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CEREMONIES AT THE FUNERAL OF
A MEDICINE MAN.
Imm at the Hut of Mourning?A Waste
faJ Religious Duty?The Indian Burial
Ground ? Shaking Hands with the Corpse.
The ** T re-acker's " Sermon.
When nil were gathered at the hut of
mourning the services seemed to consist
of a concert of wails, carried on principally
by the women. The corpse, wrapped
in a gray blanket, on a ruae bier, was
placed at a distance from the hut, and
some of the "big men" o? the tribe made
a bundle of the personal effects of the de
ceased, and proceeded to burn his hut, his
wagon and all his household furnishings.
There seemed to be a great deal of altercation
accompanying the performance of
this wasteful religious duty. When the
xcitement was over the "women went on
wailing, w hile the young bucks went off
to have a good time, shooting at marks
and performing various feats of strength.
_ It is the custom of the Indians to bury
their deac at sunset, and the funeral
procession started from the Big Spring
only in time to reach the burying ground,
at that time. There was no discernible
? 9? J-- L. :x ? Ji
order to me cortege us ?o p&sbwu. uuug wc
- wad for six miles, group aJfter group going
by us in much the same fashion as in the
morning. There was no separate conveyance
for the corpse; it was put in the bottom
of a wagon, even tipped up a little
on one side to make room for the mahala,
who squatted beside it, wailing and swaying
her body back and forth.
The Indian burial ground is a mound
on the lower end of the valley called Big
Meadows, on the north fork or the Feather
river. It covers scarcely an acre of
ground, and juts out abruptly into the
valley, with a background of wooded
mountain, and before it green stretches
of the meadow land, with its winding
river. Here their dead have been buried
ever since the first habitation of the
country, and although the land is private
property it will probably always be left
to the undisturbed possession of the
ECZXZ AT THE GRATE.
Here a very deep and long grave had
been dug, much'larger than would be
made for a white man, for it was to con
tain not only the corpse, but all of the
personal effects which had not been
oorned. He was a medicine man, and
wa3 considered worthy of a coffin, and
when the funeral procession arrived at
the grave a well made pine coffin, manufactured
by a local carpenter, arrived
from an opposite direction. The body
was placed in it without removing the
gray blanket covering the face. But tho
right hand was extricated from its covering
and all the men passed by it in line
and shook hands with the medicine man.
Some gave the cold hand a hearty grip,
but the touch of others was noticeably
gingerly. Then the hand was covered
again, and a young fellow dressed in a
ery stylish custom made suit of black
took his place at the foot of the coffin,
- solemnly wound a small nickel plated
alarm clock, set the alarm and placed it
within the coffin as the dead man's feet.
The iid was closed, and the women gathered
around, rapping the coffin with their
knuckles, passing their hands up and
down over it, howling and moaning all
The grave was lined with new rush
baskets, split up the sides and spread out
flat, and upon this carpet the coffin, with
much difficulty and many experiments,
was safely deposited. Then the wails
grew louder, and always the voices of the
women were heard above the rest. It is
impossible to describe that wailing. It was
. not concerted; every one seemed to be
acting independently of the others; there
was uo attempt at tune, bnt every now
and then the musical voice of a young girl,
eler. and high, pitched, would lead in a
eortof cadence, and the heavier voices
joined in an incoherent dull cry. The
women swayed their bodies from side to
side, waving in the air little tufU of
cedar which they tossed into t? 9 grave.
Bat in -U this. there was very little sign
of real emotion. The yonn^ girls would
smile and simper and drik cneir heads if
they met the gaze of any of the white
bystanders. <)nly one of the women shed
any tears, and she was tho sister of tho
- saeuicine man, quite an old woman, who
itccd at the head of the grave really crvJag
behind a big white handkerchief.
A COMICAL OBJECT.
There stood beside her an old buck, a
most comical looking object, whose long
locks were surmounted by a jaunty white
gtraw hat, and whose bonv figure war
Sadiant in a rec. flannel miner's shirt and
A pair of ragged gray trousers. He was
**a kind of a preacher," one of tne medians
aid, and Ms loud vociferation and violent
gestures were the only eulogies which
vere to console the mourner.3 and do
honor to the virtues of the deceased. For
lie was the only medicine man in this part
ef California, and his death left the tribe
unprotected against the ravages of rheuytfom
and consumption. We could not
imderstand the Indian language, but a
ftnrdy farmer's son by our side who has
nicked up some of their vocabulary translated
for us whj.t the preacher was sayfafiF
"Injin doctor gone now; all Injins
die- Sick here, here, here (pointing to
iead. lungs anci heart). Die, die, never
get well. Baby sick, no medicine, no get
my better, pretty soon die." Then the
pahalas, with their papooses on their
backs, wailed louder, and the babies joined
in the cry, and tried in rain to fight away
the flies with their little fists. The
preacher talked on at intervals, describing
the destitution of the tribe, and the skill
and goodness of the departed doctor. Two
Kind mahalas stood on the edge of the
pave, and every now and then had to be
Sold tack from slipping into the hole.
Finally the preacher laid the dead man's
fc?w and arrows on the coffin. Then a
wJl nf Mftnfcflts iraa thrown in at the foot
of til? coffin, and two large fur robes.
Bom? mistake vrzs evidently made in the
selection of artic.es, for a loud voice of
vituperation broke ont from the mon
ctonous wailing, and a bed quiit, lined
with turkey red calico, was hurled by
ibfti fierce oh? mahala with the short
skirts, over the heads of the crowd back
to the pile from which it had been taken.
Tie ola boots, a leather hunting bag and
ft pair of spring scales were laid in, and
then all was ready for the earth to be
hoveled in. Tho crowd did not disperse
wrrfcil nearlv nieiatfall, and as long as v.*e
could see in the twilight there were still
lereral black figures standing lite sea
tinals at the grave.?Cor. Francisco
"Tsefal Hovisehold Articles.*'
Persons who respond to an advertisement
that promises "twenty-five useful
household articles for twenty-five cents"
are receiving by return mall a literally
pointed response?twenty-fivo needles.-*
The fountain of perpetual youth was one
of the dreams of antiquity. It has been
well-nigh real-zed In Ayer's Sarsaparilla,
which purifies the blood, gives vitality to
all the bodily functions, and thus restore
to age much of the vigor and freshness of I
If the humsr race was evolved from the
apes, it at least has the <--2tisfaction of knowing
that its ancestors were intelligent?they
were educated in the higher branches.
"A tinker's dam" is a wall of dough
raised around a place which a plumber e'elirea
to flood with solder.
A thrifty animal is the snake; it can always
make both ends meet.
To keep varnished wood looking fresh
and bright, rub it thoroughly with oil from
*ime to lime
Clean oilclolh with a wet towel pinned
oter a stS broom, ana ruo witn long,
This is the season when a young ma3
wishes he only had one ''bcot" girl.
