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VOL. XLII. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1885. NO. 15.
Frcel -what dors it moan to be free?
Is freedom a tangible object that we can all
Or is it a measure created by mind.
By laws invisible, weighed and defined?
Free! Is this a term whose limit and rule
Has ever been fixed by schedule, or school?
Has its birth been traced in the annals of
Or its sounding: been taken by plummet or
, Freedom of self, or freedom of land.
Means frrowth of the spirit?the power to ox?.pand?
^ The knowledge of needs in life here on earth,
4k And the solving of these by a standard of
To be free is to throw off the freightage of
To petition for truth, and when it appears,
p. Though startling in form or strange to the
To welcome it frankly in name of the right.
, To bo free Is to stand at the ccntcr of being
That our own inner Jives be attuned in a
That the chords of consciousness answer and
To the touch of the Infinite hand and the In
ADVENTURES OF A LOITERER.
'?1 Leonce tie Nerdnn was a delightful
fellow. He was 25 years old, had a
beautiful black beard, elegantly trimmed,
a coat cut in the latest style, an
income of 15,000 francs, a law licentiate's
diploma in a drawer, plenty of
V 11, UIUUU OWU-?WJUiauvv? V* ? WW... ?
and an honorable name.
Having nothing to do, he was good
for nothing. And how could he amuse
himself? When a man is poor, the efforts
necessary to him, his humble discouragements
and joys, his disappointed
hopes, arc occupation enough for
this mind. But it is quite otherwise to
the man who lacks nothing. Agreeable
lodgings, excellent meals, rides in
the Bois rmd a box at the opera, are
r all a man want, but they are not very
satisfying. To begin over again every
morning, and turn the same mill all
day every day, makes a pretty poor
life. So thought Leoace, as ho tapped
the pavement with his heels in a melv
Chance, however, gave him an idea,
and rescued him from his heaviest monotony?that
of living by himself. He
found the unexpected, which is even
more difficult to discover than the
" He was mechanically following the
-long arcades of the Rue de Rivoli, one
day, when he heard two full, joyous,
amusing voices. He saw before him
two rotund, solid men, with happy
) faces. From the conversation, he
soon learned that they were provincials.
Happy men! How they did enjoy
themselves, and everything and
* t everybody! And what plans they
were making! For that dav, the mor
row, the next day, and the day. after
that- They did not hope to have time
to see and do everything, but they
were i*oing to try.
An idea flashed into Leonce's mind
like lightning. "1 do not know what
?- lo do," he thought; "I will do just
what these men do. Perhaps it will
- be interesting, I will follow them all
day, and will be the voluntary slave of
two men who do not suspect their
Leonce did as he proposed, and at
the cid of the day he was surprised to_
g- ?'fhfd that ifc frnd- really unjuyCCL iumW'
v.- self. He had seen in. the very Paris
^ y where he had been born a host of
^ things of whose existence he had never
*7 ' areameo. i
The day having proved one-^f the
most agreeable in his life, Lco?e resolved
to repeat the same method of
* procedure as often as possible. Every
morning about 9 o'clock ho went to
lounge in the Kue de Kivoli, and as
soon as he saw a provincial of attractive
appearance he gave the direction
KJo Iitn ir\y tJiof ii??r hie ImnHc.
Ul U1J iliv iVl VUUU M?kl MAW
We must acknowledge that Leonce
soon preferred the ladies to the gentlemen;
because, to be sure, the iady
l brought him more amusement than the
gentleman. The woman is immensely
superior in imagination; her caprices
have infinite variety, the unexpected
ha3 a larger part in her existence; she i
1. in/v ??n/l r?/-kMlir?tr f 1- I
"V XJLlUdl OCW C1C1J buiu^f MUU ? |
rtigues her; she is enterprising, ingenious,
curious; in short, she is a woman.
Leonce, then, preferred for his purpose
families in which there were women.
One morning he had good fortune at
. : the very outset. He was a man about
60 years old, square built, rubicund,
and wrapped in an ample cloak; on
his arm leaned a woman of 50, tall
and thin, with a remnautot beauty.
W ""il. Dulaurier," said she, with not
- the least caution not to be beard by
^ the passers, "we can truly say that we
have a beautiful sight before us."
"You are right a thousand times,
Mrue. Dulaurier! But there are the
girls far in advance of us!"
"Louise! Louisctte!" called Mmc.
. ' palaurier; and: two young women,
w who preceded I heir father and mother
: by a few stops, stopped and waited.
1 Louise was evidently older than her
sister Louisctte. She was tall and imposing,
like her mother; she loved
linen of dazzling whiteness laid in order
in great oaken presses. She was a
^ woman of strong mind.
Louisctte, on the other hand, was
slender, fair and naturally elegant,
_ though she wore an ill-made dress.
She had small feet, and her long, slen^
aer hands sought the green ribbons of
^ her hat with a gesture instinctively coquettish,
which did not escape Leonce's
all-seeing Parisian eye. 6c thought
her charming, but awkward, and he
began to follow the four with a special
About 10 o'clock they all entered a
cafe for breakfast, and Leonce took a
seat at the table near so as to face
L Louisette. In a few moments he riskJ;
ed a glance at the young lady, who did
not- turn away her eyes. He attempted
still more, and threw all the mag
, ^ netism possible into ins eves; Due tius
i time the girl blushed slightly, leaned
f to speak to her mother, and did not
> look up again.
1 After breakfast the strangers took
the cars for St. Cloud, still followed
After an hour's walk through the
long alleys of the park, under a
scorching sun, they began to feci
K greatly fatigued, and Leonce heard
. Aiaaame Uulauner e.xdaim: "I wont
der if we shall never come to a drop of
water! I am so tired I am ready to
__ This was Leonce's opportunity, and
^ he went straight to Madame Dulauricr,
hat in hand.
f "Madame," said he, "1 should never
k forgive myself if I did not come to
your aid. I know this park thoroughly;
and I can show you the fountain of
Sainte Marie, renowned through the
44 A fkAnnAm) r>!? '' \f a
?T3l tUUUdilUU. IUAUAO, Oil) 9UiU 1U.U" I
^ dam Dulaurier, surprised and charmed
by the young man's grace of manner. I
He offered to show them the way to I
the fountain, and with much gayeiy
and kindly feeling they set out together.
