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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, September 13, 1882, Image 1

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WEEKLY EDITION^ WINNSBORO, S. C., W^yESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1882. ESTABLISHED IN 1844. ^
* Misunderstandings.
Sczss-^few York drawing-room, 1:20 a. m.
I clasped her hand and I held it fast,
While I gazed in her dreamy eyes,
Aad a far-o2 look o'er her features passed,
^ ^ Like the twilight of vesper skies.
While, like one too happy or shy to speak,
With a throb I coold understand.
She turned from my raptures her glowing
Ok. cheek,
BKc. And veiled it-with faltering hand;
F. And the gentle tremor -which thrilled her
frame,
? And leaped from her pnlse to mine.
To my thirsting ?oul with its message came,
Like the magic of cordial -wine. *
At last she pitied the hopeless smart
Of the passion she long had scorned,
And jnst as I felt she had opened her heart,
She opened her month, and- yawcei!
?C. C. Carroll, in Harper's Magazine.
SO 3PAI5& A1ZD
" There was a man in oar town,
And. he was wondrous wise."
4N
i A clear, sweet voice was singing
this senseless ditty, with many mocking
variations and operatic trills. A
young man swinging indolently in a
hammock underneath the open window
laid down hi* unfinished book and
tossed away his cigar as he listened to
^ the merry songstress.
" The man was no fool," said he at
fc last. " I will arise and do likewise."
The voice and its lovely owner had
uprooted certain prejudices and overthrown
firm convictions; moreover, an
underlying fear that he was about to
make a second mistake in life caused
his feet to lag and his heart to trem>
ble.
Nevertheless, straight as the needle
to the pole tended his steps toward
that upper room and the musical destroyer
of his peace.
^ She was minding Mrs. Latimer's
baby as usual. Mrs. Latimer was a
presumably young widow, somewhat
wan and faded as to beauty, which
must once have been remarkable; somewhat
poorly off as to worldly possessions,
yet strongly bent upon making
the most of her second chance in
> life.
The baby, meantime, being much in
her way, was either locked in the profound
slumber born of drugs and
syrups, or left to the tender mercy of
some obliging fellow-boarder.
Pretty Molly Daily, whose heart
ached for the neglected little one, often
cared for it during the absence of its
mother.
Harry Raymond was not the man,
having once made up his mind, to beat
about the hush. He went straight to
the side of the surprised singer, who
had supposed him miles distant, and
then, the baby being in his way, he
caught it from its astonished fostermother,
and with a dexterous fling
V sent it flying through the air exactly
into the" soft middle of a great rug
* which lay before the window.
Poor Molly uttered a startled cry of
protest. The child, contrary to all exand
nrecedent. shrieked with
laughter, and lay, clutching at the
sunbeams, a jewel of a baby in a
golden setting.
HL story; that long ago I loved an un?
worthy woman, and that because of
BT- f that love I have walked forlyears willfully.'blind
to all womanly goodness
and virtue and truth; through a beautiful
woman I have found it again.
Tell me Molly"?his voice trembled
with earnestness?" if this love is to
be the crown and glory of my life or
- its second folly ?"
There was no need of words; he
read his answer in her sweet downcast
face and tender eyes; he sealed it on
ner quivering crimson nps; anu uie
baby looked on and laughed.
Then, 'with a great crash of wheels
and flutter of silks, the baby's mother
b returned; so these two, as needs must,
came back to an every-day world, that
somehow looked brighter and better to
them both than it had ever done before.
Molly settled her face into an un''breakable
calm, and Harry lounged
* about with even more than his usual
nonchalance.
Nevertheless tii* widow, who was
wise in her day and generation, saw
more than they supposed, an I picking
up her neglected offspring left the
-rrvvm with a. cicrh fnr thfi dreams of
a lost youth.
' She had returned from her drive enr
gaged at last, hut Instead of the raptures
and radiance of first love, her
soul was disturbed by doubts, an uncertainty
as to whether she might not,
by longer waiting, have done even betl
ter for herself.
Kjt But nothing of the kind disturbed
our youthful lovers; their days passed
as a happy dream; the course of true
love ran smoothly toward the delight';;rv
ful consummation of an early marriage
in the autumn.
One night. Harry, grown strong in
his new love, determined to destroy
every vestige of that first mad folly of
Phis youth; letters burning with passionate
devotion, costly keepsakes,
all were ruthlessly destroyed.
ii Then, with a pleasant consciousness
of welMoing, he slept the sleep of the
just, and awoke in time for a long
; early walk with his betrothed, from
which they returned damp but raV
diant. And in the doorway they met
' a woman, a new-comer, a gloriously
beautiful woman, one that Titian
might liave worshiped as he painted
her in flowing robes of white and
crimson and gold. A woman who was
a living, breathing dream of perfec
tion.
At sight of her Harry grew -white
to the very lips, then quickly recovering
himself, greeted her with manly
dignity, presenting at the same time
his companion.
" I must be a bond of sympathy between
you two," he said,with a sudden
dash of bravado; "for this," with a
courtly bow toward the fair wonderful
k-V woman, " is one of my earliest friends,
and this," taking Molly's hand, "is my
betrothed."
BfrV it would have been perfect, only he
Bp- rather overdid the thing; however, the
Br beauty bit her lip with vexation; she
WK was not used to having her victims
flaunt their freedom in her face.
The days passed on, the beautiful
woman, who, beside her natural
charms, had the added grace of widowWf
hood, trailed her solemn splendor all
over the great country house, making
other women look faded and commonplace
by comparison.
Mrs. Latimer and her unpleasant
baby were well-nigh extinguished, and
? even pretty Molly looked like some
wan field flower beside this gorgeous
^ Eastern lily.
PL Harry, to do him justice, shut his
W eyes remarkably well: he was blind,
Arm* ^
WZ v* ucai vu Ww-aoivxx.
^ ___ But one evening, when Molly was inV"
-disposed, the widow captured* him.
it was in the great garden ; the
moonlight quivered over the roses.
Bf heavy with dew, perfume and night,
and the wonderful witchery of beautj
held him, while the perfect lips told
liirn a secret, a little story, a something
that changed the very current of his
being. The mad love of his youth,
fought against, dead, buried, as he believed,
sprang in that hour to sudden
life. The woman that he had loved
and hated, who had wronged, deceived
him, stood now vindicated and spotless,
! a victim like himself of another's
| wrong, like himself a sufferer.
| The man cried out against fate; this
! woman who had been all the world to
him in the old days of his honest vouth
} was more than that now; in the hour
! of his weakness he would have saerii
ficed honor, truth, life itself; but she
! was strong; another life should not be
! blighted as hers had been; another
! should never suffer as she had done ;
; now that she stood before him blameless,
she was satisfied.
Then he found himself alone, and the
devil, in the guise of a fair woman, entered
into his soul and abode there.
Perhaps the sight of Molly's loving
face might have been a safeguard in
those days; but she was ill, and refused
to see him; so day by day the evil grew
and thrived, nourished by soft sighs
and false tears.
