Newspaper Page Text
V0L> XLIX. WINNSBOKO, S. C- WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1894. NO. 19. ^
? ' - ? - ?
A HOT DEBATE.
pfrjN THE SENATE OVER THE CONSTITUTIONAL
Banwell a* a Balm Ageut and Sloan's
Soothing Syrup?Tlio Election to bo Hold
->in March and the Convention In Jcly.
L Columbia, S. C., Dec. 11.?The po
nucaj. uiiicrne^ ui uuc ^asi. ty oo wuugm
fto be dead in the senate but it was revived
today with a whoop and has
. been the sensation in Columbia since.
The fact is that there were red hot
times in the solemn precincts of this
dignified body. The row arose over
""""ass*amendment to the constitutional
convention bill, which was a s;pecial
order in me senate. The amendment
was by Senator Finley and was to
have the feallot ' boxes in full view of
the public.* Senator Wilson objected
Ov to the amendment, saying that he did
-V not think tiaere' was a necessity for
changing th^. election laws. Elections
b good enough for senators are good
?+/\ i>An cfifii.
M CIIUU^U iui iv iu&
Hi Senator Barnw'^11 followed. He disclaimed
any intention of dividing the
HBenate on political lines. He was
U Hramscious of the Ibonor of the men of
H South Carolina, LJbiit-he was deeply
concerned for the purity of the ballot.
H He recognized ? need for an advance
E"election methods. ''I
I D ^ope" JfcfsaSci "that the election for
Hkdele^ates to the convention will be
Hfconducted on a high plane, above
flkartizan considerations. The present
HBwistitution was tainted from its birth
H^Rcause it was not our own. The conBflRutional
convention is the most
Knentous question that hasconfrontpeople
since the secession con on
assembled. I hope our peoactuated
by as sublime an
Ksiasm as actuated the Souti* Caro <;
in ISfSOwhfin our men marched
rVtc a conflict in-which, twelve
Msand of the flower of our youth
Be slain on the battle field." Mr.
Sffhwell said he would not charge
fraud in the late election. He did not
believe the petitioner (Pope) who made
bold to charge it received a majority
of the votes. Senator
Finlev remarked that he
had no idea of excitinghis friend from
Spartanburg (Wilson) to the extent
that was shown by that Senator's remarks.
He could assert that the recent
election in his neighborhood was
entirely fair, but he haa heard, of polls
where persons were carried separately
into a room, and of complaints resulting
that everything was not as it
^ should be. He offered the amendment
in the interest of fairness, and to pre:
elude any possibility of the white people
being cnarged with holding unfair
elections. There could be no vaild obl
jection to this amendment. The Senator
from Spartanburg spoke of it as a
-< ? j *T?
BW Iuiiuctuaeiii?u vxiiiugc iu uic o.icow.v.1-1 i
W&- law, b^y^his was an j changei.t_.was
Kl" not^S tetegrial 85 the provision
lav K amenedment
I jgfl pas to elections
fl PPSid agreed with Mr.
^tarf^H^^^ibout having fair elections.
^^^^H^pBcterized the amendment as being:
harmless in appearance, but, he
said, it would turn back the Government
into the hands of the few, and by
the. help of the negroes these few
^ ' would overturn white supremacy. He
implored the people to have fair elecy
lions, but this amendment would simply
overwhelm the white people by the
votes of the ignorant. There is something
more than mere feeling in this
matter. We should see to it that nobody
comes into these halls to con
trol legislation that is brough t Here oy
negro votes. It is very well to cry
peace. In 1890 the majority nominated
a Governor,- but a handful of peo:
pie, proclaiming themselves as the
brain and intelligence of the State, defer
clared that they would never submit
to that man being Governor. In a
convention of these people one day a
. speaker arose and said: ''Now, gentlemen,
let us go home and tell these
misguided people that B. R. Tillman
shall never be Governor of South Cark
olina." How could he prevent Till
man's nomination except by appealing
to the negro? In 1892 there was another
appeal. As a majority, we said
let us reason about this matter, but
the minority said no, nothing will do
l us but that we shall control. It was
- the same way in 1S94. Petitions have
been filed challenging- the election of
^ the Governor, and by this means a
grentleman who has been Senator and
K "who would like to remain Senator
hopes to bring about negro rule again.
Pwt^ .This is the peace offered us and is what
^l^^iljdbe the result of the adoption of
this afefendment. Mr. Finley asked
Mr. Mayfield to explain how that
would come about. The latter contented
himself by saying that his side
did not intend to submit to being dominated
by negro rule.
t Senator" Barnwell arose and said
I that he would only reply in a few
[ words to some of-the"expressions which
L had fallen from the Senator from Barnwell.
Before he was nominated he
had declared he would not discuss poI
aP Qnr?ofa V>&
fJLJL LiUd ULL LUC -11W1 VA HiV KA/HMVV UAAM uv
would not do so now. In some future
contest before the people he might be
Vy. ^ pleased to discuss the record of the
Senator from Barnwell as compared
with his own, and the people could decide
between them, but the whole matter
was irrevelent here. With regard
to the attack which, it was said, had
been made upon the election laws by
^ the Senator from York, whose record,
be presumed, as a Reformer was as
?ood as the record of the Senator from
Barnwell, would like to quote what
was high authority, he presumed,
with the Senator from Barnwell and
? v.** f^novfcsTihiiro1 no less
KA Ait%VVI AI.Vl*k
authrity than Governor Tillman, who
in his very last message had used these
words: "Bat rememberiiig the possiKbilities
of the election machinery of
the old contrivance and how they had
cheated in the elections in the past."
Governor Tillman's worst enemy
never said that he could not make a
p3?ii statement and it sounds strange
to Fear gentlemen eulogizing this same
machinery in the present. On the
subject of the Constitutional CouvenP
tion he had voted for it, and in that
particular was in agreement, he supposed,
with the Senator from Spartanburg,
whose constituencv, however,
Sad voted overwhelmingly the other
way. Senator Efird congratulated Mr.
Barnwell on his elevated discussion.
