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THE GIRL'S COLLEGE. |
ROCK HILL'S CROWNING GLORY AND
Firac Annual Keport of Preildent D. B.
Johnson of the Wintbrop Normal and
Industrial College for Young "Women.
The Kecord of a Successful Year.
Hock Hill, Jan. S.?Some persons
who have not been thrown into a
state of ecstasy at the growth of Hock
i?iil nave Dseu aearu iAj uiaag j. vuj.ua |
about the impropriety of '"blowing i
one's own horn." On this point Rock i
Hill has clearly defined views: First, I
if you have a horn and blow it your-1
self, some one will probably hear it; j
if you don't use your breath, however
fine your instrument, it may never be
heard; then it is absolutely necessary
that your horn t>e heard: lastly, celebra
ted performers on musical instru- j
znents are largely indifferent to the i
feelings of the audience at large;
their endeavor is to satisfy themselves
and the chosen few whose approval is
valued; in this last respect Rock Hill
differs from the musician; she hopes
to give forth a note that will please
the entire world.
For some years the talk of Reek
Hill was about factories and other
business enterprises. In the last two
years a different note has befen heard
in the strain; this last is the song of
joy over Winthrop.
When it was decided that the College
should be located here there was
great joy; a torchlight procession with
bass and kettle drum accompaniment
was needed to show our feelings; when
the time came to deliver sixty thousand
dollars' worth of bonds, and as
cAf fHa finlipfre was in the future, the
pleasure was not so pronounced; but
there was never a flinch or doubt. Before
the building was near completion
all doubt was at an end, and frozn the
day the doors of the institution were
opened all have felt that, for some
years at least, Winthrop College was
the most attractive of all cur attractions.
A visit there is a source of inspiration;
the building, with a larger population
than that of many towns, seems
alive with people moving hither and
thither until the visitor ceases to try
to watch ail who come and go, and
confines his attention tc what is most
\ interesting to him. It does not make
any difference to what department he
goes hennas it busy; everyone has
something to do and no one is idling.
It is this incessant work and admirable
order that made possible the results
which have been obtained.
The report of President joanson on
^ the work of the last year has been
submitted to the board of trustees and
has been adopted by them and will 02
presented to'the Legislature. There
are several reasons why it ought to be
a full report. It is the first annual report
of an institution of which much
is expected and for which, according to
our means, much has been done; then,
too, the Legislature soon to meet is to
decide whether additional buildings
are to be built. To enable one to form
a just opinion about this, the very
fullest report of work and prospects
ought to be submitted and considered
carefully. We will not attempt any
discussion of this report; it consists almost
entirely of facts which stand for
themselves. We will give extracts
from it that will be of interest to the
"The Winthrop Normal and Industrial
college at Sock Hill closed its
first session successfully last June,
notwithstanding the difficulties at
"tending the organization and equip?ATrAwrr
LUCixL, au iiiiLiv, yjL wwj ?
and. the classification and instruction
cf three hundred and thirty-five College
students, all new, except twentyseven,
who came from the junior
class of the school, as conducted at
Columbia, and seventy-two children
in the practice school.
"We kept within all of the financial
estimates as to expenses of students
made in our prospectus before the opening
of the College and also within
the appropriations for the maintenance
of the College made by the
General Assembly, as will be seen
from the financial statement accompanying
"Good board, including furnished
room, light, heat and washing, was
given for $S.50 a month, and the average
cost of the uniform dress was only
$22.97, when it was estimated that it
would be $30.
"As one result the satisfactory work
of the first session there has been a
most auspicious beginning of the sea
attendance is already greatei
than that of the -whole of last session
and -would have been still larger if
there had been 'dormitory accommodations
for all those raaking application
"Of the 800 who applied for admission
to the College last summer, 403
have been enrolled, but only 240 of
them could be accommodated in the
present dormitory. The others are
boarding in town at increased expense
and at much inconvenience to themselves,
and away from the]wholesome
restraint of College discipline, in
great measure. Very many of the
SOO who failed to enter college could
and would have attended at the small
cost of living in the dormitory, but
coold not meet the greater expense of
boarding in private families, and others
were not permitted to come by
their parents when it was ascertained
that they could not be in the College,
directly under the supervision of the
"Students were admitted to the dormitories
strictly in the order of their
applications, after the State's students,
appointed from each county upon
competitive examination were provided
for, but it required half of the
dormitory space for these State students."
"In our last report to the General
Assembly we called attention to the
pressing need that existed then of
more room to board the great number
of students applying for admission at
that time, but we thought it best to
await developments before recommending
that additional dormitory accommodation
be provided. Sines that
time the pressure for admission to the
>t-n ? - t ?v,+; v. ? ^ "K,,r
vxmege ims nut UUIJ vuuuuutu,
has .increased, and there is every reason
to believe, from the experience of
similar institutions in sister Southern
States, that it will continue to increase.
Being the only State College for women
in South Carolina, and there being
more women than men in the
State, it is safe and reasonable to estimate
that the legitimate attendance at
this institution in the future, if room
is furnished to accommodate the students,
Trill be equal to the combined
attendance of men, something like 50C
or 600, at the three State colleges foi
men. The fact is a greater percentage
of women than of men attend high
school and colleges, because they have
more leisure for it, and then ii has
ever been the boast of South Carolini
ans that they always have given theii
daughters the best advantages fo:
education and culture obtainable,
Young men are compelled, generally
to go into business before completing
"The main building has been buii
large enough to furnish suiHcien
room for the instruction of or COi
students, but the one dormitory accommodates
' With a comparatively small expenditure
for additional dormitory accommodation,
this great plant, established
by the State :or the best, broadest
and fullest education of her womanhood,could
be made douoly effective
and could reach and benefit almost
twice as many girls as at present.
