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vat. yt.vt 2 WINN8B0R0, S. C\, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY .29, 1890. , ' &(xMi
THE COMINU CAMPAIGN.
A CONTEST PROPOSED WITHIN THE
An Addres* to the Democrats of South
Carolina, Isaaed by Order ot the Executive
Committee of the Formers' Awsociu
tion of >oath Cn.ro!inat
To the Democracy of South Carolina:
For four years the Democratic party
in t'ie Stn.e has been deeply agitated,
aja efforts nave been made at the primaries
and conventions to secure letrencbmeut
and reform, and a recognition of
the need* ami rights of the masses. Tne
first furmero' convention met in April,
1S86. Aaother in ilovember of the same
year perfected a permanent organization
under the name oi the "Farmers' Association
of South Carolina Tills association,
representiug the reform element
in the party, has heid two annual sessions
since, and at each of thtse tour conveu
tioiis, largely atceuded Dy represeuta- ,
rive farmers from nearly all th^ Counties,
the demands of the people for
greater economy iu the government,
greater efficiency in its officials aud a
fuller recognition of the necessity .'or
cheaper and more practical education,
have been pressed upon the attention of
In each of the two last Democratic
State Conventions the "farmers' movement"
has had a large following, and we
oniy failed of controlling the convention
of 1SS8 by a small vote?less than
fwenrv-flve?aud that, too, in the face of
ihe active opposition of ueariy every
trained poiicieian iu tliis State. We claim
<bat. we have always had a majority of
the people oa our side, and have only
tailed by rf .-ou of the superior political
tactics ? ; >?u oppoaouts and our lack of
orgaoizt'it-u. Iu proof of this wo point
to iiobt-viii-.! iud Chester, the oa'y Counties
txfejf vnarlescou which had not already
.ipp .! :; ed delegates to the State
couve:iti- u nefore the campaigu meetjogs
t A<> yvars ago at which Governor
Richa.dsou spoke. Both of those Counties,
a!'er Hearing the Governor defend
his poticy a'id that-of his faction repudiated
bi?t and it, and he received only two
voteo !r.?m them.
The executive commictee of the Farmers'
A>si?tia;iou did not detm it worth
while r<. h<?:d any convention last November.
our. we have watched closely
every ivsjve of the enemies of eeonomy?
tbe e:,e^j:?-f <?f agricultural education,
the eueui: .^ true Jettersoo'.aa JL?emoc-1
racy?an*i *%v think the time has come
to bh').v i.jc people what it is they need
and bow to accomplish their de.-ires.
We will draw? up the ludictmeut against
those who ha7e been and are still govnering
our State, btc*u?e it is at once the
cause and justification of tbe course we
intend to pursue.
2iO REAL REPUBLICAN GOVERNMENT.
South Carolina has never bad a real
republican government. Since the
day;, of the 'lorus proprietors' it has been
an aristocracy under the forms of de
? ^ mKunooap n (<htimninn nf
QQUCrtlCJfy auu <nr ucutfvt w- ?
the people has attempted to show them
their rights, and advocated those rigors,
an aristocratic oligarchy has bought him
with an office, or failing in that, turned
loose toe flood gates of misrepresentation
and slander in order to destroy his influence.
Tbe peculiar situntiou now existing in
the State, requiring the uoited efforts of
. _ .tvery triie wbite man to preserve white
supremacy and our very civilization even,
has intensified and tended to make permanent
tnc conditions which existed
before the war. Fear of a division
among us and consequent return of negro
rule has kept the people quiet and they
have submitted to macy grievances imposed
by the ruling faccioa because they
dreaded to risk such a division.
The '"farmers' movement" has been
hampered and retarded in its work by
this condition of the public roicd, but
we have shown our lealty to race by
to the edicts of the party,
aud we intend as heretofore to make our
tight inside thM party lines, feeling assured
that truth and justice must finally
prevail. The results of the agitation
thus fur are altogether encouraging.
Inch by inch aud step by step true
democracy?the rule of the people?has
won its way. We have carried all the
outposts. Only two strongholds rernaiu
to be taken, and with the issues fairly
made up aud put plainly to the people j
we have no fear of the result. The j
House of Representatives has been car-!
?ied twice and at last held after a desperate
The advocates of reform and economy
are no longer sneered at as <lThree-for-a
quarter statesmen." They pass measures
of economy which four years ago would
have excited only derisiou, and with the
farmers' movement to strengthen their
backbone have withstood the cjtjolery,
threats and Impotent rage of the ''ring
boj-ses.'' The Senate is now the main
reiiftnrft of the enemies of retrenchment
and reform, who oppose giving the people
their rights. The Senate is the
stronghold of tkex:stijg institutions,"
and the main dependence of those who
are antagonistic to ail progress. As we
captured the House we c-jn capture the
Senate; but we must control the Dem
ocratic State Convention before we c n
hope to make economy popular in Columbia,
or be assured of no more pocket
vytoes. Th? General Assembly is largely
influenced by the ideas and policy of
the State officers, and we must elect
those before we can say the farmers'
movement has accomplished its mission.
It is true tnat we have wrenched from
the aristocratic coterie who were euu
cuted at and sought to monopolize every,
rhiny for 'he South Carolina College,
the right to control the laud scrip and
HQ<i Hatch fund aud a part of the privilege
tax on fertilizers for ooe year, and
we have $-*0,000 with which to coin
meuce buildiog a separate agricultura
college where the sons of poor farmer:
can get a practical education at smal
expense. But we dare not relax ou
effort ur rely upon the loud profession
of our opponerts as to their willingnes
nsw to build and equip this agricultura
school Senator McMaster, a trustee o
- - ' 1:?
the 5?0UIQ v^aruuua v,vuc?c, gc??c .uiv
to the sentiments and wishes which ar
prevalent at the University and Militar
Academy when he "hoped to see the it
feroni Clemson College sink out of sigh
next year." They all want to j-ink iL
"infernal" agricultural college out <
sight, and if its friends do not r*lb one
more to its support it will either be d<
stroyed or starved, so ibat it cannot d
the great work it is expected to accon
piish. All the cry about "existing ii
sritutions" which must remain inviola!
shows that the ring? <ho South Carolir
University, Citadel, Agricultnr
Bureau, Columbia Club, GreenSel
??MB ' B??n?B?
building ring iutend i'? the future, as in j
the past. to get all they can and keep all j
they get. These pets of the aristocracy
and its nurseries are only hoping that the
people w'il again sick into their accustomed
apathy. The University was
given an increased appropriation, and
tbere is no thought of transferring it to
Fort Hill, although the land scrip fund
which is sent there was expressly donated
for the purpose of meehauical as weil
as agricultural education, and so witii
the experimental stations. The Hatch
fund is given to the Ciemsou College,
but the stations are left at Columbia and
Spartanburg, under the costroi of the
South Carolina College. Is it not plain
that these peopie intend to yield
obedience to the law only when they are
made to do it? The Farmers1 Association
demands that the lau'i scrip and
Hatchfuodsand the fertilizer tax shall first
be consolidated and used for the buildand
maintenance of a class industrial
school, with Experiment Stations
attached, for farmers and mechanics.
