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FACTS FC3 THE CURIOUS,
A large part of the Bahama islands 13
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lion an-I a half of frnit have been collected
from a single acre.
"Wine and oil j<:rs were rendered impervious
t.o moisture by the ancients,
as they are a: present by the people o'
Spain and Italy, by rubbing with wai.
Transitory color-blindness has been
produced by a iew hours' stay in snowfields
illuminated by the sun, all artificial
lights appearing green for a short
crown, preserved in
the imnerial tre&snrr at Vienna, is
composed of eight plats of gold, fotu
large and four small, connected bj
The demand for matches in Ureal
Britain is, on the average, eight dai j
for each individual. For Enrope an3
North America the entire average is sh
for each individual. ^
An English physician says that
seventy diseases arise directly from
alcohol, and that in Great Britair
120,000 deaths are caused annuallj
either directly or indirectly by drinkins?.
If the earth should be suddenly stop
ped in her orbit and allowed to fall
. unobstructed toward the sun, under th<
A accelerating influence of his attraction,
she would reach the centre in about
* four months.
It has been e?'1"mated that there are
about6,000 speck, of birds, of which
five-sixth are known. Cones list of North
American birds now embraces 888 species,
120 new specie? having been added
during the last eight year?.
Tha Por>A .'VOTT ^ a OTTO O man
Auv xiiguv D?JO ? ti-w?ui j
caught a sixpound trout at Pyramid
lake a few days ago. Inside the trout
was a four-pound sucker, and in the
sucker was a half-pound chub. In the
chub was nothing but worms.
The Berlin police department is testing
a secret method of disinfection
which, it is claimed, destroys the germs
in sick rooms within fifteen minutes.
The experiments are made as privately
as possible, but when they are finished
the department will make the results
The widest gauge railroad in existence
is probably the one in operation in
Washington territory, running back
from the Skagit river. It is an eightfoot
gauge with woodtn rails eight by
eight inches. The cars carry twelve
wheels of nine-inch face with double
The costliest coffins in the United
States are cheap affairs when compared
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cathedral at Milan the body of Cardinal
Barromeo is enclosed in a crystal casket,
magnificent with gold and silver trimmings,
and set with precions stones at a
cost of $800,000.
A subterranean forest was recently
uncovered at a depth of ten feet below
the surface on the estate of Lord Nor
manton, near Peterborough, England.
Some of the tiees are of great 6iz8, and
so well preserved that the different
varieties?such as oak and elm?may be
Mr. E. McLachlan gives it as his opinion
that many of the wood-eating insects
do not attack healthy trees, but only
those which have commenced to decay
from the operation of other causes".
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destruction of the trees, but simply for
hastening the process after it has been
Uojt Trees Influence Kainfall and
In a general way there begins to be
spreading a popular belief that forests
increase the rainfall of the country. As
to how this is done, however, no very
definite idea prevails. Scientific men
have been recently maMng some very
interesting experiments in this field.
The results show strongly that forests
do exercise a decided favorable influence
on climate and the water supply.
It is not conclusively established that
they directly cause heavy rains. They
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& at the present to be had, increase the
frequency of light showers, and thus
Bp&r ? are of incalculable benefit to vegetation.
In other ways the beneficent effect of
trees on climate, crops and fruits is
sufficiently well established. Dr. J. M.
Anders gives in the American Naturalist
a good summing up of the latest research
on this subject. Not the least of
the benefits he mentions is the good
service belts of woodland do in protecting
vegetation from storms and icy
winds. It is very common now for enlightened
farmers in the West and
Northwest to plant dense rows of tre?s
ar;d hedges of evergreen along the
northern line of their orchards and
grounds. Dr. Anders says:
"The experiment has been tried extensively
in France of planting trees in
belts one hundred meters apart, and
with marked benefit to the climate, and
there are some good reasons for believing
that a similar experiment in various
places in onr own country would prove
equally advantageous. It has been observed
many times that fruit grown in
he city surpasses in quality and size |
hat grown in the country, and this is J
ascribable to the more effectual shelter i
in the former place."
Forests influence the atmosphere
more powerfully by their effect on its
general humidity than in any other way.
An evaporation of moisture from both
earth and trees takes place constantly.
? The evaporation is greater from open
soil than from woodland, but the differ- I
enoe is far more than made up by what j
is called "transpiration" of leaves of the j
trees. This corresponds in a degree to i
he insensible perspiration of animals, i
Some conclusive experiments were |
made with growing pot plants, going to :
Bhow that leaves do not absorb mois- !
fcure, but that on the contrary, they |
give it out. . Moisture is absorbed
through the f&ts.
The quantity of insensible vapor that ;
is given off through leaves amount to !
one and a quarter ounce to the square j
foot of leaf surface. The world-old
metaphor of counting the leaves of the
trees has a new significance in the light
of science. Pains-taking experiment has '
enabled those studying the matter to I
make an approximate estimate ui we
comparative amounts of vapor given off
by earth surface and leaf surface. They
have calculated that a square foot of
soil sets free about six times as much
moisture 2s a square foot of leaf. The
leaf surface is, however, many times
greater than the soil surface?twelve
times greater, the scientists put it?so :
that twice as much evaporation takes
place from forest as from open laud.
When the wood of the country is cut
away, therefore other things being
equal, two-thirds of the moisture giving j
material of the atmosphere is gone with !
it Hence the long and fearful drought j
?? 7on^Q Viarfl nf trees. The Naturalist j
VU MUWV %rMav
"From the data obtained it would i
aeem safe to infer that when the per- j
oentage of woodland is fair (25 2lo 30
per cent.) at least twelve inches of water I
is transpired in the course of a season i
in mild* or temperate climates; or, in :
other words, twelve inohes of the total j
annual terrestrial evaporation. All this
vast amount of water is transpired in
about six months, or during the vegeta- ;
tive period. Under these circumstanoes
an equivalent of nearly half the rainfall
daring the warm season may be ac- j
counted for by the transpiration."
Another noteworthy fact too is that
l/vr?<n? /VYnfirTl#^ drOUffhtfi. !
when brooks and ponds have dried np, j
this life-bringing exhalation from the i
trees continues constant. Our writer
"Moist air during winter tends to
moderate extreme cold; during the summer,
on the contrary, it tends to cool !
the draughts; hence forests by moisten- I
ing the air in summer gives us cool and <
delightful breeses; another means by
which fore^to aSect extremes of temperature*
The facts so far ascertained with certainty,
are a sufficient comment on the
ruinous folly that lays the ax of destruction
at the root of our baautiful
trees. They also point to the need of
immediate forest planting in loca'ities
>yhere a sufficient amount of woodland
does not exist.? TCincinnati Commercial.
EGYPT'S FALSE PROPHET. '
! The Siory of Mohammpd Achmet, the Faiie
Prophet ol tbe Soudan.
Mohammed Achmet, the false prophet
of the Soudan, is the product at once of
an intense religious fanaticism and an
oppressive system of government Bis
aim is thns religious and political,
while"his religious pretensions are probably
assumed only as a means to gain a
political end. He has posed as a savior
of the people at a time when Moslem
fanaticism has become greatly revived,
and when the countiy was ripe for an
irsnrrection. The worst element of a
discontented and Datnrally turbulent
population Lave gathered around him.
Circumstances have favored him in the
Soudan much as they have favored
Arabi Pasha in Egypt He is now at
the head of a revolution which
for the Egyptian Soudan is as great, if
not greater, than that which is mining
Egypt itself. What connection he may
have, if any, with the party of revolution
in Egypt, it is difficult to say. After
_ ?a * ? _ a
again ana again aeisatuig me tiuupo j
sent against him, he is at last complete
master of the situation. Egypt has, for
the present at least, lost her hardly won
possessions in the Soudan, which, if
they ever belong to her again, or if they
are ever again open to commerce, or to
any civilizing and relisious influence,
mu6t be recocqaered with a large army
and much expenditure of l)fd and money.
It may be interesting, therefore, to
briefly note some of the causes which
have led to the revolution, and to trace
AAltOAW f ? i<"0 TTIA^AMATIO ^ A*
I UiiC li xto Tivuyiivuo
The Soudan is a general term applied
to that vast and vaguely defined region
of Central Africa lying between the
eqn.-- .or on the sonth and the Great
Desert on the north, aad stretching
from east to west nearly across the continent.
The Egyptian Soudan is generally
believed to begin at Assouan, or
the first cataract of the Nile on the
north, bnt perhaps might mere properly
be said to commence at the point where
the Nile makes its great outward bend.