Nobody has been able yet 10 convince
the cfal dealer of ihe error of his weigns.
Birds are not so fashionabla on ladies'
hats now as they h&ve been, but husbands
associate winter v its with large bills.
Help somebody worse off than yourself,
and you will find that you are better off
than you fancied.
No a man is not apt to get much religion
but he needi to keep a lookout for counterfeits.
Dude and His Trousers.
"Bagging ::i the I:uees is a matter, I
confess, which i:ar. caused me more uneasiness
than I can tell you. It has done
more to turn my hair gray than anything
else. But 1 do not have so much u-v.ble
now as I used to have. You know they
are wearing trousers larger now than a
couple of years ago. In fact today a wc-U
made pair has liardly a legitimate excuse
for bagging unless they are worn constantly
I myself never wear a pair two
days in succession A little while ago,
when we wore trousers almost skin tigut,
I thought I should have to go into ua
asylum. A pair worn half a day showed
a decided inclination to expansion at that
most critical point. I found myself attempting
to ward off the evil. I tried
every method I could hear of and every
one I could invent, but they did little
food. Finally I invented one of my own.
used to liang tho trousers up by the bottoms,
being particular to have them hang
straight, and then I dampened the incipient
bags. After that I attached a weight
of some sort to the waist band, so as to
bring th6 strain over the knees. Th&
cloth in drying came back into shape and
"Your tailor or your furnisher has no
doubt tried to sell you the device known
as 'pants stretcher.' Don't waste your
money. I have tried every kind known,
and they dou't give satisfaction. They
don't stretch the cloth evenly enough, not
is the cure permanent. That little scheme
of my own is the best 1 ever found. Oh,
yes; you may try it. I haven't patented
it. But if you really want to know the
best and most satisfactory way of removing
bags from the face of your trousers
let me whisper it to you. Go to your
tailor. For 15 eents or a quarter he will
press them, and nothing works so well.
But when you are on the top of Mount
Washington the tailor is not there. Always
hang your pantaloons up carefully.
I have known fellows who would go home,
take off their coat and waistcoat, throw
cuem into a cuair, reiuuvo umou huuous,
dump them in a heap on top of the coat
and vest, and then pile the shirt and
underclothing on top of the trousers. This
is all -wrong. A man's underclothing is
always a little damp, even in winter. The
coat and waistcoast at the bottom, the
trousers between them and the underclothing,
the pantaloons are certainly in a
regular sweat box. There they are, all
crumpled, creased and in a heap, and, of
course, when the wearer comes to put
them on in the morning he wonders what
the deuce makes his trousers look so out
of shape."?Boston Cor. New York World.
Profit in Publlo Enterprises.
E. R. Brady, who haa been connected
with various public enterprises in electricity,
pungently remarked: "The average
American citizen will let you rob libo
d&ilv and hourlv of a small amount of
money, and permit you to rob all his
fellow citizens in a great community at
the same time, so that in the aggrogato
-you have an enormous plunder, when, if
you were to take even a tithe of the
amount out of his pocket annually or out
of the public treasury he would want you
hanged to the first lamp post. The street
car lines take a penny more from every
passenger than they are justly entitled
to. Ferry boats are in the same class.
The price per thousand for gas might be
"Every telephone subscriber could pay
less for his telephone and leave still a
large profit to the companies. Telegraph
messages could be reduced, but in this
hustling and active country no one wants
to stop and consider those things. You
pay your nickel of fare on the street car
without ever so much as a thought that
three cents fare would pay a good divi
dend on the original investment ot most
of the roads. You pay $1.2-5 a thousand
f-,r gas, although you know in your inmost
soul that $1 is a big price. It is in
franchises of this character that money is
rapidly made, and since the people are
all willing to pay these small larcenies, T J
don'c knew buz; that my original language,
terming it robbery, is a little too
strong. Perhaps tho fact is that the
American citizen is willing to pay pretty
well for good accommodations 01 any
kind."?New York Tribune.
Fallibility of Hitman Judgment.
Yet, after all, isn't it rather a curious
weakness in human beings to care for one
another's opinions? Why should Jones
mind what you or I think of him or say of
rnra, when you and 1 are almost certain to
be wroug? Nay, why should he mind
what the majority think of him, when the
majority are usually wrong? what the ]
cultured minority tidnk of him, when trie
criltured minority are seddom right? what
an entire generation think of him, when
the nest generation may reverse the verdict?
An accurate history of criticism, for example,
would be a delightful burlesque
upon the fallibility of human judgment;
only the historian should owe no fealty tc
what was current; he should atand so far
apart from present human thought that
all its most cherished conclusions should
appear to him only shifting waves in an
ocean of folly?should recognize that out
moralities may be vices, our"vices virtues,
our orthodoxies follies, our rascals heroes,
our masterpieces daubs, our SLakespeares
and Goethes and Virgils and Dantes the
puerile intelligences that their contemEoraries
mostly believed them to be.?ippincott's
An Artful Little JDodjjer.
A lady came out on the steps of a house
on D afield street and called aloud in
sweet, persuasive tones:
There v.-as no answer, and she looked
anxiously up and down the street and
again cailed, but in a firmer voice:
Not a word. Taking in the entire horizon
with one sweeping, comprehendva
glance, she made a trumpet of her han
and called shrill and sharp:
Then a little pair of scurrying feet
came around the corner of the house, accompanied
by a round, innocent face,
much stained with -watermelon juice, and
a sweet voice inquired:
"Did you call me, mamma?"?Detroit
Life in Paris Studios.
In no place more than a^tudio is it true
tbat the early bird gets tbe worm; but in
a studio that bird must be prepared to
defend her spoils. Thus it is a great thing
to be among tbe first to pose tbe model at
8 on Monday morning; but unless you arc
prepared to fight for tbe continuance of
your pose, you will find that each comer
will want to alter it to suit her particular
taste. Unfortunatelv, malcontents have
I the right to put the pose to the vote, and
i it not unfrequentlv happens that after
you have patiently blocked in the figure
during the first hour, at 9 o'clock, when
the crowd arrives, a fr?sh and totally different
position is voted for and carried by
an exasperating majority, and all youi
labor is lost.?Demorest's Monthly
Two Doz?a Compressed Facts.
There are 2,750 languages.
A square mile contains 640 acres.
A t<_rrel of rice contains 600 pounds.
The average human life is 31 years.
The first steel pen was made in 1830.
A barrel of flour weighs 196 pounds.
A barrel of pork weighs 200 pounds.
A span 13 tea ana seven-eighta inches.
A hand (horse measure) is four inches.
Watches were first constructed in 1476.
A storm moves thirty-sis miles per hour, j
The first lucifer match was made in 1839. I
The value of a ton of silver is ?37,704.84. I
A hurricane m oves eighty miles per hour. I
The first iron steamship was built in 1880. '
Modern needles first came into use in
Coaches were first built in England in
The first horse railroad was built in 1S2&ov
One million dollars cf gold coin weighs
3,635 pounds avoirdupois.
