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* *-* COLUMBIA CHIT-CHAT.
"What the 3>aw-Makers are Doing?Township
Bonds, Cl?mson College, etc. *
For sometime oar lawmakers hav<
met and been sittiDg in General Aseembly
busily engaged in making law > 1
which may or may not result in good
to the people of the State.
The work of this session has been
^ one of great interest as many queslionof
vital importance are up for cou&id- j
eration and are oeing rapiaiy, let i:- j
hope not too rapidly, disposed of ii.
various ways. j
In point of intelligence this body i- J
about on an average with the Legisla- j
tore of previous years. (
In the House the Reformers have a
good working majority and the effect J
of their presence is marked by tht- :
number of bills introduced for the put pose
of reducing the salaries of all
officers. The oniv one of these bills ;
...? * . TT ? L?!
WhlCD nas passeu me iiouse is a. 011
' to redace the salaries of the circuit
judges. As the bill now stands judsre:will
be paid three thousand dollars ?
year this is a reductiou ot five hundred
dollar's afwitrretura to the salary o!
f / ante-bellum davs.
^ The bill which has excited most interest
is a bill to authorise the accep
tence of the (Jlemson B?*quest and thestablishment
of an Agricultural College.
This bill was introduced by Mr.
"W. C. Eenet of Abbeville who in an
> 3 -Uu ? J ,
eloquent auu ttujt; s^cctu auvucaico
its passage, it was apposed by Mr.
John (J. Haskell and Richland's brilliant
young representative Mr. Benj. L
Abney who made an eloquent ami
strong argument against the passage
of the bill. The bill passed theHousby
a majority of 18 or 20 votes. Mr.
Abnev's argument was based upo'i
the fact that Clemson bad no title to
the property and therefore the State
could not afford to appropriate mone>
for building a college on land the
tide to which was in dispute. Mis>
Isabella Lee the grand-daughter < !
.Trtim i ] (VthiiTin has bee^nn an action
in the Circuit Court of the Lnited
StaieR for tiie recovery of this property.
It therefore matters not whether
Mr. Cleiuson had a good title or 1101
the State has accepted, a lawsuit whi.-h
will take several \eats t) terminate
and iu the meantime the State will
b?.* o.ivit'g out good money ait?-r bad.
Ou?- good t-fft-ot or this bill will be to
talis the South Carolina College out <?i
puii ic-* a* this bill establishes a srpar
alt Agricultural College and it is probable
thai iu a short time the Agricultural
Annex. of the Coliege will be
abolished and in my opinion the
ends or the college shouid be ticou.h
thankful. The annex bas domtl.e
college no good, it l-.as not tb< 'vroiers
of?tie jjiate any yood and iis
^ooiiehuient in a short time will bii
jrgotieu. I have always thought
?hat the frieuds of the College wmv
makiug a mistake in making the late
'?!' the College dependent upon the
fate of Agricultural Annex. I do uoi
believe that the tarmers of the Sta**
want the S. C. College pulled down l
but they do want an Agricultural College
built up and if tbey want it the\
should have it for there can be no
doubt that our people sorely need education
and training in new method's
of agricultural aud it is hoped that
when the Agriculture College is established
a mecnanical department will be
attached thereto where the young men
of the country will be taught the rudiments
of all industrial learning oo that
ihose who have a talleut for the mechanic
arts will have an opportunity
of developing it.
We claim that South Carolina is
rich in natural resources and the deveiooemf
ni of tbes>e re-orces is depenthe
education of our youui;
being established all
< "^ jgand men skilled in
io4?no^qierthem^Q demand, unless
?inn i i?wjgyWqnli have tog<?n t0 ?Jr Pe?P e
our factory hands and }n~
our native population v^!?5 K-V
"hewers of wood and drawe]flc? wm.le
ter." A begining in mechanic r?'riaHI
cation has been made at the^s?
^ Carolina College and with expeuoi-"
tore of a little money it could be made
a splendid school of mechanics.
The South is in great need of such
education and it would be a grand
thing for Sonth Carolina to set an
example in mechanical eduction to
her southern sisters.
The decision of the Supreme Court |
upou the township bond question has
created a great deal of excitement.
Under the law as decided by the Coi1 t
townships cannot issue bonds for the
purpose of building railroads and those
so issued have been declared invali ..
This decision will result in uncalcutable
harm to the State as it iujces our
credit abroad. It is regarded outside
of the State as a step towards repudiation
and its effect has been felt by all
of the State securities. And it will foi
& time put a stop to railroad building
iu South Carolina. Townships aloni*
the line of the Three C's Road ait
- most effected by it. The road he?
been built, and is in running oraei
ana anaer tne decision of the coan
the township need not pay the debt
unless the people recognize the mora;
obligation where tnere is no legal wa>
^ - of enforcing it. A bill has icce.jth
been introduced for the purpose o;
validating these bounds declared to b?
invalid, but it is que? tionable whether
the defect can be cured i'i this way.
It is -^/ed that th3 credit and gooo
name of the State can be saved by
such a biil.
Winasboro is to be congratulated
upon her s-uccessttil effort to establish
H colton tswiirr. T.* ia tni? tliflt vrki-1
have not begun to turn out cloth a>
yet but we hope that your will not
coulee \oarsel!' to yarn.
D?c. 14, 1388.
ftmmng at Death's Door.
Fv A story is told of a man who suffered
' ?' -crely from ague, which nsither medicine
t?-?- charms could alleviate, but being ad.
-ed to devote himself to punning beeame
s interested in the pursuit that he speedily
larghed iimself into robust health. It ?an
. r-H be denied that a hearty laugh, even at j
1 < AAflf O Xa/? ?? ~"v"- 4L!-? 1
-W V> U uou puu, uu ucau WAUIJf lO |
it* ell, And has often been known to be of \
it astimable service at the crisis of a serious j
. ialady. A physician visiting one of the !
brotherhood, who was in extremis, apolo- !