It extends to the great lakes on
the south, and from Abyssinia on
the east to and inclusive of Darfur
and the provinces of the Banv El Guazai
on the west. The extensive region,
many times te^er thin Egypt itself,
was not conqut:e: by :he Egyptians all*
at once, but has been annexed piece by
piece, and at no tune can it be said to
have been thoroughly subdued or fully
occapied. The Egyptian gDvernment
at Cairo was continually short of funds
and the Soudan, in company with the
remainder of Egypt, was the victim of
many abuses. "The government assumed
the monopoly of almost everything
on the "White Nile, e?en to the :
sale of seven poor parrots, one of
which was blind, and another lame <
Contracts were sublet to the farmers of
taxes. Each agent made a hand*one i
profit for himself, so that when the :
taxes, which covered every conceivable
means of industry do wn to the wheel i
which raised the water from the Nile,
were paid by the laborer they were <
many times larger than the original ei- ]
orbitant apportionment, and we even
heard of cises on the White Niie i
where the same taxes were collecte 3
two or three times over by different j
officials. Such being the methods of j
the government, made doubly obnox- <
ions by the corrupt officials who car- ;
vio/l +J\arr> /vnt. it. ia nrtf. t,r> hft Wf>Tlde?fld
at that there was a very general spiiit of (
discontent; but never h!?d there ap- |
peared a leader who for any length of
time could maintain a successful opposition
to the Egyptian government till
Mohammc d Achmet proclaimed himself :
the mundi, or successor of the graat
Prophet, the expected teacher and
savior of the people. This claim was ,
suggested by the general belief existing
among the Moslems that toward the
end of the world a successor and expounder
of the Prophet, and a fuller
revealer of the will of God, was to ap- ,
pear. This belief is founded on various ,
passages and intimations in the koran, <
like the following; "Say unto those of 1
Mecca, this is my way: I invite you j
unto God by an evident demonstration; i
both I and he who followeth me." The
popular superstition prescribes certain :
signs and evidences" by whioh this
prophet is to be laenunea, some 01
which-Mohammed Achmet ifi said to i
have shown, while he has failed in
others. Several such, pretenders have j
already appeared, one in the vicinity of
Tunis, another in Sc-uthern Arabia, but
rone of them have succeeded like Mo- j
This man was born in the region of
Dongola, on the western ban's: of the
Nile, where it makes its greit bend.
He was a poor man, a carpenter and ,
boat-builder by trade. He first came
into notoriety on the large island of
Abbas, situated abont 200 miles south ,
of Khartoum. Here, after the fashion
of the fakirs and holy men, he withdrew
from society and devoted himself
to prayer and meditation. He soon had
a large following, and proclaimed iiicaself
the expected prophet and deliverer
of the people. He wrote letters all
over the country announcing himself
and his mission. He was recognize ! at
ones as a leader. While many of the
more intelligent Moslems repudiated (
him, others moved both by religions
and political motives, and who, above
all, hoped that be would show them
some way to escape the payment of
their taxes, flocked around his standard.
He was secretly encouraged and abetted
by enemies of the government residing
at Khartoum. His presence in so commanding
a position on the Nile soon
became obnoxious to the authorities at
Khartoum, aDd an expedition vas
organized to dislodge him. A detachment
of 120 men of the regular army
was sent against him on the island.
TIL. TT-n?A manacrfld.
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and, althongh they were armed
with the best make of RemiDgton rifles
while Mohammed Achmet and his
baud had only their spears, they were
killed one after the other as fast as they
landed, till not one of the 120 was left.
Not a snot was fired. It was a slaughter
like the sticking of so many pigs.
The steamer with its crew and one or
two officers escaped back to Kharconm
with the sad news.
Of course, after thi3 exploit, Mohammed
Achmet knew that it wonld not do
for him with his present forces to remain
where he was. He therefore
gathered together a".l his following
men, women and children, cattle and
children, crossed the Nile to the west
bank, and fled to a wild monntain
called Gebel Gedir, 200 miles sonth
west of the island of Abbas and about
ninety miles northwest of the penal
colony and military station of Fashoda.
Here, in an easily defended and almost
inaccessible mountain, he took np his
abode. The Baggs.ra Arabs now began
to flock to his standard in great numbers.
This large tribe is noted for its
restless, lawless, unruly spirit. The
Bagearas were the former slave-hunters
of the White Nile, and no doubt
dreams of the return of the old times
of murder and bloodshed were not
wanting. The present, at least, was an
opportunity that suited them, and they
determined to take advantage of it.
We saw great numbers of them, with
their spears gleaming in the sun, crowding
along the banks with their horses
and their cattle to join Mohammed
Achmet in his mountain fastness. I
was, however, the policy of the government
to let the rebels alone, now that
they had left the river, thinking that
they would soon lose their zeal and disperse
for the want of provisions. But
a new governor of Fasnoda had been
appointed who considered it his duty to
signalize his loyalty by organizing another
expedition against the rebels.
Contrary to orders irom Khartoum he
gathered the military forcee from Ka'<a,
Fashoda and the station at the mouth
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regular army. "With these he joined
200 men of the large native tribe of the
Shillook^, under the king of the Shillooks?800
men all told. With these
he marched six days across the desert
by forced marches. On the seventh !
day, when the men were all tir^d oat i
from the long march and utterly unfit
for action, they met the enemy. Mchammed
Achmet was again victorious.
The fight was turned into a slaughter.
Sixty men were taken prisoners by the
, rebels; only seventy escaped by inn
ning for it; and all the rest were slain.
The governor of Fashoda and the king
of the Shillccks were both killed.?
Coming up the river the other day, I
saw a middle-aged gentleman in a plug
hat and business suit seated in a soow
beside an attractive lady, feeling around
among a lot of strings pendant from the
side of the boat and warning the lady
that she could not keep too quiet.
"Now, my dear," observed the gentleman,
" don't yon move, because I
feel a crab on this line. I'll pull him
up until he is in sight and then you slip
fV>a not !iim Spa V
"Yes, dear," replied the lady, a little
flustered as she contemplated her share
of the performance. "Brit. Mr. Spoopendyke,
what shall I do when I get the
i.ei under him'?"
" Scalp him!" retorted Mr. Sjxiopendyke,
drawing slowly on the line.
" Now wait, he's there," and Mr. Spoopendyke
became ever; more cautious in
his movements. " See him! Ihere he
is! Scalp him, quick!"
Mrs. Spoopendyke jabbed the nef;
into the water and swashed around with,
" What ye doing 7" yelled Mr. Spoopenayke,
straightening up and glr.ring
at her, as the crab struck a line fo:r
Newark bay. "What'd yo think I hac'
there, the bottom of the river ? What'd
suppose ye was trying to catch, a
church ? Take it out! Give it here!"
and he grasped the lady around the
waist and took the net away from her.
"Did I scalp him ?" asked Mrs. Spoopendyke,
flushed with her exertion,
and trembling 'with excitement. "Show
him to me. Let me see what lie lookn
" Looks like!" roared Mr. Spoopen'
dyke. "He looks like Sandy Hook by
this time! Why didn't ye scalp him ?
What'8 the matter with you?"
"I?I couldn't tell which was his
he. .7," faltered Mrs. Spoopendyke, who
hadu'fc . *en anything at all. ' 'I'ull him
up aga . and you'll see it I don't scalp
the last _ air on his skull!"'
The English language lost its last'
charm for Mr. Spoopendyke, and he
turned to his strings with a withering
look of contempt for his wife.
"Now you be careful," he said at
length. " Here's another varmint, and
you musn't let him get away. When I
cav ' PWIn!' von shove the net under
" V -c - -? ?
him and jast bring him aboard."
" Can you see him. yet ask?d ilrs.
Spoopendyke, waring the net over her
head and peering into the water.
"Wait! Yes, there he is I Careful,
remember. Now, ecalp!"
He must have been a crab of phenomenal
scholastic advantages to have gotten
rid of that swoop, for llrs. Spoopendyke,
with a view of redeeming
herself, went for the end of the string
blindly, but with a strength of purpose
that made failnre impossible. She not
only got the crab, bat she slammed net,
srab and all over Mr. Spoopendyke's
??What?wah-h!" shrieked that tfen
tleman, as he found himself impounded.
" Lost him again 1" exclaimed Mrs.
Spoopendyke, who hadn't the remotest
idea what a crab looked like. " Why,
dear, what's that awfal big spider in the
net? Good gracions!"
" Take it olf!" howled Mr. Spoopeniyke.