However he (Efird) was not in favor
r~ ~ of experimenting with the election
la-nrc. TTo octWJ 4iha.<! it onroirred to
|L the Senator from Charleston that the
pL. people have not demanded a change of
rtV? election laws, especially such a change
as the Senator from York proposes?''
f* ' 'We Senators are the guardians of the
law. Shall we throw down the bar.
^ """""" %
riers and allow the vicious element ol
our voting population to rush in and
overthrow our rights? The people
have sent us here. "We are here to
provide for the constitutional conven
tion not to change the election laws.'1
Senator Wilson rose to speak on tho
amendment the second time. He said
this was no time for changing election
laws. If a change is desired bring in
vour bills. We should not change tho
1 "1 T ? iL
laws we were elected unaer. uei cuc
neople do their own changing-. Mr.
Wilson made a mild and humorous
assault on the speech of Mr. Barnwell.
Referring to that gentleman's plea for
peace he said: '"Peace is a beautiful
thing. I like it. I love the balmy
days of June when the soft roses art?
in bloom and the beautiful birds sing
stirring songs of gladness. Then is
peace, glorious peaces. But such elvsian
circumstances do not exist in
politics. The only peace possible in
politics is majority rule. The minority
must submit. Then is peace. Conditions
anything but peaceful have been
brought about by the Impression a
few men have that it is their right and
privilege to rule at all times. The
peace of politics consists in majority
rule and white supremacy. This apparently
innocent amendment of Mr.
Fin ley's is suggestive of the little
worrn in Holland which bores through
the dykes with onlv a view to sustenance,
while its wort means the destruction
of hundreds of people and
large territories. This amendment may
open the way for a destructive flood
of negro votes.
The speech which raised the row and
produced the sensation was Buist's.
benator Buist rose calmly and gave
expression to sentiments of sorrow at
the alleged transactions in progress.
These were all the sorrowful refiec-.
tions in his speech, for he made a fu-1
rious talk, and reached the climax of j
excitement. Mr. Buist said he had j
been_much in favor of a constitutional j
convention since the white people!
gained control of the government.'
"But I have voted against it at every j
session when it has been discussed.
The reason of this was that I could
not believe a fair election was possible
under the control of the faction in
power up to 1890 and I have no reason
to form a better opinion of the men
now in control. During my service
of twelve years on this floor I hare
not seen men more devoted to duty
than the members of the present Senate,
but I have grievances and I am
yet grateful for the few small favors
you have granted us (the conservatives.)
This convention is to be a momentous
affair. We -want the election
of delegates to it fairly conducted a: id
we propose to make a fight. I tell you
now that there is going to be the hot
test fight you Have ever Known ana
you can not for a certainty foretell the
composition of that convention or its
actions. The present machinery is
capable of the most stupendous frauds.
They tell us a convention has been
called by the people and a law maker
and a lawyers-accept the showing
made. Still, however, I have a privilege,
that of entertaining an opinion."
Mr. Buist talked excited; y and pointedly.
When he finished several Senators
scrambled for the floor. Jordan,
of Aiken, got it and held it long
enough to make a spirited reply to the
charges of Senator Buist and attack
Mr. Finlev's amendment which would
seem to intimate that fraud had been
practised in the late election. He resented
the insulting remarks of the
honored and hoarv headed Senator
from Charleston and commended Mr.
Barnwell, the scion of a noble family.
Senator Sloan said he could not see
the necessity for so much discussion.
"I have tociay heard sentiments ex?ressed
that I hoped had passed a way.
am sorry to see this -warfare among
South Carolinians. I believe the convention
will be composed of all factions
who will work in "glorious harmony
for South Carolina. I think
that thef managers appointed by the
popular, progressive young governor
will uphold the laws and give us an
honest election. I think the managers
will not object to the sunlight of day
shining on their acts. I go further
than the others and say this is the
most momentous question that has
confronted us since the revolution.
There is necessitv for harmony and I
believe there will be harmony. Conservatives
of conservatives and re
iormers 01 reiurmei-s nai wwa. together
for the common good. I hope
so and hope that this littleness will
stop. I repudiate the sentiments expressed
by the Senator from Charleston.
Sena tor Norris charged Senator Buist
with getting angry. He charged the
lawyers wno had spoken so much
witii having killed Fin ley's amendment
by confusing it. He" bitter.v resented
Mr. Buists aspersions on himself,
whereupon the Charleston Senator
denied having attacked the Aaderson
Senator. Colonel Norris said:
''You have insulted my people."
Messrs. Kirkland and Finlev closed
the hurricane and the question was
put on the amendment to have-, the
ballot box in view of the voters. 'The
ayes and nays were called resulting
in the defeat of the amendment by a
vote of 21 to 16.
Tonight the bill passed a second
inn- oWo?> miTir orrnirx'lTnp'nt.S Thfi
A VX^IUIU^ AUMUJ v.?..,.
most important changes was in the
date for the election from July to
March 2Gth. The convention is to
be held July 30th, giving four
months for delegates to study up in
the law. The books of registration
will be open in March.
Xino Persons Drowned.
'DesMoixes, la., Dec. 10.?News
reached here tonight of the drowning
of 7 persons Saturday at the town of
Littleton, in Independence count}-.
George and Hannah Cook went skating
on the mill pond near the village
and on their failure to return home,
search was instituted. A crowd gathered
round an air hole through the ice
through which it was supposed the
-children had fallen, vJien siKldeniy
Tiieiccgav'e way and twelve persons
were precipitated into tiie water. Seven
were drowned, but the other five
were taken out alive. The remains of
the Cook children were also found.
The dead are Fred Hanks, John Morton,
George Roberts, S. H. Hanks,
George Flish, George Cook, Hannah
Blown from His Engine.
