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THE STATE FAIR.
A Good Exhibit in All the Departments?
Ka'o Interferes, but the Fair Was a
The annual Fair of the State Agricultural
and Mechanical Society was held
?n Cuiuinbia, commencing on Monday,
the 22th inst., and closing on the following
There was a good attendance every
day, though the rain on Wednesday interfered
seriously. Thursday was the
day of the big crowd.
The exhibits were quite up to the
standard?those in livestock and ma
chinery oeing unusually hne.
The Columbia Record gives the following
account of the scene on Thursday:
At tLe grounds there was a much larger
attendance today than on yesterday. Everything
is well under way and tne buildings
are now alive with their thousands of articles.
Yesterday and today have been more
or less days of preparation, but the real
business of the Fair will begin tomorrow
with a rush.
In the new buildiDg many articles have
been added since yesterday. The field
crop exhibit is still incomplete, but is very
good as far as quality is concerned. The
process of bee culture and honey making
is one of the attractions of ttie first fioor.
On the second floor there has been aeon"
tiuual stream of persons lookiDg at the
really fine displays of needlework, carpet?,
fancyware, jellies, wines, cakes, tomatots,
peppers etc. The display of needle work
is by far the finest ever made.
The picture gallery is well filled with the
handiwork of the artist. The exhibits of
Columbia's photographers, W. A. Reck
iiDg ana vjr. v. nennies, arc excellent huu
extensive. There are some excellent specimens
Ou entering the first floor of the old.
building one hears the whirl of machinery.
V. C. Badham, of Columbia, exhibits a
twenty live horse power Talbott & Sons
engine, a feedmill an<* cotton seed pressure
combined, also a fifty-saw Lummis gin,
feeder and condenser.
James Hunter, of Columbia, has a grisi
mill on exhibition.
Howie & Sons, of Columbia, show :
Smith Sons Gin with improved feeder, and
The McCorrnack Harvesting Company
exhibit a harvester, a twine binder, a
mower and a hay rake.
The Southern Farm Tool Company, of
Atlanta, exhibit harrows.
John Alexander, of Columbia, shows
specimens of work from the Congaree Iron
Works, such as chairs, railings, benches.
At the west end outside the old building
is a lively scene, with a half dozen engines
running simultaneously and operating
scores of machines.
W. H. Gibbes, Jr., of Columbia, has a
first-class display, managed by Mr. D. A.
Childs. He exhibits a "Daisy," a "Challenge"
and a "Liddell Tompkins" engine,
a variable feed saw mill, a sixty-saw Pratt
gin, feeder and condenser, a fifty-saw Winship
feeder and condenser, a Raymond
corn and cob mill, a Hunter grist mill, a
pea huller, a corn sheller, two "PJane',
Jr.," cultivator?, a dry well pump, a deep
well pump, a Corbett disc harrow with
feeder, a "lioss'' cotton press, a "Deering"
reaper, a "Thomas" horse rake, an "Empire"
grain drill, a "Kemp" manure
spreader, a "Massilon" thresher, a sulky
Ti:e Cheraw Iron Works have a gocd
exhibit, consisting of a 15-horse power engine
and boiler, a saw mill in operation, a
coin mill, an Acme cotton press, Agent's
cotton gin and a Hall's self-feeding g;'r..
Cheraw has reason to be proud of this ex
hitk of home enterprise.
The exhibit of the Tozer Engine Works
of Columbia, in charge of Mr. Win. Lester,
is especially fine. It comprises twu
agricultural engines and one bed plate entine
of the Tozer patent. In this exhibit
there is also a miniature engine made by J.
Yv. Shealy, an 18-year-old young man woe
works in the Tozer round house. He has
been here only four months and befor-j
coming he had never seen a machinery
ihop, yet he has on exhibition a perfect Utile
engine made by him at night with tools
; of his own making.
Desultory After-Election Thoughts.
1. i nat 11 was a great surprise to both
2. That the Democratic managers lived
in a fool's paradise until Gen. Benjamio
Harrison drove them out with a flaming
3. That the Republicans got away with
the country?lock, stock and barrel; hook,
bob and sinker; Presidency, Senate and
4. That everybody wonder3 what they
will do with it.
5. That Mr. Hewitt "took it out of" 31 r.
Cleveland to the amount of just about two
hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and is
glad of it.
6. That the Herald still believes, as it
said last November, "that the protective
system has as yet the support of the majority
of the American people," and.
7. Tnat the Presidential yea? is not a
good time to begin the debate on this question,
8. That nevertheless we had a most interesting
and important "educational cam
9. That the protectionists can't stand
another like it.
10. That the Star Exed Goddess is all
but her next friend, Major General
Watterson, is not as good looking as he
was?and, alas! probably don't know aay
11. That the country still leans to the
Republican party, but will stand no nonsense.
12. That?as everybody now sees?if the
Republicans had had sense enough to
nominate Mr. Arthur in 1S84 they would
not have spent four years in exile.
12. That they can't afford to kick up
their heels in tne next four years.
14. That even poor little Delaware
couldn't stand Mr. Bayard any longer.
15. That the next Democratic President
will probably call only Democrats to his
cabinet, because a mixture of fossil Whigs
don't seem to work well.
16. That a kitchen cabinet ought not to
be taken entirely from Kentucky.
17. That General Benjamin Harrison is
not General Garfield, and therefore will
not ask Mr. Blaine to take a place in his
IS. That the Democratic mismanages
delighted their opponents when they undertook
the stale game of hazarding the
whole campaign on Kew York.
19. That Mr. William L. Scott is a great
man, but not so great as he thought he was
before the election day.
20. That next time the Democrats -will
know better or they'll get beaten again.
21. That the country is so closely divided
that both parties must put forward
their best men and measures.
22. That Mr. Graut ought to make a
good mayor, and that Mr. Hewitt will
moan in private the rest of his life.
22. That Governor Hill is a good man
almost any weight he chooses, but will
never be President.
0/4 T?k?4. .1?
tr?. xuac tuc xvcpuuiiuduo nave uia>> u au
elephant -with the whole menagerie annexed
25. That there will be a great deal of
fun in the next four years.
