Newspaper Page Text
:'0' ;C " THE
NEWS ATsD HERALD.
WINNSBORO, S. C.
wednesday. april 29. : : : 1s85.
rXO. S. BEYXOLVS. )
TT. McDOSALD. J
It is rumored *bnt not generally believed
that General McClellan is being
urged for the Chinese mission.
Goverxo?. McDaxiel has declined
to accept the bids offered for the new
issue of Georgia bonds. The bids
were low, ard consequently rejected
by the Governor.
; Isaac V. England, publisher of the j
New York Sun, died on the 25th inst.
He was city editor of the Tribune
during the war, but since 1868 has I
been the publisher of the Sun.
It is now.?Scertaiucd that the deficit
of Mr. John L. Stoval, bookkeeper of j
the Georgia Chemical Works, is much
larger than was at first supposed. So
far the examinations shows a shortage j
of about thirty-six thousand dollars. J
It is stated upon pretty good authority
that Governor Cameron will call
nn pvfra session of the Virginia Lesris
~ " = ~
latui-e at an early day to consider the
recent decisiou of the United States
Supreme Court on the debt question.
A prominent prohibitionist says that
his party is already planning the cam:???
paign for 1888. He says that the candidates
will come, one from the strongest
Northern State, the otber from the
strongest Southern State, and mentions
Senator Colquitt as one of the probable
London was the scene of another
dynamite explosion on the 2od inst.
At? otfamnf iroe rnnrlp In blow 11H the
AU UWlVtU^I. V?MW
Admiraiitv office. It occurred iu the
secretary's department, and his personal
unpopularity seems to have been
the cause. No one was hurt very
seriously, and comparatively little
damage done to the buildings.
^ ii -
L 11 '
Fish, the convicted Marine Rank
wrecker, in an interview some days
ago expressed the only consolation
which he had in jail, and that was that
where he went Ward should go also.
Ee is bitter against Ward, saying- that
"I would go through all I have suffered?and
more?if it would clear the
path from all obstacles to the final
overthrow of that man."
The treasurer of the United States,
Hon. A. G. Wyman, has tendered his
' resignation to Secretary Manning to
take effect on the first of May. It was
accepted. C. If. Jordan, formerly
cashier of the third National Bank of
New York, has been appointed to fill
the vacancy, and has entered upon the
discharge of the duties incumbent upon
At a late meeting of the Cabinet it
was decided to appoint General LawIon
to the Rassian mission, notwith'
standing the fact that he was thought
to be ineligible by some. The Attorney
General was of the opinion that
n , he was eligible. General Lawton was"
notified of his appointment _bnfc~ he
v SPnr. a.
conferred, but begged
leave to decline.
-?' . :
i rp >giw
v/ It is stated that the Government of
the United States is to have a new
great seal. It has been discovered that
the seal in use -at present is fanlty in
several respects. A new one to correspond
in every respect with the provisions
of the statnte will soon be
bronsrht into use. It is strange that
the seal used since the &>ur.daiion of
the Government is found defective at
so late a day.
President Cleveland has appointed
Gen. H. I. Hunt to be Governor of the
Soldiers' Home at Washington. General
TTnnt commanded the troons in
South Carolina in 1876, and a made
very favorable impression upon our
people. A bill was passed retiring
him, but it was not approved by President
Arthur and thus failed to bccome
a law. The appointment made by
- President Cleveland is aju?t reward
for the services of so gallant a soldier.
|q> <ej i*
The London Daily News speaking
editorially has the following to say in
reference to an amicable settlement of
the difficulties now existing oetrceen
England and Russia: "We wish we
could encourage the idea that negoiiations
with Rnssia are tending tow ard
the preservation of peace, bat we fear
the reverse. Xo disposition is shown
by Russia to retreat from the false
position she has assumed. Forbearance
has been pushed to its limits, and
nriU hoar little further extrusion on the
part of England."
General Grant has been improving
steadily for the past ten days, and
has been able to take several drives
through the parks of New York. Col.
Fred Grant remarked a few davs ago
that if the General continued to im|
prove for a month he would be stronger
than he has been for a year. Mr.
Joseph "W. Drcxel has tendered the
use of his cottage near Saratoga aud i
arrangements have been completed forj
the removal of General Grant and his
whole family to that place. It is to be
hoped that he will strengthen and
regain his usual health bv the change.
The last issue of the Associate Reformed
Presbyterian announced a
change in its editorial staff, the Rev.
J. M. Todd, who is so well known in
our midst, withdrawing on account of
Tiic labors in "Erskine College. He is
sncceeded by the Rev. Jno. T. Chalmers,
the present pastor of the Associate
Reformed church at this place.
