Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XLIV, WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 18, 1888. S&IJ
\k Brother's Keeper, i
1 WHIPS VOHK OF LO?E MB DUTY.
< IT HAST SABTWKLL CATE2BWOOD, !
atrshos or "Ohxqitx o* doom," "Staphs*
Guthbiz," "th3 losk man's
CXSIX," AS3> othxs stosizs.
1 The man took several steps beside Phoebe
before either of them spoke. She drew her
shawl close around her and shrunk off from
him, but she did not look directly at him,
but .glanced side wise, puckering her face in
He was a grotesque creature, with the
various pieces of his clothing shabby and
unmatched; but the most skillful of tailors
could scarcely have molded him iu garments
suitable to his face. It was emaciated
and withered, though neither by disease
Borage. One corner of his mouth twisted
*' J L,JLW^ o an/?
UUniiVYOiU u a WUIWH4W?
nervous spasms came and went over every
r. atom cf countenance which could be moved
and distorted- Whenever he became excited
in talk, thi3-singular infirmity played
faster and faster like evil lightning over his
"Well!" said Phoebe, in a high, agitated
"All right." said her companion. "You
saw me beckon to you through the window."
"You know 1 saw you."
"You were a long time getting out. If
you hadn't come pretty soon I'd* bolted in
and asked for you."
"I knew you would. What do you want
"What do I want now!" mimicked the
twisted mouth. "When you ain't seen me
for two years. Where's Thorn ey?"
"He's near me, of course," replied the
shaking girL "Why can-i you let us alone?"
"What should I want to let you alone
for. Ain't I got my rights?"
"Your rights," said Phoebe, fiercely. "Oyou
wicked millstone; you want to drag us
F under forever. You know when I was
sorry for you and tried to help you. But
& you cant impose on me any more. And I'll
defend Thorney against you."
"Oh, you wall"
Phoebe began to sob aloud, swallowing
piteously, and using her hands against
her throat to press back the explosive
"You look like defending any thing!"
lonerhtvl . tho mar "TV>nt <3rv that now.
Yen never made any thing bellowing at
2nd. Didn't yon know I'd drop around some
"Chores, I kn?w it?you always do?there's
no help?and no escape!"
"Well, then, 3hut up your doleful racket.
X ain't going to hurt you."
"No; I'm past being struck with your
fist now?but never past being robbed and
The man broke off a bit of bark and chewed
it, as ha kept pace with her.'-How
much money have you?" he inquired.
"You'll dog Thoraey and me just the
same if I give it-to you. I've bought you off
for the last t^ne."
"You'll give me what money you have.
Fm clear down, If you don't I'll make a
stake the way you despise, and I'll take
Phoebe faced about, and they stood still)
With the path between them.
' 'There's a hundred other things lean do,"
added the man, grinning. "You know you
dont want to own'me around here."
Kg give you my earnings, and you leave my
fflbrother Thorney alone, too."
jpfrlffhe walked rapidly ahead into the dusky
llll&fc. He was at no pains to overtake her
^^TWrRfifcthe space widen between them,
:?lfSil?^g his hands into his pockets and
jSqfiaj&a crook-mouthed whistle on his
Phcebe, feeling frozen in her last mood.
Slid carrying- her defiant head erect, entered
the farnfliar sitting-room where Mrs.
"flolmes was rocking the baby to sleep. She
entered as one who heard the cry of wolves
Nfieamc aer, turn xnew uio woives imgns yes
burst inan&'claim her, notwithstanding an
able-bodied man like Gurley was at band to
f!& defend, her.
"Mr. Gurley has called to see-you," said
; ybcebe bad stepped at the sight of Tod.
4tea going to sleep. Is hurt her to remaning
ber bow lately she bad roeked him herself,
feeling almost as safe and happy as if well
through with the world.
She turned and met Mr. Gurley with a
dignity he could not add to bar sincere and
credulous image, and while she spoke she
wondered how soon her pursuer would enter
Mrs. Holmes silently thought her too
scarlet iU cheeks, too tjazzling in her eyes?
raltogether too powerful and pretty.
"I wa3 just about to trace you," said
Gurley! "MissFawcett has changed her
programme. Instead of having ns later in the
week she wants us this evening, and as the
I little party's so informal I hope you'll be willing
to substitute my escort for the other
arrangement which wa3 made for you."
"I should like to go to Miss Fawcett's,"
said Phoebe, choosing for herself like a
princess. She thought she heard a new step
in the kitchen. "
"My horse and phaeton are ready," said
Gurley. "I came early to make up for the
lack of notice by giving you plenty of time
to get ready in."
"Oh, I am always ready for any thing. I
might wash my hands and beg Mrs.
Holmes for a bit of geranium. I have just
one dressT" explained Phoebe. "And that
make?it so easy to be ready."
Gurley laughed out with approval, but
Mrs. Holmes secretly shuddered at such
fiingmg of one's poverty at a man's sympathies.
She had kindly planned decking
Phcebe for this party in some of her own
finery, and felt indignant at being robbed
of such feminine pleasure and the self-approval
which would have been consequent
A ?n it. _AWhe very least her lace bertha or
^ ^s safth might have relieved the girl's somberness,
but now. she felt too outraged to
add even the bit of geranium.
"You are, in fact, an Ascensionist," commented
Gurley, "and go about an the time
becomingly robed for the day of judgment."
"You have said it exactly," Phcebe told
Ixha, smiling, holding her tears sternly in
their cisterns. "And you havent any idea
what a feeling of companionship you can
have towards a gown that is like yourself
alone in the world."
"Your brother wants to see you, Miss
White," said Sandy, speaking at the kitch-.
en door, a shade of patronage coloring her
tone to the sister of such a brother.
Phcebe expanded, standing quite erect
"Oh, does , he! Bring him to me then.
Bring him directly in here." .
