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WINNSBOEO S. C., WEDNESDAY, JAJNTJAKY^^^5?
?-? ? " t Y^'?^.r'-r -< r - ^ rrniniii;' *i r%; %. ~gj
The Beautiful Land of Dreams.
Oh. land of dreams I Oh. beautiful laau which
borders the unknot chore?<
Whose realms are tilled witli the loved and
lost, whoai we meet on earth no more!
Land where the weary and worn rany rest:
where the kin? and serf He down;
Where the serf may walk iff realms as fair as
he who wearefh' tfce~<2rown.
With the loving and loved of Q'ar youth, we
wander by golden streams;
" We reck not of care, of w<#lth, or lois, in that
beautiful land of dream?.
The maid whom we loved in he'eyon days,
whose bed lies under the snow.
Hits t>aok and forth in the land of dreams
" with the beautv of "lon;r apro;"
Her bright eyes snine with the sparkling
Br glance of the olden happy days?
And. our hearts again renew their youth
^*neath the radiance of her jraze.
We live whole years of joy at once as the sun.
light on us gleams.
Whole vears of 1oy*that have no night, in the
beautiful &hd of dreams.
The love, the hopes and the knowledge vast
that we yearn for in waking- hours
We gather in when we enter there as the
earth drinks in the showers:
We climb the hills of the' unknown land?the
- land by no mortal trod?
Beho!<?the palace wherein our home, whose
builder and mater is God!
And brightlv its walls of jasper shine as the
sunlight-on it gleams; * Its
gates of gems and its streets of gold that
we see in the land of dreams, r
Oh, land of dreams! Oh, mystical land! between
the known and unknown.
There reigns no kins: in thy vast domain, each
dream is kins alone.
- He knoweth naught of the mystic realm,cares
--cot where its confines er.d;
He asketh not, for upon its shores he mectcth
his lonjj-Ocst friend!
Oh, land of dreams! Oh, beaut if upland;where
the suniijrht ever gleams!
May we enter the unknown land named Heaven
from the beautiful land of dreams.
THE MANAGEMENT OF 1IUS
Jt5AJNJL>5. - I
"What are: you going to write about
this week?" said, my' most, particular
lady friend, and I have only v?iy few
of that order. ''The management of
Husbands,'* I replied, says- a writer in
the San Francisco News-Leiter.
"Well, that's done in a very few
words," she ssid, laughing; "give him
the latch-key, kiss him good-night, and
tell him to come in tvnen he likes, as
you are going to bed. and that man
.: .will.be in leading-strings forthwith." .
. I agree with my friend that hors is a
splendid recipe; still I have an idea
that I can give, one quite as good, and
one having more nobility of purpose.
There is nothing living so easily managed
as the average man, but, then, the
wife must understand diplomacy and
~i~;\ be a tactician to the tips of her fingers. j
What violence or tears will never ac-J
complish tact will. I have always i
thought there is something radically
wrong in the marriage tie, but'what it!
is becomes a difficult matter to define j
.when; searching-into bottom iacts.
Men, as a rule, marry women' for love, ;
yet we see every day these one-time
happy doves drifting apart "ami acting
as though separation would be the kappiesfr
thing for both. To marry for j
love simply is absurd. Unless there is '
a large amount of respect on either side j
the flame, of love soon dies out, leaving
a barren manor for the dwellers thereon.
I really think those marriages are
happiest where there is less tlame and
passion and more quiet' respect xnAhe
first place, since there is always a certainty
of love following in the after
time," for we must respect first what we
However. armrfSsino' vou h'ave~~a
1%}^ - whom you wish to twirl
around your little linger, you must first
love him "with all ycrur heart, with all
- * your soul," etc., etc:, and the love you i
? ' feel will make it possible to put up with
all those little discrepancies which crop
out in man's nature when you come to
live with him: for ihe best of men - become
monotonous after awhile. In the
first place, should your husband "be a
man of business, _who comes home tired
to death, cross, and worn, out, .do not
at once entertain him with the troubles
you have gone through during the day.
Do not rehearse the shortcomings of.
4/ilC ?MJ?Y?*UVO VA tUU UiCWVUivaw v* v^s,
children. Meet liim with i-. smile, kiss
&im, take his hat and overcoat from
Jiim, and let him severely alone until
" he has toned down-his irritability with
. & good dinner; after which he will be
?n a position to listen to anything you
may h?w$e to say; but I always- found
jt an excellent plan to hide disagreeables
entirely from a husband's notice.
?Ien don't want to have a repetition of
-annoyances at home when they have so
? many ia their daily path outside, -and,
believe me, the effect of keeping household
squabbles out of your husband's
knowledge wonderfully enhances your
"value as a wife. I have seen so many (
arrant fools fly at their husbands the J
moment they enter the house, and
Li ; there and then give a detailed account j
of the troubles of the day, even taking
to tears as an argument on their side? i
and oh! how men hate tears; how they j
detest household details?and, being
naturally selfish, in fact hate anything
that puts them out at home; and they
are right. The bread-winner ought to
be relieved from domestic jars,
rx - Of all thirgs, when your husband
"v mmw home see that his dinner is well
v cooked. Don't make a row because
"X the meat is underdone or burnt to a
-stick- Rather go into the kitchen your
*self and'see that everything is ccmrae
llfaut Ton don't'know how a man
appreciates a loving welcome and a
_good dinner after the toil of the day.
rut yourself in his place, each woman
who has to4oil fojr a fatherless fiock.
You don't like to come home to a
cloudy atmosphere and an ill-cooked
meal/ You think you are at least entitled
to serene comfort at' home, and
' : - -if you don't get it you rebel. Wbv
no't men also"?
Nothing on earth fetches a man like
a good dmner-and a well-dressed wife
presiding. The husband who can look
forward to such a state of things .every
day of his. life will never tire of home,
/ and the wife who studies his comfort
J * ' - will have little difficulty managing him
according to her will." Men are gregarious
animals, and vill wander in
spite of all allurements; but they are
| selfish enoagh to remain where* they
are best treated, and by taking a little
trouble for a year or two of married
HL. life the years" that follow will, as a
K rule, find the husband always glad to go
ggBT back to the pretty home where smiles
Viim tViA /?ir>nt>r T c-nnlro of
?b17vUW UiXU) iAUU V4AV * VWVifcV VA.
There are many women who object
to bein^ "bossed," as they call it. My
dear Jaaies, you can always be boss if
you take the trouble. By giving in
you ge's your own way as you never
would by fighting for" it And. after
all, it is better to feel you respect your
husband so much that to give in to'him
is not a difficulty. Of course, I am
now speaking of the right hind of man.