Mr. Chalmers will not enter fully upon
his duties until the first of July. No
doubt the Presbyterian will be kept
up to its present high staudard as oue
ot tne oesc religions papers m uie
country. We wish it continued success.
A delegation of Georgians called
on President Cleveland a few days
ago and urged him to accept a pressing
invitation to Visit Atlanta during the
session of the Commercial Convention,
to be heid in that city in May. He
ni.Amif'n/l frt /lAtlCTrloi' i liO mottmv
14&13 vaiiov/u wv iiiv
"We hope he may find it convenient to
accept the invitation, and -while he is
on a Southern trip, we hope to have
him in the Palmetto State. It is not
often that, our people, get to see the
Chief Magistrate of the Nation, and
trie anxiety is mcruaseu iiuw smuu v?c
have a Democratic one. Let him
i come and see for himself what a country
we have in the Sunny South.
Fkkd Douglass in his address before
a colored audience in Washington
' on the lGth inst., said that the Repub|
lican party in the last campaign ceased
I to be the party of grand mora! ideas.
S In thai campaign they sought victory
| in a way far below the ordinary level,
I as it had made political plunder the
chief object and end. He eulogized
President Cleveland, and complimented
the course he had laid down in his
inaugural address. It was as good as
the course mapped out by Lincoln and
Grant. lie holds a very lucrative
position in the District of Columbia,
that of Recorder of Deeds. We wou- j
dcr if Mr. Douglass would not like to j
continue in office? His tally would j
seem to indicate that fact.
The President has recently had a
very free conference with prominent
Democrats in reference to Federal
appointments. The Washington correspondent
of the New York Graphic
He emphatically renewed his civil
service declarations, but added, also,
that the Federal offices in the several
States would be filled as they fell in or
proper cause for removal was fonnd to
exist by citizens who are in line with
the Administration. The President
said the party would be satisfied and
the non-partisan public also. There
were far more important reasons, he
declared, for deliberation than there
were for haste. It is just probable
that if Congressmen and others would
go home as early as possible the work
involved in the changes needed would
proceed more rapidly man is now inc
Ix conversation with Wvlie McCrorcv,
the negro who stabbed Mr. Wade
Hicklin in Chester county last week,
we gathered the following: It seems
that the difficulty originated about
some trivial matter, which resulted in
the cutting of Mr. Hicklin. After the
difficulty, according to the statement
of McCrorev, a number of men came
to the house where he was and beat
him up, threatening to kill him. After
using him up pretty roughly he was
taken up to Bascomville and given ten
lashes with a wagon whip and told to
leave the country and never return.
His shnwpd fhaf he hnd hecn beat
up considerably, but whether this was
received in the fight with Mr. Hicklin
or done by other parties is a question
upon which we will not attempt to
pass. He camc down to see the Solicitor
and made this statement. He
wanted to prosecute the parties concerned
in the riot. This is only bis
cfofAtnon^ A-f l\nf if if ->e
ClUkVUiWUk VX (UW U11UVU1VJ J UUU u ll> 10
true certainly he is entitled to the protection
of the law.- Parties who attempt
to take the Jaw in thrir own
-h&ads-_^hooWv -?tfii&r^the just conseqaences.
Military preparations continue in
England. The ammunition manufactories
of the government have been
rina&L* to supply the demand. A
number ojrjnavaie manufactories of
arms and ammunition have refnsed to
work for Russia and have tendered
their services to the English anlhorities.
The Standard speaks editorially
of the war situation as follows:
The extreme tension in the relations
between England and Russia - continues,
but as yet there has been no
absolute diplomatic rapture. This is
the*least disquieting form in which the
truth can be told. The deadlock is not
a whit less serious because the day
passed without bringing a crisis. It is
no longer a question of disputed frontier.
We believe negotiations on that
subject are for the moment set aside.
Satisfaction for the Penjdeh incident
monopolizes the whole regard of the
ministers and ambasadors. The more
it is discussed the more hopelessly
remote appears the prospect of an
agreement. In demanding satisfaction
England is simply telling mischievous
firebrands, who shelter themselves
nnder the authority of the Czar,
that if they persist in the okl game
they will no longer plav it with impunity.
m n ? cr ..i i / i
i lit i^uruu/iu o/Juriu/t nas uiu ioilowing
to say of the New Orleans
Visitors to New Orleans are generally
pleased with their visit and well
paid for their time aad trouble. There
is some complaint as to the South Carolina
department. While the exhibit
is creditable there seems to be 110 one
present to welcome visitors ana snow
them around. When one goes to the
departments of the Western States a
polite agent will meet hi n and give
him much information in regard to the
State he represents. When the South
Carolina department is approached no
one is seeu and the visitor has to guess
at things. This ought not to Ihj so. It
is rather late now to remedy it when
the show is nearly over. This state of
affairs has been reported by two sets
of visitors two weeks apart and who
visited the Exposition several days.
