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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 01, 1882, Image 1

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WEEHiY EDITION. WIXNSBOEO, S. C., WEDK^SDAY, NOVEMBEE 1, 1882. ESTABLISHED IN 1844.
The Poet's KItsI.
Across my lap the baby lies,
The soul-light dawning in his eyes:
I, bending, turn aside to look ^
i Adown the pages of my book.
"With flash of thought and fair conceit,
y/ The fair lines run on rhythmic feet;
And sparkling fancies gem the brink
Of this clear well from -which I drink.
But sudden, all the poet's skill
Is dimmed by something sweeter still,
And all his dreamings, high and grand,
? Lie hid beneath a baby's hand.
jh I stoop to kiss its dimpled grace,
j. torn 10 reaa my aarnng's race,
"While falls unheeded to the floor
The broken spell which binds no more.
O glow of wit! 0 prayer of saint!
O brightest picture pen can paint!
0 golden rhythmic rise and fall!
My little love is worth you all.
For soaring thought and winged word,
That pierce the sky like flight of bird,
May bring the joys of Heaven more near,
But Heaven itself is with me here!
?Mrs. il. E. Blake.
TOM GALWAY.
As a-general thing we believe that:
there are few truly sublime natures, and
that this is true is due to the fact that
so few cases of true sublimity are surrounded
by circumstances calculated to
bring them into the general notice of ;
the world. There are widely different
ideas, too, as to what constitutes a truly :
sublime nature.
I happened to be a personal friend
of the man of whom I am going to
write, and I know that but for my pen
he would have lived and died unknown
outside of the small circle in which he
moved. He was an artist by nature
frnm fnrr>p nf r?irr>nm
stances?lack of confidence in liimself I
in the first place?and failure by no j
fault of his own, when the opportu-I
nity came that would have placed him i
where he presumably belonged- At
the time when young Galway and I
were fast friends and shared the same I
rooms, sat at the same table, walked j
together, rode together, and in fact j
were so inseparable that we came to be i
called "the twins," I was struggling |
along toward a mediocre fame as a literary
man, and Tom was using a paint
brush alternately on the neigh-1
boring houses and a large can
vas stretched across one of our
rooms?the former for bread, the latter
for fame. In those days Tom had a
widowed mother and young sister to
support, and it was hard enough to
make both ends meet. Tom's mother
and sister occupied the first floor of the
dwelling and our rooms were above. j
Tom and I had lived together for about:
three years, and he had begun three or i
four pictures, destined to make him !
famous, as we both though^, and had :
given them up and daube$ them all!
out again because he hadn'* sufficient |
confidence in his talents to believe he I
could ever succeed, when I one day be-!
*- V<UJUO CHs<?U?UJJ.</dL ?> iUU JLAUg-U. \J ^ mi?y Ckt j
young actor of whom I at once became \
an admirer, and forthwith introduced
him to Tom. Tom was as bad as I, and !
i- it wasn't long till our new acquaint-;
with, us and we
M causfe^S^ndl to be demonstrated |
Tom and I were both rather sedate i
Wj; and grave, while Hugh was as unlike us
as it was possible to be almost. Vivacious,
w ittv, quick at repartee, he was :
a fine type of the whole-souled, gener-'
ous Irishman. His ambition towered j
nroi- /mrc is a cfjirHv f nll-crrnwn nalr !
towers over the sapling of tender j
growth. Booth, McCullough, Irving I
were to appear as pygmies beside
O'Xeill when he should have attained
his full growth in fame. His
sanguine temperament acted like ?
tonic upon Tom. He seemed to flour- j
? ish and develop under it until it did :
I my heart good, and I congratulated I
* myself upon having been the means of
bringing them together. I have lived
to wish that I might have died before
I ever saw Hugh O'Xeill, although I
Invpd him as loner as T knew him. and
love him yet, though our paths have ;
diverged and I have not seen him for
I7 years.
Tom began his grand picture'?the ;
grand picture?soon after he cams under
Hugh's influence, and I was rejoiced
to see how he seemed to feel in-.
spiration under Hugh's glowing
pictures of what he was capable of j
accomplishing if he tried. I have
reason to believe, however, that even ,
Hugh's influence would have failed at j
a certain stage of Tom's work .but for j
something else that occurred about the j
a time the huge canvas began to assume j
l some dim outlines of a picture. There!
was nothing startling in the last occur-:
gjr rence; it was only a new arrival?or I
_ rather, three new arrivals in our im- j
mediate neighborhood?just across the
jr- street, in fact. A middle-aged man of j
y rather commanding appearance; a
motherly-looking woman, his wife, and
a young lady. Tom and I having
ffiia orrtrol lofo f\na ovt?n
TT iVUVOOV.\.\ VilV auw vuv v > vu
iL ing, crossed over and passed the
f/k house after dark, and read
the- door-plate (which had been nailed
on within a hour after the new neighbqg>
had taken possession) by the light
t ofle street lamp. "VVe made it out to
btf horn borough?a rather high-soundk
ing name?and discovered the letters :
|K M. D. immediately following it, and ;
^ that is how we came first to know that
he was a physician.
Tom had noticed the young lady
jnore particularly than I had, and dis
'^ayed an absurd anxiety to see her j
' again. He stood at tl.e window njornfc
ings and evenings for a week, and was
r\ rewarded by a glimpse of her once or
\ twice, and I was really astonished to j
? hear him gush about her appearance, !
# for he had never paid any attention to :
the half dozen other girls on the block :
fib' ? . I1U dUIiiii C\1 ill 111. JL lW> OC1 t uu~ i
JZ concerned myself, for to tell the truth
RL I had begun long before to take an interest
in Tom's sister, who was just i
budding into womanhood. I remon-;
strated when Tom got to neglecting
JL \ his picture to stand at the window and
gaze across the street.
"There ar? half a dozen other girls
U mjjf on the block, Tom, and, as far as I can
B WP judge, much prettier than this one. 1
Besides, she is the daughter of a physician,
and I doubt whether she would
care tojnake the acquaintance of a
S. mere m^hanic."
jf I was mistaken in my estimate, how-1
?,n~ ^
^ ever, ior ine aocior was irony a
$ man of good common sense and a
model upon which his family shaped :
their ways. Tom embraced the first!
opportunity to get acquainted with
KS Annie Thornborough, and Hugh and I, j
who were usually the leaders, were only
tail to Tom's kite in this instance, and
trailed along after him and felt a little
insignificant when he introduced us
two or three days after he had formed
acquaintance. There was nothing ;
';rticularly attractive about Miss j
orough to me. She had large !
^^trains't ""?soulful. I remember Tom
I ? n.o rofKor ton_ 1
'h an anL* "1<usc muuiui i
. .^etnsr I admitted, when
k^>ns,; rrl\e idea; brown hair,
mk. ,T a golden tint?
-o4,
mk \
Ml
HKSHBL
j though there I rebelled and declared j
that I thought it decidedly reddish, j
much to his disgust?and a form which |
I pronounced pretty, without any j
prompting from Tom. She was a lady- j
like, very pleasant and rather quiet |
girl, but I really never thought her j
worthy of comparison with little Xel- j
i lie Gal way?still I admit a prejudice. I
| actually believe Tom hated his trade
from the day he became acquainted
with Annie, for he had a very exalted j
opinion of her, and when he grew:
to love her, as he. soon did, j
he thought her altogether too!
good for a mechanic's wife.