We hold that the experimental work,)
the educational wo?k and tin: insptction
and analysis of fertilizers can all be more;
efficiently and ecouoicicaliy carried on
under one board, mostly at one place,
and much of it by the same corps of men
who teach. We have never and do uot
now want any increase of taxos to accomplish
these ends. But our opponents
having seized the opportunity afforded
by our agitation to double the income of
tne South Carolina College and call it a
university, and in addition obtai- ed the
Hatcti fund of $15,000, donated for Experiment
Statious, cry out: "Take our
Clemsou College! We will give you
$08,000 or $198,000 if jou want it raised
by taxation, but don't touch existing institutions."
They have built with our
! bricks, but say we must not take them,
but that we can build if we make others.
Was there ever such impudence?
TUB DOIMJS or TIIE RJXG.
Tbev seized first the land scrip fund.'
Then they misappropriated the Hatch
fuud. They increased the taxes $(55,000
a year to equip a.nd maintain the dif
fereat departments of the grand uoiver
siiy. Tney voted $60,000 in one lump
without even a division to rebuild, repair
and equip the Citadel Academy, and
then 6<iy to taxpaying fanners: Leave
our existing institutions alone. Let the
agricultural bureau with its board?who.
ar?i our chosen sons, every mau of them
belonging to or aspiring to belong to our
aristocratic ring ?let this bureau waste
$30,000 a year more?leave our Experiment
Stations at Darlington, Columbia
and Spartanburg aione. We expect to
nontrol votes with them and tnev must
not be touched. Put jour hands ia your
pockets and pay for your Clemson College
if you wili have it, and we wi!l vote the
An analysis of the vote in the House and
Senate which defeated the consolidation
of all our agricultural work shows that
the board and Department of Agriculture
are sustained by the fertilizer manufacturers,
the phosphate miners and the
University and Citadel. If a farmer
voted for its continuance it is because he
felt that the South Carolina University
would lose something by its aiolitiou.
T?k- support of the fertilizer companies
is easy to understand- This bureau has
been their best friend. Year after year
Kaon \txr f"!nm
? C 'Iftv t V 1 wutMfwv.vw
But. : that the guanos inspected were
below the guarantees, but nobody has
beea punished. In fact there is no adequate
punishment for selling fraudulent
guanos in this State. The bill prepared
by the committee of the Farmers' Association
for the reorganization of the
Board of Agriculture would have secured
our farmers against swindling fertilizer
dealers, but it was amended to death by
the lawyers in the Senate, who are attorneys
for the phosphate miners ana fertilizer
companies; and the men who were
elected on the board over the nominees
of the farmers' convention were chosen
not becHUse they are more loyal to tbe
agricultural interests, or better fitted for
the position, but becausc they are friends
of the University and belong or are subservient
to our aristocracy?,l:o called"
?and the phosphate miuers are too well
satisfied with the system of collecting
musibv to ri^rmit a change if :
V4-*V" WW ^ " * I - O
they can help it. How wonderfully perfect
or.tiefeciive is this system is shown
by the fact that during the tea years
under the same officials r.ot a single indictment
has been brought again.--t any
one for attempting to swindle the State
out of its dues. No wonder Chaarleston
is in Ioys with the Agricultural Bureau
and cannot bear to see that "existing
The receoc proposal to sell the State's
interest in the phosphate beds is fortunate,
because thereby the attention of
taxpayers is attracted to this most important
matter. The Farmers' Ass .'Cia
tioc proposed in 1SSG to increase tne
royalty as a means of lowering taxes,
and we believe this can be safely doue
to the extent of $100,000.
A legislative committee was appointed
to "investigate" and report on the subject.
This was only done to give time?
waiting ten months until the market had
been manipulated, etc. This .committee
proceeded to show how well it bad been
choseu "not to do it." There was no
honest effort made to get at the real
facts a3 to the profits of the business and
its ability to stand an increase of roy
p.lty; *nd after it had been "wined and
diued," and brought into a suitable
frame of mind that committee came to
Columbia and actually proposed to give
the six largest companies a monopoly for
a less annus! rental than the State was
then receiving. Oo!y one Senator, to
whom ail honor is dae, dissented from
this outrageous proposal. What was the
result? Of course the General Assembly
did nut act favorably upou it, but all
thought of increase of royalty was also
abandoned, and this was whatthe corpo
ration attorneys, who were there in the
interest of their clients and not of their
constituents, Lad been working for.
'The goose that lays the golden egg"
I wa3 not killed?"existing institutions''
were not disturbed. Phosphate rock,
I which had beeu manipulated down tc
?3 40 per ton, advanced in two months
; after the Legislature adjourned to $0.0(
5 and has since ruled between $3.50 anc
1 $7 50 per ton. The golden eggs are stil
r being laid, but not in the State's nest?
s whemcr some of them have not goni
s into pockets which they ought not, is ai
,1 open question. Now, we want to wan
? - f n,
f the people that tue cnaner 01 iu? \^..u
e saw company?obtained by bribery, it i
e saiJ, of a Radical Legislature?expire
y in ISO 1. This company, which ha
i- grown fabulously rich, claims to bav
it a perpetual contract, with exclusiv
ie right to mine in Coosaw River, an
>f pay ODly one dollar per ton for the priv
lege. Tbe next Legislature muat act o
i- this question, and the next Attorne
lo General may have to test these clain:
i- in court. The wbo!-.1 question of pho:
> phu:e management or mi?uianageuiei
ts must be settled. Can the taxpaye
Id afford to ahow any but true meu to go I
al the Senate, or elect a corporation lawvi
Id as Attorney Genera;? Shall the polit
[ cians choose him, or shall we, casting
about arnog the amony honorable, patriotic
lawyers of the State, make the selection
Tho Legist* re which has just adjourned
has o^ter sins to answer for, or
rather the Semite must be held responsible
The people demanded that the
Railroad Commissioners should have
something to do besides draw their salaries
and spend them. We want protec*
HOI! against iae greeu ui uut*
corporations owned at the North, which
regard South Carolina a9 a lemon to be
squeezed, and care nothing for the welfare
of our towns, ourS.ute or our people.
