eyes, and
the Japanese artist will produce an enlarged
and correct likeness of the person,
clad in Japanese costume. The
one defect in their work is the tendency
to put in Mongolian eyes, and against
that it is necessary to warn them. If j
an original scene is desired, they will j
paint birds and auimals in all manner j
of positions, and embroider the plumace
of a bird or the petals of a flower, J
shading as delicately with the needle as j
with the brash.
My first thought after entering one
of these stores was that it wonld never
do for a man to let his wife get into
one of them by herself, or he wonld be
a bankrupt before night. Scarfs,
shawls, dressing-gowns, cloaks and
other articles of the finest silk, embroidered
and ornamented so that each
article was a complete work of art in
itself, were in profusion. I had entered
the store with the intention of
purchasing, but the beautiful appearance
of each article rendered it so difficult
to make a choice that I was '
obliged to give up in despair, and fairly |
ran avray from the temptation to spend j
every cent I had.
I
.Measuring: a Plant's tJnunh.
A New York firm recently exhibited j
an apparatus for measuring the rapidity i
of growth of a plant. The plant itself !
is connected with an index, which ad- \
vances visibly and constantly, exhibit- j
I ing the growth on a scale fifty times j
! magnified. TVhen the index is con- j
nected with an electric hammer, the !
current of which is interrupted as the i
index passes over the divisions of the j
circle, the growth of the plant becomes
not only visible, but also audible to the
ear. In this way it is now possible,
"" " ? rrvn oa CTY OW n
1 literally, w &< ?-< ?
A MAD ELEPHANT.
Killing Twenty Persons, and Desiraylns
Properly in Hi* Headlong Charges.
Mola Baksh belonged to the Maharaja
ot Benares, and was lent by him
one January to a small shooting party
in South Mirzapnr, consisting of three
gentlemen, two of whom had along
with them their wives and children.
He was without tusks ; of great size,
and of what amateurs call beautiful
points : standi with tiger, trained and
tractable, bat credited from tho first
knowD of him with an uncertain temper.
On the 15th of the month he took
part in an expedition into th*? jungle ;
pelted a wounded tiger in a ravine with
clods till the brute charged and fastened
on his ear; then got his foe between
his legs and kicked bim from
hindfoot to forefoot, and back again,
till he was done for. On the 19th he
carried some of the party, including
two ladies, for an outing, nothing unusual
being observable in his manner,
evcept a rather excited rivalry with a
horse which was cantering by his side.
On arriving at the camp, h8 was fed as
usual bv female hands, and his affectation
humored of haviDg a biscuit put
actually into his mouth. He had, however,
about him rather a menagerie
smell, for which a bath in a neighbor- !
inc ri7er was Drescribed. In nerfect
peace of mind all retired to rest. But 1
at midnight came the cry: "Mola 1
Bnksh has billed his mahont!" This 1
was true, but it was generally thought <
that the act was accidental. The par- <
oxsysms had come on him about 2 a. m. 1
He at once tore himself loose, and went ^
in search of his second attendant. This '
man was a pnrloiner of grain, inatten- <
jtive and cruel, and greatly detested by '
the animal. The mahout and his dep
uty were sleeping side by side, under a <
tree, shrouded in their coverlets, as the
manner of the country is. Mola knelt ]
on his enemy and killed him, and, 1
perhaps, in attempting to rise, slipped 1
onto the mahont, who was a drnnkard 1
and not likely to be easily awakened, or 3
to think of rolling aside. At any rate, some
honrs afterwards, when the ani- ?
