Newspaper Page Text
P I.OCAL INTKLLIfiK.WK.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, : ? 18SC.
Terms of The News and Herald.?
Tri-weekly edition, four doilars^er annvm,
in advance. Weekly edition, two dollars
per annum in advance; two dollars and
fifty cents per annum, if not paid in ad^
Kates for Advertising.?One dollar
per inch (solid minion) for the first insertion,
and fifty cents per inch for.each subi
n.?nt insertion. These rates apply to
1 advertisements of even* character, and are
payable strictly in advance. Obituaries
:lri!>ut ;s of rw,pect are charged for as
.n;\v:li.M*:ucnts. .Marriage notices, and
L . .? n:;>Ie announcements of deaths, are pub
risked free, and are solicited. Liberal terms
|SL f r contract advertisements.
Xoticc?Groeschel & Co.
Just Arrived?S. S. "Wolfe.
An Ordinance?T. Iv. Elliott, Intcn
The Celebrated New Home?K. \V.
' Citation?J. II. Boyles, Judge of
Who Gains By It??M. L. Kinard, ;
Columbia, S. C.
fafc L 'Cai Brien.
^ ^ ?The cool spell is on us again and,
it is hoped, to stay for a while.
!?>? wimnw r>f annroaehirsr i
T f V/ L bfttAAV* w J, - ^
marriages in and around town.
?A pleasant shower sufficient to lay
the dust fell on Tuesday evening.
| ?New pupils continue to enroll
themselves in the Mount Zion Institute.
--Mr. D. McKay and family, of
Columbia, are visiting friends and
relatives in town.
?The Register says that students
are continually arriving at the South
k Carolina College.
Ijisjkv ?It is definitely ascertained tnat
President Cleveland will not attend
F the State Fair ia Columbia.
?Solicitor McDonald left on Saturl
day for Yorkville, wnei*e the Court of
f||? Sessions opened on Monday.
Kk ?A first-class line of wedding invitations
constantly kept on hand at this
office, which will be prepared and furnished
at lowest rates.
?Teu beeves were sold in Winnsboro
on Saturday last by the different
butchers. Our people are certainly
good customers of steak.
?The Yorkville Enguirer states
* that Judge Witherspoon has appointed
Mr. Harry I. McCaw, of that place, to
b-3 Stenographer of the Sixth Cii'cuit.
? The freights on the C. C. & A.
Railroad have been very heavy during
I the past month, in consequence of
^ transportation of the cotton crop, and
the fail and winter stock of merchants
along the line.
? We are requested to announce that
by order of the Session, the hour for
the Sabbath morning service iu Scion
^ Presbyterian Chnrch is changed from
eleven to half-past eleven o'clock. The
order takes effect at once.
?It being rumored in town that a
party of men were coming into town
for the purpose of lynching Jiui Johnston,
convicted of murder he was
taken to Columbia by the Sheriff for
safe keeping on Friday afternoon.
. ?Mr. R. J. McCarley has gone to
Greenville carrying with him his fiae
|gk race horses, Miss Payne and Crown
Prince, which have been entered for
^ the races at the fair in that city next
week. These horses have also been
: entered for the races iu Columbia.
?All parties who attended the
Chester Fair last week express thera^
selves as highly pleased with the exhibitions
in every department. The
^ stock display was unusually large,
~ ?1 TT7Q?*0 QC
r Willie iue tuner uc[Miiiiicui3 ??v>
fail as usual. We hope to give a full
account of the Fair in our next issue.
?There were about three thousand
people on the grounds- at the Chester
Fair on Thursday. Col. Asbury
Coward and Capt. B. R. Tillman ad-?^i?
dreseed the people on various matters
of interest to agriculturalists, and discussed
the needs of an agricultural
college in the State.
?The Charlotte, Columbia & Augus
II ta Railroad Cotnpauv nas recently
jH fl been fortunate in the Courts?winning
9ft three cases in the course of ? week,
ft"' Dr. Heinitsn, of Columbia, sued the
Company for the killing of a valuable
lip horse. Mr. II. L. Calvo, of that city,
wT sued the Company for $24,000 damI
ages for injuries suffered while an
L engineer in the employ of the ComP*
pany. Amelia 'J'inkler, a colored
woman, sued the Company, in Chester,
WB**- \ for ?2,U0U damages sunerea in a iau
from the cars. The jury found for the
defendant corporation in each case.
In the case of Amelia Tinkler the
Company was represented by Henry
X. Obear, Esq., and in the other cases
Lby Col. Jas. B. Rion.
Another Shock.?Our people received
another visit from the earth
P quake on Sunday, it occurred aoout
half-past two o'clock aud was a very
perceptible shock. It seems that the
quake is loath to leave us, but our
oeople are beginning to become accus
H tomed to them and don't mind them
Personal.?Mrs. N. A^Ragsdale,
mother of oar esteemed townsman,
Messrs. E. B. and G. "\V. Hagsdale,
Ky moved into town on Saturday last and
ft \ will make her future home in this
" place. She will occupy the former
^ ^.residence of Mr. TV. L. Timmons on
rit waSSgs street. Her two sons will live
standing her. We welcome her to our
and hope she may find it a
^ pleasant home.
Salesday.?Monday brought a good
crowd to town. There were about
eight thousand acres of land sold. The
\ bidding was pretty lively, but as a J
R&_ general rale the laud sold low. BusiEr
* ness in general was pretty good among
our merchants, notwithstanding the
scarcity of money. December salesday
will show another large quantity
of land for sale, which will undoubtedly
go low. Xow is the time to get a
iff ^ home in the. county cheap.
? New Columbia Advertisement.?
