Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XLIX. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1894. NO. 8.
^ AN ALL NIGHT CAUCUS.'
wP ' BUT JT REFUSED TO NOMINATE A
The Proceedings ot the Anil-TJlmanlte
State Convention "Which W?? Held fn
Columbia L??t Week?The Hotheads
| Columbia, S. C., Sept. 26?The conr
' yentlon railed to consider the propriety
k . of nominating a ticket to be ran in the
general election ag&iost the regular Democratic
ticket assembled in this city
yesterday and remained in session until
after four o'clock this mornirg,
tchon if. firiinnrnml wit.hont WOrkiPfiT &
nomination. The delegates to the convention
had begun to arrive the evening
before. The morning trains brought
ia a good crowd, and the midday and
afternoon train3 did the rest-. Nearly
every man who was here last Monday a
week ago was here again, and a good
many others from various counties
I ' were here also. The delegates freely
& discussed during the day the advisabil^
3ty of nominating a full State ticket,
m and heard all the arguments on both
sides. A canvass of the delegates
Hm| Hbhotfed that, while there.was strong opHposition
to the making of nominations,
B ^Fthere was in the afternoon an uedoubt^P^ed
majority in favor of making them.
But there seemed to be no certainty
as to what the convention was going
r to do. TheexecjiMve committee met
.. .is at 11:30 o'clock at. the Hotel Jerome.
The plan of holdingr a caucus of the
- chairmen of the various delegations
' .and the members of the ittats commit'
tee only, was abandon**?,-it bsing
. thought best that the entire matter
- should be fully discussed first in a genL
_ eral caucus. The following resolutions
v were therefore adopted by the commitw>
. . tee:
Resolved, That the call for a caucus of
r the chairmen of each delegation and
the Executive Committee at 5 o'clock
y. ill-, 19 liClOUJT 1DOOIUUOU auu.
thereof that it is hereby resolved that a
caueus of the entire delegations, duly
_4^m~ elected or appointed from each of the
counties ot the Stats be present at a
W . caucus to be called to order at 5 p. m.,
and not until the adjournment of the
said caucus will the convention ?ons
Resolved, that there be absolutely no
exceptions made, as to the admission
, into "the hall of the House of R9pres
entatives, and that only the delegates
* " dijly elected or appointed be admitted
' to said caucus.
[ Resolved, that delegates are requested
to present themselves in a body from
each of tbsir respective counties and
. _ that a list of each delegation De handed
tA tlia oanroforo #vf t-hn riamn^raMV1 "RY
VV VUW UOV&VVUiJ VI VUV J^WU*VW*MW??
^ ,ecutive committee so that he can furnish
it in ample time to the doorkeeper.
-Be it further resolved, that we earnestly
request citizens who are interested
in the result of this caucus and convention,
that they be patient and await
the action cf the caucus, which is
p necessary to precide the opeir-pg of the
LThe deleg??bs all went to the hall of
the Hou*f of Representatives sH 5
o'clocXsfld the caucus began. Tte
-yfe^SresoSutions haa been po3ted on s
IKs various bulletin boards in the city j
and had been published, consequently |
I there was not such turmoil about the
doors as was witnessed at the previous
convention. The caucus at once took
up the question of making nominations
and arguments began on both sides.
Every possible phase of the situation
and the possible future results was
fully and exhaustively presented, and
there" was a full, free and untrammelled
exchange of views from all parties. At
7 c'cIock a recess was taken for supper.
At 8 o'clock'tne caucus was resumed.
There was no indication of a vote being
reached until the midnight hour, if
then: All outsiders, consequently decided
to try the waiting poncy. It was
of grave import, and the result of the
deliberations of the caucus was awaited
with the deepest interest by many
otboth political factions and all other
parties. All knew that the Irby com' *
mltteewas here waiting to take imoQe
diate action with regard to anything
the convention might do.
I . A SECRET SOCIETY.
| The caucus was practically a secret
I society. Walter Capers, Douglass Symk
mers and Mr. Koon were stationed at
the main door leading to the hall of the
House of Representatives as doorkeepers.
They nad the names of the dele*
- gates from each county, and before a
man was admitted the doorkeepers had
.* ; to be satisfied that he was the right person.
Two policemen were.stationed at
- the outside of the door. Even the
newspaper reporters in sympathy with
the objects of the movement were exr
eluded.^-When Caairman Carwile called
'"7 .the caucus to order about 5.3C o'clock
? there were numerous vacant chairs.
Chesterfield, Sumter and Kershaw
counties had no representatives, and
the cards marking the seats for these
counties, stood as the ODly representa
wyes, many 01 numpwus cuana ncic
vacant and the same was the case as to
other counties. It did not look lifee
there were more ".ban 225 men in the
The caucus remained in session for
an hour and a half and adjourned until
8.30 o'clock when it resumed its secret
work, some of the members stating
f that it would be hours before the cau^
^ ' cus would be reaey to go into convention.
Abcnt 9 o'clock it was given out
that the caucus would discuss the question
of nominations for tnree hours
and then go into convention. The
early hours of the caucus were spent in
listening to reports on the outioofc in
f the various counties. As a general
rule the reports were rosy. These reIk
ports came, from members of the exeB
cutive committee in favor of nominaW
tions and who were Butler man.
i Shortly after 10 o'clock a Iiegister re^
porter was informed on what he knows
' to be excellent authority that the out I
- - look at that hour was against nomina
. tions by a majority of eight to teu.
The gentleman who informed the reW
porter stated that all the preliminary
HB motions, which had been offered ana
KjjJf r which fefiilanythiog of the element of a
j^T ' dlvtsi^npf"-the two.reactions had been
m won ^y the men. agai&st nominations,
r One of-the " motions defeated by the
k * "no nominations" men was that limiting
debate so as to- allow only tne
m chairmen of the delegations to speak.
This was-a schema In favor of-nomiaaL
tions, "as the'nomination men had
found that the majority of the chair
men wsre m iavor or putting out a
ticket. The rio nomination men spoke
strongly against it anci alleged that
t there was something like gag law in
the proceeding. The motion was defeated
and then one was passed limiting
debate to four hours and the speeches
' to ten minutes each. The prospects
were that a vote would be ^sen aoout
12 o'clock midnight.