" Take it?wow ! the thing has
got me bv the ear ! Hani him off, will
Mrs. Spoopendyke dropped the handle
of the net as if it were an old-fashioned
bonnet, and gazad upon her husband
" Gast the crab 1" yelled Mr. Spoopendyke,
bearing the net away. " hat go,
ye brute! Wah-hal" and the unfortnnate
man wrenched the fish from off
his ear and dashed it in the bottom of
the boat. " TV hat's your scheme in
doing that ?" he demanded, holding his
aor until rnA fiat and shakinsr the other
it his wife. " Think you've got to eat
em right out of the water? Got a
notion that he comes up cooked and yon
must down him quick or he'll spoil ?"
yelled Mr. Spoopendyke, enraged beyond
all control by the sight of the
carnage that trickled down his fingers.
"What'd ye mean by it?" and he
sprang into the air and alighted on the
cmhappy crab, slipping up and sprawling
full length in the bottom of the
;t Was that a crab, dear," asked Mr3.
Spoopendyke, assisting her husband to
arise and contemplating the mangled
fish with anything but favor " Is that
what you call a crab ? I thought?!'"
"You thought!" ripped Mr. Spoopendyke,
kicking at the bewildered crab.
"That's the trouble with you?you
think! Did ye think I was going to
stand here and let that crab chew on
my ear till his legs acneci t r raps ye
thought he was whispering to me!
ilay be ye though \ he was telling
me a funny story! Well, he wasn't,
and if he was his voice was so hoarse
I couldn't enjoy it! Ye thought, did
ye I" squealed Mr. Spoopendyke, his
wrath rising as the pain and fe.*r subs<id
d; "thought a crab talked with his
toes like some women think, did ye!
Ob., you thought! If I had such r. head
as that I'd fit it up with ehuck beds
ai.d a stick of gum and start a fems.le
boarding school! With your ability to
think, you only need a squint and four
long words to be a Concord school of
philosophy!" and Mr. Spooperdyke
plunged the oars into the water and be
gan to row vigorously.
" Where are you gciog dear?" asked
Mrs. Spoopendyke. timidly, after her
huaband had pulled hard for some time.
Home !" grinm d Mr. Spoopendyke,
with a horrible expression of visage.
' I'm going home to show the people
how mnch damage a rusticating idi.ot
asylum can do with one measly craft
when she pins herself down to it!''
" Of course," assented Mrs. Spoopondyke,
humbly, "bat say, dear, wouldn't
fietci- if Trnn nnfiofl tfcft
Mr. Spoopendyke turned and gave a
sharp look at thfe bow. Then he hauled
his hat down over his ears, stepped
ashore and strack ont at a brisk walk.
'' I don't know," sighed Sirs. Spoop
endyke, us I tock her boat in tow, " I
don't know, but I don't think I c.-ire
much for crabbing, though I'm not sure
but what it's more fnu than walking
borne on the wrong sida of the river
with no bridge within seven miles either
way !"?Brooklyn Eagle.
Wire Fences as Telephones.
Some observing genius has suggested
that the loneliness of home life on the
Western prairies, where farmhouses
are often miles apart, may be alleviated
by a general utilizing of fence wires for
telephonic com mucication. As in some
sections of the country all the fences
are of wire, most of the "plant" for
several private telephones is already in
possession of every farmer, so only terminal
fixtures are necessary to a free
interchange of gossip between families
thatare too far apart for neighborly calls
in bad weather. The plan certainly has
attractive features. If it were adopted
tVm farmer's wiffl whATl Sf? tired nf
the mono:ony of home life that she can
get no comfort indoors except by slapping
the children and pecking at her
husband, can drop into a rocking chair
near the telephone and chat as cheerily
with a distant neighbor as if she never
had a tronbte in her life. Then she
conld give her husband a chance and
let him swap horses and exchange crop
prospects with the "boys." at the
nearest village store. Asidts from its
convenience snca a teleohone wonld be
a great educator, for when in use
by the gentler ses it would do what society
rales have always been unequal
to?it would comrel woman to talk
one at a time.?Exchange.
Moses Gantt went sailing on Chesa
peake bav in a pleasure boat. He anchored
oS Farmer Whitton's hou-e
took three meals at the "Whitton table,
fell suddenly in love with May Whitton,
and sailed away with her. The fathei
called nron a sheriff for help, and tha*
official, with ten deputies, cut across th<
country to the village where the nearesl
clergyman dwelt. The elopers were
there] but the marriage had alread}
j taken plsca.
f ANECDOTES OF AXIXAL LIFE.
Their Affection for and Kind Care of one
Anecdotes of the fidelity and amiableness
of the cat are only outnumbered
by these appertaining to the dog; theii
friendships are strong and enduring.
The Rev. F. O. Morris, in his "Natural
History Anecdotes," cite3 a remarkable
instance, communicated to him by Mr.
E. Pollock of Sligo, of a terrier's rescue
by a cat. A bull dog had seized a
little terrier by the throat, and although
beaten and hustled by a crowd of people,
would not let go his hold. Suddenly,
a cat that lived in the same house
as the terrior, and was always fed with
it, sprang through the mob. and fastening
on the dog's head and throat, lascerated
him so 3everely that he was
forced to let tbe terrier go just as it
was on the point of being choked. By
kind treatment it was ultimately revived.
Strange to say, the opportune
deliverer had kittens at the time, yet,
for her poor little friend's safe she risked
Nearly every one can point to singular
instances of close friendships formed
between dogs and cats; and some very
remarkable accounts of the attachments
for other animals have been recorded;
but certainly no one can tell of a more
eccentric choice of companion than that
related by Jesse, the natnralisfc. The
anecdote was told him by an engineer
of repute who, during a nine years' residence
in the United States, had charge
of the construction of some extensive
^orks, one being the erection of a
beacon in a river swamp. During the
progress of the work, a young alligator
was caught, and became the property
of the engineer. The strange pet he
tamed thoroughly, so that it followed
him about the house like a dog, even
contriving to scramble up-staira after
him. It oisplayed great affection for
its master; but its chief friend, when
taken to New York, was a cat. The attachment
was reciprocated, aDd nothing
seemed to disturb the friendship of the
curious couple. When the cat reposed
before the fire, the alligator would
place himself clo6S to Puss and go to
sleep. When Puss chanced to. be away,
the alligator would become restless and
unhappy; but as soon oo she returned,
regained his spirits.
Mrs. Lee, to whom we are indebted
for many suggestive anecdotes of animal
life, tells a still more wonderful
tale of a friendship made by a cat with
a canary! Both these creatures belonged
to the narrator's mother-in-law,
and, as presumably natural enemies,
were carefully kept apart. The bird
was only allowed out of the cage when
grimalkin was shut out; but one day,
to the lady's consternation, she beheld
the cat in the room, and the canary
perched on its back. However, puss
seemed friendly, and the bird fearless;
and so they were left undisturbed for
a while, and on several other occasions
disported together affectionately. One
morning, they were in their mistress's
bed-room, when the lady was horrified
to hear the trusted cat; give a howl, and
seizing the bird in her mouth, jump on
to the bed. where it stood, with brist
ling hair, glaring eyes and stiffened
tail. At this moment the lady beheld
a strange cat creeping into the room.
She drove it away; and as soon as it
had disappeared, her own faithful puss
deposited her little feathered friend
apon the bed quite uninjured, it having
only been taken up to preser?e it from
the claws of the intruder.
The Kev. F. 0, Morris tells us of a
remarkable friendship that existed on a
farm near Ii6ipsic between a cat and a
chicken. The four-footed companion
of the bird was almost constantly with
her favorite, and guarded it from every
danger. When the chicken grew up,
the cat still remained on friendly terms
with it; and when the poultry were
summoned for feeding, puss always
attended, aad would not permit any of
the fowls to approach till her favorite
hen had first satisfied her appetite, after
which they were allowed to feed unmolested.
Bishop Stanley, mentions a
case of a pcor ltttle kitten whose mother
had been killed, taking up its abode
with some fowls and their young, and
becoming so friendly with them that
sometimes it might be seen playfully
catching at their feet as if about to bite
them, while they plafully pecked at
their singular companion in return.
Sometimes the .'kitten would hide be
hind a bush or shrub, and then unexpectedly
springing into the midst of
them without their displaying any fear,
would purr and rub against their sides.
One particular hen, however, was the
kitten's especial favorite, and every day
she would accompany i^to its nest, and
lie down outside to wait for its appearance.
One of the most remarkable instances
of a cat's friendship for the feathered
race is related by the late Mr. Kingston
in his "Stories of Animal Sagacity."
In a loft whero Puss was rearing her
kittens a pigeon had built her nest.
The bird had frequently lost her eggs
and young through the depredations of
the rats, and this, it is surmised, had
prompted her to build her nest close by
he cat's snuff Quarters- Puss offered
no objection, and, in a little while, the
two matrons became quite sociable,
feeding ont of the same dish and displaying
much affection for each other.
