Newspaper Page Text
_ _ WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 22, 1885.
'? ? ?jam^???I???? ?A
A "Woman's "Way.
My lady knew that her face was fair.
She knew that the ariist was lamed anu
So for many a clay she came at his call.
And in his stuifio posed in state.
1 Iu a robe of violet velvet drest.
Dressed in laces filmy and fine.
Whiie a shawl of marvelous texture trailed
' Oil'from her ?l'*,,i'ders?shape divine.
. Fair and fairer tl>. <cturc grew,
/ Day by day "neat h the artist's hand.
Soft and softer the light of the eyes,
X Of my lady's eye*, as the weeks were spanned.
} _ ^ She gazed on th<? -list all the day,
'Jagg. Watching the touch of his majric hand.
E'e thought of the picture as so much?paint;
"'Qfr She thought but of him?you understand.
? When the picture was done she went her way,
I>ut she carried a dream to the end of life;
When the picture was done?he forget her
> And entered the picture us Somebody's
The same old story, you've heard it oft,
j The ways of fate are a trifle stern?
And when one enters on love's domain
jc :s naru xo preaici now i;*_- iuu^ return.
. > But I almost envy her the dream,
' So sw<-et, so subtle, so slow to fade,
To love is better than *o possess.
Ajd-? we love so lonfe .vben by fate betmyed.
Hattie Tyng Grii^ old.
THE iriVAL WIDOWS.
She was a very pretty little widow,
fU/Mi/yk -f/Wt-T* ivjfh O r*^TY>
ttliu, UCUUT ivikj, v. N/v^.
plercion as fresh as though she had been
lifteen years younger, and hair of a
lovely golden yeliow, disposed about
v her liead in a series of curls, which
> was simply ravishing,
t. . Sin; was evidently vain of it" for she
* never passed a mirror without glancing
at it. and if tiiere happened to be
any disorder or unbecomingness, she
would hasten to her room to remedy it.
At least so Mrs. Lanijlcy said: but
i then, some of the ladies whispered
.7^ among themselves"that Mrs. Langley,
18bB? the tall, handsome brunette widow,
|?pi> was jealous of Mrs. Bolton.
nTf There were lut two or three unmarricd
m -i: at the "Lake Hotel" of an
nrrn i-nifi.r? tr? f-liv WlllnWS. flTK? Of
them the major was by far the most
t' T'-me and again had he appeared
_ ^ smitten with the charms of some fair
tP-~. ^ lady, and time and again drawn back
just as the fact was becoming patent
to the lookers on.
This time, however, the major was
i undeniably smitten. Some said that
he was in love with the golden locks of
the blonde widow, while others insisted
that the dark eyes of Mrs. Langley
9 had won him captive.
The major himself was evidently un>
tho CM Vnlininfr ol
? ,.-^ternateiy in attendance on one or the
J other. ,
And so the two ladies, beneath asnrfface
of extreme politeness, were at
t * daggers drawn with each other. The
brunette widow was certain that, had
she the field to herself, she could bring
the major to her feet with little trouble.
So she was thinking, as with her little
pet dog beside her, she reclined up??
on her lounge at the time of the after
SLrfjrfj"* The day was warm,, and the doors
Ipy ' of ail the ladies' apartments opening
WW upon the corridor were ajar. 3dost of
the fair inmates were tnking their
v beauty-sleep. p *
.a. "Lie still. Piiftir " slrr; ssiid. ns
^^9 silky Lttlp spaniel awoke from his nap
and became x-est less.
?' -- Puck submitted lor a few minutes,
a and then "i;WCTc??rriloor,
slipped out into the passage and
sought amusement in his own way.
It was not live minutes after this that
HP?. Puck's mistress aroused from the be^
ginning of iior nap.
t , It was the dog that woke her. There
he was living round and round the
room, dragging after him what looked
like, yes, most decidedly like,?the
_ f head of Mrs. Belton!
'* Mr^ Langley sprang up, for no other
lady at the hotel had precisely that
shade and color of hair. It was?good
heavens! It was a wig!
. Here was a discovery, indeed! And
a light of mingled surprise,amusement,
and triumph sparkled in the eyes o\
IP? the handsome brunette, as she surveyed
the unexpected prize.
Then, with the wig in her hand, she
softly glided into the passage, paused
1/ ' outside Mrs. Belton's door, and took 3
cautious peep within.
L There reclined the fair, plump, little
^ 1 ?t:ti l?A?i
Bgsjfc YV1U.UW UUidCU, 1UU tuuu^u 1x^1
n snowy com plcxion and delicate features
W "were set off'fey only a thin mist of
short golden hair, which, if twisted all
together, would not have made a strand
as large as her little finger.
V Mrs. Laagley gently tossed the ruin
ed wig upon the floor, and retiring to
v- her own room, closed the door securely
||iS|| on Pack.
HP Mrs. Belton did not come down to
tea, though her aunt did. The old
lady seemed considerably upset, and
jr glanced suspiciously round upon the
" faces of the ladies.
But all looked so innocent, and all?
Vi especially Mrs. Langley?inquired so
I naturally as to the cause of her niece's
absence, that her doubts were quieted.
They could know nothing about it.
^ It was a lovely moonlight night, and
there was music and dancing in the
saloon, and promenading on the lake
Mrs. Bclton, listening to the music,
iprew tired of staying in her own room.
She could not possibly show herself in
' public for a day or two, in which time
sne might nave her wig restored to its
v normII condition.
^ Why, therefore, should* she not take
ft ^ advantage of the moonlight obscurity
9k* to enjoy herself as she might be per!?&
Y Mrs. Langley. stared, and the major
brightened, as they saw her step upon
<" the terrace. Her face was shaded by
the folds of a silk scarf, which, falling
k ' to her shoulders, entirely concealed
her head. Thus, she said, she must
pro.ec: ncrseu irom tnc uews ana tiie
They were all seated in a group when
r Mrs. Langley said,?
"Did you ever see the Indian scarfdance.
* Mrs. Gaylord had cot; and the major
" > begged a description of it.
I would show it to you if I had a
ggwi scarf, or if Mrs. Beitoa would be good
tf, enough to lend- my hers for a ^moment."