The foundations of another dormitory
of the same size as the one already
built have been laid, and some brick
. and a large amount of stone are on the
grounds, left over from the other j
buildings. By working convicts, as j
upon the other buildings, the new dor- j
mitory could be built and furnished i
| complete at a comparatively small j
| cost?less than $30,000.*'
"There are 403 students in the College
classes, and of these S6 are in the
"The States of South Carolina,
Xorth Carolina, Georgia, Florida and
Virginia and all the counties of South
Corolina are represented in the stu
"The number of students, by counties,
is as follows,
"Abbeville 14, Aiken G, Anderson
23, Barnwell 13, Beaufort 7. Berkeley
4, Charleston 12, Chester 17, Chesterfield
10. Clarendon 7, Colleton 0,
Darlington 10, Edgefield 12, Fairfield
5, Florence 8, Georgetown 2, Greenville
12, Hampton 7, Horry 2, Kershaw
5, Lancaster 4, Laurens 9, Lexington
S, Marlboro 11, Marion 3, Newberry
10, Oconee 7, Orangeburg 17, Pickens
5, Richland 10, Saluda 2, Sumter 16,
Spartanbrg 13, Union 7, Williamsburg
6, York 74.
"By States?South Carolina, 393;
North Carolina, (J; Georgia, 2; Florida,
1; Virginia, 1.
"It is interesting to note from the
registration cards, filled in by the
students themselves, that, from30t> definite
answers to the question concerning
the occupation of fathers, there
are in the College the daughters of
151 farmers, 35 merchants, 17 physi~
* 1 * A IS law
CliAJLib, Itt UJUUJLOLOXO, -X. ww.?, ?
vers, 14 United State and county officers,
19 railroad, insurance, machine
and other agents, 2 cashiers, 4 mill
manufacturers, 1 mill superintendent,
1 editor, 5 teachers, 4 engineers, 3 contractors,
1 lumber and turpentine dealer,
4 dentists, 1 surveyor, 5, druggists,
4 mechanics, 1 shoemaker, 1 liveryman.
"From 401 definite answers to the
question, 'Of what church are you a
member?' we find that there are in the
school: 113 Baptists, 122 Presbyterians,
105 Methodists, 39 Episcopalians,
9 Lutherans, 5 A. R. Presbyterians, 4
Catholics, 2 Jews, 1, Universalist, 1
"The average age of the students is
IS years and three months.
"This^aet alone, indicating maturity
of mind, is assurance of earnestness
on the part of the student body
and or a purpose to make the most of
i the opportunities offered by the College.''.
"The College is open to girls who
are not less than 15 years of age and
are of sound physical health. A good
i knowledge of the ordinary branches
of an English education is required for
"The work of the College, which is
a part of the public school system of
the State,has been so arranged that thos
girls who have properly utilized the
opportunities offered by the best common
schools may avail themselves of
the advantages provided by the State
at this institution. One year of preparatory
work has been provided for
COURSES OF STUDY.
"The courses of study are arranged
in conformity with the purposes ot ine
establishment of the College, to secure
to its pupils, besides the opportunities
of high culture and i\ broad and liberal
education, also training in the science
and art of teaching and in those parctical
studies pertaining to the various
departments of domestic, artistic, or
! commercial industry by which women
may be qualified to becume homemakers
or bread-winners. While emphasizing
the practical and useful in
, education, it is not the design or intention
to neglect the aesthetic side."
"One of the gratest needs of the
State is more well educated and
; thoroughly trained teachers?teachers
of broad scholarship and culture and
with thorough professional training.
; 'Asisthe teacher, so is the school/
If the State maintains public schools
: for her children, she must of necessity
l see to it that they are properly tjught.
A poor teacher is worse than none.
Teacher training therefore should re.
ceive special consideration in any
scheme lor the education of woman
: botja for her own sake and for the
! common schools of the State. In the
. work of this department it is recog'
nized that nothing can take the place
of generous scholarship in a teacher?
that one cannot teach that which, she
does not know."
i "For observation and practice in
teaching on the part of the student,
teachers, a practice school of eightysix
children, in the first six years of
school life, is conducted in connection
with the college. The board of trustees
of the Rock Hill Graded School
i contribute annually to the mamten
ance of this department, inasmuch as
children are instructed in it -who
would otherwise attend the Graded
COST OF ATTENDANCE.
"It has been the aim of the board,
in the organization and management
of the college, to bring the best education
easily within the reach of people
of limited means, and they believe
this has been attained. Board, including
furnished room, light, heat and
washing, is furnisned at eight and a
half dollars a month; $76.50 for the
entire session. With the matriculation
and medical fees and cost of
books, and forty dollars for tuition,
added to this cost, the regular expenses
of a session of nine months amount
to only one hundred and thirty-one
and a half dollars. Music, elocution
and art are optional and extra studies,
and a small fee is charged tnose who
(take either of them.
"Under the Act establishing the
| college pupils unable to pay are adj
mitted free of tuition. But free tui
I tion is given only upon a written
! statement by the parent or guardian
of inability to pay, certified to as cor
rect by the county auditor, except in
the case of the State's scholarship students
and daughters of ministers.
This rule is rigidly enforced.