The strangest, part of the matter was
that, when Pass was absent, the pigeon
constituted herself the defender of the
kittens, flying at any one who attempted
to approach them, and striving with
beak and wings to drive the intruder
away. Subsequently, when neither her
own brood nor t,he kittens jequired her
further care, shs was often seen fluttering
close to her feline friend when Puss
was making her excursions abroad.
Surely, no more marvelous instance of
affection and g:ratitude overcoming the
instincts of nature is on record I
Mr. Kingston is also our authority for
- ' - ? i - - A * xL.i
tne following anecdote : a. irug tuai
had found its way into a country house
had been kindly treated by the servants
?doubtless with a view to diminishing
the beetles or other intruders?and had
been permitted to take up its residence
in the kitchen. As the winter evenings
approached, the frog was wont to come
forth from its place of refuge, and bask
on the hearth before the fire. A favorite
old cat that had a long-established
right to a place on the hearth, took a
liking for her strange companion, and
became accustomed to its nestling undei
her cozy fur. "When Froggy left its
hole it would hop toward Puss, whc
constituted herself its defender, and
attempted to guard it against all intruders
The ultimate fate of the curious
couple is left untold.
A wonderful "anecdote of affection in
horses is told by M. de Boussanelle,
and, although it is not an instance oi
friendship between animals of opposite
tribes, it is too appropriate to om
i ha nvprlnnlred. This ffentle
man, a cavalry officer, mentions that s
horse belonging to his company, being
from old age unable to eat its hay 01
chew its oats, for two whole month?
was fed by two horses, one on each side
of it, who ate from the same manger,
These two noble creatures drew the ha5
ont of the rack, chewed it, and pnt ii
intact before the old horse, and did the
fame with the oats, which he was ther
able to eat.
An ingenious Blind San.
The instances where blind person!
have made mechanical contrivances o:
1 value and usefulness are rot few. ?
1 case in point is that of Morrison Heady
of Kentucky, who is blind as a bat azic
' deaf as a post, yet he ia a marvel o:
1 mechanical dexterity, of inventive gen
' ins and quick cogitation. Among hii
J inventions is a leather glove with th<
letters of the alphabet painted on it
You can ! ' i + him as fast as you cai
touch tho- ^ers with the end of you:
finger. Anc aer of his inventions is s
mechanical writing machine, with whicl
. he can write and others can transcribe
? The machine pricks its way along thi
TiQ-nor n.nd Vir r>an read his own writinf
f by the sense cf touch. Others can usi
t the machine to write out for him any
J thing not procurable in blind typo, an<
t he can then rtad it with his fingers an<
) indirectly have access to the literar
r gtms which would otherwise be a seale<
1 book to him.
FAB?, GARDES AKD HOUSEHOLD.
( The Asparagnt Beetle.
A TViTIa* Vieo fnnnd limfl ar> pflfi.
a? KJ? JU' lUiCi una avmmv* ?w
. oiesl; remedy for the asparagus beetle,
i applied in alternate years. He says:
With a pailfnl of dry lime and an old
broom for & duster, or c*3 of the sifters
used for applying Paris green to potat
toes, a man can soon go ?ver an acre of
asparagus. The best time to supply
j the lime is in the morning, when" the
, dew is on, for then a portion will adhere
to the plants, as well as to the
grubs, and during the day following it
will be constantly dropping down or
i blovra about the leaves ana Drancnes,
thereby making the escape of any larvse
the moie uncertain.
The Best Farm Horses.
Years ago, when a faster horpe than
then existed was desirable, there was
reason in the attempts to improve the
speed of the animal, bnl there is hardly
a doubt that the good of the farmer has
been nearly lost sight of in the desire to
get horses of great speed. The best
farm horse is the strong horse, and one
that can step out lively, and has endurance
to get through a day's work without
great fatigue. The business of
| raieiag fast horse? is altogether distinct
, i from, the business of the farmer. It is
a source of excitement to see a horse
race, but when a farmer thinks the
horse he sees racing is the one he ought
to have on his farm he makes a mistake.
The heavy Norman horse wonld be more
profitable than the one which is simply
Garret In Cows.
Among the causes, says the Prairie
Farmer, are congestion of the udder,
bruises from lying down on the ndder
on & hard floor, neglect in milking, etc.
Continued friction with the palm of the
hand often proves of service in reducing
hardness and swelling of the ndder
Such condition of the ndder is generally
of a chronic nature, slow of reduction,
and^ often not reducible by any
means. uesiaes mccion, a smau portion
of the following liniment may be
applied morning and evening, but only
to the hardened parts. The udder
should be carefully washed before each
milking, if the milk is used. Take half
an ounce of iodine, two ounces of glycerine,
two ounces of mercurial ointment
and two ounces of olive oil; mix.
The bottle should be kept corked in a
coal placo and the contents well shaken
before use. It would be beneficial in
the beginning of the disease to give the
cow a laxative dose of medicine, snch
as a ponnd and a half of Epsom salts
dissolved in a qnsrt of hot water, to
which solution add a pink of molasses
and an ounce of ground finger. If j
there be ir.ach difficulty in jrawing the
mill: from the affected quarter the careful
use of a milking tabe is to be re-'
The Striped Bog:.
Tiiis pest is well known to all cultivators
of melons. It generally appears
with the first opening of the water]
melon, mnsk melon and cncnmber
plarts. It also attacks squashes C.
M. Clay gives in the Indiana Farmer
his plan of circumventing the striped
bug. He says : I lay shingles or other
cover on each hill as soon as the seed
3re planted. The seed should be a
dozen or more in the hill to give some
for food to the bugs and ants, and to
give place for the selection ci the best
in thinning out. The -xzU will also
onnV fhA inin.fts nf thfi \otihc- Tilantfi.
but I never disturb them, because they
attack the eggs and larvae of most insects,
and are very fond of the striped
bug and rose lice?the aphides.
The striped bng begins at once, as
soon as it emerges from winter quarters,
upoa the stems and leaves of the plant,
when they may be killed with the
finger when found under the soil and
clods of earth. Those taking shelter
under the shingles early in the morning
or cn cool, wet, damp evenings may be,
when the trap i3 turned over, killed by
tho wholesale with wooden paddles;
and this process should be kept up as
long as the vine3 are not too thick to
allow approach to the hills.
It; is true that, after the plants are
established with a few full leaves, all
danger to them is past; but it is best to
desteoy the bug as long as possible for
security in after years. The bugs begin
to jiair here the first warm days in May,
and soon lay their eggs on the young
leaves, which should be also crushed.
At this time they assemble in full force
on a few plants, when they may be easily
Bent Results from Stable Manure.
An Ohio farmer, writing to the Country
Gentleman, tells how he treats stable
manure to get the best results.
There is no one question of quite so
much importance to the farmer as manure.
I am at present taking the annuI
al product of a large livery stable in
*? - * x -x
to WD, ana as x agree to mu ve ? us iasi
as made I haul more or less every week
in the year. But in this I am only doing
as I would always like to do with
j manure made in my own stables. I believe
in getting the mannre promptly
and directly from the stable to the land.
Two very important ends are thns answered.
First, we save all handling
except loading?and cleaning the stable
and loading I would have one and the
same operation?unloading and spread:
ing. Second, we save the whole strength
of the manure, a thing not possible to
be otherwise done without great labor
and expensive arrangements. I do not
sneak for dairvmen or tho3e who devote
their lands mostly to wheat. These
must have compost or rotted man are
for top dressing. I do not believe
much in exclusive dairying or wheat
raising. As a rule I would devote the
| stable manure to cultivated crops.
When I have a lead of manure I drive
to the poorest knoll or ridge on the
i farm that has no crop upon it saving
, those most accessible for soft going,
; stop at the highest or poorest point and
j unload at one stopping and on one side,
1 throwing the manure as far as I can
j i reach, one forkful deep. I let the ma!
nure lie until I am ready to plow,
, j whether it be one month or six. In
I 3 *? _ X j-1_ A*- _ . i,"L _
; | spreading x mrov ixie maiiuctj upuu iue
, | intermediate space between the ridge
j ani the hollow as clean as I can with a
, fork if it has lain several months?leaving
more or less of it if it has lain a
shorter time. The hollows need no
, manure. There is nothing like a heavy
, mulching of manure for these poor
[ spots, and it is not best to plow nnder
i much manure, for-if sandy or gravelly
. I ihey are liable to loach. If the land is
level or uniform in richness I would
. spread directly from the wagon. While
we must have stable manure for poor
I spot3, and a little bone meal to fill in,
( 1 believe the farmer's best fertilizer is
. clover. This shouid invariably be one
. crop of a short rotation. I have some
t, ten acres of muck, and while I do not
f propose to mine much of it, except in
| the way of ditching (as I regard one
i | acre of this muck land worth several
> I acres of ordinary land for cropping), I
i see no reason for the extra labor of com
r posting. The muck, after it lias sunned
and frczen enough, is good enough to
, I draw directly to the land. I am not
t | able to see that so much manipulation
J of manure is a necessity. In answer to
; the possible objection that it is not al!
ways convenient to haul away manure
| as it is made, I would say that with the
5 i best arrangeme^rs it is not necessary,
f; With box stalls and an abundance of
L absorbents, one can choose his time f-jr
; cleaning stables.
f j Farm and Garden Notes.
