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VOL. XLVI. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 3, 1891. . NO. 42. M
HE DEFINES HIS BELIEF.
ONE WEEK'S WORK THE SUBJECT OF
DR. TALMAGE'S SERMON.
He BelUv?-s in the Mosaic Account o! the
Creation, and Does Xot Hesitate to Say
So Most Emphatically?A Xotitbie Ser
in?n Preached Saudiy, May 24tl>.
Brooklyn, May 24.?The striking
sermon Dr. Talmage delivered ibis
morning to an audience which filled the
new Tabernacle in every part draJt with
a topic of interest to all who have
watched the discussions dow agitating
the churches. Wherever the question
of the inspiration of the Bible is raised,
the trustworthiness of the Mosaic narrative
of the creation is always the point
chiefly assailed. The fact that so prom'
inent and eloquent; a preacuer as jl?i.
Talma^e places himself clearly on record
on the side of orthodoxy will doubtless
have a marked influence on public
opinion. His text was Genesis i, 31,
4*And the evening and the morning were
the sixth day."
"From Monday morning to Saturday
night gives us a week's vrork. If we
have filled that week with successes we
are happy. But I am going ;o tell you
what God did in one week. Cosmogony,
geology, astronomy, ornithology, ichthy
olo?y, botany, anatomy are sucn vasi
subjects that no human liie is long
enough to explore or comprehend any
on^^" them. But I have thought I
mi^R^n an unusual -vay tell you a little
of what God did in one week, and that
the first week. And whether you make
it a week of days o: a week of ages, I
care not, for I shall reach the same practical
result of reverence and worship.
Tflf VTRST MONDAY MOENIXG.
The first Monday morning found
swinging in i pace the piled up lumber
of rocks and metal and soil and water
Irom which the earth was to be builded.
Ged made up his mind to create a human
family, and they must have a house
to live in. But where? Xot a roof, not
a wall, not a door, not a ro-,?m was lit
for human oceupaacy. There is not a
pile of black besalt in Yellowstoue park
or an extinct volcano in Honolulu so inappropriate
for human residence as was
this glo^e at that early peric d. Moreover,
there was no human architect to
1 ? " ~ 4 r\ "Klnst f]io
araw a piau, uu u un. > j ma^ iu uuu? wv
foundation stones, no carpenter to hewout
a beam, and no mason to trowel a
wall. Poor prospect! But the time
was coming when a being called man
was tc be constructed, and he was to
have a bride; and where he could find a
homestead to which he could take her
must have been a wonder Lent to angelic
There had been earthquakes enough
and volcanoes enough and glaciers
enough, but earthquakes and volcanoes
an ' glaciers destroy instead of build. A
worse looking world than this never
swung. It was heaped up deformities,
scarifications and monstrosities. The
Bible saja it was without form. That
is, it was not round, it was not square,
it was not octagonal, it was not a rhomboid.
God never did take any one in
his counsels, but if he had aeked some
angel about the attempt to -turn this
planet into a place for human residence
tKo w.-nn1r1 have said: "Xo. no:
itry some other wor- d; the crevices of this
earth are too deep; its crags are tco appalling;
its darkness is too thick."
But Monday morning came. I think
it was a spring morning and about halfpast
four o'clock. The first thing needed
was light. It was not needed for
God to work by, for he can work as well
in the darkness. But light may be necessary,
for angelic intelligences are to
see in its full glory the process of world
building. But where are the candles,
where are the candelabra, where is the
chandelier? Xo rising sun will roll in
the morning, for if the sun is already
created its 'light will not jet reach the
__ earth in three days. Xor moon nor stars
Tvr-irrMori this The mnnn
VOU A/i. _
and stars are not born yet, or if created
t'.iir light will not reach the earth for
some time yet. But there is need of
immediate light. Where shall it come
from? Desiring to account for things in
a natural way you say, and reasonably j
say, that heat and electricity throw out j
light independent of the sun, and that I
the metallic bates throw out light independent
of the: sun, and that alkalies
throw out light independent of the sun.
Oh, yes; ail that is true, but I do not
think that is the way liyht was created.
The record makes me think that, staud
m2 over mis eariu mat *prmg ujoiu.u^,
God looked upon thedarkuess iliac palled
the heights oi this world, aud the
chasms of it, and the awful reaches of it,
and uttered, whether 1q the Hebrew ot
earth or some language celestial I kuow
not, that word which stat-ds tor the subtie,
bright, glowing and all pi-evading'
fluid, that word which thrills and garbte
lands and lilts everything it touches, that
word the lull meaning of which all the
|P chemists of the ages have busied them-1
Hi salves in exploring, that word which
(suggests a force that flies one hundred
and ninety-thousand miles in a second,
and by undulations seven hundred aud
twenty-seven trillions in a second, that
one v> ord that God utters?Light.
And instantly the darkness began to
sLImmer, and the thick folds of blackness j
to lift, and there were scintillations and
coruscations and flashes and a billowing !
up of resplendence, and in great sheets
it spread out northward, southward.
t eastward, westward, and a radiance filled
the atmosphere until it could hold no
more of the brilliance. Light now to
work bv while supernatural intelligences
look on. Light, the first chapter of the
first day of the week. Light, the joy of
all the centuries. Light, the greatest
blessing that ever touched the human
eye. The robe of the Almighty is woven
out of it, for he covers himself with
light as with a garment, Ufi, luesseu
light! I am so glad this was the first
thing created that week. Good thins to
^ - start every week with is light. That
will make our work easier. That will
- Jr keep our disposition more radiant. That
^ ^ will hinder even our losses from becoming
too somber. Give us more 1-^ht?
natural light, intellectual liaht, spiritual
i light, everlasting ligbt. For lack of it
1 the body stumbles, and the sou] stumbles.
0 thou Father of Lights, give us
The great German philosopher in his
k last r oment said, "I want more liuht."
A minister of Christ recently dying cried
out In exultation, ,4I move into the light!"
Mr. Topiady, the immortal hymnologist,
in his expiring moments e::claimed.
*'j_,igni: i^ignii" jueaven lustu is uuij.
; more light. Upon all superst tion. ail
L upon afl ignorance, upon all sorrow let
in the light. But now the light of the
V first Monday is receding. The blaze is
^oln? out. The colors are dimming.
I Only part of ihe earth's surl'acc is visible.
It is 6 o'clock, 7 o'clock, 8 o'clock: obBeuration
and darkness. It is Monday
night. "And the evening and the
morning were the first day."