Bandy withdrew her one-eyed countenance,
and Mrs. fiolmes cai ried .Toddies into
Iosteadof the figure which the girl had
braced herself to meet, however, Tharney
White came in, sniffling and downcast, too
timid to aft his eyes as high as a stranger's
Xace, y6t too doggedly indignant at the
world in general to avoid all encounter with
Ik Re seemed ready to fall apart, so slight
a hold bad. his garments on each other's
support ;aad his hay-colored hair hung over
a silly face which expressed nothing but an
appeal to his sister. His sprawling boots
were heavy with such moist earth as he
h*d'h<>6ii*ableto collect udoq them during
Jus tramp across the Hollow; but barnyard
odors rather than breath of the springwoods
saturated his presence and spread
around him. The black wool bat, which, bad
gathered dust .undisturbed since Phoebe
brushed it last,, was worried down to his
ears and propped by t^em; and his hands
appeared well along on their journey toward
his knees in yawning trowser pockets.
Stwrnqy's chin, evidently put on as an sfterfchcugut
and scarcely belonging to his face,
hung in moments of vacancy toward his
fcreast; bs& Just sow, feeling the oresertca
of unexpected society, he maiio successive
efforts to hold it up and swallowed audibly
in the struggle.
Gurley thought he had never seen a more
repulsive creature. But if Thornev had
been a 3hining and firm angel, Phoebe could
not have run to him with swifter change of
countenance and manner. She turned him
towards Gurley maternally, as both vouching
for him and challenging fiis opponents.
' This is my brother, Mr. Gurley," she
"THIS 13 MY BROTHER!.n '
said. "My good little brother, though he is
older than I am and looks so tall."
Gurley advanced his hand and greeted
this good little brother.
"Shake hands, Thorney," prompted his
Bister, in a quick, low tone, "and say 4how
do you do.'1"
Thorney shuffled forward a step kid
thrust his moist and dirty hand into Gurley's
palm with a mumble, but without taking
his eyes off the floor.
"He's so bashful," explained Phoebe, in
the ton# a mother uses when she says "he's
cutting his teeth."- And she added a swift
admonition to Thorney to keep his hands
*?* * n/vViro+.i ft-nd ctjanrt fttraifrtifcer.
j UUU VJL iiJUP wwmvv./ " ? c,
| "He's worse than McArdle," inwardly remarked
the young gentleman. "Poor little
mother hen l What unnatural chicks she
has to scratch for 1"
" And what was it, Thorney?" inquired
Phcsbe, " Pm going out this evening to
stay until after our bed-time. You won't
mind coming to the school-house to-morrow
after school, will you? "We can talk it
Thorney i .*haps, had his attention occupied
by the disposal of his hands; or he
was too dull to see how she hastened to bar
his telling what it was. Thrusting one fist
under his chin, to support it, and sliding
the other behind him, whence it soon wandered
to the familiar pocket, he complained
that Thane was around ag'in.
"Never mind!" exclaimed Phoebe.
* Thorney muttered that he did care
"Come after school," repeated Ms sister.
"I have very much to say to you, Thorney.
And you can tell me all about it then. But
go home now, won't you? And don't stop
to speak anybody in the woods; don't linger
around where anybody can get hold of you
"As if she were admonishing Red Ridinghood,"
thought Gurley. ""What prowler
. would want this beautiful object?"
Thorney, however, absorbed all the soliciVia
oiatai- Twnr nvftr him. and dfv
parted then as if his injuries were but hall
"But Mr. McArdle," said Phcsbe, returtng
"Her mind reverts to her other dependent
chick," thought he.
"Miss Fawcett said ho was to bring me
and take me back."
"There's many a slip betwixt the cup and
"I don't believe you like him," she observed.
"I have noticed you taking him up
"Taking him up short only! Consider
how virtuous that is of me when I suffer to
teat and kick him."5
"And he so inoffcosive," laughed Phoebe
*%fe never injured jca any way, did he?"
"No," replied Gurley, "1 wish he would."
McArdle, in dress-coat and pumps, was
the second person Phoebe greeted on entering
Miss Fawcett's parlors. He stood talk
ing with a young girl,one hand resting on a
chair-back, the other hanging gracefully by
Via aUo colf_/vAticmAncr>ncc ra^iotirxT
from aim. No other member of the class
was in evening attive.
Gurley saw with satisfaction that Phoebe
was instant admired. She moved dauntiessly
into ~ little social sea, feeling that,
like an iceb- she carried sevenfold of her
bulk of cold, misery below the surface. Not
for her were the timid vanity and erratic
carriage of young girlhood.
"How alluring your Miss White is, Cupid,"
said Psyche, hooking her finger on
his arm in the library. "I wish I had black
?yes and a racy color?that moist, peach-like
richness of the skin. Xney are so easily
and simply dressed to. She looks as distinguished
as a queen." .
' I accept your approval as a personal complir.ent,"
said Gurley. "Now cast your eye
"Why should I cast my eye on Mr. McArdle?
You know he sets my teeth on
"Psyche," said Gurley, with gravity,
"hadn't I better bring our old engagement
ring back to you? There are some subjects
on which our harmony is utter."
"Right there our harmony would break into
discords. I never felt as kindly toward
you in my life as I do to-night, and it's all i
Ho/vtmcA the annnrinc p-ncrsjyftrl fpplinfic; oft"
I can't see why girls take pride in such discomfort.
And if an almost endurable creature
like yourself hampered me, Oh, consider
what it might have been with that
wraith of manhood yonder as the party of
the second part!"
"I shall always remember gratefully, J
Swansdown, that you rate me a little above !
McArdle. McArdle denied before the fellows
to-day that he had the slightest acquaintance
with this young girl?when.I had seen
him take money from her hand which she
had earned by hard days' work. He didn't
want to identify himself with her or bring
her out at all; he only wanted to make use
of her good-will"
"Jack, why do you set me to despising
people in my own house! It is so inhospitable.
I didn't pull you in here to have my
temper excited, but to ask you how to break
that stiffness. Oh, do all the girls ana
young men in Greensburg stand up like that
and freeze each other's marrow for politeness'
sako whan they meet at an easy
"I am afraid they do," responded Gurley.
"They never used to do it," mourned
"We're trying to be polished." said Gurley.