Louise and Louisctlc walked a little
ia advance of their parents and Loon
"Do you not think," snid Louise,
"that this gentkman resembles won
derfully the one that was in Uie restaurant
"Why certainly not!" replied Louisette.
"All Parisians look alike."
But she blushed as siie spoke.
When they reached the fountain
they were already acquainted, and
were mutually pleased. They would
soon be friends if circumstances favored.
"Oh! father," said Louise, "instead
of returning to that tiresome Paris, let
us stay here till evening."
"Till evening? My dear, it is impossible.
We do not know the ways.
and we have no place to dine. "
"If that is all," L-jouce hastened to
say, "I am subject to your orders, i
can take you aeross to Clam.a*:, where
I know o: a pretty restaurant, with
arbors, tluwers and fountains. where
we can dine even better than in Paris.
It may be that my society is not airreen?tirc
cir mil tli-if. of
I UUiU IU \ V>U, UU'. ......
these ladies is so much to my t.istc that
i 1 shouid be very sorry to leave you."
Maic. Dulauricr, more and more
charmed at Leonco's mauncrs, replied
"I accept ou my o".vn authority, at
the risk of encroaching on my husband's
"I must at least, then, introduce
myself to you in a more regular man
ner. I am the Viscount Leoncc dc
"And I. sir," said M. Dulaurier,' 'am
Adolphe Dulauricr, old notary? these
are my wife and our daughters."
In an hour they were seated in the j
arbor promised by Leoncc, and were
?. w xi ivuuo. wowuvv vw (
cepted with warm gratiiude aa iavita- j
tion from Madame Dalauricr to visit |
tiiem at their Flemish village home. j
"Do you not think," whispered Louj
isc to Louisette, "that father and
mother became friends very easily and
quickly with this stranger?"
"Why no," replied Louisette; "it is
Two months later Leonee alighted
?:t ) AT
III. I Lit; ruii>v;iy tauuu, jl/uuiu, uuu xix.
Dulaurier offered his hand in welcome.
He now had time to appreciate M. Dulaurier's
nnaffected kindliness, and
strange to say the provincial, who had
seemed to him slightly ridiculous in
Paris, sefcn at home appeared to the
young man as he really was?simple,
natural, sympathetic and goalie.
Leonce was received with the most
demonstrative joy by Mine. Dulaurier,
with a cordial salutation by Louise, I
with an odd little smile by Louisette.
It was ncariy i o ciock, ana ?u. ualaurier
rose, saying: "Since Van der
Yelde is not in yet, let iiim run after
his partridges, and let us dine without
The repast was a real French din
ner, witn an tne meais, poultry aau
game possible, an enormous quantity
of beer, an4 ill the wines one could
After dinner, -which was prolonged i
quite into the evening, M. Ihilaurier, '
; in consideration of his guest's fatigue,
conducted him to his room at once.
T 1 n" O". gof himcolf io _ oponing liii*
trunks and portmanteaux. At length |
Vio Hr?w -frnm n nrvrt.fnlin a Ifttter daint- I
ily folded and perfumed, and began to
read aloud, as follows:
4'1 love you Louise! Sweet and charming
as you are, who would not love
you? It is for this reason that I left
Paris; it was to tell you this. For two
months I have thought only of you,
and of the happy day when I traveled
with you, the day that determined my
life. Oh, Louise! Louise! if you only
"It is very good," said Leonce to J
himself. "I never expressed a note
more suitably. Now the. question is
how to convey it to that lady. The
simplest way is the best, of course.
I'll put it under the doo- into her j
room. But where isherroum? That i
is the question."
He then began to smoke a cigar, attentive,
however, to every sound in the
nouse. ?ie naa not long to wait, ne
soon beard light steps in the passage,
the rustle of a robe; he rosci quckly
and opened his door with the greatest
caution, just in time to see Louisette's
delicate ligure enter a room on the left
at the end of the gallery.
Our hero allowed a few moments to
elapse, and then, stepping like a cat,
visited the door through which Louisette
had disappeared, and adroitly
slipped under the door the. letter he
"Good!" he thought; "my letter
will be the first thing she sees in the
Then he went to bed, humming a
tune, and slept the sleep of the just.
At 7 the next morning he was awakened
by a very lively sensation in his
n ?rv\ *-? r-? i4> < > a j-J lx/v/vn t ?!* 1 *?
aim, it xl nuu. uvt'u g i uoijou
by iron pincers. Standing by his bed
and holding his arm was a sort of giant,
fully six feet tall, with the frame
of Polyphemus, only this Cyclops had
two little .round eyes, which wero
flashing fire; and he had a loud,
hoarse, guttural voicc.
"Get up, Parisian!" he said, "I am
Van der Velde!"
"Very well," said Leonce, half
asleet> and comDlctelvstupefied: "what
shall I do about it?"
But the other lifted him by the arm,
like a feather, and sent him in the middle
of the room.
"What does this mean?" cried Leon
"Ihis means that I am going to cut
your throat, Parisian!"
"But what for?"
| "No explanations!" howled the giant.
"Yes; but "
"No explanations! dress yourself
and follow me!"
J AT-U- _ - T 1
Yivu uet Yuiue, seizing Jjeop uy
the arm, dragged him after him down
a retired stairway to a deserted street.
At the end of a few seconds he knocked
at the door of a house and eutered,
with Trf?onor> cti!! in ?r\v\
Leonce found himself in the presence
of four meu, who were introduced
to him, two as his own witnesses,
and two as those of Van dcr Yeliie,
and who were all acquainted with the
mikp f\f tho Hnol ?ic Von
"But/' objected Leonce, "men do
not tight thus without a motive.?"
"Ah-ha, Parisian! Perhaps, then.
| juu aiv; a?
j Leonco was brave enough, and did
I not allow Van der Veldc to linish his
! "I follow you, sir," lie said quickly.
At the end of :i few moments' walk
they came to a little ijrove. One of
the four witnesses carried the swords.
The four wi lesses chose a spot, and set
the giant and the young man in their
Leonee was a very pretty fencer, and
parried the first blows very successful- ,
ly, even swvriiing his adversary's
Tiic Cyclops, furious at li s wound,
falling upon L'.'Oiic.; witii l!:u force of
a wild bull, pirri-ni ?ii:: young man's
arm through :;n.i ?i.^iii!y w-iundcd
him in the brca-:. H?>r::oi\* puie, Le- !