H jed for being late one day, but said he had j
^?en to see a man who had fallen down a j
?ve!L "Did he kick the bucket, doctor?" I
I roaned Uj punster. Again, the story is j
told, if we remember rightly, of Theodore
Hook, who, as he lay dying, encased in
mustard poultices, was visited by a friend,
< 0 whom he remarked: "Plenty of mustard, |
__ . ?HD Vav rraf 1 Viaa# 53
^ wv/) WUU f UUU9
Telegraph for Mariners.
novel spectro-telegraphic apparatus ;
few been constructed by Dr. Paul la Cour, |
Danish physicist. It projects a steady I
crtical spectrum, on which, with a special [
tcfosoope, red and blue dots and lines are i
Men to appear and disappear. These are i
Hone signals, produced by the breaking of ; i
tb? spectrum by the opening and shutting j i
of little tlits, displaying the colored dots j 1
sad lines. This is effected by an eleetneal j 1
arrangement having lettered and numbered j i
A Kcmndabout JEJoute.
? a/alu b j. 3co jfvu witu jfoixr arm aroxma ; <
- ft girl's waist the other night!" "Yes, I j ]
was making haste to reach Sier heart by the ]
Its belt line." . i
\More men have been wrecked by whis- J
key than ships by water. Q
MAY'S LITTLE LAMB. I
Che Owner oi tne Original Creators :
Relates Its Story.
Iott Mrs. mary ?. Tyler Discovered the i
Helpless Waif and Saw It Develop
Into a Good-Slxed Sheep?The
Verse Written In its Honor. i
Mrs. Mary E. Tyler, who lives in Somerrille,
Mass., has given the^Boston Globe the
following story of the original "little
"One cold, bleak March morning I went ]
MTfuritvi for>ip~ anri the cows had been ^
ted we went to the sheep-pen and found two <
lambs there which had been born in the i
aight. One of them had been forsaken by
its mother, and through neglect was about
lead from the cold and for want of food, i
[gotit into the house and worked upon
mother's sympathies. It couldn't at first
B wallow and the catnip tea I had mother
make for my sick friend it could not take
for a long tune. I got the lamb warm the
first thing:, which was done by wrapping
her in an old garment and holding her in my
arms beside the fireplace. All day long I
nursed the lamb, and at night it could
swallow just a little. O, how pleased I was.
But I wasn't then satisfied it would live,
n ?"U.a. if foom'ner it.
&na 1 S<it> up uu. ui?uu miu ivj *v
wouldn't be wane, enough unless there was
some one there to look out for its
comfort In liie morning, much to
my girlish delight, it could stand; then
It improved rapidly, soon learned to drink
Tmllr, and from the time it could walk about
it would follow me anywhere if I only called
it. It was a fast grower, as symmetrical a
sheep as ever walked, and its fleece was of
the finest and whitest.
"The dav the lamb went to school I hadn't
seen her previous to starting off, and not
wanting to go without getting her, I called.
She readily recognized my voice, and soon
I heard a faint bleating way down the field.
More and more distinctly I could hear it,
and I knew my pet was coming to greet me. j
Mu Hmther Nate said: 'Let's take the lamb ]
to school with us.'
"I thought it would be a good Idea, and I
consented, and she followed along right behind
me. There was a high stone wall to
climb, and it was rather hard work to get
the lamb over. We got her on top, then
clambered over to take her dow n, and she
stood just as patiently as could be, waiting
for us to taka her off the wall.
"When the school-house was reached,
the teacher had not arrived, and but
few scholars were there. Then I began
to think what I should do with the
lamb when school was in session. I
took her down to my seat?you know we
had old-fashioned, high, boarded-up seats
then. Well, I put the lamb under the seat,
put on her blanket, and she lay down just as
quietly as could be. By ana oy i naa to go
out to recite, and left the lamb all right,
but in a moment there was a clatter, clatter,
clatter on the floor, and I knew it was the
pattering of the hoofs of my lamb. Oh!
how mortified I felt. The teacher was Miss
Polly Kimball, who was the mother of
Loring, the circulating-library man, of
Boston. Ste laughed outright, and, of
course, all the children giggled. It was
rare sport for them, but I couldn't find any
thing mirthful in the situation. I was too
embarrassed and ashamed to laugh or even
smile at the unlooked-for appearance of my
sheep out on the floor. I took the lamb out
and put it in a shed until I was ready to go
home at noon, when it followed me back.
TTov.o1lTf T Tint, rrn home tmtil nisht. as we
WSUUUJ * ?~ ? W /
carried our lunch with us, but I thought I I
would go at noon that day.
41 Visiting the school that forenoon was a
young man named John Roulstone, who
was a nephew of Rev. Lemuel Capm, who
was then settled in Sterling. He was fitting
for college. The young man was much
pleased at the school incident, and the next
day he rode across the fields on horseback,
came to the little old school-house, and
banded me a slip of paper which had written
tjtvm it three verses, which are the
original lines, but since then there have
been two verses added by a Mrs. Townsend.
The verses were written together
when I got them:
" Mary had a little lamb;
It'... jce -was white as snow;
And everywhere that Mary went
The lamb was sure to go.
44 It followed her to school one day,
Which was against the rule.
It mado the children laugh and play
To see the lamb at school.
" And so the teacner turned It out,
But still it lingered near.
And waited patiently about
Till Mary did appear.
u From the fleece sheared from my ewe
my mother knit two pairs of nice stockingswhich
for years I kept in ol
, -aoe. it was Thanksgiving
were all out in the barn,
I where the lamb had followed me. It ran
right in front of the cows fastened In the
stanchions, running along the feed-box.
One of the creatures gave its head a toss,
then lowered its horns and gored my lamb,
which gave a piercing, agonizing bleat, and
came toward me with the blood streaming
towards its side. I took it in my arms,
placed its head in my lap, and there it bled
Mrs. Tyler, alter leaving Sterling, taught
school in Fitchburg, was married and went
to the McClean Retreat for the Insane m
Somerville, whare she held the position of
matron for thirty-five years, and for five
years more than that was her husband's
steward at the institution.
Children of Allen Parents.
L If the father is duly naturalized before
his foreign-born son arrives at eighteen
i t?/vo o ?/* /\f fvirt vtnlrmnl.
jccuo vi 05c uuo CM/bvi ouo paicuo uauui cu"
izes the son, and he can vote the same as if
born in this country, and he can go and
be registered on the same terms as a native.