"And when we don't dance we pose
and drop an occasional word to each
"Dance! If they only would. But you
told me half the men are divinity students
and not dancing men at all."
"Besides," added Gurley, "we are in
some awe of our present hostess. We behove
she comes straight from courts, in I
occupies herself comparing us coinoivu
clods to duchesses and counts and so on."
4,What shall I do! I would actually get
upon a table and cut a caper if that would
make them comfortable."
' Try it"
"Is this the way you help me!" exclaimed
Psyche, flashing her rings a* if through
them she discharged her surplus electricity.
"I would just love to bite you like I used to
when we first fought each other."
"Yes, I carry theengravingof your lovely
fingernail under my right earyet," observed
Qurley, with enjoyment. "But I was going
to say that when we Greensburgers wane
to relax and limber ourselves thoroughly
we take to charades and tableaux."
"Oh, how easy," said P3vche. "Why
d!4a?t you say so before?"
" And then we end with college songs and
go home blessing our entertainer.'*
The company was accordingly soon divided
in twain, one section chatting expectantly
on rows of chairs, the other wrangling and
eager in a green-room to which the house
j wardrobes were made tributary. Psyche's
aunt, a quiet lady who scarcely, impressed
one's memory, was made manager of stage
"*< ;?? T?oa rwl PlirohA \*7>1A OTArA tf* *
appear as the captive Queen of Scots and
one of her Marys, remained together, wljile
the rest of their company went forth to
open the act.
"When they had completed their own fantastic
adornment they set down to wait, and
Psyche smiled at Phoebe.
" These piles of old clothes look like the
wreck of generations. And that's whatihey
are. There's even my uncle's dressing-gown?the
one I told you about, who ran
iway. See," said Psyche, spreading out the
palm pattern, "he burnt these holes with
some chemical stuff; they tell that he was
wonderful at chemistry. Of course it was
ill before my time, and it doesn't seem as if
[ ever had such an uncle. But' there's his
picture hanging over your head."
Phcebe stood up to look at it. It was in
)ils and showed the profile of a young man
fJi! 'fijWV* *4 *
PHCEBE STOOJ> UP TO LOOK AT IT.
vith clustering hair aud a resolute cast of
'eatures which yet expressed melancholy.
"He was painted that way on account of
lis mouth," explained Psyche. "There was
omething dreadful the matter with it."
"I have seen him," said Phcebe, with
Miss Fawcett gazed at her. 1
"Do you know that I have always lived in
'ear of that man's coming back? Not on
.ccount of the money, but because I should
>e scared to death by such a horrid, queer,
;reepy relation! If he ever does come I
hall hi'Ie on a closet shelf in my room and <
ceep my hands tight over my eyes."
She clasped her hands over her eyes, and i
^Lcebe laughed aloud, but su nly changed i
impression. The curtains Oj. a window be- '
hind Psyche were so arranged that they
left a triangle of glass in which the light
did not fall. Through this she saw Painter
stooping forward to look into the room. The
shaggy beard reached his eyes. He moved
his eyes from the portrait to look at Phcebe.
"Sometimes I dream about him," continued
Miss Fawcett, "coming back of nighte
to stave in at the window^. He'd be just
Psyche uroppOtl iior hands and flew with
a faint scream to hold around her guest
"Oh, what did you see!?one right behind
"Don't mind," said Phoebe, forming her
lips to laugh. "That's only the second vision
Pve seen through a window this evening."
"But what was it?" Miss Fawcett palpitated.
"Just Painter: the man who lives alone'
up the hills."
"Oh! I've heard of him. He is harmless,
isn't he ? Was ho looking in!"
"Yes. And how sorrowful his eyes
"I should love to have him made sorrowful,"
said Miss Fawcett, relaxing her
breath, "for prowling around here and terrifying
us. Now I shan't sleep for a week."
"It might be I imagined it," said Phosbe.
"This is an unlucky night for me to look out
of a window."
"We are both perfectly silly," pronounced
Miss Fawcett, "shut away here by ourselves.
I am afraid of the dark and of
spooks; and so are you if you would unbend
your martial bearing and own it."
[TO BE CONTINUED]
To Fish For Tea Millions.
A final and scientific attempt is to be
made to fish up the treasures which went
down with the British sloop-of-war Break
in Delaware Bay on May 25, 1798. On
two distinct occasions the trial has beenmade
without success, but. now the government
has so far indorsed the scheme
as to make a contract with a syndicate,
beaded by Ur. Setn fancost 01 rnuaaei- j
phia. The provisions are that the United j
States is to recieve 10 per cent, of the
value recovered from the ocean'a depth,
together with all brass guns, arms and
munitions of war.
The syndicate has completed its arrangements,
and the City of Long
Branch, loaned Messrs. Dobbins of
New York, is in the Delaware being fitted
with every modern appliance and improvement
for raising the treasure.
Several United States naval officers, who
have leave of absence, have entered into
the scheme, and everything points to a
successful issue. The work will be begun
within the next three weeks.
. The Break journeyed from the Western
Isles, chasing Spanish galleons, and
during her long voyage captured two and
had a prize in tow. She anchored in
Oid Kiln Roads on May 25, 1798, and
was capsized by a sudden squall, the
captain and thirty-nine officers, seamen
and marines going down with her.
ThorA wata alsn 200 S Danish orisoners
in irons, who were drowned. They
comprised the crews o? the captured
Officials' reports say that the Break
captured the St. Francis Xavier, a Spanish
ship from La Plata, and the Snow,
which she had in tow. Saniah galleons
in those days were always laden with
thousands of pounds' worth of gold,
fl Tver and jewels, and the inference is
that the Break had at least a ten-milliondollar
cargo on board.
This is the object of interest of the
present expedition, and to obtain this a
company has been formed whioh has
issued three-huudred-dollar certificates,
entitling holders to $10,000, provided
$10,000 is raised, and pro rata according
to the value recovered.
Rumors of a Race War.