26. That the old bandanna is as dear to
our hearts as ever.
27. That when a nation of sixty-five
millions holds a most exciting election in
absolute peace and quiet, and the President
is the first to gracefully accept defeat, that
proves that we are a great people, with an
orderly and constitutional future.
2i>. That we are a great people?no matter
->vhat our English friends in England
and this country may say.?New York
The Electrical Engineer enumerates for-y
three eiectric street railroads in operation
m the United States, and forty-eight under
A news item states that "seme young
nen of Montgomery, Ala., are to keep
house without marrying." Well why not?
Plenty of young men marry without keeping
house "and it's a poor rule that won't
wors. WtU waja. I
There are eight hundred and fifty mis 1
sionaries in India, an average of ene to |
every five hundred thousand people. ?
DELIBERATIONS OF THE DOCTORS.
President Xallt-yV Address?Proceedings of
(Columbia Record, Nov. 15.)
The Association of Confederate Medic;:!
Survivors of the Army and .Navy met iu
the Council Chamber at noon today. The
following members were present: Mt-s>rs.
A. N. Talley, W. B. Taylor, A. J. China,
Wm. Anderson, 11. II. Edmunds, F. L.
Frost, Middleton Michel, Thos. J. ilelvie,
James Mcintosh, A. S. Salley, Georgt: II.
President Talley delivered an address of
welcome as follows:
"It is with sincere pleasure that I welcome
you on thi3 the first anniversary of
our Association and my welcome w?xes
warmer with a knowledge of the sacrifices
your presence here involves?sacrifices
which none but the busy practitioner may
appreciate or the patriotic citizen make.
That our membership is not moie largely
represented we deeply regret, but censure
is not an element of that regret, for we are
far from suspecting c ur absent friends of
waning interest in the objects of our meeting.
*In offering you the welcome which it is
my province and pleasure to extend, permit
me to give expression to a thought
T xfAM \ni11 A Qij r? > noifhor
n A. HVJ7*/ J vu niu iiviiuvi tuwv
vant nor ill-timed. It is true that ours is
in no sense a political organization, and
that with us the behests of pari}' are subordinate
to the instincts of patriotism, but
no loyal son of the South?with the iccoliection
of the humiliation, deep, dark and
damning, to which he has been subjected,
yet rankling in his heart and branded upon
his memory?can fail to look with anxiety
upon our political environment. The
clouds which once darkened our civilization
and threatened our extinction again
appear in our horizon and the listening ear
may catch the stealthy steps of change and
"Do we not, my comrades and friends,
in this menace find an incentive to closer
union, the bands of a stronger brotherhood ?
Does it not admonish us to cherish the
recollection of what we have done and suffered
in our country's cause that we may
derive fresh inspiration from the recollcc
tioa? True it is we may never again be
called upon to forsake kindred and home
for the perils of the battle field?and God
grant that we never ma)'! But should tLe
call come, the experience of the past
teaches that it will not fall upon deaf cars
'But let us rather hope that the new era
will not be one of stratagems and spoils,
of sectional strife and vindictive persecu
tion, but that a broad philanthropy and an
enlightened patriotism may shape the destinies
of our common country."
On motion of Dr. Mcintosh a committee
was appointed to select eminent surgeons
to address the association at the next meeting.
The committee consists of Doctors
Michel], Mcintosh and Talley.
Oa motion of Dr. Cbina the present officers
The following lineal descendants of
members were elected members of the association:
Doctors M. G. Salley, Ii. Andral
Braxton, W. T. Edmunds and A. Is".
T-N. ? T-* T\ Y\ V 1 T - . T.
doctors r. r. rorcner ana .jatncs juciiitosfa
were appoiuted acomaiiitee on Necrology.
The association then adjourned to meet
at 8.30 P. M. at the resideuce of Dr. Taylor,
who has tendered the body a collation.
THE GERMAN ^AILROADS.
Owned or Controlled by the Government, j
Military Spirit of the Management.
The railways of Germany are, for the j
most part, owned by the suite. Such AS I
are not owned out and out are controlled j
by the government in such a manner as I
to practically attain the main object of j
j ownership. The government looks upon
the railways primarily as a means of
! bringing money into the treasury; lastly,
as a convenience to the people. As you
travel in Germany you notice that all the
officials about railway stations not only j
dress like soldiers, but have much of the j
grulxness and precision characteristic of j
| that class; and the very porters, who
i cany your luggage, remind you of the j
barrack room, and you are not surprised j
to find the station master strutting about
with much of the swagger and consequence
of the parade ground.
tho milwov morj'jrr^nionf" lilfyliAr
, up and you find that the military spirit
pervades even- department. When a
railway is projected the first question relates
to its value in the time ol' war, tliu
second to its usefulness to the people.
The war office must first approve before
tiie civil branch of government can take
a step. Thus you will see on the map oi
Germany many railways leading nowhere,
so far as commerce is concerned,
and somewhere, only in the event of a
war. Lines are radiated from important
centers to every point of the frontier,
without reference to whether the traffic
is sufficient to make such a road a paying
investment. So also you find a railway
running parallel with a frontier line,
purely as a military precaution. A circular
railway has just been completed
around Berlin, so far from the center as
to run most of the wav through a desert
of saiid. There is scarcely any travel on
the road, but the government maintains
it so as to have it handy in case of a
The political power which the government
exercises through owning the railways
is very great. In the first place it
comes in contact with manufacturers of
almost every variety of machinery goods,
for it has nearly 25,000 miles in operation;
it has thousauds of locomotives,
fieight cars and passenger cars to build;
it lias stations and bridges to construct;
clotiiing, lymps and instruments of various
kind to furnish. The government
railway officials favor manufactures favorable
to the government, and correspondingly
injure the trade of those in
opposition. Then at thousands of railway
stations are restaurants, the food
for which is supplied from the neighborhood?and
here is another chance for the
government to influence votes in its
favor. Then then is an immense amount
of money sj>ent yearly in advertising the
new time tables in the local newspapers
along the lines of road. This money, of
course, can only go to such papers as the
railway officials deem suitable?and do
you suppose that a German official will
look with favor upon a newspaper that
ventures to criticise any government
Then the railway officials can withhold
the building of a railway in this
neighborhood if they prefer some other;
they can make rates of freight different
from one point to another without reference
to the mileage; they can depress the
trade of one place and make trade brisk
in another if they choose; and sometimes
they may be tempted to do so to
ouv? *.i\J?* iu ? w ?ww
for government representatives in parliament
than for Liberals. Of coarse the
government does not intend to do this,
but it is done by government officials and
the government does not care to look toe
closely into the matter.