You and I can afford to moralize |
upon a mechanic's worth, but really I j
expect we would have been much like j
Tom. It was rather a sudden attach- j
ment on his part, but I think he had a j
good appreciation of her worth and j
admired her character before he loved !
her?which is frequently not the case, j
you know.
The immediate result of the matter;
was that Tom kept us awake nights
till 12 o'clock and often later talldng
about his future and praising Annie?
for we had no secrets from each other
then?while a mountain, a river, a
bridge, several trees and a number of
soldiers gradually put in an appearance
on the canvas stretched across ;
our largest room, which he called his
studio. Tom's ideas were rather grand,
ctJUU. X U.U11 0 blliJlll lie cvci nyiacu uii |
a canvas less than six by ten, and liis
pieces were all historical. The longer
he knew Annie Thornborough the
more absorbed he became in that picture,
and he went less and less frequently
across the way, for his visions
of the future compared so unfavorably
with the actual present that he grew
to think that somehow she would be
contaminated by association with a
plodding workingman, when she
was to be the wife of a
T Aan'f- f K i n lr ovor
.LCll-I.1V/llO <11 UlOW. JL UVU V VMAJUh**. MV V/ V VI.
doubted that she would marry him,
and I am inclined to think she had
given him some encouragement, for I
can scarcely conceive such sublime
egotism of him as must have been the
case otherwise. " It is astonishing to
me that I have so long remained a mechanic,"
he would say, *' when I was
all the time possessed of the divine
afflatus, but I suppose it required some
grand object to develop it."
I would have been a little amused at
this, but that I saw he was terribly in
earnest, and also that the picture was
certainly aeveiopmg into sometmng
far above anything he had ever attempted
before. Hugh O'Neill went
away shortly after the beginning of all
this, to take lessons under Grierson,
and, I am satisfied, looked upon Tom's
love affair as a little harmless by-play
and expected the picture to go the way
all the rest of them had gone. On
one of his visits home, when Tom was
away decorating the exterior of somebody's
walls, I surprised Hugh standing
before the picture with a paint
brush in his hand. He looked around
as I entered, with a mischievous
twinkle in his eyes.
"Whnt- frm it wnnlrl hft t.rt
touch that up a little accord- .
ing ; to my taste," he said.
"There ought to be a man fishing in
that stream, for it evidently has fish in
it. There are other improvements I
gycld. suggest, too."
S^j^^alu'a.vs "blamed myself for
not telhngESns^ much it meant to
Tom in relation to the future, but I
think I hardly appreciated just how it
was myself, and I laughed at Hugh's
criticism in view of the fact that a
desperate encounter was taking place
on the shore of the stream, and admonished
him lightly not to touch it if
he didn't want to bring a hornet's nest
VlIC
At another time he descanted upon
its merits as a drop curtain, and this
time Tom was present, and I was
astonished at th>- expression on his
face. I believe J then conceived for
the first time how utterly wrapped up
he was in his undertaking.
Hugh came back from Grierson's
shortly after this to remain for some
time, and he got to spending so much
of his time at Dr. Thornborough's that
1 began to feel a little apprehensive,
for Hugh was a fascinating fellow and
o ivnrtKr nrie t.r>r> nnrl Tnm sppmprl as
if he could do nothing toward winning
Annie until that everlasting picture was
done. I think he intended the picture i
to win her at one grand sweep, as it j
would win him fame and fortune. ;
Hugh's visits grew more frequent, and j
he walked and rode with Annie in the
October evenings until I thought it my
duty to warn Tom, but he was serene
as any of the lovely autumn days that i
uj
One night toward the latter part of
the month he came to me, his eyes all
aglow with excitement that was almost
insanity, and whispered : " I think
one more evening will be the last on
the picture, and then I am going to
show it to her, and I am going to tell
her what I have kept locked up in my
breast, and tell what has inspired me j
to do the work."
" Success, my dear old friend," said j
I, as I shook his hand and retired with !
an irrelevant yawn?something that 1j
am ashamed of to this day.
'JLom ciosea xne aoors uxiu wur&eu i
alone the next evening, and I don't I
think he retired at all that night.
Coming in rather late the next after-!
noon I found Hugh occupying the J
same position in front of the picture
in which I had surprised him on the
other occasion, with the brush again in
his hand. I glanced involuntarily at
the picture and then started back with
horror. This is what I saw : a man as
large as a dozen of the soldiers, holding
a ftshing-pole much longer than any
tree on the canvas, appeared sit-1
tin<r serenelv on ton of the mountain !
angling in the river. The face bore a j
rude resemblance to Tom's, and the ef- i
feet was grotesque in the extreme. ;
After accomplishing this Hugh had J
turned his attention to the battle scene
in the foreground, and had executed a
gross caricature of the goddess of liberty
towering between the opposing i
forces and composing "peace in the;
name of Hugh O'Xeill" by means of a I
streamer issuing from her lips. Her
{lowing robes had completely obliterated
several of the central figures of the
piece upon which poor Tom had de- i
voted his greatest skill.
has accented me. Fred, and I i
? 1 , -- - - ,
feel uncommonly hilarious this evening, i
"Won't Tom swear?"
I glanced at him savagely.
" Who has accepted you ? you scoundrel!
you villain! You?you?. It
will kill Tom, sure."
I actually wept with mingled pity ;
and rage.
"Who? "Why, who should it be, j
but Annie?"
The defacement of the picture be- i
came a secondary consideration in a ;
moment. I picked up something that I
mv hand touched?I believe it was j
a * chair?with the intention, 11
think, of throwing it at him, I
with a kind of idea of protecting Tom,
but my arm fell powerless at my side
for jit. that moment Tom himself
opened the door and entered the room {
with Annie upon his arm?Tom with ;
such a look of supreme happiness upon j
his face as I shall never see again. He j
looked at me and said: I
' I.-"'-- . ..
" Please uncover it, Fred."
I choked down completely and
dropped into a chair. I tried not to
look at him when he saw the picture,
but I couldn't help it. I expected him
to cry out?to kill Hugh?something,
I scarcely knew what What lie did
was to look at the picture, and then
from me to O'Xeiil, with an expression
that made my very soul dissolve with
pity. His gaze rested a moment on
Hugh, and gradually he comprehended.
I somehow expected to see
Hugh wither under the look, but his
eyes were upon Annie. He went toward
her presently, and what
you saw in their faces finished
the blow. Tom started
toward me and then turned
and went up to the picture and drew
the calico cover softly over it as he
would have drawn the pall over the
face of the dead; walked slowly to
Annie and Hugh and said with the
sweetest expression, "I am glad you
are happy," and went out of the
room.
He went 'down into his mother's
chamber that night, and when I next
saw him it was at the close of another
day, and he came into the yard with his
old white overalls and jacket on and a
paint-bucket in his hand. He had
been at work as usual. He never
stretched another canvas. I know
that his forgiveness of Hugh was complete,
and that he took up the burdens
of life again patiently, and therein lies
his sublimity.