Early in the evening A. B. Williams,
\ of the Green villa News, offered aresoV
lutiQn in favor of nominating a caudi\date
for Governor and against putting
Snt a full State ticket. It is underkto*
iar? yxtoo htt
kvu v>uav UAO UJVUiVU ?f (M UVAVMWVI vj
\2sr vote. This was ons of the
\t votes. Exactly how Mr. Wil-1
Nx>d. on the question of nomina-!
\ State ticket is not known J
The vote on the question of limiting
debate stood 74 to HO.
At 145 o'clock the convention finished
taking a yea aud nay vote on the
question of nominations. The vote
resulted 123 to IK) In favor of nominations
and the convention decided to go
into nominations in a short time.
Just a few mioutes after the vote
was announced AI. i*. Howell of Colleton,
followed by every del?g*te from
his county, announced that tt.ey would
withdraw from the caucus and would
not remain in the convention to^ take
part in its deliberations. M. O Damz
ler made the same announcement for
the Orangeburg delegation and they
marched out of the caucus. The following
were tbe Orangeburg member?:
J. K. Hane, J. A. Petersin, John S.
Rowe, (jr. D. JBast, J. M. Crosswell, J.B.
O'Neal Holloway, T. E. Dukes, W. B
Trtzevanc. Col. A. D. Goodwin and
H. M. Rush remained.
A number of individual members of
tbe various delegations withdrew, as
follows: J. Ric&ardson and L. W. Parker
of Greenville; Mr. Folk of JLUrnweil,
one of the secretaries of the caucus;
Henry Fuller of Beaufort; nearly
all of the Newberry delegation and
over half of that from Spartanburg.
The names of the Newberry and Spartanburg
delegates who pulled out
could not be learned.
The resolution on which the debate
on nominations took place was introduced
by C. P. Sanders of Spartanburg,
and was that the convention deemed it
expedient that nominations be made at
this time. Some of the delegations
3howed good, hard sense in their estimates
of the political situation. In the
reports from the counties eighteen
reported that they couldn't be carried;
thirteen reported that they could be
carried and five were doubtful. Notwithstanding
that the delegates from
eighteen counties reported tnat tney
would be beaten and "were sensible in
this report, a majority of the delegates
favored nominations. Ailien and Abbeville
reported that fchey would not
stand a show. Abbeville said she could
not carry three hundred votes. Some
of the Anderson men thought they
could carry the county and soms tbat
Thirty or forty speeches were mada
on the resolution of Mr. Sanders. The
following were some of the speakers on
For nominationsr-Paul Hemphill of
Chester, T. B. Butler of Uoion, Mayor
Dargan of Darlington, C. S. Nettles of
DarlingtoD, Mills Mooney of Green
ville, N- G. Godzales of Columbia, A.
B. Williams of Greenville.
A?aiost noaamatipns?Gen. EI ward
McOradyof Charleston. L. W. Youmaos
of Barnwell, J. F. liichardson of
Greenville, W. C. McGowan of Abbeville,
Mr. Cromer of Newberry and
Martin Woodward of Aiken.
After the speaking was fiaisMed a
rising vote w<*s taken on calling the
previous question. This was done and
the question was called for. Then the
roll of counties was called, but a yea
and nay vote was demanded and was
taken, resulting as announced.
a platform committee.
Shortly alter .2 o'clock a platform
?.r?w?yv.;n-/ni TTTOO Qnnnirtf-pri and t.Flft f?a.n
cus took a recess or aa hour to give the
committee time to report. The platform
was to be adopted before-the convention
went into nominations.
, At 230 o'clock a motion was made to
rescind the vote by which nominations
we^e decided on. Ihe motion to rescind
\was lost by a vote of 43 to 75 At
that hour it began to look very doubtful
if ?aie ciucus would make nominations
atrer all. A great many delegates
had r?eft the ball in disgust and
nad refused fro take any part in the pro- j
ceediogs. Thte attendance had dwindled
very muc& aud the nomination
people began to 'get frightened.
At 3.10 o'clock nothing had been
done. The committee on platform was
still out and had1, not reported. At
3 30 o'clock the cau\cus looks like It is
going to make a co mplete lizzie on the
questitn of nominations. So many
delegates have left "the hall that there
is scarcely a handfjul sitting m the
chairs and standing} around, at least so
it seems through a glass doors.
Prominent membe^^ the caucus who
have come out statt^^sitively that no
nominations will be macta
It is learned that the com nil# tee on
platform also has imposed upon it til#
duty of making the nomination of a
State ticket. The committee consists
of one man from eacy county. X. G.
Gonzales is the representative from
Richland and Mike .Brown from Barnwell.
At 4 o'clock this morning the
committee has not reported and there
are decided indications of flickering on
About -midnight several notable He
publican leaders came to tne state Capitol.
Their coming was a mystery,the
explanation of which no one seemed to
know anything. They stood in the
lobby down stairs. Among them were
Bob Smalls,Brayton.Fred Nix,Edmund
Deas and State Chairman Webster.
Tney at first defeated all efforts to
probe the object of their presence tbere
and in the city. It was finally ascertained.
however, that tbey had come
bere in advance of their committee
meeting scheduled to be held next
Tuesday, for the purpose of watching
to see what the "True Damocrats" did
and what the Irby committee did
thereafter bearing on the subject. It
was ascertained further from a pretty
reliable source that it was their purpose.
in case no nominations were
made to call their S:ate convention
immediately aDd put out a fall state
ticket. This is given for what it is
worth, and may meau a good deal in
the long run.
A few minutes after 4 o'clock Col.
T. W. Woodward of ifairlleld was asked
what tbe convention would do.
"Busted all to hell," wa3 his short but
forcible answer, and it told the story
better than a column of high-tlown
It was exactly 4.10 o'clock this morning
when the caucus threw open its
uonrs and tbe convention began its
work. The convention was in session
precisely live minutes when it adjourned
sine die without making nominations.
Even the comnittee en platform
and nominations, which went out
co maKe nominations, repui wu <s^aiur?o
nominations and Gxed no platform. It
simply reported to the coax mtion the
following resolutions, which were
adopted and the convention adpurnert:
llesolved, That this convention accepts
the action of the convention held
hereon the 19v,h instant in endorsing
the Chicago platform as a concession
to the Democracy of the State, but regards
the simultaneous endorsement of
Democratic and Populist platforms,
representing: opposing principles, as
forfeiting the allegiance of all straight
Democrats and the respecS of all honest
'rhot rnnvpnti.in cor
dialiy accepts and endorses the national
Democratic platform and declares
its unwavering devotion and allegiance
to the national Democratic party.
