Newspaper Page Text
r VOL. XLIY. , ' WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 14, 1888. NO. 33. I
* * '
WAR TALE IN CONGRESS.
M TBYING TO REVIVE ISSUES THAT
r OUGHT TO 1SE BUKIEIX
A Forensic Conflict; Bet-ween Senators
. Ingalls and Blackb orn?The Kentnckian
k Gets the Better of the Tilt.
^ On Tuesday the 6th inst. the United
States Senate had tinder consideration
^ the dependent pension bill. After brief
speeches by Senators Berry, Manderson,
Sherman, Teller and Beck, Senator
Ingalls, the presiding officer, having
called Senator JPlatt to tiie unarr, pro- [
oeeded to address the Senate, the gallek
ries being crowded to their full capacity.
He said that considerations of decorum
and propriety (perhaps excessive and
overstrained) had deterred him. from
participation thus far in the debates of
the Senate. He had, therefore, been
surprised, one day last week, on return?
ingto the chamber, after a brief absence,
to learn that the Senator from
Missouri (Vest) had referred to him in
terms not complimentary in a debate in
which he had taken no part, intimating
that the people of the District of Colum
bia were incapable of disinterested pa- j
triotism and that the veterans of the Re-1
r public were a mob of sordid plunderers.
As to himself, he would say that the
nomination and election of Grover
Cleveland had made the nomination of
any American citizeD to the Presidency
respectable. There was no man so ignorant
or mean that he might not aspire to
nomination to the Presidency by the
Democratic party. [Laughter and applause.]
He regretted that the Senator
from Missouri was not in his seat to-day.
He should not imitite that Senator's bad
example, and would confine himself, so
far as he was concerned, to that SenatfYT'c
anfAhiooTft-nhv. That Senator was
born in a State that had not seceded, the
State of Kan tacky, and had represented
in the Confederate Congress the State of
Missouri?a State which had not seceded.
It would be gratifying to the historian
to find out how he had been admitted to
represent a State which had never seceded.
But that was matter for ancient
history. The Senator from Kentucky,
(Blackburn) had also referred eneeringly
. to the super-loyalty of the soldiers of
the Union. He did not challenge the
honor or courage of these Senators in
their devotion to the South and to the
Soathern Confederacy. They could not
be suspected of insincerity. They had
gone into the Confederacy because they
wanted to go; because they believed that
slavery was better than freedom, and
castacxri/i'n Wiar +.V>an nrvrm Tt, TTftc
curious that Confederates from UnionStates
were a little more pronounced, a
little more aggressive and a little more
violent in their denunciations of the
.North than Confederates from States
that seceded. He did not know where
the Senator from Missouri had got the
figures from when he stated that bnt
3,000 of Lee's army had surrendered at
Appomattox. If that Senator had pluck-ed
a few of the plumes from the dazzling
tail of his imagination and had stack
them into the wings of his judgment, he
would have flown a more accurate flight.
Instead of 8,000 men with muskets who
were in the final crash and collison of
t the war there had been 73,911 men. The
Senator's mathematics were certainly
giddy. But one parallel was to be found
to the extraordinary inaccuracy of that
statement, and that was the same Senator's
statement that of 2,300,000 soldiers
of the Union army more than one-half
had applied for pensions. Such speeches
as those of the Senators from Missouri
and Kentucky were intended to catch
the Confederate vote, and they -would
catch it. They were "centre shots,"
striking the bull's-eye every time and
"ringing the belL" [Applause, vigorously
suppressed by the Chair.] He
wanted the Senators on the Democratic
side of the chamber to understand that
their disguise for opposing pension bills
was so exceedingly thin that nobody was
deceived by it. It was not a question of
cost. Hie South did not love the Union
army, neither did the Democratic party.
Senator Morgan reminded Senator
Ingalls that the Democratic party had
nominated and sustained a Federal
officer, General Hancock, for the Presidency.
Yes, said Senator Ingalls, it did support
General Hancock, and it also supported
Horace Greeley, attempting to
fool the North. It also nominated and
supported that other ally of the Con"d
mrtp.1 qiiqti ftn/vh
J.CU.URK/J, UCVlgO JJ. m.vwv.n.1 .. ?
pretensions are altogether too diaphanous.
They require to have the drapery
removed for inspection.
In 1886 there was in Atlanta a grand
historical occasion, when a statue to the
' memory of an honored Senator was to
be unveiled, a man whom he (Ingalls)
honored and respected, and on that occasion
the ex-Presi.lent of the Confederacy
was invited to be present. Men
flocked to that array as they go .to a
banquet, as waves come when navies are
stranded, and the city was decorated with
Confederate emblems to make a Confederate
holiday. He quoted from a speech
TW* of v? n troil vnnr tllA
U1 IU:? VilOUJ OV UAO HUA W* ?w J
Hill stafcae at Atlanta in which Mr.
. Davis was spoken of as one whose "gray
haixa were crowned with deathless love,"
and as one who, "though an outcast
from the privile^js of this great Government,
is the uncrowned king of our
people." He did not propose to rehearse
the zeply of Mr. Davis except to quote
one uentenc3j in which he referred to
Senator Hill as having "mashed the injurious
Yankee, (meaning, he supposed,
their friend now in Florence.) He spoke
of the same orator. CGradv,") having gone
to New York, and New "England soon
aftowards, and made speeches there,
pouring out his 'treacle, cold cream and
honey and maple syrup all over the
North." When, he asked, was that
orator sincere? When did he speak the
sentiments, feelings and conscience of
the Southern people? Was it when he
delivered that oration in Atlanta on May
1,1886, or was it when he spilled oil and
. : wine over all the imerican people of the
Coning back to the opposition of
Southern Senators to pension bills, he
said he did not blame them for it. He
ofteu wondered how he would have
acted if the relations had been reversed,
and if the Federal Government had been
overthrown. He did not fcaiieve lie
would have felt comforted in voting
pensions to Confederate soldiers. Ee
believed he should have been a conspirator
against the Confederacy to the end
of ha days. But he should have regarded
as the dim at of ei&ontery, as
the very apex and summit of hardihood
and audacity, (he would notsav of pusillanimity
^d doshoror,) if after he had
"accepted ptedon and had had his disabilities
removed, and had taken the
oath of allegiance to the successful
Southern Confederacy, he had denour
ced (day after day) the efforts which
those Confederates made to reward their
own soldiers, and if he haggled about
the price which the conquering country
should have seen fit to bestow on the
men by whose arms it had conquered.
