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VOL. XLVI. WIXNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 27. 1891. NO. 41. j
? ? ? ': i&S
GRIFFIN AND TILLMAN. !
A TART CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN j
Governor T:l! mrui Culls the Superintend
cut of ihf State I-uiiati-; Asylum to;
Account, ami the I.utter Defend* Himself
with Su;nf Acerliity.
^ Columbia, s. C., May 18?The l'ol-!
! lowing correspondence between (lov-j
< traor Tilluum and Dr. Griffin, which
^ concludes with a request for the resig- j
nation of Dr. Griffin, will be read with '
great interest. The letter referred to j
by Governor Tillman in his opening!
note was published hi the News and j
Columbia, S.'.C., May 5,1891.
Dr. P. E. Gritlin, Columbia, S. C.? j
])t-ar Sir: In your letter to the regents, j
a copy of which was handed me last
week, you complain of unfair treat- j
? 1 i-vominotinii r?f !
XGMIt cillU ctll t'A'pcu r^uuiiuuvAvu v*.
witnesses by the committee.
1 be? to remind you that when the
investigation begun no charges had been
preferred against anyone, and the committee,
including myself, looked to
getting at the truth only?finding out
if anything was wrone: with the institution
or us management. The developments
were of such a natuieasto
provoke a more thorough inquiry along
V certain lints, and you were promised
an opportunity to crossqi'.estion witnesses
or bring in testimony in rebuttal.
As soon as the testimony was reduced
to writing a copy was furnished to the
\ regents for their and your use, and you
had the opportunity you asked. But,
instead oi doinjr this,"you entered on a
discussion of tr.e old and new methods
of treating tli-* insane.
The Constitution imposes on me the
responsibility tv.r the htcess and eftitho
and thft pmnloveps
utvjiiwy wi ci.v ? ??
of the Asylum. I must perform my I
duty, bowevvr disagreable it may be, j
and jet I will give you the full oppor- j
tuuity to exonerate yourself if you can. I
1 wriie to ask whether you still" wish to j
crossexamine the witnesses whose tes- j
timony condemns you, or to attemptto
impeach their veracity.
jj. R. Tillman, Governor.
? Office S. C. LrNATic Asylum, I
rMav 5,1891. J J
To his Excellency, 13. R. Tillman, j
k Governor?Sir: In reply to your letter
1 just received, I beg to'state that I shall
have the honor to communicate with
your Excellency some time this afternoon
or evening, either personally or
I have the honor to be very respect- J
fully your obedient servant,
r. E. Griffin. Superintendent.
On the same day Dr. Griffin wrote the
Office 6. C. Lvnatic Asylum, \
May 5.1891. )
To his Excellency. B. K. Tillman,
Governor?Sir: After more mature
consideration of the subject matter of
i your letter of this morning. I am conmv
hust.v nromise to
r duaiucu . w %?. * .. j j.
? " reply this evening, and I therefore be?
your Excellency's Indulgence for a day
or two longer.
I have the honor to be very respectfully.
1\ E. Gritfin, Superintendent.
Office S. C. Lunatic Asylum, /
May 8,1891. j
To His Excellency, IJ. R. Tillman,
Governor?S'r: I have the honor to
acknowledge the receipt of your letter
of the 5'h of May, instant, in which,
referring to iny answer and report to
+ ho tmnrri of rpfents of the Lunatic!
Asylum, of date 28th April last, and to
the recent investigation made by the
legislative committee, you inquire
whether I "still wish to cross-examine
the witnesses (whose testimony, as you
are pleased to assert condemns me,) or
to impeach their veracity."
In my report to the board I asserted
L that by "the secret and ex parte inquisition
''justice had been denied me; that
I had been condemned without opportunity
of plea 'ind of defence, without
semblance of tri3l, without knowledge
of the charge and specifications pre-.
ferred against me, without place for
confronting the accusing witnesses and
without the right of testimony in my
In your U tter 5 on concede that, I was
"promised ait opportunity to cruss
question the witnesses or bring in testimony
in rebuttal," but you precetd
to say "that "as soon as the testimony
was reduced to writing: a copy was furnished
to the regents for their and
your use. and you inid the opportunity
you asktd. liut instead of doing this
you entered on a discussion of the old
and new methods of tieating the insane."
Thi> promise, as I stated iu my report,
was made to me by you, speaking
for the committee as well as for yourself,
while 1 was in-fore the committee
undergoing examination, and certainly,
if given in good faith, authorized me to
expect that before the inquisition was
concluded I should have the occasion
tendered to me by you and the committee
of presenting my defence.
.Now your Excellency does not. r.eed
to be iniormed that so soon as the committee
had concluded the examination
of each w itness as they choose to select
without- notice to me. without the
slightest intimation of their readiness
L__ to hear me, they with swift sentence
on that same day proceeded to iind and
tr verdict. hv which I was
k "condemned." as you term it, upon most
serious imputations of negligence, misfeasance
and incapacity in the conduct
oi' my otlice affecting my personal, oflicial
and professional reputation. In
tlie face of thi- statement of fact, which
;>.uot denied, yon say that ;:s soon as
the testimony was redact d to writing
ibat a copy was furnished to the recents
"and that I had the opportunity
my r;*port to the board I stated that I
Lad "access to some eighty pages ot
banuscripf containing portions of the
fcliniciiy oi'some of thos* witnesses
ee chose |
me is j
BH&- of the
Ipf; me by
Court which, for whatever purpose, in
dt-liance of justice, and in breach of
their raith, have prejudiced my ease.
In view of all these circumstances, J
however anxious I may be to vindicate j
myself from the unjust and untruthful
ce'asures they have denounced against
me. I am not willing to engage in such
trilling procedure before such a tribunal,
and it is left to rne to submit to the
consequences which your letter in ad-|
vance threatens against me to invite i
you in your own phrase "to perform
your duty" whatever it maybe. That!
as you intimate, this may be a disagreeable
duty is to me the subject of
I have the honor to be very respectfully
your obedient servant.
P. E. Grillin, Superintendent.
Columbia, May it, is'jl. j
Dr. P. E. Grillin. Columbia, S. C.?Sir:
I find your letter of yesterday a waiting j
me on my return from Pendleton. 1
beg once more to impress on your mind
the following facts:
1. Tne committee appointed by tke
General Assembly were charged with
the duty not of "investigating the su-J
perintendeot of the Asylum but of the !
institution as a whole.