mal returned and saw the bodies, he *
only looked down at that of the mahout, T
but seized the other and tossed it hith- 1
er and thither. All was alarm, natural- t
ly, in the camp. Cots were elung up in c
the trees?one fortunately a banian? t
and the ladies and children put in com- t
parative safety. Morning wa? anxious- 1
]y looked for. When it came, however, 1
the coast was clear. Mola Buksh was I
passing his time in wrecking a village 8
at some little distance, unroofing the 8
houses and plundering the sweetmeats t
und grain. The other elephants had ^
been driven into the jungle ; the men a
nToro armor! vionl&n+. fVia cawonto 3
on the wat^h. As no alarm was given, <3
a forced march was determined on, and r
off the whole party get for an encamp- c
ment ten miles on. This was reached g
in safety, but the elephant was soon in a
pursuit, upset the camels, loads and t
ill, on the road ; lung to right and 1
left the burdens deserted by the flying n
coolies; caught up two unhappy linger- a
3rs and killed them both; and pounded i
iway over the hill stones with madness a
in Las head and the unnatural activity r
3f overheated excitement in his limbs, h
rhe various friends were seated on b
;runks, watching their growing encamp- t<
man): irhon tV>o chnnf. arnso " ic t)
?oming!" And, sure enough, headlong d
a * g 1 J ' 'J * T?'?Jn ? -J ?riew
the reckless mamoth, as if the n
iends were close behind him. Tl-c
ivas a moment indeed. Wives, children, t!
md ayahs, were hurried to trees scarce- f
ly of adequate height, and the men and 1
servants took their places for defense t.
reside them. But one?I shall certain- b
,y name him?Wigram Money, a magis- b
;rate of Mirzapur, advanced on the h
little plain between the tents alone to t!
xieet the approaching brute. He re- t!
:eived Mold Buksh at fifty yards with h
ais first barrel, and the ball struck the g
center of the forehead. This stopped *
aim, and a second made him tnrn again ^
towards the hill.- He was pursued on *
horseback, and tliougii he aouoiea f
round and again approached the tents, v
be remembered his lesson ; and, indeed, <3
though he dogged the hurried marches t
jf the party, appearing suddenly and '
causing great alarm, for the next day r
Dr two he seemed to have a dread of I
3oming quite close. The distances he t>
traveled were scarcely credible; by r
light and in the dark it was one excited n
md destructive raid, without exhaus- t
tion and without repose. He tore off <3
roofs, he tore up wheat, he devoured or e
scattered the contents of shops. The B
nillnnATO man and WftrnATI. t
Viiia^Cio wvm MUX* ? ) ?
and old people?fled before him. He
invaded two other sporting camps be- rj
sides the one he was first attached to,
tossing the equioments about, maddening
the horses, and at times surprising 1
some unfortunate attendant. He har- G
assed the Maharaja himself on the line *
of march, pushing oyer his camels and f
breaking his furniture, and forced the i
Prince to save himself, by sheer gallop- *
ing, in a country palace. One of his c
last feats was this : A Kanee of high s
birth, was on a pilgrimage to Benares. 1
She was encamped in a grove. Ked and S
white striped tents were enclosed by the 1
canvas wails ; in the innermost was she 2
herself. The rag-tag entourage of <
native rank encircled her. A seedy se- 1
poy or two, with shakoes over their c
tied-up heads and old unloaded flint- t
lock muskets, stood about. There was I
a rush of cattle and peasants down the 1
i "i ? .i- 3 - T
roaa, aust m ciouaa, auu a uij ui a no
elephant!" The Ranee's currish hirelings
left her. Mola Buksh leveled all
opposing obstacles, and stood before
the miserable princess herself. The
slave girls had hidden themselves. The
old lady fled to her palankeen. The
mad animal tore her from it and put h; r
to death. He feasted on a heap of cakes
which had been prepared for the shrines
of the holy city. A Brahmin crept in
to see what the fate of hia mistress had
been. MoJa seized him and destroyed
him, and flung him on the road, where
his body was seen by my informant. Oa
the 27th the fit subsided, and Mola
ttto! \raA intn V>in fit TtaiD ?