The railroad laws of IS?made thcommission
a power to defend the
people against imposition. The same
legislature which enacted it having been
bambcozleed or debauched, at the very
next session left it only us a sinecure
with fat salaries and no power. We
have just seeu the disgraceful farce repeated.
The law was vastly improved
at the session of 1888, but after a year,
which has sho.wa the weakness and unfitness
of present incumbents, for
they have done very little, the Senate
i tr? mwtp *nv
peremptorily iciu?- .v ? ?j
changes. The Railroad Commissioners
now in office have been ''tamed" so to
! speak, by the railroads, and men who
have not been so loug under their wing
! might Lave done something in the inter!
est of the people, but that 6ame Senate,
which bas again aud again thwarted the
people, which refuses to reduce salaries,
which fought the Clemson College and
yielded at last to necessity only, which
is the stronghold of aristocracy with its
old, extravagant, non-progressive, impracticable
ideas, which in a word is
dominated by Charleston's rich politicians?that
Senate resolved to mantaiu
this "existing institution," too," statu
Of all the taxes we pay, the pensions
'to Confederate veterans are submitted to
most willingly, and we regret that we
cannot increase the pittance they receive.
But tue continuance of men in
office as political pensioners, after their
ability or willingness to serve the people
is gone?when the interests, and even
lights of the people are thereby sacrificed?this
pandering to sentiment?this
favoritism?is a crrime, nothing more
and notbiog less. Rotation in office is a
cardinal Democratic principle, acd the
neglect to practice it is the cause of
many ilis we sutler.
We cannot elaborate tbe other counts
iu this indictment. We oan only point
briefly to tbe mismanagement of tbe
penitentiary, which is a burden on tbe
taxpayers, even while engaged in bo
public.works which might benefit the
State. To the wrong committed against
the peopie of many Counties (strongholds
of Democracy) by tbe failure to
reapportion representation according to
population, whereby Cbarleton has five
votes in the House and ten votes in the
State Convention, which chooses our
State officers, to which it is not entitled.
To the zeal and extravagance of this
aristocratic oligarchy, whose sins we are
pointing out, in promising higher education
for every cl*os except farmers,
whiie it neglects the free schools, wbicb
are the only chance for an education to
thousands of poor children whose fathers
bore the brunt in the struggle for
our redemption in 1876. To the continued
recurrence of horrible lyncbings
?which we cau but attribute to bad laws
and their inefficient administration. To
the impotence of justice to punish crimkonu
mrtnoo T.i r.hfi failure to
IlJiliS W LIV/ Uav V uivuvj * v .
call a constitutional convention that we
may have an organic law framed by
South Carolinians and suited to our
wants, thereby lessening the burden of
taxation and giving us better government.
DEMAND J"OK A CHANGE.
Fellow Democrats, do not nil thete
things cry out for a change? Is it not
opportune, when the^e is no national
eiection, for the common people who redeemed
the State from Radical rule to
take charge of it ? Can we afford to
leave it longer in the hand3of the?e who,
wedded to ante-bellum patriotism and
honor, are running it in tbe interest or a
few families and for the benefit of a selfish
riag of politicians. As real Democrats
and white men, those who here reDew
our pledge to make the fight inside
the Democratic party and abide the re
suit, we call upon every true Carolinian,
of all classes and callings, to help us
purify and retorm the Democratic party,
and give us a government of the people,
by the people, and for the people. If
we control the State Democratic Convention.
a Legislature in sympathy will
| naturally follow; failing to do this we risk
J losing all we have gained, and have no
i iiftncnf anv change for the better. Tbe
logic of events and pa3t experience show
that we must nominate candidates and
put them in the field early, so that the
masses will understand what they must
do to bring about the change we so desire.
Such course will cause an active
caovass, wide discussion of the issues
presented, and the people thu3 learning
the truth can show whether they are
in favor of the farmers' movement or!
not, by electing or rejecting jjurJ'nomi-1
We therefore issue this call for a convention
of those Democrats who sympathize
with our views and purposes, as
herein set forth, to meet in Columbia, in
fhp. TTmise of Representatives, on Thurs
daj, the 27th day of March proximo, at
12 o'clock m., to nominate a ticket for
every State office, from Governor down,
to be put in the Held for ratification or
rejection by tbe next Democratie State
Convention, and we pledge ourselves to
abide the result, whether that is for us
or against us.
E'tch County will send as many delegates
as it sends to the State Convention,
and we suggest that a mass meeting
or convention be called ic each
' County to elect delegates on salesday in
By order of the executive committee
' of the Farmers' Association of South
Carolina, G. \V. Shell, Pres't.
? and ex-officio Ch'm.
v A Sad Experience in Arkansas.
A sad case, neeiing immediate as1
sistance, has come to our notice of twc
" young men, one eighteen, the othei
2 twenty, who reached town last e\en3
ing in a most destitute condition, hav3
ing walked from Arkansas to this
" point-, being twenty-ooe days on the
s road from Memphis here. One o:
3 them had during that time a severe
s case of pneumonia from which he ii
c just recovering. It seems they lef
e their home in Wayne countj7, N. C.
d some lime ago with their parents and
o email hrnth
i- ??vo youugei suicio auu m
n er for Arkansas. Soon after their ar
v rival, their parents died, leaving then
is without resources. Some friends sent
s- the younger children home and th
Jt brothers started to walk the long dis
rs tance; being unable to raise the mone;
io in any way to defray their expen
er ses. It is propesed to laise an amoun
i- sufficient to pay their w?y to Raleigl
DISASTROUS OVERFLOW-. \
The Kittle \Vnba*h Drives People From
Their Home* iu Carnie. Illinois.
