Newspaper Page Text
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VOL. XLVIIL WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1894. NO. 27.
THE WELLFORD TRAGEDY
AN OFFICIALS!ATEMENTFRCM CHIEF
He Makes Oa? Apparently a Clear Case
of Self-Defense?The Whole Story of the
Shooting a? 7uM Hvfoe Tie Co*ore.'e
Columbia, s. C., Feb. 8?Governor
Willman received yesterday the following
statement from Chief Constable
Fant in reference to the Wellford
"It hau been reported to me for the
last two weeks by different parties
that a crowd of" men i'rom Glassy
Mountain had established themselves
at a trestle, nine miles from this place,
and were seilin^ whiskey to anybody
who would buy,openly defyiugthe law,
and swearing that thej would not be
arrested and that any officer who at
tempted it would bite trie aust. Having
obtained sufficient evidence to convict
these parties of selling whiskey,
warrants were sworn out against live
of them and placed in the hands of the
Sheriff. His deputy summoned me and
my constables ts a posse and we went
wbere it was reported the whiskey was
being sold, bur. found no one there.
We met a party who informed us that
he bad iust boueht from them at a
house near by. lie told us that the
whiskey was not at the house, but if
we would go to the house and give
them the money, one of the men would
take a lant-rn, go to the swamp and
get the whiskey. We got this man and
two others to go back to the house aad
make another purchase. We s?creted
ourselves sear the swamp wbere the
whiskey was supposed tc be. In a few
minutes a man came toward us with a
lamp, but on the opposite side of the
swamp. He disappeared awhile and
then started back toward the house.
We followed but could not cross the
swamp. We then went up the swamp j
to the railroad above us, when we saw
tha ]nmr> Mminor fnwurfi US. Dftan. I
Massey and Jackson were ahead of me
a few paces. They made a rush at the
A man. ?He ran and fired back at the
^^j^Tifficers. Dean and myself returned the
^ fire. The man fell, crying for help.and
calling for Ballew. Ballew responded:
"Yes, ,1-itn coming," and he came
firing. Tnere were not less than half a
djzen firing on us oefore he came. I
shot six time* with my double-barrel
shot sun at the Hashes of tneir guns.
After the firing ceased, we got a lantern
at a house near by, and went to
look after the man who was wounded
at the first of the fight. We could not
find him but found his lantern with
blood on it, denoting that the man was
wounded. Hearing hollering at a house
near by, we went up the path toward
the noise and saw a man coming toward
us witn a pistol in each hand.
"We told him to drop his pistols. He
lowered them to his >ide but kept the
muzzles toward us and halted within
twelve feet ?f us. We again told him
to drop his pistols. He would not do
' so but raise'd the one in his right hand,
and Massey shoe him, k;]lin:r hirn in
stantly. He fell, holding on to his pistols
until Jackson took them from
THE TESTIMONY AT THE INQUEST.
The Spartanburg Herald gives the
following account of the testimony at
the Coroner's inquest at Wellford,
A. Boyee Dean: I came in company
with posse of State constables to this
place. We came first into the swamp
just below this place. We stayed there
about half an hour; saw a man coming
down there with a lantern. He stayed
there about Jive minutes. We were
about twenty-five yards from him. We
then turned and came up the railroad;
I was m front; saw a man coming back
this way from the branch with a lantern.
Jackson was just behind me.
Fant was behind Jackson. I called on
the man with the lantern to halt two
cr three times. He went o? partly toward
the hollow. He turned around
and fired at me. I was about fifteen
or twenty yards -from him at the time.
When be fired at me I s!" or at him. I
I would not have fired at ail if he had not
^ fired at me. His shot was the first shot
k of ?11. In a short time he hollowed,
Ktben the firing began ail around. 1
ffijcculdnot tell exactly which way it was.
Ir. Gregory's l
i Mr. Grego-1
t some one
a:d he was
it gave me a
a near .this
niiig out of
3 pistols two
not dre at
r.e oDiy shot
in a house
s he heard a
ut.e. I was
*g during snoot-1
gSTO >} ce Dean came
W f?r a light, i
loo^HMB m^^^umLer of men,
abotn^H^^HHBHHK the shot tired,
then door. I never
heard an^HHHHrc won;an began
to scream, lJ^B3||||a> women said
"this is my inar^rffl^^ll him." After
this on - man came towards the house
and said "come on bovs," tbey came.
-J. li. Pant: I came here last night
with a posse to seive papers on Mr.
Mocre with Sheriff D.-au. A!s*> had
probably another. Deputy Sheriff Dean
bad the papers. We intercepted a man
earning a light r.ear Gregoiy's house.
Deputy Dean and Jackson followed the
light. They ran up behind the in^o
and weordered him to halt. The rnau
carrying the light s'ariea running ^nsi
Sred back. Dsau lired at him and then
1 tired. Just after I tired several others
began hrins? from the swamp near the
raiiruad. I shot at tee flasS of tne pistol
or gun. I was on the raikoad at the
T">oan xrera nao-r \ (y
Gregory's bouse durin-j /it shooting.
Alter tiring ceased we .vent around
and hunted to li;.d the manv*wishiugto
carry him Lome anu take care of him
and grt a phjsician. We heard hollowermg
here at the house and. supposed
h*>wa> h?-r~. W.'^Vr^c- c-Ji tiiu-in >.*
twenty tett i'ruai ^swiousc th^re w.ts
a man Cr.me out or the corn to
wards us. i <rculd St e .ht- biiirhr pistol
shiuicir m his hand. v.*nt;i we lirst saw
him he uid n.'t have h:3 pistol presented.
lie had one up. When he sot
close to us he presented Lis pistols?
both. land Deputy Dean bo'h dejq
in an dec! he drop them. He would not
drop his pistols, but; continued to ad-1
5 vance, but ra-sed the pistols as if he
[was going to shoot, and ilr. Massey
tired. Every man had his gun presented
except J a'ckson and he was about
twelve feet of us and he raised his pis
tol as though he wis going to fire,
about the time Massey fired. Ballew
held on to his pistol. Jackson grabbed
him by the hand and pulled him up
from the ground. He left his pistol
on the ground. About that time a lady
raa out. He was in a sitting pos:ure
and she grabbed him over the neck and
said "don't kill my man." She asked
us to bring him to the house. We told
her we could not j ust then as we have
to put down our arms which would
put us at a disadvantage. Millwood
Burgiss and Jackson brought him in
the house. We then went back into
the hollow for the man wb irst hollowed
he Was shot. Not finumg [him
we carried the lamp back to the man
we borrowed it from and wanted to
get where we could notify the Coroner.