"The average total expenses of a
free tuition student last session W2s
$111.42 for the full nine months, and
if one spends mors than this amount
it will be for extras, entirely optional,
or lor personal expenses, for which
the college cannot be held responsible.
We feel that we are justified in claiming
that very few institutions offer as
many advantages at so small a cost as
I "The richest girl in our school can
* | not be distinguished from tiie pooresi
j j by her dress. All students, withou'
. j exception, whether regular or special.
' are required to wear a uniform dres:
to secure economy and to promote
equality of opportunity."
t "The scholarships in Winthrop Col
t lege were increased in number by th<
.1 last General Assembly to 124. Eacl
ti38M CM '"nrihr^rWtr' ^?BP
county was given as many as it has 1
Representatives in the House of Representatives.
These scholarships are
worth each S44 in money and free tuition,
and are awarded upon competitive
examinations held by competent
boards, appointed for the purpose, in
the court houses of each county on
the same day, the same lists of questions
be-'nf? used. This comparative
examination is open to all girls of the
county who ars at least 15 years of
age, of sound physical health and intend
"An inSrmary, connected with the
dormitory by a covered way,his been
built since the close of the last session.
It is modelled after the most approved
modern hospitals and contains wards,
physicians' sleeping: and consultation
room?, nurses room, drug room, bath
room, dining room, diet kitchsn and
every other convenience necessary for
such a building. Soecial care has been
taken to secure for it the best kind of
plumbing and to provide the most effective
system of heating and ventilation.
"We have secured a skillful, expe!
rienced female physician to take
charge of the inSrmary. She resides
at the college and is constantly on
hand, day and ni?ht, to look after the
1 ? ^ * ?.4.? C!Ua o 1 cr\ i I
.Q.6ciiLi-l. OJ HI" udc xo ciiov^ bv
teach physiology and hygt?ne and
instruct the students in the care of
their health and thus do more, probably,
in preventing disease than in
"With the pure water and fiae climate
of Rock Hill, the perfect ventilation
and complete severage of the college,
and the healthful exercises and
regular habits of the students, it is not
expected that there will be much sickness,
but it is the purpcss of the college
authorities to be thoroughly prepared
to take care of the few who may
"The health of the students was
very good, indeed, last session, apart
from the measles, which was epidemic
throughout the State."
FARM AND GARDEN.
"The college farm of 14-i acres,
within less than a mile of the college,
is used to supply vegetables, fruit and
milk, and thus cheapen the cost of
board to the pupils and add to their
comfort and health. Cattle are fattened
on the farm and good beef is
J-'* ? ? w/vl* 1 /"vor* fVion m o vlr
I LELUS secureu a. I JLUU.UU. 1.UU.U rnu.u.
et prices. At the farm also hogs are
being raised and fattened at little or
no expense upsn the refuse from the
"During the last summer a large
barn was built on the farm and a
herd of cows bought to start a dairy.
All of the sweet milk used at the college
this session, iiom forty to fifty
gallons a day, has been furnished
from the farm at a cost not exceeding
nine cents a gallon. The college had
to pay fifteen cents a gallon for milk
last year. All the beef has been furnished,
of the best quality, at a cost
not exceeding four and a half cents a
' 'Much valuable work has been done
on the farm during the past year, .and
it has been much improved by terracing,
ditching and drain-tiling. An
. orchard of more than eight hundred
trees, early and late varieties, has
; been planted and preparation made
for raising many of the smaller fruits,
i The crops were good this year. A
, large quantity cf oats and 1,200 bushels
of corn were harvested.
i;ThA college ^rounds have been
: greatly improved during the jear.
Walks and drives have been laid out,
gravelled and macadamized and put
in condition to last for years. A neat
iron and "wire fence has been built
around the grounds, adding much to
; appearance and security of the property."
LIBRARY AND BEADING ROOMS.
"The library is an invaluable and in|
dispensable adjunct to the College.
It now contains over eighteen hun,
dred columns of well selected books,
. dictionaries, reference books, works on
education and standard works on art,
. science and literature. Many valumes
. were added to it during the past session
with the appropriation of $1,700
' .'or this purpose from the Legislature,
*nd it is the intention to add to it
, j - LECTURES AND CONCERTS.
: j "The College management provides
i rrnnA r>r\r\o&ri<z and other en
JVUH 1VUVIAIUU, ?
1 tertainments for the students on suitable
occasions during the session.
, The large and well appointed audito.
rium of the College is well adopted to
' this purpose. It is believed that in
this way students may get needed recreation
and much profit, and may enjoy
advantages for general culture
. unsurpassed at any institution-"
; "A large and active Alumnae Association
of.the graduates of the Win1
throp College, at Columbia transfers
its allegiance to the enlarged institu1
tion at Rock Hill. It has been, and
continues to be, most helpful in advancing
the interests of the institution.
An interesting meeting of this
association was held at the College
during commencement week and its
membership was increased by the
twenty-two graduates of IS9G, making
in all two hundred and eighteen alumnae,
earnest, devoted women, trained
teachers, most of whom are teaching
in this State and by their work and
example elevating the tone and standard
of the common schools."
"The religious life of the institution
is carefully guarded. Attendance upon
their own churches or the churches
to which their parents or guardians
belong is required of the students every
Sunday morning except in case of
; sickness or other good excuse. They
are accompanied by members of the
faculty belonging to the same churches.
By arrangement with the Ministerial
Union of Rock Hill the ministers
of the different denominations
preach in regular order in the College
chapel on Sunday nights. Preaching
is thus provided for every Sunday
1 night in the month. Attendance upon
Sunday-school is encouraged."