There are some men such perfect brutes
that no kindness has any effect upon
them. When you are unfortunate
enough to catch such a one, divorce
him at once and take care how you
choose the next Nine men out of ten
are manageable, if you go the right
way about it, ana one great point is io
act after marriage exactly as you did
before. Argument and" contr- diction
ar3 vital enemies to married peace.
Should you wish for anything particu
m mm , ,,, | | i i ,|, I, an ? ? ?? ??rnrr
larly, don't insist upon it after refusal. \
Of course you must have it, but bide j
your time. Some women are persist- |
ent, ar.d ask: "Why may I not? Why
won't you do as I want you?" and irritate
the man. Rather bide your time,
make.an extra good dinner of his favorite
dishes, put a bow on of the color
he likes, make home and yourself i
sweeter than ever- You'll get it sure, 1
even if you have to wait. Also, when
you want him to do any particular
thing wkick you know will be for his
good, for heaven's sake do not say,
"do it." . Rather drop a hint' that you
think so and so would be a good thing
to do. Get him interested, and then
let the subject drop. I venture to say
that in a short time that man will do
precisely as you wished, he will never
permit you to think that he has traded
the least bit on your common-sense.
Sfow, some women under such circum
stances wouiu crow over me nusoanu
with "I tcld }"ou so, ana now yon come
to my way of thinking." Absurd,
ladies, absurd; never let a man know'
you rule him; yet rule him jn all things
if you can.
I believe that it is perfectly possible
1 to'keep your husband "so perpetually in ;
love with you that he rather likes to be
ruled than not. -Never ask for a new
dress till after dinner, and never press
-your husband to buy what he. can't afford
How many men are brought to
ruin through the extravagance of. a
silly, exacting wife. The reason I say
postpone requests till after feeding time
is becalise man is so partial to good
foi>d that if it is good, and he has had
j enough of it, his temper will be so
j heaveady afterward that in very gratitude
he.'wjll be prepared to do anything
in jhe. world for you. Never be
jealous, ratkout cause. To oe jealous
of the young lady whom your husband
sees home; inwardly wishing her to the
devil and himself in bed, is simply putting
thoughts into his head which
would never have entered otherwise.
At the same time let us remember the
prayer, "Lead us not intotemptation,''
and do not, on any account, trust your
husband with any*one who has not agreat
respect for herself. I may say,
trust no woman, bul trust your husband
till you find him out. If any
young woman goes for him, take the
three-legged stool to her, and make
yourself so doubly agreeable to the
man that he will never dream of lookj
ing at another. Oh, what an easy tiling
j it is to manage the man you love; and
| really they all want managing. When
I hear men say: "I have the sweetest
lit Lrwife in the worlds but she is not
"very affectionate," oiy "she don't care,
to go out with me," etc., then I see
there is a screw-loose somewhere, and
he goes tinting around while she stays
passively home (for the most part miserable)
and not knowing ho w[to remedy
the evil. But if wives-go out with their
worst halves, and take their stand in
this way, there would be fewer heartaches
and less use for divorce laws. I
should like to see my husband (if I had
one) go out every day driving a splendid
team.alone, while I sat.at,home. I
! shouldjust like to sec him tTy it. I
would never, in the first place, let him
get into the habit of leaving me out of
his pleasures. I would make myself s?.
agreeable lhat he would always
* Wi^hi^fast companion, a^>S?5eve me,
ladies/i^ou would j^c-~'rom-janionable |
tn vnr>r sT5OT*e^?9*d them well, dress 1
for them, make yourself indispensible
to their comfort, you eculd manage
them as. easily as a baby, and withal
wlthhold'nbt a portion of that soft flattery
which is so dear to every man's
heart. Man thinks himself strong, but
| oh! hew weak he is in the hands of a
[ wife possessing tact. Hoping my recipe
I will beat that of giving, the man the
| latch-key and going lonely to bed, I
The Oyster's Enemies.
!* "Oysters are attacked by a'number
)f different parasites,"' saiu a Del aware
jyster dealer yesterday. "Great care
S needed, not only to keep their enemies
away, but to destroy their eggs,
imong the worst of these enemies is
;he -drill,' a small crustacean, who is
;u-Dt>lied with a tinv rasp or tile, with
! ivhich it bores into the young oyster
l md sucks out the contents of the shell,
"ts eggs are something like apple or
| pear seeds and are found in heaps or
I bunches. Each egg contains from
j rrrenty to thirty embryos. As soon as
hese are hatched they attack the shells
>f the baby oysters and kill innitmerible
"The oyster barnacle is another deady
foe. This little creature gets inside
;he shell of the oyster and fastening on
.o the upper valve, breeds there and
feeds upon the oyster itself. Then
iere are oyster tube worms, which
aaake their tubes of sand and lime, lie
apon the oyster until they become firmly
fixed to his outer shell and a bore
their way through and feed upon him."
"Are any.of these creatures found in
oysters that are offered for sale?"
"Xo. The only parasite we find is
the tiny crab. That is harmless to consumers,
in fact is considered a delicacy,
and besides is really an assistance to
the oyster in helping it to-obtain food.
But the barnacles and worms -1 have'
spoken about absolutely destroy the
oysters in the bed, and if we occasionally
receive an empty shell or two in pur
consignments that is "the way we account
"Is there any known way of getting
rid ot these parasiresr
' Oh, yes, by great care and clean Liless.
Oysters that have been sent Lo
Europe for relaying have been known
i.Q introduce the,pest, but by finishing
and carefully draining and going over
the beds they have been eliminated almost
entirely. The destruction of the
eggs is the surest way and that method
has been fairly successfully carried out.
T hear that Prof. Baird, of .the' Smithsonian
institute,'is now at . Crisfield,
Md., making a series of investigations
into the cause of the great fatality
among the 03'sters of Chesapeake bay
and its tributaries. Xo doubt that if
he has discovered a new parasite he
will soon find the eggs. And when he
has found the eggs he will destroy
The oldest and most celebrated deal- |
J er in wild animals in the world, JVLr.
j Bernhardt Kohn, died in Kassala et the j
i beginning of August last, in his se~enty-second
year. Mr. jkohn was the
first to import animals into Europe direct
from .Nubia. Quite lately h'j had
procured a large number of giraffes,
: lions, antelopes, ostriches, mc nkeys,
i etc., and had them brought to'Kassala.
For eight months Kassala has been besieged
by the adherents of the Mehdi,
; and since the death of Sir. Kohn, the
: Mudir of Taka has been in CTeat em;
barrassment what to do with all the an'
imals. It was thought . probable that
j they would be slaughtered by the inI
habitants, who were said to be in dan
ser oi i amine.
