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THE INSANE HOSPITAL
A CHARITABLE INSTITUTION THAT IS
A CREDIT TO THE STATE,
Good Work Doss by SupsriDitrdent U *b
ccck-H.'s Annual BspsrSto Tie legisla
ture?Ovar El?fc? Thousand Patients
The State Hospital for the Insane is
one of the best managed institutions
in the State, and in the South, and
every citizen of the State ought to feel
proud of *he institution. If there ever
was a rn^n. who worked hard for the
insane it is Dr. J. W. Babcoc's, the
superintendent of the Hospital. Hs
has sacrificed his own interests to re
main in the State and try to build up
the Hospital for the Insane.
The State has cause for congratulaJ.;
xl-.i. U nt
lioii mat Willie me average m i
inmates of the Hcspitsd has bsen con- j
staiiUy en the iscreaso the cost to the j
State has not increased a cent. Dr.!
Babcock, the superintendent of the j
Hospital, has collate a series of inter-!
esiing statistics and the report he hss I
made contains in a condensed form j
much that is valuable to the financial
history of the institution.
The following is a summary of the
financial history of the Asylum, now
. Hospital for the Insane:
Date of opening, 1828; estimated
-rrr> Mol G<+aiiq irtrTiirfin <?
VQIUO VI vvwm.V, ^ .
ings, $250,0C0; total acreage 350; acres j
of land under cultivation, 300; daily j
average number under treatmeist, 875.
RECEIPTS DUELS"G THE YEAR.
From State treasury, fcr
maintenance* $100,000 CO
From pay patients.. 5,010 S9
Balance of laundry insurance
fund............... 149 24
From all otber sources...... 906 26
Total'recepts during theyeai$lC6,CS6 39
DISBURSEMENTS DURING THE YEAR.
Sallies and wages 40,190 47
Other ordinary expenses... 4,250 31
Tr?ral fiishnrepmp'nfs ilari p rr
tin? year?-?? *, $102,290 49
Balance remainiEg oil hand December
31, 1897, $3,775 39.
Annual per capita, cost on current
expenses, $112 31; daily .per capita,
$30 77; maximum rate of wages paid
attendants, men, $24; women, $21;
minimum wages paid attendants, men,
$15; women, $10; percentage of d2iiy
population engaged in some kind of
useful occupation, 50 per cent, estimated
value of farm and garden products
during the year, $21,793 99; estimated
value of articles made by patients
during the year, $2,5C0.
MOVEMENT OF POPULATION,
By reference to the tables it will be
seen that the year opened with a population
of 842, of whom 225 were
white men and 291 white worries, 177
colored men and 149 colored women.
Admissions during the year were 401,
divided respectfully among white,
men 119, white women 111, colored
men 94, and colored women 77. The
total number under treatment during
the year was 1,257. The daily average
was 875, the highest number being 935
and the lowest 821.
The following table summarizes the
more important statistics for the past
seventeen years. Admissions:
Year. - White. Colored. Total.
1881 .. ? 210
188 2 149 116 265
188 3 125 115 240
188 4 *...147 151 298
188 5 ...12S 88 216
188 6 130 107 237
1887. 113 115 228
1888 130 122 252
* 1889..........140 162 302
1890 157 165 322
1891.. 155 155 311
1892.. 167 151 318
189 3 160 155 315
189 4 160 149 309
iqqk i rrc\ 174 244
1896. (14 mos)219 163 337
1897 230 271 401
The total number of admissions since
the opening of the hospital is 8,316, of
whom 4,898 have been recaived since
ADiHSSIOXS ASD DISCHARGES.
With the exception of January,each
month shewed an increase in the population,
The daily census of 823, January
24, rcse to S23 October 18, and
the year closed with 923 patients in
the Hospital. It must be remembered
that this largely increased population
has been received in almost the same
quarters we had ten years ago. Without
the Dix cottage, however, we
would have been unable to provide
accommodations for white women after
April 1, except as a vacancy occurred.
either through death or a dis
One of the most striking lessons
of our statistical tables for the j)ast
few years has been the increasing
number of admissions of persons over
60 years of age, and that the larger
proportion or these have been white
men and women. The table also indicates
that of the acute forms of insanity,
mania prevails among the men
of both races and meiaxchoiia among
the women. The total number of 46
epileptics were admitted, the larger
proportion, being among men. The
total discharges during the year were
OCIA Af Q7 rwa-M/i ^Arwa ac?