Finally comes the great army of railway
employes, laborers, porters, signal
men. conductors, engineers, mechanics,
masons, carpenters, officials of all kinds,
particularly the large number who are
expecting situations.?London Cor. Now
York Commercial Advertiser.
Woman?She shares our griefs, doubles
our joys, and trebles our expenses.
The manufacture of paper bottles is to
be begun on a very extensive scale.
It is probably the attention paid it which
makes the weather-vane.
However short the corn crop may be
elsewhere, you can always find a few ker
nels in Kentucky.
"Darling," he said, "your eyes are as
bright as diamonds, your teeth as white as
pearls, your lips as red as rubies, and?and .
?" "Yes, George," she replied, sweetly,
"and you are as green as an emerald. " ]
Then George went out into the jet black
THE SULTAN'S COURT.
HowAlxinl HaniiU r.ost. the of Ills
Particms and i'ctiylc.
Round the Sultan raovos a little world
of marshals, chamberlains. secretaries,
dragomans and eunuchs, who interfere
in all mailers of staio. The principlo
which guides His Maj- . in the selection
of these officials ma.: '>e guessed
from the mixture of slavish iialtery of
his mental abilities and insolent trading
on his weaknesses which alone enables
them to maintain their posts and
influence. All of them have ups and
^ e r
uowns ux lavuuusui, um aiuuug Lingua
there are invariably two or three sufticiently
strong to get the most important
measures blocked for weeks if
it suits their purpose, and not unfrequently
rejected entirely, even though
unanimously recommended by the cabinet,
the members of which have gradually
sunk into mere heads of departments.
Witness the recall of the> Ambassador
from Rome without the
knowledge of either tho Grand Vizier
or Foreign Minister, and an order for
torpedo boats kept secret from the
admiralty. Against the power of this
secret council it is futile to struggle,
and people dealing with the Government
and palace must accept things as
they are, and pay court to the parasites,
who rapidly acquire wealth by
turning their influence to the worst
account. Of the Sultan's nervousness,
that tremendous lever in designing
hands, enough has been written to the
English journals, where every body
has read of tne fortified seraglio and
aud the mosque built at its
gates; of the elaborate precautions
against imasrinarv conspiracies, and
of the host of unscrupulous spies. To
his fears and indulgence in costly follies
Abdul Hamid owes the loss of his
people's respect and much of the bad
luck which is dogging his footsteps.
At heart he means well, and is probably
uuconscious that his selfish whims
and fancies are always allowed to outweigh
the good of the nation, but the
effect is neverikelcss deplorable. Ho
erroneously believes himself to bo a
reformer, though lie may fairly claim
to be an innovator. Pious he is, and
sober, uxorious also, and squeamishly
merciful toward non- political offenders.
He will not sanction the death of
the vilest murderer, quite forgetting
that, especially in Turkey, leniency to
criminals entails misery on the lawabiding.
Music is his greatest pleasure,
though ho does not despise
conjuring tricks and puppet-dancing.
But,to do him justice, these are the relaxations,
not the business, of life,
which is to plot and scheme and labor j
to restore the caliphate to its ancient
splendor, and the Ottoman empire to
the ranks of the leading powers. Ever
dreaming, never acting. Abdul Hamid
1 N-Jfin /?7iniofinv on. V<&nrtrtv).& hnor- I
O AX* v/fwivwuv-/ VI? I
ging himself in the illusion that he is
a mighty monarch and spinning, with
the aid of soothsayers and toadies, innumerable
cobwebs of future triumphs,
while the country over which he yet
rules is reeling to its foundations, and
threatens to overwhelm him and his
projects inacommon ruin.?Fortnightly
A GOTHAM ROMANCE.
An Aaction Sale Behind Which JL.ay tne
Tragedy of a Life.
A mysterious and striking auction
sale took place in New York the other
day, in an up-town flat It had evidently
been occupied by a woman,
young, beautiful and refined, and she
had gone out of it without removing
even her rings that lay-in the jewelstand
on the dainty dressing-table.
Every thing was sold unreservedly.
A piano, with a pile of songs and sheet
after sheet of classical music; a library
containing all the best of the modern
authors, and many whom the verdict
of the ages have consecrated; books
finely bound and artistically illustrated,
showing that the reader liked
to have her mental food served up on
dainty dishes; pictures that, while
they were not, perhaps, very costly,
showed the owner knew the best and
appreciated it; bric-a-brac of all sorts
and well selected; a table service,
consisting of napery-like satin and
china, showing the best of the Wedgwood,
Sevres and Worcester manu
factures. And wearing apparel dainty
enough for a Princess?tiny Satin slippers,
five-and-a-half gloves, stockings
like silk cobwebs and handkerchiefs as
fine?quaint, picturesque, made evidently
for a tall, slim woman; Eastern
shawls, delicate lace-trimmed lingerie
?all the beautiful things with which a
high-bred and luxurious woman surrounds
herself. Apparently no selections
had been made, nothing kept
back, and the woman had walked away
beyond a doubt with nothing but the
clothes she wore. The auctioneer said,
briefly, in answer to all interrogations,
that the owner had suddenly determined
to go into a convent, and had
directed that the entire contents of the
flat be disposed of for the benefit of the
institution she had entered. It was
plain that the great tragedy of a life
lay behind it, but what it was, the details
of it, will never be known.?N. Y.
Co*. San Francisco Argonaut.