The annual number of births in London
exceeds 200,000. . v;
Over-Taxation of the Mental Powers ir
Childhood and the Necessity for the
Fullest Amount of Sleep. '
Our Present School System Injurious?Too
Little Attention Giv.-?n to the Studj' of
There are two grades or kinds of map
study for beginners; viz., the study involved
in the making of. a map on board
or slate, and the study or interpreta'
tion of a printed map. Of these there
should also be an intermingling; but in
elementary study, map mating or map
drawing should precede the study oi
printed'mitns.?Ind. Sch. Journal.
It is worthy of consideration, too,
whether, instead of any inflexible
conrse of study, it might not be better
to provide that good work on the part
of a pnpil in any three lines of study
should entitle him to graduate, and the
diploma of the school.?B. F. Wright,
Supt. Schools, St. Paul
You must do something for your
school besides listening to. recitations.
You should do something for which you
will be remembered. Leave your mark.
Stir up the people. Make them appreciate
and want new methods. Put
something into the school-house. Sup
ply its needs. Where there is a will
there is a way.?The Ioica Teacher.
Any teacher can be of some help tc
bright pupils: only the best teacher can
reauly aid dull children. "I wish that
boy was out of my school," said of a
dull pupil, marks a selfish if not a cruel
"? V - ? - -1 2
rcacner, waue a genuine iove iur uut
weak and backward jshows the heart ol
a true teacher. Many pupils are dulj
because they have dull teachers.?Parser's
Every law looking to the well-being
of the schools must depend largely upon
the teacher and his qualifications foi
its success, and many of the best enactments
have been made in compliance
with opinions expressed at county and
provincial conventions of teachers,?
opinions expressed'in accordance with
a thorough acquaintance on the part oi
the teachers with the real, not the
imaginary, wants of the community.?
The Canada Educational Monthly.
"When the teacher has' shown by his
acquirements that he is entitled to a
certificate, then this should be an end
of the whole matter so far as the
branches upon whicn he has been examined
are concerned. But now, in
order to" make his preparation effective,
the true, higher, and more comprehensive
work of the teacher should begin.
There should be prescribed for him,under
proper legislation, a course of reading
and study outside and beyond hi=
common school curriculum. Upon set
portions of this ^course every teacher
throughout the state, and, if possible,
throughout the United States, should
be examined quarterly at his county institute,
of which ever}- teacher should
be a member. Such a course should be
prescribed as to tase irom mree ro sve
years to complete it.?Texc^ School
The tea2?ets~o5 this country need tc
r?es^?e more attention to the study oi
esthetics. Too little attention is given
in our schools to the cultivation of the
aesthetic emotions of our pupils,-^-fo
that part of their nature which is in
sympathy with the beautiful in nature,
art, and humanity. That is altogether
too narrow a view which limits the
word education in its meaning to the
knowledge of books acquired at school.
There is a higher education, a nobler
culture, and a more graceful refinement
than that which comes from the
world of books alone. That system oi
school training which sends forth to
the world ready ciphering, writing,and
parsing machines, but with no elevation
of soul, with their finer feelings
unawakened, and with no perception
of the beautiful, results in .an education
which is like a tree stripped-of its beautiful
foliage,?no beauty, no symmetry,
nothing but trunk, and bare and spindling
branches. Yet such is the education
acquired in too many of our
schbols.?Ohio Ed. Monthly.
The psychology that the teacher
eeds to know is: (1) What are the
conditions,?that is, what must be supplied,
or be assumed to exist,?before
the mind will perceive, or remember,01
imagine, or generalize and classify, 01
reason? (2) What is the exact nature
of each one of these processes? Each
is complex. What arc the differing
processes tliat unite to make each oi
these complex acts? (3) What'are the
peculiarities or characteristics of each
of the mental products resulting froia
the action of these different faculties??
Prof. G. P. Brown,Indiana.
There is no such thing as a new edu
cation, in tne sense 01 someuuug recently
discovered which was heretofore
unknown. No new principles have
been discovered. The newness consists
in the wider diffusion of educational
ideas, and in the wiser and more general
application of old principles. One
of the speakers deprecated the use oi
| the term "new education1' as misleading.
Its flippant use hy every educa|
tional hobbyist has a tendency to make
j .young teachers think that it is a recent
I discovery or invention, and that "there
I is some place where they can go and
' get it ready-made."?Report in Wisconsin
Jour, of Education of Pennsylvania
0?ie of the first indications of approaching
danger to mental integrity
is an inabilitv to sleep. This symptom
nrocnnt rimfe in thf
JLO ]/^wvmv -.w ,
history of acute insanity and nervoui
exhaustion, warning us that the safetypoint
of mental strain is being passed
Any form of intellectual labor which
leaves the individual unable to sleep
soon after retiring is injurious, and, iJ
eoniiuued notwithstanding this protesl
of nature, is sure to be followed, sooner
or later, by disaster. iQ?
Mental activity is carried on at
! expense of brain tissne. With even
operation of the mind there is an actual
disintegration of the ccrebral cells. Tc
repair this constant waste, the brain,"iii
- common with every other oreran of tfe
body, requires rest, and this is obtained
j chiefly during sleep. Hence, to curtal1
j the hours of rest is to imperil the integi
rity of the brain, for the waste will thei:
j exceed the repair. The brain is the
vcio^ delicate and complicated 3truct'
r ~ ixrifh nrnnw
I lire UI LliC liUUiaU WWWJ , TVAMA V* V^W.
care it is capable of a vast amount oi
| labor. No person, however, can afforc
| to run the risk of mental shipwreck bj
I violating the first law of mental hyI
piece,?rest by sleep. Especially L<
this to be remembered by those who inherit
an impressible,onervous organism,
for in these cases of neuratic heredity,
; slight causes, which would have little
; or "no effect upon a strong nervous sysI
tem, are often sufficient to produce
In childhood the growth of the brail
i is very rapid, and its natural activity
j rer\- great; during this period of in
1 tense mental energy there is danger
-that the immature brain' will be taxed
beyond the proper limit, and be nourished
at the expense of other tissues^. I
for mental activity requires a large eae*.
penditure of "vital force, and, if the
brain is compelled to work beyond its powers,
it will draw upon other organs 3
of the body for its support, depriving
them of their necessary nourishment;
and causing various disorders in consequence.
