Newspaper Page Text
i VOL. XLVI]I WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18 1894. NO. 36.
I ~ THE TALE TOLD.
H GEN. RiCHBOURG'S REPORT OF THE I
b TROUBLE TO GOV* TILLMAN. j
v An Xcteretflaf Document?What tbe j
P Troops D'C?The Comt of Enquiry and
Its Veidlet?Mcl?endon and Cain
Cltargtd With Morder.
| Columbia, s. C- April 12.?General
| Kicbbourg has made bis report of the
ft - Darlington campaign to Governor TillffiL
man and it was given to the press last
night. The report of General Farley
V ^ had not been finished up to a late hoar
I last night. The testimony before the
Coroner has not been handed to Gover
The following is General Richbourg's j
report 2nd it contains a number of in-1
teresting matters which have not yet
Columbia, S. C., April 11,1894.
To His Excellency Governor B. R. Tillman,
Governor of Sonth Carolina.
Sir: I have the honor to hand you
herewith a report of my proceedings
and a report of my command from the
31st dav of March until the 6th day of
April, inclusive. On the first named
day I received from you the following
"General Orders, No.l.
"In the absence of the Adjutant and
| Inspector General, Brigadier General
ft B.N. Bichbourg, Second Brigade, is
placed in command for the present of
all troops in the city ot Columbia or to
arrive therein. He will be obeyed and
Br respected accordingly.
B. R. Tillman
"Governor and Commander-in-Chief.
"D. H. Tompktss, Adj. and Sec'y."
In accordance with the above order
and verbal instructions from yourself,
t -ponaftori tn the State Penitentiary
fand took command of the troops there I
assembled. Two companies were detailed
to protect public property in this
city. The Edgefield Rifles were placed
at the State House and the Newberry
Rifles at the Hotel Jerome, for the parpose
of protecting both State and local
dispensaries. A patrol was also detailed
for the city and a detachment sent,
on my own motion, and by my order,to
the Executive Mansion. All necessary
r precautions were taken to protect the
city.NJn Sonday momiDg, April 1st, I
ColtjmbD^S. C, April 1st, 1894.
"treuera: viuu. o.\wv.
' "Gen. R. N. Bichbotug will immediately
take possession o? the two telegraph
offices in this city,pkcing a lieutenant
and squad of soldiersrln charge.
This officer will be instructed to permit
no telegiams to be sent or received ex
cept on commercial and private busil
ness and to and from these headquarI
"Second?He will immediately take
steps to regain possession of the State
arms and ammunition taken from the
armories or the Zouaves and Richland
Volunteers. With these guns he will
arm the other companies an - the volunteers.
"Third?He will deliver the accompanying
order to the captains of the
two companies of .National Guards in
Mo m rfoHrar fr? him fPTrmnrJirilv
I . V4WJ, VV UVMVV* w ^ #
' for us? Ju_tbis emergency, armsand
ammumuoiTthey "bave belonging
?~to the companies or belonging to the
State and give them receipts for the
Tour?He will extend an order to
Captain Bateman to assemble tbe Gov
ernor's Guards in uniform and have
him report with his command at the
Executive Mansion, at half-past 10
o'clock. "B. R. Tillman.
"Gov. and Commander-in-Chief.
"By the Governor:
"D. H. Tompkins, Sec. and Adj't."
The above order was strictly com
plied mm. A.gooa, large ..uiix uaviug
assembled at the Penitentiary grounds,
I received the following order, dilivered
to me at 2 p. m.:
Columbia, S. C., April 1st, 1894.
I - "General Order, Xo. 4.
"Brigadier General R. N. Richbourg.
MXou will take your command to
Darlington by the 4 20 p. m. train this
afternoon, leaving the dewberry company,
Capt. McCaughrin, the Edgefield
Hussars, Captain Mays and the Governor's
Guards, Captain .Baceman, in this
city under the command of Col. R. M.
Mikson, of my staff, who will assume
command m tins city during your ao-1
k "The troops will be quartered to the
best advantage in your discretion,using
the public building and hotels. At the
latter jou will arraDge for plain food
to be cooked for the men, furnishing
1 the supplies yourself. The Commissary
General will furnish jou with a
week's rations, uncooked.
"Martial law having been declared,
you will take control of the telegraph
offices under the same conditions as you
did in this city.
"You will confer with the leading
Lfc citizens as to the best methods of res~
toring peace and order, but your own
iudsment must govern. No assem
^ Dlages of citizens "must be permitted, I
| and if necssary disarm the people as a |
f "If any seditious language is used
- arrest promptly. If any reinforcements
to the insurgents begin to come in you
will disarm them promptly.
"Preserve rigid discipline. Keep
r troops under arms all the time to prevent
surprises. Use the wires freely
* - -* 1J ?...
Co seep me postea. ouuuiu juuieam
that any insurgents are scattered about
the country, in armed bodies, you will
V move promptly and disarm tbe same.
"The purpose of your occupation is
to restore order and reinstate the civil
authorities. Allow the troops as little
intercourse with the people as possible
and repress sternly aDy disorderly conduct
on eitber side. B. K. Tillman,
"Gov. and Commander-in-Chief.
j "D. H. Tompkins, Adj. and Sec'y."
Complying with said order, 1 took
X1? ll 1- Anmman/lo onii nlaMiH
^ IQO lUUUHllJg WUliuauw auu
them aboaid the special train:
Morgan Bifles, Capt. M. D. Mitchell,
30 officers and men.
Maxwell Guards, Capt F. S. Evans,
30 officers and men.
Edgefield Hussars, Capt. S. B. Mayes,
22 officers and meD.
Santee Riflts, Capt. P. W. Ball, 36
officers and men.
Dibble Light Dragoons, Capt. B. H.
Moss, 31 officers and meD.
T1J r i/?kf Ttronnnno 15 nllipors
XlU|(OUCiU i/iogwuff) *w
Greenville Guards, Capt. W. P. C021yers,
14 officers and men.
Butler Guards, Capt, J. A. Mooney,
20 officers and men.
Palmetto Rifles, Capt. A. W. Oakley
18 officers and men.
AM>eville Rifles, Capt. J. L. Perrin,
* 26 officers and men.
L Sally Rifles, Capt. T. C. Steadman, 32
f ~ officers and men.
Hampton uuaras, uapt. j.u. vvesc-i
field, 24 officers and men.
Fort Moue Guards, Capt. 11. M. Claffey,
14 officers and men.