T>7nr?r^n widmr rnlmv?'1 ir> t.Ua
moonlight, and murmured something
nbout lakins cold.
"You could not possibly take cold in
this summer air, aa.d you ?hall have
my zephyr." "said Mrs. Langley, with
her sweetest and most persuasive
/ ^ smile.
What could Mrs. Beiton do? How
could she refuse, with the eyes oi all
upon her, and especially the major's
? eyes, who already looked a .little sur^
prised at her hesitancy.
\ Suddenly a thought Hashed upon her.
jf She raised her eyes and looked steadily
at her rival. Sne saw it ail in s. mn
rsc-nt; her secrei had been discovered,
and to-morrow, without doubt.it would
For an instant her heart failed her;
j but then she nerved hersolf to a brave
j "I am very sorry that I cannot let
i you have the scarf," she said, in a voice
which faltered despite herself.
"Why?" persisted her mercilcss tor!
mentor, with an air of innocent sur
"Because"?it was hard to say,
after all?"because I have not my wig
"Flora!" gasped Mrs. Gay lord.
"I shall have to make a clean breast
of it," she said, with a little laugh.
"One of the ladies' pet dogs?was it
I not yours, Mrs. Langley??got hold of
j ly spoiied it."
| The major turned his eyes upon her
i with a sudden and glad surprise.
"So you wear a wig, madam! So do
I. How rejoiced I am to iind a lady
| who happens to be in the same predicament
as myself! Why, I would have
married long ago but for the haunting
fear of shocking my bride with the
knowledge of my bald head."
Then there was a tableau! Mrs.
VI OVkil O /vlo/1
j UUUUU U1U3UCU O-IiN-L *?, ^1UU I
! smile; the major looked delighted, and
I Mrs. Langley's face was white as she :
i turned a walk
"I lost my hair in a severe illness, !
| and it has never grown again," Mrs. i
j Bolton explained. "1 had it made up
I into a wig. So you see it is my own
j hair, after all." "
When the company broke up at the
"Lake Hotel," it was perfectly well
j known to everybody that the major
j and Mrs. Belton were engaged.
j And it was all Puck's doing.
I T'?:e top of Roraima, perhaps the
! most remarkable mountain in the
world, has at last been reached by Mr.
Edward F. im Thurn, who was sent to
South America last October by three of
the leading societies of Great Britain,
to study the famous mountain and its
wonderful surroundings, and to "learn
if its summit was really inaccessible,
as other travelers had reported. A j
telegram from him announcing that he
has reached the top has just been received
Hum joldt once said that no rock sixteen
hundred feet in perpendicular
height had been found in the Swiss
Alps. Koraimi lifts above its siopmg
sides a solid block of red sandstone
about two thousand feet high, some ol
which, according to Sir Robert Schomburgh,
are '*as perpendicular as if
erected with a plumb-line." It is the
highest and most wonderful of a group
of table-topped mountains situated in
an almost inaccessible part of British
Guiana. Its flat top was believed to
be about seven miles square, but Mr.
im Thurn's dispatches say the neariy
level summit is twelve miles long, and
that it is covered with vegetation.
The mountain's sides are sloping and
wooded to a height of 7,750 feet above
the sea. Then rise the vertical walls
of the vast sandstone formation. Cascades
pour over the edge, the water
falling 2,000 feet to the forests bclovv,
forming the sources of rtvers that,
starting from the same place, separate
widely and How to the Orinoco, the
Essequibo, anil the Amazon. Other
cascades break out frorii the sides of j
the mountain a little way below its !
I summit. In tiie rainy season some of j
I the streams thus formed arc iwniwi.
LJU2LL XU.lt.-IL'OID. LLS-<tFOWB
surround Koraima with a perpetually
moist atmosphere, which explains in
part the remarkable development of
its llora. The three botanists who
have visited the mountain found many
plants there that were new to science.
Of about two hundred species of ferns
growing on the slopes of Roraima,
nearly one-half are pcculiarto it.
From 1835 to \SS'J seven white travelers
visited the mountain. All of
them left it, owing to lack of provisions,
before they hud surveyed it on all
sides. All bur two pronounced its
summit unattainable. Whitely said
perhaps it was accessible from the west
side, which he Lad not seen. Another
visitor refrained from expressing an
opinion. Only McTurk and Boddam
Wetham ever saw the west side of the
mountain. They caught a glimpse of
it, and thought in was a repetition of
the other faces, it was this side that
"MV ?rv? Tknrn Tinnur? to flmiiah
??Aij-*. ? **?*** "vrv" -^o"
he thought tbe north side would, perhaps,
oiler means of ascent. lie said
he would not employ a balloon in his
attempt to reach the top. It would be
highly interesting to learn how he
gained the goal luat crowned his labors
with perfect success, and to get
the results of his scientilic studies
on the isolated, but verdure-crowned
table-top, and on the slopes below,
which his latest dispatch says are "a
very garden of orchids afcd most beautiful
and strange plants."?New York
She Found One.
A pretty young mamma, with a little
girl by her side nearly as pretty as
herself, was being entertained by a
male stranger, who had struck upon an
acquaintance through the usual and always
convenient mediumship of the
little girl. The stranger did all the
talking. He was one of those, men
who think they know everything, but
only rarely get a good chance to tell it.
The lady answered only in monosyllables.
The little girl listened patiently
and demurely for a time, and then began
to fidget around in her scat.
Finally, as the stranger stopped for
breath, she said:
"Mamma, you've found one, ain't
"What, my dear?"
"Why, don't you remember what
you told papa wheo he said youd be
lonesome on tii3 cars? You said you'd
find some bore to talk you to sleep."
Mamma looked out of the window
and the stranger suddenly thought ho
had better go into the smoking-car to
find his friend.?Chicago Herald.
Grass Widows in Zion.
The* ntTifvr r??iv nip r>r ?hr> f.'iithfnl of
Zion was in town with produce, and he
took the trouble to inform us that now
it is that the golden opportunity presents
itself to go out into Utah and
"strike it rich.7' He said tiie whole
country was filled with grass widows,
who possessed good ranchus. and that
a man from this country could go out
there and pick up a giri widow who
has been well broken in to both field
and house-work, willi a good ranch,
just for the trip. "Kick a sage brush
in that country," said the old man, .
