Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XLIV. WINNSBORO, S. C. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 12. 1887, NO. 11.
__ ^ H . K?i_ .! -J_ r- -v.--w _ -.- -.-^,^_-in.r ,-, .. :- ,--TT- . ._... _ ...1 1 tn__r. r..^, I ' --^ . 1 'T?rrr>*^rrT-^r^w*ry-r 'TZX r^-Tr r 2 - .-? - ?- ?-? ' -~rr? * r? -~.~zzr: . ? ?I1. ' '-' i^i.w.niJiwiJim
But one step more r.dov. r. life's rug-red mad,
One lingering step, and then I will be free,
And far behind wili leave this heavy load
Of aching heart and stinging mockery.
But one link more has now to bend and break,
And then the chain of life will be und ne;
But one night more, and then I will awake
Up.there where life has only just begun.
THE KUSSIAN DOCTOK.
Entertaining and Bomantic Story
from Real Life.
[ADAPTED FROM THE German OF Mirs,
BY MRS. FRAXCES A. SHAW.
2hmelaiion Copyrighted, 1SS7, by A. y. KeUogg
Is ticspaper Company.
" itS ill I ClIUX IV;
^>> '2^11 f Arnim not to find
j. his guest in the
I I' breakfast room, to
; !? feel sure that they
' would not meet for
the "whole day.
gone out into the country with his
portfolio," he said, taking Ms place ai
the table. "He will probably return
to-morrow or the day after."
. "I am glad he is away," said Marianne.
"I will have his chamber
: Desiree turned pale.
"He must have gone in the night,"
she said. "I was awake very early, bui
did not hear the slightest sound in the
"We Eeed not trouble ourselves if ho
stays away a week," remarked Marianne,
: "Uncle, you are ill!"' cried Desiree,
suddenly, and, bending over him, she
grasped his hand. "You look as if you
:had had a bad night."
t "I have sot slept," he answered, with
.a faint smile. "I have been kept
lawake by lhany anxieties. I shall leave
directly for the consultation."
"You will not renew your practice
Tat a time like this?" asked Marianne,
^n terror. "Think of yourself and of
;u& I am mortally afraid of typhus."
* "It would be an unworthy physician
who thought of himself in such a crisis.
Are you afraid, Papillon?"
jr "Yes, very much so," she said,
flushing, as if in shame at her weakness.
"But if one I loved needed my
.Jielp as nurse 1 should not hesitate tc
. T*J?doctor,on his return at noon from
the ccusTfr&tion, looked.grave and anxior~.
hope thacSia town the disease
vo coniined to related cases," he
-(tVtnr jr? tiio r?nt.i^?nor villasres it has
UUV 1U H?\, vun . 0
;become epidemic. You^'iU see but
little of me. I must do I can, and
I would like my meals at &s early an
hour as possible."
; All at once Desiree laid per hand
.upon his arm, and gazing intrtutly into
his face, said, with tremulous voice:
"Uncle, do you think o^u- guest has
token the route to the villages?"
A sudden pain as from; some sharp
instrument shot through, the doctor's
.heart, but he answered, <r'almly:
; "That is scarce invtiginable. Tiie
^picturesque region Us&ikow frequents
for sketching lies east^'ardly from here.
rTn"v ^orroo iVi the villasres to
JLU7 A a^vo ?
the west. He may return this evening."
! He did not come t&is night or the
day following. ArnimVas sure that if
.'any thing had happened some word
;wouid have been sen)* Marianne did
not suffer a niom.e^itfs anxiety, but
BgjiPesiree wandered' restlessly about the
^jarden and terrace, gazing often down
^^forest p>cb. for some glimpse of the
E&jw "Comme le jour me dure
Passer loin do toi!"
BBSnoed a constant refrain in her heart
^BTthongh the lips were silent. It seemed
already months since he went away.
The doctor plunged into his practice
,with feverish ardor. It came as a Godsend
to divert his thoughts. The virulent
cases in the town increased rapid
,ly. For the first time the destroying
;angel of pestilence had invaded this
peaceful valley. The little hospital
:soon overflowed. There was urgent
need of nurses. Solitary cases of selfsacrifice,
displayed by contrast the
egotism of human nature in its
appalling nakedness. The general
:motto was "Let him save himself
who can!" Abroad, the doctor's
energies were taxed to the
utmost, his heart wrung by the spectacle
of human misery; at home he met
only anxious f? oes. Marianne made no
concealment of her terror; Desiree
flitted around pale and silent but with
a lcck of strange foreboding in her
eyes. Iran in his bewilderment broke
[almost every dish he touched, and
turned things upside down. His grand
.preservative against disease \\as a
"* V'la^T- Kattc' the coot'
believed ovovy boff^^ th t she hat,
an attack of AP"* tin~*r'
Tan howling t0 -^nJfflpistress. She
-wanted the doctor hWantly on hand,
and did not see ^ cou;j not pass
Ihis whole time JM vicinity of her
kitchen. " b> " A w.?k he run after
-tranters and ieav 1 Jk offll household
in the lurch? Arni,. 'jBtt the incessant
entreaty o! Ms prescribed
drops as a Prf? W She scarce alrjrsred
the Vial ol^J^ her hand. Saeri Kcial
clouds sWfoke arose from every
Koom 'r- tbc jpousc but the doctor's
tv i :Iere'Rt his express command,
K ' s of Marianne's fumiga
; .. : fever%^-q stayed.
"It itffilays your fears, do what you
iff -vall^ne said, "only let my study
It was remarkable how people of all
conditions seeking help besieged the
house of the Russian doctor. The reputation
of his skill, his goodness and
unselfishness spread like wildfire. His
door-bell rang constantly day and
alight. He was kept so busy that he
scarce time to think of Hilmar's
absence. When he did recall it it was
with a sense of relief at his distance
: On the morning of the fourth day
fiince his guest's departure he proposed
sending a messenger for tidings.