YOUNG WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION.
! "This association was organized in
College last session. It exerts a
strong influence upon its religious
life. "There are nearly one hundred
young women belonging to it, banded
together for Christian work and
mutual help in Christian living.
"There has been no friction or trouble
in the discipline of the school.
The whole government is conceived
and executed with a view of making
; the College a pleasant, busy and,
; therefore, happy and welK-rdered
J home. Its object is to develop self'
control, high character and a desire
to do the right.
"Self-government is festered as far
[ "A fine spirit of earnestness and
| loyalty pervades the student body,
5 and the giris, as a rule, are painstaking
and conscientious in the performance
of all their duties.*'
, 4 'The board have spared no pains in
L seeming for the College the best
^ teachers obtainable?men and women
* of high Christian character and pur!
pose and of the best professional traini
ing, and they are working together
! ably and harmoniously for the com
i mon good.
2 "To meet the needs of the enlarged
1 j work of the present session of the fac
i m ui?i . U_BJ-a - jBMiga?MjjjjMP?? - a?1m *ri* j* j
ulty was increased by the addition of
four inctructors to teach modern languages,
reading and elocution, physiology
and Lvgiene and mathematics
and Eaglish. There are now twentyfive
teachers in ail in the institution,
not including the postgraduates, who
are doing some work as tutors."
"There was but one day holiday for
Christmas given by the College this
session and the experiment seem:; to
have been a success. This arraDcement
was made to save the parents extra
railroad fare, and to prevent the
serious demoralization of the College
work, always consequent upon the
breaking up of school within three
months after the opening of the session.
"It is the common experience mat
protracted holidays are a serious interruption
to school work when students
live some distance from College and
go home to spend the time.
"As a result students almost inevij
tably lose interest in their studies and
| after their return to school are often
unfit for school duties for some time
from the effects of dissipation while
"In compensation for the shortening
of the Christmas holidays the session
will close earlier in June, and
the students will thus escape some hot
days at school so enervating to students,
coming, as they do, at the end
of a session of hard work.
"We will omit the details in the estimate
of expenses for the coming
year. The total amount asked is:
For current expenses, ?S0,103; for the
new dormitory, complete in every particular
and furnished ready for use,
estimated by a careful and experienced
"The amount of appropriation j
therefore needed to carry out the moderate
plans of the board and provide a
boarding place for the large number of
girls of limited means, who are now
debarred the great privileges of the
College for the lack of the dormitory
accommodations, is ?59,716,
"In closing this report the board
desires to extend to you a cordial invitation
to visit Winthrop College in
a body, to see for yourselves what
great things have been accomplished
with the money appropriated by the
State to make a tardy provision for
the normal, industrial and liberal education
of her daughters, and to considsr
the wisdom and necessity of
completing the plant as originally designed,
in order that it may answer
the full purpose of its establishment.
"In conformity with the borad and
generous scope of the College as outlined
in the Act creating it, the board
hgive planned to build up an institution
the equal of any of its kind in
ir>rr nnr! feel SUre that
UilU WUUllJ, U.U.W
their -work will meet with your unqualified
approval and with that of all
other broadminded. patriotic citizens
of the State."
The Electoral Vote.
New York, Jan. 12.?The following
is the electoral vote by states ag^he
result of the meeting of the various
Alabama?Bryan and Sewall 1L.
Arkansas?Bryan 8; Sswall 5; Watson
California?McKinley and Hobart
S; Bryan 1; Sewall 1.
Colorado?Bryan 4; Sewa.ll 4.
Connecticut?McKinley and Hobart
Delaware?McKinley and Hobart 3.
Florida?Bryan 4; Sewall 4.
Georgia?Bryan 13; Sewall 13.
Idaho?Bryan and Sewall 3.
Illinois?McKiniey and Hobart 24.
Indiana?McKinley and Hobart 15.
Iowa?McKiniey and Hobart 13Kansas?Bryan
and Sewall 10.
Kentucky?McKiniey and Hobart
12; Bryan and Sewall 1.
Louisiana?Bryan and Sewall 8.
Maine?McKiniey and Hobart 6.
Maryland?McKiniey and Hobart 8.
Massachusetts?McKiniey and Hobart
Michigan?McKiniey and Hobart
? t? ? J rr~v?,.+
Minnesoia?DLLCiviaiey auu uuu^i,
MississipDi?Bryan and Sewali 9.
Missouri?Bryan 17: Sewali 13;
Montana.? Bryan and Sewali 3.
Nebraska?Bryan 8; Sewali 4; Watson
Nevada?Bryan and Sewali 3.
New Hampshire?McKinley and
New Jersey?McKinley and Hobart
New York?McKinley and Hobart
North Carolina?Bryan 11; Sewail
0; Watson 5.
North Dakota?McKinley and Hobart
Ohio?McKinley and Hobart 23.
Oregon?McKinley and Hobart 4.
Pennsylvania?McKinley and Hobart
Rhode Island McKinley and Hobart
? - r* 11
South Carol ia a?Bry an~ana t>ewau
South Dakota?Bryan arid Sewall 4.
Tennessee -Bryan and Sewall 12.
Texas ?Bryan and Sewall 15.
Utah?Bryan3; Sewall 2; Watson
Vermont?3?cKinley and Hobari 4.
Virginia?Bryan and Sewail 12.
Washington?Bryan and Sewall 4.
