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VOL. XLYI. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 13, 1891. NO. 39. -:|
QUICK REORGANIZATION WORK BY
The New Chair* Filled?Dr?. Woudrow.
Alexander and Others Left Oat?S&laVJ-rn/?
7? r?f th? Kntlre PrO
Columbia, s. C., May 2?The Board
of Visitors of the South Carolina University
met in the Library yesterday
morning, with every member present,
and proceeded to organize the institution
in accordance with the recent act
of the Legislature.
The members favoring a broad plan
took charge of the matter, and, without
calling up to a vote either of the plans
presented, mov( d at once to go into the
election of the different chairs, fearing
that the minority report would very
likely be adopted otherwise. The motion
wa3 carried, and without the slightest
opposition the selection of the chairs
The following chairs were adopted:
Chair of chemistry.
Chair of geology, mineralogy and
biology. An adjunct professor was allowed
Chair of ancient languages, also with
Chair of mathematics.
Chair of physics and astronomy.
Chair of modern languages.
Chair of English language, literature
and rhetoric with adjunct professor.
Chair of mental and moral philosophy
Chair of history and political economy.
Chair of law*.
As will be seen this provides for ten
chairs and three adjunct professors,
giving thirteen in all. The lesult is said
to be far better than any of the friends
of the University expected.
The salaries of the professors were
fixed as follows: Ali the profesc.orswiil
get $2,000, the president 83,000 and he
will rffinirpd to OCCUDV on8 Of the
chairs of instruction. The adjuncts
S1,200 each, the chaplain $300 extra,
the secretary and librarian $900, the
assistant to the secretary $200. The
librarian is also to be required to act as
secretary to the board of trustees. The
office of marshal was abolished. One of
the adjunct professors will be chosen
and requested to act as secretary to the
faculty. Governor Tillman favoring it,
the beard decided to give an annual appropriation
of $2,000 to the library.
A resolution was adopted appointine
a special committee tc investigate and
* Li 1 :
report on a scoeme ior me puvsiuai culture
of the students. This is to be made
a portion of a curriculum.
Provisions were made to allow the
students now in the mechanical and
civil engineering courses who will graduate
next year to complete their courses
and obtain diplomas.
Dr. Alexander, who at the former
meeting of the board refused to reply
to a question of the Governor as to
whether he believed in Christ or not,
appeared before the boasd and read a
statement he had prepared. Therein
he declared his Unitarian views and
clearly defined his position. As will be
seen his chair is abolished and combined
with another. The two chairs of geology
and mineralogy and biology are now
consolidated also. The two chairs of
English language and English litera
lure are com Dined, too, ana tne trustees
say tbey propose to place the English
department of the institution squarely
to the front and make it the principal
feature of the courses. The status of j
the trustees on political lines was cur-1
iously divided. Upon adjourning, at
4 o'clock, the tri stees indicated that the
main fight was to come on the question
* of the standard of admission. It was
stated that no orofessors would be elect
ted until next June, but that the board
would indicate to the incumbent piofessors
whether they were to remain or
not. They were decided that those
competent should remain and those
that were not should go.
The board met again at 6 o'clock and
instead of taking up the reports at once
as expected, proceeded immediately to i
the election of the professors. The" results
are given beiow:
Chair of mathematics? Prof. ?. W.
KJJL JJUJOiVCj UUWUMUAVU
astronomy?Prof. Benjamin Sloan.
Chair 01 biology, geology and mineralogy?Dr.
J. M. McBryde. lie was also
elected president of the institution, and
Professor E. A. Smythe, the former
professor of biology, was elected adjunct
to the chair.
Chair of chemistiy?Professor W. B
Chair of EDghsh language, literature
and rhetoric?Proiessor F. C.
Chair ol history and political economy?Professor
li." Means Davis.
Chair of mental science, logic and
evidences of Christianity?Dr. J. William
Chair of law?Professor Joseph Daniel
The Chair of ancient languages was
not filled, and the tilling was postponed
until June. The adjunct in this depart-1
ment was also not elected. The fight
for the position is between Dr. Patton
ana i.*roi. iviurray, auu wjciuuicaoiuus
are that a new man will fill the position
and both be left out.
The selection of the professor of mod-1
ern langurages was also postponed until
J une. Dr. Joynes is the only applicant
before the board, and the reason
r? he was not elected last night was that
there was a considerable question as to
the amount of woik. He will undoub?
tedly be elected to the chair next J une.
[ For the chair of geology, mineralogy,
L and biology, ana consequently the presidency
of tne institution, Drs. McBryde
and "\Voodrow, were before the board.
Eft Several members raised the objection
HI to Dr. Woodrow that he could not give
||L his entire time to the duties of the
Kb chair. The board commuicated with
Dr. Wood row on tbis subject and he
Bfljjgag^ sent a letter to the effect that he couic
not give his time to .the duties. GonSkssquently
Dr. McBryde was elected.
K&ut for this the race might have been
jg&ose one, as Dr. Woodrow had many
on the board.
gkmembers of the old faculty left
follows: Professor E. E.
fifcrof pedagogics?chair abol^j^ssor
J. W. Alexander,
Bra Woodrow, professor of
|?n and Murray still j
will be retired.
asgSffiRutors ana assisll&so
HmE&he plan were
Rtird to be 1
rudini in a rage.
italy's premier stops correspondence
* with lilalne
Rome, May 3.?The Green Book on
the Xew Orleans lynching comprises
twenty-four dispatches, dated from
March 14 to April 28. It shows that
the Italian Government from the commencement
perseversed in asking that
criminal proceedings be taken against
the lynchers and that indemnity be paid
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IU tilC laiULll^d VJ. H1W Y IVVlUlWa A.L4.W V<?
pression ''brought to justice" recurs in
the official dispatches as well as Baron
Fava's private letters. The principal
communications have already been
After Blaine's note of April 14 the
volume concludes with a telegram from
the Maquis di Budni to the iJarquis Imperali,
the t*xt of which is as follow:
I have now before me a note addressed
to you by Secretary Blaine of April
14. Its perusal produces a most painful
imnression upon me. I will not
stop to lay stress up'i the lack of con
IOriMty WILLI UipiOU-iaLiU u;x??cc uwplayedin
making public, as Blaine did
not hesitate to do, of a portion of a telegram
of mine communicating tohimir.