Pittsburg, Dec. 33.?About 5 o'clock
this morning fireman B. F. Fogle, of
the second section Atlantic Express,
on the Pennsvlvania railroad, was
blown bj a sudden gust of wind from
the engine cab, as the train was near^
V/VW Tly\?iAMAO Cl vfT' *v?lloe DOcf nf
ULL^ X' 1V1XUVC, Oi-V \*V lunwu v?uw va
Pittsburg. Fogle's dead body was
picked up a few moments later by the
train crew. The wind was blowing a
gale and the train was running at the
rate of thirty-jive miles an hour at the
CONCERNING METROPOLITAN POLICE
AND THE MILITIA.
The Governor to Provide the System for
Towns and Cities Having Over 2,500 Inhabitants
When He Sees Fit?Provisions
of thl? Important Bill.
Columbia, S. C., Dec. 11.?The Senate
yesterday met at 12 o'clock and after
a session of but two hours, the
pangs of hunger drove the majority to
agree to a recessuntu bp. m. miecu
or eighteen third reading bills were
passed, but little headway had been
made on the long list of those that had
reached the second reading stage,
when the body receded from business.
Among the third reading bills passed
was one introduce d by Mr. Jordan
to apply to Aiken county, but amended
to take in the whole State, which
will have the effect of weeding out
some of the many picayunish private
bills introduced annually. It is to
require all persons holding school
claims against any county, to prove
the same before a board composed of
the county treasurer, auditor and
school commissioner, and to require
the treasurer to pay those declared
valid out of funds belonging to the
school district against which the
[claim is declared. Greenville and
I n-ai-a it-ifVi/]to , . 11 from t.lio
raiillCiU HWV ? i.WAAV%*?, ..
provisions of the bill.
The day was marked by the introI
duction of two important bills. Mr.
| Stanyarne "Wilson's metropolitan poj
lice bill put in its appearance, together
j with the new militia bill introduced
i by Mr. Dennis, the gallant Colonel,
who subsequent to the "Darlington
war,'' gained notoriety because of a
failure to put in an appearance on the
, "court of inquiry,'" the lack of a proper
uniform being- the excuse. UnI
der the Colonel's bill he will next time
j have to call in some Berkeley M. D. of
good standing and get a certificate
[ that his garments cannot stand the
physical wear and tear of a prolonged
sitting in a military court. The bill,
as -will be seen below, proposes to put
the militia upon the same basis as the
National Guard of New York, Pennsylvania
and other Northern States,
j And it gives? the Governor supreme
f/~v niol-inop nf tiiIas :3"nfl
j >Y CI CL-O V* A^.?w ?
The "bill of Mr.- Wilson provides
that whenever the Governor shall
deem it advisable or necessary for the
better and more perfect government of
any city in this btate of more than
2,500 inhabitants he shall appoint a
board of police commissioners consisting
of three members for such city.
Such commissioners shall be qualified
electors and freeholdars. The term of
j such commissioners shall be coterminal
with that of the Governor appointing
them. The Governor shall remove
a commissioner whenever he
shall deem it necessary or expedient.
Each incoming Governor shall make
a new appointment. The commissioners
shall take oath for the faithful
discharge of their duties. If the
appointee snail, for ten days after notification
of appointment, fail to take
such oath his appointment shall be revoked.
The Governor shall have
power to fill any vacancy at any time.
r.11 rl am rs
( xut; \jru v cuiuj suaii ucoi^uai^ ?, yx. wi
dent and a secretary from the mein!
bers. The annual salary of the commissioners
shall be not less than $50
or more than $300, to be fixed by the
Governor within these limits in proportion
to the population of the particular
city. The secretary may be
allowed a salary of $50 in addition.
Said salaries shall be paid out of the
town or city treasury in like manner
as the salary of town or city officers.
The board of commissioners shall
appoint a marshal, who shall be chief
j of police, subject to the orders of the
I board, and as many policemen as may
j be deemed necessary by the board, not
! exceeding one for every 500 inhabi[tants.
The marshal and policemen
shall hold office coterminallv with the
I board appointing them, subject to re!
moval at any time by a majority vote
of the commissioners. The marshal
and police shall have exclusive power
and it shall be their duty, to serve all
Srocess issued by the mayor, intenent
or city recorder and all notices
and papers issued by the commissioners.
' The marshal and police shall
have all the common law and statutory
powers now had and exercised by
tne policemen under the laws of the
State and ordinances of such city.
The board shall maintain an office
at the council chamber, police court
room or station house or other convenient
place, and shall meet in regular
session every month and in special
session at any other time upon
written request of any member to
each other member who is in the city.
Any regular session may be adjourned
for a period not exceeding four days.
Two members shall constitute a quorum
and their concurrence shall be
sufficient to decide any question properly
coming before the board. The
board shall have entire control of the
police force, and all station houses,
city prisons, patrol wagons, records,
equipmeuts and all other property belonging
to the police department and
shall audit all claims against sameand
certify them to the mayor and council
for payment. The mayor and council
shall pay all such claims, and
they shall levy and collect annually a
tax'sufficient to pay the salaries and
expenses of the board and the police
department, and a writ of mandamus
? ?oV?<-? 1 ] Tin of crmt
ur prujjct" |;iva,V-OO O.LXI*J.A HV C* U .JU.V
of the board as against the municipal
authorities to compel the levy and collection
of such annual tax and the
payment of such expenses by them.
The board shall make rules for its own
government and the regulation of the
police department, and shall promulgate
proper orders to the police force
through tire marshal.
The board may "on the application
of any person showing suffcient cause
therefore appoint any numbtor of special
policemen at any one time to do
duty at designated places at the expense
of the person by whom such application
shall be made, and the city
shall not jjay any such special policeman.
"W ith the consent of the Governor
the board mav appoint such number
of special policemen for general
duty as may be deemed advisable, but
"? * - i ? I. .n _ _x
sucn special policemen snu.ii noi serve
longer than two successive days without
new appointments being made, and
they shall not be paid at a rate exceeding"
the pay of regular policemen.
The mayor and council shall provide
at their expense all necessary accommodations
for the sessions of the
board, shall p rovide a police court
room, station 1 louse and prisons, and
furnish, warm and light the same;
shall furnish food for prisoners, and
provide for the monthly payment of
marshal and policemen; also "for office
expenses and repairs. All the necessary
expenses of the police department
shall be borne by the city out ofrits
general revenue fund, notwithstand.
ing the government of the department
is invested in the board of commissioners.