Memphis, July 12.?Seriou9 trouble is
brewing between the whites and blacks in
Crittenden county, Aikansaa, where the
/intnnmW ihe xchitps fivp to nnf*. I
Nearly all the legal officials of the county
are, and for years have been, negroes. The
brief authority vested in these colored
officials has imbued them with the idea that
the whites must submit to any treatment
at the hands of the blacks, and outrages
on all law and good order have frequently
been perpetrated. Many of the white p< oplehave
been warned to leave.the county
under threats of being killed. The whites
have, therefore, prepared for war. Governor
Hughes has been informed of the
state of affairs, and seventy five Winchester
rifles have been sent to the whites from
Always out on the fly?Seagulls.
FARMS AND FARMERS.
SHORT TALKS WITH MEN WHO GUIDE
Many Question* About the Farm, Answered
by Dr. W. L. Jones, Formerly of
the Southern Cultivator.
It is none too early to plan and begin
preparation for fall crops. It will not
do to defer breaking land for them till
just before they are to be started, because
rain is too uncertain. ' Only at
intervals, and for very short periods of
time at this season of the year, is land
condition to take the plow. Land
ijing uncultivated through the summer is
apt to get very hard and dry; the subsoil
after even copious rains remaining
uhfit to receive the plow. Much.- c-Pfche
water which falls upon its hard surface
rcms off instead of being absorbed, and.
this contributes to its dryness, ..Break,
therefore, what you can after eaokrain.
That which is broken will abeoro the
rainfall better than the unbroken: the
moisture will penetrate deeper, giving a
deeper sed bed. One of the great troubles
in starting fall crops is that even
after quite a good rain it is the rurlace
soil onlv of unbroken land -that is wet,
and when this dries off, as it will do
rapidly, there is no moisture below to
rise up and take its place, and the young
plants frequently perish from lack of j
water. Not so with land that has been
broken some time in advance, which has
been catching and holding the rains as
they fell. If, therefore, one wishes to
be sure of starting a crop of clover or
lucerne or grass or turnipp, in September
or October, let him begin to break
his land at once, and continue to break,
roll and harrow till seeding rime. Ail
experienced farmers know that this is
the plan to get a stand and raise a crop
of turnips. It ie equally applicable to
success with grass and other crops
It is not alone for the sake of securing
moisture that the above method of procedure
is recommended. It is equally
important to provide a good supply of
available plant food in the soil, in order
that the young plants may mu^o guuu
growth and- become firmly established
before oold weather. Frequent stirring
of the soil promotes disintegration, de-'
composition, nitrification, and all the
processes that generate plant food. It is
well, also, to incorporate with the soil
in advance of seeding any manure to be
given the crop. There is little danger
of loss from leaching at this season of
the year, and manures act better after
they have been distributed through the
soil by plow and rain-water. To render
this distribution probable, at a time
when rainfall ?s scanty, application of
manure should be made a month or two
before seeding time.
After the land is brought into fine
tilth it should be somewhat comp^otedK
-<J0 by roller. Small: seeds
WWjigiuw liuiftily on very loose soil.
I The soil should be neither too compact
I nor too loose. If too compaot the roots
I cannot permeate through it; if too loose
they cannot establish close connection
with the soil, an essential condition to
the' absorption of moisture. We have
a good illustration of this in turfy soils.
It is urged upon all farmers who have
not already done so, to experiment in a
small way with these fall crops. Especially
would we urge the planting of a
[patch of lucerne." It will not ^ostmuch
to do this, and then you can jnd&e for
yourself whether it will pay or not
Take all proper precautions and. do it
1 right, so that if failure results-it will not
lay at your door. Tou might^try it on
light and on heavy soils, and see which
succeeds best. Such*experiments cost
little, but are very hopeful w. l. j.
Farm Question Box.
J. N. B., Fort Mill, York county, S.
C.: I have a most excellent c0*7 of the
ordinary scrub stock, from which I get,
on an average, four gallons of milk and
one pQund and a half of butter per day.
She has formed the#habit of "holding
up" part of her milk for her calf. L
have tried often to get all the milk without
letting the cadf to her, but have
never succeeded. If I wean the calf,
will I ever succeed in getting all the
milk, and will it not cause her to go dry
It is hardly probable that a cow
"holds.up" her milk by a distinct act of
her wili The flow of milk is the - result
partly of emotion and partly of the
handling of the teat. When a cow has
been separated from her calf, and the
latter comes in sight and cries for its
mother, the secretion of milk is excited
i - x?3 J.- a ? t??
ana a tenueuuy wj uuw um wc
developed. A woman will relate a similar
experience, when, after being separated
froja her infant for awhile, she
suddenly hears it crying. When the
calf is killed, or permanently taken from
the cow, some milkmen have a staffed
and mounted calf to plaje before the
cow when being milked, to excite her
maternal instincts and promote the flow
of milk. In the second place, the
manipulation of the teat has a marked
effect on the flow of milk. The ducts
or tubes through which the milk passes
out of the teats are surrounded by a circular
muscle, which is ordinarily contracted
enough to prevent the escape of
milk. Bat when the paternal emotions
towards the calf are aroused, these muscles
relax and the milk is easily drawn.
The presence of the calf and its manipulation
of the teat develop these emo^ ^s.
Similar manipulation with the ha? s
similar, but not altogeth i
as much effect. The more perfect./ th6
manipulation by the milker .approaches
that of the calf, the more1 freely the milk
will flow. It is this manipulation which
rtrtTio+ifntdB t.Via diflfcrfmoe between a
good and a poor milker. A poor milker
seef"is to irritate the circular muscle of
the' teat and makes it contract. One
who milks with a "stripping" movement
seems to do this very quickly, and then
the cow, as it Is said, "holds up" her
milk. A slow milker does the same
thing by the prolonged manipulation.
Therefore, a cow should be milked very
rapidly and not with a stripping motion.