West Virginia- -lilclvinley and ilobart
Wisconsin?McKinley and Ilobart
Wyoming-Brvan 3: Sewall 2;
Total?McKinley and Ecbart 271;
Bryan 176; Sewall 15S; Watson IS.
Many People Massacred.
London, Jan. 12.?Dispatches received
at the foreign office this morning,
confirm the previous reports of
the massacre by wild tribesmen, in me
territory of the Xing of B=nin, of the
members of the British expedition
which left the coast of Upper Guinea
on January 1, intending to proceed to
Benin in the Niger coast protectorate.
The confirmatory reports say that all
of the -whites comprised in the expedition,
together with243 native carriers,
were killed, and that only seven
Kroomen escaped. The expedition
consisted of Acting Consul General
Phillips, Major Copeland Crawford,
Captain Boisragon, who was the commandant
of the force of the Niger
coast protectorate; Captain Maling,
belonging to the ss.me force; Messrs.
Posvis and Gordon, civilians, and a
large number of Kroomen and native
Will Take It.
Cantox, 0., Jan. 13.?A message
received here from Washington tonight
makes it reasonably certain
that Senator Sherman's present inteni
finn is to accent the nosition of secre
tary of State in President McKinley's
cabinet. It-was intimated to Senator
Sherman several days ago that Maj.
McKinley would be glad to know
whether he would be inclined, to accept
a cabinet position, and he has decided
Burnt to Death.
SiiOAK'sS. C., Jan. 12.?The little
daughter of Henry Scarborough, eight
years old, living near this place, died
:he other day of burns. She stood
too near a blazing fire and her dress
caught and she ran with the dress in
a blazs. When finally overtaken, she
I was exhausted and fatally burned.
v A' >u'dni, tt .wrff? i rr rvTM^Mr^?r:ri
HIS LAST MESSAGE,
[CO-STIXUED FROjI PAGE ONE. ]
college, but why or wherefore is a
matter for your own speculation.
President Craighead comments upon
the fact that o:ae-haif of his students
are in the preparatory department and
assigns as his reasons that boys cannot
obtain at home a good preparatory
education. If this cannot be done,
each county or each congressional district
should have at least one sshool
where boys and girls could be fitted
for college at a cost not exceeding that
at Ciemson. The facts will not bear
out the president in this, for there is
not a county in the State that has not a
high school that could not prepare
boys to enter t:if junior class at Clem
son and upon terms equally as reasonable
as that afforded at the college.
The best evidence of this is the fact
that the South Carolina college has a
higher standard than Clemson with no
fitting school and its enrollment of
studeats equals Clemson should be
abolished instead of coming in competition
with the high schools of the
State. The State supports the free
rcmmon schools, and there is no reason
why the people should be taxed to
support a high school at this college. |
Make the college what it ought to be
?a high institution of learning?and
do not fill it up with boys anxious to
don a uniform and bs placed upon a
j footing with college students, and I
beiieve the college will be more prosperous.
The buildings and equipment
of this institution are the equal of any
in the south and the S:ate has spared
no expense i:i making it a success.
In fact, it has been the idol of the* Reform
movement and the people have
dealt with it with a lavish hand and if
ihere is any failure to fullfill the expectations
of the people, the blame
must rest whore it belongs?upon the
shoulders of those charged with its
management. The income of the college
for the past year is as follows:
the past year was $01,924.55, made up
Privilege tax $51,273.37
Land scrip fund............ 5,754.00
Clemson bequest 3,512 36
Balance on hand 4,291.78
Morrill fund............... 10,821.04
Hatch U. S. appropriation... 15,000.00
Convict labor value 4,272.00
No account is given of the value of
products from the farms and dairies
and no account given ior tuition fees
from students. It is unfair to the
other institutions of the Stat9 to compel
students to pay tu:tion and make
no effot to enforce the same rule at
this institution. Something is wrong
somewhere, as with all these advantages
the enrollment of students is
growing less every year. The whys
and wherefores you must discover.
The total taxable property in the
State is shown to be $170,755,474?an
increase, in one year, of $1,306,533,
The total tax for the past year has
The phosphate royalty has decreased
from $87,220.13 in 1895 to $60,S53.76
in 1896?a loss of $26,346.37.
The income of all the railroads in
the State was $S,303,4S7.57?an increase
of $667,925.S9. There is only
oce railroad now in the hands of a receiver.
The State Hospital for the Insane is
in first class condition. The cost of
maintenance has been reduced from
$131.05 per patient in 1S90 to $107.SO
in 1896. The appropriation asked for
this year is $116,350.
The county chain gangs have worked
satisfactorily. The Governor recommends
that; the law be changed so
that convicts whose terms do not exceed
ten years may work in the chaiagangs.
The present limit is two years.
The State militia is in excellent condition
and the Governor recommends
its continued support.
The penitentiary is reported to be
"in a healthy and sound condition."
Tfie disbursements for the year have
been $83,316.70, for everything, and
the receipts, from every sourc?, $62.125.17?deficit
$22,191.53. This is
coversd by cotton and provisions on
hand. The Governor "is satisfied
that the institution is in a better condition
than it has ever been."
The public schools and the colleges
also make a better showing than ever
before. In 1S90 the total enrollment
in the schools was 201,260?89,372
whites and 111,8SS colored. In 1896
it was 232,337?109,159 whites and
1123,17S colored. The length of the
school term has been gradually increased
aad it is confidently believed
' ^ ?-17 4- "U * -mai'. rtU ci "v rv> + Vi C
; lUitL it Will iuisjrco.1 icai<uoi.v kjju,
the minimum set in the Constitution.