Kesolved, That we urge and invite all
Democrats of the State to proceed to
organize for the purposes hereinafter
Kesolved, That while this convention
desires to avoid dointr anything likely
to cause increasing strife among our
people we believe that the principles
of Democracy, the safety of every in-1
terest in the State and the interest of
self preservation demand that a hard
and earnest li^bt be made against the
proposition to call a constitutinoal convention
to create a new fundamental
law involving the rights of every man in
theS'ate without providing for the submission
of its work to the people. We
tender to the opponents of this iniquitous,
undemocratic, tyrannical and
dangerous proposition the service of
the organization herein provided for
and invite them to join with us in
Dghtlng it at the approaching general
It is said that A. 13. Williams was
tbe man who forced the convention to
abandon nominations. He was ia favor
of nominating a candidate for
Governor and no others. He was
made chairman of the platform committtee
and is the author of the foregoing
resolutions. He wielded a powerful
influence. A few of tne members
of tbe convention ia favor of
nominations, among them Mayor Dargan,
voted to the l*st against the convention's
action. There was general
wailiog and gnashing of teeth this
morning and the piteous expression
was heard from one man, "Haven't
we made asses of ourselves."
THE WEEK'S WEATHER.
It* EQ\iCt< on the Crops?Cooler Than
u<Q>1 for First Three D%ye.
Columbia, S. C, September 25 ?
The following is the weather crop re?
Trrnz-ib- *vr?/3fnor T7oafordau
pULVi JLUJL I'UC fT V/Va V/UVt tLi^ ^ vuw? am - %
Tbe week ending September 211h was
cooler than usual duriog the first three
days, the departure from the normal
averaging about one degree a day, but
the remainder of the week was warmer
than usual. The nights were uniformly
cool. The highest temperature was
92 reported from Greenwood, Abbeville
County; the lowest 52 reported lrom
Greenville on tbe 2ht, and from Liberty,
Pickens County, on tbe 22nd.
The we'ek began with cJoudy and
rainy weather which lasted until
Thursday, on which day tbe weather
became settled and remained clear to
the end of tbe week. About an average
of sunshine for the week.
There were heavy rains on the 18 th
and 19 :b, quite general over the State.
In some portions of tbe State the rainfall
was excessive, flooding bottom
lands and dam3giog ungathered crops,
and staining cotton, where the bolls
mor/i nnon- noavfnp hav was also dam*
| Tf CIC V/^V/U y r ???J
aged in some localities; tarQip3 anil
other root crops were also iDjured more
or less by the heavy rain; where th?a
rainfall was not excessive It proved
beneficial, especially to late gardens
and to late cotton, giving the small
bolls a chance to develop and mature.
Tease, turnips and potatoes were generally
benefitted, as well as pastures.
Cotton picking was interrupted the
first of the week by the rainy and
cloudy weather which &I30 checked
the opening of the bolls, as did the
prevailing cool nights, but during the
clear weather that followed, "picking
was resumed and is progressing rapidly.
Reports indicate that in many localities
half of the crop has been gathered
and tne remainder is in sight, there being
but poor prospect of a late crop.
With a few widely scattered exceptions
the reports indicate a short crop, considerably
bslow last .year's yield, As
nhe picking advances the former estimates
of a short crop are being verified
It is generally stated that tbe crop is
being marketed as fast as gathered.
Sei island cotton coming into market
Corn is largely being gathered and,
with the exception of some late fields
which are said to be poor, the ears are
well filled and heavy and under the influence
of the hot, dry weather the kerne!
is ripenihg hard and dry.
iiice narvest is Drogressiun unciy
with a fair yield. 0 ffing to a scarcity
of seed last spring the aggregate crop
will be a medium one, the acreage being
The pea crop is Af-AVf/iform "condition,
the excessive rains during its
growing season vere injurious to It in
portions of thv State. Peanuts are
being dug and -yielding onlj fairly
Turnips and ofjer root crops are not
doing as well previously indicated,
except sweet *\)tatjes which have improved
with a very good yield in places
Sand poo^m other localities. Insects
ha>vstacked turnips in some counties
cabbages are also being destroyed by
them and rotting badly.
? Aona onH a^r.
OJtUp JULLafikiLIg XIULU UC4UU UUV* uv*
ghum continues actively and the yield
I is considerably greater than from that
first gathered, mere being a marked
increase. Tnird crop of vegetables
being marketed from truck farms
along the South coast Tnird crop of
Irish potatoes promise a go^d yield.
Oits being sown to some extent. In
general the week was fivorable for
farm work of all kinds.
J. W. -Baiter,
Oae Taat'i Drinking.
Washington, Sept. 27.?Americans
are accounted a fairly sober people in
the hurlyburly of nations, but the
figures of the internal revenue commissioner
for the past year are enough Co
make a temperance crank stagger without
a drop of whiskey or beer. The
preacher, who peruses them, will hie
him to the pulpit and tell his congregation
what a nation of drunkards we
aie, stupilied with drink half the year
anrt rirnffw>ri with tobacco the other
half. That each year we squander upon
tbese inventions of JSelzebub three
times as much money as is required to
seep this great government iu operation
and more tuaa is represented by
the circulating ineiium of the Uoited
States. And wnen the preacher goes to
throwing mortal bonds he can load
them with interesting, if not astonishing
tacts, if he so chooses.
We distilled last year 87,3iG,834 gallons
of liquor not including 1,433,353
gallons ot orandy, making in all 83,777,187
gallons of alconolic spirits. Exnom
narr.ftnrif>rs estimate 63 drinks to
the gallon. Therefore there were 5,604,062,891
drinks produced in this country.
A conservative estimate of how
much wasimbbed across counters is
obout 37,000.000 gallons of whiskey,
brandy and other distilled spirits, or in
otber words we drank 6,093,000,000 glasses
of whiskey for whicti we paid over
the bar 3609,000,003 or ?5,000,000 more
than all the annual appropriations of
Tni? represents a consumption of 100
glasses of'whiskey each year for every
man woman and child between the
rock-bound Pacific and the storm-tossed
Atlantic, or counting only the m-tle
adults 500 glasses per week each.