Be did not think that the North was
[ at all deluded by the pretensions of the
I Senators on the other side. It was a
little singular that in all the years "which
had elapsed since the war there never
hod come from one of the States that
had been in rebellion (so far as he knew)
a Union soldier as a representative in
either branch, of Congress elected by
Democratic votes. The Democratic
party in those States never had blundered
in sending to Congress or electing
as Governor a man who had not served
in the Confederate army in some capacity.
That had been the supreme
test. When he looked over the rolls of
the Senate and of the House and reflected
how few of those who had served
in the Union armv were found in the
councils of the nation he "was not surprised
at witnessing such demonstrations
as were witnessed when pension bills
were up for action.
Criticising the statement of Senator
Yest, that of $883,000,000 paid out in
pensions $290,000,000 has been contributed
by the South, he declared that
such a statement was a "glittering generality."
He doubted whether the South
had actually contributed ?290,000 instead
of ?290,000,000. But even if the
South had paid $290,000,000, it was very
lucky that it did not have to pay all the
pensions. Instead of grumbling and
complaining that it had paid ?290,000,-.
000 it ought to be thankful that it did
not have to foot the "entire bill, as
France had to do after the FrancoPrussian
Spnar-or Tncalls dAnls/rpri +,tiafc the
movement for pensions was not going to
stop nntil the arrears of pensions were
paid; until the limitations were removed
and until every pensioner was paid from
the day of his disabilities, or, in case of
a survivor, from the day of the soldier's
death, and until every surviving soldier
of the Union army was placed on the
pension rolls for service only. That
was, he said, when it was going to stop;
and if the other side did not like it, they
might make the most of it. [Very general
applause on the floor and in the
SEXATOK BLAOKBTJRN'S EEPLY.
Senator Blackburn rose to reply and
said (after the confusion succeeding
Ingalls's speech had subsided) that he
was at a loss to account for the course of
the Senator from Kansas in dragging
him into the tirade in which he had just
indulged. He was sure that he (Blackburn)
had never boasted his identification
with the military service and had
never referred to the fact of his having
been a Confederate soldier. Unlike the
Senator from Kansas, he (Blackburn)
thought his military service too modest
and zoo humble to prove a subject of
interest to the galleries. He did not
need to be told by ^ that Senator that
Kentucky had always been loyal. That
Senator knew that he (Blackburn) represented
a constiuency which had sent
three men into the Union army for one
man that Kansas sent, and it was not
without pride that he recalled the fact
that of thirty odd States then in the
Union, Kentucky was the only State
which had, without a draft, suppled
more than her quota of men to both
sides during the struggle. Why the
Senator from Kansas should have
travelled out of his way to make an onslaught
upon him he did not know. He
did not know that he (Blackburn) was a
necessary connecting link with the Senator's
acceptance of the Presidential
nomination." The Senator from Kansas
doubtless did ki.o-y that illness in the
family of tiie Senator from Missouri naa
taken him a long distance from the city,
and that he was to be abseht for some
time on that account. He did not intend
to be involved in any controversy with
the Senator from Kansas, but he protested
against the lack of fairness evinced
by that Senator -when he undertook to
deal in such fashion with men who had
simply stated facts and submitted data
for the consideration of the Senate on
the pending bill What connection, he
asked, had the speech made at Atlanta,
1.1 ?T J 4. T>
UL LJJLC spccuu. inauc au jljjlwjuju UI non
York, by a gentleman who had never
been a member of either house of Congress,
with the pending bill ?
When the Senator from Kansas undertook
to speak of the Chief Executive of
the country in the terms he had seen fit
to employ and which, he took it, were
deliberately prepared and conned, he
(Ingalls) certainly conld not take issue
with him (Blackburn) if he concluded
that it was not entitled to response or
reply in the presence of so angnst and
distinguished a body as the Senate of the
United States. What cause of grievance
the Senator had that warranted him in
applying language to the Chief Magis
trate wmcn wotua not De permissioie on
the hustings (iie -would not say that it
would be disgraceful even to be employed
by a fish-woman) he did not
know. Eut when that Senator undertook
to denounce the Chief Executive of
the United States after such fashion as
to deliberately declare that no man
afflicted with 'ignorance so profound,
with obscurity so gross, should consider
himself as unfit to become the President's
successor, it did seem to him,
Blackburn, that the dignity of the Senate
Chamber refused permission to respond.
He was not here to defend the
President from such unwarranted attacks.
He knew but one sin which the
President had committed in the eyes of
the Senator from Kansas. That might
an unpardonable sin. It was that
having defeated the Senator's party at
tViA r>olls he har? oiven to the American
people for three years past so efficient,
so honest, so clean-handed an administration
as to doom the last of Republican
aspirations to disaster. [Applause on
the Democratic side and in the galleries.]
But the Senator irom Kansas had even
gone farther and done worse in his intemperate
zeaL He had not spared the
sanctity of the grave in his frantic efforts
to stir up prejudices between sections
already reunited. He had dragged up
for abuse and villificaticn before the
American Senate such men as had burnished
with their unblemished swords
the brightest pages of American history.
McClellaa and Hancock were to be denounced
in the Senate Chamber as allies
KJX UUV VVlU^UVJLawo* TI vIAO.V4 AV uvv MMf w |
been in better taste (at least more creditable
to the courage and candor of the
Senator) if he had made such a charge
; before both of these men were bnried ?
In galls (from his seat:) "I did, often."
[Murmurs of applause and laughter.]
Blackburn: "Then, so much the worse
for the Senator from Kansas. What
warrant or ground had he for that, except
that they were both different from
himself?at least in political faith, if
Imav we not lionft alsn"! in many other
regards? Hancock an ally of the Confederates!
Was he so regarded and
believed when, weltering in Ms blood on
Cemetery Heights, he refused to be removed
fmra the field, and persisted in
giving orders which checked the last
advance of Longstreet's irresistible bnttalions?
