Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XLVL ~ WINNSBORO, S. CM WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1890. NO. 38. 8
? . .
GLORY OF LEBANON.
DR. TALMACE PREACHES ON "SCIENCE
How Christ Taught ou Karth and why HI>
? " -*
Tfacliiii.> :wo so i iiM iuituu^ n>
-l>I*>vov4-ry :ui<i Urwwfh ami Theli
Kffwt on K?*ll<;ioii.
Dr. Talmage on Sunday announced
as Lis text Isaial lx, 13: -The glory
of Lebannon sliall come unto thee,
the fir tree, the pine-tree, and the
i> >\* together, to beautify the place of
my sanctuary." Following is his sermon
On our way from Damascus we
saw the luoiiutams of Lebanon white
with .snow, and the places from which
the cedars were hewn, aiul thcu
drawn by ox-teams down to the Medilterraji^a?"
sea. and then floated in
great rafts to Joppa. and then again
drawn by ox-teams up to Jerusalem
to build Solomon's temple. Those
' * 11 .3 *1.,.
mighty trees m my text are CZUirti tur
"Glory of Lebanon." Inanimate na
ture felt the effects of the tirst trails
;*res?'on. When Eve touched the
forbidden tree, it seems a.- if the sin
ful contact had smitten not only tliat
tree, l>^t as if the air hail caught the
pollution from the leaves, and as if
the sup lnuI carried the virus down
into the very soil until the entire
earth reeked with leprosy. UniW
that sinful touch nature withered.
The inanimate creation, as if aware of
the damage done it, sent up the thorn
aud brier and nettle to wound, and
L fiercely oppose, the human race. Now
ax the~fmysicai earth felt the effects
of the first transgressions, so it shall
;dso fed the effect of the Savior's mission.
As from that one tro*i in Paradise
a blight went forth through the
entire earth, so from one tree to Calvary
another force shall speed out to
interpenetrate and check, subdue and
override, the evil. In the end it shall
>..? f'tmtd t.l?at the tree of Calvary has
p more potency than the tree of Paraili
so. As the nations are evangelized,
I think a corresponding change will
Ik. effected in the natural world. I
verily believe that the trees, and the
birds, and the rivers, and the skies
wdl have their millennium. If man's
sin affected the ground, and the vegetation,
and the atmosphere, shall
Christ's work be loss powerful or less
tv^,will trtVo fbp irres-u
1'UUUUtOO uuu .. ^
larity and fierceness froiL the ele
menta so as to make them congenial
to the race, which will then be symmetrical
and evangelized. The ground
shall not be so lavish of weeds and
so grudgeful of grain. Soils which
now have pecular proclivities toward
certain forms of evil production will
be delivered from their besetting' sins.
P Steep mountains, ploughed down into
more gradual ascent, shall be girdled
with tloeks of sheep and shocks of |
corn. The wet marsh sliall become
the deep-grassed meadow. Cattle
f vili:ill eat unharmed by caverns once
^ haunted of wild beasts. Children
will build play-houses in what was
once a cave or serpents: and, as the j
Scripture saith, "The weaned child j
shall put his hand ou the cockatrice's i
Oh, what harvests shall be reaped
when neither drouth, nor excessive
ruin, nor mildew, nor infesting insects
shall arrest the growth," and the utmost
capacity of the fields for production-shall
be tested by an intelhfe
gent and athletic yeomanry. Thrift
p* and competency characterizing the
, world's inhabitants, their dwelling j
places shall be graceful and healthy !
i - 'IViwi oiul ?vlmv fltwl '
grove around about will look as if
Adam and Eve Lad got back to Parard
i so. Groat cities, now neglected an d
unwashed, shall be orderly, adorned
wilh architectural symmetry and connected
with far distant seaports by
present modes of transportation car1
rieu u> nwii ,v ,
new inventions yet to spring up out
of the water or drop from the air at!
the l>eck of a Morse or a Robert Ful-1
ton belonging to future generations.
Isuijih in my text seeius to look forward
to the future condition of the
. physical earth as a condition of great
k beauty and excellence, and then proB.
phesies that as the strongest and
P?* moit ornamental timber iQ Lebanon
L was brought down to Jerusalem and
constructed into the ancient temple.
so all that is beautiful ami excellent
in tue physical earth shall yet contribute
to the church now being built
in tin* world. "The glory of Lebanon
shall come unt o thee; the fir-tree, the
pine-tree, and the box together, to
beautify the plact* of iuy sanctuary."
Much of tliis prophecy has already
$P? al eady been fulfilled, and I proceed
to some practical remarks upon the
contributions which the natural world
T is making to the kingdom of God. and
| drew some inferences. The first conI
tnbution that Nature gives to the
r Church is her testimony in behalf of
I the truth of Christianity. This is an
P 1?,..,1 Votiivu
rUiJO OI pnilUUUU ir.icanu.
cannot evade men's inquires as once.
In chemist's laboratory she is put to
torture aiul comix-llcd to give up liw
mysteries. Hidden laws have come
out of their hiding place. The earth
and the heavsns, since they have been
i ransacked by geologist and botanist
and astronomer, appear so different
from what tlmy once were that they
?? ^ *?fuv heavens and
1.K7 Muivvi ......
the iuw earth.'*
' Tiiis research and discovery will
have powerful efforts upon thy religion
world. They must either ad
vuuee or arrest Christianity, mate
men better or make thtim worse, be
tlie church's honor or the church's
overthrow. Christians, aware of this
in the euvlv ages of discovery, were
* 1 x- ^ +1WA
_ nervous ami leuom ?? w
L / of science. They feared that hoiik
W J natural law, before unknown, would
K ' j suddenly spring into harsh collisior
vitb Christianity, Gunjxwder and
Br tl a jrleam of swords would not sc
much have been feared by religionist:
as clectric batteries, volcanic pile?
and astronomical apparatus. It was
1|| - feared that Mosos nasi the prophett
would be run over byjsceptical cliem
V mists and philosophers. Some o:
B il;e followers of Aristotle. after th<
||f| invention of the telescope, refused tt
g| look through that instrument les
what they saw would overthrow tin
(teachings of that great philosopher
But the Christian religion has n<
such apprehension now. Bring 01
your telcscopcs and microscopes am
spectroscopes?and the more the bet
ter. The (rod of nature is the Goi
flu* Bible. and in all the uniwr.se
and in all the eternities. He has new)
1 once contradicted Himself. Christiai
merchants endow universities, ami ii
th&m Christian professors instruci
* i-ii ! /ii.