One night he lound. the widow alone
I in a little room that opened out of a
i tiny conservatory; he threw prndence
i to the winds, and the woman was
i forced to hear burning words of mad'
ness and devotion.
In the very midst of the resistless
torrent of liis woe the door opened
and a man entered. He was tall, dark
! and grandly bearded, a Saxon giant of
| herculean mold. He took in the
i whole scene at a elance.
" Oli, Lura, Lura!" he cried. "Will
! you never have done with your folly?"
j Then she turned. Such a light
I flamed over her face! Such a sudden
j beauty flashed upon it! A smile like
i that might pave the way to death for
any man.
" Oh, Roy, Roy!" she cried, and
j rushed to the stranger, flinging ?her
| arras with glad kisses about his neck,
j " My husband," said she, turning to
! Harrv. " And never think again to
fight a woman with her own weapons.
I was only redressing old wrongs and
opening blinded eyes. Your lady-love
is in the next room. 1 made sure of
that before I played this little farce."
The stranger shook off the clinging
arms of his wife and stepped to the
j side of the dazed, unhappy man.
" I cannot ask you to forgive my
wife," said he. " f know that she has
done you some grievous wrong. It is
; not the first time?most likely it will
! not be the last. And yet I love her.
I Young man, you do not suffer alone."
Then he was gone, he and his false
wife.
Mechanically Harry stepped through
j the half-open door of the conservatory.
A bowed crushed figure leaned against
a half-opened window. It was that of
the woman he had vowed to love and
cherish always.
He could not speak. Softly, as
though he touched the dead, he kissed
her golden hair. She never moved,
and so he left her.
In the morning he received a message
from Mrs. Daily. Molly desired to
see him.
He went to the interview as a traitor
to his doom. He had no hope that
Mollie would overlook his perfidy. She
was too much a woman to hold hers&wf
so'Lginty ; too noble in herself to
| tolerate the humiliation into which he
| had fallen.
Molly received him with a pitiful
smile. ?Ler iace was crimson, ner eyes
swollen and purple. This Xiobe-like
woman bore hardly a trace of the
pretty, merry-hearted girl once so dear
to him.
She spoke in muffled tones.
" Look at me," said she; " look at
me ! Well, last night I was quite myself,
and went downstairs, thinking to
I orive vou a nleasant surprise. I went
| O - * .S x
into tlie conservatory, and like a foolish
child fell asleep by the open window.
It was the heat?the perfume?
something. Xow look at me ! "I em
a fright, an object. I always am when
I take cold. I thought you ought to
see me, ought to know."
Then Harry's arms were around her.
j Molly had been asleep! His heart
J sang for joy as he pressed kiss after
I kiss upon her pink and purple face.
! " What devotion!" sighed Mrs.
| Daily, whose own married life had
i been something of a mistake.
" Was ever girl so blessed as I ?"
! thought Molly, little dreaming what
the cold which she deplored had saved
her from, for Harry, grateful, repentant,
yet believed that ignorance was
bliss.
Language of Tramps.
Tramps in England have a unique
system of signs- and countersigns, by
means of which they escape many
kicks, cuffs and neglects. There is a
perfect science of this odd method of
! speech. The language is vernacular
i to two classes?the vagrants themselves
and the lodging-house keepers,
who make a profitable^and permanent
business of giving them sheker. The
latter are the brains of the combination.
There are said to be fifty different
sets of password systems in use in
the country, each having a field peculiar
to itself. The tramp landlords
form among themselves mystic circles,
small circles from great ones, and so
along the great highway pickets are
j kept out over an area whose di
; mensions may be titty by tnirty miles.
| In each set the passwords once adopted
! are good for three months' ise. At
| every change the traveling fraternity
' buys the new signs, this price being
i uniformly three pence for every comer,
i To the landlords?a peculiar tribe,
| some of whom have had the business
| in their families for generations?this
i tax is a source of gain. Its collection
; is easy and sure, for the advantages of
initiation to the vagrant are many and
I i : ?
OUVIOUS. J.LSC ?tlUUd.Ci ?LU UCU IULIV
j never hesitates to share his good for!
tune with his less fortunate brother;
i the magic word or phrase or sentence
i ?unintelligible jargon to the outside
{ world?is an " open sesame " to his
! store of beggar wealth.
England's Mercantile Marine.
The new issue of Lloyd's Register
\ gives the following account of the merj
cantile marine of Great Britain : It
I includes 5.207 steamers of more than
i 100 tons register, of the aggregate
j measurement of 5,934.851 tons; and at
I ?15 per ton, of the gross value of
| ?89,022,765; iron and steel sailing
j ships amounting to 1,722,657 tons,
; valued at ?12 per ton, at ?20,671,884;
: wooden and composite sailing ships of
; 2,840.258 tons, valued at ?6 per ton, at
?17,041,548. giving the total value of
vessels afloat at ?126,736,197. In addition
to these there are now in course
| of construction steamers of the ag!
gregate measurement of 1,260,000
i tons, valued at ?35,000,000.' It is esti|
mated that the amount of capital in;
vested in vessels engaged in the Ausi
tralian and Indian trade and on the
! coasts of China and Japan, in tugs,
; passenger steamers and the fishing
j fleets, may be set down at ?60,000,000,
', and therefore that the aggregate value
,' of the mercantile marine of Great
, | Britain may be represented by the
' j sum of ?230,000,000.
O'Connell's Ready YFit.
At the Clare assizes in Ennis, two
I brothers, named Hourigan, were
j arrested for setting fire to a p< lice
i barrack, the property of Darby O'Gi ady,
i Esq., and it was stated the barrack had
j been ignited by means of ajar of j itch,
j found half consumed near the burned
| barrack.
O'Connell was emp]oyed for the
j defense, and by his desire a skilltt con
j taming pitcn was secretly piaceu ue<ir
j the witnesses' chair, and ever this O'Con!
neil placed liis broad-brimmed hat, so
j as effectually to corceal it. The prinj
cipal witness for the prosecution swore
I" that he discovered the barrack on
i fire, and knew it was set on fire by
j pitch, for lt? got the smell-of it.1'
"You know the smell of pitch.
I then r" said O'Connell.
" I do, well," rephed the witness.
"You seem a man able to smell
pitch anywhere ?" said O'Connel
" Anywhere I found it."
" Even here in this court-house, if it
were here."
"Xo doubt I would."
"And do you swear you don't get
the smell of pitch here?" asked O'Connell.
"I do, solemnly," replied the witness.
"If it were hera I'd smell it."
Then O'Connell, taking his hat off
the skillet of pitch which was placed
beside the witness' chair, cried:
" Xow you may go down, you perjured
rascal! Go down!"
This saved his clients. The jury
discredited the witness.
At Limerick O'Connell had a case to
defend which presented slight hopes of
his being able to obtain an acquittal. I
His two clients were indicted for rob- j
bery, and the case was substantially !
proved against them. They called a
young priest for testimony as to their
character for honesty. He thought to
make a parade of his learning by
the use of big words, and his replies
to the usual inquiries were in the
most polysyllable terms he could dej
vise. Having stated " their reputation
j for rectification of habitual propriety
was exemplary ana commenaaoie,
Judge Torrens. who chafed with irritation
as the young priest rolled out each
jaw-breaker, at last cut him short with:
" Come, sir, no more of this. Say
shortly what you know of these men.
