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^ VOL. XLIV " " ~ " ~ ' WINXSBORO, S. C-., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, mi. ^ ^ NO. 8.
- ? ? i , t>y/-\ nnftrip'e t>tt t
THE RUSSIAN DOCTOR.
Entertaining and Romantic Story
from Real Life.
[Adapted from tee German of M^xr.
BY MRS. FRANCES A. SHAW.
Translator. Copyrighted, ni7, by A. -V. Eelloy}
^ CHAPTER IIL
^ j ESIItEE introduced
S? '17 now and then some
jjtipjffitl p pleasant little inI
novation into the
' immaculate primnt'ss
of the vine
r- f7 :A A7 ^ \\ 1 CUtllCU UVUOC
With Ivan, always
her faithful ally, she foraged the gardens
of the town for plants iu full leaf
... and blossom, and with them adorned
the doctors study. "The place where
one works ought to be bright and
cheerful," she said. "Now that winter
is near, we must have a memory of the
summer and a prophecy of the
Arnim awaited with impatience the
hour for lessons when she would come
bounding into his study. What stolen
glances he would cast at her over his
manuscript! How full of grace and
charm was her every movement, how
in even* word and action she reminded
him of Hortense! Some times it seemed
to him as if he were again a youth who
must look up his school-books and
rush out i-ro the forest.
When Desiree had vanished, he
would laugh at his infatuation, and
gazing into the mirror say, derisively:
"Foolish graybeavd, throw these
flowers out of the window and close
your door! Marianne is right, this
young girl disquets you."
And yet iie would rather throw wide
open the door to admit among his old
folios this gleam of youthful brightness,
this refreshing breath of spring.
Marianne frowned upon this in-door
.low r planting which soiled the wir.dow-<
dges and made extra work. But
' iree took all the work upon hernd
Ivan stood by to wipe away
j water-stain, she only shrugged
j?r shoulders. As for Ivan, every thing
Desiree did enchanted him; he followed
her about like a faithful hound.
The relations between the two women
were tolerable, though without warmth
on either side- Thanks to the cloister
sisters, Desiree was very skillful with
her needle. -She was also industrious
and showed great taste in all matters
- of dress. Marianne utilized this taste
and skill in many ways. She was
learning to speak French so elegantly
that she concluded not to send Desiree
in this daily concern
jjtE intellectual things, with truth,
ft ) 'ience and beauty. His pupil's ardor
Hf tnd ready comprehension animated
V fem, and she in turn looked up to him
?g |ith gratitude and admiration. She
Rv Angered and thirsted for knowledge,
>.d the lesson hour became to both the
K |ppiest of the day.
H- s" When spring comes we will pursue
B y studies in the open air," said the
|tor. "I shall not let you go until
SS | are thoroughly grounded in all you
Hfr-i lesiree was silent, but her beaming
1 expressed her delight in the prosSfefcOf
a longer stay.
?lay I not call you uncle?" she
one day with many blushes. "My
ttmother was dear to you and you are the
jjpr best friend I have in the world."
W t%. T ^17 vomoln T-nriT t/niP
f JL SHviii iu ? tl V O T VM* V4 MV
friend my child," said tlie doctor, pressing
her hand. Hortense's daughter'
must not address me as a strange..
Certainly you may call me '-uncle' "
"But I need not call Marianne
aunt?" she said, anxiously, "I fear I
"0, Marianne -would be the last one
to wish it," he answered, laughing.
; Marianne "was surprised at the newmode
of address, yet she thought it
quite proper. "Desiree is a child,"
she said, "and must be treated as
such. I am willing to have her remain
here through the winter. She cheers
you up, cousin, and is a sort of plaything
for you. You men need to be
| He had become remarkably cheerful,
this grave Russian doctor?he was in
fact almost jovial. He passed much
less time in his study, he took long
walks with Desiree while Marianne indulged
in her favorite social dissipation
?an afternoon coffee. In spite of the
wintry weather, they walked mostly in
the forest. Marianne, when invited by
her cousin to accompany him anyI
where, drove him to desperation by
her slow- and elaborate preparations,
but Desiree, quickly equipped as a soiI
dier on the march, would be ready in a
I Ev ngs the doctor often read aloud,
L f in Desiree the most interested
ners. While Marianne was al
Interrupting with irrelevant ques.ons
and remarks. Desiree "would now
m and then let Iior work fall and gaze silent
and intent into his lace. To Arnim the
|jf glance of those eves was more eloquent
B than words. Still, when he closed the
BB book, it was a delight to listen to the
young girl's lively remarks and comHf
meats, to answer her questions. The
B^Tmore charming the conversation, the
more sure it was to be speedily ended
K by Marianne's peevish, authoritative
?? announcement that it was time for bed.
While a serious reading of the clasH
sics formed a part of the course of
BS study, there was also time for much
fugitive poetry andromance. Itseemed
Hj to the doctor as if, in taking into his
H hands the guidance and development of
|jji| this youthful mind, he had found his
mag The winter passed like a dream,
ggf Gradually Desiree mastered those little
m household tasks which concerned
- 1 and which
jpg Arniin s persu^.**
SB Marianne, in her many cares, either
forgot or performed irregularly. She
H prepared his morning' and evening
flf coffee, arranged his study table, hunted
V up the gloves,which Ivan mislaid, think9f
ing them entirely useless. Marianne
had never taken into account her
? cousin's little peculiarities and bachelor
v ways. Desiree found them out and
Marianne's care for him was like
every thing else she did, in accordance
with a fixed system, changeless as the
laws of the Mcu js and Persians. She
wanted him to regard her as a model
housekeeper?to set her very high and
at last find her indispensable. Her reward
would come upon that day when
he asked her to be his housekeeper for
life. His hour must strike sooner or
later. His heart would demand its
right. That school-boy love of which
he had told her when Desiree came to
live with them?this paternal liking for
the child of Hortense?were trifles
which gave her no uneasiness.