Visitors from this part of the State
find the same fault with the management
of the Exposition. It is certainly
to be regretted that this state of
affairs has existed so long without
being remedied. Onr exhibit is one
of the best there, and no pains should
be spared to show visitors the whole
The 2Feics and Courier contained
a few days ago an interesting editorial
on capital punishment. It reviews t
some length the effect upon the public
miud, when it is known that a fellowbeing
is to die by the hands of the law.
The fact that a man is appointed to die
on a certain day excites the sympathy
nf flia r>nKlir? ftnn pttipIIs frnm tho
memory the crimes of which the
condemned one may be guilty. In
closing it suggests what should be the
feeling of the public, Mid how people
should look upon one who has been
condemed to die. It says:
On such occasions too often is religion
made ridiculous, callousness to
crime is engendered, and the finer lines
of right ana justice are obscured in the
mirids of the spectators. Too often the
jfigi nl'fi ii mm r r
criminal goes to his death supported
by a certain bravado, or the calmness
that comes of desperation. Could the
full horror of the spectacle be obvious
to the eye, then the death of the murderer
might be a warning and an example
full of admonition to the wrongdoer;
but when he wears the air of a
marlyr, is supported by the whispered
encouragements of comrades, and the
fleeting yet poignant sense of his own
importance, what impression for good
can possibly be produced?
If a man must die to expiate his
prime, if the laws of the country and
the <rood of the community demand it,
why, then let him die. But let it be
the solemn, just and terrible death
awarded to the malefactor by the stern
hand of the law, whose majesty has
been offended, and not the theatrical
display which outrages the feelings of
all within knowledge of the event, and
has no effect other than to harden the
hear!, pervert the sense of right, and
lower the moral tone.
A Challenge Declined,
For some time a difficulty has been
brewing between ex-Representative
Whilthone, of Tennessee, and Governor
Porter, recently appointed Assistant
Secretary of State. The former
gentleman some time ago was interviewed
by a representative of the
Washington Post, and said things
which were considered disparaging by
the Assistant Secretary. The interview
was extensively copied in Tennessee,
whereupon Secretary Porter
wrote an article to the Memphis
Avalanche in wivch he said that Whitthone
had served in Congress and
was therefore known in Washington,
and as both men were known in that
?cute it was not necessary to comment
upon the interview. The ex-Representative
thereupon sent a friend to
Washington and asked Governor Por~
ter to "go outside ot the United States
and explain the matter." Governor
Porter read the note handed him by
the friend of Whitthonp, and, after
reading it, told him he supposed he
would consider it no affront if he
handed it back to him; so he returned
it. It is useless for us to say the public
will admire the course taken by the
Assistant Secretary. It should be the !
course pursued iu the event of any
challenge. When wc find men occupying
high positions who have sufficient
courage to dechine a challenge
certainly no one will be considered a
/VMrrovrl n>!u> fnllnTtro cr?r?li <a <wni*C/?
Such an example will do more 10
crush out this relic of barbarism than
any laws which might be passed for its
The County Convicts.
The trial justices of the State have
been given the power to send persons
who have been convicted of crime to
the county jail for a term not exceedins:
thirty davs. Manv persons con
vioted of minor offenges are sent for a
much shorter time, when they prefer
going to jail instead of paying a fine.
The sentences are generally made in
the alternative, either to be confined
in the county jail for a certain number
of days, or pay a. fine of a certain
namber of dollars. In a number of
cases me prisoner preiers to go 10 jaw
and live at the expense of the county,
and as a general rule Ibis-living is far
sj^noMo^Ujciog^aT"home. What do
men carc for being sent to jail when
they are guilty of these minor offenses?
They live as well there as at home,
and at no expense. Is this such a
Dunishment as was contemplated bv
the law? We think not, for in reality
it is no punishment whatever. The
majority of such criminals come from
the colored race, but it makes no difference
whatever from what class they
come they should be made to work
while serving their sentence. To keep
them in jail is an expense upon the
hrmfist rvpnnlfi who nav for thoir
board. Is this justice? What do
criminals care for simple confinement
when they rest at ease? The honest
taxpayers of the county have a right
to demand that where the law is violated
the violator shall be punished.
These convicts should be made to
work and be of some benefit while
serving their sentences. Our streets
and county roads could be greatly
improved if these criminals were made
to work and earn their own living
while serving a sentence of the court.
