Newspaper Page Text
THE NEWS AM) HERALD.
WtNNSBOIiO, S. U.
WEDNESDAI, SEPTEMBER 30.: : 1885.
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S. RETS2>OIlI*S. ) >
.*?< ? X . v sorrows.
TT. Z."arcD0-VJiX2>. V j x
There seems to be a scarcity of five
and ten dollar notes in the country
and no remedy for the scarcity seems
Considerable snow fell in some of
the extreme Northern States last week,
and serious damage was done to the
crops riot yet harvested.
The ilon. Itoswell P. Flower thought
that it would be dropping rather low
from a formidable Presidential candidate
to a Lieutenant-Governor, hence
bis refusal, we suppose.
There are now living only nine
ex-Senators who were members of the
United States Senate at the opening of
the late war. One by one the men of
that day are passing away.
The Sunday JSeics of the 27th inst.
contains the second article of Henry
George on "Protection and Free
Trade". He is an able writer and his
articles besides being interesting are a
valuable addition to the thoughts on
The Grant monurneut fund is not as
yet a rowing success. People are not
contributing with the enthusiasm that
was expected. A fair is now proposed
in Xew York, in order to raise funds.
Ifc now looks as if ifc will be a Bartholdi
statue affair again.
Sam Joxes, the revivalist, is in trouble
with the liqnor men and aie elements.
The whiskey men blew up his
place of revival and a short time afterwards
the elements demolished his
tent. The combination was most too
strong from him.
A leading exchange says that over
400,000 teachers have begun their work
during the present month. This r a
large number, but we have 110 doubt
that there is yet plenty of room in the
?? ?* 1~? fiv? oil tttKa rJnoit?o fn oncrnrrp
IVJi an ?uv uvcitw kv v**0?<gv
in the profession ef learning "the
young idea how to shoot."
The Washington Star suggests the
name of the Hon. Allen G. Thurman
as a suitable man for the vacancy in
the Civil Service Commission, caused
by the resignation of Dorman B.
Eaton. Sould he be willing to accept
the position we dare say no more suitable
man for the place could be found
in the country. -
The Republicans of .New York will
soon meet to nominate officers. There
. will be a triangular fight for Governor
with Cornelius Bliss in the lead, L. P.
Morton a good second and Cornell
holding the balance of power. It is J
said that a movement is on foot to j
nominate Col. Fred Grant for secretary J
of State. The Democrats have not yet |
opened the hail.
The Chinese riots in the West have
ftssnmor? a serions asnect. The military
has been called ont to protect Chinese
laborers. Everybody has a right in
this country to work for whom he
pleases and what he pleases, and those
arrogant workingmen who want to
control everything should be taught a
lesson that they will not soon forget.
The cholera scourge shows no abatement
in Europe. Cities are deserted
and shops are closed. The King of
Italy, who has has been noted for bis
charity, again comes to the rescue by
money and other substantial sympathy.
How thankful we of this country
shourd be that for several years we
have been spared from the ravages of
It seems to be the fashion to have
reunions on the battlefields of Virginia.
Massachusetts troops have re
cently held a meeting at Winchester,
Va. Many Confederates were there,
and there was an unusual exchange of
fraternal feeling. These reunions of
Union and Confederate men together
will always have a tendency in bringing
the whole country in common
accord and brotherly sympathy.
The State Fair this fall promisee to
be one of the best. Various new
schemes for amusement and profit are
in contemplation and will doubtless
draw large crowds. We think if it is
possible the exhibit of South Carolina
at the New Orleans Exposition should
be put on exhibition. Many of our
citizens who were unable to attend the
Exposition would be glad to see the
exhibit of oar own State, which, from
all accqjwtsi was a lasting credit, to it.