Excitement, worry, anger, all militate
against the development of the emotions
which relax the muscle and promote flow
o milk. A cjw should be dealt with
kindly and gently, some choice food
given to keep in a good humor, and as
soon as the flow of milk begins under
gentle manipulation of her teats, she
should be milked very rapidly. Now
to apply these considerations to jour
inquiry: It is probable that your oow
being accustomed to have her calf suck,
would miss it if kept from her aid be
worried about if, and the flow of milk
be lessened. You might halter cslf and
place it within reach of head of Jow so
she could caress it. Also give her dur
lllg tilti UOU WA vuu ??nn WW?~
food she is partiaalarly fond cf, and
have her milked by a very rapid, good
milker; By persevering in this course
you might possibly get all her milk and |
prevent decrease in yield. With a firstrate
milker you could wean calf and
keep cow from going dry.
I.* W; S., Plains, Ga.: Would like to
have soma information regarding forage
plants. I. When should turnips be
planted, ana miu wmti vtuuo num
feed? 2. Have a piece of Golden Dent
corn on fair average land that will be
gathered about the 15th of July. What
would you advise as a forage crop to
plant after it? Will it be too late* for
amber cane or Kaffir coru? 3. Have
some amber cane that will be fit to cut
in a few weeks. How shall I save it, and
! does it does it make a good mule feed?
1. From the middle of Joly to the
middle of September. The rutabaga,
| which is the best for stock feed, should
| be planted early, at any time when the
ground is in favorable condition from
mjddle of August. In our hot, uncertain
climate it is well to make several successive
sowings: if one fails another may
succeed. From the 10th to the last of
August sow Aberdeen, yellow globe and
and other globes and seven-top. From
the 20th of August to the middle of September
sow cowhom, redtop and flat
dutch. The richer the soil the later
may sowings be made. Iij our experience,
it is better to have the land very
rich and very thoroughly prepared and
sow late. The turnip succeeds best in
cool, moist climates, and does not thrive
with us until the weather begins to get
cool. For variety's sake, and for supplying
sacculent food in winter, when stock
are kept so much on dry food, turnips
have some value?not very great, however.
Eud'ags will accomplish both the
purposes mentioned and much more
cheaply, A combination of peavines
and corn forage is greatly superior to
turnips and can be raised much more
cheaply. Botn x>f these crop3 are adapted
to our climate; turnips are not
Turnips require very rich soil and one
plowed over and over again until
brought into the finest tilth. Corn and
peas are not so particular. 2. The middle
of July will not be too late to plant
amber cane; can not speak so positively
about Kaffir corn, but think it would get
through If the weather is not too dry.
Peas would have ample time to make
forage, if sown then, and you can find
nAfViinor Ixaffar Ynn miffhfc SOW a
mixture of peas and amber cane?a
bushel of peas and a peck of amber cane
to the acre. 3, Whenever practicable it
is better to feed sorghum before it is
cured, cutting up and feeding stalks,
blades and seeds altogether. It is rather
too laxative for most horses, but mules
do very well on it, and so do cows and
hogs. If set up under shelter
it will remain green a long time. We
should be glad to bear from others on
G. W. S., Vine Hill, Ala.: Bfease tell
me what is the matter with my tomatoes.
They grow up and begin to fruit; then
they begin to wilt, just ae if hot water
had been poured on them. What can I
do to prevent it?
I lion. It may ba due to some iiisect
attacking the steal underground, or it
' *? ? 3 Xl "
may oe aue 10 me manure usea. j.t is
cot usual ior tomatoes to fail thus.
J. W. M., Arcadia, Ala.: I have a
mule six years old. This spring she became
a little lame in the shoulder. I
rubbed it with liniment and the lameness.
went away, but the shoulder began
to shrink and then I began to doctor for
sweeny. I tried every remedy I could
hear of, among them one from, you in
The Constitution as folloire: one ounce
camphor, three ounces alcohol, and three
ounces spirits turpentine, and all to no
effect The shoulder ;is completely
shrunker away, bat she does not limp at;
all and one cannot tell tha.t there is anything
the matter from her movements:
and now the other shoulder is beginning
to shrink, but she does not limp at all in
that. She has ploughed forty acres of
land this year and is in viay good condition
and eats heartily, but she will eat
all the dry dung in the lot and has rambling
in stomach. I have written thus
that you might know the condition of
the mule. Please give me a remedy for
* * n i _ p aT-.I
auoxuaer, aiso ior mat rumuuug in
If there is no lameness; and the animal
is capable of doing fall work, we should
let her alone. These shrinkages of the
shoulder are obscure things. When
there is lameness from any cause, whether
' in foot>, knee joint, or elsewhere, so the
animal does not use freely the muscles
of the shoulder, the latter will get smaller
from not being used, and this brings
about the appearance of shrinkage.
Shrinkage sometimes results from inflammation
of the tissues of the shoulder.
We cannot say what is the cause of the
trouble in your mule. The unnatural
appetite comes from some disorder of the
stomach or bowels. Open the latter by
occasional half pint doses of linseed oil
with a teaspoonful of turpentine mixed
with each dose. After a week of this
treatment give daily a drachm each of
copperas, gentian and ginger.
?CONDITION OF THE CROPS.
The Monthly Report of the United States
Department of Agriculture.
The Department of Agriculture makes
the July general averages of the condition
of the crops as follower Cotton86.7,
winter wheat 75.6, spring wheat 95.9,
corn 93, oats 95.2, barley 91, winter rye
85.1, spring rye 96.3, tobacco, manufacturing
Cotton is later than usual in every
State. There is a generally medium
stand, Cultivation haa been somewhat
retarded by local rains, and part of the
area is in grass?notably in the district
West of the Mississippi. The plant is
generally in vigorous condition and
growing rapidly. The State averages
are: Virginia 81, North Carolina 85,
South Carolina 86, Georgia 90, Florida
90, Alabama 92, Mississippi 92, Louisiana
91, Texas 76, Arkansas 90, Tennessee
Winter wheat has been been harvested
in the Sonth and yielded below expectation
in the Carolines, Georgia and Alabama.
It has improved slightly in
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois.