If you care to know anything further
of me, know that I am taking care of
Tom's sister as my wife. As for Hugh
and Annie they are happy, for they
never knew how they had wrecked
Tom's life.?Frederick E. Shephard.
Spoopendyke as a Farmer.
"This," said Mr. Spoopendyke, as
he gazed around on his new acquisition
of six acres?" this, ray dear, is
what I have always wanted. A farm
and a farmer's life are the highways
to happiness. Mrs. Spoopendyke, don't
you think so."
" It's perfectly lovely," rejoined Mrs.
Spoopendyke. " I was born on a farm
and was always healthy, though I had
to go a good ways for water."
"I'll fix that, my dear," returned
Mr. Spoopendvke. "I'll bring the
water. Xow, where are my agricultural
reports ? I must plant right off
if we are going to have crops, and
when they are ripe we'll take them to
market."
" I see the report says you naist give
your hen chopped turnip once in a
while," said Sirs. Spoopendvke, putting
her thumb on the paragraph.
" Either that or cabbages," returned
her husband. " I don't know whether
we'll have cabbages enough," he continued,
musingly.
" You might have less buckwheat,"
suggested Mrs. Spoopendvke. " I
should think, though, that two acres
would be enough for one hen ; and if
it isn't, you can buy a load now and
then from the neighbors."
" I'll think that over," replied Mr.
Spoopendvke. " Here's one thing
certain I don't understand. It says we
should test a few seed before planting,
to be sure they will germinate ; but it
don't say how to do it."
"Maybe it means to boil them,"
suggested Mrs. Spoopendyke; or perhaps
you? "
" Oh ! perhaps you think it means
to crack 'em with an ax to see if they
are hard ! I s'pose you've got an idea
you stick straws into 'em to see if
they're done ! Well, you don't; you
put acid on 'em. I'll "get some acid
and drop 'em in ; and if it discolors 'em
they're no good, and if it don't they're
all right. I think "\ve ought to have
some weevil for the pig."
" I don't know where you're going to
plant it," said Mrs. Spoopenclyke, " unless
it will grow with buckwheat or
onions. You can't put it in with the
cabbage, because the pig and hen
would fight."
" Don't you know what weevil is ?"
demanded Mr. Spoopendyke, glaring at
his wife. " Got a notion it is some
kind of weed for the pig to smoke,
haven't you? Imagine its gilt-edge
note paper with a monogram for you
to write on, don't you ? Well, it isn't
a swallow-tail coat or a plug hat for
him to go to church in, neither! You
don't plant weevil, Mrs. Spoopenayke,
any more than you do soap, clothespins
or stair-rods. You buy it in barrels,
and I'll order some."
"I think we ought to have some
lace curtains for the front windows,"
suggested Mrs. Spoopendyke, anxious
to change the conversation.
"Yes, and we want a folding bedstead
for the cow, and we've got to
have a new arm-chair for the pig, and
I'm afraid those cabbages won't do
without a wet nurse!" squealed Mr.
Spoopendyke. " I suppose I've got to
hire a man to see that the meadow
don't go fishing on Sundays and upset
your religious notions. Oh, you're a
farmer's wife, you are! If I had time
to write an index to you and get some
dodgasted binder to fit you up and
with a fly-leaf, you'd make a whole agricultural
report."
And Mr. Spoopendyke shot into the
house and to bed, while his wife, having
put all the oil lamps into buckets
of water so they couldn't explode
during the night, fell asleep, dreaming
that the cabbage patch had eloped with
the onions, while the cow and the pig
had died of weevil, and the windmills
had abandoned agricultural pursuits
and started off through Ohio preaching
the gospel.?Brooklyn Eagle.
The Edelweiss.
The curious and interesting Alpine
plant, edelweiss, which travelers in
Switzerland have so often carried
awav for its local and poetic associa
tions, and have as uniformly failed in
the attempt to cultivate it, has at last
been reduced to cultivation by an
English gardener. lie treats the plant
as a biennial, and raises a batch of
seedlings every year. This year the
seed was ripe July 25, and was immediately
sown in a peat soil covered
with a little silver sand. Ordinary
seed pans were used. In a fortnight
many seedling plants were above the
surface and growing satisfactorily.
The soil in the seed pans is kept moist,
and the plants well shaded from the
sun under the plant stage of a greenhouse.
The young plants are kept in the
pans all winter, then pricked off singly
into small pots in March. In May
they are planted out in a rock garden,
where they grow freely and bloom profusely.
Sandstone appears tc suit the
edelweiss well; the roots seem, to
fasten themselves to it and produce
vigorous plants. A position in the
open sun appears to be best suited, in
England, to the wellbeing of the plant.
In tills country more shade would
probably be necessary.
The demand for edelweiss has been
so great among travelers in the Alps
that several cantons have prohibited
* ? ? f -fl 1 -L _ T X it ~1 1J
me saie 01 ine pianos, lest- iney suuuiu
be entirely exterminated.
Kossuth recently celebrated the
eighty-first anniversary of his birth,
and the thirty-third of his condemnation
to death as a traitor.
WW I? c???r???J??an
' Newspaper Isdixors ana Tiieir twa. j
Xewspaper editors a.re personages ;
| "with whom, in the mind of the public ;
| at large, there has always been asso- i
| ciated a certain degree of mystery.
There is no class of men whose work ;
: passes so directly and so constantly be-:
j fore the public eye; yet there are few |
i with regard to whose real position and
functions more vague, com used or erroneous
notions are entertained, even
i on the part of persons otherwise well
j informed. This is no doubt largely due
j to the anonymity which is preserved
in the newspaper press of this country.
Headers come" to identify the opinions
of a particular organ more with the
sheet of printed paper, and with its
distinctive name and features, than
: with the individual or individuals by
1 whom it is directed, and of whom, it
may be, they know nothing.
The power and influence, with their
I _ i i i r _ .1 1
; auencunt responsiointy, exercisea oy
| the editors of our great newspapers are
j enormous. Thomas Carlyle once described
journalists as the true kings
and priests of the nation. The office
so described is a most attractive one
for young men in search of a career,
especially if they be fairly educated
and believe they are imbueci with the
fire of genius. The commonest mistake
of such aspirants to the editorial
chair is that they greatly underestimate
the attainments requisite for such
a position. They speak of "taking to
journalism " as if it were a very simple
matter, to be accomplished without
| much personal trouble or inconven!
ience, and never thinking of tha long
j years of patient work and varied ex]
perience which will have to be underi
gone before they can reach the
I r>r?inf t.ViAv Vinvr> in viaw. .Tnnrnnl
I ism is now, and is becoming more so
j every year, a profession for which a |
special training is required. There j
j have been instances in which men of
i brilliant parts and profound erudition
j have proved signal failures in the edi- j
! torial chair; while men of inferior
! education and meaner intellectual
powers, but with those indispensable
qualifications?tact, judgment and experience?have
succeeded admirably
under the same conditions. It is,
therefore, quite erroneous for a young
man to suppose becausc he has the advantage
of a good education, writes
with facility, and has a notion of such
work, he can " take to journalism" and
surmount all difficulties, as it were,
I with a pair of seven-league boota.
