Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XLII. WINNSBORO. S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1885. NO. 20.
? ? ' - ???????^u??^^n???wigc- ??B?>
You rrL ; t : s tw'I ::c'^nowie<Jge St. Vou
Kiss< (1 him <-n *.!.' s y.
1 hew! t! ? - fcr I was :nosv unfortu:>::t
The blush' ^ u?>v commence to chace
Each < --u vour cii'-ok.
O. !!' vr 3 ;int!ei>taiid, you have no
!!' < tl t<> >pi-:ik.
Vou ho.d yr.ur !;;:i n- in nervous c'asp.
You're ai!-_ ry. 1 .--wppose.
That fortnsie v. :;s s-> tic!:.e then your secret
t ' f!o.?? .
\1 *,!? 1?. ? ?..? nloc'
Y< ?r o' y< sf'tday.
I ciar<- i;?it read thos?<;" words again, 'twould
?<:r; s:jv si-iis'- awav.
II<,\v c y ii !>: :orret:u!, dear, and suffer
And in ni?-in?I turn the tide of all our happiii?.vs.
O. do no . v.cep. It breaks my heart
'io say v.< f.'s: and yet
I'd wiJiingiy bo b.i: d a^ain if I could bnt forTLe
<Wv }s shaken from the Cower touched
I>7 r:: ::1 hand.
Ah. love! llv "< si.ut wrings my heart you
Ha! h' jv i:econies?l'an-v?oil, my love.
Nay, '' > not licit] me buck?
What! c;n it L -? Forgive me, dear;
^Vliy, ii's you;- o\v?: Imit'r-r Jack! ?
i ttvo \vook> i ii ul been inacrcolc
co? Fifty dollars a month I was
c/":-:vd f( r n;y services, and as I had
no; :ii) acquaintance i:i tiic country I
p.?.!y accosted. Til at would bring
.wod. c.othinir. and shelter? more
tii:ssi I had i een able to obtain in dear
anee. My two pupils, M. Rabat as-?mv
i me. were weil-behavcd children.
Ti<?- j;!i l v.":;s jusi 15. already a young
imJ \. :imi llio 10-year boy was equally
a;.; ;d study. Alter ail, I was only requir-.J
to jriw live hours a day to
tuneiiiiiir. 'J he rest oi my time was al
to^uiacr n?y mv:i, t<> ui; ?scvoteu eitner
to woik or s'.ivp as I pleased.
It \v.u?s :i threatening day fu April?
w? lt i ivni'-miior it?when I started ou:
to walk so lit.- jrrc.tt liott.se where I was
t<? m my bread. As I walked on I
brg.m lo dream. What future did this
new land hold in reserve for me? 1
had not conic to it with any idea of
^ making: a fortune?although a young
llfo- ni;a: oi i'o. i isad acquired enough co:uWf
luou >s'n.<u lo s:.ve me from such illus??f
ions?but oaiy to earn a good living
rami iay up er:?.?itri? to enabie me, when
an old man. to return to France and
sleep at ia=t under liiu shadow of my
invii village spire. i> >un I caught sight
of the lofty ci:i:i;ni-y of the sugar mill
?then tiie house itself, buried in a
thick grove of mango trees, and, as I
feared being .ate, i quickened my step.
Under the Veranda, aiready crowded,
I >aw people rushing back and forward
?running, and no one noticed me as i
n.-cvuiied liie front steps except a big,
fat i;egress, crouching at the entrance,
who soobed and cried with renewed
despair at n;v e..minir. There on the
sofa, at fiiii k-u^lh, lay a young girl?
almost a child. Her iong, bright hair,
aii streaming with water, fell over the
back of the soi'a. and had dripped upon
the veranda until a little pool had
formed upon the Hags. She was whiter
thau a piece of marble; the violets of
death were on her compressed lips; her
lifeless arms lay rigidly straight by her
side; and }J. Kabut, on his knees beside
her, was kissing one of her hands.
"Drowned, my dear sir, she got
drowned," said a good o]d_ lady_ of__
^ aboiu Gu years of age, wEo came to me
holding oat her hand in the friendliest
manner imaginable. "But you have
walked here," sue continued; "you
must be tired. Oi course you will take
"Mamma! Oh. mamma!" exelaimv
ed M. R-ibut. raising his head. "You
see," he said to me, with a sob, "you
see she was out bathing; the river suddenly
rose, and "
Hisliead full forward again over the
little white hand to which his lips
"Myrlil! Myrtil!" again cried the
good lady, "bring a glass of Madeira
to the gentleman. Or perhaps you
would preier something else?"
i questioned the iamily. The girl
had not been twenty minutes under
water. And yet tiiry had done nothing?had
not even tried to do anything.
I gave my or-lers. briefly?they were
Halt an hour passed. What! was
not that a U:;*h we saw mounting to
the colorless cheeks. Oh, how fervent
a prayer lie uttered that moment to
the <rood God! And it seemed to me
the arm I held had become less frigid.
At that moment a horseman came up
at full gaiiop.
"Myrtil! ilyrtil! take the doctor's
horse to the stable!" cried the good
lady, descending the steps to meet the
physician. "Ah, doctor. I knew it!
Your powder could not do me any
good. The whole night, doctor, I was
^?is-pain. Ah! how badly I slept!"
^ The doctor came directly to us.
"Good! young man!?very good, indeed!
That is just what should have
A been done."
/ "Come, come!" he cried in a joyous
/ tone, after a few* moments had passed.
"We are all right now?we shall get
off with nothing worse than a fright!
"Why, you old coward, have I not already
told you so? Here! let me see
a happier face on you?" And he gave
M. Rabut a vigorous slap on" the
Tnen, suddenly turning to me, he
"But you?where are you from? I
don'i remember ever seeing vou here
"i came from Brittany, doctor, by
way of Paris and Purt Louis."
"Look!?look!"he had already
turned his back upon me?"she is opening
M. Kabut involuntarily seized my
hand, and dragged me to the sofa.
Sae opened ''her eyes. They were
blue?the eyes 1 always liked best
"Heleue! my ownllelene!" murmured
the poor father, stoopiug to kiss her
"Gentle! yon!" exclaimed the doctor,
pulling him back. "Lot her have
air. if you please?"
M. Rabat drew back, without letting
- go my hand.
Myrtii returned from the stable.
'Myrtii! My nil!?well, how about
that breakfast? Is it going to be ready
to-day or JLo-morrow?'