? *..n ... ; ,-i i.
uuw AV.Xi KJ tin; u.n UI.
Van dor V?!.|.! rushed in iis side, |
and examined ii is hurt M.ti anguish.
"Maladroit tii.it 1 run! e cried, in !
a trembling lour; "1 m.*ant oniy to
touch his arm, and his breast is wounded!"
Leonce hold out his hand.
"Why the devil, then, did yuit write
love letters to my wiie?" cried Va:i
der Veldi*. "And what ;; .-iiiv action '
to throw the letter into her room! I j
picked it up myself."
"What!" murmuredLeonce. 4-Louise
your wife! You the husband of a
girl" 17! Well, sir, I congratulate you;
your wife is tho prettiest blonde I ever
"Blonde! Poor boy; he doesn't
know what ho is saying. My wife is
quite dark. She is 26 years old, too.
Ke is confounding her with his sister,
Louisctte, who is altogether too fair."
"Your sister, sir! lint my letter was
' for her. I saw her go mto lhat room, I
"ludeed! Another mistake of mine! |
My sister did foiiow my wife to her ;
room to bid licr good night, and remained
there but a few moments."
' Then, sir, you are not the pretty
girl's husbami! I can forgive you my
T ho/1 Irwf ! tl f 1 hf>
When consciousness returned Monsieur
and Madam Duiaurier were busj
ied in earing for him, Van der Velde
was weeping at the foot of his bed and
I Louisetie was watching him with a
pale and anxious face.
"Ah!" murmured poor Van der
Veide, "lo think tliat 1 should have
supposed?but it was not my wife."
"No explanations!" said Luouce, extending
his sound hand to ihc giant.
And this is what a man gains by
ninuing after the country loiks; he
finds a wife, which is the best fortuue
1 can wish you.
As in the case of hyacinths, the sin/rln
nf iIipsk forco earlier and
better than the double ones. Tulips
require the same soil ami treatment as
hyacinths, only that several roots
should be potted together in one small
pot in order to forma good group. Roman
hyacinths :ire valuable on account
of their e::rliness, as they can, if
uotted in September or August, be
easily had iti liowor in November. They
arc useful for decorative purposes if
potted or planted pretty thickly, but
being scentless, and otherwise inferior
to the common hyacinth, they arc seldom
grown after the latter comes in.
Both snowdrops and crocuses force early
and freely, and should be potted
thickly.in pots or pans in about four
inches of soil, and forced very gently
as soon as rooted,under the same treat
meat as hyacinths before potting. They
make an effective display in a coo)
house between Christmas and April,
during which period they may be had
in flower by introducing batches from
f the cool framo dap-QT SO.
j The-polyanthus narcissus of different
sorts have always been favorites for
forcing, but of late the daffodil section
has become popular for this purpose,
and very handsome pot plants they
make: and the beautiful N. bulboco
j dium, or small iioop petticoat aanocur i
is one of the best. It does better in pots |
than out doors, as a rule, and stands j
a good, while in pevfcction. There are I
no neater subjects for pot culture, and
those who grow it once will grow it always.
The small bulbs should be potted
early in the autumn?say August or
September?kept cool till rooted, and
then forced into llower in gentle heat
The whole of the daffodils force in this -j
way. N. Horslieldi is one of the best j
1 arse-flowered sorts for the purpose as ;
it flowers very freely, does not grow
tali, and is one of the very best of its
class. The large-llowcred. single N.
maximus is also good; so is the common
double daffodil; and the little N.
nanus makes almost as neat a specimen
as N. bulbocodium. The larger
kinds must hare pots from six to eight
?nr?iio? in siz". .and the small varieties
will succeed well in four to five-inch
ones, and in any common soil that is
light and sandy. All are extremely
easy to force, and the bulbs are comparatively
Sam Bennet, of San Antonio, had a
large lot of perishable groceries he
wanted shipped to a point on the Sunset
route. If the goods did not arrive
~ 1'nATTT f Nof V? Ck TXT/Ml I r? Iaco
UU LI UiC, caul IVLlt 17 I.UMV J-IV, .1 uuu .i/gv
several thousand dollars. Of course he
could sue the railroad company for
damages, but be also knew that no
merchant ever got bis money back by
suing the railroad company for damages.
He felt sure that, owing to the
usual Jelav, the goods would not ar ?
rive on uluu. xt nus ui uu use iu wi^ar
en the officers of the railroad, so ho
was in a quandary what to do. A happy
thought occurred to him. Seeing
Gibbs, the general freight agent, Sam
"Gibbs, you've got the slowest road
in Texas. I'll bet it will take a week
for my goods to get from here to Andrewsvillc."
"What will you bet?"
"I'll bet a basket of champagne; but
I know I'll win it, for you can t make
more than fifty miles a day with a
freight train on your road."
Gibbs was exasperated. His professional
pride as a freight agent was
touched. He callcd his witnesses to
the bet, and made a. memorandum of
it. and he won it too, for the way Sam
Bennet's goods were rushed over the
line was a caution.
Sam Bennct put up the wine, but he
didn't mind it, as ho saved the expenso
of delay and the worry of a lawsuit
? Texas tijlings.
War o.'i the Cijraret.
Cigaret smoking (says a New York
paper) has become such a geueral
nuisance that small signs have been
printed and are kept for sale, which
read: "No smoking allowed in this
office." A man who sells these says:
"The greatest demand for them
l\.>nlrc Tlw> fniintr mpn
btwino -...V j vw"*0
who make deposits and carry messages
for business firms arc mostly all addicted
to the vice of smoking cigarets.
There is something about the smell of
burning paper and poor tobacco that
is excessively anuoj'ing to some men.
It is almost poison to them, and I found
j that when I began printing these cards
i they had a ready* sale. Now nearly
j every bank, lawyer's office, and rail^
r>n li.ic f\w*\ rvf tlinm nrrm-\lnont?
j W.IU iiao v*
ly displayed. If I could have patented
| the idea, 1 might have made a fortune
j out of it."
