Newspaper Page Text
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, : 1SSC.
Tkkmsok The News and IIekalix?
Tri-weekly edition, four dollars per annum,
in advance. Weekly edition, two dollars
pur annum, in advance; two dollars and
liftv ei-nts ver annum, if not paid in ad
Kates for Advertising.?One dollar
per inch (solid minion) for the first insertion,
and fifty cents per inch for each subbdjuent
insertion. These rates apply to
advertisements of every character, and are
j-.-.yabif strictiv in advance. Obituaries
..n<i tributes of "respect are charged for as
advertisements. Marriage notices, and
s.u:pie announcements of deaths, are published
free, and are solicited. Liberal terms
t..r contract advertisements.
>?*.? ?<i.? rlisemtiur*..
Look Out?L. Samuels.
New Arrivals?S. S. Wolfe.
Read This?T. T. Lumpkin.
Plantation for Saie?A. F. Blair,
Blair's, S. C.
Notice for Final Discharge?Jno.
^ W. Campbell, Executor.
K l.ocal Uriels.
W ?The base ball fever has abated
F considerably since the clerks do not
^ get off at six o'clock.
?Mrs. L. R. Edwards, of "YValterboro,
is spending some time with rela-1
tives and friends in town.
?Mount Zion Institute opened on I
t Monday?which means that the vaca- i
^ tion of the small boy is at an end.
^ - Our merchants are beginning to
put on a smile as the cotton season
^ opens, and consequently collections
?Our sportsmen around town are
V cleaning up their guns and preparing
^kammunition for the bird season, which
vb[ill open in a few weeks.
When you bring your cotton in
doilj't forget the printers if you have
notlpaid your subscription, and if you
havfe, why call and see them anyway.
?lEvery farmer should have a barley
patafh- It is now just the time to sow j
it inVorder to have green stock food j
i-: tnct late winter and early spring, j
?XoLw is the time for our merchants !
to let tmhc people know through the j
columnfs of their county paper what!
they tajay expect in the way of bar- j
grins yn fall and winter goods.
?Charleston merchants, notwith- j
standiiVg the earthquake, are ready to j
.^t?. >Vin nf tcAnntrv Willi I
SUypiV IfHV/ Vt IUV wv?4.v J
goods iiSj* usual, and their drummers
are on the road soliciting orders.
?The: city assessor of Charleston
estimate^the damage done to that city
by the earthquake at five million dollars,
or nearly five times the damage i
done by the cyclone about a year ago.
?Don't fail to read the new advervcrtisement
of Mr. S. S. "Wolfe, found
in another column. He is daily re-1
ceiving a fresh supply of fancy and j
heavy groceries which he is offering |
?Several prisoners are in jail await- j
ing trial in the United States Court
which met in Greenville on Monday.
One of them is charged with counterfeiting,
the others for selling whiskey
without a license. They will be taken
to Greenville some time next week.
?The wedding season is approaching
and we would inform all those
who contemplate such a step, that we
keep on hand a variety of invitations
which will be famished as cheap as
any place in the State. Give us a call
when yon need anything in this line.
?Mr. J. H. Skinner returned to his
duties as telegraph operator and ticket
agent on Tuesday, after a pleasant
trip to the Springs of North Carolina.
Mr. W. Milton Meyers who has had
charge of the office during Mr. Skinner's
absence, left on Wednesday for
?Lexington county has recently
completed a monument to her Confed
crate dead. The work was done!
almost entirely br the ladies of the
county. Cannot the ladies of Fairfield
take such a step? Tiiey are always
good leaders, and we are sure that
the men will contribute liberally.
?A well-known photographer of
- New York was visiting this State and j
happened to visit Winburn's Gallery.
. He said, after examining Winburn's
y work, that his photographs were as
line as any that he had seen in the
South, and much better than the
work that many of the Southern city
photographers were sending out. *
Fixe Apples.?Mr. Edsrar Trapp
has the thanks of the office for some
very nice appless of his raising. They
are of different varieties?principally
Vandivers. They are all very fine,
and speak much for Mr. Trapp's success
To Our Patrons?"We are pleased
to inform our friends and patrons that
without further calamity we will be
prepared to continue business in a few
days. Send in your orders.
Geo. S. Hacker & Sox,
Manufacturers of Doors, Sash, j
Blinds and Building Material, Charles- i
ton, S. C. * |
Our Cotton Men.?Perhaps there isj
no town in the State so well supplied j
with cotton merchants as Winnsboro. j
Besides our grocery merchants, who I
/?Aftnn nTft l-*orn tlirAO o*An11
III l/l/l'H'&it \y 11UT V ^141 VV jVUUV- J
rncn who deal in this staple exclusively. j
Our town gained considerable reputa- j
tioli last season as a cotton market, j
and we are sure that our buyers are
determined to hold this reputation.
^ A Fkdeual Appointment.?Mr.
r Jit A. A. Morris, of Itidgeway, received
notiec on Wednesday that he had been
appointed postmaster at that place, to
succeed Col. H. C. Davis, deceased.
It will be remembered that Mr. Morris
received quite a complimentary vote
for the office of Probate Judge In the
recent primary, though defeated.
"We congratulate him. upon his appointment,
and are assured that he
will perform faithfully the duties entrusted
W. D. Iloyt & co.. Wholesale and Retail
' Druggists of Rome, Ga., say: "We have
been selling Dr. King's Xew Discooery,
Electric Bitters and Bucfclen's Arnica
Salve for two years. Hrve never handled
remedies that* sell as well, or give such
universal satisfaction. The have been
some wonderful cures effected by these
medicines in this city. Several cases of
pronounced Consumption have been entirely
cured by use of a few bottles of Dr.
King's New Discovery, taken in connec.
. tion with Electric Bitters. We guarantee
r them always. Sold by McMaster, Brice &
I THE NEW MOUNT ZION.
A Git EAT OCCASION JT.Y TIIE HISTORY
Dedication of the New College BuildingInteresting
Exercises-?The Address of
llnris Olhcr Fert.tnres of the
Thursday was th2 day appointed
for the exercises incident to the completion,
and the dedication to cduca- j
tiona! purposes, of the new building
! erected by the municipality of Winns!
boro, and donated to the Mount Zion
Society. Quite a large audience gathered
in the main room of the College?
