Newspaper Page Text
1 T?? ALEXASDER9IATTER. |
CORRESPONDENCE 3ETWEEN THE!
OVERNOR AND PROFESSOR.
fcTmpatby With a Sear<;h After Truth - j
Xne Dropping of tho Frofessjr not Re- j
ious Persecution?a Much T:i!kccl of ;
- * I
Isocameut With Hot Much in it.
following is the correspondence
between Governor Tillman and Professor
Alexander, in regard to which so
mucn curiosity has been manifested:
THE GOVERNOR'S FIRST LETTER.
(Private.) April 22, *91.
juEAK Sir: In to-day's Xews ar:d j
Courier I nna mention raaueoi mesuujr"
-natter of your talk with tbe Trustees
yesterday and prominence given to
a question propounded by me. 1 desire
to disclaim all knowledge of this publicity,
and 1 regret thai your earnest
ana frank statement, which strongly
excited the admiration and sympathies
of many of the Trustees, should have
gone lorth in such a way and at such a
i cannot refrain from giving expres?i"'i
mv ntvn fAplirurs in the matter.
ana to say that while I fear your open
avowal of such doubts will inevitably
sevei your connection with the college
that i do not share in the slightest in
the leeling which will cause men to cry
our. against you and demand your dismissal.
The seeker after truth, the
man who in this vale of tears honestly
strives to know and to do what is right
witnout pandering to the prejudices or
surrendering to the clamor of the ignorant
multitude, must, like the meek and
lowiy Jesus, e.xpeci persecution and
sorrow as his lot. To few is given the
ability or will to swim against the current
or' popular ideas or attack old customs.
The masses of mankind inherit
their reiigion and have no well defined
op!n:on on this subject. In proportion
as tney are ignorant are they bigoted?
but I must not trespass further on your
time or patience. 1 only desire to let
you Know that I do not share such feelings
With assurance of the highest rcspect
I am very truly yours.
-?- 13. 11. Tillman.
To jur. W. J. Alexander.
kepjfv to dil alexanders request.
? . c afoir 1q ifcqi
,\J?A u l-A, o. v., ^XCkJ l? . -Ct/x.
Prof. W. J. Alexander, Columbia, S. C.
IXkaii Sik: Your letter oi' yesterday,
asking; permission to publish a private
letter i wrote you on April 22, concerning:
Your statement before the Trustees,
is at nand. The letter in question was
not vrritten with a view to its being
maat> public, and it may place me in a
false position unless it couid be elaborated.
which I hardly know how to do.
This you can readily understand that
as 1 am not a nrofessor of religion of
any kind I would not like to appear before
xne public in the role of a critic.
I wroie with my usual frankness and
there :s nothing in my letter which I
woulu not avow if necessary, but I do
not think the circumstances at present
require it. Just as you refnse to give
your religious views at iirst on the
grouna of "private property," I don't
think mine ihould be brought out in
this way. And I therefore cannot consent
to your request lor leave to publish
- If you are very anxious that I should
give "an expression of opinion on your
leavingthe college, I will give my hontst
nTMninn in a ctafptnpnt Tr> the nress or
in a letter to yourself. In this event
will be glad to see you as scon as may
be convenient. Yours truly, &c.,
B. E. Tillman.
dr. alexander accepts.
Columbia, S. C., May 19, 1891.
Governor B. R. Tillman, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir.: In your letter of to-day,
v*hic-h I have just received, you decline
v to allow me to publish your letter written
to me on April 22ci. The publica?
- tion of this letter could not, so far as I
can see, do you any harm, and would
settle the question "in the minds of uost
persons as 10 iae ca.usc ua iuy iciuukii
from the University. Unfortunately,
most of the evidence in my possession
is under the seal of privacy; that seal I
hoped you would break and let the truth
come forth. I regret, therefore, that
you decline to allow me to publish your
You offer, however, to furnish me a
statement on the subject with the understanding
teat I may publish it if I
see fit. 1 accept this offer, and will
thank you to forward me such a statement
at your earliest convenience.
y cry respcuwiuij,
W. J. Alexander.
governor tillman's statement.
Prof. W. J. Alexander, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: Your letter of May 19,
asking me to furnish a statement of
??? the causes which occasioned your re
tirement as professor from the S. C.
College comes duly to hand, and I reply
at my earliest convenience. And I ,
do so more readily because I have seen
erroneous statements going the rounds
of the press charging that 1 had written
you a letter to the ellect that your
religious views were the cause of your
not Demg re-elected. I win oe as oner
as I can be making the matter clear.
And of course it is understood that I
speak for myself alone and not for the
Board of Trustees.
When the Trustees'met on April 21. ,
a majority and minority report had ,
been prepared suggesting a plan of reorganization.
In "both of these the :
chans which you liold were abolished,
and the studies divided and added to
- other classes.
At the first meeting the whole facul
ty, one by one, were invited before us 1
and asktd to give their views on the .
\ proposed reorganization. During the
^ hearing your religious vie'vs became a 1
matter"of discussion. The question of :
Mr. S'oan as to Bain's skepticism caus- 1
ing you very frankly and broadly to
avow your own skepticism. After it
had lasted a long while, to bring mat- :
ters to an end, I asked as to ycur belief
1 xy <r'hT*ict? 00 T?r\n ^?.c?]ino/l tn onctrpr
4U CiO J Vit Ul cw uwu II v*
the Board was left in ignorance of
^ _ what you did believe. Isothin^ was
said by yr>u at that meeting about your '
being a Unitarian.
> 2sext day I wrote you a private letter
expressing my admiration and sym- ;
pathy, but expressing the opinion that
such views would inevitably cause
a severance of your connection with
the institution. I did not speak for !
any one but myself, and gave my own
At the meeting of fi rst of May the college
was reorganized, your chair abol
isnea, ana tms wouiu nave nappeneu 11
you had never given any information as
to religious views, because it was one
which could be naturally and easily divided.
You again appeared before the
Board and read your protest, which has
been published, claiming to be a Unitarian
Christian. In the election which
followed you were not put in nomination
for any chair and, of course, it is
left to conjecture whether you would
have been elected had your name been
presented. These are"l'acts, and I will
? oniy aaa mar lcai.noi see any grouna ior
the cry of religious intolerauce which
has been raised. You and your co-religionists
have no cause for complaint
that I see. Theie is a vast dill'erence
between allowing a man perfect religious
freedom and putting hin in a position
to teach bis dogmas. Speaking
for myself 1 can say that fitness and
high moral character will govern my
vote in choosing a faculty for the college,
as 1 believe it will the other Trus+OOC
or?r) T'nit.,i-;or. ifill I i_i nctM.