Ma foil I'm ready for it!" cried the
doctor. That gallop gave me a ferocious
Why, Myrtii! serve the Madeira to
This '.hue Myrtii obeyed.
It was -i ia tue afternoon when I left
my paviiiou to return to the house. M.
R.ibut came t<> iooii for me oa the veranda.
"Come," he said, "you can
see her now."
VIj? l\rnti"!)f mr? r?!r??r? fn lir?r hci} Hpr
dear blue eyes stiil h:ul dark circles
about them; bat the blood was circulating
under the clear skin, for sue
blusi.eu at my approach.
"This is iu*. my llelene; if it hadn't
beeu for him"?aiui his voice choked.
Don't fret any more, papa. I am
only sony aumti my iockct. Do you
tiiiiik thev wi.l ever ue able to lind
The locket contained, her mother's
it was barely daylight when I reached
the river. The negro who had taken
her out of the water had shown ine the
evening before the precise spot where
the current had carried her away. and
also the place where he had found hor
?about lilty yards further down. it.
was a sxcat narrow basin, shut in by
great jamroses, whose tufted branches
met above and stretched from one
bank to the other. The pale light,
flickering through the leaves, made
gleams here and there upon the water
like the reflection of molten lead; beyond
the darkness was complete; it
looked perfectly black there.
I dived and brought up three flat
pebbles! But breakfast would not be
ready until 10 o'clock; I had plenty of
liy 8 o'clock the bottom of the basin
had no mysteries for me. There was
not a sin^ie cabot-lish that i had not
disturbed beneath his rock?not a single
caiuaron that I had not compelled
10 crawi uuciiwara i;no ms no..c. juui
the locket was not tliero?accordingly
it must be fartner clown. 1 left the
basin and followed the course of tho i
strc .to?interrogating all the roots, ex- j
pionr.g all the boulders, questioning-j
ever}' tuft of grass. I was " about to j
pass on when I saw a little serpent.
11ko a tmn suk siriu^ up?i tuc
roct of a wild strawberry plant, wriggling
in the current. I seized it?it
was the loc<eL .r
She would not come down.to breakfast,
but M. R:ibut told me she would
certainly come down to dinner. Sho
was still a little weak, but that wa'
Mau is a selfish creature; the medallion
remained in my pocket, t
While they were laying the table that
evening 1 stole into "the dining-room.
When lier father had led her to her
seat, and sho unfolded her napkin, she
found a little box in it.
>y li?xl id Auuuiui ui > vui
tempts to spoil me, papa?"
But the astonished look of M. Rabut
must have convinced her more than
She opened the little box.
"My locket! my locket!" she cried,
putting it to her lips and kissing u over
and over again. 1 watched every kiss
?I looked at her out of the corner of
my eye. Finally her eyes met my own
?she understood. But the little mysterious
beauty didn't even say, "Thank
And the long and short of it is, doar
sir, that I never gave tLelene, who became
my wife, a single lesson.
Ab, yes, .parbieau! I taught her
how to swim.
?_ i;. , i* ?
Symbolism of Flowers.
In all ages and among almost every
people, flowers have been adopted f.s
symbols, types and emblems of human
combination, affection and loyalty. The *
reader needs scarcely to bo reminded
of the red and white roses which were
the badges ot the Lancastrian and York
rivals to the English throne.
But the symbolism of flowers dates
back to periods far older than the time
of the wars of the roses. The ancient
nations had their emblematic flowers.
The special flower of tUo IIIuUoos, fur
instance, has always been the mara
goiu. inc unineso uispiay as uieir
national flower the gorgeous chrysanthemum.
The Assyrians for ages proudly wore
the water-lily. Egyptians delight most
of all in the heliotrope; though the papyrus
leaf, used oy: the ancient Egyptians
in place of paper, may-also be regarded
in a high sonse as tiie symbolic
plant of the land of the Nile.
The Greeks and Romans were in the
habit of distributing the flowers'ia their
luxurious gardens "among their gods
and demigods, just as in yet remoter
times the sweet basil and the moon
flower were sacred to Asiatic deities.
1 ? m TnnA IT' o c
J.U (.lie ilUUiilU tuoiuiu, tv C/UUU '* c*o
devoted the lily, to Menus the myrtle
aDd the rose, to Minerva the olive and
the violet; Diana had the dittany, Ceresthe
poppy. Mars the ash, Bacchus the
grape-loaf, Hercules the poplar and Jupiter,
naturally, the monarch of trees,
So we may infer that among the 11 ymans
the lily and tiie oak were, the
emblems of power; the myrtle and the
rose, of love; the olive and the violet,
of learning; the ash, of war, and the
grape-leal, of festivity.
Even the days of tue week, as we use
them now, are named troni deities who
had each his special flower: The sun
(Sunday), the sunflower; the moon
(Monday), the daisy: Tuesday (the god
Tui's day), the violet; WeduesUay (the
god WoUen's day), the blue monkshood;
Thursday (the god Thor's day),
the burdock; Friday (the goddess
Frea's day), the orcnis, and Saturday
(Saturn's day,) the hurse tail.
We also lind that in our time the
sacred days in lite calendar of the En
<jiish church have all their flower or
plant emblems, the principal of which
are the holly for Christmas, the palm
for Palm Sunday aiul tne amaranth for
All Saint's day.
Monarchs and the nations have often
Lad their symbolic 11 >wers- The thistle
is the embicm of Scotland and the
shamrock of Ireland. Tuv jliur de Lis
is the badge of the rovai house of
France, and the amaranth of that of
Sweden. The rose blooms lorever
on the royal coat of arms of Eugland.
Hotels in America.
The ruling idea in America is that
whatever a guest can possibly want is
to be ready waiting for him at all hours
of the day or night. From 6 o'clock in
the morning till bedtime he can eat.
Be it breakfast, lunch, dinner or supper,
there will be something on ti^e
table. In order to post his letters or
to buy a paper or to telephone to a
friend or to send a message, he has only
to walk into the main hall. For a
wash, a shave, boot-cleaning, hairdressing
or the relief of his corns, he
has merely to sit down on a chair and
the appropriate artist will be at his
side in a minute. They all understand
their business, whatever it may be,
a LIU. UU liUJC SJL 1*1 UUi AO tVUOkWU iu. va i
planations. The guest knows before- j
hand his own share of the programme
?what he will have to cat, wtierc he I
will have to sleep, and to a cent what
ho will have to pay. In the bestmana<red
hotels on "our own side of the
Atlantic the eloment of strangeness
and uncertainty has not yet been altofether
eliminated. A person never
nows exactly what may happen to
him; how he may be treated, or what
he may be charged even at the house
which he frequents habitually. But the
American hotel sets your mind at rest
forthwith. For so many dollars per
dav von are free of the house and all
its privileges, wnicb, apart from the
eating and sleeping, are very considerable.?Biackwjod's
A starving laborer took three apples
from a garden and was sentenced by
Bailie Hunter, of Dundee, Scotland, to
forfcy days' imprisonment
T11E AGE OF i>l*Ct>VriSY.