>*Our artist is no doubt filling his
sketch-book in some picturesque region,"
he added, "and will complain
about my running after him as if he
were a child. But I want to get him
fcgre agid then send him off to Yevay."
As he thus spoke he glanced at
Desiree, who had risen noiselessly and
was attending to the flowers on the
window-ledge. She did not turn aa
Arnim left the ?oom with an Aitf
Wiedersehcn ! Her reply was scarcely
audible. The little head remained
bowed, over the flowers, the hands
plucked nervously at the leaves.
Arnim set his teeth. A wild irnpsrtience
i surged throug.i his breast. He would
fain have pressed this tender form to
his tortured heart with the despairing
| 4'Have i then lost your confidence?
! Do you love this stranger better thao
me? Will you leave the house that
once harbored your mother to go with
But he saw that Marianne's eye3
nnAn Viim iT-itVi o nnAcfiniiinop
glance, and controlling liis emotion, lie
At noon a messenger appeared saving
that the doctor would not return
until evening. Ussikow was found,
lie lay ill in the village of Grunfeld.
Ivan must go to li'ua to-morrow with
stores of linen and other necessaries
and remain until his removal was possible.
Desiree received this intelligence
with white face and throbbing heart.
A few minutes later she stood before
Marianne, who exclaimed:
"Good heavens, how you look!
What is the matter with you? Take
the drops at once! God forbid that
you should bring the typhus into our
The girl turned impatiently away.
"Nothing is the matter with me," she
said, "but he is stricken with the fever
in a neighboring village, and is without
care. Ivan goes to him to-morrow.
Not until to-morrow! 0, my
God. how lonsr it will be before morn
"Who, child! Arnim?"
"No, no! Hilmar Ussikow! I im
plore you go to him at once.""
"What do you say, foolish girl? I
go to this stranger! I would really
like to know why !"
"To nurse him, to save him ! Undo
Arnim says that in this sickness, nursing
does every thing. And just think
of it?he lies in a low musty peasaui
chamber, among strange, rough people,
uncared for and alone! Perhaps
there is no one to even hand him a
drink in his thirst and agony. You
must go to him. Every moment's delay
brings him nearer death."
"I must go! Are you mad. Pesiree,
and why I, out of all the world?"
"Because he loves you!" cried the
girl, despairingly. "Because he wishes
to make you his wife."
For a moment Marianne seem petri
fied. Then she shrugged her shoulders
"My child, even if Ussikow loved me
to distraction?and I have not* remarked
that he cares for me in the
least?I would not leave this house
one hour for his sake. In the first
place, it would be highly improper?
even for his promised wife, and woukl
cause no end of talk; in the second
place, I might get this dreadful fever,
and perhaps my death. I would, in nc
event, accept an offer from this gentleman;
I do not care for him, and 3
will never leave my cousin. What
would he do without me? Now come
to the table child. It is half an bout
pait ihe time. It was thoughtless in
Arnim to send the message at tliia
hour. The fish is no doubt spoiled.
But how excited you are! French worn
en are temoiy Hysterical."
"Do you think Ussikow will die?"
asked the girl, with quivering lips.
"It is more than likely in this disease;
hut if he ean be saved, my cousin
will save him. It is a rare piece oi
good luck that he is not sick in our
house, and tfcat he can not be moved.
If he could, Arnim would have him
here in spite of our protests. Now, do
force yourself to eat something, child!
I feel all broken up myself, but to go
with an empty stomach in times like
this is dangerous. Lie down after
dinner, and this strange mood will
pass. I am glad Arnim has not seen
"I beg you do not tell him a word !"
"If you stop this nonsense and act
like a sensible creature I will tell him
Was it "sensible" to wander restlessly
up and down through house and
garden, to count the minutes until
evening to stare with srlowinsr evea
; ~ o' - w vinto
the distance, to press feverish
hands to a burning forehead, and ask
if the pitiless sun would never go down,
to stammer incoherent prayers for one
alone?one who was perhaps now tossj
ing iu delirium, and longing vainly for
some hand to smooth his pillow ?
Could Arnim have suspected with
what longing Papillon awaited him??
longing not on his own account?would
he have hastened home ?
Night had already fallen when he
entered the family sitting room mortally
weary, and threw himself into his
arm-chair. When Dcsiree saw him she
uttered a cry.
"Are you afraid of me, Papillon ?"
he asked, in a hollow tone. "Marianne,
give me some nourishing food. Send
iYlLU tu iiit; no uuvi;.
Marianne hastened out to do his bidding.
Desiree approached and tools
"Poor uncle!" she said. "Must von
exert yourself so much? How are your
" Do you mean the one in Grunfeld,
chilli?" he answered, sadly, and stroked
her hair. "He fell ill suddenly?how
seriously I can not tell until to-morrow.
I shall drive over again at noon.
Removal is out of the question, but the
house where he lies is comfortable, the
bed good. The house belongs to aD
elderly widow who has seen most oj
her family sicken and die, and knows
much of illness. She will do her best
for him, but I hope to find a nurse.
Ivan" he added as the Russian servant
entered. "You must leave early
in the morning with linen and othei
comforts for your sick countryman.
You may await me at Grunfeld."
<? All t'* said Ivan, with a stolen
glance at-Desiree. "The master commands,
It was past midnight. Deep silencc
brooded over tue vine-wreathed house.
A light step stole down the stairs and
over the threshold?a woman's figure
<^sguised in wrappings, 3 b&fijUe ia
hand. From the hood of red cloth
beamed a pale, charming, girlish face.
Below at the front door .stood Ivan
with a large, closely-packed basket.