Some years ago a j'oung man wrote j
to an American paper that he wanted j
to be an editor; and the reply which he |
received is well worth producing here.
" Canst thou," asked the editor,"" draw
up leviathan with a hook thou lettest
down? Canst thou hook up great ideas
from the depths of thine intellect, and
clean, scale and fry them at five minutes'
notice ? Canst thou write editorials
to measure? Canst thou write an
editorial to fit in a three-quarter column
of the paper, which shall be in length
just twenty-two inches, having three
inches of fine sentiment, tour inches |
for the beginning, and nine inches of J
l\n?? '?> A *Vk i / ! /II A AM/1 A AnfVM17*of I
IIULLIUI J.U tUC lUlUUl^, ctiiU. UH vuiwuion
of maxim and precept, six inches long,
at the close?1'
This will, of course, be regarded as
a hit cf facetious exaggeration on the
pare of the editor, and no doubt it was;
but it really reflects certain necessary
phase*! in the work of a.journalist. Important
intelligence frequently arrives
at the newspaper office within a short
time of the paper going to press, and
if the editor wishes to be up sides or
ahead of his contemporaries, as most
editors do, he must have a leading a:rtiflp
rm t.hp snhierf. in the sams issiift
as that in which the news appears.
There is not a moment to be lost; indeed,
there may be scarcely time to
perform the "mere mechanical operation
of writing what has to be said; not
to speak of hunting about for an idea,
or appropriate quotation, or a choice
form of expression. These must all,
in the langua ;e of the American editor,
be hooked up, cleaned, scaled and
fried without delay.?Chambers' Journal.
Nihilists Hoodwinked.
Carious stories, based on the alleged
fear o~ the czar to show himself ic
public, are by no means rare, but the
following account of one of his
majesty's subterfuges for eluding the
danger of a Nihilist attack is, perhaps,
the most amusing of any that have
been published. It emanates from a correspondent
of the Paris Intransijeant.
The inhabitants of St. Petersburg
were lately excited at the news of a
very unexpected event. It was stated
that the emperor had at hist made up
his mind to come to St. Petersburg.
He had been seen with only a small
escort :.n an open caleehe on the .X ewski
Perspective. People have become so
unaccustomed to regard bt. retersburg
as an imperial residence that, in spite
of the assertions of the newspapers,
no one at first placed any credit in the
report. The next day, however, the
czar's promenade was reueated, and
even incredulous people were convinced.
His majesty's partisans went
into ecstacies and exclaimed: "You see
that Alexander III. is no coward, as
pnomipc! nrft.priH " Alas t tho. illn
sions of the faithful and the wonder
of the populace were of short duration.
It soon transpired that it was not the
emperor who was seated on the cushions
of the caleche, but a wax figure
clad in the imperial uniform, its face
bearing a wonderful resemblance to
the features of the sovereign. The
czar's consent to this mockery had been
obtained by ingenious officials, who
pointed out that his cowardice was
daily becoming more evident to the
people, and that it was absolutely necessary
to redeem liis fallen prestige.
Alexander gave in to these arguments
and the figure was made in sccrei;. It
is a nerfect likeness, and the move- i
ments of the head to the right and to j
the left complete the illusion. At the I
sight of the masterpiece the czar is i
said to have embraced Tolstoi, exclaiming:
"At last I can show myself
to the nation without fear of the ter|
rorists; let them blow up my carriage
if they dare."
A Terrible Death.
Rather than suffer unrequited affec|
tion men and women are constantly
i determining to die. One of the most
| dramatic among recent cases is re!
ported in the St. Fetersburgh gazettes.
| The story is that a young man of coni
spicuous talents, excellent character
! and fine position, became attached to
| a charming young lady who could not
; return his advanc es. Foreseeing that
! his passion must be hopeless, he re;
solved on self-destruction. Then, fearing
that he might be misunderstood,
and in order to assure his friends of
his entire sanity, he wrote to his parents
the motives that impelled him to
choose this course. " Her love," he
said, "is simply indispensable to my
life. I die like a fish without water:
like a creature of God without air, I
cannot do otherwise."
In order to test his conviction to the
' utmost, the wretched man fixed upon
; a deliberate method of suicide, so that
he might have every temptation and
I everv onDortunitv to recant. lie en
gaged a room in one of the city hotels
and arranged three candies under the
bedstead in such a way that while he
i was reclining the flames might slowly
i consume his back, until the spine car
bonized and death resulted. Under
I this excruciating torture he did not
j blench, as the position of his body
i when discovered proved.
Gold in Tiny Bits, f-'
In the manufacture of '^welry the
tiniest bits of the preciousisnetals are
gathered with the greatest care. -After
particles of gold have becjpme imperceptible
to the naked eye^-o^ans are
adopted by which they axe-"accumulated,
remelted and worked .over again.
In some of the large factories, where
gold is handled in larger quantities,
special iloors are made. /0he flooring
is double and made of tttfc best material,
and has laid betwesjfthe upper
and lower sections aspllalt paper,
covered with tar. Minute.particles of
gold find their way between, the seams
of the upper section and Immediately
adhere to the sticky tar. It' is calculated
that when the floor of "a jeweler's
shop is removed the gold" accumulated
in the crevices and such places
will mure uia.ii pav me ux. a
new one. Every possible-^particle of
filing, scraping, grinding^; polishing
dust or engraving chips is'preserved
for the assayer with as mueir scrupulous
care as the shipping ofitfre goods
from which they had bee~?;dptached.
The wheels upon which g<Kd and- silver
have been polished, worn
out, are bunted and the 2re reveals
particles of the precious metals which
were mauen to an out me cuennsc.
Sweepings are quite valuable and
would be a material loss to the manufacturer
if not saved, even alter the
workman has picked up every bit of
metal that may have fallen on the
floor. This dirt from the floor will
sell for seventy dollars a barrel. A
Jersey City firm deal in this peculiar
dirt almost exclusively. The caps of
the workmen are often burned,
as are the aprons, after they
have been washed regularly
every week. It has happened that
$23 worth of gold was obtained by the
burning of an apron. Even the
water in which the workmen wash, in j
tne majority oi piuces, issuveu cuuu j.uli
into tanks, whore it is allowed to
stand for a time, a sediment forming
at the bottom. The water, is run off
and the muddv mixture handed iOver
to the assaver. The men often find
little chips of gold and silver :.n their
hair or beard, but these do not amount
to anything if not accumuhtted. It is
told of a Swiss watch case maker how
he had a way of incessantly stroking
his beard while polishing the causes, and
parties interested discovered that when
he got home at night he as carefully and
incessantly brushed out his bes.rd, but
saved thebrushings.?Brooklyn Eagle.
A Duel With llorsewhins.
A novel duel took place in Harmony
Grove, Jackson county, Gta.n a short
time since, between Mr. Hill arid W. I.
Goss. Ilill was the challenger, and
Goss said he didn't care t<? fight him
with deadly weapons, but if Hill would
not be satisfied any other way h i would
fight him with buggy whips. The distance
and other rules to <sovijrn the
fight were made, new buggy whips
were procured and the parties loedthe
mark, about five feet apart, and operations
commenced. The battle ground
was in front of Freeman's livery stable,
in the heart of the town,' and it
was not long until the most of 1,he citizens
of the place were looking on at a
safe distance. Xo one had interfered
and the combatants were making
steady and regular licks upon each
other without flinching, and the strokes
of the whip could be heard several
U1UCt\.S UVV Civ, <XO Ulioj r?cxxu n luuiiug
through the air and upon the bicks 01
the two men.