"and a grass widow is pretty certain 1
I to be started up." The cr.tse of so i
j mnny grass widows bcisnv in the coun- j
I try is that they are the* wive- of polyg- |
j ainists, who, becoming aianr.evt at the '
| way in which the poly^a.-siisis have
! been arrested, lied the ? cu:;iry and
permitted their plural wives to take
j care of themselves. T .is is indeed a
! golden opportunity for men out of cmj
ploymcnt who wish to to ranching,
i ?rioche Record.
A Substitute for i'lain, Old-Fashioned
Calling?Two Sides of the Question
of Woman's Wrongs.
The Malady of Accummulfttion of Fat
and the Cause?The Limits of
a Lady's Neck.
Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher, in an article
in the Brooklyn Magazine, discuss
ing tne reason ior uiscomencmeni
among women, says:
We think dissatisfied vjjfcen have
been affected with tiy^se pernicious
doctrines which have led on to the
most ridiculous outcry about ' woman',s
wrongs"?woman defrauded of her
rights, her cruel subjugation, and
doctrines with which we have less and
less patience, because we see daily
more clearly mistakes and mischiefs
which have sprung up, and will continue
to flourish through those doc- >
trines unless the plague is stayed.
We are well aware that there are many
overtaxed, broken-down women, who
by kindness and just appreciation
might have been saved and been alto
getlier lovely and replied, making
their homos like a Paradise before the
fall. But we can usually liud two sides
to every question. So, on the other
hand, we know of many broken-down
nJen. dispirited, tired of life, because
ruined by the frivolity, irritability, and
extravagance of their wives, who they
hoped would be their helpmeet through
life, men whom a refined, sensible, loving
woman would have redeemed from
a life of shame and misery, making
them happy, nobie, godlike. If
weighed in a just scale, we imagine therights
and wrongs are about equaily
divided on either side. The direetfulncss
of the human, left to roam wild
aud unffoverned, never seeking the
peace and happiness of the partner
they have chosen, but their own selfish
gratification, lias changed many a man
whose youth gave promise of nobility
into a reckless, unprincipled husband
or an arbitrary, harsh, domestic tyrant
On the other hand. the sime selfish
indulgence ami unregulated passions
have also changed many a woman
capable oi' shining in her appropriate
sphere as a helpmeet?Gotl's .best gift
to man?as a mother? a home refiner,
into a irritable, fault-finding, unsatisfied.
But this is partially wandering from
tin; main point. Vv'u believe many are
injured ami much dissatisfaction aud
unhappiness occasioned on both sides
by the growing disposition to travel,
roaming each year away from home
and too frequently without the companionship
which would naturally be
Keep together while you can. Death
will sever the bond all too soon, or
sickness compel absence full of tears
and sa'- forebodings. If possible, never
allow either to feel that they are not
dependent, necessary?one to the other.
Yoa can not be separated, even for a
few weeks, without noting soir * little
change on their return. We all have
some peculiarities of character or disposition
which are not altogether angelical.
But if married young, before
habits and peculiar traits are fixed past
change, all these little infelicities are
softened and lost sight of in the daily
communion man and wife assimilate,
and, if happily, grow more of one heart
and one mind. But let .separations.
They learn that they are not absolutely
necessary to each other as at first supposed.
All the natural dissimilarities,
which constant association have held"
dormant, make up and are less and less
easily lulled to sleep, after each separation.
T* U nrivl nr of Inocf o
-L11V, laouiuuuuiv, s"*" ?*w ?? ?? ? ? ct
good many of her, has concluded,
writes Clara Belle, that there is not
enough of the evening for all that
needs to be done in it. Plain, oldfashioned
calling by fellows has just
about become obsolete in this big city.
So numerous are the receptions, card
parties, and balls, and so incessant the
nnpr.i :i nri theater-<roin<r. that it is a
~JT ~~ " o ' I
rare thing for a girl "in society" to be
found alone and unengaged at home
after dark. This is a vast pity, too,
for the most unsophisticated of us" know
that more genuine, marrying sort of
love is generated in an hour's quiet interchange
of sentiments, from the two
ends of a not too long sofa, than in a
whole night of waltzing in a crowded
ball-room. We have all felt the loss of
such intercourse, bu'. it was not until
lately that anybody invented a remedy
for the evil. I "don't know who she
was, but if I did I'd go straightway
and hug her, for she has done a noble
service for the marriageable maidens
of this metropolis. She announced to
some of her male friends that she was
always at home to receive calls at 5
o'clock in the afternoon. That device,
don't you see, solves the enure riddle.
Most of the fellows whom one would
like to have visit her are either done
with their day's work by that time, or
are not laborers at all, and, therefore,
can drop in on their way up-town,
spend an hour agreeably (the other'
conditions being right), and still get
home in time to dinner, with the evening
left clear for the usual entertainments
The custom has spread with
wonderful rapidity. It is only a month
since I first heard of it, and now most
of my friends have fallen into the fashion.
It is something of a bother, of
course, to make a toilet an hour earlier
than dinner time, but I rather think it
is worth while.
n-hof T'm nrin fr C]]fLV&
Belle, dear," remarked my ntimate
chum, Helena, "is that the fellows
ought to make a little more preparation,
"Indeed," I responded, "my callers
have shown, it seems to me, all the
elaboration of dress that could be expected,
for you must bear in mind that
they come direct from business."
"Ah, but they don't come direct,"
she insisted. "They stop at bars on
the way, and a girl can't tell for the
life of her whether it's whisky, ale,
champagne, or only the cloves that
they've been swallowing. What on
earth are you grinning at? The modern
narlor isn't a baronial hall spa
eious^enough to escape the breath of a
caller, no'inatter how hard one may
LILLIAN KUSSELL'S FAT.
Speaking of accumulation, writes a
correspondent of the Philadelphia
News, Lillian Russell has more than
she wishes of it in the way of fat. She
1 *-" ~ f rlorKnnp /vf
USCU L(J UJU duu utuiiu- Vi
the callow fellows wiio worship beautiful
.".dresses, and the envy and admiration
of her own sex. That was before
she ran away from her husband with
another chap to London. She has
come back heavier by forty pounds
than when she departed, and we won't
have her in that condition.