2. If the parents should not be naturalized,
or if there be no parents, then the person
who comes here as a minor may, if he come
into this country before the age of eighteen
years and has resided in the United States
five years in all, claim his second and final
papers at once without the formality of
what is known as the " first papers."
3. Any children of parents who are citizens
of the United States, who happen to be
bora in foreigu countries while their par
ents are traveling mere, are treated Dy our
law3 exactly as if chey had been born on
our own soil.
CRUELTY OF PEDDLERS.
Ax Indignant Housewife Emphatically
Said an avenue housekeeper to the (Chicago
Journal's sidewalk stroller lately: "A
society is needed for the protection of
housewives and house girls from the cruelties
of book agents, peddlers, canvassers,
circular distributors, beggars, bums and
beats generally." Askiug her to relate her
experiences, she said: 14 Weil, it is a fact
Lhat one of the most wearisome things about
housekeeping on a nice avenue and in a
nice house is the constant ringing of the
front-door bell by the t'.ass of people tvbom
I have mentioned, and who I think have no
more business to ring it than they have to
tire a gun at the house. In my house the
calls sometimes averr.ge twenty a day, and
what does it involve? I'll tell you. From
the kitchen in the back basement, one hundred
feet away, my girl has to climb a
?. ;ght of stairs, go through a short hall, a
dining-room, a library, a middle parlor and
a lontr hall to reach the front door. t.her? tn
be confronted and detained three minutes
at Jeast with a conversation about like
this: "Is the mistress in?" "Yes."
"Can 1 see her?" ""What business!" "I
must see her myself." "But she will
not see you, I taink." " Go ask her to come
here," etc., etc. Sometimes I am roused
from sleep, or sewing, or looking to the
children, or entertaining friends, only
to go to the front door and sweetly smile I
ana refuse and waive away the intruderone
or another of the class mentioned. So <
I figure for my girl?extra walking per day,
ueariy aau a mue; loss 01 ume, over on? (
hour, and say nothing of accidents to food
on the kitchen stove and wear and tear to 1
carpet3. And now why can't we have
some law," she earnestly added, "to save
as from these daily pests and help make '
home one's castle, as it should be, whether :
in the city or the wilderness?" <
Love One Another.
A few more smiles, a few more tears, *
me pleasure, muoh pain, a little longer
lurrying and worrying in the world, some
lasty greetings, abrupt farewells, and life
fill be over, and the injurer and the in- r
ozed will be laid away and ere long forgotML
Tt it ?Af ?? ?V 1
qiMI MW UV UOVO "HVfl I 1'
** - - ,1a
Love for a moment makes life whole; j
Nothing is common or unclean, j .
Where I and njy sv/eet friend convene, j J1
In that still chamber of my sou!. f0
?Joseoh Dana Miller iu Boston Transcript.
TRAVELING IN SIBERIA. ti
fliserable Horses of the Yakoots?The
Gcutle Keindscr and His Driver.
Reindeer arc much swifter and more 0
reliable than dogs or the miserable horses H
:>f the Yakoots. And yet these horses are j d
not to bo despised, for they supply a, need j y<
that it would be difficult to reach with j ei
Dther animals. They are very hardv and ai
require scarcely more attention than the ti
wilder animals in that country. It is not
necessary to provide food or shelter for E
them. They thrive and do much hard il
work upon dead grass, twigs and dried h
leaves that in -winter they find by pawing
off the snow from the ground. In sum- 5
mer it would be impossible to keep up f
communication with the Russian outposts n
in Siberia Without these horses of the Yakoots.
Upon them is packed the merchandise
for trade with the outlying tribes, tl
and they bring back the furs that have t<
been gathered during the winter season, f
Upon the obrcure trail through those wild j<
Siberian wastes the summer traveler often r
meets long lines of these animals trudging t
patiently along, sometimes twenty-five or a
thirty in number, each one tied to the tail (
of his file leader. I
Duririg the winter, however, the gentle <
reindeer move gaily along at a swift and j
easy trot, two attached to each filed, and
fastened by a line from the antlers of one t
to the sled in front of him. There may i
be but one driver for half a dozen or more \
sleds, and he sits on the right tide of the <
leading sled, guiding his team with a line
attached to a halter around the antlers
and under the throat of the off leader.
A steady pull directs the team to the
right, and a series of jerks is a suggestion
to go to the left. If, however, the leader
neglects the signal, the driver jumps
from his seat and runs.alongside of the
obstinate animal, which immediately
makes a rush toward the opposite direction.
An active and attentive driver occupies
himself incessantly in keeping his
team under full headway, and for that
purpose wields a long, thin stick or wand
with which he continually prods the poor
reindeer in the rear. Eventually he gets
a little sore place there by continued
prodding, and plies his relentless rod
upon that tender spot with the best results.
The conscience that exists even in
a Yakoot or Tunguse yemshik has inspired
him to put a wooden or bene button
upon the end of his goad to keep it
from penetrating too far.
When a reindeer is tired, it lies down,
and no amount of punishment will get it
on its feet again until another is brought
to replace it from a number of spare animals
that are alw ays tied behind the rear
sled for that purpose. No matter how
much exhausted the weary animal seems
when removal from harness, it recuperates
very rapidly while running behind
the sleds, and is soon ready to take its
turn at pulling. The usual gait of a
reindeer team is a long, swinging trot;
but when in a great hurry, which is seldom
the case with those lazy people, the
driver urges his team into a gallop, and
under such circumstances it is not unusual
for them to make over twenty
versts (about fourteen or fifteen miles)
an liom-.?William H. Gilder in Outing.
In Their First Battles.
A young Bostonian has written to seyeral
prominent generals asking how they
teit m tnur lirsc natues. uen. onermau
says that such questions are hard to answer.
Admiral Porter sajs his first battle
occurred when he was 13 years of age,
and that he did not feel much afraid.
Gen. Pleasonton remarks that his first
battle was in Mexico in 1846. ana that
he fc-lt that the sooner the enemy was
thrashed the belter it would be. while
Gen. Averell says the battle of Bull Run,
1801, was his first, and that when he saw
the enemy he thought that a great and
useless crime was about to be committed.