Neither the mayor nor the council
nor any officer appointed by them
shall have any control of the police
force, and the city treasurer shall not
: pay any of the police force, except
, upon the certificate of such board.
Any person who shall in any manner
interfere with said board or the police
judge, marshal or policemen wmie m
the legal performance of their duty
shall, upon conviction before the Court
of General Sessions, be odjudged guilty
.of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined
in any sum not less than $100 nor
more than $1,000, or maybe imprisoned
in the county jail from two days to
Every police judge, marshal and policeman
appointed under this act shall;
be a qualified elector of such city and
shall take oath for the faithful discharge
of their duties. The annual
salaries shall be fixed by the boards.
The marshal shall receive from $200
to $2,000 annually, and the policemen
from $10 to $60 per month.
All fines and forfeitures collected
by the mayor, intendant or city recorder
upon charges for the violation of
the laws of the State shall be, by him,
paid into the county treasury for the
use of the common school fund of said
county. Fines collected for violation!
of city ordinances shall go to the gen- i
1 "?* "> 1 fniul of 1})^ cifv
All legislative acts, and city ordi-j
nances in conflict with this act shall j
j be suspended.
Whenever the Go vomer shall deem
it no longer necessary to continue the
government of a city in the manner
prescribed in this act lie sh^ll issue a
proclamation to that effect to be published
in a local dally newspaper and
thereupon the mayor and city council
shall reassume control of the government
and police. The Governor may
again appoint a board for such city
should he deem it advisable.
The act shall take effect immediately
upon its approval.
THE MILITIA BILL.
Mr. Dennis?To revise and amend
the militia Jaws of South Carolina.
The organized militia shall be recruited
by volunteer enlistment. The commanderin-chief
is given power to transfer,
muster, disband and make said
changes as the best interests of the service
may require. Enlistments shall
be for two years service, re'-enlistment
for one or more years, and -will be
made by signing enlistment papers
presented by the Adjutant and Inspector
General, and by taking the following
oath, to be administered by any
commissioned officer:'' You do solemnly
swear (or affirm) that you will bear
true allegiance to the United States
and the State of South Carolina, and
that you will support the constitution
thereof; that you will serve the State
of South Carolina faithfully in its
military service, for the term* of two
years, unless sooner discharged or you
cease to be a citizen thereof; that you
will obey the orders of the commander-in-chief,
and such officers as may
j be placed over you, and the laws gov
erning tlie military forces of the State
of South Carolina, so help you God!7'
Every member of the militia ordered
out by his supior officer, who does
uot obey or produce a sworn certificate
of physical disability from a physician
in good standing, or excuse for unavoidable
absence, shall bejtaken to be a
deserter, and dealt with as prescriped
by the militia laws of the State.
The commander-in-chief is authorized
to make such rules and regulations
as he may deem expedient, which,
when promulgated, shall have full
force as the militia laws of the State,
but until such new rules are adopted,
ILLS present iciwa diian i^uiaiuJLU AUIV/C.
To assist companies composing the
active militia to maintain their organization
?10,000 is appropriated, to be
distributed by the Governor, the Adjutant
and Inspector General and three
other military officers to be appointed
by the Governor, as they rfiay think
best for the interest of the militia.
Let Appomattox Stand.
Washington, Dec. 11.?Encampment
No. 69, Union Veterans' Legion,
of which Corporal James Tanner is
IltiU Llltit i UlCil 11 Jt .y, L.
ing last night. William Howard
Mills introduced resolutions condeming
the change of the name of Appomattox
Court House to "Surrender,"
-which were adopted unanimously
without debate. The resolutions dwell
upon the historical name of Appomattox
and say that the change is an insult
to memories of Grant and Lee and
the departed heroes of those armies, as
to the survivors. A committee of five
was appointed to present a copy of the
resolutions to the President with the
request that he make a recommendation
and transmit it to the Postmaster
Death of Dr. 11. >.". Wells.
Greenville, Dec. 11.?The Rev. R.
jST. Wells, D. D.. died to-night at halfpast
7 o'clock. lie was transferred to
this city by the conference which met
in Laurens, and reached Greenville on
Thursday, the Gth of this month. On
Saturday night he was taken suddenly
ill, but his condition was not considered
serious. Last night he was somewhat
better. His death was almost sudden
and unexpected. Repassed away
, peacefully and quietlv, without any
apparent pain and in the full possession
of his faculties until the end. He
leaves a widow and six children.
The immediate cause of liis death was
Brigilt's disease. The announcement
of his deatli caused great sorrow in the
city and excited much sympathy for
A X>arl2ngton .Mystery.
Columbia, S. C.. Dec. 10.?A special
: to The State from Darlington, S.
C., says: A deplorable accident or
> tragedy, came to light here on Sunday
-iporning. The body of Lloyd AV. Gibsoii^
a P?01' little dwarf, was found
dead olithe road-side about ten miles
from Dsr&igtQm and not far from his
home. ?ilS Slvtl1-1- w?ls> incran* trusucu
to pieces and lib^i; itv^os done remains
a mytery, even after tlie coroner's in;
quest. Mr. Gibson "vv^s -10 years old,
: was only 30 inches higirand weighed
CO pounds. He had not an^pemy in
the world and was esteemed"^" his
neighors. Saturday afternoon v^e
sold a bale ot' cotton in the twon ami.
: started for his home in his light cart
drawn, by a'goat. His watch and three
dollars were on his body when found.
If he was murdered it is impossible to
assign any reason for the crime. i
THE JIM CROW CAR.
THE HOUSE PASSES A BILL FOR SEPARATE
COACHES ON RAILROADS.
Its Consideration Proroked a Long and
Hot Fight, bat it Finally Passes by a |
Safe ^Majority and Goes to tlie Senate.