"When I was in Germany," she
says, "I heard of a new and sure way
1 r?r\r\A nnm? +s\
10 UULU, UUU A. IUUA. uv/ xj.U\A. J
out all about it. Let rae explain."
And the explanation ought to be
clipped out by every woman who de- 1
sires to reduce her weight, and kept
until Lillian makes her reappearance in
opera, when its value or wortlilessness ]
will be demonstrated. A Prof. Epstein,
belonging to the Berlin university, is
thn ontVinr r>f thft fivefpm. His thoorv
is that corpulence is invariably caused
by overfeeding, but he denies that fat ,
makes fat On the contrary, he holds ,
that fatty food protects the albumen |
and prevents its forming fat flesh. His j
plan of treatment, therefore, consists .
in moderating the quantify of food, ]
and while cutting off all vegetable car- ,
bo-hydrates, such as sugar and starch, ,
He allows a gooo. quantity ot xai> n> oe
eaten. He advises that the diet be
monotonous, greasy, and succulent, so
as to cause satiety rapidly. The daily
^eding of the fair but no longer airy
;t id fairy Lillian is as follows: For
breakfast, an ample cup of black tea,
without sugar, and a quarter to a third
of a pound of toasted and buttered
white or brown bread. For dinner, a
plate of soup?not vegetable?as much
roasteu or boiled meat as the appetite 1
craves, a moderate amount of almost '
any vegetable except potatoes and tur- ,
nips, some fresh fruit, a salad, and a <
cup of black tea without sngar. x or. ;
supper, the tea a<r:un with an egg, a <
little fat meat of any. kind, salt or 1
fresh, or some smoked or fried fish or <
sausage, with a small quantity of j
cheese, fruit, or buttered bread. In <
this city the general Custom is to lunch J
at noon and dine at 6 o'clock, and 1
therefore the supper which I have de- <
scribed is Lillian s luncheon, while the i
dinner is eaten at the time when most <
people sup; but that does not alter the
conditions and you can wait for the re- ]
suit She expects to lose twenty ?
poULlUS m tut; pi utcss.
THE LIMITS OF A LADY'S NECIC.
That it is awful for a lady to wear a i
low-necked dress at a ball is conceded,
says the Xew York Tribune; but it has \
long been felt that an authoritative .
deunition of the limits of the territory .
known as the neck is needed. How ]
far does the feminine neck extend, and ;
precisely where it become merged in (
the contiguous territories of the back
and bosom? Men, of course, know j
nothing as to this matter, and women ;
seem to know very little more. Some- i
thing in the nature of a boundary com- (
mission, with power to makts au cx
haustive survey, is clearly-needed, . At
last we are about to have this important
boundary question settled' by a ,
judicial decision. A young lady wear
ing. a low-necked, dress was recently j
expelled from a bali'by the" managers, ,
on the ground that her dress was too 1
low. She appealed at once to a court j
for redress, and the courts-will have to
decide how low a low-necked dress |
may be worn, or, in other words, what
are the precise limits of the feminine
neck. With the methods by which the
court will arrive at its decision we
have no con'-cni. It is evident, however,
that the court will have to appoint
a commission of experts, whowill
make a survey and lix a boundary
which, in their opinion, should be
adopted as the southerly boundary of
neck. Such a report, properly illustrated
with a topographical map,
would give the court sullicient data on
which to base a decision. Ai any rate., g
a. ? !< < -priori will bo mrnio. rind \vc shall
soon-know thc~Trne~cxtcnt of neck;
and shall be able to decide at a glance
whether any given low-nocked dress '
keeps within the territorial limits, or 1
wiictner it uniawiuny encroacnes upon i 1
territory not appertaining to neck. '
A BUSINESS WOMAN.
I have twice written something about ^
the women wiio have held or are hold- ]
ing positions in the employ of tiie Mani- 1
toba railroad company, says a writer !
in the Woman's Journal, but I lind I 1
had not known it all. The first woman '
mentioned was Miss Carey, who some (
years ago was left with three sisters 1
and "a brother to support She learned 1
to be a telegraph operator, and. wher- '
ever she wont, took her family with !
her and supported them. She taught
two sisters and a*brother the business,
and was appointed agent at Wayzata,
where she had charge of all the business,
which in summer, with short-line
trains and steamers on Lake Minnetonka,
is very heavy. After a time she
was allowed to have her brother to
help, and one sister was appointed
train-dispatcher on the same road.
Think of it! A woman, who used to
be considered so helpless and impractical,
and generally useless and incompetent,
given the control of all the life
and property involved in the management
of the numerous trains on that
busy road. And what do they think of
her? "I tried again and again," said
the superintendent, "to ca'tch that woman
off duty before I gave her the
place, on Sundays and all sorts of odd
hours, and I never once succeeded."
Farms on the Baltic.
A more beautiful farming country
does not exist than that along the
southern shore of the Baltic. No fenc- I
es mark the boundaries of the fertile
farms which stretch away over the rolling
hills to the distant hoi*izon, all
aglow with yellow grain. At intervals ,
a clump of trees, often seen intensely
dark against toe ripe grain, snows
where a farm-houso stanus, and giant
windmills swing their sails on the highest
hill-tops. The highway, a finely
built chaussee, leads straight across
the country, only curving to pass
through some village. Mountain ash,
birch, and cherry trees border the road
in an unbroken rauk. In the ditches
and by the road grow countless varieties
of wild flowers?a perfect paradise
for the botanist. From the highest
hill the eye meets to the south a succession
of grain fields. To the north,
beyond the soft undulations of the cultivated
hills, the Baltic shimmers in the
strong sunlight, a narrow line, sharp
at the horizon. The dimension* of the
brick barns prove the accustomed magnitude
of the harvest; the luxury of the
farmers' houses tells of inherited success.?Harpers
Mr. F. Tuppers letter on his emDarassments,
which is printed in the
Brooklyn'Magazine, contains the following:
"The simple truth (which
with perfect propriety you ;:sk for and
with plain candor I here supply) is
this: "1 never naa any aouuuauce 01
riches, though I always lived honestly
and liberally, and for the matter of
actual poverty I undoubtedly decline to
plead it while everybody else is suffering
from the hardness of the times.