One million do liars of silver coin weighs
58,920. pounds avoirdupois.
The first complete sewing machine was
patented by Eiias Howe in 1846.
Glass wi ndows were first introduced into
England in the eighth century.
Albert Durer gave the world a prophecy
of future wood engraving in 1527.
Measure 209 feet on each side and you
will have a square acre within an inch.
A Georgia mockiae: bird whistles the
Bo danger March. It should be exported.
TRAINING BALLET DANCERS.
A Premiere Danseuse Recalls Her Own
Mile. Dcrst, the premiere, sat in the
parlor of the Laclede the other day recalling
the trials she had to undergo as an
unfledged ballet dancer and prospective
premiere. * 'People little know," she said,
' how much labor and misery go to make
up the pirouette of a dancing girl. A
child should not begin to study dancing i
after she is 10; 7 is the best age. Thf?
limbs then are at the right degree of sup- !
pleness to take a pupii over the first dix- I
ficulties and help her on to the lower
quadrille,' which she may not hope to
win before she is 1G. The form then has
gained the roundness and the flesh and
muscles the firmness requisite to thf>
artistic poses which create such furore.
In my case the daily torture commenced
at S o'clock. Every morning my I
feet were imprisoned in a groove box, heei
against heel and knees turned outwards.
By this process my feet accustomed them
solves naturally at last to tail into a parallel
line. This is what is called so
toumer. After half au hour of the
groove I was subjected to another variety
of torment. This time I had to raise my
foot and place it on a bar level with my
head, which bar I was obliged to hold in
a horizontal lino with the hand opposite j
the foot. I was exercising. This they
term so i-asser. After these preliminary
labors wc were obliged to go through a
variety of steps and movements.
"The teaching is necessarily long and
painful, the primary object being to brinj
L?y sheer exercise extreme agility ana
strength to the ioints of the limbs and
feet. Even in the education of the two
great toes, i>o as to make us capable of
standing and pirouetting on them, a vast
amount of care and time is expended.
And not only must the power be acquired,
but it must bo kept up, for which purpose
constant exercise is required. Otherwise
the joints become stiff and relapse
to an ordinary degree of strength. A
week of repose must be redeemed by
two months of redoubled, incessant toil.
On this condition only can the dancer preserve
her suppleness and lightness. To
acquire, later, skill and grace in the
movements of the dance is a subordinate
object. Ono of the most difficult parts
of a dancing girl's education is, for instanccrto
make her smile with the rest
of her companions and look gracefully at
"There is no rest for a great dancer at
any time of her career. I have seen tho
time when, after a four hour's lesson, I
have fallen exhausted on the carpet of my
room, where I was undressed, sponged
and resuscitated, totallv unconscious of
my situation. The agility and marvelous
bounds of the evening were obtained
only at a price like this. But there are,
nevertheless, some dancers who, having
oy nature greater aimcuiues to surmount,
martyrize themselves with a -willingness
scarcely credible. Nathalie Fitzjames was
an example of this. She invented a new
method, de so tourner et de se casser, at
one and the same time. The art of dancing
has two branches?en balloune and en
tacquetto. The bailonne is the school of
Taglioni; it is the lightness combined
with grace, the dance which seems to delight
in and float in the air. The tacquette
is vivacity and rapidity; it is the
lit tle sparkling steps and measures on the
point of the feet; in a word, it is what
Fanny Ellsler made it."?St. Louis Republic.
Tenants of a Scotch. Laird.
I "Tue Highlands and Hebrides are the
homo of romance. There is a legend for
almost every step you take. But the crviest
of these are not so cruel as, . jid none
have the pathos cf, the tales of their own
and their father's wrongs and wretchedness
which the people tell today. The ola
stories oi the battle field, and of clan
meeting clan in deadly duel, have given
way to stories of the clearing of the land
that the laird or the stranger might havo
! his shooting and fishing as wpU as his
crops. At first the people could
not understand it. The evicted wert
to the lfird, as they would have gone
of old, and asked for a new home.
And what yt.s his answer? "I am
I r>nf t'hp fs 1 nor n? vftnr familv"
And then. when frightened women rar
r.nd hid themselves at his coming, li*
broke the kettles they left by the well, or
tore into shreds the clothes bleaching on
the heather, And, as the people themselves
have it, "In these ana similar ways
ho succeeded too well in clearing thj
island of its once nn_;ero"s inhabitants,
scattering them over the face cf the
globe." There must have been cruelty
indeed before the Western Islander, who
once loved his chief better than his owe
life, could tell such tales as these, even ia
his hunger and despair.?Elizabeth Robins
Pennell in Harper's Magazine.
The Kiadlier Country Way.
Now it is inevitable that the kindliest
people living in cities should fall into *
greater reserve of manner toward strangers
than that developed in the country,
whero people know all about their neighbors.
In a city you cannot nod to everybody
you meet on the street; there is not
time for it. You cannot even call on these
V.iiU uvo 111 III" UiWiv. Willi JUU.
You may be living in the next house to a
professional gambler and have no mean?
of ascertaining the fact. All these thing?
produce in people from cities a habit oJ
more guarded intercourse, which is certainly
less pleasant titan the kindlier
country way, but is not easy to lay asida
Again, the mere possession of a new acquaintance,
as such, is a privilege to one
who habitually lives an isolated life, but
is not a thing so eagerly desired by those
who live in a crovrd all the time, and have
rathc-r to acquire the habit of defending
themselves against numbers. Indeed a
great deal of what is called hospitality in
thinly settled regions and new communities
has no especial unselfishness about it>
where neighbors and guests arc few it is
really the visitor who confers the favor.
To give the pleasure of his company becomes
in that case a phrase of some meaning.?Harper's
Social Life in Early Days.
Mr. Hunnawe'l gives some interesting
glimpses of social life in Charlestown.
Mass., in tiie history of that town. He
says: "Drinking habits, in varying cis
gree, continued some time into the present
century, so that it was hardly civil tc
receive a call even from a minister without
an oiler of a glass of something?tc
the minister it would he wine. As late
as ISIS, a church council cf eighty.four
persons had at their dinner 9 decanters
of brandy, 40 bottles of wine, and 144
cigars, besides pipes." Concerning dress,
he says: '-The fashion followed those of
town life in Europe. A few of the earlie>
prominent men must have had an imposing
look. * * * Thomas Russell,
nearly six feet high, appeared on 'Changp
in hair powdered and tied, a cocked hat
and 'sable lined silk great coat from Rus
sia.' while he carried 4a gold headed IndL
cane.'"?Magazine of American History.
German Interest in Africa.