Let the authorities consider this matter.;.T
The 2$ew York Republican Convenvention,
after a two days' session, has
nominated Hon. Ira C. Davenport for
Governor. The Democratic Convention
is now in session, arid the indications
are that Governor Hiil will be
nominated by the Democrats. The
Republican nominee is considered a
weak candidate, and should Hill be
.loaiinated by the Democrats there is
little doubt but that New York State
will again be received in the Democratic
Much is now being said concerning
tobacco culture in this State. The
advocates of this movement insist that
it is the very thing for our soil, and
that there is a mint of money in it. It
will be a long time before our people
can be weaned from.cotton, but if., as
is claimed, tobacco is the more paying
industry, we cannot see why it should
not be adopted, especially when cotton
brings such a low figure. Some are
now trying it, and though it requires
more attention and care, still the profits
are .greater, which is an important
consideration. We hope a trial will
The campaign in Eugland grows
more interesting day by day. It is
rumored that the present premier will
issue a campaign manifesto in a few
days. The friends of Gladstone are
uneasy for him, as his voice is giving
away ami (bey believe bis career as an
orator is near an end. Mr. Chamberlain's
ambition leads him under the
to beiSeve vhat if Gladstone
shall again come into office he
j would resign af^er he had gotten the
\ machinery of the government in operI
ation and Chamberlain would succeed
him. Both parties are ready for the
' ^ i ? ? '1 " in Ua n r*
; IJiilll, StllU IL tv/ w a4X liiivii
j Mr. J. F. Dezendorf, who has
: always been a leader of the Straight*
out Republicans of Virginia, predicts
i a Democratic victory in that State this
j fall by 20,000 majority. He gives as
I his reason that the straightouts, if they
i vote at all, will vote for General Lee,
| as they are not prepared to vote for
; the man who only a lew years ago de|
nominated them "carpet-baggers" and
"seal la wags", and on the other hand
they have no love for Mahone and will
not assist him in securing another term
i in the Senate. The time is-coming
when "little Billy" will have to step
down and out and give way to a gen!
nine Democrat, who will represent the
j people of Virginia.
We think it is about time that our
| esteemed contemporaries cease firing
j paper bullets at each other, and if they
really mean business let them go to
work in the regulation style. We
think that the cold formalities of the
much condemned duello would be far
preferable to the personalities in which
the Columbia Register and the Ntws
and Courier have been indulging. If
the editors of the News and Courier
and the Register are so violently opposed
to resenting insults they should
be equally particular in giving them.
At any rate, we say give us a rest. If
the editors wish to continue their paper
war let it be done by private correspondence
instead of through the colj
umns of newspapers.
A New York man was in the United
! States Circuit Court last week with
I counsel desiring leave to bring- an
! action to remove the Civil Service
' Commissioners and abolish the Corrij
mission. It created a great deal of
j interest with the friends and enemies
; of the civil service alike. The Government
was represented by District
Attorney Dorsheimer, who said he
! appeared by direction of the President
i of the United States. The abolition of
the Commission was asked on the
grounds of its unconstitutionality.
Counsel for the plaintiff objected to the
defendants being represented by a
Government official, as the United
States had no status in the case. The
j objection was overruled. After argu
| ment, tne presiaing juage reiasea me
| application to bring the action.
I There has been an uprising in Easfcj
ern Roumelia. The people with one
accord united with Bulgaria under
Prince Alexander. These were prin;
cipalities established by the treaty of
Berlin and were dependencies upon the
j Sultan of Turkey. Turkey wants to
['fight and regain RonmeUa, but it is
i presumed that she will no? do so, from
j the fact that the powers desire peace.
I There is great diversity of opinion in
j Europe regarding the situation, but
j the general sentiment is to let things
I take their course. Russia is at the
bottom of the whole affair, and it is
only another one of her aggressions to
gain more territory. It is, however,
! much preferable for these principalities
j to be under the control of Russia
' *-1- * " A ^
I ruiuer Lliifcli UliUCi bug uvuiiiwu? v/4
Waclip the following extract from
the JVeuw ancZ Courier of Monday:
Prof. R. Means Davis, of the South
Carolina College, contributed to the
Cincinnati Enquirer, last week, a
comprehensive sketch of the rascality
practiced by the Republican party in
South Carolina from 1860 to 1876,
which is designed to illustrate the
metheds by which that party committed
self-destruction in this" State,
and at. the same time to answer some
of Senator Sherman's chargcs against
the South. The story is a familiar
one in these parts, but Prof. Davis has
put it in highly interesting shape for
Ohio readers, and has supplied Mr.
Sherman and his lieutenants with nuts
enongh to crack to keep them busy
during all the rest of the campaign.
Mr. Davis could no doubt give a
very correct history of the Republican
corruption, as he has made himself
familiar witn their rascality, and we
dare say that his article was an able
Nearly all that is worth anything
about Port Royal is tote soMsoon;
consequently Port Royal will be numbered
among the things that were.
D. F. Appleton, of New York, started
to build a big city at the present site
and bought land at a ridiculously low
pricc. The "city" was advertised and
bolstered up for a long time and lots
were sold at an exorbitant rate. Mr.
Appleton, of course, got rich and other
people poor. After the Central Railway
of Georgia obtained control of the
Port Royal and Augusta Railroad they
removed everything that possibly could
be moved; consequently Port Royal is
left and Savannah derives all the benefit.
This was a splendid site for a
commercial city?having a deep and
spacious harbor?and it is to be regiettcd
that the scheme was not a sucnno;
O! it tvrvnlH hoTTA Wl'P.lrtv tft
VVOOj WC iV " Wl.vt V V%v.v?v%? 9 *the
wealth and trade of our State.