I There is no surer way of destroying
3 apple-tree borers than to dig them with
3 i a pointed knife and to kill them when
. I found. If they are high up they may
i: be crushed with a wire pushed up into
r; the holes. Goal ashes spread around
i j the trees are beneficial. The wounded
J parts may be covered with a mixture of
. j iresn cow dnng and clay.
2 The experience of sheep growers is
5 that ifc is folly to keep old sheep They
2 should be given over to the bntcher in
" their prime. Four sets of lambs is all
j that a ewe shonld bear. She will then
bu five years old, and can be readily
? fattened for the block.
j For fodder corn, rich land is best,
i Sow in furrows or drills two and a half
C: ' 1 ;
feet apart Run the cultivator or
double-shovel through three or four
times. Cut as soon as the base of the
.stalks begin to turn yellow, or as soon
as bmaxi nauuma itpjjem vu ms iuiwo
Professor W. J. Beal mentions in the
Rural New Yorker, that a person with
poor soil and poorer tillage had tomatoe?
a fortnight ahead of more thrifty
neighbors who, on richer land and with
heavy manuring, produced a luxuriant
growth of plants and later ripening of
Colts are frequently taught the trick
of nipping with their teeth by their
owners injudiciously playing with or
teasing them. Once learned the habit |
is cured with difficulty. Treat the horse
very carefully, avoiding all playing
with it, and whenever it attempts to
bite whip it across the n->se with a
Salt extracts the juices of meat in
Thin slices of toast, cut into triangles,
make a good garnish for quite a number
To keep butter as hard as if on ice,
take a new flower pot, wash it clean,
wrap in a wet cloth, and set it over the
Milk, if put into an earthen can, or
even a tin one, will keep sweet for a
long time if the can is well wrapped in
a wet cloth.
Mix a little carbonate of soda with
the water in which flowers are immersed
and it will preserve them iur a fortnight.
Common saltpetre is also a very good
Every cook knows how disagreeable
it is to have the nutmeg or cinnamon
which is added to cream and sugar for
pudding san^e rise to the top of the
sauce, and vhen it is served to have the
first spoonful taken out too highly flavored
and the rest without taste. To
remedy this mix the nutmeg or cinnamon
with sugar before pouring on the
cream; it will then be gradually distributed
through the sauce. Pour the cream
on a little at a time, and the spice wil)
tend to dissolve.
Aptle Jelly.?Boil till it becomes a
perfect jelly, one pound of moist sugar,
one ponnd of apples, the jnice of one
lemon. Let it stand in a mold till quite
film and :old.
Cream Curds.?Seven eggs, three
gills of water, three pints of milk, one
gill of cream and a tablespoonful of
vinegar. Put into a stewpan over the
fire and let it boil together two or three
minutep, just to separate the curd
Then strain and serve with fruit
Spiced Blackberries.?To six pints
of '"ruit take two and one-tialf pints of
sugar, one and one-half pints of vinegar,
half ounce of cinnamon (ground), half
ounce cloves, half ounce allspice and a
little mace broken into small pieces.
Boil the sugar and vinegar together,
with the spices, putting these last into
musliu bags. Then put in the berries
and let them scald, not bo'iGrees
Peas.?Peas should not be
! shelled until just before they are to be
cooked, and they should not be washed,
as it takes the sweetness from them.
Pat into boiling salted water and boil
briskly f r twenty-five or thirty minutes.
If very fresh they will need less
time than when old. Drain the peas
through a colander, turn into a heated
dish, put a large piece of butter into
tbem or half a teacupful of boiling hot
cream, and serve at once. The practice
of serving peas summing in greasy
j ivater spoils an excellent vegetable.
Rice Balls.?A novel way to serve
rice is to make it in balls. Proceed in
this way: Take it quarter of a pound of
raw rice, wash it and cook it in a farina
kettle, with a quart of sweet milk, half
a cnp of sugar, a little salt, and nntmeg
or any other flavor you choose. When
the rice is tender and the milk isvall
absorbed in it, take it from the kettle
and fill some small teacups with it;
press the rice in firmly so that the kernels
will adhere to each other. Before
carrying the rice to the table turn the
balls out of the cups on a fruit dish; if
taken out with care they will preserve
Saved by a Kiss.
" A kiss saved me I"
Immediately every lace bent forward.
Richly, daintily-clad women and j
moneyed men filled the room ; but the j
silence that followed could be felt, so ;
eager were they to catch every word.
Some one had spoken lightly of tne
trifles that so surely make up the sum
of happiness or woe. Trifles count for
nothing, they thought?it is the great
events that determine the destinies of
men for good or ill. It was this that
had drawn forth the statement and the
explanation that followed.
" I know nothing," he continued, "of
my parents or of the circumstances of
my birth. Nothing in all the bitter
past clings so close to memory as the
certainty that I belong to nobody and
nobody belongs to me. In one of our
large cities, in a locality where there
are many little homeless ones, where
baseness is the ruling element, I may
or may not have had my birth?at least,
that was the first I knew of myself.
Poverty isn't so hard if we've some one
to love us; but no one cared for me,
and all the days were alike and the
nights seemed an eternity of time
There is a bitterness of sorrow in the
lives of the homeless, of which God
only can know. The snow had fallen
and the cold March winds were blowing,
leaving no choice except the sunniest
side of the dismal street, in which we
found shelter. I, with others whose
years were few and whose h^mes were
anywhere, had sought the su. :iest side
when a lady paused beside us, smoothed
back the tangled locks and kissed me.
That was the first caress I had ever
known, and it saved me. It was years
before r grew out of that life to a better
one ; but whether I had where to lay
my head or not, I felt that presence of
a light footfall and the soft touch of
a haD^. Out of the pure depths of her
pityiug womanhood she kissed me. It
was a trifling thing, indeed, to kiss a
homeless, friendless child; but because
of that kiss, and with the Father's help,
I stand tc-day upon the firm basis of an
honorable manhood."?[Christian at j
Caster's Characteristic.. ;
Speaking of the dead and gone heroes
of the late war with an old army offi- 1
cer, the other day, he remarked that in
early years fighting Joe Hooker was the
handsomest man he had ever seen. His
hearer instanced Cnster as his ideal of a j
dashiDg soleier, and he told a story j,
abont him which is curions, as an in- |
stance of how differently men are af- j
fected by circumstances. Caster, who j
went into a fight with perfect coolness, !;
was the victim of what sportsmen call I
buck fever, which is akin to stage- i!
"The first time Caster ever saw a buf- ,
falo I was with him. He had been very ,
anxious to get his first shot at one. and I,
talked of nothing else for some days, j
"Wo were in the region where the To- !
peka, Atchison and Santa Fe railway :
now runs when we sighted the first ,
? - v . 3 1
herd. U aster was mounixa on ? ue?u- i ]
tiful Kentacky mare, for which he had j.
paid S3 000, and of which hvj was very j '
proud, while I rode an Indian pony. ! (
'Tnere they are,' I said to him, and I
without a word, bat in a great state of j j
excitement, he put; spurs to his mare ; 1
and was off like the wind. I followed '
some distance in the rear and soon lost j (
sis*ht of them in a swale (a hollow), j
When I came up Custer was lying on
the ground about twenty feet ahead of
the mare. I picked him up, a little ,
dazed by his fall, and we went bask to i ,
movo she wps Custer had I
drawn his revolver a d, seiztd with j j
brick fever in his excitement: and trepidation,
instead of hitting a bnffilo, had j ,
sent his bnilet crashing thrcng'a the
mare's brain, shooting her jti3t behind
the ear." ;
Gilding with gold leaf is said to have | <
been nnknown prior to the twelfth cen- j
tnry. Gilding with plates of gold was !
practiced much earlier. j !
Working for God is often painful as
well as humbling. It entails suffering,
and we are fitted for it by suffering.