U U2\Ou naia^u
nuggar, the fort of his master, near Be- 1
nares, glad to have his wounds attended ]
to. He had been a week on the loose? i
had killed twenty persons and wounded \
others, and had destroyed a great deal i
of property.?[London World.
j
Facts About the Sahara. '
A young French geographer named j
GorlofF recently made an interesting re- (
port upon his explorations in the ]
Sahara. His only companions were j
two Arabs. He described the sitting- j
room of the town council of Metlili as a j
subterranean gallery, ornamented with !
run run or rnnrifl a deer) well. Bv t
J/UAOiB, 0 . ,
that contrivance the council was kept .
cool even in hot days. The men of ^the .
Touareg tribe were not allowed to have '
more than one wife each, and she p03- ,
sessed the greatest influence, not only '
in domestic but in political affaire. The .
Touareg women were far more (
highly educated than the men.
They conld read and write well, they
possessed some musical talent, and
their poems were celebrated in the
desert. It appeared thai in the middle
ages some persons of high bath emi- i
grated to Africa among the Touaregs,
and some of liiem coasted or iuoinmo- j
rency descent. At one time M. GorlofT
and his guides were overtaken by a j
seveie snowstorm. The guides lost
their way, and they were in mnch danger
of being frozen to death. There were
many in France, said M. Gorloff, who
proclaimed the Sahara a rich country,
where fortune was to be made. Ho
would like those persons to travel in it;
they would then change their opinion.
OILISG THE WAYES.
A Contrivance for Calmfns the Sea Sarins 1
Stormy Weather.
The subject has at last been taken up
in good earnest, and it is to a citizen of
Perth, Mr. John Shields, that is due
the honor of taking the initiative in a
movement which, if fully carried out,
must prove of incalculable benefit to
our seafarms' t>or>illation. Five vears
w t x *
ago, as he stood beside a mill-pond on a ,
windy day, he observed that the waters,
whici had been considerably ruffled,
suddenly became smooth. On examina- v
tion, he found that this arose from oil
having been accidentally spilled from
some machinery, and instantly forming .
such a film on the surface of the pond
as to offer no resistance to the wind. ?
Happily, it at once occarred to him
that it might be possible to apply oil in *
such a systematic manner as to calm ,
the entrance to a harbor in stormj c
weather. The idea having once sug- ^
gested itself, he never rested till he r
had thought it out and devised means 1
of executing it. The plan he hit upon ?
was that of laying iron and lead pipes 1
from the beach right out across the ^
harbor to the open sea, terminating in
the deep water 200 feet beyond the bar, f
and then, by means of a force pump on
the shore, to pump oil into the tubes 1
and eject it at the bottom of the sea c
outside the harbor, so that as it rose to *
the surface it might be driven inward a
md prevent the formation of breakers ?
Dn the bar. The pipes are fitted with
thiee conical valves fixed seventy-five J
Feet apart at the sea-end of the pipe. .
Ihese are forced opep. by the stream of ]
ail as it flows out and instantly close 1"
when the pressure is removed. Mr. .
3hields fixed npon Peterhead, in AberJeenshire
(the easternmost headland of *
3cotland, and consequently a spot ex- '
posed to the full force of every gale ?
;hat sweeps the east coast,) as the most f
suitable spot for his test experiments, **
Eere, then, he proceeded to submerge ?
L,200 feet of lead and iron piping. A
large barrel containing about a hundred F'
gallons of oil was placed in a shed on -t
;he beach in connection with the forcejump.
Toward the end of February
oof- TMiAliminow TOCkTCk
>aou ovwo miiudij v ama vm tt vav ^
tied on a small scale, but the amount
>f oil expended was very trifling, and 0
he effect was disappointing. One of v<
he fishers standing by remarked that ^
le could not understand it, as his own s<
ife had once been saved by hanging P
jieces of whale's blubber overboard,
,nd he was certain that the same means ?
ystematically applied must produce ?
he desired effect On the first of March *
ve may say that the apparatus was fully 5C
,nd practically tested for the first time, ,
,nd with puch success as to leave no
loubt that it must shortly be a recog- ^
tized necessity in all harbors dangerous a*
?f access. On the day in question a 91
alp waa hlnwinc from the sontheast. .