At no time since rr.i'ti have dwelt upon
the carta l?:iv?; their notions about
the universe mi i.-r-_r<>ni; so srrcat a j
change as in ii>" ivh;;irv* <>f whicii wo
are now upj)i<>:tc!ii:i*_' UiC i*n?i. iNevcr
before hits kn w.i-ti.e inciva^eil so rapidly;
never mmhp* ii:is piii:* <??pliic;il
speculation L ii so : ciivoiy conducted,
or its resnis so w.iifly diiTused. It
is a character.at.e of or^nuiu evolution
that mimur<?u? progressive ton itrncies,
for a Ion;r 1:1110 incon.spicuons, now :.:nl
then unite to brim: ::Uo t a striking
anil apparency >umli-n cn.in^c; or :i i
set of tcrces, quictiy net umulating in
one direclion, ;.t Ji-n^lh unlock sorue
new reservoir of foice, and abruptly
inaugurate a new series of phenomena,
as when water rises iu a tank until iis
overflow sets whirling a system of
tootued wheels. It may b'j that Nature
makes no leaps, but in this way she
row and then makes very long stri ies.
it is iu this way that the course of organic
development is marked here and
there by memorable epochs, which
seem to open new chapters iu the history
of the universe. There was such an
epoch when the common ancestor of
ascidian and amphioxus first showed
i rudimentary traces of a verlebrai column.
There was sueii an epoch when
the air-bladder of early amphibians began
to do duty as a lung. Greatest of
i; .1... - ?;il <.An,
ail, S1UCU S.UU 15 UC1I, swu lliuucu 11U1U
our ken, when organic iifo began upon
the surface of the globe, was tho birth
of that new era wuon, through a wondrous
change in tiie diivolion oi the
working of natural se.eotiuii, Humanity
appeared upon tins.se n . in tlio
I career of the human race wo can like'
wise poitu to pei.udi in which it has
become apparent tuat uu immense
stride was taken. Such a period murks
liio dawning of human history, when
after count.ess ages of desultory trioal
I warfare, men succeeded in uniting into
comparatively stable political societies,
and through the medium 01 wiiuen
language began hamiing down to posterity
the record of their thoughts and
deeds. Since that morning twilight of
history there his been uo era so strongly
marked, no eh inge so swift or so
far-reaching in tuc conditions of human
life, as that which began with the
great maritime discoveries ot ih : tifteeuth
century, and is approaching its
culmination to-day. in its earner
stages this modern era was signaliz-.:d
by sporadic achievements of the unman
intellect, great in themselves, and leading
to sucn stupendous ivsil.ts as tiie
boldest dared not dream of. Such
achievements were tiie iuvcntio.i of
printing. the t?iie-u?>pe and mioro-c >pe
the geometry of Do*e irics, tue :.suouomy
of Newton. liio puysies of iiuyghens,
the physiology of ILuwy.
jian's senses were tnus indefinitely enlarged.
its his means of regi.su ation
were perfected; iie became capable ot
extending nhvs cal inferences iroai the
earth, to the heavens; and lie made his
first acquaintance with ttiat lumin;ferous
ether which was by and by to reveal
the intim:ile structure oi matter
in regions far beyond the power of the
microscope to penetrate.
It is only with the present century
tfcat tbo vastness oi tJio cliun^os tLus
beginning to be wrought has become
apparent. The scientific achievements
oi the human intellect no kn^er occur
sporadically; they follow one upon another,
like tne organ iz.-d and sy stematic
conquest of a resistless army. Each
new discovery becomes at once a powerful
iuinlement iu the hands of innu
merable workers, and each year wins
over fresh regions of the universe from
the unknown to the known. Our own
generation has become so wouted to
this unresting march of discovery that
we already -take it as a matter of
course. Our minds become easily
deadened to its real import, and the
examples we cite in illustration of it
have an air of triteness. We scarcely
need to be rcmiuded that all the advances
m uie in locomotion, from the days
of Neouch.idne/.z ir to mose of Andrew
daCKSon, were :is UUIUHJJ5 v;wiuj?.?i uu iu
the change that lias uoon wrought
within a lew years by the inifuiluciiou
of railroads. In these times, wi.eii
Puck has fill HI led his bonst and pnt a
girdle about the enrth in forty minutes,
we arc not yet, perhaps, in danger of
forgetting that a century has not
elapsed since he who caught the light
Ullig UjJUH U15 MIV WiU> JMIVl
grave. Yet the lesson of the facts, as
well as of the grandmother's spinningwheel
that stands by the parlor fireside,
is well to bear in mind. The change
therein exemplified since Penelope
plied her distaff is far less tiian that
which has occurred within the memory
of living men. The development of:
machinery, which has worked such/
wonders, have greatly alterod the political
conditions of human society, so
that a huge republic like the United
States is now as snug and compact and
easily manageable as was the tiny republic
of Switzerland in the eighteenth
century. The number of men that can
live uoon a ?riven area of the earth's
surface has been multiplied manifold,
and while the mass of human life has
thus increased, its value has been at
the same time enhanced.?John b'iske
in JS'ovemler Atlantic.
Playfair on Scientific Education.
Of the direction toward which that
increased and higher education should
be pointed he made a clear and forcible
statement in bis address before iliu
Educational Section of the Social
Science Congress at Newcastle in 1870,
when, having remarked that, "under
our present system of elementary
teaching, no knowledge whatever bearing
on the life-wort of the people
reaches them by our system of state
education," and that "the mere tools
of education are put into the hands of
children during their school-time without
any effort being made to teach
them to use the tools for any prolitable
purpose whatever, so they get
; rnofr* At* ova tlirnvvn 'ilfnrrftl hor n
JL \SL Ul Wi? kV>IU Mff ,
I ho unfolded his own views of the methods
that should be pursued. "Books,"
he said, "ought only to be accessories
not principals. The pupil must bo
brought in face of the facts through
experiment and demon>tration. H?i
should pullthe plant to pieces and see
how it is constructed. He must vex
the elcctric cylinder till it yields iiim
its sparks. "He must apply with his
own hand the magnet to the needle.