Somebody has been looking up the history
of cancs in this country, and fiuds
that Ihey were originally a part of the
repertory of the leade s of the church,
being the principal badge of the deacon.
The cane was about five feet long and one
end was embellished with a big knob, the
other with feathers When the small boy
rebelled he got a rap on the head with the
uncharitable end of the cane. If the head
of the famiiv got to dreaming of the happy
days ir. the oiil home, the turkc} 's plumage
on the deacon's <ane feathered him into
There is a complaint that ihenvw movemovement
amoog women Las produced a
dearth of the maiden aunt. Instead of devoting
h< r time and strength to the ueeds
of her relatives she is wiiiing, or clerking,
or teachii g, or in any other direction devoted
to the enlargement of her sphere; all of
which is pleasant for the maiden aunt, but
inconvenieut to her relatives, who feel an
affectionate claim upon her services without
There is truth in the remark that a bag
if empty hangs loosely by its string, but
the more there is put in it the closer is the
mouth drawn, and tbe h.-irder is it to get
anything out. So, often, as men have
more means to give, is it more difficult to
obtain money from them.
"Kas the town grown much in the last
ten yeurs, Mr. Snaffles?" "Grown? My,
yes Why, this very lot we're standing on
I paid ten thousand dollars for in '72. I
sold it in '81 for two thousaud dollars, and
had to buy it back on foreclosure for fifteen
hundred dollars. Stranger, you can see
tbis town grow, but the trouble is it's an
Jynks?Well, old man, how do you like
your Dew lodgings? tfynts?me rooms
are nice enough, but the attendance is
something terrible. Why, this morning
tue servant girl left me a towel that was so
wet that I washed on it and dried myself
in the water!
He?My darling, I really believe my
rheumatism has wholly disappeared. She
?0 I am so sorry! Now we shall never
snow when the weather is going to change.
A race across the Atlantic?The English.
TWO KINDS OF BOYS.
The Plain, Awkward Youth and HU More
The plain, awkward boy always
j stands in great awe of the handsome
: and graceful boy. The dapper, grace|
ful, trim, lithe youngster, who glides
I about among the admiring girls like
! Apollo among the nine graces, who
i knows how to lift his hat with all the
! grace of a London dandy, and who
twirls his cane like a Beau Brummel?
such a one looks with a sort of refined
horror upon the awkward boy, with
much the same feeling a bright American
lad might look upon a young Hottentot
And the plain, studious awkward boy
looks upon his more graceful contemporary
with a feeling very much akin
to envy. The awkward boy is at home
in the barn, but an embarrassed foreigner
in the parlor; he is graceful
enough in the shed, but put him in
the drawing-room and he will fall over
the chandelier. He is as frightened as
a deer at bay at a party. If some good
old lady speaks to him, he can not find
a half-dozen words out of the 115,000
in the dictionary with which to answer
her; and if a pretty girl speak9 to him,
those half-dozen take flight, and he
stands as dumb as a sphinx, but immediately
falls in love with her, and
nourishes a hopeless passion for the
next ten days.
The graceful boy has no such trouble.
The old ladies whisper: "How polite
and gentlemanly;" the young ladies axe
charmed; every body likes him socially;
he is intensely popular.
But there is no reason that the awkward
boys need be discouraged. Smart
boys are m03t always awkward. Shallow
boys, as a general rule, are graceful.
In a few years, when the awkward
boy is walking, or possibly riding,
down to his place of business, he will
Vin vonr liaWo t/\ naes Vii?
rival of an earlier date carrying
his dinner-pail to his work. When
he is mayor, the graceful boy will come
?not half as gracefully as in the old
time?and ask him for a chance to
work on the streets. When the awkward
boy goes to Congress?and awkward
boys have a way of getting there
?his graceful chum may possibly
aspire to become his private secretary,
but it is probable that he will not even
have risen to such an estate as that.
The awkward boys have a very graceful
knack of rising in the ranks. Perhaps
it is the youthful habit of
stumbling about that enables them so
often to stumble into our thirty-eight
Gubernatorial chairs, or into the White
But this is not written to glorify
awkwardness. Awkwardness is perhaps
natural to the callowness of
thoughtful youth, but a boy should get
over it as he gets over the measles.
Youthful awkwardness projected into
middle life sets as wretchedly as baby
dresses on a full-grown man.?Yankee
Dress-Makers of the Future Will Be a
Most Wonderful Product.
Parisian dress-makers, or couturieres,
have always had a reputation for
taste and skill. They were, however,
generally trained in a rather irregular
fashion, much being left to their intuitive,
or their imitative, faculties.
Nowadays, however, the apprentice
couturieres are educated professionally
in a most methodical manner, and it is
predicted confidentially on this account
that the dress-makers of the future will
be the most wonderful products that
the world of fashion has ever seen. In
all the professional schools of the city
of Paris girls are taught not only sewing,
hut Euclid and drawing. Then
the embryo dress-makers receive elaborate
lessons in design. Their teacher,
the maitress couturiere, is a skillful
geometrician and designer as well
as a perfect needlewoman and tailoress.
She makes her pupils sketch on paper,
or on cloth, with graphic and symmetrical
precision the costumes which
taey nave uiumaieiy to construct m
solid stuff, and teaches them to transform
various articles of feminine attire
by rapid strokes of pencil or chalk
from a rotonde to a mantelet, and from
a corsage or a basque into a pelerine;
but the cultivators of the young dressmaking
idea do not stop at
drawing or geometry. They also
aim at making apprentice couturieres
water-colorists, in order to
help them combine color with form in
the matter of building up dresses. M.