ccompanied by a heavy sea. Huge b:
tillows from ten to twenty feet in a]
Leight, curled in white crests as they
teared the harbor mouth, and broke in .
lad surf above the bar. No boat could 1D
lave dared to face those breakers, and sr
ny luckless vessel wrecked upon that
ock-bound, inhospitable coast must
.ave been abandoned to her fate. No
etter dav could have been selected to
est the soothing power of oil. If any t*
erceptible difference could be pro- &
need on those raging, tumultuous wa- m
-?-j - -i
lerely a ques tion of how much oil was ' '-L'J
o I expended. In the present instance st
he big 100-gallon cask was filled. The to
orcing pump was set in action, and a ai
iTge quantity of oil was driven through &
he pipe3, whence it was ejected at the w
ottom of the sea, at some distance
>eyond the impassable barrier of mighty ti
renters. The oil immediately rose to A;
he surface, and formed a thin film on ar
he water extending right across the th
arbor mouth. Straightway the dan- ti
erous white crests disappeared, and, si
hongh the strong tide still swept in- ^
?ard in hugh swelling billows, they Oi
?ere shorn of their terror, and became S
terfectly smooth rollers on which any w
essel or boat might have ridden into
ock. Owing to tfce strength of the T
ide and the severity of the gale the oil a:
ras swept shoreward so rapidly as to T
ender continuous pumping necessary. &
Jut as long as the oil supply was kept s*
p the surf was kept down, and there &1
emained no reasonable doubt in the fc
ainds of the spectators that henceforth
he raging of the waters could be 6ub- u<
ued at will, and that ships might be si
nabled to make the port in safety, no ^
natter how wild the tempest.?[Nine- ti
eenth Century. b
a
tl
.'he Most Dramatic Singer in the World, g
Madame Marie Wilt, who has how w
eft Vienna fcr Leipsic, is one of the a
;reatest vocal losses the Kaiserstadt si
las experienced. Her voice is wonder- ti
ul, almost snperhnman in its power. It ai
s like a steam-whistle on some high t<
totes, bnt the grandeur, breadth and is
>rgan quality oi' her medium tones are T
uperb. A coarser-looking creature tl
lever tortured the eyes of an audience, g
Jhe is impossible to disguise. The
aagnificenc9 of her re^al costume in o:
klargaret of Valois, the stately velvets si
>{ Lucretia Borgia, the violet robes of ii
Bertha in "Le Prophete," could not ai
:hange fhe fat ungainly form or refine I
he coarse features of the thrifty frugal p
lousewife whom Strakosch is said to b
lave found ecrnbbing her kitchen floor o:
vhen be called to secure an American o
jngagement with her. However this c
nay be, she is a noble housewife, and G
jrefers disputing over the price of eggs, c
md the amoimt of Wurst given for v
en kreutzers, to singing for anything
jut money. She has no sympathetic
L Cllfl Tin T
jciiiua u\j nuia tjuw
iinging at the age of thirty-one as a
rade, and a trade she has made of it
)ver since. One of the best stories told ^
>f Wilt, quite possible and probable, is a
;hat on her goca natnred days she gives n
;wo kreutzers to the Zahlkellner at the ft
:aie, bnt when ill-tempered she asks p
iim to return one of the kreulzers she t
iad given him the day before. Not- 1;
nthstanaing all this small gossip about n
ler miserly ways, she rises to sublimity g
n her art. At one of the last Kunstler v
Vbende at which she sang before leav- p
ing Vienna, her rendition of Schubert'ts e
"Die Allmacht" was grandiose ? kolos- v
salisch "a3 the Anstrians express a cer- v
iain grandeur of effect. This evening ?
* # ?1.
lUarie Will sang as 11U wvuiaa c?ci caujj h
oefore. She is probably the mos-. t
Iramatic singer the world has ever I
blown, . Cover your eyes, and it seem* c
is if an unknown instrument was iead- t
ing and overmastering the orchestra. 1
EEer voice is unearthly in its wondrous fc
power. One is forced to admire the t
study that has brought sucb power into | (
rocal control. It is astonishing mechan- i
ism, but a heartless, soundless voice. <3
"Die Allmacht," however, seemed ar; t
ascription of praise; Heaven and earth, t
mingling in the tones of the singer's ?
roice, seemed filled with the majesty of ?