' the tudies predominating.
The meeting was called to order by
Col. II. A. Gaillard, the president of
; the Society, who announced that the
l exercises would be opened with prayer
i bv the I?cv. J. T. Chalmers. After
' the prayer, the choir organized for the
occasion sang", very effectively, the
anthem commencing?"Praise the
Lord in Ilis holiness."
The president now introduced Col.
Jas. II. Piion, who spoke in substance
Mr. President and Gentlejjien of
the Mount Zion Society: On the part
of the Building Committee of the Society,
I have a pleasing duty to perforin?the
duty of presenting this new
building to the Society. More than a
centuryjago there was erected here an
humblWBchool-house. "War came on
and the building became afterwards
the barracks of the British soldier.
Cornwallis on the this spot pitched his
marque, surmounted with what was
supposed to be the banner of a conquering
nation. The war passed
away, and peace was declared. Six
years after this the corner-stone of
another building was laid?the foundation
of the Mount Zion Collegiate
Institute. On the spot where had
stood the marque of the invading General.,
was erectcd asimplc school-house.
Here the humble school-master was
safe in the duties of his calling, the
appliances of education taking the
pIac-2 of the implements of war?thus
illustrating the truth of the words
which Bulwer puts in the mouth of
Richelieu: "The pen is mightier than
the sword." Then, to meet the needs
of a larsre patronage, a three-story
brick building was put up. Afterwards
two three-story wings were
erected- In 1SC7 our hearts were saddened
by seeing this line building destroyed
by lire. But we did not despair.
Out of the scanty means of the
Society, supplemented by private subscriptions,
we erected a new schoolhouse,
and the institution, under the
management of Professor Davis, nourished
in a high degree. But there
soon was felt the need of better accommodations.
The citizens of Winnsboro,
prompted by an enlighted public
spirit and large liberality, came forward
with substantial aid. As a result,
we now have a building worthy
of the town and of the Societ}'. The
Building Committee to-day turns over
to the Society this splendid building,
complete in every respect, commodious,
well-ventilated, and furnished
throughout with all appliances needed
for the proper conduct of the Institute.
I need not say that ihe Committee are
nrrmr: tn -nerform this dntv. We turn
over this building, in full confidence in
the future of our Society and of the
Institution. We hope that your success
in the cause of education may be
even greater in the future than it has
been In the past. [Applause.]
Responding to Col. Rion, Col. Gaillard
spoke substantially as follows:
Gentlemen of (he Building Committee:
Permit me, as president of the
Mount Zion Society, to say to you that
we proudly appreciate "the success
with which the labors of the Committee
have been attended. In receiving
this building?a structure which, for
the objects we have in view, is without
a superior in South Carolina?handsome,
capacious, well-lighted, wellventilated,
take pleasure in congratulating our
whole community upon the success of
this undertaking. I may safely say
what Col. Rion has so charily said of
the Committee?that they have discharged
their trust in a manner of
which they may well be proud. For
their laboi's in this enterprise the}*
have sought no reward?they have 110
reward, save in the consciousness of
dntv faithfully and successfully dis
Members of the Mount /'Aon Society:
We are responsible for the discharge
of an important trust. This ancient
institution is in onr keeping?this institution
originating in the wisdom of
men who, a century ago, sought to lay
here the foundation of a school which
should promote the glory, the honor
and the progress of South Carolina. Iu
the preamble to the Act of incorporation,
occur these words: "Arise,
shine, for thy light is come, and the
glory of the Lord is upon thee."
Through all the mutations of time,
amid all the sufferings of war, and the
agonies of conquest, amid all these
things the light that was lit on this
hill has never beeu quenched. This
light has always burned bright and
strong?shedding its rays of knowledge
and enlightenment in all directions.
Our trust it is to preserve this
light for posterity?to keep it bright,
so that it shall shine for all time. I
am sure that, inspired by the memories
that cluster around old Mount
Zion, and sustained by a sound public
sentiment, we shall ever be faithtul to
our trust. I thank you again, gentlemen
of the Building Committee, for
uie mauiiur 111 winon vuu uuw uxacharged
your important duties. [Applause.]
The choir now rendered the anthem,
"The earth is the Lord's and the fulness
thereof;" after which Jas. G.
McCants, Esq., by request, read some
interesting extracts from history of
Mount Zion, written by the late Col.
"Win. McCreight, and parts of a published
sketch by the late D. Baker
| The president then introduced, as
the orator of the day, Prof. It. Means
Davis, of the South Carolina College,
who v.as greeted with very hearty
applause. lie spoke as follows:
Professor Davis's Adtlre
The genius or bent of a people is
often revealed in its works of art.
The Pyramids of Egypt, standing in
their gloomy grandeur as the head
j stones of a civilization long-since passed I
! away, are still the admiration, the |
| envy and the despair cf modern
Yet as one looks on pyramid after
| pyramid, temple after temple, obelisk
: after obelisk, he can bat be painfully
impressed with the monotony, the
i unvarying uniformity of design and
j execution pervading them all. Still
: greater disappointment is experienced
j when a closer inspection shows that
; even the paintings and designs on the
walls which are preserved unfaded in
j that gloriously pure atmosphere are
! marked by the same characteristics,
j Features, apparel, even combinations
i of colors, are fixed by an inflexible
i This pecnlarity is the key to Egyp;
dan character. The children of the
! Nile had a civilization in some respects
'worthy oi wonder. They believed in
immortality. They used every effort
to preserve the body as well as the
soul. They gloried in their ancestors
and desired to perpetuate their memory
through all ayes.
But they were satisfied with existing
conditions. They cared nothing for
progress. They made no steps in advance.
So that when the contest arose
with young and active civilizations
they fell forever.
The Greeks buildcd temples and
erected monuments. But these works
of art were replete with life and vigor.
Their chief delight consisted in bringing
down their gods to earth and
making them walk among men. Statues
I nf ivnvi- nix) o-n'M or Pmi'.elic marble
adorned nil public place-. Yet while
the senilis of Phidias by its masterful i
force, not through the aid of inflexible I
law. was able to formulate general
types of manly or womanly beaatv,
and to clothe Olympian gods in hum-in
habiliments, what originality, what
diversity, what freedom and boldness
were manifested by himself and others
in the carrying out of details.