WV.C, UV V. UiKUlUil tt 4kl *.'V. V.J k. * ?.
cised for conscience sake.
V>. K. Tillman.
the statement not satisfactory.
Columbia, S. C.. May 25, IS1U.
Governor 1J. 11. Tillman. C jlumbia, 6. C.
Dear Sir: Your communication of
May 21 caine duly to hand, but as it was
published that jou would be absent
from the city lor a few days I have deferred
writing to you until to-day. I
regret to have to say that your "state
i ? ^ ,^^n. "*** Z ' *''* "I ?
uiftn is not satisfactory, and that X
cannot have it published. I shall, therefore,
be obliged if you will make your
own statementr to the public on the
subject of my retirement from the
W. J. Alexander.
Prof. Alexander Wednesday gave to
the press the following reply to the
statement of Governor Tillman in letters,
but more especially to the second
the one submitted for publication, but
As Governor Tillman has at last published
the entire correspondence between
us it is due to him and to the
public that I should explain why }the
statement that be submitted to me for
publication in lieu of the letter that he
refused to allow me to publish wa? not
satisfactory. One has only to compare
the two papers to see why the one "last
written was unsatisfactory, but it will
not be amiss to set forth the principal
reasons explicitly. This I shall do as
briefly as possible.
First. Governor Tillmbn in order to
make out a case has manufactured His
facts. By such a process any case
whatever could be made out. He says:
"When the trustees met on April 21,
1891, a majority report and minority report
had been prepared suggesting a
plan of reorganization." This is true.
"In both of these the chairs which
you hold icere abolished and the studies
divided and added to other classes."
This is not true, and no one ought to
know better that it is not true than
Governor Tillman himself. Both these
reports were published, both were submi
ited to every member of the board
for their careiul consideration, both
were (lououess cioseiy examuiea aim
deeply pondered by Governor Tillman,
both are now accessible. Let Governor
Tillman show that the majority report,
which is the real report of the executive
committee, abolished my chair; on
the contrary, it r as proposed to that
committoe (as the minority report necessarily
implies) to abolish my chair,
as well "as to do a number of unwise
things, aod the proposal was deliberately
r -jected by four out of a committee
Mr. JIaytield, in presenting the report
of the executive committee, spoke for
every member of that committee but
one when he reported that the chair of
logic and rhetoric should be retained in
its integrity. That Mr. Clark's impracticable
scheme embodied in the minori
ty report had very little influence with
the board is evident from the fact that
nearly every one of his characteristic
recommendations was rejected.
During both conferences and the
ten days that intervened my religious
opinions are the things, and the only
things, that will '-eventually sever my
connection with the college;" that will
' cause men to cry out for my dismissal,"
etc., etc. After the whole thing is over
it turns out that both reports of the
executive committee recommended the
abolition of my chair, and that such
aoonuoa was a ioregouo cuuuiusiuu
from the beginning! Are Governor
Tiilman and Mr. Jones so put to it to
make out a case for themselves that
the Speaker ot the House of Representatives
mast distort and caricature
facts until they do not know themselves.
and that the Governor of the
State must manufacture them out of
the whole cloth ?
Second, as the editor the State has already
pointed out, there is a flat contradiction
between the whole spirit
of the first paper and that of the second.
"Looking here upon this picture
and on that." In the first "the frank
avowal of my religious views will inevitably
sever ~iy connection with the
college;" in t second those views have
numiug LO UU WIi,U LU.V remUVcU.
Iii the first my views "will cause men
to cry out for my dismissal;" in the
second Governor Tillman "cannot see
any ground for the cry of religious intolerance
which has been raised."
In the first I am warned to "expect
r>r? enrrntr oo ro\7 1 r?i" " TT>
Uti U ULV/14 (iUU OV/liVlf IW *VWJ
the second "you and your co-religionists
have no cause for complaint that I
JJud enough; no vender of patent
medicines could get up a more striking
contrast of ''before" and "after" taking
than our Governor has done in these
two papers. Such evasion is unworthy
of him. Had I received his second paper
before I penned my letter of May
211 could not have written "you have
been frank and straightforward in your
whole course in the matter." For while
I was writing these very words, and rejoicing
that I could write them, the
Governor was utterly changing his
policv. W. J. Alexander.
The Third Party in Kansas.
Chicago, May 27.?A special dis- :
patch from Topeka, Kas, savs: Prohibition
leaders are delighted at the result
of the Supreme Court decision in the
t>- i ? i
iwiuer uj. Ji^iuai c y; wc uuiuuig uug
Wilson bill constitutional. County Attorney
Welch, who had dropped his
prosecutions of men charged with con- (
tinumg to sell liquor after the passage ;
of the Wilson bill, will now continue
them and the war will be waged with de- |
It is difficult to tell the political effect ;
of the decision. Secretary of State Hig- :
ijins said that he hoped the questiom
would now be taken out of politics. "It :
is no longer a political question," said :
!ir> fhp r1or>i*mn nf thp hifrhpRt tri- I
buual in the land settles the matter so :
far as the approaching campaign is con- '
Many of the Democratic and Eepub- ;
lican leaders have become sick and tired '
of a campaign over a local issue, and !
since the People's party has ignored the i
question altogether it will give the new <
party a distinct advantage in the ap- i
[poaching campaign if the old parties di- (
vide on the liquor question. !
Uuaiut Religions Rights.
Heading,Fa., May 22.?The two days'
love feast of the Dunkards adjourned
iu Mohler's meeting house, near
Kphrata, this afternoon. Four tbous- ]
and people were present to-day. An i
unusual feature of this love feast was 1
the baptism of two young married pairs j
living in me neiguuornoou vj uumer- ;
si on in the Coealico creek at lluben <
Fahnestock's mill, over half a mile ]
away from the meeting house. Meals ?
were served to the entire multitude free ]
of charge. j
Alter dinner the brethren washed
each other's feet, the women doing likewise
with those of their own sex, while ]
hymns were being sung.