Gordon Light Dragoons. Capt. H. J.
Harvey, 21 officers and meD.
ArriviDg at the depot at 5 p. m, we
proceeded on our way to DailingtOD,
^ arriving there about 10 30 p. m. We
were met at the depot by Adjutant
and Inspector General Farley and Capt.
_ H. T. Thompson, commanding the
Darlington Guards, who escorted my,
command iato the city. Xotice having
been sent from your headquarters
to the people of Darlington of the approach
o? my command, good order
and quiet prevailed in the city. In
accordance with your instructions, we
took possession of the court house,
opera house and various other halls
tendered u- by the citizens; also the
armory of the Darlington Guards, very
* j a i
Kinaiy ceoaereu aa uy ^apiaiu Jiuumpson.
There I made my headquarters.
There was some curiosity ana excitement
on the arrival of tbe troops as
manifested by the people and tbere was
some fear, as indicated by expressions
of leading men that promiscuous arrests
were to be made. Upon proper
assurances from me this feeling was
somewhat quieted, and after making
proper provisions for good order
among the troops and the necessary
guard arouad their quarters, and after
delivering the orders sent by you to
General Farley, we retired at 2 30
o'clock for the night. Early the next
mUi.ii.LUg LUC lltwoot*!. J |/iv^u*mw*vuw
were made for going into camp, to
which the troops were moved about 10
a. m. For want of necessary utensils
and camp equipage,the troops were fed
at the hotels, being marched there by
the officers and proper order prevailed.
The camp was kept under guard, regu
lar guard mounting being observed,
and daily drills and dress parades observed.
Early Monday morning I received
the following order:
Columbia, S. C., April 2.
"Gen. R. N. Rlchbourg:
"Notify Coroner to postpone inquest
until further notice. Wire the situation.
E. R, Tillman. Governor."
Its terms were complied with and
the Coroner was duly notified. In enforcing
the general orders I placed the
necessary guard around the telegraph
offices, but sent you the following telegram:
Headquarters S. C., Toorps
D arlington, s. C., April 3, 1894.
"Your note of tnis date, enquiring if
press dispatches can be forwarded under
supervision has been referred to
the Governor, (Jommander-in-Chief,
with a request for immediate instruction
from ixim. His reply will be communicated
R. JN. kichbourg,
Brig. Gen. Commanding."
The foregoirg note was from a correspondent
ana was sent you in connection
with a telfegram explaining the
object of it. In reply to the above I
received from yon the following:
Columbia, S. C., April 3,1894.
"Gen. R. N. Richbourg:
"The News and Courier shows that
correspondents are in your lines. Enforce
rigidly my orders in reference to
them. B. R. Tillman,Governor."
About this time L received a telegram
from you asking if it would be
safe for the constables to return and
to testify at the Coroner's inquest; also
another telegram insisting that tne inquest
be held as soon as possible. Replying
I told you that I would consult
?*>< *? t-Vio tourliner hilt, thomrht,
n^cu ?av ivu-JAwg ? D?
it wise to delay such action. Being
pressed by you from time to time on
this subject, and conferring with the
said citizens, I at last secured the following
agreement and telegraphed the
substance of the same to you:
"Darlington, S. C., April 3.
"Qi'u. R. y. B>ohbm??g?
uD<>ax Sin In reply to inquiries from
you regarding the safety ot the Dispensary
constables engaged in the affray of
last Friday, if brought here to act as
witness's before the Coroner's jury:
"We pledge ourselves on honor to do
all we can iu our power to prevent and
restrain violence of language and con
duct toward these men i? they are
brought here as witnesses and stioiiid
they be detained as prisoners. In our
opinion they could be bruugbt and kept
safely so far as general conditions are
cuncerned. Of course we cannot foresee
or provide against all contingencies of
unexpected provocation or sudden or
accidental events. Because the conditions
justify abundant caution we recommend
tnat the inquest be held as
rapidly, as early and as formally as possible,
with a stenographer to take the
testimony, and a solicitor to assist the
Coroner and to facilitate business; that
the constables be brought here unarmed
and be quartered in or near the depot
and that the investigation be held with
in the bnilding, with a sufficient cordon
of troops to exclude all persons but
such as are absolutely needed in the conduct
of the investigation, the Mayor of
Darlington and his attorney being allowed
to r e present and that all publications
of the the testimony be forbidden
until the end ot tne inquest, when
the official notes of the evidence may
be placed at the service of the press for
the accurate information of the public.
"\CIgUCU^? ?r X .Lraigau, iuo;ui , ?? .
0. (Joker, G. W. Dargan, E. Keith Dargan,
D.S. McCulloagJj, H. J. LaMotte,
t>. Lewenthal, E. R. Mclver, W. B. McGist,L.E.
Williamson, W. E.James,
P.Bowles, P.B.Allen, A.T. Baird,
W. Albert Parrott, J. H. Early, T. A.
Joje, W. J. Moorhead, S. H. Wilds, N.
L. Hurrell. C. X. Hewitt, S. A. Woods,
G.Netties, H. M. Wilcox, W.D.Woods
C. B. Edwards, W. D. Coggeshell, R.
The time for the holding of the inquest
having been fixed, in obtdience
to orders from yon, for Wednesday
morning, April 4, 10 a. m., I sent you
the following telegram:
Darlington, S. C., April 3.
"Governor B. R. Tillman:
"Your telegram ordering inquest to
begin received. I have sent to Coroner
Parnell instructions to that effect, directing
him to assemble his jury early
tomorrow morning lind to report to me
for instructions which I hereby request
"The trouble seems to me to be disposed
of at this end of the line. It is
not within my jurisdiction, but as part
of the general operations 1 would be
glad if you would give me an idea of
your plans for the transportation of the
constables here, tbat being, so tar as I
can see, the only remaining danger. I
bave thought over tbat matter some
and may be able to offer some useful
suggestions. R. N. Kichbourg,
In reply to the foregoing I received
the foliowincr from vou:
Columbia, S. C, April 3.
"Gen. R. N. Richbourg, Darlington, S.
"If the constables cannot go to Darlington
without escort the trouble has
onij begun. It had as well be understood
that the constabulary is not dis
banded, nor will it disband, and constables
will watch the depots for contraband
liquors as heretofore. My speech
and proclamation, appearing tomorrow
outlines my unalterable purpose. All
your suggestions appear wise and meet
my approval but individual hotheads
will be arrested by you or sent out of
the town by its authorities it necessary.