Why is this? Because the suffering
brings us into closer fellowship with
onr Lord, who was the man of sorrows;
because it brings ua into sympathy with
onr brethren suffering aH aronnd us;
because it weakens us; beeanse it humbles
us. Do you.know what is Gcd's
chief difficulty with us? It is not the
filling us, it is the emptying us; it is
not the edifying us, it is the pulling us
down. And therefore it is that God's
chief instrument of education is the
pick-ax. He must treak us down,
down, down, and whatever he gives us
to do for his service, he will first of all
show us that we are not able to do it
In our armies, when a man is wounded
they take him at once out of the
ranks and put him in the rear to take
care of him. He is not fit for the fighting
till the wounds are healed.
Not so in the Lord's army. There
the faint are in the heat of the battle,
and the wounded lead the vanguard*
Look at the history of the church, and
you will see that most, if not all, of
those whom God has employed in a
signal manner for his glory live been
in one way or another among the most
ItlUlUtCU VI illUU) CXVLLU Ul Vi AU
body, sometimes in both. Therefore
do not be afraid of suffering. Do not
think that suffering interferes with service;
on the contrary it helps it on.
When, therefore, we offer onr prayers to
God, and ask him to take ns and make
us, don't let ns forget to put up another
petition between those two, and ask
him also 10 break ns. That is a short
and comprehensive prayer. "Take mel
break me! make me!" God, answering
that prayer, can do something with us.
Religions News and Notes.
Mr. Moody proposes to visit Paris
for a series of services among the English
and American people there.
A conference of the Protestant mism'nnom
on/iiDfioo in Inrtl'o TI7lll Viol/3
OIVUMAJ OUV1GV1VU 1U AUUM? VV
at Calcutta during Christmas week.
The name cf Moses is said to have
been taken from that of one of the
The woman's board of foreign missions
of the Reformed (Dutch) church
has resolved to undertake the support
of a lady as medical missionary at
"I swear it upon my honor and conscience,"
is the form of the legal oath
in France, now that the names of God
ha 3 been stricken frem it by a vote of
.338 to 108 in the Chambers,
St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal
church, Rochester, N. Y., in acceptirg
the resignation of Rev. Dr. Foote, afttr
a service of twenty-three years, have
voted him a residence, and $1,000 a
year for life.
Under the care of the Lutheran city
mission board of Philadelphia there are
ten congregations, six English and four
German. The board has expended
abont 83,000 for the support of the
The late Bishop Ssott was strongly
attached to ontdoor sports. In early
youth he was forced by poverty to fish
for a living, and to the latest years of
his long life he retained a fondness,
which he frequently indulged, for the
hook and line and net. He was expert
at the tiller and at the oars, and was
also a crack shot with ajowling piece o:
rifle. After he had risen to the highest
light in roaming through the fields and
woods, and sailing on the streams or
bay, accompanied by his grandsons and
other boys of the neighborhood, who
fonnd him a genial comrade and an apt
instructor in the sport man's arts.
My dear young wife, make no one
your confidant in the inevitable troubles
of your married life. Above all, if you
live with your husband's people, do not
confide in them. Be your mother-inlaw
never so good, never so wise (and
the more virtuous she is the more
danger to you in the course^-it will
only endanger your future peace to give
her this confidence. Not even your own
mother should have it now; the time
has come for you to have a new confidant
and adviser, that one your nus Dana. 11
yon have a secret for some one to keep,
he is the one; do yon need advice?who
so likely zo give yon the right? If yon
have differences?and yon will have,
however mnch yon may donbt it now,
there will come a time when the sun will
seem to be blotted ont from the heavens;
when all the earth will be npside down;
when Dick and yon have the first "spat"
?bnry them deeply in yonr breast; yon
can preserve yonr self-respeot in no
other way. Yonr private life mnst be
trnly private; on this depends the happiness
of yonr wedded life. If yon live
alone yon may easily preserve this
sacred silence; if not it will be harder,
bnt the need will also be greater I If
kept secret, trials soon pass away; to
talk of them only increases their magnitude.
Yon may say, "My mother-inlaw
is different from most; she loves me
as well as my own mother." That can
not be. In nothing are yon like her
own children. Do yon yield her the
homage and unquestioning obedience
she claims and receives from her
daughters ? I trow not. Very likely
yon are i little self-important, in tbe
first flush of your new dignity as a wife,
and, all unconsciously, give offense to
that excellent woman by your very manner.
And she must be a wonder indeed
if in her heart she does not resent your
x . - a T
compiexe monopoly 01 uer - uujr ?
always that to her, remember. In the
natural course of things, then, her love
for you cannot be of an intense character
at first; but even if it be sc, you certainly
should refrain from wringing her
heart anew with stories of your domestic
grievances, which she feels must necessarily
involve the unhappiness of her
son, from whom, before your advent,
she kept even the shadow of trouble.
The bright and ever cheerful compan
ion of our homes in the winter time,* the
fire, has given rise to a host of omene
and portents, many of which at times
create no small consternation when the
events snppo ed to be prognosticated
are not of a very lucky character. A
hollow cinder, for example, thrown out
of the fir^by a jet of gas from burning
coals, is looked upon as a coffin if it be
long, but as a money-box if it be round.
Some, too, exclaim on seeing the fire
suddenly blaze up that a stranger is
near; whereas, in the Midland conn tie?,
if the fire burn brightly after it has been
stirred, this is considered a sign that
the absent lover, wife or husband, a*
the case may be, is in good spirits. A
very popular charm for reviving a fire
when it has burned down is to set the
poker acros3 the hearth, with the fore
part leaning against the top bar of the
e?ate. The poker and top bar thus
combined form a cross, and so defeat
uUQ IH&llCU Ui IJJLO WluULiCo nuu uouiuuo
who preside over smoky chimneys. One
notion is that the poker when in this
position creates a dranght, tut the real
meaning of this harmless superstition is,
perhaps, the one we have just given.
Various items of weather lore, also,
have been derived from the way fires
burn, an enumeration of which we find
in Wills ford's ''Nature's Secrets
"When our common fires do burn with
i pale flime they pre3age foul weather,
[f the fire do make a buzzing noise it is
i sign of tempests near at hand. When
the fire sparkleth very much, it is a
sicn of rain. If the ashes on the hearth
3o clodder together of themselves, it is
a sign of rain."
An Exasperated Creditor.
A jeweler long dunned a lady of
faihion for the amount of his bill, but
in vain. When he rung the bell the
fn^mon or>oTTorpr1 r?nlitf>lv but firmly
* 5>ir, the Coantess only receives on
"I don't care when the receiver."
thundered the irate and long-suffering
creditor, "what I want to know is the
lay that she pays on!"
Sometimes we may learn more from
a man's errors than from his virtues.
. " -. '
English and American Soeiety.
Perhaps the greatest contrast in
English society as compared with
American is that in the former a woman's
importance grows with years, whereas
in the latter it declines. At a large
English conntry house some difficulty
"? +? * malrinff ?rtnm fn* fl.11 t.VlA
oxucg ao tv uiuaxug
guests expected to dinner. "Why, let
those girls (indicating two pretty young
ladies) take their dinner at luncheon
time,"saia an old j egress, "and come
down to the drawing-room in the evening.
We don't want you girls at dinner
: we want good talkers." This old
lady was a famous London dinner-giver,
and loved "a feast of reason and a flow
of souL" Lord Salisbury, who stands
at the head of the great society leaders
in London to day, is 57; Lady
Derby is about the same age, and
many umers uuus^ivuuas ao agitable
entertainers at the same period of
life conld be cited. Bnt here, even
now, ladies of snch an age seem to
deem themselves shelved. It is a great
pity. A woman of 50 has knowledge
and experience which, if she be natnrally
intelligent, can scarcely fail to
make her society congenial to men of
sense, whether they are young or old.
It is ofteD remarked by clever yonng
fellows that their pleasantest hours at
London balls are spent rather in talking
to agreeable mothers than talking
with their daughters. Nothing conld
improve society here more than a determination
on the part of ladies of
mature age to keep well to the front
and assert themselres.?[New York
The town of Albany, Ga., has begun
a war of extermination upon the English
sparrows which it took pains to intro
dnce eight years ago, tninnng xney
would destroy caterpillar flies. The
troublesome insects remain, the sparrows
themselves destroy gardens, and
other birds have been driven away.
Greatwt Dlscovery'rioce 1492.
For coughs, colds, sore throat, bronchitis,
laryngitis, and consumption in its eaily stages,
nothing equals Dr. Pierce's "Golden Medical
Discovery." It is also a great blood-purifier
and Btrength-reotorer or tonic, and for liver
complaint and co?ti?e conditions of the bowels
it has no equal. Sold by druggists.
There is a clock in Nantucket that shows
the movements of the tides and planets, the
wheel of the clock requiring 100 years to complete
a single revolution.
Whai'i Saved Is Gained.
