Newspaper Page Text
t VOL. XLVII1. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1894. NO. 23?
I LAST WEEK IN WAGNER.
f A GRAPHIC STORY OF THE BOMBARDMENT
OF THE FORTDiary
of Lien*. Col. J. G. Fressiey, Com
mandiaz Xwenty-fif'h Son*.- Carolina
Volnnteeis In the Fort r>arJuc the L-tat
Week of the Bombardment.
To the Editor ofThe Xews and Courirer:
In tbe account of the unveilics of
E? tbe monument to the Confederate dead,
erected by the ladies ot Orangeburg
County, published in The Xews and
Courier of October 19, 1S93, your Co
lumbia correspondent used tbe following
language in reference to tbe EdiSto HifiesandtheSt.
Matthew's Riflss, two
compamies of the 25th Sonth Ca>olina
volunteers, which I bad the honor to
lead in more than one bloody engsge,
ment in the civii war, in which theso
k companies covered themselves with
j glory and were conspicuous in winning
undoing fame for tbe whole regiment.
'r" Ko tin r\f*
Xou say: "iney were m ue w?w?
Secessionville m June, 1SG2, and in I8G3
served in garrisoning Battery Warner?
the Euisto Eifles being one of th>; coco-1
) panies in the evacuation of Morris Island I
i in September, 18G3."
Tbi3 language is somewhat obscure,
J and :rom it it is fairly inferable that the
St. Matthew's R'llas were not in Fort
? Wagner during the last days of that
' greatest of modern mitlitary works and
during the most terrifid bombardment
known to modern history. To set the
matter beyoae question in the future and
to make a record of which the children
of these brave men will be proud as heroism
stirs the human heart, I propose to
send yoa a few extracts from my diary,
^ written very soon alter tne events to
r which reference is made. The 25th regiment
had but one tour of duty id Wagner,
and that was from the 1st to tbe
7th of September, 1863:
FIRST OF SEPTEMBER, 1863.
Orders received this morniog: directing
me to proceed with the regiment to Fort
Johnson, taere to take the steamer toHff
night for tbe purpose of being transferred
Hn to Morns Island to constitute a part of
KB tbe garrison of Fort Wagner, relieving
V one of the regiments in that fort. These
Porders were not this time countermanded,
ar.a the regiment in fiae
spirits, marched to Fort Johnson
this afternoon. There we found a row J
boat large enough to carry one company.
This boat was turned ever to Company
A, (Washington Light Infantry,) under
r the command of Lieut. H. B. OIney,
which embarked upon it and started late
in the afternoon for Cumming's Point.
The rest of the regiment was embarked I
_ upon a steamer about dusk. The changes
B ox the garrison were always made at
B night to prevent the enemy from sicking
our beats, as nearly the whole of the
harbor was under fire of their fleet and
land batteries. It was the custom to
make a detail of .boats from cur naval
vessels in the barber to iracsler the
trcops from the transport steamers to
Cumming's Point. The steamer on |
which the 25th was embarked stopped J
near ?ort Sumter. The usual detail!
from the navy failed to report, and Ibe j
eicamoc was aaS<>.?ent m sailors to man |
the few boats which she had on boara.'
One boat with a few men pushed off, and
the captain of the steamer offered me a
scow larg6 enough to carry about fifty
men if I could find o trsmec. There was
? ~ -3"^ A r-1 rv>Tior mon
LIU U'LUCUllJ iU LUUi Jii. VI u-wu,
mostly from the Beauregard Light Infantry
and the Wee Nee Volunteers,
declared their ability to row and expressed
their desire to go. I soon had
ihe scow full, and with Dr. W. C. Kavenel,
our surgeon, Lieut. F. J. Le&esne,
aciiDg acjutant, and about fifty
men and officers started to
Cumming's Point. When about hair
way the -monitors came up and com
menced to "bombard Fort Sumter. The j
steamer with the balance of the regiment;
on board, beiog in s^reat dii^er, rctuiatd j
to Fort Jobnson. The harbor was'
smooth, the mccn sVr e ryiphtlr. sr."' \
spurred on by the exitcu>:i> = : a ot
from the monitors, my ouiviu.u made)
rapid progress. We were so-.u svaoinsoui
-L ? .-.-i-w. J Anna r\f 11 til V> '
OX lue WSLCt UUUCi LUC V/i
Gregg. Oar boat d.ewso muoh water
that she could nut get near enough I- 1
enable us to land on "terra firma.";
Company A, had reached Cumming'%
Point, and with the men brought with i
c-e my command consisted ot eighty or |
n:Ltt>, rack and file. Ttere was no
prospect of getting the remainder of the
regiment before the next ni?ht. Thi3;
detachment was marched to Fort Wag?
ner, where I r^pcrte^ to Gen. Colquit,
whom 1 found in command. As I had
not men enough to relieve any of ttie
^ batalions or regiments he ordered me to
return to the sand hills between Wag
ner and Gregg and protect my command
as well as I could. All tbat part ot U e
inland was under the enemv's tire, a'od
their shells were continually dropping.
We retired to what the soldiers cailcd
"private bomb proofs." Tr.ese were
holes in tl e sand abeut larse enou^ht to
hold two men. Here a man wa3safe Accept
from shells bursting immediate!}
overhead or falling vertically. I did not
God a "hole in the ground" very comfortable,
and so Lieut. Lesesne and 1
spread our blankets between two sand
hills, and under the shelter ot a small
bush passed the balance of a very disagreeable
It bccame qaite cold'iotfards
rnortiiDg. The monitors bombarded
Sumter all night. Battery Gregg, on j
Morris Island, Fort Moultrie and the
catteries cn Sullivan's Island tock part j
in the affray and did some excellent fir* j
ing. The monitors would belch cut j
columns of ilame from their 15 -inch suns j
in their turiets. When the shot from cur
batteries struck thc-m they would see n j
to be covered bv sheet lightning. Fort
Wagner and the enemv's batteries in
offt'iornorl chntc nil nitfht.
IXVUfc WMvrvs.' M*.
SECOND OF SEPTEMBER.
This morning the enemie's last parallel
200 jards Ircm Wagner, was nearly j
completed. Both the garrison and the
tnemy were working like beavers, the
former repairing damages and the latter 1
pushing forward their trenches. The j
garrison kept up a steady tire. My de-'
tachmen- was detailed as a working par-1
ty for Battery Gregg, at Cummins's I
Point, where another gun was to be
mounted. I marched t down and
turned them over to the engineer and
orcnance officer in charge. Capt. U.