"Comer' whispered the young girL
' Let us hasten.1'
"COME! LET US HASTEN H1
"But my master will be angry and
your little feet will be weary. Ivan's
feet will not tire. Let bini go alone.
He would go through seas of tire for
the young master and for you."
"Hush! I have written to the doctor.
He will not be angry. A human
life is at stake. Have you forgotten
"Nothing, my lady. I have a bottle
of whisky in my pocket."
The next morning the Russian doctor
found in the breakfast room a note to
his address containing these words:
' Do not seek a nurse for your friend. I will
remain with him until all danger is over, or
until he leaves this world. Ivan goes with me.
Do not chide my secret departure. I should have
died had I been held back, and I know that you
wouid have held me back. In a case like this
every minute is precious.
"The pitying Mother of God will protect him
and me. And you, dear uncle, will make him
well. In his sick-chamber I hope soon to kiss
"Good heavens, what will people
say!" cried Marianne, as Arnim read
her the letter. 4 'We must never receive
her back. O what a scandal there will
"Have no fear of that. If Hilmai
recovers, every one will think his future
wife did a heroic deed."
"His future wife?"
"Yes, Marianne. The night before
I1C It'll JUlXIlKtr CU1I1C5SUU iU IL1V uis lun
"For this child! And the sillj thing
thought he wanted to make me his
wife. Well, I am glad I told her 1
would never accept an offer from him.
But if he dies''
" I hope he may live. God is merciful,
I will at once drive over to Grunfeld."
Ho returned to his study and opened
his desk. He fook from a box a bit oi
yellow lace, closed it tenderly in the
hollow of his hand?then pressed it tc
his eyes?a long, long time.
Dark thoughts like ill-omened birds
of the night llitted around our Russian
doctor as in his carriage he passed
over the long, solitary road to that
mountain village?the same road over
which Desiree?s little feet had wandered
the night before. Why must all
this happen? Why for him alone was
there no Happiness, no drop of that
elixir his heart craved? Had not every
human being the right to one sunbeam?
If Hilmar died would not this be the
natural solution of the question? Might
not Desiree then turn back to him?
.No longer Papillon, an inconsolable
widowed bride; but still she would regain
with him, and he could love and
care for her. Ought he to wish this?
Did not the fulfillment of the wish lie
in his own hands? The slightest neg
- - ' ^ -a j_\ _
lect ot ins patient at tins stage 01 uw
disease would suffice. He shuddered.
He was horrified at himself. He clasped
his hands in agony. What terrible
power over him had every feeling connected
with the thought of this young
"Lead us notinto temptation?" whispered
the quivering lips, while drops oi
anguish stood on the strong man's forehead.
The day was bright, the birds
sang, nature wore her festal summer
robes. Refreshing airs streamed down
from the mountains, the swallows shot
past with exhilarating cries of joy. How
(beautiful was the world! How hard it
must be for one to leave it when blest
with the love of a Desiree!
The widow's cottage now rose before
him; the window of the sick man's
.chamber was open: the life-giving summer
air streamed -in unhindered.
"Papillon's hand has been busy here,"
he thought. Hesitating, he passed the
threshold. The old woman limped to
meet him. "How is our patient?" he
ocT.-r.c7 cnfflv. '
\ "Better, I think, since the sweetheart
came. Poor young thing! He
knew her directly, and as she stepped to
his bed, he cried: 'Darling, you have
come at last! Isow I shall die easily.
Lav your hand on my forehead!1 She
did so?and sits there yet, sweet lamb!"
The doctor entered tho <ck chamber.
Xe.<=, there she sat, the beloved one, pale
and weary, but with a blissful light in
her eyes. Iler hand rested upon the
forehead of the sufferer, who was nowsleeping.
Ivan recognized his master,
and drew stealthily into the background.
' Uncle, he called my name, he
begged me lay my hand upon his forehead!"
whispered Desirec. with a faint
smile. "I have been praying for him,
and that you mignt come, xxuw mat
you are here, all will be well."
"Yes, my child I hope so. We will
save him with the help of God. I shall
remain until the crisis is over. We will
await it together as on that night when
I first met you, Papillon."
Ili;mar recovered. That low-walled
peasant chamber became a fiowerwreathed
paradise for two happy,
1 united hearts. After a time the pai
tient was removed to his friend's house,
the cherished place where he had first
met Desiree. Here in the late autumn
was celebrated a quiet marriage. Immediately
after, the bridal pair journeyed
L\J LIXXZ CVULU.
Life in the vine-wreathed house passed
quietly as if no brilliant Papillon
had ever lluttered around it. The
Russian doctor dedicated himself anew
to the sick, to scientific studies and to
biomedical work, which was published
and became a standard authority.
Marianne saw with concern that he
grew graver and more reticent day by
day; and yet the children all knrw
him and approached him with the o.dtime
love and familiarity. His gen irosity
also caused the frugal cousin
much uneasiness. One cold day he
came home without his overcoat, spying
with a smile that he had met a
poor man who needed it more than lie.
Marianne waited patiently and loyally
from year to year, still hoping that the
doctor's "hour' would come.
With the lapse of time Ivan's irisdoings
became more open, and the list
ot opprobrious adjectives was read to
him almost daily. Kathe grew old and
gray in the house,still haunted by fa.rs
of pestilence and other dire calamities,
and with a new source of trouble lost
some evil might happen to the adored
Desiree on her many journeyings.
When Desiree and her husband were
on their travels, frequent letters from
them flew like white-winged birds over
to the doctor's house. "We are happy"
was their constant refrain to the incredulous
surprise of Marianne, who hid
prophesied trouble and had from year
to year awaited that action for divorce
which was sure to come. "It isn't in
the nature of things," she said, "for a
man fickle as Hilmar Ussikow to get on
with an ignorant child like Desiree,
who does not know how to heel a stocking
or oversee a family baking."