We call special attention to the new
, advertisement of Mr. M. L. Kinard,
i >1 A/vl ? M?% t i- vt/STT*
biv/mxv* in auuiuci wiumii. it id uuw
time that every one was buying his
winter clothes, shoes, etc., and in view
of this fact Mr. Kinard announces
what he has on hand iu this line. His
| stock of gents' furnishiug goods is
I complete in ever}* department, and at
: prices to suit the times. While you
! are in Columbia at the Fair give him
: a call, and be convinced that he keeps
; a first-class Hue of these goods.
T\T- . Wn ovn tinnAnnpp
I JL/ JCA i U* ~ TV V Mi V WW V % > >. V
I the death of Mr. Tv re Ford, who lived
' in the Gladden's Grove neighborhood,
1 which occurred on the 29th October.
Mr. Ford was an honored and respected
citizen of the comrnuuity and
county, and was the father of Mr.
Strother Ford, a well-knowu citizen
of Ihe county. Mr. Ferd had lived to
a ripe old age, being about eighty-five
years old at his death. He was universally
respected by all who knew him
and his death will be felt by a numer- j
ous host of friends.
IIymenhal.?On Wednesday afternoon
last, at three o'clock, were married,
Dr. J. R. ilcMas'xer, Jr., of this
place, to Miss Hattie Moblev, daughter
of Mr. Edwd. P. Mobiev, Sr., a
well-known citizen of Ibis county.
The ceremony was performed at the
family home by the Kev. James Donglass,
-the happy consummation being
witnessed by quite a gathering of the
kinsfolk aud^'iends or the bride and
o-i-Anm. Thev will carry with them
through life the hearty good wishes of
a host of friends.
The Collegia**.? The October number
of the fifth volume of the South
Carolina Collegian has been received.
The name of Mr. Hartwell M. Aver
(?87) appears as editor-in-chief, having
the editorial assistance of students of
recognised ability as writers in the
students of recognized ability as writers
iu the literary and scientific de
partmems. mu spptzu <un.c auu muv ,
ter of the Collegian reflect credit on I
the taste andcultare of the managers,
and of the institution rrhich sustains a
journlai of such high standard.
Farming to Profit.?The Columbia
Register mentions that Mr. W. R.
Doty, of Winnsboro, lias furnished the
Department of Agriculture with the
statement respecting the large yield
of corn produced on his farm in the
neighborhood of Winnsboro. The
laud planted was 120 acres 01 iue urmuary
upland common to this neighborhood.
It had been sowed in oats,
which was winter killed. Twenty
bushels of cotton seed per acre was
applied and the corn planted, and the
result was 4,100 bushels, or an average
of 34 1-6 bushels per acre. On a single
acre, where 800 pounds of fertilizer
had been added to the twenty bushels
of cotton seed, 60 bushels of corn was
Fiiist-Class Photographs.?An excellent
opportunity is now afforded to
the people of Winnsboro to get firstclass
photographs. TVc allude to the
facilities offered by Mr. J. H. Winburn.
Ati examination of his specimens
shows them to be equal to the
very best in finish, and in artistic re- i
production of the features of the subject.
Mr. Winbnrn is especially painstaking
and accommdating, and we
doubt not that all who patronize his
gallery will be fully satisfied with his
work.x In taking the pictures 01
children he is especially successful?
perhaps the highest praise that can be
awarded to a photographer. Mr.
Winburn will remain in Winnsboro a
few weeks longer, and all who want
fine photographs should call at his
gallery on the corner of Congress and
Railroad Notes.?The Charlotte
Observer of Tuesday says: "It is said
that the recent heavy purchases of
Georgia Central Railroad stock tor
New York account was in the interest of
John H. Inman and associates, in
behalf of the Richmond & Danville
system. Within the year the Central
has tapped the finest part of the cotton
territory of the Richmond & Danville
system in South Carolina at five different
points. Still further encroachments
threatening them, Mr. Iuman
has determined upon an attempt to
secure control of the Central at the
meeting of the stockholders in January.
It is believed here that the recent purchase
on New York account aggregates
nearly 18,000 shares. Gen. E. P.
Al/iTOn/lAi. TTT f\ io f/% Ko Tin CVIPH for
j .(T UU 10 w\/ w ^/uvuv\? *v>
the presidency, is expected to be able
by personal friendship to contest the
remaining shares necessary to insure
his election. This would give the
Richmond & Danville control of the
finest railroad property in the South,
comprising 2,300. miles of track and
steamship lines to New York and
Philadelphia. The line contains twothirds
of the cotton belt of Georgia
and Alabama, arid is rapidly extending
its tracks to the mining and manu-1
factnring fields now being developed ;
in Alabama, Savannah is the natura
outlet for this tralfic, but if Mr. Iuman
seeures control he will undoubtedly
turn it to Norfolk. "When these facts
become public the Georgia interest in
the Central will undoubtedly rally for
a determined fight, and which ever
side wins will do so by a small margin.
Mrs. Hetty Green, of New York,
holds 6,000 shares, which may prove
the balance of nower."
Excitement In Texas.
Great excitement has been caused in the
vicinity of Paris. Texas, by the remarkable
recovery of Mr. J. JE. Corley, who was so
helpless he could not turn in bed, or raise
his nead; everybody said he was dying of
Consumption. * A trial bottle of Dr. King's
New Discovery was sent him. Finding
relief, he bought a large bottle and a box
vF Tii- TTinor'c Vpw Pills! hv the time
be had taken two boxes of pills and two
i bottles of the Discovery, he was -well and
had gained in flesh "thirty-six* pounds.