2. Their preliminary report called to I
my attention certain facts in reference I
to the management of the institution
upon which I alone as Governor have
the power to act, for I alone under the
Constitution am given the power to appoint
its officers and employees, and
even the Legislature cannot remove
such persons as are thus appointed.
9 H'hio Kflinff cn T ylrmp am flip I
to decide whether the charges contained
in the report of the investigating com-'
mittee are true and, if so, what is my
duty. There is no need to brin^ the investigating
committee back here to
hear your defence,if you desire to make
any, "for I can hear'the testimony of
your witnesses and have offered to accord
you the privilege of ^ross-examination
of those witnesses who testified
KnVnrn V-.q nnmmittup arifl this Mn 1 ifi
(.UV V/V'lllUJiVVv?, V...V
had in public and with counsel if you
wish it. The witnesses are all either in
the asylum or in the city, and the testimony
"already given by them can be
read in their and your presence.
4. The examination by the committee
was made in secret to prevent collusion
among witnesses and to guard
against intimidation. All of the employees
of the asylum had been appointed
by yourself or the regents without
color of law, and many witnesses
testified unwillingly, seeming to fear
the less of place.
5. All your fine wr ting about "the
Spanish Inquisition" and the "Star
Chamber of England" may appeal to
the sympathy of certain people, but you
are mistaken when you say "the inves
tigation under your (myj guidance nas
heretofore proceeded only in the spirit
ot fault-finding before a Court which,
for whatever purpose in defiance of justice
and in breach of their faith, have
prejudged my case in Court." Injustice
to inve .tigating committee anu to
myself it must be stated that we tried
to arrive at the exact truth and nothing
more. There has not been and is not
now the least animus or personal feeling.
The committee acting as a grand
jury, have framed an indictment ana
sent in the testimony. Jioth were furnished
you ana 1 naturally expected you
would ask an opportunity to disprove
the charges, but instead you wrote a
labored defence addressed to the regents,
but intended solely to iniluence
public opinion. The regents ha:l nothing
to do with the matter, and their
flattering endorsement of your official
conduct cannot disprove facts and may
prove a boomerang for themselves.
G. Without touching on other matters
brought out in the testimony,
nmr>err>ns witnesses testify that the
man, Milne, whom you characterize as
a "crank" and who Dr. Corbett says is
"morally insane," by which I understand
he has a depraved nature which would
not hesitate to gratify any passion or
appetite, this man. for months, has been
permitted to have a key which would
open the doors of any of the femab
wards or any room in those wards. He
bad such a key before he was allowed
to go to North Carolina last year, how
long is not known, and he obtained
another which he says you gave him,
when he returned last fall. It was so
-?? ? * ? ?? *+ * ? T-> <"? f /M>/i I'Al'P T ? * V"? 1 1 ?1
liULUIlUUS LIJ cX i. iiC L!<1U. tucoc rwt.) r>, iiuiiv
he had a similar key to the male wards
and thus go in and out of any ward in
the building at any time, but none of
the old employees "seemed to think it
worth whiie to teil you: as they all
thought you knew it and permitted it.
If these witnesses have testified the
truth, to say nothing of the testimony
about the infrequeacy of your visits to
othe ;ards, it shows your knowledge
of v. i^ut was going on in the institution
to be very slight. It- proved that
you have been grossly negligent and
?., I n.jralijoj in *x-ii t fh i n or nvpr thp
V, Ui pUKJJL* V^C?J. V 1V.OO * u ? v-w
unfortunate female patients entrusted
to your care. ;There is nothing to show
that Milne ever used or abused his opportunities,
but the mind revolts at
and the imagination is sickened by the
thought of what could have happened
and what may have hap ened.
Without taking these things for
granted and removing you promptly, I
submitted the testimony to the regents
and to yourself. You did not. ask me
to ledeem my promise, but addressed
your reply to the regents; and when I
offered again to sive you a hearing you
accused me ol' "iault-linding"' and "unfairness;
charged the committee with
having prejudiced your c;:se. and add:
"It is only left for me to submit to the
consequeuces which your letter in advance
threatened against me." This is
m?-re trilling, and you know it.
1 promised you a fair trial and am
ready to give it to you, when, how and
wnere you win, proviuea it is speeuy. i
The law, as I have already said, allows!
me no option in judging your case myself,
and, while you may feel a contempt
lor "such a tribunal," the people,
whose servant 1 am, must judge between
1 beg to remind you in conclusion
that 1 was informed by a mutual l'nend
last December ''that it was your purpose
to resign in the spring, but if you
were to be Im-tHti out you would do so
then." My ieply was I knew no reason
u-t,v vni! rn?iiIf? Iih removed at nil
and certainly no discourtesy would be!
shown you or your friends. and some
newspapers c large tha: you are being1
persecuted, ami thatth - investigation
of the Asylum was instituted for the
purpose of making room lor some of
my political adherents.
I can only regret, as things have
turned our, that lor your own sake you
have not resigned before the storm
burst-. 1 shall be glad if you can prove j
that these things are not true, and wiii j
and that while I have necessarily been j
on the lookout lor your successor I have j
nut found a man to my likinar. It is j
the most, important oilice in the State, <
and I would be the la?t man to allow ;
political motives to iniluencemy choice. |
1J. it. Tillman. Governor.
Columbia, May is, ism.
Dr. P. E. GriiHu, Superintendent,;
Columbia. S. C.?Sir: i have waited
cation as superintendent of the Lunatic
li. II. Tillman. Governor.
The loll owing is Dr. Griflin's reply:
Okkick South Cauoi.ixa Luxatiu )
S. (-.. May 20th, 1801.)
To Ilis Kxcelleney, J>. K. Tillman, Governor:
6m: 1 have the honor to acknowlthf
r^fint of vour letter of the I
^ w *" * i ^
lfcth inst.. in which you ask me to tender
my resignation ol' the otiice of Superintendent
of the South Carolina Lunatic
This came to me while I was engaged
in preparation cf my reply to your communication
of the i'th inst., which had
been duly received. It contained no intimation
of any public exigency requiring
any especial haste, while the urgent
ami extraordinary demands upon me
at the asylum during the Centennial
week made it impossible for me to give
to this matter due and adequate consideration.