Later on, children's feet tripped
through the doctor's garden, and a
beautiful, radiant mother, with her husband's
arm around her, looked onsrcilinrr
as the ^rest-uncle olaved ball with
her little lads. The ball was the selfsame
one Hortense had thrown into tie
eye of the young student.
tiie ball was tiie self-same one.
His long, arduous day's work ended,
our Russian doctor sleeps well. Lis
resting place in his native town is, in
the blossoming season, heaped high
with flowers placed there by loving
hands. The green sprays of a weeping
willow bond caressingly above the simple
head-stone, which beneath nano
and date bears this inscription :
"Here lies one who loved eis
THE GAME COCK. *
Tho Important Part Assigned to Him !n
Ancient and More Modern Times.
The game cock was an honored bi:'d
in ancient times, and is to-day by a
large class of men who love and admire
him for his beautiful plumage and
indomitable pluck. In Greece and
Syria he was once an emblem of divinity;
in the mythology of the ancients
he was the symbol of vigilance, and
no doubt he was used as a time inci
c-ator for the night sentinels in the
The Delphian oracle to Tarquia,
when he enlisted in his cause Porsenna,
King of Etruria, to recover his throne,
was to beware of the Roman youth,
for they had become addicted to coc'relighting.
Pomponius Mela, the historian,
asserts that the Roman Emperor
did not begin to decline until cockfighting
had fallen into disrepute
among its Governors. The soothsayers
warned Mark Antony to take heed
of Ciesar because his cocks were always
beaten by him. Severus was not
able to conquer Britain until he ht.d
liie nfficftrs na.ssifw
i ?r r
ately fond ami emulous of glory l:?y
exhibiting a main of cocks every dry
before them. Alexander Severus, the
cousin of Heliogabalus, suppressed a
revolt among a portion of his army it
Antioch, by fightiug some cocks :'n
The fact of Thcmistocles commanling
two game cocks to be fought in the
open view of his dismayed army when
he besieged Dalmatia shows the powor
exercised over the mind by the exhibition
of courage displayed by these gallant
birds. General Jackson, of otir
own favored country, during his campaigns
against the British forces in tie
South, had his favorite games always
with him. At night, and within sight
of the camp-fires of the enemy, the
orderly could be seen with lantern :n
hand coming from the headquarters'
wagon with a pair of birds for ti e
rrn y 3 J
night's amusement- xne oana won a
play " See the * Conquering Hero
Comes," the men would cheer t!?
combatants, and in this Tray he halpfi^
to keep up the courage of his
American Poultry Journal, . J
j ''Fooln Rush in, Where Angels Fear to Treat-1."
i So impetuous youth is often given to
folly and indiscretions; and, as a resu.t,
nervous, mental and organic dibility follo'-v,
memory is impaired, -self-confidence is
lacking; at night bad dreams occur, premature
old age seems setting in, ruin is in
the irack. in confidence, you can, and
should write to Dr. R. V. Pierce's, of
Bulfaio, X. Y.. the author of a treatise for
the benefit of that class of patients, and cescribe
your symptoms and suffering. He
can cure you at your home, and will send
you lull particulars by mail.
Pianos and Organs.
AH of tlie best makes. $25 cash and
balance November 1, at spot cash prices
on a Piano. 810 cash and balance November
1, at spot cash prices on ivn
Organ. Delivered, freight free, at yoir
nearest depot. Fifteen days test trial
and freight both ways if not satisfactory.
Write for circulars.
N. W. TEUMP,
* Columbia, S. C.
An International Convention of employ- j
ing printers of the United States and C'anala j
has been called to meet in Chicago on
Tuesday, October IS, to devise plans ioTi
united action upon the recent demand of
the International Typographical Union;
J that nine hours shall constitute a da;ys
labor. ' J
' EXOIIXISTEK COX OX TUKKEY.
A TurkSj-li Salaam?Turkish Habits?Turkish
"Women, Ac., <&c.
The Eon. S. S. Cox's lecture, "Observations
iipOL. Turkey." says the Now
York Sun oi October 3, formed the principal
part of the entertainment given by
the Steckler Association at the T\iadsor
Theatre last night. Three policemen
stood at the entrance, and declared it
was impossible for another man to get
Judge Alfred Steckler had hardly finished
his brief introduction of Mr. Cox
when the audience lixed itself for an
hour's laughter, and it refu.-od to put
itself into any other attitude toward the
distinguished lecturer, in spite of the
evident lact tnat ne sometimes triea 10
be serious, Mr. Cox began by making a
Turkish salaam as the most fitting way
to express his recognition of the honors
about to be heaped upon him. He first
tried to touch his boot toe without bending
his knees, then placed his hand on
Vest he i aid was Las heart, stuck his
finger in his mouth, scratched bis head,
and concluded with a sweeping dancingmaster's
bow. The audience didn't care
Whether all this was good Tnrkish or
not; it was funny, and they laughed.
"The Turks always begin the day with
sunset," said Mr. Cox, and everybody
laughed again. "My mother-in-law
used to tell me that the Paritans began
their Sunday at sunset Saturday, and I
never went back on 'Sunset' when I
could help it."
Mr, Cox referred to his trip in the
Soudan under the guidance of the Sultan's
commissioner: "It may seem a
starange thing for a man to go to Turkey
with only one wife, but, as the man said
who had his head cut off, it was the only
ode I had. The Sultan has 484 wives,
ana he has to have their names put on
the doors of their rooms. For my part
I have always found one just about as
much as I can manage. When I met the
Khedive he said:
" 'Your Excellency, how is it your
country has grown so fast in population?'