For the first time since leaving the
paternal roof, Arnim had kept the
Christmas feast. Desiree, who had for
long weeks been full of secrets, prepared
the Christmas tree, laden with
inexpensive gifts, most of them the
work of her skillful fingers.
When the doctor, with a warm pressure
of the hand, and in a voice
choked with emotion, tried to express
that gratitude for which words weretoo
poor, she said:
" The thanks are all on my side.
You have given me a home. Xever,
since my mother's death, have I been
so happy, so free from care, as now.
Where shall I be next Christmas? J
often ask myself. I can not be so distant
from you that my thoughts will
not center in this dear refuge."
" God willing, you will be here,
Desiree," replied the doctor. " Your
t * J J
studies are oniy jusr oegun.
Spring came earlier and more radiant
than ever, so thought teacher anil
pupil. The garden threw off its winter
robe, and appeared fresh and fair
as a youthful beauty in her first bali
dress. The nightingales sang amid the
wers, the syringas and lilacs poured
*th intoxicating perfumes, the narcissus,
with its great child-like eyes,
gazed out into the blossoming world.
The forests, clothed in tender green,
were vocal with bird songs: and the
drowsy hum of butterflies and beetles,
seemingly drunken with the very delight
existence. When nature thus
men ed to iier fair domain, who could
remain within four narrow walls?
The goal of Arnim's and Deshcc's
wanderings was mostly that little rustic
temple on the hill-top which, with
Ivan's help, had been very prettily
fitted up. Here Arnim often took his
afternoon coffee or his glass of .light
wine?here the two had their little suppers,
Desiree acting as hostess. Here
with her work in hand she sat in a window
recess while the doctor read to
her. The tangled tresses of the maiden-hair,
blent with the rich sprays of
the cypress, touched the luxuriant hair
of the young girl's head as it bent over
her work, or at some fine passage was
lifted that the beaming eyes might express
the delight for which words were
Arm"ro :?or?i^I t n ^ ?- ?i n** j
discover these little foast:?. -*fe?upfc. J
ly end them. Absorbed in her own
pursuits, she was not included in their
division of the day. Ho often gazed
down the path, for the short, rotund
figure in the large garden-hat. and the j
dress carefully caught up that it might
escape the ground. But to his x-elief, i
no Marianne ever came.
"Do you. know what my mother always
called me?" asked Desiree one j
day. as they walked slowly homeward.
"How should I know?" !
" 4Papillon?that is French for butterfly.
It would seem so like old times
if vou would call me by that name."
"I will, my child, since the name so
well suits your brightness and mobility.
But this constant semblance of
flight alarms me. Have you grown
tired of this place? Is it too lonely for
you? Does Marianne annoy you by
her exactions? Tell me frankly."
He paused and gazed down upon the
airy figure in the pink dress. She had
thrown oil' her light summer hat?the
breeze waved back the curls from her
44 Uncle, how can you ask such questions?"
she cried, excitedly. "You
must know that I would like to live
with you always. Perhaps," she
added, a mischievous smile displaying
the dimple in her left cheek?"perhaps
Marianne will marry some day, and I
become your housekeeper."
Marianne marry! Strange that the
thought had not before occurred to
"Why not?" he asked himself, a?
they walked on. Greater miracles had
happened. Yes, in that event Papillon
mild his house, and under her
THE AFTERNOON COFFEE.
rule things would assume a freer, merrier
tone. But as Marianne was without
fortune it would be difficult to find
her a suitable parti.
- ? ^I1av*+
? Liy are vuu s>kj siacjuu cvnu.
fill, dear uncle?" asked a musical
lie started. "I was thinking of
the blindness of men in regard to the
really good qualities of women. Marianne.
with her aptness for domestic
affairs and her economy, would be a
treasure '?>:* any man.'"
"Yes, she is a model housekeeper,"
answered Desiree. "Before she leaves
us I must study diligently into the
mysteries of her art."
[to be continued.]
I John M. Carroll, the city treasurer who
j disappeared two years ago from Staunton,
Va., has returned. An examination of his
papers showed that he owed the city anc!
State between $10,000 and $14,000. His
property, however, realized sufficient to
pay the indebtedness. For the past two
years he lias been engaged in -business
North, and returned of his own account.
More men fall in love than in war.
TIMELY TOPICS FOR FARMERS. [
?OW TO ::0 PAYING WORK AT THIS j
Suggestions of Interest, from an Author]-'
(W. L. Jones in Southern Cultivator)
The characteristic farm work of this
the first fall month is cotton harvesting.
The fruition of the cotton planter's hope
of a successful, practical machine for the
gathering of cotton is yet in abeyance,
and the work must still be done by nimble
human fingers. Inventors, however,
are earnestly at work seeking to solve
this great problem, as' will be seen by
the illustrations and descriptions in this
number of the Cultivator. Cotton-pick
ing by hand is by far the most expensive
operation in the production of raw cotton.
Moreover, the cost of nearly every
operation, except picking, may be reduced
in proportion as the yield per
acre is greater. There is practically but
little difference in the cost per pound of
gathering by hand the crop from an acre
producing one thousand pounds of seed
cotton and another acre yielding onehalf
as much. Hence tlie supreme importance
and universal desire for a
practical machine to supersede the work
of the hand. Such a machine must
necessarily be so constructed?to be
efficient?that its daily capacity will be
almost in direct proportion to the yield
Much has been said and written of
late years about the importance of gathering
cotton from trash, to use the
farmer's vernacular: and some of the
writers, although right in the main, are
evidently but little familiar with the rei
juirements and conditions that must be
r\-rt o fr\r> farm rl nririf
I ^/XCVULJlUUlXJ' XJJ.GU \SX? vv \s*svv\s-+ -*w? 0 ,
the harvesting of the crop. Some years
*go an apparently otherwise intelligent
English writer undertook to show that
"here was no excuse whatever for the
presence of sand or soil in bales of cotton;
that the cotto? crop opened (all of
it, was his idea) in September, a month
in which there was little or no rainfall.