Was it this man, who was honored
by the American people, whether
Republicans or Democrats, up to the
very date when he had accepted the
nomination of the Democratic party,
who was to be spoken of as an ally of
the Confederates? The Senator from
XTAT^OOO r\G ?Vi A ?T*/"\YY"?
t VJ. tiuu XAVUi
Missouri, and says that he rests his co;
plaint upon that Senator's autobiogi
phy. I believe it is generally asstun
that the gentleman writes that- bit
interesting history for himself. In loo
ing over the short but conspicuous
brilliant autobigraphy of the Senat
from Kansas, I find that he "was net
the army in 1861. He certainly was n
in the army in 1862, because he said ]
was in the State Senate of Kansas in th
year. But he was in the army from 18(
to 1865, and in what capacity? One wl
had sat ann tn fhft SATiafj
might suppose that he was controlling
great army operating in the West, if n<
in the East also. I saw the bronzed ar
weather-beaten commander of the Ame
ican- army [alluding to Gen. Sheridai
who had occupied a seat on the fio<
during Ingalls's speect,] sit here in th
Chamber and blush in modesty at tl
humble part which 1b found he ha
played in the "war of ike Rebellion" i
comparison with that .of the Senate
from Kansas. What vas that Senator
occupation in a military capacity? B
was a judge advocate of the Kansas Vo
"While Gen. Black, commissioner c
pensions, was bleeding on the Kansc
frontier; while McClalan was commanc
ing the army at Peteisburg; while Har
cock was weiiering ir his blood on Ceir
etery Heights at Gettysburg, the Sens
tor from Kansas, alravs behind the rea
of the army, was prosecuting Kansa
jayhawkers for riflirg hen roosts. [Lorn
laughter and applaise.] Now what ar
you to think of the arguments of a Sen
ator who will leave his seat as presiding
officer and coire to the floor in illustra
tion of a partisan zeal, which, I am gla<
to say, I have never seen equalled, at
tacking all decent people from the Presi
dent of the Urited States down, civilian
as well as miliary men, and letting n<
object escape "he venom of his tongue
One would ssy that he was a cynic
despising mankind?perhaps because h<
had a suspicbn that' mankind is no
enamored of Hm. "But
neither President nor soldier
living or dead Confederate or Federal
except he accords with him in politica
convictions, is safe from his unjust anc
unfounded atticka I do not want to b?
put in the position of an opponent oi
; enemy of pensionng honest Federa
soldiers. I have ns-er opposed pensioning
men who have ervecl in the Unior
army, and who wer< incapacitated from
supporting themselves either by disease
or wounds; and I !o not know a Confederate
who has dae so.
"The Senator tel3 us, in that haste
with which he ruaes to conclusions,
that no Democratic ;onstituency in the
South had ever elecsd Union soldiers to
either house of Cogress. I do not
know that it is matrial to answer that
assertion, but there is not an atom of
foundation in fact for the statement.
mu _ x ~ ^ m j. j. - n
j_ne otate ox ?exa sent to congress
term after term a extinguished soldier
in theperson of Govrnor Hancock. The
State of Arkansas ent in recent years
from a Democratic onstituency a Union
soldier to represeD her in the other
House of Congress.would like to know
if the late Governr Walker was not
a Union soldier ancLn honored Representative
in the otir branch of Congress
from an ovewhehningly Democratic
district in le Old Dominion?
Did not the Senatr from Kansas remember
that withiothe last six years,
(and for six years, )the State of Kentucky
kept continDusly in the other
PfVvnBA rti rVmoToeo rfiafrinoTiicViA^ "FVrl
eral general duringhe war, (alluding to
Wolford,) who washot out of his saddle
more than half a dcen times, and who
always came there s the candidate of
the Democratic pay, elected in a Democratic
district? I.o not care to follow
the Senator (time frbids it) through all
the inaccuracies of ds utterances. Party
man as I am, partim asIcoDfessmyself
to be, I do sincere' trust that I may
never find my ten of public service
prolonged to that ty, nor my life extended
to that hou when, without warrant.
without factso support it, with
out truth at my bss, I will turn deliberately
to traduce ad abuse the dead,
who while living rere honored by all
honorable men." joud applause, which
the presiding o?5<r again checked.]
"We welcome very success in the
construction of ajtton factory in the
South. The wdd is not yet half
clothed, and theras work enough for
us all in providin.ihe cloth. The Wonderful
supplies oyour oak bark will
draw to you tl hides for tanning,
whether you will r no, until through
the diversity everif agricultural labor,
TT?V?,i/?h 10 Knm r\f yf.tr rAnrliAmfl onr*
rrixivu uwxu va /v-wj j j vux
ply of hides will ake you exporters of
finished leather, isides supplying your
own wants. Of hat should we build
our factories ex<xt we had the abundant
supply of mthern pine? Your
wealth of hard-w>d timber compels you
to develop all b arts of the woodworker,
sending .e partly-finished material
for the prent to the North to be
completed. Anyou will have to send
till the men in fe work shops of the
South have leard the fine art which
accompanies theomprehension of the
difference betwe. a C9nt and a nickel.
The factorv, th mine and the metal
works have thertrue place, but their
importance mu not be exaggerated.
The collective wk which can be carried
on by the facjorprinciple of great subdivision
of.labo:and by the bringing
together of largaumbers of people under
one roof or ider one control now
gives occupation less than one in ten
of all those where occupied for gain in
this couutry, le workers numbering
about one in evy three of the population.
The oth nine work with brain
or hand where le work is to be done,
i and ea:-n one mends on nis own personal
capacityfor his success. The
product of the liiy exceeds that of any
single branch othe textile industry, and
it is nearly eqruto that 'of the whole.
The value of tl hens' eggs consumed
every year in tt United States is greater
than that of g iron. "We must maintain
the true baace of power in industry,
as in politicand in the science of
government. 1 these lesser arts chief
attention shouloe given in a country
which has beero long devoted almost
exclusively to sae of the cruder products
of agricture."?Edward Atkinson
in The Sou. L
Dejjj Mb. Eitob:?Won't you please
tell your male aders that ?3 will buy a
fine, strong ai serviceable pair -of
pants, made to :aer by the N. Y. Standard
Pants Co. )i 66 University Place,
New York city:By sending 6 cents in
postage stamps o the above firm, they
will send to anjaddress 25 samples of
cloth to choose om, a fine linen tape
measure, a full t of scientific measurement
blanks another valuable information.
All goodire delivered by them
through the U.. Mails. A novel and
practical idea, .dvise your readers to
try trie nrm. Jey are tnorougniy reliable.
* V ILXiIAH YA>DESErLT.
The number osomen who care to vote
is about equal toie number of men who
i like to put the b$- to sleep.
LIBBY-AS A MUSEUM.
EX-PRISONERS OF WAR OBJECT
k" THE 'J3AXGE.