This important fact indicates
the danger from over-taxation of 'the
mental .powers during childhood, and' ?
emphasizes the necessity for the fullest ?
amount of sleep during this period of* j
life, when the functional activity of thej i
brain is greatest. "The more actively
tke mind, says Dr. Hammond, "thew
greater the necessity for sleep." [ t
Parents are apt to forget the need o|; t
brain-rest during school life in their de? [ j
sire for the child's mental advance- r ?
ment, and often censure the schools for [,]
results which are often solely due to r
their own lack of proper care an dp:
watchfulness in permitting habits and
of livino' out of school hours, [i
which are detrimental to mentai and ji
physical hcalthfulness. There are many
things connected with our present j
i school system which are unphysiofogi-< ^
cal and injurious; but it must also De \
remembered that during eighteen hours 5
; j of thi day the child is subject to other <
influences which, although different in *
character, may be capable of causing 1
quite as much injury as those arising
' from the public schools. Improper hy- *
t ^ienic conditions and bad habits of (
: living are by no means confined to the :
dailf session of school life. The home s
1 life i? strictly within the parents' keep- ]
! ing, and, before holding the school re- 1
f sponsible for a given case of ill-health, i
I it may be well to learn the manner in -1
which the child is allowed to spend his 7
time outside of school, and especially
; those hours'which should be devoted to f
! sleep. The legitimate educational work *
: is, of itself, sufficient to fully engage *
. the mental powers of the child; and, :
> when not in school, he should be kept (
[ as free as possible from over-excitement c
or exhausting pleasures. The practice *
i now too common among parents of per- 1
i ttio!* ftliildrnn fn nncracA in f.hft
fashionable frivolities and (fissipations
of life, with their attendant evils of ov- J
er stimulation and late hours, cannot >
be too strongly condemned.
One of the effects of our present high ^
pressure style of living is to cause ac j
increased development of the. nervous t
system, which is sure to be transmitted ,
in a greater or less degree, givingto
the children of coming generations an 2
abnormal susceptibility of the nervous
system, and rendering them unable ta. r
bear with safety those burdens of life j
which, under ordinary circumstances, ?
are not injurious to a well-balanced
mind. Children inheriting the nervous *
diathesis, will be found_jn_jDiir-public
sehoolsin increasjag- numbers in the j
years to con\&rTlnless some radical re- ^
forms iji, our methods of living ;are ef- ,
fectfir To deprive these children of J
>he"fullest amount of sleep, and permit
amusements which encroach upon the ,
i nours 01 rest, or unauiy sliuiui??.? wio
nervous system, is to increase a thousand-fold
the danger of mental disaster
! in the years to come when the individual
engages in the active competitions
1 of life. Sleep is the rest-tsf ,ine. brain,
1 and is never more essential,to mental
' integrity than during the formative
1 period of life.
A Narrow Escape.
1 A Bombay shikaree narrates how he
once actually fell into the claws of a
panther, and lived to tell the tale. Af;
ter describing the incidents -of the hunt
; up to the tame when thev beast broke
: cover, he says:
"I had to w?it until the panther was
within a few feet of me, and I then put
my rifle down to his head, expecting to
roll him over like a rabbit (as Lhad
succeeded in doing on other occasions),
and then place my second bullet pretty
much where I pleased. To my horror,
-there was no ^report when th&hammer
- fell. The next moment;- the ^panther,
'within angry roar, sprang upon me.
Hanging on with the claws of one forepaw
driven into my right shoulder and *
1 the other round me, he tried to get at *
my head and neck, but I fortunately *
prevented tins by raising my leu arm,
i which he instantly seized in his huge I
' mouth. I shall never forget his sharp,
" angry, roar, the wicked look of his
s greenish yellow eyes within six inches
of mine, the turned-back ears, his fetid
; breath upon my cheek, and the feeling
: of his huge fangs closing to the bone
through my arm above the elbow,
i "I endeavored, by. giving him my
i knee in this stomach, to make him let
go. Those who have .ever kicked a cat
can imagine what little effect this had.
It was more like using one's knee to a
football than anything else. The panther,
with a roar, gave a tremendous
wrench to my arm, hurled me some
five paces down the side of the hill
prone on my face, bringing my head in
contact with a tree. Stunned and insensible,
I lay some seconds on the
fround, and the brute, thinking me
ead, fortunately did not worry me,
but, passing over me, went for the retreating
police constable who had *
brought me into the difficulty. I re- 1
member, when I came to, raising my 1
I head from the ground, leaning my head ]
! against the tree, and smiling with a '
( certain feeling of grim satisfaction, :
..when my eyes caught the retreating 1
form of the constable and the pursuing :
panther down the hill, and i thought 3
' the policeman's turn had come. J
"The civil surgeon of the station
probed the teeth-wounds in the arm, 1
! and found that the one at the back of ?
' the arm ran right to the bone and was c
' an inch and a half deep. The two ^
wounds on the inner side, in or close to 1
1 the biceps, were, one an inch and a 1
I quarter and the other an inch deep. 2
' Thei^w^oh4%S^he right shoulder 2
' wewiifol^riousJi^t?: hacf fortunately ?
' j[ust^m^^d thje l^^e_ju;te^ near the |
i- rveyy >few- miaiitesJ-Times of 1
L" ?India. ...... #
_ -r '1 . s
U 1 .-JJJack/ae.fioiQr^^w^j's .m_aemana *
L" tor-|eIOlatts,;.^esei^ jte^eaiest dif1
- A tech
_iuc&l jouoial^gives' this Jin^thgij: Gent
eralTy a"-copper-??Boiler- is used, filled
with-pftre v&teir&afcbrought to a boil.
Add five pounds potassic dichromate,
four and three-fourths pounds cream
of tartar, and 'Jiree^fourths pound of
sulphuric acid. - 'Boil - for some time.
Enter the felt from sixty pounds' to
sixty-five pounds, and simmer for two
hours. Lift and allow to cool, set to
drain for twenty-four hours, rinse well,
and finish the dyeiDg in a decoction
made with thirty -pounds of Brazil
wood. Felt dyed by this process does c
not become white by wear, and it re- c
sists the influence of the aif and dilute c
i Thirtv-nine counties and cities of | S
. Canada have adopted the Scott liquor t
r prohibitory law. _
OUB CRAZY QUILT.
ty Toot?Sorac Useful -Hints for
"X < -' -3
WicPaWsts Come to the ~b'sont In the Mat-ter
of Winter "Walking Boots?Black
the Standard. Color.
There are many methods of plaiting
ikirts nowadays. They are kiked,
side-plaited, single, double and triplg.
>ox-plaiting, ana, what is still better"
or woolen goods, they are accordion-"
>laited by the Hursheedt accordion
)laiting machine with such pressure
hat the plaits remain intact so long as he
fabric lasts. The Greek plak -is
lIso new, and resembles the box plait,
md can be formed in either medium or
arge fold. \.. ..