He concluded, and reproved and lectured
:he farmer accordingly, that the sand
sras fraudulently added by the farmer at
While it is desirable to house the cotton
as free frcm leaf and bull as may
be, it is of first importance that the crop
be "gone over" as often as tbc quantity
apen at one time is sufficient to enable !
;he hands to do a fair day's work. In \
:he interest of economy, and with a j
imited picking force, celerity of movement,
nimbleness of fingeis, and the
weight of cotlon gathered per hand per
day are the points to be observed. The
pickers should uot be embarrassed and
retarded in their work by too rigid requirements
in the matter of trash. They
should go with a rush from the start, and
every proper encouragement should be
oft-red them to bring heavy baskets to
che steeljards. A little trash hurts very
-a gooil?de-.ni c~iaf.fi?r>r.t &ilfirs'*,
rrfrxirlrg flKCK BI-livLuW-, if -*-irO rSEiplC IS
bright and free from weatherstains and
dirt. Great care in removing or avoiding
trash may add half a cent, or even
more, to the selling price oL a week's
work of six bales harvested, leaving three
bales in the field to be storm-beaten and
destroyed to the exteno of one-third its
---- "? 1 4.-U* 1 /!4-^
original vmue, ueiuxe i-uc iiauue ycu tu j
work again. Fast work and a little more
trasli might have saved the nice bales
before the storm.
The same idea applies to picking the
cotton clean from the liuils. Hands
shonld be tanght to make one welldirected
grab at an open boll, and then
grab the nest. The little that may be
left in many of the hulls will remain
until the ia&t picking, when the- field
may be clostly gleaned. It should be
considered that dirt, stains, loss of color
and brightness of sample, and loss of
cotton from fulling to the ground, are
far more damaging than the presence of
It was one of the excellencies of David
Dickson's farm management that he
studied the manual operations of the
farm in detail and taught his laborers
how to do everything to the best possible
advantage. He not only studied to
discover the shortest and best way of
performing a given operation, but also
sought to determine which are the most
important details. He tanght his laborers
as a shoemaker or a machinist teaches
his apprentice. He stressed the importance
of dexterity and skill in every
detail of the apparently simple operations
of chopping cotton and picking
cotton. His attention to the details of
performing the various farm operations
contributed largely to his success as a
farmer and planter.
After the cotton is picked, if wet fiom
heavy dew or rain it will pay to exercise
soiue care in drying it, by spreading on
scaffolds or by distributing 'it over a
large surface in the cotton house, especially
that from the bottom of the basket
when heavy dews are prevailing. (With
the present labor, however, not much
cotton is gathered before the dew disappears.)
With the larger part of the
crop now ginned and baled at custom
ginneries, there should be a much greater
improvement in the quality of the
woik over that of the old plantation
gin-house than is yet manifest. Careful
handling, proper ginning and baling
should be- insisted upon.
Com ought to be cribbed just as soon
as diy enough to keep in bulk. Our
almost invariable practice duriug twenty
years cf active farm life in lower Georgia
was to trtl.*;r the entire crop during this |
month. It the weather is fine, however,
and a large amount of cotton be open
for picking, corn may stand until next
month without serious loss. Attention
should be given to the cribs and barns
that are to contain the harvest, snd advantage
should be taken of weather un
suitecffor cotton-picking to get in a field
~~As noted in last month's "Thoughts,"
September is the favored time for sowing
all kinds of grass seeds and hardy
forage plants. We trust that suggestions
and exhortations made in previous
numbers have been favorably received,
sit'.l that many farmers who have never
sov?n a grass seed f*;on purpose"; in
their lives, but have always made war
upon it, will i?y aside prejudice and apprehension
of failure and start a meadow
and a pasture, if only a few acres. In
sections where the culture of grass has
not yet been established and tk* best
species discovered, large operations
should not be attempted. In such cases
a few acres, well prepared and fertilized,
will be more likely to succeed, and the
loss will be comparatively small if failure
results. But why .should a failure to get
a good start the first time deter the
farmer from trying again? In countries
where grass culture is the very basis of
all agriculture, it is no uncommon thing
for a farmer to fail of a "catch" of
clover or grass. But knowing from
previous experience that the natural and
permanent conditions are adapted to
grass, such occasional failures do not
courage him, much less prove that "this
is not a grass country." Xot at all, He
rightly lays the blame on himself, or
finds that the seed were not good, or
the temporary weather conditions were
not favorable, and he simply renews his
effort. We all know that even in the
case of our ordinary crops, com, cotton,
etc., our first and chief anxiety at planting-time,
and thereafter, is in regard to
securing and preserving the "stand."
If we plant a field in corn and fail from
any cause to jret a reasonably good
stand, we immediately plow up and plant
over, or "replant" with hoes. We know
from long experience that corn, cotton,
peas, potatoes, etc., are perfectly adapted
to our soil and ciimate, and an occasional
failure to secure a stand doe3 not
raise a doubt. The same is true as to
grasses in the North and West. In those
sections of the South where grass culture
has received little or no attention it is
not at all surprising that failure often
results from first attempts. Every farmer
ought to try a few acres first, and persist
in the experiment until satisfied in
regard to the policy and expediency of
engaging more largely in grass husbandry.
The dairy and stock-growing
industry are based on grass and forage
UI"Upf>, V.UU ?C ViUUilUCillUJi UtUUH/ uug
the redemption of Southern agriculture
depends largely upon the adoption' of a
system that embraces both.
There is no question as to the value
of barley and rye when sown and treated
as winter grasses. Barley is better than
rye every way, excepting its demand for
a rich soil in order to give satisfactory
In order to escape danger of winterkilling,
oats should be sown early in the
fall. Throughout the northern part of
the cotton belt September is the best
month. South of the middle line, October
and November sowings will answer.