I with Deputy Dean,Jackson ana Pearson
went to Wellford. I think Ballew
died in the Held near his house. There
were five constables and four or five
Terry Moore says: I was in bed asleep
at this, my house, last night, February
3. Some parties called me up
and three men came in and asked me
to tret them some whiskey. They gave
me money and one quart b'ottle. I
went and got them a quart and brought
it back to them. They stayed in my
house while I was gone for the whiskey.
One of the party claimed to be drunk, j
and they asked me to go over to the
road and help them get in the road. I
took a lantern and went with them.
When I got over there i saici Doys lr
you can't get over the trestle I will
take a light and go with you. They
thanked me and said they could get
along all right. Just as I stepped off
the railroad somebody said "halt." I
came on waiking pert, and someone
fired on me. I had a pistol and I shot
one time. Mine was the second shot.
I fell ant* some one ran up and took
my pistol and lantern. I was hit on
the head by some one.
Just then Mr. Ballew came to me and
put me on his back and carried me up
there to two oak trees, saying, if I take
you home they will kill you. Ballew
was in his night clothes. My wife and
sister was hollowing and I told Ballew
to go and tell them I was not hurt
much. He ran towards his house and
I heard some one say "halt." Then one
shot iired and I heard Ballew hollow
and say I am killed. His wife ran out
and I heard her ask tnem what they
had killed her husband for? They replied:
What did be run out there with
a pistel for ? Ballew had only one pistol
X am sure that Ballew did not get
my pistol when he came to me after
I was shot. I think one of the men
for whom I got whiskey said his name
was Caldwell. I saw the man who got
the whiskey turn back when the others
Dr. Dean testified that he, with Drs.
Black and Vernon examined the dead
man. They found a bullet hole in the
right side and front, over the region of
the lower border of the liver. The ball
penetrated the abdominal cavity, p^ss-!
ed through the liver and the spinal col- j
umn and lodged in the region of the
The folio wins is the Coroner's jury: |
A. P. Golden, W. B. Burnett, James
Snoddy, G. Lowe, Pink Taylor, L. W.
liurcb, J. W. Croker, J.D. Sexton, J. E.
Odum, William Hoy, F. Dorrah and
W. L. Griffin.
The verdict wss that Crawford Ballew
came to his death February 3d,
1894, by gunshot wounds in the hands
of F. G. Massey, while resisting officers
of the law.
DELAYING TARIFF REFORMThe
Washington, Feb. 7.?The suncommittee
of the Senate-committee on
Gnance, consisting of Jones of arkansas
Mills and Vest, got to work early this
morning in Vest's room and went over
a number of schedules in the tariff bill
suggesting changes in number that are
nearly- tentative pending final action
oy the full committee. It is said that
the bill might be reported to the Senate
next Tuesday, but this was emphati-!
cally denied this moning by a mem- j
be- of the sub-committee, who said that
despite whatever progress had been
made, it would be utterly impossible to
have the bill ready by that time. Speaking
of the bill generally, this Senator
declared that when the measure was
reporterd to the Senate it would be a
strictly revenue bill, yielding sufficient
revenues for the government under an
economic administration or anairs.
This, he said, meant that there would
be a duty on sugar, which was in line
with the"Democratic policy as enunciated
in the Mills bill, and an increase in
the whiskey tax.
The bill has been practically divided
into five sections or schedules?A, B, C
D and E. In the first schedule will be
placed all articles bearing compound
or combined specific and ad valorem
duty and the duties will be all ad valorem.
In scneedule JB will be placed all
articles bearing a duty of 40 per cent;
schedule C those bearing 30 per centsjin
in the schedule D those bearing 20 per
cent, and in schedule E those bearing 10
Der cent. The bill when reported will
contain no free list. Every article
naw-iioned in it will be subject to a
duty of some bind, and those not men'ioted
in the bill will be admitted free
of duty. The sub-committee are going
carefully through the Wilson bill and
selecting the largely imported articles.
As these articles *re picked out, they
are placed in the schedule, which the
judgment of the committee will cause
thfm toyitld the greatest revenue.
During the afternoon the whiskey
schedule was briefly dis*
discussed. The talk was as to
the advisabilitv of increasing the tax
and extending the bonded period, ao
agreement was reached, bat it wa3 dec-idea
to have a talk with the Commissioner
of Internal Revenue on the subject..
One point appears very ciarly as
the result of thesub-committee's labors
up to this point and that is, th3.t the
tariff bill which they will present to
their Democratic associate? on the ti-r
nace comrnitt-e for approval will bea
a slight resemblance to the original
Wilson bill. The reason for the extensive
changes in contemplation, and
already made, is to be iound in the decision
of the three sub-committeemen
to be governed by the plan of the old
Walker tariff act, and so place the duties
as to secure the largest amount of
revenue, which in volves, of course, reductions
in some cases, inereases perhaps,
in others and a very restricted
free list, if indeed, any articles entering
largely into consumption are permitted
to enter duty free.
^The Republican members of the committee
are devoting themselves to devising
a raetncd by which the actiou
nf thu TVmfsrratifi maioritv against
further hearings upon the bill by interested
parties may be reversed. Tbey
are planning to have the bill recommitted
to the committee when it reaches
the senate, with instructions to the
committee to grant hearings. This they
uope to accomplish through the aid
ot Democratic votes.
A candidate for mayo: of Kansas
OT' . tried to whip* an editor?a
ilissouri editor, and named Stout, at
PPat;. ^ut they sav that if he runs on
the ticket as well" as he did down
stairs he will be elected before the polls
WHISKEY MADE CHEAPER.
THE DISPENSARY REDUCES THE
PRICE BY GALLONSRedaction
or FJftyCeDtson All Liquors.
Possibility ot Farther Redactions?A
Ll*t of Dispensaries and Dlspenasrs.
Shipments Growing Bally.