Press Smith, ot the regular infantry, was
m command. Lieut. Edgertcn, oi the
same regiment, formerly a sergeant in
Company B, (Washington Light Infantry.)
was assisting fcim. The enemy
poured their shell into Sumter, Wang
~ * ?c.
ner and wegg au uav. uuu, ao m-1
strccted, I reported with my detachtment
at Fort Wagner, and we commenced
our tcur of duty. By 10 or 11
o'clock the rest of the regiment arrived.
The companies cid not all come together
^ and they were stationed on the perapet
of Wa^uer as they came, relieving a
North Carolina regiment, which left the 1
island by ibe same boai3 which brought
the remainder of the 25th v. C. V. The
28th Georgia, a small regime... occupied
a part ot the land face. The balance,
of the land face, all of the sea face, and
flank wall outside, running from the fort
to low-water roar*, were occupied by
the 25th S. C. V. Major. Glover wai as
signed to the command of the flank wall
and the sea face. 1 had command of the
land face and the general supervision of
the w^.ols regiment. T ie two regiments
mentioned, and several companies of
thft ?d Sooth Carolina artillery (ia all
about 2,300 tfteciive naee) constituted |
the ??arr:s^n of the tort. The 27th
Geogia was kept in the sand bills as reserve.
Battery Greys was sai'ri&oced
by a company of regulars. These were
afl of the Confederate troops on the
island. The Ore cf tha enemy was not
very brisk during the nLht, but there
was very little chance lor any rest on
the part of our tioops. I was directed to
make the salient angle, on the land iace,
regimental headquarters. Major F. F.
Warlev, ofthe2J South Carol ma ar til
lery was chief of ariillery and had the
general supervision of all the
euns. During the night Col. Lawrence
M Keitt, of the 20.h S_>uh Carolina
Volunteers, came down, and relieved
Gtn. Colquitt, who left the island.
THIRD OF SEPTEMBER, THURSDAY.
? " ?- *? n Ar4?,A
Enemy sun approacniug. ujc ui t->u
of our suds and one mcrtar Keeping up
| a steady fire. The men of tie 25th were
in fcurh spirits, a great many of them
went to work building defences on the
I wails of the fort with sand bags, in
j which they constructed loop holes,
through which to Ore at the enemy
whose works were provided with similar
means of offence aud defence. Finog
through these loop holes had become
very dangerous, yet it was steadily kept
up. As soon as light was seen througn
one of these holes the "Federal sharpshooters"
tired, and not unfequently
succeeded in sending their balls through.
Each side fired at the liashes ot the rides
of the other. Oar men, after firing,
shoved their hat3 into the loop holes to
darken them before thoy drew out their
muskets, which when reloaded were put
cautiously back, and the hole covered
by a man before the hat was withdrawn.
Private Wallace, of Company C, receive^
a Yankee bail in his piece, which,
happening to oe of larger calibre than
the enemy's gun, did not lodge. He
lock it out, put down a charge of
powder, and sen the bail back toils termer
own. Musket firing and the hissing
of balls were incessant. The enemy did
not today make much use of his artillery
but was hard at work in his trenches.
Not a man could be seen, but a line of
spades was visible as they were lifted
up to throw the sand out of the trench
on the side towards us. There was no
entire cessation of nre, but only a slackening
of the artillery. Our James Island
batteries and Fort Moultrie briskly
cannonaded the enemies trenches all
day. The fleet came up, as was the
custom, every day, and opened fire on
us throwing eleven and tifteen inch
shells. They wers often thrown with
small charges or powder, ricocheted
along the water, and striking near the
top of the covered ways fell nearly vertically,
searching every part of cur
works. Some of the lilceeu inch sheas
were loaded with smaller shells, which,
when tae large snc?it? Wat, r;ouid hav*
their luses ignitid and would explode,
scattering their pieces ia every direction
and doing much damage. During the
day from one fourth to one third of the
men were kept on the parapet. The
rest were allowed to remain in the bomb
proof". At nisrhttall they were al^
turned out and kept on the parapet all
night. The enemy had gotten so near
that we could be he^rd making our dispositions
tor the aisfci. The ?re was
then quickened and shot and shell came
literally like iron haii. The garrison
hd/i o frroat- nf woric 'o r?r> constant
!y repairing danja?fs. It was soon apparent
that, Ibis fort was near its last
day. The exterior slope of the saiieot
was drifting slowly into the ditch under
tbe eneni>'? lire.
FOURTH OF SEPTEMBER, FRIDAY.
The enemy commenced a lively cannonade
this morning. (^aite auumoer
of cur sharpshooters' stands were
knocked down. The firing o' the sharp
shooters wa3 very brisk on both sides,
aud continued so all day. The United
S'.ates tlu wa3 put up by the enemy at
the head of his trench, now only abtu'
one hundred yards from the salient.
My opinion was thai the intention of
Gen. i-.-ilmore wa~ to pass the fort at
low tidf- and assail us Iron the rear.
There was ia width at low water about
fifty yards ol bard beacb between our
flank wail acd low water mark. Tbis
was one of the defect:} of our work.
There waa a urns when a nae of palisades
might have been diiven to low
water mark. The eogiceers thought
thai the salient would be the point oi
assaull. This would have been m accordance
with scitati/;o approach and
assault. I expressed my d:sseDt from
the eagineers. and urged Col. Keitt to
allow me to strengthtu our force of two
companies left on the outside behind the
ll.-ink wall to meet any tfl'ort that
might be made to pass tbc fort lie
agreed with the engineers ar,d did not
allow me to slren^t :en our torce en the
The batteries on .Jarne? Island kept
up an unremitting tire and were doing
some excellent practice, particularly the
one at Shell i'oiot, called '"Battery
Simk.as," ia houor ot the gallant Lieut.
Col. ijimkins, who fell during the assault
ou this tort on the 18.h or -July. Major
F. F. War ley was wjunded ia the afternoon
by a piece of shell, which made
apaiaful ilesh wound ou one of his le^s.
He was soon alter started to the city in
Brig. Gen. Rip:ey's boat, which came
down to bring dispatches. Au account
of the condition of the fort was given
Maj. Warley for Gen. Beauregard. On
the way up to the city one of the enemy
"n\r r.ieiit (Ifiorlps
JJu.O V/VixJkU-.CiLAV>^V4 JUIVUM
Craven, of the Uuited Slates uavy, fell
in witn Maj. War ley, aud captured him
and his Soul's crew, which was greatly
outnumbered by Lieut. Craven's parly.