^ I lllf ClUiUlCll <->l K'lll 'imimi v yiuiinu unto
p The warmest and most entliusi:isti<
J friends of Cliri.st are the bravest am
, most enthusiastic friends of scienc e
1 The church rejoices as much ovei
every discovery as the world rejoices
, Good men liave found that there if
no war between science and religion.
That which at lirst has seemed io Ik
the weapon of the infidel lias turnJ
ed out. to be the weapon of the Chris
Scientific discussions may be divided
into those which arc concluded,
and those which jiro still in progifss.
depending for decis-on upon future
investigation. Those which are con
eluded have invariably rendered their
verdict for Cliristianity, and we have
* ' 1 ' ' |V 1*1
ffiiltil to believe tliat Htose which .-instill
in prosecution will conic to us
favorable :i conclusion. The .ureal
systems of error arc falling before
these discoveries, which have only
demonstrated the truth of the JJible.
and so % reinforced Christianity. Mo
hammedanism and paganism in their
10,000 forms have been "proved false,
and by great natural laws shown to
be impostors. .Buried cities have
been exhumed, and the truth of God
found written on their eofiin-lids.
Bartlett. Hobison and Layard have
been not moi\> the apostles of seieneu
than the apostles of religion. The
dumb lips of the pyramids have
opened to preach the gospel. Kxpeditions
have been tilted out for
.i,^A Avnlnviiiv /*Aln??
J. ilifftllilt", iliUl f AJ/HAI V 1 o
back io say that they have fount!
among mountains, ami among ruins,
and on the shore of waters, living
and undying evidences of our glorious
AtHawarden, England. Mr. Gladstone,
while showing me his trees during
a prolonged walk through his
magnificent park, pointed out a svca
more, and with a wave of his hand
"* - - 1 1. II.. "LT ..1.. T 1
said, "JLii your visit 10 iue xiuiv juuuu
did you sot* any sycamore more impressure
than that?" I confessed
tliat I had not. It was to such a tree
as that Jesus pointed when He would
illustrate the power of faith. "Ye
might say unto the sycamore tree. Be
thou plucked up by the root and be
thou cast into the sea,, and it would
obey you." One reason why Christ
has fascinated the world us no other
teacher, is because instead ot lining
severe argument He was always telling
how something in the spiritual
world was liko unto something in the
natural world. Oh these wonderful
"likes" of our Lord! Like a grain of
mustard seed. Liko a treasure hid
in a lield. Like a merchant seeking
goodly pe*u"ls. Like unto a net that
was cast into the sea. Like unto a
Would Christ teach the precision
with which He looks after you. He
says He counts the hairs on your
head. Well, that is a long and tedious
count if the head have the average
endowment. It has been found that
if the hairs of the head be black there
jtre about 120.000, or ii' they be
flaxen there are about 140,000. Bat
God knows the exact number; "The
hail's of your hoad are nil numbered.7
Would Christ impress us with, the
divine watchfullness and care, He
speaks of tlie sparrows that were a
nuisance in those times. They were
caught by the thousands in the net.
They were thin and scrawny, and
comparatively no meat on their bones.
They seemed almost valteless, wheth
er living or dead. Now, argues Christ, j
11 1i1v i;i,uuci uin.cn uuc vi lui ui ?.
He not take care of you? Christ
would have the Christian despondent
over his slowness of religious development
go to his corn-field for a lesson.
He watches tirst the green shoot
pressing up through the clods, gradually
strengthening into a stalk, and
last of all the husk swelling out with
the pressure of the corn. "First the
blade, then the ear, after that the lull
corn in the ear."
Would David set forth the fresh
ness and beauty of genuine Christian
character?he sees an eagle starting
from its nest just after the moulting
season, its old feathers shed uiul its
wings and breast decked with new
down and plumes, its body as finely
feathered us that of her young ones
just beginning to try the speed of
their wings Thus rejuvenated and
1 r..;n, ,.,,.1
i&?UUJIlt'Vl III*" viiliouiiu o uuvii .vnvt
hope, by every season of communion
with God. "Thy youth is renewed
like the eagle's." Would Solomon
represent the annoyance of a contentious
woman's tongue, he points to a
leakage in the top of his house or
tent where throughout the stormy
day, the water comes tln'ov gli. falling
upon the floor?drip! drip! drip! And
lie says: "A continnal dripping in a
very rainy day aiul a contentious wo man
arc alike." Would Christ set
forth the character of those who make
great profession of piety, but have
no fruit. He compares them to barren
figt-rees, which have very large and
snowy leaves, and nothing but leaves.
Would Job illustrate deceitful friendships.
he speaks of brooks in those
climes, that wind about in different
directions, and dry up when you want
to drink out of them: "My brethren
have dealt cieceitiuiiy as a oroos. una
as the stream of b]QO is I hoy pass
away." David when lie would impress
us with the despondency into
which he had suuk, compares it to a
quagmire of those regions through
whi?h he had doubtless sometimes
tried to walk, but sunk in up to his
tvn.l ]h> -I sink ii* dern
mire where there is 110 standing."
i Would Hulnikkuk s<-t forth the c:ipa
city which (rod gives tht> good m.-tu
I to wjilk safely amid the wildest perils,
i he points to the wild animal called
[ the hind walking over slippery rocks.