The unfettered human intellect like
Prometheus brought fire from Ileaven
and gave light and warmth to all the
The Greeks also worshipped perfect
manhood and womanhood. They
glorified the body and made it the fitting
habitation for the mind. They
instituted their public games, tlfir
contests of strength and endurance;
and they built market places and planted
groves in which men might assemble
to hear or to tell some i:nv thing.
This very social instinct was the banc
of Greece. Iler greatest people lived i
J* ... * - 1 il\ L*. .
ior society anu ine oiaie aione. iiie
individual was a cipher. In co isequencelabor
was deemed dishonorable.
Said Xenophon, '-The manual arts are
infamous and unworthy of a citizen.
Most of them deform the body. They
oblige one to sit down under shelter or
near the lire. They have time neither j
for the liepub!ic nor for one's friends."
(Blanqui Hist. Pol. Economy, p. '
Xo wonder that u civilization ba-ed on
such a foundation could not be stable.
The Romans, too, were great builders.
But Human genius, instead of
turning to temples and statues, found
fit expression in triumphal asches!
through which conquerors might return-with
captive kings in train. It
erected vast amphitheatres for the
slaughter of man and beast on Human
holidavs. It built grea: walls to repel
invasions. Ir spanned turbulent torrents
with massive arches. It diverted
whole streams through huge aqueducts
to supply the public b-iths with water,
for the Romans, il not the godiiesi,
were the clcanliest of neoule. But
above ail it projected and'laid those
wonderful roads as Straight as an
arrow, as hard as adamant, those
roads on which alone of all Roman
civilization the hordes of Attila and
other barbarians as they tramped along
left no track nor trace. The genius of
Rome was military and administrative.
Like the Robber Eagle, Rome lived by
plunder. She ate bread, earned not by
the sweat of her own, but by the i
sweat of other men's brows. Those
roads all leading to Rome were built
not for trade and traffic, but to facilitate
the march of armed legions, and
the transport of tribute from a thousand
The genius of Rome was intensely
practical. It appropriated not only the
wealth but the ideas of others, and
even their gods. It manifested a wonderful
power of blending and harmonizing.
Rome was the crucible
in wViiMi nil rnutnvioh hnrrrnroi*
diverse, were fused and blended into
Universal Rotnan Empire, cold,
practical, brutal as it was, paved the
way for a universal Christian religion,
and a universal system of laws, for
almost the entire jurisprudence of the
Continent, and much even of the
common law of England, is gathered
from the codes of Ctesar and Justinian.
The genius of Feudalism displayed
itself in petty personal warfare; and
how is this better shown than in countless
castles perched on hilltop and
mountain peak? Who can see those
old castles studding the banks of the
Rhine without calling to mind the
distractions and diversions that so
long enfeebled the German people?
So the Middle Ages were the era .of
religious aspiration degenerating into
theological * refinements or monkish
superstition. This tendency found
expression in the cathedrals of Cologne
and Strasburg, in St. Peter's, in Westminster
Abbey, in the sculptures and 1
paintings of Angelo, Raphael and
the other masters. Gothic architecture,
all of whose lines point heavenward,
is a fit monument of mediaeval
civilization?a civilization lofty in its
aims, but narrow in its scope; a civilization
that viewed all truth through
colored glasses, to which a uniform
tint was imparted by the touch of the
successors of St. Peter. It remained
for the Renaissance to wipe away these
tints and prepare for the presentation
of truth through a transparent medium.
But want of time prevents further
I have endeavored to show that ti e
genius of a people is materialized in
its works; that the history of Egypt
is told in its sepulchral pyramids; that
of Greece in its statues and market
places; that of Rome in its triumphal
arches, coliseums, aqueducts and
roads; that of feudalism in its castles,
and that of the Middle Ages in its
Wh.if shnll now hp srml of thft o-finins
of the nineteenth century, and more
particularly of that child of the century,
the United States of America?
It is true that we are heirs of all the
a?es. Like another Home, America
has received the treasures of other
nations, not as a tribute wrung from
anguish and despair, but as a free,
spontaneous, gladsome gift from grateful
hearts. Like Home, too, she is
engaged in the task of combining and
assimilating discordant elements, in
choking out all that is evil, and fostering
and strengthening all that is good
and just and glorious, in order that
out of heterogeneous components she
may weld together a homogeneous, a
happy and a prosperous people.
Civilization is running: in so manv
hues that it is difficult to follow them
and detect the direction of the true resultant
of all the moments. Works of
all kinds arise on all sides. What
class of these best portrays the genius
of the American people? Careful
consideration leads me to the belief
that the peculiar bent of the American
mind manifests itself in the erection of
school houses, the establishment of
educational institutions erected at the
public expense ,for the public good.
It is true that nowhere else to day is
to be found a proportionally larger
number of houses of worship, nowhere
more commodious marts of
trade, nowhere longer and better lines
of transportation, nowhere more comlortable
or more beautiful abodes for
domestic virture and domestic happiness.
These are, however, not so distinctive
features as our nublic institu
tions of learning.
The United States, whether wisely
or not, have decreed that every male
inhabitant of adult age, not barred by
crime, shall participate in the affairs
of the government; and they have
also decreed with undoubted wisdom
that every citizen ought to possess
knowledge sufficient to cast an intelligent
vote. So that in every State aud
territory in this broad land a school
must stand within easy reach of the
church on one hand and the polling
place on the other. These form the
ideal tripod on which to base a genuine
freedom. Without the church
and the school-house, republican government
is a failure. This statement
is not always suffered to stand unchallenged.
Some contend that a system
of public instruction is not based on
wisdom and sound policy. Two theories
are advanced in opposition?one,
that every man should educate his own
child; the other, that all education
must be left to the church.
In answer to the first it may be said
tl>rt /\t* tlift
I UAL UUO IO j;i I 11V JLUUiU \y L CUV
laisstz fa ire system so far as to lead
to an absurdity. Xo one will go farther
than myself in compelling the
government, to keep hands off from
private affairs. But as the welfare of
each individual and of the vvhoie people
is bound up in the government,
and as the government is wielded by
the voter, intelligent suffrage is a matter
of State importance, and must be
secured by Slate authority.