Major Warley had the pre wee3 of m:i:d
to tear open the envelope containing t':e
communication for Gen. Beauregard,
and alter putting an oar lock inside
thre-v it overboard betore he surrendered
(I met Lieut. Craven since the war and
neard from him an ac-cuat of this incident).
The enemy were in the lubit ot
- U f r^\ IKO d?"OC i
between James and Morris islands
around Cummiug's Point, and between
Sumter and Gregg out towards the Bar.
Capt. Thomas Kuguenin. of the 1st
Souih Carolina infantry, who had with
his company relieved Capt. K. Press
i Smith and the garrison of Battery
! Gregg, was ordered up from that work
and made chief of artillery in Warlej's
place. One of Capt. Kuguenin's lieutenants
was left in command of Gregg.
A more efficient successor of Warlen
! could not have been selected. Hugueuiy
: was without fear, had been trained at..
the South Carolina Military Academy,
and was thoroughly acquainted with all
of the dutte3 of an artillery oillcer.
Our working parlies were hard at
work all da., repairing damages, occasioned
by the enemy's fire. Corpl.
Newcomer, ot Company A. was killed
and several man wounded this afternoon
There were a number of casu'ties in the
other regiments of the garrison. The
enemy'5 fire slackened after nightfall.
A caic:um 1 ight v.-as displayed by Gen.
Gdraore but wa3 turned on the creek.
Cant. Sailers ami Company F. (St.
Matthew's li:il?s,) were with me in the
salient tonight. They had been with
me there last ni^ht. 1 hail been directed
to remain in the salient when my presence
was not needed elsewhere. Both
men and oilicers had gotten so they
could sleep uad r fire, when permitted
to take a little res".. Fhe shells from
Fort Moultrie passed directly over the
salient, and as they were now timed to
explode just two haadred yards beyond
o cK.-rfiiW nrsmolnw
U>, LUC UUllXCl v. a ya. c% *.?? ?
expIo3i:a was great, as will be understood,
when il is remembered that
Moultrie was nearly two miles away.
Besides this danger and the danger
from the enemy's shot and shell, the
trenches were now so near that pieces
from cur own mortar shells thrown
from the lori came oack into the salient.
FIFTII OF SEPTEMBER, SATURDAY.
The last parallel oi the enemy was
now completed, just 200 yards from our
works, and their guns and mortars behind
it ready (or action. In the bombardment
of todiy shot and shell from
seventeen seige and Coehorn mortars
and thirteen 10C, 200, and 300 pounder
Parrot guns, all in the laud batteries,
were mcessautly poured into the forts.
Tnese, with the tire of sixteen il inch
Dinlgren broadside and 200 pounder
Parrot bow and stern guns of the
Ironsides, Sve 15 inch D^hl^ren suns
on the enemy's monitors, added to the
thunder of Moultrie, Johnson and the
f < Avtrt? r\r^ Trwm^cj on/1 ^illllxTiin'ft fftlflrul
?w iA fj Lli.XJ.oo auu ^
made an ariiliery tight the fury and
grandeur of which can hardly be conceived.
It is reyond my powers of
description, surpassing the most highly
colored accounts of bombardments of
which I have ever read or heard. No
words in the English language can
exaggerate it. Tae mortar shells of the
enemy, which could be seen thronghout
their entire flight, fell so fast that they
could not be counted.
The Parrot guns wers so near that the
1 r\ es 7 ^ r\ t\f Wtoir eV?ftl]a in t.Hf* for*
?/l DUVJ1 WW * .
drowned the report of the sans. All of
oar guns la the fort were silenced. It
was impossible for the artillerists to
work them under such 2 lire. When directed
to any one spot, as it was when
our artillery opened, it became iaipo?sible
for anything to live, and the workin?
of our guns was therefore out of the
question. Men were beiug killed and
wounded in every direction. It was
impossible to stand even for a few minute?
on the part tf tsrreplein or parade
of the fore without being covered with
3and thrown up by bursting shells. \V>
kept about one-ioarth of ihe infantrr
outside ot the bomb proofs. The sullying
of the men m ihe bomb proofs from
heat and want of water was terribls.
The supply brought from the city was
wholley inadequate. That gotten from
the wells on tbe island, corrupted by
buried in the Suld, was horriGVtremo
iTvrcf nTr.DA <1mv* T.hft
men to drinking it, and it was almost as
tench as a man's hie was worth to visit
a well for the purpose of getting it.
A great many horrible sights, which
wili remain in the minds of those who
witnessed them as lon^ as life lasts,
were to be seec. Private Moses A.
Rawliusoc. of Company G, (Edisto
Ivfl:sO was knocked from the parapet,
where he wa3 fearlessly doin^ his duty
as a sharpshooter, to the middle of th:
parade, a distance of forty or lifty feet,
iroin? lully twenty feet up in the air in
his passage. The brave fellow never
let his rifle so, but fell with it in his
hands. Two of the litter-bearers started
to bring him into the bomb proof hospital.
I stopped them, cecause it seemed
to me to be almost rtain de?"i :o go
to him till the iron nail slacked a little.
Ho appeared to t;e dead. In a few minutes
he was discovered to move. I then
toid the litter-bearers that he must be
i m, j.,1 (U.l. ftiA.laao.
uruugub IJ. UIU UUCil uuiy irausjoly,
bat their tenderness to the poor ft-1
low t?ud their bravery wtre useless. Ila
lied iu a few ruinates. Lieut Ileury
Montgomery, Jr., of Company C, was
killtd abou: 10 or 11 o'clock in tne
morniog. A piece of shell took oil* the
irrtiter portion of his head. A Christian
gentleman, true-hearted patriot and
brave soldier was l03t in him.
The mortar shells, beins visible as
they cane hissing and spluttering into
our works, could many of them be dodi:ed.
Tne Parrot guns sent their shells
without, warning. The fort was now being
so rapidly demolished that it was
very evideat it could not Stan 1 a much
1 - * U/%
louger cuuimuauuu s i ujc uumuaiuuioiiu.
The parapet (f the salient wa3 <_*onc,
and ihe diic'i at that poiiit iiilcu with the
drift. It acerned that the tomb proofs
would soou succumb to ibis destructive
lire. A portion ol our signal corps bad
been specially detailed to observe the
siguals ot the eaemv. Every dispatch
signalled between Geo. Gillmore, or the
Federal army, and Admiral Dahlgreii,
of t'-.e navy, wa3 transmitted by our
signal officers to Gen. Beauregard in
the city, and such as he desired U3 to
kuow were then sent to Col. Kiett for
his information and guidance. One ot
these dispatches, which was read by Col.
Kcitt to a lew of U3 who were in his
confidence, detailed the plan of an attack
on Bittery Gre^ir which had been agreed
upou between G:ilmore and Dahlgren.