Uicog, Ul kCUb XXKJJULA\* oo
recovered; 10 as much improved; 22,
as improved; 28, as unimproved.
The mortality was 142. There are
two leading factors which tend to
swell our mertality lists. One of these
is the fact that for many years this
Hospital practically received all patients
for whose admission application
had been made. In other words, there
has been nc selection of patients.
This custom brings to our wards patients
in all degrees of physical exhaustion?many
beis? moribund on
The other factor is the' great foe of
the insane in all lands?tuberculosis.
This subject has besn dwelt upon at
length in former reports, so that it
need be only briefly touched upon
here. No less than 58 patients?10 per
cent, of the whole number who died?
died 'f some form of tuberculosis.
rPV*4#>? r*?c4- nvowolAMf n rr r.n I
JL1XXO V4AOVv>U3V AO Ui O > aiCiib
the colored patients. * These facts and
observations are not exceptional in
this hospital, but the same conditions
exist in other asylums, at home and
abroad. Until the disease is mora generally
recognized and treated as sre
other communicable disease?, that is,
by isolation and disinfection, we are
not likely to succeed in greatly reducing
the mortality from the scourge of
The annual occurrence of a few cases
of typhoid fever still serves to indicate
defects in cur water supply or plumbing
During the year our male wards
were visited by epidemic? of mumps
and erysipelas. As the year closes all
employees and recently admitted patients
are being vaccinated as a safe
guard against smallpox, which has
appeared in the State.
In view of the unusually large num
ber of admissions last year, the paramount
question "Is insanity increasing?"
demands careful consideration
at this time. In 1853 Dr. D. H. Trt z >
vant, one of the best informed asylum
officers this State has had, gave it as
his opinion that "eventually the State
must provide for at least 400 patients.
We now admit that number annually.
Whether insanity is increasing or not.
and about that authorites difFer, it is
an indisputable fact that the State is
called upon to provide yearly for a
! much larger number cf patients than
formerly." This is c'.early shown in
the above table, but even mci-e instructive
is a table shoeing: the date on
whica each thousandth patient was
mi.- .c ? i ?i- ? ^ "He
iuc iirsi. v.l.<X +S?cember
1, COO th patient vras admitted June
13, 1857, 29 years later.
2.000th patient was admitted April
IS. 1S72, 14 years later.
3 000th patient was admitted April
20,1S78, 6 years Liter.
4,0C0ih patient was admitted Jane
14, 1883, 5 years later.
5,000th patient was admitted July
15, 1887, 4 years later.
6,000th paticst was admitted February
14.1891, 4 years later.
7,000th patient was admitted April
1, 1894, 3 years later.
S,000ih patien: was admitted April
o, o jsars laier.
It thus appears that we now admit
in three years the same number that it
formerly required thirty years to
bring to our doers.
In a discussion of the alleged increase
in insanity in the last report
just published by the Nsw York lunacy
commission, it is stated that: "The
causes and considerations which enter
into the question in its full scope are
not at all discernible on the surface;
reflection and reasoning are sure to
reveal cthe:s which it will be seen deserve
a share of attention." As bearing
upc-n the subject the same report quotes
freely from the English commission,
and eivss. among other reasons for the
alleged increase of insanity, the following,
which may be applied to South
L More extended views as to what
constitutes insanity requiring confinement.
2. The gradually increasing popularity
3 Tfce increasing proportion of old
and broken-dowr. cases.
4. The increased number of inebriates
5. A decrease in the death rate.
6. Diminution in the discharges of
7. Because of reasons stated in No.
14?a decrease in the rate of recoveries.
Ail these causes have been in opera!
tion here. The final conclusion of the
i English commission is true aJso, in
my opinion, for South Carolina. As
we have already stated, we are well
aware thai that there has been a
very large and seriously progressive
increase in the number of officially
known persons of unsound mind, but,
as we have tried to demonstrate, this
has been chiefly due to accumulation,
the rsult of several causes, which with
their modes of operation, we have enceavored
From its foundation the hospital has
admitted violent inebriates. To prevent
an abuse of this privilege a law
-i_ J 10oa
was ei!ilUi.CU ill JLOCrt, ICI^UUUIC wail
persons suffering from tiie abuse of
alcohol, opium or chloral be received
only as patients, being supported by I
their friends or, when they were not
able, from the county treasuries; in
other words, it was clearly the intent
of the law that these eases should not
be beneficiaries of the State in the
same sense ss the insane. In its purpose
this is a wise and just law. It is
not specific enough, however, in its
requirement of county support, nor
dees it specify the minimum length of
time such patients may be kept here.