Occasionally one or the other would
baclc a little from his line, but he
would soon come up again to the
scratch. Whenever they got tired one
would call out to hold up for a while
and they would take a blowing spell,
and when rested they would go at it
again. The fight continued for ovef
three hours, with short intervals for
rest. After the second round Hill,
who had no covering on his back except
a shirt, insisted that Goss should
pull off his coat, which he did, and they
took both hands to their whips and
went to work. By this time the news
of the fight had spread all over the
town; some of the merchants closed
t!i< ir stores and business was eenerallv
suspended to see what would be the
result of the encounter. After they
had worn out sevea dollars' worth of
buggy whips and were completely tired
down they agreed to quit, and Hill
told Goss that he was satisfied.
From parties who saw Hill's back
we learn that there was not a place on
it th at you could place a silver quarter
without touching the welts that the
whip had made, and he was marked
all over in the same way. "We learn
that Goss was not hurt quite so bad,
and was able to bfe out the next day,
but Ilill had to lay up, and it was rumored
over this way that he was seriously
sick.?Jackson Herald.
Brain Stimulation.
Dr. Breunlun writes in the Contemporary
Review: The anatomist is
familiar with the fact that there are
two large nerves of sensation known
as the "fifth pair," which are distributed
to the top of the head and
face, and the mucous membrane of the
mouth, nose and eyes. These nerves
are closely connected with the nerves
which control the action of the heart
anrl nf the blood vessels. Bv their
stimulation the heart's action may be
increased. This explains the fact that
application of cold water or cold air to
tiie face is one of the best means of
reviving a'person who has fallen in
yncope. It is a curious fact that the
;'"ople of all nations are accustomed,
when in any difficulty, to stimulate
one or another branch of the fifth
nerve, and quicken their mental processes.
Thus some persons, when puzzled,
scratch their heads; others rub
their foreheads, and others stroke or pull
their beards, thus stimulating the occipital
frontal or mental branches of these
nerves. "Manv Germans, when think
ing, have a habit of striking their
lingers against their noses, and thus
stimulating the nasal cutaneous
branches, while in other countries some
people stimulate the branches distributed
to the mucous membrane of
the nose by taking snufF. The late
Lord Durby, when translating Homer,
was accustomed to eating brandy cherries.
One man will eat figs while composing
a leading article; another will
suck chocolate creams, others will
smoke cigarettes, and others sip brand v
anti water. By these means they stimulate
the lingual and buccal branches
of the nerve, and thus reflexly excite
their brains. Alcohol appears to excite
circulation through the brain reliexly
from the mouth, and to stimulate
the heart reflexly from the stomach,
even before it is absorbed into bloou.
Shortly after it has been swallowed,
however, it is absorbed from the
stomach and passes with the blood to
tiie heart, to the brain, and to the
other parts of the nervous system, upou
which it begins to act directly.
It takes thirty-five pounds of
sugar to sweeten the average inhabitant
of the United States a year,
or about 1,750,000,000 pounds to sup- i
ply the whole country for twelve '
months.
AMUStt TH? SJtALtES.
?fcwf?undlanil's Unique Industry ? The
Massacre of a Herd and Its Revolting
Sights?Habits and Qualities of the Hunters.
A St. John's (X. F.) correspondent
of the Xew York Evening Post writes:
Among the many strange industries of
the world that exact from men hardihood,
persistence and daring, scarcely
one compares with the pursuit of the
^v:i ~ IIr T V -1 ? 1
uju seui, a cmmig, i oeneve, now suostantially
monopolized bv the Newfoundlanders.
The seal here referred
to must, at the outset, be distinguished
from the fur seal of Alaska, whose
soft coat makes warm the heart of the
city belle in exact proportion as the
face of paterfamilias grows blue and
his pocketbook thin. The creature
sought by the Newfoundlander yields
only oil and a coarse grained but expensive
leather; he comes down on the
ice from the far Arctic every spring,
and soon after the breeding period,
which begins about the middle of
March, the fierce hunt for him opens,
lasting until about the end of April.
How important this industry is to Newfoundland
mav^ be conceived of from
the fa^xuat jfobirt 6,000 men eagege*
1T\ if* ?>0/">V? p/iOcAn of Cf TrtKn'o olnnA
J.XJ. ?v vUVl 1 cvaouu CXU rj UlUU. O aiuuv,,
while the annual exports of seal products
reach a value of more than $1,000,000.
Xext to the omnipresent codfish,
the seal is the commercial staple of
Newfoundland, and deprived of the
animal the islanders would be forced
to bridge a terrible gap of semi-starvation
and poverty.
The life of the seal, or "sivoil," as
the Newfoundlanders call him, is |a
most curious career of variety and
change. Little can be said of the mysteries
of his winter life, which is passed
far up on the edges of the lower Arctic
zone or ice, wmcn, Dreaicmg away m
early spring, floats southward on the
Labrador sea-current. Their gregarious
habit then brings the seals together
in immense numbers, and old
sealers tell of having seen dozens of
acres of ice so thickly covered that
the creatures could scarcely move. As
the ice drifts into melting latitudes the
troops of seals disperse. Where they
(Td is nnrprtflin prpp-nf. t.hnt. n fpw
tered wanderers swim southward along
the coasts of the United States as far
as the Delaware river. The breeding
period begins about the middle of
March, after the ice has floated to a
point some six hundred miles north of
St. John's, the f em ale seal bringing forth
her single young on the hummocks.
Then occurs a most extraordinary
phenomenon. The young
at birth -weigh about five
pounds. In fifteen days they weigh
forty or fifty, gaining sometimes as
much as five pounds in twenty-four
hours. Nature furnishes the " whitecoat,"
as the baby seal is called, an
oily coating of blubber just beneath
the skin, which in ten days thickens
from half an inch to three inches or
four. The young seal during this
period of astonishing development
lives on its "mother's milk and on animalcule
which it sucks from the pores
of the thin drift-ice. The seal fishermen
have half a dozen names for the
seals at various stages of growth.
They are, "white-coats/' "harps"
(from a dark harp-shaped mark upon
the back), " bedlamers," "hoods" and
"doghoods," according to age. The
doghood is the old male seal, which is
'equipped with a thick skin on the head
and neck. When attacked, the doghood
resists fiercely, and the hardest
blow makes no impression on the
tough integument the animal draws up
in folds so as to completely cover the
forehead and nose.
The sailing of the seal fleet from St.
John's early in March is the momentous
event of the year. All through the
long winter, shut in by deep snows,
living in utter idleness and depressed
by chill poverty, the fisherman has
eked out an existence most miserable
onrl mnnntnnftus On thA Int. nf
March the sailing vessels leave for the
northward "to meet the ice," as the
phrase goes. They are allowed twelve
days' start of the sealing steamers,
which go on the 12th of March every
year. These steamers are stanch craft,
some of them so large as to be of 800
tons register. Their bows are ironplated
against the thick ice which they
must often penetrate to reach the
breeding-grounds of the seal. They
are crowded with sealers, not unfrequently
carrying as many as 250 men,
"sardined" three in a bunk scarcely
the same number of feet wide. Altogether
some twenty of these steam
vessels, with 3,000 hands, leave the
harbor almost simultaneously. The
wharves are crowaeci, nags nuicer in
the breeze, and saluting cannon roar
their sonorous farewells.