Columbia, Feb. G.?The management
of the State dispensary system,
that is the State board, has at last begun
to realize that the sale of official liquor,
with the large profit placed upon
in nn onnniimMmart: tn "htinri
Il/j id au CUWUIQg^UiV/Uw wv %ww
tiger" business, and consequently is an
encouragement of that spirit of lawlessness
which Governor Tillman says the
newspapers are responsible for. Several
leading dispensary advocates have
said recently tbat the law could never
be enforced till these prolits were
knocked off, and the liquor sold at such
I price3 that would encourage the purI
chase of liquor from the dispensaries.
!ln other words until the dispensary
! business was run on a basis of expenses
The State board has evidentlv realized
at last that the "blind tiger" must
be fought aloDg this line, for today the
announcement was made that a considerable
reduction in prices had been
made, taking effect on February 1. I
at once called upon Commissioner
Traxler and asked him about the matter.
He made the statement and
showed his list of prices. The reduction
in prices applies only to gallon
packages, but it is the heavy reduction
straight through on all classes of ; X"
graded liquors of 50 cents on the gallon.
Heretofore rye and corn have been
quoted as follows per gallon: X, S3;
XX, S3.50; XXX, 84 50, etc. These
Drices are now reduced by 50 cents.
When I asked Mr. Traxler for the
cause of this reduction he said: "There
is no special cause for it, but we think
that we can afford to make this reduction
on these large lots or gallon packages
because it does not cost as much
to put them up; and then, again, we are
now putting up such packages in jugs,
which, of course, makes the cost much
less." Mr. Traxler has nothing to say
in regard to fighting the blind tigers
by this method of reduction, but every
one takes tne reduction to mean that,
no more or no less. When the eyes of
the board become more opened it is
probable that still further reductions
will be made. The Governor's interview
yesterday shows that he has be
gun to realize his inability to enfurce
the law as he thought he could, and
that he is becoming apprehensive ot
the trouble that is so rapid'y growing.
The dispensary business seems to oe
rapidly growing, however, despite the
opposition to the law, and everyone is
looking forward to the report for the
last quarter with the greatest degree of
interest. The big State gin mill is now
grinding the liquor oat in great shape.
During the past week nearly 2.000 cases
were shipped to the various dispensaries
in the State. These 2,000 c.-.ses
represent 30,000 quarts of liquors. The
shipments for each day last week were
as follows: Monday 327 cases; Tuesday
342; Wednesday 451; Thursday 24R\
Friday 100; Saturday 375. Today two
new dispeasarles were opened, one at
Sycamore in Hampton County and the
other in Marion. To trie latter
cases of whiskeys and 5 barrels of beer
were shipped today.
There are now in full operation in
the State fifty-nine dispensaries in thirty-one
counties, and the board is continuing
to establish them every week.
In view of the great increase in the
number since the first quarterly report
the forthcoming report will be "watched
with all the more interest. It will be
interesting, too, to note where these
dispensaries are located and who tbe
dispensers are. Today I obtained the
following official list:
1. Abbeville?ft. E. Ilill, dispenser.
2. Anderson?A. M. Craig, dispenser.
3. Aiken?J. V. Georee, dispenser.
4. Allendale?W.R. Brabham dispenser.
5. Barnwell?W. H. Duncan, dispenser.
6. Blackville?J. Y. Baxley, dispenser.
7. Beaufort?T. F. Walsh dispenser.
S-Biackcborg-sS^ McLure, dispenser.
9. B ranch vifle?B. ?. Izlar, dispesser
10. Camden?D. F. Dixon, dispenser.
11. Chester?I. McD. Hood, dispenser.
12. Charleston?F. Yon Santen, dispenser.
If. Charleston?H. A. Meyer, dispenser.
11 Charleston?C. F. Steinmeyer dispenser.
lo. Charleston?M. W. Powers, dispenser.
16. Cheraw?C. A. Brock, dispenser.
17. Columdia?I.M.Roach, dispenser.
18. UOIUmDia?T. il. OCOtt, uisyeuaci.
19. Columbia?J. Cartledge,dispenser
20. Chapins?H. A. Dickert, dispenser
21. Denmark?A. A, Faust, dispenser.
22. Darlington?I. B. Floyd, dispenser
28. Dillon, Marion County?John A.
2i. Edgefield?I. B. Davis, dispenser
25. Eutawyille?R. B. Causey, dispen:
i 26. Florence?II. D. Williamson, dis1
I 27. Fort Motte?VV. T. Crosswell, disj
j 28. Greelyville?A. 0. Mouzod, dispenser.
29. Georgetown?G. Johnson, dispenser.
30. Greenville?J. S. Hill, dispenser.
11. Hampton?B. C. Webb, dispenser
32. Jacksonboro?E. St. P. Bellinger'
33. Klngstree?A. B. McDonald, dispenser.
! 34. Kershaw?A.B. Hough, dispenser
35. Lewisdale?R. A. Barr, disposer.
36. Lexington?1\ I. Rawls, dispenser
37. Laurens?G. M. Langston, dispenser.
38. Lancaster?H. B. Howie, dispenpenser.
39 Luray?I. D. DeLoach. dispenser.
! 40. MeuntPieasant?M. H, Williams,
41. Monet's Corner?Jacob Carson,
42. Manning?E. S. Ervin, dispenser.
43. Marion?T. E. Stanley, dispenser.
44.Ne w berry?R. C. Maybin dispenser.
45. Orangeburg?J. II. Claffy, dispenser.
46. Pleasant Hill?W. A. Marshall,
47. Ridgeway?R. B.Lewis, dispenser
48. Scotia?W. Gaoriel Yarn, dispenser.
49. Sumter? W. H. Epperson, dispenser.
50. St. Stepnens?E. TV. Veroning,
51. St Matthews?B. 0. Evans, dispenser.
52. Summerville?W. W. Llhaine, dispenser.
53. Spartanburg?M. Carlson, dispenser.
55. Union?James F. Welsh, dispenscr.
5*6. Walterboro?M. Reckenbacker,
57. Williston?A. M. Koundtree dispenser.
58 YVinnsboro?H. Mobley. dispenser.
59. Wagener's?G. M. Busbee, dispenser.
Today when I asked Governor Tillman
what he had to say with regard ti
the decision of the Court of Appeals at
Washington in the Palmetto liquor
trade-mark case he said: "I have been
looking for that. Those Courts up
there have been inspired to sit down
upon us. I am not at all surprised.