Q Southern Sentiment Against Kemovi
0^. Objections from Captain Stewart?1
Old Pilt to be Used as a Musenm.
at fKrom tbe Chicaao Newso
33 "When the ever-vigilant American sp
10 ulator first tnrned to commercial accoi
^ the thrilling epochs of the war by rop
dncing them in panoramas lond prote
id were not wanting. "Reviving d?
r" issues," "Prolonging sectional hatred
"The degradation of hallowed men
is ries," were some of the pet phrases
ie those who found fault with the schen
^ It is needless to suggest which view
)r the case triumphed. The sentiment
's ists were routed, and another generati
je of Americans has lived the war seer
over again on canvas, while those w
invested in the canvas have been nea:
Is buried in art avdenche of dollars.
' The objections against perpetuati
i- the memories of the war have aga?'n coi
i- to the front, only in. a more intensifi
r form, since it v proposed to transf
s Libby prison to Chicago as a busine
3 enterprise. The arrangements for ti
e transfer have been pra jticaily complete
- A recent dispatch from Richmond sa
S that an architect, after careful examin
- tion, says the building can be tak<
3 down and removed to Chicago at a mu<
^ smaller cost than the first estimate. M
- W. H. Gray, of Chicago, was with ti
s architect when the latter examined tl
3 building last week, and when the Rici
mond people found out that Mr. Gn
? had the money in his pocket to make tl
5 first payment on the property their pn
t tests began to accumulate in earnes
The Richmond State was one of the fix
> to voice Southern opinion. Amor
> other things, the State said editorially i
1 a late issue:
OrUMlUi Or A SOUXHKItt -TAJf-liK.
^ "To set up Libby prison in a Nortl
[ ern city and to have thousands of peop]
. inspect it under the guidance of mere*
t naries whose daily task will be eiaggers
t tion, is to contrive a new means for ii
, tensifying whatever remains f hostilit
" to the South. The Southern peop]
have heard many a recital of the sufiei
, ings of Point Lookout and Johnston'
Island, but they want none of the re
, minders of those prison pens set up i
their midst. They have no desire t
perpetuate animosity and unforgivenes
, toward the people of the North.
"If itbsnot too late?and we trus
that it is not?let steps be taken at one
to prevent the removal from this cicy o
an object that should have been razed tthe
ground long ago?a removal that ca]
result in no good, but, on the contrary
ls^raugnt witn evil to .trie coming gen
ations of otir common country. N<
project that could be conceived by thi
worst enemy of the American peopL
could be more dangerous than the re
building of this old and crumbling prieoi
as a temple of South hate."
In another issue the same paper said
"The objection to the removal o:
Libby prison may be said to come fron
a sentimental idea. To set the building
up in Chicago, to put wax-figure senti
nels in gray uniform about its doors, t<
placard here and there a cell to tell i
story of brutality, will be still further i:
- :i/u ;
lieepmg wiwu bcuenie, lur tiiexe 13 111
sentiment about this. It is confessec
that it is for cool cash. There were
daring raiders on the Northern side
whose fervid imagination schemed the
capture of Libby prison, the release o:
the prisoners, and the demolition of the
structure, But th9y could not take ii
down. It still stands. Yet now we are
to have a demonstration of the power o:
a few thousand dollars, greater than the
valor that through sentimental promptings
resisted this removal, and we, oi
Bichmond, of the South, are asked tc
bow down, grin acquiescence, and discarding
sentiment, hail the enterprise
that will make a part of the furniture oi
Tjost, Han.cfi a drawinsr ftard for ?
show, while rabbles, for only ten cents,
can see the the exhibition and go awaj
with a full appreciation of how lost indeed
is that cause when its' very public
buildings are carted off a thousand miles
and set up for sport or jeer a."
USION MEN' AGAIN"ST THE PROJECT.
The protests are not all, however
from sympathizers with the Lost Cause.
Here and there a Union officer, whost
memories of Libby are principally tho?
of personal suffering, has joined in the
protest. The ground taken is that Libbj
orison is one of the saddest memories oi
the entire war. To turn into a museum
for the delectation of the vulgar crowd a
building sacred by reason of suffering
and martyrdom for the holiest of causes
would be wrong, is the plea of the
Northern officer who doesn't want to sec
Libby prison moved. Here is whal
Captain James Stewart, of Pittsburg, the
last Union officer to evacuate Libby,
says in a recent interview r
"To take it now and turn it into a
money-making show would be an insuli
to the South and a degradation to the
North. I saved the old building once
from being destroyed by fire, but if il
I was rvnlv for a mnsenrn that I saved it ]
am never going to claim any honor 01
credit again for the act.
There -was a lot of suffering in that old
building. Thousands of soldiers in this
broad country were made old men before
their time, and almost as manj
ipore gave up life within those fou:
walls. The memories of that time anc
of those horrors are dead, even thong!
they never can pass from our minds, anc
to take that prison up to Chicago anc
turn it into a war museum would surely
create bad feeling and open up olc
wounds. The citizens of the South are
against it, and surely the North shoulc
not encourage it."
In a letter to the mayor of Richmond,
Captain Stewart also says: "Pew, I wil
venture to say none, of those who art
concerned in the scheme, had anythint
f a A a trri4*V? /\l/3 T .t ViVvrr nvi'n rr fimo V
UV UV muii ViVA JLUVWJ UUXXJU^ W-.J-M.W -.
was used as a prison. I am well ac
quainted with a large number who wer<
confined within its walls, and I do no
know one who approves of its removal
It would be no longer 'Libby prison.
There would be no James river, n<
Belle isle, no other landmark. Neithe:
the remains of 'Pemberton' nor 'Castii
Thunder' would form the association
that were wont to greet our eyes whei
inmates of far-famed 'Libby.' Thi
prison without its associate surrounding
would not be 'Libby' to the 'boys ii
blue' who were from time to time con
lined within its wa.ls. It might serve t*
collect dimes and dollars as a ghastl;
circus exhibition to fill the pockets o
?MJL?LI jj, cycvcuatvio Uigj
that iiave conceived the selfish and de
spicable idea of violating the sanctity o
the soldier's sufferings and to many th
very spot of their death."
A UXIOX VETERANS OPTS'ION".