"The Lord's supper was then celebrated,
every set of four brethren and
every set of four sisters eating out of 1
rvTi^> Tin dish hrpuri hpinc riinnpd into i
soup made of rice and lamb. The sa- I
lutation of the holy kiss followed, the 1
men kissing each other and the women ;
kissing each other at the same time. 3
His Last Wish Denied. .
Tukix, May 22.?In consequence of (
the refusal of the French Government
to grant the request of the executors of
the" will of the late Prince Xapoleonthe
Italian Government has ordered the
4-1?. ??? k a f ? o cnrvn^r?n in
tUliiU ill LiiC VUUltU UA XJCb uu^Cifta, iu
which the Prince's body lies, to be ,
closed. The executors requested the
French Government to grant the
Frince's last desire, which was that his
body should be buried in Il?s San Guinaires,
near Ajaccio the capital of Corsica.
A Military Train Wrecked.
Columbus, Texas., May 22.?This
morning a train on the Southern Pacific,
containing three companies of the
Fifth Infantry, on route to Alabama,
was wrecked.* Charles Carter, a private
from Santa Fe, was killed outright
and four others were fatally injured.
me wrecK occurred six muesirum uric.
All the soldiers were badly sbaken up. J
POISONED HER FATHER, j
A SENSATIONAL STORY COMES FROM j
A Beautiful Youi?s Girl Kcdents a P.tti,r- I
aal Thrashing?Her Father Objected to J
Her Favorite Suitor?Sho Tearfully Confe
Athens, Ga., May 23.?Jim Jarrett,
who lives in Tackson county about
fourteen miles from Athens, and near
Jefferson, is a prosperous and contented
farmer who has a lovely daughter,
Fannier, much admired by all the young
men of the neighborhood.
Among ner aamirers is a juuug i<nraer,
Bob McRae, who had' been particularly
attentive to her, and who is
very obnoxious to her father. The
daughter, however, was fond of Bob,
and was determined to see him whenever
the opportunity offered, no matter
how much opposed her father might be
to their meeting.
Last Tuesday Mr. Jarrett told his
daughter that she must stop seeing the
fascinating Bob, and if she disobeyed
him he would whip her. This threat
did not, however, deter the daughter
from carrying out her plans, and she
met Mc.Hae and took a long walk with
him. This angered her father beyond
endurance, and when she returned to
her home he gave her, as be had prom
lseu, a severe wmppiug.
After the whipping kad been adnoinist8red,
the daughter went olf for a lew
hours, but returned, seemingly as happy
as she had been. The next day JUr.
Jarrett had soup for dinner, which was
made by his daughter. He was taken
violently sick soon after eating, and
when the physicians arrived, they saw
at once that he had been poisoned." The
poison was discovered to be in the soup,
and was rough on rats.
The daughter when shesaw her father
apparently dying, broke down and confessed
her crime amid tears and protestations
of future obedience. Sue had
Y?m/-nrPfi nnison and nut it in the
v/v-vw r *
soup intending to kill her father because
he had whipped her. Fortunately for
the life of Mr. Jarrett, too much poison
was administered and he was not instantly
killed and now in fact, he may
Every effort is being made to save his
life and these efforts may succeed.
The story is sickening in the extreme
and although the daughter is pretty and
attractive she will in all probability be
made an example of.?Augusta Chronicle.
The People's Party.
Cincinnati, May 21.?Since ibe ad
journment of the Xatnonal Union ConvAntinn
last, niphfc. scores of dispatches
expressing approval of the outcome ot
the gathering and oflcrring congratulations
h ve poured in upon the delegates
from all over the country. Both factions
to the third party controversy are
satisfied with the result and each claims
the victory. An eil'ort will be made to
brinsr the industrial conference that assembles
in February next into the fold,
but whether successful or not, a People's
Party Presidential ticket will be
placed in the field next year.
'The national committee of the Peo"*
* -A 1 ? *- TTa^aI T7 rv> r\r* xr 4 A_ I
pie'8 rarty met at tuc nuici
day and installed H. E. X. Taubeneck
of Illinois as chairman, and Robert
Schilling of Wisconsin, secretary, and
informally discussed a plan for a vigorous
campaign all over the country. Ohio
will be the first point of attack. A State
ticket is to be placed in the field next
month, and Congressman Simpson, Gen.
Weaver and others will stump the State
from one end to the other. A national
campaign fund of $100,000 is also to be
The War is Not Over.
Washington*, May 20.?The plan
proposed for the providing of a pavilion
at Chicago to be called '-The Blue and
*1? ^ ~ ? '' ***% t?a<amnc r\p hn(:h i
lilts UrTcl,y, 1U1 LUC^ tgiuau>j vst wv?M
armies, in which war relics could be
stored, the veterans to camp in tents io
be furnished by the War Department,
has received a set-back by the adoption
of resolutions at a recent meeting of
Post No. 3 of the department of the Potomac,
G. A. li? setting forth that its
members were opposed to the p'.an; that
the causeof the Union soldiers was right
from 1861 to 18G5, and that their opponents
were wrong; that, therefore, if any
honor was due to anyone it was due to
only Ihose who saved the nation. It
was furtner resolved that there was
room for only one flag within the confines
of the United States, and that flag
was the stars and stripes?the emblem
o! freedom and right. These resolutions
were subsequently endorsed by the
Department of the Potomac.
An Important Decision.
Washington, May 25?The United
States Supreme Court to-day rendered,
through Chief J ustice Fuller, an opinion
on the liquor question, which is of
great importance to all the States. The
importance of the decision is that it upholds
the State authority as against national
authority, and that it settles beyond
all controversy that the police
i-egulations of a State prohibitihg the
introduction of intoxicating liquors
can be enforced despite the original
package decision of the Supreme Court.
The case came up on habeas corpus
from Kansas. Justices Gray, Harlan
and Brewer, while assenting to the genoral
nuroose of the oDinion. differed in
3ome minor particulars. The decision
is gratifying to the prohibitionists.
They regard it as entirely upsetting the
'original package" decision of about
two years ago, and sustaining in their
entirety the police powers of the several
States to regulate the liquor traffic
within their respective borders.
A i'iendlsh Crime.