> leaping1 from wild cnur to wile!
? cray, bv the peculiar make of it?
< hoofs, able calmly to sustain itself ii
tht* most dangerous places: Thy Lore
i God is my strength, and -He will nn
. feet like hind's feet."
f Job makes all natural- objects p:y
? tribute to the royalty of his book
) As* you go through some chapters h
t <)ob you feel as if it were a bri^li
i spring morning, and. as yqu see tin
. glittering drops from the gra^s unde:
> your feet, you say with that patriarch
i . "Who hath begotten the drops o
1 dew?" And now as you read on, voi
- seem in the silent midnight to be
1 hold the waving of a great light upon
. your path, ami you look up to find it
i* the aurora borealis, wliicli Job dei
scribed so long ago as "the bright
i light in the clouds and the splendor
t that coineth out of the north." As
. you read on. there is darkness hurl
ing iu the heavens, and thd showers
i break loose till the birds fly for liid.
ing place and vhc mountain torrents
in iv(I tary team over ine roeicy sneiv.
ing: aiul with the same poet, c:.riaim.
; Who can number tlie clouds in wu.
dom, or who san stay tlie bottles of
licavon?" As you read on. you feel
yourself roniing in frosty climes, and,
in fancy, wading through the snow,
you say with that s;tine inspired writer.
"Hast thou enterted into the
treasures of the snow?" And while
the sharp sleet drives into your face, i
and the hail stings your cheek, you j
ln'ni "Hast thou seen i
x "o - ^
the treasures of the bail.'" In I lie j
Psalmist s writings I hear the voice !
ef the sea: "Deep ealletli unto deep: j
nu?l the roar of forests: The Lor;!
shaketh tlio wilderness of li.adesh:" j
and the loud peal of viitt black tein
pest: "The (Jod of glory thunder
etlu" and the rustle of the long bilk
ouiiie well tilled husks: "The valleys
ave covered with corn:" and the
1 ... i ?i -i i j rn?
cry ot tliewihi beasis: - ine young
lions roar after their prey:" the hum
of palm trees and cedars: "The right
eons shall flourish like tho palm tree,
lie shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon:"
tho sough of wings and thy
swirl of lins: "Dominion over tho
fowl of the air and tho tish of the
The* truth of the gospel might have
been presented in technical terms,
and by means of dry definitions,
but under these worlds would not
have listenened or felt.
We walk forth in the spring time,
and everything breathes of the Resurrection.
Brigut blossoms and spring
ing grass speak to us of the coming
up of those whom we have loved,
when in the white robes of their joy
:uid coronation they shall appear.
And when in the autumn of the year
Nature preaches thousands of funeral
sermons from the text, "We all do
fade as a leaf." and scatters her elegies
in our path, wo cannot help but
think of sickness and the tomb. Even
winter, "being dead," yet speaketh."
Tho world will not be argued into
the riyht. It will be tenderly illustrated
into the right. Tell them
what religion is like. wnen tne
mother tried to tell her dying child
what heaven was, she compared it to
light. "But that hints my eyes,"
said the dying girl. Then the moth*
er compared heaven to music. "But
any sound hurts me; I am so weak."
said the dying child. Then she was
told that heaven was like a mother's
arms. -Oh take me there!" she said.
' If it is like a mother's anus take me
-i f in., ;-i? i,o/i
l ilt'IX". J. ill' dpi iui-r oiuuir uiui
been found at last.
Another contribution which the
natural world is making to the kingdom
of Christ is the defense and aid
which the elements are compelled
to give to the Christian personally. '
There is no law in nature but is '
sworn for the Christian'* defense. In ,
Job this thought is presented as a
bargain made between the iuanimate
creation and the righteous man; ,
"Thou slialt be in league with the :
stones of the field." What a grand ,
;thought that the lightnings, and the
: tempests, and the liail, and the frosts, ,
which are the enemies of unright- j
eousness, we all marshalled as the
Christian's body-guard. Thev tijht
for him. They strike with an arm of !
fire.or clutch with their fingers of ice. |
Everlasting peace is declared between
the fiercest elements of nature and
the good mail. They may m tiieir .
fury seem to be indiscriminate, smiting
down the righteous with the xriek- :
ed, yet they c;umot damage the Chris- ,
tian's soul, although they may shrivel
the body. The wintry blast that
howls about your dwelling, you may
call your brother, and the sout h wind
coming up on a J ime day by way of a
flower garden, you call your sister
Though so mighty hi circumference
and diameter, the sun and the moon
shave a special charge concerning you.
r*The sun shall not smite the 1>3* day,
'nor the moon by night." Elements
and forces hidden 111 tne e:irm are
now harnessed and anil at work in
!>ao('hiring for you food and rlotbmg.
Some grain field that you never saw is
presenting you this day with your
morning meal. Thereat earth and
the heavens are the busy loom at
work lor you.
JNow I infer from this that the
study of natural objects will increase
our religious knowledge. If David
and Job and John Paul could not afford
to let go without observation
.m<> n-K^inf (-loud, or rift of snow. 01*
spring blossom, you cannot afford to
let them yo without study. Men
of Clod most eminent iu all ages
for faith and zeal, indulged in such
observations?Payson and Baxter
and Dodridge and Hannah Moore.
That man is not worthy the name of
Christian who saunters listlessly
among these magnificent disclosures
of divine power around, beneath and
above us, stupid and uninstructcd.