It is a qu^er stoiy which comes from the
east coast o.f Africa, bv way of London, to
the effect that three Arab caravans, with
slaves and money, which had fought their
way through the coast tribes, were equipped
with arms and ammunition by the
Germans aad sent back to fight the tribes
a<rain. There was every reason why the
coast tribe of negroes should hate these
Arab slavers and fight them at every opportunity.
The Arabs s^ize their wivvg
< ?*??-! r.V> n onW Aorrv fKom int A qIi" ""V.- I
ICUiU V/UiiUiCU &UU VM - - ?w WAV. w j
ry, killing those they cannot cai-'i'-e, and j
tiie negro tribes wr-uld be lacking :n even !
| sc much ot independent spirit as is manifested
by brutes if they did not resist their
?aemies to the biiterend. Tbe course of
t-tic Germans credited with thus iiidisg i
kidnappers and s'ave drivers s-hould arouse
:hc indignation of the entire civilized
world, and it certainly soes far to confirm
"he suspicion that the present blockade j
sbou: ZhDzibar has been declared for some
hei reason than the humai-e purpose as
signed by the German Government.?Marchester
(J. H.) I uion.
" lut Caesar, sut cuilus." has been the
rule of Bismarck's life, and he is even carrying
it into the anti slavery crusade.
S'fiil, if jealousy of England and of the
German Liberal party should result in
making him more than ordinarily active
over the Ir'sh questior, civilization might
I gain something by it.?Philadelphia Rec1
TWO KINDS OF BOYS.
The Plain, Awkward Youth and His More
o Tiro r*/i V*nv fl.lwfl.Vfl
JLJLLO UiaiU, c*.i- wr\.'j
stands in gTeat awe of the handsome
and graceful boy. The dapper, graceful,
trim, lithe youngster, who glides
| about among the admiring girls like
Apollo among the nine graces, who
knows how to lift his hat with all the
| grace of a London dandy, and who
j twirls his cane like a Beau Brummel?
j such a one looks with a sort of refined
horror upon the awkward boy, with
much the same feeling a bright American
lad might look upon a young Hottentot.
And the plain, studious awkward boy
looks upon his more graceful contemI
porary with a feeling very much akin
to envy. The awkward boy is at home
in the barn, but an embarrassed foreigner
in the parlor; he is graceful
enough in the shod, but put him in
the drawing-room and he will fall over
the chandelier. He is as frightened as
a deer at bay at a party. If some good
old lady speaks to him, he can not find
a half-dozen words out of the 115,000
in the dictionary with which to answer
her; and if a pretty girl speaks to him,
1 " - ? i> -> < -i? J
tnose naii-aozen xaa:e iugnt, ?uu. no
stands as dumb as a sphinx, but immediately
falls in lOve with her, and
nourishes a hopeless passion for the
next ten days.
The graceful boy has no such trouble.
I The old ladies whisper: "How polite
and gentlemanly;" the young ladies are
j charmed; every body likes him socially;
he is intensely popular.
But there is no reason that the awkward
boys need be discouraged. Smart
boys are most always awkward. Shallow
boys, as a general rule, are grao^ful.
In a few years, when the awkward
! boy is walking, or possibly riding,
l down to his place of business, he will
! be very liable to pass his graceful
rival of an earlier date carrying
his dinner-pail to his work. When
he is mayor, the graceful boy will come
?not half as gracefully as in the old
time?and ask him for a chance to
work on the streets. When the awkward
boy goes to Congress?and awkward
boys have a way of getting there
?his graceful chum may possibly
aspire to become his private secretary,
but it is probable that he will not eveti
| have risen to such an estate as that,
j The awkward boys have a very grace^
iul Knack oi rising in tne ranKs. rerhaps
it is the youthful habit of
stumbling about that enables them so
often to stumble into our thirty-eight
Gubernatorial chairs, or into the White
But this is not written to glorify j
awkwardness. Awkwardness is per- j
haps natural to the callowness of
thoughtful youth, but a boy should get
over it as he gets over the mec.:Ies.
Youthful awkwardness projected into
middle life sets as wretchedly as baby
dresses on a full-grown man.?Yankee
DressOIakers of the Future WLU Be a
Most Wonderful Product.
"Paficion rlwcs.maIrprQ r>r omit.nri- !
! ~ ? ? ? .
I eres, have always had a reputation for: j
I taste and skill. They were, however,:'
generally trained in a rather irregular :
fashion, much being left to their intui- |
tive, or their imitative, faculties. ;
Nowadays, however, the apprentice
! couturieres are educated professionally
! in a most methodical manner, and it is i
| predicted confidentially on this account j
! that the dress-makers of the future will !
i be the most wonderful products that
| the world of fashion has ever seen. In
! all the professional schools of the city
of Paris girls are taught not only sewing,
but Euclid and drawing. Then
the embryo dress-makers receive elaborate
lessons in design. Their teach- j
er, the maitress couturiere, is a skill- |
ful geometrician and designer as well
as a perfect needlewoman and tailoress.
She makes her pupils sketch on paper,
or on cloth, with graphic and symmetrical
precision the costumes which
uuru iuwi w uv? am
solid stuff, and teaches them to transform
various articles of feminine attire ;
by rapid strokes of pencil or chalk
from a rotondeto a mantelet, and from
a corsage or a basque into a pelerine; !
but the cultivators of the young dressmaking
idea do not stop at
drawing or geometry. They also
aim at making apprentice couturieres
water-colorists, in order to
help them combine color with form in
the matter of building up dresses. M.
Gustave Congny, who has devoted his
time to writing a book on this highly
interesting subject, on the artistic
dress-makers of the future, goes into
! raptures about the remarkable metai
morphosis which fashion is likely to
undergo at the hands of the aesthetic
couturieres who are to corc^e. What
lovely sartorial symphonies, he seems
to say; what dainty and delicious harmonies
in flounces; what Arcadian
- poems in petticoats will be evolved
from the brains of the highly-trained
seamstresses who are on their way to
rejoice mankind. A couturiere will,
in future, be a veritable artist, ranking
with the doctoresses in medicine and
physics, and "distancing" all the members
of the minor callings and pursuits
which are nowadays taken up by females?Minneapolis
?It is stated that vessels built of
African teak wood have lasted 100
years, to be then broken up because of
| faulty models. Its weight is from
! Xorty-two to fifty-two pounds per cubic
| foot; it works easily, but wears the
; tools rapidly on account of the quani
tity of silex in it. It also contains an
I oil which prevents the iron in contact
; with it from rusting.
"Georee, dear, what kind of fruit. i-;
! borne by an electric-light plant?" ".Electric
currents, of course."
Of course jou associate a plumber will; I
a pipe, but when he smokes it during working
nours your job does not progress very
As the boy is the father of the man, it
follows that the girl is the mother of the
! woman; and together they are not slow in
! honoring their father and their mother.
| Goncourt, the French novelist, suggests
as a definition for pride, That form of vani!
ty whkij prevents one from doing mean
The plumber never complains hiscus
tom-jrs. "We have piped unto you and ye
ha.env/t d 'nc.d." They are "bleeged" <r.