direct confidence in order to get rid of
the question clearly defined in our official
documents which alone possess diplo
matic value. JSor will 1 stop to point
out the reference in this telegram of
mine of March 24, that the words "punishment
of the guilty," in the brevity
of telegraghic language, actually signified
only that the prosecution ought to
be commenced in order that individuals
recognized as guilty should not escape
punishment. Far above all astute arguments
remains the fact that henceforward
the Federal Government declares
, it self conscious of what we have constantly
asked, and yet it does not grant
our legitimate demands. I31ame is
right when he makes payment of indemnity
to families of victims dependent
upon proof of violation of the treaty;
but we shrink from thinking that h?
considers that the fact of such violation
still needs proof. Italian subjects acquitted
by American juries were massacred
in the prisons of the State without
measures i?<?ing taken to defend them.
What other proof does the Federal Government
expect of the violation of the
treaty wherein constant protection and
security of the subjects of the contracting
parties is expressly stipulated. We
have placed on evidence that we have
never asked anythihg else but the openincr
nf rAcmlar nreceedincrs. In reeard
to this, Baron JFava's first note, dated
March 15, contained even the formula
of a telegram addressed on the same day
by Mr. Blaine under order of President
Harrison to the Governor of Louisiana.
Xow, however, in the note of April 14
Mr. Blaine is silent on the subject, which
is for us the main point of contro
We are under the sad necessity of
concluding that what to every other
Government would be the accomplishment
of a civil duty is impossible to
the Federal Government. It is time to
break off this bootless controversy.
Public opinion, the sovereign judge,
will know how to indicate an equitable
solution of this grave problem. We
have affirmed and we again affirm our
right. Let the Federal Government reflect
upon its side if it is expedient to
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Union, irresponsible to foreign coun
tries, the efficiency of treaties pledging
its faith and honor to entire nations.
The present dispatch is addressed to
you exclusively, not the Federal Government.
Your duties henceforward
are solely resiricted to dealing with current
Devastation by Forest Fires.
Xew York, May 1.?The most destructive
fire of many years is raging m
iSouth Jersey. The great pine region and
cranberry bog district from Pleasant
Point and Bay Head, on the north, down
to Egg Harbor, sixty miles south, and
from tha Atlantic to points from thirty
to forty miles inland, is being swept by
fire. Thousands and thousands of acres
of pine and cedar timber have been
burned, many towns have been threatened,
dozens* of houses have been destroyed
and fears are entertained for the
M/vfrvf.. i?v*f 4-Wr\ ^r*? tKn t\ Qtroof of
?><S1CLV 'iJl. l/UC JLi?X V^*.V/ T t*s)CC?lVU
country. So dense is the smoke that
hangs over the burning forest that
farmers going from town to town
have to c:rope their way along the
roads. Rain has not fallen in weeks,
and the inhabitants are unable to check
the spread of the llames. At many
places the residents have been forced
to flee to the open country to save their
lives, leaving their household^ goods
behind to be burned. At one place a
sick woman, covered by watersoaked
blankets, wascarried out of her burning
home in her bed. At a rough estimate
the loss will be over SI,000,000, and many
farmers will be impoverished. Forest
fires are also reported in the mountains
ohnnt TfAiarfinor P? and in t.hp virMnit.v
of Newburg, X. Y
Democratic Gains in Indiana.
Indianapolis,Ind., MayG? Returns
from the elections in the second and
third class cities throughout the State
show gvneral Democratic gains, with
the exception of New Albany and Jeffersonville,
where the Republicans made
At Fort Wayne Sallinger, Democrat,
was elected mayor by ninety-seven majority,
with nine Democratic councilmen
out of ten.
At Lafayette the entire Democratic
ticket was elected?a Democratic gain.
At Hammond the entire Democratic
| ticket was elected?a Democratic gain.
At Jctfersonville T. F. Warder, Democrat,
for seven terms mayor, was de!
feated by L>. F. Robinson, Republican.
The Rep'uDlicans also gained a marshal
and clerk and two councilmeD, although
; the Democrats still retain the majority.
i TKq tttoq
JLiJC* ll^iiu II OO OUHUJ 4VVMA*
In !New Albany "Morris McDonald,
Republican, was re-elected mayor by a
A Fatal Duel.
Koaxoke, Va.,. April 28.?A terrible
tragedy occured at Marshall's cafe in
this city at 6 o'clock this afternoon.
; Nick Flood, a son of Major John II.
1 Flood, a prominent tobacconist of
I Lynchburg and Charles L. Rose who
i came here from "Washington in Febru
ary last, engaged m a auei witn pisiois.
Kose fell pierced by several bullets and
died in a few minutes without speaking.
! Flood was shot in the mouth and breast
but will probably recover. Both men
j were gamblers and the shooting was tne
result of a quarrel at a card table about
six weeks ago. Some days ago they
were prevented from shooting: each
other and Dlaced under bonds to keep
I the peace, liose had ST 12 in his pockcts
Flood is a dangerous character. Two
months ago he stabbed Martin O'Meare,
i a Lynchburg tailor, nearly to death and
subsequently almost killed a man named
Payne of this city with a billiard cue.
L?t Us Hare
Washington, M*y 6?It is learned
here th*t the government of the United
states nas instructed ^iimswcr iv
offer to mediate between the combatants
in Chile in the interests of peace
and good order, and that France and
Brazil, the other great republics of the
bgorld, have joined in the proffer of their
fcsL offices in the interests of per^^frepublican
principles of gov
PRESIDENT POLK MAPS IT OUT IN AN
ADDRESS TO THE ORDER.
j Two Great Rallies in Cach State this Fall
j and an Army of 35,000 Lecturers to
j Talk Until Xext Year?The Order Must
Expel Disloyal Members.