He must see water broken up into its
constituent parts, and witness the v.u-'
lence with which its dements unite.
Unless he is brought into actual contact
with the facts, and taught to observe
and bring them into relation with
science evolved from them, it were better
that instruction in .science should
be left alone, for one of tiie lirstlessons
bo must learn from science is not to
trust iu authority, but to demand proof
iir Lyon I luyfutr" iu To pillar Science
Monthly for November.
At the Armstrong Works, in England,
a gun that will cast a one-ton
shell filteen miles has been made.
The Wh<t? I'*.<lianQ.
An intelligent Indian rrecmly, in reporting
the marriage of an Indian octoroon
to a while man. said: "If ibid
process goes on. w<> win >oon nave me
whitest race of Indians yon ever did
gee." The rceomplished daughter of
the old mis>i< 11 ry. Dr. Robertson,
married a ftiil-biooded Creek, lb r
sister has secured motu-v at theEi?t to
establish a seminary among the fuil
bloods, and it lias been a question
where tho ?em;n:.rv ci-uld be located
to meet the ohjec. a'nicd at. Parties
stepping from the> train at Vint in,
within tho Cherokee nation, tiie only
railroad cros-ing in the Indian T-rritory,
commonly ask, "when! are the
Indians?" U i being to;u tnat tuuae
they see about them are Indians, they
reply, "No. They are not Indians;
those are white men."
By marrying an Indian maiden, the
white man secures all tue rights of Indian
citizenship. The "headrig.';t" of
the girl helps the matrimonial contract.
To hunters for land, those lookins:
for wide ranges for rattle or agri
culture, the tompiation is Very strong
to take ti i* siiort cut to get an < x etit
of soil tiicy coukl never hope to sccr.ro
in any other way.
The encouragement given to ihe
whiles on the part of marriageable Indian
females is quite obsurvaSle. Th<*y
think that by marrying white men thev
gain socially, and have a prospect lor
an easier and better-eared-lor life. And
'they think rightly. Jn all depressed
civilizations, women have a hard time
of it. The Indian men do not like this
constant raiding through their land
and capturing the most attractive of
their race, whom they would woo and
wed, but they cannot help themselves,
and retaliate by stealing the affections
of white girls and marrying them.
White girls entering an Indian reservation
are very soon picked up; not so
often by full-blooded Indians, but after
the process of intermarriage has
commenced, not so seldom by halfbreeds,
quadroons and octoroonsWhite
persons who marry into Indian
blood almost iuvariably remain
on Indian soil. The white man, in defense
of Indian ideas of communal interests
and Indian questions, as related
to tho whites, becomes more intensely
Indian than the Indians themselves. I
think the liercest defenders of the
tribal system are white men who by
marriage have become Indian citizens
and are making money out of it. The
large crops ou Indian lands are invariably
raised by whilo men. Fourlifihs
of the mechanics are whito men,
brothers-in-law to the Indians. So
on both sides the process of dilution of
Indian blood goes on until it becomes
very thiu, while Indian habits and In-,
dian characteristics still remain.
The common notion among Indians
is that Indian blood never runs out,
and that wherever the slightest trace
of it can be found, ihere the fullest
rights of land and privilege follow.
For a man who has onc-s;.\teenth or
oue-thirty-pecond part of Indian biuod,
tlie claim for his right as an Indian is
asserted as strougly r.s for the fullblood.
A white mau has married an
Indian girl, a- light blonde, of ooethirty-second
Indian blood. His children
will be one-sixty-fourth Indian.
The family consists of live members.
On afifiomiL of that one-thirtv-secon d
Indian blood, that family of live, located
ou the border of the Indian
laud, is entitled, by equal division of
tno tribal laud, to live times 995 seres,
or 4,975 acres. ?Milwaukee rcuhue!.
A Reminiscc'ice of Charley Backus.
Chance placed Arthur Moreland in
the next scat to me at the "Evangeline"
initial Tnursdav ni?ht. He has
:ij;ed much ami wears a mournful expression.
ill bccomin^ a faco that' was
so long wreathed with smiles, when,
with a burnt-cork mask, he pivoted
the San Francisco minstrel semi-circle.
The dissolution of that admirable organization
still preys upon his mind,
and while the lirummer was testing his
heads between acts Arthur harped on
his favorite subject. He told me a
story about Ciiarley Backus which I
think has never before appeared in
type. It was when Peter Gilsey was
alive. B:ickus and Gilsey sat in the
G.isey house cafe, it was bitter cold
outside, uio mercury just DCttering me
. Z'jro mark. Th? conversation turned
upon the stern dictates of fashion in
? 1 dq^^^^hav^jwear as long as
I'm comfortable," remarked the comedian.
insisted, tha y^acrablc-Pe^,
wptrfdliit 3sre: go. out: in street in
this kind of weather with a summer
suit--on.f! r- ;'. -V
"Tlialis just what I'll do for a bottle
'Make it a case." /
"CalUjt a. car-load if you want," reioitied-iBiickds.
I^e-.wager was made,,r;?nd Backus
disappeared, An: hour later,ho walked
kidsiiOxfcr^tieS, -carrying a
bamboo walking,siick^ind^"wearing a
rose in his button-hole. The terms of
ihc wager required that lie should
waik down Broadway to Stewart's
store and return. He carried it out to
the letter, leisurely sauntering down
the street, swinging his cane, and appearing
as comfortable as though he
was on iuo snauy siue ox me street on
a July day. Or course he was the cynosure
of all eyes, but ho was accustomed
to that, and appeared not the
least perturbed. The wine was won,
and Gilsey determined to have revenge
in paying it. That evening, when
Baetus had responded to the fourth
encore on one of liis topical songs, he
was surprised to see a.box of Mumm's
extra shoved over the footlights. The
audience howled and demanded a fifth
verse. It was followed by another
case, and so it continued until twenty
boxes of wine had been piled upon the
stage before him, entirely concealing
his rotund lonu.?Auburn Dispatch.
- 1 ^
Massowah, 011 iho Ked Sea, which
the Italians have occupied, is anything
but a lovely spot for Europeans. A
letter in an English paper s:i3*s: "We
!n ot \T .1 WOAVU-l tl Mtlll hor? tft
auchor for the nijjht. aud a more
frightful, horriulo ni^ht 1 never spent.