The eleventh annual convention of
the American Bankers' Association
met in Chicago 011 the 23d inst. The
following resolution touching the .silver
question was introduced by the
That it is the sense of this con veil?
lion that the coinage of silver dollars
under the compulsory law of 1S7S is
detrimental to the best interests of the
people and dangerous to the welfare of
the Government, and that that law
should be immediately suspended and
remain inoperative until an international
agreement of leading commercial
Rations shall give substantial assurance
as to the future.rotation as to
gold aud silvv#:* as money.
The discussion was openpd by Col.
\V. L. Trenholm, of South Carolina,
It would seem that nearly all of the
most influential financial men of the
country are opposed to the compulsory
coinage of silver dollars, apd that
it is dangerous to the financial interests
of the country.
The New York Democratic State
Convention, which met at Saratoga on
Thursday last, as was expected, nominated
Governor David B. Hill as the
standard-bearer in the coming campaign.
He seems to have made a good
impression daring his brief administration
of the New York Government,
and secnrea tne nomination wnnoui
much trouble. The Hon. Roswell P.
Flower was nominated for LieutenantGovernor,
but has addressed a letter to
the chairman of the late convention
positively declining the nomination.
After completing thG other nominations
to be made, a nlatform was
adopted, the principal points of which
arc?civil service reform by placing
Democrats in office, the silver question
and a judicious straddle of the tariff
issue. Upon the whole it is considered
a pretty able document, and one which
will win in the coming campaign.
The Republican candidate, Ira B.
Davenport, is considered by both parties
a pretty strong candidate, as his
long political service will be of incalculable
benefit in the present political
contest, and his political record is not
inarked by corruption. A hard fight
will be made by both parties, and the
result will be awaited with no little
Enforcement and Xot Amendment.
. The News and Courier, in its issue
of the 19th iust., sees fit to criticise the
presentment of the grand jury of Fairfield
county vshen it recommends the
amendment of the law relating to the
crimes giving rise to the alleged organization
of "Regulators". The News and
Courier says: "It will probably occur
to every thinking man in South Carolina
that the law needs enforcement
rather than amendment, and that if
the grand jury had ddne their whole
duty there would be no occasion for
Now the laws are enforced in Fairfield
as well if not better than in any
other county of the State. In the
issue of the 22nd the News and Courier
Uys on the subject of gambling in
stock that "South Carolina has, it appears,
a law declaring gambling contracts
unlawful. The law, it will be
noticed, is verv strinsrent. but there
has not been, so far as we know, a
singly actiou under it." .
Now suppose our enterprising contemporary
goes to work and ferrets
oat some of the stock gamblers of
Charleston and has them brought to
the notice of the grand jury, and if the
grand jury fail, through some defect in
the law, (o find true bills, it would be
time to ask for the much needed remedy.
We think enforcement of the
law against stock gambling is needed
and not amendment.
Let the Charleston grand jury look
after its stock gamblers and the Fairfield
jury will look afi.er its "Regulators".
Lynching in Edgefield.
Considerable excitement has prevailed
in Edgefield county since the
inst., on account of the assassinaof
young Mr. fiammond, a respectable
citizen of that county by
some unknown person. This excitement
culminated on Monday last and
resulted in the death of Mr. O. T,
Culbreath at the hands of an iufuriated
mob. The facts as gathered are about
as follows: Culbreath and his wife
had not lived happily together for
some time> and a few years ago they
separated and have been living apart
ever since. Re was very jealous of
her and rumor says that he had threatened
the life of young Hammond, who
lived near, and who was often a guest
at the house of Mrs. Culbreath. Mr.
Hammond was shot down on the night
of the 12th inst, by some unknown
party without the subtest warning,
Naturally, suspicion pointed to Culbreath
as the murderer, and on Monday
he was brought to Edgefield, and
while in the office of his attorney the
building was surrounded bv masked
men, a portion of them entering the
office and covering his attorney with
loaded revolvers. Culbreath was im?
mediately shot down, and the lynchers
not being satisfied took him from the
office to a Doint about a mile from
town, when, notwithstanding his pleadings
for mercy and protestations of
innocence, he was again shot, and we
presume left for dead. He afterwards
recovered a little and made his
way back to town, where he lived long
enough to disclose the names of two
of the lynchers, which may probably
lead to the discovery of other parties
connected with the crime.