The idea is to g< t a strong root development
before coid weather setsr in, giving
the plants a firm hold on the soil. Notwithstanding
failures of late years, we still think it
good policy to sow a large area in the
fall. If killed by cold the seed sown
will be the principal loss, as the land
may be re-seeded in January or February,
or can be planted in other crops in
the spring. The old winter-grazing oat
shnnlrl hp V?mn<riit. ncain into cultivation.
It has often proven a good practice to
sow oats in the present cotton-fields.
This may be done without serious injury
to the cotton, plowing in with a cultiva- j
tor, harrow or sweep, just as if cultivat- j
ing the cotton, the operation to be pre- j
ceded by the cotton-pickers if theie is i
any open open cotton. On our own
farm we have had fine results from this
plan. The stundiBg cotton-stalks can be
easily "knocked down" cold mornings
in January or February, and prove small
obstacles in the way of harvesting.
The seasons at this writing indicate a
good crop of native grasses which may
be converted into hay of the best quality,
if cut before the seeds form, and
nicely cured. Where rains have been
abiiuo?irt~thro u glxont .Tnly a ml- August, i
this resource may often be made to exceed
in value all the fodder (corn-blades)
saved from the corn crop, and at a comparatively
nominal cost of labor.
We have often stressed the importance
of constant attention to hogs. From
now on is the th^3 to push the fattening
process. The weather i3 now mild, and
but little food is nccessary to keep up
the animal heat and carry on the vital i
processes in the animal economy. After j
a while when the weather grows cooler, i
and especially in November and Decern-1
ber, a very large part of the food consumed
by animals will be utilized for j
the rmrnese of keening the bodv warm. !
X' A X- <_> */ An
car of corn, or its equivalent of other
food, fed during-the pleasant fall weather
will go further than two ears fed in December
A Sharp Bookkeeper.
The people of Glens Falls, N. Y.,
never before were so shocked as when
the news of the embezzlement of $18,100
by Charles B. Ide, a bookkeeper of the
First National Bank, was announced.
The method employed by Ide was when
a draft amounting to $1,000 or thereabouts
was given by some large customer
of the bank to make a duplicate entry
on the stub and make the draft payable
to his brokers. He would charge the
amount of the draft to the customer on
the day book and make a posting mark,
but would never post the amount in the
ledger. In this manner and by forcing
balances he covered his work for years.
Ide, in his confession, said that the
whole amount had been lost in Wall
street. It is fctated on good authority
that no effort will be made to prosecute
Ide, and that a partial restitution -will be
made by his relatives.?Times.
Presbyterian Statistics. .
The minutes of the Synod of South
Carolina show an increase over last year.
Last year there were 196 churches; now
204. Last year, 14,1-34 members; this
year, 14,662. Last year 97 ministers;
tins year, IU <.
Five churches, with, a rotal membership
of 389 members, are omitted from
this year's statistical report of the Presbytery
of Bethel. Including these
names, as properly should be done, the
total membership of the Synod is 15,051,
and the net gain nearly a thousand, the
largest in the history of the Synod, at
least in our day.
The churches with over 200 members
are Fort Mil], Purity, Btthesda, Charleston
Westminster, Charleston First, Clinton,
Washington Street Greenville and
Anderson?eight in all.
The four largest Sabbath-schools.are
Charleston Secoaf. Concord, Washington
Street and Clinton.
The largest Presbyterian Church in
the South is the First Church, in Nashville,
with 930 members.
More new members were received into
tho largest synod, Virginia, than any
other. South Carolina stands next, with
1,397 additions on examination. Was it
Has not the time come for the erection
of a Central Presbytery in South Carolina?
Atlanta ha? nve Presbyterian Churches,
with L565 members. New Orleans
ha< 32 churches, 2,500 members.?Our
Tli?> Morning Dreua.
It is said that a lady's standing in society
can easily be determined by her dress at
the breakfast-table; an expensive, showy
costume indicating that the wearer has not
yet learned the proprieties. But no one
need be afraid of being called "shoddy" if
her loveliness is as apparent by daylight as
at the hop?. Perfect beauty is never the
attendant of disease; above all, of those
disease peculiar to wcmen, and which find
a ready cure in Dr. Pierce's "Favorite Prescription."
Price reduced to one dollar.
| TWOjtHLLDKEN OF FOKTO'E.
j Thomas and Laura Dillard. of Laurens
- County, Suddenly Becomes Heirs to a
[ Fortune of Sixteen Hundred Thousand
Asheville, N. C., September 10.?A
large fortune has just been' left by will
to the children of a citizen of this place.
To Thomas Dillard and Miss Laura
Dillard,-aged respectively fourteen and
eleven years, has been given the sum of
eight hundred thousand dollars each.
These munificent legacies were leit them
by a wealthy uncle who has recently
died in California.
It appears that in the year L950, just
' ? * ?- - ??j.
oeiore uia grea-i e.x.'jusj.LLeut< awuu
gold attracted such a tide of fortune
seekers to California, from Ra^un county,
Georgia, went several men to fcy
their luck on the Pacific Slope. Among
these -was one- James McCtirry. The
party stopped at Placerville, El Dorado
county. At the end of the first year
MeCurry had saved enough money from
his wages as a mirier to purchase fifty
acres of Is^d'near that place. This he
did against the remonstrance of hisfiitnds,
bx. it soon was discovered to be
rich in gsld deposits. Mc Curry sold
this property without working it further
than sufficient to develop it for sale, and
for it he got fron a Boston syndicate
$300,000. This wns the foundation of
his fortune and with this he purchased
other lanes in that section and found
other rich deposits of' gold on them.