Not a breath of air, and the thermometer
122 deg. Fahrenheit. This is
no exaggeration; we were panting
about the deck; the heat seemed to
choke you; sleep was out of the question.
Some negroes seemed to feel the
heat more than Europeans.and were
groaning fearfully and pouring buckets
of water oyer their heads, which, however,
was of very little use, as the
water was between 95 and 100 de?r.
_ _ _ ?
Fahrenheit Five Italian officials have
committed suicide, aud no wonder."
An Englishman has demonstrated
that a suaii eun creep 300 feet between
sunrise and sunset.
GOSSIP ABOUT SAM JONES.
The Famous Sou them Kvanjrelist'a Boyhood?How
He m-t Gov. Stephens,
As we sat under the 'canvas last
Sunday aud cast tin eytt'oYfec- the thousands
who fitted the cctlib>.space It covered,
the thought occurred "'to us,
"Whalrbrings this crowd here?" Tho
question was as pertinent as when John
?!r? vvilii 1ioii?y in the wilds
We hatched the eager, restless
throng, and we began to investisate
our ow? mental inquiry. The Rev.Sam
Jones was a poor boy, raised right
-here among ns, a wild, rattling chap
that nearly everybody had teu hard
words tor to every good one spoken in
his behaJf. He was the very synonym
of mischief and audacity, with a modicum
of shnrD. native wit. that has
grown with his growth iu succeeding
years. He cared precious little about
his books,, as our experience will testify
in r- short tcfm ofjgupiiageln our^.
school (frectly after iTie'surrend'er. To
bis cre?* we will say ho never forgot
his respect or obedienco to us, and an
^nrnejrf request or a calm statement of
the case would cause him to desist from
victimizing the smaller boys with his
tobacco juice or from playing clown in
the pantomime on the siy,during school
hours,which was a^ucver-ceasing temptation
to his keeu sense of the ridic
U1UIO* XJtiO UULUIU r# cfcj o
out when suffering or trouble were
The writer will never forget a visit
he made to our house in the most rattling
period of his boyhood, to tell us
he was thankful and comforted to know
we were convalescing from a serious
illness, in which our lile had been despaired
of, and even at the time men
UUU<JU wu Vffiu liut iiiuii V/Ub ui uau-vi
of un early and untimely grave. The
weather was severe, bitter, extremely
cold, but the young man brought his
frank, bright, face into the sick-room
like a veritable ray of sunshine, to tell
us that our school-boys were all so
glad we were still alive. There was in
him the germ of something noble and
elevated,and when he joined the church,
within a'.haif mile from our own door,
at a little country chapel, we felt that
the germ would expand into something
that would be peculiarly his own?he
would either "make a spoon or spoil a
horn." How much "spoon" last Sanday's
crowd can tell.
Eight years ago, when ho was pegerirnj
nn n. little noor circuit, he
came again to sec us, to pay his respects
to the late Gov. Stephens. We
watched the two, as Mr. Stephens
rolled to and fro on the back veranda
in his invalid chair, and listened to
Sam's description of a dog-tight that
had fallen under his observation. There
was a magnctisnrin both that quickly
found play, and after the visitors retired
Mr. Stephens was very eulogistic.
He inquired minutely into his history,
and predicted a future from that rough,
native wit, which had evoked hearty
laughter, to the veteran statesman's
Tiio crowd on Sunday camo partly
to laugh, but man}' tears camo also
with tue laughter, ani.it was ^oth funny
and giRjciing-to^^see* laugh tor and
tears mixed up so rapidly and indiscriminately.
Jf we had to diagnose
the attraction carefully, wo would say
the secret of his success lies in the fact
that he makes a clean breast of it, "a
sinner saved by gr:ice." if ho once
convinces you that he is entirely earnest
and honest and true in fitting his
-rnlirrirtn fr? hla nwn lifft nnri nhfirartpr.
the citadel of your unbelief will falL
His wit goes far toward attracting the
crowd, but he holds them by confessing
his own feelings so honestly and crying
aloud, "Nothing in my hand I
bring, simply to 'lhy cross I cling."
How God loves honesty in every shape
When the record is written on high,
that soul will receive the welcome
plaudit, "Well done," which has kept
its way clear to God's favor *by strict
honesty to both God and his fellowman.?L'arUrsviile
Mr. B. Baker, of the British Associa
Hod, said in a recent lecture: "Hundreds
of existing railway bridges which
carry twenty trains a day with perfect
safety would break down quickly under
twenty trains per hour. This fact-was
forced on ray attention nearly twenty
years ago by the fracture of a number
of iron girders of ordinary strength
under a live-minute train service.
Similarly, when in New York last year,
I noticed in the case of some hundreds
of girders on the elevated railway that
the alternate thrust and pull on the
central diagonals from trains passing
every two or three minutes had developed
weakness which necessitated
the bars being replaced by stronger
ones after a very short service. Somewhat
the same thing had to be done
recently in this country with a bridge
over the Trent, but, the train service
being small, the Hf-? of the bars was
measured byy<vns instead of months.
If ships w?';o aiways among great
waves, the number going to the bottom
would be largely increased, for,
according to Mr. John, late of Lloyd's,
many large merchant steamers afloat
are so deficient in longitudinalstreugih
that they are liable under ccrtain conditions
of sea to be strained in the upper
works to a tension of from eight to
nine tons per square inch, and to a
compression of from six to seven tons?
stresses which the experiments already
referred to proved would cause failure
after adelinitcnumberof repetitions.'"
The shamrock, which is the emblem
of Ireland, is not known by its flojver,
but by its leaves; it is a little trefoil,
as is clover, but is very rare in England
and uot common in Ireland.
Unrit-Vmm in hi<j British Flora." savs
that Oxalis acctocella, or wood sorrel,
is the original shamrock; it has a.pale
pink, almost white, flower, which is
said to bo very plentiful in- woods in
April He also states that purple
Dutch clover (Trifoleumrepens), which
we all know so well, is now accepted
as the shamrock. The tradition hins
that St. Patrick, when preaching in
Erin, gathered a shamrock and used it
to illustrate the doctrino of the Holy
Trinity. Fro:u this circumstance the
trefoil has become accepted as the na
tional emblem of The "Emerald Isle.
Here is an exquisite story that Richard
Grant used to tell to illustrate the
native courtesy of well-bred Americans:
"When Gen. Washington was
in New England he was entertained at
dinner by a country gentleman, who
lived comfortably but quietly in his
old-fashioned home far from town.