We are glad to know that the people
of Edgefield condemn the act, and will
use every effort to to bring the parties
tojustjee. There was no positive evidence
whatever against Culbreath and
only suspicion caused his arrest. It is
high time that something should be
done to check the increase qf mob law*
It can be justified iu no way, and when
parties undertake to administer justice
and usurp the powers of our Courts in
any particular they themselves become
violators of the law and should be neld
accountable to the law for their actions.
There is danger in opening the door in
the least, for if good men undertake to
mete out justice to their fellow men
without giving them an opportunity to
defend themselves where wiJl bad mei)
stop? It is to be hoped that this deed
will be punished, aud the good people
of#Edgefield should spare no efforts to
bring the guilty parties to justice and
to the penalty for their lawless acts.
A Cli4R?p in the Civil Service CommiSSlffn.
Dorman B. Eaton, chairman of the
Civil Service Commission, has tendered
his resignation as a commissioner
to the President, The President has
written a long JetJer accepting i(, to
take effect 011 the 1st of Jfoyember
next. In his letter of resignation Mr.
Eaton said that it was his intention to
resign as soon as the commission got
under head way, but that he was per
suaded by his friends to coptinne in
office as a change of tbe party in power
would be embarrassing to the com?
paission. He said:
j I saw plainly frow hostile journals
that I should be charged, if I resigned,
with fleeing from the perils of that
crisis. It was clear enough that no
excuse from my long service and no
declaration of my confidence in the
reform policy of the Presidential candidate
and the statesmen of the Democratic
party, would relieve me from
the damaging plausibility of such a
charge. As a private citizen I could
scorn the imputation, but as a public
officer and as being in a private way
somewhat identified with the cause of
civil service reform, I had no right to
make an opportunity for its natural
enemies in either party to use such a
charge to its injury.
There was another reason why I
could not tender my resignation and
should have refused to do so had it
been requested at or near the time of
your accession to office. For I should
regard it as a pernicious precedent,
utterly repugnant to the spirit of the
civil service Act, to treat the office of
civil service commissioner as political,
and hence as one to be filled at the beginning
of each Presidential terpa.
These considerations constrained me to
continue in my place until the reform
policy of your Administration so clearly
defined in your declarations should
be as unmistakably developed iu your
acts as President as it had been in your
acts as Governor of New York. The
time has arrived when no candid man
can longer pretend to regard that
policy as indefinite or doubtful. Every
one of t'<e five months of your Adminictvatinn.
rinnncr whif?h thfi civil ser- I
vice Act and rules have been enforced
with as much breadth, firmness and
fidelity as under that cf President
Arthur, has not only added new evidence
of the utility of the new system
upon which he congratulates the country,
but has made more definite the
settled purpose of your Administration
to faithfully enforce both law and
rules in future. The few changes you
have made in the rules have but added
to their justice and efficiency. So far
as I have been able to learn there is
not a member of your Cabinet who has
not as a result of his experience in
office a higher sense than before of the
need of enforcing that "merit system"
in the public service which the civil
service Act and rules have established;
and, from those at the head of many
offices in the postal and customs service
to which the examinations extend
in all parts of the Union, and whether
they be Republicans holding over or
new officers fr ?n the other party,
there has come no reason for believing
that the "merit system" is not welcomed
as a great benefit to the public
service, a great influence for honesty
in politics and a great relief to the head
fo the office.
President Cleveland in reply discussed
at lensrth the advantages of
civil service and the difficulties incident
upon such a plan. He handsomely
acknowledges the valuable services
of the commission and the good they
have done the public service. It is
hard to say who will succeed Mr.
Eaton on the commission.
ITEMS FROM CEDAR CREEK.
Messrs. Editors: The people, generally,
are willing to admit that there
has been rain enough. It began to
rain last Sunday evening and rained
almost incessantly until Monday night.
Big Cedar Creek was very high; it
overflowed its banks and damaged
corn to some extent. A portion of
the bridge at Mrs. C. C. Leitner's,
also at Dnnlap's mill, was carried
away. Little Cedar vreeK w??-fflgner(so
said) than it has been for a good
There is a union prayer-meeting held
at Mr. C. A. Abell's schooMiouse twice
The Woman's Missionary Society
had a quiltiug at Mre. Leitner's on
Friday. A good many of the tair sex
The Juvenile Society (Palmetto
Leaves) are goiDg to have a dime
reading at Pine Grove school-house
soon. A good time is anticipated, and
we hope all may be benefitted.
Another engine in the neighborhood.
Mr. Frank Cnrlee will gin cotton at
Mr. C. A. Abell's two days in every
two or three weeks while the ginning
season lasts. Times are changing;
this is a progressive age. The time
was when cotton was carried to the
gin; now the giu is carried to the cotton.
There was a tolerably large congregation
at Buffalo last Wednesday night.