Cairo, III., January 19.?Three
hundred persons at Carnie, Illinois, bave ,
been compelled to leave their bome3 by
a sudden rise in Little Wabash River,
And it is feared that a still larger number
will be forced to nbaudon their
dwellings and take refugo on high
ground. The river is out of its bank?,
and the northern part or tne town i? |
flooded to the depth of 20 feet in some
places, and from 75 to 100 houses are
submerged. The bouses have all been
vacated, the people seeking refuge in
spare rooms of their neighbor in Ihe
M>uthero parfc of town. Vast stretcher
of low land ami mender are under water,
and a number of animals have been carried
away or drowned in the fields.
Feace railr, boards and other drift borne
dowu stream by the raging waters, indicate
that the farmers hare tufftred
much. Hay on the bottom lands has
been ruined. It is reported that th-;
worst is yet to couie, and that the people
in the towns aiong the Little Wabash
are preparing for the worst. At
Gorwin it is expected that the river will
rise 15 feet higher. If this does happen,
the result will be appalling.
Oar Simall Collrices.
ilr. Bryce, in bis ' American Commonwealth,"
says au excellent word for
our hundreds of small colleges. Som<*
of our owu people are inclined to sneer
at these humble places of learning, aud
recommend that they be abolished,
swallowed up by the greot universities,
Mr. Bryce says they get hold of a multitude
of poor men who cotdd never go to
one of the great universities at a distance
from their home. They thus fill the j
country with a learning, cot of the
highest, t'? be sure, but still higher than
the public schools. They stnxe oftentimes
the spark in the btea^t of the '
country youth that kindles in later times .
to such a love of scientific pursuits aoa '
original investigation that the youth be- '
comes one of the famous men of his day.
Our great men m all fields are nearly
alwajs those who were born ani grown ]
in the country, Dear to t'ae heart ot oature.
It is these Sirong, ambitious .
youths that the country college reacbes
particularly. Ex-President Andrew D. '
White speaks in high commendation of
the small colleges, calling them feeders
of the universities. What though they j
are not so sumptuously endowed, and
have not stately, high salaried profes- 1
sors? In the true love of learning, ia (
the simple, unconscious dignity of genu- '
ine manhood, in the kindly sympathy
with hi3 students and nearness to them '
the country college professor is often '
the superior of his brother in the uniniversity.
The strong pinioned humau
sympathy that draws Dear to the weak, ;
the erring, the poor, the unhappy, and
bears them up and at length gends them J
into the world as men in their turn is
better than the ability to write a whole
Greek play and put in the accents cor- ]
rectly. We have in the United States I )
now 345 colleges, mostly small ones, j
Long may they wave!
An Engine's Remarkable Record.
A Philadelphia inventor named
James Reagan claims to have ruu an
engine continuously for one week
over the Philadelphia Division of the
Reading Railroad without changing
the lire in the furnace, aud that nothing
of the kind was ever attempted or
accomplished before. The invention,
it is believed, will revolutionize :he
old time methods used iu firing locomotives
if the railroad companies
adopt it, and inventor Reagan's performances
are the talk of every engi
neer on the roaa- Jtsy using a. i
shaking grate the unheard-of record 1
was made of running a locomotive (
drawing heavy freight trains for 136 i
hours, inc'uding long stops on the j
road., which the engineers dread on ]
acc -unt of the way their fires clog, it ]
often requiring thirty-five or forty min- i
utes to renew thirn iu order to pro- i
ceed. Mr. Reagan stuck to the engine <
throughout the week of experiment, |
scarcely sleeping. All the food he got f
was what the engineers gave him and a (
few oysters secured duriiga shortstop
in Philadelphia. "The mageitude of
the undertaking," says Mr. Reagan,
''was such that every one doubted the
abi'ity-to make one trip. The quality ,
of the coal was even below the ordinarv
us#?d bv the road. The test was
mad?j as severe as possible, and the
victory is more signal on that account.
Besides the fast gain in time there is
equally as much saved in fuel. After
the firs' fire was lit I did not burn a
piece of wood as big a match stick,
and it usually takes one-quarter of a
cord to start the furnace after the fire
begins to clog and a cleaning out becomes
The Successcf the Alliance.
The farmers are deriving great
benefit from the Alliance. It has saved
them in Georgia alone $200,000 in a
single year on the purchase of fertilizers.
It has lowered the cost of almost
every article they use, food, clothing,
farm implements, wagons, buggies,
and even the few luxuries that Geor- j
gia farmers have been able to enjoy.
It has taught the farmers the use of
the most powerful weapon in the
struggles of peace or war?-co-operation.
Divided, they were the easy
prey of the monopolists and trusts; but
united in a phalanx 4,000,000 strong,
with one wing resting on the shores
of Maine, the other on the Pacific coast ,
the farmers have become a power.
They are the people, and they must
rule. The membership is steadily increasing,
and its field of usefulness
steadily broadening, Our reports from
the South Carolina Alliance are par-1
ticnlarly encouraging. Tbe order is
makiDg rapid progress in that State,
and has, as the Georgia Alliance, a
settled policy of uplifting the people
and protecting them from the designs
of the monopolies and trusts: The
' J 1- ,-f Tr
' Alliance nas a guou wuija. uciuic i?.
has accomplished much, but it has
" much more to accomplish. Fortunately
for the people, it has the cour1
age and the ability to wage war suc*
cessfully and to fulfill its mission,
3 Rilled the VVrocz Man.
t Charlotte, Jan. 26.?Monday even
, ing, John Howie was killed in a rathe
[ peculiar manner in Carribus county,
- near Harrisburg. Oscar Galloway and
- White Pharr were quarreling and Howie
i was Standing near by. Galloway jerked
b a pistol from bis pocket, intending tc
e kill Pharr but he caught hold of it. Th;
i- pistol, however, was discharged and fhy
ball struck Howie. He died in a few
"Rrsth Oallf.wav and Phari
L- | LU IliU l>VO? jurwv? - - ?j
it then took to their heel3 and have no
l* ' been seen since. All are colored.
WHO BLED THEIR PATIENTS TO
And thu Modern Doctor* Who Bleed Ttieir
Patient*' i'ockef* find Sometimes Kill
1 hein?A rp'i Rcmivi?ceccc?.