Are they honest'?"
" As far as my experience of
their deportment, I am under that impression."
" You tliink they are. That comprehends
a great deal," said the judge, still
displaying temper. Turning to the
nriest. he said : " That will do?go
down, sir."
O'Connell. assuming an air of great
indignation, as the priest shuffled oil
the table, addressing the prisoners in a
tone of deep commiseration, said : "My
poor fellows, bigotry is on the bench,
and when your excellent young pri'est
has been so ignominiously turned out
of court, I am in despair of being able
to serve you. Here's your brief find
fee."
He flung the brief and the notes to
the agent for the prisoners, and commenced
putting on his cloak, muttering:
"My innocent clients, I despair
altogether now of your acquittal.
I You'll be hanged, and never were men !
j hanged more unjustly. The only hope I
I can look to is that, if your senter ce
is not carried into execution before the
twelve judges meet, I will bring tlxis
outrageous case before them."
This had the effect intended. Judge
Torrens invited O'Connell to continue
the defense of his clients, and to this,
after some pretended reluctance, O'Connell
assented. The case went on, and
the judge; to show that he was no
bigot, put the character for hones:v
given the prisoners by the priest :>o
strongly that the jury, almost instant
iy, brougnt in tneir veraict, not guilty. |
?
Why She Talked to the Fly-Scmn Man.
She knew he was the fly-screen man
by the samples under his-arm, but sfce
held the door open and permitted him
to say:
" Madame, I notice that you haven't
a fly-screen at any door or window."
"Not a one," she answered.
"You must be overrun with flies?"
" We are."
" Flies are a terrible nuisance?"
" Yes, indeed."
"And this seems to^be a good locality
for mosquitoes?"
" Oh, yes sir."
" T ? ? ? Vrt4-ViA??
** x presume tucj UUUIICL j\Ju
nights ?"
"Very much."
" And a great deal of dust blows
into a house not protected by screens."
" A great deal, sir."
" And how many windows have you
in the house?"
" Sixteen."
" Each one ought to have a half
size."
" Yes, sir."
" And I can make them cheaper to
you than any other man in the busii
ness."
" I think you can."
" Do you prefer plain green or figured?"
"Well, I always did like plain
green."
" Very well; I will measure the windows
and take your order."
" You needn't trouble yourself any
further," she quietly replied.
" "What! Don't you want screens?"
" jSTo, sir. The other day the woman
across the street had ten minutes' con
VtJi&itUIUll Wii/ii o iiuu. pouuiti, ouu. cuv tj
had her nose ill the air over me ever :
since. A fly-screen man is about three |
times as high as a potato man, and
I've been talking with you to let her see
that she isn't the only lady in town who
can put on airs. She's as mad as a hen
by this time, and now you get up and
dust or I'll have my dog run you
clear to the river."?Detroit Free Press.
Cruelty to the Donkey.
A correspondent of the Louisville
Courier-Journal, who is traveling
through Italy, says: The exception, to
the general rule of idleness and treachery
is the Neapolitan donkey. Overworked,
half-starved, cruelly-treated,
this poor, patient animal performs its
daily routine of hard work uncomplain- j
: ingly and with a truly martyr-like j
spirit. It carries a load that would |
stagger a cart-horse, and if, through !
snmfi fault of its brutal master, this ;
load would slip from his willing back,
he is belabored with cruel and terrific j
blows. But little larger than a New- j
foundland dog, he is often hitched to a
cumbersome wagon, into which as !
many as thirteen lazy whelps some- j
times climb, and this poor, dumb brute
is compelled to haul them over the
j streets of hilly Naples. Some days ago
j in the Via Roma a load of grass, which !
j nact oeen insecurely lastenea, snppea
| from the back of one of these poor
j brutes. It was not the fault of the
; donkey, but, nevertheless, the cruel
| master became enraged and beat it un
mercifully over the head and ears, and i
i then deliberately took it by the mouth I
| and, dog-like, bit it between the nos- j
! trils until the blood flowed freely. If ;
: there ever was an inviting field any-1
j where in the world for the labors of a j
! society for the prevention of cruelty :
i to animals it is Naples.
THE HOME DOCTOR.
' ^111 sudden checks to perspiration
should be avoided, and a flannel shirt
| or belt should be worn at all times to
avoid such a result. "Wear flannel
| constantly.
Intemperance and drunkenness in- \
duce attacks of cholera and fatal diar-!
j rhea. Temperance in eating an AdrinkI
ing is a great safeguard against all
i fatal diseases of the bowels. The in-1
; temperate are the first and often the ;
only ones attacked in a community.
| Every person attacked with loose-'
! ness of the bowels should at once se-:
j cure proper medical attendance. !
; Children suffering from diarrhea should ;
i be taken directly to a competent medi- j
j cal man. Purgative medicines should '
not be given uni?ss ordered by a legal-j
ly qualified and trusted medical practi-!
tioner. Do not neglect these beginnings
of disease.
According to the Practitioner a simple
and effective remedy for removing
the pain of wounds caused by burns
| or scaius is a sai/uraieu suiuuujll ui uij
carbonate of soda in either plain or
! camphorated water. To apply the
I remedy, all that is necessary is to cut a
| piece of lint or old soft rag, or even
I thick blotting paper, of a size sufficient
to cover the burned or scalded parts,
and to keep it constantly wetted with
| the sodaic lotion so as to prevent its
drying. By this means it usually happens
that all pain ceases in from a
! quarter to half an hour, or even in
much less time. When the main part
i of a limb, such as the hand and forei
arm or the foot and leg, has been
burned, it is best, when practicable, to
plunge the part at once into a jug or
pail or other convenient vessel filled
with the soda lotion, and keep it there
until the pain subsides, or the limb
may be swathed or encircled with a
surgeon's cotton bandage previously
soaked in the saturated solution and
kept constantly wetted with it, the relief
being usually immediate, provided
the solution be saturated and cold.
Dog Fat for Consumption.
The attention of a Mew York reporter
was attracted while at the dog
pound by two boys, who were carefully
skinniL-g and dressing a dog that had
just been drowned, according to law,
for vagrancy.
"{What are you doing that for?"
was asked.
"Per consumption," replied one of
the boys. "Fer a two-dollar bill,"
said the other.
It was finally explained that many
residents of the east side of the city
firmly believe that dog fat is an infallible
cure for consumption.
' The boys told you the truth," said
Dr. Ennever, the veterinary stationed
at the pound, who was next questioned.
" A great many people believe
that dog fat and even the flesh of dogs
is a sure cure for consumption, and on
an avprflcrA nnp el no- a wp.fk is taken
from here and reduced to medicine."
" Who comes after them ?"