?VovtT "Vort "World.
Fountains in Trees.
The great Cottonwood trees in the
"whaV*Ti^e'"unsweetened soda water and
wliich spurts forth as if under gaseous
pressure when a vein is punctured. It is
said to be deliciously refreshing, ana
hunters are in the habit of carrying gimlets
with which to pierce the veins when
they are thirsty. It is a point of hono:
with them to plug up the orifice when
their thirst is satisfied, that the next
comer may not be disappointed.?New
York Evening "World.
Indians of Arizona.
Extensive preparations are being made
by the Presbyterian board of Indian
schools to educate the Indians of Arizona.
At Tucson they are building an $3,000
school house. Fifty acres of land have
been bought on the Santa Cruz river,
where the young Indians will be instructed
in farming, and another building, to
cost #0,000, will soon be erec'ed, where
ioi> papas can oe accommodated.?unicago
A novel industry has been started by
boys in the San Monica mountains in
California. They eatch rattlesnakes by
means of a slip noose of cord, box them up
and take them to Los Angeles, where the}
sell lb cm. The Chinese are the purchasers,
i hey use them as medicine, and the snakes
sell for from fifty cents to $1 each. It i?
said that the Chinamen handle them fearlessly
and never get bitten.?Chicago
The Farmers' Alliance.
Columbia. December 19.?The State :
farmers' -uiiance mer, tms morning in
Asr&u'tursl Hail in secret session. The
Mlianoe will be in session to consider
their plau of operation aad make nectary
arrangements for more or tended .
vfork and me vbership. 'the meeting ,
was called to orr'er by Prpfriden-. Stack- ,
honf-e, tvI o, it. is understood, made a t
scathing attack upon tue extortions and c
ard exactions of the railroads upon the farmers.
The Ejecting was attended by the ex- '
eeutive x>mmii.ree and the following c
delegates: Anderson. J. W. Norris; c
Chester, Jespe H. Harden: ChfS^eriield, \
J. G. Redrawn; D^'lin^too, E ii. Mo- *
Iver; Fairfield, Sam M :Coj rsii-.k; Greenville,
W. W. Kt3; H-Jt--*, J. P. Deer- }
ham; Kershaw, J. JR McGitf;Lancaster, j
ii. L. Kicki;s; Marios. J. D. Montgomery;
Mariboro, J. B Gree^i; Newberry, L
John Jb\ Bunks; Oconee, E. E. Vomer; t
Pickens, B. A Hester; Spartainburg, f
R. A. Lancaster; Sumter, B. M. Cooper; 1"
Union, A. C. JLyies; Witliarnsouig, a
Jo van Aikiteid; York, W. N. E ider. ?
The president reported that taere were f:
now 440 subordinate Alliai>e>8 in the
Ci.i. ?:i.z. ? 1?0!
owiw, niLU ttii a^i^aw; liicuiucLouip UA
15,000, and at present there is an active r(
ffort to thoroughly organize fclie entire q
The Alliances now have under consid
eration a plan to organize *'A Farmers'
Alliance co-opcrativo htoru" to purchase ^
and sell provisions and fertilizers to the ,
members of the association. The funds ^
for the store are to he raided upon no:es U'
t'.e members. The Alliance wiJ*. try
?nd inbke .satisfactory arrangements with
-everal guano companies for the puribase
of the fertilizers. v'
A libera] education is one that h3s co3t tii
he boy's father a great deal of money. ?j
Bismarck may be getting o;a, but he is sj;
till the most successful leader of the Ger- ^
"Wiggins, the prophet, appears to be Y
ost," says an exchange.. This is all profit St
ad no loss. a?
JOTTIXGS FROM JEN XIX CS. f
Mr. Editor: The crops have been Jq
?out gathered here, the cotton not
elding more than two thirds 01* three
urths of an average, having been inred
to that extent by the long con- wi
uned rains. Corn on the low-grounds
'as also much damaged. br<
'We regret to chronicle the departure by
four esteemed fellow citizen Mr. II. ^
I. Jennings and family, which will ^
orirl i/nr/re.nxe ^
ecrease our pu^uiauuu ?
t)ux*s in the same ratio; bat the genral
law of compensation applies here Jv
3 elsewhere, that the loss of one is a(
ie gain of another. d?
We learn that our aged friend Mr.
lumpbrev Gibson has been seriously fo
1 fur some weeks, but we are glad to ar
ear that be is improving. h<
We regret to learn that Rev. Mr. u]
lelton will operate in a distant field. d<
le leaves many friends in this comonnity.
Tbe ladies of Crooked Run Church ?l
ve a Hot Sapper the 12th. inst., at *E
he residence of Mrs. L. H. Trapn, g
o raise funds for purchasing an organ
or tnat cnurcn. it jjiuvcu a vci ? \.u- 0
i>yable and successful affair, and they 8(
ealized the neat sum of $44.27. We C
lad representatives from your town *
md from Riculand and Newberry 1
Jonnties. Nothing of doubtful - pro- ti
>riety was done, while all seemed to
snjoy themselves and manifested a
Another affair of the same kind, to i2
ake place at some convenient future j
ime, is contemplated, and it is pro- ,
)osed to send your editorial staff a
Dec. 13th. '88. f
WRITE OAK NEWS. J
Shady Grove Alliance held a meet- 1
ing here to-day, initiated seven mem1
~ ?l " -L a - >-v?> ~oll tui fh *
oers wojcn gives u? iu& .uut ? ,
15 applications to act on.
This with four other Alliances, viz., t
New Hope, Aurora, Wellridge and ]
Oak Hill, have a movement on foot
to co-operate in their trade arrange- (
ments for 1889. <
We are also going ahead on our
own hook, and will accept a bid, or bids '
that is to the best advantage of "these
Professors of the field."
Some months ago merchants near uhad
lots of tun, at the expense of thit?
Alliance, however one clear, level
headed merchant at White Oak, instead
of laughing at us, made trade
arrangements with us. "He who
laughs last, laaths best."