Tne arrangement was made by which
DaaJizren wa3 to furnish the boat3 and
* ' t"? 1 f_
UUlmore tne men, ana joauery ureu^,
at Camming Point, was to be surprised.
I3ut for tfiis in Urination it seems
certain that Greg* would have lallen and
the Confederates on Morris Island cut
oil'from all hope of escape; The expedition
was to come in boats with niultted
oars from the crctk which separates
James from Morris Island, and when the
keels of the boats siruck the beach the
men were to jump out and charge the
batter v. Capt. Martin I. Sellers, with
his company. (St Matthew's il:iles,) and
Company t, (Beauregard Li^nt infanirv.)
under the command oi Lieut A. J.
Minis, with a detachment oi iiity men
Irom the 2Sih Georgia, usder command
of Capt. Hay as, v.\re de tailed as reinforcements
for Bauery Gre^g. The
? i.-l- i?Mt nn.'ar <> ;.?
?> uo tixn t.~i.
command of Cap!,, i^elifcrs. (Ilayue
was killed before he reported with his
ccmmard to Sellers. The same shell
whith killed him killed Lieut K. A.
The assailing lorce seat to capture
Battery Gregg came according to i:roiratame,
but they were the parlies surprised.
As soon as their boats struck
the beach they were greeted with a volley
[(JONTINT:ED ON I'AOE FOUR.]
THE GOVERNOR DEFIED.
THE DUVAL CLUB WILL FIGHT TO A
Stat'eyafnt to the Public Ciaarantatioe the
Match as Advertised?To Test the Law
WUli a Ne^ro SluecJng Match.
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 9?The
managers cf the Duval Athletic Club
? * " fnn > f a onorar finvflrnnr
OtTL a SUftlC iUi HO guvu; ) \>1 V ? V*
Mitchell, today into which they hope
he will fall and thereby give them an
opportunity to test the Florida law in
relation to prize tights.
The snare in question is the arranging
of a contest between two negro
sluggers to take place at the opera
house in a few days. The principals to
the aiuir are Perry Watkins, negro
champion middle weight of Florida
and Green Harris, negro champion
middle weight of Tennessee. The men
are to fighc for a purse of $500 and
have signed articles of agreement identical
with those signed by Corbett and
The purpose of the club is to test the
sincerity of Governor Mitchell's opposition
to the Orbett-Mitchell mill and
also to get a decision from the courts
as to the law in relation to prize-fights
in this State. If the Governor and authorities
of Duval county allow the negroes
to meet and slug one another, the
club people will say that the Executive's
opposition to the proposed Corbett-Mitchell
Gght is ins'incere and is
dictated by other reasons than a desire
to preserve the "peace and dignity
of the State." If the authorities of the
county acting under instructions from
the Governor, prevent the light and arrest
the negroes, the club managers
say that they will very likely be able to
secure a decision from the courts as to
whether prize-lights are violative of
the State law. In either event the
club hopes to be a winner and down the
When questioned in regard to the
mill between the negroes the club managers
deny that they are promoting
the affair, but in sporting circles, it is
said that this denial is only made for a
blind and that Manager Bowden and
others have arranged lor the bout between
The following correspondence between
the Governor and Sheriff Perry
of St. John's county, where rumor has
it the club has decided to attempt to
bring about the fight, shows how vigilant
the Governor is and how determined
he is to checkmate the. club.
The Governor's letter to Sheriff Perry
is as follows:
Tallahassee, Fla., Jan. 5,1894.
C. J. Perry, Esq., Sheriff of St. John's
County, Florida, St. Augustine:
Dear Sir: I see by the papers that
James J. Corbett and Charle3 Mitchell,
who propose to disgrace Florida by
one of their brutal prize lights, have so
amended their agreement that said
light might take place in either Duval
or St. John's county, and you are instructed
to prevent said contest in St.
J ODn'S COUHiy WLieiuei 10 jo D.U.U yyu. ui
caded a prize tight, glove contest, or is
known or called by any other name.
You understand the situation in your
county, and if, in your opinion,"you
will not be able to pre rent said contest
with the means at your command, you
are instructed to call upon the Executive
of the State for such assistance as
you may deem nece?sary.
I have confidence in. youx intelligence,
and you are expected to carry
out these instructions to the letter by
preventing the proposed contest between
s lid parties in your county.
II. L. Mitchell,Governor.
To this S&eriff Terry, after consulting
Judge W. A. Mac Williams, his attorney,
mailed on the evening of the
8th the following reply:
Sheriff's Office, St. John's County,
St. Augjstine, Fla., Jan. 8th.
lion. Henry L. Mitchell, Governor of
Florida, Tallahassee, Fla.:
Dc-arSir: Your communication of
January 5th, 1891, received and the
contents duly noiea, ana in repiy uieiato
would say, it is now, and always has
been my intention to uphold the law
in accordance with my oath of office.
If it becomes necessary to call upon
you for assistance to that end, I will
not hesitate to do so. Very respectfully,
C. J. Periiy,
Sheriff St, John's County.
Wm. A. Brady, who is managing
Corbett. today came up from Mayport,
where the champion is*training. Question
3d by the Soutnern Associated
Press correspondent in regard to the
outlook for the light, Jirady said:
"I am strongly "of the opinion that
the club people will be entirely successful
in their efforts to bring the contest
to a successful issue, and you may be
sare that our ena of the affair will
give them all the support in our power."
Urady was also asked about the attempt
made by some unknown person
to enter Corbett's sleeping room, reported
in these dispatches last night,
but he refused to give any opinion as
to the purpose of the intruder.
The Atnletic Club late tonight fur"'ahoH
thp Xnnfhprn Associated
Press corresponnent a statement to
the public, which, after reciting the
history of the legal battle for tbe past
two weeks, already familiar to the public,
and describing Geveruor Mitchell's
action, continues as follows:
This club, through its manager, communicated
with Governor Mitchell and
asked him to submit the case, with the
contracts with Corbett and alitchell,
to the Supreme Ccurt in a fair and impartial
manner, and that that body be
allowed to pass upon the same. This
the Governor refused to do. There is
no fair-mmaed person who will not
agree with us that we have done everything
in our power to have an adjudication
by the courts of this case,
and that there is no other conclusion to
be arrived at except that Governor
Mitchell is afraid to submit the case to
the courts, and we hereby, in this public
manner, throw the gauntlet at his
feet, and not only invite, but dare him
to ask the Supreme Court for a decisis
t-Mo / ? .ico Hi<3 Trhnlfl attitnrift
has been that of a bulidczer, aLd wili
be until this contest bas ended. Right
here we wish to say to the public in
most positive terms that, barring accidents
of a providential nature, and it
Corbett and Mitchell appear at the
ringside January 25,1894, as they have;
contracted to do, just so sure will this j
contest take place. We assure the public
at. large that the sentiment of the
people of the city of Jacksonville, and
the State of Florida, is in favor of this
contest, and being legally assured that
there exists no law in this State against
contests of tbis kind, we now assure all
intending patrons or' the event, and
the public in general, that they can
come to Jacksonville secure in the
knowledge that they vrill see two of
tne greatest boxers in the world in a
contest that will do nothing more than
demonstrate which is the more scientific.