Gustave Congny, who has devoted his
time to writing a book on this highly
interesting subject, on the artistic
dress-makers of the future, goes into
oKnuf fVin nam o Vvl a vnAfn
i. uui. vo uuv/uu vuv i t-ixici/i x\ el- yio uiDla 1
morphosis which fashion is likely to
undergo at the hands of the aesthetic
couturieres who are to come. What
lovely sartorial symphonies, he seems
to say; what dainty and delicious harmonies
in flounces; what Arcadian
poems in petticoats will be evolved
from the brains of the highly-trained
seamstresses who are on their way to
rejoice mankind. A couturiere will,
in future, be a veritable artist, ranking
with thft dnfitorASRAfl in mftflirtinp. n.nrl
physics, and "distancing" all the members
of the minor callings and pursuits
which are nowadays taken up by females.?Minneapolis
?It is stated that vessels built of
African teak wood have lasted 100
years, to be then broken up because of
faulty models. Its weight is from
forty-two to fifty-two pounds per cubic
foot; it works easily, but wears the
tools rapidly on account of the quantity
of silex in it. It also contains an
oil which prevents the iron in contact
with it from rusting.
So mi; physicians have warmly endored
the suggestion that "massage," as an employment,
is particularly suited to the capabilities
of the blind, in whom the tactile
sensfi is so strontrlv develoDed. Indeed, in
Japan massage has for a long period of
time been practiced by blind men, who go
about the streets with a flageolet, drawing
attention to themselves and their occupation.
A glance in the places where women
take luncheon shows that, unlike men,
they rarely indulge in steaks, chops, roasts
or such substantials. "What they mostly
have before them are salads, ices, patties,
eclaires, pickles, soup and coffee.
A man at Grass Lake, Mich., carried an
egg in a pocket inside his waistcoat for
twenty-one dajs, on a wager of ten dollars
that it would hatch from the natural
warmth of his body, and wfcile he was
talking with some friends the peep of a
chicken announced that he had won his
It is said that the first thing a "Washington
Territory Indian buys is a huge trunk.
Then if he has money enough, he fills it.
This trunk acts as a storehouse for trinkets
as long as the lock holds good, then it is
turned into a cradle, and when its owner
dies he is buried in it.
South Africa, Ceylon and India are new
paying much attention to tea raising, and
China's great monoply seems to be on the
THE DREADED" SIMOOM.
Its Generation and the Terrible Incidents
of Its Career.
The most remarkable of the hot winds
is the Simoom (sambuii, samun, shelook,
etc.), the violent whirlwind, with or
without sand, which affecte the deserts
of Africa and southwestern Asia. The
great heat of the soil passing into the atmosphere
causes an appreciable expansion
and lightening of the latter, resulting
in the formation of small cyclonic disturbances.
The surrounding atmosphere,
in the never ceasing natural struggle to
maintain an equilibrium, rushes in to fill
the space vacated by the expanded air,
and in its turn undergoes the same process,
until at last there is a powerful current
drawn into the vortex, frequently
* * - -J? 1 J
cringing wiui it quantities ux iouoe sanu,
and the cyclone then becomes visible?
huge columns of sand whirling round
and moving forward at the same
time. The air, already very dry
before the simoom originated,
now becomes still more so from
the presence of the dense cloud of dust
Away goes the storm across the desert;
at first it is seen as a low haze on tho
horizon, but quickly spreading the cloud
advances, sometimes slowly, sometimes
rapidly, the tall pillars being visible a
long way off darkening the atmosphere,
and bringing with them great-destruction.
In the whirl the wind blows with the
force of a hurricane, hills of sand are
taken up, and are either scattered or are
again gathered into new hills wherever
the storm chooses to deposit them, so
that the desert is dotted with frequently
shifting sand ranges. Under these are
buried whole caravans of traders, travelers
and even armies. The simoom is
supposed to have annihilated the armies
of Sennacherib and of Cambyses.
So terribly dry is the air in these storms
that it is fatal to vegetation, while the
density of the dust cloud makes it almost
impossible for human beings to breathe.
This gives rise to the idea that the wind
contained a deadly poison; hence the
Arabic simoom, signifying a poisonous
wind; but it is no more poisonous than
otitt ifa -fo+al AiiQlififiQ hmncr
simply the excessive dryness and the
quantity of fine sand with which it is
loaded. The temperature of the air lias
been known to rise to 133 degs., and its
desiccating effect is seen in dried up
mouths and nostrils, in skin cracking,
intense thirst, painful aiid difficult breathing
and inability to sleep. The time occupied
in passing a given spot varies between
a few minutes and twenty or
twenty-four hours, the blast leaving behind
it unmistakable evidence of the path
it. has traveled. The hot parching air of
the simoom, almost as soon as the breath
is out of the body and before decomposition
has time to set in, causes the flesh
to lose all its firmness and consistency, so
that it drops or may be taken off the
A party of officers sleeping on the roof
of Gen. Jacob'8 house at Jacobabad thus
recount their experience of the simoom:
"They were awakened by a sensation of
suffocation and an exceedingly hot, oppressive
feelinc in the air. while at the
same time a powerful smell of sulphur
pervaded the atmosphere. On the following
morning a number of trees in
the garden were found to be withered in
a remarkable manner. It was as if a
current of fire about twelve yards in
breadth had passed through the garden
in a straight line, singeing and destroying
every green thing in its course. Entering
on one side and passing out on the
other, its path was as defined as the
course of a river."
Palgrave was overtaken by one of
these scourges in northern Arabia. After
some preliminary remarks on the advance
of the simoom, he proceeds: ''So
dark was the atmosphere and so burning
the heat that it seemed that hell had
risen from the earth or descended from
above. But at the moment when the
worst of the concentrated poison blast
was coming round we were already prostrate,
one and all within the tent, with
our heads well wrapped up, almost suffocated,
indeed, but safe, while our
camels lay without like dead, their long
ner;ks stretched out on the sand, awaiting
the passing of the gale.
"We remained thus for ten minutes,
during which a still heat, like that of a
red hot iron slowly passing over us, was
alone to be felt. Then tjie tent walls
began again to flap in the returning
gusts and announced that the worst of
the simoom had gone by. My comrades
appeared more like corpses than living
men, and so, I suppose, did I. However,
I could not forbear, in spite of
warnings, to step out and look at the
camels; they were still lying flat, as
though they had been dead, and the air
was yet darkish, but before long it
brightened up to its usual dazzling clearness.