Trial Bottles of this Great Discovery for
Consumption free at Mcilaster, Brice &
Bneklen's Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for
Cuts, Bruises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt
Rheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped
Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and all Skin
Eruptions, and positively cures Files,
' or no pay required. It is guaranteed
to give perfect satisfaction, or money
refunded. Price 25 cents per box.
For sale by McMaster, Brice & Ketchin
- ' V ?
t yv?rr TP 4T>P
\J ij Sir JA X.
Some Account of a Few Leading Business
Houses of Wlnnsboro,
The oldest dry goods establishment
of onr town is the well-known house of
The organization of which dates back
to the 1st January, 1845, or forty-one
years ago. The firm continued to do
business without interruption until
the year 1865, when the firm was burnt
out by Sherman in his passage through
/Mii> f/->iT7n Th;* /MvnrrpVJ in February.
1865. In May of the same year business
was resumed under the old firm
name at the old si and. By energetic
efforts a good trade was built up, and
constantly increased from year to year.
In 1879 Mr. D. Lauderdale, the proprietor
of the business, died. Without
interruption the business has been
I continued bv his two sons, Messrs.
T. W. aud G. R. Lauderdale, under
the old firm name of D. Lauderdale.
They carry 111 stock a general line of
dry goods, including notions, and
have a millinery department under the
personal supervision of Mrs. Lauderdale,
widow of the late D. Lauderdale.
Besides this, they carry a first-class
SlUUtv VI IJCttVY uuu. iau\sj givv.i,iiw.
They do a general cash and credit business.
Mr. T. W. Lauderdale spent
several weeks in New York this season
purchasing his fail and winter stock,
and it will be foutid complete in every
department. He informed us that the
trade for the past year had been as
good as could be expected, considering
(ypn^ral striv?orencv of the
v"v' 9' C
times all over the country. The outlook
for the future while not flattering,
was encouraging, and that their trade
was beginning to brighten since the
cotton crop was beiug placed upon the
market. The present short crop, will,
of course, a fleet the trade of next year,
but the firm believe in the future of
Wji nsboro, and are cietermiued to sell
their gocds at such prices as are within
keeping with the hard times.
The only other dry goods dealer of
our town is
J. O. Boa?.
Mr. Boag commenced business in
18C8, and has bnilt up his trade until
it is now one of the best in our town.
He has continued to do business without
interruption since that time, and
with merited success. He carries in
stock a first-class assortment of dry
goods and notions, together with a
fine line of millinery, under the personal
snpervision of Mrs. Boag. In
connection with this he keeps a firstclass
stock of heavy and fancy groce
ries. He does a general cash and
credit business. His fall and winter
stock has been selected with care, and
is complete in every department His
trade has been good during the past
jear, and an improvement lias been
noticeable daring the fall months.
Mr. Boag is also the proprietor of
Boag's Opera House, which is a neat
and comfortable hall just in rear of his
store house. It has only been open
one season, but iu that time several
good companies have given entertainments,
which have been enjoyed by
our people. The fact that he has invested
money in this building is sufficient
proof as to his opinion of the
future of our town.
A SCHOOL FOB COLORED PEOPLE.
Messrs. Editors: We, the colored
people of Winnsboro, desire to take
some steps in regard to building a
public school-house and organize a
school society for the benefit or our
children in town and in the suburbs..
"We, as a race of people, are willing,
and ready to lend a helping haud to ,
such a grand work as this, but we, as
a race living in the community, cannot
agree to adopt the transactions
which were done on "Wednesday night
the 27th ult. We say this?we want
all the denominations to feel interest
and take an active part in this work.
First let the three denominations elect
from three to five of the best men and
1-1. *1 i il } ?
lei cause nunc auu ivuu o.
society and. elect officers. In and
through those men the society ehall be
organized and formed. And in view
of this deliver us from all ignorant
transactions and deliver us- into intelligent
transactions. a friend.
Winnsboro, November 1.
ITEMS FROM DARK CORNER.
vMessrs. Editors: Cotton has been
opening very slowly; on sandy land,
there is some complaint abont the late
cotton not being .natured. There will
not be more than two-thirds of a cotton
crop made this year, compared with
that of last year and the year before.
The corn crop of this section will not
average thirty per cent, of a tall crop.
Some say it was so very light that it
was necessary to tie a wagon-sheet
over the wagon-body to keep it from
l.N/s'?s/y WTV?C1 /I fiv\m fVlO f/\
I WUXl^ XiVlU IUV 4-IWV4. vv
the house. I think they were exaggerating
to some extent.
There has been very little small
grain sown in this section, for it is
so very dry that it is almost impossible
There was preaching at Cool Brauch
church on the fourth Sunday, ami our
worthy minister, the Rev. J. D. Mahon,
had the pleasure of immersing nineteen
persons. There has been quite a
revival in the churches of this section.
Let the good work continue hereafter,
and let nothing happen to impede
their progress in that profession.
There were shocks of earthquake felt
here on the 22nd nit., one at five
o'clock, a. m., and one at three o'clock,
p. m. The last was second in violence
to those that occurred on the 31st
August. It seems that the shocks are
not so severe at unarieston as iney
were some time since. Would to God
that they would not get any nearer,
but just stay at Charleston just so they
do not damage the houses any, for ]
do not think the damage is as great as
it has been estimated to be. "Well,
however, I will not say anything -incre
* i / f n ? 1 1 A
aDOUt mat, ior 11 any one speaks >vuai
he believes to be the truth, he will be
ridiculed to the lowest, should he fai;
to meet the approbation of a greater
number of the people. bobt. k. j.
f IJ WTEES AS LEGISLATORS.
A Conservative View of a Subject tfca
Has Been Considerably Discusacd.