We have added to the membership of
this club some of the most iolluentiai
and wealthy citizens of Jacksonville
and Florida, and we know that we
have the means and ability to see thi3
thing through. Further we wish to<
say that no one knows who wil! be financially
and socially hurt if an attempt
is made to stop this affair until
it is attempted. This statement is
signed by the Duval Athletic Clnb.
will stop tiie fight.
Jacksonville, -Jan. 11 ?The Governor
of Florida has got uis back up.
The numerous defiances and manifestos
of the Duval Atiletic Ciub has clinched
his determination to stop the Coi beltMitchell
fight at all hazards. The club
has thrown down the gauntlet and he
has accepted the challenge. His Adjutant
General, Patrick Houston, is in
the city uader orders of the chief exccu
tive., v. bo is also commanaer in cu;ei 011
the State troops, to investigate the sit- i
uation and report. The Adjutant i
General and Sheriff Broward were clos- j
eted in a room of the Ererett Hotel for j
over an tour this morning and the situation
was lully discussed.
The Southern Associated press correspondent
met the Adjutant General
tonight and asked him it he was here to
stop the light. lie said: i;No," adding
that be was here simply in obedience i.o
the orders ot the Govemcr in*tru'itin.r
him to investigate as to the situation
and -^port. He could not say what the
inte.. ons ofTht/Governor were. Gen.
Houston wai aioo asked how i'ong he
would be in the city, in fict if he was
going to remain here until after the 25th
of January. He replied that he did not
know how long be wculdremain. He
woald be here until he had c j "oplicci
with the instructions of the Governor. j
It is 3aid that the Governor purposes to
keep the Adjutant General right on the
scene with i'uii power to ma33 the
troops shoul'i the emergency require
that the sheritT be supported Ly mors
force than he can muster in deputies.
It is the general opinion he.e that
Governor Mitchell proposes to stop the
fight if be has toraas3 the entire militia
of the State in Jacksonville. JS'o one
who understood the real situation has
ever believed that the contcst would be
permitted in Jacksonville, and in spiie
of the repeated declarations of the Athletic
Club to the contrary, those dis- j
patches have so stated. If the promoters
of the fight brins: Mitchell anJ Corbett
together iu Florida, they will have
to do it secretly in the woods, so secretly
that the Governor can gain no inkling
of where the meeting 13 to occur.
It is reported that the club's attorneys
do not believe that the fLzht can be
pulled oft publicly ia the lacs cf the
A prominent newspaper corespondent,
whose name cannot be divulged,
called on one of the leading attorneys
for the club recently, and asked him
about the prospects for the light. Tuo
attorney refn3ed to talk for publication,
but as he was on intimate term3 with
the correspondent, practically admitted
that the Governor had the club in a
hole and that nothing could be done if
the executive persisted in his attitude.
Up to date it looks as if the club people
have been playing a 4 bluff" game, and
so far the Governor has called them
down every time.
Tho promoters of the contest between
the negroes, Berry and Watkins, have
Gled an application with the city record
er for a license authorizing the men to
meet at the opera house Monday night, j
bat no action ha3 been taken on the application.
The application was
under the rrci-ut ordinance permitting
glove contest?, which j
was passed over Mayor fist-:
Cher's veto. Msjor B)wdeu gav?^
out a long letter today, which he 3ent
the Governor on January 1. The letter
was almost iu the nature o? a plea
for the Governor to "letup." It is
understood tbat several letters of a similar
churact&r have been sent to the executive
by membsri of the clab, but
Governor Mitchell doe* not seem to be
in the "letting up1' bujin?3S s> fir as
pr;z2 lights are concerned.
Tho World'a F ilr Kir*.
Chicago, Jan. 9.?Last night's lire
in the World's Fair grounds produced
greater changes in the appearance of
Chicago's famous pleasure park than it
was expected would b3 made by sixmonth's
removing of buildings. The
Casino, where thousands sp-utdelightful
hours watching gay scenes upon
and about the grand basin, was wholly
destroyed. The Peristyle, once illuminated
with thousands of incandescent!
lights and Greek lire, furnisht d Greek
Are, and nothing remains. lis archrs
are burned away and its stately columns,
half burned and charred, iie in a
confused mass on the promenade
which surrounds it. Colossal figures
which surmounted it, toppled to the
ground when their supporrs burned
away and are broken in pieces. Co
lumbus and his heralds with their war
horses and chariot, are an unrecogmz ible
mass of ruins.' The Music Ilall
likewise is a melancholy heap of ashes
save here and there where twisted iron
girders protrude. Not a portion of it
was saved from the (Limes. All about
the walks are strewn with debris,
(Tharred brands which the wind blew
from the burning; buildings aad little
piles of white ashes where some of the
brands were consumed after falling.
The Manufacturers' building, both
within and without, presents a sight
not desired either by artist or exhibitor.
The lattice work bsstween the top and
the roof, and curved work covering
the central aisles on the east side were
burned away from a point above the
southern end of the United States section
south to one above the ltussian
section. Upon the tin and glass arched
KA/\f lia holf Knmo/*) Krt'jr< Li
I \JKJ L 11G liajli. UU1UCU VVCkl uo, nuiou
formed part of the lattice and which,
when loosened by the lire, slid downward.
Inside the building appearances
are worse than on the roof. Within
the region burned, ever and lor some
distance on either side, the lloor is covered
with water. Standing in water,
which at some places is two incnes in
depth, are innumerable boxes containing
precious warei. baled and bound
for re3hipment as soon as thev could
K/\ f n > K 'Nn T ') I'l l
uc xcicitacu luui ujuu. pja
about them lav and now destroyed decorations
of pavillions. The French,
Belgian and English sections, saifered
most and in spaces occupied by them is
to be seen the most disaitrous results.
The scene inside the great Manufacturers'
building was of absorbing interest.