At to-days meeting the following
rusolurion was parsed (to be publi-shed
in News and Herald:)
We the members of this Alliance
deem it contrary to the principles ol
our order to patronize any traveling
agent or canvasser. Therefore resolved
that in order to preserve our financial
balance, we will not purchase any
articles or goods sold under such high
We meet semi-monthly, at 10 o'clock
A. M. as follows: First Saturday in
each month at Shady Grove school
bouse. Third Satneday in each month
at White Oak.
Our Little Tlhowledqre of Greenland.
There aro two questions in chief that
jen.'l romance to Greenland, one of which
i* akin tu the delightful, unsolved problem
of itn open polar sea, the other having to
do with a chapter in the Icelandic settlement
of America before Columbus, whose
opening passages we find in the Norse
chronicles, but whose sequel no man can
read. Nordenskjold has made two attempts
to break through what he con.Vuh
rs !i belt of thick - tce~s tu 1 u uuamy a
Ciiutral pa;*t of Greenland not glaciatfd
in the same way. if at alL He
that Greenland is comparative^ f11,
cioos not breed glacier? a
lonvndgo like thf ^ those glaciers
.1 ,, ? ^ .?<oe?gs for distribution
Lpr ' hn ?vj#^tlaiitic are in his view
0 e l. o^?focflj to t lift sea coasts: if
j P^evVSrce tiie bajTier of the inland ice,
> ^rhose outer edges are glacier liko in
movement and effects, -we snoiild r^ach
the real Greenland, by no means a tropical
land, of coarse, but one capable of supporting
the small but rich and quick
maturing flora of the Arctic circle, and, as
a necessary consequence, the living fauna
of such a re^ion.
The more romantic question is the old
one, What became of the Icelandic settlements
ou the east coast? Access to that
coast by sea is almost always hindered by
floes and masses of icebergs; from the
land side the inland ice blocks the way.
Esquimaux have not been slow to affirm
that descendants of th? old Nors? K?tt.ler?
linger on that iuacccssible spot, and love
to add that g; osts of early Scandinavians
haunt the gli' '.ering fields of hummock,
crevasse and underground river which
present such an impenetrable front to
hunters and explorers. The general
opinion is that the Norseman of the east
as well as the west coast dwindled and
merged with the Esquimaux from choice
ur from necessity. Attempts have been
made to assign this or that trait of the
Esquimaux of Greenland to an infusion
of Norse blood. It is certain that during
the last few centuries iJanes have intermarried
readily with the Esquimaux, and
that the children are remarkably more
handsome than their parents.?New York
a ueremomoss invitation.
The following invitation to attend the ,
funeral of the Baron Salomon do Rothschild
was received by a United States
olaeial in Paris, who says truly that it
canaot fail to be curious to American .
"Sir?The Baron and the Baroness An- ^
selme de Rothschild, the Baron and the
Boroness James do Rothschild, the Baron '
and th Baroness Nathaniel de Rothschild.
and their children, the Baron and
l::o Bare ess Adolphe de Rothschild, the
lllirf t'no R^r/maci! Willw /la
vauww ? ? kUj V4.V i.liVbUd"
:hild, ana their children, the Barons Al)honss.
Uu-.tave, Salonon, and Edmona t
lc "Rothschild, the Misses Louise and t
Mice de Rochschild, and the Barons ;Na- c
haniel, Ferdinand and Salomon de Rot hs- t
'liild, the Baron Arnschel do Rothschild, t
'.Ime. Worms, .Mine. Sicliel, Mme. Monteiure,
Mine. Beyfus, tho Baron and the (,
baroness Lionel do Rothschild, and tbeij
:hilctrer.. the Baron and the Baroness An s
houy de Rothschild, and their children, 3.
he Baron and the Baroness Mayer de ^
Rothschild, and their ehilrlrpri t.lio
Hid the Baroness Mayer-Charles do Roths- j."
Lild, and their children, Mr. and Mine.
Ulolphc Uovfus, Mr. and Mme S. Sichel
nd Mr. J. Sichel,
"Have the honor to inform you of the tr
rreparable los. they have experienced by v
he decease of the Baron Salomon de ki
tothschild, who died at his hotel, No. 1?
iue Lafitte, the 27th of July, 1855, at the p
go of 82 years, their well beloved father,
atlier-in-Jaw, grandfather, great-grand- ra
ither, brother, and uncle; ni
"And invite you to attend the funeral th
n Tuesdav. the 31st of Julv. at 9 nV.inrfr <=i
"The funeral will take place from the so
jsidence of the deceased." ? Youth'; B.
Born in 1769 and Still riving. ^
Detroit, Dec. 5.?Mrs. Frances Aeid
ebecca Todd, living four miles west of ^
ovi, is supposed to be the oldest woman so)
rins. Bom in 1769. her recollection of to
sr mrtna-iy places u at juec. zy. tier taer
was an officer in Norwegian Army and U
on honors at the battle of Schwesantoniox c
1 the Rhine, 1774. She has been three
mes married and borne fifteen children, on;
er last husband was the famous Buck- re?
;in Joe, who died in 1843. Since 1844 j
e has lived on her little farm near Novi.
er experience in the wilderness of New qr
ark State in 1830 38 would fill a volume. ^
le is very feeble, and must soon pass rar
THE EXECUTOR ENJOINED. r|V
dt? Simonton Prohibits the Transfer of
Fort Hill, Pending: the Litigation.
(Columbia Daily Recorn, December 19.)
The motion to enjoin the executor of the te<
11 of Thos. G. Clemson from disposing di
the Fort Hill plantation pending the suit
Dught on behalf ai Isabella Lee was heard
Jud?;e Simonton in Charleston Monday. p(
le case was most elaborately argued byCol. ljj
;royF. Youmans and James P. Carey, m
;q., for the plaintiff, and by Messrs m
el's and Orr, of Greenville, for Richard b<
'. Simpson the defendant. On yestertiay
idire Simonton filed his decision. After ?
iareful review of the law of the case, the 6?
icree concludes: M
"This cause came to be heard on motion
r a restraining injunction upon the bill, u.
iswer, affidavits and exhibits. After
jaring the same and report thereon, and
pon due consideration thereof, it is or- **
;red adjudged and decreed tfcat a writ ~
: injunction do issue to the defendant, "
ichard W. Simpson, enjoining and re 0
raining him from executing and deliver
ig any d?ed or deeds of conveyance, or C
arting with the po?ses$ion of the Fort IV
[ill plantation ps described in the pleadings v
1 this case to any person or persons, or to o
r for any use3, intents and purposes what- g
)ever, especially to the State of South f,
'arolina, or to any person or persons
whomsoever on behalf of the said State "
? ?J J i-omoin in 11 n t
ms oraer auu. **ut cw xcu^aiu &u ?v*w ? ?