President Polk, of the Farmc.s'Alliance
has just issued a proclamation
to the Order in which he sets forth the
plan of campaign which the national
executive board has adopted for the
next year, and counsels the Sub-Alliances
to cease internal bickerings and
to get rid of dif" ">yal members. This is
To the Brotherhood of the N. F. A.
andl. U : We are now approaching
the most critical period in our existence
~ ^ T'Vvrv Arw swn lifyinr* Q!I%_
j a.5 'dll VlUCi. X UC ucm^an^iug
ments which always enter into a political
campaign are already being marshalled
by the enemies of our Order,
with a determined purpose to divide
and disrupt us, if possible. No device
or scheme will be left untried. Every
Tifill Via morlo fn rlivort.
I C1HJ1 U T* XXI 4^JV?U^/ WV MtfVAV V ?
of the people from the great issue3
which are essentially the very life of
our great reform movement.
It was this knowledge of the situation
that prompted the action of the
National Legislative Council in maturing
a plan for a lecture system and
for presenting it to the Order for adoption.
The ultimate, inevitable and triumphant
success of our principles is
assured, if this system be actively and
faithfully prosecuted for the American
farmers and all other classes and interests
which are so intimately related to
them will not fail to stand together for
right, justice and equity, if properly informed.
If prosecuted as designed,
this system will engage the services
during this year of not less than 3o,uuu
lecturers in our cause. I earnestly invoke
the aid and co-operntion of the
entire brotherhood in securing a faithful
lecturer for every subordinate and
county Alliance and for every Congressional
district within the jurisdiction
of our Order throughout the whole
Arrangements are also being made
for the holding of two or more grand
Alliance mass meetings in each of the
Alliance States during the year, or as
many more as the brotherhood may desire.
Let us have your active and
earnest sympathy in making this the
' ?r*-?inrr> iroar in nnr
^ 1 KJ&IJ CUUtcitl?JUUi. vaui^/uigu JVMI, *44 w?*
history, and thus be prepared to meet
any emergency that may arise.
State and county officers especially
are earnestly admonished to push this
work iD their respective jurisdictions
The enemy is actively on the alert,
it is his purpose to buy or control our
press as far as possible. Failing with
money he will substitute office or its
patronage. Failing in ail this he will
strive by every means, foul or fair, to
create divisions and dissensions in our
If a convention of the enemies of the
National Farmers' Alliance and Industrial
Union was called to devise a plan
for the overthrow and destruction of
the Order it would doubtless adopt, as
the most speedy and effectual, such
methods as would create dissention and
strife among the membership. How
eagerly and how exultantly they hail
the least indication of this! If an erring
brother so far forgets his obligations
to the Order as to assail its principles
publicly he is heralded by the
nnrttinians and the Dartisan Dress as a
hero. If a paper which has been designated
a representative of the principles
of our Order proves false to its most
sacred compact and assaults our members
or our principles, it thereby gains
speedy admittance to the respect and
confidence of our enemies. If influential
or prominent members, disregarding
their obligations to eacli other and
to the Order, engage in a public personal
warfare through the press or
otherwise, our enemies are abundantly
Xo member of our Order has the right
to assail another member publicly,
through the press or otherwise, so long
as their names are on our roll of membership.
Such an offence is a violation
of his obligation, and should merit expulsion.
JS o paper vested with author
ity to represent our Order omciauy nas
the right to assail our principles or any
member of the Order while acting in
such a capacity. Such an offence
should cause all true Alliance men to
repudiate such paper promptly. Xo
member, while his name remains on
our roll3, has a ris?ht to assail the principles
of the Order publicly. He is not
only permitted, but is encouraged by
our law, to discuss any and all measures
coming: within our province with
the utmost "freedom and to any extent
he may desire within the Order. But
the will of the majority is the law of
the Order, and if he cannot acquiesce
in the decision of the majority, and
feels that he is conscientiously impelled
to go before the public and assail our
principles, he should first divest himself
of his Alliance uniform. With what
consistency could a Baptist or Methodist
go before the world and publicly
oppose and denounce some of the' most
cherished tenets of his Church ? How
long would his name remain ou ms
church book? How long ought it to
remain there? Why should he expect
or desire to remain in the Church?
Loyalty to Alliance principles is the
only true Alliance test, not only as to
membership, but it should faithfully
be applied m the selection of all officers,
from the steward in a subordinate Alliance
to the president of the National
Alliance, and it must be applied in the
selection of those who are to make and
execute our Jaws, if we would reasonably
hope for the reforms which we
We want no foes within our camp
| We can live better without them than
with them. Let the membership be
j watchful and faithful, and guard with
untiring vigilance the principles of the
A J? >T A?flAAb- -frvr /"vttT*
uraer. j.\ever wns mc uuuuua jlvi vm.
cause so hopeful and encouraging. We
have only to be true to our principles,
true to our obligations, *nd to our noble
Order and all will be well.
Fraternally, L. L. Polk,
President X. F. A. and I. I*.
A Modern Abraham,
Bridge'.vater, Conn., May 6.?Oliver
H. Jessup. one of the most "prominent
citizens of the town has gone insane.
i He was taken violently ill a few days
: atro, but refused to allow a doctor to
| come to the house, and he relied solely
j on the faith cure advocates, who surI
rounded his bed day and night.
Jessup at length conceived the idea
j that he was a second Abraham and that
I t.he Lord reauired a human sacrifice. On
Thursdiv, being left alone for a few
I minutes, be prepared for the horrible
j affair by constructing an alter out of tis
i bedroom furniture, around which he
' piled a heap of combustibles. Then he
| caught his little grandchild, a year old,
i and placed her on the altar and prepared
! to ignite it. The child's cries attracted
a member of the family, and the old
man was nearly killed in the struggle
to restrain him*
BENNETTSVILLE IS BEWILDEREDMysterious
Occurrence Savoring of the
.Bennettsville, S. C., May 1.?There
was a IXIJr'bienuus *Ji;i;uii.cuv;c; iu jjcunettsville
a few nijrhts ago, which has
puzzled ti^r most philosophical minds.
Many the^y^ have been advanced, yet
the mystery' K^mains unsolved. Doors
and windows are barred at night; nocturnal
pedestrians ambulate the streets
with lighted lanterns; the cracking of
a twig or the rustle of the wind causes
? sudden halt and rapid pulsations of
the heart. The colored people are
alarmed beyond description, and are
daily expected to institute a general
exodus from the town.