Jfessrs. Editors: Much has beei
said concerning the undue degree o
influence enjoyed by lawyers in pnbli<
affairs in South Carolina. The fac
that the primaries are over, and tha
the election is near at hand, has no
served to stop the discussion?at least
has not stopped statements on one sidi
of the question. Hence a few uordi
may not now be out of place.
It may be surmised, if lawyers di
govern the State and enjoy most of th<
offices of honor, profit and trust, being
in the minority too, that such a stat<
of aflairs must result from some undut
advantage taken by them as a class
Xothinj? can be farther from the trutl
than this supposition. This conditio!
of affairs is apparently anomalous
and presents to the superficial oh
server a political paradox, very easy,
however, of explanation.
In republics of political power ori<f
inatesfrom the people, but from stress
of circumstances this power is alienat:
ed or transferred for stated periods oi
time to representativeschos en by tht
people from their own number. At
the expiration of the stated periods
the power invariably reverts to the
peopla. Xow, agricnlturi?ts, forming
as they do, a large majority of the
population, it would seem to au impartial
observer, that they alone should
be held responsible for any abnormai
condition or maladministration of the
government, especially, when it is
remembered that they artin ipso factc
the motive power, and, so to speak,
the great driving-wheel that carries
on the whole governmental machinery.
But it may be asked, how does the
legal profession, forming so small a
frar.fmn of the whole DODlllatiou, ac
quire such a preponderance of power
in the government? This may result
from different causes, all of which
combined are abundantly competent
to produce the alleged effect. First,
as a class they may be better educated
th. 11 the other; secondly, from the
study of their profession they must
necessarily become better acquainted
with the laws of the country; thirdly,
they are better posted as regards parliamentary
forms and usages; and last
but not least, they derive an incidental
advantage from their profession by ti
continued practice of forensic oratory,
which enables them to speak with ease
aud confidence in public and thus control
the masses. I submit that this
! advantage differs from the arts of the
! demagogue, and that any other proj
fession under the same circumstances
would avail themselves of a similar
"? ' ~~? JJ
advantage. Tne advantage reiorreu
to is not peculiar lo the legaJ profession
alone but attaches as well to the
clerical. But as the latter operate
upon a higher moral plane, and have
in view higher objects than mere
worldly fame and distinction, they are
seldom brought in competition with
the other class. Sometimes, however,
we see an eminent divine, distinguished
for his learning and eloquence,
succumb to the tempations of worldly
fame and emolument, fall from his
high estate, and, as honest John Bunvan
expresses it, carry the world in
j one hand and his religion in the other.
Io estimating the advantages which
1 ~ * -U -
I tfce legal protession uas over iue uuici
classes, it is important to remember
that the government is divided into
three grand departments?the executive,
the legislative and the judicial?
which last must, from the nature of
the case, be entrusted to lawyers of
experience and ability. It must be
difficult to define exactly the proper
legal functions of the judiciary, or to
locate the point where interpretation
ends and actual legislation begins; but
yet we may presume that if legislative
acts were expressed in more definite
and unequivocal language, tne evu
mentioned by your correspondent
would be obviated, and there wouid
be less need of supplementary legislation
on the part of the judges.
It may be inferred from the teachings
of history that this class of men
(the legal profession), through their
distinguished representatives, have
ever exerted an important and controlling
influence in the governments
! of civilized nations, and especially in
! republics, whenever such nations were
j at peace, and the civil power predomij
nated over the military. In justice to
i them, moreover, it mav be added that
their great power has been exerted in
many cases to the advantage of all
clashes. In proof of this I will adduce
two examples, one from ancient and
the other from modern history.
During the consular government of
llome the commonwealth was threatened
with destruction by a conspiracy
of vast proportions, headed by Cataliue,
a senator, but a man of most depraved
and desperate character. He
had many accomplices within the city;
some of th?m of high families; Cicero
and Antonius had been elected to the
consulship, the highest office within
ti n nonnlo and thp fhrmPT
LUC gin Ui l,Ub uii?
immediately undertook to foil the designs
of the conspirators. Through
his emissaries and some intercepted
letters he became fully acquainted with
all their plans, and in view of the
great aud imminent danger he convened
the Senate at daylight. He laid
before this body the programme of the
conspirators, which was to set fire to
the city in a hundred different points
at the same moment on a particular
1 night and to rob and murder the in;
hablitants. The Senate invested the
consols with dictatorial powers, and
in a subsequent meeting of that body
Cicero told Cataline that they were
acqaainted with his designs and commanded
him to leave the city, which
he did with a company of three hundred
well armed men. An army ol
twenty thousand men under Manlius,
friendly to the conspirators, awaited
his approach not far from the city.
1 ? *
J DC conspiraturs wiujiu iuo nausj including
the ringleaders, were captared
and imprisoned, and, by order
of the Senate, execnted, Cicero sen!
his colleague to contend with Manlius,
who was defeated and Cataline slain,
and thus order and quiet were agair
restored to the city. When the people
learned the magniiude of the dange]
they had escaped, they hailed Cicero:
the orator aed lawyer, as the second
founder of their city, the saviour anc
father of his country.