We claim tbat in the majority of cases
imprisonment in the county jail is not
a punishment, and we trust that the
day is not far distant when such convicts
will be made to work and support
themselves, notwithstanding the
fact that they are confined, iustead of
taxing A, B, C, ctc.?the honest citirr^nc
aP fKft ortntif** fA onnr\At*f fkom 1 n
vi iug wuntj tv ouj.;j^vit tuuui m
Tlxe Virginia Tax Coses.
The United States Sopretce Court
reached its decision on the Virginia
coupon cases on the 20th inst. The
opinion was prepared and delivered
by Associate Justice Matthews and
decides the points involved in tfie cases
agaimt the State, and in favor of the
bondholders. It seems that in 1871 the
State of Virginia passed the funding
A . s. J 1 i. A. t. * A - ! .1 _
jtvcc, ana oy vxnae 01 irns Act oouas
were issned, the coupons of which
were made receivable at and after
maturity for all debts, and for the payment
of all taxes and demands due
the State. The Supreme Court holds
that the terms of this funding Act
created a contract between the State
and the individual bondholders; that
the coupons should be received for all
demands due the State, and that it was
the duty of every tax collector to so
receive them. In 1882 the General
Assembly of the State passed an Act
to provide for the more efficient collection
of revenue to support the government,
the payment of the expenses of
the State and interest on the public
debt, the terms of said Act enumerating
what kind of funds should be receivable
for the payment of taxes,
licenses, etc. This Act required all
tax collectors to receive snch funds
and none other. By this Act thecouDons
which were srood from the pas
sage of the funding Act iu 1871 up to
tbe passage 01 tne act 01 iooz ior we
payment of all taxes were not receiva?
ble by the tax collectors after the pas'sage
of tbis Act, The cases just decided
by the Conrt involved the validity
of the contract between the State
and bondholders created by the funding
law of 1871 and the constitutionality
of the law of 1832. The Court holds
that a valid contract was created in
1871 arid that the passage of the bill of
1882 was unconstitutional, as it violated
that section of the constitution
of the United States, which prohibits
a State from passing any law impairing
the obligation of a contract. The tax
collectors as agents of the State had
no right to refuse the coupons for the
payment of taxes and to seize and^ell
the personal property of the holders
of said coupons. The Court was as
nearly divided in the opinion of the
cases as possible. The Chief Justice
and Justices Bradly, Miiler and Gray
dissented from the opinion of the
Court, Justice Bradly delivering the
The Railroad Commission
A few days ago, Judge Witherspcon
decided that the County Treasurers
could not collect from the railroad
companies the amounts assessed upon
them for the salaries, clerk-hire, officerent
and other expenses of the Railroad
Commissioners. It seems to us that
whatever difference of opinion there
may be as to the legal correctness of
Judge Witherspoon'sjudgment (though
we think he is right) uo fair-minded
man, and especially no lawyer, c*u
question the justice of this decision.
It seems to us to be against common
right, as it certainly if^against common
sense, to make corporations^?in, addition
to the taxes they pay] the^samf as
individuals?provide the salaries and
expenditures of State officials whose
duty it is to hold these corporations in
check, and regulate their income.
There would be about as much reason
in taxing hospitals to pay the Boards
of Health. Judge Witherspoon's decision
leaves the Commissioners to be
paid by the State. Judging from many
circumstances, it is highly probable
that tlift Leoislatare will not make the
necessary appropriations. We hope
they will not.
Now we have the decision of the Supreme
Court, rendered last week, sustaining
the decree of Judge Kershaw in
the case of theEailroadCominmiesioners
vs. The Charlotte, Columbia & Augusta
Railroad Company. This decree was
to the effect that any interference, by
4l?A PAnsm'.lftlAnAH? MflfflP
l/UU V^uiliuiiaoiuii^i a tuiu buv i aiuo
charged as freight on any article which
in any part of its transit crosses the
State line, either coming into or going
out of this State, is unauthorized by
the statutes of this State, and is forbidden
by that clause of the United
States Constitution, relating to "corn
merce between the States". This decision
is a finality, and it applies as
well to passenger rales as to freight
charges. By far the greater part of the
business of railroads consists of tran^
porting passengers and freights which
cross, or have crossed in their transit,
some State line. When we take from
the Commission this part of their*
work, it may be said of each Com?rnssioncv'-iO*fefili9J?-ee^apatiOTJ?s
,3s well as bis pay!