During the whole time the simoom
lasted the atmosphere was entirely free
from sand or dust, so that I hardly know
how to account for its singular obscurity."?Cornhill
The Italian Colony of London.
The recent investigations, and the
facts brought to light concerning Italian
immigration, suggest to me how comparatively
little that race have colonized
here in proportion to some of the greater
European cities, and particularly London.
where, in certain Quarters, tliev
have successfully besieged and ousted its
former inhabitants, and taken possession
of their tenements with slow though certain
acquisition. The settlement in London
is bounded on one side by Saffron
Hill, and on the other by a street tliat
i3 familiar to the Londoner who takes an
occasional prowl about out of the way
places, as Leather Lane, Black Hill,
Summer street, and Eyre street hill (for
you see I have a memory), are all included
in its precincts, and are all overcrowded
with swarthy faced organ
grinders, ice cream venders, ragpickers,
nicturesmie olivfi skinned woman nnd
dirty faced children. Wrinkled old
crones in gay attire exchange salutations
through the windows of the dilapidated
and filthy houses that line these narrow
thoroughfares Nor does the masculine
element lounging about the doorways entirely
discard its native drees as it does
here. The men cling to -their poniards,
to rudely embroidered cloaks and waistcoats
and wear felt hats tilted to one
side and adorned now and then with a
faded feather. The younger blades
amuse themselves with all manner of
curious games, though I have never observed
among them the mania for tossing
pennies, for which sport our little
bare headed lazzarone bootblacks seem
to have such a passion.
The shops of this odd Italian colony of
London, too, are as much in keeping
with the race as are those of the Chinese
quarter in New York. The fancy stores
display various objects of native manufacture,
earrings, beads, images of devotion,
cheap looking trinkets and silken
kerchiefs of brilliant hue. The grocer
exposes for sale yards of dusty macaroni,
lengths of crusty bread, and red, yellow
and green liquids in clumsy bottles sealed
with wax. As a rule, be it said to their
credit, these fellows of the London Italian
quarter are much more peaceable
than those here. They mind their own
business, and the weapons so conspicuously
displayed in their belts are never
made use of; certainly not to the extent
that they are in New York, at all events.
?Jolm Preston Beecher in New York
He?My darling, you must be mine. I
yearn for you every day. She?That's all 1
right; but what I wan't to know wiil you
earn for me every day after we are mar j
Paris is said to be full to overflowing ]
with ladies from all parts of the world 3
seeking the lastest fashion.
It is fashionable now to have oat meal I j
mush for breakfast. That's what causes I j
the stir in the kitchen. 1 g
A Sportsman Who Examined Them Tells
Hon- They Are Constructed.
Through some parts of the State of
Connecticut it would be hard to pick
out a clover field of any size that did
not have a woodchuck burrow in some
part of it. Sometimes they choose a
site somewhere under the stone wall
which surrounds the field, or if there
is a large rock, as is often the case,
anywhere about the middle of the
field, the animal will burrow under
this as a very choice location. Finally
the roots of an old apple tree or other
tree are often chosen for its stronghold,
the burrow being dug down
among them, the owner seeming to
possess a realizing sense that no one
would ever dream of attempting to
dislodge him from such quarters. As
is the case with the excavations made
for their habitations by most fossorial
mammals, the burrow of a woodohuck
at first descends obliquely into the
earth, then passes nearly horizontally
for several feet, rises moderately for
the last half of its length to terminate
in quite a spacious and round chamber,
which constitutes the 'living room" of
the entire family. In it the female
brings forth her litter and the young
remain there until thev nair off and
dig their own homes elsewhere.
Such a burrow may be at least thirty
feet iu length, so long that one never
thinks of digging a woodchuck out,
but I have seen farmers bring up two
or three barrels of water on a cart and
drown the occupant of this subterranean
establishment on a short notice
and rejoice most heartily if the pair
and perhaps seven or eight quartergrown
young are caught in at the same
time. Very often I have captured
them in steel traps set at the mouth of
the burrows, taking the precaution to
sprinkle it carefully over with fine
dirt. One old woodchuck, I remember,
constructed his burrow almost in
the center of a twenty-acre clover lot,
and every attempt to capture him in
any kind of a trap utterly failed. It was
the rarest thing in the world to even
catch him standing up at the entrance
of his burrow during the day, but frequently
we would see him just head
and shoulders out of it It seems to
me I must have fired thirty or forty
times at him under such circumstances
from the outer side of the stone wall
which surrounded the field, and that,
too, with a heavy old-fashioned muzzle-loading
Kentucky rifle, which at
seventy-five to one hundred yards was
good nearly every time for all small
game. But here every shot failed; a
cloud of dust would pull up at the very
entranoe of the burrow each time and
I would confidently walk over to pick
him out, but no, next day at noon he
was there again, looking out as smiling
as ever. He was captured finally
by my cruelly tying a Colt's revolver
to a stout stake driven down within a
few feet of the burrow and training the
aim down the entrance and then tying
a long string to the trigger. 1 waited
behind the wall till he again showed
himself, when the success of the device
sealed his doom.?Forest and Stream.
The Importance of Instilling Into Their
Hearts Richt Motives for Action.
While we are making- beautiful ornaments
for our rooms, and lovely pictures
to hang on our walls, to delight
the hearts and eyes of our ohildren
and friends, are we trying, also, to
adorn the lives of our children by instilling
into their hearts and minds
right principles and motives for action
P Let us remember that memory's
hall is a spacious chamber, capable of
containing many pictures, and that
the scenes being1 enacted, daily and
yearly, before our children's eyes, and
in which they are taking part, are
forming pictures; and, unlike those on
our walls, they are to remain there
through life. If they are not pleasing
they can not be exchanged or
effaced; so, don't you see how important
it is that we are very careful
in their formation? How muoh better
it will be in after years, when they
grow up, to be able to call up pictures
of green meadows, murmuring' brooklets,
the delightful woods, filled with
harmless and beautiful creatures, and
fragrant wild flowers, than to remember
these places only as they were
represented to their youthful mind3 as
the lurking place of something dreadful:
toads, worms, bugs, and, as I have
heard children say, "wildcats as big
as a cow."