A marked improvement is noted
in Michigan. Reports from the Pacific
coast are also more favorable. The
general condition has advanced from
73.3 to 75.6. The average of the principal
States: Now York 80, Pennsylvania
93, Ohio 60, Michigan 75, Indiana 62,
Illinois 68, Missouri 72, Kansas 93,
Spring wheat has improved in a large
portion of the breadth seeded, and
promises a large yield, minus possible
futnre drawbacks. The general average
has advanced from 92.8 to 95.9. The
State averages are: Wisconsin 91, Minnesota
94, Iowa 97, Nebraska 95, Dakota
The area of corn, as reported, has increased
oyer four per cent., making the
breadth nearly 76,000,000 acres. There
has been much replanting in wet districts,
from non-germination and from
destruction by cut-worms. The land is
now moderately good and the crop is
growing finely. The condition by principal
State is: Ohio 96, Indiana 95, Illinois
93, Iowa 89, Missouri 91, Kansas
99, Nebraska 91, Virginia 91, North
Carolina 88, South Carolina 87, Georgia
94, Alabama 96, Mississippi 98, Louisiana
95, Texas 95, Arkansas 97, Tennessee
TOBACCO, POTATOES, ETC.
A preliminary investigation of the
area of manufacturing leaf tobacco
makes an increase of 18 per cent, over
tVia TAfiTimnti nf last year.
r ? .
There is an increase of 4 per cent, in
the area of potatoes. The condition
The European report for July makes
the wheat crop late and unpromising
throughout Europe. Russia exoepted.
The rye crop will b* short in oentrai
Condition of the State Crops.*
The State I>epartmenfc of Agriculture
furnishes the following information regarding
the condition, etc., of the crops,
July 1, based upon 248 special reports,
covering every county in the State:
The seasons during the last two weeks
in June were favorable for cottons and
a decided improvement in the condition
j of the crop during that time resulted,
but it has not recovered from the. injuI
rious effect of the unfavorable seasons
in May and the early part of Jane. The
crop is "spotted." In some sections it is
in fine condition and all the rain needed
hasfallen, while in places the rains have
been excessive, and in other localities
the crop has needed rain badly. Generally,
it is two weeks later than usual,
the plant is small bat healthy, clean and
well worked. Favorable seasons during
July will possibly bring the condition
up to an average.,, Nine of the counties,
producing 14 per cent, of the crop, report
the condition higher than on June
1st, three report it the name, and the
remainder, 22counties, report it-lower,
j The condition on July 1st is: In upper
I Carolina, 81; middle Carolina, 82; lower
Carolina, 89; average .for the States, 84;
against 101 st the same date in 1887 ana
86 on the first of last month.
In some sections com on bottoms has
been destroyed by flocds, and in other
loc ilities it has suffered for lack of rain.
With these exceptions, the reports
show that the prospects for an average
crop are good. The condition in upper
Carolina is reported at 85, middle Carolina
82, and lower Carolina 85; average
for the State 84, again9t 97 at the same
time last year and 86 on the first of
In portions of the lower counties continned
freshets damaged rice that had
been planted and prevented proper preparation
ol land for late planting. There
is some complaint of poor stands, but
the crop has steadily improved daring
the month. Ia the ten lower counties,
where 95 per cent, of the crop is produced,
the "audition is reported at 89; in
the upper counties at 92.
-fine condition. Wheat wa3~badly injured
by rust, some of the correspondents
reporting that the loss on the crop
from this cause vat greater than has
been known for many years, the damage
being estimated at twenty per cent.
The yield is estimated at six bushels, or
about two-thirds of an average yield.
The total product is reported at seventyseven
per cent of the produot of 1887.
The quality is reported better than last
year by eighty-four correspondents and
infer or by 104.
The yield of oats is estimated at fifteen
bushels per acre. Fall sown yielded
eighteen and spring sown twelve bushels
per acre. The total production is estimated
at six per cent, greater than last
year's crop, while the quality of the
grain ia better.
The smaller crops are reported in good
condition?sorghum at 90, sugar cane
90, sweet potatoes 94 and Irish potatoes
The Prettv Book Agent.
A rather prepossessing young lady en- ]
tared the office of a well-known lawyer
the other day and inquired:
"Is Mr. Brief in?"
"Won't be in for two hours," replied
the dapper yotjng cleark whom she addressed,
surveying her from head to foot
with an approving glance. "Anything
I can do for you?"
"Yes," was the reply; and the lady
produced from beneath her wrap i handsomely
bound volume. "Ihave here?"
"I thought so," interrupted the clerk,
with a deprecating gesture. "I sized
you up as soon as you came in. Bat it's
no use. We never fool away money on
books in this office. Didn't you see the
sign outside, 'No Pedlars Allowed'?"
"Sir," began the visitors, "this book?"
"0," laughed the flippant young clerk,
"I've no doubt it's the biggest thing out;
but we don't want it. History of the
United States, ain't it, from the time of
the Mound Builders up to the present
day?. Big thing, I've no doubt, but
we've no use for it.
"If you will allow me?"
"Really" said the youth, who was
greatly amused, "I'd like to, but it's
against the rules of the office to yield to
the blandishments of book-agents, no
matter how young and goodl oo king they
are. Couldnt think ol looking at the
book, my dear. 'Life of Napoleon, 'ain't
it? That's a chestnut. One of our clerks
bought one last month for four dollars,
and yesterday he traded it ofi for a yaller
dog, and then killed the dog."
"I wish to say?"
"Or maybe it is a humorous work,
with woodcntsthat look as if they'd been
engraved with a meat-axe. No, we don't
want it. We keep a humorist here on
salary to amuse us."
"Say, you're awful persistent, my dear,
but it won't do any good. If old Brief
was here you might talk him around,
because he's a suspectible old duffer, and
thinks every pretty woman that looks at
him is in love with him. But I am not
"Sir, if you will?
"Say, I hate to refuse you, 'pon my
soul I do, but I'm broke, and that's the
truth. Come around in about six months,
after the old man has taken me into
partnership. I'll be flush then, and I'll
take a book, ju?t to reward you for your
stickativeness. I say you're a mighty
pretty woman to be obliged to peddle
books for a living. I?"