With this explanation I trust your
Excellency will acquit me of any" imputation
of discourtesy to you or of
any indifference to the statements presented
in your letter of the (Jlh inst. A
reply 111 detail to all the statement will
be, only a reiteration ot what has already
been presented to you ancl to the public,
but there is one assertion to which
I deem it my duty to call special attention.
In section of your letter it is
stated that "all of the employes at the
asylum had been appointed either by
yourself or by the Regents without color
Now,your .Excellency must surely
know that section lGbu of the General
Statutes enacts that '-The Regents of
the Lunatic Asylum shall form a body
corporate in deed and m law, lor all the
purposes ol' Hie said institution, with
aii the powers incident to coporations,
and that they are hereby authorized
and empowered to make and establish
all rules, regulations and by-laws for
the government of the institution."
The by-laws now in force, of which you
have a copy, distinctly gives to the superintendent
the right to appoint and
to discharge, with the consent of the
Regents,all employees and subordinate
otlicers, with the single exception of
treasurer. If it be true that under a
strict construction of the Constitution
all the oilicers and employees of the
lunatic asylum should be selected and
appointed and subject to removal by
thu flnvprnnr lit. his nwn will and
pleasure, it only furnishes another reason
why the fundamental law under
which we have been forced to live by a
convention alien t? the people should
be reformed; for it is out of the question
that this institution can be successfully
conducted by agencies over
which the .Board of llegents and the
superintendent have no control.
In your communication of the 9th
inst., there is only one other point that
I deem it necessary to consider. The
charges against me" seem to be reduced
to two specifications. First, the infrequency
of my visits to certain wards,
and second, my permitting one of the
male patients to have a key which gave
access to the female department." In
reply to the first I can only repeat what
has been already published, that I receive
early every morning: written re
ports from seven watches which show
the condition of every ward at each
hour of the night; that the matrons
and supervisee make daily written and
verbal reports of their respective departments;
that my assistant physician
after the morning inspection gives me
written and verbal reports of tbe condition
of the patients; that I am in
daily consultation with them in regard
to the treatment of the patients, visiting
those that need special attention;
and that the by-laws wisely leave to the
discretion of the superintendent the
frequency or times of his visits of inspection."
In referring to the second charge you
cf-Mfw thntv "t-h^ in:tn Milnp whom voil
characterized as a 'crank," and who Dr.
Corbett says ;is morally insane,' by
which I understand that" he has a depraved
nature which would not hesitate
to gratify any pass'.on or appetite
?this man was permitted for months
to have a key which would open the
doors to any of the female wards." In
reply to this I beg to repeat my denial
that Milne was permitted to have the
key, or that he is morally insane m the
meaning ol' having no "sense of right
and wrong, or of yielding to the blind
impulse of brutal passion. On the con
trary, uunu^ 111s cuiiulic incut uar, mo
deportment towards women has been
uniformly proper, respectful and deferential.
It has been proven that in
point of fact he was never on the wards
except when employed in painting, and
then always in the presence of the attendant
or of another painter hired to
assist. It is also well known that the
exterior doors are secured by inside
bolls which no key can operate- I feel
conlident that a calm and impartial
consideration would show that there
were really no "0DD0rtunities" which
would cause "the mind to revolt or the
imagination to sicken." As this charge
is mainly supported by I)r. Corbett's
characterization of Milne I beg to call
your Excellency's attention to the accompain
ing leittr to show how far you
misunderstood or misconstrued his
In your letter requesting my resignation
it is staled that you are "forced to
conclude that you do not wish such a
trial." The only trial oilered me is
one by the Governor. The by-laws of
the Institution give the Regents the
right to elect the Superintendent to
hold his otlice at the pleasure of the
IJoard. The Constitution gives the
Governor the power to appoint the Superintendent,
"with the advice and consent
of the Sanate. I hold that these
aretheoDly two courts competent to
try me. By the iir>t 1 have been exonerated
after thorough examination of
the testimony; a trial by the Senate has
not been offered.
Alter mature consideration of the
whole matter J feel constrained to decline
to tender my resignation while
there are charges against me.
I trust your Excellency will pardon
the suggestion that there remain but
three solutions of this unpleasant controversy:
A withdrawal of the charges,
or impeachment before the Senate ot
the State, or summary dismissal from
o;':ice by the Governor.
I have thb honor to be, very respectfnlly,
your obedient servant,
I'. K. GiMFKiX, Superintendent.
the milxe case.
Enclosed in the letter was the following:
Office South Cau^lixa Lunatic)
columbia. s. c., May 20th, 18(Jl. )
1>t. 1'. K. Grilli-i, Supt. S. C.L. Asylum,
Deak mi:: I regret to note in the
published correspondence between Govtu!m?n
-iml VfMircplf that, his
Mxce'ilfr-ncy, in quoting me as to the
moral insanity oi Mr. Milne, makes an
application which I think will not be
sustained by my testimony?certainly
not by what 1 meant to convev. An
explanation may not be amiss, for it is
! clue the Governor that he be prevented,
| under a misapprehension, from doing
; injustice to any one; it is due to myself
: that my position be not misconstrued.
Moral insanity is quite a different
; condition from moral depravit^^^i
the one cannot be inferr^^j
! other. It is wellj^jflj
there are various degrees and tendencies
of this aflliction.
I still hold my expressed opinion of
Mr. Milne, and it is net inconsistent
with these views to say that in nosensg
and at no time has the safety of the female
patients been endangered by the
liberty you allowed him. There was
nothing in his history or reputation
that would have caused the slightest
uneasiness in that particular. Very
truly yours, L. u. Coiiijett.
the govekxok's action.
The above was received by the Governor
at his ofilce at 1.52 o'clock. Governor
Tillman received, it from the
hand of his orderly, and, after barely
glancing over it, saw that his request
had not been complied with, and, laying
it aside, he turned to his desk, picked
up his pen and wrote the following:
Dr. P. E. Griflln, Superintendent, Columbia,
Sir: Your letter of to-day is received.