Now the four or five days' voyage
to meet the southward-moving ice begins.
Keen watchmen on the masts
keep watch for the first sign of a seal
herd. The superstitious sealers greet
as a happy omen the finding of a solitary
baby "white-coat"' on a strip of
ice. Some of them kill the creature,
and, like the ancient augurs, examine
the entrails, professing to know occult
signs showing the direction in which
the seal herd must be sought. Others
say that the direction of the baby seal's
nose when first seen proves where the
herd is, and still others take on board
the baby and keep it alive "for luck."
Ere long, if good fortune follows the
craft, the seals are sighted. The
steamer runs into the broad ice fields,
the deck covered with excited men
waiting the signal to disembark. The
1UC, pel naps, is tuvacu ivi nau ci
square mile with the young seals,
fifteen days old, incapable of taking to
the water, and watched by father and
mother seals, who never desert their
young in extremity. Another moment,
and 200 wild men, armed with long
staves, are over the sides,
and the slaughter opens. A
scene follows which even
hardened sealers describe as piteous.
A blow on the nose stuns the young
seal. Then, drawing a sharp knife, the
sealer, with wonderful celerity, rips
open the skin and blubber, pulls out
the gory carcass, and leaves both on
the ice to take another victim. The
seals have a cry almost exactly like a
human being, and tears like those of
mortals fall from tiieir eyes. Their
wild wailings, the piteous attempts of
the mothers to shield their young, the
bloody ice, the quivering carcasses
crawling often some distance before
life is extinct, and the shouts of the
ol-r* o fliof 1 ujfrrrooil
limrvu tt wikic uv,p^ui .j un
description. Tlie massacre done, the
"pelts," as the hides with the attached
blubber are technically called, are put
on board the steamer, which, if not
loaded, begins search for a new and
fresh butchery. Only the young seals
are killed on this first voyage, as their
pelts are proportionately more valuable,
and the old seals can be left for a
second venture later in the season.
These sealing voyages are either immense
successes or most costly failures.
Tens ot tnousancis 01 aonars are neeaea
to equip the vessels, which sometimes
return without a solitary pelt. But
the profits of one good voyage compensate
for several bad ones. The pelts
fetch in some years as much as four
dollars each, and instances are recorded
where morn than 40,000 have b*en
brought in by a single steamer.
[ A ifcotley and curious lot are the
j men who for a few weeks in the year
| hunt the seal; Stalwart in frame,- used
| to the sea until they have absolute con'
tempt of its terrors, bold in adventures !
i on the treacherous ice-floes, and mar- j
velously skilled in seal lore, they make :
! up a body of men not to be matched
on the globe. Crowded like pigs on a
sealing steamer, they cultivate a posij
tive affection for dirt, and regard it as
! a kind of honorable badge of their ad
I venturous calling. During a voyage j
: of several weeks they never take off
j their clothes, even to sleep. The oil
from sea blubber fairly drips from their
garments, dirt, soot and tar adhere to
their faces in steadily thickening
j strata, and when they finally enter port
to strut the streets in unwashed glory
they are incarnate emblems of tilth
and odor. A night in St. John's after
, the arrival of two or three lucky seal
crews means bedlam for the city.
Honest burghers fly the streets and
look well to the doors and shutters o'
nights. On the ice the endurance,
surefootedness and daring of
the seal hunters are well-nigh
.incredibly They leap from cake
'to^feke even where it seems even a
child could not be sustained, drag their
heavy boats long distances through the
hummocks, and think nothing of passing
a night on the ice far from the
steamer, provided only seal are near.
Their cold hands they warm by thrusting
them in gashes cut in the still palpitating
carcass of the seal, and one
instance is recorded where a freezing
sealer saved his life by heaping up the
! ornrv rarrrtczpa frtv a niorlit. awt Viic n-orn
body. When hunting, the sealers go
by twos so that one can aid his companion
should he fall in the water between
the floes. The flippers of the
seal, by the way, when fried are reckoned
a rare dainty by the islanders, and
are often brought back from the ice in
long strings to be kept for
food. When, as rarely happens,
more seals are found than a
single steamer can load, the surplus
are killed and the pelts heaped on the
ice, to be marked with the steamer's
flag. In that case an unloaded vessel
can bring in the pelts and demand a
certain large percentage of their value.
On their second voyage out the steamers
seek the full grown animals, which
weigh some zUU pounds. They are
fierce fellows, who force their way to
the water and have to be shot, making
the process of collecting pelts slow
and unprofitable as compared with the
capture of a new-born herd.
When the steamers arrive the pelts
are unloaded and transferred to the oil
factories which line the eastern border
of St. John's harbor. The blubber is
separated from the pelt to be tried into
oil, which is used for lubricating, fine
soaps and a dozen other purposes. The
skins are salted, then sent to Europe,
where they are tanned into coarse but
handsome leather, particularly beautiful
for its graining, and worked up for
' purses, costly bookbinding and like
: uses.
The Cause of His Absence.
"Will he bite?"
The humming of the bees as they
sped from flower to flower and sipped
j the honeyed treasures of petal and
j calyx, and the low murmur of the sumi
mer breeze sighing among the locust
I trees were the only sounds that broke
; the St. Louis silence of a beautiful
i nft.prnr>nn in Spnt.pmhpr Thp arnhpr
i haze of Indian summer had fallen upon
i the land, and from the vivid hues of
j the sumac bush to the pale gray of the
: abandoned hoopskirt every object that
! lay so silently upon the brown bosom
j of the sun-kissed earth was touched
j with the withering hand of autumn.
Away to the westward stretched a
vista of grain fields that were laughing
in the golden glory of an abundant
harvest, while the eastern landscape j
was flecked here and there by a sadeyed
but brindle cow.
" T,pf. no think onlv of the future. :
! Kupert," said Beryl Gilhooly to the j
| strong limbed, all-on-account-of-Eliza |
: young man who stood by her side, j
looking down into the hazel depths of j
' her beautiful eyes in a wistful, will-!
the-old-man-ever-go-to-bed expression i
that sat so strangely upon the Chicago i
outlines of his pure young face. And j
even while speaking these words she ;
! turned her left foot slightly, so as to j
shield him from the ardent rays of the
sun, and smiled a joyous, happy, youare-first-choice-in-every-pool
smile that
! told of the deathless passion that en-1
j slaved her soul. " Let us think of the I
i Pnfiiro " olio (wntinnod* " nf t.hp hrirrht !
| and happy future, full of matinee tick- {
' ets and ice cream."
" Xo, no, not that, some other
I future," cried Kupert Mcintosh, a look j
| of haunting horror coming into his face, j
| " I cannot free my mind from this ;
: dread suspicion."