Columbia, S. C., Dec. 12.?In the1
House today the first legislative \rork j
was the consideration of Mr. Ott's spe
t i ___ L.*n j-- _ i J_ ?
ciai orcier uiu to require ranroaas m
this State to provide separate first'
class coaches for the accommodation
of white and colored passengers. And t
the longest and spiciest deoate of the I
session ensued contrary to all expectations.
Mr. Otts defended his bill
which had already been unfavorably
reported. He argued that most of the
other Southern States had such a law.
It was a bill the people demanded. To
vote against it was to vote for social
equality. The railroads were common
carriers a*-i 1 should give the best possible
Miller, y colored ex-Congressmau,
said that/, is re was an unfavorable report
which ought to be adopted. The
provisions for first and second class
^.coaches in this State had settled forever
th6 vexed question of social eauality
on railroad.trains. No one had ever
11 - e 1 J ? XI 4.^1^
nearu or negroes wilo roue m ursi. uitwss
coaches here doing anything to offend
ladies or any one else. The colored
man had been brought into this State
and he had done much to bring the
State up to its present state of civilization.
It "was not well to make any
new division of the white and colored
people. Honors were now easy as to
the neCTc vote. He was glad to say
that in Beaufort the negroes had voted
for John Gary Evans. He was
here as a Republican and a Reformer.
He stood with the Reform element of
the white people and wanted real reform.
This police regulation against
the colored race was not a reform
which was demanded. Laws should
be founded on necessity not on sentiment?a
sentiment, responsive to campaign
voting. The bill did not apply
to parlor ana sleeping cars.
Mr. Watson replied. He said he fa
vored such bills as this, not from political
motives, but because he had
never yet admitted the negro as his
equal. Leading negro Republicans
had aksed him to support this bill and
settle this question for all time. Indeed
it was necessary to have some
protection for the olfactory organs,
buch amalgamators of the races as
Miller were going around trying to
keep up this race Feeling to get offices
Judge Townsend, as chairman of the
committee on railroads, said the
speakers had appealed to prejudice
simply. The measure would entail
great expense on the roads and do no
proportionate good to any one. The
present svstem had shown no bad effects.
There was really no disorder
on the part of colored first class passengers.
He supposed Mr. Watsons
oiraciory nerves juever were very j.uuuu
affected when his cook or nurse or
drivekc^as around. The next Constitution
would do away with the declaration
in the fundamental law recognizing
social rights in schools.
Mr. Sturkie had something to say
in favor of the bill.
Mr. Magill moved to indefinitely
postpone the bill, but upon his motion
there was a tie, as follows:
Aves?Adams, Anderson, Bacot,
Bartley, Barry, Blackwell, Breeland,
Bramlett, Bunch, Burns, Caouthers,
Connor, C. M. and W. C. Davis, Devereaux,
Dothage, Duncan, Earle,
Franklin. Fowler, Gadsden, Godwin,
Gregory, Harper, Hiott, HoKs, Hough,
Kennedy, Lesesne, Lofton, Magill,
Manning, Mehrtens, Mellard, Miller,
Mishoe, McKeown, J. F. McLaurin,
McSweeney, Nunuery, Polock, Prince,
Pvatt, Robertson, Rowland Sanders,
Qoiin/lo-K SlrinnAT Todd.
Town send, Warr, Weston, Wbitmire,
Nays?Ashely, Bo^vman, Brown,
Carroll, Caugnman, Connor, Crum,
Edwards, Elder, Ellerbe, Estridge,
Floyd, Gaston, Hammett, Haray,
Harvey. Haselden, Holloway, Hunter,
Humphrey, Ilderton, Johnston, Kinard,
kirk, Lancaster, Lemmon, Leveett,
Love, Mellett, Miles, Mitchell,
Moore, Murray, Mcintosh, Otts, Patton,
Phillips, Pickens, Price, Rainsford,
Rast, Sin^letary, Sturkie, Tatum,
Thompson, Thurmond, Tyler, Wallace,
Watson, Welch, T. S. Williams, John
n. Williams T, .T Williams. Fred
Williams, Wilson, Winkler, Wolf?56.
A motion was then made to strike
out the enacting words. This was lost
by a vote of 46 to 57.
The appointed hour having arrived
the senate came in and-without much
ado B. R, Tillman was declared elected
U. S. Senator to succeed Gen. Butler,
for the next six yeaas, commencing
March 4. next.
The discussion of the "jim crow"'
car bill was resumed. "Canary" Miller
took the floor and he made a red hot
speech on the race question. He said
when he first spoke on the subject he
did not care to nave much to say. He
J. 2.1. _
was sorry iu see uie gcnucuuu num
Anderson refer to the mixture of his
blood. He was no more responsible
for that mixture than the first child
born on this earth. Could he have
had a choice he would have elected to
have been born a black man or a white
man. The fact that his blood was
mixed had cost him more in stifling
his ambitions than any one could
know. He could say however, that
he had never allowed the advantage
it gave him, with his metal qualifications.
to injure either the white or the
black race. Negroes had appealed to
him, when he had it in his power, to
work hardship on white men but he
had riot done it. He had voted for
armronriations to heln educate white
youths, when lie was told He was educating
soldiers at the Citadel to shoot
negroes down. But majorities changed
j in the course of time. Parties
in power one day might not
be m power the next. His
public record was clean. Whenever
he had been called upon to vote he
had voted for the best interests of all
the people. God forbid that we should
pass a law which appeals to sentiment.
Put no statute on the books which is a
lie when the people read it. Let us
vote so that no firebrand will be
thrown out to the enemy in the coming
light for the constitutional convention.
"We want to control the negroes
bv fair means. He touched on
the cases cited by Mr. Watson. If it
was true, as insinuated that the strench
of the negTO is strong, let them not
evade, let them remember that all men
who are not cleanly must be foul,
"^hy, sir, vre have some white men
do^n yonder on the coast who eat
hazards, (Italians), conditions make
superiority and inferiority; it's not the
col,or of the skin. I've Seen here for
Jr v " I
nineteen years and I've never asked
social equalitv. I can call the roll of
the men I've Tt>een associated with and
none will say I've ever asked it. I
don't want social equality. As Governer
Tillman has said the first and second
class coach law has settled the
question. The negro understands the
line of demarkation, and he never attempts
to break through it. We don't
want to pay a first class fare and do
away witn the second class privilege.