Louisville, Ky., May 22?One of
the most fiendish crimes ever known in
Kentucky is reported from Sandy Ilook,
the county seat of Elliott. A young
school teacher, Miss Maud Fleenor, was
thrown from a horse, lrigmeneu oy iwo
Wilcox brothers, each of whom the girl
had refused to marry. With a leg and
arm broken she was chained in a deserted
cabin, where she was kept a
prisoner since the middle of April, and
slowly dying, was made the victim of
her captors' lust. Last Tuesday a posse,
headed by her brother, found the gir),
who died fifteen minutes later. The
Wilcox brothers were captured, confessed,
and were promptly shot to death.
Couldn't Endorse the Platform.
St. Paul, May 25.?Sidney M. Owen,
the Minnesota Alliance candidate for
yovernor. although an enthusiastic
third party man, said last evening that
ae could not endorse the Cincinnati
platform. Briefly, he said: "1 am in
favor of government ownership and
operation of the railroads. I am also
a believer in bimetallic currency, but I
3o not believe in fiat money on the subtreasury
An U2I7 Affair.
Ninety-Six, S. C., May 27.?The dead
body of a white baby was found in Saluda
River, near this place, on Sunday
last. At the inquest yesterday the testimony
developed facts which resulted
in the arrest of a prominent young lady.
Quite a prominent gentleman here
is thought to know something about it,
and further developments are watched
Kills Two Officers.
Birmingham, Ala., May 25.?At
Clements, Tuskaloosa county, last night,
two officers, names unknown, surrounded
the house of Jim Morrison, a notorious
outlaw, and attempted to arrest him.
Morrison opened fire, killing both officers,
and was himself dangerously
wounded, but escaped.
FAILED FOR A MILLION.
Tho Dry Goods House in the South j
Atjlata. May 27.?Stephen 11 van, j
Atlanta's cry yoods kin-", iias fa.ile-1.
Mortgage* against him amounting to i
about $450,000 have been liled in the
clerk's oCice, one for $111.704.20 in favor
of II. B, Ciallin cf Xe'.v York was foreclosed
at 11 o'clock this morning,
i At that hour the Sheriff closed the
/\f AT.? lnr.'C rTrrr o-nnHs P?5
| v. ? ~ =
tablishmeut and took charge of the
This is 01.e of t!:e largest failures that
has ever occurred iti the South and lias
caused great excitement iu business and
A few years ago Mr John Ryan, who
had acquired a large fortune in the dry
oods business, sold out to his two eldest
sons, Steven A. llyan and John F.
Ryan, and the business was continued
under the style of John Ryan's Sons.
Some time ago John F. Ryan sold his
interest to his brother Steven.
Stephen llyan has made himself famous
by antagonizing other merchants
by selling ^roods at far below their cost
Ilis liabilities are about $250,000, and
just what his assets are nobody knows
at this time.
The failure here lias caused the biggest
kind of a sensation, though people have
for a long time been suspecting it.
Steve Hyatt's fail her is one of ihe
wealthiest men in Atlanta, and he, too,
has a mortgage nga'mst his sou for $85,000,
as well as his brother for $70,000.
A few .weeks ago Steve llyan insti4nfo/I
enif- nrroinsf n "Vow "Vnrk IlOUSe for
kyan's liabilities ano.visa.
1L novr turns out that Steve llyan's
liabilities aru about $1,000,000.
lie says he cannot estimate what his
ssets are, as they consist of his books
and store. He gives as his reasons for
failure the heavy rains in the spring and
having to meet a number of heavy payments
all at once.
Several months ago the gossips had it
: hat Steve Ryan was said to be (inaucially
embarassed. About that time
some Xew York merchant jumped on
him with proceedings calculated to throw
doubt on his financial standing, but
Ryan, in the law suits, whipped them
all, and later took personal satisfaction
out of "the hide" of one of them in New
York. Every assurance was given at
H--1 J.: 1I..4 K? ?11
II1UL IIUJU bllitt !1C Htto a.]
It has been Steve Iiyau's ambitioa to
be the merchant prince of the South, and
he has been well,on the road toward the
fulfillment of that ambition. His store
here has been a great emporium on the
line of Sterns' and other big Xew York
establishments, where it was possible to
obtain practically everything, from a
needle to a thrashing machine.
Ryan has earned the enmity of merchants
in other lines by cutting into
tiioif o-noi.iol fiptds wifli hi* flenartmenls.
and his sacrifice sales in all these departments
have spread consternation. They
have also led older merchants to shake
their heads and predict that such business
couldn't last long.
SCENES IN THE STOKE.
When the Sheriff closed up the big
dry goods establishment there were some
The hundreds of clerks were du&bfouuded
and were loth to believe the
I It took the Shenll some time to get
the store, which was packed with cusI
tomcrs, cleared of the crowd. It was
! some time before all the clerks could be
made to stop selling goods.
| "Xot another bundle mu <t leave this
store," yelled the Sheriff, as he walked
, about from counter to counter.
One old lady picked up a pair of shoes
and started for the door, saying: '"I've
| paid for these shoes aud I'll just take'em
An old man had just given a check,
$7.50, for a suit of clothes, and he carried
them off on his arm.
Finally the great store was cleared of
the mass of customers, the clerk put on
their hats and coats and quietly tooK
their departure. The doors were closed
and locked and the Sheriff put the keys
in his pockets.
A ]>a<l Wreck.
Cummixg, Ga.. May 18.?Thursday
while Postmaster J. E. 1'uett and Mr.
Ebb Barrett, of this place, were returning
from Buford, the mule Lbey were
driving became frightened at an ox team
and ran away. In endeavoring to pull
it to one side in order to pass a buggy in
U'ULLL Ui LllClll.UJli; liiii; Wiuav;?ita? 1115 cnw**
at the mercy of the mule, which lost no
time in turning the buggy over. Both
gentlemen were caught in the top and
dragged a considerable distance. It
seems almost a miracle that they escaped
with only a few bruises. The buggy
was demolished, but the mule came out
all right, of course.
A Tragedy at a Picnic.
Xewberky, fc>. C., May 13.?A picnic
party lrom the Sunday-school of the
Associate Reform Presbyterian Church
had a sad occurrence to day. The party
left here this morning for Little Mountain,
on the Columbia, Newberry and
Laurens RojvJ. Just after getting off
the traiu at Little Mountain Mrs. C}nthia
Mower, one of the party, died very
suddenly of apoplexly. Death came before
medical assistance could be rendered.