At that moment a book agent was j
seen ascending the brow of a hill. He |
! entered the portals of Coastcliff Castle j
j and went up the front steps. In a
| little while he came back hurriedly,
i unu suuu a w<w on ?*iwu j
some gents' furnishing goods. Rupert i
| kissed Beryl and started over town. |
" "When are you coming back, sweet- i
! heart ?" the girl asks.
" Xext August," are the words that j
the zephyrs bear back to her.
" Why do you wait so long, darling ?" j
" Because," he answers, in tear-;
stained tones, " dogs are muzzled in I
August."?Chicago Tribune.
A Remarkable Burglar.
Af.irv Morris, a netite fourteen-vear- i
old girl, with a remarkably sweet face,
which seemed to beam with childlike !
innocence, was sentenced at Chicago j
to two years in the house of correc-!
1 tion, she having pleaded guilty to four-j
| teen indictments for burglary and lar-j
1 ceny. The judge remarked that it was |
j one of the most astounding cases of
j which he had ever heard. This girl is j
! the most remarkable burglar of mod- j
j ern times, x or uie past two years sue |
| has plied lier vocation, committing in-1
; numerable daring burglaries by night j
| and well nigh fdling the house of her j
: parents with dress goods, jewelry, dia- :
monds and articles valued in all at $10,- J
000. A large part of the plunder had j
been disposed of, the revenue supplying j
the entire family wants. Eight hun
dred indictments could have been j
found. The story of her crimes and
escapades would till a ponderous vol- j
umc. Her mother, Helen Morris, was i
sentenced to three and a half years in
the penitentiary as an accessor}'.
? .
Underground Life in England.
According to Des Monties, the pro- j
posed tunnel under the English clian- i
nei lias icu to some siausiicai inquiries |
which have shown that the number of j
persons in Great Britain who are en-!
gaged in underground employment is '
! '378,151. The length of the galleries I
in which their labors are carried on is j
not less than o$,744 miles. TheJ
greatest depth of the channel is 180 ;
feet, and the lowest part of the tun- j
nel will not be over 200 feet below the ;
1 surface. The greatest depth of the j
coal mines is about 2,800 feet and the j
least is about 300 feet. The channel j
: tunnel will only form about one-!
thirtieth of one per cent, of the total j
I subterranean excavations. ;
81r Garnet Wolseley's Wounds.
Sir Garnet "Wolselev has seen much
hard service and has profited by it, A
few incidents of his early career will
show the school in wliich he was
trained. His first battlefield was in
Bur mall, in 1853.
At the beginning of March, 1853, he j
arrived at Donabew by sea, and on the \
7th of the month went under fire
in the operations against Myat4oon, a
noted Burmese leader. On March 19 i
Myat-toon's stronghold was success
fully stormed. The first attack was
repulsed with some loss. Ensign
Wolseley was well in front of his men
and had reached within twenty yards i
of the hostile works, when suddenly i
the earth gave way beneath his feet !
3 1 ? J T_ ? _ J. A.1- _ i
ana ne iouiiq nimseu at me ooivom ul ,
a concealed pit with a stake in it. \
When his men were beaten back he j
was in great danger, but he managed !
to escape without even a wound,
though much shaken by the fall.
A second attack being decided on,
the commanding officer of the Eightieth
called for an officer to lead a storming
party from that regiment. Ensign
Wolseley at once stepped to the front,
and hastily collecting such of his own
men as were at hand, made a rush up
the narrow path by which only the
enemy's works could be reached. Another
detachmeDt had been sent on the
same dangerous business from the
Fifty-first regiment. It was led by
Lieutenant Taylor, who raced with Ensign
"Wolseley for the honor of being
the first man in. Only two could move
aureast, hllu. me gaiiant yuuug uiuueia i
evidently rushed on their destruction.
Both were shot in the thigh. Taylor
bled to death in a few minutes, but
Wolseley, pressing his fingers on the
arteries of his thigh, checked the flow j
of blood. Greviously wounded and I
lying helpless on the ground, Wolseley
waved his sword and cheered his men
on to the assault, which this time was
successful. When he first fell, some of
his men offered to carry him to the
rear, but he refused all assistance till
the position had been taken. After i
several months of suffering and danger !
he was sent home on sick-leave.
Wolseley's regiment sailed from ;
Dublin on November 19, 1854, and ;
landed at Balaklava on December 4 j
of that year. On August 30, he I
was assisting some sappers to fill with j
stones some gabions which the Kus- !
sians had upset just before a sortie, j
when a round shot dashed into the
middle of the group. He had just ;
time to cry, "Look out!" when j
the whole party lay prostrate j
oil the ground. The round shot had j
struck a gabion, scattering the stones
with resistless force. One of the sappers
had his head trken off and his
companion was disemboweled. Both
were killed instantly, and "VTolseley
himself, lying by their side senseless
and covered with blood, seemed 'also a j
corpse. A sergeant of sappers finding |
that he still breathed picked him up, j
and after a time he recovered suffi- ]
ciently to be able with the help of the |
sergeant and Prince Victor, of Hohen- j
lohe, to stagger as far as the doctor's !
hut.. He then sank exhausted and i
half-unconscious. Prince Victor asked |
the doctor to look at him. He did so, j
and curtly saying, "He's a dead 'un," |
was about to attend to other patients, i
Wolseley roused, and irritated by j
this cool way of dismissing him to the j
other world, turned round and said: j
" I'm worth a good many dead men
yet!" an opinion which was confirmed
when he received the doctor's attention.
A detailed examination showed
that if not dead, he was very severely
wounded. The doctor's report stated
that his features were not distinguishable
as those of a human being, while
blood flowed from innumerable wounds j
caused by stones with which he had j
been struck. Sharp fragments were ;
imbedded all over his face and his left j
cheek had been almost cut away. Both
eyes were completely closed, and the
iniurv to one of them was so serious
that the sight had been permanently
lost. Xot a square inch of his face but
what was battered and cut about,
while his body was wounded all over,
just as if he had been peppered with
small shot. He had received also a
severe wound on his right leg, so that
both limbs had now been injured, the
wound in the left thigh, received in
Eurmah, rendering him slightly lame.
After the surgeon had dressed his
wounds, Captain Wolseley was placed
rt/3 Virr
on a atrtitciici miu uaincu uj JLVUI
soldiers to St. George's monastery, situated
on the sea-coast, not far from
Balaklava, and there he passed som?
weeks in a cave, as the sight of both
eyes was too much injured to subject
them to the light.
How Animals Play.
Small birds chase each other ab eut
in play, but perhaps the conduct of the
crane and the trumpeter is most oxtraordinary.
The latter stands on one
leg, hops around in the most eccentric
manner, and throws somersaults. The
A mpnVans it the mad bird, oil ae
count of these singularities. -Water |
birds, such as ducks and geese, dive
alter each other, and clear the surface
of the water with outstretched neck !
and flapping wings, throwing abundant j
spray around. Deer often engage in j
sham battle, or trial of strength, by 5
twisting their horns together and pushing
for the mastery. All animals pretending
violence in their play stop short
of exercising it; the dog takes the
orrAJit.pst. nre^ftiition not to iniure hv
his bite; and the ourang-outang, in
wrestling with his keeper, pretends to
throw liim and make feints of biting
him. Some animals carry out in their
play the semblance of catching their
prey. Young cats, for instance, leap
after every small and moving object,
even to the leaves strewed by the
autumn wind. They crouch and steal
forward ready for the spring, the
body quivering and the tail vibrating
with emotion; they bound
on the moving leaf, and again spring
forward to another. Benger saw
young cougars and jaguars playing
with round substances, like kittens.