Nov,* it is Tuesday morning. A deliI
eate and tiemendous undertaking is set
i apart for this day. There was a great
[superabundance of water. God, by the
1 wave <>i his hand, this morning gathers
part ?>fit in suspended reservoirs, and
I part of it he orders down into the rivers
| and lakes and seas." How to hang whole
j Atlantic oceans in the clouds without
their soiliing over except in right quanti
ties and at right times was an undertaking
that no one but Omnipotence would
have dared. JSut God does it as easily
as you would lift a glass of water. There
he hoists two clouds, each thirty miles
wide aud fivu miles high, and balances
then.. TT^i-e he lifts the cirrous clouds and
spraads them out in srea', white banks
as though it has been snowing in heaven.
And the cirro-stratus clouds in long
I parallel liaes. so straight you know an
infinite geometer has drawn them.
Clouds \vr;ich are the armory from which
thunder storms get their bayonets of fire.
Clouds wh ch arc oceans on the win?.
Xo wonder. Ions after this first Tuesday
of creation week, Eiihu confounded Job
with the question. "Dost thou know the
balancings of the clouds?"
j Half of this Tuesday work done, the
| other half is the work of compelling the
waters to lie down in their destined
places. So God picks up the solid ground
and packs it up into live elevations,
which are the continents. W.ihhis finger
he raiikes deep depressions in them,
and tnese are the lakes, while at the piling
up of the Alleghanies and Sierra Xevadas
and Pyrenees and Alps and Himalayas
the rest of the waters start by the
law of gravitation to the lower places,
and in their run down hill become the
rivers and then all around the earth these
rivers come into convention And become
oceans beneath, as the clouds are oceans
above. How soon the rivers got to their
placcs when God said: "Hudson and
James acd Amazon, down to the Atr\*a,rnn
or>/-| < m pri trv fjnwn to
lcii.' Clo. Vi.v. UUU >vav4Mi>*vta?v ? ^
Tiiree-quaaters of the earth being
water an;' only one-anartor being: land,
nothing but Almightiness could have
caged the three-fourths so that they could
not have devoured the one-fourth.
Thank God for water and plenty of it.
What a hint that God would have the
[ human race very clean! Three tourtns
of the world water. Pour it through the
homes and make them pure. Pour it
through the prisons and make their occupants
morai. Pour it through the
streets and make them healthy. There
are several thousand people asleep in
Greenwood who but lor the filthy streets
oi Brooklyn and Xew York would have
been to-day w ell and in churches. Moreover,
there n-;vcr was a filthy street that
remained a moral street.
IIovv important an agency ol reform
water is, was illustrated by the fact that
when the an jient world got outrageously
wicked it was plunged into the deluge
and kept under lor months tdl its iniciuity
was soaked out of it. But I rejoice that
ou the hrst Tuesday of the world's existence
the water was taught to know its
place, and the .Mediterranean lay down f
at t :e feet of Europe, and the Gulf of
Mexico lay d^wn at the feet of Xorth
America, and Geneva lay down at the
iect of the Alps ran i Scroon lake lell to
sleep in the lap of the Aclirondacks.
"And the evening ana me morning were i
the second day."
THE CREATION OF VEGETATION.
Now it is Wedensday morning of the
world's first week. Gardening and
horticulture will be born to-day. How
queer the hills look, and so unattractive
they seem hardly worth having been
made. But now a:l the surfaces are
changing color. Something beautiful is
creeping all over them. It has the color
oi emerald. Ay, it is herbage. Hail
to the green grass! God's favorite color
and God's favorite plant, as I jud^e
from the fact that he maices a larger
number of them than of anything else.
But look yonder! Seme thing starts out
of the ground and goes higher up higher
and higher, arid spreads out broad leaves.
It is a palm tree. Yonder is another
growth, and its leaves hang far down,
and it is a willow tree. And yonder is
a growth with mighty sweep of branches.
And here they come?the pear, and the
apple, and the peach, and the pomegran
aie. and proves and orchards and torcsts,
their shadows and their fruit girdling the
We are pushing agriculture aud iruit
culture tr< geat excellence in the Nineteenth
century, bit we have nothing
I now to equal what 1 see on this first
Wednesday of the world's existence. I
take a taste of one ol ihe apples this
Wednesday morning, and I tell you it
mingles in Us juices all the flavors of
Spitsbergen and Newtown pippin and
Khcde Island greening snd Danvers
Winter Sweet and lioxbury russet and
Ilubbardston Nonesuch, but added to
all, and ovcrjiowerlns all other navors,
is the paradisaical juice that all the orchards
of the Nineteenth century fail to
reach. I take a taste of the pear, and it
has all the luxury of the three thousand
varieties of the Nineteenth century; all
the Seckei and the Dartlett of the pomological
gardens of iutc-r times an acidity,
compared with it. And the grapes!
Why, this cue cluster has iu it the richness
o? whole vineyards of Catawbas and
Concords and Isabellas. Fruits of all
colors, of all odors, of all tlorors. No
hand of man yet made to pluck it or
j tongue to taste it. The banquet for the
! h iman race is beic_r spread before the
i n*. c. (?> <
: In the iruit of that garden was the
i seed lor the orchards and gardens of the
j hemispheres. Xoiice that the first thing
that God made for food was fruit, and
plenty of it. t-launhler houses are of
L ler invention. Far am I from being a
vegetarian, but an almost exclusive
meat diet is depraving. Savages confine
themselves almost exclusively to
animal food. and that is one reason that
they are savages. Give your children
more apples and less mutton. The
world will have to L'ive dominance to
the fruit; diet of Paradise before it gets
back to the morals of Paradise. May
God's blessing come down on the orchards
and vineyards of America, and
keep back the frosts aud the curculio.
But we must not forget that it is Wednesday
evening in Eden, and upon that
perfect iru:i of those perfect trees let
the curtain drop. "And the evening
and the morning were the third day."
PUTTING THINGS TO KIG1ITS.
Xow it is Thursday morning ot the
world's lirst week. Nothing rvill be
created to-day. The hours will be passed
[ in scattering fogs and mists and vapors.
I The atmosphere mu?t be swept clean.