The South Carolina College has 161
students?157 beinig from 29 counties
in this State, the rest from othei States.
The Governor recommends the usual
The total enrollment at the Citadel
Academy .has been 127, against 146
the year previous. The appropriation
desired is $20,000 for the support ot 68
beneficiaries and $3,000 for equipment
and repairs. The Governor commends
the institution to the "tender care and
consideration" of the general assembly.
The institution for the deaf and
dumb and the blind is in excellent
shape. The money needed there is
$19,000 for support, $900 for repairs,
$S,000 fcr buildings for colored pupils
and $4,620 for electric lights and laundry
At Winthrop Normal and Industrial
College "there are 335 college students,
with 72 children in the practice
school. Eight hundred young women
applied for admission last summer.
A new dormitory is needed, to
cost $30,000. The trustees ask for
$59,716?$30,103 for maintenance aod
$29,613 for the dormitory. The coltec*
has; nroven a s^eat success.
The colored Normal and Industrial
College at Orangeburg is doing: excellent
work. There were 960 students
enrolled in October, though the accommodations
can comfortably take
only about COO. Other buildings are
The law as to the formation of new
counties needs amendment, and the
Governor CDmmends the subject to the
attention of the Legislature.
The new year finds our State and
her people and her institutions in ?.
prosperous and happy condition, and
I cannot help but feel a just pride in
the showing made for the past two
years.^Our farmers have been blessed
with abundant crops of all kinds; our
industries nave nearly doubled and
have paid handsome dividends to investors
; our credit at home and abroad
ranks with that of muc'n richer States;
our peop le are becoming more economical
and adding materially to our
wealth and comforts. We have no
riots or uprisings of a serious nature,
j and education, Christianity, temperance
and aevoiion to religious princi'
pies characterize our citizenship. In
conclusion, permit me to say that I
have endeavored to present to you the
condition of the State and the several
departments without any high sounding
praise of officials or attempt to
conceal rhe true status of affairs.
Facts are stubborn things sometimes,
but you are entitled to have facts, and
not opinions. As chief executive, I
have endeavored to be charitable in
dealing with some pnases of humanity,
and possibly I have been too much so.
I have the satisfaction of knowing,
however, that the interests of the
State have not suffered. Ia surren-1
dering my corn mission to the peoDle j
who gave it tome, I do s:> with the!
consciousness of having doce my duty
as best I saw it. Tae burdens resting
upon the chief executive are by no
means light, and his patn is by no
means an easy one. Make enemies he
must, and friends are sometimes enemies
in disguise. There are some
whom I am proud to call my etumies;
there are none whom I fear to meet.
To my politic? enemies, let me say
that I cherish no malice towards those
orl-in liflwo friTicrhf. mfi and in the
mutations of politics we may jet be I
friends fighting side by side against
those whose hands I have stayed from
j the public till. Lst me thank those
of my colleagues who have rendered
| me much valuable assistance in conducting
the affairs of the State, and
without whose advice I could hardly
I invoke the blessings of God upon
you and your deliberations, and wish
my successor a happy and prosperous
John Gary Evans,
How the Senate Will Stand.
The indications now are that the
next United States Senate will be very
close, with good chances of an antiRepublican
majority. This is not
very cheering for Mr. McKinley and
those who think with him on the tariff
and other questions. The Atlanta
Journal figures out that thirty-one
senatorial seats will be. vacant on the
4th of March, next. One of these is
the vacancy from Delaware, caused by
the failure of the last legislature to
elect. Thirty senators retire by rea?
? ? - ? ^ ~ 4-V* * V?
SOU UI tilts CAjJirai/iuu ui wen. wiuid.
Of the 59 hold-over senators, 2S are
Republicans, 21 are silver Democrats,
4 are sound money Democrats, 3 are
Populists, and 3 are silverites or silver
Republicans. Of the 30 outgoing
senators, 10 are Republicans, 10 are
silver Democrats, 4 sound money
Democrats, 3 Populists and 3 silverites.
In seven states the legislatures
have already made choice of senators.
Senators Morrill and Allison have been
re-elected; Senators Pugh, Blanchard
and Gordon, Democrats, are to be
succeeded by Messrs. Pettus, McEnery
and Clay, who are of the same party;
while in Maryland Mr. Wellington,
Republican, displaces Senator Gibson,
Democrat, and in Ohio, Mr. Foraker
Republican, displaces Senator Brice,
Democrat. Adding these senators to
the hold-overs, we have 32 Republicans,
24 silver Democrats, 4 sound
money Democrats, 3 Populists and 3
silverites before any of this month's
elections are held. Of the 24 remain
ing seats, 10 are certain to be filled by
Republicans, xney win De eiecieu ia j
California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana,
North Dakota, New Hampshire,
New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania
ana Wisconsin. Four States
are sure to. choose Democrats: Arkansas,
Florida, Missouri and South
Carolina. In eignt of the remaining
ten states, namely, Colorado, Delaware,
Idaho. Kansas, Nevada, South
Dakota, Utah and Washington, antiRepublicans
control the legislatures,
and nothing but the inability of those
elements to combine can prevent the
election of Democrats or silverites or
Populists. The other two states are
Kentucky, whose legislature is Republican,
and will probably elect a Republican
senator, and North Carolina,
where the re-election of Senator Pritchard,
Republican, turns upon the interpretation
which the Populist mem bers
of the legislature put upon their fusion
pledges. Even if the Republicans
should elect Senators in Kentucky
and North Carolina one more
vote besides that of the vice president
will be needed to give a Republican
majority in the senate. There is no
chance for them to get that one vote,
and President McKiniey may as well
make up his mind to have an anti-Republican
A Convenient Invention.