Of beer the Ligures are equally astonishing.
The consumption was 31,962,943
barrels; that is 12,785,169,200glasses;
reoresentiug an expenditure for this
mode of Teutonic hilarity of 8617,258,460,
or about 10 cents for each inhabitant.
In the neighborhood of 220 glasses
are charged up in this calculation
agaiQst each of us as our aunual allowance,
therefore if we do not average
our daily glass we nray be sure that
our neighbors are getting the benefit of
iSy estimating this year's internal revenue
receipts from spirits on the basis
of last year's product with the increased
tax of SI. 10 per gallon, the internal
revenue receipts will be ?97,674,905.
' 1 m
THE LATE CAUCUS
PUT DOWN AS ONE OF THE GREATEST
Etr? ? lacted la this Part Ot the County?
for* Spits Lifw lishlnd-Republican
leaders on the Watcb. bat Get Cold
Columbia, S. C., Sept 26 ?One of
the greatest political farces ever enacted
in South Carolina was the late caucus
of the anti-Tillman Democrats,
which was held in this city .last Tuesday
night. The Register says it was the
most gigantic farce of modern times
and the worst demoralized body of
men which ever assembled for political
purposes in the State of bouth Carolina.
As much soreness was engendered
in that unharmonioas organization
as was ever known and one of the last
things attempted was the offering of
a resolution severely condemning the
men w&o had withdrawn, from the
body when it bad been decided to
make nominations. The resolution of
condemnation was defeated by a few
fViQ nonmia onn 11\ ViQVft
VUCCD. XX VJ TV buo V/duwui; vvuts* umt v
passed the resolution Is not knowD,
when many of tha delegations had
served express notice early in the eveniDg
that they would desert In a body
if nominations were attempted. Some
of them further served notice that In
addition to leaving the caucus they
would fight whatever ticket was put
As an illustration of the number of
bruised spots left behind it may be
stated that as some of the delegates
who withdrew were leaviDg the hall
they were guyed and sharply reproved
by those who remained. This caused a
personal feeling between many and it
has not abated. Another specimen of
the feeling engendered against those
who left the hall is found in the following
utterances of Col. N. G. GoDziles,
in which the bolters are .Dut down as
it was the sense of the convention
that they were outrageously deserted
by men who' had submitted tbfeir
claims to the j idgment of that convention
and after having the fullest
and freest discussion had been beaten
by a decisive majority. That when
they went out they threatened not only
to desert the ticket but that they
would fight it and put us in the position
bf breakiDg up the Conservative
party. We refused to rescind the resotion,
but concluded after appointing
the committee on platform and resolutions
to place the responsibility
where it belongs and abandon the
whole thing in disgust."
It is learned tnat early in the evening
A. B. Williams offered practically
the'same resolutions which the caucus
passed j ;isi as it aoj ourueu. i.ucy wac
rejictea. He also submitted a plan for
tue appointmeat of an Executive Committee
which should have the power of
; nominating .a full State ticket. This
committee was to spring- a ticket on
the public two weeks before the elecI
tiou and the Independents were to try
to carry it with a rush. It was to keep
| the matter a dead secret until thf* time
jiixed. The plan did not meet the approbation
of the caucus. One stfumbling
block in the 'way of the cjmhM
was that a great many were doubtful
if there was anything undemocratic in
the platform adopted by the regular
Democratic convention last week.
They couid not see the point in the arguments
of some of their opponents
that the platform was undemocratic,
full of Oealism, etc.
The secret has leaked out that during
the evening J. C. Hemphill, of the
Xews and Courier, telegraphed to the
caucus that he naa direct lnrermauon
from Chairman Harrity, of the Naiional
Democratic Committee, and from
Chairman Faulkner, of tbe National
Democratic Congressional Committee,
that these commftte?j wciiiu not recoenizj
the Independents as Democrats.
Tnis did not have much effect on the
hotheads, and they did not pay any attention
to it, but the sober-minded
men heeded it.
A summary of the reports made to the
caucus by counties showed that there
was no chance of carrying the State.
Representatives of the following eighteen
counties reported that their counties
could not be carried: Aiken, Abbeville,
Anderson, Barnwell, Charleston,
Clarendon, Colleton, Edgefield, Hampton,
Lancaster, Lauren?, Lexington,
Marion, Newberry, Orangeburg, Pickens,
Union and Williamsburg.
Tbe following ten counties were reported
as solid for the Inder^'.dents:
/1hoot of "Harll n Ot.m I Tfftir.
U 3?U1 Wllj vuwgvvi) * Mw J
field, Florence, Georgetown, Greenville,
Oconee, Iliehland and York, although
there was some doubt about York.
The opinion about Berkeley, Horry
and Spartanburg was divided. Four
counties, Sumter,Chesterfield, Kershaw
and Marlboro, had no representative
in the caucus and this betokened that
those counties were solidly against Independentism.
The reorganization called for ia the
resolutions adopted has net begun.
The symptoms are more of decomposition
with probabilities of an early decline
and an inglorious death. What
tbe verdict of the coroner's jury will
be is wholly a matter of speculation.
One orthe Independent papers is already
calling for reorganization to
start. It is now believed tbat the men
whj favored nominations will refuse
to have anything to do with reorganization.
The last resolution of those adopted
is regarded by some as a bid for the
negro vote in 189G. It opposes the calling
of a constitutional convention and
tells the negroes, without using the
word, that the aid of the Independent
oreanizition will be given them to
fight tnis "iniquitous, undemocratic,
tyrannical and dangerous proposition."
A. gentleman said yesterday that if the
negroes and Independents join in fighting
the call lor a convention the Independents
can say to the negroes in
1896: "We helped to save you from losing
your suffiage. Now come to our
aid and give us your vote."