1 Other worlds are to hove in sight. This
little ship of the earth has seemed to
! have al the <teean of immensity to itself.;
kJhit mightier craft are to be hailed
today oa the high seas ot space. First,
tiie moon's white sail appears and does
very well until the suu bursts upon the
scene. The li^ht that on the previous
three mornings was struck from an especial
word now gathers in the sun,
moon and stars. One for the day, the
others for the night. It seemed as il
thev had all within twenty-four hours
been created. Ah, this is a great time
in the world's first week. The moon,
the nearest neighbor tu our earth appears,
her photograph to be taken In
the Nineteenth century, when the telescope
shall bring her within one hundred
I froontv m?1os r*f "S'nrkv
And the sun now appears, afterward
to be found eight hundred and eightyeight
thousand" miles in diameter, and,
put in astronomical scales, to be found
to weigh nearly four hundred thousand
times heavier than our earth; a mighty
furnace, its heat kept up by meteors
pouring into it as fuel, a world devouring
other worlds with its jaws of llame.
And the stars come out, those street
lamps of heaven, those keys ol pearl,
upon wtiieh God's finders play the music
of the spheres. IIotv bright they look
in this oriental evening! Constellations!
Galaxies! What a twenty-four hours ot
this first week?solar, lunar, stellar appearances!
All this Thursday and the
adjoining nights employed io pulling
acidc thf? <-nrf.3in of ranor from thtise
flushed or pale laced worlds. Enough!
"And the evening and the morning were
the fourth daj."
THE FISHES AND THE BIKDS.
Now it is Friday morning in the first
week of the world's history. Water,
but cot a fin sv?imming it; air, but not a
wing flying it. It is a silent world.
Caa it be that it was made only fur vegetables?
But hark! There is a swirl
and a splashing in all the four rivers uf
Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel and Euphrates.
They are all asvrim with life, some darting
like arrows through split crystal,
and others quiet in dark pools like shadows.
Everything, from spotted trout
to behemoth, all colored, all shaped, the
ancestors of finny tribes that shall by
their wonders of construction confound
the Agassizes, the Cuviers and the Linnamses
and the ichthvoloffists of the
more than six thousand years following
this Friday of the first week.
And while I staud on the ttinks of
these Paradisaical livers, watching these
finny tribes, I hear a whirr in the air
and I look up and behold wings?wings
of larks, robbins, doves, eagles, damiugoes,
albatrosses, brown threshers.
Creatures of all color?blue, as it cupped
in the skies; fiery, as if they had down
out of the sunsets; golden, as if they had
taken their morning bath in buttercups.
And while I am studying the colors they
begin to carol and chirp and coo and
twitter and run up and down the scales
of a music that they must have heard at
heaven's gate. Yes, I find them in
Paradise on this the first Friday after
noon oI the world's existence. Ana l
sit down on the bank of the Euphrates,
and the murmur of the river, together
with the chant of birds in the sky, puts
me into a state of somnolence. "And
the evening and the morning were tbe
BEASTS AND itEN.
Xow it is Siturday morning of the
world's first week and with this day the
week closes. But oh, what a climacteric
day! The air has its population and
the water its population. Yet the lanil
has not one inhabitant. But here they
AAMM T-V IT ikrt WA1AA AP /?A/1
UULUC* Uj UUU * v/iot/ V/i uvu ut\/avvvi.
Horses grander t'nan those which in after
time Job will describe r:s having ncck
clothed with thunder. Cattle enough to
cover a thousand hills. Sheep shepj
herded by him whc maoe for them the
| green pastures. Cattle superior to the
! Alderneys and Ayrshire^ and Devon
| snires or aicer times. jLecoarns so oeauliful
we are glad they cannot change
their spots. Lions without their fierceness
and all the quadruped world so gentle.
so sleek, so perfect.
Look out how yce treat this animal
creation, whether they walk the earth
or swim the waters or fly the air. Do
you not notice that God gave them precedence
of the human race? They were
created Friday and Saturday morning,
as man was created Saturday afternoon.
Tbey have a right to be here. lie who
galls a horse, or exposes a cow to the
storm, or beats a dog. or mauls a cat, or
gambles at the pigeon shooting, or tortures
an insect, will have to answer lor
it in the judgment day. You may convAnroftlf
thof t'nAco 4>ta*;tturps nrft
not immortal hdc] they cannot appc.tr
against you, but the God who made
these creatures and who saw the wron<:
you did them will be there. Better lookout,
you stock raisers and railroad companies
who bring the cattle on trains
without lood or water for ?hree or four
days in hot weather, a Ions groan of agony
from Omaha to Xew York.
Belter look out, you farmer ridiug behind
that limping horse with a nail that
the blacksmith drove into the quick.
Better look o"t, you boys stoning bullfrogs
and turning turtles upside down,
and robbing birds' nests. But something
is wanting in Paradise and the
week is almost done. Who is there to
pluck the flowers of this Edenic lawn?
Who is there to command these worlds
of quadruped and fish and bird? For
whom has God put back the curtain from
the face of sun and moon and star? The
i world wants an emperor and empress,
it is Saturday afternoon. Xo one but
the Lord Almighty can originate a human
being. In the world where there
are in the latter part of the Nineteenth
century over fourteen hundred million
people, a human being is not a curiosity.
But how about the first human eye
that was ever kindled, the first human
ear that was ever opened, the first humau
lung that ever breathed, the. first
human heart that ever beat, ihe lirsl
human life ever constructed? That
needed the origination of a God. lie had
no model to work by. What stupendous
work for a Saturday afternoon! lie must
originate a style of human heart through
which all the blood in the body must
pass every three minutes. He must
make that heart so strong that it can,
during each day, lift what would be equal
to one hundred and twenty tons of
weight, and it must be so arranged as to
beat over thirty-six million times every
year. About five hundred muscles must
be strung in the right place, and at least
two hundred and fifty boues constructed.
Into this body must be put at least nine
million nerves. Over three thousand
perspiring pores must be made for ever j
inch of fleshly surface.
The human voice must be so constructed
it shall be capable or producing seventeen
trillion five-hundred and niaety-two
billion one hundred and eighty-six million
forty-four thousand lour hundred
and fifteen sounds. But all this the
most insignificant part of the human being.
The soul! Ah, the construction
of that God himself would not be equal
fn if Vip wppo .inv thf? less of n God. Its
j understanding, its will, its memory, its
i conscience, its capacities of enjoyment
or suffering, its immortality! What a
work for a Saturday afternoon! Aye!
Before night there were to be two such
human and yet immortal beings constructed.
Tbe woman as well as the
man wa3 formed Saturday afternoon.