A simple plan for making a woolen
jostume is to use aouDie-wiatn majeri-,;
il for the skill. This is "passed round
ihe fignre, and has only one seamhat
in the back?instead of the usual
vred breadths; all the fullness, is
nassed in the layers of plait that .fail.'
tt withthe plackethole behind. FarfcT
ire taken in the top of the front and :
tides to make the skirts fit smootSy
>ver the gored foundation skirt The";
ower portion may be finished in any
Icsirable style. " - &_ "One
authority states that Winter'
oilet will have the skirts merely plait- *
id at the back, the breadths being then '
tllowed to fall loosely over a simulated
ikirt which'is edged around the foot
yith a narrow flounce or fluting.- T^his
s the nearest approach to simplicity
achieved, for the front and sides of
nany skirts are trimmed or draped
core or less elaborately.
A stylish skirt is made perfectly plain
md round, and is about two yards and
i half wide at the foot It is plaited in
arge hoiUow plaits, fastened down' at
he waist only. - Over the skirt is
Irapeda narrow scarf, which turns off ;
wer'the hips, is tied at the back, and
adlsroYer the skirt in two lapels. It is
' -pj "wraps and boots.
English girls are wearing long ISewna^ets,
inters, and pelisses of Indian
ed stockinette trimmed with natural
leaver or shaded red marabout bands.
Sn suite are Tarn O'Shanter or Henrp
U; caps of dark red velvet and muffs
o correspond. These caps are a revivl1
of the Rob Hoy and Glengarry caps
n vo^rie three years ago, but the new
nodels are modified in shape and are
nyariably made of plush ' or velyet.
they are also worn with the extremely
ong full plumes which formerly weightid
tbem, clusters of ostrich tips, feather
)om-pons, and aigrettes now being
to the varied and attractive
ist of winter cloaks, pelisses, Spanish
nantles, Russian circulars, redingotes,
md other long and luxurious wraps
iow on exhibition, are shown a number
>f shorter garments which are consid:red
very stylish and are really more
tppropriate for full-dress wear than the
rery long ^raps which so completely
ride the rich toilet beneatft. Among
hese are visites, French jackets, and
inglishcoats made of the richest frise
^elvets,.,brocaded ottomans, plush or
latin "brocade. Chenile fringes headed:
>y marabout, ostrich feather bands,
ind beaded appliques in massive and
>rilliant patterns decorate these costly
garments. Many have the fronts longir
than the tacks, the former being oftsn
one Solid mass of trimming
One of the most graceful ana elegant
>f the short winter wraps is the Renelsha
visite, which has a jacket-shaped
ront with tabs, the trimmings so ar anged
as to form a vest. The back is
>pen in the middle seam of the skirt
>ortion, to the waist, and the sleeves
ire inserted full in Japanese shape.
me moaei 01 tnis Kina is maae 01
vine-colored ottoman, brocaded with
lark wine-velvet roses in a' raised design.
The-garniture is of ruby Ziblin>tte
bands ana double fringes of silk
jhenille. The wrap is lined with goldtolored
surah over a comfortable eiderlown
wadding. The vest portion is
tandsomely trimmed with a silk and
In the matter of walking boots the
jurists lead the van. Nothing could
>e more absolutely unadorned than the
oot covering par excellence of to-day.
So fancy work, embroidery, stitching
>eading, or even irrelevant fancy butons
are visible. The boot is ornamenal
only in its quality, which is of kid,
he finest and softest The toe portion
s roomy yet shapely. The heel, with
lot a suggestion of the "French bend"
ibout it, is yet graceful, and the sole of
;he foot is broad enono-h to allow the
jirl of the period to "set down her foot"
imphatieaily without a wince, or to
)romenade without having to stop at
it every other shop window, apparenty
to admire the display in the glasswund
case, but in reality to give a rest
;o the pinched and rebellious foot?N.
7. Post. ~
HOW SKIRTS SHOULD BE MADE.
In making up dress skirts to show
he foot, the various trimming or oraanentations
must be most carefully ar anged,
so that the wearer may appear
leather too slim nor too full. When a
support is considered necessary for the
rind basques, except for a very slight
igure, the unnatural appearance so ofen
given by such a tournure being
ustly. considered by a great numbeifof
veil-bred women as derogatory to good
aste; besides which, as long waisted
>odices are'again coming up, an exaggeration
of this kind may easily turn to
laricature. Youngladies admire skirts
rith wide long pleats from the waist
md accordion pleatings of all kinds aranged
in a charming ^manner "with
>lain stuff panels" and box-pleats are
ilso great favorites, and extremely
ilj 11511 WllllU HI UCdU UCautJy UUb bug
urore in skirts is the new plain skirt?
>nly so called because it is not pleated
vhich is very full and gathered at the
vaist; these'skirts require rich brocadsd
silks, satins, broehc velvets, likerise
the woolen materials with chenille
ilready mentioned. Coarsely plaited,
>road, woolen braid, such as is used for
rimming officer's uniforms, is the tipop
of .fashion, and no other ornamenation
is seen on woolen dresses, jackits,
and mantles for old and youag.
Jraids of all colors and shades figured
rith chenille, velvet, cord and so on,
ilso metal threads, look beautiful, put
>n in several rows across the hem of
he skirt, or in lengths between pleats,
>r drawn through buttonholes made in
he stuff, as also arranged in loops and
'osettes.?The Season for December.
BLACK THE STANDARD COLOR.
As usual, the black is the standard
:olor. The woman who can afford but
>ne handsome dress a season wisely
ihooses this as always suitable, always
ashionable, and least likely to be rec>ornized
through all possible mutations.
>he who can indulge in several cosumes
is equally certain to have one or
riore of them black, and every well *
.. .. ? , .. ?
-selected bridal oatfi?--5nelxides at least
-one handsome blacksuit- for street and
, 2sexLta blackLinihe .eolorscale comes
red^hiehJnall; its; cint: of rose, raby,
garnetrTOX-Wood?and dahlia, is extremely
popular. Brown holds its own,
with seat^jgolcfen browns and. reddishbrowns
Tor the favorites. ' Olive is also
in hTgh favor; there are many blues,
and*gray b as not yet lost its prestige of
-last year, when everybody wore it.
Yellow is relegated-to evening wear,
and for;this:5s-very popular.- Harmoni)lack
and - gold, -dark- -blue and
gold,--redand- gcrld, eta ^figure among
-Frejstch.f?ncies^and ititliaat i brunettes
array-themselves -dn^-canary color or
a great feeling foisshot^rchene effects.