The results embodied in these decisions
cause us neither surprise nor
| regret. The constitutional objections
sustained by the Supreme Court were
urged when the Commission was
created, in 1882, but were unhe??5e&
The arbitrary powers then given to
the Commission were to a large extent
taken away by the same Legislature
that bestowed them. Now the Courts
have interposed to strip the Commission
ot what little real authority was
left to it. The State generally has
become tired of the Commission; and
in many cases it is insisted that it ha3
worked to the injary of the interests
-.?* il "1
ui ilk; peopie.
The News and Herald has always
maintained that there should be one
Railroad Commissioner?an officer with
advisory powers?not an officer or a
board vested with the powers
of a court, determining questions,
in the first instance at least,
without evidence or uoon one-sided
evidence! There should be one State
officer, paid by the State, without the
cumbersome and expensive incidents
of a "Commission". He should be a
man experienced in railroad matters?
this, as much for the protection of the
O C? /^AmmAn Tnafino fA fKo
corporations. Such a Commissioner,
like the Massachusetts Commissioners,
should have no power to legislate, by
fixing rates, or in any other form, bat
should be advisory to the Legislature
and the Railroads. An officer with
such powers only would, it seems to
ns, he quite equal to the task of corrftf.fino
anv abuses that mi?rht arise.
Such, we believe, has been the experi/n?/va
yyP on/1 /\tV\nr? \rt?V? 1 r?
cuuo u1 maooauuuoguo auu vbuct u?gui?
prosperous States. Such an office
would not violate well known and
firmly established laws ef trade, which
the public good requires to be "let
a deluxe in tern
Gainesville, Tex., April 24.?The
most disastrous flood ever known in
this vicinity visited Gainesville on
Wednesday and continued with little
abatement*throughout Thursday. Pecan
and Elms creeks which empty into
Trinity river, just below the city, rose
witii ieariui rapiany in lae mgni.
About 4 o'clock in the mcrninga number
of houses in the bottoms were
8w?pt away, the occupants fled for
their lives, leaving everything behind.
One child was drowned, bat there is
reason to fear loss of several other
lives (row. above town. Three houses
passed down the stream from which,
ahove thfi rush of waters, cries of dis
tress were plainly heard. The loss of
live stock in the vicinity is very serious.
Carcases of horses, cows and sheep are
passing by at freqnent interval?. The
engine house at the water works is
submerged. The damage to the town
and property along the river aggregates
many thousands of dollars.
What 30 Days Did for a Memphis Batcher.
Opposite the Mississippi and Tennessee
depot we found Mr. H. L.
Schmidt. He was born and raised in
'' --J? -- - 1 A*
mis CUV as a uuiuucr. tuc ivm,
drawing of The Louisiana State Lottery
he invested $5 itf tickets, receiving
five one-fifth tickets, and of these
three drew prizes?one, No. 84,980,
drawing $5,000.?Memphis (Tenn.j
Avalanche, March 24. *
?Recent statistics show that there
are nearly a million more females than
males in Great Britian.
l . ;
THE CONFEDERATE BOND CEA2E. |
Mr. Denjamln's Schema for Dividing the j
Scoret Service Balance Among the Cred- j
itors of the Confederacy.
[From, the i\eics and Uaumr.j
The unsolved enigma of this decade
has been the motive inducing the
demand in England for certain'Confederate
bonds. Conjectures have been
made numerous, but none pointed to
a logical reason for the fact that worthless
Confederate obligations, which
had for fifteen years filled dusty chcsts
and trunks in Europe and in the South,
suddenly commanded from closemouthed
snecnlators a Drice caualliwr
several percentum of their par value.
Preposterous stories as to the cause of
the demand have been circulated, only
to leave the public unsatisfied and
curious for a solution of the problem.
There has been no explanation of the
reason for the cessation of the demand,
and the ultimate disposition or the
bonds purchased and sent to London
iuis not been authoritatively announced.
After a vast deal of inquiry
and conjecture the matter remains as
it Degan?a tantalizing mystery.
Chance has just afforded me an explanation
of the whole business?an
explanation which I can announce with
confidence, because it is complete and
logical and consistent with every phase
of the boud speculation, bnt chiefly
because it comes authoritatively from
one of the few men iu the United States
who have been from the first cognizant
of the facts and of the meaning of the
"So-called "craze." He has been closely
connected with the bond operations,
but now that they have been completed
he gives me the facts, with the understanding
that his name be_withbeld
from publication. Judah r. .Benjamin,
Secretary of State of the Confederacy
from 1862 until its collapse, was
the originator of the plan bv which a
demand was created for the bonds, aud
to bis shrewdness is attributable the
complete success of the project.