This law will make a road run all first
class coaches and charge only first
class fares. You'll place us adjacent
to a smoker. "We are not askingfor
social equality, but justtice. The de
bate on tins question "was tnen adjourned
until 8 o'clock at night when
it \vas again taken up.
The largest crowd of spectators of
the season were in the galleries and on
the floor of the House. Governor
Evans made his first appearance on the
floor. In the galleries were many negroes.
The flight on the bill wasr one
of the most interesting and persistent
that has been made perhaps m several
years on any bill.
When the bill was first taken up Mr.
Otts took the floor and began to defend
it" for all he was worth. For the
benefit of the many fair ones in the
galleries he had a good deal to say
about protecting the white women
from indignities. He was followed
by Mr. Gadsden in a very neat and
r :i_i~ ?u ? v;n
luruiuie aga.jLu.ob WULC ISXII..
Josh Ashley then grew flowery?at
least the color of his face was like a
red, red rose. It may have been blushes.
for he rose to refer to the many
ladies in the "gallery." It was an unpardonable
thing for Josh to do, but
lie did it. He spoke with a zeal unusual
with him, and his words rattled
from his lips like an omnibus hustling
to a depot over Charleston's cobble
stones. Josh said he "wuz en favur
of efrything fur de benfit of all classes
Did air one uryer everheair of puttin'
er nigger in er house wid er white
man? I no dis'll better fur der nigger,
de white man. an' I no it's better for
hour white wimmin of our Stet." And
Josh continued thus. The rest of his
speech, being translated, was to the j
effect that nearly all the other South-j
ern States had this law; that their
manhood should make them do this
for the protection of the -women of the
State wno sometimes had to travel
alone. "It was good to pufer fust
clez coach on, but er secin clez coach
rides as good ter me es enything elz. I
d unno if lever rid in enybuter secin
clez coach, when I cum ter thenk uv
Mr. Harper called the previous ques- j
tion. He withdrew to let Mr. Townsend
of the committee present a pretty
strong argument against the bill.
A vote was then taken on a motion
to strike out the enacting words. The
ayes and nays were called. The House
rejected this motion on a vote of 58 to
53. Then the war commenced.
Miller moved an amendment that
the coaches for both races be kept in
? -1 "1- - J I
the same condition ana ins utieu up
just the same.
Mr. Pollock moved to continue the
bill to the next session of the Legislature,
and the ayes and noes were called
for. The House once more supported I
the bill by a vote of 61 to 56. Then
there was a scramble and scampering
of members all over the House. Mr.
Otts lost his sleepy look and rushed
here and there.
Judge Townsend tried to load the
bill down with an amendment to
make the bill apply to parlor, sleeping
and street cars.
Mr. McSweeny shot in an amendment
to Section 1 that every passenger
train should carry a second class coach
+o. +>10 ''co-norst/inn" section
\j\j ?t mvu vuv ^vm?a>av*v*vm ?
should not apply.
Miller got in an amendment here,
which was accepted, that it would be
unlawful to use either end of a partitioned
first class coach as a smoking
The Conservatives had been handed
so wrongly earlier in the night, that
Mr. Patton felt some misgivings in
offering an amendment to line two of
Section 2, but he hoped that his
friends of the opposition would let it
go through their impregnable partition.
He suggested that the word
"petition" as written in the bill where
it read "a good and substantial wooden
petition, movable or fixed, etc., be
spelled "partition," as that was evidently
what the author intended. The
amendment was agreed to amid a roar
Miller offered an amendment to di- j
vide the fine imposed one-half to the
person complaining and the other half
to the school fund of the State.
Mr. Thomas then moved to recommit
the bill and the poll was demands
ed. The House declined to recommit
by a vote of 66 to 44.
Mr. Magil moved to adjourn the debate
for one day. This was lost on a
viva voce vote.
Millers amendment as to the lines
was then laid on the table on motion
of Josh Ashley. This was done by a
vote of 49 to 38.
There were some further slight
The main question was then called
for. The vote was taken viva voce
and there being a chorus of ayes, the
Speaker quickly declared that the ayes
had it and declared that the bill had
passed to a third reading. The announcement
was greeted with cheers.
THE BILL AS PASSED.
The bill as passed reads this way:
Section 1. That every railroad company,
lessee, manager or receiver
thereof, doing business in this State
as common carriers of passengers for
hire, shall provide separate coaches
for the accommodation of white and
colored passengers, which separate
coaches shall be equal in all parts of
comfort and convenience," and every
passenger train shall have a second
class coach to -which this does not apply
Sec. 2. Each compartment of a coach
divided by a good and substantial
"wooden partition, movable or fixed,
with a door therein, shall be deemed
a separate coach, and it shall not be
lawful to use one end of such coach
as a smoking car and the other as a
first class car; provided, that no coach
shall thus be divided except bv and
with the consent of the railroad commissioners
of the State.
Sec. 3. Any railroad company, lessee,
manager or receiver thereof,
which shall fail to provide its trains
carrvinjr passengers -with separate
coaches as above provided, shall be
liable for each ana every such failure
to a penalty not less than one hundred
nor more than one thousand dollars,
to be recovered by suit in the name of
the State in any court of competent
jurisdiction; and each trip run without
separate coaches, as hereinbefore
provided for, shall be deemed a separate
Sec. 4. If any passenger on a train
provided -vrith separate coaches shall
ride in any coach not designated f
his race, after having been forbiddf
not to do so by the conductor in char,
of such train," he shall be deemed gu
ty of a misdemenor, arid upon convi
tion shall be fined not less than fr
nor more than twenty-five dollars.