The next example is from the his
tory of our own State, and it is stil
remembered by some ol our oldes
citizens. South Carolina, being goaded
to desperation by the inquisitor
legislation of the Federal Congress ii
1832 in regard to a protective tariff
called a convention of her people, am
in this convention the ordinance o
> nullification was passed. By this ac
the State solemnly declared that thi
collection of a protective tariff withii
her territory shonld cease at a certaii
date. This would bring the State int<
immediate collision with the federa
authorities, and she accordingly com
, menced setting her house in order
"not to die but to live." Jackson'
ships of war were hovering near ou
' "city by the sea," and the danger of i
i civil war with its attendant horror
; cast its baleful shadows over our land
' In this crisis Henry Clay, a distiu
1 gaished Senator and lawyer (if I mis
' lake not), came to the rescue. He ic
trod need and engineered through th
Federal Congress a bill, which provided
for a gradual reduction of the
tariff to a revenue standard. This was
accepted by our delegation, and we
a again enjoyed the inestimable blessing
f of peace.
c Permit me to say in conclusion that
t if it be true that we are governed bv
an "oligarchy of lawyers," then it
must be accepted with all the allowt
ances and modifications detailed in
, this communication.
a 1 will also disavow in advance the
imDutation of beinsr a self-constituted
0 apologist or advocate for a class of
men fully competent to speak for
> themselves. C. O. Trapi*.
5 EXTESDIXO ITS USEFULXESS.
; Tlie Energy and Enterprise of the Asli'ey
(From, the .Neics and Courier.)
For some months past, it has been
mooted among- those conversant with
' enr?h matters that the Aehlev PhOSDhate
Company, of this city, having out'
grown its present proportions, was
desirous of extending itself, find that
with this end in view it had thoroughly
prospected s;ll the available sites
^ within easy reach of the city, "ailing
to lind all the conditions required at
^ any other point obtainable, the company
entered into negotiations with
the Charleston Thospate Company, and
' has recently been fortunate in the pnr1
^ fKie aA mnoiif
coast: Ul LUC WUI&3 WIX tuio
with all its rights andfranchises, under
[ most favorable terms.
These works are desirably located
> 011 the banks of the Ashley River, and
1 having been burnt down and rebuilt,
1 they are now nearly new. They have
a large capacityj. and, being among the
1 most recently "built works in the United
States, every device or improvc1
inent at present known in phosphate
i iwe noon nflnntpn ill ihcir c/Mi.
JXilllO uug w\<v? unav m?m *?u? w .
' struction. They are most convenient
of access, having both railroad and
; steamboat facilities.
1 There will be great regret on the
: part of this community, and of the
: extensive connections of the Charleston
Phosphate Company, that this
1 company, having a name most dear to
1 the whole Southern States especially,
will no longer exist, and that its
brands, most favorably known, will
hereafter be withdrawn from the
trade. But. there is compensation in
all things, and the friends and patrons
of the old company can feel entire confidence
in its new proprietors, as the
well established reputation of the Ashley
Phosphate Company for honesty
and liberality in the management of
its aflairs will give full assurance of
satisfaction to all who may deal with
The expenditure necessary in the
purchase of the Charleston works by
the Ashley Phosphate Cempany has
necessitated the enlargement of their
capiul stock; and now, with new
additional works, increased capital
and extended facilities for manufacturing,
they are in better position than
ever before to supply the wants of the
The original stock of the Charleston
Phosphate Company was $42,000,
which was reduced until the stock
allowed the old company was $14,000. ;
The present capital stock of the new ,
company is $54,000, of which the ,
Ashley Phosphate Company has contributed
$25,000 and Capt._ C. C. :
Pinckney, Jr., ?15,000. U'lie net
available assets of the company amour t
to $126,681.52 and its liabilities, in
eluding its capital stock, $106,015.36. ,
The name of the Charleston Phosphate ;
Company will be abolished. The ;
Ashley * Phosphate Company was
given $10,000 by the new concern for
the use of its name and brands. The i
new company will be incorporated by ;
the next Legislature, and the stoc i i
will be issued as soon as possible after
the charter has been secured.
Scrimmages With Two Bears. J
One of the oldest residents of Kane, a
small village in this county, is-Jonathan
Kendall. iHc is an eccentric person,
and spends the greater part of his time
in the woods with his gun. He was 68
years old last fall. At the age of 12 he
was a crack shot, and there were few in
this county who could beat him. This
place was at that time little better than
an unbroken wilderness, through which
roamed thousands of bears, deer, panthers,
and other wild animals. Mr.
Kendall says he has shot and killed
over 8,600 'deer, 375 bears, besides a
many panthers, wildcats, and catamounts.
The greater part of the hunting season
is spent by Mr. Kendall in a small
hut which he built for himself in the
midst of the forest, he going there as
soon as the law permits deer-liunting in
thf> fall. He had a remarkable scrim- \
mage with a monster bear the other day
in which he vanquished the beast, but
received serious injuries himself.
While he was crossing a piece of
swamp ground a mile from his cabin he
discovered in the snow the footprints of
a bear. Following up the trail ho soon
found Bruin's homo in : cave in a'rocky
ledge a few hundred feet away, and on
a bed of leaves were lying two little cubs
no bigger than kittens. He had captured
his prizes and was retreating when
he encoutered an immense she bear, the
mother of the cubs who had scented the
' Before Mr. Kendall could place his
i rifle to his -shoulder the. animal was
upon him, and, jrrasping him in its
no too cr-Avd him s:i;:h a terrible saueeze
that he fa*V:.;l. The bear, thinking
him dead, released its grip. He fortunately
regained his consciousness quickly,
t and while the bear was playing with her
. cubs the plucky hunter drew his rifl<?
i and shot it in the side. The bullet did
not strike the animaFs heart, and. as it
" dashed at him again Kendall drew his
t hunting-knife and with one bold stroke
[ nearly severed the bear's head from her
Congratulating himself upon his e&.