Mr. W. W, Entzrainger, in the absence
of the pastor or other minister, conducted
prayer-meeting. On the following
morning four were immersed.
After that services were held by the
Rev#B. F. Corley.
Judging from appearances?from the
arrangements that been and are being
made?there will be several wedding!
on Cedar Creek during the fall. Some
of them are so very loving- that an
observer could scarpel}' help remarking
that "their single blessedness wiii
soon terminate. x.
September 26, 1885.
A Labor Blot In Cleveland.
If it had not been for a nqtloe posted
in the yards of the Cleveland rolling
mills conceding prices a general attack
npon all tbe mills would have beeu
made on Friday morning by a mob of
three thousand men. In the evening
the men. who had retnrned to work
before the notice was posted were received
by howling mobs of strikers as
they left the shops and stones were
thrown and pistols fired, but no qno
^as reported fatally injured.
?An old and intimate friend is
mino ia Psivfcpr's Hair Tialsnm. T havn
used it five years, and could not do
without it. It lias stopped ray hair
frotn falling, restored its natural black
color ai.d wholly cleanscd it dandruff
?Miss Pearl An'eson, St. Louis, Mo.*
New York I)emocr^py.
The Democratic State Convention of
3fe>y York met at Sar&to?a last Thursday.
The utmost good feeling prevailed.
Some of the delegates seemed
inclined to postpone nominations, but
a motion to go into nominations was
adopted by a large majority. The ballot
resulted as follows: David B. Hill,
338: A. S. Hewitt, 33; J. A. Slocuin,
8; Flower, 1. Governor Hill was declared,
amid great enthusiasm, to be
the nominee, and the bands, in different
parts of the fjall, struck up lively
Do Not Walt TiU ChiU Winter is Here.
The summer is over?autumn brings
forcibly to mind the necessity of fixinz the
fevenue for the winter's supply of the
requirements of life^and the sanguine
man turns naturally to making a small
sacrifice of a dollar or more (as he can
afford it) upon the altar of Fortune, by
sanding to M. A. Dauphin, New Orleans,
La., for a ticket or a fraction of one in
the ISoth Grand Monthly Drawing of The
Louisiana State Lottery, at noon, on Tuesday
(always Tuesday); October 13ih. ijrhen
$265,500 will be scattered broadcast in
sums from ?75,000 downwards. So prepare
for winter?by investing at once. *
THE PANAMA CANAL.
A Record of Fraud Unparalleled in tho
Annuls of Any Nation.
A former Cincinnatian, Mr. W. J.
Crosby, has just returned from Panama,
where he has been since last September
fulfilling a contract for lightening
cargoes on incoming ships to the
shore. The yellow fever has been and
now is, committing dreadful ravages
there, and when his turn eamc iiis
physician and a friend hurried him out
of the country. His wife had preceded
him by a few weeks. He reached
New York, and there heard of the sudden
death of a brother in Evansville,
which sad news summoned him west.
He expects to return about the 20th
of the present month.
Mr. Crosby has been a number of
years on the isthmus; at one time as
an agent of the Pacilic Steamship company,
and his position gave him opportunities
for observation, which ho !
seems to have improved to the fullest j
extent, after a manner proverbial with I
"How is the isthmus at the present i
time?" lie was asked by a representa- j
tivc of the Cincinnati Enquirer.
"It is not the nicest place in the j
world to be in now," he remarked, j
"for people are dying iu the streets by i
the cart-load with the yellow fever.
Taken at the best, Panama is not
what it was some years ago. Then
there were a dozen or twenty American
families there that cultivated socialities,
and :i better or more homelike
place could not be desired. Within
the past few years, however, a lot
of Frenchmen have made their apnoaronn.s
unit nhnnirml 1 lin r>r\n
ditions of residence most materially."
"How about the canal?"
"The history of that canal," said he
earnestly, "will be a record of fraud
almost unparalleled in the annais of
any nation. Already it has cost the
sum of $120,000,000. The projectors
havo in addition a debt of $SU,00'J,000,
and now they ostimato that to compass
its completion $500,000,000 additional
will be needed. What havo they accomplished?
Nothing more than the
transportation to the objective point of
an unlimited amount of machinery,
which is useless aud can not even be
converted into old iron, as the rate for
freights away from the isthmus are so
high as to render profitless any such
The Nicaragua route is undoubtedly
the best for canal purposes, but it
is at the same time the longest. The
route selected by the French and German
syndicate is the shortest, but it
is fraught with difficulties which, I
think, have been all too lightly considered,
even if they havo been considered
"Jtor instance, .me iana lies very
high in places, and the deepest portion
will be a cut six hundred feet in
depth. Now, the water surface of the
canal will have to be 150 feeC in width.