^ There is an awful mystery about these
doctors. They know so much thai comvr.c;a
people dun't know. When I was
\ cbiid I ha i profound reverecce for
J~cm. 0'ir family doctor was a :fcree^mdred-pouuder,
aiid was grutt and
short- jn his speech, and not ^erj fond of
^lildrec. And jet h>s seemed to have
a grn'%t many Lid out somewhere, and
Was always giving theiu away. Whenever
a new child came into the farniiy
or ike neighborhood it was said that the
('wbioi brought it. I used to wonder
ft jftie he kept them. I asked my mothefk?Bce,
aod aim said, "in Heaven m.iyb^"
fend this increased my veneration,
mr oig,- *?c doctor had a shop?we
oldu': caii it an office?and I used to
peep in at the door sometimes and look
at bio little bottles on the shelves. I
was sent there once for some licorice
root and some cinnamon bark. There
was u mysterious box standing up in the
corner, a ioog narrow box about big
enough to bold an old-fashioned clock?
a grandfather's clock?and the door was
.-.-1 , T
cpeu a lime sou i saw uu umui m.uy (
in tbere, a skeleton suspended from a I
screw iu the skull. There were dark j
cavernous holes for the ejes, and a hole
(<A- tbe uose, and there were jaws with
teeth in them and tbey looked fierce and
malicious. I had a iittle primer at
home, aud it had pictures in it. One
was a picture uf a skeleton with a scythe
m^his hand and I had learned the
"Time cuts down all,
Both great a^d small.1'
iud I thought I had discovered where
this old rascal was kept hid. He was
iu that box. It was a lo3g lime before
[ recovered from those ctiildish superititious.
One time I had a long spell of
fever, and that old doctor bled me till
[ fainted, and he wouldu't let me have
mv water, and wheu I got delirious I
Lbought that he hud that skeleton oa his
jack, and I was to be cut dowa with a
scythe blade. He bled me several
?fiirn cr?;irs ?r? on mv arm
?et. Bleeding wa~ a bi^ thing theo.
Mark Harding says his arms are just
:atiooed with scars. I reckon they Died
nore in Murk's day than >o mine, for the
ilJer a man is the more scars he has;
lou Mark says be has got forry. I can
:eSl how olu a man is by his scars. Mark
lay.; that "bleeding was a good thmij
ind ought, not to bave been abolished.
Fhat these modern doctors are always
asking about blood poison, blood poison.
Well, if the blood is poisoned,
svhy not take it out? Bleed a rr>- r_jil
liecau hardly wag, and let^ jlood
oroi that is noc poisoned."
But we lived?blood or no blood?
tfat^r or no water?doctors or no docThu
lived and the Pres
jyieriaus i'.ved, fur they say that Bapist?
don't die uatil their time conies,
s^es t.l\o Presbycusis;
but it is a wonder tint soy Meth>dists
were ever raised in these phlebotomy
days. We never had any medicine
:xcept cut-tor oil and calomel, and epsom
;altsand jaiap, and number six and
iheep saffron tea, and some jawbreakiDg
.ooth pullers that were made just like
iiese crowbar hooks thu: you turn over
i log: wiih at a sawmill. There were
some patent medicines, like paregoric
ind Bateman's drops, and Gcdfroy's cor3iai
and opedeldock that were kept in
:he store, anu they were good, too. But
;he noble science has made progress,
ind I like it because it offers such a
siim chance for a tool. We've got a
yy studying medicine, and are hopeful
jf him?of course we are. llis mother
:hinks be will be a great surgeon, for he
s tbe seventh sou, and when lie was a
ad our peacock got his leg broke, and
[ was about to kill him to put the poor
~ * ' ? hn?- hprrtmfl
LUlag UUl Ul LUlTil jr, ^ me
to give the bird to him; ana be made
some splints out of a big cane and fixed
bici up in a swing, and he got well; aud
mother time be sewed up a bad cut on
one of our mule?; and be just loved to
picsc out splinters or get a cinder out of
your c.ye, and so we consented to bis
being a doctor, and he is attending lectures
in Atlanta, and the other day.I
called to see him at t?e college. It was
a kind of recess when I got there. I
was introduced to Dr. Kecdrick, and ho
was mighty kind and said tbey were
just about to pet form on a clinik, and
invited me in. I thought that it was
some kind ot electric maearae, uul
wuen I got in the room there were 125
young doctors sitting all around on tiers
oi seats ibat got higher and higher so
that all of them could look down on the
little circular pit. at the bottom--a little
pit about tea feet across and looped
like it was built to fight chickens in.. I
heard that the boys did fight chickens
there, on the sly, sometimes. The clinik
was a revolving table that had a cot on
it, and was placed la the middle of the
pit. Dr. Keudri<-k went in first and I
followed along with a sick white mau
and two sick durkies. All of a sudden
the youDg doctors commenced cheering'
and so i took a cheer and sat down. I
didn't kno.v whether they were cheering
the professor or the sick men. I rose for-*
* r\ k e\c~? ur?r3 t Vl PTT
w&rn auu iuuix <suw*uci ^?u^j
chcered acjaio. Tbe professor then introduced
me to the audience and I came
to a perpendicular attitude, and they
cheered again and again and I took my
cover. After this little episode vas
overtue professor asked one of the
darkies what was the matter with him
aad he said he didn't havs brjath enough
-he was short of breath, he couldn't
walk ten steps and his lu-yrt went like
a kittle drum. So the professor thumped
on him and put his ear to his left
breast and be^au to ask the young doctor's
questions about diseases of the
heart, and they seemed ?o know right
smart. One said the heart had two
ocats to the bar, aud auother said the
heart hsd two oracies and two ventriloquists,
and another said the reason tbe
.j. _t.?? ?t.,a hr^sifh whs because
I UK* ACJ ? c*0 JUVl V V?? w t wv* - - ,
he didn't have enough of it, and another
said the valves were out of order, and
another thought tbat toe clavicles of the
sternum were contracted, hut h knowins
youDg man said there was not enougt
oxygen in his blood. I noticed thai
when a young man hesitated and go'
things mixed, the professor -was veri
kind j.nd helped him along just lik<
Dr. Wnddell u<ed to help us boys alocj
in Latin when we were in college
"Quidarn i* a pronoun, is it not ilr
i .Jones?" '"Yes. sir." "Well, quidemi
[ what? an adverb, is it not?" "Yes, sir
>* ves. sir. Quidain is an pronoun an<
>. quidem is an adverb." "Correct, 7tlr
: Jones." And Mr. Jones thought he ha'
done venders until his report came ou
r aDd he was put dovro -10 in Latin. "We
t -what is the remedy for that," said tb
professor. If his blood lacks oxygen ho1
j can oxygen be supplied?" "Give nitri aj
! tonic, sir/' said a younjr man with i
j a bad cold, an iron doni*;." Then the j
j book-keeper wrote a prescription. |
j Good gracious, thought I, has that j
i darkey got to eat a whole donic. A
i donic is a lump of iron as big as a wai
ter pail. But maybe he is not to eat
j it, but is to handle it. Maybe be is to
j dig in the mines. It does make a man
j strong to dig up donics in the mines,
i It is like swinging a pair of dumbbells
! to get strong. But our boy told, me
! afterwards that it was not a donic but
! a tonic, l wish that I knew as rcuch
about the hurcuu: frame as Dr. KendricK
knows. He put a little glas3
quill in the other darkey's mouth, and
when he look it out and looked at it,
; U r/mnor all about his !
| :iv (.viu vuv j ? ?-?