Let us try and teach our children to
be happy and enjoy their childhood
while it lasts. Sympathize with them
and try to call out all the good and
beautiful in their natures by calling
their attention to some of the thousands
of wonderful and lovely objects all
around them. Tell them of the butter
fly and the changes through which it
must pass before it becomes the gorgeous
creature sailing among the flowers,
and of the nests of the robin or
brown thrush, with their treasures of
eggs or young birds, to be sought for,
looked at and admired, but not harmed.
Teach them the names of all the trees
and plants, and the different kinds of
birds in their vicinity, with something
of their habits, and they will soon
learn to love the study of nature, and
their minds and hands will be occupied
There's beauty all around as, If but our watchtul
Oau trace It 'mid familiar things and through
their lowly guise.
?Hours at Home.
?A lady of Wrightsville, Ga., put
n-n a. Int. of nreserves and seasoned
them with what she supposed to be
ginger. What was her horror to find
afterward that instead of ginger she
had used snuff.
When ouce the car stove is completely
banished, railroad managers as well as
travelers will wonder that it was so long
endured. And so with the aerial wires.
"It is terrible!'' exclaimed an old lady,
upon reading of a premature burial; "and
I know that when I die I'll be worrying all
the time I'm in the grave for fear I've been
As street dresses will no longer be loaded
down with jet, the average woman will
be relieved of a considerable handicap.
The average weight of a heavily jetted
dress is twenty-five pounds.
"What's this 'wheat corner' I see so
much ab >ut in the papers?" she asked her
ynung man, when he hitched his chair a
little closer, as they sat behind a screen on
the north side of the bay-window. "I
don't exactly know," he said. "I'm more .
luiercsicu xu mis sweet w:uci jmt uun ;
and the usual explosive sound heard on |
such occasions immediately followed.
Americans will not feel sensitive because J
Lhey are charged in a new English book on
America with ' 'eccentricities of diet, excess :
in smoking, unhealthful heatiDg of their 1
houses, and excessive shaving." The time
ias passed when any foreign criticism in3ames
the country with rapture or indig- \
Hote1 keepers are grumbling over the
ncreased cost of everything incident to 1
heir business, from rent down to a bag of t
WHS OF THE PAST.
Famous Englishmen Who Said Some Tory
Sharp and Pat Thine#.
The late Mr. Alexander, the eminent
architect, was under cross-examination
at Maidstone by Sergeant,
afterward Baron, Garrow, who wished
to detract from the weight of his testimony,
and, after asking him what
was his name, proceeded: "You are a
builder, I believe?" "No, sir, I am
not a Duiiaer; l am an arcmceci;. j
"They are much the same, I supposeP"
| "I beg your pardon, sir; I can not
admit that; I consider them to be to\
tally different" "0, indeed! perj
haps you will state wherein
j this great difference exists?" "An
! architect, sir," replied Mr. Alexan!
der, "conceives the design, prepares
; the plan, draws out the specifications
?in short, supplies the mind; the
builder is merely the bricklayer or the
carpenter. The builder, in fact, is the
machine; the architect the power that
puts the machine together and sots it
; going." "0, very well, Mr. Architect,
j that will do. And now, after your very
| ingenious distinction without a differj
ence, perhaps you can inform the court
i who was the architect of the Tower of
I Babel?" The reply for promptness
j and wit is not to be rivaled in the
f whole history of rejoinder: "There was
: no architect, sir, and hence the confusion."
One evening at Carlton House the
I Prince Regent observed the author of
"The Heir-at-Law." "Why, Colm&n,
you are older than I am." George replied:
"Oh, no, sir; I could not have
taken the liberty of coming into the
world before your Royal Highness.w
When a subscription was proposed
for Fox and some one was observing
that it would require some delicacyand
wondering ho*./ Fox would take it, Selwyn
said: "Take itP Why quarterly,
to be sure."
To all letters soliciting his subscription
tc any thing, Erskine has a regular
form of reply, viz.: "Sir, I feel
much honored by your application to
me and I beg to subscribe"?here the
I reader had to turn over the leaf?"myself
your very obedient servant," etc.
"My Lord," said Dr. Parr to Erskine,
whose conversation had delighted him,
"should you die first I mean to write
your epitaph." "Dr. Parr," was the
I 1- "-"i in
reply, "10 JLS a tcm]juaiiauu uu wnmmt
One of Curran's friends, a notorious
and lucky gambler, getting entangled
in conversation with him, gradually
lost his temper, and at last said, with
great vehemence: "No man, sir, shall
trifle with me with impunity." Curran
corrected him by saying: "Play with
you, you mean.11
An old lady residing in one of the
charming villas near Tours, observing
that her watch had stopped, told her
maid to see what o^iock it was on the
sun-dial in the garden. In a few minutes
Mile. Nicole returned, quite out
of breath and carrying something
heavy in her apron. "Ma foi,
madame," said she, "I can't make out
what it says, so I have brought it here,
that madame may look at it herself,"
Bushe, the Irish Chief Baron, made
this impromptu verse upon two agitators^who
refused to fight, duels, one on
account-of his affection for his wife
and the other because of his love for
Two heroes of Erin, abhorent of slaughter.
Improved on the Hebrew command;
One honored his wife andtfe? other hia.daBghter,
That his days might be lo^ia the land.
Dr. Croly said very smart things
and with surprising readiness. At his
table one day when one of the guests
inquired the name of a pyramidal dish
of barley-sugar, some one replied: "A
pyramid a Macedoine." "For what
use?" rejoined the other. "To give a
Philip to the appetite," said Croly.
At the breaking up cf a fashionable
party, one of the company said he was
about to ''drop" in at Lady Blessington's;
whereupon a young gentleman,
a perfect stranger to the speaker, very
modestly said: "0, then, you can take
me with you; I want very much to
know her, and you can introduce me."