When the general rose to go, the little
daughter of the host, not yet in her
teens, opened the door for him. As
he passed out in his stately way he
bowed and said to the little maid: 'I
wiah vrvv; o hotter nfficA mv ftaar.'
'Yes, sir,' siw quickly replied, with a
bow: 'to let you ia. sir.'
A- ?J+. - ~ '
Think of a woman Irving to win independence,
name and fame; to be a
wise exemplar for children :md youth;
to achieve anything wh itcvcr, creditable,
honorable or <rreat, vet too timid
to write her womanhood name!
Perhaps little girls and quite young
women may be pardoned, if, at the
present day, under past teaching and
example, they .ire not always found to
possess sufficient stamina to write their
own mi'1 es. But for persons of adult
and mature age to parade under pet
names, is to advertise themselves as
weaklings. They ar6 branded cowards
by their own hands; they are slain by
the point of their own pen.
Could the author of "Uncle Tom's
Cabin" have attained such mighty influence,
bad she been determined to be
known only as "Hattie" Stovve? Does
not Harriet Murtineau carry an influence
and uovvc-r which "Ha;tie'' cohKI
jiacer lijMtc approiicfewf? * Slroaki fc
have more respect for tlie creator of
"Jane Eyre," if she had figured as
"Lottie" Bronte? Would it :idd to
the fame of one oi America's foremost
lecturer; to be heralded as "M imic''
Livermore? Would ol "i-iddie"
*\T i?rcru*1* Vnlli-r
z:e" Fry, "Carrie" Horseii-I, "L.zzio"
Cady Stanton, "Susie" Anthouy, have
made us weep?yea, als , ami the
angels with us?for want of sci.se and
self-respect therein ?;i-pl;iyed? Can
we, for a moment, eoi.ee.vo of women
of Iheir moral tone and eaiibr.-, writing
their nanu-s oilier than tliey did. No,
those real, genuine names carricd an
immense influence and power, ami
wiil to the end. Among less r lights
will not actual, bona lide names carry
their corresponding and proportionate
weight and force?
But a great many names are pet
names. H arid. for instance, is derived
from Harry, llcieu is a corruption
of Kl- anor, and so of many other
namos. it you are <roinjj to discard
pel names, why not discard them all?
All derivative names arc not necessarily
put names, and such names as
arc here referred to, have lost their distinctive
character as pet names, even
if they were ever so considered. They
ori? ru\t L'nnivn r?r nccnrr.i?<? tn
But little, if any, above this practice
in weakness and effeminacy, is the
habit, quito too prevalent, of compromising
between the real and the
pet uain.% and substituting therefor a
nickname, such as "Kite," "May,"
"Frank." What should we think of
Rev. -Bill" White, Hon. "Joe" Black.
Prof. Peti" Grav. Colonel "Dick"
Green, and so forth? Supposing we
had been taught to look upon the author
of "Thauatopsis" ;.s "Bill" Bryant;
upon the immorLil baru as "Bill"
Shakspeare; upon th?: author of
"Evangeline" as "Hon" Longfellow,
and upon the great poet-laureate as
"All lennyson.* Are not, iiiese us inspiring
as "Kale" this. "May" that,
and "Frank" something else?
If these men had been such weak
saplings as to have written themselves
thus lor posterity, would not their
honored names have been shorn of
every trace and vcstige;of dignity and
character which they now poss ss for
us, and which they will continue to
possess for coming generations? Let
us hope that the writing of jict names
and nicknames m.u'-soon become obsolete
among women, lor no woman can
expect to receive the treatment due to
fiuuiaui o<J iuu^ ao ouu yvi jiou JU
writing herscli a baby.?Maria E,more,
in Boston Commonwea th.
In Octobcr I accompanifd Lord
Houghton to R >slyn to visit Mr. Bry^
- ? t'n a wa X-1/? 11
iiuu v/uo iuv; fctwv pvuvo J *wv*cd
to the solicitation of some of the
guests, and each recited selections
from his own poetry?a violence to his
modesty to which I doubt if Mr. Bryant,
at least, had ever submitted before.
He begau by reading "October,"
afterward assigning as a reason for the
selection that it was the shortest of all
his poems, but later, yielding (o the
persuasion of his auuii-nee, he read
"The Death of the Flowers," and "The
Fringed Gentian." L-rd Houghton
.<= , ? : _
rcau, as nivinv as x 0:111 a-mcm /fr,
"Half Truth," "Strangers Yet," auti
"Passed Friendship." As we sat listening
to these white-haired, venerable
bards reciting their own verses it required
no effort of the imagination to
tancy onrseives transported back to
Middle A<res, to the time, if not to the
court, of Riciiard of the Lion Heart,
"When ladies' suit and minstrels' stra.n
By knight were uevt-r heard in vain."
I was so much interested in watching
the poets that what they recited
became of secondary interest. 'J wo
men more unlike in their theories of
human life, its legitimate purposes and
results, could hardly be imagined; yet
both had in common venerab e age.
CAljUiSllC JJLViaLjr Wuiwiuw, uiiw uiiui^
puted social prestige. It was apparent
irom the first that each was trying to
entertain two very distinct audiences?
one the rival poet, and the other their
common listeners. It was somewhat
more difficult for Bryant thau for
Houghton to yield to our appeals. He
had a constitutional aversion to being
the hero of his own comedy, and it
was not till refusal would seem to
"dull the edge of hospitality" that he
surrendered nimself a cheerful victim.
There was a pretty strife of modesty
between them, neither wishing to betray
his own estimate of his verses by
his manner of reading them, nor yet
indifferent to the impression they would
make. The poems they selected mijrht
have been rendered more dramatically
and more melodiously by a reader who
had not to strive with the responsibilities
of authorship, hut by no one else
cr> ofTi?.-?fivi>lv. All who heard them
felt that ihe lines recited by these two
venerable scalds on this occasion were
thenceforth more to them than they
ever had been or could bo to those who
had only read them.?Lion. John Biglow,
in Harpers Magazine for November.
What M.. kes Calamity of Life.