The Proposed Summer Garden on the
Battery. . -j
The elevated railroads in New York
not only make the upper part of the
city easily accessible from the lower, :?
V ^ i.t_. :l? ,l?,Fn. y
IJ'.ll muy US Ullll? UM-IUIIII UU>1U- j
town. This is so pleasantly and con- "
vcniently done by the new aerial pas- fj
sage that the Times suggests that the told
pleasure resort at the Battery may.
be again turned to good account, and if
not the prime of State street?the
"glory of Smithlield"?yet that the
musical attractions of the Battery for
the up-town resident may be restored.
The Jkarge Office, as a depository of
all personal baggage arriving lrom
r* nn,\ o
l^Ui upe, IS LU vjxJ UIOLUIIUUUUU, 4 w la VA c?
huge hall will be available for some
popular purpose; and why uot, says
the shrewd journal, for great popular
concerts? Why not a marine summer
garden? And the elderly New-Yorkers
who recall Jullien's concerts at
Castle Garden and the summer night
opera at Castle Garden will echo,
The saunterer along the broad and
orderly walks of the Battery to-day
on/? lfton imnn fho
JUU* UUb tu |;uudu auu ivuu uj^vu t.uv
railing above the water, enjoying the
pretty spectacle and breathing the
ocean air, and to ask himself, as he
considers Castle Garden, what could
be pleasanter, on an August evening
when the moon is full, than to sit upon
its outer wall and to watch the lovely
scenery in the coolness, and listen to
the well-modulated orchestra within?
Central Park is charming, and to sit
under the trees and listen to the band .
is delightful. The Casino is a gay
summer resort, and in the city squares
the occasional music is most welcome.
Tint if Romeo and Juliet emerging into
the evening air anywhere about Twentieth
street, should weigh the various
solicitations for a pleasant evening at
a reasonable pr;^c and at an easy accessible
spot, would they not find the
concert in the refreshing air of the bay
more alluring than any rival?
Thev would be wise if. deciding for
J " ~ - - o
the Battery, they should avoid the old
prosers who remember those Jullien
concerts, and that opera, and the
great concerts of Jenny Iind. That
old building haunts the memoir of the
proser as the attic of Beranger tilled
all the poet's rearward musing with
pathetic music. If the young peopio
are not very wary, the proser will berr'<n
<-/-> t/il 1 t tmrv> 1-li rt e C r?f t h f-Afpn i n <r
O1" LV/ ??vm?Mv?v?.j v. Q
when between the parts of the concert
in which for the lirst time Jullien played
the "Katydid Waltz." he was taken
across the Battery to State street, and
into the house that was the latest occupied
of all that tine row facing tho
bay, each with a lofty triangular balcony.
and there for a moment tasted
the festive hospitality of a day which
was already past in that old-fashioned
street, but which was never kinder or
heartier than in its latest surviving
drawing-room. Of the thousands native
and foreign-boiu who daily pass
along the broad curving Battery walk
upon old State street, how many know
that it was. the selectest street of rcsirir?nr>t>
in \Ti>w York of SlXtV and
seventy years ago?
How many of them, also, remember
that in Castto,Gn?don Jonny.Liu <1 m u n ;;
lor the^f?STft?ro"Tn America? In both
concerts-she sang "Casta Diva," Who
sings "Casta.Diva11 at a concert now?
Bayard Taylor wrote the last song, the
"Farewell"to America;" Otto Goldsmith.
who was to be her husband,
composed the music. When she came
on to sing it, Jenny Lind carried a boquet
of white roses, with a Maltese
cross of red rosebuds iu -the center.
Take care, Monsieur Romeo, and you,
Mademoiselle Juliet, or the incorrigible
proser will be protesting that lie
sent those precious flowers; and "should
he say it, who could authoritatively
gainsay it? Who, indeed, but some
other old prosor, whose memory nas
fallen into decrepitude, ami who mumbles
and maunders about Mali bran.
It was a smaller New York to which
Jenny Lind sang, and Stelianone and
liosio and Trulli aud Benedetti. They
all warbled in yonder garden, where
other birds sing now. Thomas had
not come then, nor waved the enchanted
baton whicli lias opened to us a new
* * "r? T IT __ I
realm 01 music, run ouuicn pia^eu
pretty waltzes anil tuneful overtures,
and patted and puffed and panted as
he directed, and then sank into his
chair with a droll air of exhaustion at
"Yes, 'twas a garret, be it known to all,"
as Father Prout makes Beranger sing.
It was the day of smaller things. But
how pleasant they were! It was a
smaller New York. But ask the old
proser, if you canuot escape him, who'
1 ? ? ? ?? ? !.?? wl.rtt K/VH if wno n Af
WllS JUUUg UlUIJ. <TIICI<1<UI 1? >f ?? tnju
quite as good a 2scw York as the roaring
Babel of to-day.
Besides the ocean air and the moon
upon the water, Romeo and Juliet can
readily sec that the summer-evening
concerts at the Battery would have a
little setting of tradition, a background
' 1. ? ? ? A T? ,3 no
I OI LL1 (J LUUSIU U1 U111U1 UU}3. ?'liiu no
they enrich their enjoyment of to-day
with that pensive echo of yesterday,
possibly Juliet will admonish Romeo
to beware lest when his day has become
yesterday, and he talks of the
music he remembers, he too, like the
old gentleman whom the Easy Chair
warns them to avoid, should become a
proser. ? ucorgc ir???w \su/ no, w?
William Gilford, Editor of the "London
Perfect harmony subsisted from first
to last between editor and publisher.
Gifford soon became, moreover, and
? ' * i?j ** 7_
winic lie uvea remaineu,i>i.unay s cuiui
literary adviser and confidant, whom
lie consulted 011 every occasion. Nor
was the ex-editor of the Anti-Jacobin
and seemingly merciless satirist of tho
Baviad and Majviad at all a narrowminded
or an ill-natured man. A few
years after the establishment of the
Quarterly lieview George Ticknor
(ajtat. 23) arrived in London with lettn
lUla VJk 1UUVUU^"VU ~ o
others, and the young American thus
recorded the contrast between what he
thought to have found aud what he did
lind the Aristarch of the Quarterly Review.