" Generally women. They come up
here and after carefully examining all
the dogs select one that seems to
be healthy and fat. They then point
out their selection to an attendant, j
who ties a string around its neck or
marks the animal in some way so as to
identify it. The woman is told on
what day that particular beast will be
drowned; she returns at the time specified,
gets the body and tums it over to
some of the hoodlums round here, who
for a dollar or two skin it and take off
the fat. If she wishes the carcass they
dress it for her just as a butcher would
a Iamb or calf. Xo, yellow dogs have
no value in this way; a black dog is
always chosen in preference to any
other color, if he is fat and healthy."
" How do they take the medicine, as
I suppose they call it ?"
" In different ways. Some reduce it
to oil and take it as a liquid by the
spoonful; others try it out and then
after it gets cold spread it on bread as
you would butter and eat it so."
" Do they eat the meat, too ?"
"Yes; and as a matter of fact, it's
not bad eating. I've tried it myself,
though I was not aware of it at the
tUULiC. ?0 1WA& lli\v ^UUllg YCfll.
" Have you any regular customers ?"
""We had one, a Miss Farley, who
used to live at the corner of Avenue A
and Sixteenth street. She was pretty
far gone with consumption, hut she
used to come every other week for five
or six months and get a nice fat dog.
I have not seen her for some time, but
I don't think she's dead. Some one
told me she was living over on Ninth
avenue. But as a general thing we
don't know our customers' names. This
superstition is so general on the east
side that many of the drug stores keep
dog fat or oil in stock. There are
any number of these household remedies
for different diseases. Through
Vermont and New Hampshire the fat j
cl-nnb-c ic licarl <ta a (>11W ffiT frflllTl I
Vi. ^AUJUXVO AC UOV.k Mf vv** v v? w
and rheumatism. Then at the South
negroes use dog's flesh as a cure for
rheumatism. The dog must be jet
black or the medicine is without efficacy.
When the animal is chosen it is
fed on nothing but the lungs and livers
of raccoons until it is so fat it can
hardly walk, when it is "rilled and
eaten. After that if the patient is not
cured he is perfectly assured that his
pains and aches are attributable to some
other cause.*'
A Hen Set on Golden Eggs.
A well-to-do farmer named Frede
rick Kline, who lives near f osters
Crossing, Ohio, has lost his surplus
wealth in a manner that is calculated
to destroy his confidence in all the
safeguards with which treasures of
gold can be surrounded. Some time
ago he was a depositor in a Cleveland
bank which suddenly suspended operations
and was found to contain no
assets. Farmer Kline, hearing of the
suspension, came to the city to collect
his account, and, finding that it was
worthless, declared tiien and there, in
a manner in which emphasis was not
lacking, that he would never, so long as
he lived, put another dollar in any bank
or like institution. A short- time ago
he came into possession of $800 in gold,
hard cash. The question at once
arose where he should put it for safety.
Procuring a strong tin box he placed
the money in it, fastening it securely,
and put the box in the bottom of an
old ash barrel in his woodshed, lilling
the barrel up with various kinds of
rubbish. He placed a box on to]) of
it, which he filled with straw, and i
placed in one corner a dozen eggs and j
an old setting lien lie argued that |
thft thieves come around thev !
would never think of looking for any-1
thing valuable in the old barrel of j
rubbish, and even then should they
chance to suspect the hiding-place the
hen would make such a clatter that
the household would be aroused. One
Sunday when he had nothing else to
c.o he examined the barrel. The hen
was unusually cross, which pleased her
until Tip fmind that thft till box.
with its contents, was gone. The
neighbors who dropped in later in the
day to console the old gentleman explained
the unusual irritability of the
hen on the ground that she had been
seriously disturbed the night previous
b?? the visit of the thieves.
,
f TJ**
Poisonous LeaTes.
Says Land aid Water: Some of our
most admired ri'owers, which we should
least wilimgly'ibanish from cultivation, !
are associated foUi green leaves of a j
very poisonous* character. The nar- i
row long leaves.of the daffodil act as
an irritant poison; the delicate com- !
pound leaves of laburum have nar- |
cotic and acrid, juice which causes !
purging, vomiting and has not unfre- '
quently led to -<ieath. The narrow
leaves 01 tne meaaow saurun, ur a.utumn
crocus, give rise to the utmost j
irritation of the throat, thirst, dilated i
pupils, with vomtting and purging. The ;
dangerous character of aconite, or
monkshead I^ives, is doubtless well J
known, but each generation of children
requires instruction to avoid,
above all things, those large palmshaped
leaves, dark green on the upper
surface. Leaves of coarse weeds I
provide an abundant quota of danger,
but frequently their strong scent and
bitter or nauseous taste give timely
warning against their being consumed.
Of all nnr Tlrit^Cb nr^p.rs nf Tilants
perhaps the umbelliferous order contributes
the frankest and most widespread
elements '.>>? danger. The tall
hemlock is everywhere known to be
poisonous, and it-, is one of the most
abundant occupants of the hedge. A
peculiar " mousey " odor can generally
b^recognized on squeezing the leaves,
which are deep green in color and trebly
compound, the small lobes being
lanceolate and deeply cut. It is said
that the mousey smell can be detected
in water containing net more than a
fifty-thousandth part of the juice.
Hemlock is both an irritant to any sore
place and a general narcotic poison,
producing neaaacne, lmpenect vision,
loss of power to swallow and extreme
drowsiness, with complete paralysis of
voluntary muscles and muscles of
respiration. The water dropwort, too,
a flourishing ditch plant; the water
hemlock, fool's parseiiy, must be ranked
among our most dangerous poisonous
plants, belonging to the umbelliferous
order. The fool's parsley leaves are
sometimes mistaken for genuine parsley,
but their nauseous odor and darker'
leaves should prevent this. The night
shade order is another, with dangerous
and often extremely poisonous leaves.
Indeed no nightshade can be regarded
as safe; while the deadly nightshade,
with its oval, uncut leaves, soft, smooth
and stalked, are in the highest degree
to be avoided. Henbane and thornapple
again with their large and
much indented leaves are conspicuous
members of the "dangerous
classes." Holly leaves contain a juice
which is both narcotic and acrid, causing
vomiting, pain and purging. Even
elder leaves and privet leaves may produce
active and iniurious irritation
wlien eaten. "With regard to treatment
in cases of poisoning by leaves,
if no doctor is at hand, produce vomiting
till all offending matter is expelled,
and when considerable sleepiness or
drowsiness has come on, give strong
tea or coffee, and again bring on vomiting;
then stimulate and rouse the
brain in every possible mode.
Sledging it to the North Pole.
The most northern district of the
Danish settlements in Greenland is
Upernavik, or TTpernivik, whose extreme
northern . 4-ling post is Tasiusal',in
nortLcrj Jrtnde seventy-nine degrees
twenty-tjur minutes, about 1,100
miles due south of the pole. Of this
place it is claimed that " it is the most
northern abode of civilized men and
women." The northern coast of Greenland
has never been circumnavigated,
but it is generally believed by Arctic
navigators that it lies not far north of
the highest latitude reached by Xares
in 1875-76, about eighty-three degree
north. Some scientists still
cling to the theory maintained by Dr.