Horses **nd the public suffer alike i:> tJ.5co
miry from a superfluity r>f jockty clubs
someof which w>uld not exist over nighr
if there were laws against turf gambling
We are all dissatisfied. The only diffi-r
ence u that sorue of us sit down in the
squalor of our dissatisfaction, while others
make a ladder of it.
All those heating and itching humors of
the sca'p, so troublesome to many persons,
are effectually cured by the use of Ayer's
Hair Vigor. If not attended to in time,
these diseases are very liable to result in
loss of the hair.
OUR LIVING BEAD.
SERMON OF THE GliKAT liHOOKLYN !
PKEACH1SK OS SL'XDAV.
Tex:: "And U'hoii He tixtr the Wnnozis !
which Joseph had 5?"Dt to C?trry I-im
the Spirit of Jacob their i'aihcr I4tvived.
And J.s:-a?l Said, It is Enough
Joseph luy siou i* >et Al;v<?."
The Rev. T. De Witt Tallage, D. D.,
preached Suuday on ;'Our Departed
Stiil Living." Hid text was Genesis 45,
27 and 2S: "And when he saw the wagons
which Joseph had sent to carry him, the
spirit of Jacob their father revived. And
Israel said, it is enough; Joseph my son is
alive." Dr. Taka age said:
The Egyptian capital was the focue of
the world'* wealth. In ships and barges,
there had been brought to it from India
frankincense, and cinnamon, and ivory
and diamonds; from the north, marble
and iron; from Syria, purple and silk;
from Greece, some of the finest horses
of the wor-d and some of the most brilliant
chariots; and from all the earth
that which could best please the eye,
and charm the ear, gratify the taste.
There were temples aflame with red
sand-stone, entered by gate-ways that
were guarded by pillars bewildering with
hieroglyphics, and wound with brazen
serpents, and adorned with winged
creatures their eyes, and beaks, and pinions
glittering with precious stones.
jLnere were jmaruie uuiuuiiis wuumiug
into white flower-bads; there were stone
piilars at thy top bursting into the shape
of the iotus when in full bloom. Along
the avenues, hned with sphinx, and fane,
and obelisk, there were princes who
came in gorgeously upholstered palanquin,
carried by servants in scarlet, or
elsewhere drawn by vehicles, the snowwhite
horses, golden-bitted, and six
abreast, dashing at full run. There were
fountains from stone-wreathed vases
climbing the ladders oi the light. You
would hear a bolt shove, and a door of
brass would open like a flash of the sun.
The surrounding gardens were saturated
with with odors tnat mounted the terrace,
and dripped from the arbors and burned
their incense in the Egyptian noon. On
floors of mosaic the glories of Pharoah
were spelled out in letters oi porphyry,
and beryl, and flame. There were ornaments
twisted from the wood of the
tamarisk, embossed with silver breaking
into foam. There .. .ire footstools made
out of a single precious stone. There
were beds fashioned out of a crouched
Hon in bronze. There were chairs spotted
Willi the sleet hide of leopards. There
were sofas footed with ;he claws of wild
beasts; and armed with the beaks of
birds. As you stand on the level beach
of the sea on a summer-day, and look
either way, and there are miles of breakera,
white with the ooean foam, dashing
; shoreward; so it seems as if the sea ol
i iho vonu'b pomp and wealth in the
Egyptian eapitai for miies and miles
fiaiig itself up into white breakers oi'
iiuirble temple, mausoleum, and obiisk.
This was the place where Joseph, the
I shepherd boy, was called to stand next
lo Jfharoah in honor. What a contrast between
this icene ana his humble starting,
and the pit into which his brothers thew
him! Yet he was not forgetful of his early
home; he was not ashamed of where he
came from. Tne Biahop of Mentz, de|
sceuded from a wheelwright, covered
' his house with spokes, and hammers,
and whetla; and tlie King oi iSiciiy, iu
I nonor of ins lather, who was a potter,
i refused to drink out ox anything but un
earthen vessel, bo Josepn was not
i ashamed oi his early surroundings, or
of has old-time latner, or oi his
brothers. When they came up from the
d-.ninfe-Kto-irtkfen ianri to corn tmm
liii: king's ourn criu. Joseph, insieau of
blading Ihem for tiic way they had m&iire&itu
ana uouscd him, tent ihem back
v?itn wagons, which Jt'naroan furnished,
iacen with corn: and old Jacob, tue
iatheiv m very same wagons, was
I brougni back, that Joseph, the son,
| mignt ??e him, and give lam a comlortj
a bio liozae uli the rest oi ins days,
j Weil, I hear ike wagon=, ihe king's
I wagons, rumbling down in lront of tne
j palace.. On the outside of the pula.ee,
I to see the wagons go off, stands Pnaioan
I in rojai robes; and beside him prime|
mixobtcr Joseph, with a chain of gold
I around ms ntck, and on his nand a ring
; given by Jfnaroah to hini, so that any
: tun j he wanted to stamp the rojal seai
| upon a document he oouid do so. Wagon
' alter wagon rolls on down from the
f palace, laden with corn, and meat, and
changes of raiment, and every thing
j that could help a famine struck people.
One day I see aged Jucob seared in front
I of his house. He is possibly thinking
of his absent bojs (sons, however old
thty get, are never to a father any more
than boys); and whilene is seated tne re,
ht: oees dust arising, and he hears wagons
I rumbling, and iio wonders wnat is
coxniiug now, for the whole land had
been smitten with the famine, and was
in silence. But after a while the wagons
have come near enougij, and he sees his
| ions on the wagons, and before they
| c.me quite up, tiiey shout: ''Jo&epn is
I jet alive!" Ihe oid man faints dead
| ?wa\. i do not wonder at it. The boys
j tell tlie story iaow that tne boy, the longabsent
Joseph, has got to be the iirot
naan in tne iigypthm palace. While rliey
unload the wagons, the wan and wasted
creatures in the neighborhood come up
and asc: for a handiui of com, and thi'V
2dy friend , we are in a wo. Id by sin
famiue-etruck; but the King is in constant
communication with us, his wagons
coming and going perpetually; and in
tlie reer 01 my discourse jl wiu tuow you
what the wagons bring and what they
In the first place, like those that came
from the Eg^piitn palsee, the King's
wagons now bring us corn and meat:
ana many changes of raiment. We are
apt to think of 'he fields and tlie or.-hards
as feeding u-s bat who makes "the iiax
gro>? for thj iinen, and ihe wheat for
the bread, and the wool on tlie sheep's
back? Oh, I w i.--Li we could see through
every grain fit-Id, by every sin. ep-fold,
under Trees of ev< rv orchuril, the King's
wagons. They drive up thien Urnes a
day?morning, noon,id night. Tney
bring fuT8 from the arctic, they bring
fruits from the topic, and bread from
the temperate zone. Thv King looks
cur, and he *'i::.v:e arc twelve
hundred millions of people to he ft d and
clothed. So many pounds of m? at, so
many barrel; of flour, so ruany yards of
I cloth and iineu and flannel, so many
hats, so many socks, so many shoes,"
enough for all, save that we whoaru greedy
to get more shoes than belong to u*, and
others go barfeoottd. None but a king's
corn-crib could appease the world's
famine. None but a king couUl tell how
many wagons to send, and how heavily
to load them, and when they are to start.