God's glory.?[Harper. c
Times Have Changed. ?
A man who happened to be in a vil- c
lage when it was plundered by French v
BoHiers, a great many of whom wore *
npon their breasis the cross of the Le- ?
gion of Honor, made the remark, con g
iidential to bimsolf, however: "How t
changed are the times! Formerly they
u?ed to hang the thieves on the cross,
but now they hang the crosses on thithieves."
A similar change in the f
treatment of criminal* has been ob t
served in this country. In old times \
the jury used to hang the murderer, but J
now it is often the murderer who hangs s
the jury. <
Hotels in India*
Writing of his traveling experience
n India, a correspondent says: The
lotel in question is a study in itself
Doth from the nniratched picturesqueless
of its cloistered front and its batilemented
roof, and from the romantic
egend attached to it. It is said to %
lave been originally a native mansion,
vrnlfc hv a wpalthv Parsee at remiAftt
)f his soul's adored, who, when the
ask was completed, ungratefully "gave
lim the mitten" and married some one
slse. The heart-broken bnt still busiless-lifce
lover at once sold his intended
>ower of bliss at an enormous profit to
;n enterprising German from America,
?ho turned it into an hotel. An hotel
t still remains under its present owner,
nd a very- passable one as Oriental
nns go. Indeed, were Dickens alive
gain, he might make an invafitefeje
ddition to bis "Commercial Traveler?^
>y a chapter upon East Indian hotels,
rhich are quite unique of their kind. rou
generally arrive late at night, when . . v|
f. is fcnn dark- tr? rriftlrA nnfc anvtTnncr
ond the general outline of the buildDg
into which you are ushered, amid a
fhirl of dusky faces, and glittering
eeth, and outlandish dresses, and
ilamorous outcries, suggestive of your
laving fallen among a gang of Eastern
obbers. You are formed into a proession
and marched off to a room ap>arently
as high as Westminster Abbey
nd empty as a church collection bag
ir the head of a man of fashion. Yon
all asleep under a cloudless canopy of
aosquito curtain, and probably dream
hat you are the first Napoleon, lying
a state, or Mohammed in that
imous aerial coffin which anticipated
he Bessemer coffin by more than
welve centuries. Aroused about sun
lav uy iuo cawing ui tut) OIOWB mat
oost on the veranda, yon drape yourelf
in the quilt, like an ancient
toman, and open the door, causing an
istant "stampede'*' of native serroots,- .
ho are sleeping on thf> floor, acciLoj n&
5 custom^xTicside the doors 01 ...^
isyritfe masters. Your first thought
as" doubtless been to ring the bell,
xgetting that in this favored clime
a ere are no bells to ring. So you
tand on the landing and roar out,
Qai hi?' (Who's there?) the shibboleth
? British India, which has given to all
eteran Anglo-Indians their generic
ickname of Qoihis. At first there
?ems to be nobody there at all, but
resently a black face, crowned with a
low-white turban, is seen rising up
le stairway with the inquiry, "Chota
azri, Sahib?" (Little breakfast, master?)
ou nod, and the apparition vanishes,
> return with a small tray of tea and.
read and butter. Fearing that if you
>t this comet-iike attendant escape
du may never succeed in catching him
jain, you seize the chance of giving
it your boots to be cleaned. Tl? ' ' %
isciple of Brahma responds with a
risk "Bhot atcha" /All right), and re- '
jpears half an hour later with a pair
! worn cut "elastic-Eiders," or, worse
ill, of dainty feminine bottines, with
litation buttons, instead of your own
ibstantial "lace-ups."
Arctic Whalers.