6he was about (30 years old and one
of the most prominent and successful
m<-rchants of Newberry. Her death
will be a loss to the town. She was a
prominent and earnest worker in the
temperance cause.?News and Courier.
Filled his Body With Bullets.
Evansvillk, lud., May 21.?Xews
was received here late last night of the
waylaying and asaaultmg ofa little white
girf 13 years old. the daughter of George
Bowles, by a negro uamed Jennings.
The negro was captured in a strip of
woods a few miles from the scene of the
assault, and, while on the way to jail, a
party of Leighbors took the "brute from
the guards, put a rope around his neck
and drajnred him into the air, filling his
body with bullets. Jennings, before beinsr
hanged. Acknowledged his crime and
pleaded for mercy.
Pianos and Organs.
N. \V. Trump, 134 Main Street Columbia,
S. C., sells Pianos and Organs,
direct from factory. No agents' commissions.
The celebrated Chickering
Piano. Mathushek Piano, celebrated
for its clearness of tone, lightness of
touch and lasting qualities. Mason &
Hamiin Upright Piano. Sterling Upright
Piauos, from S225 up. Mason &
Hamlin Organs surpassed by none.Sterling
Organs, SuO up. Every Instrument
guaranteed lor six years. Fifteen days'
trial, expenses both ways, if not satisfactory.
Sold on instalments.
IIan?lc? in the Collar.
IIahlan, la., May 27.?Mrs. Christen
Pedrrson, a Spanish woman, and four
children, aged from 3 to 10 years, were
found han?in?r in the cellar of their
house, three miles northwest of this
town. It is thought they have bean
hanging since Wednesday night, the
20th inst. The husband was sent to t.he
insane asylum about a week ago, and
this series oS' murders and suicide show
that the wile should have accompanied
him. as slie must have bten violently
4. Xesro HurUerer Lynched.
Columbia, Tenn., }Iay 27.?Green
Weils, the negro who on Saturday last
shot and killed John Fly, a farmer, in
this county, was last night taken from
the Lawrenceburg jail by a mob, hanged
to a tr^e and his body riddled with bullets.
WHAT THE WOULD OWES.|
INTERESTING FIGURES FURNISHED j
EY THE CENSUS OFFICE.
The I'artie)! Heavtfr ?"; ?>n tii.: ;
i tents uf the Priuc:;>rtl ? '<>Cwu:i- j
tries Ti?:m Ui>?:u tl;e lY:>i?V of t!sej
\V ASlU.M_iI.U-N. < I.iu ..i !
ent Porter, ot the Census OHice. has is- j
sued advance copies oi' an in: port ant!
bulletin, on foreign, national, State I
and county indebtedness. The infor-J
mation concerning ?!;;* indebtedness of
foreign countries w:>s inrriLsned to the
Census oflice by the proper administrative
oilicers ot* the Several nations.
Only the totals oi* foreign Kid'btedness
are given,but a gn at amount of interest- j
ing details concerning the dates oi issue
and maturity of the several loans, the
purposes and rates lor which they wore
issued, their present commercial value '
and the kind and value of money in f
which they were negotiated, has been |
n.-\mnilpi! and will be onblished iu tiie I
final report of the eleventh census.
The indebtedness of the world for
1890 and 1880, as far u-j it h.is been possible
to collect the data tor the present
bulletin, wvith the amount of iiicre.ise
or decrease, is as follows:
Total, 820,917,0%,080 in 1S90; in 1SS0,
825.818,521,219; increase, 81,09S.575,40l.
Foreign nations, in 1890. 825,030,075,840:
in IbiSO. 823.481,572,185; increase,
The United States, in 1890,8915,902,
114; in 1880, 81,922.517.304; di-crease, |
States and Territories, in 1890, 8223,107,883;
in 1S80, 8290.320,013; decrease, i
Counties, in 1890, 8141,950,845; in
.rmn <i:17 fcJn SlVi
108U, ( , lUViVuot, I ,viw,u
From the summary published it will
be seen that the relative burden of
debt falls far heavier upon the inhabitants
of principal foreign countries, except
those of Germany, than upon
hose of this country. France, in lbbS'J.
had a debt per capita of Sll<>.3o, and, it
io understood thai this sloes not include
certain annuities of an unstated, but
large amount; Great iiritaiu, though
slowly decreasing its debt, had a bur- [
den at that time of ??8T.Ti> per capita; J
Russia, .$30.71); Austria-Hungary, I
S70.84; Italy S?7?>.0?>: Jjelgium,
The Netherlands, while that of }
the United States was but 614.c>3, and |
of its indebtedness, ne.irly one-halt was
made up of non-interest-bearing notes.
While individual lluctuations in the
amounts of the indebtedness of the
seventy-nine nations reported have
been considerable during the decade,
the aggregate indebtedness shows relatively
bus little change, especially if
compared with the increase 01 population.
The public debt of the United States
shows a decrease within the hist t*-n
years, the burden per capita having
been reduced from .11 in lSSu to \
S14 63 in 18'JO.
The indebtedness of the States and j
Territories has also decreased ?137,218.- J
7G0 during the decade, reducing the!
! per capita from $y.71> in 1SVJ to ?850 in |
I lb'JO. It should be remvmben d. how-1
I ever, that of the total decrease or State
debt as reported there has been scaled
by refunding, in some of the Southern
States, about ?28,500,000.
! The indebtedness ol' the counti^,
though increasing somewhat within the
decade, has not kept pace with the lacrease
of population, and Ihe per capita
has bee reduced from $2.47 in 1SS0 to
$2.27 in 18U0.
Aggregating the nationa', state and
county indebtedness, the per capita
shows"a decrease from *40 ylJ in 1SSU to
$20.46 in 18'JO, or more tiiua one half;
and this decrease ha? been brought about
mainly by voluntary taxation.
The aggregate surplue receipts of
another decade like the one just passed
would relieve the country from nearly
all national, state and coaniy indebtedness,
could they be distributed l'cr the
Where Did You Gtt That Hat?
Chicago, May 22.?Leading Western
Republicans have linally decided that
ir. would be love's labor lost to support
President Harrison lor a second nomination,
and they have determined to
Jw from (Irsf. to hist. This
OCCillVA Kt ?
comes trooi Senator Wolcott, of Colorado.
who is here.