-Many. of these, are* exquisite,; com Dining
not on] v two, &ut -t|irc^r.or even four
tints. ,an^ .gray, .gives the
.effect ol'a^iinset 'cToudj gray and red
"prodUc.es *t?e^ riew'.shade '."known as
smoked roscrr^dr . and' gold, blended
vvithironzc,- suggests- sl eonfiagration^
brown and" gold, with a-touelrof green,
the ptemage -oP^oiaie -tropical bird.
"?f^ter. tihls _ blendings of "pink
and creana;, blue and cream, lemon and
lrc?e,-netc.: cf^ffiese shot silks
are- broeaded with velvet figures* small
.or jn.edjbim sjaedjin^pjie . or other "of
$heg tones; of the -fe^e^aBd-:iometimies
to" increase the'cofor effect, all the
^shades of the ^otm^work-are brought
'out in the embossed.... velvet figure,
which always on these godds stand out
in full" relief: w- -'
TO:BESETS: ^LD JlEESffiS.
At this. time-, of the year it is very useful
to know how to renew old dresses,
and make them look tasteful, and we
do not think we-can do better thangive
you a couple of models. For instance,
if Trtn V>ovr> an nld -flnwerfKL snotted.Or
striped dress, make this into a plain
round skirt, with a single plaiting at
the bottom. And then, for theover^
dress, take plain material (whether old"
or new it matters not), and .make this
into a high pointed bodice, and a plain
skirt, open in front, and drawn back on
each side under the skirt,; in panier.
style. Round the neck you will then
drape a paysanne fichu, made of the
same material, which you will.fasten in
front with a "Cow of ribbon, and - you
will make cuSs to match for the
sleeves. . j r..
To enlarge a dress that has become
too tight, open it in front from neck to
foot, and cut away the buttons
and. button-holes of the bodice.
Then fill-in the whol?; open space with
a plastron of velvet, or better still,"of
small pinked-out flounces.of some 3j?ht
material; the .skirt plastron will take the
shape of an apron, being wider at
the bottom than at the warn, and the
bodice part also will be wide at the
shoulders, and taper to the waist The
plastron, whether of velvet or of frills,
will be invisibly hooked to each side of
the dress. The latter style is even
prettier than the first, and both, when
made up, look new and stylish, and not
in the least like the usually patched appearance
of renovated dresses. If the
sleeves and upper part of the bodice be
worn out, while the lower part remains
good, you may cut the lower part into,
the shajpo of a Swiss bodice, making^.
both top and -bottom" very pointed bacK "
and front; and the. upper part may- be
substituted by another material, which
will take the place of a full bodice, ajtd
long sleeves or a shawl-like fichu, and
short sleeves for evening wearf or a
bodice,with lace cap and elbow sleeves,
for day or evening.?Godey for December.
The signs are an interesting feature
of Dutch streets. It was some time before
I understood what it meant when I
read "Fire and water for sale." It
~ ^ t 1? n
seems trie poorer people maite no urea,
but buy boiling water and red-hot turf,
with which to prepare their tea and coffee.
If a baby is born, a small placard
of red satin and white lace is hung upon
the door; if some one is sick Ms
symptoms are daily recorded on a little
bulletin board affixed "to the house,
thus saving those interested the trouble
of making and replying to inquiries.
A drugshop is known by a big paintedMoor's
head, and the arrival of fresh
herrings is announced by the hanging
out of a large gilded crown decorated
with box leavesThe
country houses, too, are decorated
with legends. The retired gentleman
seems anxious that all the world
should know of his content. So he
paints in huge letters on the front of his
house such sentiments as these: "Without
Care," "Big Enough," "My satisfaction,"
"My Pleasure and Life"," "Sociability
and Friendship Within," etc.
Every possible occasion for eating and
drinking is embraced, such as the cele/if
ltofr-At'ha.lc Vnrrhs nnd.ithfi
many national feasts. Jnst why, I
don't know, i.ut the drink with which
the lower class celebrate an engagement
is known as Vbridal tears."
These tears make everybody very gloriously
drunks yg |r ; .
Dying in' S^mge Positions.
While coming back to the hospital
we found Ike Green, of my companv,
hanging across the fence dead.. Ha
gave out while we were on the skirmish
fine, and he was not able to get into a
wagon. After getting rested, I suppose
he started to hunt us up, and
while over the fence he was struck with
a bullet, and there he stopped. The
ball passed through his stomach and
spine. He was no. coward, else he
would have faced death the other way
when he had such a good chance.
Several dead men have been found
in hollow logs or behind logs or rocks,
as though thev had been wounded and
- " i 11 1
crawled in mere to protect tnemseives.
One poor fellow sat behind a bi^ tree
with a Bible in his hand. He had been
passed a dozen times and more during
the day by ambulance drivers and burial
squads, but they had ail rhought*
that he was alive. He had been shot
in the thigh, and he had gone to this
tree for protection, taking his Bible
out, he thought, no doubt, that he
would find consolation in reading it,
but while sitting there a ball cut him
through the back of the neck deep
enough to break the spinal cord. His
head dropped forward a little, and
there be sat.?Pittsburgh Dispatch.
^ ? ?
In St. Louis a new boulevard pavement
of prepared gumwood is being
tried on Chestnut street. After the
roadbed is dug out and rolled a layer
of concrete is put down and coated
with sand. This is dazed with coal
tar, on which five-inch gumwood blocks
- ?~ on /\Tv1in<jnr l<?J;h ]
tXL SCli U??X TTiiu c*u v. %****??. . j ?>
between the rows at the bottom to separate
them. This space is filled part
way up with coal tar, and the balance
of the way with sand and gravel, and
is rammed in compactly. This pavement
is firm, elastic, and comparatively
noiseless, but costly.
Where Game is Plenty.
,His christian name is unknown. No
one would take his. note, and he had'
nothing to be taxed for, so there was
very little chance of finding it out. Everybody,
even his wife, called him
"Norton," and that was all the title he
ever.had. One day he called on a
neighbor and -asked him to buy some
smelts that he carried in a basket
"Waal, I swan man, Norton; ef them
ain't pictures. Wherever did .ye- get
'em!' said the neighbor,. taking out
"'nuff fer a mess.','
"O, I was out a fox-huntin1 to-day,; I
was," came the evasive reply.
"Didn't treed 'em and shoot 'em the
way yer do coons, did yer?"