An Orangeburg farmer comes to the
front with a new invention in the
shape of a Lubricator for oiling vehicle
wheels without taking them off
the axle. It is inserted in the hub
between two of the spokes. When
you want to grease your wheel all you
have to do is to withdraw a plunger,
which operates with a spring, and put
as much oil as is needed on the axle.
Upon being released the spring closes
up the oil hole until it is opened for
oiling up again. It is a very ingenious
and clever device, and is bound to
be used generally. With these lubricators
a vehicle can be oiled up anywhere
along the road ia less than one
minute. Tne patent for this valuable
invention is owned by the National
Lubricator Company of Orangeburg,
S. C. Mr. Jas. L. Sims, Editor and
Proprietor of the Orangeburg Times
and'Democrat, is the manager of the
company, which is a guarantee that it
is all right The company wants an
agent in this county to sell the Lubricators.
See advertisement in another
Cleveland, Jan. 13.?Last night
three masked robbsrs went to the
home of David Culberson, a wealthy
farmer, 75 years old, living near
Wadsworth, 0. One levelled a revolver
at the heads of the terrified
farmer and his wife and daughter.
The intruders demanded money. Mr.
Culberson gave 1 hem $25, all he had
in the house,and a check for $50. The
robbers had, an idea that a large sum
was concealed in the house and they
proceeded to pull off Miss Culberison's
clothed and with iron heated at the
stove they burned and tortured her in
a terrible manner in the hope of drawing
from her the supposed hiding platfe
of the money. She finally fainted!
and ihe robbers left.
Denver, Col. Jan. 13.?The most
simple and unpretentious inaugura
ji. _ c I
tion ceremony m me nisiury ui y^uiurado
marked the inauguration of Governor
Adams at noon today. Mr.
Adams walked over from his residence
to the capital, took the oath of
office before Chief Justice Hayt, tben
read his address before the assembled
legislators, and, returning to his office
began the duties of his new position.
There was no parade and t&e total
cost of the celebration was $3 50 for
the printing of tickets of admission to
the capitol building. The governor in
his inaugural demands the most rigid
economy in the conduct of state affairs
A Fickle Woman.
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 13.?A. special
from Yazoo City to the Clarion-Ledger
says a Miss Vaughn, of G-reenwood,
and Mr. Russell, of Hollendale were
to have been married today, 150 invitations
having been sent out, one of
which reached Mr. Berry, a former
sweetheart, at the A. and M. college.
He threw aside his books and took the
first train to Greenwood, repairing to
the home of the young lady. She
agreed to marry him and he got the
preacher at once. The happy couple
went for their future home at Yazoo
City, leaving: Russell dazed. The
parties stand high socially.
A sporting man in New York died
from blood poisoning caused bycouot
ing bank bills. He put his fioger to
his lips for moisture instead of using a
sponge. Dirty bills are dangerous
when manipulated in that fashion. ,
Pianos by the Mil?.
See Ludden and Bates1 new advertisment
of one thousand Mathushek
pianos. Suppose them all loaded on
to wagons in one srand procession,
allow 15 feet for each wagon and
team and the line would be nearly
three miles long. That is just the
wholesale way this great southern
house does business. Having: acquired
an interest in the noted Mathushek
Piano factory, they are now supplying
purchasers direct and saving all
intermediate profits. This means a
saving of frDm $50 to $100 on each
piano, and the securing of one of the
oldest and most reliable instruments at
a remarkably low figure. Better write
them at Savannah, Ga , or at 93 Fifth
ATTO "Moor "YV?*Ir riitTT
Believed In Silvar.
Cy-NTHianA, Ky., Jan. 13?Major
Jac3b Crostwaith died at his home at
Connersville yesterday. An ardent
free silver Democrat in life. Maj.
Crosthwait left a will in which he directed
that the base of this monument
be of silver, on which to be the in
scription: "Free silver at the ratio of
16 to 1." The will 'will probably be
contested by the relatives of Crcsthwait
on the grounds of insanity.
That of all the diseases that affeci,
mankind, diseases of the kidneys are
the most dangerous and fatal. If this
be so, how important it is that the
kidneys be kept in a healthy condition.
The use of Hilton's Life for the
Liver and Kidneys will do this. It is
the "ounce of prevention" in these
The trust worthy ?ure for the Whiskey,
Opium, Morphine and Tobacco Habits.
For further information address The
Keeley Institute, or Drawer 27, Columbia.
Postmasters, Railroad Agents, Cenera
Store Keepers, Clerks, Ministers, or any
other person, lady or gentleman, who can
devote a little or all of their time to onr
| bnsi-ess. We do not want any money in
advance, and pay large commissions to
those who work for as. We have the best
Family Medicines on earth, and can produce
lots of testimonials from oir home
Send for bl3iik application and circular.
BRAZILIAN MEDICINE CO.,
844 Broadway, Aa?u3ta. G-a
H U JLLJiK.
The only machine that In oneioperation
CLEAN, BULL AND POLISH
rough rice, putting It in merchantable condition,
ready for table use.
SIMPLE AND EASY
to manage. Write for prices and terms.
Corn Milis, Saw Mills, Placing Machined,
and all kinds of Wood-working
Talbott and Llddell Engines and Boilers
on hand at factory prices.
| V, G. Badliam,
COLUMBIA, S. O.