cape, the hunter picked up tne cubs and
started homeward. He had gone but a
t short distance, however, when he met
fV>/> m?<tA of tho one he
( <I?U VlUCi. uiiv u*??v
t had just killed. His rifle was unleaded,
i but he unsheathed his clasp-knife as the
5 beast approached him, and plunged it
into the Dear's throat. The Dear had,
r however, caught him for the fata] hug,
I and it was & struggle for life. During
I the struggle the pair reached the edge <3
a cliff fully one hundred feet hteh, and
. sloping at an angle of forty-five degrees
1 down to a small creek. They soon slid
t over the edge of the slope and l>egan
. rolling down, every foot of the distance
3 traveled adding to their velocity. When
i they reached the foot of the slope they
f struck against a tree, killing the bear,
j and breaking two of Kendall's ribs and
f dislocating his left arm. He was picked
* or?n OfXTm
? up m tin inseiiMuiu tuumuvu MUM
? ried to his home in Kane, where ho now
j lies in a critical condition. The male
1 bear weighed 476 pounds.?From an
3 Eldred (Pa.) Letter.
\ Hugh McCulloch, ex-secretary of the
United States treasury, has deeded to
g the city of Fort Wayne. Intl.. his title to
r the old Broadway cemetery of ten acres,
j from which most of ihe dead bodies
1 1 ?vrh"f>Ii lt;ts hfV
,g IlilVC UUVJl IUIUUVKU, .m??
^ come of great value- The condition of
' the deed, which the city council has by
ordinance accepted, is that the property
' shaU be kept improved and be knows
e as McCulloch P-iric.
"WOMEN WHO LOVE WOPX
The Wisdom and Womanliness of Females
Being Employed.?A Sensible Plea for
Industrious and Indepentent Women.
An English journalist says that the assertion
which is frequently made,that no
W ULLlcLLL C <3.1110 UVL UUCO
so for the love of work, but merely because
she is compelled to work, has as
far as he has been able to ascertain by
coming in contact with workers of all
classes, no foundation whatever.
"The factory girl and the laundress
who understood their work have told me
without hesitation that they would rathT
er work than do nothing, and all up the
social scale it has been the same; but
the more intelligent and intellectual the
working woman, the more earnest and
enthusiastic about her work have I invariably
found her to be.
T>--?. T - T i. 1
-DU' ouue more x wouiu say wnat nas
beer, said again and again, that without
thorough training no women will ever
succeed in doing her work to her own or
to employer's satisfaction, and if this
fact is once well understood by parents
and teachers of girls the chief difficulty
in the way of the advancemant of women
will be removed.
" All other difficulties may in time be
overcome, and as the employments for
women have during the last 30 years
been, and still are increasing, the training
and work need be no drudgery, there
being a sufficient number of different
employments open to every class of women
that each may choose a department
for which she is best fitted by natural
gifts and idiosyncrasies.
" There are still a great many men and
wuiuea wnu Having never Dy experience
known what it is to see life stretched
out before them with but the one clear
fact standing out of the dark future that
that they must earn their living or perish,
speak of some spheres of wonans'
work as 'unwomanly.'
"The only possible explanation of this
assertion is that those who make it have
no idea of the meaning of true womanliness.
" A woman may break stones at the
wayside all the days of her life; she may
preach, lecture,or plead in court; may,
indeed, engage in any work done by man,
and yet be as true a woman as ever
lived on earth.
" And why, in the name of justice, is it
more unwomanly to be a female cabdriver
(to take what lias recently been
much cited as an instance of extreme
unwomanliness), who drives her cab to
keep body and soul together, than to do
as the woman of the world, who drives
her fancy vehicle through crowded
streets and parks, with only a tiny page
at her back to represent the 'man?'
" There will be unwomanly women
in high life and in low as long as the
world stands, but no work will ever increase
or diminish their numbers.
"What the extension of work must
needs bring about is the solution of one
of the greatest social problems of our
time?namely, that of the equalization
of the sexes; and after the barrier of
inequality fall3, which now is put up at
almost every step against women whose
qualifications and capacities are second
to none, the way is clear enough."
Something New of Ex-President Arthur*
" President Arthur," said Senator
vest, " is ttie most espert and graceful
angler I ever saw handle a rod, and
I have seen some of the best.
" While we were doing Yellowstone
Park, one Sunday, the President and
several others besides myself rode
ahead of the main party and reached
our ciraping place quite early in the
day. It was a beautiful spot, well
shaded, with a splendid spring at hand,
and near the bank of a river.
" After we had dismounted I strolled
to the edge of the stream, and on the
opposite side in a hole just below a little
rill I saw a splendid trout playing. He
was a magnificent fellow, and siemed
to be disporting himself in the clear
water?it was as clear as crystal?for
his own amusement.
" I called the others to come and
have a look at him, and expressed my
regret that I had left all my rods and
tackle with the pack mxiles.
Al. i 4.1+~ 4. Vsi
" \JUO UL IliU pa.1 tj ICUliUJXCU LUctu Aid
had brought his rod along, and he at
once returned to the horses for it. In a
few moments he placed it in my hands,
and I rigged it and attached a fly.
" The President, with arms folded
across his breast, was quietly watching
" As soon as I had the fly properly
secured I extended the rod to the Presi
" I want you to catch that fellow.'
" No, no,' he responded earnestly,
half turning away from me, 41 never
touch a rod on the Sabbath.'
" I was determined that the President
should have that trout; so I stepped to
the edge of the brook, which was high
and almost perpendicular, and pretended
to make a cast or two. I'm no
slouch with the fly, and could have
made the cast had I wanted to.
' After several ineffectual efforts I
again turned to the President, who by
this time was eagerly alive to the whole
proceeding, and said:
? - ?- ? J - - ^ i. 1-~
" * air. rresiueut, yuu inusnuaiie mo I
cast. It is too fax for mo.'