They are not worthy to live in adesert,
for that lias its fountains and
palm-trees: nor in regions of everlasting
ice, for there the stars kindle
their lights, and auroras flash, and
the huge icebergs shiver in the morning
light, and God's power sits upon
them ;is upon a great white tlirone.
Yet there are Christians iu the
church who look upon all such tendencies
of mind and heart as soft
sentimentalities, and because they
; believe this printed Kevelation oi
i (ti.k! are content to he in ti dels in regard
to all that was written in this
great l>ook of tho universe, written
, in letters of stars, in paragraphs of
, constellations, and illustrated with
[ sunset and llimulcr-cloud and
. spring morning.
i j I infer, also, the transcendent im>
portanre of Christ's religion. Notli'
? *v "v?l n/i+liinc ic <irv
' lilji .*>*? IttI iVAAVl i!UHi.u6 ??, ,.-v ,
i hijrh up. hinI nothing is so far out,
' but God makes it pay tax to tlie
! Christian religion, If snow and tenif
pest And dragon arc expected to
. praise God. suppose you He ex
poets no homage from your soul?
t When God has written his truth up?
on everything around you. suppose
r you He did not mean you to open
. your eyes and read it?
f Finally, I leam from this subject
s what an honorable position tlio Christian
occupies wlicn nothing is so
groat and glorious in nature bui it is
made to edify, defend and instruct
j him. Hold up your heads, sons and
daughters of the Lord Almighty, that
I may see how you bear your honors.
Though now you may think your
* * ? <*j
[ self un befriended, tins spring s son
; wind, and next summer's harvest of
barley, and next autumns glowing;
fruits, and next winter'* storms, all j
seasons, all elements, zephyr and curoclydon,
rose's breath and thundercloud,
gleaming light and thick dark!
ncss, are sworn to defend you, and
j cohorts of angels would fly to deliver
you from the peril, and the great God
would unsheathe His sword and aim j
the universe in your cause rather than I
that harm should touch you with one i
of its lightest fingers, "As the j
mountains around about Jerusalem,
so tlie Lord is around about His people
from this time forth forevermore."
())i for more sympathy with the liat
ural world, and then we should always
have a liible open before us.
and we could take a lesson from the
most Jleetiny circumstances us when
a storm came down upon England
Charles "Wesley s;it in a loom watching
it though an open window, ami
frightened by the lightning and thunder
a little bird How in and nestled
in the bosom of the sacred poet, and
as he gently stroked it und felt the
wild beating of its heart, he turned
to Ids desk und vrrote that, hymn
which will be sung while the world
Jems, liOMT (if my soie,
Lftt nte to Ttiy bosom tly,
'.V tillP I lit? Ulliiws M0:ir mfr loll
While the tempest sllli Is hi^h.
Hide me me, U my Savior, hide,
Till the storm of lii'e he past.
Sale into the haven guido,
0 ro<; eh o my soul at last.
THE OKRA PLANTIt
Is Likely to Take u Prominent IMaee In
There seems to be a strong probability
that tiie plant known as okra
(Abelmoschus esculentus) will be
made to furnish a valuable fiber. Tlie
plant grows wild all through the
L? i.1 1 1 1 1
ouumt'in ouut's, unuiius ut'tu KLLU wxi
for years to farmers and stockmen as
capable of producing a very strong
fiber, which in Texas and other localities
is no\v_used for making lariats.
Ten years ago the Department of
Agriculture had samples of the plant
grown in in its green-houses, and a
report was made on the quality of the
fiber, but nothing seems to have come
of it. Recently, however, the subject
has been revived, and the Commissioner
of Agriculture of South Caro
liiift. Col. A. P. Butler, seems to be
very confident that a new industry
with vast possibilities is about to be
opened up. A specimen of the fiber
which Lmi been roceived from Mr.
Butler through the department at
Washington allows a long, strong and
glossy thread somewhat resembling
hemp, though dsirker in color. The
fruit which this okra plant produces
is prized as a vegetable, the mucilaginous
pods being used for thickening
soup and to form a peculiar Southern
dish called gumbo. The Southern
soil is especially adapted to growing
the plant, as the abandoned rice fields
und irn drained hinds srenerallv could
be utilized for raising vast quantities
of it. Okra is also a native of the
West Indies, notably Cuba, where it
grows in almost all soils, and is indigenous
to Africa, whero it grows
wild. It is abundant on the White
Nile and near the Victoria Nyanza,
aud lias long been naturalized in India,
where it is cultivated for its edible
pods. The fiber which has been
produced abroad is described as long
and silky and generally strong and
pliant, its breaking strain according
to Roxburg being seventy-nine pounds
dry and ninety-live pounds wet. When
well prepared, as in the Southern
Presidency of India, it is adapted fur
manufacture of rope, twine, sacking
and paper. It is used to adulterate
jute in Decca and Mymeusing. In
France tho manufacture of paper
from tho fiber is patented, and here it
receives only mechanical treatment
and produces a paper called bauda,
which is said to be* equal to that made
fvrm* vmvj* 1 nxru
It is claimed for tlie okra tiber,
that, inasmuch us the wood surrounds
the fiber instead of being mixed with
it, ;is in jute, and also that tlio work
of preparation can be done by machinery,
the cost of production can be
reduced to one cent per pound. Jute
can only be profitably produced in
countries where manual labor is very
cheap, as in India and China, because
no machine has been devised for separating
the wood from the fiber. Vast
quantities of jute are imported by the
United States, and it is used in mating
gunny cloth, cordage, shirting,
coat linings, and it is extensively em:
nlnv^d ill iiiirimr TvitVi Mill,-, rntt.mi HTld
woolen fabrics, and in paper making.