The oldest ex-prisoner of var i
,, Chicago is Mr. Lee Mayer, of L. Simo;
& Co., Monroe street Mr. MayeT h
been for the last four years vie#* jrei
dent of the Veteran Union I?I
TO is one of the very few Union officers nc
residing in Chicago who were impriso:
ed in Libby, and his incarceration :
that prison was one of the longest&1
namely, eleven months. He spent twe:
ribf! ty months, all told, in various prison
He belonged to the Twelfth Pennsy
vania Cavalry, was wounded and ca]
ec- tured at the battle of Winchester, ar
3 ; v - i _ i ~r "? - - ** x ?
^ uuimg xus stay at xiiDDy escaped twia
but was recaptured both times, once t
r0" bloodhounds. He was one of the famot
sts 109 who made the tunnel escape, bi
ad belonged to the unlucky fifty-five wh
g ? were recaptured. He finally escaped i
' Columbia, S. C., just prior to Sherman
10" capture of the city.
of Said Mr. Mayer yesterday to a Dail
News reporter: "I am opposed to an
' such scheme as bringing Libby priso
of to Chicago, and I should suppose an
al- ex-prisoner of war would be. This mai
on ter was talked over among the veteran
last Sunday, and the sentiment seemei
ies to be unanimous that it was an unwis
ho step. No ex-prisoner of war would car
:ly to have the horrors pi twenty-five year
ag? revived, as would be the case in thi
instance. Although they might not have's
been in Libby, still an ex-prisoner wh
ae has suffered at Andersonville or Belli
ecj Isle would have his own imprisonmen
er vividly brought to remembeance
,ss Speaking as one who endured imprison
^ ment in Libby, I never care to go int<
^ the details of those horrible times. Th(
* actual starvation, suffering and filth en
dured are not pleasant to recall, but the]
can hardly be exaggerated. What, then
2k is the use of bringing the old building
v hore to serve as a perpetual reminder o:
xe ' The shade of pain in the speaker'!
I1. eyes softened, and he continued, with t
"As a commercial enterprise, I shoulc
expect it to be a failure. After being
lt taken to pieces and re-erected in Chicago
sj it will be practically a new building.
" There will have to be new mortar used,
[? and I suppose is will receive a fresh coat
of paint. This will not be the Libby
prison of history. If they turn it into a
museum and charge an admission fee
there will have to be something inside
le beside the bare walls. Why not get
5- some ex-soldiers who have* passed
Ihrougn Andersonville, or other prisons,
fiome without arms or legs, and show
J 1hem as curios? But, seriously, the effect
e of making a show of Libby prison and
r- ]x>inting out to visitors the particular
'8 rooms, etc., where our officers endured
i- their greatest hardships, will be injuri^
ous, and not calculated to make the two
o participants in the great strife mutually
? forgive and forget.''
it Political Driftwood.
6 Gen. Stewart L. Woodford- a nromi
* nenfc Republican of New York, is in
0 Atlanta on professional business. In an
a interview on Monday he said: "I am de>
voting my time to the practice of my
profession, and as a man cannot well
3 serve two masters, I let politics severely
e alone. As a Repnblican, I have no
B means of knowing anything about in"
ternal differences in the Democratic
1 party, so I canDot tell yon whether there
is any truth in the stories abont opposi:
tion to the President in New York. I
' know that Governor Cleveland?I mean
1 President Cleveland?is very strong with
5 the business men of New iork, the men
" with whom I am particularly thrown.
) Many Republicans, like myself, while
1 differing from him upon political
1 grounds, admire him for his honesty, his
> integrity "and the faithfulness with which
* he performs his duty as he cotfceives it;
3 and the opposition to him at the coming
3 election will not oe 01 a personal nature
3 at all?it will be purely political."
^ There are solid indications that the
3 Iowa Republicans and Prohibitionists of
k the same State are on the verge of dis3
solving partnership. The Republicans
* train with the Prohibitionists in the day
i time and with the whiskey men after
" dark. The Prohibitionists are tired of
~l this double dealing and propose to herd
) alone in the future.
p Facts About Dogs.
t Ex-Representative Horr, of Michigan,
says "there are 11,000,000 dogs in this
r country." 'Tis bat a few years since the
. Secretary of the State of Ohio reported
. that 40,000 sheep were killed or destroy5
ed by dogs in that State the year
picvi^uo. jl i-ic uug kjbaro vj.
Georgia also reported that 28,000 were
killed or destroyed in that State year
i previous. Vermont had in 1850 1,014,..
122 sheep; in 1886 but 378,174. This
J great reduction has been going on under
J different tariffs, not only in Vermont but
J in all the New England and many other
r States, and dogs are the cause of it.
E Now comes a Senator of New York State
?Pratt or Piatt, I think, is his name?
and says that "two-thirds of the sheep
industry of his county has been destroyed
Sheep raising is one of the important
industries of the country, and the farmers
have long sought protection from
5 dogs, but don't ge:i it. Annihilate them
, and 11,000,000 more sheep than we now
have will be added to that industry, and
t reduce our meat bills 15 per cent., and
' woolen fabrics will be cheaper also.?
s New York World.
- Conspirators Arrested.
! Chablestox, S. C., March 7.?J. H.
Bond, Mrs. Julia Bond, J. O. Bond, Dr.
I L. M. Shafcr and his son, R. E. L.
5 Shafer, with others, were arrested here
to-day upon the charge of defrauding
r the supremo council of the Royal
. Templars of Temperance out of $20,000,
[ by feigning the death of John 0. Bond,
t who is really alive. Mrs. Bond and
I John O. Bond were discharged from
I custody upon swearing that their names
r on all of the papers are forgeries. Dr.
i Shafer and son, J. A. Robinson, and J.
} A. liobirson, Jr., were also arrested oil
[ th.e oLa :ge of defrauding the same organization
out of $20,000 by certifying
to the death of the fictitious John R.
[ Lyman. Dr. Shafer and con and John
? H. Bond were committed to jail in de'
fault of bail. The Robinsons are out on
[ bail in both cases. Dr. - James P. Bond
and Thomas Bond, who figured in the
a Dudley case, are also indicted. The
? conspiracy is one of the most remarkable
ever known in this State.
? Eva Morris, the woman who played
"Mrs. Lyman" in the fraud practiced by
the Bonds of Charleston, to get insurance
I money on the life of one Lyman, has made
3 a full confession. The two Bond brothers
5 and Dr. Shaffer have been arrested in
1 Charleston, and Morris is in jail in GreenB
ville. Other developments are expected.