Uur efforts in this direction were only
looking to the prosecution of those
outsiders who would endeavor to infringe
upon our style of bottles, etc.,
and we simply wanted protection from
them. We are already protected on the
inside of the State. I will say, however
that we are going to fight it on up to
the United States Supreme Court, ana
let that Caurt have the pleasure of deciding
Opycse a March Convention.
Abbeville, Feb. 6.?At a meeting
of the Farmers' Association of Abbe
ville county, held here yesterday, the
following resolutions were adopted:
Whereas, the question of holding a
convention of the Riform Democrats
of this State for the purpose of suggestfar
the several State offices
is bemg generally discussed throughout
the Slate; and.
Whereas, we, the representatives of
the organization known as the "Farmers'
Association of Abbeville County,"
in convention assembled, considering this
matter of the proposed convention as
one of very great importance to that faction
of the Democratic party ieith which
we are allied, and in the success and
perpetuity of which we are deeply interested,
desire to put ourselves on
record and to speak out in no uncertain
manner on this important subject.
Therefore, be it.
Resolved, first, That the holding of a
convention by the Reform Democrats
of South Carolina, for the purpose of
nominating a State ticket, without first
having the aspirants for the several offices
to be filled to appear before the
people and give expression to their views
touching the various questions of State
policy which are so deeply agitating
the public mind at the present time,
would smack so mujh of "Ring Rule"
and "Bossism"as would in our opinion,
result io producing widespread dissatisfaction
in the ranks of the Reformers.
Second. That it was one of the fun
damentnl principles of theKetorm movement
"that the people shoold have the
right to choose their public officials,"
and we hereby enter our protest against
the subversion of this right, and insist
that, in order that the people, mav exercise
the 3aid right intelligently and satisfactory
to themselves, it is necessary
that they be given an opportunity to both
see and hear those who desire to be honored
with such positions.
Third. Thitas Reformers claim to be
the regularly organized Democracy of
the State, having the entire machinery
of the party in their hands, the conditions
which made it necessary in 1890
for them to hold an eaily convention
for the purpose of naming their standard
bearers no longer exists, and we,
therefore, 3ee no occasion for such a convention
beiDg held this year sooner than
the middle or latter part of May, or at
le^st.until the people shall have had an
opportuDity to see and hear the several
candidates, and thus be in a condition to
act intelligently in this matter of choosing
their public servants.
fourth. That in the interest of pe>ace
and harmony, we advise against anything
like snap judgment being taken,
or sharp practice adopted to advance the
cause of this, that or the o'.her candidate
and iusist that each and every candidate
be given (a free and open chance before
VWV K vvi
The Widow and Orphan.
Columbia, S. C., Feo. 4.?Governor
Tillman yesterday morning received
a letter from a lady on Edisto Island
which ought to receive the attention of
every charitably disposed person. The
name of the lady is withheld for good
reasons, but Governor Tillman assures
those who wish to send him any money
for her that he know3 it to be a case deserving
of charity. She writes:
"Dear Sir: Excuse the liberty I take
in tresspassing on your valuable time,
but I'll be as brief as possible, hoping
you will hear me through to the end.
"Five months have elapsed since the
disastrous cyclone of the 27th of August.
I am a widow with three children and
we only saved the clothes we had on. I
am entireiy dependent upon my needley
for a livelihood. We took refuge in the
house of Mr. who kindly allowed
me to stay here ever since, but he is expecting
to soon need the rooms I now
occudy. I have been patiently hoping
the Red Cross would do something for
me. I have twice written Miss Barton
about it. She promised to give me some
lumber; that was two months ago. I
asain wrote to her two weeks ago, reminding
her of her promise, and have
no reply as yet.
"My object in writing to you is that
of begging you to take up a subscription
amonu: your manv friends and acquaint
auce to aid me in rebuilding my nouse,
for which it will taka. about $60 or $75.
I know you have already been very generous
to the ssa island sufferers and as
Ion? as the relief committee had charge
of things I was supplied with groceries,
but since everything has been turned
over to the Red Cross I haven't received
one gill of grist. I am now in a most
destitute condition, having neither where
to iay my head uor the necessaries of
"I implore your assistance in my time
of need, feeling confident that the cry of
the widow and the orphan will arouse
vour sympathy. Hoping God will put
in your heart to help me speedilv. I am.
Xaval Recruits Needed.
Washington, Feb.7?There are not
enougn men inlisred in the navy to
property man the United States ships
which go into commision before Jthe
lirstof May and, moreover, the limit
allowed by"law will not permit the enlistment
of a sufficieen number. The
big cruisers Columbia and Olympia
the Marolenead and Montgomery, the
Atlanta and boston, Raleigh, Ciacinnat
Alert and Marion are all to be manned
requiring about 1,?00 men. About half
that, number is available. Additional
authority will be required from Congress
to enlist sufficient men, and Secretary
Ilerbet will probably lay the
matter befere that body.
Wkt Superior, Wis., Feb. 7.?Andrew
Fikkarieo, Euasian Finn, was
lynched at Evyeo, a smail village near
here last night. Pikkarien was arrested
for assaulting an eight-year-old child
at iiruce's crossing. He was taken to
Ewen and placoti in the village jail.
He admitted his guilt and fifty citizens
wearing masks surrounded the frail
struc ure in which he was placed determined
to lynch him. The officers
protested but to no avail. The jail
doors were smashed in, the culprit
dragged out, the rope placed around
his neck aad he was dragged eighty
rods to a railroad trestle where he was
A LIVELY STREET DUEL
w- b- meetz? probably fatally
SHOT BY J. D. MILLER.
The Trouble Was Over a Dispensary Caae.
Men Who Wanted to Kill Miller Alter
the Shooting Prevented by a Brave Police.
Columbia, S. C., Feb. 3.?For the
first time since the dispensary law became
a law, blood was shed on its account
in the capital o? the State yesterday
afternoon, ilr. W. B. Meetze
the man who shot and silled Clsrk a
few years agro, and the man who defied
finvernor Tillman and his constables at
the fair grounds last November, got
into a street affray near Columbia'3 famous
street lighting ground, the corner
of Main and Washington streets,
where every serious affair of any importance
that has happened in recent
years in Columbia has taken place,
with Davis Miller, a stock dealer bailing
from NorV* CarO;ina, and tbe former
fell with a bulletin his side within
one hundred rarJs from tbe spot where
Clark fell and expired when he shot
him. The extent of his injuries cannot
yet be ascertained.