:1 the further order of this Court.
Judge Hudson's Address.
The exercises in the University Chape!
ist night were opened by President R. E.
/ucas. of the Euphradiau Society, who
eliverod the welcome addre.cs, and iutro.uced
Judge Hudson, in his address, first reerred
to the pleasant days he had spent
vithin the walls of the old South Carolina
College, which he had found?and he
hr>u<?ht everv one else who spent his time
veil there would find?to be the happiest I
>f bis life. He regretted that neither time !
lor opportunity had allowed him to renew
lis connection with the institution he
oved, and he embraced this chance unhesiatiogly
in order, for once at least, to bring
aimself into closer communion with it.
He then gave "some reflections on the
rast importance to the family, State and
country of the higher aDd liberal education
of the young men " He first referred to
the extreme utilitarian ideas of the present
age and of the tendency for practical
v.?norhta tn annn'&nt in the minds of the
people thoughts of the beautiful, true and
lovely. He believed it was a step in tbe
backward d^ection to convert our schools
for literary training into icdustrial schools.
Physical must be subordinated to mental
He did not mean to disparage the mechanical
and agricultural departments of this
or any other university. He had just vigited
Science Hail and he was astounded at
what he found there, and it made his heart
rejoice to see such an opportunity for the
. /Minor mt?n nf ihe State to become Drofi
Juuu6 ?7 - . - .
cient 111 the various manual industr.es.
Nor did he intend to raise his voice against
the industrial in connection with the literary
training. But the former must not
usurp the place of the latter.
The counection of the two, he predicted,
would work a new civilization in the South.
It would make the people feel and recognize
the dignity of labor. He had always
advocated a place for the higher education
of the sons of mechanics, farmers and all
laboring men. Such did now exist, and it
would be a sad day for South Carolina if
the opinion took hold of the people that
there was no necessity for schools for the
education of the sons of laboring men.
TJifitorv would bear him out in the as
sertion that the farm raised boys, the plow
boys, had supplied the highest places in
the pulpit, the bench, the bar, the chair of
professorship and in all the pursuits of
learning. They constitute the very backbone
of the country. It has been so, is so
and always is to be so. Therefore they
should be educated in th( highest and most
liberal manner possible if they ever expect
the country to be prosperous.
He declared himself in favor ot tne^ common
school sv-ten* ~'''*
ituffMeariilDg }s a dangerous
ining only in the sense in which it was
meant. That in those callings which required
learning, that learning should be
only of the highest kind. That the present
age did not require this was evinced by
lack of skill in the laboratory, quackery in
medicine, incompetence at the bar ana inefficiency
in the various departments of
life. That the supply would always be
equal to the demand.
He said that our forefathers excelled us in
thoroughness and to this he ascribed the
larger rum ber of statesmen, oratorsjand emi
jueat men in proportion to me pcpuiauon
than at the present day. That thoroughness
rather than the number of books taught,
should be the aim of all education. That
the true purpose of education waa to train
the mind t& think rather than t? remember.
The Judge then putin a plea for the im
portance of language study and especially
of the ancient languages. He spoke par
tloularly of the benefit to the student to be
derived from the study of ancient literature,
for in them the purest and noblest ideas
are expressed and a patriotism taught -which
has never since been equalled.
In ooncluainn hp irrmrpaiiprJ nnr?n th#>
students the necessity of putting to the
best use their college days and warned them
against passing them in idleness and riotous
Judge Hudson was listened to throughout
his discourse with care and attention by the
students aad their assembled friends.
Mr. R. Beverly Mason of the Clariosophic
Society dismissed the assembly in a
few cnoice remarks.?Columbia Record,
Miss Travis?I have a paisionate love for
fhe occult and mysterious. Poseboy?0
hen, you ought to come down to our
Doardinc-house s?me morning when we
At the present time one-fourth of all the
wpulation of the United States is gathered
n towns of eight thousand people and upvards,
and the proportion is increasing.
BEWARE! BE PRUDENT*
When the proprietors of a blood remedy tell you
hat iodide of potash is a poison simply because
heir opponents use it, their assertions are made to
ieccive, and your use of ICO bottles of inert stuff
heir object. Iodide of potash is as essential to a
rue blood remedy, as pure blood is essential to good j
health. No remedy has proven j
}UICK CURE itself so safe, sure and QUICK i
an eradicator of mercurial, (
yphilitic, scrofulous, malarial or other poison, forign
to health, tiiat gets into bone and blood, when ^
il else fails as B. B. B. Send to Blood Balm Co.,
thnta, Ga, for illustrated "Book of Wonders,"
i!ed with convincing proof of QUICK CURES of :cmingly
A. F. Britton, Jackson, Tenn., writes: "I conacted
malaria in the swamps of Louisiana while
orking for the telegraph company, and used every
nd cHnedicine I could hear of without relief. J at
last succeeded in breaking the fever fc
01 SON but cost over ^OO.CO, and then
my system was prostrated and satuted
with poison and I became almost helpless. I
lally came here, my mouth so filled with sores j
at I could scarcely eat, and my tongue raw and
led with little knots. Various remedies wore re- S
rcoa to witnout enect. J bought two bottles of B. r
B. and It has cured and strengthened me. All
res of my mouth are healed and my tongue?ntire- ST
clear of knots and ioreness, and I feel like a new
R R. Saulter, Athens, Ga., writes: "I have been ji
iicted with Catarrh for many years, although all fl
rts of medicines and several doctors did their best I
curc me. My blood was very impure, and noth- I
ing ever had any effect upon the I
A.TARRH disease until I used that great I
Blood Remedy known as B. B. K
a few bottles of which effected an entire cure. I P
ommend it to all who have Catarrh. I refer to I
y merchant or banker of Athens, Gx, and will j
>]y to any inquiries." j ,
5enj. Morris, Atlanta, Ga., writes: "I had no j '
appetite, my kidneys felt i\
)RE TONSILS sore, my throat was ulcerat- fr
ed and my breast a mass of ]2
ining sores. Seven bottles of B. B. B, entirely [&
da** CO L
HE BEST MACHINERY
Lanr's Celebrated Saw Mills guarun- \
sd as low in price as factory will quote !
cect. Unquestionably the best heavy I qj
w mill built. Liddell Co.'s Pony and i
andard Variable Feed Saw Mills?