Workingm>-n will economize by employing
Dr. Pierce's Medicines. His "Pleasant PurgaI
HTD X CliCM uuu WiuvM j
cleanse the blood and sy.-tem, thus preventing
fevers and other serious diseases, and curing all
scrofulous and other humors. Sold by drugguts.
Twelve perpendicular feet of water are annually
evaporated from the surface of the Eed
sea between Nubia and Arabia.
loung, midoie-agea or oia men sunenng
from nervons debility cr kindred affections,
should address with two stamps, tor large
treatise, World's Diseessaby Medical Association,
Buflaio, N. Y.
Theee arc 6,000 Chinamen employed on the
Canada Pacific Bailway work in British Columbia.
Ebie, Pa., July 18,188L
H. H. Wab>*eb & Co.: Sir*?Your Safe Kidney
and Liver Cure has entirely cured me of
malanal fever of two years' standing, for which
I could never find any relief. Misa Kate Kd<g.
A>* electric light that can bo seen 100 miles
is to be put up on the summit of Mt. Washington.
Mensmak's Peptonized beef tosig, the only
preparation of beef containing its entire nutritious
properties. It contains blood-making, force
generating and life-sustaining properties; invaluable
for indigestion, dyspepsia, nervous
prostration, and all forms of general debility;
also, in all enfeebled conditions, whether the
result of exhaustion, nervous prostration, overwork
or acute disease, particularly if resulting
from pulmonary complaints. Caswell, Hazard
& Co., proprietors, New York. Sold by druggists.
M Rough on Rats."
Clears out rata, mice, roaches, flies, ante,
bedbugs, skunks, chipmunks, gophers. 15c.
The FrazcrAxle Grease
Is the best in the market. It is *he most
economical and cheapest, one box lasting as
long as two of any other. One greasing will
last two weeks. It received first premium at
the Centennial and Paris Expositions, also
meaais at van^no ?r.sw> inr*. &nv no oiner.
in Carboline, ?-deodorized extract c f petrol^
- uui, the gie'lViIatural hair renewer, perfect as
an exquisitely perfumed hair dressing and restorer.
Sold by all droggista.
'25 Cents Will Buy
a Treatise upon the Horse and his Diseases.
Book of 100 pages. Valuable to every owner
of horses. Postage stamps taken- Sent postpaid
by New York Newspaper Union, 150 Worth
Street, New fork.
The Science of Life, or Self-Preservation, a
nodical work for every man?young, middleaged
or old. 125 invaluable prescriptions.
25 Cents will Buy a Treatise npon the
Horse and his Diseases. Book of 100 pages. Valuable
to every owner of horses. Postage stamps taken.
Sent postpaid by NEW YOKE NEWSPAPEE UNION,
150 Worth Street, New York.
Beef Cattle?Good to Prime, l.w 10 @ 12yt
Calves?Com'n to PiimeYe&ls. 6 @ 9
Lambs 6 @ 7%
Flour?Ex. State, good to fancy 4 75 @ 7 75
Western, good to choice 5 30 @ 8 85
Wheat-No. 2 Red 115%@ 116y,
No. 1 White 115 @ 120
Rye?State .... 75 @ 79
Barley?Two-rowed State 1 07 @112%
Com?Ungraded Westernllixod 87 @ 8ts%
Yellow Southern 92 @ 92
0at3?White State 73 @ 73%
Mixed Western 65 @ 6S
H?iy?Prime Timothy 70 @ 95
Straw?No. 1, Rye 60 @ 65
Hops?State, 1881, choice 50 @ 52
Pork?Mess, new, for export...21 25 @21 25
Lard?City Steam 12 50 @12 50
Refined 13 00 @1310
Refined 7%@ 7Vi
Butter?State Creamery M 26
Dairy 16 @ 20
Western Im. Creamery 19 @ 23
Factory .. 15 @ 17%
Cheese?State factory 6 @ 11%
Skims 2 @ 5%
Western, 7 @ 10^
Eggs?State and Penn 23 @ 21
Potatoes?L. L., bbl 175 @ 2 25
Steers?Licht to fair 4 85 @ 5 40
Lambs?Western 5 25 @ 6 00
Sheep?We-tem 5 00 @5 25
Hogs, Good to Choice Yorkers.. 7 50 @ 8 25
Flour?C'y Ground N. Process. 8 25 @ 9 00
Wheat?.No. L HardDulutn.... 1 47 @ 147
Corn?No. 2 Mixed 85 @ 85
Oats?No. 2 Mix. West 64 @ 65
Barley?Two-rowed State 90 @ 90
Beef?Extra plate and family..18 00 @20 00
Hog3?Live 8s4@ 9#
IT 10V691 10'/
Pork?Extra Prime pel bbl.... 19 50 @20 00
Flour?Spring Wheat Patents.. 7 50 @875
Corn?Higb Mixed. 93 @ 94
Oats?Extra "White 72 @ 73
Bye?State 85 @ ?0
Wool?Washed Comb & Delaine 46 @ 48
Unwashed " " 28 @ SO
WATEBTOWN (5IASS.) CATTLE MAEKET.
Beef?Extra quality 7 75 @ 8 75
Sheep?Live weight 4%@ 6%
Lambs 6 @ 7^
Hogs, Northern, d. w 10%? 10%
Flour?Penn. Ex. Family, good 5 50 @ 5 50
Wheat?No. 2 Red 114 @ 114
Bye?State 97 @ 97
Corn?State Yellow 69%^ 69%
Oate?Mixed 6J @ C9
Butter?Creamery Extra Pa. .. 26 @ 26
Cheese?New York Full Cream. 9%@ 10
Petroleum?Crude 6 @ 7
Befinod 7 @ 7
Phonosrrnphy, or Phonetic Shorthand
Catalogue of works, with Phonographic alphabet
and illustrations, for bejrinn^rs, sent on appiioation.
Address. Bean Pitman, Cincinnati, 0.
freo. TnEAULTMASJtTAVTO?<V)..M>?^?W ??
VflllNfJ MPM If von want to learn Telegraphy in
I U U flu muli a lew months, and be certain of a
situation, addiess Valentine Bros.. Janesvilie, Wis.
A^D HIS E
Coatalnln? an Index of Diseases, which gives the Sr
Table piviBC all the principal drass used lor tho Hors*
% poison. A Table with an Entfravinsc of the Horse's 1
A valuable collection of Beceipts and much other vala,
KITE COPIES $1 00 I
TEN COPIES 1 70 |
One, Two and Three-Cent Stamps received. Addn
154 WORTH STRI
ra tor human, fowl and sahnsl fieah, vtf
first prepared and Introduced br ? 3
Ma Geo- " Merchant, in Lockpoct, tU T?
"* ? * ,0~> wMrfi tima tklm
fu. O. .flu, n . ?
steadily grown in public favor, *ad *, ^
now acknowledged and admtttwd by to*
trade to be the standard of at
country. When we make this aaaoonoet
ment we do so without fear of eootaf > - ^
diction, notwithstanding we an aware |
there are many who are mora or 1*M
prejudiced against proprietory HHJtfflW
especially on account of the manyhaaf
bugs on the market; however, we ar?
pleased to state that such prejudice doe#
not exist against GAHGLENG OIL. We do no*
claim wonders or miracles for our liniment, bet we
do claim it is without an equal. It isput up la bot- - . |
^ ties of three sizes, and all we
.n?.ivTl^ u""ly ^ ***** y?n give ii a fair
JI/ i(o T trial, remembering that the OQ
put up with white wrapper
pWsgsyfig2B?p (small) is for human and fowl Ml
flesh, and that with yeSow .'j
^ wi Trr wrapper (three aizes) for antmal
flesh. Try a bottle. "^jSM
As these cuts indicate, the Oil is used saceaaafully
for all diseases of tne human, foul and animal yi
fiuh. Shake well before using.
Cannot be Disputed.
gk One of the principal reasons of M
" ?<* the wonderful success of aier
'SSffijfraSchant's Gargling uu.uuk ? ? .
"fi9manufactured strictly on honor.
' its proprietors do not, ss is tb? ' -:-i
' case with too many, after making -_t 'ga
for their medicine a name, dlmin- "^^^2
Ish its curative properties by using inferior com- i
pounds, but use tne very best goods to be booghtia '?'
Mthe market, regardless of cost Tor
half a century Merchant's Gargling
Oil has been a synonym for
honesty, and will continue to be
so. long as time endure*. For
sale by all respectable dealers
throughout the United States and other countries.
a Oar testimonials date from 183S
to the present Try Merchant's
Gargling Oil Liniment for internal ji
and external use, and tell yoar
neighbor what good it has done.
Ijont fail to follow directions. Keep the bo Ok
PIIRFC Burns and Sprains and Brniseik
OUHCO scalds, Stringhalt, WindgaEs.