For two months Mr. P. C. Emanuel
has been living in Mr. St. P. Covington's
house in East Eennettsville. This
is comparatively a newly settled place,
splendid building, surrounded with
sweet and luxuriant flowers, situated
in one of the most desirable neighborhoods
On the night in question, Mr. Emanuel
and wife had just retired, but had
not gone to sleep. ine mooii was
shining brightly, everything being quiet
and serene. About 11 o'clock, the report
of what seemed a gun was Leard
at the bed chamber window. The shot
was plainly heard falling in the room.
Mr. Emanuel is not a timid man by
any methods. He has plenty of nerve
and scarcely can be frightened bv or
dmary means. lie at once concluded
tbat some one had accidentally shot into
his room, but directly a second report,
at the same place, was repeated.
Mrs. Emanuel was terribly frightened.
Her husband lowered the lamp,
rushed to the window, threw open the
Diincis, ana aiscnargea nis pistoi m me
direction of the ground. For a minute
or two all was quiet, when suddenly,
in his room, near his trunk, in rapid
succession, two reports of what seemed
to be pistol shots, were heard. After
a short interval there were two reports
under the house, directly under the bedroom,
and just at that moment the
house shook and crockeryware rattled,
and a noise was heard as if glass were
being ground in a mill, and simultaneously
every rooster in the neighborhood
Mr. Emanuel says he was sure that
judgment day had arrived, ana mat ne
had no other ihought but that in a short
time he would be facing the Immaculate
Judge. Mr. Emanuel vacated the
house at once, and the place is now unoccupied,
where "gobblin damns" can
hold high carnival. Mr. Emanuel is an
honest, truthful and intelligent citizen,
and the above facts were recited to
The State correspondent by him in a
The War In Chile.
Washington, April 30.?Rear Admiral
McCan, in command of the South
Atlantic Station, has sent the Navy Department
a long report, dated Caldira,
March 24. in regard to Chilean affairs.
The Congressional deputies (the insurrectionary
chiefs,) he says, had their
headquarters on board a transport in the
harbor of Iquique. During the forenoon
of the 17th, while the Pensacola (his
flagship) was at Iquique, the insurgent
man of-war Esmeralda, and the transports
Aconcagua and Maipo put to sea
to attack Autofagasta, with about 1,500
troops on board. The ironclad Blanco
Encalada was blockading Autofagasta
at the time. The Chilean officers stated
that it was the intention to attack
and capture Arica, then blockaded by
The admiral, iu his account of the capture
of Iquique by the insurgents, says
that by the tire of ships five blocks of
houses were destroyed, considerable coal
burned and the office of the United
States consul destroyed. The fighting
back of the hills culminated in a battle
with 1,600 men on each side. Before
the fight 200 government troops deserted
to the insurgents. The fight was brief,
but sanguinary, the insurgents acknowledging
.200 killed and about the same
number wounded, while the government
had 400 killed and 200 wounded. Early
in the fight the government cavalry fled,
killing everyone that came in their way,
whether friends or foes. Col. Robels,
the government cammander, was wounded
and captured and afterwards assassinated
in his bed.
The sovernment force in the neighbor
hood ol Iquique seems to have entirely
disappeared. A number of troops raised
in the south and sent north to fight have
gone ovei to the insurgents, and it would
see 11 as if President Balmaceda was to a
small extent recruiting an army for the
benefit of his enemies. The insurgent
forces are at present iu possession ot'the
entire northern coast from Arica to Taltalancr,
400 miles, as well as holding the
extensive nitrate deposits on the pampas,
which have been the great source of revenue
to Chile, and they are able to maintain
their position so Ion? as the government
is without a navy, as tin mountain
coasts and the great desert are impracticable
for extensive military operations.
Will Not Run.
Pougiikeepsie, X. Y., April 30 ?
Stephen B. Elkins is authority for the
statement made to the effect that James
G. Blaine would shortly announce his
decision not under any circumstances
to allow his name to be used at the next
Republican convention as a candidate
for president. It is said that Mr.
Blaine's letter or announcement will bo
so positive as to admit of but one con
struction, ana tnat is uihl ae wm ucvci
again be a candidate for the presidency.
The Xews Press also quotes Hon.
Smith M. Weed as saying that when the
time came Mr. Blaine would be found
positively declining a nomination.
Also that \V. J. Arkell says that Mr.
BlaiDe is about to come out with a most
positive refusal to allow his name to be
used again in connection with the presidency.
Five of the Crew Drowned.
Sault Ste Marie. Mich., May 0.? |
The schooner reported iD distress by the
barge Sitka is the Atlanta, Captain
Knelton, which left here in tow of the
barge Wilhelm Saturday night. A
heavy Northwest gale struck the Wilhelm
with the Atlanta in tow Sun.iay
morning. When they were off Sable
bank the tow line of the Atlanta parted
twenty miles Northwest of No 10 life
saving station. When she foundered
the crew endeavored to reach the shore
in yawls, five of them perishing in the
attempt. The crew from the life saving
station put out in the breakers and
succeeded in saving two of the ill-fated
schooner's men. The Atlanta was coal
laden for Ashland.
A Horrible Death.
Charleston, S. C., May 1.?George
Carter, colored, lost his life in a horrible
manner today, on Central wharf. Carter
was the engineer of a hoisting machine
which was unloading a cargo of coal
from a vessel at the wharf. By some unexplained
accident, he was caught between
the rope and drum, the fatal ceil
twisting about the body and gradually
crushing the life of out it. If he made
any outcry the noise of the machinery
drowned it. There were no eye-witness. ,
When found the remains were horribly
THE COLD SNAP NORTH AND WEST.
Fruits and Early Vegetables Seriously
Cincinnati, May G.?The Signal
Service department reports no frost in .
this vicinity last night. At Wooster 0.,
the farmers report that all early fruit
was destroyed w'Monday night's frost.
Some say that the wheat, which ia now
jointing, has been injured. The mercury
was down to the freezing point thig (
At Washington Court House 0.,
there was a biack frost and the ice was
more than one-eighth of an inch thick.