However, it is true that I have lost for- ,
tune and am vexed by debt, incurred :
not by my own fault, though I do not
care to accuse others specilically. Of
course, I have to complain that a life !
of some useful labor lias come to 75
years without adequate reward, but
after all God provides for every day,
and I trust in Him to do so to the end,
here and hereafter."
? FARM TOPICS.
Dsiful Hints in Regard to the Pasturing
gof Cattle and Horses.?Grass Seed
in the Pockets.
Plants for Beautifying the Windows.?How
to Make Ouick-Selling and Highl'riced
| TURNING TO PASTURE.
Ithc depth to which the frost has entered
the ground, or, the cu?=c of deep
sndws, has tended to keep vegetation
iormant, and the saturation of the soil
from the continual melting of the snow
ind ice acts also to retard plowing in
the North. One effect of untoward*
iveather is to cause those who do not
study closely the practical, to turn
stock out to pasture before there is
sufficient growth to give animals a bite.
The constant effect of this is that stock
refus'3 hay and at the same time injure
the pasture by gnawing down to the
roots.; Another source of injury is the
poaelung of-meadows by the feet before
the sward becomes firm. The threefold
efibct is the wasting of the stock,
permanent injury tojhe grass,.-and dis-abilitv'of
the soil from tirt of.
is no economy in turning
5tQcfc, especially cattle and horses, upon
pasture until the grass is up so as to
afford a full bite. When the blades first
spring up they induce root action?
ic tlin onrmil rnntc irp intr>
^rowih and thus furnish strong growth
in the tops. If fed close early in the
spring this root growth is checked, and
lience the burden of grass is lessened,
the poaching of soil kills or checks
growth also, and this, together with
the gnawing of stock down into the
grass-roots, where persisted in, may
[essea the crop fully one-half. For
Liorses grass should have made a
?? v. f TT'/\ in/ltlAO V?A_
?iUWkll VI jliuu LLUIU i vyy k/Mfore
it is pastured, and'not then if wet
iveatlier renders the ground soft.
Those, on the other hand, who keep
their ?tock from pasture until the grass
is flush, although they may increase
the annual outcome, do so nevertheless,
at a loss to their herds. Cattle, sheep,
and horses 'are subject to bloat from
too greedy feeding, and also to scouring
from a too sudden change from
dry to green food. Cattle shou>i be
turned upon grass when it is of such a
hight that they can comfortably fill
themselves in half a day's grazing, and
the same rule will apply to sheep. Of
course, the soil being firm, sheep
tvill find good picking where cattle
would starve. Horses bite much closer
than cattle and fully as closely as
sheep. Their stomachs ai*e small compared
to those of cattie and digestion
is continuous. They may be turned on
a firm "pasture, when they can satisfy
themselves by pretty industrious grazing
during the day.
? -i?r_ x 4-^ ?*.
AS a rum, .Lilljuucia ate UIIAIUUO
their stock upon grass as early in the
spring as possible, and stock are as
eager for the grass as their masters are
anxioas to intermit the foddering.
Every person must draw the line for
lilmself and decide according to the
circumstances governing his particular
L-:i.se. The practical^working, however,
will be found as we'have stated, unless
in exceptional cases, such as scarcity
of fodtter or such an abundance of pastur?Hm*the
stock cannot consume it
^Anra TKa romo^v fiArva
LIS) 1 US WviLO 10 AUU 4Vixiuuy? "V4V
isioJ|te?asc the stock.?Chicago
There should be 110 time lost in the
seeding of meadows and pastures in
the spring. If there is any indication
of freezing out, throw ou a little grass
seed over the weak or trhiu places, and
always of varieties suited to the situation.
An old man famous for his ,4lnck"
in grass, being asked for ids secret, replied,
"Always carry your coat-pockets
full of seed in the spring, and don't be
LlJLl illU. tU U3U . t iiuii wu ax 14vi ?b uuit \jl
thin spot." Timothy is especially apt
to kill. This is from two principal
causes. It forms a bulb just at the surface
of the ground late in the season,
this is the storehouse for the next season's
growth. Hogs, sheep, and horses
ire fond of this, and, in close grazing,
are apt to destroy it. Tramping also
injures it. Hence while one of the best
meadow grasses it is one of th" worst
for close-fed pastures. Clover is apt to
freeze out by the gradual lifting of the
crown through successive freezing and
+ Hunnfi linnn coil< linhlp
S* liU,IV'v wi'vw '*"
to heave Alsike sliouid take its place.
White clover also does well on moist
soils, but not on one permanently wet
Orchard grass is one of the best pasture
grasses, starting early in the season
and springing quickly after being
grazed. It likes a good loam or even
a sandy soil if rich. Red-top is excellent
grass for moist situations and re
tains its hold on the soil for a long
time. In fact we have too few pasture
grasses, or rather farmers are not sufficiently
awake to the importance of
variety in pasture grasses.
There is a great rush just now for
the annual purchase of plants to beautify
the windows arvl .-.ubsequently do duty
in the little the city and village.
They will uo nicely in the windows if
the pots are protected from drying out
in me usually ury xieui ui iiviu^-iuuijua.
They also require plenty of fresh air.
This is easily managed, for plenty Qf
fresh air is required by the household?
more, indeed, than many get. One
good way to protect flower-pots from
undue drying at the sides is to inclose
them in paraiBne paper. If within this
is placed a little spagnum moss the
very best condition of moisture is secured.
Do not water too often, and especially
never allow the saucers to hold water
permanently. Let the soil of the pots
become rather dry before watering.
Not to such a degree as to cause wilting,
varying, of course, according to
the nature of the plants. When you
water do so thoroughly. If the water
runs quickly through into the saucer
something is wrong. Earth-worms or
something of that nature must be
looked after. Or the earth may have
become hardened and shrunk away
r ? J-L. ?. - J - rrk A
11*0111 lau HlblUU VL LUC puis. AUi; puuio
and balls of earth may be readily
jarred from the pots for examination
by placing the fingers over the soil and
about the stem of the plant, inverting
the whole and tapping the top of the
pot gently on the edge of a table.