I want the inquest finished as soon as
possible in order to withdraw tne
troops. Youcanuot temporize in this
matter, but must make my position
clear and enforce it with vigor. Is there
a stenographer in Ddrlingtod ?
"B. R, Tillman, Governor."
Later I received tQe following:
"Columbia. S. C., April 4.
"Gen. R. X. Richbuurg:
"The constables will leave here on
4:20 p. m. train and should arrive on
time. They are in charge of Chief
Gaillard, who has orders to turn over
all arms they may have to you on ar
rival. Official stenographer cf Fifth
, Circuit will come with them.
B. R. Tillman, Governor."
The inouest having been commenced
at 10 a. xr.., continued through the day,
and until 3:30 o'clock the following
morning. Tbe constables arrived at 9
I p. m. of the same dav, excepting Mc
Lendon, who wis deliveruu at. 2 a.m.
oa the Dioming after the inques; began
by General Farley. Tue constables
were quartered at the depot, where
as a precaution, I had stationed Cel. J.
C. Boyd with a detachment of six companies.
The inquest continued until
3:30 p. m. Thursday, the constables,
with the exception of McLendon, finishing
their testimony on the night- they
arrived and returning to Columbia the
In obedience to from you I organized
a Court Ox enquiry, composed
of the following officers and men:
Capt. J. A. Mooney, Capt. H. J.
Harvey. Sergt. J. C. Cooper, Corp. A.
D. Milster, and Private F. II. Daatzler.
This Court of Inquiry was sitting at
the same time as me Coroner's jury
and participated in the investigation
being conducted. At the close of the
inquest the C^urt of Inquiry made the
following report to me:
Darlington, is C., April 5, 1894.
"Brigadier General II. N. Richbourg,
Commanding troop3 Darlington S. C.
"The undersigned, having been appointed
by you to constitute a military
Court of Inquiry, under order of Governor
Tillman, Commander-in-Chief to
sit with the Jury of inquest in session
at the Coast Line Depot, said inquest
being for the purpose of inquiring into
the cause of the death ot Frank E
jSTorment, R. H. Pepper and Lewis
"We have the honor to report that
we attended the.inquest asking through
the Coroner such ' questions as we
thought proper, and heard all the testimrmv
Wft havA reanhpd the folio wine
"The sad tragedy wbich ended in the
death of the three men above named
had its origin in a fight between two
young men of the town of Darlington,
Rogers and Floyd. They met at the
depot and after a few words engaged
in a fisticuff, in which Rogers was
whipped. At the fight, one J. JD. McLsndon,
a State constable, was the
frieod and backer of Floyd, having a
good deal to say to encourage the fight.
After the figbt Rogers went up town
and returned with several friends.
About the same time the Chief of Police
of the town arrived at the depot
Rogers began cursing Floyd, and at the
same time pointing to McLendon. said
tbat he had aided Floyd, using v?ry opprobrious
epithets, to which McLendon
replied In very forcible longuage. The
Chief of Police arrested Rogers and
Floyd and for the moment had order restored.
car. Norment and one or two
other citizeos pointed to McLsndm
and said that he was responsible for
the whole matter. Norment call-d McLendoD
a d? s? of a b?. McLendon
replied that he would not take tha--. and
immediately drew his revolver and lired
at Norment. Immediately some six or
eight citiz?ns and the constables drew
their pistols and began firing at each
other, several of the constables using
Winchester Rifles. We tlrmly belisve
that had McLendon r>- o interfered, the*
rronhle in nreaerviacr ord^r aud avert
ing the tragedy. We deem it unnecessary
to state all of the testimony, as thf
copy of the same will be transmits d
to your headquarters and to the Commander-in-Chief.
"We conclude from the evidence that
Frank E. Norment came to his death
at Darliogton, S. C., on the 30^h day of
March, 1894, from the effect of a gunshot
wouod inflicted by one J. D. McLendon,
and that the said killing was
lelonious murder, and that W. 1\ Giil
lard, C. B McDowell, J. C. Murphy, J.
L. Xunnamaker, 11. M. Gardner, John
Feld.tr, J. M. Scott, L. H. McCaots,
William Livingston. 0. C. Cain, E. C.
Black, J. W Holloway, W. H. Br>soo.
Tr.y?v TT/\lin/??? or.n Waoh O :CAnn arp
O Ck\JDk. li. UHUp,0 OL.U IT UvU V %<*v
"We conclude that It. II. Pepper
came to his death at the same time and
place from the effect of a guhshot
wound inflicted by one Lewis Redmond
and that the said Lewis Redmond came
to his death at the frauds of 0. C. Cain,
and that said killinz was felonious
murder. Redmond was running from
the constables and Cain shot him in the
back with a Winchester rif^. All of
which is respectfully submitted
"J. A. Mooney,
Phoirmon Pntirf n f T M -
\^?tpi?aiu auu. vuaiiLuuu ?
"H. J. Harvey, Captain,
"J. C. Cooper, sergeant,
"A. D. Milster, Corporal,
"F. H. Dantzler,
"Fort Motte Guards."
About midday Thursday I received
the following telegram from you:
"Columbia, S. C., April 5,189i.
"Gen. K. X. Kichbourg, Darlingion,
"You have my entire confidence and
will please advise me, after consulting
with leading citizens, whether the
troops can leave tomorrow. It must be
understood by all parties that the Dispensary
at Darlington will be reopened
and must he protected; that the consta
bles sent to Darlington to watcn me aepots
and seize contraband liquors are
not to be molested or insulted. In a
word, the law must be ooeved, and the
pt-opleof Darlington made to understand
it. L?t me hear from you at once.
In answer to the aDove I sent you the
"Darlington, S. C., April 5,1894,
"Governor B. R. Tillman, Columbia,
"In response to your message, just
"I have already wired you th;vt the
leading citizens accept the terms proposed
in your message of this morning,
and promise to abide by them strictly.
"The takiDg of the testimony at the
Inquest ended this afrernoon. Xeirly
fifty witness were examined. Tbe Military
Court will make its report tbis afternoon.
I known nothing yet; of its
contents. The only witnesses known
to be missing are Dispenser Floyd, reported
to be in Washington, D. C., and
a man named Babb said to be in Cheraw
Everything here is in perfectly saisfactorv
shape, and the feeling is hopeful
and reasonable. You may be assured
"Krkfr f K.jwa TiAfhinrr tA Hoct?rT7t?