Leading horticulturists say that all the
early cherries are killed, and many
peaches, pears, apples, grapes, etc. The
full extent of the damage is not known,
but it is thought to be very great.
At Frankfort, Ky., a light frost
throughout the section last night did considerable
berry crops, but IruTf was too lar advanced
lor much damage. Th?re is a
promise of the finest yield of fruit known
At Lima, 0., there was a li^ht frost
last night, extending all over this section
and doing considerable damage to early
fruits and vegetables. Wheat wa3
scorched in some places very severely.
At Madison, Ind., it is reported that
the Kentucky and Indiana peach orchards
are uninjured by last night's
Bethlehem. Pa.. Mav 6.?The cold
wave reached here last night. Snow
semails are frequent and ice formed in
exposed placed. Farmers report this
morning that the strawberry crop is seriously
injured. Fruit is also frozen in
some parts of the country.
Wilmington, Del., May 6.?There
xxroa o VinotTTT tall r\F annar in f Vna tr
""-1 ""VttTJ mi. V/i. ^ ~
throughout the northern part of the State
early this morning, but it melted at once.
The temperature at noon is 50, with a
cold north wind. Fruit, it is feared, has
Johnstown, Pa., May 6.?Snow fell
in this city last night and this morning,
covering tbe ground. In the northern
part of Cambria and Somerset countries
a fall of an inch of snow last nisht is
Pottsville, Pa., May G.?A snow
3torm set in early this morning and con
tinned for several hours. During the
past few days the whether has been exceptionally
cold for this season of the
Charlottesville, Ya., May G.?
There was a severe fro3t in this vicinity
last night. All early vegetation was injured
on the low grounds, and grapes
were badly bitten. The weather is colder,
and another frost tonight is feared.
Danville, Ya., May G ?There was
a heavy Irost here last night, and vegetables
were badly damaged. Xo damage
to wheat and fruit.
A Delusion and a Snare
Jackson, Miss., May 7.?In reply to
a request from the Weber County Alliance
asking for his views on the subTiwjry
plan, Governor J. M. Stone,
who has been frequently and favorably
mentioned as the successor to ex-Senator
Walthall, has submitted a letter, the
fnllowinor hein^ an extract therefrom:
The government should give equal rights
and administer civil and exact justice to
all and imposing as few burdens as possible,
should essentially be distributed,
leaving every individual to his own efforts
ror success and happiness. The
government has no wealth to beslow and
when it undertakes to dispense favors
it always has favorites and gives to them
at the expense of those not favored. It
must be so from the very nature of
things, for it has to take from some to
give to others.
We of the South, chiefly an agricultural
people, have felt this evil with
crushing force, for the high protective
system of the Republican parly for the
benefit of manufacturing interests, mainly
of the North, has operated in a twofold
manner to injure us by depressing
the price of our cotton and greatly increasing
the cost of many articles we
are compelled to buy with the proceeds.
The cause of our depression is the protective
system, maintained for protection,
and the enormous burdens of government
which fall heavily upon us,
while we get little to compensate us for
tnese grievous lmpusiuuujs.
So far as the sub-treasury is iatended
to supply an increase of money, It promises
nothing good to the farmers, who,
above all others, will be the victims of
the evils of any inflation which will disturb
values. They need for their welfare
a currency as steady and stable as
themselves. Traders and speculators,
those looking out for corners, can not
amid the excitement of speculative values
and fluctuations from the disturbance,
the irritation leaving the farmer
and laborer no sort of even chance in
-c ii: rnu?
uiac condition ui iuili^s. mc
of an opportunity to obtain money at a
lo v rate ot interest by depositing cotton
and getting an advance of 80 per cent,
ot its value is, I think, a delusion or a
The Strong Arm of the Law.
Uniontown, Penn., May 4.?Another
collision has occurred between the
coke strikers and deputy sheriffs, the result
being that one striker is dead, and
one seriously wounded. Last-night Superintendent
Gray and Pit Boss Callaghan,
of LeisenringXo 3, went to house
No 17 to arrest two of the strikers, who
had seized two men who had been at
work and held them at the house of the
strikers. They were set upon and stoned
QTirl The> wmc to their aid. One
of the strikers tried to take a <run from
one of the deputies, when a shot was
fired by the strikers. Superintendent
Gray then ordered the deputies to fire,
and in the volley which followed John
Mahan, a striker, fell dead and another,
whose name is not known, received a
mortal wound. The strikers then scattered
and the two men who were held
prisoners were rescued and taken to
Leisenring. The situation is now re
Heavy Frost and Ice.
St. Paul, Mmn.. May 4.?Dispatches
from many Northern Minnesota points
says that a heavy frost prevailed Saturday
night in eight or ten counties. In
Kittson County ice was found, and in
Polk, Hubbard and Marshall youcg
wheat and oats were cut down. At Park
River it is said that strawberries and
other small fruits were so tar advanced
in the bud that they are ruined. Young
leaves on trees were ?o badly frozen that
I'UVJ lUlU^U UiUVUp
A Chilean Kebel Ship Seltxl.
Sax Diego, Cal., May 6.?The steamship
Etata, which putin this port a few
days ago, for the purpose of obtaining
provisions for the war ships in possession
of the Congressional party of Chife,
has been seized by the United States
A SHOOTING SCRAPE.
* SOUTH BOUND ROAD CONTRACTOR
SHOOTS A MAN.
A Squabble About Pay the Cause of the
Difficulty?The TFonnded Man Brought
to Columbia?Particulars of the She?tIdS.
Coloibia, S. C., May 1?Xews was
received in the city yesterday that a
difficulty had occurred at the construction
camp of Messrs. Webb & Oates, on
the South Bound Road, about ten miles
from the city, itf which a white man
named John Ham met had been shot
and mortally wounded by T. J. Stack,
a member of the firm of Stack & Roof,
sub-contractors under Webb <x Oates.
The first news of the affair was
brought to the city by Felix Sharp, who
was the bearer of a letter to H. L. Williams.