Because a deep sleep fell upon Adam,
and by divine surgery a portion of his
side was removed for the nucleus of anm
J oilier creation, it has been supposed that
! perhaps davs and nights passed between
j the masculine and :emiL.ine creations.
I But no! Adam was not three hours
If a phyciciau cau by aniusthctics put
j one iulo a deei? sleep in three minutes,
j God certainly could iiavc put Adam into
| a prorouni! sleep m a snore, wnue mat
i Saturday afternoon, and made the deep
; and radical excision without causing disj
tress. 13y a manipulation of the dust
i the same hand that molded the moun!
tains molded the features and molded
j the limbs of the lather of the human
I ra:e. But his eyes did not see, and his
I -It ? __i?__i __ 1 u: |
j Iiorves UlUQUb iiuu i:is uiustics uiu
! not move, and his lungs did not breathe,
and iiis heart did not pulsate. A per!
feci form lie lay aionn the carlh, symj
metrical and of godlike countenance.
! Ma?nilicent piece of Divine carpentry
j and Omnipotent sculpturing, but no
! vitality. A body without a soul,
j Then the source of all life stooped to
j the inanimate nostril and lip, and as
j many a skillful and earnest physician
j has put his lips to a patient in comatose
state and breathed into h:s mouth and
nostril, and at the same time compressed
the lungs, until that which was artificial
respiration became natural respiration,
so methinks God breathed into this
cold sculpture of a man the breath of life,
and the heart begins to tramp, and the
luugs to inhale, and the eyes to open,
and the entire form to thrill, and with
the rapture of a life just come the
prostrate boioir leaps to bisleet?a man!
J3ut the scone oi' this Saturday is not
yet done, and in the atmosphere, drowsy
wit.n fhfi brpflih of flowers and the sonirof
bobolinks and robin redbreasts, the man
slumbers, and by anesthetics, divinely
administered, the slumber deepens until
without the oozing of one drop of blood
at the time or the laiate.st scar afterward,
that portion is removed from his side
which is to be built up the Queen of
Paradise, the daughter ot the great God,
the mother of the human race, the benediction
of all ages, woman the wife, afterward
w?mau the mother. And as the
two join hands and stroll down alonir
the banks of the Euphrates toward a
bower of mignonette and ^vild rose and
honeysuckle, aud are listening to the call
of the whip-poor-will ironi the aromatic
thickets ihs sun sinks beueat'u the horizon.
"And the evening and the morning
weie the sixth da\\"
A GREAT WEEK'S WOIiK.
What do yon think of thai -sue week's
work? 1 review it not for entertainment,
but because i would have you join
m David's doxology, ''Great and marvelous
are thy works, Lord God Almighty;"
because I want you to know what a
' "? 1 >liio /.lill. I
I ll<JLLLC3ci;UU VUl X -ItllCi i;u.o ivi
dren at the start, though sin has despoiled
it, and because I want you to
know how the world will look again when
Christ shall have restored it, swinging
now betweeu two Edens; because L want
you to realize something of what a
mighty God he is, and the utter folly of
trying to war auainst him; because I
want you to make peace wuh this Chief
of the Universe through the Christ who
mediates between oll'ended Omnipotence .
nn.1 Kiminn rah?llinn> llflOO llSfl r wonf
UUU lJUlllitlA . iyc\.nuuv ?i -%,_w
you to know ihow fearlully and wonderfully
you arc made, your body as well as
your soul an Omnipotent achievement;
because I want you to realize that order
reigns throughout the universe, and that
God's watches tick to the second, and
that his clocks strike regularly, though
they strike once in a thousand years.
A learned man onoe asked an old
Christian, man who had no advantages
of schooling, why he believed there was
a God. and the good old man, who prob~"U1..
3.r\*\ <iV?-*nmonf An
clUi^) UttU liCYCi uv^am an ai^uuiv.uu vu
the subject in all his Hie. made this noble
reply: "Sir, I have been here going
hard upon fifty vear3. Every day since
I have bsen in this world I see the sun
rise in the cast and set in the west. The
north star stands where it did the lirst
time I saw it: the seven stars and Job's
^nma in (lio olrv
UU111L1 ACL't' Vll II1G CUUiU I'llbl! ALJ MIS/ N/4?J
and never turn out. It isn't so with
man's work. lie makes clocks and
watches; they may run well for awhile,
but they i*et out of lix and stand stock
still, iiut the sun and moon and stars
keep on this same way all the while.
The heavens declare the 2lory of God."
Yea, I preach this, because I want you
to walk in appreciation of Addison's
subline sentiment >v!;cu he writes:
The spacious firmament on high,
With all the blueetherial sky
And spangled lieav'ns, a shining frame,
Their Great Original proclaim.
In reason's car they all rejoice,
And utter forth a glorious voice,
Forever singing, as they shine.
The hand' that made us is divine.
Firinsr on it Train.
IJangoi:, Mi:, May 27? A train
SVinrnr Svir<^ T, .;i n last. nityht.
\t J i 1^11 i/.ViJ-, '4. 4-vy. 0
at 7:-i0 was held up j;;st beyondEoOeld
by four it.en. who iired at the engineer
and cars. The train lefi i>atield when
a man, who was noticed by the llreman
crawling over the tender, told them to
stop the train The gong on the engine
sounded bus the engineer did not stop
the train until the gong sounded again.
The train I hen came to a stand, when
shooting wasjheard.and for five minutes
the gang kept up an indiscriminate
firing, the mail car being the particular
nhififtt of attack.
The leader of the gaufj was armed
with a rille, the others with revolvers.
They fired several sh-ts into the baggage
and mail cars, hut the engineer
pulled the train out before anyone was
injured. The station agent at Knfield
was (ircda", by the men as he was hanging
out a signal light. The glass of the
lantern was broken and thf* light extinuished.
The men ordered him to leave
and lie did so, Oflicers will be sent out
to capture the assailants if possible.
The affair cunsrd considerable excitement
in this section.
Crime or Accident?
rn" " * *>7 A
-LOf.t.ivA. ivausnj. -ucu _ i. -x oumu
frame residence :it the corner of Buchanan
avenue and Gordon street was
burned this morning. In the n:ins were
! found the charred remains of Mrs. Aupj
tegrew, aged &5. and her three children,
j all girls, aged from fifteen months to live
' years. All tire surrounding circumstan!
ces pointed to a deliberate and carefully
! planned triple murder and suicide. The
iscene of the traced? i< in a sparcely
| settled portion of 2sorth Topeka, and
J t!ie house was supposed to have been
j uninhabited. It is learned that the
! I'niiiilv movftil in the house about a
month ago. The father is a teamster
'and lei t home eariy this morning to
look for wcrfc.