! disease and how it came and what
| must be done for him; and then he
j began on the white man and asked
! him what was the matter, and the
| man pulled up the leg ei his pant?
j and showed an awful case of big leg,
; and the Dr. said something about an
j and zoli -Aim that he
come the wrong day. and belonged '.o f
Dr. Westmoreland's clinik. Poor fei-!
; low, thougUt I, you are gone up. Dr. i
Westmoreland will cut that leg o?'in \
ten minutes and smile. Next- J was
invited into the dissecting room.
Yes, I was invited, and the big fat,
black janitor who steals all the stiflk
opened the door, but I didn't go in.
I saw enough, and one wbiff of the \:
odoriferous" atmosphere satisfied me,
and I departed those coasts. The
young doctors laughed at me tumui- .
tuously. There were ten tables inthere,
and a cadaver on every table,
and some of them were split in two, i
and some dismembered, and there ;
were arms and legs hanging about on ;
the wails, and from some all the '
nerves had been taken out like a bun- (
die of suing, and from some ail the (
muscles hsd been taken out. And
there were backbones, and haslets, and '
spare ribs, juss like you see at a hog
killing time. And all this is to teach *
the doctors anatomy, and itr is all right,
and if a man has any genius at all it .
does look like he ought to know how
to treat a ai-ease, and what to do for t
every wound that humanity is liable (
to. Those 125 doctors seem to be in (
earnest, and some of them will make (
I"1'- A??. AWI A
' ilCll JLULUa.. vm uuv <_auic uuljv
other day and had a darkey's e^r i
wrapped up in his pocket, and wanted <=
to tell his mother all about its anato- 1
my. For a minute she didn't under- 1
staud what it was, and asked him in i
amazement if he had got to chewing <
tobacco. He said, "Why no; this is
not tobacco, this is a dartev's ear. She <
rose forward and then backward and <
was more iudignant than when I had 1
that mole in the sugar dish. Ealph i
had to leave the room and hide out g
the ear, and she wouldn't let him eat ?
dinner until he had washed his hands
with lye soap and cologne two or three ?
times. But still she is proud of that j
boy, and tells how he used to speak a
1_ __ .1 an.: ^
speecu, auu isify jcimcuus, iwuiauo, i
countrymen; lend me your ears.'; "Lit- j
tie did I think," said she, "that he j
would some d ay go about cuttiug them t
off from dead negroes." I
Bill Akp. i
A Kev*- Era. tu "Azricaltnrc^ 1
There are hints that a revolution is '
about to come in agriculture through
the discovery that the free nitrogen of 1
the atmosphere isabsorbed and "fixed"
by the soil itself under suitable eondi- '
tions. Plants need phosphoric acid, 1
potash and nitrogen? Tbe first two <
are in reach, but the third has been 1
supposed to be elusive. It has been *
the general teaching that the nitrogen 1
of the atmosphere plays no part in (
vegetation. Now M. Berthelot and '
others affirm that it does. They have 1
demonstrated, they say, that the free 1
? a**v\/v.-.%\uaka iff i ]
JJ1 tru^CJLl Ui tJJLC acii:u^,/ucic xo uavv*
and made available as a fertilizer "by (
the Co-operation of mineral matter and *
of living organisms in the soil." The '
fact exptoins, it is said, why it is "(1) s
that spade husbandry is much more <
productive than pawing; (2) that land *
can be enriched by simply plowing '
under its own product, and (3) that
summer following, with frequent stir- 1
riog, actually enriches the soil." Pul- 1
verization of the soil increases, it <
seems, its capacity to absorb nitrogen. 5
The method of centrifugal tillage now ?
being developed in the West supplies, 3
it is claimed, an ideal modus operandi <
for the new fertilization. It pulverizes <
the soil and aerates.it in the manipu- 1
lation, and toen confines a mass of air :
in its midst for the slower process of ]
absorption and digestion by earth and
Itaw Oysters Sclf-Digestire.
"Forthergill on Indigestion," in
speaking of the oyster beiug eaten habitually
and by reference in the raw or
uncorked sta'.e says: '*It is interesting
to kdow that there is a souud physiological
reason at the bottom of this
i preference. The fawn-colored mas*
which constitutes the dainty of the oyfter
is its liver, and this is little less than
a mass of glycogen associated with the
glycogen, but withheld from actual
coniact with it during life, is its appropriate
digestive ferment?the hepatic
di*?stace. Tne mere crushing between
the teeth brings these two bodies
together, and the glycogen is at once
digested, without other Help, oy its own
diastace. The oyster in the uncooked
state, are merely warmed, is, ia fact,
self-digestive. Eat the advantage of
this provision is wholly lost by cookiDg,
for tbe heat employed immediately destroys
the associated fermeot, and a
cooked oyster has to be digested like
any other food, by rhe eater's own digestive
powers.?Hall's Journal of
X Youthful iiurclar.
Chaklottf, N. C., Jsn. 25.?Johnny
Little, a lad fifteen years old, has been
arrested at Beaver J)am, Union County
charged with burglary, and the little
faiiniiT r'hfi iq small for his aire) confessed
to having raided '\s few bou-ts," witj^
pistol and bowie-knife in bund. When
arrested, these two articles were found
on his person, as was also a bunch of
. false keys. Johnny bad recently been
on a visit to Stanly County, and while
I there the residence and store of David
\ Foreman wa? burglarized and some $200
j in cash disappeared. Johnny confessed
t that he mad^ the raid. He is now in
t j>iil at Ai'oetnarie. The lad is an orphan
? and on this account much sympathy is
[ expressed fcr him, He comes from a
' good family3
Fnltnl I'oiler Explosion.
s Scrantox, Pa., Jan. 22 ?The en;
gines and boiler houses of the Mount
~l T 1 ^ninnnr luoro Vilnwn to
| J t'bb Li y VlJOi vviuj/auj,
'. pieces this morning by the explosion
J of our of the boilers. Firemen Mum
it ley, of Aicliibald, was iastantly killed,
11 and several German laborers fatalij
ie injured. The buildings caught fir*
sv and were totally destroyed.