These-mifes he worked, and it is taid
that the MeCurry mines were amog the
richest in that State, i;o remarkably rich
then in this metal, . ,
On the J22d of last month Mc Curry
died, and "having never hatl any family
of his own, Ms property was left to his
relatives. Mr. George. W. Dillard, a
lawyer of ihis city, married a sister of
James MeCurry?a Miss Nancy Margaret
MeCurry. Mr. Dillard and these two
children,. Thomas and Laura, survive
lier. A' copy of the will has been received
by. Mc. .Djllard, and it gives to
the heirs, at law of his sister, Nancy
Margart t-'Dillard, sixteen hundred thousand
It is thought much difficulty will be
found in ^securing guardians for these
children.. They are now residents of
Laurens, & C., but are to come here
shortly, and the letters of guardianship
will be taken out here. The laws of this
State require a bond to be filed by
guardians in double the value of the
estate. In this case, even if a guardian
were appointed for eacft child, the bonds
would have to be for one million and!
s>ix hund.t^d thousand dollars each. I
Then theu is the further legal requirement
that the guardian shall account for
the interest on his ward's funds at G per
cent, per wanum, and this is compound,
ed. Thus are the difficulties evident in
regard to he management of these annually
lar; o legacies. The local papers
contain lei gthy and minute accounts of
the matter- Mr. Dillard was formerly a
member o: the Spartanburg bar, and is
known more or less in other sections of
(From the Aslievillc Advance, September 9.)
In conversation with Mr. Dillard yesterday,
"Mr. M ;Curry was always regarded as
a peculiar an, but he was sharp as a
tzzzr. Th-nfter Tievjff^fiS^Cfdifornia
lie became alienated from1' the relative's
he had left behind hiai and ceased all
correspondence with them. Years passed
when he was not heard: from at all.
Finally his family were surprised one
! day by receiving a letter from Mr. McCurry.
He said that he was sick and
: wanted ?100 to come home with. The
money was sent, but in a few weeks it
was returned, accompanicd by a statement
that it was not needed.
"Years after this circumstance I wrote
to a lawyer in California, asking for information
regarding James McCurry.
He answered that he knew him well, and
that he was one of the millionaires of the
"When my wife died in 1881. at Webster,
N. C., I sent Mr. McCurry an announcement
of her death* The answer
I received to this letter made an inquiry
in regard to the number of children,
left by my wife. We then had four
and I also wrote him. Two have since
died. Now, the will, of which I have a
copy, bears the date of 1882, and I presume
that Mr. McCurry made this will
with the idea that he was distributing
.81,600,000 among four children instead
of two. You see, that would have left
them ?400,000 apiec-e.
"My brother-in-law was a resident of
Placerville, California, and in his will he
leaves 3iu,uuu to aliss oaran juouise
Clifford, of that place, and $500 to the
Rev. Hall. I have no information in
regard to either of these paities. The
will provides that after the payment of
these special legacies the remainder of
his property shall b3 divided among his
j nearest relatives in Rabun county, Ga.
My two children are living with their
grandmother in the country in the county
of Laurens, South Carolina, and have
not yet learned of their good fortune.
My daughter is eleven years old; my
son fourteen. From the fact of their
being minors a guardian will, of course,
have to be appointed; and it is expected
that considerable difficulty, wiil be experienced-in
making a bond of the large
The hammock squeaked unheeded as
it rubbed the bark off the old man's
favorite 3ycamore tree.
"Gertrude," he said, "have you ever
felt that your heart beat responsive to
that of another?"
"I have, George,"'.owned up Gertie,
and her head nestled on his shoulder.
"Did you ever feel that your destiny
was so linked to that of another that it
was useless to try to follow it out alone?"
"Yes, George," returned Gertie, es
she nefeated some more.
"Gertrude, I will ask you more plainly,
do you love me?"
"I -will cot attempt to conceal my
feelings, George; I do;"
"Well," t-aid George, eliding out of
the hammock, "I'm glad to hear that,
bccause Will Tompkins*bet me a box of
cigars the other flay that you- were just
indulging in a little flirtation. I am
really much obliged to you for the asi
I>ut Gertie had gone into the house
and slammed the door \rith all her
Pianos and Organs.
/Jl of the best makes. ?25 cash and
toannee ^November I, at spot casn prices
on a Piano. $10 cash sad balance November
1, at spot cash prices on an
Organ. Delivered, freight free, at your
nearest depot. Fifteen days test trial
and freight both ways if not satisfactory.
Write for circulars.
N. W. TRUMP,
* Columbia, S. C.
John Ryan & Co., type founders of Baltimore,
have failed. The trustee's bond is
$40,000., indicating assets amounting to
$20,000. The firm has been in business
forty y*ars and has always stood well.
They say that the depression in business
and bad debts caused the failure.
j When you get up in the morning take
i a big drink of 'water. Your sy^t=m
j -R-c.ilis water iirsc. An engine isn't 'first
| tired up and then some water let into the
i boiler. Ckan your teeth and let the
I water run from the spigot while you're
j doing it. Then drisk a pint of it. Use
j common hydrant water; no ice, no salt,
j no mineral water. Ordinary water is
j good enough for ?in ordinarily healthy
i man. Keep away from drugs and pills
i and give your stomach a suow.
If you're in a hurry to read the papers,
read them before breakfast. When you
} sit down to the breakfast table be happy-;
i you're going to do something pleasant,
i Breakfast isn't a penalty imposed upon
! yon, or a task to be performed as soon
1 " " ' 1 ?A - -1 Vl^
j as pOSSiOIt, OUl a piCUSiiiiL, euj ^vauic
l occasion. Try and have somebody talk
I to you, and tiik yourself. Laugh. Start
off with fruit. Then eat some fish and
stale bread, or stale rol& or toast. If
you want anything more, eat some meat, j
Take your time to it all. I stay at the
tibie for an hour, and eat ail. title, time:!
I>on't eat much, but take yonr-timc to
it. If yon haven't time, eat less. The !
j time you spend at breakfast will be saved j
| over and over again during the day.
j If you have been up the night before,
j don't take a cocktail or ie6 water. Try
'.ome broth and seme tripe if your
stomach's pretty far gone. When a
man's been off a lifctie his stomach L raw
and inflamed. He doesn't want to start
right otf with more rum. Let him give
his stomach a show. It'll pay him to.