As you leave me no alternative, I here- J
by notify you that you are removed as
Superintendent of ihe State Lunatic j
Asylum, and order you to turn over |
the ollice, etc., to Dr. Thompson. \v ho j
will assume temporary control of the
institution. Yours respectfully,
B. R. Tillman, Governor.
Upon completing this letter the Governor
then wrote the following, and
after having them copied, enclosed
them in envelopes and ordered them to
be taken to the Asylum:
Dr. J. L. Thompson?Sir- Dr. P E.
Griflin has been removed as superintendent
of the Lunatic Asylum. You
will take charge of the ollice and as
same the duties of superintendent uDtn
his successor has been appointed. Yours
respectfully, ]}. 11. Tillman,
THE THIRD PARTY CONVENTION.
Determined Opposition to the Formation
of a Third Party.
Cincinnati, May 18?The arrival today
of delegates to the National Union
Convention were numerous. Between
four or five hundred came in from Kansas,
100 from Kentucky and a good sized
contingent from Illinois, Iowa, "Wiscon
sin and Tennessee. Fully 1,000 members
of various Alliances and labor organizations
are here, ana every train
adds its quota to the throng. Five of
the eight representatives iu Congress
from Kansas, Messrs. Otis, Clover, Simpson,
Baker and Davis are here.
The Reform Press Association held a
meeting at the Emory Ilotel for the purpose
of forming a national organization,
and arranging for an interchange of
ncno oci TXVU
A conference was held between delegates
from Xew York and Boston, and
those of the Southern States looking
toward the reaching of an understanding
that will enable the Northern and
Southern wings to worK harmoniously
on the lloor of the convention. Those
opposed to the formation of a third party,
however, are determined to c irry
Whether the representatives of the
granger and labor organiztions thatjare
gathered here are to bring into existenc e
a third political party, or whether de!inate
action is to be postponed until next
spring, when the policies of the two old
parties shall have been more limy developed,
are issues that will have to be
fought out on tne floor of the convention
when it assembles tomorrow. There
is no question but that tonight the thii d
party men are running things to suit
themselves. The Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska,
Minnesota and several other
delegations, however, will not get here
until the morning, and while they are
counted upon to support the third
party movement, the delegates of the
latter are averse to counting their
chickens before thev are hatched. ''As
goes Kansas, so will go the convention,"
has been a popular expression ever since
the first contingent of delegates put in
an appearence.and the representatives of
the Grasshopper State, after a caucus
that lasted several hours, decided late
tonight to support the organization of
a third party through thick apd thin.
An Exciting Scene.
Tallahassee, Fla., May 15? On the
seventy-seventh ballot last night the
vote was: Call 52, Mays 44, Dloxham
2. When the name or Saulsbury of
Citrus County was called he sent to the
Clerk's desk and had read a copy of a
petition from Hernando County ad
dressed to A. S. Aiann, nepresentauve
from that County, asking him to vote
for Call. He said that this petition had
been sent to Mann by registered letter,
ana that Mann had refused to take it
from the postoflice, and that the citizens
of Hernando County had asked him to
have the petition read in the caucus.
Senator Kirk of Hernando replied to
Saulsbury, and, becoming excited, denounced
a number of Call's friends and
supporters, directing his epituets chiefly
at Frank Clarke of Polk County.
Clarke replied to him, and Kirk, agrain
taking the floor and advancing towards
the centre of the hall, called Clarke a
liar. Clarke jumped from his seat,
or Virlr nrwl rianlt him a nnwcr
ful blow behind the ear, which sent him
sprawling over the press table. lie held
Kirk down with his left hand and was
dealing him some hard blows with his
right, when the two were separated by
a reporter. Considerable disorder ensued.
Finally quiet was restored, the
roll call concluded and the caucus adjourned.
Advice from the Gallows.
Ciiattaxqoga, Tenn., May 15.?lieuben
Moore, a negro, 21 years old, was
hanged to-day at Trenton, Ga., at 1:45
p. m, for the murder of Ilenry :>ladf, a
colored companion at Rising Fawn, (ja.,
on July 11, 18'JO. The hanging was
public and was viewed by 2,000 people,
it was well advertised and the gallows
was located so as to provide good points
of observation for the crowd. The negro
made a long rambling address, advising
the rising generation to avoid
r-cand nnrt whiskpv. and to obey their
parents. He held the noose in his hand
while speaking and several times showed
it to the crowd, saying "whiskey
brought me to this." lie aujusted the
rope around his neck and with the cry.
"Oh. Lord, take care of my soul" on his
lips, he was dropped through the scaffold
eight fee*. His neck was not broker
and death resulted from strangulation
in ten minutes after the drop fell.
Struck by a Stone anil Killed.
AT.iit 9H p?l. IT .T.
A 1, ?v. UV.T, j. i
Hamilton, of Homestead, 1'enn., a delegate
to the Baptist Convention which
is being held in this city, was fatally injured
about two o'clock this morning.
While passing a building in course of
erection near the corner of Walnut and
Fourth streets, a large stone fell from
the third story, striking him. squarely
on the head. lie was removed to the
city hospital where he died.
Murdered for an Iuheritunce.
r.nvnnv Mav 16.?The widow and
son of a mine inspector of Dortmund,
| who died suddenly a ahort time ago,
; have been arrestea'on suspicion of having
caused his death. The evidence in
^^diandsof the police is said to indi |||?s
was murdered for the
THE THIRD PARTY, j
FURTHER PROCEEDINGS OF THE CIN-j
The riatform Adn;>te?1 ? A J.ucky C':?voIi-j
i 11 :t iiarkey?Some si.i?o i ihj? ;
! . !
! The Executive Conmltteo Appointed?i
1 The Colored ?.l:m ami lirotlier.
Cincinnati,May 20?When the Coni
vention met this morning' a chorus
from the Farmers'Alliance sons: hook
preceeded prayer by the Rev. Gilbu-t
! Delamater, the Greenback Ex-Conj
gressman. DelaTnater was roundly ;ipI
plauded when he rose to pray. Frequent
and earnest aniens froru the au
j di^nce punctuated the invocation, and
| then the Kansas Giee Club regaled
j them with a humorous ditty. Reports
from committees of arrangements and
credentials no.v helped to kill time
pending the exciting developments
that many looked for when the platform
committee was ready to report.