Kane, the great American explorer. J
that between the northern headlandof
(ireenland and the pole there is an
open. sea. If so, that would set a limit
to sledge expeditions. But Xares and
other explorers, who got still nearer
the pole, declare that as far as they
could see to the north all was ice. The
longest sledge-journev in the Arctic regions
on record was made by Lieutenant
Frederick Schwatka, U. S. A., who
in 1878 and 1879 made an overland
search for the lost records of Sir John
Franklin's expedition. His small party
was landed by a schooner near Depot
island, in Hudson's bay ; passed the
winter in camp on shore ; became accustomed
to living much like the natives,
and in the spring started, with
some Esquimaux assistants, in sledges
drawn by dogs to explore the northern
" *- -r rr:
ana western snores ui xviu^ yy miam o
Land. They were gone on this expedition
eleven months and twenty days,
during which time they traveled 3,251
English statute miles. It would, probably,
be a much more serious matter to
travel in the farthest north, provided
land or ice fields are continuous from
Upernavik to that long sought point,
the North pole. However, there
seems to be about as much reason to
expect that it will be reached by sledges
as by any other means, and the plan
of establishing meteorological and exploring
stations in the northern latitudes,
and depending largely on sledge
expeditions to extend our knowledge
of tiie Arctic regions, nas oeen aaopteu
by learned bodies, and in some instances
by the United States and other
governments. Our government has
one such permanent station at Franklin
Bay, in the northern extremity of
Alaska. There is reason to believe
that there will be a line of such stations
before long along the western
coast of Greenland.
Skobeleff and MacGaJian.
It is not yet forgotten in the United
States that, when poor MacGahan, the
famous American correspondent, who,
in company with Frank Millet, a Boston
boy, did so much work, for which
Forbes got all the praise, was dying
with the black fever in Constantinople,
Skobeleff was the only man who dared
to visit him. But the famous soldier
and the modest journalist were great
friends, and when the former heard i
one day, when the Russian army was j
* * i i iAl. . T) "L - I
camped ontue naiiKs ut uie uospuoi. us, i
that the latter was very ill, he galloped j
into the Turkish capital, and throwing !
himself from his horse in front of a
hotel, rushed into the place, demanding
to be shown to MacGahan's
room. The nurses told the general
that no one was permitted to enter
the sick man's room, as it was certain !
death to a stranger if lie breathed the
atmosphere poisoned by the dread dis- j
ease. But SkobelefE dashed the men :
out of the way, and was soon at Mac- !
Gahan's bedside. Then he took the i
poor sufferer up in his arras, and, as ;
he kissed the fevered face and the !
sunken eyes, hy said, as kindly as ever
a fond mother spoke to her tabe : "My
dear, dear brother, did you think I had
forgotten you altogether? Why,
bless your dear, great heart, I did not
know until to-day that you were sick." j
While his loving tears' were bathing !
MacGahan's hair, the angel of death i
came into the room, and suddenly and j
silently the soul of one who was al- j
ways gentle, good and brave took its 1
flight, and the famous Kussi;m soldier 1
held ii/his arms the lifeless form of !
* ^V4 XX Av*4U? I
J
A Eemarfeaole Discovery.
The United States patent office has
jiist extended its official wing over one
of the most remarkable discoveries of
the present century, and one, it is safe to
say, which will not only effect a revolution
in the present methods of producing
and applying heat, but seriously
undermine the very structure upon
which the at present generally received
scientific notion of heat rests. The
model apparatus patented by Mr. Calver,
the inventor, consists of a number
of small looking-glasses arranged in
rows upon a frame so fixed that they i
can be converged upon any one point.
A working model, of which he has a
number, was exhibited to a "Washing- j
ton Post reporter in the yard in the j
rear of his residence. Forty innocent,
guileless-looking fifteen cent giltframed
mirrors, each 3| inches by 5|
inches, were arranged upon a frame
propped up like an artist's easel, and
bearing a striking resemblance thereto.
Facing the easel was the fragment
of what was once a barn door, also
propped up and partly covered with a
worn and faded sheet of zinc that bore
*1 r\YYiio+'olroVilo nf havinor VkAATI
burned through in several* places. It
was but the work of a minute to converge
the forty mirrors upon a space
3$ inches by 5| inches upon the barn
door, and then the revelations began.
As each mirror cast its quota of light
upon the common store the parallelogram
of light grew whiter and more
dazzling, until at last it looked like a
batch of electric lights.
But little patience was required to
await results. In less than thirty seconds
a thin curling puff of smoke gave
evidence of the progress of the experiment.
In a minute the board was
bursting out in flames. The focus was
then shifted upon the zinc. In a few
moments it began to turn color; then
shrink as if anxious to get away where
it was cooler, and then in less than
three minutes the entire surface covered
by the focus was literally melting,
drop by drop. To melt zinc requires
a temperature of over 700 degrees
Fahrenheit.
A Farmer's Remarkable Window.
A remarkable story is told of farmer
Jesse Smith's remarkable window by
the Cincinnati Enquirer as follows:
Six miles west of Demossville, Ky.,
lives an elderly farmer by the name of
Jesse Smith. He has occupied his
present residence for twenty-five years.
Nothing peculiar was ever observed
about his window till about the close
of the civil war, when, at that time,
just after a severe storm, there ap
pearea tne peculiar uispiay 01 coiors
so plainly visible even to the present
day for a distance of fifty yards or
more from the house. Mr. Smith says
that its appearance just at that time
when the country's welfare was in a
most critical condition excited in
Jhe minds of some of his neighbors
the fear that it was the forerunner
of some dreadful calamity, and
he was advised to remove the sash,
but, being less superititious than his
friends, he decided to leave it just as it
was. The rainbow is about six inches
broad, and reaches from one side of the
window to the other, involving all of
the three panes of the lower sash, the
colors from the top downward being
orange, red, purple, blue, green, yellow,
orange, red, violet?blue and green varying
somewhat from the natural
graduation of the colors of the rainbow.
A singular fact is that, plainly
as the colors show from without, not
even a tinge of color can be seen when
standing in the room, which accords
with the fact that we never see a rainbow
in the south. Another observation
was that on hoisting the window
-Li - ? ?
tne rauiuow iiiuveu wim lug gi<*ss.
There is no creek or spring in front of
the house that could throw any reflection
on the window. __
Indians as Workmen.
The popular theojy that the Indian
cannot be made to work is not altogether
unfounded. It by no means follows,
however, that he cannot be induced
to work, and work well, when
removed from his native surroundings
and supplied with the proper incentives.
The Indians in the industrial
schools at Hampton, Va., and at Carlisle,
Pa., have shown a readiness to
acquire trades and a capacity to learn
+/-? Vionrllo tru-ilc clrill-fnlltr that. must.
stagger the prejudices of those who
have adopted the frontier creed that
the only useful Indian is a dead Indian.