The letter is as follows:'
Stack & Roof .Camp, April 30, -
Mr. S. L. WiUiams. '
Bear Ybsekd: John Hammet got
shot this morning. Seriously hurt.
Dtto't think he can live. Please notify
the Masons and K. of P.'s. He belongs
to both orders. Bring a good doctor
with you. He will be paid well for his
n. A olr AA W> A r-t TT T AIM rt I
WU1&.. VULLie IJgLLU ? CLLU dlUiiC.
Also I want you to send a telegram to
H. J. Hammet, Blackville. He will
come to your stables. Have him brought
out here, and look on other side for telegram.
Bob L. Williams.
The telegram referred to is as follows:
B. J. Hammet, Blackville:
Johnnie is dangerously shot. Can't
live without change. Come at once.
R. L. Williams,
At H. L. Williams's stables.
In response to the request contained
in the letter, Dr. Prank Green *ras asked
to go out to the camp and attend to the
wounded man, and he started witn tnat
intention, but when he reached New
Brookland Trial Justice Green informed
him that news hadreachedhim
that the man was dead, and that it
would therefore be no use to go. The
party who gave this information to the
Trial Justice stated that Hammett had
been shot three times, viz.: through the
wristf, the upper portion of the arm and
through the abdomen. It soon appeared,
however, after Dr. Green's return
to Columbia, that the report of the
man's death was premature, and at the
last accounts he was still living, but
with no apparent chance of recovery,
ana a wagon ana mattress naa Deen sent
to the camp to bring bim into the city.
He is under the medical attendance of
Dr. Geiger, of Lexington, who was sent
to the camp as soon as the news of the
shooting was spread abroad.
THE CAUSE OF THE DIrTICTLTY.
There were many conflicting reports
on the streets as to the causes which led
to the difficulty, but the following account
of it from a gentleman who was
at the camp yesterday after the occur- J
rence, may be regarded as strictly relia- j
It seems that Hammet and his friend,
R. L. Williams, two Barnwell men who
were in the employ of Stack & Roof,
decided some days ago to quit work and
^,3 4.1^;- rrntw a
ucLLiauucu biicir yaj. >v ltu wjia ucuiauu
Mr. Stack was unable to comply at once,
as his firm only has monthly settlements
with the chief contractors, which
are made on the 20th of each month.
When informed that they could not get
their pay at once, the report is that
these men became very troublesome
and riotous, and with pistols in hand,
prevented the other hands from working.
Mr. Stack then saw the chief contractors,
and with the view of getting
rid of these men arranged to hare them
paid off, and they were paid off by
checks on the Loan and Exchange
Rank Hammpt rpppivincr th*> sum nf
$24, which it is said was the amount
The gentleman who gave the above
information says that the story of the
further trouble as given to him by the
people at the camp, was to the effect
that Hammet and Williams came over
to Columbia after getting their checks,
and then returned to the camp and still
interferred with the hands and prevented
them from working, and that this
state of affairs continued until vpster
day morning:. At that time Mr. Stack
beinj: on horseback at the camp, was
assaulted by Hammet, who came at
him with a pine knot in his hand and
threw it at him, and Stack then drew
his pistol and sbot Hammet through
wrist. Hammet felt for his pistol, and,
missing it, called to Williams to bring
him his, which he did. Then Stack
rired twice again, one shot striking
Hammet in the upper part of the arm,
the other striking him in the middle of
the abdomen, passing clear through the
body. It does not appear from the accounts
received that Williams took any
part in the difficulty except to hand his
friend the pistol.
As soon as he had done the shooting,
Mr. Stack rode off and came on to the
city- He has employed Messrs. Melton
& Melton as his counsel, and by their
advice has remained quietly at the residence
of his father, Captain "W. H.
Stack, to await the result of the wounds
and submit to the process of the law.
The statement of Williams, as made
to his friends in this city, varies from
the above in one or two important particulars,
and it is to the effect that
Stack and Ham met renewed their dispute
about the settlement vesterdav
morning, and that Hammet told Stack
that if he would get down off his horse
he would whip him, whereupon Stack
rode off a short distance and was followed
by Hammet, who had no weapon
of any kind, and that Stack then turned
and tired five shots at Hammet, three of
which took effect as above stated. The
brothers of Ham met came up to Columbia
liict. nicrht. anH prrmlnvpd Messrs.
--- C J
bkinner & Williams, aud together with
Mr. Skinner proceeded to tbe camp to
get the wounded man and brine him to
the city. It was stated that Mr. Skinner
would endeavor to procure Hammers
ante-mortem statement if possible?Register.
A Younc Great-Grandmother,
Philadelphia, May 7.?Mrs. Henry
K. Updegrave, wife of a hot?l keeper
at Tower City, Pa., is prolably tbe
youngesj great-grand mother in the
United States. She was born August
11, 1843, near Gratztown, Dauphin
County, and is not yet forty-eight years
old. In 1856, in her fourteenth year,
she married Emanuel Shoffstall. Aggie
her oldest dauguter, married at fifteen,
a Mr. Kumberger, and had one daughter,
Maggie, so that Mrs. Shoffst3ll was
a grandmother at thirty. Maggie
Rumberger married at tbe" age of sixteen
Daniel Messner, and to this pair a
son was born a couple of months ago.
Dmanuel Shoffstall died in 1888, and his
widow married Henry K. Updegrsve of
liarned to Death.
Rochester, X. Y., May 4.?A limp
exploded in a tenement house on Nassau
street at 3 o'clock this morning and set
me tmnaing on nre. ivzust vi mc m-;
mates escaped, but after the fire was
extinguished the bodtes of HennaD
Stephanski and his wife were found in
oae of the rooms. Their usual habit
was drunkecess and it is supposed they
were too stupefied with liquor to underataud
their danger uniil too late.
A DEAD ROGUEWhoae
Lonr-Coutinned Thievery is Just
New York,'April 30.?The Ninth Xa
tional bank is in trouble. There has
been a defalcation of nearly $500,000,
was the startling rnmor that circulated
about the city. It proved only too true
The late president. John T. Hill, who
died at his home in New Brunswick, N.
J., last month, was discovered to have ;
been a defaulter for over 3400,000. .