Coddle your stomach in the morning
and it'll stand up for yon at night. If
you go to pitching into it the first thing
it will have its revenge.
Don't smoke in the morning. Dou't
drink in the morning. If you must
1 1-- *-"4- *-? 1- t-r>-fil -rjrwtv
eiUUJa.U it LIU. iliUSu UiJlil-E., naiu IU1VU i -> ^A?
stomach is through with breakfast. "Try
this thing of starting off fair and square.
You can drink mere and smoke more in
the evening and it won't tell on it. A
man's stomach is his friend, and if he'll
only treat it kindly the first half oi the
day it "will show its appreciation and
stick by him at night.?New York ?un.
?K>- ?? gr?
"The Curse of thr Country."
The New York Herald makes this1
strong statement touching the accumulation
of Mjrplns in the United States
"Over a hunched millions lying idle.
It has been taken cut of the business of
the country by the force-pump of overtaxation.
It is of no u<^ to any one. It
does the government i^rm, it arouses
! the cupidity of Congress, it does the
people injury. Oar currency is not so
plentiful that a hundred iiiiiiions can be
drained oft without serious detriment.
Merchants need that hoarded excess to do
business with. The mo^ey market has
already grown feverish. -Call loans may
be plenti.'ul, but time loans are another
matter. If a man has money to spare
1-iA it r.ht'1'fc lit: can eet his hands
on it at a day's notice. Ke has grown
cautious, possibly a little timid.
' Then the prospect of a still further
accumulation, with, another hundred
millions abstracted from business, is
somewhat appalling. What v.i:l be the
end? is -what. ever? bocj is asking. Arc
we to b? taught by a financial crash. tKtt
j tbe rev-ur^ a.*t be r.-cnsc-li" vr vie
Democratic p.irty take time by the forelock
and by judicious work prevent sucl;.
"LeveMieaded Democrats have but
one opinion of the prime duty of the
hour. It i3 to squarely face the facts
and insist on reduction without farther
delay. If their conference with Mr.
Cleveland at Oak View results in at
agreement upon some decisive plan of
action, and if the President, seeing the
dangers with which the country is threatened,
places himself at the head of the
party, bent on immediate reform of the
revenue laws in some shape or other,
the merchants and the common sense of
the republic, irrespective of party affiliations,
wiil be with tnem."
The Spkixc;field Republican is responsible
for the remarkable statement
that "Henry George and Dr. McGlynn
have been remarkably successful in abol
- - .-? T . -J?
ishing poverty irom tneir own lives, ji
we may believe the New York Cominerciai
Advertiser." This paper states that
George, who a year ago was worth less
than $10,000, now posses about ?50,000.
He has a pretty house in a desirable locality,
and lives much after the manner
of his monopolistic neighbors. The
sale of his Looks, since he ran for Mayor
of New York, has yielded from $25,000
to .$30,000, and his paper, the Standard,
is also paying well. George is charged
with being us close-fisted as any miser.
Dr. McGlynn spends $100 a month for
hotel expenses, and his pockets appear
to be always well filled with ready cash.
He is more free with his money than
George, and occasionally gives stylish
inners to his friends in the United Laoer
party. He is also much given to
charity?which George is not. These
are two of the men who s;t on the antipoverty
platform every Sunday, watching
the hat go round picking un pennies
from the attendant poor. Now they
want ?50,000 for then- political canvass.
It is suggested that the Anti-Poverty
Society ought, to raise the money, and
the question is asked, Kosv much will
George and McGlynn subscribe?
Scientific nzy, iu Mexico are now engaged
in a curious study?investigating
meteorological phenomena believed to
be incident t > the building of railroads.
It is said that copious rains are attracted
by steel rails. Serious dart age recently
done on the northern section of the
Mexican Central Railroad is traced to
the bursting of waterspouts on tiie track;
and it is a very curious fact that waterspouts
appear to be attracted by the iron
track and the telegraph wires. Residents
of the interior say that an electric
current runs along the track, nuking a
convenient avenue i'ur stonns. It is
stared t-nai recently the engineers superrising
the construction of the Guadalajara
branch of the Mexican Central Railroad
noted that with the advance of
track-lajieg rains increased, and these
experts maintain that this increase arose
from the presence of large quantities of
stcti rails carried forward in tlat cars,
keeping pace with the work of construction.
The most noticeable fact is said
to" be that the country is dry in advance
of the construction trains, also behind
' ? - 1 ?-i? 1*^4.
mem icr several xnues. iutms ueui
do<vc, as is stated, in bneketfuls ju&t
where the steel rails are, though in circles
only a few ruiks iu diameter. The
results of the investigations will be
awaited with interest.
Advices from China are to the effect thai
at most of the scientific .-rations whence the
totality of the eclipse of the sun August
19th could be viewed, the result was very
unsatisfactory, more especially at Shira
kawa, where the United states expedition
under the direction of Professor Todd was
located. Twenty minutes after the eclipse
began, the sun was hidden by the clouds
and remained hidden during the total
eclipse. It was like dark night, and the
face of a man standing at distance of three
or four feet could not be seen.
I A SXUItl ur a iun^auu.
How a Western ll;snchsr Lost His Sheep in
One of the Blows.
| "Stepping upon a Boston Shawmut
avenue liorse car a few days since*" says
a writer in the Youth's Companion, "I
was surprised to recognize an old acquaintance
in the conductor, who, as I
supposed, was herding sheep in Dakota.
'Why, Brown, you here'?' I exclaimed;
'How's this? Where are your sheep?'
Oly sheep left me,' said he, with a jerk"
at the fare indicator. 'Sold out?' I inquired.