Everybody noticed that the prominent
negro and Republican leiders,
including D9as, Webster, Miller and
Smalls, hung around the caucus lite
buzzards. Tbey were eager listeners
to whatever news was brought out
from the hall and gathered in groups
to talk secretly of it. They had some
object. There i3 a rumor to the effect
that Smalls, Miller and Webster had
arrauj^d to make a deal with the Independents
by which Murray was to
be defeated for Congrees in tbe Fust
Congressional District ~iir-Javor of
Small* and Brayton. in the "Seventh
District in favor of Johnson. The
deal was, of course, that the YVebsterSmalls-Miller
inlluence would be given
to the Independents io the lower part
of the State. Dickering of some kind
It is said that tbe anxiety displayed
by the negroes was due to the fact that
the Republicans wanted the Independents
to nominate. This would have
aniit fhu rohitA vntp nf the State. Then
the ReDublicans would hold a convention
and nominate a ticket. Dr. Sampson
Tope Is delignted that a State ticket
was not nominated. He says that
he is good for about 15,000 Reform
yotes and all the Conservative votes,
and that this will elect him. Had the
caucus nominated Dr. Pope would
have missed the Conservative vote.
Senator Butler is said to be as near
broken hearted as a brave man can be.
His whole heart was set on a State
ticket and his hope was In that action
Now he is left with no nope. The only
chance he has is for his sympathizers
to run Independent tickets for the
Legislature in such counties as they
toink tbey can win in. This would not
even give Senator Butler the opportu
nity 01 masing a contest in tne ^naie,
as be has no organization backing bim.
THE NEW TARIFF.
The Hon. William L. Wilson Shows Where
McKmley Taxis are Rsdnc*d.
Just before leaving for Europe the
Hon. William L. Wilson addressed a
letter to the New York World explanatory
of some features in the new tariff
law. ^.Trom it we extract the following:^"
"Let us now consider, in some detail*
the most helpful reductions made in
the bill as It finally became a law, beginning
with those articles altogether
released from taxation by both House
aud Senate bills.
"In the chemical schedule $712,000
worth of articles of the importations
of 1893 are transferred to the free list,
the most important of wbich are snl
phuric acid and sulphate of soda.which
lie at the basis of many chemical manufactures.
'In t&e metal schedule the amount
similarly made free of duty was $1,100,000
in value, including cotton ties, copper
ores and pig and old copper fit only
for reman ufacture.
"In agricultural products and nro
visions duties are abolished on $1,500,000
of tbe imports of 1893, including
cabbage, fresh fish and sale.
"In the flax, hemp and jute schedules
the value of free imoorts on the same
importations is $l,700,000.includlng undressed
flax and hemp and oinding
"In the woolen schedule the value of
the fibres transferred to the free list on
the same oasis is s?i8,oiaj,uuu.
"Free paintiDgs and statuary increase
the free list over $2,000,000,while
the abolition of retaliatory duties under
the so-called reciprocity claussof
the McKlnley law releases from taxation
articles valued at 84,400,000, to wit,
coffee, raw goat skins and hides.
".On fine the total amount of the importations
of 1893 transferred to the
free list by the House bill,and Included
in the bill as passed, was 841,398,000
These freed articles, it will be seen, are
of great importance, embracing free
wool, flix and hemp or free fibers to
American manufacturers, and free
works of art of American scholars and
the people generally.
"In addition to the above the Senate
added to the free list oy its amendments
dressed lumber, burlaps, grain
bags made from burlaps, and cotton
bagging. Of the articles placed by the
House on the free H3t, oyer iony m
number were restored to the dutiable
list by the Senate?generally, however,
with reduced rates?the most important
of which are borax, refined camphor
"jgflj&ialphtfr, clava, granite and fire Hfc,
unmanufatured; nickel, mica
quicksilver, molasses and sugar," coii
and iron ore and meat products.
"It will thus appear that very substantial
and important parts of the
House bill were saved, and that with
free lumber, free copper, free works of
art, free wool and other fibres, untaxed
cotton ties and bagging foi both cotton
and grain, our cheif export crops, a
pretty large hole has been made In the
McKtnley bill and in the protective
system, generally, and that the President
was fully justified in assuring the
people that with the first effort of the
Democratic party the era of mad protection
in this country was over. Much
kUk' " " "n "Ol'fl f?r>ollT7 tout*, in fchfl
iai>GO nnw uuwuj ~ .
woollen and carpet schedule than can
be j astified on the basis of free wooJ,
bat It is a great achievement, added
to that of securing free wool, to geft rid
of the fraudulent compound duties under
which the wearers of wollen goods
have been so mercilessly taxed in this
"The cotton schedule said to have proceeded
from the Fall River manufacturer?,
was accepted in the Senate with
the exception of reducing its rateu in
conference, but the final and successful
stand taken by the Senate against any
changes in its amendments forced its
adoption as made by its original framers.
MiQ conclusion lei me auu uuao wicic
is much to satisfy and far more to encourage
tariff reformers in the new bill.
The people will feel the lightening of
their burdens, the release of their industries
and the quickening of their
home and foreign commerce resulting
from its passage, and there need be no
fear that they will ever return to McKlnleyism,
or again submit to the crippling
and asphyxiation of American
industry at the command of a combination
of tax-gatherers. More than all
they will steadily march on to the goal
of commercial freedom.
4,It is a momentous victory to have
turned our faces once again and firmly
toward that goal and, as the.extreme
injustice of the monopoly tariff of 1890
was its own overthrow, it may well
happen that the Sugar Trust and other
monopolies which have been able to
thwart our efforts to get a better reve
nue bill iiave oeen ouucea Detter w<tu
Columbia, S, C., Sept. 27.?The
Republican leaders of note who came
here Tuesday to watch the movements
of the State convention of true Democrats
were pretty well all here yesterday
Wben questioned a3 to their Intentions
with regard to the approachiog general
election, several of the mis, prominent
leaders unqualifiedly stated tuat it was
their purpose to put out a full State
ticket, and it would be composed ot the
strongest men that they could secure.
Siate Chairman Webster, when seen
yesterday afternoon as he was taking
the train for his home, said that there
bad been no conference of the leaders
who had been in the city, and that the
entire situation and outlook would be
fully dlscu^ed and acteo upon when
the S&te executive committee met in
this city on Tuesday next. The State
convention will be called by the committee
for an early date.?State.
K tided Hamburg.
Augusta, Ga., Sept. 25.?Dispensary
Constables JohnsoD, who has been doing
business In and around Augusta, ac-eompanied
by two other constables,
m&de a successful raid in Hamburg, on
the other side of the river, the other
night." They bad learned that whiskey
and beer were being sold in Hamburg,
where the state of South Carolina had
not permitted or licensed a dispensary.