Farded first prize at New Orleans Ex>sition,
and the best plantation and
jht custom mills on the market. No
an wbo has ever used a variable feed
ill will have the old slvle, out-of-date
* - * /-,-r
The Liddell-Tompkins Straight Line
ngine has proven itself to be one of the
uattest, strongest, simplest and best L]
iw mill and plantation engines in nse,
id wherever sold it does credit to the
igh talent which designed it. The New
.ra-Patent Portable Boiler, steams alLOfit
as well as the retnrn tubular, far ?r
etter than the locomotive and has not
le dangerous crown sheet and stay bolts
f the latter. " cj
Barbour Cotton Seed and Grain
irushere, and Raymond Combination p
liils. Jenkins' patent steam light
alves, with replaceable i-eats.. All kinds
f machinery of the best quality at rea- f
onable living prices. Write to me beDie
yon buy. W. H. GIBBES, Jb.
Columbia, S. C.
great danger oftlf he affon 3ea.ll
| teqeijfer hcck'tM etAuyi fctycrnttfi
Witr 2wfi(LD X&VL/rfORC0.
PRIVATE BOARD, 1
Permanent and Transient t
S, I Corner Wentworth & Glebe Sts,, i
CHARLESTON, 8. C. I
Eouse reoently furnished throughout.
Location especially convenient?street
cars passing every five minutes in Itch
of the door.
Mpjb. E. E. HASELL,
Miss S. S. EDWARDS.
W EH M ? y
A Wonderful Discovery!
TOBACCO AS AID TO HEALTH!
A NEW TOBACCO, manufactured by
Thos. C. Williams & Co., Bichmond,
Va., tinder a formula prepared by Prof.
J. W, Mallet, of the University of
Anti-malarial) anti-dyspeptic, a good
nervine, and an excellent chew. >"
TRY IT! WO HUMBUG!
For sale by ail dealers. Qfcii'-.forl
TMKLOTTE FEMALE INSTITUTE.
No Institute for Young Ladies in the
South has advantages superior to those
offered here in every department?Collegiate,
Art and Music.
Only experienced and accomplished
Teachers engaged. The building is
iighted with Gas, warmed with the best
* - X * n % TT . A
wrGugnt-iron j urnaces, sua a xioi
Water Heater, has Hot and CoJd
Water Baths, and first-class appointments
as a Boarding School in every
respect?no School in the South has
J86T PALL SESSION BEGINS SEPTEMBER
For Catalogue, with full particulars,
Bev. Wm. B. ATKINSON,
Charlotte, N. C.
THE SALE OF
Decided by United States and State
Courts to be no violation of the law.
- LARGEST PROFITS.
Write G. BARRETT & CO., Augusta,
Ga., for prices and merits. ]
Over 20,000 bottles of BARRETT'S
TONIC sold last year on its merits.
*0K IftPAKT* A.N2J
riSJfiTHINtr CHIL UKEJi. '
Ad instant reiiei for colic of infants.
Cftires Dysentery, Diarrhoea, Cholera
Infantum or any diseases of the stomach I
md bowels. Makes the critical period i
A Teething safe and easy. Is a safe and
^lea&ant tonic. For sale by all druggist*,
rad lor wholesale by Howa.xt>, Wtocs-.
k Co., Aojaiatu. <>a
PRIVATE BOAJttD. 1
Yiaitore to Columbia will find it to
heir advantage to stop at the 1
"WILLIAMS HOUSE," J
forthwest Corner Plain and Sumter
treets. Transient board a specialty,
[ouse open all hours day and night to
in incoming trams.
MRS. WTNTHP.Or WILLTAJIS.
laaijar. of. Life _fc Mother aeGhildl I ~
r ^^Hnnnv ?
? j co]
10ICE EVAPORATED APPLES, i ^
CHOICE TURKISH PRUNES. N<
CHOICE (/REAM CHEESE. (v
CHOICE MESSINA LEMONS. j ?
IOSSE & BLACKWELL'S IM- V
PORTED PICEXES. ?
SA & PERRIN'S WORCHESTER- L<
SHIRE SAUCE. A
A fall line of Canned Goods, in- A
ading something very fine in S<
eaches and Sliced and Grated L
RESH GROUND SPICE-all kinds, f
SUGAR-CURED PIG HAMS. \
ROYAL BAKING POWDER, I
at reduced prices. ~
TERMS FOR ABOVE-CASH. J
R. M. HUEY. l
im von motj
iuii l iuu ruiiuui
I^HE large or small amount you
"HE WIMSBOEO .WAGON CO.
They need the money. They, too
>we money, and can pay only with
hat you owe them.
We still have a ni:e lot of Buggies,
Phaetons, Surrys, and Wagons.
Id frrtin thp> shrms of
V-/U1 Ailx^ rwiu A4VU*
30LUMBUS BD&&Y CO.) COLUMBUS,
U. S CAEEIA&E CO., J OHIO,
In all styles?Gears and Springs,
Columbus End Spring:, U. S. Side B*r
End Spring, Timken, Brewster, Spiral
(adjustable) and Center Springs.
Our $10 Harness is Really Worth
A full line of Harness, Bridles, Carriage
Robes, Whips, Rubber Aprons,
Carriage and Plantation Hardware.
THE ENTERPRISE MEAT CHOPPERS
AND COFFEE MILLS.
THE WINNSBOSO BAR.
H. A. GAILLARD,
WJJNJN&liUJK,U, a. l>. .