This will necessitate a cut nearly eighteen
huudred feet in width at the top;
so you can easily imagine the amount
of dirt to be removed. The canal lino
follows closely that of the Panama
railroad. The contract for removing
the dirt has been let to a Frcnch and
Dutch syndicate for $19,00J,000, and
as yet the contractors have done
nothing. Then they seem to have
taken no account of the varying aspect
of the spring tides. Of course, they
will have to employ an elaborate system
of locks, in lite spring' the tides
on the P.icilic side rise from twentylive
to thirty feet, while on the gulf
coast they arc from twelve to fifteen
inches. These conditions 1 deem of
importance, and lastly, they are using
tiio f?li:iiini*l of the; Ch:i<rres river as a
w ?? ? c ~ - ?
starting point on the gulf >ide. The
Cllw a nioilmnin qJ j q
times of flood is a terror to the infrao^
itants. You have heard about a torrent
rushing and jumping. Well, "the
breast ol a torrent iu tne Cnagres just
jumps along, it comes down like a
solid wall, bear.ng ail before it. They
will have to divert the euiire channel
of this si ream. The canal has now
been undc;' way lor four years, and
the channel, when completed, will be
forty-seven miles in length.
"The company has erected a great
number of houses along the line, and
just to give you an idea of the manuer
in which they conduct their business I
will tell yon that iu their ollicc, which
rtn nlo f lintr liOil of r?MO
iO ?(U iUitUVilOU HIWJ anu tkw VKV
time over seven hundred clerks employed.
It see rued at once a hospital .
and an asylum for broken-down relies
of French nobility. Each window of
the ollicc had a small balcony, and
each balcony its lolling Frenchman.
When Qne got tired and went within
to either pore over the p-iges of a
French novel of questionable moral
purity or the Paris papers another
Frenchman took his piace. If anyouc
appeared with a bill or sorios of accounts
he. as like as not, would bo
told to call agai , as all liauds wore
too busy to pay any attention to him.
To any man conscientiously attempting
to discharge his duty this was discouraging.
All these fellows did was
to draw their salaries. I understand,
however, that the force has recently
been materially decreased.
"In addition, 1 can assure you of
thing, and that is, if the Panama
nal is ever completed it will be by
American brain and pluck. The way
tiio present syndicate arc ongageu it
will take ontf hundred years to finish
"The business is loosely couducted.
For a sample, a brig sailed into the
harbor with a cargo consisting of
twenty-three thousand bushols oi coal,
to be used for construction purposes.
The coal \yas paid for and the vessel
sailed away. After lying about among
the outlying Islands for some days she
returned, reported the cargo, and received
pay in full a second time.
This is only one instance."
Turning to the canal scheme, the gentleman
remarked that the contract
system in Panama is only tinothep
namp for most*barc-faced
kind. A. company in Panama, he said,
holds a contract for removing dirt
from tho harbor. The dirt is soft?so
soft, in fact, that it runs, and, like water,
it seeks its level. The company
has never to move its dredge, as tho
place is constantly filling up. So there
the thing remains working away to all
otftrnitv. TIia drndfrintrc nrn loaded
www J - ? o o
up and carried out to sea :ind dumped
overboard, only to wo k back ia time
to the starting poiui. "I have seen,"
bp ppnpludt'4, ''working side by side,
two men oil subcontracts, one of them
fiirpwipg the dirt ffoc^ b'is excavation
into tho hole mado by his companion,
so that the same dirt was oosting two
prices for removal. I am not an engineer,
but I verily believe that tho
only salvation for tho harbor lies in
tho adoption of the jetty system."
Writing on the subject of edelweiss,
Mr. Burbidgc, of the Trinity College
Botanical Gardens, Dublin, points out
that the plant is easily grown in English
gardens frQnj seed. It is sq\yn in
common gatdc^ earth |n a cold frame,
and when large enough each little plant
is placed in a small pot in a mixture of
loamy earth and old lime rubbish; or
lin nUntc o cot72 orn nnn 11 v waII
IUV MU OW?jr VMV If V4*
pleased by a niche in asunny rock garden,
provided a supply of their farorite
i'iuio tjibtysh ov ql<4 be afFpr<ie4
them.' Contrary tq tiic generally rer
peived opinion, the edel weiss is really a
plant of extremely easy culture from
seeds as here directed, and, further,
gpod fresh seeds of it are quite readily
pblainable from the qsual sources of
Combining IE05 frith PUEE VEGETABLE
TONICS, quickly and completely CLEANSES
and ENRICHES THE BLOOD. Quickens
the action of4he Liver and Kidneys. Clears the
complexion, makes the skin smooth. It docs not t
injure the teeth, cause headache, or produce con- 5
stipation-ALL OTHER IRON MEDICINES DO.