They are coming over the frozen ground
to-day. Do you not hear their rumbling?
They will -top at noon at your table.
Oh, if for a little while they should
cease, hunger would come into the
nation?, as to Uric.i when Kamilcar beside
it, and as iu Jerusalem when Ver-pasi.tn
sun\;uii-ioi 1 ; n?;d the nations
woul-i be hoilo<v-tyed, and fall upon
each other in universal cannibalism; ard
skeleton would drop upon skeleton; and
there would be no one to bury the dead;
r.ndthe earth would be a field of bleached
. 1 ..fnwo rt r* lU A V.VAV*
r-BwCICL-ViJO. ?UU. OU.U uuuo Ui Ml CJ Y\UUiU
fail dead, flock after fluck, without any
carcasses tc devour; and the eartli in
silence would wheel around, one great
black hearse! All life stopped because
the King's wagons are stopped. Oh,
thank God for bread?for bread!
I go to hunt up Jesus. I go to the
village of Bethany, and say: "Where:
does Mary live?,' They say: "Yonder !
Mary lives." I go in. I see -where she
sat in the sitting-room. I go out where
Martha worked in th-j kitchen but I find
no Jesus. I go into Pilate'd court-room,
and I find the judges and the police,
nr./I /m'f hAv t*>/~\ Taens T
a-iU. Via'- UIL3UUL1 o UVA, JL/UU JLIU vcouo. ?
go into the Arimathean cemetery; but
the door is gone, and the shroud is gone,
and Jesus is gone. By faith I look up
to the King's palace, and behold I have
found him! Joseph-Jesus is still alive.
Glorious religion, a religion made not
out of death's heads, and cross bones,
and undertaker's screw-driver, but one
bounding ^-ith life, and sympathy, and
gladness. Joseph is yet alive!
"I know that my Redeemer livesWhat
comfort this sweet sentence gives!
He lives, He lives, who once was dead,
He lives, my ever-living Head!
"lie lives to grant my daily breath.
He lives, and I shall conquer death,
He lives my mansion to prepare,
lie lives lo bring me safeiy there.
"He live9, all glory to His name;
Wi* mv .Lcnu ?til! tV?a aom?i
Oh, the j-'weet Joy this sentence gives1
know that my .Redeemer lives!"
The King's wagons will after awhilo
unload, and they will turn around, and
they will go back to the palace, and I
really t Jink thaf, you and 1 will go with
them. The King wiil not leave us in the
famine-struck world. The King has
ordered that we be lifted into the
wagons, and that we go over into GosLtn
where there shall be pasturage for our
largest flock of joy, and then wo will
drive up to the paiice, where are glories
awaiting u-s which will melt ail the snotf
of Egyptian marble into forgetfnlness.
I think tuit the King's wagons will
take us up iaasodoa? lost iriends^fci Job's
chiei anticipation was not of seeing the
Niie, nor of seeing the long colonnades
of architectural beauty, nor of seeing the
throne-room. There was a focus to all
his journeyings, to all his anticipations;
and that was Joseph. Well, my friends,
1 do not think Heaven would be worth
a great deal if our brother Jesus
waj not there. If there were two
Heavens, the one with all the pomp and
paraphernalia of an eternal monarchy,
but no Christ, and the other were a plain
Heaven, humbly thatched, with a few
daisies in the yard, and Christ were there,
I would ay: "Let the King's wagons
take mo up to the old farm house."
The Kinc's waaron took Jacob ud to
see hie lost boy, and so I really think
that the King's wagons will take as up
to see our lost kindred. How long is it
since Joseph went out of your household?
How many years is it now last Christmas,
or tuo fourteenth of next month? It
was a dark night when he died, and a
stormy day it was at the burial; and the
clouds wept with you, and the winds
sighed for the dead. The bell at Greenwood's
gate rang only a few moments,
but your heart has been tolling, tolling,
ever since. You have been under a delusion,
like Jacob of old. You have
thought that Jacob was dead. You put
his name first in the birth-record of the
family Bible, and then you put it in the
death-record of the family Bible, and
you have been deceived. Joseph isje;
alive. He is more alive than you are.
Oi ail the sixteen thousand millions o<
children that statisticians Siy have gone
into the future world, there is not ont
oi them dead, and the King's wagons
will take vou ud to see them. You
often think how glad yon will be to set
them. Have you never thought, rnj
brother, my sister, how glad they wii
be to see you! Jacob was no more g'iac
to seo Joseph than Joseph
was to see Jacob. Every time the doo]
in Heaven opens, they look to see if ii
la you coming in. Joseph, once standing
in the palace, burst out crying when lit
thougut of Jacob?afar off. And th<
Heaven of your little ones will not b<
fairly begun until you get there. All tli<
kindness shown them bj immortals wil
not make them forget you. There the>
are, the radiant throngs that went ou
5rorn your homes!
Dues not the subject oi to-day tak<
:lie gioom out of the thoughts tha
would otherwise be struck through witi
midnighr? We used to think that whei
we died we would have to go afoot
sagging down in the mire, and th<
hounds of terror might get after us, ant
if we go; through into Heaven at all, w<
would come in torn, and wounded, anr
bleeamg. I remember when my teetl
chattered and my knees knocked togethe
when I heard anybody talk about death
but i Have come to tnixiK mat zac grav.
will be the softest bed I ever slept in
aiid the bottom of my feet will not b
wet with the passage of the Jordan
"Them that sleep in Jesus will God brinj
I was, reading of Robert Southey, wh(
said je wished he could die far awa;
from his friends? like a dog, crawlin;
into a corner and dying unobserved
Those were his words. Be it ours to ci<
on a coach surrounded by loved ones, s<
that they, with ue, may hear the glad
s?vebt, jubilant announcement: "Th
King's wagons are coming." Bark!
hear tbem now. Are they coming fo
you or for me?