A collection was taken to reimburse
Chairman Tower, of the arrangement
committee, Sofo which lie had expended
and on account of which he had received
only $36. The report of the
credentials committee showed 1,417 delegates
present. The larger delegations
were: Kansas 407, Ohio 317, Indiana
Senalor Peft'er was then presented to
the Convention as permanent chairman.
An appeal w;is made from the
platform for funds to pay the home
fare of a coloied delegate from South
Carolina. The delegate, Savage by
name, came forward personally and in
a clever speech said that the reason so
few ot the colored organizations were
represented was that the colored people
were too poor. It was perhaps as well
for the Convention, he added, eyeing
the hats that were being passed around
for his benefit, that so few colored delegate:;
came. lie was handed hatfuls cf
small change, and retired amid great
cheeriDg fur the Colored Alliance.
The proposition to adopt a unit rule
was overwhelmingly defeated on the
ground that every man that c<ime to
the Convention should have a vote and
have it counted. The live minute rule
for speeches was adopted. A recess
was taken until 2 p. m."
When the Convention reassembled a
loftor frnni T. T. T^aIL* r*r.io
advising this Conference to issue an address
and defer action on the Third
Party till 1892. caused a breeze, and
when a motion'to refer it to the committee
on resolutions was declared carried
there was a loud demand, notably
| from the Minnesota delegation, that
the negative be put more forcibly by
the Chair. The demand was renewed
and continued from time to time during
the reading of a number of miscellaneous
Ignatius Donnelly, chairman of the
committee0:1 resolutions, climbed upon
the rostrum at this juncture, and amid
a whirlwind of excitement announced
that he was there to report that the
committee platform was a unit for the
organization of the Third Party. He
gave way to Kobert Schilling, of AVis
consm,secretary of the committee, who
read U- platform as follows:
First. That in view of the great social,
industrial and economical revolution
now dawning on the civilzed
world, and the new and living issues
confronting the American people, we
believe that the time has arrived for
the crystalization of the political reform
forces of our country and the
formation of what should be known as
the People's party of the United States
Second. That we most heartily en
ciorse me ueuianus ot uie piauorins as.
adopted at 5>t. Louis, Mo., in 1889;
Ocala, Fla., lS'JO, and Omaha. Xeb., in
lSyi, by the industrial organizations
there represented, summarized as follows:
(A) The right to make and issue
money is a sovereign power to be
maintained by the people for the common
benefit, henue we demand the abolition
of national banks as banks of
issue, and as a substitute lor national
banknotes be issued in sufficient volume
to transact the business of the
country on a casn oasis, wiuiuut uamage
or especial advantage to any class
or callings, such notes to be legal tender
in payment of all debts, public and
private, and such notes when demanded
by the people shall be loaned to
them at not more than 2 per cent per
annum on non-perishable products, as
indicated in the sub-treasury plan, and
also upon real estate with proper limitation
011 quantity of land and amount
(B) We demand the free and unlimited
coinage of silver.
(C) We'demana the passage of laws
prohibiting alien ownership of land
and that Congress take prompt action
t/\ /luvicn cnma r>lor> In nhtain &1I lanrlc
IV UV T ilJV OUU1V ^/iUli WV VVVIH4J V*** AUliMW
now owned byalL-n and foreign syndicates,
and that, all land held by railroads
and cxher corporations in excess
of such as is actually used and needed
by them be reclaimed by the G. erument
and held lor actual settlers only.
(D) Relieving iu the doctrine of equal
rights to all and special privileges to
none, we demand that taxation, national,
State or municipal, shall nut be
used to build up one interest or class at
the expense of another.
(E) We demand that all revenues,
national, State or county, shall iie limited
to the necessary expenses of the
Government economically and honestly
(Fj We demand a just and equitable
system of graduated tax oil income.
*(G) We demand rigid, honest and
just nationel control and sup< rvi.-ion
of the means of public communication
and transportation, and if this control
and supervision doi.s not remove the
abuses uow existing we demand Government
ownership of such means <>i
communication and transportation.
(II) We demand the election of the
President, Vice-President and L'mt-jd
States Senators l>y the direct vote of
Third. That w<- ur<re united act i- n of
all progressive organizations in a'tend- j
incr the Conference called for February |
22,1892, by six of tlie leading reform j
l-'ourtb, That a national central com-j
mittee be appointed i<y tins Conference, j
to be composed of a chairman, to be I
elected by this body, and :>i three me libers
from each Stale represented to be
named by each State delegation.
Fifth. That this central committee
M...II li.i'c: l.rvJv nl-tprifl lliHi
31UJ.il Uiio ~
National Conference on Februrary "J2.
iv.12. and, if possible, unite with thai
and all oilier ndorm organizations there
assembled, if no satisfactory arrangement
can be made this committee shall
call a national convention not later
than June 1, for the purpose of
nominating candidates for President
and Vice President.
Sixth. That the members of the central
committee for each State where
there is no independent political organization
condnct an active system of
~ 1" * * 1 * ? of/.ff
P'JlKlCai agllULlDll IU illLJK .JULIA.
.Additional resolutions, not pa^-^f
the platform, were presented. \y
recommended the t'avorablejjg^^Ki^^g^miversal
eisfht-honr day, and condemned the action
of the World's Fair commission
with reference to wages.
The name of the new party, "'The
People's Party of the United States,"
elicited a magnificent outburst of applause.
and as each plank was read the
cheering was renewed so frequently
* K ^ * iU . ? ? rtAAt^r.-l *,V > #?*?.?>**_
lliai/ lur* ^IVflO XJ<>1 l SUCIUI-U l>j h
When the resolutions recommending
universal su 11'rage io favorable consideration
and demanding payment of
bounties on a aro.d basis were read, the
former met with rather a chilly reception.
but the latter was roundly cheered.
Schilling announced Uiatthe pension
? 1 T. ' ?* ? " * l? A nrtl/it/m fV*V? 1\A M
pidlllv Wils JClli (.'J uic suiuici iiicu;uci
on the committee with an iuquiry
whether it was satisfactory, and 0:1 his
acquiescence it was adapted unanimously.