"Noa, not egzactly: hownsoever, I
got'em; an' seen'syou, I'doh^t'; mind
tellin' ye. Yesterday a goed a gnnnin'
and tuk so many, bullets along- o' me
that I. jest overdid the thing and got so
bio; a lot of pelts that it made me pow- '
errol weak an' tired like : aiore I. cum
hum. So to-day I scz -FJS get a dozen,
an' & dozen-s-a "mrf; the Loud > imows,
ami I took jn?t twejve,bid2el^., - Well,
as 1 "was a sayi'n\ I tuck twelve;-, an',
had.got my doaen pelts'and was acomia1
home, contented, when snmthin*
happened. I had. got by the. pond all
smooth, an' was jest a tnrain' round
by the old juniper, when up jumps a
silver grar-atween me an' this yer eend
o' the pond. -BeTunned along sort o'
lazvJike by, the; side o' the, .water a
lookin7j^^<wteJthat I tho't Pd gfahim
a dose o' shingle-nails as L had in my
pockets; for yer see I had fired: away
all my bullets. WeH, I let fly, and in
course I had ter kill him. . .I^skinned
himpurty moderately spry, aai was
jess agoin1 again as I tuk a peep at the
pond, an1 thar lay two ducks, a^sprawlin',
dead's Andrew Jackson. 'Twafa't
plague ,'nd pity to let '-em be, s&eihzs I'd 5
killed*,em when-X shot -the,-Jo?,. for (J
shlnjrleiiails will scatter wus nor.' shot:
an' I waded in an' bratfg'^m "tew ^hore.'*:
They war tew as t fine sheldricks ' Sshu i
see m a picture, an' mv woman sed far
me to tell yoa as she* send. one .,!em. '
over ef she want goin' to hev company
and wanted 'em both. . They are sl lee-*'
tie tough this time o1. year, an'- lean;- i
too, fur that matter, but they.makegopd
chewin' fur them as 5hez .t^Jhv an'. I
recon the company can't growl) yiuch,
seein's it don11 cost them nothing.".,, . r
"But, Norton, you, hain't' toxd infe,
how you got yer smelts yet, ".^id:^the
neighbor, as thatperson. tupaeij; tovgtfaway.
' - v'" ~ ~^^;
. '.^O^when J-wide^oiTt fur the ducks _
I bra^g the jamelia: .ashcze inskfe" .my
trousers. JChere i^ur a-good basiefam^1*
a hqlf on 'em,' an'"purfcv ones, tooSSszr.
Boston-Globe. ': \
-in.-*-' > im ' >! f
An Anecdote "of Robert 'ferec^in?'^-riS^arYomh.
This amusing anecdote jvas^ tol}$ ;
a-few years ago b/--an"intim5fte friend
of the neted <nvine:aesfc - teS j.
It seems, that. Dr, wRobert Breckin?
" ? ' " it'1 . * Li fTjtH#
nage lost rus iarnor m n\s es.~.y cn.uuhood,
so that ids training; was left entirely'tohis
mother,-who -waS- a ! little
woman .witl^ a large min&an<^ori3efi ful
.will ^wer; .cpns^^eatly-,-^e and
her'son Robertfoftenhad-cause for . dis;
agreement, whenJshc' not 'infrequently,
caineMjafc-seeoad ^best WlTen'Tw. was
about five, one of these encounters- oc- f
curred.-. One. day, when^ Mis. Breck-'
inridge was particularly busy, .Robert,.
-of course, ^becme unusually rampag^ .
iops.. .. - - "- His
mother stood him as:long as possible,
then she said, -.' 'Robert if .;you do.
or say another crooked thing this .evening,
I will punish you well," sir!"
She left and heard nothing more
from him for some hours, wheivxm go- r
ing up-stairs,. she stumbled upon Rob- ert,
whom she saw -lying on , the top
stair twisted in the most ncrrible shape.'
His face was frightfcQly drawn as
though in pain, ana'he muttered something
inaudibly^ Mrs. B. became greatly
alarmed, and called a servant to
carry the child' to her room.V There
she begged him to tell her, if he"could,
what hurt him, whereupon he jumped
up in bed, laughed in ,rher *face, and
shrieked, "Ram's horn!?ram's horn!
You told me, mamma, if I said or did- \
another crooked thing you would puniel?
*r>/? on/1 T ViQtro coif) ?bH /?rtTIA
crookedest thing I know?ram's. honLSo
there!" So saying, he got up and
The sequel to the 'story I did not
heai^ but let us hope that when Mrs.
Breckinridge caught him he received
the whipping he so richly " deserved.
Prom what I had of her character, 3
think he did.?Editor's Drawer, in Harper's
Edison's Xew Phonograph.
Mr. Edison; has' grown somewhat
stout these last three years,-and- is no
longer the bony alchemist he was when
he held his midnight vigils, wrestling
with, the obstinate battery, at Menlo'
Park, and lunches, of'fortuitous pastrv
summoned the demon of mciigesuon. 1
asked him if he should .go to JPhiladelphia
to witness .the fine electrical show
there. "Yes," he said, "probably; as
soon as I get my new phonograph -fin- '
ished. I have now in the works far
the finest talking-machine ever made.
It is double-grooved, and will receive
and utter two voices at. once, and as it
runs by electricity and is' regulated to
the desired speed, it will deliver, its
message exactly as it was spoken. One
prime trouble with the old machine
was that the pitch and accents could
not be preserved, for the message wa&
sure to-be turned on orOff .at a different
speed; so that, in singing especial-,
ly, there was a constant fatting and
changing of pitch, which produced horrible
discords. This is quite redeemed
in the duet phonograph* and will give '
some important results not attained
before."?New York Worlds
Death to Prairie Dogs.
Some three years ago, while making
a trip across the continental divide, I
stopped for dinner at a roadside tavern,,
situated in a creek valley; close at hand ,
was a prairie dog town numbering over
500 inhabitants. Not long since I had
occasion to stop at the same house, and
saw that the same level prairie, once
occupied by prairie dogs, had been inclosed,
plowed, and was then covered
with a luxuriant crop of grass. Seeing
no signs of the little beasts, upon asking
what had become .of; thenC I was
told they had been exterminated -in the
following way: Balls of cotton rags
woto cofrt-rotoH TBitli husnlnhato rtf *?<rr
bon?an impure preparation will do,
and is cheap?pushed* far dojfn the
holes, and the holes firmly packed with
earth. Bi-sulphate of carbon' being an
extremely volatile fluid quickly evaporates
and forms a heavy gas, which occupies
every chamber and gallery of
the animal's dwelling. J This gas is as
promptly fatal to animal life as the
fumes of burning sulphur or carbonic
acid gas:?LeadviUe Correspondence
nr.KANESGS. ' , "
The^MLr^s yrSps'in Kansas are estimated
at $150, (XX),000.
Rabbih d:nnage Australia to the-extent
of $10,000, WO a year.'