"Instead," Ticknor writes, "of
a tall, handsome man, as I had supposed
him to be from his picture, a
man of sour and bitter remarks, as I
had good reason to believe him for his
books, I found him a short, deformed,
aud ugly little man, with a large head
sunk between his shoulders, and one
of :iis eyes turned outward, but withal
one of the best-natured, most open,
and well-bred gentlemen I have met."
Giftord was from a iirerary point of
view the severest and strictest of editors,
writing little or nothing; himself,
but stern and sometimes trying in his
revision of his contributors' articles.?
F. Espinaise, in Harper's Magazine for
A curiosity at Rjckford, I1L, is a
young negress with a luxuriant growth
1 ei auDura nugieus.
He was handling -sora* ruystgnous
little parcels At the toilet counter of a
fashionable drugstore. "l'Utwonble
you to send it'to my quarters, if yon
don't mind. You'll end it early?
thanks, awfully!" Then with a few
languid strides he carried himseii to
the door and strolled down, the street,
throwing his heavy horn-handled cane
tight across his path at every step,
then dexterously jerking it away just
In time to let himself by.
J "Vanilla cream," said the Star man,
tossing a nickel on the marble in front
of the soda fountain. The druggist
looked amused as he djjflw the water
and stood smiling at tfid -scribe as. he
\Usnosed of it "What is it?'* asked
"A dudo," was the reply.
"0,1 thought it was something the
matter with the water," and the Stat
man finished his glasa freed o4 an awful
'- He's one of 'em."
ggrha^do you think he buys? Ton
coM^i't guess.1' Then he went over
ana/whispered in the Star man's ear.
"Kouge. les, rouge, for the cheek3
and lips, and face powder, too, and he
wears corsets," replied the druggist,
in a hoarse whisper. Then he proceeded
to .let out some astonishing secrets..
"There are lots of them in this
city, more than anywhere I have ever
been, and I've stood in drug stores in
most of the large cities. We sell more
cosmetics to men here than to women.
Comparatively few women in Washington
paint and most of them have
pretty good complexions. It's the men.
They buy all the fa::cy French, pow
ders and paints, color their checks and
lips and pencil their brows. I cculd
stand at the door a few minutes with
you and point out any number who do
all this, and you can sec for yourself,
if you take the trouble'to notice, that
they all wear corsets. You didn't know
that? Pshaw; it's a common thing
amon^.thesc fellows, who don: t have
anything to do but fix themselves up to
please silly girls."
"But what kind of fellows are they?"
asked the scribe, becoming interested
in the new discovery.
"They arc mostly young men whoso
fathers have made some money and
then died and left them to spend it.
Then there are the?Here his voice
sank to a wliisper.
"Do you mean to say??" exclaimed
no; I wouldn't tell anybody for
the world," broke in the druggist. "I
only imply it;imply it?that's the word.
Of course, it's only the young ones.
None of the men who have seen service
would do such a thing. But you know
some of;these young fellows who are
on duty;Jiere and spend their time in
ladies' society get very effeminate. I
suppose if we should have a war they
trniiM rrckt Ami* if a** rAciern. Dnn'f,
mention it, please?Then the druggist
became more confidential. "But
they do use lots of powder," and then
he laughed at his own joke.
"Yes,'Vie continued, "it is sad to
see how men use cosmetics. They seem
to care ??r?-about looking pretty than, school
gift* "do. Why, even the girls
themselves get ashamed of it and declare
they are disgusted and will depend
upon long waiks, cold water, and
llannel for their complexions, and will
stop using powuer or any kidu. j.nere
are lots of them who never use a bit,
and there's where they are sensible,
Tue best thing for the complexion is
exercise and flannel underwear. Flannel
stimulates the skin, brings about
a healthy action of the blood, which is
essential for delicacy and clearness of
tint Frequently those who have the
best compiexiou bother about it most."
? Washington Star.
A Spoiled Child.
I wonder whether the following
story, which I have come across in the
Presbyterian Monthly Visitor, is quite
correct. That Mrs. Spurgeon should
have had a longing for a piping-bullfinch
and an onyx ring is remarkable,
but stiii more remarsaoic is it mat incontinently,
these two incongruous
.wishes should haye at once dropped
down from heaven for her delectation:
"During an illness of Mrs. Spurgeon,
before Mr. Spurgeon left her room for
the journey he was contemplating, she
remarked that she hoped he would not
be annoyed with her for telling him
what had been passing through her
mind. She made him, however, promise
that he would not try to procure
the objects for which she had been
longing. She then told him that she
had been wishing; for a piping-bullfinch
and an onyx ring. Of course Mr.
Snnrcrpon exnressed his willingness to
get both, but she held him to his promise.
He had to make a sick call on his
way to the station as well as call at
the Tabernacle. Shortly after reaching
the sick person's house, the mother
of the patient, to hi* amusement, asked
Mr. Spur^eon if .vl.rs. S. would like a
piping-bullfinch, that they had one,
but that its music was trying to the invalid,
and they would gladly part with
it to one wno would give it me requisite
care. He then made his call at the
Tabernacle, and after reading a voluminous
correspondence, came at last
to a letter and a parcel underlying the
other letters The letter whs from a
lady unknown to him. who had received
benefit from his services in the Tabernacle,
and as a slight token of her
appreciation of these services asked his
acceptance of the inclosed onyx ring,
r\a/?L-lnf orirl r>r<i fr?r whif.h she
UUU WiUVViVKW) ?
had no further use. This intensified
his surprise, and he hastened home
with what had been so strangely sent;
went up into his wife's sick room, and
placed the objects she had longed for
before her. She met him with a look
of pained reproach, as if he had allowed
his regard to override his promise,
but when he detailed the true circumstances
of the case, she was filled with
surprise, and asked Mr. spurgeon wnac
he thought of it? His reply was characteristic:
I think you are one of your
heavenly Father's spoiled children, and
He just gives you whatever you ask
Bishop Turner, a prominent colored
Georgian, urges the young men of his
race to seek homes on the government
1?' ~c ?"?-* inpfnoi? /%]i n rrir> or tA
iilliUS UL LIAU ? i ilO Ui ?
the eastern cities and engaging in occupations
too often servile. Says the
bishop: -You migiit take the brightest
young man in Georgia and let him
come out of Harvard or Yale with a
diploma as large as a bed-sheet, but
after he has blacked boots for three
months at a hotel his manhood is gone
"O? " ?~ fo 1 f fr\ f l\n aai*a
oy SUrtiUg it UU9UU1 UL MlbVU kUV UV1W
a Fayette County, Missouri, farmer believes
he has succeeded in keeping his !
average of twenty-live bushels of
wheat to the acre maintained for j
A TIRELESS INVESTOR.