Never beiore has a pistol light occurred
here In which so many shots
were fired without injuring any one except
the participants. The street wa3
filled with people at the time, ana Miller,
knowin? he had a cool sure shot to
deal with, emptied two pistols, save onp
bu'let, in less time than it takes to tell
it. It was a perfect fusilade, and created
the wildest excitement, especially
when Mr. Meetze was seeD to reel and
fall to the ground. All day long serious
trouble of some kind bad been anticipated,
but no one knew from what
quarter it would come, or at what hour.
Miller had been a witness in the first
blind tiger case and his testimony
goaded some of the liquor men and
their friend3 to desperation. LoDg before
he hai concluded the giving of
his testimonev. it could be seen that he
would have to answer in one way or
another to somebody for some of "his
statements. Some of the men looked
very angry. Miller evidently knew too
that he was to be "talked to," for he
had come to the co. rt house armed
with two pistols, both self-acting,
which he carried in his outside overcoat
pockets. A.t any rate, just as the
recess was taken things looked pretty
squally. Miller went back into one of
the jury room and serious trouble came
very near resulting in there, two men
tackling him and cursing him pretty
severely. Justice Clarkson went in
there, however, and pulled Miller out
taking him downstairs. Mr. Meetze
and others who were very much incensed
came on around on Main street,
and they talked very bitterly about
Miller. Several parties urged them to
go on home, but somehow they got
around on Law Range again. They
went to a point in front of McMaster's
law office and stood there talking.
Among them were Messrs. William
Sfieppard, Meetze, Fry and Herriot.
Miller was standing up in front of
Shand's law office at this time, talking
to some young men. Fry evidently
wanted to tackle Miller, for some one
heard Mr Herriot say to him: ''No you
ought not to do it." Just, about thie
time Mr. Charles Hendrix, the defendant
in another case, pulled out a pistol
/I onnflOra/l t/\ Hti TTOTTT
near llltf (JUlUCi auu appcaigu tv I***-j
angry. Police Sergeant Morehead ana
Bell Towerman Dunning saw him,
grappled wi'h him aDd took the pistol
from him, sending him away to the
station house. Just about this time
Mr. Miller came on down towards Main
Eye witnesses all asree on the story.
They say Miller came on down the
sidewalk, and tried to pass around the
crowd standing, there. As he did so
Fry stepped up to him and said: "Did
you say I swore to a.damned lie today V'
Miller replied: ".No, I did not." Fry
said: "Well, these fellows tell me so."
Miller said: "Well whoever said so told
a G?d d lie." Mr. Meetze, who
was standing behind Fry, ran around
and came up before Miller, cursing
him, it is said and hit him once on the
side of his head.
Trial Justice Stack, who^happened to
be near, rushed in between the two
men and pulled them apart. Mr. Fry,
pulled Mr. Stack to one side. Mr.
Stack, iii tiis. name of the law, commanded
the men to Keep the peace and
called on others to helrjiim handle the
two men. He grap?; and
started off across the drain with hip.
Meeiae, being released, followed Miller
up to the middle of the street daring
him to draw his pistol, and saying:
"G d d n you draw. I dare you
to pull out your pistol."
In the meantime jusuce swck was
still wrestling with Miller, and had gotten
him ten paces away from Meetze
in the Middle of the street. Finally
Miller squared himsel \ shook Stack off
and ran his hand into each overcoat
pocket. When bis hands came out
there was a shining weapon in each.
He pointed one at Justice Stack, who
left, seeing he could do nothing more.
Miller leveled Doth his pistuls aud
shouted: "Come on, all you people."
At this time Meet?e was still advancing
upon him still shaking his left hand
at him and pulled bis pistol from his
hip pocket with his right. Then so
several eye witnesses say, Miller let lire
at Mr. Meetze. In quicker time than
It takes to tell it Miller proceeded to
fir* nine bullets at Mr. Meetze. Mr.
Meetze returned the fire as rapidly, and
the firing sounded like an infantrv company
practicing "company Sring." Mr.
Meetee nearly emptied bis pistol. After
the first fire Mr. Meetee was hit in the
side and was seen to reel backwards
and fall to the ground like a dead man.
He tried to rise, but could not. Sergt.
Morehead of the police force, rushed at
Miller with his club raised. Miller still
' ' " - y 1 \ ~ * U .r-v
naa dolu omi3pisuoi leveicu. ^3 mc
officer came up to him he rais?d both
hands and said: "I surrender." Then
Meetz's friends, seeing that Meetze was
badly wounded and thinking that he
was killed, cried -kill the scoundrel"
and were about to make for him. Then
it was that Sergt Morehead displayed
He placed the prisoner behind him,
leveled his pistol on the crowd and told
them that the first man who c ime at
Miller he would shoot dead in his
tracks. As soon as possible he turned
Miller around, and being joined by
other officers went as quickly as possible
with him to the station house.
Miller left thinking that he had killed
Meetze, and sent for Capt. John G. Capers
to act as his attorney for him.
As soon as the liring ceased many of
the bystanders rushed to Mr. Meetz-'s
side. When asked if he whs hurt much
kq aoif?* < ! t-hinir mv is broke." A
hasty examination "revealed a bullet
hole in Mr. Mee/.e's right side, it being:
located just about the center of his
vest pocket. The bleed poured from the
wound. Several gentlemen lifted the
wounded man and dispatched messengers
for a physician. They were about
to take him into Dr. Ray's oilice, but he
said: "No, take me around home." He
was perfectly cool and collected, but
was powerless to move a muscle. He
was placed in a carriage and taken
home. He asked for his hat just as he
, was driven oil. The people all along
Main street heard the fusllade and
came running to the scene of the trouble.
In a few moments the excitement
R-a3 intense, and the streets were filled
for two hours with excited men. JDrs.
Talley, Folk and Taylor were soon at
Mr. Meetze's side. They examined the
wound and looked for the bullet, but
failed to find it. It ranged backward.