" 'The attractive forces of our imml- j
gration laws and of our Constitution,' I j
*' -But have you got any of my people
" 'Oh, yes, we have two. I shipped
them yesterday from Alexandria. They
" 'Well, it's all right. They couldn't
be of much more use to me, anyhow.1
"I am perliaps the only man in America
who has ever shaken hands with the
Pharaoh of Scripture. He was a little
dusty, but I shook hands with him. My |
wonder is not so much that he was able j
to win immortality, but that he was able !
to preserve his immortalization.
"The great fight of the century will
not be about Bulgaria or Koumelia, but
will take place in Afghanistan, between
the V-nd animal Kussia and the sea animal
Great Britain. Some of those pres- j
ent will live to see it."
The climax of the lecturer's eloquence |
was reached when he began to describe
the Caucasian women who replenish the
harems of Constantinople.
"They appear on the streets as women
do in >~Vv York, but the eyes?the eyes.
?such eyes as I never saw elsewhere , j
Tb^e-.women belong to the. stock from :
?.1*.* "3TA 1
? JJLLVJiJL ULiJ. 1.11UI.OIUJ.O o^/i v?*v ,
beautiful, wonderful woman, compact in
form, noble of mein, graceful in movement,
aid musical in speech. The
Turkish race will .e replenished from
Caucasia time and again.
"On the bridge between Scutari and
Constantinople seventy-two nations are
represented in the passers to and fro,
different in costume, language and manners.
How does the Sultan harmonize
these diverse nations? The secret of
government is the same that was observed
in the ancient empires of Greece
and Kome?it is home rule?the system
of tribal relations which has prevailed
from the days of Abraham. Each tribe
has its head" and its own system of taxation,
and this plan prevails from the
Euphrates to the Adriatic. Crete ha3 its
own legislature. It is this system which ;
has kept the Turkish Empire together j
so long, in spite of its many enemies." I
Mr. Cox gave some specimens of Turk- j
ish humor, and mentioned the fact that j
more would be found in a certain book j
about to be published. In conclusion he
said that he hoped the day was far distant
when the amiable, just, honest and
vigilant Sultan should lose his hold upon
Pearl Fishers of the Ked Sea.
Some 300 boats of from eight to twenty
tons burden, and with crews of, in the
aggregate, about 2,'500 men, mostly neffro
slaves, are en erased in the pearl fish
eries of the Red Sea, -which yield from
3100,000 ta ?150,000 a year. One-third
of the income the owners of the vessels
retain;-, the remaining two-thirds are dis-;
tribated among the crews, which makes
an average of $30 to ?40 a year to every j
man. In former days Djeddah, near1
Mecca, in Arabia, was the port where all
the pearls -were taken and sold; but since
the government imposed an import duty
of eight per cent, upon the pearls the
fishers commenced carrying their shells
to Massowah and Suakin, on the African
coast, where they have only one per cent.
oi duty to pay. At present the latter
ports receive about three-quarters of the
entire yield, hardly one-quarter of it still
going to Djeddah. From these ports
the pearls are transported to Cairo and
Alexandria, in lower Egypt, whence most
of them go to Trieste, upon the Adriatic
Sea, few only reaching London and Hav:e
directly from Egypt.
Fearful Experience ot a Di ier.
Gardiner Floyd, a well known diver of
Portland Me., had an awful experience
many feet under water at Mattawamkoag
a few days ago. e He was at work on a
foundation lor a coner-aam at me saie
of a pier for a new bridge for the Canadian
Pacific Railroad. He had put a
chain around a big rock and given the
signal to hoist it, when a large piece of
the rock broke off. It fell upon the
diver, knocked him down, and pinned
one leg and foot to the bottom. His
crowbar was just beyond his reach, and
be feared every moment that his air
supply would give out. The bottom was
of mud and gravel and rather soft.
Mr. Floyd set to work to dig himself
free witn his hands. As fast as he undermined
the rock he propped it with
small stones. He dug away for dear life
for just half an hour before he succeeded
in getting his leg free. His air hose was
resting on two poir's of a ledge, but by
careful handling lie ?ot it straightened
out and gave the signal to hoist. He was
completely exhausted when he reached
the surface. His foot and leg were badly
bruised, but no bones were broken.?
Xcw York Star.
A most beautiful bonnet made last
week for a prominent society leader was
of helmet shape with sides of dark amber
and bronze brown. The front trimming
was of soft velvet formed into a puff, the
velvet running down the back of bonnet
in folds, dark and light amber formed
the trimming at the sides.
I GKE VT V. ALL \ MY 7H.
! SuriJiisirj; Statement, ?>y it French
;tiom the Lond .u Times.)
j AbbeLairien, formerly a missionary
I to China, has published a pamphlet
J (Paris, Ler<:nx.) on the Great W&ii of
China, to demonstrate that this structure
does not exist and has never existed.
The popular belief is that this tvuII
stretches for about eight hundred
league1? aero-s China, from the sea to
the province 01 ?an-Su. That it is
wholiy constructed of cut .stone, and is
thirty" cubits high by twelve broad.
It is believed to ran straight on regardless
of obstacles, goiug down valleys and
up mountains, without break, except
j such as time has made, along its whole
I ?TJiia >> .-.f iVin s.t'i nriji.) bui\ wit.il si
Jesuit named Martini, who visited China
about 1650, and his description v.-us followed
by subsequent writers. 31. Larrieu
has lived for several years ur'.Vr
what would have been the shadow of the
Great Wall had there been one; he has
studied the writings of recent writers?
especially Abbe Hue?who have crossed
the line of the alleged wall in various
places, he has likewise studied the
Chinese history of the subject, and Lis
conclusions are as follows: (1) The term
''Great Wall" is at the bottom of all the
misunderstanding, and it comes from
the Chinese expression, "the wall of the |
ten thousand ii;" (2) as described by
Martini and other writers who have
copied him, this wall does not and never
did exist; (3) a Chinese Emperor undoubtedly
did conceive the idea of a
great wall from the Gulf of Liao-Long
on the east to Kan-Su on the west, and
this, though never realized, had a beginning;
(4; all along the proposed line
I o< the wall square towers of earth, or ot
earth faced with brick, were constructed
at considerable distances from each othi
cr, but these were never joined together
by any wall as was originally intended.