Prof. Bell'? Latest Production of Genioa?
His Great Mental Energy.
Prof. Bell, it might be thought, after
having given to the world the telephono,
would be coutont with his
scientific conquests, but lie is still actively
at work upon problems of sound
and electricity in a way that promises
an iuvention of far greater importance,
scientifically and practically, than the
telephone itself. His laboratory is an
old-fashioned two-storv house on Con
ncciicut avenue, near N street, in the
neighborhood of the British Legation,
Stanley Ma'.iiew's house, and the residence
of Mrs. John Davis. Ho also
has a private ami secret laboratory
o ,r in Georgetown, where at present
!k - a most skillful workman engaged
upon the forthcoming instrument.
What it is is known only to
?>o n IVMA \f/wLr i ri rr
1 1UJ. .11JU mv, iu.111 ti Iivy JO 1? vt 4*.*
at the idea. The great inventor lias
said to his friends that if he^sue'eeeds
his new idea will yijldhini gEeatct ictnrns
than the telephone has. It is
snspceted, however, by those who have
jriveu some attention to the eoursc of
Prof. Bell's thought upon the subject,
that it is the photophonc, or tlic use of
rr tn \VAll 11 f*n nVf*V fh/> WlTf**
ViV> Ubl iViUJ fcV * Vf/* vv??.vw w . v? ...W .. . wthe
image of the person speaking before
Prof. Bell is a man of prodigious
mental energy, -anti he is constantly
developing new iddas and now applications
of electrical force for the production
of useful machines. He throws
them off as easily and carelessly as yon
can fancy. For instance, lie made not
long, ago an instrument called the audiometer.
Perhaps not a dozen of them
have been made. It consists." of magnr
linden prnduatcd to each
other. These cylinders will indicate
uy measurement how much sound it is
possible for a dc::f person to hear and
it' they can hear at all. Although it is
an important instrument Prof. Bell
allows any one who wants to get one
of his modelmakcr, and himself asks no
return for it. Prof. Beil has also devised
an instrument which mi^ht be
WtUlCU LliV OU>/iU?U >UV iVXV^/UVUVf WJ
which can be ascertained from the
echo from a sioae dropped upon tue
bottom of the bay or river in which
the craft may be floating just what
depth is at that point. .
Prof. Beli id gradually growing ont of
ail Dusiness pursuits una uevouug uimsclf
to the improvement of the. (leaf.
He is constantly giving more and more
time to bis littie sciiool on Sixteenth
street, whore lie has perhaps a score of
pupils, most all of ihem wholly deaf,
to whom he is teaching the art of sight
1 tf- ?i:
ianguage. xie is ttiuuiug wiusw nine
children so that they cau distinguish
from the lips and face of the person
speaking what they say, and teaching
them to imitate the proper arrangement
of the lips, teci.li, aad tongue so
that they may articulate sounds. A
gentleman calling upon Prof. Bell the
other evening tells me that while he
was there one of liis workmen came in
for instructions. The man sat there
for four hours, while Prof. Bell appiied
Uimc/ilf uni nr?rrimf pH I v tn nftior m-it
ters which he had in hand. At the end
of- that - time he ^heeted"abdut ia
WrfifcuT; and begaa t0.4a3k to. the
workman. "I never heard a man talk
so in my life. Every sentence had the
compact result of hard tuinking
and carried to the mind of the
listener a complete scientific idea. In
half an hour he had indicated to the
man a new and great invention, and
the workman said if we had known this
two months ago we might have saved
niAnftio' 1-ihnr ft. (lomnrelrdffl/l
to me the wonderful versatility of the
man who, in his far-advanced studies
on the subject of sound and hearing,
could pass to utterly diverse subjects
instantly and with perfect mastery of
each." it is understood also that Prof.
Bell is at work upon the probiem of resolving
heat at once into electricity, a
result, if it can be obtained, that will
greatiy simplify and cheapen all uses
of electricity.? Washington Cor. Fdtsburg
Outwitting the Ghost.
But, if primitive man knew how to
bully, he also knew how to outwit the
ghost. For example, a ghost can only
find his way back to the house by the
way by which ho left it. This little
weakness did not escape the vigilance
of our ancestors, and they took dheir
measures accordingly. The coffiu was
carried out of the house, not by the
door, but by a hele made for the purpose
in the wall, and this hole was
nvMvn/] 11*1 o a enrm o a t hO
UUlCxUlljr 3LU^WU 1.1 ?7 Ito ovvw ?*?v
body had been passed through it; so
that, when thi ghost strolled quietly
back from the grave, he found to his
surprise that there was no thoroughfare.
The credit of this ingenious device
is shared equally by Greenlanders,
Hottentots, B?chuana>. Samoieds,Ojibways,
Algonquins, Laosians, Hindoos,
Thibetans, Siamese, Chinese, and Feejeeans.
These spccial openings, or
doors of the dead," are still to bo
seen in a village near Amsterdam, and
they were common in some towns of
central Italy, as Perugia and Assisi. A
trace of the same custom survives in
Thuringen, where it was thought that
the ghost of a man who has been hanged
will return to the house if the body
be not taken out by a window instead
of the door.
The Siamese, not content with carrying
the dead man out by a special op:
f/% mol'A occnronpp
UUIU^, UUUUiU Ul, wvy liiituu
doubly sure by hurrying him three
times round the house at full speed--a
proceeding well calculatcd to bewilder
the poor soul in the coilin.
The Araucanians adopt the plan of
strewing ashes behind the coffin as it is
being borne to the grave, in order that
the ghost may not be able to find his
The very general practice of closing
the eyes of the dead appears to have
originated with a similar object; it was
a mode of blindfolding the dead, that
he might not see the way by which he
was earned to his last home.?James
fi Wrnrpr in t'mrular Science Monthly
There is still much debate as to the
extent to which iron and steel should
be strained when testing for manufacture
into boilers, girders, bolts, etc.,
but a sort of general agreement has
been arrived at that the test stress
ought not to be less than one-third or
more than one-half of the ultimate
strength of the material.