This proposition need not be further
argued here, as the antagonist of pub,
iic instruction is confronted by the
legislation of the thirty-eight States
and ten Territories of the American
A single other strong argument in
favor of public instruction may be
mentioned here. It was recently advanced
by a distinguished Carolinian
as the only, but the sufficient, justifica
non oi a system 10 wmui nu is m
theory otherwise opposed. It arises
from the very 'act already mentioned
that America is the common refuge
for the people of all nations. Twenty
languages can be heard, it is said, in
the streets of San Francisco. Immigrants
come from the tour corners of
the earth, having no conception of
American political ideas, as is evidenced
by the deeds of anarchists of
recent date. They come, many of
them, with little education but much
prejudice and passion. If left to
segregate themselves into separate communities
they might soon establish the
same antagonistic relations among one
another as exist among tlip nations of
Europe. But on reaching America
the children are at once taken into the
public schools. There they learn the
English language, they imbibe American
ideas, they fall into American custom?,
they adapt themselves to American
institutions, they grow up not as
Englishmen, or Germans, or Frenchmen,
or Irishmen, or Spaniards, or
what not, but as American citizens,
children of a common country. It is
in the public school that this growth
goes gradually on.
Private education is liable to fluctuations,
to impulses, to uncertainties.
But public schools press straight on
without faltering, to the goal.
Another objection is that education
must be left entirely to the church.
The best reply to this is that the primary
object of the church is to save
sinners, not to make men wise. It is
true that education is the handmaid of
religion; that without its aid faith
may degenerate into superstition. But
the church has never been forbidden
tu take material prepared elsewhere,
or to rcject as unclean anything the '
Divine Master has called clean. In
Europe the church may take upon herself
the sole task of education, because
there church and State are one. But
in America a divorce has been wisely
pronounced between the two, and the
church must not seek to interfere with
the State, else the State may claim
interference with the church.
Again, the State is debarred from
the task of saving souls. That is the
the high prerogative of the church.
But the State can and does exercise
the privilege and duty of imparting
intellectual training. Shall the State
be compelled to sit with folded
hands, doing nothing, that the church
may do everything? "What need for
a State at all ?
Again, is the church strong enough
and rich enough to undertake the entire
responsibility of both mind and
soul? Has she already all the places
of worship and all the laborers in the
vineyard that she needs? Are there
still *110 halt and maimed and blind
sitting along the waysides and hedges
waiting for invitation to the marriage
feast? The church must perforce be
relieved of some of her burdens by
the State, if not In things spiritual, at
least in thing3 temporal. But the
church, nevertheless, has a great and
noble educational work of a special
character to perform. Let the State
furnish a broad training for her youth;
and let the church supplement the
work by her own institutions. There
is room for all; an abundance of room
for schools and colleges of all kinds,
public, private, religious and secular.
It must be remembered also that
man owes a two-fold duty?to God
and to man. He may be a churchman,
yet is he a citizen, and the one relation
is as sacred and as important as the
other. "Render unto Caesar the things
that are Caisar's."
If, then, it is expedient and proper
that the State educate her people, and
if it is the genius of America to prize
education in the highest decree, as one
of the foundations of good citizenship,
then are you, my friends of "NVinnsboro,
found to be in full accord with the
spirit of the age. And this new and
commodious school building, erected
by aggregate public effort for the public
goodwill long stand as a inonu
inenc to your wisuuiij, yum yiicigv
and your public spirit. This monument
will be more glorious than Egyptian
pyramid, Roman coliseum or
I well remember that several years
ago as I was crossing the Missouri
river, as it rolled along in its bed with
a bluff on either side, each capped by
a growing city, my attention was attracted
by two large buildings on opposite
sides of the river, each 011 the
highest point of the respective hills.
"What line building is that?" I asked,
pointing to the one on the west.
"That is the public school of Omaha."
"And what is that?" pointing to the
cast. "The public school of Council
Bluffs." And here for the first time,
as I saw the?T two noble edifices standing
as beacur>-} visible for miles round,
I began thinking what kind of building
would have occupied the place of honor
had I been traveling in Greece or
Rome or mediaeval Europe. And then
I looked further, and as I sped through
town after town in the thickly settled
Northwest, I found that the handsomest
place was generally the school house,
in which the active, restless, inquiring
youth were daily orougnt togetuer
learn the lessous that are given to fit
them to become future sovereigns of
America. This is why the great North
and "West are building up aud pushing
forward with such strides. Aud
this is why the South must build her
schools and halls of learning, so as not
to be left behind. And as I wondered
and admired as I passed through
Northern towns, so.I trust the traveler
along yonder railway, as he looks out
and sees old Mount Zion, looming up
the most conspicuous object in the
town, will say that "Winnsboro, too,
has girded up her loins, and refuses to
lag behind in the great intellectual
Olympic races of the nineteenth century.
"While it would be enough to
know that you people of "Winnsboro
were simply following in a path
marked out by others, a still greater
glory is yours?that in South Carolina
at least you are pioneers and pathfinders
in this educational work.
In 1S77, when the public school system
of the State, through gross mismanagement,
had become an object of
distaste to many, you embraced it
warmlv. and. utilizing what there was
in it for good, inaugurated a system
of graded schools for smaller towns
and districts, based upon the principle
of local taxation, and succeeded thereby
in drawing into your school house
under the same teachers and the same
expenditure as before about twice as
many children as had ever before received
The system inaugurated by you, with
some modifications has become the
basis for similar institutions throughout
the State. These are yearly multiplying,
and I believe the day is not
distant when they will be found in
every town and neighborhood in South
In this connection let us allot j
his due meed of praise to the Kev. j
Willard Richardson, who, in behalf!
oi tne braaecl school, was instant m
season and one of season, and who,
when success was imperilled owing
to the lack of funds in the county treasury,
put his hand into his own pocket
and advanced most if not all the money
necessary for the work.
Again, you have been more recently
pioneers in another brave undertaking.
Undaunted by financial depression in
the past and most untoward prospects
for the future, which would have closed
the hands and chilled the hearts of a
less liberal, less enlightened community,
you have made manifest by your
works your faith that education is the
ground work of all material, political,
social and religious advancement, by
imposing upon yourselves a public
debt, secured by public credit and disi-rrnrl
r\n tovofiAn frtv fhA
WJC*1 Ul-VUllVWj iWl
erection of an acaclcmy, <in order
that your children and your children's
children may be fitted to cope with
the rest of the State and nation in the
great intellectual conflict now going
So far as I know, with the exception
of Charleston, "Winnsboro is the only
town that has taxed itself for the building
of a school house. Aud this example
is as well worth imitation a? was
the inauguration of the graded system
a few years ago.