Here and there were seen
boxes with " their tops half burned
through, but their contents safe, except
for water that letted mtj them.
C vil Servic3 E.taiu!as:;oa.
Washington, Jan. 11.?The Civil
Service Commission has completed the
schedule of examinations that will be
held during the first six months of the
present year to lill positions in the
railway mail and Jndiau services. The
; chronological order of the Southern
j route is as follows: Kicnraond, Ya.,
Tuesday, Jauury 30; Lynchburg, Va.,
Thursday, February 1; Charlotte, X.
! C., Saturday, February o; Wilmington,
X. 0., Tuesday, February 6; Columbia,
5. C, Thurday, February 8; Charleston,
6. C., Saturday, February 10; Savannah,
Ga., Tuesday, February 13; Jacksonville,
Fla., Saturday, February 17.
!r CLEMSON COLLEGE.
THE EXAMINATION OF APPLICANTS
SCON TO BE HELD.
j Instructions to 1 lift Examining Hoards?
| The NaniI>ercX Vnritscletf Ht the Next
| Season?To JI>3 Proportloce.l Aiuougthe
j Couotlts?Cost to Cadets.
I The second session o? Ciemson College
will begin on thursday February
I < - 1 C>l~\ t Tu K ^ , r ry C\ t llAllC'^nH
I'*), Io;;-f. JLUCIC <:iyauuui u^c
I boys iu the State who want to become
students in the college, but only '500 of
them can get places. In fact it is not
i likely that more than from 200 co 300
I new applicants can center, There is room
for tX)G boys, that number having been
I present at the last session, but the
j Board of Trustees estimate that a great
many of them will not return. They
I will" leave vacancies for a numb er
! which is yet unknown.
The Board of Trustees decided at the
last meeting that future applicants
must undergo examination. As many
I boys as desire may enter these examina
ations. So soon as the authorities cf
the college known the number of vacant
cies existing in the respective counties
they will notify a sufficient number of
those wlio stood the highest to fill the
vacancies. The following announcement
to intending applicants has been
' An examination, b?gining at 10
o'clock in the morning of January ISth
1895, will be held at the county seat of
your county, under the direction cf
your County School Commissioner, to
determine who of the applicants are
entitled to enter the college at the opening
of the session of 189-3, on the third
'Students under fifteen years of age
are not to De aamntea except were two
brothers apply, oi^e being'over fifteen
and the other not under fourteen.
"For those desiring to enter the
Freshman ci ;ss a thorough proficiency
in arithmetic, elementary algebra
English grammer, geography and history
of the United States is required.
Applicants not prepared to enter the
college classes will De admitted to the
The following resolutions regarding
the admission of students were adopt
ed by the Board of Trustees:
"Resolved, That the admission of
students other than those already in
attendance at the college be uppn the
"1. Students must undergo la medic.il
examination and no person will be aumitted
who is not healthy and free from
contagious diseases, including consumption.
''2. Students will be appointed among
the counties in proportion to represantatives
in the Iiuu.se of Representatives,
under the following regulations:
"Boys prepared to enter college
ciasse^ proper will have preference
over those who can only enter prepar
"As between boys of equal preparation,
the oldest will have the preference.
"Applicants already entered will be
examined at their respective county
seats after due notice, and peimits to
enter to be issued by the examining
"0:her thinzs being equal, the first
applicants will receive permits.
"Wnere a county has not sent its
quota, the place thus left shall be divided
among the other counties by lot.
"3. Boys not availing themselves of
the opportunity of entering within ten
days of the opening of the stssion
"will have tneir li^uts is the place given
to applibants next on the roh."
Accompanying the foregoiug facts is
a circular of information.
The text-books recommended to those
preparing to enter the 1* reshman class
are* Wentworf.h's Grammar Shcool
Arithmetic, Yenable's Easy Algebra,
(used in the preparatory course), or
Robinson's Elementary Algebra, Whitney-Lock
wood's English Grammar, Appleton's
Higher (Jeorgraphy, Eagles'a
T_T t r. rr f Kn I'oifnrl WtotuQ Qn/f
LV/ii O tiiOLUlJ Oii\^ V, UiVVU uun,v,u uu\i
There are two courses in the Freshman
class?that in chemistry and agriculture
and that ia mechanics and engineering.
Besides the studies in the lir.it course
is the following: Practical work in
agriculture, eighr, hours per week; practical
work in mechanics, two hours per
week; free-hand drawiog, four hours
per wees; military drill, live hours per
In the second course, beside the studies,
is the following. Practical work
in mechanics, eight hours per week:
physical laboratory worS, four hours
per week; :rawing, four hours per
weeks; military drill and tactic?, live
hours per week.
In addition to the uniform students ,
may provide themselves with work (
[ clothes as they desire.
Each studeut will be required to
briug with him four sheets, two blankets,
a comfort, six towels, one pillow '
;inii t.wo nillow cases.
The expenses for one sesson of ten j J
month are as follows:
J] iard 8 TO 00 '
Washing1 5 00 j
Medical Fee 5 00 .
Two Uniforms 23 75
Incidental Fee 5 00
8108 75 '
Tuition, 810 a session, is charged to
students whose j..-rents are worth
85,000 above all indebtedness. JJifore i
entering the college, astudent must pay )
tor uniforms. 823 75: for one month's i
board and washing, 87.50; for medical J
fee, 82.50; for incidental fee, 82.50?in 1
all 830.25. Xo deviation, whatever, i
from tiiis rule wili be made. ihe J
amount that must be paid for each i
month following the lirst will depend l
upon the quality and quantity of labor (
performed by the student.
Agricultural students are paid 8 cents 1
per hour for productive labor?two (
hour3 per day. t
Mechanical students are required to t
work two hours daily, and are paid ac- ?
cording1 to the value of work?never 1
over s cents per hour. :
Hence, a student may make by labor (
about 84 a month, and thus reduce <
board and washing to 83.50 per month. ?
In short, a poor boy may pass one ses- l
sion oi" ten months at Clemson College i
for about 880?allowing 810 for books <
ana stationery, which are sold to the
students at actual cost.
Xo reduction inboard will be made
for students who come in after the *
opening, nor for those who are absent J
during the session for a period of less 1
man one mourn.