The San Francisco Bulletin says: The
renty or more whale ships which came
>wn from the Arctic last autumn hare
ostly started again for the 'same dqp- Jfe
ley fish by the way, making long
retches ont of a direct course, somemes
getting well over toward Japan,
id sometimes nosing about the Okhotsk
;a, for any chance to strike a few
hales. .
Besides the fleet of sailing ships,
lere will be three steamers in the
rctic this season, viz: the Belvedere
id North Star, of New Bedford, and
ie new steamer now on the stocks at
lis port, which will be completed inde
of the next two months. The Bailg
ships are all old-fashioned, short,
it Km'It. cTiirvj xpliifth hflva done ffood
irvice in other business before they
ere sent around to the Arctic. Some
I them were packets fifty years ago.
hey are still strong, weatherly ships,
id seem to be independent of all decay,
he cold weather of the Arctic and the
iteration of oil have a tendency to pre>rve
ships. Unless these old vessels
st nipped in the ice, they may be good
>r at least a quarter of a century more.
By that time there will probably be
o use for anything but the screw steamlips
in whaling. .Even now, another
>e of steam in whaling has been in oduced?the
steam tender or small
oat with steam, strong enongh to tow
dead whale a long distance and to tow
le whaleboats to the fishing grounds,
team cannot be used in following
hales, on account of the-noise. But it
in be used as an auxiliary in the ways
jggested, and, it is said, with substanal
advantage. A great many whales
"i"! lAof Rnt aiffiam
LC Obiuv^rv ouu IVOM. M wvvv.? -v.?^w.
) hitch on and tow thirty or forty miles
; the latest improvement in whaling.
he old sailing vessel will wear out in
le business. They do not represent a
reat deal of capital
Sow and then an old ship worth five
r six thousand dollars, and twice that - f
lm in the matter of outfit, will come
lto. port with a thousand barrelft of oil,
od as much bone as can be stored away.
'he interest on capital is small. The
rofits are large. That is why these old
luff-bowed ships soaked with whale
il are so dear to the hearts of their
wners. The steam whaler with outfit,
osts anywhere from $70,000 to $120,
* , .VLl
00, according to size, xnese muss
ome into port with large fares, or the
enture would be a losing business*
he Boy Violinist in Sontag's Dressing.
Room.
At Sontag's first concerts here, the
'onderful young violinist, Paul Jullien,
ppeared with her. He was then a
xere boy, hardly more than a child,
or he was but ten years old; but his
>erformauee was already that of a viraoao,
and his tone and style were nearer
those of a great master of the instruaent.
One evening, after Madame
iontaghad been here about a month, I
rent, at one of her concerts, to her
rivate room, where she had been kind
nougti to receive me before, for she
7&s one of the very few prima-donaas
rith whom I was on familiar terms,
'jEntrez!" said a male voice when I
:nocked at the half-open door. I enered,
and what should I see but Count
lossi and Paul Jallien sitting together
>ver a basin of water, which was beween
them on the sofa. Count Rossi
ooked up and smiled as he held out his
i*nd without rising, and then blew ino
the bo^k He was engaged with Paul
who a few minates before had astonshed
a delighted and cultivated aul--?
eoiH-riflr rflneT.Knofa ufiiAn
uci:v;cj ~~ ?
he little fellow had begged the count
o make for him from concert programmes.
The basin frcm Madame
>ontag's wash-stancl furnished the sea
>n which the fragi'e fleet was launched.
Dfce boy continued his amusement unil
Madame Sontag entered, and then
lastily -drying his hands upon another
concert, bill, took up his violin, and
phile I was yet musing in wonder at
he strangeness of the seen*, my rnmilation
was disturbed by theoutberst ox
ipplanse wnien greeted ice entrance ux
he^little boat-sailer npon the stage.
The importation of Mediterranean
rait at the port of New York dnring g|jj
he year 1SS1 consisted of 117 cargoes
>y English steamers and 2f> oar~*es by .^58
[talian and Norwigtau sa vessels,
md comprised 819.223 boxes and cases
:t cravges, and 83S/241 boxes of lemons.
.

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