Luao A. UOTO UVUV, L'ubuiu^ uv/ UWVV4 T V
your suspicion of censure. All the facts
of this whole matter are before you.
R. N Richburg. Command-r."
I transmitted to the leadias: citizens
of Darlington the ultimatum from you
which appears aoove. I had a comerence
with tbem and they agreed unanimously
to your demands, ks I telegraphed
you in the foregoiue- < ispat.ch.
About the same time I received from
yoa the f jllowtng dispatch:
''Columbia, S. 0, April 5.1S94.
"Bridgadier General Itichbourj?, D trlingtoD,
"Give me immediately the result of
fho ?v?iff?ronr!e nf the l^adinc cit:zrns
under my ultimatum sent f&is mormug.
Troops will not leav until I gat it.
"13. II. Tillman, Governor."
Upon receipt of ?ne torego:ng and of
sever ll other telegrams I sent you tbe j
"Darlington, S. C., April 5.
"Governor ?. K. Tillmun. Columbia,
A "I thank you for your kind exprea
sioos. Leading citizens here promise
me that your terms, as stated in your
t message will be strictly complied with.
! There is every reason to believe that the
Dispensary will be reopened without the
least oppcsiton, especially if some care
is taken in appointing a Dispenser of
~ ? \v. .?
UUU'U cuanier wuu is uji viuieuuy uujactionable.
All agree in the opinion
that it will be safe and advisable to
withdraw the militia and restore civil
authority, in with I concur. The troop3
are eager to go home, although there is
no insubordination, but they are worried
over their families and business.
"K.N. Richbourg, Brigadier General."
Toe citizens also sent you the follow
"Darlington, S. C, April 5.
"Governor B. R. Tillman, Columbia,
' '.Ye have conferred with General
llichbonrg and concur in the opinion
wkhhim. We will use every effort to
allay all irritation, and tru3t you will
do the same.
"YV. C. coker,
"g. W. Dargvn,
"E. Keith Dargan."
The inquest haying been finished, and
all your orders rigidly carried out, I
? -frsf fhnnorhira
LLi<%UC ax. L tlU^CUiCULO AUl VUU u^tti.uwiv
of the troops on Friday morning at 7
o'clock, m accordance with the following
telegram from you:
"Columbia, S. C., Aprils, 1894.
"Brigadier General R. N. ;Richbourg,
Darlington, S. C.:
"Bring your command, except the
Santee Rifles to Columbia by tomorrow
morning's train. I will return thanks
in person at the depot upon arrival,
and pay off men. Proclamation restoring
civil authority will issue to-morrow.
Captain Harvey's company will
return direct to their home. I congratulate
you on the satisfactory termination
of the campaign.
"B. R. Tillman. Governor."
My command left Darlington at
the appointed hour. At Florence the
troops stationed there boarded the train
and, with the exception of the com
pamei which ieic at .riorence ana sumcer
for their homes, arrived in Columbia
about noon on Friday. They were
mat and addressed by you, and paid off.
Some of the companies left immediately
afterward and all went to their homes
by night. Tbe cDmpanies which re:
mained until the afternoon were
march*-d to the Penitentiary and there
There were numerous telegrams of no
public importance which passed between
us which 1 do not desire to cumber
this reoort with. Some of them,
hovever, were at lea3t interesting.
Anions the telegrams from you was
the following, to which I unhesitatingly
wish to add my approbation:
"Columbia, S. C., April 4,1894.
"Gen. R. X. Kichbourg, Darlington,
"It affords me pleasure with such
lights as I have before me, even at this
distance, to j?ive expression to my admiration
for tbe conduct of Captain
Thompson and his men. The situation
would have been much more aggravaredand
the prospect of a satisfactory
termination of this unfortunate affair
much much more remote but for their
courage and devotion to duty. You
may also express to mayor Dargan my
appreciation of his latest effort Had
bis first action displayed like wisdom
inH firmnooi tvo mlcrhf-. Tint. haV-3 to re
gretuie terrible tragedy which has oc
curred. "B K. Tillman, Governor."
I can say tnat I never saw a more patriotic
devotion to duty than shown by
the Darlington Guards, commanded by
CaoL H. T. Thompson.
Four years' service in the late war
gave me a knowledge of the daties of a
soldier which I cherish. This know*
ledge leads me to say that not during
tho3e years of struggles did I know
soldiers wbo surpassed in efficience and
obtdieDce to orders the various companies
under my command at Darlington
and Florence. I did not have a
single complaint as to misconduct on
the part of a solitary soldier.
Every man conducted himself in
a soldierly manner. I would
like to bestow my appreciation
of this conduct on each command by
name but it would lengtnen una report
beyoned ail reason. I will, however,
make favorable mention of Col. J. C.
Boyd, Major Wardlaw and Major J. 0.
Westfield the latter in temporary charge
of the Third Battalion. These officers
promptly enforced all oders issued to
them and kept strict discialine in
After order hadbeen restored,and your
ultimatum had been agreed to the citizens
of Darimgton called upon me and
expressed their gratification at tne
maimer in which affairs haa Deea aaj
asted. They were cordial in their
treatment ot me and the members of
my staff and complimented highly the
conduct of the officers and soldiers
during their stay in Darlington.
From the time I was placed m command
I endeavored to the best of my
ability to do my duty, enforcing rigidly
all orders from your Excellency.
In conclusion, I would thank you
for the uniform courtesy shown me
throughout the campaign.
Having finished this report 1 would
bee to be dischared from duty.
Respectfully, R.N. Richbourg.
Brigadier General Commanding.
A Farmer's Experiment.
A correspondent of a Korth Carolina
paper gives the following account ot
his* experiment in planting corn: I
* ? ? - ? ? fkanofih rtf
WdUXj IU glVO tliC iaimciD uug uou^uu vx
a little experiment that I made with
guano last spring on corn. Thaland
was checked 4 feet one way 3% the
otner. I used one sack patting it in
the check on every other row till it
gave out. I had 48rows with guano by
the side of 48 rows without. In two
two weeks afcer the com can?e up the
fertilized rows began to show, and by
the first of J une they were a foot higher
than the one by their side. I gathered
two rows and weighed one row of
TKfl pnoo nnonanfl WAiohpd fil ^
^a\su.. s uw J. v ?? - 0 x6
pounds; the one with 86^ pounds, *
gain of 25 pounds to the row and in 47
rows I made 1,224 pounds or 17>? bushels
of corn more by using one sack of
guano. Counting the guano at $2.60
and the corn at 50 cents. I have a clear
profit of $6.25. I also tried the difference
between two stalks in a hill
and one. The rows without guano
side by side one stalk weighed 61%
pounds and the other with two to tne
hill weighed 73}4 pounds. With guano
tne sirg'e sow weighed S6}4 witn two
stalks 94^ pounds. You will see that
the rows "with two stalks weighed a
tew pounds tne most, uuuu uiesiu^ie
rows I had jost half t&e number of ears
and the corn was worth more than the
corn in the doable rows. It pays to
A1 b <mt Justice.