( BLOWN INTO ETERNITY. |
THE TERRIBLE FATE OF FIVE
RAILROAD LABORERS. ; A
Cicarerfe Carelessly llanflled Explores
a. eltarze, liiJls Five ilea and Wound* a
Cozen Others?Terrific K?Tectt? of the Explosion.
CHAiiLOTTE, X. 0., Jan., 23?News
is received here today of a fatal explosion
in Wilkes county, yesterday,
* ? m on Xr ill /in A,
ill WUit'U IX VV> UiVU J
dozeu wounded. A squad of railroad '
hands vere working on an extension
of the Cape Fear & Yadkin Vailev
railroad, in the lower portion of that
county. They were prepai ing to make
a heavy blast, which was expected to
tear up a big rock in a twenty foot cut.
A tremendous hole had been
driven in the rock, and two kegs of
dynamite had been packed in<o it.
George Headly.a laborer, was ;>reparin.^
t<v adjust the fuse, at the tan1-?
time smoking a cigaretteXroia which a
spark accidentally dropped in and
lirr-d off the powder. It was all done
in an instant and no one had time to
escape. The explosion roared like a
dozeu cannons and not only burst up
the big rock but also tore up fifteen
feet of the deep cut. .
Five unfortunate workmen were
sent whirling into the air, riding on
iarge pieces of the broken rock.
Among the ilyiag earth, a dozen others (
were knocked about and partially
buried uader the falling dirt. ,
? ? /> 2 '
Wil^n tne smote OI tue masi, uieareu ,
iway it was found that five had been '
killed. as follows: George Hendly,
5amuel Culls, Thomas Emery, Joseph <
Falls and Eugep? Moore. Twelve J
>thers were more or less wounded but <
)nly t;iree very seriously. ;
THEY MADE IT WARM FOR HIM. i
The Tonsb Experience ol" a Claimant "
fer (ieorsiM Lauds. *
The. Journal has already published
he fact that Western men are lay ng
;laim to large tracts of land in Canilen
County, and ha'i gone there to lo;ate
Mr. Peck, one of the claimants, has slurred
from his jaunt. He was 1
;een by a Brunswick Times re, -rter *
ast night, and the old gentleman . "s *
ookiug exceedingly wan and p<* ; *
iVheu questioned about hi3 trip tu f
jaruaen. inr. jtcck saiu: "Ob,
never let rae hear the came of ^Djdeu
again. I feel as if I had es- l
:aped a most horrible death and if I 2
ive to board the train tonight and 3
ide safely out of Southern Georgia I 1
;hali feel exceedingly thankful and c
greatly relieved.5' f
';Wny, did you have a tough experi- j
jnce in Camden? questioned the re- *
''Tough doesn't express it. Why *
nan, if I had even intimated that I ^
lad come to claim my land those peo- *
:>le v.'culd have cut me up and fed me *
:o the hogs. Yon don't know how [
fitter they feel against anybody who ?
visits the county with even the shad- ^
>w of a claim. They have been trou- ^
;>Iod so ilucL ihey \aiwpect strangers '
:he first, time they lav eyes on them." ?
"What did they do to you when you *
tven cover." ?
"Well, it was like this: 5Ir. Brown ~
and I reached Camden about noon 0
--- - T v t
ast Monday, m tne meauume i snow- ;
>d Mr. Brown my claims to about ?
>8,900 acres in the County, and I told aim
I expected him to point out ttese '
ands and resurvey them. We took '
iiuner with a good old substantial E
armer, and induced him to go along v
with us. Pretty soon he discovered v
vhat we w?re up to and the old fel ^
ow goo coo wrathy to see. He imme- liately
left us and carried the news to I
everal neighbors, and in less time ?
;han an hour Mr. Brown and I were *
surrounded by at least a half dozen ?
ntizens, and one of them^ wanted to 1
enow who I was and what I had come
"I gave him my name aad told him f
[ had merely come to find some land, 2
;vhich I owned in the county, and c
;hat I intended to sell my claim as ?
soon as a survey could -be made. No *
ooner did I finish making this expla- e
aation than the spokesman /or the
jrowd cried out: 'That's a brother to
aid Primrose, who came here about
forty years ago to cheat us out of house i
and home.' I insisted that they were
mistaken and that I intended them no j
barm. At that juncture the crowd
drew ofi to one side and held a whis- ,
pered consultation. Pretty soon '
they came back and tcld me it wasn't
healthy for me in Camden and advised '
me to lake the nearest route out of the \
"And you took their advice?''
''Wei!, I thought they meant every (
word of it, and I made haste to
take the first boat for Brunswick. I
tell you, it won't do to fool with these
Camclen County people. I wouldn't
go r ack there for naif the County."
"What became of Mr. Brown, the
"He was in jeopardy when I last
saw him. They thought he was in
league with me io defraud them, and I
wouldn't be at all surprised if he pays
the penalty with his neck."
A Split iu tho W. C, T. U.
Philadelphia, January 24.?At last
there is a break ic tbe ranks of the
Women's Christian Temperance Union
nf P^nnsvlvania. and the seceders have
formed tin independent organization.
The split was determined upon at a conference
of tbe body today. The break
was brought about by tbe frequent endorsement
of the Prohibition party and
Its methods by a number of tbe members
of tbe Women's Christian Temperance
Immediately after the devotional exercises
the President's add-.ess was read,
which began bj stating that "differences
of opinion in methods of work and the
best manner of accomplishing practical
results have, during the last fewyear3 in
this State, grown rapidly, and are now
so conspicuous that harmonious co-operation,
among those who have sincerely
and conscientiously differed, is manifestly
impossible. An actual separation
seems to be a practical, wise necesstiy
if the labors of very many good women
orr> he continued and used effectively
against the common enemy."
Mrs. Shepard prescotad the Secretary's
report, which spoke ia bitter terms
of partisan methods. It charged that
the operations of the politicians were
concealcd behind it.