They made a raid, but there was not
much stock on hand. What was found
was, according to the law, confiscated,
and the place was locked up by the officers.
It Is stated that the blind tiger
was operated or owned by Max Saliett
and Bud Padgett. The proper warrants
for their arrest and prosecution have
been sworn out. ,
THE NEXT LEGISLATURE
in:ications point to much new
The Nominees ol Che Kecat Primary lor
the House?Senatorial Changes?Effort
of the Qeieral Election on fhelr E'.*c
Columbia, S. C., Sept 28?The people
of tbe State are now speculating a
great deal as to what Senator Butler is
going to do about his race for tne United
States Senate, going on the assumption
that he had great hopes of
benefit to his chances, resulting from
the nomination of a State ticket by
the true Democrats. Such nominations
as all know were not made.
Whether Senator Batler had any such
hopes or not is not known.
ISo now the Senator's race is left in
the condition it was tbree weeks agowhatever
that may be. Xo one can attempt
to say what, strength Senator
Butler will develop in the Legislature.
He may have assurances of support
from many of the Tillman men, who so
far as any one knows now, will be
elected in the general election, having
been nominated in the primary election
recently held. Such support will, however,
not be confined to party lines?to
TiUmauites and anti-Tillmaaitea.
There is no certainty that all the Con
servatives in the next General Assembly
will support Senator Butler, and
likewise there Is no certainty that all
Tillmanites who will be in the body
will support Governor Tillman, though
the indications are all that way.
Looking at the composition of the
next General Assembly, which will be
elected in November, the only Conservtlve
delegations that are certain oi
being in tnere will be those from liichland,
Charleston and Sumter. Beaufort
had a split primary, the Conservatives
out voting the Tillmanites, and will
likely win the fight finally. George
town may have Conservative Reoresentatives,
but will have a Tillmahite
Senator. Chesterfield will have a Conservative
Now in the counties of Horry, Fairfield,
Darlington and Florence the
Straightout Democrats are going to
put up and run in the general election
of November 8, tickets in opposition to
the tickets nominated in the primaries.
From these counties, therefore, it will
h? tr.inossihle to aav what the delesa
tioaa la the General Assembly will be.
There 1s talk also of similar lights being
made in the counties of O^otiee,
Edgefield,Williamsburg, Lexington and
Not taking into consideration the
fights that are to be made in the general
election referred to above, the
Conservative strength in the coming
General Assembly which may be regarded
as "certain," will be as folJ8ws:
In the Senate?Charleston, 2; Richland,
1: Sumter, 1; Newberry, 1; Chesterfield,
1; B3aufort, 1. Total 7.
In tbe House?Baaufort, 4; Charleston,
7; Georgetown, 2; Ricttland, 4;
Sumter, 5. Total 22.
Tnis gives the TiUmanites a majority
of 29 in the Senate, the Conservatives
having lost Senators in two counties
in the past two years, but gaining
two other counties. In the House, ac jV.^j?-.gflecnlatlon'
there will be a Tillmanite majority^
The Irby State executive committee
has reeeived the declared results of the
recent primaries from 22 counties, giving
the party nominees for the Senate
and House, and old county offices. In
these counties the chances ot election
of these nominees in the general election,
are subject to the conditions referred
to above. It will be interesting
to the general public, however, inasmuch
a-j the chances of election of
nearly all the nominees in these 22
counties are almost certainties to
glance ever the personnel of the next
General Assembly and S9e how many
men have "been there before."
It is impossible as yet to get at the
composition of the Senate entire. For
instance Dr. Timmerman is still the
Senator from Edgefield and Stanyarne
Wilson is still the Senator from Spartanburg.
? ich will likely go to a highrtA
Thntr firara alemteiA in 1 fiQO
CI ULUVCi X UCJ TV OIW V1VVJWVU 1U AUi/iJ)
and their respective terms ran for two
years longer. Neither of them have
yet resigned. They will doubtless do
so after the JSovember election and the
new president of the Senate, who will
be the present incumbent, most likely,
will doubttess order special elections in
each of the counties named to fill the
vacancies. There is now a question as
to whether Dr. Timmerman having become
Lieutenant Governor, from the
fact that he rose to the pssition of
president pro tem of the Senate by
being Senator from Eigefield, could
accept his own-resignation as Senator
from Edgefield and order an election
for a Senator from Edgefield. But it
he is elected Lieutenant Governor, then
he ceases to be Senator from Edgefield,
as he could not hold both offices at the
same time and can order the election.
It looks as if Col. R. B. Watson will
represent Eigefiald. in tne Senate at
the next session.
.The roll of the coming Sanate, sublet.
t.n f.hfl rnnriit.lnns atreariv referred
J-MWV V.W ^
to, will likely be as giyen below. The
terms of eighteen Senators?from Sumter,
Darlington, Florence, Charleston,
Clarendon, Marlboro. Anderson, Abbeville,
Berkeley, Kershaw, Chester,
Hampton, Pickens, Union, Cnesterfield,
Richland, Lancaster and Williamsburg
?expired this year, and elections were
held to fill the vacancies. All the Senators
from other counties-should have
tield over?in other words their terms
don't expire for two years. Messrs.
Smythe of Charleston, and Hazard of
Georgetown resigned, however, and the
two Senators?Wilson and Timmerman
?mentioned above will go out by the
resignation route. The roll will likely
be us follows:
Aiken?0. C. Jordan; succeeding
John Gary Evans.
Abberville?I. H. McCalla; succeeding
Anderson?D. K. NorrJs; succeeding
J. P. Glenn.
Barnwell?S. G. Mayfleld; hold over.
Beaufort?W.J. Verdi er; hold over.
Charleston?G. L. Buist, re-elected,
and Joseph W. B irnwrell, to fill unexpired
term of A. T. Smythe, resigned.
Chester?J. H. McDaniel; renominated.
Chesterfield?John H. Turner, nominated.
Clarendon?L. M. Iteagln; renominated.
Colleton?A. C. Sanders; nominated*
Edgefield?(No election ordered.)
Florence?J. O. Byrd, to succeed L.
S. Bigham. .(Subject to opposition
Georgetown?R. J. Donaldson, succeeding
Greenville?John R. Harrison; hold
Hampton?W. H. Mauldin, succeeding
J. W. Moore.
Horry?J. 1\ Derham; hold over.