Jacksonville, April II-?In the
i City Cuurttnis morning, after the jury
uau ueeu uuu uueeu uiiuuicsio uivuguu
in a verdict of guilty against Joe, Alexauuer
and Wilson Woodley and
Jack Gabriel, four negroes, charged
Mritil tne murder of Ed H. Grant about
a rncnrh ago. The firsc three were senrecced
to be hanged and the lasfcone to
life imprisonment. Grant was killed
as the result of a conspiracy between
these negroes, who made Jim Galloway
do the murder. Jim was sentenced to
be hanged last week. Oliver Jackson,
a negro, who offered to kill Grant for
$10, was mobbed about ten days ago.
PEACE AND ORDER APPEAL*
It comes from the Freddsnt ot a Peace
Columbia, S. C., April 13.?The
following letter, which came in an envelope
addressed to the chief executive
of the State a few days ago, may be considered
one of the curious of the "latest
unpleasantness," and is entirely self-explanatory:
Governor Tillman and Citizens of South
Rsspected friends?A portion of your
fellow citizens, organized as the Uni.
versal Peace Union feel drawn to you
in sympathy and a common interest in
I T7nnr frinl hnnr
It is not our intention to criticize the
maintenance of law by your excellency,
for he has covenanted to maintain and
execute the law and we all admire the
fulfilment of an obligation, neither is It
so much our intention to criticize an expression
of opinion of dissent from certain
lavs, it thes8 laws are not acceptable
or popular, but it is felt to be
an opportune moment for us to urge
upon you all the consideration of love,
justice ~nd charity and especially to im
plore tnose wno wouia vioienuy oppose
the law to be patient, and to abide by
enactments and seek their amendments
or abolition through the peaceable and
potent means of the baJlot. What the
ballot makes the ballot can unmake. II
the bullet destroys lite the bullet cannot
Especially do we want to present the
better way ot settling difficulties by arbitration,
instead of aaving military force
as a reserve iribun il, to have courts ot
From the reports we have received,
we find history has repeated itself, In
so far that the military refused to act
y.nf rtnny flfwornnr O nH tVlQf
UUUCi VIU^IO VA JVUL UVVWLUV4 MUM VMMW
Le bad recourse to volunteers.
We may admire the surrendering of
arms rahter thau using them against the
govenment, but what we wish to emphasize
as a thought for the future, and one
more in accordance with our American
idea, thoroughly republican and democratic,
is, that deadly force is unreliable.
Oar people will think for themselves.
One class shrinks from firing upon another
class of our fellow cozens, and
that the military system is not a guarantee
of loyalty, but is a dangerous and
Ia your zeal and widom, gooa irienas,
will you not live ia peace, preserving
life, liberty and happiness, which will insure
prosperity? Let us all strive to
establish wise and impartial arbitration
for the rainous, uncertaia and wicked
Oa behalf of the Universal Uaion,
- Alfred H Love, President.
P. S. April 6ob, 1894. Although our
latest Information indicates that there
ia at least a cessation cf hostilities, if
Af on/1 OT?V
11VU U CCOWJlttUUU U1 U1UU, auu nv UVlieve
a disbanding of tbe soldiers, we
submit does it not leave a sting behind?
Is not the loss of life and treasure uane
cessarv, as It is sorrowfal? Will it not
incite everyone to arm and create a military
spirit that will induce the forming
of rifle_companies and brigades? Is not
t ie time opportune to submit to the
potent and practical influences of reason
and humanitv, as exemplified by court3
We appeal for this and submit tbe
proposition of your calm and earnest
consideration. A. H. L.
A. Fearfal Storm.
Xew York, Aplil 11.?A fearful
gale swept the New Jersey coast last
night and continues to-day with almost
unabated fury. The beach along the
Atlantic Ocean from Sandy Hook as
far South as Long Branch, N. J., is
strewn with wreckage. This morning
a large schooner was noticed in distress
a short distance from the coast at Sea
Bright, X. J.Owing to the heavy gale
and tremendous surf, the life boats
were useless and it was impossible to <
successfully land the life lines. Before
assistance coma reacn iae vessej, it
went to pieces. "Six bodies have been
washed ashore and It i3 feared that
others have been lost in the surf. A
heavy show storm prevailed daring
the morning hours and the life saving
crew were unable to locate the signal
guns whieh could be heard sounding at
intervals. A great many handsome
cottages at Highland Beach, Sea Bright
Monmouth and other ports have been
novilmna at*. T.finer
WiD JXLCkllj uw vu^
Br inch have been damaged, and at
many points wharves, landings, bath
houses, etc., have been swept away.
Reports received from points South
as far as Atlantic City state that the
storm has raged all night and it is
feared that many vessels have been
wrecked and probabiy a great number
of their crews drowned. The
telepeone wires connecting the life
saving stations have been blown down
and it is impossibla to get details of the
M 1 ? TIL *
FOTTSVILLE, Jf d , i^prii Xi.?iuo
storm ia Scnuylkill County is the
greatest ia uoint of snowfall ia forty
years. At Pottsville there is fifteen iaches;
at Frackville the snow is twentyeight
iachhes deep. Xot a coal train
has been moved and all the track laborers
and hands are kept busy in digging
open the switches and the main tracks,
while engines with snow plows are at
wark clearing tne tracks to the mines.
The collieries are all idle.
Nine Mea Killed.
Milwaukee, Wis., April 9.?At
4:20 this morning flames were seen
breaking out from the rear of the Davidson
Theatre and hotel structure, valued
ai $300,000. The alarm was promptly
responded to but not unt 1 the roof was
a sheet offlame3. Immediately on the
arrival of the firemen ladders were run
up and men rcshed up on the roof, sis
stories fiom the ground. Id doing so,
Allie Reese, one of the men, slipped and
fell to the ground, being killed ov the
fall. All the meu from Engine house
No. 4 were ordered to the rear portion
cf tl}e roof, light over the stage, where
the fire was worst. These firemen and
others took their stations and began work,
wheD without warning the r?ot under
them gave wav, precipitating nine of the
men eighty feet below into the fire on
tbe large stage of the theatre, all of
whom were either killed by. the fall, or
burned or soffjcated lo death.