It is believed that okra tiber can be
substituted for jute in the coarser of
these lines of manufuctui*e, and some
oven claim tnat it will be found available
wherever jute is now employed.
It is easily to be wen from this that
if the okra fiber stands the test of
further experiment, a new anu most
important industry will spring into
being. The Agricultural Department
at Washington states it has not yet
WCVIl UUliUXiilUi^Vl HV/ tiiV TT
bear cultivation and propagation, and
tht department is now gathering the
weeds and roots to experiment with
next year. As tho okra now grows
luxuriantly in all parts of the South,
the production of it eren in the large
quantities which would be required
in case the tioer comes into general
use will not probably prove a serious
barrier to progress in this direction,
while the well -known inventive genius
of Americans can be depended upon
to dense machinery for preparing the
, fiber, and to make constant improve?
OA T * . XT
merits upon it.?oi. .uouis huuk
Burned to Death.
Atlanta, Ga., April 30.?Miss FannieSWalker,
ayoung lady residing on
Fair Street, was burned to death this
afternoon. She was cooking dinner
and her dress caught lire from the
stove. She rushed into the open air.
and nearly all her clothing was b urned
from her body. It was a horrible
spectacle. The lire department turned
out. She lingered in great agony
till 10:30, when she died. She was
only 17, and the daughter of a widow
IA liSU SHAKE OUT WEST.
A SEYERE EARTHQUAKE SHOCK IN
It Com.-* at Karly Moru and Does a Little
Damage?A Iiailroati Iiridgo Settle*.
Sax Francisco, April 30.?One of
tlie most severe shocks of earthquake
experienced here for a long time,
was felt in this city and neighboring
j localities a little after 3:80 o'clock
j Friday morning.
i Buildings were shaken perceptibly,
i and persons aroused from their sleep.
rlastermg it?ll irom tlic walls 111
places, but no serious damage is reported
A BRIDGE DAMAGED.
j A dispatch from XLiylield says
that tin* shock was very severe there.
The railroad bridge was rendered
impassable, as the piers, sixty feet
hii,'it. settled a few inches and the
rails spread about a foot.
The ground in places settled six to
twelve inches. Railroad travel will be
delayed a few hours.
i x 1 xl. mumh ? am (lamiilul.
San Fraxoisoo.April 21.?The earth
quake which was felt here early this
morning was general in this section
of the State. Tiie shock was very sharp
in this city, but no serious damage
The walls of a few houses, including
the United States appraisers building,
in which Federal courts are
held, were cracked, and there was
considerable alarm felt by persona
aroused from sleep.
The most severe damage is reportgjl
from : -rare, where a railroad
bridge w as thrown two feet out of
line and the 'approaches to it damaged.
Cras mains were disjointed at
Gilroy and many cliinmcys thrown
down in the neighborhood of "Watsonville.
In some localities as many as a
dozen distinct shocks were felt.
RESCUED AT THE ALTAR
A Miuiyland Girl Savt>?l From Weddiug; u
Baltimore, April 30.? Viss Victo
riu "Wright, a handsome ighteenyear-old
brunette, of Worcester
countr. was saved at the altar from a
would-be bigamist a few days ago,
through a letter from his wife. The
discovery wa? so great a thock that
she has been ill with nervous prostration
ever since, unci it is feared
she will lose her reason.
About six years ago Henry C. Lercatellc,
of Salisbury, went to Mappsburg.
Accomac county, Ya., and
married an estimable lady of thai place
Tliey lived happy together until several
month* ago, when his wife began to
suspect him of being too attentive to
a young woman in Worcester county.
Recently he told his wife he was going
to Salisbury to visit relatives.
During his absence she found a love
letter to him from Miss "Wright. The
wife wrote to her husband's aunt at
Salisbury, who soon learned that Lercatelle
and Miss Wright were about
to be married.
The girl li.id not the slightest idea
her affianced was a married man.
Tlt#? mint, h 11 wind ?r? lit.tlft r?Vmmh
back in tlie country, where the ceremony
was to taka place. "When she
arrived there the minister had nearly
linishtd tiio cercmony.
"Stop! stop!" cried the old lady as
she bustled up to the altar, "llead
this!" she exclaimed, thrusting the
wife's letter into the hands of the
Before he had finished reading the
tell tale message Lereatelle was hur
41... ,.1 TVTIau
(.MIL (71 IUI' V1K11WU uijll Alxma
Wright li:ul fallen nt tno feet of the
minister in a dead faint. At last accounts
t.lie wife and three children
vrere still looking for the missing
The New lllval for Jute,
Farmers i-ven'where are interested
in the rei>ortcd invention by an Augusta
man of a machine for utilizing
the fibre of the cotton stalk in the
manufacture of a covering for cotton
bides, said to bo equal in all respects
to jute. The discovery, if it proves
practicable, will settle the fight between
the jute truyt and the farmer
in favor of the farmer, and will make
the cotton grower tli most independent
agriculturist in the world. A
-jrentleman in this city who visited
Augusta a few days ago brought
back with him 21 specimen of the
> > ? ? r? j.I.?
strainik or oaggmg woven num uio
cotton stalk fibre which liad first
been decorticated by the machine
just invested for that purpose. The
strands resemble jute very mueh.but
are a trifle darker. The fibre seems
to be fully as strong as jute if not
stronger, much superior to either the I
cotton or pine straw substitutes for ]
The Charleston Sun to 1k> a Tillman
Charleston. S. C.. April 25.?It is
rumored that the Charleston Daily
Sun is tf> be purchased by John D.
Murphy Co., the farmers who represented
Charleston in the Shell
convention in March last, with the
intention of publisliingit in the interr??jf
of* !?*? Tillman movement.
The Southern Teachers' Imposition.
The Southern Educational Exposi-.