The large office of the secretary of
the navy opens through windows that
reach nearly to tue floor upon a massive
granite portico. This is surrounded
by a heavy balustrade. Secretary
Whitney has utilized this portico dur|
ing the recent hot weather by stretching
awning screens across the entrance
''""f With n ffw rimt-v rof?kinor-ehairs
; Aiuuw. j e
and armchairs ho has a very cozy little
I retreat When he wants to have a confidential
chat with a visitor he invites
him out on the portico. where they can
Things to Know.
That it is easier to retain health than
to regain it
a hat serious headaches often come
from ill-fitting spectacles.
That tin cleaned with paper will
shine better than cleaned with flannel.
That cistern water may be purified
by charcoal put in a bag and hung in
That powdered rice, sprinkled upon
lint and applied to fresh wounds, will
That salt will remove the stain from
ailver caused by eggs when applied
dry with a soft clotlT.
That hot, dry flannels applied to the
face and neck, is a very effective
remedy for a "jumping toothache."
That fruit or rust stains on table
linen or other white clothes may be removed
by soaking in a weak solution
of oxalic acid.
That hard waters are to be preferred
to soft waters in. the leapot, as the hard
"waters dissolve less of the tannin of the
i - i
That after tea has been steeped in
boiiing water for three minutes, a large
proportion of the valuable constituents
That the most effectual remedy for
slimy and greas/drain pipes is copper?
as dissolved and left to work gradually
through the pipe.
That plaster of Paris_ ornaments may
be cleaned by covering them with a
thick layer 01 siarcn, letting it ary
thoroughly and brushing with a stiffc
That"a room crowded to discomfort
with furniture and ornaments, no matter
how costly, is never restful and
homelike,-, and always suggestive of
the shop or the museum.
That old feather beds, by putting
them upon a clean grass plot during a
heavy shower, permitting-them to.be
thoroughly wet through-and then dri&d
and beaten with'light rods, will freshen
and enliven the feathers.
TKof o ^ a rlr onrl rrlrwvYYYtr rAAm
AUAb t* UAL A. auu QiVUiUJ 4VVU& ' MMJ
be brightened by placing ebonized
shelves over the doors and windows,
grouping scarlet, yellow or gilded fans
upon the walls, and placing pretty
bric-a-brac and vases in positions
where they will be brought into relief
by a cheerful-background.
That by acting on the following instructions
a nice Summer drink may
be made: Cut a lemon into thin slices,
! put them in a jar or pitcher, and add a
j heaping tablespoonful of sugar and a
I rkinf. of hnfc w.itATv let it stand until.
cool; strain into a bottle; place on ice
until wanted-?Good Housekeeping.
A Bat That Cost $12.
Lieutenant Farnan, of the Southern.
Police District, has a pickled leatherwinged
bat. He didn't buy it, bnt he
says the bat cost him a considerable
sum, and he intends to keep it His
story is as follows: "One of my little
boys, who sleeps in a room next to
mine, called me about 12 o'clock one
ni^ht and said something had struck
him r>n the head. and I saw a bat fl?
ing around the room. I closed the
front shutters, and, taking a bed-spread'
struck at the "bat. 1 didn1t kit. hiiru
' JrStrTjck agaln&iveral times and didn't"
^et him. Then my boy said: *P:ipa,
have you got him? I could have caught
him myself in this time.' Then I got
mad, and I slung the spread around at
the bat again, but instead of bitting
him I knocked every ornament off the
mantlepiece and broke the globes on
the chandelier. Then I was madder
than before, and 1 tried to fall on the
bat as he came near the floor, and I
fell over a chair and broke that All
the time my wife was saying, 'Tom,
open the shutters and let the bat out,
and don't tear the house down.' That
made me still worse, and making a desperate
plunire I got the spread over
him and*floored him. The bat squealed,
and I was afraid to put my hand
under the spread and take him out.
Finally, I got my wife to bring me an
old buckskin glove, aad I got him out
and held him in a bucket of water until
I drowned him. Reckoning damages,
I suppose that bat cost mc about
$12, and I intend to hoid on to it until
some fool is willing to take it off my
haDds at cost."?Baltimore American.
An Annoying Position.
A traveler stopped at a toll gate and
asked the keeper if lie had any good,
-Tftlin " oairf the keener, turning to
vv? ? 'T ? Q
bis son, 44fetch me the gun?the one
loaded with buckshot."
"Hold on!" exclaimed the traveler.
"I meant no harm."
"Well, then I'll letyou off."
The traveler rode on, wondering why
the question had caused offense. He
stopped at a house and asked a man if
ho could tell him why the gate-keeper
"Yes, I can tell you. He has to carry
water about a mile and a half and it
is always warm by the time he gets
home with it. Every one that comes
along asks if he's got good, cool water.
He scarcely hears anything else from
morning until night The man who
kept the gate last year went crazy, but
this fellow seems to stand it better.
He is rather even tempered, and alf
hnnch 1m has kent the cate several
? sr ~ ' o ? -
months he has only killed two drumniers
and crippled a boy. I kept that
"Did the people annoy you?"
Not much. I only had to knock
down one man and stab another one,
but I only kept the gate a week."
"Why don't the fellow dig a well?"
"Nnw look here, a thousand men
have asked me that question. Stranger,
I reckon you'd better mosejv'?Arkansao
There will be a general acquiescence
in the opinion of Lieut. Danenhower in
focrie/%fr. f-n thfi rvractieabilitv of further
? r *
Arctic exploration when he says:
"After naving served with one Arctic
expedition, and having devoted seven
years to the study of the subject, as well
as to the watchful observation of the
numerous efforts and the comparative
insignificant results attending sacrifice
of human life and treasure, I unhesitatingly
record myself as opposed to
further exploration of the central polar
basin with our present resources. The
gradual extension of observatory sta
lions in the interests of meteorological,
magnetism and other scientific branches
should be made, but national support
should not be given to another
Lieut. Greeiy and other explorers
take an opposite view of the matter,
and the question is one which will
probably be much discussed, but the
result of the recent expeditions point
strongly to the conclusion that the
game is not worth the candle.