Physicians and Druggists everywhere recommend it.
Dn. N. S. RtJGGIJ-S. of_Marion, Mass.. says: "I
recommend Brown's Iron Bitters as a valuable ujcic
for enriching the blood, and removing all dyspeptic
symptoms. It does not hurt tho teeth." r
Da R. M. Delzelx,. Reynolds. Ind.. says: "I
have prescribed Brown's Iron Bitters in cases of S
anaemia and blood diseases, also when a tonic waa (
needed, and it has proved thoroughly satisfactory. ,
Mb.Wm. Btbns,26 St. Maiy St.. New Orleans. La., ''
says: "Brown's Iron Bittera relieved me in a case J
of blood poisoning, and I heartily commend it to
those needing a purifier."
Tho Genuine has Trade Mark and crossed red linee
on wrapper. Take no other. Made only by
Eli OWN CHEMICAL CO., BALTIMORE, MD. r
Ladies' Hand Book?useful and attractive, con- \
jtininiT liijt of prizes for recipes, information about
coins, etc., given away by all dealers in medicine, or
mflilod to any address on receipt of Sc. stamp.
25 YEARS IN USE.
Tho Greatest'MedicalTriumBh of the Age!
SYMPTOMS OF A
Loss of appetite, Bowels costive, Paizrin
the bead, with a dell sensation in the
back part* Fain nnder the chonlderblade,
Fullness after eating, with a disinclination
to exertion of body or mind.
Irritability of temper, Low spirits, with
a feeling of having neglected some duty,
Weariness, Dizziness, Flattering at tbe
Heart, Dots before the eyes, Headache
over the right eye, Restlessness, with
fltffcl dreams, Highly colored Urioe, and
TUTT'S PltJLS are especially adapted
to such cases, one dose effects such a
change of feslingas to astonis lithe sufferer.
They Increase the Appetite,and cause the
body to Talte oa Flesh, thus the system Is
nourished, and by their Tonic Aetloa on
the DicestiveOrcranStRejrular Stools are
TUTT'S EXTRACT SARSAPARILLA
Renovates the body, makes healthy flesh,
strengthens the weak, repairs the wastes or
the system with pure blood and hard muscle;
tones the nervous system, invigorates the
brain, and imparts the vigor of manhood.
$ 1. Sold by drussists.
OFFICE 44 Murray St., New Yoric..
MY STOCK OF SEA S ON J BLE "i
GOODS IS COMPLETE! J
IIIAYE A FULL STOCK OF STAPLE
AND FANCY GROCERIES.
CANNED GOODS IN GREAT VARIETY
I invite a trial order of my parched Rio
Coffee. I sell you any quantity you want
and weigh it when you buy it, and you
don't have to pay for the paper is
A full supply of fanning utensils.
tiows, now-nxocxs, Hames. Tracts, BackBands,
Hame-Strings, Spades, Shovels,
Forks, Iloes, both Brades and Handled, _
Grain Cradles, Grass Blades, Heel-Screws,
Lap-Rings, Repairing Links, etc., etc.
Choice Tennessee Flour, Roller Patent
and Family Grades.
Sugar cured Hams, Meal and Grits.
Wheat Bran, Garden Seeds, Seed Irish
A-share of the trade respectfully solicited.
K. ML HUJEY. Q
ONE CAR-LOAD OF WESTERN
Horses m lares]
ALL WELL BROKEN TO DOUBLE OR
SINGLE HARNESS, AND AMONG
TIIE>y^. FEW WELL GAIT ED
ALL OF WII1CH WE WILL SELL LOW
FOR CASH, OR WILk EXCHANGE
THEM FOR GOOD HEAVY MULES.
W PARTIES WANTING EITHER
TO PURCHASE OR TRADE WILL
FIND IT TO THEIR INTEREST TO
CALL ON US AT AN EARLY DAY.
A. WILLIFORD & SON,
Winnsboro, S. C.
sure your Lamps arc filled with
FIEE PROOF OIL.
The Perfection of Family s.-itVry oils. |
EQUALLED JiV NO OT1IFIJ!
A PKUFKCT LA T\IT" I.lClIT
ONLYh'WESTY C'KSTii .1 GALLON!
It is entirely free from every impurity.
FIRE PROOF OIL is absolutely free from
Benzine, Paraffine, ami all gummy or
foreign m.itter which in other oils so fre
qucntly clogs the wick and prevents its C
giving a clear, bright light. In color it as _
as white as spring water and gives off no 0
odor in burning. Giyeita trial and you ?
will be convinced that all of' the above is
CHESS-CARLEY COMPANY, J
Columbia, S. 0.