Mrs Weeks offered a resolution that
; the meeting proceed to organize a non>
sectarian and nonpartisan Women's
i Christian Temperance Union. This was
' agreed to. A commfttte on consti'.u,
tion was appointed.
r 9 m
5 ?All the ministers of the new Spanish
cabinet are free traders.
taju31 avici s r llu,.$klm.a.\x?.
The Kotou Divine Tell ?t Hi* Trip to th?
Pakis, Jan. 21.?Rev. T. De Witt
Talmage, o?the Brooklyn Tabermicle,
has quite recovered from the attack
jOf juiSuenza which seized him here and
Isai'excellent health and spirits. When
I caIIedU)D him the American Kin^
i^ter^.carriage was waiting to convey
tie clergyman's lamiiy to tne Jtiois de
Boulonge. He was entertained at
dinner on Wednesday night by Whitelaw
"I am it Paris," said Mr. Talmage,
;'for the lir&t time since 1885, but never
before, during this winter was Paris
so ehariiiirxg, and I regret that I most
sail on the Aurania on the 25th to resume
"I have murned from the most enjoyable
trip of my life. I have been ^
all over the Holy Land and into parts
of Italy, Home for instance, which I
bad not seen before, although I have
been abroad msnv times. 'Every
place in Palestine has had great inter- *t
est for me. Just "before I reached
Bethlehem and Jerusalem I could not
sleep. I was as excited as a boy, for
it was the realizat'on of a life dream.
"At Jericho I met an American,
whose name I have forgotten, who
asked me to baptize him in the River
Jordan. So one fine Sunday morning,
v.ben the sun shone gloriously bright,
we assembled together on the banks
of the great river. I was clad in. the
^-hite robes of an Arab shiek A
small crowd of interested people
stood about me, some of whom were
Americans, who sang together '*On
Jordan's stormy banks I
stand," which my daughter had copied
from a hymn book. After this the
;mer?ion was performed and we disbanded.
"My trip was replete with Biblical
nterest. I feel doubly repaid for it.
Every book in the Bible seemed to
=peak more forcibly and I could trace
ill the important places in Bible hisry
in every journey made."
T E PRETTY YOUNG WIDOW.
Charged \Vi:2i Poisoning Her Hash*
Chablotte. N. C;, Jan. 18.?Some
ntereat is again being centred upon
he Mrs. Cora Scales Morris case ?t
ieiasville. The case will be called in
he Superior Court next weeK, ana
he pretty young woman must face a
ury on .'he charge of poisoning her
msband. The case is the most sensaiocai
ever known in North Carolina,
icd on account of the prominence of
ill parties concerned, It will attract
universal attention. Mrs. Morris, the
lefendant, is a beautiful young woman
ind connected with the very best femiies
of this State. D. E. Morris, the
can she ;'s charged with having murlered
by aduiir-istering chloroform to
lim while he slept, was one of the
oar?;,>or *??Tv la lists and business men of
leidsville. He was a bachelor of 45.
te loved Miss Scales but she did not
ove him and told him so. He begged
ier to marry him but she refused. He
egged her but still she refused.
strange to say, on account of Morris's
r^aith, Miss Scales,was almost made ^
o marry hiE?M5^h"er peopfe. U^FeTday-'??' ^
or the wedding was set. It came off,
>ut when the marr'age ceremony had
?cen performed the young bride sat
town, and, crying bitterly, declared
hat she would never liye with her
lusband. She went (altogether against
ier wishes) to his home, but there
hey occupied different rooms. They
ived this way for nearly a year. They
Lever attended church together, and
vere never seen anywhere as manand
vife. Morris pleaded with his young
rife to become reconciled. She asked
lim to make his will and put all his
>roperty, etc., in her favor. This he
lid. Tnen she asked him to insure
itc Kfo fnr ?90 000 p.nd make the Dolicv
>avable to her. Obeyed. One week
ater Morris was found dead in his
>ed. There were signs of chloroform
ind strong evidence pointing to foul'
>3ay. Tne young wife was arrested,
md the stomach ot her dead husband
:ut out and placed in the hands of the
:ourt. There is plenty of money on
>oth sides, and the case will be \rateh.-%
sd witk interest.
A FAMILY TRAGEDY IN ROME.
I Prominent Physician Shoots and Kills
Rome, Ga., Jan. 30?Deforest Allgood,
president of Trion factory, one of
;he wealthiest institutions io North
Georgia, was shot and instantly killed,
it 8 o'clock this evening by Dr. J. B. S.
rr-1? ix?.-??V?ur_?n.lo'a7 qnr? nnp of
nuiaiCS, AJia yiviuu-iu *w?j mwv. ww
the most prominent and popular of
Aligooi h.is long cherished ill will toward
Holmes forsonie business matters
between ihem, and had frequently
threatened bis life. Holmes had avoided
Allgood for years and went out of
towb to avoid meeting him.
Today Aligooa came down from Trion
factory to Home on an evening train ana
waited for Holmes in bis office door.
Holmes, who had bad a vague warning,
sought to reach bis office by back street.
Messrs. ilcKelden and Mattiocfc, of
Tennessee, friends of Dr. Holmes, had
been hunting with them. When the
party drew up in front of the office. All
good advanced with a drawn pistot on
Tbo latter shot Allgood twice with bis
double barrel shot gun, loaded with
oird shot, both shots taking effect, the
first cutting an artery and the jugular
vein and the second breaking the ntct
Aiigood fell at the first, then half rose,
still trying to draw his pistol, when he
received & second shot falling on bis face
and instantly expiring.
Holmes exclaimed: "I was forced to
do it to save my own iife. I am sorry,
so sorry; but be bunted me down, and
j for the sake of my wife and my sen I had
lO KU1 iiiUJ.
Holmes immediately surrendered to
the officers, and and is resting in his
own apartment ia charge of the deputy
General sentiment agrees that the kilbiDg
was cicarlv in self defense, and although
ooth men mere exceedingly popular,
lae current of sympathy is strongly
with Dt. Holmes.
a Bis Tobacco Company.
Tlenton, N. J., Jan. 22.?A. certificate
of incorporation of the American
Tobacco Company was filed here yes1rr
The AanifAl is r>laced at
uci KICK J . ? x
$2,000,000. Among the incorporators
are Messrs Ginter and Pope, of Richmond;
Arcdt- and J. B. Duke, of Xew
~?ork; B. X. Watts, of Durham; Emory
and Butler, of BrcokIyH,and Kimball,
of Rochester. It is said that most of
the large cigarette plants of the
i country are to be absorbed by the
i company, or trust.