While the other was standing aghast
at the impudence of the proposal and
muttering something about being but
a slight acquaintance himself, eta,
Sydney Smith observed: "Pray oblige
your young friend; you can do it easily
enough by introducing him in a capacity
very desirable at this close season
of the year?say you are bringing
with you the cool of the evening."?
London Society Times.
Indian Mounds in Iowa.
According to intelligence from that
state several Indian mounds were recently
opened in the country around
Dubuque, "all seeming to confirm the
theory that these mounds contain the
relics of a prehistoric race, differing
greatly from the American Indian, and
a vastly superior order of intelligence
and civilization. Last week several
skeletons, in a perfect state of preservation,
where taken from a mound a
mile from Dubuque. They have been
articulated and are now on exhibition.
They are of huge stature. Another
lai-ge mound, at Charles City, in Floyd
County, has also been explored. Here
the skeletons were in a trench, instead
of on the ground, and a quantity of
pottery, arrow-heads and stone implements
of peculiar design were also
found. The most curious relic was a
vase with a rim ornamented in the
same fashion as vases found in ancient
English mounds and described in the
report of the United States Bureau of
Ethnology. That report states that
specimens of this kind are exceedingly
rare in this country. Further explorations
are to be made."
Miss Maud would marry a title,
So she went far over the sea;
"While there she married a baron,
And a baron indeed was he.
For barren was he of money,
And of lands most barren was he;
His title, too, it was baron? ^
But spelt with a double r-e.
0 marry for love, young maiden.
And not for a Ion? pedigree;
The foreign noble has nothing
Which he holds in common with thee.
Then think of Maud and her title?
Far better a spinster to be,
Than marry and often be sighing
For the dear oid home 'cross the sea.
Study well the human body; the mind
Is not far off.
There is a cheerful ring in an engaged
The merchant often adds to your possessions
by taking a weigh.
Some of the new muffs have a place to I
fasten a bunch of violets or other flowers,
fifty type-writing establishments in New
York in charge of women.
There is a great deal of talk in the papers ]
;hese days about marriage being a failure.
K dam and Eve were the first to find it so. ?
The United States is said to be tlie moit ]
'ully represented among the tourists
.hrough the oldest land where civilization 8
las trod, which is Egypt.
t r ..
HELP IN TIME OF NEED.
When a man is downing he will grasp at straws,
but straws will not save him. Extend to him
life-boat and his rescue is certain.
Mr. James A. Greer, of Athens, Gx, (endorsed fcy ;
the editor of the Athens Banner-Watchman) makes J
the following statement:
"I am first cousin of the late Ex-Governor Alex
ander H. Stephens, and have been postal clerk on
different railroads since 1868. For ten years I have
r AMPCD been a sufferer from a cancer oa
CANCER my fac6j which grew worse g
until the discharge of matter became profuse and
very offensive. I became thoroughly disgusted with
blood purifiers and pronounced them humbugs, as
I had tried many witnout reuex.
Finally I was induced to use Botanic Blood Balm,
(B. B. B.) The offensive discharge decreased at
once and the hardness disappeared. It became less
aid less in size until nothing remains except a scar
I jjained flesh and strength, and all who have seen
me bear testimony. 1 cannot say too much in its
A. H. Morris, Pine Bluff, Ark, writes:
"Hot Springs failed entirely to cure me of several
terrible, indolent running ulcers on mv legs, with
which I have been troubled for many years. Several
doctors also attempted to cure me but failed. I
(made in Atlanta, GaO and theerfect has heen truly
healed and I am cured after
everything failed- My general health is also improving,
appetite and digestion good. I sleep soundly,
and never felt better. Doctors told me that I could
not be cured.
I refer to every merchant or professional man of
fy Any one interested who desires to loiow more
about the wonderful merit of B. B. vrill please
send address to Blood Balm Co, Atlanta, Gx, for
v*;r n( n t<y\
ponder of Life fcHotW&6hilaT
CHARLOTTE FEMALE IffSTirUTE.
No Institute for Young Ladies in 'the
South has advantages superior to those
offered here in every department?Collegiate,
Art and Musie.
Only experienced and accomplished J
Teachers engaged. The building is '
lighted with Gas, warmed with the best wrought-iron
Furnaces, and a Hot
Water Heater, has Hot and Gold
Water Baths, and first-class appointments
as a Boarding School in every
respect?no School in the South has
FALL SESSION BEGINS SEPTEMBER
For Catalogue, with full particulars,
Rev. Wm. B. ATKINSON,
Charlotte, N. 0.
THE SALE OF
Barrett's Tonic. I
Write G. BARRETT & CO., Angnsta,
Ga., for prices and merits.
Over 20,000 bottles of 2}
TONIC sold last year on its merits.
a new Tobacco,
THOMAS C. WILLIAMS & CO.
Under a tonnnia prepared by X
PROF; J. W. MALLETT, of the University of
A ATTT MALARIAL.
ilJLl 11 "DYSPEPTIC,
A GOOD NERVINE AND AN EXCELLENT
tkyit! no humbug!
For sale by all dealers. Call for pamphlet.
A. &I IIVUUrvK>UU U/fVU/ JL / W/fOO LVlbU
H, S. Comer Walwrth & Clebe
CHARLESTON, S. C.
House recently famished throughout.
Location especially convenient?street
oars passing every five minutes in fron
of the door.
Mbs. E. E. ttarvt.t.
Miss S. S. EDWABDS. ^
PITTS CABMOATIW 7
^^^^BJWF/ySjTg ASl) *
TEETHING CHIL DREN.
An instant relief for oolio of infants.
Cures Dysentery, Diarrhcsa, Cooler*
Infantum or any diseases of the stomacfe
and bowels. Makes the critical period
of Teething safe and easy. Is a safe and
pleasant tonic. For sale by all druggists,
and for wholesale by Howard, Wxlibx
k. Co., Augusta, Gs
PRIVATE BOARD. f
Visitors to Columbia will find it to
.heir advantage to stop at the
Northwest uorner Jflain and Sranter
Streets. Traum'ent board a specialty. J
Ion# open all hours day and night to
nit incoming trains. 1
. MBS. WINTHBOP WITJiTAMS, 1