In proof of your wisdom you may
point to the example of Prussia. That
kingdom, bleeding, prostrate, crushed
lay in the dust- at the feet of the great
Napoleon after the fearful contests at
Jena and Auerstadt. It seemed that
this kingdom, baptised by biood
under the great Frederic, had sunk to
rise no more, and that its possessions
would be parcelled out to the campfollowers
of the cruel Corsican. But
the genius of Prussia was undaunted.
She would not perish. Great administrators
like Stein, arreat educators
like Humboldt, and'grcat philosophers
like Fichte, roused the fainting spirits
of the people. "The statesmen of
Prussia laid the foundation of its subsequent
greatness by unfettering labor
and commerce, granting municipal
self-government and basing the military
power of the State upon the
people.'' But the greatest crown of
glory was its educational system, inaugurated
in the foundation of the University
of Berlin. Says the Encyclopaidia
Britannica (Berlin): "It was as
a weapon of war as well as a nursery
of learning that Frederick William III.
and the great men whose names are
identified with its origin, called it into
existence, for it was felt that knowledge
and religion are the true strength
and defence of nations." Although
the University was opened in 1810, its
plan had been sooner laid. Says an
other, "In the very agony ot ner national
humiliation beneath the heel of
Napoleon, Prussia founded her great
University at Berlin, one of the most
hcroic acts of history." King Frederick
William III., writing atthisdate,
says: "Although we have lost territory,
power and prestige, still we must
strive to regain what we have lost by
acquiring intellectual and moral power:
therefore, it is ray earnest desire
and will to rehabilitate the nation by
devoting a more earnest attention to
the education of the people." Brave
words arc these, followed by still
braver deeds. The University of Berlin
is one of the educational wonders
of the world. Its glorious fulfillment
of its promise is seen not only in the
intellectual greatness of Prussia, but
in her military and political leadership
By educated Prussia the third Napoleon
was hurled from the throne
prepared for him by his uncle over the
disasters of the Fatherland. Says
Jules Simon, the Frenchman, "The
nation that educates most will gain the
mastery, if not to-dav, at least to
morrow." In this connection let me
adcl the words of one who, though
dead, still lives in the loving hearts of
his countrymen. Gen. llobcrt E. Lee,
after he had sheathed his sword in
glory if not in victory, refused several
more lucrative offers, to accept the
Presidency of a college. lie esteemed
this a patriotic duty. In a letter to
Genera! Gordon he says: "The thorough
education of all classes of the
people is the most efficacious means,
in my opinion, of promoting the prosperity
of the South." And to another
he writes in 18G7: "So much does the
future of the South depend upon the
rising generation that I consider the
propereducation of its youth one of
the most important objects now to be
attained. Nothing will compensate
us for the depression of the standards
of moral and intellectual culture, and
each State should take the most energetic
measures to revive its schools
and colleges, and, if possible, to increase
the facilities of instruction, and
to elevate the standards of learning."
(Notes from Dr. Jovnes.)
Wiih snr.h pxamnles. ladies andsren
tlemen, you need have no fear tbatyou
have erred in raising this public monument
to the causo ot' learning.
i But there i? iii another gratifying
.reflection pi\ .-cnted on this occasion.
Glorious us it is to inaugurate a now
institution of learning, how much
more pleasant it is to feel that you are
merely strengthening and revivifying
an institution that stretches back into
the earliest days of the Republic. You
may beautify your College Green, you
may plant there trees and shrubbery
to afford shade and rest to future generations,
but what would all these be
when weighed in the balance against
that majestic old oalc that has braved
the' heat of summer and the chilling
blasts of winter for so many generations.
Beneath its shade have sat yourselves,
your fathers and your grandfathers.
For a hundred years and more it has
listened to the prattle and the merry
jibe and jest of the school boy. Could
it speak, what tales it could tell! And
the pious hands of Mr. McMaster and
"-l-'v t-nmn voivsnrm r.lothed its
I UlllW e, >y Iiu cv/uiu 1 ?=~ gnarled
and knotted and bared roots !
with fresh soil, thereby imparting to |
it new life and vigor from its mother
earth, performed a much more praiseworthy
deed than if they had suffered
it to perish and planted shrubbery in
its place. In this same way you have
come, not to destroy, but to fulfill.
On the fabric of Mount Zion, hoary
with age, rich in traditions, glorious
in influence, you have erected q new
building, a new system, and have so
fashioned the old institution as to meet
the requirements of the new culture.
There are few schools in the State
that can claim equal antiquity with
Mount Zion, or, like her, can point to
j a long continuing career of usefulness
But, ladies and gentlemen, a
brighter halo is thrown around Mount
Zion in the fact that she stands to-day
as the creation, the embodiment of
unity, as the emblem of an enlightened*
christian philanthropy that knew
no section, no class, no nationality; a
patriotism that was broad enough .to
cover the whole State. On its lirst
roll oi' membership were found descendants
of the English cavalier and
Puritan, the French Huguenot,' the
Scotch Whig and Covenanter, the
Scotch Irish Presbyterian, with additions
from Germany and other lands.
Ihe prevailing church in C-iianesion
was the Church of England. The
people of "Winnsboro were almost
wholly Presbyterian. Yet they forgot
ihe issues brouglit over the water with
them and only vied in patriotic performance
llcw could Mount Zion be other than
an institution for the propagation of
advanced and liberal ideas, and how
could the people of Fairfield be other wise
than broad-minded, liberal and
General Brat ton related 10 me once
that on a certain occasion he was walking
across the College Green with Mr.
Ilenry Elliott, and commenting on the
fact that the people of Fairfield were
the best and most patriotic and conservative
citizens of the State. lie
asked how he accounted for this fact.
"There is the reason," replied Mr.
"Pllmtf nninfinrr nlr? Alnrmf-. Yinr)
College- "Xo man who ever passes
under the shadow of that building can
be mean and narrow.*'
Persons visiting Wiunsboro have
been often struck with the cordiality
existing among its citizens, the absence
of cliques or factions. This has arisen
from the fact that the best people of
the low-country and of the up-conntry
have been brought into close contact
under the shadow of Mount Zion.