For sale by 1
J. CLENDIMXG & CQ? 1
At the OLD POSTOFFICE. 1
Demands that we shall 110 longer offer to the ]
^argest Stock of Goods ever offered in our To
;oods on the Lien or Long Time System, thus
>er annum invariably offered for
)ur buyer diligently worked for the Lowest 1
fork recently, and we can now say we are in
0 Cash Buyers the times demand of a Progre<
nake our puichasos judiciously as to sumcien
election, with judgment as to fabric, with tas
falling attention to our Dress Goods (Buttons
ay they arc pretty. Our selection of Caiicoei
dollars, Edgings, "fete., is better and cheaper t
ow prices of our Flannels, Cotton Flannels,
31eached Homespuns, Ticking, Domestic Goo
["ne '-Gold" and "Silver" Shirts should be ex;
vear well. Our Hats are stylish.
rhe reputation of our house in this line will t
tyles are more varied, and our stock will mee
REMEMBER THE CORNER ST
J. M. ]
~y?\ /~~x A "o
d. a. he;
STILL CLAIMS THA'
YOU DRY GOODS, N
SHOES, HATS, CAPS,
THAN ANY MERCHi
BORO. COME AND'
BUY GOODS CHEA]
CHEAPEST FROM I
NEXT DOOR T(
?who is n
NTE "W 1
FALL AND VTO
?VE MUST HAVE
A T>..? 11 1 ?
VUl will ltdYU IW
a few days, where he expect
largest stocks of Fall and
brought to this Market We
Summer Stock on liand that
sacrifice. We mean what w<
Q. D W1LL1F
For Sale by J. n BEA"
?3?~A?ents wanted iu unoocupled territory.
I11NE COMPANY, 909 Mai" Street, Richmos
STAUNTON, VIRCIm|A. REV. WAS*
Opens its 16?h session Sept. 9th. 1885, with a co?pi oi 0
lildings. Elegant and healthful location. Hone influ*
jpartmeats o! Music and Art in Ukj hands <4 uUlied teach
3J ACADEMIC; BIBLICAL; LAW; XEDIC
Civil Engineering: and Manual Technology embraces
Hf riven to Civil Engineering:. Full cnurse mManual 1
Literary and Scientific Department, KJ3; in Theotogl
: . ' x?:v5^^xy^eg5ES? gg-.- v'- - 'r^f
. * --
people of Wfamsboro and Fairfield the
wa; that we shall no longer twy our
losing the 12% to 25 per ceafc interest
'rices and best discounts when in New
shape, and are willing, to mak&tfce /
>sive House. We have endeavored to
t quantity to give our customers a nice
;te as to styles and designs. ;
>, Trimmings, etc., to match) we will
>, Ginghams, Hosiery, Handkerchiefs,
ban usual. Posted buyers will note the
Bleached and Unbleached Shirting,
ds of all kinds, etc., etc.
amined. F & C Collars will fit afitt .
ie fully sustained tliia season. Oar
:t the increasing demand.
BEATY & BRO.
r HE WILL SELL
\NT IN WINNS- rRY
ME, AND BE
THAT YOU CAN
PER THAN THE
X A. HENDRIX, ...
) THE BANK
jt York and Boston in ^
5 to bny one of the
Winter Goods erer
have a remnant of
will be sold at any
; say. We must hate
OKD & CO.
LSGET-KK^KI^ t 1
Tbi> cut ?bows tk* new <5
u'chm! work tjw cojfijjany k.%QF SS^r 1
, duciit^. ^ ,r
AI:TIST)CAI*I.Y MEAl'VlKUi. _
WlTiiOlT A ^kjr. *
luiu> lut-dmnk-al c-u*tf it ?
THE X>;w I.IKE OS ATTACH..
incuts that arc iio> bring fk&mi
tlir lMjJtlMlC we jK .
Othrr UUK'ltilu-luis tlu$L^g?
men is and the
make the DOMESTIC more than ?fei
without question the acfcaowled^fc}
standard of excellence.
rYABBO., 8. C.
Address DOMESTIC SI WING 3ULKi,
WILLIS, A. M., Principal.
OMwm 3Um3 Tcxtoii Exe?Ikat brick
>nc?. Kor*J csitan rectire? cantol attention
Vnfn)M* rtf nnnlt?
UTPgTTV Teaa. ^
;AL; PHAJtt?AG?17?lCAL t MEXTAZ*
i in Academic Department. Special attention
'echnology. SeMjoa ogeaa Sept. 1?. Tuition in,
Bai, frees fwC?talofue(free)?udu>