\V'hiie conversing in the hotel rotunda
to-night a reporter for a Harrison
paper asked thfi Senator to say, for publication,
that President Harrison was
one of the greatest men in the United
"President Harrison," spoke up Mr.
Wolcott. "is one 01" the greatest men in
the United States?that is, for his size.
But all that class of men conic in small
"Didn't Colorado go wild when the
President visited the Stale V"
?<nr.,u t'ii +,,11 1 visit.
V> Wl, AH Ull j uu
When Harrison came to Denver we
tossed him a key to the city, raised
every Hag, turned out all the bright
band wagons and'had the bauds play
'Where did you get that hat?' We
were quite elated to think that the
President of the United states had
stopped at Colorado, and we couldn't
do enough for him. jJur. we didn'c do
this tor Harrison. It his name h:d i
been Johnson or Jackson there would
have been just as many fireworks. We
entertained the ollict* and not the man.
Whenever the President of the I'nited
States comes to honor the Centennial
State with a visit you can r^t assured j
that no premium will !>: put upon red ;
paint. We will always give him the!,
best in the house. I'll* when the President
is an unsatisfactory person, trav- '
elling about looking lor a rcnomina- '
tion, we forget the person and cheer
"Will Mr. Harrison be .nominated
"Not on this earth. If he should i
come into the Convention with Wall ]
street in a shawl s'np, ir.s friends i
would find such opposition from the .
South aud West that he would have Lo <
be dropped." ]
"lias the WVst decided up.-n a man i i
' Of course, 1 don't assume to !:nmv
what the bi^ West will do, but in my
humble judgment I believe that the 1
man has been selected. I can teil this j
much without violating a conliuence,
and that is that the entire West is pray- ?
ing day and ni?*ht 1'or the speedy recov
ery of.James G. JJlaine."
Snak? s unci Kain. ' 1
Washington, Ga., May ilO.?The (
saying is thai if you kill a suake and hang
it up it will bring rain. It is an :
old tradition among the country folk,
and has been verified m many instances.
Meriwether IIill is one of our wisest and
best city furthers, and he succeeds at
whatever he undertakes, lie thought the I
drought had lasted long enough, and he
determined to have a rain if it took ail the
snakes in Wilkes county to bring it.
So a few days ago he set out to killing
cnalrps .ind hntiL'inf them un. lie drst
wont down back of his house, where, a
week or two since, a snake had bitten
the Colonel of the Ninth Georgia Regiment
on the ankle. It wasn't long before
he had his snake, and iie hung him
up high and dry: and then it wasn't
twenty-four hours be lore we had as pretty
a rain as you could wish to see. The
only trouble about it is that Meriwether
oujht to have done this thititr several
weeks before he di<i.
Killed in .1 1'isf Kicls*
Hammond, Wis., May ill.? Wm. IV.less
and Charles Chapman, en:ployed by
Thos. Murtagh and Thos. Fitzgerald,
two farmer.? Jiving t-ix units north of
here, had a list light last night, in which
I'ecless was killed. The men took this
mode of settling a dispute. They had
not fought more than a lew s-.conds
when i'eeless tell to the ground, dying
ia lii'teen minutes. Several bystanders
attempted to part them, but not until
it was too late. Chapmaa escaped.
? . ' ' I.I ? T~-~' 1 'f
THE TH1R ./ PARTY.
What Gov. Tillmau aud Consve&suistn Livin?Kt.?u
Columbia, S. C., May 23.?Gov. Tilllakes
no stock in the "People's
Party,*' the nesv political aggregation
that was formed at Cincinnati y<;steri.lav.
lie was seen by a Record representative
to-day and asked for an expression
of opinion in reference to the third
party question. He at first stated that
4-,-v n/1.1 fa J?ia riri\rc
Lfiere was IIiJUliUK tu auu w me jivtiw |
already announced, but when questioned
as io the meeting at Cincinnati,
lie s ii(':
"I ar.; a Democrat. I was born a
Democrat and 1 expect to die a Democrat.
"It would be idocy as well as suicide
for the Southern people to follow such
"The ulti matum as to the negro shows
what we may expect irom any such affiliation."
tal1jeut has nothing TOSAY.
State Alliance Lecturer Talbert was
likewise requested to give liis views for
publication, but he declined, saying
ihat he had fully expressed them time
and time again, that he had announced
his platform and that he stood squarely
Captain Talbert added that he expected
to do a great deal of stump
speaking on tho issues of the day. lie
had received a cartload of invitations
to speak ?Record,
wiiat congressman livingston
Atlanta, Ga., May 21.?Congressman
Livingston reached Atlanta this
afternoon from Cincinnati. The Northwest,
says, is cutting loose from both
the old parties. This is largely due, so
far as the Democrats are concerned, to
the letter of Mr. Cleveland against free
silver and the effort now being made
<.1111 h unci F!nsf-, tn force his nomination.
The free silver action of the Kentucky
convention has done the Democratic
eause son: gcod. .<
Xo nominee of the Democratic party,
said he. need expect the support of
a single Western State unless he is
thoroughly committed to the free and
unlimited coinage of silver and tariff
reform. They want a Western man
for President, and are more than willing
thac a Southern mm should get the
The action of the convention will
crystalize the third party movement in
thi? Northwest. The success of the
third party movement rests just now
upon the disaffection towards both the
ni/i nnrtif'S Onnnsition to free silver,
tarill' reform and increased currency in
ihe next. Congress will precipitate a
successful third party movement.
Ileits in Two Graves.
Xkw York. May 28.?When Margaret
Mulhaney used to wobble through
the East Side streets everybody stopped
aud stared at her. Margaret weighed
050 pounds and lived with a cousin at
No. 43 Hamilton street. Three months
ajjo ilie small boys in the viciuity beean
to notice the stout woman's absence.
Iler llesh was accumulated at such a rate
that sue was uuable to move about.
Heart failure set in and Dr. Campbell,
of the New York Dispensary, who prescribed
for her, saw that death was not
rtn nr/jfiv mnrninor Mrs. Mill
J-aiijr uoiuiuttj * n I
hauey died. She was fifty-five years old.
Undertaker JUcCallum found it impossi- i
blc to properly care tor the body except (
by embalming. The funeral took place
at 2 o'clock this afternoon. A crowd
gathered in the street expecting serious
difficulty iu getting the casket out of
the house, and they were not mistaken.