Davis, of Texas, a lank six-footer in
a light suit, who 1% ^d electrified the
Convention during the Donnelly speech
by a long weird whoop of exultation,
was conducted to the platform, and to
the intense delight of the Convention
repeated the unearthly Indian-like trill.
men ne annouoceu muiseu as au x..\Confederate
and declared himself tor
the platform, every plank and every
resolution. An extraordinary spectacle
Wads vorth, of Indiana, an Ex-Union
soldier, rushed up to Ex-Confederate
Davis in full view of the Convention
and the two, at one time mortal foes,
11. W. Humphrey, of Texas, organizer
of the Colored Alliance, seized with
tne inspiration or tue uiouieuv, suudenly
joined the ex-soldiers, and amid
a perfect cyclone of enthusiasm a delegate
moved the adoption of the platform
The Convention went wild and the
delegates, mounting tables and chairs,
were shouting and yelliner like Comanches.
A portion of the Con ventiou,
in thunderous chorus, sang to the tune
of '-Good-bye, my lover, good-bye,!' the
words "Good-bye, old parties, good-bye,"
and then a doxology. In the forest of
flags and .state banners that had gathered
with their bearers around ths trio,
a Kansas man, on the shoulders of two
colleagues stand on chairs, raised the
Kansas banner and held it aloft, above
all the others.
A tumult, surpassing in its remarkable
suddenness and vigor anything that
had previously taken place in the Convention,
lasted fully a quarter of an
hour, tiil it ceased i'rom sheer exhaustion
of the delegates.
Several delegates seconded the adoption
of the report, one suggesting it be
by a rising vote,''Question! Question!"
came from all parts of the hall. But
the nent-up enthusiasm had to have
ventj and one after another of the orators
relieved themselves, delegates from
time to time calling 011 prominent men,
Weaver, Willetts and others.
"Previous question," shouted delegates,
but it had no elt'ect on an irrepressible
Texan, who was bound to
spe;;'-: ; piece. When he had linished
the chairman's gavel fell like a trip
hammer, and order was finally restored.
The platform proper, exclusive of the
resolutions, was then adopted by a rising
Delegate Miller, oi' California, threw
.1 Imr.u .if ?>rtr>ru?fhtr AlTarinor t.hie
ill rt> UV/UV/ VX V. V'i.w'v i< Vi WI*AV
Resolved, That we favor the abolition
of the liquor tratlie.
The confusion became worsi con-|
founded. Fifty orators were clamoring
for recognition, but the lirst to sue- j
ceed was Schilling, of Wisconsin, ile
opposed the discussion of the question
of prohibition at this time.
Schilling declared that ihe resolution
proposed \>y Miller had been fully considered
and voted down by the committee
on platform. To spring it now
was plainly throwing a tirebrand into
the Convention, and in ills opinion it
was a deliberate attempt to cause a split
in the party.
The pressure at this time for recognition
was extraordinary. In desperation
the Chair proposed to give ten of
the most vociferous delegates who were
crowded about his desk clamoring lor1
recognition one minute each, and a
hundred watches were pulled out to
make sure none of the speakers exceeded
the sixty-second limit.
The prohibition amendment was
The resolutions were then adopted,
with only three dissenting votes.
At this juncture J. I). Weaver re-!
lievd Chairman JLVffer. who was worn
out with his fruitless efforts tc. preserve
order, and had, besides, to catch
the train for Washington.
Resolutions asrainst trusts were
choked off by a point of order raised by j
schilling of Wisconsin, that all resolu-1
tions should be referred to the committee
on resolutions without being read.
Then the Convention got down to
business again and the nutter of
choosing the national committee was
Chairman Weaver declared a welcome
recess to enable the overheated,
exhausted delegates to select members
of the national coiumi-tt-e from their
After tiie recess the roll of names
was called for members of the aational
committee, the Convention adopting
the innovation of appointing tliree
members from each >tate. instead of
one member, as the or.u p.irties havs
iio;:e. Alliance Congressman J. (r.
Otis, of Kansas, nominated 11. K. Tatt
heniok, of llliuois, as ehaiiv.i.ui or tne
national executive committee. There
was a gre;it outburst ol cheers when
Taubenick's name was mentioned. W.
K. Lamb, of Texas, seconded 'he nomination,
si\iiu he had watch< d Taubenick's
course and was sa'.i-lied. Tauber.ick
w is chosen by acclamation.
Loud calls for Taubenick liuallv
brought him to the rostrum. where he
made a brief, but very manly and modest
speech, thanking "the delegates. In
conclusion he said they we:v standing
on the brink of conllict between capital
and labor and'the longer the conflict
was postponed the worse it would be.
"Our politicians," said he, "might as
well try to stop I he cyclone or movements
of the stars as to evade this
A tew moments of contuse;! preparation
for adjournment sine die en.MU'd;
then She chairman's gavel ieil and the
iirsr convention of the i tuple's party
of the United States had passed into
history. The following is tlie national
Arkansas? L I] Featherstouc, Isaac McCracken,
J A J3ush.
California?Jlarion Cannon, II C Dillon,
A G Hinckley.
Florida?'W D Condon, L Uaskins, .J D
?(' (' Post.
Iowa?J L? Weaver, 31 L Wheat, A J
lndiaua?C A Powers, Leroy Templeton,
J 1) Coinstock.
Illinois?b N Norton, A J Streater, II E
Kansas?P 1' Elder, Levi Dumbauls, It
Kentucky?D L Graves, iS V Smith, T G
Louisiana?J Jj&lls, Dr Ii II Paine,
Alassachdsetts?e- F Washburn, E G
Brown, E M Boyn on.
Michigan?Ben Colbin, Mrs S E Y Emgry,
JohB O BeebeL
fc^jnnesota?Ignatius Donnelly, C Y Per
Missouri?PaulJ Dickson, J \V Rogers,
W 0 Atkinson.
Maine?II S Hobbs, F A Howard, D W
Nebraska?.I 11 Ednuwlston, Win Dystart,
W Ii West.
I New York?Jacob II Sluuer, Joel J I
Ohio?Ilsiph Pryer. ? C 11 Cobb, U T j
i Oklahoma?Samuel Croeker, A E Light, j
! John Hogan.
| Pennsylvania?II A Thompson, T It A?- j
new, Lewis Edwards.
j South Dakota??) E Hardin, 11 LLoucks,
i Fred Zeep.
| Texas?W K Lam 11, Thomas Maines, T
; II Davis.
Tennessee?11 P Osborne, J \V J Kav,
John \V James.