0 i m
1 St. Patricks Day is to be made the oc"
casion this year in London of a political
0 demonstration, in favor of home rale of
F a more extensive and representative chai*
acter than any which have hitherto been
1 held on this ainiversary.
# The Presbyterian Mutual Assurance
Fund, of Louisville, has made an assignment.
Assets- in the mortuary fund were
*2o,000. The liabilities are between $50,jOuO
q ">The Emperor William of Germany
n laie&atS.30 o'clock on Friday morning.
. ' . . . .
as ABOUT HEADACHES.
Common Causes of tlie Common Coi
^ plaint of Everyday Lfcfe.
n. (From the Cassell's Family Magazine.)
in Probably one of the most comm<
? headaches, if not the most common,
a" that called nervous. The class of pe
j_ pie who are most subject to it are ce
d- tainiy not your out-door workers. .
id ever my old friend the jjardener had hs
e, a headache it would not have been or
y of this description. Nor does Darfr
is the plowman, nor Jarve::, the 'bnsmai
it nor Greatfoot the ganger, suffer froi
o nervous headache, nor anyone else wh
it leads an outdoor life or who takes pient
's of exercise in the open air. Bat poc
Mattie, who slaves away her days in
y stuffy draper's shop, and Jeannie in h?
y lonesome attic, bending over her whit
n seam?stitch, stitch, stitch?till far int
y the night, and thousands of others c
inHrtnr ornrlrino' r>lacc oro mai+rro>t
s this form of headache. Are they alon
cl -in their misery? No; for my Lad;
e Bonhomme, who comes to have her bai
e dress fitted on, has often a fellow feelinj
s with Jeannie and Mattie. Her, how
s ever, we cannot afford to pity quite s<
e much, because she has the poster U
0 change her modus vivendi whenever sh
t What are the symptoms of the com
i. plaint that makes your head ache so
- Yon will almost know it is coming 01
3 from a dull, perhaps sleepy feeliEg. Yoi
1 have no heart and little hope, and yoi
- are restless at night. Still more restless
j though, when it comes on in full force
, as then for nights perhaps, howeve;
j much you may wish to, scarcely can yoi
f sleep at all. .
"How my poor head aches!" This
3 you will say often enough; sadly tc
i vourself and hopelessly to those nea:
you, from whom you expect no sympaI
thy, and get none. And yet the pain is
! to bear, although it is generally confined
> to only one part of the head.
The worst of this form of headache
lies in the fact that it is periodic. Well,
as it arises from unnatural habits of life
or peculiarities of constitution, this
periodicity is no more than we might
i If I just note down some of the most
, ordinary causes of nervous headache
people who suffer therefrom will know
what to do and what to avoid. I will
then speak of the treatment.
Work or study indoors, carried on in
an nnnatnral or cramped position of
body. Literary men and women ought
to do most of their work at a standing,
lying down now and then on a sofa to
ease brain and heart and permit ideas to
flow. They should work out of doors in
fine weather?with their feet resting on
~ J L1~ JJ J
a uutu-u, uv\> uju Liie eartu?auu turner
canvas irT wet weather. It is surprising
the good this simple advice, if followed,
Neglect ol the ordinary rules that
conduce to health.
Want of fresh air in bed rooms.
Want of abundant skin exciting exercise.
Neglect of the bath.
Over-indulgence ih food, especially of
a stimulating character.
"Weakness or debility of body, however
produced. This can only be
remedied by proper nutriment.
Nervousness, however induced.
The excitement inseparable from a
THE WEIGHTS OF BRAINS.
A Stndy that Is Important Because-of Its
Bearing on Our Mentality.
(From the Denver Republican.)
The study of brain weights is inter
esting because of its bearing upon the
question of intellectuality. The average
human brain weighs forty-nine or fifty
ounces in the male and about forty-five
ounces in the female. Great brain
weight is not always associated with intellectual
vigor, as is shown by the fact
that an idiot is known to have had a
brain of over sixty ounces in weight.
But notwithstanding the evidence of
such cases as that of the idiot referred
to, great mental power is generally associated
with a brain weight exceeding the
average. Cuvier's brain weighed sixtyfour
ounces; but Gambetfc.'s brain
weighed less than the average woman's
brain, which is, of course, peculiar because
of his great intellecfcualitv. A
strange problem is developed fcv a comparison
of the average weight of the
male and female brains -with 1;he minimum
weight of each within the range of
intelligence. The average weight of the
female brain is about five ounces less
han the average weight of a man's
brains. If the weight of the brain were
an infallible gauge of intellect the average
woman would, so to speak, have five
ounces less intellect than the average
man. Bat the weight of brain in a man
below which idiocy exists is about five
ounces higher than it is in woman. This
is what presents the problem. If, say,
thirty ounces of brain in a woman save
her from idiocy and thirty-five ounces
ade xe^uiaii/e in a man, vrxiao ueuuLues ui
man's average of five ounces of brain
weight in excess of the average in woman?
The conclusion seems to be that
a smaller quantity of female brain is
essential to intellectoality than of male
brain. This is equivalent to saying that
the female brain is of a superior quality.
In contradiction of this the fact may be
cited that in comparison with men but
few women of great intellectual vigor
have appeared in the world. If the comparison
just made held true & woman
with a brain of fifty ounces ought to be
the equal of a man with a brain of fiftyfive
Three Squatters Murdered.
Wichita, Kansas, March 8.?Wm. Ant
werp, Julius Quinn and Joseph George,
living in Indian Territory, were burnta
out of a log cabin on Sunday night and
shot down by a mob of cowboys concealed
in the underbrush. The murdered men
recently went to the western part of the
Territory and took .up a site for a claim on
Rabbit Ear Creek, which they expected to
make entry upon when the Territory is
opened for settlement! The land they
squatted ou was in the range of a cattle
man, George H. Delaney. Delaney tried
mar y ways to get the squatters to leave the
country, but failed. People in that vicinity
charge Delaney's men with complicity
in the murder.
A carious political complication is in
Portland, 3Ie., where the Democrats are
ardently supporting Neal Dow, the
famous prohibition apostle; for mayor.
They say they want to have prohibition
given a fair trial before the county under
the personal management of its most
The New York Herald continues to
expose the "trusts" and combinations.
The latest is a triple headed combine of
the makers of watch eases, makers of
works and jewelry jobbers to keep up
prices to a specified standard. Another
"trust" is that of the three leading spool
thread manufacturers of the country
who are working together to maintain
" TALMAGE TALKS OF SONG.