Some Stories of the Rapid Depreciation o
According to the "Washington correspond
ent of the Louisville Courier-Journal, a grou]
of the Southern members of the Hous<
WCIO VOJLn-LU^ A CAy^XXUljr VIA LUC OUUJC^t U1 Lilv
depreciation of Confederate currency
during the last years of the war ant
the almost fabulous suras which it became
necessary to pay even for trivial articles
Mr. Grimes, who represents the Fourtl
Georgia district, told a couple of stories verj
pertinent to the subject and which greatly
amused his auditors: "In the latter part ol
1863," said Mr. Grimes, "a young rnanwhc
lived In La Grange, Ga., became possessed
of ?500 in Confederate money. He was of s
thrifty turn and wanted to add to it Witl
that purposo in view, he invested his monej
In a barrel of whisky. This he sold by the
drink and at the end of a week had disposed
of the whole barrel, and had $1,200 in hand,
a net profit of $700. The young m^n was
highly elated. He saw his way clear to a
fortune in a short time.
" Of course he decided to buy more whisky
at wholesale ar d sell it by the small
measure, but he had taken into account
the wear and tear which the credit
of the Confederacy had suffered
during the week which it had taken him to
sell out his barrel. When he went to invest
in another supply he found tha", he
could not make a purchase similar to his
first one for less than $1,500. The financial
fluctuations involved in the transaction
knocked him so completely out that he retired
permanently from commercial life and
hired himself out as an agriculturist."
When his hearers had finished laughing at
this story, Mr. Grimes gave them the other
one. 4,It was in the same town?La Grange
?and in tbe latter part of 1864, ' he said.
"One old gentleman there who had persistently
predicted the failure of the Confederacy,
was one day deriding the currency
that was then so plentiful and of such
little value. He said that it was so worthless
that nobody would even steal it or pick
it up if found on the street. He pulled
out a $1,000 bill, Confederate money,
of eourse, and declared that he could tack it
with a pin to the fence around the Courthouse,
leave it there five hours and that
nobody would think enough of it to put it in
his pocket. His offer was accepted The
note was pinned to the fence, and at the
end of five hours he and the man to whom
he had been talking went out to see what
there was to be seen." Mr. Grimes here
-weiir" inquired Jar. Alien, 01 aussisiiippL
"The S1,000 note was there," replied Mr.
Grimes, "and pinned beside it was another
Confederate bill, the denomination of which
This ended the seanceThe
statement that whiskey is being
manufactured in Ireland from old rags
suggests the theory of the transmigation of
spirits. A good deal of whiskey goes into
the production of old rags.
INVENTION'S LATEST FRUIT.
A Marvelous Instrument for Writing at |
From bis workshop in Highland Park, j
j Chicago, Professor Elisha Gray is at last !
I able to lay on the desk of h?3coirospondent J
i in Milwaukee a fac simile of whatever he
' puts 03 paper a.t this ends of the wire. The
j finishing touches to the. tel-autograph will
I be made within the next two weeks. A
' head company has been formed in New
| York, and subordinate eorapanies are orga!
niziug over the country to put the invention
! in use.
"The instrument now reproduces each
stroke of the pe n or pencil with almost exact
fidelity," said Professor Gray to a Chicago
Tribune reporter yesterday, "The
reproduction is just up to the point of not
being original. The difference is enough
to prevent long-distance forgery. At the
coma tlmo / >.,!w ut 1I10 othf-r #?ri^ is sn
nearly like what 3rou write, that for all
ordinary purposes it is your handwriting."
Several specimens of copy, when com
pared with the original, showed a slight
waviness of line as the only distinction.
One could come much nearer telling the
reproduction of a friend's voice by the per
fected phonograph ; m the voice itseif
than he could a tel-autographic copy of the
same friend's handwiiiing from his true
"I expect the invention," continued Prof.
Gray, "at once to supersede the telephone
where accuracy is required and over long
distances. It will also be taken up immediately
as an adjunct to the telegraph in the
transmission of messages involving monetary
transactions. It can make no mistakes.
Ir. tells at the other end just what you
write, word for word nnd line for line. No
operators or third parties intervene as in
! U-r;?a-lers be'.weeu the two pieces of paper.
They stand as f?tc simile records, in the
hands of transmitter and receiver, of what
has passed between the parties."
The machine is an artist as well as penman.
It will rc-produce any line drawing.
A girl's head, the picture of a representa
tive mugwump, a buoch of dairies, and a
suuil -wer were only limited in faithfulness
by the execution ot" the draughtsman. An
illustrated tolesram will not be one of the
leasi uoveiues ui iuc immc.
When Professor Gray's company gets its
lines established, the business man will be
able to impress on bis dispatcbes tbe authenticity
of bis autographs. A resident
of Jacksonville during the fever, can. at a
moment's notice, shew bis anxious wife in
the North that bis hand is still steady. The
lover can put into the swiftest message all
the dots and crosses and flourishes his
sw<;<;theart has learned to love. Iu short,
the lel-autograph is designed to do the work
of the postotiice over tbe wires.
Pop* L?o's Abstenion* Life.
Like Mapolean, Leo XIII. does a great
deal ot work and takes very little sleep,
i He rises at five m summer and six in win'
tei* His toilet occupies a half hour, after
which he passes an hour in prayer and mediatom
as f?. preparation for Mass, which
. he says eve.y day in one of the private
; chapels ot me yaucan. xie omciaies ai
' the altar with exemplary devotion and
: there is an exceeding grace in all his move^
incuts, whether in the sanctuary, in his
garden, in his library or when holding a
public audience. At eight o'clock the Pope
tr'.kes bis cafe au lait and a roll. Leo XIII.
: is one of the mosc abstemious of men, and
: the entire expenses of his table do not
i average more than $1 a day the whole year
. round. It musi be remembered that the
Pope always takes Lis meals alone.?Pittsburg
i * m
| Fire in Beaufort.
i Beaufort, Dec. 12.?A fire broke cut
r this evening about 6 30 o'clock in tfw residence
of Mr. L. JI. lioundtree. The
- Washington lire cugir.e was promptly put.
; to work and within thirty minutes the fire
, was under control. This is ihe lirst lire we
have herd since the new Artesian wells have
i been bored. The fire was not more than
, one and a half blocks from the well. The
1 engine is still fire but it* is
r SKie to say that no other houses will take
1 fire. Foitunately it is very calm else some
of tbe adjoining building might have
- ' - n>. . i _ js u.. if rr
- caugni. j lie Jouse IS owueu uy iuis. a.
' P. Buckley and is insured, but at, this hour
) the amount of insurance was not ascer)
taiced. Mr. Koundtree's loss will be con,
sideruble, but the amount cani.ot be accu>
ratcly ascertained just now. Mrs. liound<
tree lost all her clothes except what she
j had on, as it happened she was out visitj
ing.?Special to News and Courier.
i A Firm and Bold Executive.
: Governor Seay of Alabama is only 35
t years of age. He is regarded a3 one of the
; brightest and most promising young men
t of the New South. During his first candi
dacy for Governor he was opposed on the
i ground of comparative youth and inexperience
but his renoniination and re-election
j without substantial opposition prove the
i wisdom of the people of Alabama in elect[
ing him their Chief Magistrate. His
prompt approbation of the course of Sheriff
Smith in the Birminghom affair marks
him as a mr;n bold enough to do right in
the face of clamor. He is now at Birming:
ham, and his presence seems to have quelled
' all excitement and to have insured the or*
derly operation of the machinery of the
1 law.?New York Star, Dec. 12.