An ordinary colliu is sixteen inches wide
and thirteen inches nigh. A plain cloth
covered box thirty-seven iuches wide and
twenty inches high, enclosed Mis. Mulhaney's
body. Tue hallway of the
house being only thirty-five inches wide
the box bad to be tipped sideways, while
twelve brawny men strained every muscle
to carry it through. This required
venty minutes of hard work.
-v- ' - - ~ \ '~ /,wAiirtk 4*A or?r?Am_
o uearse was cuuu^: ^
modate the coffin, and an undertaker's
wagon was in readiness, which carried
the remain* to Calvary Cemetery. A
grave is du<j ordinarily twenty-four
inches wide. Ground had been brought
for lwo graves, giving a width of fortyeight
inches. Sixteen of the cemetery
employes laid hold of and lowered the
gigantic box into the double jjravc.
nauclreds Dead aud Dyins.
Baltimore, May 25?The steamship
Klvaston, Cape. Steel, of the Maryland
Line, Baltimore and Brazil, arrived in
port this evening on her first trip from
Santos. The captain and crew report a
terrible yellow fever scourge as prevailing
in Brazil at the time of their departure
from Santos, April 2<3th. Hundreds
are reported as dead and dying in and
about the port from which the vessel sailed,
while the statements then receiv- i
ed from other localities by Capt. Steel
would indicate great suffering and loss
of life. Soon after leaving Santos the
em A ""attf r\-P fKo "KMtrnctrm wprp
UUJLJUliil clliU. Vi .. w. w
prostrated by fever and the ship -was
hove to ten days, until other engineers .
and help could be secured. Second Officer
Howe and Fireman Wardle died
of the disease soon after sailing. t
The iinportaac* of purifying the ]
Idood cannot be over-estimated, for j
without pure blood you cannot eDjoy j
?P P P fPrir-Ulv Ash J
i;wuu nuuiat JL . JL , %
Poke Hoot and Pottassium) is a miractiious
olood purifier, performing more i
L'ures in six months than ail thesarsa- E
parillas and so-called biood purifiers 1
Rheumatism.?James Paxton, of .Sa- E
vannah, Ga., sajs he had llheumatism
>o bad that he could not move l'rom
Lhe bid or dress without help, and that
he tried many remedies, but received
no relief until h? began the use of P. P. j
P. (Prickly Ash, Poke Hoot and Potassium;,
aud two bottles restored him to o
liheumatism is cured by P. P. P. 1
Pains and aches in the back, shoulders,
knees, ankles, hips, and wrists are all '
iliacked and conquered by P. P. P. 1
This ireat medicine, by its blood- J
r>rAnartib? hnilrta nn and
*icc? noiiJ? v v. ? x- ?? ?
strengthens the whole body.
A complete Bedroom Suit for $16 50
freight paid t> your depot. Send for
Catalogue. Address L. F. Padgett,
* MADE EASY! ,
" Mothers' Friend " is a scientifically
prepared Liniment, every ingredient
of recognized value and in
constant use by the medical pro- 0
fession. These ingredients are com- p
bined in a manner hitherto unknown
WILL DO all that is claimed for
it AND MORE. It Shortens Labor,
Lessens Pain, Diminishes Danger to
Life of Mother and Child. Book
to " Mothers "mailed FREE, containing
valuable information and
~ ?i r/i
icatsv czprcssuii rettipiui .w?. ? t,?. ?
BRADFIELD REGULATOR CO., Atlanta. Ga,
SOLD BV ALL DRUGGISTS.
Tsxr^HPT PTT ?!
X ^ _J 'Jt ;
Before assuring your
life, or investing your money,
examine the TwentyTear
Tontine Policies of
THE EQUITABLE I
LIFE ASSUKANCE SOCIETY
x oiicies maiuxiuj; iu
1891 realize cash returns
to the owners, of amounts
varying from 120 to 176 per
cent, of the money paid in,
besides the advantages of
the Assurance during the
whole period of twenty
The following Is one
of the manv actual cases
maturing this year:
Endowment Policy No. 04,925.
Issued in 1871, at age 27."Amount, $5,000.
Premium, ?239.90. Total Premiums Paid,
at end of 1 ontine Period in 1891:
CASH SURRENDER VALUE, ?8,449.45,
(Equal to ?17G-10 for each
?100 paid in premiums,
which is equivalent to a return
of all premiums paid,
with interest at 7% per
cent, per annum.) Or. in
A PAID-UP LIFE POLICY FOR ?19,470.
(Eciual to 8405.80 for each
?100 paid in premiums.)
A LIFE ANNUITY of ?633.55 .
One fact is worth a thousand theories
There is no Assurance extant in any company
which compares with this. The
Equitable is the strongest company in the
world and transacts the largest business.
For further information address or apply
to the nearest aeentof the Society, or write
W. J. RODDEY,
April 8-3m ROCK HILL, S. C.
THE LARGEST STOCK,
MOST SKILLED WOKKMEN,
Soitk Carolina larile Ms,
F. E. HYATT,
Is the best place in South Carolina 01
Southern States to secure satisfaction in
American and Italian Marble Work. AH
Send for prices and full information.
F. H. HYATT,
April 8 ly COLUMBIA. S. C.
fictory for the sailor
Exhibited side by side with its leading
competitors at the State Fair, 1820.
The Superintendent and Committee of
he Mechanical Department, in inspecting
hose features not included in the Premium
-list, aeem wormy 01 special meuuuu ure
Sailor Seed Cotton Elevator, Distributor
md Cleaner exhibited by "VV. H. Gibbes,
rr., & Co.
The system operates most efficiently, and
such improves the sample, facilitates the
tfnning of wet cotton, and saves largely in
abor and cost of handling.
The Committee recommend to the farmrs
of the State an investigation into the
nerits of these devices.
[Signed.] D. P. DUNCAN,
W. H. GiBBKS, Jb.. & CO..
Columbia, S. C.
State Agents and Dealers in first class
fachinery, Buggies, Wagons, &c.
Special.?To test the advertising value
>f The State, we will sell to any farmer
eferring to that paper one of the best Dow
>aw Cotton Planters made for 4.25, cash.
r<u? 1 k x An
LilU uouai fv.VVi
W. H. GIBBES. JlU & CO.
First Class "Work.
V ery Low Prices.
Buygies, Carriages, Road Carts, Wagons,
+/> warranted Second to none.
v>/., II ?