Kershaw?T. J. Klrkland, succeeding
J. E. Magill.
. Lancaster?B. F. Miller, succeeding i
T. J. Strait.
Laurens?A. C. Fuller; hold over.
Lexington?G. M. EQrd; hold over.
Marion?VV. A. Brown; nold over.
Marlboro?H. M. S:ackhous?, succeeding
Newberry?George S. Mower, succeeding
J. A. bligh.
Oconee?S. Y. Stribling; hold over.
Orangeburg?W.S.Barton; nold over.
Pickens?W. T. O'Dall; renominated.
Richland?John T. Sloan, Jr., renominated.
Spartanburg?(Xo election ordered.)
Sumter?Altamount Moses, succeeding
H. T. Abbott.
Union?J. T. Douglass; succeeding
G. T. Peake.
Williamsburge--A. H. "Williams; renominated.
York?D. E Fiuley; hold oyer.
The folowing is a list of the nominees
of the primary for members of
the House, as reported to the State
committee. The list is not yet complete.
The new men are marked with
Abbervllle?James E. Todd* J.
Townes Roberson* Frank B. Gary,
David H. Magill.
Aiken, E. B. Tyiei* John T. Gaston*,
T. S. Williams*.
Anderson?J. E. Braz^ale, J. B. Leveret*,
L W. Pickens*, J. W. Asbiey, J.
C&arlestoa . ?. Gadsden*, ?. ?.
Davereaux* ?. ?. Bolgei* R. M. Lofton,
T. W. B^cot, ?. ?. Dothage*, ?.
Chester?Joseph Nannerj* S. T.McKeown*,
Peter T- Hollis*.
Chesterfield?J. M. Hough, W. P.
Clarpndon?J. W. K*nned>* C, M.
Davis* W. C. Davis*.
Colleton?M. B. Cooper. John G.
Saunders* Calvin W. Garris*.
Florence?Dr. William Ildarton*.
W. E. Finklea* J. M. Humphrey*.
Greenville?B. M. Snamaa, H. P.
Goodwin*. John T. Bramlett* Zarah
Hampton?M. B. McB^eaney* E. H
ir.^u r ? * T TIT
,iauiw?o. u. rriuH-ict", o. r?.
Lancaster?lea B. Jones, J. N. Estridge.
Laurens?(No report.) Lexington?W.
H. F. Rist, J. Walter
Marlboro?C. P. Townsead* J. F,
McLaurin* J. B. Bunch*.
Osonee?C. It. D. Burns*, J. R.
Orangeburg?I. W. Bawman* L. K.
Sturkie, L. S. Connoi*, W. 0. Tatum,
J. H. Price*.
Pickens?B. J. Johnstone*, Fred
Williams*. . ~~
Richland?F.H. Weston, J.-P.'Thoaias,
Jr., H. C. Patton* H. W. Adams*.
Sumter?C, H. Williamson, R. T.
Manning, A. K Sanders*, J. H. Wilson*
[ Union?J. c. 0/!ts* G. B. Fowler*,
o.a. Welsh*. ?
Williamsburgii-E. R. Lesesne, J. H.
StJ&^OTCarroi* T.R. Caruthers*,
W. N. Felder, W. B. Z>ove.
If the above nominees are eltepte?, it
io scan thot tha OQ <v\ntiHm alrerJs Will
send 50 new men to the House. The
total membership of the House is ohiy
124, and there are yet 12 counties to i?e
heard from. It is easily seen that thd
House will be composed of considerably
more than half new material. The
Senate will have a good many ne^members
also, as shown above. The
reports received so far indicate 12 new
Senators out of 22. /
The fact that there will ba sach a
large proportion of new men m .ikes it
impossible to speculate as to what
strength Senator Butler will be able to
Why Carpenter and the Atkinsons Were
Keoomm^nded to M?cy.
Columbia, S. C., Sept. 26.?Governor
Tillman's commutations of Carpenter,
the Edgefield murderer, is arousing a
good deal of comment in the newspapers
hostile to the Governor take up the
Governor's statement that he commuted
Carpenters' sentence because the
jury recommended him to -mercy and
say that in the case of the Atkinsons,
hanged in Fairfield last week, the jury
also recommended them to mercy. The
cases are not at all similar. In the
case of Carpenter the jurors state that
they would have brought in a different
verdict had they known the re3ali of
their verdict would have been the
hanging of Carpenter and Marrell.
The foreman of the j ory in the case of
the Atkinsons has written Governor
Tillman the following letter showing
j that the motive of the recommendation
to mercy in the case of the Atkinsons
was entirely different from that of the
Woodward, S. C., Sept. i, 1894.
Governor JB. R. Tillman, Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge
the receipt of your favor of the
28th ultimo, desiring me to give you
some information as to what influenced
the jury in the case of the Atkinsons to
recommened them to mercy. In response
to your inquiry I beg to say
that this recommendation to mercy
was not because the jury entertained a
shadow of a doubt as to their guilt, for
they considered the evidence against
the prisoners conclusive and were there
fore satisfied that they concocted and
exected the diabolical crime with which
they were charged- Nor was it on account
of any extenuating circumstances
connected with the murder. Oae of the
jurors while admitting that the prisoners
were guilty beyond a reasonable
doubt said that he would not agree to a
verdict of guilty unless thev were recommended
to the mercy of the court,
and gave bis only reason that they were
young men and poor. Believing that
unless they were recommeneded to
mercy a mistrial would result, which
we were exceedingly anxious to avoid
if possible, we yielded to this juror and
rendered a verdict of guilty with recommenedation
to mercy. I will further
state that a negro juror at first
was a little reluctant in agreeing to a
verdict of guilty, which we attribute to
iffnnrflncfi mnrfl than to a calm and
thoughtful consideration of the case.
He finally, however, because convinced
and agreed to a verdict of guilty, with
recommendation to mercy. Trusting
that the above will be satisfactory and
that you will excuse delay in answering
your letter which was brought
about by its being sent to Blackstock's
Instead of Woodward's, I beg to remain.
Yours most obediently.