.Tnst, then the attention of the lonna
cious youth wag attracted by the fr.iDtic
gesticulations of a fellow-clerk in another
part of the room, and he "paused.
"You are Mr. Fre3nleigh, I presume?"
said the lady.
"I?er?yes, that-is my name," was
the reply. <
"I have heard my husband speak of
you. I am Mrs. Brief. Will you please
hand this book to Mr. Brief when he
comes in, and ask him to take it to the
The lady left the office; the mercury
in the thermometer crept down out of
sight; the office cat had a fit, and young
Freshleigh fell in a faint.
The next day lawyer Brief advertised
for a new clerk.
THE FARMERS' COMMITTEE.
A MEETING IX COLUMBIA TO PREPARE
FOR THE STATE CANVASS.
Captain Tillman Appointed to Attend the
Different Meetings?Other Matters Cod'
' Columbia, Jtily 10.?This evening was
the occasion of the meeting of the executive
committe of -the State Farmers'
Association. There were twelve or
fifteen prominent members present.
A mnno thorn ttata f!anfc_ Tillman TT R
Thomas, D. K. Norris, E. T. Stack'house,
J. W. Beasley. Several persons,
not members of the committee* bat in
sympathy with them, were present. One
of these waa Cap*. Sligh, of Newbeay^
w her was invited to -attend the secret
'meeting and took advance of .the. in-'
| vitation. *
The committee met at ?.15 in the
Grand Central Hotel President Norm
occupied the chair. It was understood j
early in the evening that the object of
this meeting was to formulate some plan
of aggressive campaign.
The first question taken up was!
whether the Association should make an
aggressive fight and pat canvassers in
tfie field, who would attend all the Congressional
district meetings and make
! opposf Uon speeches to the Governor
| and Lieutenant Go\ternors. Capt. Tilif
man did not advocate this.. He said that
! while they had good sound men on
| their aide, they had not the "gift of the
| blab," and the politicians voma -gee
away with them." Mr. Tillman further
believed that a "combine existed between
all the present officers to pool
their strength and stand or fall together."
President Norris called upon a -number
of those present to make reports
! upon the following qaestions:
"How is the farmers' movement in
| your county ?
"Do you think that you can control
the delegates to the State Convention,"
These questions were answered by
about Halt a dozen of those present
Mr. Tillman reported Edgefield as
uncertain, but he though that he could
vote the delegation from that county for
any one the Association should designate.
About this time Capt. Tillman took
occasion to state that he had no selfish
motives in this fight; that all he wanted
was to "whip out this gang," alluding to
the present State officers.
Before one question had been settled
the Agricultural College was introduced.
Mr. Tillman wanted men sent, to the
next Legislature who were heart, and
soul with them and who would pull the
annex to pieces. If such men were not
there, the consideration of the Clemson
bequest would be postponed until tne
annex iiad grown and taken root, and
then the farmers would be given a high
school in place of a college.
sense of the committee that a fight be
made for the offices of Governor and
Lieutenant Governor. It was unanj?.
moualy adopted. All local farmera^lub
will be requested to elect delegates to
the county conventions, who will send
farmera' movement men to the State
Mr. Tillman considered it more important
to elect legislators in sympathy with
them than to elect a Governor of their
choice. The Legislature couJd cany on
their work, while the only advantages in
electing a Governor would be the prestige
of the thing.
President Norris was opposed to going
into action and fighting tne battle solely
nn ? mlitical crroand. and he thought it
unwise to have candidates openly in the
field. After the impression was made
and their delegates elected, then they
could decide upon a candidate.
Mr. Tillman said that if they were
going to talk about not going into politics,
they had better bundle up and go
Mr. Norris thought that if Mr. Tillman
was going to canvass the State, it would
look better if he was not a candidate.
Mr. Tiliman then branched off upon
the Legislature. The farmers must support
no candidate for the Legislature unless
he be in favor of giving the Agricultural
College the Hatch fund, land scrip 1
and phosphate tax. - He thought in time;
that this college would absorb the agricultural
department. If the people were
not shown that they could ge't the farmers'
college without additional tax they
would never get it
In speaking of the present system of
government Mr. Tillman said that he had
heard that negro lunatics sent to the
Asylum were worked like slaves and were
never turned out when they got well but
were kept there to work.
One of the committeemen protested
. .-? - -- -1 1 3 "\f_ ffL-11
against tins, ana uopea jar. xuuuan
would be careful in hi* public utterance."
Mr. Tillman replied that he had not
been caught in a lie jet, that Mr. Haskell
spoke without striking to the records,
and it was a bad rule that did not work
both ways. If he canvassed the State he
would confine himself to the increase in
expenses of $240,000 since '79 and to the
Farmers' College, and he was not afraid
to meet any man in the United States on
these subjects. He did not propose to
give any of the reasons for this additional
expense, but would leave the burden
of proof to the other side. He was confident
of being able to carry several
counties on the question of the reduction
Mr. Tillman was exhorted to stiok to
the facts and not make statements he
oould not prove.
It was resolved that Capt. Tillman
should attend all the regular meetings in
the State canvass and other outside meetings
he might desire.
Mr. Tillman wished to have another
man to help him. He did not like to
enoounter the silver-tongned orator
single-handed. It was decided that he
could draw upon me counties in wmcn
tbe meetings were held for assistance.
Mr. Tillman said that he is afraid that
if he goes to Charleston he will be crucified.
There was an element in the committee
which was plainly opposed to
Capt. Tillman's style of operations.
They were much more conservative, and
did not like ho much blocd and thunder.
Rev. W. R. Atkinson is bnsily engaged
nuking additions to the many comforts
of the buildings of the Institute. No
man of less ingenuity could see how anything
could be added to the comforts of
the building.. Bat he is as successful in
hunting up ^eays to increase comfort as
he is in teadiing and in so saying we feel
we could pay him no higher compliment.
The city has cause to be proud of this institution.
Its large patronage from so
many States and its bright prospects for
a large patronage than ever attest in a
practical way its excellencies as a sch )ol
for the education of girls. We know no
better school.?Charlott Daily Cronicle.