Tbe Ltquor War.
Athens,' April 13.?Georgia and
South Carolina w'.ll likely clasp hands on
the dispensary and l:quor qaestion,
Athena furnished the luaiber for the
construction of S - uth Carolina's dispensary
law, and now one ot the latters's
Citizens D38 come to ran s arms reouiL. i
F. M. Butler, of Aodersoa, recently
reached here, bringing the pnara-pbemalia
of a magnificent bar room, which he
opened up in Broad street. Along
rfith other soft drinks "Monterey" figures
conspicuously, and is how the bona
of contention. Chief of Polbe Oliver
was Informed that Monterey would produce
skates, and today he secured a bottle
which will be analjzed by State
Chemist White to determine its drunk
AMONG THE SOLDIERS.
THOSE WHO OBEYED ORDERS AND
THOSE WHO DID NOT
What 1b to ba Dine Abaut Their Course?
Twenty-two Companies oi those Ordered
Oat Kerpasded?Court Martial* and
Charts < t Enquiry.
Columbia, S. C., April 9.?Such a
peaceful, quiet Sabbath as yesterday,
was m striking cod trast with thepreced
ing Sunday. II was a day 01 rest anc;
the people all went to church; the Sanday
before was a day of excitement and
anticipation, no oce knowing what mighthappen
within the hour; a day fall of
stirring events which made men forget
the church bell's call, when they were
gathered around the bulletin boards.
Yesterday morning a representative
of The State called upon the Governor .,
with the purpose of ascertaining whaS
was to be done about the militia. The
Governor went over the whole roll of
the militia forces cf the 'State and
marked with a blue pencil the following
companies as those which had responded
i- v;? ?11.
MJ HIS UUi.
First Regiment Infantry?Edgefield
Rifles, Edgefield; Palmetto Rifles, Aiken;
Sally Rifles, Sallj; Richardson
Guards, Montmorenci; San tee Rifles.,
Tbe Governor stated that out of this
regiment the Edisto Rifles of Johnston
and the Capers L'gbt Infantrv of Edge*
field were ready and awaiting bis orders.
The only other company, the
Gordon Volunteers, he did not order
Second Regiment of Intantry (tne
old palmetto Regiment)?Fort ilotte
Gnard^. Every other company in tbe
whole Second Regiment refused to respond.
Third Regiment of Intantry?Abbeville
Rifles, Abbeviie; Newberry Rifles,
Newberry; Morgan Rifles, Spartanburg;
Maxwell Rifles, Greenwood; Hampton
Guards, Spartanburg. The Governor says
in regard to the Ave other companies in
this regiment that he does not remember
exactly what they all aid. He says,
however, be did not order ont tbe Eon*
ham Light Infantry of Bradley's, one
of these five, but that he did order out
the Peak Guards after they had reported
for duty, and has never heard any mors
trom them. He Intends to have tnis investigated
by a coart ot inqirry.;
Fourth Rsgiment of Intantry?Darlington
Guards, Blshopville Guards.
There are seven other companies in this
regiment. The Governor says: <lI did
not order out the Fiorance Rifles, but
thev flanked just the same. The Sumter
Lisht Infantry obeyed my order at
the first, but after the action of the Columbia
companies, they went to places,
too. In regard to the Bishopvllle Guards
I ordered them out, gave them a special
train and they went to Darlington, bat
they went home without any or Jers from
any one. They have sent me a partial
explanation here, which don't amount
to much, and I intend to order a court
of ii>quiry ic their case. I do not remember
what transpired in regard to
th? other compenies. I do remember
tbat I did not order out tne Cheraw and
Fifth Begiment of Infantry?Greenville
Guards of Greenville, Butler
Guards of Greenville, The Governor
says that he did not order out the other
four companies in this regiment.
First Battalion of Infantry, Second
(XT nakin rr+Art
D^libanuu UJ JLUiauULJ) IT aouxugvvu
Light Iatantry Battalion, JSfaval Battalion
and Artillery (the Charleston
troops, composing what is known as the
Fourth Brigade)?In regard to these
troops the Governor passed them over
with the simple statement that "the
whole thing had flanked." He didn't
say whether there were going to be
coarts martial or not.
First Regiment of Cavalry?CoL Causey
came here, bring with him, so says
the Governor, five of his captains and
more or less men. There are eight
companies in the regiment. The Governor
says a court of inquiry will have
to throw some light on the movement of
the men in this regiment.
Second Regiment of Cavalry?The
Governor says the Edgefield Hussars,
the EdgeSeld Light Dragoons and the
Dibble Dight Dragoons of Orangeburg
were the only three of the nine companies
in this regiment which he ordered
out, they all responding.
. Third Regiment cf Cavalry?Only
two compaaies of the seven in thi* regiment
were ordered out. Thev were the
Hampton Light Dragoons of Panola,
and the Conner Mounted Riflemen of Silver.
They were gotten in readiness,
uul rcccivcu uu uiucia iu rnyro.
First Battalion of Cavalry?None of
the companies in this battalion were ordered
out, and thus the Governor
says two companies in Charleston and
toe company at Summerville escape the
reorganization. They are tbe German
Hassars ot Charleston, and the Charleston
Light Dr&goons of Charleston. There
are five companies in the battalion.
Tbird Battalion of Cavalry?None ct
the five companies were ordered ont.
First Brigade National Guards end
all other National Guards Troops?Not
Ic will be seen from the above that
tViaro trer?nnlv t.wpnf.v-twn cnmi)ftnie8.
of ibe militia force of the State, omitting,
cf course, those not orderad out who
stood by the Governor.
Iq reply to a question as to whetaer
there would be any courts martial of
field officers, the Governor said he knew
of none outside the field officera ottbe
Fourth Erigade. All the other field officers
calbd upon carried oat the orders
Chattanooga, Tenn., April 10.?
Chief Hill of the Podce Departmont
yesterday frustrated a scheme of two
confidence men to bunco W. H. How ?
? an? ?:ii~ n.x
ara, a oanKer 01 cartersvuie, ur<*., uu.. ui
86,300, and captured two "gold bricks"
weightDg 97 and 95 pounds each. The
bunco men bad received an intimation
of the intention of the police and escaped.