31 jorjty F.-ivorg Ir* J
Washington, Jan. 10?Tucker of i
Virginia has been canvassing the situ- \
ation in the House with a view to de- f
ter.ninicg the chances ot' the income c
tax proposition when it com^s to a f
vote. The conclusion is that the vote e
wiil be very close. lie ligures that 100
Democrats. nine Populists and six lie- c
publicans will support the proposition, t
This will give thp advocates of an in- c
come tax about 173 votes. Tucker is I
of the opinion that the Republican and p
Democratic opponents of the income i
tax, if they cannot secure a voting ma- i,
jority, will insist unon a quorum or' the s
advocates of the proposition and here r
he thinks the chief Ganger lies. f
QUICK JUSTICE FOR VAILLAN7. I
A Bold Frost Msiita'.ncd bf U'tu Dur j
!u2 the Short Trial.
Paius, Jan. 10? Auguste Vaiiiant
the anarchist who tbrew ilie bomb in
the Chamber of Deputies on December j
9 last, was tried belore President Judge
Case and a jury in the Assiza Court today,
convicted and sentenced to death.
Policemen, in couples and threes, were
stationed every ten yards around the
immense block occupied by the Palace
of Justice m which the court sits.
Every door in the palace was shut and
guarded bv sentinels with lixed bavo
nets. Nobody was admitted, unless
they had a special cird of identity.
The cynosure of all eyes was the prisoner
who stood in the dock with an officer
on each side of him. lie was,
like Ilavachol, entirely self-possessed
and grazed about the court room as
though he gloried in the interest he
was creating. Throughout the dar,
he never lost his attitude of defiance
ij.iron Rothschild was not a member
of the jury, contrary to public expectation.
In reviewing the details of the
bomb-throwing Judge Case said the
people who had been hurt the mo3t
were not tne members of the Chamber
ot De-puties, but spectators of the proceedings.
"That was not rcv fault,"
retorted Vaiilaut. 'The cspu-. s are
in the highest degree responsible for
the social misery prevailing. It was
they I meant should feel the responsibility."
When questioned as to his escape
during the confusion following
the explosion, Vaiilant denied the
story that a sentinel had stopped him
at the door by threatening to pierce
him with nis bayonet if he advanced a
step. The prisoner declared energeti
cally t If -?t in? di;' not wish to llee and
even if fr? haJ ir. -.vo ild have been ut- :
terly irnpvS ?;bU- ' -r him to have done
so, because hi w.?z ?:n :ed id the leg. .
lie gave the lie i-j i .cesses against
him and held ste.idi?y io nis pjs^oi'
martyr in the cause of humanity. The
only regret he bad was that he had i
been obliged to injure irresponsible
persons in the crusade.
Describing the manufacture cf the
bomb, Vaillant declared that owing to
the dimensions el hi3 apparatus, he .
had the alternative of putting in a
iarge number of projectiles, which
would wound many* persons slightly, i
or a small number tha: would do more
effective work. lie chose the former ;
plan, so that the projectiles would kill :
a few people outright. Valiiant admitted
"tha: he had been condemned ;
live times for petty theft?, but he ad- i
ded, mendicancy and theft v/ere the
necessary results of the present social ;
An /"v 4- f Vi a wn'M'
eUliULwiUU ui tLic y^vi.
The prisoner asked permission to address
the court on his mode of life.
This being granted, he said that he
had endeavored to lead an honest existence.
Employers had prolited by his
poverty to pay him starvation wages.
Finaliy, without money or work, he
determined instead of famishing sub- '
tnissively to voice the feeling of revolt
that was fomenting discontent everywhere
among the poor, lie read a ;
written anarchist speeca thac lie had
held in nis haud ever since the opening
of the court. In this speech, he expressed
the grievances of the poor
against society, but made no reference
_ lie was fluent and declamatory, and
read his speech in a clear and pleasant
voice as he leaned over the rail of the ;
dock. V'aillant was emphatic in his
aenial of the statement that he had ;
taken ilarchand's property as well as
his wife, evidently considering the
former charge to be a dishonorable
one. lie ioici ha desired to clear himoelf
nf this rpnrnanJi
Judge Case read extract from the
prisoner's declarations to the effect
that he had become convinced by stu- .
dying philosophical work?, including
those of Herbert Spencer, tnat anarchism
was the logical outcome of the oppression
cf the poor by modern society.
In regard to the outrage, the prisoner
explained that he had chosen the
Chamber of Deputies as the place to
throw the bomb in order not to hurt
innocent persons. Unfortunately he
did not succeed.
Two short recessc-s were taken, one
at the conclusion of the hearing of witnesses
and another at the conclusion or
the address of the public prosecutor,
JBertrand. The latter clos-d by demanding
the capital penalty. . Variant's
advocate, LatJori, made no datense
of anarchist theories. Vaiilant,
he said, nad siven him absolute liberty
as to the line of defense to be followed.
Ilis lirst point was that the bomb had
killed nobody. Vaiiiant, he declared,
twu* Tint mnnclP" nf r>r!T7"!i1
lie simply wanted to remind the deputies
of the miserable p-jcr whose claims
the legislature eternally shelves. He
could not forget that crime, which is <
closrly allied to the universal social <
movement, is increasing daily.
lie appealed to the sympathies of the
jury in behalf of Vaillant, who was an
illegitimate child, abandoned in infancy
by his mother and grew up to become
a mendicant and a vagabond, not
from vicious inclinations, "oat from
force of circumstances. >Vhen he
beard the sentence Vaillant siouted :
Richmond, Va., January 'J.?Special:
The Senatorial contest In this State,
which resulted in the defeat of Gen.
ITitz Lee by Mr. Thomas S.Martin, has
eft heart-burnings which are sure to
manifest themselves in the Congress*
.onal contest this year. Some of Gen. .
Lee's friends do not hesitate to say that
:hey will even up with the Martin men
n the coming struggle. The Lee men, \
t is asserted, will show their hands in
nominating conventions this fall. The
slan seems to be for the friends of the
ieneral to strike at the heads of those
tvh^ were conspicuous in compassing
its defeat should they bob up in these
conventions. In Gen. Lee's district, '
,he 10th, tne Hon. Randolph Tiicker is ,
;o be opposed by State Senator Flood, a !
strong Martin man. A special tonight
rom Gen. Lee's home says: "If United ;
states Senator Joan \V. Daniel lives to '
complete his term and asks for a re- ,
Section be will ilnd.that he will be
inowed under in defeat." llijjr Daa- ]
el was one of Mr. Martin's strongest (
,'riends in the Senatorial light.?News
l-'r<e I'asics In Vlrslnln.
Richmond, Jan. 10.?An interesting 1
ind spirited light will take place in the :
legislature here to-morrow ever a bill 1
o require railroads to furnish members
>f the General Assembly with free pases.