Sec. 5. Conductors of passeng
trains provided with separate coach
shall have the authoritv to refuse ar
person admittance to any coach
which he or she is not entitled to ri<
under the provisions of this act; ai
any conductor in charge of such trai:
as provided for in this act, shall ha'
authority, and it shall be his duty,
remove from such coach! any passe:
gemot entitled to ride therein und
the provisions of this act; and upc
; his (the conductor's) refusal or failu
j knowingly to do so, such conduct*
shall be deemed guilty of a misdeme
'nor, and upon" conviction there*
i shall be fined not less than ten n<
more than fifty dollars.
Sec. 6. The "provisions of this a
shall not be construed so as to prohi
it nurses from traveling in the san
coach with their employers upon tl
train in the discharge of their aufcie
nor shall if. bp oanstrii-v} to armrT J
officers of theluw w hile in discharj
of their duties; neither shall it appi
to any excursion train run strictly i
such for the benefit of either of tl
races, or sleeping cars, or chair car
or street railway cars, or in case <
accidents where it is necessary for tl:
further transportation of passengers 1
occupy the same coach.
Sec. 7. Every railroad company i
this State shall keep, or causc to 1
kept, .a copy of this law posted i
some conspicuous part of their re
pective passenger depots and in eac
separate coach, as provided for in th:
The Senate bill toprovide for a co
ton weigher in the city of Orangebui
was passed to a third. reading wit
notice of amendment on the thir
Florence, S. C.vI)ec. 11.?A shoo]
ing tragedy occurred about four milt
from here this morning; '"Mr." Etse
L. Adams; a prominent planter, wl
.has lived in this county for years, b<
came suddenly insane and killed h:
wife, his fourteen-year-old daughte
and himself. Mr. Adams' insanit
was inherited?his father having als
committed suicide by drowning himse'
in a well, and a brother having show
evidences of an unsound mind. Ther
were no witnesses of the terrible scen<
VI"- TD "V \fv.
iTJLi*. xv. JL ULCiiagau a. jjlu. jjulx
Hoole who were in the neighborhocx
heard gunshots and hastened to th
Adams house. The body of the gii
lying dead on the ground seven
yards from the " house, was the fir:
thing that they saw. Her head ha
been horribly crushed with a ^unuse
as a club?the broken stock Tying b
her side. It is supposed that she ws
trying to escape to a barn where sore
hands were at work. But themadma
evertook her and his mad work - ws
soon done. Mr. Hoole rescued Mr:
Curran and her child who had been i
a room in the house but had not wi
nessed the killing. Mr. Henaga
drove off in his buggy to summo
help. Mr. Hoole took Mrs. Curra
away. When the neighbors arrive
they found that Adams had killei
himself by shooting pistol bullei
through his breast and head. He ha
also cut his own throat and had eve
swallowed s'trvchnine?this last be
fore the killing occurred. Mr
Adams was found lying on the floe
in the dining room.* It is thought th?
she was the first victim. Her hea
was mangled in a shocking marine]
Two of Mr. Adams' children escape
and were taken care of by neighbor;
One of these was at school in Florenc
and the other at the Confederate Horn
in Charleston. Mr. Adams was a brotl
er-in-lawoftheRev. W. T. Thompsoi
of Charleston, and was closely relate
to the family of the late Judge Pressle]
He has long been known to be unba
anced in mind, but such a terrible a<
as those thus described was of cours
The Murderer Lynched.
Williamstox, S. C., Dec. 12.?.
most foul murder was committed i
"Kw^f o /vp + ft
LJULC uurpuratc; iuxuu? v/x v
Monday last, about night, upon tt
person of a 12 year old -white boi
stepson of Mr. J. A. Williams. Ti
inquest has just been hel&'and all tl
circumstances point conclusively 1
Ed Sullivan, a colored boy of 15 yea]
of age as the murderer. The deed wj
done with a new axe?the face an
head of the victim being literally c;
to pieces. The negro boy is under a
rest. Lynching is openly spoken <
and "will be done if not prevented.
THE LYNCHING PREVENTED.
Later.?About five hundred dete
mined men gathered around the^uar
house'ana would have broken dow
the door but it "was opened that tl
infuriated crowd mi^ht see that th
prisoner was not in there.
The acting coroner having gotte
an inkling of the purpose to lynch tl
boy, hurried him off to Anderson und<
a small escort. They had one hour
start of the crowd who pursued o
horseback, in buggies, and on foot,d
termined to overtake the prisoner ar
lynch him. The result will be know
in .two or three hours. 31ost ot u
men are armed with rifles and sh<
THE MURDERER LYNCHED.
Later, 11:45 p. m.?Mayor G. "V
Sullivan and the other citizens of Wi
liamston have been at work faithful!
trying to protect the life of Ed Sull
van, the murderer, and allow the la
to take its course. Soto this end,the
started the prisoner with two officer
in a buggy towards Anderson. Aft<
driving about five miles in that dire
tion, the orticers were overtaken by
large crowd of armed men. Sulli va
was taken from them by violence an
brought back to Williamston. Ju
outside the corparate limits his bod
was swung to the limb of a hickor
tree and then riddled with bullet
Tliis act will be greatly deplored b
most of our citizens. The party coi
sisted of about five hundred unknow
TROOPS TOO LATE.
Governor Evans, hearing of t?
trouble, telegraphed A. M. Guyton
military company to come at once, bt
the telegram was not received until ]
o'clock, one hour after the lynching,
Drifted Five Days at Sea.
Savannah, Ga., Dec. 11.?The Spa:
ish steamship Julio. Lezama, froi
Charleston for Barcelona "with cottoj
which left Charleston November 29tl
was towed into Savannah yesterdijy t
the British steamship -Hindostan wii
her shaft broken. The Julio had be<
drifting around at sea for five day
having lost her propeller through tl
accident. She is now at the dock he
! and will be carried north for repaii
?| COLLECTING THE MONEY.
ll-j REGULATIONS PRESCRIBED FOR EN[C"i
FORCING THE INCOME TAX.