The plot laid was the worn
one of a rich mice, friendly Indian, etc.
D-spite its age, Mr. Howard came to
Chattanooga, ready to buy the bricks
and invest in the supposed mine. Luckily,
Chief Hill learned of the deal before
It was consumnated.
Among the decision handed down in
the Court of Appeals of Missouri recently
was one declaring that a debt
contracted in an option deal cannot be
collected by law, as such speculative
dealing is gambling and illegal.
The points sustained were
rhat the debtor was not a bona nae purchaser,
was not prepared to receive and
did not expect to receive the actual
grain, and that, if in a contract for
future delivery the OQly purpose is to
speculate on the difference between
buying and selling prices, such a contract
is a wager and therefore null and
Tillman en Amthtr .Feature
of the Trouble.
Columbians. C., April 11.?It appears
that South Carolina's business affairs
and her standing la the financial world
have been injured by the recent trouble
in the State and business men are comn1oinin<>vanr
mn/?h ahrtnt. the pnnriit.inn
V* Jf &UMVU MVV.MV WW V j
Several of the banks have been cut
off from the financial aid they bad arranged
for, simply on account of this
Yesterday morning a bank president
bad a talk with Governor Tillman about
the situation and as a result the Governor
gave the following interview to the
press. It was also seat out on the Associated
MI wish to say a few things to-day in
regard to the aspect of this insurrection
on the business interests of the
State. I desire to express with all the
emphasis I can my absolute belief and
/ at fi^nnwi in t.h? assArffnn thafc seven
eights of our people, without regard to
politics, condemn the action of those
who bought on the trouble aud of their
sympathizers, both among the citizens
and tiie militia. The responses which
are coming in from all over the State
and the offers of volunteers to uphold
the law and repress disorder make it
clear that life anc'l property are as safe
here as they are anywhere. South Carolinias
have no stomach for nor will
they tolerate any such emeutes as those
at Darlington and Florence.
"The busines? centers and capital
seekiog investment will do great injustice
if they are led to believe that
any more such South American attempts
at revolution will be made.
Over half of the milita has never been
called out at all and there would have
been no demoralization or injurious
imnrpssinn sent aboard, but fcr the
companies In this city, which is the
head center of the political opposition,
which lay at the bottom of the insurrection.
Their refusal gave the impulse
to militia in the other towns and created
a false impression that we were on the
brink of civil war. Only four counties
at all were involved in any riotous, demonstration?Darlington,
Snmter and Eicbland.
"The reorganization of the militia,
or rather the organization of new companies
to take the place of those which
have disgraced themselves, has already
taken place and the arms will soon be
in the hands of faithful men, who will
respond^ always promptly to the call of
j doty. Back of those is a reserve iorce
' of thonsands of citizens, volunteer com[
paniesalread organized and armed with
shot guns ready to move when called
MI can therefore, ?ive assurance to
the world that law and order will be
maintained in South Carolina and I
have every reason to believe that there
will never oe another outbreak.
"In conclusion, it is a source of gratification
to express publicly my thanks
! to the officers of the different railroads
centering here for their prompt acquiesce
of my orders and hearty co-opera
tion in concentrating and moving the
troops. They showed plainly that they
had no sympathy for sach lawless be
haviour and contributed in no smau
degree to the prompt suppression of
the insurrection." - The
The following bulletin was issued
from the State weather Bureau at Columbia
The temperature for the week was
about normal orer the entire State, but
the nights were very cool, with light
frosts oyer the western half on the
morning of the 7th, which did but little
or no damage. The cool nights had
the effect of retarding the growth of all
vegetation and making it very uncertain
to what extent crops were injured
by the recent* cold. Sunday was very
warm and gave a new impetus to all
growing vegetation. There was an
average amount of sunshine duriug the
orarfr in all
In general, there was a deficiency of
rainfall throughuut the State. There
were showers on the 4th and 5th, light
for the most part, but heavy in the
southeastern portions, which were very
beneficial. High winds in the central
and western portions dried the soil
very rapidly especially where loosened
In preparation for planting, the latter
being deferred in these parts until the
weather becomes more favorable for
nnink termination. Rain Is needed
over the entire State.
In tbe coast region rice planting has
been general, but the acreage, it is
thought, will be less than usual owing
to the scarcity of seed.
Upland com is nearly all planted except
in the western counties and much
of that has been cut down by the
frost has beer, replanted, although
some cut down and not replanted shows
signs of putting out new sprouts. The
stand of such corn promises poorly.
Much diversity of opinion regarding
grains prevails among corresponnents,
although all admit serious injury. The
truth is that some fields suffered bat
little while others were seriously damaged.
depending on locality and stage
of growth. Spring oats were not damaged.
The full amount of injury done
to grains will probably not be known
until threshiDg time. It is admitted by
all, that frnit in the hill counties is entirely
killed, as well as many of the
trees and branches, this is particularly
true of peaches. Other large fruits are
not as much hurt. Where the vines or
bushes have been killed, berries show
signs of putting forth new buds.
Cotton planting is well advanced in
the low counties and ground is being
prepared for the entire Stat6. By
next week planting will be general.
The acreage wttl be, apparently, up to
the usual area, and commercial ferti*
Iivam oro hflinrr froolu n.QPri.
A444VJ&0 O&V WAU5 MVVAJ www
Some potatoes were replanted, but
those that we?e not are patting out
new sprouts aid promise well. In the
western part o:! the State many forests
us well as fruit trees were killed.
Said at L.att;
In pursuance of the decree of the
United States Court, made last December,
the South Carolina Riilway was
sola at public auction at 11 o'clock last
Thursday in Charleston. A large number
of prominent fiaanciers were present
at the sale but little excitement attended
the bidding. The road was
sold to Wheeler H. Peckham of New
Tork. who reoresented a syndicate of
first mortgage bondholders for S1.C00,000
witn which to discharge prior liens
and outstanding indebtedness. The
price paid virtual? amounts to something
less than 87,000,000. The Louis
vllle and Nashville sysiem which owns
about $900,000 worth of second mortgage
bond?, was represented at the sale
by J. H. Probst, but he took no part in
the bidding. There are rumors to the
effect that there is an understanding
between the first mortgage bondholders
and the Louisville and -Nashville people
by which the latter may ultimately
? - *- - I'- Dehorn
control Lue property. mil. lrc&uoiu
deposited a check for $100,000 with
Receiver Chamberlain, actiag as special
master, ana the remainder of the
purchase money will be paid within
twenty days. There is a report in circulation
that the company will be reorganized
and that Mr. Chamberlain
will be made president of it.