Inquire of nearest dealer in these goods,
ir send for Catalogue?Mentioning thi?
10LLER & ANDERSON
BUGGY CO.. ROCK IIILL, S. 0. '
I- '>~fa V rM
r iip?ri ii^<iT. ?. w i r w?< rwiwo lr
FINE SHOW mU.
fe^-Ask for catalogue.
TERRY M'F'G CO.. Nashville. Tcvn
| laiptt Fayslsliffi'l J
H.\ Gbeat Of.kek that may sot AgaesI fl
| be Repeated, so do not del at 1
| "Strike Whils teeIeoij is Hot."'
g Write Tor Catalogue now, and say whata ^
Spacer you->a*A- t:;i> advertisement In.
?" Remember thai I sell everything that!
g^oes to furnishing a home?manufactur-S M
King some things and buying others in tiiejj
glargest possible lots, which enables me tog
?wipe out all competition. | J
SHERE ARE A FEW OF MY STABT-1 Jk
LING BARGAINS jl
a A No. 7 Flat top Coding Stove, full ' j
gsize, 15x17 inch oven, fitted with 21 pieces A
|of vrare, delivered at your own depot;
Fall freight charges paid by me, for ^
only Twelve Dollars. " -;
Again, 1 will sell you a 5 hole Oookin A
r RaDge 13x13 inch oven, 3 #x2S inch top, fit - M
jted with 21 pieces of ware, for THIS- flB
|TEEN DOLLARS, and pay the freight tc MBM
2DO NOT PAY TWO PRICES FOE 91
| I will send you a nice plush Parlor suit,
gwalnut frame, either In combination or
Khsnripri rho most stvlish colors for 33.50,
our jailroad station, freight paid. I H
will also sell you a nice Bedromoa mil 9
;isting of Bureau with glass, 1 higbl
head Bedstead, 1 Washstand, 1 Centre! J
table, 4 cane seat chairs, 1 cane seat and A
back rocker all for 16.50, and pay freigk ?hB
to your depot.
Or i will send you an elegant Bedroom ?|
suit with large glass, lull marble top, for -S
$30, and pay freight.
Nice window shade on spring roller 9 4G|
SElegant large walnuts day clock, 4.00a
E Walnut lounge, 7.00 v,
|Lace curtains per window, L00
s 1 cannot describe everything in a small ?
I advertisement, but have an immense store
j containing 22,600 feet of floor room, with
ware houses and factory buildings in otbei
Darts of Augusta, making in all the iar-f ^
Igest business of this kind under one n*&-f * m
agement in the Southern States These ;:1 ^
storesand warehouses are crowded with
Che choicest productions of the best t&ctd- "
ries. My catalogue containing illustrations
of goods will De mailed if you will kindlj say
where you saw this advertisement. 1
pay freight. Address, '?"
L. F. PADGETT, M
Proprietor Padgett's Furniture, Stove
and Carpet Store, J9
1110-1112 .broad Street, AUGUSTA, GA~|
; n #gK siifi wigmnwy? . m
i mJM I 1
j m MQ WOMAN. I M
wife pcrijjf and rlt&Iizs your
' . *> a^-ocdappptitaandgtnydcsr B .
-vvu-iiitoi.e atU strength. '
.* .. railroad EiiuiTinterideotat ?.
: ; " ;.i-.Ji.susTericgwitb ' ?' ?<i Ovroep. E
s . *.?: ! iihenmatisnisa; . A: .1 9
Iz-f never felt so wcU in :>m jitfe, an*? \\ 1
. 'i-' i-ouW livef'T ?- . r i: !t. -.-uJd & |
; & J
5 :r v;.-.. <vr? ciret'c cue tr . ... <mc g
;c>;^iivHieat, Lake H j|
i ?. p. p. I j
If y..*u are feeling b~^Jy in the Spring M <~\ :.3
s ,lt?ak ollC ot B
I 0 P D I -i
c-r..s. ? A
* If vour digestive orgacs need toeing up, B Jk
. t: jm
IF- ?- P- I I
J If you suffer -with headache, iadi&esttoB, S
aeuiuiy ana weaiiieau, ?
1 P. P. P. : !
4 If you suffer with rervous proctratko,
if nerves unstrung and a general let iomn
3 of the system, take
| P. P. P. |
& For Blood Poison. Rheumatism, Scrof- . jW
,7 ula, Chi Sores. Malaria, Chronic Ftautfe J
vj Complaints, take
j P. P. P. 1
^ DaIta Daa(
p riitaiy .isiij ruao uwi i
| and Potassium. I I
0 The best blood purider In the workL B ?ffl
v r.lPPMAN BROS., TVhoioal# Drcjgiata, 8 VA
K Sole Proprietors, jfl v
Lippsay's Block. Savannah, Qg. V
DO YOU WISE TO U
BE 250SS OF VOI R OWX ^
THEN BUY THE THOMAS STEAM
PRESS AND SEED COTTON
It is the most perfect system in use, unloading
cotton from wagons, cleaning and
delivering it into gins or stalls. Cotton
does not pass through fan and press requires
no pulley nor belts. It saves time J?
TALEOTT & SONS'
ENGINES ANT) BOILERS, STATIONARY
AND PORTABLE OLD DOMINION
CORN MILLS 5125 to 300
TAinnTTS SAW mr.Ti5 T%TPROVT5D m
a "friction"and rope feed a
?200 to ?600 ^
lummus and van winkle cotton
gins and cotton presses.
We offer Saw Mill Men and Ginn?rs
the most complete outfits that can be ?J
bought and at bottom price'.
V. C. BADHAM,
Columbia, S. C. i
THE TALUOTT ENGINE IS THE M
"TOY IT USE OURS? " j
mUKKATo IKUW miAIUISt
GENUINE BLOOD TONIC!
is a Blood Purifier and Spring Medicine! v
We are the Manufactures and Sole Proprietors
This is the time of the year the system
requires a tonic and the blood a purifier.
Our stock of Drugs. Medicines, ChemIcals
and Druggists Sundries is complete. 1
Our facilities for filling your orders cannot
be excelled, We solicit your patronage.
The Murray Drug Co., i
UPF9UK BROS., wtolcwlc
Sole Proprietors, Uppsun'g Block, SiTttttktfk H
. . - - -: ' '