The members have been receiving
)asses on railroads for yean?, but at the
ast session of the Legislature a Jaw
vas passed prohibiting the railroads 1
rom furnishing them. The members *
)f the Legislature, however, have :
ound it very inconvenient to be fore- ;
d to take money out of their pockets ;
vhontver they wish to travel over t!i - '
tifferent roau's in the State, hence the *
;illintroduced tuis session, waxen. is:-1
inly to leglize a custom whici the (
jegisiature has found it almost im- \
;racticable to break up. One of the
tiost prominent members or' the Lex- (
slature tonight denounces the bill as (
: simple system of demanding the rail- ^
oad corporations to stand and deliver s
ree transportation to the legislators. c
THE IMPENDING BATTLE.
CAPT-SHELLTO LEAD IN THE CAMPAIGN
AGAINST COL- IRBY.
Tiie Fits: Ofilolal Bngle Tllast of tbe Cainpaisn
From the stronger Faction's Organ?
Mirch Convention Practically
Called?Tillman's Hands Oft.
Columbia, Jan. 11.?When the announcement
was made in December
that the campaign this year would
open early in January, a great many
had doubts about it. Few outside the
"charmed circle" then knew that the
political pot within the ranks of the
Reform party was boiling over, and
that there wa3 a Gght within the ranks
of the heretofore solid phalanxes of
Reform, imminent. But such was the
case. It has been brewing for a long
time, and now there is a crisis.
There are to be two factions in the
Reform party in the coming campaign.
That fact is now no longer denied by
the leaders of the more powerful faction.
The indications are that Senator
Irby, the present State chairman, will
lead the faction which represents the
minority, and that he will have but
little to do with the real manipulation
of the coming campaign as far as the
Reform element is concerned. Ho and
several followers some months ago cut
loose almost entirely from the main
wing of the Reformers, and they are
all likely to fall by the wayside, lighting
as they fall.
Congressman Shell, it is positively
announced, was approached while in
the city a few days ago by the leaders
of the Alliance or farming element of
the Reform party, and he has consent
ed to be at the head of the committee
that will manage the campaign for this
faction. lie was the former president
of the Farmers' Association in this
The Cotton Plant, which is the official
organ of the Alliance-farming element
of the Reform party, will sup
port the latter faction. Wnen this
week's issue of that paper is issued
this afternoon it will publish the following
double-leaded editorial, under
the caption, "A March Convention,"
which is equivalent to a call for such a
"With the very beginniag of this
year we are confrontei with the fact
that this is a campaign year and that
we are soon to meet our opponents In
a battle for the people's rights and the
development of our State in business
prosperity and the happiness of its
citizens. Such being the case we at
once realize the great importance of at
nnr>A crptf-.lnor nnr ffirrtAS and ?
coning to an agreement; on the policy
to be pursued -so that there can b9 no
misunderstanding, and the success of
our cause assured.
"The politicians must be made to -^ i
take a back seat and let the people
themselves se5 the pace. To do that
the people should meet In their neighborhood
clubs and send delegates to a
State convention, which will adopt a
platform and nominate a candidate for
Governor to represent our people on
that platform. A Lieutenaot Governor
snould also be put up, but the remainder
of the Scate ofli.*ers can be
nominated by the delegates to the September
"The State convention tor this purpose
should be hold not later than th9
month of March?before the farmers
get too busy in their crops to attend to
it, and before bad blood rises between
the friends of the aspirants for the
Governorship on the Reform side.
"The'Aliiance cannot take part in
partisan politics, and therefore has
only thdright to poia&ouc. tiio access!- ?
ty of calling the people together and
leaving it to some one el3e to do the
work. We believe that the last president
and executive committee of the
Farmers' Association of this State are
the proper ones to issue such a call,and
we are contideat that the people would
respond promptly and unanimously to
a call issued by them. This Is a movement
of the people to reform and improve
our government, and not a movement
to place any man or set of men
in office merely. We must keep on the
high ground of pure patriotism, and
?- * '"Ua v>\ am riAwtTi rrr Vi r\ ttrjll
Seek. UUb ilIC LLICU XUt sciyitc n ll<j niu
be the mo3t capable of carrying out our
wishes. Pleasures and not men must
be made prominent.
<;L; will be noticed that we do not
agree "vvi'h some poiats in the resolutions
passed on las'j Friday by our
Laurens brethren and published elsewhere
in this issue; but after mature
consideration we feel satislied that cur
position is the correct one. We hope
that our readers will use our columns ? ?
In a discussion of the matter, and in *
that way reach the most satisfactory
conclusion. We have briefly outlined
our views, with reasons therefor, and
we shall use our best endeavors to
maintain the rights and privileges of
our people and promote harmony in
Yesterday a representative of the
State had quite a long talk with one or
two of the leaders of the Alliance side. .
They say that the leaders of the other .
side will be Ir'oy, Stanyarne Wilson,
Larry Gantt and John Gary Evans.
They seem to think that a combination
was formed nearly a year ago by Irby
and Ii;s followers to run things to suit
themselves and make a slate of the officers
for the coming term,which would - ^
be presented to the voters and would
be swallowed by them. They say that
the effort to crash out every leading
Tillman man?the attacks uponTindal,
McLauria and others?was the direct
result of this combination engineered j
by Irby. They consider Irby dead as S
far as State politics are concerned. In /
regard to those Alliance resolutions
adopted in Laureas a few days ago,one
of these men yesterday said that they'
were gotten up under Irby's influence,
ana represented nobody's views but
:m own. lie w;>s a ?ood maniDiilator,
and got the Couaty Alliance to adopt
them. lie did not think that another
Alliance in the State would have done
The leaders say chat inasmuch as
this will not affect Governor Tillman's
Light, for the Senate, he will be hands
Glf in the light. They say that Irby
has been spreading the idea that he
and Tillman have been working to
nether. They know that Governor
Tillman's views in regard to a convention
are not those tbat were expressed
in the Laurens resolutions. They
think, too, that Governor Tillman
wants a farmer for Governor.?State.
1/I5?U Ml *3lUi,
Xew Orleans, Jan. 6.?George
Winchester suicided dramatically this
Homing in front of the residence_of , -?_
^apt. T. P. Leathers, tfcre famous^
steamboat m^n and Captain of the
Natchez, one of the boats in the race to
?t. Louis many years aco. Winches.er
was a son-in-law of Captain Leathers,
haying married Miss Courtney
Leathers, who stood high in social ciriks
and who was once queen of the
Jarnival. At an early nour to-day
Winchester walked up to the entrance
jl Captain Leather's residence on Carmdelet
street and putting a pistol to
lis head, olew out his brains, dying iriirar.riv.
lie had been ill, and this is the
)Dlj known cause for the deed. ^