HE WANTS MOTHERS TO SING FO
THEIR CHILDREN'S GOOD.
15 The Temptations of the Street Can b
0- Overcome in the Nursery?What Song: ]
for the Sick and Destitute?A Patheti
td In his sermon at the Tabernacle las
ie Sunday Dr. Talmage said:
'' *1'It is not so much what you fonnall;
2 teach your children as what you sing U
p them. A hymn has wings and can fl;
1 everywhither. One hundred and filtj
* years after you are dead, and 'Olt
;r Mortality' has worn out his chisel in re
e cutting your name on the tombstone.
? your great grandchildren will be singing
0 the song which this afternoon you sing
A T7r?riT? lifctlo nriM rrafTnerar) ahnnt. mm
* "Oh, if mothers only knew the powei
f of this eacred spell, how much oftenei
the little ones would be gathered, and al]
0 our homes would chime with the songs
3 of Jesus!
e "We want some counteracting influence
upon our children. The very mo"
ment your child steps into the street he
steps into the path of temptation. There
1 are foul-mouthed children who would
1 like to besoil your little ones. It will
1 not do to keep your boys and girls in
> the house and make them house plants;
> they must have fresh air and recitation.
r God save your children from the scatii1
ing, blasting, damning influence of the
streets! I know of no counteracting in5
flaence but the power of Christian cul)
tore and example. Hold before your
: little ones the pure life of Jusna; let
' that name be the word that shall exer[
cise evil from their hearts. Give to your
1 instruction all the fascination of masic,
morning, noon and night; let it be
! Jesus, the cradle song. .
"This is important if your children
! grow up; but perhaps they may not.
1 Their pathway may be short. Jesro may
; be wanting that child. Then there will
be a soundless step in the dwelling, and
the youthful pulse will begin to flatter
and the little nands will be lifted for
help. You cannot help. And a great
agony -will pinch at your heart, and the
cradle will be empty, and the nursery
will be empty, and the world will be
empty, and your soul will be empty.
No little feet standing on the stairs. "No
toy scattered on the carpet. No quick
following from room to room. No
strange and wandering questions. No
upturned face, with laughing blue eyes,
come for a kiss, but only a grave, and a
wreath of white blossoms on the top of
it, and bitter desolation, and a sighing
at nightfall with no one to put to bed,
and a wet pillow, and a grave, and a
wreatn of white blossoms on the top of
it. The heavenly Shepherd will take
that lamb safely anyhow, whether you
have been faithful or unfaithfal: but
would it not have been pleasanter if you
could have heard from those lips the
praises of Christ? I never read anything
more beautiful than this about a
child's departure. The account said:
'She folded her hands, kissed her mother
good-bye, sang her hymn, turned her
face to the wall, said her little prayer,
and then died.'
"Songs in the night! Songs in the
night! For the sick, who have no one
to turn the hot pillow, no one to put the
taper on the stahd, ho one to put ice on
the temple, or pour out the soothing
ai?A.\JKAJ lAVj ULUiA^J. VUU V/UVViAUl TT V1U
yet songs in the night! For the poor,
who freeze in the winter's cold and
swelter in the summer's heat, and munch
the hard crusts that bleed the sore gams,
and shiver under blankets that cannot
any longer be patched, and tremble because
rent day is come and they may be
set out on the sidewalk.
"Christ is the everlasting song. The
very best singers sometimes get tired;
the strongest throats sometimes get
weary, and many who sang very sweetly
do not sing now; but I hopeby the grace
of God we will, after a while, go up and
sing the praises of Christ where we will
never be weary. You-know there are
some songs that are especially appropriate
for the home circle. They stir the
soul, they start the teais, they tura the
heart in on itself and keep sounding
after the tune has stopped, like some
Cathedral bell which, long after the tap
of the brazen tongue has ceased, keeps
throbbing on the air. Well, it will" be a
home song in heaven, all the sweeter because
those who sang with us in the
domestic circle on earth shall join that
Large Gift for Negro Education.
The trustees of the Methodist Church
yesterday were in secret comcrence in
regard to a recent windfall in the shape
of $180,000. About a year ago Dr. E.
?L Gammon, a superannuated Methodist
clergyman who had made a large fortune
in the manufacture and sale of agricultural
implements, and whose sympathies
became awakened in favor of the
education of the colored peoplo of the
South, in connection with the Freedman's
Aid Society, founded a theological
seminary for the education of colored
preachers of the Methodist faith near
Atlanta, Ga. It was named the Gammon
Theological Seminary, and the Rev.
Dr TTiirVi^lrl- t.ViA snn-in-lAW r>f fchff
bra ted .Bishop Gilbert D. Haven, was
chosen d*a%of the faculty. Mr. Gammon
had already given ?20,000 to the
university, and, though he has no children,
he has grandchildren. Last Friday
he wrote to Judge M. B. Hagans. of this
city, the president of the board of truetees
of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
and told him that he had made his will
and intended to give $180,000 to the
trustees for the maintenance of the seminary.
The trustees gave Judge Hagans
full power to act, and when he told Mr.
Gammon that he had not much confiin
tth 1 la +V?af.
n?JWj UJ. IMJ MVV^UVUVIJ
set them aside, and that the lawyers generally
got'the greater part of the funds,
and one bird in the hand was worth two
in the bush, Mr. Gammon decided to
pass over to the trustees the amount Defore
his death, and made the assignment
accordingly. The trustees of the church
an i "he Freed man'a Aid Society agreed
to accept the trust and yesterday afternnnri
onnfprrc-r! in reir&rd to the matter.
Within the next ten days everything will
be satisfactorily arranged.?Cincinnati
Enquirer, February 15.
A Horrible Murder
A horrible murder is reported from
Pickens county on last Sunday night.
Tom Alexander, a very well-to-do white
man, living in the Crow Creek section of
the county, quarrelled with his wife about
putting wood on the fire. The wife struck
at Alexander with a stick of wood, whereupon
he seized an axe and dealt her a blow
behind the ear. After the woman had
fallen, he cut her throat from ear to ear
with the same bloody axe. Alexander was
a witness before the cororer's jury and testified
that he killed his wife, but did so in
self-defence. Dr. Earle, who examined
him, expressed the opinion that bodily af
Iiliction had made Alexander of unsound I
A REVOLUTIONARY RELIC.
Discovery of Hidden Treasure That BT?
Been Sought for Years.