"The keen instinct of the sportsman
was fully aroused in him, and his eyes
were fairly snapping.
" He replied:
" 4 Well, Vest, I'll consent to hook
him, but I will not land him on the
" I passed the rod over to him. He
stepped forward to the spot on which I
I had stood and made a cast It fell a
little short; but the next time he put
the fly within two inches of the trout*s
nose, and with a swift dart the fish
seized the lure.
" The President hooked Mm and
turning toward me he extended the butt
of the rod in my direction, and said
" Take it, Vest; take it quick; quick.
I won't land him on Sunday.'
" I grabbed the rod, and after playing
the fish for a while landed him.
" He weighed three pounds and a
quarter, and the President ate part of
him for supper."?[Washington Post.
He Could Swim.
People on board a steamer at Chatham,
N. B., heard a splash and saw a chair
floating in the water. Next rose above
the waves the head of a man, who remarked
" Don't mind me; I can swim."
The spectators, not to be outdone in
politeness, fished him out at once.
He had placed a chair for himself in
*- ? ? 2 A.
SUCH a pOblLiOU LUtto io rrcuu utuuvmu
With him, when he sat down on it.
The Meteorological Department.
" Oi I don't loike to live out there at
all," said Mr. Conoyan, speaking of hi3
experience in Texas. "It niver rains
excipt in dhry weather, and faith we
niver have any dry weather excipt whin
Persons generally are Becoming
qnite anxious about secnring homes
for themselves, and many are availing
themselves of the present low price of
lots, as well as the facilities afforded
by building associations for securing
homes by monthly payments. This is
as it should be; all persons, even
though in moderate circumstances,
ought to secure a home, a spot they
can call their own, and when this is
done life will be rendered much happier.
But after all, this is not the sum
total of a woman's happiness, for 110
matter how handsome her home might
be, how it might abound with luxurious
surroundings and richlv carved
furniture, yet if it be destitute of a
Xew Home Sewing Machine life will
be miserable indeed. Husbands will
do well to make a note of this important
fact. See advertisement of E. W.
ALL persons holding ciaims against the
Estate of Robert M. Stevenson, deceased,
will present the same duly attested,
and all persons indebted will make immediate
Rebecca m. stevexson,
Oct26flx3 Qualified Executrix.
Parties indebted to Groescbei & Co. should
To settle their biils upon their iist;
And if you fail the Sheriff will assist
To take" your name from off their list;
And next year you will be missed.
Bv order ef
LOKD HIGH EXECUTIONER.
3IILCH COWS FOR SALE.
I HA YE several fine 3IILCII COWS for
sale. W. P. GIBSON,
Octi6flx2* Wallaceville, S. C.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY ?jF FAIRFIELD.
By J. R. BOYLES, Esq., Probate Judge:
TYfHEREAS, W. F. STANTON and
YY E. B. P.AGSDALE hath made suit
to me to grant them letters of administration
of" the estate and effects of John
D. Stanton, deceased:
These are, therefore, to cite and admonish
all and singular the kindred and creditors
of the said John D. Stanton, deceased,
that they be and appear before me,
Ill tllC VUU1CU.L JL lUUclLC, IAJ lit' iiciu Ut J. ail"
field Court House, S. C., on the l3tli day of
j November, after publication hereof, at 11
! o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause, if
any they have, why the said administration
sho'uld not be granted.
Given under my hand, this 29th day of
October, Anno Domini 1886.
Published or. the 30th day of October,
1S8G, in The News and Herald.
J. R. BOYLES,
Cct30fiil Judge of Probate.
BY virtue of a power of sale contained
in a chattel mortgage executed
by A. G. Bookman to D. R.
Flenniken, dated the 22nd of January,
1SS:3, and as Agent of Giles J. Patter
son, tlic assignee of said mortgage, I
will sell for Cash, at Bookman's Mill,
in Fairfield County, on THURSDAY,
the 4lh day of November next, commencing
at 11 o'clock, a. m., the followinff"property,
One Twenty-five Ilorse Power Engine
and Boiler, Saw Mill and Gxtures.
James A. Brice, Assignee of D. R.
Flenniken, who holds a second mortgage
on the above property, concurs
in the sale, and as his Agent, I will
sell for Cash at the same time and
place two Four-Horse "Wagons, not
included in the first mortsragre.
T T? M/,PAPT T?V
tf . JL/. Aj
Winnsboro, S. C., Agent.
October 15, 1886.
'^ ' * '
IT SHD'ES FOR ALL
The Best and Most Popular Sewing
ON THE MARKET.
Note some of its Most Excellent Points
inthe Above Cut.
tin tp urtti c i t r * p BDTP CC T'(1 <5T"TT
X X XO r \J1X rtJXUJJ *1 JL X JLIJLV J-JK? i. V kjWJ.J.
THE TIMES BY
R. W. PHILLIPS,
Xov2fx6m WINXSBORO, S. C.
lo Gains By It?
T APPEAL TO THE STRONGEST
x sentiment you know in asking to try
my tailor-made suits and my low prices.
ta*,. iwfAvAcf "Vmi will hp
it 5 IU )UUi VYllk illlCILOu. a vu ??**.?. v\s
gainers by it in the satisfaction of long
wear and the secyrity of ray guarantee.
It's beyond the ability of an expert in
cloth to" know what is in it by looking at
it. Only one of long experience in the
work knows tow to ferrit out whether tho
clothing is carefuilv made. You may be a
judge or may not. "I take both risks from
It's the fairest bargain 1 know?to make
you sure of the quality and the work; tell
you plainly what sort'it is, and make you
feel safe in trading here.