When giving a thorough watering
continue until the water gathers in the
saucer. If you do this gradually the
earth is probablv all ri<?ht. At the end
of half an hour "empty"" what water is
not reabsorbed and there will be little
danger of water-soaking, unless you
are continually watering. Strong,
young and vigorous plants require
more water for their size than okier
^ .1 ?1 i.-.
ones, uauas ana au inai ciass tu yiauta
require a large amount of water; all
this class should have the pots protected
from drying out through the pores
of the pots. The same is true of all
soft-leaved plants, as geraniums, cofeus,
etc. All the cactii and spined
plants generally require very little wa
ter exccpt during the season of growth.
HOW HE MADE "GILT-EDGED1' BUTTEK.
A Berkshire County (Massachusetts)
fanner writes the Scientific American
how he makes quick-selling and highpriced
butter. It has coramonsense
truths in it. He says:
My object has always been to make
fi.n l./xt hntfor?not the most Drofitable
necessarily, but the best. Having this
object in view, I have been compelled
to discard oil meal, and thus reduce
the quantity of my butter and the value
of the manure. I have been obliged to
take the cows out of all basement cellars,
uud have consequently received
less butter for a given :uuount of food. !
I have been forced, instead of dropping
the manure into a convenient cellar below
the cows, to give up this cellar
and wheel manure into a shed. I have
been obliged to discard deep setting
and to eon lent myself with the open,
shallow method, which is more expensive,
and requires more attention, and
returns less buttyr. I have been
obliged to reject all feeds except, corn,
i beets, tind carrots, lhavd
beeu obliged to give up using the milk
of cows that have calved too recently
or too remotely. I have for a dozen
years carefully and faithfully tried to
make good butter?as good as it could
be made. This has always beea tke
first consideration"; profitableness hfts
always been secondary. The result has
been for many years this butter has
brought a higher price than auy butter
in the County of Berkshire, where so
much good butter is made, aj?d it has
takan the iWt prize over the county.
It has beeii in such constant demand
at ?ixtv-hv? cents a pound the year
though that when making 100 pounds
a week there have been unfilled orders
for twenty-five to thirty pounds more."
A Mexican City.
A newspaper correspondent describes
the approach to the city of Chihuahua,
At a turn of the road the city itself
came in sight, nestled at the foot of
the hills, the two tall campanile of
the great cathedral dominating the
landscape, and the low, white, fiatroofed
houses lying upon the terra cotta
surface of the ground with a most
Oriental eliect. Indeed, everything
about the spot is distinctly Eastern.
Aeross the plains as we rode from the
station to the ground, the gay serapes
of the horsemen recall at once the burnous
of the Arab- The magnificent
horsemanship, as they fiy across the
open country, is another point of resemblance.
Dressed in a short jacket,
with wide, llowing trousers, feet thrust
into immense hanging stirrups of ornamented
leather, deeply fringed; a
fantastic broad-brimmed hat; a bril_
liant blanket, tossed somewhere across
the man or the animal, and an air of
well-bred ease about the lithe, easy
figure, these people are wonderfully
pjctui-esque adjuncts to the setting
which nature gives him.
You meet a woman, on her bead an
earthen jar of water from the spring;
another washing soiled clothes by the
border of the brook and spreading
them on Hat stones to dry; a group of
Indians mounted aoove a neap 01 rags
on the long-suffering burros; an ox
team, drawn by two yoke of steers in
clumsy, but effective trappings, and
with wheels cut from a single round_of.
solid wood, the blank wall "of some
white-washed adobe dwelling, with a
pink flush of peach blossoms falling
across an angle, and the shining eyes
of a dark-skinned muchacho watching
you from the arched doorway. Nearer
still, after entering the city streets,
the long cloisters inclosed under Moorish
arches, which form eolonnades out
? i j /v
Side 01 every nouse ana oner graieiui
shelter from the noonday sun; the
mosque-like domes of the churches,
with graceful open campaniles -beside
the colored frescoes on the outer walls,
bright blue, yellow or red, accentuating
the prevalent tints of white and palebrick
color?all are Oriental.
So are the women creeping noiselessly
through the dark alcoves with the
grateful shawl thrown over the head
and covering all the face but the dark
eyes; so are the little children, with
one single thin cotton garment for covering;
so arc the draped silent figures
standing at street corners or huddled
around the fountains in the plazas.
Broad stone seats with high backs,
like those we see in Alma Tadema's
pictures, line the principal streets under
the soft shadows of the fan-like trees;
4. _! a
grout (J l U UJ p 5 ui i'JLC.^iua.u oujo auu
prickly cactus hedge the roadways,
where the high mud walls give a
glimpse behind; streams of sparkling
water run through the narrow ditches
of red clay, fashioned by the highway;
the very fiat plain itself and background
of low mountains repeat the
landscape of the Holy Land.
Destiny in Warts.
The fate of nations and men often
turn on the merest trifles. It would be
indeed curious if the destiny of England
and Egyp* was to be materially
attectea oy tne presence or two waris
on the cheek of a Khartoum ship's carpenter.
The occurrence of such a contingency,
seems, however, to be quite
within the bounds of possibility. In his
address to the Soudanese, Mohammed
Ahmed wrote: "Has not God Himself
given me the sig:is of my mission?the
two warts on the left cheek which are
spoken of in His book?" This cogent
reasoning would seem to have had its
effect, for the officers of the Kordpfan
army who joined his standard exhorted
their companions to follow their example.
declaring that the medhi "is al
JT ' tj
ways smiling, and his countenance is
beaming as the fall moon. On his
right cheek is a wart, and other signs
which are written in the books of the
law." There is, it is true, a grave discrepancy
as to the position of the
warts; but it^might nevertheless have
been better for the peace of the world
if Mohammed Ahmed had been born !
without any warts at alL?London \
A Baltimore Man.
Baltimore has a recluse in the person
of William H. Israel, ODce mem-1
ber of a prominent conveyancer's
firm, who lives in the family mansion
alone. For fifteen years he has allowed
no one to visit him but his lawyer and
a colored man, who every day brings
him a loaf of bread and a pitcher of j
water. The handsome furniture of
the house is going to decay and is cov-1
ered with dust. No clothing covers
or* /-vl ^ fotfanA/i
s |;u; juu uaiv ou v*u
blanket around his shoulders, a few
rags dangling about his loins, and an
old hat?all as old as his hermitage.