Iisirlipy vs. Uajo.
Si'TTOX. V,*. Ya.. M;iy 27.?Alex Dunj
lap, a negro from Wheeling, who was
'working1 with a gang of Italians live
1 miles east of here, had a desperate bati
tie with them on Saturday. There was
i a trilling dispute aatl a light. The neI
trro caught up a Winchester rifle, and.
backing' himself against a stone wall,
kept fully 200 Italiaa? at bay from early
Saturday morning until the afternoon,
when he was arrested. In tbe course
] of the fray he shot two of the Italians,
! indicting fatal wounds.
THE PEOPLE'S PARTY.
VIEWS OF THE THIRD
"Wlio Can be Glad a.n<l AVho Sorry?The Alo**s?
tlm r\r>ru f J/? P'?rtv Sltnnl/1
K^jolce?Livingston's Fine "Work?"VVhy
Cleveland was Matle a Target Of.
Washington, D. C.. May 24.?Viewed
from a strictly political standpoint, the
interesting Cincinnati conference
stamped upon the minds of various
party leaders and individuals impressions
quite as distinct as the heterogeneous
elements which composed the
gathering itself. When the convention
finally adjourned, a full day at least
sooner than was anticipated, those most
deeply concerned hai reason to feel
about as follows:
1. The Farmers' Alliance?relief.
2. The Democratic party?satisfac
3. The Republican party?alarm.
4. Mr. Harrison, Mr. Blaine or whoever
may be the Republican candidatemisgiving.
5. Mr. Cleveland?solicitude.
These results are due, not so much to
what the convention really did as to
the temper of the more conservative
IXit/U jyJL lUUl^C4it^U WJ t ilv_Ai. >jjk/vvvuvw
The leaders of the Farmers' Alliance
may well haeve a sigh of relief at the
passing of the most serious danger
which has menaced their organization.
While, from their point of view, the
conference did little or no good, is certainly
resulted in less harm than was
anticipated. Instead of forcing the
Alliance to indorse or reject certain
vexatious principles the convention
practically referred the whole mattter
to the regular Alliance convention next
February with a recommendation in
favor of naming its own candidate for
president. Colonel Livingston, who
represented the cflicials of trie Alliance
outside of the convention itself, shrewdly
iocussed the inevitable dispute upon
this point and secured the adoption of
policy which the Alliance leaders have
no disposition to antagonize at the
proper time. By making a show of resistance,
moreover, the Colonel diverted
attention from matters which might
have seriously embarrassed himself and
iiis colleagues. Ife must have returned
home in a happy frame of miad.
The politicians who have been inclined
to consider all Alliance men "unpractical"
will do well to study Colonel
Livingston's successful manipulation
of the most intractable body of men
ever got together. It would have reilooft.fl
ororlif nnnn 5? tflr-timan 2S filever
as Manning was cr Gorman is.
"The ideas of the old mossback leaders
in the Democratic party',' said Colonel
Polk, "if not suppressed by the
younger element, will certainly lead to
its destruction sooner or later, Had it
may come as enrly as 18!>2 if they are
"As for the Republican party, it is
corruot from core to circumference,
while its opponent is not controlled by
A *- ? C ?NAArv1 A A
llirilLI wuy U1 tW ?ji v ?wkv,
the ticket, but by the insidious influence
of capitalists. The only wonder
to me is that the farmers havenotlong
ago arisen in their might and swept
both parties from the held. Cleveland
will be the nominee of the Democrats
and his nomination will be dictated by
Wall street. Yes, and Wall street will
nominote an anti-silver Kepublican.
"The objects of the Democrats will
be to force us to place a third party in
the field, with the hope that it will
throw the eletcion into tiie nouse 011
representatives, and then Cleveland
would be declare d elected. But I am
not so sure that such would be the case,
as the Alliance may sweep the country."
Only a bald statement of fact could
be more definite than this. The Alliance
intends to name its own candidates.
but not until the time is ripe.
The premature action, which, in Colonel
Polk's opinion, referred to in this
column last week, would be fatal, is
one of the things that Colonel Livingston
went to Cincinnati to prevent.
He succeeded so well that the Alliance
will have only a "national committee"
of about fifty members instead of a
horde of cranks to deal with in February.
It is not expected or even asked to
endorse the Cincinnati piatrorm, anu it
can yield to the vociferous demand for
a third party with perfect complacence.
If anything the conference was a ben?lil
to the Alliance. It enabled a large
number ot troublesome reformers to
let off steam without scalding anybody.
The strategists of the house may well
keep their eyes on Colonel Livingston
when he enters upon his congressional
career in December.
The facts so gratifying to the alliance
leaders are no less satisfactory to
Democrats. Nothing ^ould be more
advantageous to the Democratic pprty
at this time than a steady growth in
Alliance membership. Consequently,
Democratic politicians will rejoice with
their friends, the farmers, that the most
serious danger has been averted by
clever management. Moreover, it is
pleasing to note that the very fear of
being committed against their old party
kept the alliance men in the .South at
Reasons why the Republican party
leaders must feel uneasy are so numerous
and so patent that they need hardly
be noted? Last fall's election furnished
conclusive proof that they can
not hope to fight on equal terms, but
to achieve success must make great ia
roads upon the opposition. It wa-j argued
speciously by Republican optimistsJast
fall that the election was only
"an oil-year revolt," and that when
the time c;ime to make decisive choice
of a Republican or a Den ocrat for
president the farmers of the West tnd
Xortliwest would be found under their
old banner. The Cincinnati conference
may open their eyes to the truth. Ninetenths
of the delegates came from the
formerly Republican States of Kansas,
Nebraska, Minnesota, Ohio and Illinois,
and of that great number it is safe to
??v nnt more than a handful ever
voted a Democratic ticket. The sincerity
of these men in advocating the
ideas put forward by others net so
guileless can not be questioned. Whatever
they do they will do with all their
might. The true significance and denser
of the conference, from a Republican
standpoint, lies in the fact that
there was not the slightest indication
of a desire to return to the fold. Instead,
there was a unanimous demand
for a third party. Talk about "mere
off-year revolts,'" therefore is out of
place. And the danger is even greater
than it would seem to be at lirst thought.