When a loti^-suff .-ring lisherman accidentally
and unexpectedly tihds a big
trout has actually grabbed his hook
and shows light and ihirts around and
pitches and cavorts, and lashes the
water, and ben-is the pole almost double
and you brace yourself for the
great occasion with hope, in your eye
and your heart in your mouth and begin
to draw him in and up and out,
and just at the expressible moment of
enrt/.??ce ?inH trinmnli Kn otJvaq flirt"
and falls back?oh, what a fall was
that, my countrymen! Wliut goneness,
what helplessness, what crushing, subduing
feeling come over a man. He
couldn't smile if he was going to be
hung if he didn't It is worse than to
hare a cow die, or to be left by the
train. I have experienced that, and
gone home as hum Die as a wet dog. It
is a $10 grief over the loss of a half
dollar fish.?Bill Arp, in Atlanta Constitution.
GAMBLING IN STOCK?.
Operations of Buck -t-Sirops and How the
I>ear Public is FI?>pcr><l on S'ock*.
The ideal business of the New York
Stock Exchange is unquestionably as
legitimate as that of the Produce Ex
change, or 01 any intermediary between
the seller and the buyer. " That
there arc grave evils incident to its
operation is equally unquestionable.
The war for the preservation of the
national Uniou largely converted the
American people into a nation of speculators.
The rage for suddeu wealth
was further intensified by the discoveries
of mineral oil and the precious
metals. These created innumerable
companies for tiie exploitation of mines,
the construction of railroads, and other
objects. Su i?leu and violent fluctuations
in the price of stocks, and the
d&ilv rp.nort tlieruof in the n?w<!nnr>er.?L
aggravate the speculative spirit, Conside
ratibnwofm^tyiity ana prudence
are set at naught by those who will be
rich, and who dream of opulcnco by
other methods than the slow and steady
measures of their fathers. Professional
men. merchants, manufacturers.
mechanics, farmers, widows, and
spinsters, blinded by l-he glare of success,
and hoping to strengthen their
slender income, have adventured their
savings upon the treacherous sea of
Wall street, and lost them all To
them the exchange building is a whited
sepulchrc in which fortunes lie entombed,a
sea in which voracious shares
rend or swallow the little fish who dare
to enter its troubled waters, a gambling
saloon where deceit and desperation
wait upon the players. It may
hare httfin such to them. simnlv be
cause they made it such, not because
they availed themselves of its real
An immense amount of gambling is
done in piratical relation to it, and in
spite of the strenuous exertions of the
stock-brokers to prevent it. The
"bucket shops" situated in the large
towns and cities of the country are tBe
instruments by which it is carried on.
Tiie proprietors of these nefarious establishments
quotations from the btock Exchange.
Tickets are refused to them by the
Western Union unless four membersof
the board vouch for the worthiness
of each applicant. The quotations desired
are furnished by persons who
have bound themselves to that telegraph
company not to do so, and who
have obtained injunctions from the
courts restraining the corporation from
removing their instruments. Former
insolvent members of the Stock Exchange,
now known as "exempt members,"
are among the users of the
knowledge thus acquired. Because of
this grievance the Cuicago Board of
Trade has compelled the Western Union
to remove us tickers Irom their ofhces
?a precedent that the New York Stock
Exchange will probably follow unless
this grievance be redressed.
lu these bucket shops a blackboard,
with list of stocks at prices quoted in
New York inacnoed tnereon, is displayed.
Speculative clerks and others
are invited to bet upon these quotations?under
the pretense of the put and-:
call system. .For cxampleroiieiis induced
to buv, on a margin of ?1 'per
3liarc, five shares of Missouri, Kansas,
and Texas stock :it 16k Jf it rises to
17i. he sets back his niaririn and <raius
55. if it drops' to 15|, Jio loses his
margin or bet. The secret of ruin in
thousands of instances is to be found in
the gambling of bucket siiops. Yet
the wealthy patroniz; and are fleeced
by them. Qiurk of Knaveviile keeps a
bucket shop, and receives the quotations
He confidentially informs his
trusting patrons that he has certain
knowledge that au inactive stuck is
about to rise in price?say the Denver
and liio Grande, now selling at 9?and
persuades them to venture $1 per share
to the extent of 15.0J0 shares. Tnis
done,he tele?.r qiiis io a broker to "seii
3000, D. ami li. G.? quick, q liek," in
blocks from 8J to S. Ihe >e..ing broker,
alone or wan assistance, manes
his offers, which are accepted by another
broker to whom Q i.rK nas tcio
t l i- I il..
grapucu LO UUV lilt; 51UCA3 wuunv* .it,
those priccs. The last quotation, 8,
fixes the price* The l olograph announces
it at Kuaveville. Tlie $15,000
margin, minus the one-fourth of one
per cent, brokerage on the lictiiious
sales,is swept into the swindler's pocket.
While the Stock Exchange has legit
imatc and invaluable uses', it is none
the less true that it has been aud is
converted into a gambling arena by
the 2reat speculative operators, n? >st
of whom have sprung from the lower
walks of rural life, who control the
management of railroads whose slocks
:ire active. The facts of good or bad
harvests, freight or passenger traffic,
rates of transportation, ca.i not explain
the fluctuations of their prices. The
secret is to be found in the parlors of
directors. There flaming reports of
prosperity arc prepared, and unearned
dividends declared, to "bull" the stock.
There accounts are "cooked" so as to
exhibit decreased earnings, needless
expenses for rolling stock aud improvevents
of permanent way incurred,
floating debts swelled, acceptances issued
for discount, and th:;t will purposely
be allowed to so to protest when
povneil diriiimuls Massed, evil
prophecies uttered, to "bear" the slock.
By "ways that arc dark aud tricks that
are vain," the conspirators acquire
colossal wealth.?11. YVhcatleij, in tiarper's
Magazine for Xtv:mber.
The humming of telegraph and telephone
wires so often heard, is generally
considered to be caused by the wind.
K. W. McBridc, of Waterloo, IuiL,
wjio specially studied ihe matter for
several years on his private wire,
which had a strong gift of humming,
is satisried that the wind is not the
agent, for he found the sound more
likely to be heard on a dry, clear, cool
nnd calm evening than at any other
lime. Jtie is also convinced that the
sound is not produced by electricity,
fur he couid dctect uo signs of that
agent when the humming was going
on, while at times when the wire was
evidently charged there was no sound.
The humming was accompanied by a
rapid vibration of the wire. In fact,
the in:;Uer is thought to be a sort of
lo-14-lo puzz.u ot popular science.