Winsonsin?Robert Schilling, Alfred!
i Manhermer, A J Phillips.
West Virginia?Luther C Shinn, George |
i W Tlommnnt (! Kr^(inM'
Wyoming?H U Settonslein," James A
Smith, II D Merritt.
District of Columbia?Lee Crantlall, S A
Bland, II J Schultio.
MANY PERSONS KILLED.
Detractive "Work of a Missouri Cyclone.
Lite and Property Destroyed.
Mexico, Mo.. May 20.?A terrilie
touado passed three miles Northeast of
this place this atternooti m the vicinity 01
Bean Creek. So far as heard from fifteen
houses iu the vicinity of that place were
destroyed, some ten or twelve persons
killed, an equal number fatally and a
large number badly injured. At the
house of a farmer named Duffy. John
Dorger and family were living. James
Dorger. aged 0, was killed outright.
Lizzie Dorger was fatally hurt and died
in a few minutes. Her skull was crushed
and a large piece of timber penetrated
her side. Mrs. Dorger was crushed to
rlooth hv timhpri nnd \IY DnrcrfM"
was fatally injured. The house was
entirely swept away. Nothing has been
heard of Dully and it is supposed that
his body was carried away by the cyclone.
Duffy's barn was blown down
and two horses killed.
At the house of Win. Staraberry, Wm.
Yostrauser aud family were visiting.
The house was swept away. \Vrm.
l'ostranger was killed, his wife badly
on/1 liia lli'lia orirl fatjl 1!v hlirl.
Wm. Stranberg was also fatilly injured, i
At the house of Ed. Xorris, Gertrude
Fletcher, daughter ofR. S. Fletcher was
instantly killed, E. B. Xorris was fatally
injured. Caleb Xorris badly hurt, and
his wife seriously so. Willie Fletcher
and his sister Kate were instantly killed
and their bodies horribly mangled.
At tbe same place Mrs. Emily Seal, a
widow, aged CO years, was fatally hurt,
and Mrs. Xorris. was killed, F. S. Xorris
was badly hurt. The house of
Valentine Erdle caught lire during the
firstgaie and was completely destroyed.
The immates bad vacated the house and
nebody was hurc. The house of T. B.
Ilall was blown down, but the tamilv
escaped. A horse standing in the road j
at that place was picked up by the wind, j
carried nan a nine ana ciasucu to ueaui
on the ground. The house of Boston
Kunkel was swept away and Mr. Kunkel
instantly killed. A farmer named
Rougers was also killed at that place,
also a farmer named Crane. Several
farm hands in the vicinity of the Kunkel
and llogers forms arc also believed to
have been killed. Their names are unknown.
The cyclone passed on East passing
Rush Hill, one m.le North, carrying
destruction everywhere. There is no
doubt that great destruction of property
and life has occurred further East. Great
trees were taken up by the roots and
blown oil'. The sccne at these places is
horriole in extreme. The width ot the
cycloae was about 300 yards, and as far
as heard from about twelve miles long.
A Chip of the Old Block.
Washington, May 15.?Green 13.
Ratim, Jr., son of the Commissioner of
Pensions, and assistant chief clerk in
the Tension Bureau, has resigned and
his resignation has been accepted. For
some time past rumors affecting the offical
conduct of Hanoi, Jr., have found
their way to Secretary Xoble, but not
until just before his departure for St.
Louis, about a week ago, did he come
into the possession of facts that would
warrant him in taking official action
in the matter. lie then learned that
Raura, Jr., had been a party to certain
irregular and unlawful proceedings in
connection with three appointments to
minor positions in the Pension JJureau.
Temporary appropriation to his own
uses of -ST2 belonging to the government
is also charged against him.
Young Kaum was not iuclinded to meet
ttie aemana ior ms resignation, uui
his father, the commissioner, requested
it of him and the father himself took
his son's resignation to the Interior Department.
The story published is to
the effect that a South Carolinan named
Smith advertised in the daily papers
here offering to pay 8200 to any person
who would procure his appointment to
a place in the goverment service at a
salary of 850 nionthW. Young Raum.
using a colored man who had formerly
been a, servant in the Kaum family, but
was then employed in the treasury Jepartment,
to a place i:i the Pension Bureau and
received his reward less a bonus to the
negro. Later on Raum connived at
Smith's promotion to a 81,*200clerkship
by having a pension clerk named Jackson
personate Smith in a civil service
examination. For this Kaum is also
charged with receiving pay. The South j
Carolinian, tension ClerkJackson .and
the negro intermediator}" have also been
dismissed, also another pension ollice
clerk in someway connected with the
above described transaction.
Will Tli?*y I.??hvo us Aay Gold*
Nkw Voiik. May 1?>.?The exports of I
specie from tins city during the week !
amount to ?7,1140,780, of which s7,83?v
i.'J It ifocin rr.\\r\ dti.I < 1< !_i 7"i I i >1 ci|('(ir !
Ot the total ST.TGfi.'Jll in gold and
750 m silver went to Europe, and^iJ'J,Olfo
in gold and SlU.UUO in silver to South j
America. The imports of specie
amount to H4S, ol' which -S11/J4U vas
in gold and J?<;i,0u,S in silver. The
steamer Ltruria. which sailed to-day,
took ?3.250,<X)0 in gold coin, or which
?l,5i)0,t>00 was consigned to Liverpool,
and sl,5iXMHJ0 to London. The steamer i
Li Champagne took ?500,000 in gold !
coin,consigned to Paris, and ?09,750 in !
silver lo Havre.
School Children Killed.
IJiKMiNcHAM. May 13.?The coping
of the new ile;;iev school building i'ell
tli's morning on i lit* school children as
they were entering the old building adjoining
and killed two ot' them and j
woumied four others, some of whom
| may die. The <!ead children are named
Myers and Odom. It is supposed the
workman leaned over the wall to look
at the children below and the bricks
A Fat;il Mistake.
Dloomingtox, 111, May 15.?At
. ^lanlord, in tiiis county, J. A. aid Sam
L. Ill ley of that place and Berry Fowler
of Monticello took drinks from a
irhi/.h rhor <s:i nnnsp.l pnntainpri
whiskey, but wilich was rilied with
aconite" In a short time J. A. Riley
A NOBLE INSTITUTION.