They have settled together and have
learned to throw off that bane of a
State?a narrow sectionalism. But
for the erection of Mount Zion as a
joint enterprise of the lowlands and
Highlands, this free inter-communication
might never have taken place.
Not only this?the great celebrity enjoyed
by the school, especially during
the administration of Mr. Hudson, j
accomplished this same broadening
culture by bringing to your town representatives
from all parts ot' the i
South, as well as from South CavotS^J
In order to show that this in-;
lluence for good was the deliberate '
aim of the founder of the Society, and i
not a mere accidental result, it is well j
to pause here for a moment to consider
the history of its inception.
South Carolina is practically the
offspring of two distinct streams of!
settlers?the one flowing over the !
lower country between the years 1070 :
ami 1750?the other settling the conn-;
rrv rihnve Columbia, but not befrinniiiff !
until about 1750. The ravaging of the !
Palatinate, the suppression of the j
Highland risings in favor of the young
Pretender in 1745, the conquest of;
Nova Scotia by the British, and more I
than all the defeat of Braddock at!
Fort DnQucsne, gave a fresh impetus j
to immigration, and when the tcrri-'
tory embracing most of the up-country :
was ceded in 17oo by the Indians, the j
back country rapidly increased in pop-:
ulaliou and strength. It shortly after ;
began to c;:li for courts and a share in 1
The. people of., the lower country, j
not wishing to divide power with j
those who might then be inferior j
to them in education and weakh, :
determined to inaugurate a system
of education. Accordingly, o:: the
13th February, 1777, an Act was
passed, incorporating the Mount
Zion Society "for the purpose of
" ? t - -
tounamg, endowing ana supporting a
public sciiool in the district of Cam-1
den, lor the edncatioti and instruction !
of youth." The preamble adds, among
other things?"Our country calls, nay,
the voice of reason cries aloud to us to
promote knowledge as the firmest
cement of a State: and conscience!
insists that it is our indispensable j
duty to instruct the ignorant in the !
principles of Christianity.,J
Among the duties of the president!
is provided that "he shall quash all
disputes respecting State matters or
religion", while of the thirteen directors
it is provided that seven shall
reside in the country and the other
six shall be inhabitants of Charleston.
Later on, in 17S5, Mount Zion College
was incorporated on the same day
with the Charleston College and a
College at Cambridge?a circumstance
showing that the statesmen of South
Carolina were building for the whole j
State, not for any portion.
This, then, is the mission of Mount '
Zion, to lay the foundation of learning j
broad and deep, "to promote knowi-j
pdo-p as the firmest cetnen: of a State," !
and "to instruct the ignorant in the'
principles of Christianity.*' Nobly
ha? this mission been perfcrmed in the i
Ladies and gentlemen, officers and
members of the Blount Zion Society,
citizens o? "Winnsbore? will von sec |
that this precious legacy of love bcouuathed
to you by enlightened and
patriotic predecessors shall be trans-1
mitted in i?:usty and in glory, in mi
diminished strength and lustre to sue- :
ceeding generations? Shall' you say,
as your predecessors say in their pre-1
amble, "Arise, shine, for thy Light is j
come, and the glory of the Lord is
risen upon thee?to appoint uulo them
that mourn in Sion, to give unto them
beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for i
mourning. the garment of praise for |
the spirit of heaviness: that they
might be called the tree of righteousness,
the planting of the Lord that he i
might be glorified/' (Isaiah, lx., I;j
There arc to-day many who mourn,
vnomr n-v>n?r> cniHf is or?m*essed with !
heaviness, many who arc prostrated
in the ashes ot' despair. Be it your
datv to raise them up and hold the
Lamp of Knowledge before -their
tottering feet. Fultii your task of
cementing the State in bonds of patriotic
Ladies and gentlemen, members of
Mount Zion Society?more than ever i
before is there need to-day of a broad,
charitable Christian culture. The
spirit of reaction is abroad. Narrowing
influences arc tearing our hearts
asunder. Charity and love of country
are giving way to bigotry, prejudice
and sectionalism. There are bickerings
in the Church and dissensions in
the State. The voices of your greatest
statesmen and divines are mute or
unheeded, while the clanging and
clatter of smaller minds who proress to I
present panaceas for all your ills are
confusing your perceptions of right,
stifling humanity and dragging you
down to lower planes of action. It is
easy to be virtuous and kind and charitable
when your barns are full, your
places of business crowded, your
(.tWCllillgij JiilCU Wlin tuui;un^> j
when distress, debt, uncertainty of the 1
liitarc harass your working and sleep-!
ing hours, it is easy indeed to list to !
the tempter and be led astray by the
insidious demon of self! A "great
unrest, social, political, as well as
physical, now * curses our beloved
Carolina. The recent earthquake,
fearful though it be, is nothing when
compared to the mutterings and the
rumblings that presage grave social
and political upheavals. And as these
subterranean Titanic giants will still
destroy unless shorn of their strength,
so prejudice must be banished by "the
removal of ignorance, that great curse
I have great faith in the conservative
infiucucc of Mount Zion. "Wbatever
may happen, I believe the sober
second thought of Fairfield is always
wise, always just, always liberal. And
I believe that with her present excellent
faculty, embracing the experience
and wisdom of maturer years, the
active energy of youth, the broad culture
of manhood," the graces and re
j iliictricnts of womanhood, Mount Zion
I Institute and Mount Zion Graded
School will hew straight to the line
i and lead the youth of the land to paths
I of virtue and good citizenship. We
j arc told that "into our lives some rain
j must fall"; and I think we got our
! full share during the early part of this
year. But we are also told that "beLind
cachcloud is the sun still shining/'
The year opened dark and gloomy.
Despair sat brooding in each heart.
! 13ut in the past few months onr condition
hasrsomewhat improved and hope
smiles again. Mount Zion College
has closed a rounded century of her
existence. This year marks the beginning
cf a new century. And in
i view of your great enterprise and
! spirit it opens auspiciously. Never
j before was a good education so much
i within the reach ol" every boy and girl,
j The effects of the rehabilitated school
j have been already seen in reports of
| students at male and female colleges
! all over the land. Fairfield is everyJ
where taking a proud stand. As citizens
of Fairfield you must all take
pride in their achievements. And
although I am now separated in person
from ray native county, my heart
is always here with you, and I glory
in the achievements of every son and
daughter of glorious old Mount Zion.