At the public exercises at Carlisle, a
Plains Indian was the proud, thongh
seemingly stolid, exhibitor of a wagon
built entirely by himself, a piece of
work that older mechanics might not
have been ashamed of. The Springfield
Republican says that there are
now on exhibition in Boston samples
of shoes and harnesses made at Hampton
Institute, which both in finish and
serviceableness are able, in the opinion
of competent inspectors, to compete
successfully with the products of regular
workmen. The shoes are
part of a contract for two
- - "? ?AT
mousana pairs wmcu cue guvernment
gave to the superintendent
of the institute, General Armstrong,
last spring. The government has also
ordered seventy-five sets of double-plow
harness.
General Armstrong is confident that
within five years, as the hundred Indians
at Hampton, the three hundred
at Carlisle, and others under instruction
elsewhere, become masters of the
craft, all the slw\?s and harness needed
on the plains can be made by Indiar
young men at home.
A Legend of Saratoga.
in Tn/liori o4*_
JL llCit; ID ClJJL JLliVAi.Ci.li OU^IOVIUUU OUT
tached to Lake Saratoga, which probably
had its source in its remarkable
loneliness and tranquillity. The Mohawks
believed that its stillness was
sacred to the Great Spirit, and that if
human voice uttered a sound upon its
waters, the canoe of the offender
would instantly sink. A story is told
of an English woman, in the early
days of the first settlers, who had occasion
to cross this lake with a party
of Indians, who, before embarking,
warned her most impressively of the
spell. If was a silent, breathless day,
and the canoe shot over the lake like
an arrow. About half a mile from
i j.1^ ..V 4-K^v
snore, near tut; cfiitcx uj. uic iiiivc, mc
woman, wishing to convince the Indians
of the erroneousness of their superstition,
uttered a loud cry. The
countenances of the Indians fell instantly
to the deepest gloom. After a
minute's pause, however, they redoubled
their exertions, and in frowning
silence drove the light bark over
the waters. They reached the shore
in safety and drew up the canoe, when
the woman rallied the chief on his i
credulity. " The Great Spirit is merci- i
fill," answered the scornful Mohawk ; |
" lie knows that a white woman can- !
not hold her tongue I"?Saratogian.
There are 7,000 hawkers of newspapers
in London?big men, little boys
old women and young girls. They are
in the preliminary or normal condition
of paper, i. e., rags, and live from hand
to mouth on p<x:keting pennies and
yelling their journals' names and contents.
BRA YE BLUE JACKETS.
Gallant Acts Performed by American Sailors
in Protection of Their Country's Interests
Abroad.
The action taken by Admiral Nicholson,
of the United States navy, during
the late bombardment recalls, says the
| Boston Herald, many similar acts on
| the part of American naval officers.
| It may be fairly claimed, without men- j
tioning those instances where the!
i Union marines have gained great dis- j
tinction and renown in foreign waters,
; while .acting under direct authority of
Congress, in the bombardment of
Algiers and Tripoli, during the conquest
of California, the war with
Mexico, and the two wars with England,
they also have earned and sustained
a proud reputation for prompt
and efficient action in the protection of
American interests abroad.
During the year 1823 the Porto Rico
(Spanish) privateers, having upon
several occasions interrupted our commerce,
Commodore Porter sent a com
munication on the subject to the
authorities of the island. Lieutenant
W. H. Cocke, in command of the brig
I Fox, in attempting to enter the port of
St. Johns in order to receive a reply to
the commodore's official communication,
was fired upon and killed. Commodore
Porter threatened to bombard
the town, and was dissuaded from
doing so only by the prompt apology
of the authorities of the island. Again
in October, 1826, Lieutenant Piatt,
commanding the United States brig
Beagle, learning that one of our merchants
doing business in St. Thomas
had been plundered by Spanish pirates
and his goods taken to Foxado, a small
port in the island of Porto Rico, proceeded
hither to recover his property.
On making known the object of their
visit Lieutenants Piatt and Ritchie
were arrested and detained under
guard for a day. Commodore Porter,
with his characteristic promptness,
proceeded to Foxado to demand explanation
and redress. Finding that
the authorities, upon his arrival there,
intended to open fire upon his vessel,
he landed a force of sailors and marines,
took their batteries, and compelled
from the offenders the fullest
apologies.
In February, 1832, Commodore
Downes, in the frigate Potomac, ascertained
that the Malays had captured
the American ship Friendship, of Salem,
Mass. An expedition was fitted
out from the Potomac, officered by
T Clini*Kw/*Tr TT/vff Tr?rr^rcAll
UiOU U^XACiiXLO kJUUiUllVAj AXVilj Xiig^lOVU
and Totten, of the navy, and Lieutenant
Edson, of the marines. The
Malays made a determined resistance,
but were finally overcome and several
of their forts captured and destroyed.
For this action the officers of the expedition
received the thanks of the department.
While Commander Kelly
was at Shanghai, in 1854, in the sloopof-war
Plymouth, a combined attack
of the English and American forces
was made upon the encampment of the
imperialists in retaliation for aggressions
committed by them upon British
residents. In this action the Chinese
were severely punished. This voluntary
act of Commander Kelly received
tiie approval 01 ine -rresiaent ana uie
department. #
In the latter part of June, 1853,
wliile Commodore Ingraham, in the
sloop-of-war St. Louis, was at Smyrna,
Turkey, he received information that
a Hungarian named Martin Koszta,
with an American passport and papers,
had been arrest?^ by some Austrian
officials (on the charge of being a deserter
from the Austrian army), and
was held a prisoner on board an Austrain
brig-of-war, which vessel was
supported by an Austrian steam gunboat.
Commander Ingraham immediately
made a demand for Koszta's re1
pfl.qp at the same time running out his
?uns and preparing his ship for action.
Koszta was promptly released, and the
spirited action of Commodore Ingraham
received the highest commendation
from the government and a gold
medal was awarded him by Congress.
In January, 1854, Lieutenant Strain,
of the nav\, was engaged exploring for
a canal across the isthmus. During
the progress of the work the natives
committed various outrages upon the
persons and property of American
citizens employed in or connected with
the survey. In retaliation Captain
Hollins, of the sloop-of-war Cayne,
bombarded and destroyed the town of
San Juan de Nicaragua.
In April, 1858, Lieutenant Almy in
the Fulton compelled the relr^se of ?ix
American vessels that had been seized
and detained by the authorities of
Tampico, Mexico. On this occasion
the Mexican government desired to
refer the matter of the seizure of these
vessels to the official action of the
respective governments. "You will
release the vessels first," said Almy,
"then the governments can indulge in
all the 'palaver' they want to."
In August, 1858, Captain Kelly, in
Oor* K\r Q /\f
l/UC octi KJJ U UA^'AM^ V*.
force at San Juan del Sur, in Nicaragua,
the release of two American citizens
who had been unjustly imprisoned.
In August, 1856, Commander
Sinclair visited Waga, one of the Fejees,
and inflicted summary punishment
upon the natives for the murder
of two American citizens. He destroyed
their town and laid waste the
country for miles.
In November, 1850, Captain Lavalette,
in the frigate Wabash, visited
Beyrout, Syria, to investigate the outr^frps
rnmmitted unon our citizens, and
"1 '
particularly the circumstances connected
with the murder of Mr. Dickson,
near Jaffa. All but one of the
party implicated in the outrages were
promptly arrested, tried and sunmiarily
punished by Captain Lavalette.