Shot While on a H ant.
Anderson, Dec., 11.?Near Starr, on
t the Savannah Valley Railroad, To be Sherrard,
colored, was out hunting lastThurs/lot/
oftornnnn Tenth WiUAra! A rah.
5 bit was started and ran into a hollow tree.
3 Tobe t?ot to tbe tree first and set bis gun
5 down by tbe tree to get the rabbit out. One
r of the dogs ran against the cun and knock I
edit down. Tbe fa'.l discharged the load
J into Tobes abdomen. He lived loug
. to tell his friends how it happened. Coroi
ner Nance held an inquest over his body
r on Friday.
[ When a man finds thit he is getting to
[ be too lor .icious, bis be>.r. remedy is to get
k married. He will i.oticean improvement
L right away.
r --I,, , ma
How little we are apt to appreciate that whJ:h
we possess. The hardy wood-sawyer envies the
wealth of his employer. The rich man envies the
health and strength of his poor neighbor.
'"Our mind and our time we employ
In longir.g for what we have not,
L nminaful ot what we enjoy.
How much better if all exerted themselves to obtain
their heart's longing. If poor in purse seek to
gain wealth by industrious and frugal habits. If
poor in health seek to use those remedies which are
the best and truest medicines. Among remedies
sol.l by druggists none is the equal of Botanic
Blood Balm for curing the ills of flesh and blood.
Felix Foster, Atlanta, Ga^ says: "I took B. B.
B., for several foul ulcers, which had given me
much trouble and would not heal from a use of
lis apqn other remedies. Within ten d'.js my
health improved, and before I had
used three bottles every >ore was entirely healed. It
improved my appetite and gave me flesh and
1I udson Clark, Camden, Ark., says: "I was afp
0' OOP fii't'':l with t^e severest form
J.'iJ uUlU U
ot rheumatism for about 12
\x?.rs, and suffered extreme misery during all that
I also had catarrh so bad it almost stopped
" r TAPHU ?>" breathing through my nosa.
j r.sLiiu jiyfles in some places looked a;
f ii hid bsen charred or scalded. My back was st
:a.:ic I could hardly stand I tried nearly every.
ATlvlUj but no relief !
hitCUiuM i idm until I tried B. B. B. I used
several bottles and am now as sound and well as j
any nun in Arkausas."
J. \V. Messer, Howell's Cross Roads, Cherokee
County, Ga.. writes: I was afflicted with chronic
C-i;3?0 sores nine years, and had tried many
.sUuLO medicines and they did me no good. I
then tried Ii. B. B., and eight bottles cured nae
sound md weiL55
THE BEST MACHINERY
Laur's Celebrated Saw Mills guaran- vj
teed as love in price as factory will quote
direct. Unquestionably the best heavy
eaw mill bnilt. Lifidefl Co.'s Pony ana 9
Standard Variable Feed Saw Mills? ^
awarded first prize at New Orleans Exposition,
and the best plantation and
light custom mills on the market. No
man who has ever used a variable feed
mill will have the old style, out-of-date
belt feed. J
The Liddell-Tompkins Straight Line
Engine has proven itself to be one o! the _j$,
smartest, strongest, simplest and beet
saw mill and plantation engines in use,
and wherever sold it does credit to the
JLUgil UUCUV niUVUUKi^UbUAV. AWV
Era-Patent Portable Boiler, e teams al- n
most as well as the return tubular, far
better than the locomotive and has not &
the dangerous crown sheet and stay bolts 4.
of the latter. *9 *'.
Barbour Cotton Seed and Grain
Crashers, and Raymond Combination
Mills. Jenkins' patent steam tight ; ?
valves, with replaceable eeata. All kinds
of machinery of the best quality at reasonable
living prices. Write to me before
you buy. W. H. GIBBES, Jb. a
Columbia, S. C. - W^EWLKTOTUf
great eJangzr C?ik he-'^aV&aka.
to$Jcr kwktMeteuigt, ftfycmcg f J
Permanent and Transient
K, I Oeraer Wrath 4 Slebe hf~- 9
CHARLESTON, S. 0. fl
House recently furnished throughout. fl
Location especially convenient?street
cars passing evtiy five minutee in. frcn
of the door.
Mrs. EL E. TTASELTt,
Miss S. S. EDWABDS. 4
A Wonderful Discovery!
TOBACCO AN AID TO HEALTH! 1
A NEW TOBACCO, manufactured by
Thos. C. Williams & Co., Bichmond,
Va., under a formula prepared by Prof. ^
J. W, Mallet, of the University of
Anti-malarial, anti-dyepeptic, a good
nervine, ana an excellent chew.
TRY IT! JVOiffUMBUGl ' fl
For sale by all dealers. Call for
No Institute for Young Ladies in the
South has advantages superior to those
ofiered here in every department?Collegiate,
Art and Music.
Only experienced and accomplished
Teachers engaged. The building is
lighted with Gas, warmed with the beet f
wrought-iron Furnaces, and a Hot
Water Heater, has Hot _ and Cold
Water Baths, and first-class appointments
as a Boarding School in every _ 5
respect?no School in the South has
FALL SESSION BEGINS SEPTEMBER
5, 1888. . 1
For Catalogue, with full particulars,
Bev. Wm. R. ATKINSON,
Charlotte, N. C.
THE SALE OF
Barrett's Tonic. H
? ? ' JjH|
Decided by United States and State'
Courts to be no violation of the law.
x y. y
BARRETT'S TONIC, i J
BEST MEDICINE, \ 1
LARGEST PROFITS. \ i
Write G. BARRETT & CO., Augusta, *
Ga., for prices and merits.
Over 20,000 bottles of BARRETTS
TONIC sold last year on its merits. fl
PITTS CAKMBATIYE'^ J
FOB ISFAJSTS~3HtD^ ?
An instant relief for colic of infante. m
Cures Dysentery^ Diarrhoea, Cholera v
Infantum or anyxliseases of the stomach
and bowels. Mikes the critical period
of Teething?fe ancl easy. Is a safe and^ ,_[Trr>f^r
pleasant tonic."For sale by all druggist^
and for wholesale by Hovabd, Wmcar
& CoM Aogufita, Ga
Visitors to Colombia will find it ^'JkS
their advantage to stop at the
4'WILLIAMS HOUSE," - \ M
Northwest Corner Plain and- Sumter
Streets. Transient board, a specialty.
House open all hours day and night to
suit incoming trains.
MBS. WtNTHROP WILLIAMS,
paiwer of life fe Mother 6e4hiIaT
s -w/v 2BSBM?gSaSaMte