! They will do battle against the Python
j of evil and darkness. They will van
I (jlUSJl II1U illUIJSlUl U1 Jliliv; ilUU til? >. ]
I They will take the lead in bringing I
! our beloved old County and State into j
i a condition of still greater dignity and j
usefulness, and will transmit their!
names and that of Mount Zion with !
ever-increasing honor through the j
corridors of Time. May Ileaven pros- !
per their efforts and yours, my fellow-1
citizens of Winnsboro I
At the close of Professor Davis's j
! most admirable address, the choir sang i
the anthem, "Holy is the Lord of;
Sabaoth"; and, after _an appropriate j
prayer by the Rev. G. P. Watson, the i
audience were dismissed. Zvlany took j
the opportunity to make an examii: j
tion of the several rooms of the new j
At two o'clock the Society, with their
invited guests, assembled in the Town j
Hall and thence proceeded to the ?pa- i
cicus dining-room of the Winnsboro
Hotel. Here were two long tables,
with seats for about seventy-five persons.
The repast was all that could
be desired, and the heartiness with j
which it was handled by the entire [
company is perhaps the highest evi- j
dunce of its excellence.
In due course, a 11 umber J of toasts
were offered, and were happily i-esponded
to. As the resprcsentative of
The News and Herald was himself
present, and was himself an active
participant in the pleasures of the j
hour, we shall be pardoned for uot j
publishing any detailed account. Our
man was on hand for fun?not lor'
work. Wo must therefore content j
ourselves with a brief outline.
The first regular toast was offered .
by Col. Gaillard, the president of ti e
Society, as follows:
t?u~ k i'Ak ? > n / if
X ilV/ (JUUHi ViXi >UlUd. \j\JlH-g\s. .11 J.) j
its future career be as prosperous as \
its past record is one of the brightest j
pages in the history of the State.
liesponsc by Dr. E. L. Pattou, of;
trie South Carolina College.
The second toast, offered by Prof.
II. Means Davis, was as follows:
The Town of Wiunsboro. Always in j
the forefront of progress, her zeal for j
education deserves special commenda-;
Responded to by Mr. T. Iv. Elliott, j
Intendant of Wiunsboro.
Xext was the following sentiment, j
offered by Chas. A. Douglass, Esq.: j
The Alumni of Mount Zion College, j
TUKot-a Kt- t nf* tliPir
jl li^\ j \ uiv< vi v* xmv** .
liyes, honored "themselves and brought j
renown to their historic old Alma i
Response by Col. F. W. McMaster,!
The fourth regular toast was ofiered :
by Mr. Jno. S. Reynolds, as follows:
Our Free Common Schools. As
they arc one of the highest evidences
of our civilization, so may they always j
be the means of furthering our pro- '
gross, of increasing our enlightenment,!
and of protecting our liberties.
Responded to by Dr. John Boyd, I
School Commissioner of Fairfield.
Xext was offered, by James G. Mc-;
Cants, Esq., the following sentiment: :
The Mount Zion Institute?the sac-1
ccssor of the Mount Zion College. ;
May she continue to send forth her [
predecessor's intellectual light, that j
men, seeing her good works, may glorify
the Beautiful in nature, the Noble
in man, and the Divine in religion.
Response by Col. Jas. II. Eion.
The sixth and last regular toast was
offered by Cant. I. X. Withers, asj
"We have present to-day a number of:
the alumni of old Mount Zion, whose i
lives and achievements reflect her lus- !
ire in brighter colors than any word !
picture of mine can do. Among them !
is one who has conspicuously illus- I
trated, both in peace and in war, the I
mnvlmo niul ?vin^ir>lr>c i hfyr> iitrn lr>il t- !
UiU-ViiilO uiiV.1 jyiiuv*|/*vv ???V> w *Mvwv???. .
cd; whose disinterested patriotism and J
self-abnegation stand out as a refresh- '
ing oasis, in the midst of abounding I
selfishness, greed and demagogism. 1 :
iced scarcely say, sir, tiiat I refer to
Gen. John Bratton. [Prolonged applause.]
Response by Gen. John Bratton.
In response to calls, short speeches
were made by Major T. W. Woodward,
Mr. Cowpcr Patton of Colum-;
bia, Prof. W. II. Witherow and Col. |
II. A. Gaillard. Col. Gaillard re- j
sponded to a sentiment offered by Col. '
liion, in honor of the South Carolina j
Military Ac ad em v.
At the request of many of those
present, a letter from Col. D. Wyatt
Aiken to Professor Davis was read.
It contains some interesting facts in
relation co tnc nisioi) ui u?u ?uuam
On motion of Mr. licynolds the president
of the Society was requested to i
communicate to Coi. Aiken the good J
wishes of the body, and their hope that ;
he may soon be restored to health
and to usefulness as a citizen of South
A suggestion, taking the shape of a
resolution, that the Mount Zion Society
have an annual dinner (after the
manner of the one last Thursday, of
couse) was enthusiastically adopted.
Thus ended one of the most agreca
blc gatherings ever bad in "Wmnsboro.
IJucklcn's Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for
Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt
liiicum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped
Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all Skin
Eruptions, and positively cures Piles,
or no pay required. It is guaranteed
to give perfect satisfaction, or money
refunded. Price 25 cents per box.
For sale by McMaster, Brice & Ivetchin
ITEMS riiOir 71LYTHE WO 01).
\ Messrs. Editors: Having seen nothing
from this section in your columns
! lately. I will endeavor to give you a
| fen7 items.
t I believe the conimunitv has gotten
j over the earthquake. On the night of
its occurrence, the writer was at Asbury
church attending a protracted
meeting, conducted by the Rev. X. K.
Melton, who had just preached a very
| impressive sermon, from the text,
I "Prepare to meet thy God." The
' congregation iiad just came out of the
i church as the roaring was heard, and,as
i soon as the earth began to tremble,
j' the ladies began to scream?some were
; unable to stand without the help of
; others. In every neighborhood, some
; people left their homes and went to
their neighbors. Chimnevs that have
: stood the cyclones and storms tor
sixty years were partly blown down.