Can you fare as weli as that anywhere?
Could I do it if I did not have confidence
in the manufacturers that make these
taiior-madc garments? You shoot wide of
the mark and miss getting the best for
your money if you buy without seeing my
beautiful stock of clothing, and what it
TO THE MOTHERS.
Do not neglect this opportunity. I have
received a quantity of knee pants suits
from four years to eleven years, and they
will go at a price that will astonish you; at
first you will have hard work to keep from
buying them. I will not name the price
here, but prefer you should call and see
these suits and learn the price. This is
the best opportunity you will have this
season to secure a bargain for a mere trifle.
"No such bargains ever offered in this city
before. These suits are well made and
cut in the latest style. Xow, don't wait
until the last moment and expect to get
your cnoice. XI you uo you nil! uius U,
for these suits wiil go with a rush. When
you are here ask to see the DEGREMONT
and DEAN Suits, the latest novelties in
You will find the latest stvles. The
YEOMAN and the DUNLAP B'LOCK are
among the novelties in this line. Just received
a line of silk hats?Broadway style.
I am the agent for the celebrated I)unlap
bilk and Stiff Hats.
This line of iroods must be seen to be
appreciated. All the leading styles of
fine sents' slices can be found here. The
YVaukenphast and Broadway lasts are the
favorites. Call and see tins magnificent
stock of Clothing, Gents' Furnishing
Goods, etc., before you .'purchase elsewhere.
You will save time and money by
M. L. KIXAKD,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
AFRESH SUPPLY of Northern Apples,
Onions and Irish Potatoes.
We have just opened a nice line of Cakes
and Crackers, and a splendid assortment
of Canned Goods.
Another supply of Bran, Corn, Oats and
Remember that our stock of fancy and
heavy Groceries is complete, and our prices
We have purchased the Bar-room lately
run by Mr. F Bcldt, next to our Grocery,
and -will keep on hand the finest Wines,
Liquors. Tobacco and Cigars. The bar is
now under the management of Mr. R. H.
Simpson, who needs no introduction to the
^people of Fairfield. Remember us when
Tou want anything in our line, and we
guarantee to give you entire satisfaciion
both as to qnahty of goods and prices. .
We respectfully solicit your patronrge.
McCARLEY & CO.
y- BowWl * Co ? VmyiMr
I Bor? (X) >prno? St-X irhar* xjyrttonr
| MMuM ?*jr t? m*U SmiiJM JUCW Xo?Mj,
MR. A. F. GCODLS"G- being about to
withdraw from the W11SNSBORO
HOTEL, I offer it for rent.
Oct2flx6 G. H. McilASTER,
NOTICE TO TRESPASSERS.
A LL oersons arft herohv fnrhidri<>n tn
1.L trespass, in any way, upon the pasture
on the plantation known as the T. L. K
Bulow place, near Ridge way. T.
W BOYLE & BRO., g
J uly8f x6m Lessee*.
are always prepared to j?ay the
t t jn^uesi. casa pnces ior cattle or an
kinds. The stock may be delivered to us
at the Bulow place, near Ridgeway, or we
will take charge of them at any place indicated.
Milch Cows kept constantly oa
hand, and will be sold, or exchanged fcr
beef cattle. T. W BOYLE fr BRO.,
JulySfxGm Ridgeway, .S. C.
"SUNFLOWER" SMOKING TOBACCO
CIGARETTES, AND A
FINE 5 ? CIGAR,
JUST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE AT
THE DRUG STORE OF
W. E. AIKEN.
\70W Is the time to buy the BLUl
JL> GRASS SULKY PLOW, and to procure
good Seed Wheat, Engines, Cotton
Gins, the Star Cotton Press ana Cotton
I am agent for the Southern Cultivator
and Dixie Fnrmer. I don't se? how any
farmer can do without this valuable Journal.
Those who don't know mvrythvnq
about farming will be benefitted more than
51.50 per annum by reading what m*j be
found in each number of the larvwr. --I
have also a choice lot of new Closer
Seed and other Grasses.
Sept23-Gw JAMES PAGAX
COME AND SEE
if01 OF GOODS. 3
All departments are now
full, and we can show you
DESIRABLE GOODS at
REMARKABLY LOW PRICES.
Our Goods were careful!}'
bought, and we are determined
to sell them at prices
that will compare fovorably
ANY MAB2ST IN THE SOUTH.
We have a splendid assortment
WNTS' FURNISHING GOODS,
to which we invite attention.
will be found filled with the
most desirable styles and
We ask an inspection of
and comparison with anybody
anywhere. Another lot of
McMaster, Brice & Ketchin's
to arrive in a day or two. We
will take pleasure in showing
"i * _ _11
our stoCK to an comers.
It'MASTER. BRICE & KETCHIN.
An Independent Newspaper of
Democratic Principles, but notControlled
by any Set of Politicians or
Manipulators; Devoted to Collect
ingand Publishing all the News of
the Day in the most Interesting
Shape and with the greatest possible
Promptness, Accuracy and Impartiality;
and to the Promotion of
Democratic Ideas and Policy in the
affairs of Government, Society and
Bates, by Mail, Postpaid; k
DAY, per Year - - - - - - $6 00
DAILY, per Month 50
SUNDAY, per Year t 00
DAILY and SUNDAY p?r Year - 7 00
WEEKLY, per Year - - - 100
Address, THE SUV, Sew Toife Ctfy*
can learn the exact cost
of any proposed line of
advertisinc in American
papers by addressing
Geo. P. Rowell & Co.,
Newipapep Ad-rartiaing SurwD,
10 Spruce St., New Tori,
; 3end IQota to? lOCi-fnam ruiiptiii^