To begin at the beginning: Several
departments of the Confederate Government?such
as the ordnance, quartermaster's
and medical purveyor's, had
enoAiol fnn/ls rrr?fV? ITm\*nrv/ion
OJ^Vvml iUliUO UV/^UOl IA<* 4 *1 1VU XiUI VJ/VUil
bankers for the purchase of supplier,
which could only be obtained in
Europe. This was well known, and
the members of these departments and
their agents were also known, so that
when the United States Government
sacceeded to the assets of the Confederacy
the remnants of these funds
were surrendered to it by those who
held them. There was one fund, howover,
which escaped surrender because
of the mystery enveloping it, and this
was the secret fund of the Confederate
department of State. At different
times the Confederate Congres?, in
eoeeiAn lot*rra oiimc?
i vivu iaig^ cuuto iv/i
secret scrvice, the intention being, of
coarse, to apply this money in foreign
countries so as to aid the Confederacy
and embarrass its adversary. The fund
was used to influence "officials of
of other countries in some degree
to aid the State department in its
efforts to secnre recognition for the
Confederate States, aud occasionally
to assist other departments by smoothing
the way for purchases which were
difficult. The members of the secret
service were not known to the public.
I have been shown a list of the principal
ones, but am not permitted to print
it. Several were very prominent
men identified with Confederate diplomacy,
aud bore high characters.
Others I had never heard of before.
London and Paris were the chief
points of secret ^rvic&~ac&?itfr
Thej?_^&as?1anagl. 1 at" Brownsville,
Texas, on the Mexic^ " border. The
principal deposits of -1 service
money were" in London and Paris
hanbc Thp fnnnrfn trprp nlarrpr! fn thp
, credit of citizens of Great Britain and
France, who were friendly to the
'South. The understanding with them
was that they would assume no responsibility,
but would honor drafts to
the extent "of the money in bank. At
the close of the war th'ere were large
Miexpended balances of secret service
money to the credit of these parties.
There was one account of niue hundred
thousand dollars, which seems to have
been overdrawn, as against it was
charged two hundred and forty-two
thousand Dounds sterling. The bal
ances of different deposits at the close
of the war were as follows: One of
less than three hundred pounds, one of
three hundred and nine thousand
pounds, one of fifty thousand pounds,
and one of five hundred pounds. Then
there was one of two thousand dollars,
one of a hundred thousand dollars, one
of four hundred and fifty-eight thousand
dollars, and a huge one of three
million, seven hnndred and nineteen
thousand dollars. The total balance
due the Confederate Government at the
time of its fall was about five million
and eighty thousand dollars.
The men who had this money deposited
in their name were honest". They
did not make way with the assets of
the dead Confederacy, but they were
puzzled to know what to do with them.
Mr. Benjamin, as Secretary of State of
the Confederacy, knew these agents,
and during his residence in England
consulted with them as to the disposition
of the money. It was agreed that
ii ouuuiu yo duncuu^i^u iv/ tu^ %j uitcu
States. The question was then, how
to disburse the money so as best to
benefit those entitled to it. It was
concladed that the people who had
given their means to the Confederacy
for its bonds were entitled to these
(the Confederacy's) assets.
The aggregate" of the funds was ascertained,
and a calculation was made
as to how far it would co in r>avin<*
the interest on the bonds, because, of
course, it was impracticable to declare
a dividend on the principal. Publicitywas
to be avoided. Secrecy was indispensably.
It was decided to pay off
the unhonored coupons, beginning
with those last dne by the Confederacy
during its existence. These were the
coupons falling due January 1st, 1865.
men toe oaiance was 10 oe appnea 10
the payment of the next coupons falling
due. The bonds were advertised
for. To cover the real object of the
movement it was hinted that the bonds
were to be held by speculators, and
that suit was to be instituted against
the United States for their payment.
This abusing idea gained great prevalence.
The bonds were readily obtained,
and all of the January, I860,
coupons were paid, simply by the purchase
of the bonds for the" amount of
these coupons and their subsequent
destruction. The remainder of tbe
fund was absorbed by the partial payment
of the coupons next due, in the
order of their presentation. Very few
of the men who dealt in the bonds
knew what was the object of the purchase.
The circle managing the
scheme was revy small. Mr. Benjamin's
master mind conceived it and
securod its fulfilment. He handled
none of the money, and none was paid
to his order. Nobody in the secret
made money out of it. The purpose
was simply to return to the creditors
of the dead Contederacy a part or their
The whole transaction is now closed,
as all the Confederate assets have been
disbursed. Confederate bonds are no
longer in demand. The public can
now understand why bonds lacking
certain coupons were worthless and
This is a correct solution of one of
the most interesting puzzles of the age.