Office up-stair* oyer J. H. Beaty A Br#.'s
rj-J. MCDONALD, o A . ^uOLASt
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW
Nos. 3 and 4 Law Range,
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Practice in all the State and Uniteo
H. N. Obear. "VV. C. Rio?
OBEAR & RION,
k'PTiTPxrvvti ixrn m.TwcPTrnwo it t t >
Nos. 7 and 9 East Washington bz.
WIN2TSBORO, s. c.
Offices same as occupied by th? lat? C?I
James H Rion.
E. B. Ragsdale. G. W. Ragsdal ,
RAGSDALE & RAGSDALE,
ATTORNEYS AJTO COUNSELLORS
No. 2 Law Range,
WINNSBORO, S. 0.
OSMUND W. BUCHANAN,
ATTORNEY-AT-L AW, 4
No. 7 Law Range,
Practices in all United States and Stat:
Courts. Special attention to corporatioi
and insurance law.
JAS. GLEXJT McCAXTS,
A TT O R N E Y - AT - L A W,
No. 1 LAW BANGS,
WINNSBORO, S. C.
JSPPractices in the State and Unit#.
SANDERS, MAM k CATHCAST,
A.TTOENEYS-AT - L A "Vf.
WIN NSBORO, S. (J.
Practicee in al the Stat? and Unite#
E?~OflLe upstairs in Bank buildingt
A. 8. DOUGLASS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
v.? /? r ? ? t>
nu. o jLiitw rvauge. _
WINNSBORO, S. C
Practices in the State and United State.'ourts.
I WISE WOMAN
Bought the Splendid
ECAUSE IT WAS THE BEST.
DW THEY ALL WINT IT ?
For it does such beautiful work.
inip!e Machine at Factory Prlct.
fcVMI MUmfli. WAmJTiU *'UK 5 YHAJJS.
;gnts Wanted in Unoccupied Territory.- \
ra mSiclBis nfc
8KLVIDS8C, tfck. V
^ - -- ^
ndensed Schedule; f -U
16,1) - :;'
~ 3 ai
lRAINS j-/' ^IHrPVI
jrth Bound. S -W.
7. Charleston ?y
?. (iraniteTiUe, - ?. J
r! Gr\ensboro, k *9
r Ric\niond, J?M
r. WasCvngt0El' Q^nTil V - :?a9
r. BaltitS?i??e?. o '(m'Ss?'* ijSk
r. PhiladeiiJli^' g
r. New Y*<pwgp-:.. -9
,r. New York, ^avp.iu/
,v. Phila'phia> 6/57.p.m. 1.20a.jn ,9
rV. Baltimore, y.-wp.m.
,v. Washington ll.QOp.m. ?t24a5L
,v. Richmond, . 2.30a.m.' 3il0p.Sk
v.Greensboro, i S.48a4eul0.44p.m\ V
.v.Salisbury, *, 11.23a;SflL 123Sngt \
,v. Charlotte, ' l.00p.m.t 2.l0a.'m
?v. Rock Hill, l.STpifn? 3/HJa.m.
,v. Chester, % 2.40p.m. " *.53a.m
,v. Winnsboro, 3.39p.:m,: 4.55a.m ' H
lt. Columbia. s.top.ar. -45.55a.m v
iV. Johnston's 7,$2p.rii. 9.01a.m 1
jV. Trenton, ?? _-%?3p.m. 9.18a. mr
,v. Granitevuls% -^24p.m. 9.46a.m
Lr. Augusta, ::?,Q5p.m. 10.30a,?-?
lt. Charleston ' r
I1.R.R.1 v^?.45D.m ii.00a.itt??
Lr. SaTannah^^^-?t ~ -'i?>
(viaCent. R7%^:,, 6.15a.m. 5.C0p4? ' gBj
THROUGH CAR SERVICE. **1
Pullman Palace Cars between Augasj* ? I
md Greensboro on Nos. 50 and 51. * fl
Pullman Palace Buffet Cars between J|
Augusta and Washington*D. C., on'Nes.
>2 and 53. & "
JAS. L. TA"ELOR, T|
Genera 1 Passenger Agent. - j? 9
TV CARDWiELL. D. P. A.. ^ |
Traffic Manager. - M
Christmas Sojjds. J
WE hare laid in^large^ssortment
of oretty things feis year,
that we can sell e-mail cost to keepup
that good o?|caatonr of giving - ""'M
Christmas preseiiq^,t6f iamily and . Jfl
friends. We knovvHtbat.; money is
scarce and offer these things at 1
LOW PRICES. .J
We have soa^rery fine articles, but jflfl
you need notijjuy them unless you 11 i
abie to do so. -Goi; stock of FANCY
CHINA. VASES, TOILET SETS, ^fl
RTSOrTR FTGDRES. &c..?is fall. We
keep on hand a sapply^of CLOCKS* 9
WATCHES, JEWELRY, GOLD J
PENS, SPECTACLES and EYEGLASSES
of every description. We r;i&J
i also have also a good stock of SI3> --JgjflH
(VERWARE, LAMP " GOODS epd
GLASSWARE generally. 1
Oar doors are often closed to&eeb" J
out the cold, but nofc-to'keep oat co^- - m
tomers. Open and^come
will find ns always ready to ?fg|&yos?j VSl
although we are engaged eve*y%pai
moment in repairing Clocks,
and Jewelry, which we gaarajw^-lojM
be done in the beat style of workman*! H
and hereby exteifil^fcjMH|
tion to everybody ?|?jfl
for every one, somjffl
something for the gfl
thing for the boy !
for the parents,
voang man, his sisrfl^^^^HRf!4ES|Sg?jfl
else's sister. Com
presents yoa want for ti^S
on oar shelves f??ebo<Jv 1
Don't talk c"?<>8e the
bny. Prices shan'l&cl^^H^HIjL^&antitjeg fl
are made to suit tb^al B 9
HEREOFE|M^/ spend-- fl
Goods in piles,
waiting to see you ..*
Large r-eduet^g^^^g^eap^ jjj^
IS THE QSmT^\" % J
Tk'n-n H r I T^k xS? -mM
Citron, App?i, Orangey YigSi : ~ VH
' ' -V .'?.. . . J4|K^S
BREAKFAST- STBIPS. H
extra fine m
1AC5&KKEL IN EiTS j|