The physicians say it may have entered
the abdominal cavity, but they
cannot yet tell. In this case the wound
is a very serious one indeed. They soon
inclined to think, however, from the
symptoms and the fact that it was a
small bullet that it ranged around to
wards the back, and in that case will
not have serious results.
About 8 o'clock last night Dr. Kendall,
the family physician, was called
in. lie made a caieful examination
and located the ball in the abdominal
cavity. It is impossible to extract it.
It entered between the tenth and
I C*CVCJLltil UUO, naouuiiu^ *,v*
der of the former. It is lodged near
the liver. Dr. Kendall says the wound
is not necessarily fatal, but is extreme
ly serious, and 1' -^ould be hard to predict
the result. The ereat danger is
from peritonitis. Mr. Meetze was resting
pretty easy at 10 o'clock last night.
Mr. Miller was only slightly scratched
by one of Mr. Meetze's bullets. It entered
his coat sleeve near the wrist,
glanced along his arm and came out
near the shoulder.?State.
A FARMER TO FARMERS.
Some Excelent Advice from Sir G. W. Tra1U,
George W. Truitt, of Troup County,
Ga., sajs that he has raised 100 bushels
of oats to one acre, 128 bushels of corn
on one acre, 4 bales of cotton, averaging
450 pounds each on one acre. From a
pamphlet recently written by him we
take the following address to farmers:
"Fellow-farmers, we inhabit the most
God-favored land of all the nations in
all the world. In climate, soil and rainfall,
we, especially those of us east of
the Mississippi river, have the advantage,
and it only remains for us to use
it. While there is a scarcity of money,
there is not near such ascarcity of food
for man and beast; which we used to
have to buy; hence, our next crop can
be made with less money. To a very
large extent, in us farmers Is vested the
hope of the future prosperity and happiness
of nearly all the people of this
great South-land. Much is expected of
us and we must get together and do
our duty for ourselves and country.
"Who saves his conntry, saves all
thihgs, and all things, saved, will bless
him. Who lets his country die, lets all
things die, and all things, dying curse
him/' The South needs a large addition
to her Anglo-Saxon population,
and, if 1 read the signs of the times
aright, 3he will have it. Big plantation
days are numbered. Small farms owned
by thrifty wbite men in the South are
being predicted by the wisest men of
the day. May God speed the change,
and while He is doing his part, let us
do ours. Lets prove to the world that
we can raise all the hogs, catties, mules
horses, wheat, oats and corn we need,
and nearly as much cotton as we do
now, besides. Succeed in that, and we
will always get a fair price for our cotton.
Lets get matters in shape where
we can have as long to dispose of one
cotton crop as it takes to make another
Then you would never hear of overproduction.
That our country?the cotton beltis
growing gradnally, but surely, let
LUC LI CI C cuuic uigu nuvuv&iu;
the immortal Grady, oar most steadfast
friend and most eloquent advocate.
I quote from his frmous Dallas, Texas,
speech, as far back as 1887: "While the
producer of eveiything nearly we eat
or wear, In every land, is fighting
through glutted markets for bare existence,
what of the Southern farmer?
In his industrial, as in his political
problem, he is set apart, not in doubt,
but in assured independence. Cotton
makes him king.
"Not the ileeces that Jason sought
can rival the richness of this plant, as
It unfurls its banners iQ our fields. It
is gold from the instant it puts forth its
tiny shoot. The shower that whispers
to it is heard around the world. The
trespass o? a worm on its green leaf
means more to England than the advance
of the Russians on her Asiatic
outposts. When its fibre, current in
every bank, is marketed, it renders back
to the South 6350,000,000 every year. Its
seed will yield $60,000,000 worth of oil
XI J AAA AAA
to ii1b pi'tjss ctuu opwjuva^wu iu ivuu ivi
soil and beast, making the stupendous
total of 8450,000,000 annual income
from the crop. And now, under the
Tompkins patent, from its atalk yws..
EuWard Atkinson once said: "If
Xew England could grow the cotton
plant without lint it would make her
richest crop; if she held monopoly of
cotton lint and seed, she would control
the commerce of the world." JBut is
our monopoly, threatened from Egypt,
India and liraiflil, sure and permanent?
Let the record answer: In 1882, the
American supply of cotton was 3,241,
000 bales. Foreign supply, .3,036,000
bales. We led our rivals by less
than 200,000 bales. This year, the
American supply is 8.000,000 bales;
from foreign sources 2,000,000 expressed
in bales of 400 pounds each. In spite
of new eras elsewhere, of fuller experience,
of better transportation, and
unlimited money spent in experiment,
the supyly of foreign cotton has decreased,
since 1872. nearly 1,000,000 bales
while thaf of the South has increased
Not alone il> cotton, but in iron does
the South excel. An Englishman of
the the highest character predicted that
Atlantic would be whitened within our
lives with sails carrying American iron
and coal to England. In cotton, a monopoly;
in iron and ceal, establishing
swift mastery; in granite and marble,
aaveloping efual advantage and resource;
in yellow pine and hard woods,
tbe world's treasury.
So, my brothers, be of good cheerbetter
times are bound to come. If every
able-bodied man and womaa in the
South would pitch in and make their
own living: for one year, we would hear
no more of "hard times". This is the
road to prosperity. "Tis the way to
manliness and sturdiress of character."
Wheu every farmer in the South
shall eat bread from his own Geids and
meat from his own pastures, and, disturbed
by no creditor, enslaved by no
debi. shall sit amid his teeming gardens
and orchards, vineyards, and dairies,
making cotton his "clear surplus, then
shall be breakir-g the fullness of our
Mills Kiowa Tp.
Spartanburg, Feb, 6.?At G.20 this
morning, the iarcre driving wheel of the
Spartan Cotton Mill went to pieces suddenly,
aud falling on some of the large
pipes, broke them and caused a terriric
expiosion. Both cylinders were torn to
pieces. F. A. Lewis, engineer, was instantly
killed. Xoah Greene, who worked
in the engine room Lad both legs
broken. The engine house was shaken
to pieces, the roof being blown off.
Geo. Foore, the assistant engineer, was
not hurt much. He thinks the driving
wheel was the lirst thing to give way.
It was a fearful crash and it will be
several days before the mill starts up
again. Engineer Lewis was a Northern
] man, perhaps from New York.
THE NEW OPTION LAWChairman
Hatch Introduces the Bill After
Mon'hi of I'rf i>aratlon.