Tf Hfr Rnniomni lirorl If rcAnl/1 nr\t
have been given to the public. His
death and the completion of the bond
transactions frees the giver of the information
frou the necessity of keeping
the secret farther. ST. G. Gonzales,.
muu u uiiMmi
Was the name formerly given to Scrofula
\ because of a superstition that it could be
cured Ay a king's touch. The world is
wiser np$r, and knows that
" ? ? tTiAWMirrk
CiiU VJLLIJ UC j m> ?uvivwgu 2" * * * * * * ?-~
tion of the blood. If this is neglected,
the disease perpetuates its taint through
generation after generation. Among its
earlier symptomatic developments are
Eczema," Cutaneous Eruptions, Tumors,
Boils, Carbuncles, Erysipelas,
Purulent Ulcers, Nervous and Phy
Sicai VOllSyStAi ecu. I1 oiivncu w wutinue.
Rheumatism, Scrofulous Catarrh,
Kidney and Liver Diseases,
Tubercular Consumption, and various
other dangerous or fatal maladies, are
produced by it.
Is the only powerful and always reliable
blood-purifying medicine. It la so effectual
an alterative that it eradicates from
the system Hereditary Scrofula, and
the kindred poisons of contagious diseases
and mercury. At the same time it en
* ^ ?*A_I! AV- J
ncnes ana wuuizea tuo uiuuu, luwuiu
healthful action to the vital oreans and
rejuvenating the entire system. This great
Is composed of the genuine Honduras
Sarsaporilla, with xeUcvo Dock, StUlingia,
the Iodides of Potassium and
Iron, and other ingredients of great potency,
carefully and scientifically compounded.
Its formula is generally known
to the medical profession, and the best
Enysiciaos constancy prescribe aiiao
absapabilla as an
For all diseases caused by the vitiation of
the blood. It is concentrated to the highest
practicable degree, far beyond any
other preparation for which like effects
are claimed, and is therefore the cheapest,
as well as the best blood purifying medicine,
in the world.
m o_ M
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mas*
Sold by a]l Druggists: price ?1: sis
bottles for $5,
OUK STOCK OF
YOU YvILL FIND IT FULL AND
complete in each department.
ALL PR ICES V UARAXTEED.
~Vr8r?llE DETERMINED THAT NO
uue biia.ii seu cueaper imiii uurscivkj.
WE CALL PARTICULAR ATTENtion
nxr-NTTC TM7P A "P T"\>f TTXTT
UUll -L VJ J-/U1 XXJLVX i.fXJUJ.1 X
CLOTHING. HATS, SHIRTS, UNDER1
1 " . ' '
wear, Collars, Cuffs, Cravats, Etc.
SHOES! SHOES! SHOES!
WE CALL ATTENTION TO OUR
line of Ladies' and Gents' Fine Shoes, un|
surpassed for style, fit, comfort and dura
Diuty. Jiacii pair warranted u> give sans- j
OUR SECOND SUPPLY OF 5c. LAWN
to arrive this week.
A FEW "JOBS IN LADIES' SLLPpers,
to be closed out at $1.00?former
ilcMASTER. BRICE & KETCH1N.
FRESH GROCERIES! I
FLOURS?Luxury, Patent Cream.
MOLASSES?New Orleans, Muscovado
and Sugar Drip.
CHEESE AND MACARONI.
COFFEES?The Celebrated Slomaja, Old
Government Java and Graded Ilios.
TEAS?Green and Black.
MOIP.'S CHOW-CHOW", Mixed Pickle,
and a fresh and well assorted lot of Canned
FOR THE LAUNDRY?French Starch:
enameled. Try it.
Call and examine before buying else
?>. R. FLEMIKM.
PPROPOSALS FOR FURNISHING SUPplies
at the Poor House for the present
year, cr until November 1st, 1885, at the
lowest rate of interest on cash prices will
be received at the office of the County
Commissioners up to 11 o'clock Tuesday,
May 5tb, 1885.
By order of the Board.
J. B. BOYLES, Clerk.
...... -7> . --- -r'
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JLUI U. lUUU.
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JL. Ff. iimJUlUUllij
FOREIGN and DOMESTIC WINES,
LIQUORS, CIGARS, CIGARETTES,
HAS IN STOCK AND OFFERS TO
SELL LOW FOE CASH ONLY, THE
FOLLOWING SUPERIOR ARTICLES,
Genuine Imported Dupuy, Otard &
Gennine Kentucky Whiskey, The
Genuine Imperial Cabinet Whiskey.
Genuine Golden Grain Whiskey.
Genuine Silver Brook Whiskey.
Genuine Our Option Whiskey.
Genuine David Jones Whiskey.
Genuine North Carolina Sweet Mash
Genuine Domestic Gin.