In some of the defiles idong the route
' ? * -M- 1 i- ' 1 '-i. ~ J
mere are wa:is, uui ?::jse were iuiemitu
to close these particular passages, or
they are merely the walls of villages,
and are not parts of a larger scheme.
Hence the only part of the scheme of
the Great Wall carried out was the construction
of these scattered towers, the
rest never went beyond the brain-that
conceived it; ii was never more than a
fancy, and it is n-jw a myth. This huge
Chinese wall, says Abbe Lnrrieu, is a
huge Chinese lie, and as for the million
soldiers which wore said to guard it night
?.nd day, they are myths likewise. The
alleged Great Wall is a favorite excursion
for Europeans visitiog IVkin, and
such a question as whether it exist at ail
or not should be an easy one to settle
USE Olf THIS WEED.
A Change Taking Place in tin; L'se of
(From ill.' >\ Y. Corilinercial .-.dvcrtiser)
Every tobacconist recognizes the great
change that is taking place in what may
be called in a rather nec sense the public
taste. Any average tobacconist,
whose trade is not chiefly among sailors
and truckmen, will tell you he dots not
sell one-half as much chewing tobacco as
he did ten years ago. Tc-ry likely he
-.till be unable to guess why it is, but he
can't deny the fact. I asked one of them
about it the other day. He said:
"The change i? aie to a variety of
causes. It i= a gre?.i deal more apparent
here in the East than in the West and
South, but it is going on all over the
country. Une tiling is undoubtedly tue
strength cf public opinion that it is an
uncleanly habit. It is hard for a man
who chfcT.3 to keep evidences oi it from
his clothes. That fact makes it inevitable
that the habit should go down before
the increasing attention to dress,
that is a feature of moderu life. Then a
great many refined and well-intentioned i
persons have waged war against it for
years. It -was inevitable that some
effect should follow their crusade.
"But the principal causes are right
here: There is a great deal more dyspepsia
and stomach trouble in the country
now than there used to be, and no person
can chew tobacco who has a weak
stomach. James Parton says in hi*
famous pamphlet against rum and
tobacco that the stomach will hold out
against the weed longer than the lungs.
James does not smoke or chew, and
therefore he doesn't know. Common
experience shows that he is wrong, and
doctors support the verdict of common
experience. The action of the tobacco
juice, which trickles down the chewer's
throat, is to paralyze the stomach. It
will do that long before smoke will have
; any perceptible effect upon an ordinary
[ pair of lungs.
"Then the cigarette has done a great j
deal to put an end to the habit of chew^
ing tobacco. The growth of the cigarette
practice in this country is, as they
say of Western towns, 'phenomenal.'
The consumption of cigarettes h?6
j doubled many times over in the last
j fifteen years. About seven out of every
| ten boys who are growing up now smoke
j cigarettes, -bid after a boy has smoked
! cigarettes a few years he not only has no
i taste for tobacco in any.cther form, but
he has no constitution left to stand
chewing tobacco. It is curious how
boys wiii take cigarettes. I believe it is
very largely because of the fuss that is
made about them, it has g to be the
common opinion that cigarette smoking
is the most injurious practice known.
That is just why boys adopt it. It makes
them an object of awful interest to other
ooys ana xo g;ris. it is sooiumg a
boy's foolish pride to know to that people
have marked him out as one who is
resiling with frightful temerity to early
destruction. Whether that is the cause
of it or net, it is perfectly certain that
more and mors cigarettes are being sold
every year and less and less chewing
fie lieliiseti to J*'ire.
DruLix, October 5.?Evictions were
continued at Gweedore to-day. When
the police, followed by an immense
crowd, came to the house of the Widow
Bowles, they found it stVongJy barricaded,
and the inmates prepared to make
Boiling water was dashed upon the
bailiffs and they were several times compelled
to retire. They linaily gained
access to the roof and demolished the
chimney, tumbling the debris down into
the tire. The burning coals were scat^v%-?
tU a < ?>/J fli . AC?
Lt'I'JU Vii, UiSJ H.WL uu * t V-JL* J-i-i lx^<* ?T V/^V
compelled to surrender. Seven persons
were taken from the house and placed
The hostile demeanor of the crowd
alarmed the commander of the police
and he ordered his men to prepare to
fire, whereupon Constable Hanghey declined
to obey the order, advanced a
few paces from the ranks and threw
down his rifle. He will probably be arrested
for refusing to lo his duty.
it costs anywhere from live hundred to
five thousand dollars a month to keep a
yacht like those owned by wealthy men.
3Ir. Muir, of Dumbarton, Scotland,
promises ;:o be the next competitor for
AN IMPORTANT DECISION.
j The Ta.xa.tion of Boiula Held by Foreign j
t Laud Loan Companio?lbpy Cannot be !
The opinion of Attorney General!
Zarle given below was rendered in re-j
sponse to the request of Comptroller j
(.General Stoney, by reason of the question
being raised as to the correctness of
the lattc-r's opinion and practice in relation
to the taxation of bonds, sccured sy
mortgage of lands in this State, held by
foreign land loan companies. The
opinion fully confirms the Comptroller
Hon. W. E. Stoney, Comptroller General:
In response to your request for my
cpinion as to whether bonds secured by
mortgages of lands in this itftte held by
foreign land loan companies are taxable
in this State, I beg to say, that in my
opinion such bonds are not taxable here.