'.'So; got jumped.' Jumped!
what jumped you? 1 asked. 'Weli, you
see, it was about like tlfis,' replied my
friend; an3 he gave me the following
account of his Western experience: 'In
June list I had twenty-four hundred
e wes, with their iambs. I looked after
them carefully every day to keep off the
cojotes, and built up a good corral for
them at night, down in the edge of the
timber. One afternoon about the 20th
of the month I was sitting on the rocks
wivtching them. Shec. ->, when they
VfirtT* f*CkY\~0 (**
I JLC^lLLUg, ?C J\ra. iXUU n j
together, and I shour think that at this
time, mine were, most of them, on a
plot of not much more than an acrs of
ground. The sky was clear, though
just a trifle hazy; but by and by I
noticed a bit of a cloud in the northwest
that seemed to me to be behaving in a
singular -way. It appeared to move in
sort of & spasmodic motion. I noticed,
too, that it was rapidly growing longer,
and that it seemed to shift from dark to
a light green hue. There was a sort of
sl-ieve or funnel shaped trunk hanging
i down from it toward the ground. The
view to northward from where I sat was
a good one, and I could see the cior.d
coming a number of miles off. With
every stroke of the structure I could see
a brown cloud of dust, grass, brush and
timber rise in the air and go whirling
up into the sky. It was a tornado ana
no mistake. There was quite a deep
chink or hole down between two of the
rocks where I was sitting. I shut my
big umbrella, dropped down into this
chink, stretched out full length, and
laid the umbrella over the opening rocks
into which I placed myself. I had hardly
more than placed myself there when it I
grew dark as night, and the whizzing, !
roaring noise became loud as thunder. |
I dng my nails into the crevices of the
stone and held on?and then, whish! the
tornado went over me w: Ji a roaring
shriek, a rattle, a shower of stones a'nd
d;rt, and I felt as if the whole ground
about me was lifted into the air. This
did not last more than half a minute. I
get out of the crevice and looked around
for my bunch of sheep. I saw two of
ti em three or four hundred yards off to
the left, running as if a panther was
alter them; another one, a lamb, lay
kicking a little nearer. Those were all
that I could see. I ran down to the
corrals ana there found two of the sheep,
one with a leg broken. They must have
been blown icto it over the eight-foot
fence, for I had turned tLem ail out in
the morning. I had not gone far ^hen
I found a sheep up twenty-rive or thirty
feet from the ground in the top of a
pine tree?lodged there! A little farther
on I came upon one lying with a broken
leg back on the grouud, and shortly
afcerlsaw another lodged high up in
the crotch of a big cotton vrocd. Before
nMjht I found iifreeu, ox them.UeafL
l r... the crrotw?5 and sir* uo i:i the IxJO
J tops?some ox these latter kicKing to
u'oe. The next diy I salted down
three barrels of mutton and came East
to get a job and eam some more money."
THE CONDEMNED ANARCHISTS.
Tlie Night After the Sealing of Their
Chicago, September 15.?The sever,
condemned Anarchists spent the night in
' sounder security from the intrusion of
friend or foe than they have done in
many months. The outside oi' the jail
was carefully patrolled on all sides by
armed deputy sheriff, policemen in
uniform and "detectives in citizens' garb.
The force of deputy sheriffs who guarded
all the approaches was increased, and
these were supplemented by relays of
uniformed police. All unknown, to even
the curious pedestrians, who peered
around the precincts of the jail, the
streets and alleys on all side-* for several
blocks were quietly patrolled by detectives
rrlm spisprl nrwn all snsnicions
looking stragglers, and kept a watchful
eye on all little knots that gathered any
u here in the neighborhood of the jail.
The Anarchists of the city are so well
known that none of them could get
through the outposts without detection.
Within the jail all was still as death.
Mrs. A. E. Parsons, wife of the condemned
Anarchist, sa;. s in relation to
the decision of the Supreme Court, that
she does not believe the public will permit
what she calls this "judicial murder."
Chicago, September 16.?A consultation
as to whether they would do anything
more to save themselves v.-as held
i by the condemned Anarchists this momI
iug. JThey talked over the same thing
\esterday and rene.ved the discussion
this morning. They came from their
cells at 8.30, and until 9.30 they talked
earnestly end turned the matter over for
A close fxiend of ail the men and a
prominent member of the Defence Association
saw them this morning to learn
rue result of the discussion. He was induced
to say that they had discussed tuo
tilings: One the question whether they
| i-ha.Il appeal to the Supreme Court of
! the United States, and the other, a
monster petition it is proposed to get up
pi-.-ading for executive clemency. The
la&t measure was voted against by every
man there. They feel, said the informant,
that they had done nothing for
v.-l'ich to ask the pardon of society; that
society ought rather to ask their pardon.
As for the appeal to the Supreme Court,
that is a different matter. Some of them
feel that they may use every resource to
i >3 found in the laws, and then if they
die, their death will aecuse the system.
A member of the Defence Association
said that three of the condemned men
<xere?opposcd to an appeal to the United
States Supreme Court, but he refused to
disclose their names. Ee also said that
no matt -r what the final decision of the
was, their friends would go ahead
aid make every effort for the reversal of
the judgment by the Supreme Court.
In case of that failing a petition would
be gotten up.
A Mostly Toy for the Parlor.
What r. dear, darling of a piano must
lv ihut i^struinent bought in Europe by
Mr. ilarquAiiJ, ii there be truth in the
story that its price was $iC,020. 3Irs.
Jay Gould was thought to have done
quite well the other day in buying an
instrument tor ?2,300, and some years
ago when the standard price was higher
j than now and money was lavished' on
j ornamentation, Eads of jetty fame and
j Ingersoll of chair notoriety are said to
j have given 000 for their treasures,
j But all th^je legendary extravagances in
i the harmonies of strings and sounding
j boards fade before the renown of the
! ilarquand wonder, which must be a
i very Stradivarius among large muac
boxes.?New York Star.
I Wh:it the Physicians Charged the Late 3tlr?
Tilden fcr their Professional Services.
(From the-STew York Times.)