J. A. Stewart.
i WESTERN CYOLONE." I
ITS PATH MARKS DESOLATION AND
Oae Hundred Llve?, and $1000^OOO L^*t
?Fortunately It V;slt?d SparcelT Satlnd
uuKxicis?me -Narrow jfsratn jta in*
Minneapolis, Main., Sept. 23.?Rsports
of the destruction wrought by Friday
night's cyclona indicate that the loss
of life will be in the neighborhood of
seventy-five, while the injtired will number
several times as many. Some of
those hurt are expected to die and it is
not unlikely that fully 100 persoas will
be numbered in the list of the cyclone's
fury: The property loss is very heavy :-'Si&i8
and it Is almost impossible at Ibis time
to obtain anything more thai rough esti- ^
mates of the damage.
As indicated in last night's dispatches,
the storm originated near E oimettsburg,
la., and passed east and north to Korthera
Iowa and Southern Minnesota, fianally
passing over into Wisconsin. No
reports otseriou3 damage have been received
from this section and the fury of
the elements seems to have Tajenspeni
with the destruction of Spring Valley.
Here four nersons are dead, some severe* M
ly hart, while the property loss is estimated
at $85,000, the lesidence portion M
of the town lying directly in the path of
AtLeroy, lying southwest, foarare
dead and several fatally injured. The ^
destruction of property amounts to about ' M
$75,000. Thisis a hsavy blow to the M
village, for its chief business houses He ?
in ruins. # 4H
Five miles north of Osage, la., six per* JM
sons were killed and a large number
hurt, the destruction of farm property is "
quite heavy, but no estimates have been ' V
-Ea3t? at Lowfcher, a., town of about
one hundred souls, on the Chicago Great
Western, three parsous were fatally hurt
and the whole country for miles around
iaid in ruins. The loss in this vicinity
will probably be not far from $1,000,000.
Fiteen miles north of Mason City,
la., four were killed outright and as
many more probably fatally hurt, while
all the buildings struck are total wrecks, the
loss being in the neighborhood ot
West of Mason City, near Britt, two
persons were killed outright, while north
of this town, soae half dozsn lost their
Three miles north of Wesley, Kos*
auth county, J. W. Bingham's houie
was ovarturned and caught fire. The . \3j?|
inmates had a narrow escape. The -:~4
killed in this vicinity are M. CasHe and - ^
wife, J. W. Dingham, Mrs. Tweed,
mother of Thomas Tweed, two children .
of Thomas Tweed, M. Schweppe and _
two children, Fred French and two children,
infant of Mr. and Mrs. Eden and
Mr. and Mrs. Rockaw. . Jp
North of Algona seems to have been. '$?
the scene of greatest harvest o? deaths,
more people being killed in Kossnfe^*^"^
county than in any other count^SjsoJ^ 7 ^
which the tornado pass^# "Nineteen
funerals were neia at A^gona today*
North of Emmeteforg, which seems
Co have been the point where the cy- M
clone first assumed dangerous propor- -.J
tions, two lives were cru3hedout From
here the deadly storm went tearing '
across the country demolishing everythine
in its path. For the moat part of * . '4
its course, it travelled through a farming
district, Leroy and Spring "Valley,
.Minn., being the only towns of any conscqaeUe-^that
were damaged, oat even
here theN^eaths were comparatively
few. The la^ that ^oHrtorm weat J*
tearing through a portion of Spring Valley
and a greater portion of the residents
were not aware of its work of destruction
until the 5 re bells were rung, shows
what a narrow strip of country was
swept. _ r
As the storm travelled through the
country and avoided villages and towns,
the property loss is largely confined to
farm buildings and thess being badly
scrattered, tender even an approximation
of the loss Impossible, but conservative
flotiwoUo tVIq/>a of. nnf. Imr ' h
vo wm?i?Vo L/AHVU VUV <mw mv?
than $ 1,000,000. . J||
Tbe Blue B'.dte Railroad,
Anderson, S. 0., Sept. 27. ?It looks :?y?
very much like there is something in
the reported porject of Yanderbilt to
complete the Blue ridge Railroad. Receiver
Averill, of the Port Royal and .
Western Carolina Railroad, has had a J
conference with him. The Augusta 1
Chronicle of the 17ch inst., says: Mr.
Vender hilt seems to mean business
about the Blue Ridge Railroad. Receiver
Averill, "of the Port Royal and
Western Carolina Railroad, has had a i3
conference with him and the plan seems ?- '
to be well on foot. The Augusta Cliro- ; I
nicale of Monday, 17th inst., says: "The ~4
news first published by the Chronicle
last week that George Vanderbilt, who
owns thousands of acres of land in
North Carolina, is going to turn his attention
to railroad buildiDg, looking to H
a direct line as a means of getting out
mn?h Af tho t? mVior nf fhot. acvHnn
of the South, has caused considerable
interest. The scheme of Mr. Tander-_ 3
biit if carried out will add quite a
splendid line of railway to the South,
for while he is not after building any A
considerable road in point of miles, it jjfl
will, when finished, be one of the moet
desirable connecting links for the
South Atlantic coast and the Northwest.
A direct line from KnoxvlUeto
Andersoo, S. C., is said to be the plan J
and it is interesting to know tbat a
great part of the distance between
these two points is already graded. The
road, when finished, in connection with
the Kaoxville, Cumberland Gap and - |
Cincinnati Railroad and the Port Royal / ^
and Western Carolina, will shorten the
distance between Cincinnati and the
Southern coast 100 miles. Receiver of'
Averill. of the Port Royal and Western
Carolina road, who is said to have baen
on a conference with Mr. Yanderbilt
concerning this matter, passed through
Augusta the other day in his private
car on his way to Port IloyaL In case
the deai goes through Augusta will
fiave;a direct line from the Northwest."
Capt Capers Not Galltjr.
Florence, Sept. 20.?Special: The
case ot tne State against Capt J ohn G.
Capers, of Columbia, for criminal libel
was tried in the Court of Sessions -here A
to-day. The. jury were out about thirty M
minutes and returned with a verdict of
not guilty. Acting Solicitor ii.O.Purdy, ..
nf Sn mter assisted bv W. F. Clavton. of
Florence, were the attorneys for the ^k
prosecution and Col C. S. Kettles, of
Darlington, and P. A. Willcox, of ^
Florence, were attorneys for the defend- ^k
ant. This case was brought about the ^k
publication of a letter from Capt Capers ^k
in the Jolum'ola State in which it was
claimid thai certain defamatory matter ^k
against the character of Dr. J. O.-Byrd, ^k
of Timmonsville, had been printed. A H