To make crackers fresh as new, place in
the oven a few minutes.
By One Hundred and Twaitj-fiw Members?Twelve
Countloa Represented st tht "
Organization. * ' ^
Floeence, July 11.?The occasion of
the organizstiionof the "Farmers' State
Alliance," which was effected to-day
under most favorable auspices, brought
together large and intelligent delations
fromtwelve. eountiee, aggregating
120 members, composing the convention
proper, besides visitors from other jurisThe
''State Alliance" was permanently
organized by the election of the following
officers: President Gen. E. T. Stackhouse,
of Marion; vice-president JV
Breeden, of Marlboro; secretary J. W.
.Seed, of Spartanburg jtrea&arer J. F. P.
J)ov?fae, of B.
keeper ?. JL. Brown, of Wiltismsba^te^tt' . ig
assiixant doorkeeper A. E.. Walter, Mr . jt
Horry. sergeant-at at 'is J. E. "Jarring- > ^
ton, of Marion. Ti . state executive
committee is composed 01 roe louowmg:
P. P." Mitchell, of Fairfield: S,T.I>.
Lancaster, of Spartanburg, ai*d Loom
lie In tosh, of Darlington.
' A distinguised visitor, in tbe person of
CoL L. L.Polk, of Raleigh, North Carolina,
first vice-president of the Niti>nai
Ailiacceaad editor of The Progressive
Farmer, contributed invaluable service
in tWpropagation of this enterprise by
-bitwise counsel^and enconr>ment.
K. Norris and Colontl Polk, Tteformer
occupied a short time in the delivery
of a practical and instructive speech. 'J?
The latter spofce for about an hourto-flpH^^ V
a very large and appreciative audience.
Colonel Polk's reputation as. an orator
Had preceded him, and the people were
not disappointed. His remarks were
freighted with practical information incident
to modern agriculture, while be became
eloquent in his advioe to farmers,
relative to their financial management,
employing illustrations throughout, as
amusing as they were appropriate.
THE OBJECTS OF THE ATiTiTASflg.
The purposes of the Order are explained
in the following declaration of
the national constitution:
1. To labor for the education Of the
agricultural classes in the science of
economical government in a strictly nonpartisan
2. To-endorse the motto, "In things
essential unify, and in all things charity."
3. To develop a better state, mentally,
morally, socially and finaoiafly.
4. To create a better understanding for
sustaining civil officers in maintaining
law and order.
5. To constantly strive to secure entire
harmony and good will among all mankind
and brotherly love among ourselves.
6. To suppress personal, local, sectional
prejudices; all unhealthful rivalry and ,-mm??
selfish ambition. *
j^L'be bngfrtest^ewels wtnoft itgarbrother
or sister; bury the dead; aaxe for 9BBI
the widows and educate the orphans; to
exercise charily toward/? - offenders: to
construe words and deeds in their most
favorable light, granting honesty of
propose and good intentions to others;
and to protect the principals of the
Alliance unto death, Its lawsasereason
and equity, its cardinal doctrines inspire a?>
purity of thought and life, its intention
is "peace on earth and good will towards
The article of the constitution relating
to membership says: *
"No person shall be admitted as a
member unless he has been a citizen of
the State for six months past, and not '
then unless he be a fanner, a farm laborer,
mechanic, country school teacher,
country physician or minister of the
Gospel, be of good moral character, believe
in the existence of a Supreme Being
be of industrious habits, is a white person,
and over the age of 16 years."
Another section of the constitution
"It is deeuied contrary to the spirit of
the Order for brothers to go to lav with
each other. Therefore, It is earnestly
recommended, when pecuniary differences
arise between members, that they
settle them amicably among themselves;
failing to do jo. that . they leave the
Tsatt^-to-^tfbitoraon ~1>y~mr or -ossora
members of the Alliance. Each contending
party shall have the right to select
I one urmiiTHMjr, so^jl me axDiaazaxs snail
select the third."
The chances are, yonng people, that ~ ^
in these days of "home role - by the
children you have suffered from having
had too little parental discipline rather
than from too great severity. Nevertheless,
there arecasee of misplaced severity*
and even wise and kind parents may
sometimes make an error.
Well does the writer remember the
case of a parent who whipped his little
daughter, attempting to overcome in tins
way her whimsical terror of the dark ?.
when left alone at night The poor little
maid sobbed hazself to sleep that night.
Bnt the next evening, five minutes
after she bad been left alone with the,
to her, fearful dark, her terror overcame
her dread of punishment, and a pitiful
little voice was heared at the head of the
'0 papa, please come up here and
whip me! I'm so 'fraid of the dark!"
This convinced the father that the
child's terror was more than* wh?m, and
he heeply regretted his hasty- punishment,
which was never repeated.
The following incident, related by a
father, is of the same nature:
"I shall never forget, though I have
wished a thousand tiznee that I Amid,
how I punished little Mamie for continually
pronouncing a word wrong?as I
thouflrht wilfullv?after I tried hard
to make her say it correctly. She was
quiet for a lew minutes after I had punished
her, and then shelookedjup, with a
quivering lip, and said:
" 'Papa, you will have to whip me
again. I can't say it'
"You can imagine how I felt, and how
I kept on remembering the look on her
face and the tone of the sad little voice."
How to B?a?h the Sparkling Catawba.
All persons desiring the benefit oi the
wonderful waters of the Sparkling Cats,wba
Springs will save money by calling
o;i Brannan Bros., Conover, N. 0., for.
conveyances. Conover is located _on the
Western North Carolina and Chester &
Lenoir Bailroads, between Newton and
Hickory?bang tbree miles nearer than
Ndwson and two miles nearer Han
E ickory. Conover has the finest depot
and reception room on the Western
liviau UBiUMijp J-Wlliuau. ?minmn
Bro. have the safest horses, most careful
drivers and best vehioles. Don't fail to
wiite them. Prices lower than evar be- ?,
There is a scarcity of young men at some
of tbe summer resorts, and the girls are JH
suffering from "poor male facilities,"