! tiou. to by held at Morekead City.
N. C.,in connection with.the Teachers'
Assembly. this summer, promises to
be a great success. Nearly all the
available space in the Assembly build
lUJ^ ilciS UUCU Cjuya^v*.!. i'/l (r.^uiUiia JJ
prominent manufacturers, publishers
anJ schools. The art exhibits from
some of tlie seminaries and colleges
of the State will be unusually interesting.
?Edwin Booth says in his letter to
the New York Tribune, that there is
no truth in the report of Lawrence
Barrett's failing health. He will re
turn to the United States in June and
resume his dramatic season in September.
MILLIONS OF METHODISTS
j Quadrennial Conference of the Southern
Branch of the Great W?slcyan Church.
One of the greatest religious bodies
in the world will meet in St. Louis
May lO.The General Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church. S^utli,
Sm-n litis hrf-Tl
tiie growth of the church during the
past decade that it now stands second
among the great Protestant religious
assemblies of the world. The General
Conference of the Methodist
Church alone excels it in the number
of communicants represented and
the value of property owned by Protestant
Church authorities. The
Methodists in this country, white and
black and of all kinds, number more
than five millions (actual communi
ciiiirj. ; xii^ *iJtv i.uuvu?Ti;
Church lias nearly three million and
the Methodist Episcopal Church,
South, has about one million eight
Prior to 1K44 there was 110 division
among tin* American Methodists.
One General Conference represented
the whole Church. At the quadrennial
session of that conference in
Npw York- in Mrv. 1S4-1. a divisionoc
curred, caused bv the slavery agitation,
ending in the withdrawal of all
tin; delegates from the slaveholding
States and Territories. After a very
animated and long-protracted debate,
the final separation was arranged, and
the Methodists of the Southern States
were no longer under the same jurisdiction
as those of the North and
East. The seceding delegates called
a convention at Louisville, which was
held in May, 1845, which permanently
organized the "Methodist Episcopal
Church in theSouth,'" adopted a hook
of discipline similar to that of the
old General Conference and containing
exactly the same doctrinal teachings
and the same forms and ceremonies;
in fact, no other difference than
that of jurisdiction then existed
between the two branches of Methodism.
The Conference will be called to
order at noon on the 10th day of May,
when the senior bishop of the cliurck.
the venerable J. C. Keener, will read
a Scripture lesson and offer prayer,
and then formally open the proceedings.
He is ex-officio president of
the Conference, though all the bishops
will preside in tlie order of seniority.
There are eight bishops. They hold
office during lifetime and receive an
annual salary of $3,000 and traveling
expenses. Bishop J. C. Granberrv
will rank next to Bishop Keener.
He is a Virginian, but has made St.
Louis his home for several years.
The secretary will doubtless be
I the Bev. John S. Martin, D. D., of
! Baltimore, who succeeded Dr. Suni!
raers, and was elected at Richmond.
Bishop E. R. Hendrix of Kansas
City isthe junior bishop of the Church.
He has taken the place of the lament.
ed Bishop Harvin in the estimation
i of Missouri Methodists. He Trill be
a conspicuous^figure both in the chair
and among the delegates. He was
president of the Central College at
Fayette when elccted bishop four
The denomination has churches in
foreign lands as well as in the United
States. It carries on an extensive
publishing business at Nashville,
Tenn., and has missionaries in China.
Japan, Mexico, Brazil and several
countries. The missionary operations
are all directed from Nashville.
Winnie Davis to be Married.
Inquiry among the relatives of the
lady fully confirms the report of the
approaching marriage of Miss "Winnie
Davis toJMr. Wilkinson of Syracuse
She had been engaged to Mr. "Wilkinson
for some time, but would not
marry during the lifetime of her
father, Jefferson Davis, to whom she
was so devoted, although the pro
spective marriage met;with his full
approval. Miss Davis will leave
Paris for home on the 10th inst.
A Respite for Kemniler.
The lawyers for Kenimler the
New York murderer condemned to
die by electricity, have procured a
writ of habeas corpus from the Judge
of the United State Court, staying
the execution. The ground taken is
that the proposed manner of execution
is contrary to the provisions of
the Constitution of the United States.
The prisoner will go beforethe United
States Judge on the third Tuesday m
Juno. Meantime the execution is
I\kcApe<l Burning to Drown.
The steam engine and saw-mill of
Charles Lawrence, situated in Sparkle
I'finnfv fliven Tuilnw frnm Rnllino'
i Fork, Miss,, was burned Saturday
i night. The loss is small." Fifty or
sixty of Lawrence's tenants were
quartered iu the gin and in their efforts
to escape from the flames so von
were drowned. The building was,
surrounded by water seven feet deep.
They had taken refuge there from
the overflow and is is stated that
their carelessness caused the lire.The
report; that several lives had been
lost in the vicinity of Gobdel has
been, confirmed. A family named
Watson, numbering live persons,
State* Cau't Shut out Liquor.
The United States Supreme Court,
through Chief Justice Fuller, has
rendered an opinion adverse to the
constitutionality of State laws providing
for the seizure of liquor
brought into a State in original packages.
Such laws, the court holds,
? --j.?t y+o+r.
JVTC lllltTlt'i eiluej"* ?mi ulj-vktl
commerce. After liquor becomcs
the property of the importer
the State may, under its police
powers, regulate or prohibit its
Kile, but it luis no power in the absence
of express congressional authority
to prohibit the transportation
of an article from another State and
its delivery to the importer. The
case in which the decision was made i
' - " -r i o ry _ _i_r_ I
I was tuat or u-us jueiuy oc v^o., jmuutiii*
in error, vs. A. J. Hardin, brought
here on appeal from the Supreme
Court of Iowa, and this court reverses
the decision of the. State court.