The First Dead Confederate.
The Atlanta (Ga.) Constitution
says: Major D. II. Ansley knew the
" rebel" who is now figuring so prominently
in the papers as the first to
meet his death in the Confederate
Tn raniv to -A rpmipst for thfi
particulars of the man's death Major j
Ansley said to a Constitution reporter:
"Yes, I knew Perkins, the man to
whom you refer. I went to the war as
a first lieutenant in the Clinch Rifles,
from Augusta. AVe were at Pensacola, |
Florida. I was going over to the navv ;
yard one day when I met Perkins, who I
had a little snake in his hands. He j
was holding the snake by the tail. It
was reaching up its head and biting !
him on the back of the hand, j
Tf. lnnkpfl like ;i carter-snake. I asked 1
o
him if lie was not afraid, to let the I
snake bite him so. lie said that he
was not; that it was only a garter- j
snake. The snake was not more than j
a foot and a half in length: Perkins J
went on to camp. He went into his j
tent and was not found until the poi-:
son had taken hold of his system. The !
snake proved to be a species of cobra, I
and that evening the man died. The :
snake was sent to Augusta and preserved
in alcohol. In explanation of 1
the man's conduct I can say that the j
! man had boarded in Augusta with Dr. {
Dearing, who was a snake fancier, and j
his familiarity with the snakes there !
had made him bolder than he other-;
wise would have been. He was mis- i
taken in the species of the snake." 1
Pioneer Life in Wisconsin.
Judge D. J. Pulling, in an address at|
Green Bay, Wisconsin, gave the fol-1
lowing interesting reminiscences of
pioneer life in tliat State^^Sss^'ere
without the luxuries of lifeTalthough
we had sufficient for our necessities.
"We had pork in plenty. True, it was
fattened on acorns, and five pounds
would fry into one, but it was cheap,
and I have sold it for ?1.50 per 100
pounds; and we had corn-meal and
flour, and sometimes groceries; we had
sometimes sugar but usually molasses.
On one occasion molasses was very
plenty in my neighborhood. When I
came into this county, the law business
was not very flourishing. There
were but few settlers, and they were
peaceably inclined, and to get a living
I kept a store at Fox Lake. Customers
were scarce, and I spent much of
my time in reading. One day a little girl
came for some molasses. I set the measure
under the faucet, and as it was thick
and ran slow, I sat down to my reading
to wait for it. I got absorbed in
the book, and the little girl was too
timid to say anything to me, and how
long I read I don't know, but when I
JIZA ?.a4- rt-ri?fA Vvq/>V TWYm
UIU gcu up OJJ.U gU JLUW vuv k'wvtt
the molasses oa-the floor was. oyer my
shoe tops; from that circumstance
came the expression, "Let the molasses
run." We lived in log-houses
and the most of us used oxen, but our
hearts were as big as our oxen and our
sympathies as broad as our prairies.
Our latch-string was always on the
outside to the wayfarer and to our
neighbor, and in our social relations
there was that heartiness which would
now be looked for in vain; all were
welcome to our table and a bed, albeit
the bed was often on the floor. Indeed,
so open was the hospitality that
the doors were never locked, and
the people were so honest that thefts
were unknown. I have many
times got up in the morning and
?^ ocl onn /\y\ vnr
CVCjUL iUUilU. JLLLVUCLLI.O V/JUfc AXIJ
kitchen floor. And then the' friendly
relations among us?how can I describe
them ? We seemed to be all one
family, and the cares and woes of one
were felt by alL No bickerings or
backbiting, such as follow in the train
of what is called " refined society," but
a hearty effort on the part of all to
help one another; and yet the people
who settled this county were as cultured
and refined as any of this or any
other day. In the poorest shanty you
often found books of science and literature
of the highest order, and even
the piano, and those long winter evenings,
when the horses would be harriPCQPd
nr "Rnr.k and Bricrht voked ud
to the sled, and the whole family, and
oftentimes some of the neighbors, pile
on and go off several miles to visit
friends and sit and talk of our prospects
and our trials, or crack jokes
upon each other until the " wee small
hours," or when we hitched up the
team to go to market or to the mill we
carried a grist for everybody, and did
errands for the whole neighborhood.
And then the good old times when
we started with our grain to market
at Milwaukee one hundred miles away;
after the first day there would be a
long siring ul teams, pciiiaps oiaoj uj.
seventy or 100, and when we stopped
at the hotel for the night the stories
that would be told and the pleasures
that were had were simply indescribable.
I am reminded of what our
uncle, Ben Kogers, said to me the other
day : . " Away with your railroads;
there never was such times as that
when you could get supper, breakfast
and lodging and horses fed over night
for six bits and whisky free. But
whisky was not used as it is now; the
old settlers took it as a medicine, and
sometimes tliey took it in a way that
one of our old settlers did upon occasions.
I do not like to tell his name,
but for convenience we will call him
Sam. Sam was once in his life drunk,
and I guess only once. He was over
to Clark Walker's or Knox's, or somewhere,
to chat and spend the evening.
They had found a bee-tree in the woods
near the lake, and had brought
the honey home. They made some
metheglin, and having a little whisky
in the house in case of sickness, they
put some of it in the mixture. The
honey so overcame the whisky, and
being wholly unaccustomed to the use
of it, Sam drank more than he could
walk under, but nevertheless he started
for home, hoping the effect would pass
off before he got there, but it didn't.
His wife was in bed, and Sam crept
into the house as quietly as possible,
took off his clothes and his boots without
noise, and got into bed. He was
just congratulating himself that his
wife would never know anything
9 Km it it "tvhpn shp said* " whv Sam
what on earth is the matter? You
have come to bed with jour hat on!"
Sam had taken off everything but his
hat. But it would not be true to say
that a pioneer's life was one of unbroken
joy. There was toil and labor,
a house and fences must be built, a
farm cleared or broken, and provisions
and clotliing to be provided, and many
times, too, we were attacked with that
most miserable of all diseases called
homesickness.
Apprentices.
One of the best carpenteis in New
York, who owns his shop and does a
large business, said:
It is scarcely an exaggeration to
say that the race of good workmen is
dying out, and that were it. not for
the emigration of foreign workmen
we would be at a loss for men to do
even the commonest jobs. The best
workmen do not come here at all, finding
enough to do at home, so that those
we do find are not such workmen as
we had twenty years ago ; but at least
they are better than the men who have
failed to learn a trade here. The
newspapers say that men do not
r-t OVO V\A _
JELUUW tllClX liauto uv? auoj o ;
cause there is no such thing
as apprenticeship, and the reason
we have no apprentices is that the
trades unions will not allow more than
one or two apprentices in each shop for
fear of too much competition in the
future. There was an attempt some
ears ago to restrict the number of apprentices,
and I believe that in Chicago
the boss masons are allowed but two
apprentices, whether they employ live
men or fifty. But all such rules are
useless here because it is not in the
shopowner's interest to liave any apprentices
at all. There is no such thing
as a legal apprenticeship bond between
a boy more than sixteen years of age
and an employer; consequently a boy
who is taught something useful in a
shop will leave when he can get half a
dollar more a week in some other
place. A boy will not stay in a shop
for more than a year without pay; we
have to pay them for allowing themselves
to be taught a trade. As boys
are usually not worth - their salt in a
rarnenter's shoo we do without them.