Birds of the magpie kind are the
analogues 01 monkeys, iuuoi miscmei,
play and mimicry. There is a story of
a tame magpie that was seen busily
employed in a garden gathering pebbles
with much solemnity and a studied air,
burying them in a hole made to receive
a post. After dropping each stone it
cried " Cur-ack" triumphantly, and
set off for another. On examining the
spot, a poor toad was found in the
hole, which the magpie was stoning for
his amusement.
The Dead of China.
In view of the myriads of human !
beings which have lived in China from i
time immemorial, scientists say that I
every ounce of soil must have passed
through the bodies of human beings in ;
that empire, not only once, but hun- !
dreds of times. China is a densely !
populated country and its records are j
very, very ancient. If all born were [
still alive they would cover the country i
completely and extend miles into the i
air. It is a suggestive idea that the ;
soil of every populous country must i
represent the remains of myriads of i
animated beings who once lived and |
loved. !
WORDS OF WISD03T. '<$S?
Few learn much from history who
do not bring much with them to its ||
The bell never rings of itself; unless
some one handles or moves it, it is
Philosophy is a good horse in the
stable, but an arrant jade on a
Withour content we shall find it
olmnot oa tn nleasc others as
aiiuv.;</
ourselves.
A life spent worthily should be '
measured by a nobler line, by deeds, f i
not words. ' x'^f
Argument in company is generally
the worst of conversation, and in books
the worst of reading.
Most of the shadows that cross our
path through lite are crossea oy buuiuing
in our own light.
Language is a revealer of character,
and that which a man would conceal -M
by his acts and manner he cannot hide
in his words.
When you are down-hearted and the ' JM
world looks black to you, you ought to
be hospitable enough to entertain a
* ** *
hope of better days.
Good humor is the clear blue sky of
the soul on which every star of talent
*11 ??- ?* - ? -.1?"rViA enn .
win snme more uican^, ?uu </w ouu _ "-~x>
of genius encounters no vapors in its ^
passage.
There is a secret pleasure in hearing
ourselves praised; but, on such occasions,
a worthy mincl will rather resolve
to merit the praise than be puffed
up by it.
Truth comes to us from the past as
gold is washed down from the mountains
of Sierra Nevada, in minute but
precious particles, and intermixed with
infinite alloy, the debris of centuries.
Happiness or misery is in the mind.
It is the mind which lives; and the ^^ggKj
length of life ought to be measured by
the number and importance of our
ideas, and not by the number of our
days. Respect goodness, find it where
you may. xlulloi uuciio hucicyw ;uu
behold it unassociated with vice; but
honor it most when accompanied with l||
exertions, and especially when exerted
in the cause of truth and justice.
Singular Contest in Beauty, Corpulence
and Water iirinkingr.
Among the special attractions of the
festival of St. Stephen, Hungary's
patron saint, recently celebrated at is
Pesth,were prize competitions of beautiful
girls, handsome men and pretty
children, as well as of corpulent persons
of either sex, and of water drinkers.
The prize of beauty was won by
Miss Cornelia Szekeley, the daughter of
a servitor in the royal household, and
it seems to be openly admitted by the
members of the jury that she bore
away the palm, from all her.fair competitors,
not by superior loveliness, but
by the extraordinary freshness and
piquancy of her charms, chiefly consisting
in a dazzling fair complexion,
roguish hazel eyes and luxuriant dark
brown hair, lier portraits win
published as soon as a surpassingly
"fetching" costume, in which she has
made up her mind to be photographed,
sbaTj^^ave been complethe
twin cities. MeanwBue^ffle
prize?a massive gold bracelet, enriched
with a full-blown rose in brilliants?has
been publicly bestowed
ubon her with great pomp and cere
mony. The entrees for the corpulence
prize were numerous, but two of the
competitors so obviously excelled all
the others, when paraded on the platform,
that their rivals retired from the
contest, and only Louisa Zorn and Andrew
Scheil underwent the weighing
test. The difference between them
proving to be only one pound in favor
/vf tttVia tnrnod thp af:
VI. VU\> ACUSAJ II UV VUi. UVN* VUV ? ?
twenty stone four pounds?the prize j.
was divided between these remarkable
specimens of professional obesity. As
for the water-drinking competition, it
was speedily settled. Police constable
Xo. 517, the first candidate for
the prize, contrived to swallow half a
gallon of water in ten seconds; having
witnessed which incomparable feat his
would-be competitors withdrew from
the struggle and left his claim to the
prize undisputed. _
. :<
"Uncle Sam" and "Brother Jonathan,"
The origin of the terms "Uncle
Sam," applied to the United States
government, and "Brother Jonathan,"
applied in* the first instance to the
people of New England, and sometimes
to the people of the whole country, or,
rather, to the representative American,
often proves a puzzle. The question
how the terms arose is often asked.
The following seems a correct answer :
Alter w asmngton was appumueu.
commander of the patriot army in
the Revolution, he had great trouble in
obtaining supplies. On one occasion,
when no way could be devised by him
and his officers to supply the wants of
the army, "Washington wound up the
conference with the remark, "We must
consult Brother Jonathan." He referred
to Jonathan Trumbull, then
governor of Connecticut, in whose
judgment he had confidence. Governor
Trumbull helped the general out of his .
difficulties, and afterward the expression
used by Washington became a
popular byword in the army and
eventually a nickname for the nation.
The name Uncle Sam, as applied to
the United States, is said to have originated
in the war of 1812. An in- '
soector of army provisions at Troy,
named Samuel Wilson, was called by
his workmen " Uncle Sam." One day
somebody asked one of the workmen
what the letters " U. S." printed on a
cask meant. The workman replied
that he supposed it must mean Uncle
Sam. The joke was afterward spread
in the army, and this, according to the
historian Frost, was the origin of the
sobriquet.
A Cnrious Trade.
One of the curious developments of
trade in Southern California is the
traffic in tarantulas and their nests. It
is an entirely new avenue of trade, and
to Mr. Leo Fleishman, of Los Angeles,
seems to belong the honor of discovery
and development, lie began a short
time since to gather these curious and
ingeniously-contrived nests for relichunters
and curiosity-seekers, and as
the trade increased he began the capture
and preservation in a state of nature
of tiie tarantula itself, which he -? ?
does by injecting into the animal arsenic
in considerable quantities. This
has the effect of preserving the tarantula
and destroying all its poison, and
it may be handled with perfect impunity
after such treatment. In cer
tain localities tnese insects are quiws ?
numerous, and the industrious hunter
wi'l sometimes capture two dozen in a
day, and these when prepared and
nicely mounted bring six dollars per
dozen. Mr. Fleishman has just filled
an order for two dozen for the Denver
exposition, now in session. He also
has orders from Chicago, St. Louis
and other Eastern cities, and several
consignments have been sent direct to
London.

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