The fact was not known or dreamed ,
of until an examination of his own and "
the bank's affairs was made after his *
death. He died honored and respected,
with a reputatirr untarnished. The .
rpv#?iat.inns nf thfi last few davs have as- '
tonished and shocked his friends and
brought soirow and disgrace to the
The actual condition of affairs was ,
learned when President Hill's successor [
was .elected, in the person of C. Henry
Garden, who had been the acting vice :
president for many years, and upon^o- i
ing oyer Mr. Hill's private papers and
the securities of the bank, which, dur- ;
ing his life, President Hill took almost 1
sole charge of.
President Hill's methods were peculi- i
ar and very simple. He was the execu- ,
tor r.nd trustee for several large 'estates '
in "N^w .Terspv. were his renutation for
t honesty and shrewdness as a financier :
j was such that he was frequently select- ;
ed for such offices of trust ant' responsi- <
bilitv. As executor he had t&e handling'and
control of a large number of :
securities of greater or less value,
which were held as investments. These i
for convenience and safety he kept at :
His plan in brief was this: When
loans were made to customers of the
bank they deposited collateral in the <
shape of bonds or stocks. These were
placed in envelopes and put away in the
strong box of the bank, which was kept ;
in the vault, and was under immediate
supervision of the president. Subsequently
when the loans were paid, usually
by certified checks, the collaterals
were returned to the borrower.
President Hill, however, instead of <
? *- ?- ? ? a V A 1 AflP ?n 4-T-* /-V f V?A
LUariLlIJ^ LilCiUdll Uli. vu IlUC uwiu U1 uuu
bank w ould substitute soma of the seeuries
he held as executor, replace the
envelope In the oox, and pocket the
check. So far as was shown by the
books of the bank the loans to the customer
was still outstanding. The customer
himself would know nothing of i
this, and so far as appears none of the
people in the bank were any wiser. It
was an easy matter to arrange for any ,
interest payments that might become :
In time it seems that Hill became i
bolder in his operations, or more desper- ,
ate, for it appears that he did not even
go through the formality of substituting
his trust securities in the envelopes
when the other securities were received
by the bank's customers, for many of
the envelopes have been found to be entirely
empty. Hill carried on this form
of business for several years, for so far
as can be learned his first act was committed
some four or fife years ago.
His death on March 1 caused the most
profound sorrow, and his widow and
four children had the sympathy of all
the people of the city in which they
The defaulting president had been
tnifK tho hont AVPf Ql'nAP 1 fft
WUUCtlCU TT 1UU WUV A V T V4 . vorganization
in February, 1864. He was
first paying teller, then cashier, and finally
became president in 1877. He was
a man of unsullied reputation up to the
time of his death and the discoveries
following. As a business man he was
considered careful, conservative and
Kome In a State of Panic.
London, May 6.?A letter received
herft from Rome describes a number of
uew facts in regard to the riots which
took place there oil May Day, and as to
the general feeling of the people upon
the same occasion. According to this
letter public officials at Rome, as well
as the people, have been in a state of
panic for a week or two.This
state of affairs is due to several
caues, the. most prominent of whicn are
the lall of the ministry headed by Crispi,
ttie accession 01 me .Kucum miuisiry mw
power, the strODg public demand tor an
equalization to expenses and receipts
without fresh taxatioc, diplomatic troubles
which have arisen between Italy
and the United States, and, fin illy, the
explosion -it Pozzo Fantaleo, which
caused so much damage and alarm in
Rome and its vicinity.
In spite of all denials and official statements
to the effcct that the explosion at
Pozzo Pantaleo was not the work of So
Ciaiist or Anarcnisis, tae ivuuiaus are
convinced to the contrary. This letter
was written previous to the fire which
destroyed the barracks and stables of
Carabineri yesterday, and which added
to the state of uneasiness, creating such
alarm at the Vatican that the entire
torce of Swiss Guards was kept on duty
The letter says further that all religious
organizations and a majority of the
wealthy citizens prepared for a disturban
op. hv laving in stocks of provisions.
fuel, etc, prepared for a state of siege in
fact. The air was full of alarming rumors,
which gradually grew in importance
until it was actually believed that
a revolution was impending.
As In a Is'oveL
Pottsville, Pa. April 30.?Miss Anna
L. Otto, daughter of Daniel Otto of
Cressona, this county, was engaged to
be married to John A. Deiter over a
year ago, but a lingering illness from
which Miss Otto suffered prevented
their marriage. A few weeks ago she
recovered her health fully, as she believed,
ana with it her old-time spirits.
I f\ -? /-3n*? loaf- rxroolr hnaroror cho
UU 1 J.1UOJ VA. mow Tl VV/O) iiV ft V T V4. f UUV
was again taken ill. She and her lover
had agreed beforehand that they should
be married at once, and Saturday was
fixed as the wedding day. When Saturday
dawned Miss Otto's physicians
declared that she had not long" to live.
The lovers, nevertheless, decided that
the marriage should come off on that
day. The llev. C. E. Bartholomew was
called in, and be performed the ceremony
with the girl's parents and relatives
gathered about the girl's sick bed.
Two hours later the new made bride
Footaore, Weary, Destitute.
Chicago, April 30.?Martin Cupota,
his wife and three children, were arrested
yesterday, jast as the father and
mother were about to drown themselves
in the lake. The whole family
huri walkpd from Harrisburcr. Pa., and
the feet of the children were great masses
of sores and blisters. Xone of the
members of the family bad eaten for
some time. Cupota is a furnace man,
and was obliged to quit work at Harrisburg
on occourt or the strike in the
coke regions. The family arrived here
yesterday morning, and, being utterly
weary and destitute, were on the point
of throwing themselves into the lake
[ when accosted by the officers. They ;
were taken to a police station and fed,
and an effort will be made today to find i
employment for the father. In the <
meantime, the mother and children
will be car?d for by the officers.
GOV. TILLMAN'S VIEWS.