I have not had a boy for years, and
will not until the law frames an apprenticeship
indenture which will insure
me some return for the trouble of
teaching apprentices. The consequence
is, that boys pick up a trade in a superficial
way instead of learning it.
Among the plumbers it is somewhat
different, because every plumber has a
helper, who, beginning as a boy, scon
learns the trade, if he is bright.
A Gypsy Dance in Malaga. .
At last the moment for the flamttvio
arrives. The leader begins to beat monotonously
on the boards, just as our
Indians do with their tomahawks, to
set the rhythm; the guitars strike into
their rising and falling melancholy
strain. Two or three women chant a
weird song, and all clap their hands in
a peculiar measure, now louder, now
fainter, and with pauses of varying
length between the emphatic reports. M
The dancer has not yet risen from her
seat; she seems to demand encourage- .
ment. The others call out, " Oiler'
(a gypsy word for " Bravo!") and smile
and nod their heads at he: to df&w her
on. All this excites in you a livelier
curiosity, a sort of suspense. " What - A
can be coming now?" you ask. Fi
nauy sue gets up, smuu^ u<ui >m?ufully;
a light comes into her eyes; she
throws her head back, and her face is
suffused with an expression of daring,
of energy and strange pride. Perhaps
it is only my fancy, but there seems to
creep over the woman at that instant.
a reminiscence of far-off and mysterious
things; her face, partially lifted,
seems to catch the light of old traditions,
and to be im bued with the spirit of
something belonging to the past which
she is about to revive.; ^eir arms, ace. .
thrown upward, she snaps her fingers, ~ '*?
and draws them down slowly close before
her face as far as the waist, when, .
with an easy waving sideward, the
" pass" is ended, and the arms go up
again to repeat me muvcmcuu uu . .-ybodv,
too, is in motion now, only
slightly, with a kind of vibration; and
her feet, unseen beneath the flowing ' ^
skirt, have begun an easy, quiet, re- '^jgj
pressed rhythmical figure. So she advances,
her face always forward, and
goes swiftly around a circle, coming c
back to the point where she began
without appearing to step. The mu-r
sic goes on steadily, the cries of her*
companions become more animated,
and she continues toexcute that queer,
aimless, yet dimly beckoning gesture
with both arms, never remitting it or
cnonninor nf her filHTftrS. in fact.
until she has finished the whole affair.
Her feet go a little faster: you can
hear them tapping the floor as they
weave upon it some more complicated
measure. But there is not the
slightest approach to a springing tendency.
Her progress is sinuous; she
jglides and shuffles, her soles quitting
the boards as little as possible, something
between a clog dance and a
walk, perfect in time, with a complexity
in the exercise of the feet demanding
much skilL She treats the performance
with great dignity; the intensity
of her absorption invests it
with a something almost solemn.
Forward again! She gazes intently
in front as she proceeds, and again as
she floats backward, looking triumphant,
perhaps with a spark of latent^
mischief in her eyes. She stamps
harder upon the floor; the sounds follow
like pistol reports. The regular
clack, clack, clack of the smitten hands
goes on about her and the cries of the
rest increase in zest and loudness.
" Olle! oUe!"
" Bravo, my gracious one!"
" Muy bien! muy bien!"
" Hurrah! Live the queen of the
ants r shouts the leader. And the au- .
dience roars at his eccentric phrase.
The dancer becomes more im- ??^gjg8
passioned, but in no way more violent
TTor h/vlv does not move above the -
hips. It is only the legs that twist
and turn and bend and stamp, as if
one electric shock after another were :'-^l
being sent downward through them.
Every few minutes her activity passes
by some scarcely noted gradation into a
subtly new phase, but all these phases are
bound together by a certain uniformity
of restraint and fixed law. Now she 5|
almost comes to a stand-still, and then, ,^0
we notice a quivering, snaky, shudder- >^j
ing motion, beginning at the shoulders
and flowing down through the whole
body, wave upon wave, the dress
drawn tighter with one hand showing
that this continues downward to her
feet. Is she a Lamia in the act of undergoing
metamorphosis, a serpent or
a woman ? The next moment she is \ M
dancing, receding?this time with
smiles and with an indescribable air of
- . * i
invitation in xne tossing 01 ner arms.
But the crowning achievement is
when the hips begin to sway, too, and,
while she is going back and forward,
execute a rotary movement like that
of the bent part of an augur. In fact,
you expect her to bore herself into the
floor and disappear. Then all at once
the stamping and clapping and the
twanging strings are stopped, as she
ceases her formal gyrations; she walks
back to her seat like one liberated from
a spell; and the whole thing is over.?
George P. Lathrop, in Harper.
Mushrooms in the Ear.
J.L VY <K3 lUJJg CLo'J U1SWYC1CVI blltio
every parasite was troubled with
other parasites. The flea bites the dog,
a smaller bug bites the flea, and so on,
indefinitely. More recent investigations
revealed the fact that many diseases
were caused by fungi, which is
either inhaled or becomes attached to
the body. Throat diseases and catarrhal
affections are often caused in this
way. More recently it has been discovered
that the cavity of the human
ear is a most favorable place for the
propagation of fungus growths. The
funsri. which is known bv the techni
cal name of aspergillus nigra, are per- .
feet mushrooms, with whitish stalk
and black head- They are so small
that it requires a microscope of a
power sufficient to magnify three liun- """
dred times to render their forms clear
and distinct. The growth spreads
around the walls of the auditory canal
and over the ear-drum, causing itching
and dullness of hearing. The
growth is strengthened by the use of
oil or water in the ear, and there is no
doubt but many of those who suffer
Af V?oorirtrr oro roicinrr 1
IHJIU UUiiUCtX? vyx c?* v x
crop of mushrooms in their ears, ;md
their efforts to " soften the wax " are
the most potent means of increasing
the trouble.
The Oldest California "Vineyard.
The oldest vineyard in California is
the San Jose vineyard, situated under
the mountains in Santa Barbara ccunty,
between Goleta and San ilarcos
pass. It was the property of the
church up to 1853, when it was sold
, by the archbishop of the Los Angeles
diocese to an eccentric old pioneer
named James McCaffrey, who, with
his sons, now cultivates the old vines,
producing annually about eight thousand
gallons of the best vintage. One
of the strangest things to be mentioned
concerning this ancient vineyard
is this: It bas not been plowed
or cultivated tor thirty years. It produces
a good crop of wild oats for hay
year after year, but no plow is permitted
to disturb the soiL The old man
declines to explain how he never fails
to have a full crop while his neighbors
have none. Here upon the sides of an
ancient old adobe building is a vine
which, starting near the door, divides
and sends a branch in opposite directions,
and after making a circuit of the
building, more than one hundred feet,
both ends have been grafted together,
forming a complete hoop around the
! building.?San Francisco Alta.

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