PROGRESS OF WORK ON THE CLEMSON
The Erection of Buildings Commenced?
"When Completed the Institution Will
Accomodate Six Hundred Student*?
When the Corner Stone will ba Laid.
Waliialla, S. C., May 18.?It may
be written down as an assured fact that
the life-long desire of the late Thomas
G. Clemson will meet with an enlarged
The application of scientific knowledge
to practical agriculture was with
him a subject of deep study for many
years. After retiring from public life
and making h!s home at Fort Hill, he
turned ms attention to iarmmg. uewg
accustomed to make whatever he undertook
a subject of thought and research,
he%as naturally led to inquire
by what means the agriculture of the
country, could be improved. As^there- -- &
suit of'his study and investigation he
deliberately announced the conclusion
that there could be no permanent improvement
in aericulture without a
knowledge of those sciences which pert-rain
nartipnlarlv thprpf.r* This rv>TM*1n
sion was frequently expressed by him,
both in public and private, long years
before hi * death. Such being the fixed
belief of his life he determined to devote
the bulk of his estate to the foundation
of an institution designed to im- J
part to the farmer boys of the State
that instruction which would best fit
them for their hard and practical life.
The devise conveyed to the State for
this purpose the Fort Hill plantation?
the homestead of John C. Calhoun dur- ing
his long and distinguished careercontaining
over 800 acres and some
?80,000 in valid stocks and bonds. Alter
paying the legacy (615,000) to Miss
Floride Lee and the expenses incident
to the litigation, the net amount turned
over to the State by the executor was
more than SCO,000.
The erection of the buildings has been
begun by the Board of Trustees with ^
the funds appropriated by the last two
sessions of the Legislature, but their
completion on the line projected will re- , . "
quire a further appropriation b7 the
The granite foundation of the main
College building is now being laid. This
will be a very handsome building, three
stories in height. Tne first story is fifteen
feet high in the clear. On the
first lloor will be the President's office,
with ample closets attached; treasurer's
office, with large vault; chapel, assembly
room, two school rooms. In the
front is a tile vestibule, 50x25x20 feet.
? . . . . .
xne second story is iourteen ieet m tne
clear. Oa this door will be the library
and three school rooms. On the third
lloor will be the auditorium with an
ante-room, the Y. M. C. A. Hall and the
two literary society halls. The dormitory
and mess hall will be a mammoth
building. At first it was intended to
make this building to accommodate 300
students, but the applications are coming
so rapidly and in such large numbers
that the board of trustees at their
meeting last week doubled the capacity
and it will be made to accommodate 600
/iAmfAT?f OKIA otnl/i T4- TP? 11
yci 5UUO 1U wmwuawt AW nu*
stand three stories high, contain one
hundred and fifty rooms, dining room, .
hall on every floor and a kitchen. The
main body ot the house is 238x46 feet,
while the two ells are 181x46 feet. The
ventilation is perfect, there being two
windows in each room and a transom
above all the doors.
It will be provided with all modern
conveniences, heated by steam and
lighted by electricity. The excavations
for the foundation of this building are
being made and the expectation is that
it, too, will be completed by the first
day of next February.
The laboratory is nearine completion.
It is a large two story building, giving
ample space in which to fit up all modern
aoDliances for chemical and an
alytical work and for lceture rooms.
There is a basement underneath ten
feet deep. This is a handsome building-,
the finishing touches ofv?huihJEilI?"
be made by the last of this week.
The foundations of the mechanical
hall have been laid and the walls have
gone up about ten feet. This is 100x40
feet, two stories high, with an ell 100x40
l'eet one story high. It is in the shape
of the capital letter T. The machine
shops will be on the first floor, while
the ell will contain the foundry and
forge. The boiler room will be 28x24
ieet. The stack from the Doner win
stand G-i feet high. The roof of the ball
will be self-supporting', thus makingall
the lloor surface available for woodworking
Two professors' houses have been
completed. They are fine brick residences,
two stories high. Ten more
residences for the faculty are yet to be
built. One of the ten will be built
specially for the President and one for
the Secretary and Treasurer. The remaining
eight and the two already built
will be occupied by other members of
The building for the experimemtal
station is completed. This is an elegant
oue-story frame house, nicely painted,
and presents an attractive appearance.
All the granite required in the building
is being quarried on the Fort Hill
plantation under the supervision of
Mr. Henry A. Fo veil as foreman.
Mr. John F. Calhoun of Due West, the
oldest living representative of the Calhoun
family, was elected by the Trustees
to take charge of the garden, mess
hall, etc.. of the College when it is
Tuesday, the 2Sth day of July, has
Ktt T>/-\ofAr lorinrr fKo
UCCII UACU UJ tuc i^vaiu iVl ittjiuj vuv
corner stone with impressive ceremonies.
Three orators have bc:en selected to
deliver addresses on that occasion.
They are Dr. L. S. Hopkins, President
of theTechnolo^ical Institute, Atlanta,
Ga.; IIon.G. Lamb Buist of Charleston,
and Col. L.L. Polk, President of the
National Alliance. The intention is
to have it completed by the first day of
February, 1892, the day fixed for opening.
On July 29th, the day after the laying
of the corner stone, the Board of trustees
will meet for the purpose of electins?
a full crocs of professors for the
College. There will be ten departments
to be tilled.
The length of session will be ten
months, beginning on the first o" February
each year. The vacations will be
taken (luring the wiDter months instead
ot the summer. .
The applications of students are coming
in rapidly. At the present rate the
limit, 0U0, will soon be reached, and all
.. f A?? will nrAKoKlw
appiiuauuua tucicanci mil ywvavi;
have to be reje ;ted. Hence the importance
of tiling- an application at once by
him who desires to become a student at
The (Jalhoun residence has been repainted
this Spring and such repairs
oiiiuc its flic uctcoaai.y tui jJicsct ration.
As provided in the will of Mr.
C'emson, the resideence and the library
of Mr. Calhoun will be sacredly preserved,
without change or alteration, just as
they were during the days wh^yjanth
Carolina's greatest statesmaj^l^H^^
and talked, read and wrote .
walls. The parlor aodsfl
with the pictures and Jl|
kept intact as they weraM
by the Cajfcgun fan^fl
are open to^all