Mrs. William H.~ Vander&lfc knits the
stockings her millionaire husband ^
may lapgh or weep at the madness
of.jcg^nkiftsl;.. we nave no right
Bridal ea ices aro,soii}etames ,tepi fop "
fifty of a hundred years, and. no wonder.
If the bride mates it herself, she
does not w&ntto throw it awgy, and
nobody will eat it. A
new system of telegraphic' shorthandhas
been-developed.by an Italian. ? v
It is called "sten<>telegrapb," and by
*4 fA cAnn/^c A?n KA
JUi SlgliS tuiitjjjjuuiuj w jMiimi.i ~
telegraphed-. It is claimed that, 10,000
yoiuS per hoar can be transmitted.
A tunnel 5.000 feet in. lengthjias jost.
been discov-ercH on the Island ofSamosItwasconsttncted
beforothe .Christian era, and Herodotus
says it served the purpose fft providing
the old seaport "with drinking
Covington, Ky., hasadog detective,
whos<rbasiness4tis to. hunt np lost or ,
stolen -dogs, ^nd for a <?nsi3eration return
themto their omssts. -This party- .
knows all *hc .dogs., in .town,: is" on
qrnleTriexidly terms with the' most valuable
of thero- "
En^&hrceff eat atrnrueh shorter into.
J. The farm laborer cats- four, meals
a day, and in :some: of jthe tjaronial
halls in England the 'taSles ^aw^ spread
for meals at intervals offour nours
durinyfhe" ffarjg&a eyepmg-.
There is a litfce war'ra^ng between
buttons ahd hob?sr and ^yes oir&tf two
continents^'Worth-iersists in buttons,.
yecy s^ail jo3es,'*$iii; buttons; but there
is an .economy in. materiaLand. jSme in
IxooK^na eyes, say. the majonty, so
the j^babiliQr TS the ''eyes have it."
Sigh;"^vi?w^n',ose\ among wonwin
whose purse isk^j^piiee- being
per tinypijaL -It.pipdQc^.^exqmslte
odor, verr' nScSpEe .the ielSpfcrope, and
3?43^:t?^'*alk;of throwing a
bridge-'o vet the-IS traits of MaMto that
separate % A place
where ,the.chai|nel is two and a half
miles witfe' and 36Tfeet deep is selected.
Two piers* MB ?sffpjiorfr''a- vawfact of
steel raised, to a height of 32gfeet above
the,-Water. . . c .
The extjapplijg^prt^epeyof the
Patch Boers of ..South. Afeica in, marfcmanship'jna^es
them, dreaded enemies.
Ah EngTishmaiiwho-hss been hunting
among them lately' 'says :that he saw
one fire hastily at-a bustard .which was
living about 200ja^ds distant and send
a rifie ball through* its "body; but, as
this did n'o^whbSy stop fee bird, which
flapped rapidly along the ^ronnd, the
iSoer awwwmwHM?WB>tt cui; on iss
head. . British. soldiers dread, with
good. i^asoiV rthet^pre; tpr^taco. these _ -?sharp-shoo
by the idea ; that they are defending
Xhe mystery of the-jumping beans o!
Mexico T7as solved several years ago
hereon tkc.Comstqck Tho explanation
is simple enough. . There is in each
bean a worm whose instinctit Is to so
skip-as toputrt&e bean in motion. The
insect gi*psxnotioa to Uas^iwan by
drawing itself-into aelosecoiland then
suddenly uncoilingits^iasiicS a way
as to strike against the tipper "part of
the cavity it occupies. InSlexico these
beans in great numbers are to be seen
skipping over' the ground under the
trees upon which _ they are /produced.
They thus skip and roll along die
ground until the lodge in some hole or
cavity where they are Bkely. to he covered.witifefiflrthAy.Ah0
fast rains. The
worm-is^aprovdsicn <4 na?3Ere,by means
of which the beans are distributed and
nlftnted- " <r* .
?,- Question for the Doctors.
Every now and then facts come to
light which seem to. conflSct^ strangely
with the theories of the doctors. Tor
instance, at Howdo'n, a -dirty, desolate
villageon: Tyneside,-a -boy;.##* born
who at the time of his, birth Jad the
following extraordinary.. number of
grandparents and great-grandparents
mother;ou the^firther'& side;^ereSearty
and well and so were both.,parents of
the grandmother and the mo^r.of the
grandmother on the mothers side were
active and steong ati&so were both
parents of the grandmother, The boy thns
had four grandparents and five
grrat-grandparents alxve, each of whom
was in active work, earning Ms or her
own .livelihood.... Yet the village where
BnJ Vioorfr atu)
CUCOO hojxp aim u- mim vii i-ni
gjanddames Eve c.iid flouriifols one erf
the most unsanitary in England. Open
sewers run'down^he center of some of
the streetsl Unisi a-few-yeaxsago the
water supply.-^was; from -one snaliow
well Only one solitary scavenger is .
employed on _half:time for cleansing,
repairing and' maintaining' all u?
streets. Houses have been condemned
wholesale as unfit for human habitation,
to the intense disgust ;of .the peo- - .
pie. Yet nothwithstanding alL these
adverse condition^'these families live
and thrive^?^fail Gazette.
The Maiden'is Pctttlon?
In the records-of the ^officeo? the Seobeaxmg
date 1733,. ^dressec^tothe
Governor of South Qirolina and signed
by sixteen maidens:
The Humble Petitiox of Ail thb
Maids Whose Names Ass Uxdeb
wettten: Whereas, we, the humble petitioners,
are at present in a very melancholy
condition*)! mind, considering
how all the. bachelors arc blindly
captured, by widows* /and~we are there- .
by neglected. In conscqqencp, ol this
onr request is'that your ' Exdfelleney
will, for the fuiare, order1 "that no wiaovr
presume to marry -.my young man
till the maids are. provided for, or else
to pay cach of them a fine for satisfaction
of inV^ding^tfrliberties, and like*
wise a fine to be levied oa all ifce bachelors
as shall be marr^-^^widows.
The great disadvantage it is to ns maids
is that the widows, ty~~ their ' forward
carriage, do -snap xtp> the- young men
and have the -vanity to*lh$afc their merit
beyond onre, which is agreat imposition
to us, who ought' to have tho
preference. This !s numbly recommended
t<> your Excellency's consider ation,
and we hope you will permit no
further insists. And - we poorinaxist _
in duty Douna, wm ever pray, m
The entire length of' ti*e Capito!
Building" at-Washington?K Ch, is 751
feet and' 4 inches; : Bad r.tte- greatest
depth is 324Xeet .The area covered