Advice to Mothers.
We take pleasure in cslllng your atten
fclon to a remedy so long needed in carrying
children safely through the critical
stage of teething. It is an incalculable
blessing to mother and child. If you are
disturbed at night with a sick, fretful,
teething child, use Pitts' Carminative. It
will give instant relief, and regulate the
bowels, and make teething safe and eisy.
It will cure Dysentery and Diarrhoea.
Pitts Carminative !s an Instant relief foi
colic of infanta. It will promote digestion,
give tone and energy to te<* stomach and
bowels. The sick, puny, suiTering child
will soon become the fat and frolic ring Joy
of the household. It is very pliant ic
the taste and only cost 25 centaur bottle.
'Sold by druggists and by
THE MITE SAY DBU3- (JO.,
Columbia, 8. C.
| AG-ifiiSTTS WAST$
$ In each county in South Carolina &
'< to introduce a LUBRICATOR for *T?
5? oiling vehicle wheels "without reQ
moving the wheel from the axle. It $
O is a reccnt South Carolina inven- O
<5 tion, and will sell rapidly, as it is Ss
SaS n. vprv convenient device. Exclu
v sive territory given to the right v
$ man. For particulars address, 33
3S'NATIONAL LUBRICATOR COMPANY J
v Lock Box .No. 4->, $
g ORANGEBURG, S. C. g
BUSINESS ' |
doesn't always mean a cbance
to get work, ifs a business
opportunity to have a chance to
save money on the necessities
of Ufa. Yoti can find a chanca
like that at o.ur store.
We are now offering
WELCH & EASOtf'S PEBFEOTIO* %
FLOUB ":" &
Superfine Quality at .. ~$L50 barre 1 ~ 9
Best Patent Floor at .. 4.25 barrel vjii
Choice Family Flour at ...?4.00 barrel
BEST GRANULATED SUGA.B 8
In 100 pound sacks at....-- ~5c " pound
In smaller quaatities at..?...... 5 ^c pound
GOOD GRANULATED SUG^R
In 224 pound sacks at ~4J?c pound K
In 100 sacks at i%c pound
In smailler quantities at ..~.5c pound M
At 40, 50, 64, 70 and 80 coats a peck. 81
In 2 pound cans at .~5e a can...60c a dozen
In 3 pound cans at ...6c a can?72c a dozen
PUKE LARD?BEST QQALITT. >50
pound cans per can 53,00,..
20 pound cans per can U25 .
10 pound cans per can.........?... ... 75
5 pound cans per can...? w
3 pound cans per can.M.M~.~~.>~.~*~ * 25"
COMPOUND LABD. . ..
50 pound cans per can....~..?.~~~~......$2.75 ,-A
20 pound cans per can........J............. .1.15
10 pound cans per can 70
5 pound cans per can?.. <M <? *< Ml - 35 :
3 pound cans percan....?....~....?~..^ 25 .
Good Bio Coffee ?18c pound .
Best Bio Coffee ...."....20c pound
Higher grade Coffees at very reasonable.
Corned Beef 1 pound cans - 10c '
Corned Beef 2 pound cans 20c
Boast Beef 1 pound cans....................~10cRoast
Beef 2 do and cans ........ 18c
Potted Ham, small cans, 5c can. 50c doze?
Potted Earn, lar je cans, 10c can, $ 1.00 doz.
Potted Tongue, small, 5c can, 50c dozen ''
Dried Beef, Armour's, 1 pound, 18c can,
52.00 dozen. '-.'l* .
Dried Besf: Armour's, X -poond, 10c can, ?
Teas at 25* 50, 75 and ?L00 poond. Evsry
siyle and variety. ' "tjWe
make it to yonr advantage to buy
your Groceries of as- Try us.
Get a copy of our Prices List It is a
handy and newsy little book,,
WELCH & EASQJS",
185 and 187 Sleeting and 117 Market Sts.,'
CHARLESTON, S. C.
I"MATHUSHEK"-The Piano for a lifetime.
j When other
g LUDDEN & BATES, interested in
ga this Factory, now offer this great stock
g at to SiOO less thnn former prices. Xo
gj strictly High Grade Piano ever sold so low.
I ONE PROFIT from Factory to Ccnsomer. I
gj Greaterinducements thaneverinslightg
ly used Pianos and Organs?many as
j? good as new?sold under guarantee,
gj Latest Styles. Elegant Cases. Also
I New STEINWAY Pianos,
Mascn & Hamlin Organs.
3 Write for Factor.* Prices and Bargain Lists.
ILUDDEN & BATES, SAVANNAH, 6A.
All Sheet llusic One-Half Price.
IS]YOUR LIVER ALL RIG TTZ ] j
Axe your Kidneys ia a ha ilthy onitti 'c ? . J
If so, Hilton's Life for the Uver a ad j
Sidneys will keep them so. it I
not. Hilton's Life for the L'ver
and Kidneys will ma?e .. I
them so. A 25c bottld '* Jj
will convince Jn
yon of this j?g||
Taken regularly after meals is i. An aid te fl
digestion, cures habitual coustipiti jo, *i|
and thus refreshes and clear4 g|
both body and mind. fl
SOLD WHOLESALE BY
Fh? Marray Drug Co, 1
COLUMBIA, S. C. !
Dr. H. BAER, Charleston, SO ]
SAW MILLS, -I
E. W." SOREVEN,' p
[COLUMBIA, S. af^Djj
*; - .St,"'-"
. * . '
: ~ : .