Justices Gray, Harlan and Brewef
dissented. The case is one of
great importance to prohibitionists
and liquor dealers.
?Cliauncey. M. Depew fras 58 years
old on April 23.
THE WAITED STOOD ACHASTA
Coinedy of Error* Enacted iu a Wash- ,
A ov-v/vl cf/ivv iti wlnVli fwn i
guislied Louisianians. and a 110 loss !
distinguished Georgian, figured some- j
what conspicuously in a restaurant
in Washington, D. C.. a short time |
ago. was related to a newspaper
man. The Louisianians were
Hon. Thomas J. Semmes and Mr.
James Legendre of this city. and the
Georgian was Hon. Ben Hill, son of
the late senator, and himself a prominent
Georgia politician. The party
were en route to New York city to
attend the centennial of the Supreme
Court of the United States.
On the arrival of the train at
Washington, D. (J.. the usual time
for breakfast was announced, and
Messrs. Semrnes and party, taking
advantage of the opportunity thus offered,
hastened to the nearest restaurant.
Each ordered as his taste
and inclination prompted, and settled
his own account. Messrs.
Semmes and Hill attacked tho bill of
fare to the extent of ?]. and Mr.
Legendre contented himself with a
Breakfast ended, the. three gentlemen
each handed the waiter a silver
< loiijir?nie exact amount ox money
due by Messrs. 801 nines ami Hill.
Twenty-tive cents were due Legendre,
however, anil tliis amount the
waiter returned to him on his tray.
Mr. Legeudre had enjoyed his breakfast
and. being in a good humor, lie
replaced the quarter 011 the tray to
"tip*' the waiter.
The waiter, placing the money in
glass 011 his tray, passed in to Mr.
Semmes as a gentle reminder of what
was expected of him. Mr. Semmes
was, however, busily conversing with
his frien d3Ir.Hill,at the time,andin an
absentminded sort of way quietly appropriated
the tip money under the
impression, no doubt, that it was his
change. The waiter was dumbfounded,
and Hr. Legendre, somewhat embarrassed,
beckoned to him and
dropped an additional quarter on the
tray to sootke his feelings. This the
waiter passed to Mr. Hill with the
hope that he at least, had "caught
on," and that Mr.Scmines might finally
be brought to a knowledge of his
mistake. But he again made a serious
error. Mr. Hill dealt with the
tip money just as Mr. Semmes had
done in the first instance4 and the
conversation proceeded in the ordinarv
> ?%. T ,TTO.
J.TA.J. . V "t?U MAAVUVAJ VM.W VV
cents in the scheme, and was consequently
not further inclined in that
direction, and before the waiter could
recorer lufficiently to explain the
mistake the three strangers left the
restaurant and were on their way to
New York.?New Orleans TimesDemocrat.
MURDER WILL OUT.
The Assaesin of Clayton of Arkansas T?ll*
th# Tale of tke Martier?The Crime tho
IUkuIU of a Fead.
A. dispatch from Los Angeles, California,
says: Regarding the report
1/JUtfcV XUViUao XiWJ/VA * tJUV xuuvuvJUj
who died at Ranchito, near here last
winter, was implicated in the murder
of John M. Clayton of Arkansas, the
following facts are learned: Last
June, Charles Lewis called on Sheriff
Aguirre and said that in the latter
part of 1888 he had made the acquaintance
of Thomas Hooper and cared
for him when he was sick. Hooper
was often moody, and Lewis asked
him the reason. Eoope: replied, intimating
that in 18#8 he killed two
men in Conway County, Arkansas,
whose names Lewis caught as Thomas
and May. Little by little he told
Lewis that several years bofore his
father had been killed in Arkansas by
a body of men, who took him from
jail and lynched him. He swore vengeance
upon tho lynchers and told
Lewis the men whom he had killed
were two of the ringleaders in the
party, while Clayton was the third.
"If you ever hear of Clayton dying
with his boots on," Hooper remarked
i T ?Ml 1 "L _ U11.3
lo juewis, "you wm kiiow who b_uu?u
him."' During December, Hooper
disappeared and soon after Lewis
read of tho assassination of Clayton,
and Lewis called at Hooper's bouse
and Hooper's son said bo did -not
know where his father was. Later,
Lewis learned that Hooper had reappeared
and bought a ranch at llanohito.
During the investigation by
sheriff letters were received from
Governor Eagle of Arkansas stating
that Tom Hooper was brought up in
Conway County. Arkansas, and went
through the war i* the Confederate
nrrny; that he was in Eagle's regiment
when quite a boy. He left the State
m 1868 or 18G8. and lias not been
there since to live. The Governor's
description is said to fit Ranchito
-Hooper. Ho also said Hooper's father
was murdered about the time
stated. The sheriff was about to arrest
Hooper last winter, when the
Hoods came a] id cut off connection
with Ranchito for several days. During
that time Hooper was taken
dovrn witn pneumonia find died.
Governor Eagle, in replying under
date of March 31,1890, to a communication
from Sheriff Aguirre of Los
Angeles County, requests specimens
1 of Hooper s writing. He concludes
i hy saying: "The circumstances that
have come to light point to Hooper as
I the probable person who committed
this crime. If he did, and is now
dead, he cannot be convicted in the
courts, but I hopo you will immediately
take this up aud help us rush it
to a conclusion."
Is Aiken's Treasurer Short.
Aiken*. S. C.. April 29.?It lias
boon known for a week or two that
Treasurer Hurray, of Aiken county,
was short in cash. The grand jury
f omul two weeks ago that sometlring
was wrong. The county auditor was
put upon the case and to-day it is developed
thai the treasurer is at least
?17.000 short after all deductions for
salary and other things hav> been
made. Mr. Murray has turnedover every
thing to bis bondsmen, who will make
the loss good. It is not known wliat
became of the money in the treasury.