There was a neg.o frolic at this
| place when the shock came, and it is
! said that in two minutes by the watch, v
| it was changed to a prayer-meeting.
i Our portion of the county has been
blessed with a number of good meetings.
The Rev. J. Howard Carpenter,
or "VVinnsboro, has been conducting a
series of meetings at Sandy Level,
which resulted in forty-eight accessions
to the church. v .
Mr. Robt. Smith and wife, of Chester,
are spending a few days with her
father, Mr. C. Abell.
The first bale of cotton was brought
to our market to-day, raised by Mr.
J. F. Lyles, and purchased by Mr.
W. J. Johnson, price paid 83 cents.
Mr. J. Allen Turkett has been in
very feebie health lor a few days past.
Blythewood, Sep. 11 1SS6. x.
TRIBUTE OF RESPECT.
Whereas, it has pleased the Supreme
Disposer of Events in the exercise of Ilis
divine wisdom to visit us with affliction by
vri-mAvmrr -f mm r\nr
ivmviuij, iV V14V4V VUi. UV/
loved Brother Edward W. Aiken, who,
in the prime of manhood and in the midst
of his career of usefulness, has been called
from the labors of this earthly Lodge to
enjoy, as we hope, his rest in the Celestiai
Lodge above, therefore, be it
Resolved, That in his death Winnsboro
Lodge, No. 11, A. F. ST., has been bereft
of a member whose place will not be readily
filled, and who had endeared himself to
us by the interest he felt in the welfare or
our noble institution.
Recolzed, That as a token of brotherly
love and rcspect, the emblem and regalia
of this Lodge be draped in mourning for
thirty days;"that a blank page in our minute-book
be dedicated to his memory: that
tliese resolutions be published in the
Winnsboro News and Herald, and that
a copy of the same be sent to his bereaved
family. Geo. b. McGants,
W. M. Probst,
11. N. Obear,
pq?a?MBamw TifMni ii m 1
At noon on Tuesday. August 10. the 195th
Grand Monthly Drawing of the Louisiana
State Lottery rook place. under tne supervision
of Geh'ls G. T. Beanregard, of La.,
and Jubal A. Early, of Ya., Xo. 08,361
cliow the First Capital Prize of $73,000.
No. 35,631 drew the Second Capital Prize,
?25,000. It was sold in fifths at 51 each:
one to Henry Lajoie, Holbrook, Mass.,
paid through Adams Express in Boston,
Mass.; one to B. Frank Burpee, a saloon
keeper, Xo. 8 Granite street, South Boston,
3Iass., also paid through Adams Express;
one paid through, the German Bank of
Memphis", Tenn;; two others paid through
"Wells, Farffo & Co.'s Bank, San Francisco,
Cal. Xo. 00,849 drew the Third Capital
Prize, 10,000. Xos. 18,325 and 57,815 drew
the two Fourth Capital Prizes of $0,000
each: sold in f.fts at ?1. each to parties in
Kansas City, Mo., Concordia, Kan., Montgomery,
Ala.. Xew Orleans, La., Fort
.Monroe, Ya., Chicago, 111., Philadelphia,
P\? etc., etc. The next Drawing will
oc cur Tuesday, Get. 12, 1S8G, and all in fV-rmofinii
Mn lidfl frnni "NT 4 T")r?nnli? r>
New Orleans, La. *
?In view of the well-known fact that
so many of the so-called fine whiskey are
hut a vile compound of Essential Oils and
common rectified spirits, producing mixtures
totally unfit for consumption, I deem
it proper to call the attention of consumers
to the merits of I. W. Harper's Celc
bratedXelsouCoasity, Ky., Whiskey,
which, absolutely pure, is made
from fine selected grain and fully matured
by age. Sold only by T. T. LUMPKIN,
Winnsboro, S. C. Septi4xf3m.
NOTICE FOE FINAL DISCHARGE.
I will apply to the Judge of Probate of
Fairfield County on October 19, 1886,
for a final discharge as Executor of the
Will of John Campbell, deceased.
JXO. W. CAMPBELL,
Septl4flx3 . Executor.
PLANTATION FOR SALE.
THIS place lies on the Spartanburg &
Union Railroad. Depot within four
hundred yards of Gin ;.nd Mill. Will sell
Mill, Engine and Giu with place. Also,
Mule.-?, Wagon and everything that is generally
kept on a plantation. All dwellings
good, with well of good water in yard.
Fine young orchard just commenced to
bear. "For further information address.
A. F. BLAIR,
Septl5x4t Blair's, S. C.
NOTICE TO CREDITOKS.
ALL persons having claims against the
Estate of Vv\ K. Turner, "deceased,
will present them duly attested, and aU
persons indebted to said Estate will make*
paymant to the undersigned.
W. H. KERR,
SeptTf 1x3 Administrator.
IN pursnance of the authority vested in
me, as administrator of the Estate of
W. K. Turner, deceased, I will oiler for
sale on WEDNESDAY, the 2*2nd ins:., at
the late residence of the said W. K. Tnrner,
deceased, the personal property of said
deceased, consisting of * Mules, Buggy,
Wagon, Household Furniture, etc. Terms
of sale CASI1.
W. H. KERR,
SeptT f xtd Administrator.
NOTICE TO TRESPASSERS.
t persons nre nereoy loroiuuen to
J:X. trespass, in any way" upon the pasture
011 the plantation known as the T. L.
Bulow place, near Ridgewav.
T. W. BOYLE & BEO.,
J ulySfxGni Lessees.
G. BAE7! &~C0^
CHARLESTON. S. C.,
The Largest Importers of
mp .gas. ~WJ s: ran
In the South, offer for sale a well selected
stock of Apples, Oranges, Bananas, Cocoanuts,
Lemons, Nuts, Dried Figs, Euisins,
Potatoes, Cabbages, Onions, Peanuts,
and everything else that a first-class "Wholesale
Fruit House should have.
2?" Country orders filled wiMi dispatch
DUE WUST. S>. C..
Opens on the first Monday in
OCTOBER. Necessary expenses for the
nine months about $105. Oilers the advantage
of a thorough college training at
a moderate cost.
Send for catalogue.
TV. M. GEIER; President.