Washington, Feb. 7.?Chairman i
Hatch of the House agricultural committee,
today introduced the new antioptions
bill which he has been eoga?ed
in preparing for many months. It was
referred to the committee on ways and
means, and it is certain thai the agricultural
element in the House will, at
an early opportunity, perhaps tomorrow,
make a determined eflort to secure
a change of reference to the committee !
nn agriculture, whereb? a tavorable re
port on the bill is almost assured. The
bill is a very long document, embracing
eighteen sections and has been drawn to
meet the principal objections that were
made to the original Hatch and Washburn
Section 1 defines options to be any
contract whereby a party acquires the
privilege, but, is not obliged to sell to
or deliver to another man at a tuture
time, or within a designated period, and'
raw or manufactured cotton, hops,
wheat, corn, flour, oats, rye, barley,
pork, lard and be con.
Section 2 defines futures to be any
contract whereby one party agrees to
sell or deliver to another at a future time
or within a designated period any of the
above mentioned commodities.
ection 3 requires all options and futures,
transfers and agreement to be in
writing and in duplicate showing time
of delivery of the articles, and whether
the makers or agents are the owners, or
have heretofore, acquired by purchase
or are entitled to the right of the articles
under contract previously made bv
the actual owner. Otherwise the contracts
shall be void.
Section 4 provides that when the option
or the tuture is terminated by the
deliver of the articles, the contractor
shall make a bill of 3a'e shoving the
quantity and the custodian and identifying
the articles by freight bilis or vouchers.
Section 5 requires that when the contract
is terminated otherwise than by
the actual sale and delivery of the articles,
or when the termination is delayed
by agreement the document shall
be executed in writing.
Section 6 imposes special taxes on
dealers in opt'ons and futures at $24. It
also defines a dealer in options to be any
person who shall in his own behalf cf
for another deal in options or make any
contractor by communication to a foreign
country enter into an option's contract.
The same definition is applied to dealers
in futures. All contracts for futures or
options mu3t bear internal, revenue
stamps at the rate of one cent per hundred
pounds or per ten bushels, and for
bills of sale, at "the termination of contracts,
the rate i3 doubled that for contracts,
In case contracts are term nated
without actual sale or delivery, the revenue
tax is ten cents per bushel or two
ucli13 & ^luullut x/caicjlo 1u u^bivuo vjl
futures are required to give ten thousand
dollars bond, renewed yearly, to
report fully to the internal revenue officers,
and an elaborate system of machinery
for the collection of the revenue
taxes is provided. It i3 nrovided that
the payment of taxes shall not relieve
persons from the restnoUono cf ?tau
law as to these contracts. The law
does not apply to contracts made by
farmers for future delivery of their products,
nor to parsons who sell to consumers.
A ijtoray Passage.
New Yoke, Feb. 4.?The Hamburg
line steamship Taormina, Captain
Koch, arrived today from Hamburg
after a perilous voyage, lasting twentytwo
days. She encountered two severe
hurricanes in the gulf stream, in one of
which her main mast was snapped off
close to the deck. The Taormina
brought 133 steerage passengers. In
the early part of the voyage the weather
was fair. When near sabel island
in latitude 40.50 and longitude 59.40
she encountered a hurricane from the
southeast. The hurricane continued
nearl y forty-eight hours. At 7 o'clock
on the morning of the 31st ult., a big
sea broke on the deck and the man at
the wheel lost control of the vessel.
The bolts in the main boom were loosened
and the boom threshing about
struck life boat No. 8 on the starboard
side and yanked it overboard. Afterwards
the boom swinging with the roll
of the ahip^^med^^JM^iaging
'of the mam mast lossing its braces,
or>o?.r\n/i nfF omi tconf-. nvprhnard ff)
guu^pvu VU. MU(.t IT VUW W .
starboard. It was only by long ^nd
troublesome work that the" crew were
able to clear away the wreck.
Oil in large quantities were poured
on the trouble waters while this worK
was in progress. Meanwhile the steerage
passengers below decks were in an
agony of terror. Some men were for
hours on their knees praying while
others staggered about and cursed as
they were pitched this way and that by
the lurching of the vessel. When the
mast went by the board women screamed
and some becims hystericaly
All expected the ship ta go down. Capt
Koch went among rhe men and women
and by personal appeals, succeeded in
allaying their fears somewhat. In the
height of the storm Steward Iluberiel
fell on the deck and- was seriously injured
internally. He was unconsious
for four days and is still in a dazed condition.
The big wave that swept over
the decs broak a capstan, stove in a
hatch and twisted the rails and the
The hurricane subsided on February
1st, but head winds were encountered
delaying the ship five or six days.
A Storm's Daadly Work.
Birmingham, Feb. 4.? A wind and
rain smrm which Dassed over Birm
inghamlast night, blew down the Con-1
gregational church at Gate City, six
miles from here. The Christain En-1
deavor Society, composed of thirty women
and children, was holding a meeting
at the time. The roof crashed in
on them beneath the debris. JS'early
every person in the buildiog was more
or less'hurt. The serious casualties are
Mrs. R. S. ProtcbelJ, leg broken and
internally mjuredaDd will die; ilrs.
James Xiles, internally iDjured will
die; Chariies, Olsen, thigh broken,
probably fatal. The others are not
seriously hurt. Half the physicians of
Birmingham are at Gate City, and the
greatest excitement prevails.
Columbia, S. C.. Feb. 7.?Maj. W.
T. Woodward, of Kocton, and ilepre
sentative Jonnson, 01 vvinusyuiu, cauic |
near having a shooticg match here to!
day as the result of a political controversy
in a newspaper. Johnson sent a
note to Woodward, who was at dinner
saying that he was wanted and Woodward
responded. .Johnson asked for
i an apology and Woodward told him he
was rot making: apologies today. Johnson
stood with his hands in his overcoat
pocket and when he insisted on an
apology, Woodward quickly jerked a
pistol, stuck the muzzle in Johnson's
face and said: "What are going to do
about it?" Johnson replied: "Nothing,"
and Woodward walked away, saying,
"well that settles it."
A P.iD LAW REPEALED.