Out West they have a delicacy iu
dealing with personalities, even in
gambling circles. A one-eyed man
frrvjn the minin? districts had won so
much money at poker that his fair
character was likely to be impeached
for cheating. Finally a cowboy arose
and said, '-Gentlemen, it's 12 o'clock;
we'll all take a drink," and, swinging
his revolver around carclcssly, continued,
"after the refreshment we'll play
again, aud the next man who cheats
we'll shoot out his otiier eye." It is
needless to say that with tnis gentle
hint the one-eyed man played a loosing
game the rest of that niejht
A. Chapt< on Coal.
It is bat a few j:ca' s ago that stove
coai was the smalieot size into which .
anthracite was broken for market. In -.
fact, from the time anthracite was introduced
until a comparatively recent
date consumers of coai purchased it in
the lump and broke it to suit them- .
selves. Coal was used for many years
-? 1? 1 - - iL
simpiy ior iiu:\uug purpu&es, tuu iuc;i
of a coal-burning cooking stove not
being thought of until long afterward.
With the introduction of coal-burning
cooking stoves began the breaking of
coal into sizes that could be satisfactorily
nsed on their grates.. Stove coal
had been in use for years before chestnut
coal was introduced by the Delaware
"and Hudson Canal" Company.
The size was long gaining in public
favor, but about ten years ago became .
the most popular anthracite .fuel, both
lor coosing una ncaung sioves. jcour
or five years ago the same company
tried the experiment of screening a
size to which was given the name of
pea coal. This was so small that con-?
sumers were still longer in seeing an
advantage in it than they had been in s
the case of the chestnut size. Experience
has shown, however, that 'pea
coal has advantages which are not
possessed by chestnut, and according
to the reports of coai sales of the Delaware
and* Hudson Canal company here
for last month the sales of pea coal ex
ceeded those of chestnut. No one believed
that a' smaller size than pea
coal could ?ver be marketable, but the
Canal company recently began the
screening of a coal so small that it was
given the name of "buckwheat." For
this size an extensive market has been *
found on the Hudson river, the river
steamboats having found it a superior
fuel for their boilers.
The most notable feature of the anthracite
coal fields are the great mountains
of black waste from the mines
and coal piles which has been gives
tiie name of culm. mteeu percent,
of all anthracite ruined goes to the
culm dumps, and millions of dollars
are represented inland, machinery and
labor necessary for the hauling and
storing of the waste, which until a
short time was looked upon as entirely
worthless. For years inventors labored
to devise some means by which "
these millions ot tons of culm could be
utilized. Ingenious machinery has
been patented having that end in view.
Tne culm, by means of this machinery,
has been pressed into bricks, with other
combustible matter, companies with
large capitals being engaged in the effort
to thus make of the culm practical
and valuable fuel. While engaged
in trials upon the waste itself no inventor
seemed to have thought of devising
a furnace or draught by which
tlya nnim ormlH ntili'zoil wirhnnt flnv
v'v*'""4 VVM4%4 vv vtwA,Mw": "??j
treatment just as it came from the
heaps, until a tannery engineer; working
where culm was auuuiiant, one day
fixed a simple attachment to the
draught of his furnace and found that .
he could not only use culm without
any difficulty, but that it was better
fuel than any he had previously used.
Since then tanneries, saw-miils, giass
factories,.jxnd all kinds of manufactories
using steam have jutilized xhe fuel
to a great extent, and the coal companies
in this region at least have
found in what has for half a century
been cumbersome and unsightly waste
a profitable adjuuct to their business.
There was at Rondout, at the other
end of the canal, one of tiic establishments
endeavoring to make the culm
into bricks of fuei, but it long since
gave up the business as impracticable.
?Honesclule, Fa., Cor.
Chewing Gum Advised.
"Thinness is a physical characteristic
of Americans. I account for this
because of the fact that they are in a
new country to whose climate they
have not become used. Even the descendants
of people who came to
America two hundred years ago are
not fully acclimated. This is true, it
matters not to what country people
may remove. Natural history has
demonstrated that at least three hundred
years are required to acclimatize
a native that has taken up his abode in
a new country. Now, as thinness is a
characteristic of Americans, they ought
to use whatever will make them fat
and they ought not to use what will
keep them lean. The habit of chewing
gum causes certain juices which aid
digestion to flow freely, unmixed with
any injurious substance. The habit of
chewing tobacco also causes these
juices to llow freely, but the tobaccochewer
either expels them from his
mouth or swallows them mixed with
the poisonous juice of the weed. I see
you have your note-book out; just dot
down this fact: Twenty years ago ti?c
rule was that southern women were
thin and delicate: it is not the rule
now. Southern women arc not physically
equaled in ail North AmericaAny
physician who is as well informed
as he ought to be will tell you that is
true. This ciiange is due to the habit
of chewing gum. You may smile, you
may even laugh, if you please, but I
am telling you a plain lact. As to
southern men, they arc as thin and
gaunt as tlicy ever were, and so tiiey
wili remain until they cease to chew
tobacco and begin to. chow <rum.?
An Absent 3Iii;d:!(l B irbor.
"Yes," said thy proprietor of an uptown
barker shop, "Jim was a good
workman, but i had to get rid of him.
He was too absent-minded and forgetful.
One oivi fellow, with a head like a
billiard-bail, lie never failed to ask if
he didn't want a shampoo. Another
baldheaded o.d chap got mad because
Jim insisieu upon selling him a bottie
of 'elixir* that was warranted to keep
the hair from failing our. He cut one
man's car nearly off while watching a
dog fight in the street. Jim didn't
moan nothin' wrong, bur, as I said, iie
was absent-minded. When oid Deacon
Jones died ilie family sent for a barber
to shave him, au: 1 told Jim to go up.
It was that job that lost, him his situation.
He oid the work all right?nobody
ever found fault with Jim's work
?but when he had put on the finishing
touches an' pulled the towel off the
poor old deacon he turned 'round and
shouted 'Next!" so that the people
heard him a b'.oclc away.- So I told
Jim that 1 guessed I'd have to let him
<TA " V V. Mf tl.
An El Paso newspaper says that
?u ?i f/?tv il-iv< ;i<rf> in the vil
I.UC1U UJVU tk *VM ?-c ?
lage of Sau Mairo, iu Mexico, Senora
Garcia tie Chaves at the :igc of .120
years. At the time of death she find
six children, thirty-six grandchildren, '
112 great-grandchildren, thirtv-sevca
great-great-grandchildren, and one
great-great-great-grandchild. Her llesh
was shriveled aud dried up to that extent
that the old woman iooked like a
mummy. The deceased fully retained
her mental faculties until about four
years ago. . ; 4