Toi-o ow!iv fmrti thp 1 ?pniihlipan nurtv !
the sturdy country element, whose allegiance
'has never wavered for an instant,
and what is there left of the bone
and sinew, except a few spoilis-monger
in the bier cities who thrive on "deals"
with their political opponents'?
If any reader of The World fails to
see cause for solicitude on the part of
Mr. Cleveland, let him read a second
time the excerpt from Colonel Polk's j
-interview printed above and then re- j
fleet upon the tenor of the speeches in i
Cincinnati, of which the following by
Weaver is a sample:
"I want to say that the battle for the
institutions and liberties of this people
will be waged in 1S92 between the candidates
whom you name and those
whom the cohorts of Wall street nominate.
Xow, the Republican party is
practically out of the fight in 1*892.
They were left in a forlorn condition
last November. The only part they
can play next year is to act as the
miners and sappers of the other party.
"ALincl, now, wnat l say. Mr. Cleveland,
wlien be wrote his anti-silver letter,
did it deliberately, as I happen to
know. He did it against the protests
of many of his friends.' It had this effect,
to consolidate the money power in
his support. The plutocracy in 1892-94
will make the battle under his leadership,
They are playing a shrewd game.
The great work to" be done is that of
organization and preparation."
The talk of a played-out politician
like Weaver is of no consequence, but
the spirit of bis remarks permeated all
the speeches and the entire convention,
and can not be disregarded. Mr. Cleveland
is the victim of circumstances and
his own action. The engineers, ofthe
hew movemenkJaiow very yell that
.they can not retain their hold upon the
great mass of Sepoblicans who comprise
their forces if there arises in their
minds the slightest suspicion that they
are being led into the Democratic camp.
Consequently some Democrat must
serve as a target along with the makers
of McKinley bills, and Mr. Cleveland
happens to be the most conspicuous
mark. He greatly facilitated the execution
of the plan by pronouncing
against free silver, thus presenting to
the leaders of the Alliance sufficient
excuse for designating him as a slave
of Wall street?and mention of Wall
street is to the farmers what a red
rag is to a bull, Thu3 the Alliance
men hope to solidify their own ranks
by attracting both Democrats and Republicans
who have been inclined to
pin their faith to tariff reform.?New
MRS. SURRATT'S EXECUTION.
An Oatra?* Upon Justice In the Opinion
W1 JLJLXil VVUI^OOIVUI
"Washington, May 28?The Rev. J.
A. Walter, pastor of St. Paterick's
Church, this city, has prepared and presented
to the Catholic Historical Society
of Xew York a paper on Mrs. Surratt,
which he thiDks will throw new light on
the character, trial and execution of
that unfortunate woman. It will be
read before the Society to morrow night.
Father Walter was pastor of St. Fatrick's
Church when President Lincoln
was assassinated, and Mrs. Surratt was
a member of his congregation. On the
very night that Booth tired the fatal
shot she was at Father Walter's church,
ana that circumstance alone, in the
mind of the clergyman, wes partial
Drool' that she knew nothing of the
plans prepared by the assassins at her
house. lie became deeply interested
in her case, was her confessor and adviser
after her arrest as well as before,
and did everything: in his power, both
by appeals to President Johnson and
by bitter denunciations of the unjust
measures adopted by the Government
in its prosecution, to save her from the
Although the occurrences which Father
"Walter describes in his paper occurred
so long ago, that he still feels
freshly and keenly the injustice which
led to Mrs. Surratt's execution. In
speaking of the matter to a Sun representative
ne said: If President Johnson
had been a man of courage the execution
would not have taken place,
lie simply acted in accordance with
public clamor, and signed the death
warrant without even reading the testimony
on which the woman had been
convicted. T went to him and told him
that I had read every line of the testimony,
and that there was not enough
evidence to hang a cat cn; that I did
not ask a pardon l'or Mrs. Surratt, nor
a commutation of sentence, but merely
a repreve for ten days, in order that I
might prove her innocence, but President
Johnson did not have courage
enough to comply with mv request.
TT .. V?A <?A "ho n?Anl/1 V\A O/V.
11C 11 HC UiU OV xic ?r \juai*. iu\j uvcused
of commending: the deed that had
put him in the Presidential chair. So
he consigned an innocent woman to a
shameful death in order to escape the
adverse criticism of a frenzied populace.
The whole trial was an outrage, and
there is no doubt that the Government
resorted to fraudulent measures io. order
to obtain a conviction.
"Mr. Bradley, who defended John
Surratt, had among his papers a telegraph
book showing that John Surratt
was in Elmira on the night of April 13,
yet when a search was ma:je for the hotel
register, that would have shown his
presence there on that date, it had disappeared
and not until a year ago was
I able to ascertain that the Government
had taken possession of it and had
withheld it order to deprive the prisoners
of the benefit of this bit of evi
"John Surratt was allowed to escape
a trial because the Government knew
it hai no case against him, and if he
were innocent, his mother was also. It
has been charged tuatl forbade Mrs.
Surratt's speaking, but this is not true.
She declared her innocence up to the
time of her death, and beyond this declaration
she had nothing to say."?Bal
This May Interest You.
Camden, S. C., May 27.?The following
h;ts been received by a gentleman in
"Gaiidixeu, Maine, April 21,1891.
"To the commanding officer of the
12:h regiment S. C. v.. Confederate
.states, in the war of the rebellion of
1801.?Sir: Will you be so kind as to inform
me if the second lieutenant, Company
I, of that regiment is still living.
This officer was wounded in the right
knee at the second battle of Bull Run
on the 28th of August, 1862. If he is
still living please so inform me. He
was wounded in the knee. Ilis servant
was a prisoner, by the name of Sheed or
Sniusr. This officer may hear or something
that will interest him. His residence
was at the time of his entering
ih? service Charleston, South Carolina.
I'iease answer. Very respectfully,
"Henry E. Merrill,
"Late 1st lieutenant Hancock's 1st
army corps, United States Y'eteran
This was referred to Capt. J. C. Rollings,
of Camden, who was at the time
second lieutenant of Company 1,12th
ivjrimerit, but Capt. Rollings was
wounded in the face on that day, and
not in the right knee, as stated by Mr.
Merrill, so he is not the man sought for.
It is thought that there must be some
mistake in the initial of the company
or the number of the regiment.