NO MORE FEDERAL SUPERVISION OF
The Senate settle the Question at Last
by a Decisive Majority?All the Democrats,
Oae Republican ard Three Papal
Is ts Vote for It
Wasiii\gton. Feb. 7.?In the Senate
today at 12.30, the House bill to repeal
the Federal election laws was taken up
and Hoar addressed the Senate in opposition
In reply to the charge made on the
Democratic side that the law of 1870
was sectional, he said that that law
applied only to cities of over 20,000
population, that when it-was passed
there were tifty-seven such cities in the
North'and but five in the South, and
that of the fifty-seven Northern communities,
eleven were m the commonwealth
of Massaehnsettes. TTow idlft
I therefore wa3 it, he said, to keep up
the claim that the question was a sectional
one, as if the brave and gallant
men who presented the cause of the
Southern Confederacy had fought and
bled and died for the privilege of
cheating at elections. Another objection
made to the Federal election law
was that it took away control from the
people of the locality, but the same
had been done in several Democratic
States within the last ten or fifteen
years?in Virginia, Maryland, Deleware,
Louisiana and other States. The
right of managing and ordering elections
had been taken from the people
who gather at the polls and had been
put in the hands of the central power
of the States, managed and wielded by
the Democratic party leaders.
After some colloquy on this point
with Hunton (Dem) of Virginia, Hoar
exclaimed: The records in the archives
of this Capitol make of the history of
elections in this country since 1865 the
blackest and worst history of crimes
since the world was created. "We can
only deal with that subjection in silence.
When these reports are read,
blackening the fair fame of this land,
we must walk backward with averted
gaze and bide our heads in shame.
This is a question of fraud or no fraud,
ana there is nothing else to it. it is a
question whether the supreme pearl
and gem in the crown of the American
manhood shall not have the strongest
force on the face of the earth for its
protection and defense.
Gray of Delaware replied to Hoar,
who he said had mistaken or misrepresented
the gravamen of Democratic
opposition to the election laws. They
wanted to wipe them out, not because
they protected the weak from the
strong, but because Democrats believed
from a bitter experience that those
laws were not only at war with every
tradition of local self-government, not
only did gthey degrade the States of
which they were citizens,but they buttressed
up the very fraud which they
were professedly intended to destroy.
From the inherit vice in their structure,
they had been, necessarily, an auxiliary
to ihe party machine of the party
in power in the Federal government.
In every city of 20,000 inhabitants
they had been the ready means
by which during the last twenty years
tne Republican party had put its hand
into the Treasury of the United States,
in order to defray the election charges . .
and expenses or iuc pax w ?
nnt, hp ? snnftpssf uI denial of that state
Bate (Dem.) of Tennessee closed the
debate. He made an argument in sapport
of the bill. It was susceptible of
demonstration, he said, that the chief
object of the reconstruction laws (of
which the Federal election laws formed
a part) had been to capture the electoral
vote of the Southern States, and to
secure Republican Senators and Representatives.
But the scheme had gone
cwry and all the plots had failed. The
' 'new aliies" had deserted the Republican
standards and the Republican party
had ceased to have a local habitation
in those States from which four
years after the war it had had all their
Senators and all bat one of their Representatives.
Whether these Federal election laws
were or were not constitutional, they
were certainly in the year of grace 1894
unwise and unnecessary. They embodied
the same ideas that had dictated
reconstruction, and they should now be
repealed. They had inspired more
fraud in elections than they had suppressed.
Thev should be all repealed
and the States should be left to regu?&?&?&nelections
within their borders,
phasis to the doctrine of ^
home rule, tha^ontWii^ty of a repub- ?
lie. At the close ofMrTSSt^fl^fiS^j
Chandler withdrew the amendment * " heretofore
offered by him and moved
another, the purport of which was to
make the proposed repeal effective only
to the extent of prohibiting the employment
of deputy marshals at election.
This amendment was rejected?yeas
27; nays 40. The three Populists, Allen
Kyle, and Peffer, and one Republican,
Stewart of Nevada, voted with the
Democaats in the negative.
Another amendment was offered by
Chandler for the purpose of excluding
from the effect of the repeal the crimes
sections of the revised statutes, in regard
to elections It was also rejected,
yeas 27, nays 38.
T wo other amendments were offered
by Chandler (to,restrict the scope of the
repeal) and were rejected by similar
A taunting inquiry by Chandler, as
to whether Stewart would contribute
his vote to the repeal of the law, which
had been one of the noblest acts of his
r>nhiir? liffl hroapht out a short speech
? ?? o?
from Stewart, to the effect that the election
Act of 1870 was passed just after
the nation had had emerged from war,
and that now the nation had entered
on another war, that of the executive
against the producing classes.
Perkins (Rep,) of California offered
amendment, of which he had given notice
yeslerday, allowing the election
laws to remain, but confining the Federal
supervision to cities of 200,000 inhabitants
or over, instead of, as now,
20,U00, The amendment was rejected,
yeas 27, nays 39. Three additional
amendments were offered by Chandler
and were rejected, two of them withj
out a division, and the third by yeas 27,
nays 39. The bill was then passed,
yeas 39, nays 28?a party vote, except
that Stewart (Rep.) of Nevada and
Allen, Kyle and Peffer (Populists)
voted with the Democrats in the affirmative.
The following is thevdse
i Yeas?Allen, Bate, Berry. Blackburn,
I Brice, Butler. Caffery, CaU, Cockrell,
I Cockrell, Coke, Colquitt, Daniel, Faulk!
ner, Gibson, Gordon, (iorman, Gary,
i Ilarri?, Hill,IIunton,Irby, Jones (Ark,)
! Iyvle. Lindsay, Martin, Mills, Mitchell
(VVis ), Morgan, Palmer, Pasco, Peffer,
Pugb, Hanson, Roach, Stewart, Vest,
on/1 Whito _V 39?
t > iiao, V uuiutw auu n utkv
Xajs?Aldrich, Allison, Cameron.
Carey, Chandler, Cullom, Dixon, Dolph,
Dubois, Prye, Gallinger, Hale, Hansborougb,
Hawlev, Hisrgins, Hoar,
Lodge, Mitchell, (Ore.), Perkins, Piatt,
| Proctor, Quay, Sherman, Shoup, Sqolje
Teller, Washburn and Wilson?28.
The Senate then, at6:15 p. m., after a
short executive session, adjourned till
? . . mM