AS EXPLAINED TO A REPORTER OF
THE ATLANTA JOURNALHe
Favors Cheap Money, Free Silver
and Tarift Reform, and Denounces the
Sab-Treaanry Scheme and Third Party
COLUiiBiA, S. C., April 30.?Governor
Ben Tillman was looking spruce, cool
md comfortable in a new light alpaca
summer coat, when I found him .is. hia
Dffice at the capitol this morning.
"Will South Carolina b6 represented
at the coming third party convention in
Cincinnati ?" I asked.
"There may be some volunteer delegates
from this State," answered the
governor, but if there are, they will go
kherA as individuals, and t.hftv will reu- k
resent nobody, but themselves. They
certainly will not represent either the
Alliance or the Alliance sentiment in the
"I am convinced that the farmers of .J
this State are unalterably opposed to any
and all third party scheme. So long as
they have negro rule and Federal inter
: 4.1* A r?
lereuue soaring mem m mo law, me instinct
of self preservation tells them to
stick together and to work out their sal
ration as Democrats and inside the
ranks of the Democratic party.
"Yes, sir," repeated the Governor,
earnestly, "you may put me down as absolutely
and unequivocally opposed to
ihis Cincinnati third party scheme and
all similar schemes. I am and always
have been a South Carolina, Edgefield,
dyed-in-the-wool Democrat, anal ex
pect to do my fighting, as I have done
it in the past, strictly within the party
"Instead of running off after this third
party will-o'-the-wisp" said Governor
Tillman, "what the farmers of South
Carolina expect to do is to try to get a .
Democratic candidate for the next Pressdential
campaign who will represent
the reforms thev advocate and who will
be pledged to their support In other
words, while they don't want an Alliance
candidate for President, they want
the Democratic candidate to be a man
who is in accord with the ideas of the _
Allianee on the great issues of the day,
such as the free coinage of silver and
the reform of the tariff.
' Tr* 4-V* tttcx orn
J.U KUg UVUUU TT\/ CtiC yiUV/UlVAUXJ UijUV^Vi
on the three issues of tariff reform, free
silver and the retaining of State control
of all elections, and those will be the issues,
in my view, in the next presidential
"But," continued he, "the free coinage
of silver is only one phase of the financial
question. We want not only more
silver, but more greenbacks, and I favor
the direct issue of greenbacks based on
the government's credit. 'If the government
can float S3T)0,000,000 of greenbacks,
why not SI,000,000,000? Or if it
is found impracticable to issue this
money on the country's credit alone, a
system of land banks might be estab
lished by which the money could be issued
to the people, based on land as a
security. It seems to me that the government,
with its powers of taxation and
its unlimited resources, could issue the
money on its credit, but if not, then
such a system as I suggest could be devised
which would give us a circulating ?
medium as good as gold, and relieve the
asphyxiation that has been produced in
the agricultural States by the disastrous
finahcial policy of the past."
"To sum up the matter," said Governor
Tillman, "we want more money, we
want the tariff reform, and we are too
afraid of the negro to run off into any
third party." .j
" >y mca ui tnese quesuous uo yuu wusider
of the greatest importance'? I
The reply was prompt:
"The financial question, undoubtedly.
It is of more pressing import to us than
the tariff. We can stand the tariff a
while longer, but more money we must
have, and at once. It seems to me how- '-?2
ever, that we can afford to neglect
neither the financial or the tariff issue.
They are both of overwhelming importance,
and they will not down. Least of
all, could we afford to relegate the free
silver issue to the rear."
Slnoolrinor nf t.hA snh-f-mtxjNrv hill
V*. VU.V WfckV V* VVWWVU. J IVMAf
Governor Tillman said:
"I am opposed to the measure. I
want 'something better,' and that 'something
better' I believe to be what I have
already suggested?the free coinage of
silver combined with the issuance o?
greenbacks either on the government's
own credit or on land. The sub-treasury
bill violates the Alliance doctrine of
'equal rights to all special privileges to
nrtno ' 1 H/vn't holio-u-o that, t.rco wrnnfrs
can make a right, and because farmers
have been systematically and outrageously
imposed on in the past is no reason;why
they should demand class legislation
lor their own benefit now. ,
"My opinion is that the majority of
the farmers of the State are not in favor
of the sub-treasury bill though in thaS
opinion I differ from some of the Alliance
leaders. The reason no opposition
has been developed to it inside the Alliance
in this State is that it has never
been made a square issue. In any contest
with an Alliance advocating the
fi?Ar?PTTw on/1 A 111or>/>nmon
ouu'tiCCvOUJ. j auu o uvu-? mlouvvmaii \j%rposing
it, the suo-treasury would be S3?
pretty sure to win, but as between two
Alliancemen, both loyal to the order,
one opposing and the other supporting
the sub-treasury, I believe the anti-subtreasury
man would get as maay votes
as the other. In other words, where Allimen
have the subject presented to them
clearly and are allowed to vote without
the interference of prejudice, I believe
the majority of them would go against
"However," continued the Governor,
"I don't believe the Alliance can atford
to split on the sub-treasury. They will
hunt something better rather than attempt
to force it down the throats of
the very large jection of the order op
posed to it. They must agree to disagree
as to details in order to achieve
the great reforms at which they are all
aiming."?T. E. Ilorton in Atlanta
"A Snap Shot Picture."
Cincinnati, May 6.?A Wooster,
Ohio, dispatch says that on the night of
August 20, 1890, the farm residence of
Michael Shelby, near this city, was
forcibly entered by four masked men,
who bound and gagged Shelby and his
azed wife, and stole cash amounting to
SI2,000. Mrs. Shelby died from nervous
prostration brought on by the excitement
of the robbery.
The detective bureau has just caused
the arrest of Henry II. Binckle>, his
grandson, Harry Webb, and his soil,
Daniel lJinckley, who are neighbors of
the Shelbys. Daniel Binckley was, un
til a few weeks before the crime was
committed, a member of the police
force in Kansas City, Mo., where he
was discharged. Among the bills stolen
was one of a thousand dollar denominat.inn_
Dame? Bineklev's wife made _
a trip to Canada to get this bill changed. "^1
The Canadian bank officials,suspicious
of her actions, took a snap shot picture
of her aj she was receiving the money.
The men .Till also be prosecuted for