Iilocked by Caterpillars.
Minneapolis, May 23.?A special to
the .Journal from Mankato, Minn., says
that all trains on the Milwaukee Koaa
this morning are delayed at a point
y-v?,* /-v-p +hio r?i+T7 UTT
3CYCU IUX1CO UUt UJ. 11JIO V.1UJ u;
lars, which had crawled upon" the rails
to sun themselves. The sand boxes
were soon exhausted and two engines
were hardly able to move the train.
The morning freight was an hour and
ten minutes in going two miles. Caterpillars
were ground into masses of
grease over which the wheels slipped
like so much butter. The caterpillars
h^ve been a pest in the locality for two
CANT HOLD TWO OFFICES.
Tbe Governor Removes th? Supervisor of
Registration lor Charleston.
Columbia, S. C\. May 28.?Messrs.
J. M. Eason and G. W. Dingle of the
ballot reform committee of Charleston
were in the city yesterday, and interw'awa/1
f? ATTftvn r\y in roforan^o tf\ fh^
ViCTYCU IUU UVVC1UV1 1U ivivivuvv/ w vuv
matter of the Supervisor of Registration
for Charleston County. They represented
to him that the present Supervisor,
Mr. Cantwell, held t.vo offices, viz.:
that of Supervisor of Registration and
Clerk of the Board of County Commissioners.
The Governer concluded that
Mr. Cantwell could not legally hold two
offices, and deiermed to remove him.
TT<? first hn7fpvf>r. submitted the ooint
involved to the Assistant Attorney General,
who gave the following written
t4T?e inquiry referred 3>y your Excellency
to tie Attorney General, of this
dale, embraces, as r understand It, two
questions: Is the Clerk of the Board of
County Commissioners an officer?" "Is
a person holding the office of Supervisor
of Registration eligible as Clerk ot the
Board of County Commissioners?"
Without having time to give my reasons
in lull, I have the honor to state to
your Excellency orieflv that in my opinion
the Clerk of the Board of Couuty
Commissioners is an officer, and second,
that a person cannot hold two offices at
the same time. I refer your Excellency
to Section 30, Article 2 of the Constitution
and sections 91 and 612 of the General
Statutes of South Carolina.
The Governor on receipt of this opinion
wrote as follows to Mr. W. P. C inwell:
"Sir?It has been brought to my attention
that you are the Clerk of the
Board of County Commissioners, while
of (Via oama tima f.hf nffipp.
of Supervisor of Registration. In the
opinion of the Attorney General one
man cannot hold these tvro offices legally,
and you are therefore removed from
the office ol Supervisor of Registration,
and will turn over all public property belonging
to said office remaining in your
possession to the present Board of Commissioners
"B. R. Tillman, Governor."
The Governor also wrote to Mr. Geo.
VV. Williams, Chairman of the Board of
Commissioners of Registration for Charleston
County, advising him of the removal
of Mr. Cantwell, and directing his
Board to taKe cnarge or tne dooks, etc.,
of the office UDtil his successor has been
appointed. The committee from Charleston
have suggested the name of Major
Hall T. McGee as Mr. Cantwell's
successor, and it is probable that he will
get the appointment if he will accept it.
T*nes Will Be Tried.
Columbia,S. C., May 28?Jones, the
triple Edgefield murderer, is to be tried
at the next term of court in Lexington
County, the change of venue having
been made some months ago, but Solicitor
kelson has had some doubts of his
ability to secure the State's witnesses
from Edgefield, on account of tne fact
that there was no provision made for
the payment of their per diem and
mileage. He accordingly wrote to the
Governor suggesting that he pay these
expenses out of his contingent fund,
and in response to this request the Governor
yesterday wrote to him as follows:
My Dear Sin: Your letter of yesterday,
asking that arrangement be
made for paying the expenses of witnesses
in the Jones case, came to hand
tms morning. jl am very anxious mat
no delay shall occur in bringing that
matter to an end, and I will pay out of
the contingent fund a sufficient per
diem to each of the State's witnesses to
cover actual expenses, not to exceed
the amount named by you?$85. I do
this with the express understanding
that you will insist on a trial at any
and all hazards.
Yours, very truly,
B. R. Tillman, Governor.
Hutchinson, Kansas, May 27.?At a.
meeting of Republican editors of the
seventh congressional .District a jeuer
from ex-Senator Ingalls was read and
warmly applauded. Among other
things the letter said: The Republican
party is confronted with great
problems which threaten its supremacy.
If we are to succeed we must deal with
the issues of to-day as we dealt with
slavery, secessian and State soverigntv
thirty "years ago. The Republicanism
of the future must readjust itself to
the changed conditions of American
life or it will perish. 1 wish to save it
from this fate by recalling the spirit of
energy, aggressive and patriotic force
nf the f.vinrters tn the rarrmaiffn of
1892. This will be waged upon economic
and practical questions, and not upon
memories or motions. Harrison will
be renominated and Cleveland will be
his antagonist. If we have courage
and conscience it will be Austerlitz. If
we dicker with popular errors, compromise
with unprincipled leaders and
sneer at honest differences of judgment
and opinion, it will be Waterloo."
That >?ew Party.
Madison. Wis.. May 27.?Railroad
Commissioner H. A. Taylor, in a letter
to the State Journal, of this city, says
of the people's party inaugurated at
Cincinnati: "The convention at Cincinnati
has no rightful claim to be
called a national convention. In it we
find men who have been prominent in
neither political nor business circles.
The men of brain, of integrity and
statesmanship, the men who have organized
and controlled our great financial
enterprises, who have enacted our
laws and demoted lives of fidelity to all
legitimate public interests, haven't
raised their voices in the clamor ot discontent
which comes from the Cincinnati
convention. I cannot believe that
any considerable number of leading
men of either of the great parties of
the country will be found in the ranks
of this new party. It will be largely
made up of perhaps well meaninsr, but
Death of a Colored Pr?ach?r.
Charleston, S. C., May 26.?Rev.
Jacob Mills, probably the oldest colored
in flip rnnntrv. diftd vesterdav
la Charleston. He was ninety-one years
of ase. When quite young he was made
free, and was an exhorter long before
the war. Of late years was pastor of
Centennary Church, this city. He had
the respect of all white citizens who
knew him, and his own people venerated
him. The funeral to-day took the shape
of a public demonstration. He is said
to have married over 2,000 colored
couples in Charleston.