The Supreme Court of the United
States, in the case'-of the State tax on
foreign-held bonds, Railroad ts.-Pennsylvania,
15 Wallace, 300, decides the
matter in point; that bonds issued by a
r i r 1 y*/-\rv-> nortv oro rvm"nA"H"V 1T> tliA
I i'.iUAVWU K* V vj ?
bunds of the holders, and when held by
non-residents of the State in which the
company was incorporated, they are
property beyond the jurisdiction of that
State, and "to tax them is not a legitimate
exercise of the taxing power, and this is
not affected by the fact that the bonds
are secured by mortgage upon property
situate in the State. The tax laws of a
State can have no extra-territorial opertion,
nor can any laws of a State inconsistent
with the terms of a contract made
with or payable to parties out of the
State have any effect upon the contrast
whilst it is in the hands of such parties
or other non-residents of the State.
In the case of Jenkins vs. Charleston,
"> S. C., 393, the Supreme Court of this
State decided that the City Council of
i Charleston may lawfully tax its own
stocks, as well as that owned by nonI
residents as that owned by residents of
the city, and that such a tax does not
impair the obligation of the contract.
The Supreme Court of the United
States, in the case of Murray vs. Charleston,
96 U. S., 432, reversed the decision
oi; the Supreme Court of South Carolina
IT; tiie case oi o en Kits vs. unariesson
and in the case of Murray vs. Charleston,
the t<vo cases being governed by the
The cases above cited seem to me conclusive
of the matter.
>*ovelties for the Ladles.
Opera glasses of oxidized silver, ctchea
in repousse style, 'will be very popular
Ladies' cuff buttons of pale bine
enamel, traversed with gold wire., will be
Failles and ribbed silks in both light
and dark colors are covered with minute
iioral patterns, woven into the main
portion of the fabric.
.In octopus of oxidized silver, having
suspended from each of its eight legs a
heavy link chain, to which some pretty
little knickknack is atiached, is tfe most
r^ent design in chatelaines.
| A Boujanger hat seen on the Avenue
yesterday was of gray stone-colored velvet,
with steel cord on the edge and tips
and wings of light stet-1 color. A steel
buckle caught the point of crown in
The enamel goods shown this season
are most beautiful in design. An exquisite
lady's pin is shown in the shape
: oi an English or double violet, beautij
fully enameled and resting in diamond
on its outer leaf, representing a drop of
The link bracelet o.t newer make is
j most exquisitely chased and richly
| adorned, either in combination or coico
t'J.J HAIU UAOUtVUVWj f jf "'* v *? |
rubies. Lace pins are shown in enamel
forming sprays ard bouquets oi small
The new leather pouches and card
eases are now handsomely finished r.nu
more expensively than for some time
past. They are tints of pale terra cotta,
embossed with delicate seagreen figures
in silver arabesques, others are embossed
with gold. Pretty pouches will be worn
at the side of the belt, made of embossed
leather, velvet or lace with girdle
English wraps of pilot cloths, rough
tweeds, piaided and checked English
wools, cheviots, smooth camel's hair
goods crossed with shaggy lines of deep
color and diagonal bourettes will be
fashionable. The wraps will have large
pointed hoods, red silk linings and very
pocket flaps. In many cases these wraps
will match the gowns and will be trimmed
with braid or embroidery. Others will
be in simple tailor style with machinestitched
edges. The Newmarkets will
be richly decorated with applique in silk
card with handsome brandebourges and
aig.iilettes to match. English ulsters,
red and black striped, Eton coats and
short jackets in French, Londonderry,
Russian and Gladstone, trim and close-*r?
orj/3 mi f
JJUL LiAw WUVii uvawiv I
breasted over gold banded Briton vests,
will be extensively worn.
Gray continues to be very fashionable,
and in Paris very many of the new costumes
being prepared for the gay autumn
and winter season are made wholly
oi gray. This is a style established early
in the summer-season by English royalty.
The favorite costume will be*of gray
French cashmere combined with soft
gray vc1 'et, gray colored silk garni tared
with cuu steel embroideries and of gray
cloth and moire trimmed with costly
gray gimps and galloons. These wili be
more to the exclusion, it may be, of the
brilliant gowns which have made the
Parisians famous in times past. Other
prevailing colors for the coming season
will be dark Roman red, golden bronze
:md the new terra cotta which is far
prettier than that of past seasons. The
delicate kail' tones in combination which
have been-worn for the past few seasons
are a bit more delicate, and in the silks
for autumn and winter gowns that the
prominent French modistes have just
brought over with thein there is more
real beauty than in the shades of last
yen* some of which were garish and
aggressive. These nuances' in color are
o: 2:0-1 novel shades such as bronze aiid
pale strawberry, dark blue and reseda,
terra cotta and golden brown, peach
color and olive, pink and blue, and
uiuy others seemingly impossible to
combine. 31iss Nanette Comstock, the
actress, will come out next week with a
most beautiful gown of this peculiar
combination. The skirt will be of a
very pale tint of green, with overikirt of
combination green and pink stripes of a
tint quite as delicate as the green of the
skirt." The green of the overskirt is a
bit deeper than the skirt. The orapings
will be of lace.
Dennis Kearnev, the agitator, arrived in
Chicago from the Pacific coast yesterday,
and left for New York to take part in the
three-cornered political struggle waging
between the Democrats, Republicans "and
the followers of Henry George.
Tragedy Near Madison, Ga.?A Negro 3Ian
Willi Three Members of Kis Family.
A special from Madison, Ga., to the
Atlanta Constitution says:
The people of Morgan comity are
aroused by the news of a terrible family
tragedy "which took place some time botvreen
Saturday night and Sunday morning.
About 2 o'clock on Sunday morning
the clatter of horse's feet -were heard
by Marshal Beardon, the rider exclaimiii3
in great excitement as he rode in:
"I want a doctor! I want the sheriff!