Geuuive Ginger Biandy.
Genuine Blackberry Brandy.
Imported Sherry Wine.
Imported Port Wine.
Fine Old Apple Brandy.
The Maximum 10c. Cigar.
The Kangaroo 5c. Cigar.
The Quakeress 5c. Cigar.
The Tilly Clnb 5c. Cigar.
The Photos 5c. Cigar.
The Great Expectation 5c. Cigar.
The Dude 2?c. Cigar.
Kinney Brothers' Straight-Cat Cigar
Kinney Brothers' Sweet Capor^I i
Kinney Brothers' Half Capcral Gigar**
Duke of Durham Cigarettes.
Sitting Bull Cigarettes.
Ponges Dnrham Cigarettes.
Dixie Qaeen Chewing Tobacco.
Nal's Magnet Chewiug Tobacco.
Duke of Durham, Smoking Tobacco.
Royal Darharn Smoking Tobacco,
Mumm's Champagne (Genuine Imported.)
Dapuy, Otard & Co. Brandy (Genuine
r a 3 \
Fine Holland Gin (Genuine Imported.)
Old Kentucky Whiskeys.
Oceola Indian Bitters.
T%~ 1? A
?>ass a jrmc
Tennaut's Stant Porter.
Vienna Export Beer.
Lager Beer, in bottles.
Ross's Royal Ginger Ale.
ON DRAUGHT (COOL.)
Tivoli Brewing Co.'s Lager Beer.
Mott's Sweet Cider.
Mott's Crab Apple Cider.
THE ICE HOUSE
Will open a^ain for the season of 3885,
and I w ill be pleased to serve the public
and mv former custom at reasona
ble prices and with dispatch.
THE ONLY POOL and BILLIARD
PARLOR IN TOWN-ON WHICH
friends cay enjoy themselves at smali
and living rates.
F. W. HABSraCHT,
"Rmc rnp T>rvr r*t" ctatt s vn i
A' VJ.k MUJ'l X VI kJXAJJIAJ V. A
and 2 of the Market, and for oil, lamp
fonts, chimneys, wicks, glass for lanterns,
burners, and matches for the street lamps,
from 1st May. 1885, to 1st 3Iay, 1886. will
be received up to 5 o'clock, p". ni., Thursday,
Aprii 30th, 1885. Council reserves the
right to reject any and all bid.
By order of Council.
L N. WITHEKS, Clerk.
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W S> O ^- '- 5$|
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IT IS A FA.GT.
SPRING DRESS aO^^||
Lupin's Black Tamise and Gazelle Cloth. n
- \ *"'* ". ','-f.
MUSLIN AND CALICOES? |
.v . \ - yy
ASK TO SEE OUR 5c. LAWN.
ASK TO SEE OUR 5c. CALICO.
- .v-- . .. \
BEMEMBBB OUB SHOES.
TOP QUALITY, BOTTOM PRICES - - %
I . AT THE CORNER STORE.
J. M. BEATY & BRO*
ATLANTIC COAST LINE.
i r V\. .V
a aawvm ii v *j+m \ tA noAlii illl
WILMINGTON, N. C., OCT. 6, 1884
Charleston and Colombia and Upper
Leave Charleston 7.06 a. m. !
Leave Lanes. .8.40a^m.
Leave Sumter 9.48a. m. -* "
Leave Columbia 1L00 a. m.
Leave Winnsboro. 2.31 p. m.
Leave Chester 3.45 p. m. i
Lieave ioricvillc. 5.35 p.m.
Leave Lancaster 6.25 p.m.
Leave Rock Hill 5.00 p. m.
Leave Charlotte 615 p. nu *
Arrive at Charlotte LOO p. m* " > ? C
Arrive at Kock Hill..... 2.00 p.m* *' Arrive
at Lancaster 9.00 p.
Arrive at Yorkville 1.00-p. m?
Arrive at Chester 2.4
Arrive at Winnsboro 3.4H
Arrive at Columbia *sMk
Arrive at Smntpr
Arrive at Lanes...!!! ?!
Arrive at Charleston JSj
Solid trains between CharleaM
J. F. DTVTXE, T. M. Ejfl
Gen'l Sup't. Gen'lM
TTT- L TT,M
LS THE PLACJ
To Always Get the BestS
and Oldest JB
CORN AXI) R1E WM
GETS, WINES, B&M
HAFXEB & H?H
milE very fast trotting stdfli
A BIA BOY will stanMrogHHl^Hi
1885 at Hock City. ColaH
very handsome bay sixteeJM
years old, and is of excedB
position For terms anew
r ost-omce? yy mnsoorogg