?The Hamburger Nachrichten
again asserts that Prince Bismarck
will appear in Piirliament. but with
the sole object of sending his vote to
the Council of State.
| "THE FORT P1L4-OW MASSACRE-"
i A Story cf the War Affain Prored
Mvths die hard, but the alleged 'r9
"Foil Pillow massacre"' received a
blow in the Nashville Round Table
of March 8 that must prove absolutely
fatal?in the minds, at least, of
persons not wholly impervious to
Politicians during the war. and Republican
partisans since have persistently
chargedGeneral Forrest and
General Chalmers, his subordinate,
with having massacred the garrison mk
of Fort Pillow after the surrender
and while prisoners of war. Mr.
Charles W. Anderson, formerly adjutant
and inspector-general of General
Forrest's cavalry corps, the only
stall' officer present with Forrest at
the storming of the foil, shows in
the Round Table that there was no
massacre, that the foil was not surrendered,
though its surrender was
thirce demanded and refused, ?jid
that the loss of life during the fifteen
minutes of the action was due to the
total incapacity of th*> commanding
officer. . ;
Fort Pillow was a fortified position
oil a bluff overlooking the Mississippi
vivpr Tn it.? rp;ir was n. dr?er> ravine.
which could be swept by the guns of
the New Era, a vessel which lay
abreast to the mouth of the ravine.
below the fort. Higher up tho stream
and near the fort were the empty
barges ready to receive the garrison in
ease of need.
There was an understanding it is
shown between Major Bradford, the . 'A
commandant af the fort, and Captain
Marshal, of the New Eta, that
if ilin'ron ft' ?m fnri i\v f]<?>
federates, the garrison should take
refuge under the bluff, where it would 1
be effectually protected by the New
Era's canister. Ammunition was i
placed under the bluff in readiness
for use by the garrison in c*se the
works above could not be held. A
miscalculation as to the grit of the
captain of the New Era spoiled tnis
plan of the defense.
General Forrest's first operation
was to drive the New Era from its
position commanding th? Ravine
across which the Confederates were
TVllfl V)A V>T
placing two pieces of artillery on the
bluff below the ravine. The Confed- I
erate line was then, under a heavy
fire, closed in rapidly around the
trorks. Havi-ig sounded a bugle call
for a truce and a parley, General Forrest
now sent forward a white flag to
dernani tho unconditional surrender
of all the troops at Fort Pillow. "He
knew." says Adjutant Anderson, ??. x
"that the place wan practically in his ^
possession, as the enemy could not ^
depress their artillery so a? to rake
the slopes around the fort, and the
constant fire of our sharpshooters
forced the besieged to keep down behind
their parapets.'" The demand
-? i . _ . J. _ n
was renewed twice, wnen rejecieu,
in the belief that the federal commander
must see the folly of resisting
under the circumstances a forc?
so much larger than his own.
Major Bradford, however, relying
upon his arrangements with Captain
Marshal for protection under the _
bluff when the fort was taken,refused J"
all offers. Meanwhile the sight of
three steamers ascending the riyer
with reinforcements led General Forrest
to place a force of 150 riflemen
under Adjutant Anderson in a posi?"
* iv . 1-1?ixr nru:_
tion on tne iace 01 me oitui. lms
force not only served to prevent the
troops on the steamers from effecting
a landing, but, being within sixty
yards of the south entrance 01 *ue
fort, it commanded the line of retreat
upon which Major Bradford relied.
This was the situation when General
Forrest gave the signal to assault
the fort. At once the yells all
along the line of charging Confeder- .
ates. followed by a terrible discharge
of the batteries and small arms 01
tho garrison, A few moments latent
portion of the garrison rushed down
towards the river and were met with a r"*
destructive fire from a detichment under
Adjutant Anderson. The tri
umphank yells of the Confederates as
they moutned the enemy's parapets
were heard again, and followed this
time in a moment by the whole force
of the garrison pouring over the slope
of the bluff, with arms in hand, seeking
the protection of the New Era's
guns. Under v;ho fire of Adjutant Anderson's
men xliey fell thick and fast
beinj in utter dismay and confusion
at finding the appointed place of refuge
in the enemy's hands. Under
this fire and that of their pursuers of
the assaulting line some 250 were
lolled within a few minutes. There
had been as yet no surrender. Nor
was there any.
As soon as General Forrest entered
the fort he hauled down tlietlag. and
that was followed immediately by a
cessation of the liring. "The moment,"
says Adjutant Anderson, "the
federal colors came down I ordered
firing to cease, and it was promptly
"What has been called a "massacre"
was this firing of Anderson's men
upon armed force doing battle, such
armed force not having surrendered
and being without intention of surrendering.
It is an obvious abuse of
language, of course, to call a specially
destructive collision of armed men
The assault oil the works, the attempted
retreat to the river, the woeful
disaster consequent upon the failure
of the New Era to do its appointed
work?all this occupied. Adjutant
Anderson tells, not over minutes.
After the battle every effort was
made to treat the wounded and prisoners
in the best manner. In support
of this story of the battle Adjutant
Anderson publishes a number of
i " J*- /> .1
ieiters Il'OHiii v,-uweuiu.t.cc>iuiu. jl tuuai
ids who took part in it. Tneir te%tiI
nxmy is wholly to the point that
j there was no massacre?only a dis&sI
ter such as every army iniyht expect
sometimes to encounter.
The Radicals appear to mean business
this year. It is stated that
Chairman Brayionhas called a State
C'onventioD, to m?tt n- Charleston
at a:j early dat<>, to nomiiiaJe a lull
State Vickes. Iv is said the entire
commccaent of ce'egates have aready