Nothing bothers a modest but hungry
old hen so much as when sho has made
a hearty breakfast off an old shoe Jace
and finds the unfortunate shoe still at
the end of it?Fall River Advance.
Patti is "writing a book of memoirs. v
Mrs. Maekey's sapphires are the finest
worn in England.
All the relatives of ex-Vice President
Whesler have died during the past ten
Copperas mixed with the whitewash
put upon the cellar-walls will keep vermin
Miss Nellie Arthur is said to be
growing prettier and more charming
A daughter of E. P. Roe, the novelist,
who is yet in her teens, has already
begun to write stories.
It has been ligured out that 5,400,000,000
passengers were carried by the
world's railways in 1882.
Prince Louis of Battenbergis a practical
printer and frequently uses the ,stic^^nd
rule for amusement
Henry Irving agreed with an English .
photographer not to have any pictures ^
taken during his American-tonrs>
Margaret Weston, Dakota's weather
prophet, is one hundred and ten years
of age. She is old enough to know bet
to an eminent Southern
authority on barbecues it takes ten J
hours to" roast a whole ox to perfec- "
Sarah Bernhardt is.sjid to. be seized
with a laudable desire to. get -out of .
debt Sarah is evidently,becoming a*
real good girJL ' "
A Philadelphia woman, one hundred
and eight years-old, is cutting a-new . "
set of teetii and has recently regained ;
Museum managers are tempting-a
Wisconsin girl to exhibit -.the ;horns
.which are concealed by a .careful ar
rangement of her. hair. ., "'
Ed wai<?" Everett Hale says "lie. has
cured eight of his children of-whooping
cough by taking, them to the gas ;
tories of South Boston.
Beny Wall, wEo is caHed "King of
the Dudes" in New York? manages , to .
spjpnd an income, of $50^000 aryear,5a
keeping up that reputation.
. Lady Coleridge, thehride of the Lord
Chief Justice of England,' is a blonde,
with a rather pretty oval face, and is
said to be musical in her tastes.
Figure-heads for ships and steamboats
are going out of use. Where In ; .
-iOOU mere were iu .uusguu bia. vaituh
of these heads, now there is only one.
The best way of sobering up is to r
bathe the head and wrists in cold water,
and take a potion of bromide .fit
potassium and aromatic ammonia or
valerian. * a*
That old device of novel arxffflFama,
a blotting pad that retains an impres ?
micsinor dnnnmest. has actual
iy turned up as evidence in a real California
There is capital to the amount of
$100,000,000 invented in the watch and
clock interest in the United States, and
the Jewelers' Circular wants a school
for horoloaisls established.
The firSknbwn painting of Niagara
t Falls isi^Si?-rbe'at?-^?&ontk--'Kens- ?1?
ington It wafc fainted by a
Massachusetts man named Wickers, *
from whom it was stolen, sold to au
Englishman, and lost sight of. It hdS
some merit as a painting and a good 9
deal as a historic record of the appearance
of the falls before houses wero
UUIib JLl I'Ul. LLiUUJ .
A San Francisco coj^spondent of
the St. Louis Globe-Dcmocrat writes.
that, in his declining years, the late
Murk Hopkins built a huge Gothic cas- +
tie on the very summit of Nob Hill.
One day, walking past, the house, he'
looked up at it, and, turning to an attendant,
growled out: "Who is the fool
that is putting good money into that
ugly house?" He had .forgotten his
O ?/ O v. _
It is said that when Lord Beacons
field, out of office, solaced himseii by
publishing "Endymion" and made one
of his characters, Waldershare, Under
Secretary for Foreign Affairs, the position
then held by Sir Charles Diike, "
he evidently intended^to picture the
statesman who has suffered a partial
and saved himself from a total
n/?linc? Kt* tlio novmnnt nf S1to
the injured lord of a lady.
"To meet the requirements of a classic
figure," says a writer in the Indianapolis
Journal, "a lady should be
5 feet inches tail, 32 intfhes bust
measure, 24 inches waist, 9 inches from
armpit to waist, long arms and neck.
A queenly woman, however, should be
5 feet o inches tall, 31 inches about the
bust, 26* inches about the waist, 35 .
over the hips. 11J inches around the
ball of the arm, 61 inches around the
wrist Her hands and feet should not
be too smalL"
It is said mat jurs. ?arioris, u-enerai
Grant's only daughter, will make a
short visit to Eugland thi- Fall, and
will then come buck to this country
with her children for the purpose of
educating and bringing them up as
Americans. It was the wish of General
HI vjriiiiit LUiit tiiu uuuunjii ouvum w ov
cducatcd. Besides this, Mrs. Sartoris
is anxious to be with her mother for
some time at least. Mrs. Grant wishes
to have her children about her.
It is said by old prospectors that
there is not a mouutain-peak in Colorado
on the tip top of which there is
not a tin can. Tourists and mountainclimbers
have a habit of taking up with
them a tin can to be left at the summit
for the disposition on slips of paper of
the names of all who ascend the mountain
after them. It is also said that
one mav wander to the uttermost
depths of the wilderness into places
where the foot of mortal man has apparently
never trod, and there will bo
found the inevitable tin can. Indeed,
it would seem that the can, rather than
the ax, is the pioneer of civilization.
"We have many queer experiences
in the practice of my profession," saia
the doctor, as he deftly dusted the
powders on the little papers spread before
him. "Only the other day I drove
over to Ossian, seven miles away, to
visit a patient, an old gentleman suf-.
fering from an incurablc disease that I
had been treating for some months.
Tying my horse I walked to the house
and entered the sitting-room without
knocking. Judge of my surprise to
see lying on a stretcher the dead body
of my patient clad tor burial, and His
coffin upon the bier awaiting its oc<yipant
I had just time to note these
things when the wife came in, and simply
saying 'Good-morning,' she slipped
to a cupboard, and taking out an envelope
containing money emptied it
upon the coffin-lid, and counting out
my fee handed it to me, replaced the
envelope in the cupboard, and left the
room without saying a word. I had
often been uaid in the presence of my
recovered patients, but never before
with the stiff, stark evidence of the inj
effectiveness of my favorite 'pathv'
j staring me in the face. I fled."?Ear
j per s vazar.