The Agony Over.
Tallahassee, Fla., May 27.?Senator
Call was re-eiected United Senator
by the Legislature in joint session today.
He received fifty-one votes, only
fifty-four members being present. The
anti-Call men absented themselves
trom the joint session.
CLOSE ON ITS HEELS. J
THE "CHARLESTON" SIXTY-FIVE
MILES BEHIND THE "ITATA."
Both Vessels Coins: at Fall Speed?They i
"Were Met by the "Colima"?Eumon
That the Insurgent Leaders Will G!t?
Up the "Itata." :'Wm
Sax Francisco, May 25.?The first
authentic news about the Itata since she
left this port, was received here to-day.
The steamship Colima, which has just
arrived from Panama and way ports, reports
that she spoke both the Itata and
The Itata was met at 10.52 o'clock
the morning of the 15th inst, going
south at full steam, sixty-five miles
I from Acapulco. At 5.20 p. m. the same
day the Colima spoke it* Charleston |
! Capt Ewnyrol ^Charleston, asked
the Itata. He answered in the afBrmative,
and then the United States
crusier went straight on her way. Evidently
the Charleston missed the pirate
steamer by only about one hundred and
twenty miles, by putting into Acapulco.
The Esmeralda's ran out of Acadulco
and back again, about the time of the
Charleston's arrival, was clearly made
to warn the Itata, which kept off shore.
If she has coal enough to carry her to
Iquique, she will be able to carry arms
to the insurgents, otherwise she must
stop at Panama, where the Charleston
will probably catch her.
It is rumored here to day that insurgent
leaders haye agree! to deliver the
Itata to the United States authorities
on her arrival at Iquique and that there
fore the Charleston will make no farther
serious efforts at capture.
When the Esmeralda hrst entered
port at Acapulco she saluted the fort
with twenty- one guns, which salute was
not returned. On the following day her
commander made an official visit to the
commandant of the military forces.
The Kope Broke.
Broken Bow, Xeb., May 22.?The ;
respite of thirty days granted by Gov- /
ernor Boyd to AlbertE. Hanerstine.the
murderer of Hiram Roten and William
Ashley, expired today, and at 1:30
o'clock the condemed man was hanged.
In spite of the storm, 4,000 people gathered
to witness the execution. When
the trap was sprung the body shot downward
and dropped to the ground, the
rope having broken. The half conscious
man was seized by the sheriff and carried
back on the gallows. The rope
was then doubled and the trap again
sprung. This time his neck was broken
by the fall. .
At midnight he made a statement.
He said that two weeks prior to the
murder he was accused of petty thieving.
The murdered men, with others,
annoyed and threatened him. At one ..
time somebody poisoned water that he
had hauled in barrels. On theiatal<iayx
Roten and Ashley came to his place, \
without authority, to search for a clock
that had been taken from the schoolhouse.
Roten carried a Winchester
across his arm, Hanerstine gave them
the clock and then asked them to dinner.
They would not eat with him. An
altercation took place, and in the heat
of passion he shot Roten to protect himself.
Then he shot Ashley, who attempted
to draw his pistol from his
Eleven Miners Killed. ^?51
Birmingham, May 22.?At tne Pratt
mines to-day an explosion of gas in th8
shaft where convicts are worked killed
ten negro convicts and one free miner
nampH Tnm Monro Tt is hftliftvpd that
the men bad in some way knocked off
a plank from the door which stood
across an old chamber and on which
the word ''Gas" was written. The gas*
rushed out and caught fire from a lamp
Officers of the company went to the
rescue and worked to save the men, but ^
were themselves suffocated and narrowly
escaped, being dragged out unconscious.
The bodies of the dead have
all been recovered. The mines are not
considered in danger from gas as a rule,
and this is the first accident of the
sort in a long time. Two life convicts
worked faithfully with the rescuing
Tortnred by African Savazes.
ST. T\r>TTTR Afsv 07 A Ipf-.ter h?m
been received here from Cape Town,
South Africa, siviog an account; of the
capture and torture by Zulus of Jeff
Allen, of Decatur, III., and W. A. Kennan,
whose home is supposed to be either
in St. Joseph, Mo., or Silver City, New
Mexico. The letter is dated March 1st,
and it Is signed "Frank Short." It was
enclosed in an envelope from the United
States consulate at Cape Town. The
' The British ship Neptune, Captain
Saunders, master, oi London, was ref?pn1.1v
drivpn ??<5hrvrp> ofT t.hp nf "Vft.
tal, adjacent to the Free States, and all
but five out of the crew of fitty-elght
perished. The five men started on foot
to Natal, 170 miles distant, and on the
way they were captured by a band of
Zulus, who stripped off their clothes and a
proceeded to torture them by tying them
to a tree and beating them with the
Shambock, a jacged club made of rhinoceros
hide. * Whiie the fiends were in
the midst ol this barbarous pastime, they
were surprised by a party of Boer hunters,
armed with muskets, who charged
upon them and put them to flight. Kennan
and Adams were the only ones who
survived the torture, and were safely - ;:-c!
conveyed to 2satal and thence to Cape
Town. Kennan is still insane from his
Three Men Killed by Foal Air.
Cextralia, Wash., May 27.?While
grading a street this morning a laborer
uncovered an old well to ascertain its
aeptn. lie was overcome wnu iuui <411
and fell into the well. Three othsc laborers,
who went to his assisance, were
also precipitated into the well in the
same manner. After the air became
pure the men were brought to the surface.
Onlv one. named Ford, could be
resuscitated. The names of the dead
are Burns. Perry and Dobson. .
Congressman Hoak Dead. '
Knoxyille, Tenn., May 25.?Con- a
gressman Houk died here early this
morning. Judge Houk had been suffering
from heart disease. Yesterday he
went to a drug store to get a prescription
put up. The druggist made it up
and put it down in a glass near another
containing a strong solution of arsenic,
and he took the latter by mistake. Un
der medical treatment ne seemed to De
recovering last night, but became worse
toward morning and died at 7 o'clock
Ravages of a Rain Storm.
Alma, Xeb. May 27.?The worse rain
storm ever known here occurred last
night. The city is comepletely inundated.
The water was from two to four
feet deep. The West wall of Sims block
rrotre Tvoc nnrier nrfiSSUre and is a
total wreck. The sidewalks succombed
to the pressure, and twenty-five feet of
the dam at Lake Disapointment is swept
away. The^ damage to crops will be