E . Several thousand dollars- in old gold
coin in earthen pots were exhumed by
Lorenzo Mears, on his farm in Accomao
county, Va., last week. A tradition in
-* the neighborhood says a large amount of
c money was concealed on the farm during
the American revolution by its- Tory
it proprietor, who, having gone to England
during the war, died there without fixing
the spot where he had buried the money.
f Not many years ago some of the d?- *
d scendants of the old Tory proprietor
j came over here and spent several hun- 6
dred dollars in making excavations in a
7 fruitless search for the money. All the
1 ground around the old house was thrown
. up and deep trenches were dug around
the yard, signs of which still remain. It
' is said that these Englishmen brought ?>
I over with them an old negro who had
r been a servant of the Bevolutionary pro.
prietor, and who professed to know
where his master had buried the money.
The Englishmen finally gave op Uie
search and went back to Eagland.
I Nothing more was heard of the treas1
ure until Mears accidentally struck upoa.
1 it while planting some fence post around
the yard. Mears tried to keep'the matter
a secret, bat a little boy who lives
with him went to the neighboring village
of Pungoteagne and let the secret
out. He informed some persons there
tiaat bis "Uncle Benzie" now had piles
of money, having -recently dug up an
iron pet full of gold and silver which two
stout men could hardly cany. Mears
Tviil not talk about bis find, but to-dav
showed several gold coins to his neighbors.
These coins are old English
money, some of them being stamped
with the image of Charles XL, others
with thai of George HI.
The place where the treasure was
found was one of the oldest on the eastern
shore of Virginia. Two hundred and
fifty years ago it was seat cf the Qaeen '
of Nandua, an Indian beauty, who ruled
over the savage tribes that inhabited that
region. Near by is the burial ground of
the Nandua Indians. The creek has cut
away the earth till many of die skeletons
are exposed to view, and as the bank
caves in from time to tima the bones fall
down into the water and drift with the
ebbing tide out into the bay. Some of
the skeletons are of giant size, and many
of them are buried in coffins that were . . _
hewn out of solid logs. These whiteniDg
iU J J- I XT >
on.ucuj.up, ao tuojt prufcruut! iroia me siae
of the cliff, present a ghastly spectacle,
SLAVE MARTS DEMOLISHED.
Evidences of the Old Older of Thiogs
Workmen have begun the demolitioa
of probably the most historic building
in Nashville, that known as the old alave .
mart, on the southwest corner of Cherry
ana ueaar streets, in oraer to begin the * ' . i
erection of a large block* which will , r: ^
comprise a hotel, stores and offices.
The buildiDgs extend from the old
Freedmen's bank building, on Cedar * ~7
, street, to the corner of Cnerry street,
and thence np Cherry to the alley. This
block is an old landmark, having been
erected away ba^k in the thirties. Since
the war t'iie corner has not bcrne the
best reputation, as several very serious
affrays have occurred there, and at times
a portion of the block was used as a dive ?
by rough characters. Many a raid has r .
been made by the officers on the dens
located in the block. The block is historic,
beeanse used as a slave mart before
the war. In the rear of the build
ing there is a high brick wail enclosing a
court -where the tlaves used to exercise
and where they were exhibited to purchasers.
The iron bars are still on some
of the doors, and the windows bear evi- . . -T'r^p
dene? of the character of the building.
The main auction room opened out on
Cedar street. This, however, has been
divided into small stores. There was,
in olden times, two other slave marts? ~
one on Cedar, between Cherry street and
the public square. This has been tibm
away and aii evidence of it destroyed.
The other one was on the corner o?
Cherry and Dead wick streets, and the '
high wall that surrounded the court now
* The Jiew Revenue Carter. .
" ' *?
The following is the text of the recent
bill introduced by Congressman Dibble,
and passed by the House of Representa
uves lor i iie construction ox me new cutter
for Charleston harbor: _ . ~-5
That the sum of seventy-five thousand
dollars, if so much be necessary, be, and
the same is hereby, appropriated, out of
any moneys in the treasury not otherwise ||g
appropriated, for the purpose of building a
new revenue cutter to be stationed at
Charleston, South Carolina, for service on . 4
the south Atlantic coast, in the place of the
Unfted revenue cutter McCulloch, now
iu so dilapidated a condition as to be
unequal to the lequirements of the service.
Tbe opinion of Secretary Fairchild of the
treasury in reply to an inquiry made by the
committee on commerce, to whom the mat- ~^sl
ter was referred, was substantially as
You are respectfully informed that the
McCulloch patrols the coast of South CarAlino
the assistance of commerce and the protection
of the revenue. She was purchased
from the war department in December,
1S68, and had l>een known as the Mosswood
in that service.
This yes-sel was recently examined by
the superintendent of construction, and
consulting engineer, United States revenue
marine, who roucd her hull very badly decayed
and boile.r almost worn out., the
engine being the only part capable of beine
repaired at mederate *cost for continued
service; they therefore report that she is 'in ||
such general bad condition, or so illy
adapted to the service, - they are of the
opinion sne is not vrortny ot naving any
large sum of money expended on her for
repairs, and recommended that she be replaced
by a new vessel of modern type in * .
every respect at the earliest practical date."
It is believed that this vessel can be replaced
by a new one of suitable form of
construction for the sum of $75,000.
The bili submitted is herewith returned ?
for such action as may be deemed proper
in the premises. ?.
The promptness and dispatch with which *
this measure has been accomplished by
Mr. Dibble will be certainly remembered
ana appreciated Dy uie people ot Charleston.
Died According to Agreement.
Chicago, March 8.?A very sensational
suicide was brought to light in the Japanese
building in iS^te street this morning.
About 6 o'clock the janitor noticed a light
in the rooms occupied by the manicure
establishment of Mrs. Cobb, and forcing
his "way i.ito the place he found the body |
of Miss Gracie McCullen, the manager of
the manicure rooms, seated in a chair.
When the coroner arrived and took pos- . \
cacciAn <rvf ? taaw V? a f A
v/a. tj.iv wvui xjc iuuuu ocvcm letters.
One was from "W. S. Hartwell, the
ex-auditor of the Northwestern Railroad, j
who committed suicide yesterday morning. _ 1
It was written just previous to his death,
;:nd in it the writer said that when Miss
McCullen received the letter he would be ' 1
Another letter, written by Miss McCullen,
said that she died in pursuance of an
agreement with Hartwell.
A clean shirt is not a bad bosom friendj