To make up for the deficiency of clothing,
nature has stepped in and provided
an abundant growth of hair, which
covers bis entire bodj. His hair and
beard are long and unkempt, reaching
fully to his waist, while his finger nails
are as long as the fingers themselves.
Israel is belie vs.'. fo be worth a handsome
MARK TWAIN'S BOYHOOD.
An Interview "With Mrs. Jane Clemens,
Mother of the Famous Humorist.
la an unpretentious two-story brick
dwelling, at the intersection of High
and Seventh streets, Keokuk, Iowa,
lives Orion Clemens and his wife. The
former is the eldest brother of the famous
"Mark Twain," and is a lawyer
by profession. He is the personage
who was the "Governor's Secretary"
? A?XTAW AM/1 WIia
<XKi V^aidV/U, auu nuv W)V4. t ^ .
the subordinate position which resulted,
with its attendant experiences, in
the production of probably the most
thrilling realistic portrayal of frontier
life ever given to the world?the book
"Roughing It." Mr. Orion Clemens
now lives a very quiet and secluded life,
being much given to literary pursuits, in
which he is assisted by his graceful and
accomplished wife. They have no
With them resides Mr. Clemens'
mother who will be 82 years of age
next June. The writer, being strandecTin
Keokuk for a few hours, improved
the opportunity to make a call upon
the venerable old lady, and in the
course of an hour's conversation, which
followed, received from her lips
concerning her most noted son, which
will be new to the generality of readers.
"Sam was always a good-hearted
boy," said Mrs. Ctemens, "but he was
a very wild and mischievous one, and
do what we would we could never
make him go to school. This used to
trouble his father and me dreadfully,
3 ?? 4-V? rt f KA TTAtlM
li.UU VYtJ WCk." uuu)uu;?u wan iiv, nvuiu
never amount to as much in the world
as his brothers, because he was not
near so steady and sober-minded as
"I suppose Mrs. Clemens that your
son in his boyhood days somewhat resembled
his own 'Tom Sawyer,' and
that a fellow feeling is what made him
so kind to the many hair-breadth escapades
of that celebrated youth?"
:'Ah, no," replied the old lady with
a merry twinkle in her eye, 4'he was
more like 'Huckleberry Finn1 than
Tom Sawyer.' Often his father would
start him off to school and in a little
while would follow him to ascertain
his whereabouts. There was a large
stump on the way to the school house,
and Sam would take his position behind
that and as his father went past
would gradually circle around it in
such a way as to keep out of sight
Finally his father and the teacher both
said it was of do use to try to teach
Sam anything, because he was determined
not to learn. But I never gave
up. He was always a
great boy foe histokt
and could never get tired of that kind
of reading, but tie hadn't any use lor
school houses snd text-books?"
"It must have been a great trial to
'Indeed it was," rejoined the mother,
"and when Sam's fatherdied, which
occurred when he was 11 years of age,
I thought then, if ever, was the proper
time to make a lasting impression on
the boy and work a change in him, so I
took him by the hand and went into
the room where the coffin was and in
which the father lay, and with it between
Sam and me I said to him that
here in this presence I had some serious
.requests to make ot.liim, and that i
"knew his word once given was never
"broken. For Sam never told a * falsehood.
He turned his streaming eves
on me and cried out, "Oh mother, I
will do anything, anything you ask of
me except to go to school; I can't do
that!" That was the very request I
was going to make. Well, we afterward
had a sober taik, and I concluded
to let him go into a printing office to
learn the trade, as I couldn't have him
running wild. He did so, and has
gradually picked up enough education
to enable him to do about as well as
lilUSi; vvliu >vcn; rnuiv; oiuuiuu^ iu izalij
life. He was about 20 years old when
OK THE MISSISSIPPI AS A PILOT.
I gavo him up then, for I always
thought steam boating was a wicked
business, and was sure he would meet
bad associates. I asked him if he
would promise me on the Bible not to
touch intoxicating liquors, nor swear,
and he said, "Yes, mother, I will." He
repeated the words after me, with my
hand and his clasped on the holy book,
and I believe he always kept that
promise. But Sam has a good wife
now who would soon bring him back if
he was inclined to stray away from the
right He obtained for his brother
Henry a place on the same boat as
clerk^ and soon after Sam left the river
Henry was blown up with the boat by
or* flvnlAcmn onrl l?il IrtH
The dear old lady gave me the last
reminiscences in a "trembling voice and
with eyes tilled with tears, but in a moment
recovered her wonted serenity of
expression and told many more incidents
and interesting stories of the
then embryo humorist of which my
o Artnroto I
ixicixivijr ?Y tio uvc cuai^ivu wjr UVVU*M.?-V
to enable me to reliably reproduce,
though tiie general idea will always remain
in my mind ai an indelible photograph
of Mark Twai.i, not as the
world* knows him, bin :is in? wa.? and is
to the mother whose he evidently
is, and whose
STRONG GOOD SE.W K *
and wise counsel in his xo-iih undoubtedly
has contributed lar.e y to his success.
Mrs. Clemens, aside" from a
deafness, which neee.jsit:.tos the use of
an ear trumpet, is well preserved and
sprightly for her years.
Mark Twain inheritctl the humor
and the talents which have made him
famous from his motli-r.*' stated the
younger Mrs. Clemens. -He is ;.ll
Lampton,' and resembles her as
strnnorlv in nerson as in mind. Tom
Sawyer's Aunt Polly and Mrs. Hawkins,
in 'Gilded Age,1 are ifirect portraits
of his mother."
Mrs. Clemens was Miss Jane Lampton
before her marriage, and was a native
of Kentucky. Mr. Clemens was
of the F. F. V.'s of Virginia. They did
not accumulate property, and the father
left thefamily nothing at his death but,in
Mark's own words, "a sumptuous stock
of pride and a good old name," which,
it will be allowed, has proved in thi9
case at least a sufficient inheritance.
The principal of a New York school
for teaching deaf mute children to talk
?rtr} i-irnlorsf^nH wlmt is saiH tn thorn
by watching the lips of the speaker in
a recent lecture delivered to show to
what perfection the system has been
carried had the lights lowered and had
a deaf boy interpret his utterances by
watching the shadows made on the
wall by his lips.