Chilblains, Frost Bites, FootBotin Sheep,
Scratches or Grease, Foundered Feet,
Chapped Hands, Boup in Poultry,
? ' '"iwM Sore NioDles, Cnrb. _
Sand Cracks, Poll EtO. Cracked Heels. Old &<** ? <
Galls of all tends. Epizootic, t.ihw Back.
Swellings, Tumors, Hemoorbold* or Pile*. J
Flesh Wounds, Sitfast, Toothache, Bhemnaoain,
Ringbone, Foul Ulcers, Spavins, Sweeney.
Gaijret in Cows, Farcy, Corns, whitlows,
Cracked Teats, Weakness of the Joints;
Callous, Lameness, Contraction of Muscles,
Horn Distemper. Cramps, Swelled Leg*,
Crownscab. Quittor, Fistuia, Man^e, Thrush,
Abscess of the Udder. Caked Breasts. Boils, 4c.
$1,000 REWARD for proof of the exist' .
tv .Jfi ence of a better liniment thas ?
ySSggfeT "Merchant's Garbling Ofl," or _
yBS&xf better worm medicine than **1
J, "Merchant's Worm Tablets." MiaViyTTTnfr
afactcred by M. Q. O. Co., Lock*
port, 2i. Y., U. S. A. Ji
JOHN HODGE, Sec'y.
?i ? ?o*??eretl0iu
W8*^.d*1These are not empty
^g^J^yg^Ef \?g= assertions, u tliota- j
lif ^B -^jZAQl KJ&bt aads of oar conutry- %
ecced its ^effect# *w
^tifrelgS^ft - 1
W A *T/^?
ABE USED AND INDORSED BY THE GEEATWI
ARTISTS Ef THE W0BLD. , j
PATTI! GERSTER! MARIMON \ '#t
VALLERIA! KELLOGG! LABLACHE!
CAMPANINI! GALUSSI! RAVELU!
BftlGNOLI! ABBOTT! MARIE ROZE! - /'J
OLE BULL! PEASE! CASTLE!
97 FIFTH AYENCE, NEW YOBS.
For Sale by all leading Piano Honsee. CKTAr
LQGUES MAILED FREE OF CEABGE.
Pggggg GOOD NEWS
Get ud Clubs for <?? OOX
BCr^Bc BEaTTD TXjLS, and wctrv a bttitiM
ffififcjBl " Ec?2c*?cr fold Baad Its Sit"
BlriK'.ljVVLvil (M places,) oar ova Ilujui Oa*
of Uuk besattftal T?? 6?U (1t? aw?? V~Vj
to (lie p*rty icaulns a Clab for $29.00. Byw?J? ?f tb> M aB? Vy3
" CHEAP TK1S " thstarabtlBradTTflMil ftgtwtofWI -iJSfil
and d?trfmeaul tofce*:tb?clow poison. CcslealyvlthrtUaM* *-*^5
Hoatej and wltli flnt haali If potable. Ho lumsiac. 1 W
The Great American Tea Co., Importers
F. a toe %.% n * U VE-IT ST., Kry Tort.
Blood, and will completely change the blood la ih? +S&
entire aystem in three months. Any person who t
will take one pill eachnteht from 1 to lJireelnnrorb# .;-S ^
restored to sound healtiL tf such * thine be poeBWa. V <B
Sold everywhere or sent r>y mail tor 8 letter staiBML ' ?
-I* S. JOHNSON ?fc CO., Botton, Mum,. - ^
formerly Bangor, Me.
TP B Ain atwxi&Dce.?85 UHEoo poanM f&m
| I. H V Imported last year.?Prices lower .<
9 P U A than ever.?Agents wanted-?Doat A
g IL liwastetimev-Sendlorciicnlar.
10 lb*. Good Black or Mixed, for $1. : J
10 lbs. Fine Black or Mixed, for $2.
10 lbs* Cboice Black or Mixed; for $3*
Send for pound sample, 17 cta.eitra for postage.
Then get tip a dub. Choicest Tea In the wori<L?
Largest Tariety.?Pleases everybody.?Oldest T?
House in America.?No chromo.?No Hnabogv
Straight bnaincss.?Value for mooejr.
JtOBT WELLS.4*Tewy St~N.T.. P.O. Box 18*7.
MSIfE HFNS 11Y 1
mniti. iibiiw bfin An
English Veterinary Surgeon and Chemist, now
(ravelins in this country, says that mott of the Hozw )
and Cattle Powders sold here are worthless trash. Ha
Bays that Sheridan's Condition Powders are absolutely
pure and immensely valuable. Nothing on earth
will make hens lay like Sheridan's Condition Powders.
Dose, one teaspoonfnl to one pint of food. Sold
everywhere, or sent by mail for 8 letter stampe. 1.8.
JOHSSOX& CO., Boston,Mass..formerlyBangorjta.
qnfl Agent. Wanted?300 active, fober agents to
travel and sell territory for my Automatic
Wagon Brake. An opportunity for 8 or 10 energetic
men in each State to obtain lucrative employment. <.-M
Each agent will be furnished a brake and outfit at?
reasonable price. A good surety bond required- Fo* ; - a
further information address, with inclosed stamp, v;
H. E? Jack?on, High Shoals, Walton Co., Ga.
T D11 Tu 13 JUOHTT. rnt. USIDB, /^\
I AU I n tb. Onu A?7. -Utl.lf /
ud Pfjctoloci*t. Wffl, Ik to c??u. Witt t(i. kriM, / Sp? \
O.JOT lock *t bur, hsA ? COUUCT Kfr; "' M I
TUKS ? jw fbtar* huah*?4 ?r vffii, with bmm, timo: <*21-^lk
ad pUoo of ta^Oor, wd of m*rri*c*? p<ythotof
H*llj Yrarr returned lo *V. v+K MtfariUd.
^ wu-LwiNO (j.) anywItch D WEAR. OCT.
CDiT Ti bv Watchmakers. By mail. 25 cts. Circalsrt
cUijJJ FEEE. J. S. BIBCH t CO-. 33 Dey SU X-X.
f~VLD Coins Wanted.?Send 25c. In stampe for eats- ~
\J logue of prices. S. M. Thnrber. E. Worcester. N.Y. V,
ONE MILLION COPIES SOLD. |
EYEBYBODY WAKTS IT! ^
EYEBYBODY NEEDS IT!
THE SCIENCE OF LIFE* OR, SELFPRESERVATION*,
Is a medical treatise on Eshaustod Vitality, Kcttoob
and Physical Debility, Premature Decline la Has;
is an Indispensable treatise for oreir sua. whether 4
younz, mlddio aeed or old.
THE SCIENCE OF LIFEt OR, SELF*
Is beyond all comparison the most eztraordlsu7
work on I ijiolOKy ever published. There knothiac
whatever thai the married or sinsle can either r?- .*1
mire or wkh to know but what Is folly explained.? M
THE SCIENCE OF LIFE* OR, BEUTP
Instructs those la health how to remain so, and the
invalid how to become welL Contains one hundred - 3?
and twenty-five invaluable prescriptions for all forms
of acute and chronic diseases, for each of which
Srst-clasa physician would chxrze Irom 93 to $10.?
LonOon Lancet. /
THE SCIENCE OF ETFEj OR, SELF- J
Contains 300 naces. fine steel cnRrarinCT, is superbly
bound in French muslin, em booed, full Kilt. It Is
marvel of art and beauty, warranted to be a bettw
4ry at*rv U?n?A MLT1 hfi
S^Trtere for*donbie tie price, or the money will to
refunded in every instance.?Author.
THE SCIENCE OF LIFEj CR, SELFPRESERVATION,
Is so much superior to all other treatises on medical
snbjects that comparison is absolutely impossible.?
THE SCIENCE OF LIFE; OR, SELFPRESERVATION,
Is sent by mail, securely sealed, pcetpaid. on receipt
of price, only $1.25 (cevr edition). Small illustrated jjfgi
samples, 6c, Send now.
The author can be consulted on all diseases iw
quiring skill and experience. Address
PEABODY MEDICAL INSTITUTE, ^
or W. H. PARKER, W. D., ^ Jggj,
<1 Hn!flnrti Bc*t9D. Iffma.
? Postpaid. \
;E on the I
mptoms. Cause and the Best Treatment of each- 4
!, with the ordinary dose, effects, and antidote *bea
eeth at different ages, with roles for telling the aca. *9
able Inforsiatlon. V
ID to ANY ADDRESS in AP ApyvA
FATES or CANADA, for ?*) ufcW | 0|
one hundred copies <# . js
SET. NEW YOfflfc ,|