THE FACTIONS FOUGHi'. f
BLOODY ENCOUNTER AT THE ELECTION
IN KANAS CITY.'
American Pratectlv? Association and < :
Tbcse Opposed Arrayed Against Etch
Other?The Firing Was Like a Regiment
QhnnMni' Ranfd Wah Tt:.
Kansas City, April 7.?Excitement
has not yet abated over the election riot ; ?
between the American Protective association
and the anti element, and results
are worse than was at first reported.
The lines were strictly drawn
aiid in the encounter which followed
the clash, one man was killed instantly.
Three others fatally wounded and two
were seriousiv hurt.
The two antagonistic elements were
solidly divided in their choice of candidates
for mayor and tbe election was in
progress. The aggressive support that
each side gave to its candidates daring
one ot the hottest campaigns ever known
in this city engendered a strong sentiment
of bigotry. It was, therefore, in
no amiable mood that the workers of
the respective factions came togthers at
the different polling places in the city, *- J*?
and that they came expecting trouble is
apparent from the number of deadly
weapons that were dciwn when the
firing was started. There were a number
or less serious efiravs in other parts
of the city earlier in the" day.
The fatal riot occurred on the Sonthwest
boulevard, m the Fifth ward, very
close to police station No. 3. Those who
took part in it had been heated to the
fighting temper by reports that had been
hourly arriving at the station of the
brawik at other polling places. Only
one hour before. John Goolev, a stone
mason, was shot in the forehead and
back by William Henry Walker at a
voting place at the eornor of Fifth and
Campbell streets in a row growing out
of a fiery debate between the two men
regarding the principles of the American
Protectine association, to which G-ooley
was violently opposed. That Gooley J'M
was not instantly killed was due to the
fact that the pistol naed was a mew toy
The American Protective association
men who supported Webster Davis, the
Republican candidate f:>r mayor, had
their own workers at the different polling
nlaops and f.'nftv riiatrihnted in some
precincts their own tickets bearing their candidate's
name and decorated with the
American flag. . *
Jim Pryor, a Fifth ward politican, ? %
an agonistic to the American Protective i ~JS
association, who supported Frank Johnston,
the labor and faction Democratic candidate,
was active at the head of 50 v %
constables, whom he had got Justice
Latshaw to appoint. It was said b?
some that these constables were, many ,
of tbeaa, irresponsible characters and
were solely the cause of the trouble. ' ?,
There were loud threats ot mobbing them
before they could get to the headquarters
after the bioody rio. was over.
It is claimed that one of Prvor's followers
fired the first shot. That one ,
wa? Mike Callahan, and he was a dead
man the next moment. Then the battle
h?oran. The deoutv constables at this '
polling booth and the workers of all the
political factions crowded together in ^
solid masses. fully 100 strong, and every
one of them seemed to be armed.
For a minute or* two the discharge of ~
weapons sounded like a discharge of
musketry by a regiment. Hundreds of
citizens gathered at every point of van- .
tage to witness the battle, which, how- ;
ever, was of short duration. Manv of
the residents along the boulevard added
to the excitment by leaning from their
n7in/?(ii?73 oid oVinnHnor onH <yAfctlon1fttT''?C_
In less than five minutes from the time
the first shot was fired policemen had"
appealed upon the scene and quieted the
disturbance. With their first approach
the fighting political workers ceased
hostilities and began to hide their wea- -M
The Republicans Win.
Trenton, N. J., Apri 10.?Elections
were herld in the cities of New Jersey - , ;3|
to-day. In this city the Republicans
made a complete sweep, carrying the ^
board of aldermen and all the city of
ncers reaiarKaoie ieaiure ui we tncuuuu
was the.lightness of the total vote and
the heavy Republican majorites. v
Nearly all the unamployed in the city
voted the Republican ticket In Newark
the Republicans were also suecessful.
Labkeucher. Republican, for
mayor, is elected by 4,000 majority.
InLambertville the entire Republican
ticket was elected.
In Jersey City the Rapublicaus have
won a greater victory than they did
two years ago, when they elected Mayor
"Wanser. His majority was 3,500 while
tne compieieu totuius iul tuc umctcuu
districts to-d3y give 4.759. The Bepub- "ri
licaas elect five oat of six aldermen.
The Democrats carried the 2d or
"horseshoe" district by only thirty . J^i
votes, their usual majority being from
a 1,000 to 1,200. ' -; -M
In Paterson the Democrats made
some gains, while in New Brunswick M
the result was about even, the Democrats
electing three aldermen and the
Republicans three. In Elizabeth the
Republicans elected Rankin mayor by
an increased majority. At Rahway
mixed results prevailed.
In Orange the Republicans made a
clean swept, electing every canaiaaie.
John Gill was elected mayor by 794
majority, against 347 majority given
Fell, Democrat, two years ago. In East
Orange the Republicans made a clean
In camden the Republicans won a
complete victory, e/ecting their entire .>/? %
ticket by increased majorities. At |
Glou jester the Democratic ticket, head
ed by John Boaston, for mayor won
bv 500maioritv. At the last Assembly
election the Democratic majority was 'M
JacksonboecvS. C., April 11.?There
was a s&ooting scrape at Coctagerille,
about fifteen miles from here, yesterday
about 1 o'clock, in which Mr. Glover
Verdier siot and instantly killed Mr.
W. W. Adams. They had a dispute
about a piecs of land and they came
to blows.'Mr Verdier backed to where ""^3
Kq Kor? hia rirta ariH nhnt. Mr Adama
through and through, killing him instantly.
Mr. Verdier then went to
Walterboro and surrendered himself
to the sheriff, and is now in jail at that
place. The affair is very much regretted,
as both parties were good and
prominent men. They were near
T7vrr.vTYYwrM Anril 11?Th-? srmth
ern etd of th?j coke region is again in jj
a turmo'l. Early this morning four M
hundred strikers swooped down upon
the Youogstown works of the Frick
Company, completely surprising and
capturing almost every one. Tne raid- ^Jj
ers caDturedseventy'workingmen and ,
deputies, and took them with them ;~m
without Sriog a shot. The attack was M
a complete surprise to tooth operators --$2a
anrl guards. Xl