The admirers of Samuel J. Tilden,
who took pleasure in proclaiming on
every possible occasion that he possessed
more Jeftersonian simplicity than any
man of his weight in. the country, were
of course unaware that he owed a doctor's
bill .of $143,000. A bill of such
magnificent, not to say startling, proportions
and Jefferson ian simplicity
could not possibly ran double. For th3e
purpose of supporting the Sage's reputation
for simplicity some of his admirers
may argue that Ttlr. Tilden may not
have been aware that he owed so many
/yo rrrilA QH"^"nQ/nno> UTin
apothecary's -waxes. The trustees of his
estate, it is understood, take this view of
thematter, and the impression among
the .'ew people who know anything
abor.t it is that the coming century will
be considerably advanced before such a
bill is-paid at tbc fee*.'"' '
One of the trusses looked surprised
vhen asked it payment had been refused
oi' the bill presented by Dr. Charles E.
Simmons for medical service and attendance
upon Mr. Tilden. Instead of
giving a'plain and satisfactory answer to
the question the trustee said that Dr.
Simmons was the proper person from
whom to get information cn such a subject.
Then, of course, the reporter
gratefully accepted the statement that
the matter was a private, not a public,
one. The trustee would not say that
payment of Dr. Simmons' bill had been
refused, but he smiled when the amount,
8143,000, was mentioned.
Dr. Simmons, who is also a commissioner
of charities and correction, was
more willing to talk than the trustee had
been. He talked all around the bill,
but never mentioned the amount The
latter was stated to him, but even then
he failed to deny or affirm that the
fioTirpft wprp. ftnrrftftt. He nrnm'Dtlv
denied that pajment had been refused,
but admitted "he had not been paid.
Any dc-lav in the matter should be
ascnbsd to him, he said, and not to the
trustees of the Tilden estate. Without
giving the amount of his bill, Dr. Simmons
explained how a bill could reach
| very large proportions. He had attendl
ed Ivlr. Tilden, he said, for eight years,
or to be exact, for seven years and
eleven months. During that period he
had visited Mr. Tilden every day, probably.
He was 3Ir. Tilden's friend as
weU as his physician, and considered
Mr. Tilden liis best friend. Mr. Tilden
had always done eveiy thing in his power
for him and his. Being on such terms
of intimacy, it seemed natural that a
settlement should be deferred. It was
i postponed to such an extent that Mr.
Tilden died without making one. Dr.
Simmons said a settlement would be
reached without any trouble when the
proper time arrived. He and the trusi
tees would meet and adjus: the matter.
I He, too, was unable to see why the pubI
lie shonld be nartieularlv interested in
i his bill until he was assured it was solely e
on account of its size. About that he " "-V
had nothing to say, nor did he offer the ^v *
rej ortsr a copy oi the bill. " .
V:xc'-> A:r;ut PCTialons. - ' ' -b:
i ^.Pension Commissioner Black' in his ' ^
; greater" liberality' to " the pensioner,
| among others that additional clerical ' 4
j force be allowed to enable the Commisj
sioner, without making extra demands
i upon the clerks now in the service to ^
| complete and satisfy the Mexican penJ
sion claims, of which 8,000 have been
| allowed since the passage of the Act.
| At the close of the year 403;180 pensioners
were on the rolls-classified as
follows: 294,*?5 army invalids, 85,501
army widows, minor children and dependent
relatives; 3,281 navy invalids;
1,973 navy widows, minor children and
dependent relatives; 1,069 survivors of
the war of 1812, and 11,831 widows of
those who served in that war; 7,503 sur
rivers of the war with Mexico, and 895 ?'
widows of those who served in said war.
There "were added to the roils during
the year the name3 of 53,184 new pensioners,
and the names of 2,707 whose
pensions had been previously dropped
were restored to the roils. During the
same period the names of 17,677 pensioners
were dropped from the rolls for
various causes. The amount paid for
pensions duringthe year was $73,467,581
an increase in the amount over the previous
year of .89,668,750. In the aggregate,
1,091,-200 pension claims have been
hied since 1861, and in the same period
'.376,948 claims of all classes have been
allowed. . An appropriation of $79,045,230
is asked for the next fiscal year.
That for the current year was $78,701,250.
China Wants Kailroads.
The New York Sun is responsible for
the following: The statement published
the other day, upon the authority of a
gentleman in the diplomatic service, in
a letter of our Washington correspondent,
that "the Chinese Government has
for years tried to induce European capitalists
to build railroads in the interior
of China" is not correct. The fact is
that the Chinese Government has never
been willing up to this time that any
railroad should be built except the coal
road at Kaiping; and, while it authorized
the extension of that road last winter to
the Rehtang, and lately to the Peiho, it
has confined the right to make the ex
tension, and aL o to build a connection,
for it from Tientsin to Taku, to a native
company, in -which no foreigner has
been permitted to take stock or hold any
interest whatever. It is absolutely certain
that the Chinese government has
never, directly or indirectly, asked any
European government or syndicate of
capitalists to build railroads in the inferior
of China, or to furnish money for
It is apparent that the facts about
Mitkiewicz's alleged concession, whatever
it may cover, or whatever the cireumstances
may have been which induced
the Chinese to grant it, if they
have granted it, have not yet been correctly
made known in America. We are
sure that no one who has any real
knowledge about China will believe that
he Chinese authorities are such fools as
:he stories of Mitkiewicz would make
them out to be.
Herr Most Kagiag.
News of the allinnation by the Su1
yreme Court of Illinois of the decision
of the iov.-er court in the case of the
j condemned Anarchists caused great ex!
citeraeut among the New York Socialists
| and Anarchists. Kerr Most was furious.
1 Ilis Anarchist paper, the Freihala,
had just gone to press when the news
came. The forms were ordered from
the press. Host posted a notice saying
i that he could not be interviewed until
1 i p. m., and that at that hour the paper
| would be published containing, an edij
torial on the matter. 2>lost's editorial is
j addressed "To the Vvcrkingmen of all
! Countries." He characterizes the judges
| who made the decisions "infamous and
i bloodthirsty foois," and the jury as corrupt.