I " ---
er | Carefully Prepared Requirements Intendes
| ed to Carry Outthe Law?The Several ReIV
j turns and Other JMeans of Ascertaining
le I Liability. 2gi
[f Washington, Dec. 13.?The Secrete
tary of the Treasury today approved
to the income tax regulations. Every
a- citizen of the United States, whether
er residing at home or abroad, and every
)n person residing or business in
re in the United States who has .
an annual income of more
a- than $3,500, is required to make
3f. return under oath before the first Mqhday
in March of each year. 'Die first
return is to include all incOmwtax in
ct the year 1894, from Jamoaicy 1st to
b- December 31st. Guardians? trustees
ie and all corporations acting in any
le judiciary capacity, /are required to
g make similar returnsfor minors, wards to
or beneficiaries. Persons having.lessr
re: ^ * h "J '
^ of $,-1000 and o ver axe taxable 2 per r ' s,
Tlieperson making return is requir3f
ed to make affidavit that be has includ
ie ed. in said return all gains, profits and :o
income from every source whatever i .
received bvbim, ortowbicb be isjustu
ly entitled for that year, and that be " .
>e is honestly and truly entitled to make :
_n j.1. - j.js?~ J ? v ..
2. an Liiti utiuucuujxs ejiicreu on ulls rss
turn, and that lie has truly answered
h the interrogatories set forth on said
is blank form. ' ' ::)'M
The gross profits and income returnt
ed by persons are to include: . ^ j
>g Gross profits of any trade cr anjtfT
h business wherever carried on; rents reel
ceived or accrued during the year;
profits from sales of real estate pur- 4
chased within two years; farming operations
.and proceeds money ana value' . .J'
x- of all personal property acquired by - *
is gift' or inheritance; premiums on
11 bonds, stocks, notes and coupons, inia
rvSmes from trade and professionnot
2- by stated salary and not heretofore
is enumerated; from salary or compensasr
tion, other than that received from the
y United States; from salary or com;o
pensation paid by the United States;
If undivided gains and profits of any part ' %'i
n nerships; interest received or accrued "
e from all notes, bonds or other securi2.
ties; interest on bonds or coupons paid
11 of any corporation; dividends from
1, corporations; income of wife or minor - ; ^
ie child or,children; all other sources of
rl income not above enumerated.
il The deductions allowed on the rest
turn are: Four thousand dollars exd
empt by law; interest due and paid
d within the year; National, State, couny
ty, school and municipal taxes paid,
is not including assessments for local .
te "benefits; amount expended in purchase >73
n- or production of live stock or produce *
is sola within the year; necessary ex3.
penses specified by items actually inn
curred in carrying on any business or
t- trade; losses.actually sustained during
n the year; specified actual losses on ' ,
n sales of real estate purchased within
n two years;debts contracted and ascerd
tained inthe year; salary or compehsa- j
I tion of $4,000 from which the tax of 2
ts percentum has been withheld by disJ
u cursing omcers ox me viuicu oumos
n government; dividends included in the .. }
!- estimates of gross profits from corporas.
tions, on which the 2 per cent tax has
>r been paid by such corporation. ; /*
it If any person fails to make return or
d makes false returns, the collector is to
tv make return for him from evidence
d obtained by summoning the person
3. and examining his books and from all
:e other evidence obtainable, and shall
& add 50 per cent to the amount of tax
i- found due as a penalty for neglect and
i. 100 per cent for a fraudulent return.
d All corporations, companies and-as*
sociations, both resident and foreign, * v
doing business in the United States,
"t are required to make an annua] return.
>e of net profits on a separate blank to *
. cover the calendar year 1894. The exemption
of $4,000 allowed to persons
ic nr?+ otH-atiivI tft ronwrations. but the
A return must cover all net profits with- fl
n out exemption. The annual return of
n corporations must include:
ie The gross profits from all kinds of
Tf business. 'W
ie The expenses, exclusive of interest,
Le annuities or dividends.
:o The net profits without allowance
ss for interest, annuities or dividends. - ^
is . The amount paid on account of in- . J|
d terest, annuities and dividends.
xt The amount paid in salaries of $4.000
r- or less to each employe. ' V*
The amount paid in salaries of more
than ?4,000 to each employe, and the
name and address .of each of such em- ..
r- ployes. -* *-" - ' " _ .-r|
'd The gross profits must include i %
n All profits of any trade or business/^ . * J
The interest, or coupons, from bonds . - /'*
e or other securities of any corporation.
Dividends received from any corpo- f '
n ration. ; %
ie Undivided nrofits of anv corpora- * ' ;
pf' tion. '
''s Premium 011 bonds, notes or stocks.
|Q Commission or percentage.
e- Interest on government securities,.
id not exempt by law.
n Interest on" other notes, bonds and
ot Profits from sales of real estate.
From rents, and profits from all oth- :>?
er sources, to be enumerated.
J. The operating expenses must include:
I- Interest paid or accrued wdthin the
ly year on bonded, or other indebtedness
.1- of such corporation.
wr Losses, actually sustamea aunng tie
:y year, which must be separately stated
s, and fully described as to cause, date
jr and amount'
c- All taxes actually paid. , ?
a Salaries and pay of officers and em- - 1
,n ployes actually paid during the year.
d Rents and necessary repairs.
st All other necessarv expenses which
y must be itemized and fully explained
y in the return.'
s. The net profits are to include:
y All amounts paid to stockholders or t ""
n The amount of undivided profits carried
to surplus or any other fund.
- - ^ J * .7,
Amount 01 net pronus useu. iw wute
struction, enlargement or improvt's
ment of plant.
it All other expenditures or invest12
ments from the net profits.
. . Certain specified corporations for
charitable and like porposes, and certain
savings banks, mutual insurance
companies and building and loan assom
ciations are exempt from income tax. ?
In such cases it is held by the depart- ! .JM
n' ment that the intention of the ?xemp>y
tion is to extend its benefits to the
& small depositors and beneficiaries of " '
^ such mutual and savings institutions, *'
s ~-t.a fho /^nrrvSratrons as such and
7 OliU l/iaiAW vuy ?
ie those '-who speculate in the shares, 1
S. [CONTESXED OX PAGE FOUB.]