Old man Dow Locket is dead! Aunt
Lucy and Moilie have their throats cut
and are dying!"
The rider was a negro, named Bill,
who worked on the plantation of Mr.
Anthony Fannin, three miles from
town. 'Upon the same plantation lived
Dow Locket, a venerable old negro, and
his wife Lucy. They had but one child
with them, their daughter Moilie, Several
years ago ciic accepted the love of
Alexander Mo:rris, a hand working upon
an adjoining plantation. For a while
all went well, 'intil jealousy entered the
heart of Morris, and after that there was
but little peace. He whipped Ms wife
frequently, and abused her so that she
was afraid of her life. Early last week
he went home one night and renewed his
crael treatment. He beat her until she
fell exhausted in a faint. Some time
during the night her consciousness returned,
when she found her husband
sleeping soundly beside her. Stealthily
she arose, and. slipping out of the house,
ran in despera ion to the home of her
parents, where she obtained refuge.
"About an hour ago," said the rider,
"I heard terrible screams, which were
preceded by a gunshot. Eunning out I
saw a man at Locket's front door, pulling
a woman out, kicking her, and cutting
wildly at her with a knife. Hie
neighbors began to gather, when the
man ran off, and by the time the nature
of his work was known he had disappeared
entirely. The woman in. the
yard was Mcilie, the wife of Aleck
\TVvrr*c rr>nf rrac /' Tit. f>7san d/>rnss.
The people went in ana found that
Locketi was dead, while his wife was
almost dead, with her throat cut clean
across, jn&t like her daughter's outside.
Then I jumped on my horse and rode
into town after a doctor."
A party was at once organized, consisting
of the coroner, she riff and several
others, who reached the scene of the
tragedy at daylight. Hundreds of excited
negroes had gathered at the place,
among whom the excitement was intense.
All agreed that they would lynch,
the murderer if they could get him.
The most fiendish forms of torture were
proposed for Morris. The wounded
wife said that her husband came to the
house, as he claimed, to effect a reconciliation,
and wanted his wife to go back
with him. This she refused to do. He
then said he would stay all night. When
bedtime came Locket went to bed,
sleeping on a pallet on the floor, while
his wife, Lucy, got into the bed, in the
corner of the room, and Mollie got on a
bed in the opposite side. What followed
can best be told in her own words, as
tnlrl vnr.r f?nwGSiv>ndent;
"Dad went to sleep about 10 o'clock,
and soon .sUoiiziag.? ? "
awhile, and she, too, fell asleep, -and left
Aleck sitting in the door. He wanted
me to .go back with him, an' sorter
promised to go. I was 'fraid of him,
an' then I wanted to get some money of
mine he had, and I just talked kinder
ij-ood to him. By and by I fell asleep.
\Vhen I waked up I looked over to set)
mam stooping over dad's pallet trying
to put oat the fire. His cover was
ablaze and the room was full of smoke.
Just then I saw a man spring on mam
and throw her to the floor. She sorter
choked, and l jumped out of bed. It
was Aleck. He left mam' aud sprang
upon me, dragging me out the door to
the ground. J saw a knife in his hand.
He struck at my throat, but I warded it
oil"; the nest lick and he cut me again
and again. I ielt the keen edge oi his
knife. Then he jumped and run. Aleck
was was not drunk, and I don't know
why he wanted to kill us. Did not
know dad was killed until just before
you came. The shot must have waked
In the room Dow Locket lay on his
side with his eyes closed in sleep. He
evidently died without a struggle, and
never knew what killed him. A doublebarrel
gun lay on the floor, with its
muzzle not six inches from his head. It
tvoc hie rwrrs orrrn an/1 rho occoccin fA
step over his sleeping form to get it
from tlie rack.
Sheriff Hillsman at once sent for Toon
Powell's dogs. The animals took up
the scent without trouble, running in
the direction of Newton county. When
iast heard from they were half way between
Madison and Atlanta, while, the
pursuing party of whites and blacks was
oeing increased as it went along by people
anxious to join in the lynching of
the triple murderer.
Few people seem aware how enormously
a petticoat dress of any sort increases
the apparent size of the hips until
they have seen the same persons in a
different?i. e., two-legged?dress. The
habit of wearing a dress which causes
the duality of the form to be concealed
is the true cause of ail the errors and
strange contortions which seem inseparable
from women's dress. It com
pletely alters the character of the figure
and causes an ordinary waist to look
urge and clumsy. Dress a man in a
v,-oman's skirt and his waist immediately
appears large out of all proportion to its
height, and this result is the true cause
of the compression oi the waist among
most European nations. Till it is removed,
it is vain to argue against tight
lacing. The majority of women also
seem unaware how unbecoming a thing
is the tight bodice, which is the stereotyped
form on whicii their dress bodices
are made. They unconsciously try to
improve upon it by making imitation
vests and waistcoats and falls ot lace
down the front. But with a loose, happing
skirt an artistic and becoming form
i f bodice is out of the Question, for onlv
a tight bodice can give the hourglass pinch
rendered accessary by the globular form
the legs assume when encased in skirts.
.V Horrible Confession.
Cincinnati, October 4.?The mystery
surrounding the murder of Henry Kemper,
ti c Barr street grocer, which occurred early
i;i January, lias been solved by the
dying confession of the murdered man's
son, John, aged 24, in which the latter
acknowledges that he killed his father for
tlie purpose of securing a large sum cf
money that the old man was supposed to
h:ive had on his person at the time. Xews
was received here this morning that John
Kemper had been fatally injured in a railroad
wreck, and that he had made a con
It -ilOll iii Vv lu<ju ue iua auster,
who is uov in California.
Among butter makers and dealers in the
country the general opinion has been that
baiter churned from sweet cream is not so
good, and will not keep as 'well, as that
mude from sour cream.
t,?,, ... W*