"Mamma," said Freddy Popinjay,
"do sounds ever get drunk?" "What
a silly question," replied his mother.
f f Vi*) A U.VU VU* V) WUJ " J VliVU
Freddy. "I heard our minister say tbe
other day that the sound was 'dissipated
in th? air,' and if dissipated don't
mean drunk, I'd like to know what it
does mean."?Burlington Free Press.
It is said there are only about half a
dozen wooden houses in London.
The timber-work of the domes of
the Church of St. Mark, at Venice, is
more than 840 years old, and is still in
a good state.
Mrs. Julian James, the (vealthy
widow whom it is rumored ex-Presi
dent Arthur will soon marry, nas xne
dark beauty and pronounced features
that betray her Jewish origin. She
spent the last season in Washington,
and assisted to receive at most of the
White House levees.
One of the greatest astronomical
works of the ccntury, a catalogue dealins:
with 75.000 stars in the Southern
Hemisphere, has just been issued in
London. Five persons were engaged
in the work for a pcr'ou of fourteen
Ben Butler has * done another
shrewd thing. He has rented his house
on Capitol Hill in Washington to the ^
senate for the use of its committees. "" / ni
The rent paid i9^L5,000 a year. Those*
who arc familiar witi the cost of
building such a houfcj ^nd its present
value in the real-estate market say .
that this rent represents exactly 21 per
cent upon the original investment.
A Georgia individual, who is well
versed in regard to cattle, says that
after the sap rises in the spring cattle
driven from north to south, a distance
of thirty miles or more are sure to die,
and those driven from south to north
will not die, but the cattle they come
in contact with will die. Driving
them east and west has no effect upon
Recently one of Barnum's elephants
was found to be in danger of becoming
blind. A surgeon who examined the
huge animal declared that the eyes
could be saved if the elephant could
be induced to submit to an operation. ^
Accordingly the poor animal was tied
down and some caustic fluid was
dropped into one of his eyes- Ho
roared with pain, for the treatment
was severe. On the following day the
eye that had been treated was much
better, but the surgeon thought he was
going to have a terrible time in operating
on the other eye. Fancy his surprise
to find that as soon as the great
beast heard his voice he stretched
himself on the ground and peacefully
submitted to the painful oraeaL The
elephant had simply recognized, the
skill and friendly purpose of his benefactor.
There are three zones, three climates,
within the -limits of Venezuela, from
cold too intense to be endured by man
to the greatest degree of heat known
on the earth's surface. The Alpine
zone lies to the west among the snowclad
summits of the Andes, where are
plains swept by blasts which chill the
blood. The next zone is from 5,000 to
8,000 feet above the sea, covered with '
forests of timber and nutritious grasses.
The third zone is the tropical,
where fruits of all sorts are produced
in the greatest abundance. The Venezuelans
claim that theirs is the only
land where coffee and corn, sugar and
apples, bananas and wheat grow in the
An American ladv who visited the
store of a dog. modiste in Paris declares
that she never before had seen such
amusing sights. The place was "not eo
mnch a store as-Tin'establishment with
halls and rooms richly furnished. Ladies
tripped in and out. all day long,
most of the visitors having with them
pugs and terriers. The pet dogs were
scattered through the rooms, each
awaiting its turn. Many small mats
and rugs were around the waxed
floors, and every bit of carpeting of the
kind was occupied by some pretty little
creature. These dogs have various
dresses. The robe used in the morning
- a. J 1. "L.! T.j. *_
is a garment ui uarx-uiue uiuiii. it lx
called a paletot, and is lined with red
flannel. From a leather collar little
bells jingle as its wearer walks along.
Sometimes a bunch of violets is fastened
on the left shoulder of the dog.
On very cold days the pet is clad m
sealskin of the same pattern, the col?
lar being in fur mounted in silver.
A Prevailing Malady.
Hundreds of women all over the
country are suffering from neuralgia to
such an extent, in many cases, as to
find life a burden. The following extract
from the British Medical Review
gives one solution as to the cause:
"There is no recognized reason why,
of late years, neuralgia of the face and
scalp should have increased so much in
the female sex as compared with our
own. There is no doubt that it is one
of the most common female maladies?
one of the most painful and difficult of
treatment. It is also a cause of much
mental depression, and leads more
often to habits of intemperance than
any other. This growing prevalence
of neuralgia may to some extent be referred
to the effect of cold upon the
terminal branches of the nerves dis4.1.^
ItlUUlCU LU IUV j UUU. LUC
why men ai-e less subject to it than women
may, to a great extent,-1 think, be
explained by the much greater protection
afforded by the mode in which the
former cover their heads when they are
in the open air. It may bo observed
that the surface of the head which is
actually covered in man is at least
three times that which fashion allows
to a woman; indeed, the points of contact
between the hat or bonnet and the
head are so irregular as practically '
to destroy any protection which might
otherwise be afforded. If I were to report
io the journals a case of facial
neuralgia cured on the principle of
protecting the lateral and frontal surface
of the face as well as the superior
part of the scalp, it might excite a certain
amount of ridicule. I can assure
you, however, that my patient considers
that her case ought to be reported;
for she says that, if we can not do
mn/>V> fnf nnn'roleria witVl nnr nroc/TITY.
tions, we ought to oppose fashion when
we lind it prejudicial to health and productive
Burdette on "Home."
The son^ of home grew out of a
homeless life, as Milton sang of light
when he was blind and Bunyan wrote
of the pilgrim's progress when manacled
in a prison. There is no place'
like home. People who live in boardcin<v
if TA /vV?
iiUUCV/O IV* O.A buv uau^u?vi Vt
a Methodist minister remembers the
home of her childhood, her memory
must be a polyglot. Home is woman's
temple. There she is goddess and votary
both. She is also usually janitor.
A man loves his home because it is a
refuge. He also loves it because there
he is a great man; there he is governor.
or as lease ne is lieutenant-governor.
And anyhow he is certain to be secre?
tary of the treasure The world fos>
gets us when we pass away, but th?
home love forgets our vices; exaggerates
our virtues, until they outnumber
the stars in the heavens, and hands
our names down, as long as the estate