It is of little use for inebriates to be
sent here for a week or ten days, till
they recover from the effects of a debauch,
and then discharge them to return
to their evil habits.
This policy has in the p3st, as your
board knows too well, reflected little
credit upon the inebriate of the management
of the hcspitaL As a rule,
county officers ignore the requirements
of pay for this class of patients.
I would, therefore, suggest that your
board recommend to the General Assembly
the enactment of a law requiring
the detention of an inebriate for
not less than sixty days, and exacting
from the family of the patient or the
county supervisor the payment of the
full rates required of pay patient?, that
is $20 85 per month.
During the year several criminals
were sent here" as insane. It appears
that the number of this class is increasing.
The commitment of such cases
to the hospital serves more frequently
10 evade the just penalty of crime than
it fulfills ;he humane purposes of an
asylum for the unfortunate. Without
here discussing at length the serious
question, I would suggest that a law
be enacted providing for the confinement
in a separate department of the
Penitenitentiary of insane criminals,
as has been done within the past year
by the State cf North Carolina. I
would also r?ise the question of jurisdiction
of Probate Judges over persons
owito/l t-.f Tho ri(W>?fiinTl of
such cases would seem to me to be
outside the pale of the Probate Courts
and to belong rather to one of the
THE PARKER BUILDING.
At its last session the General Assembly
appropriated $7,500 for a new
building for colored men. Your
board had most properly decided to
call this building the Parker buildisg,
not only because of the fact that
its erection had been proposed by Dr.
Parker in 1869, but also because of
Dr. Parker's long and eminent service
to the State as an officer of this Hospital.
immediately after tie adjournment
of the Legislature the ylans for the
building were prepared. Owing to
the small appropriation it was under
stood that we should so far as possible
do this work within ourselves.
We, therefore, found ourselves debarred
the services of both architect and
The excavation having been completed
by negro patients, the foundations
were laid Juds 1, and owing to
favorable weather the erection of the
building has since been carried on
rnntiirnnTJCfl-y. Tr.P IvjilrHno1 fr/ints
the South, and consists of three stories
above, an ample basement, except
that the central portion is carried one
story high. With the view of pos
sibie future extension of the Hospital
the middle line of the first cross section
of the southern wing of the main
building was continued through the
new building. The length of the
building is 340 feet, the main portion
forty feet wide, and the extremities
sixty-seven feet wide. The cellar, as
well as each story, is twelve feet high.
That portion of the basement nearest
to and upon the 53me level as the
main kitchen is planned for the dining
rcom, having dimensions of sixtyseven
by ihirty seven feet. The front
extension si the eastern end is to be a
bath room, t quipped with appliances
for rain bath. The first story will be
used as the kfirmary ward. The
three large rooms over the dining
room will ssrve as associate dormitories,
each accomodating forty patients.
Three similiar dormitories over the
bath room will hold twenty beds each.
and the fourth stcry thirty beds.
[ These, vrith eighty-six single rooms,
will bring up the total capacity of the
building to about three hundred beds.
The ward water closets and bath
rooms are built in a separate tower extending
midway from the building on
the northern exposure.
The walls are built on what is termed
sra-fi i i ,iiv.n.iff iri?ar .Tit'r TT.-iraTSTOesKi.1.. g aa-tss
the cavity or hollow ptec. Laving a
threeinch sdr ep?.cs bes^e^n the inner
and utter wall, thus preventing as mo
ness from reaching the inner wall,
and promoting warmth in winter and
coolness in summer. At the bass the
foundations are four feet wide and
iaid in cement, with a damp-proof
layer of tarred papei on level of next
wall, tku3 preventing the entrance of
ground air into the superstructure by
means of the cavity which extends to
the roof. The outer walls are finished
plain, with common brick laid # with
red mortar. This outer wall is tied to
the inner wall hy every five courses
and eighteen inches apart, and is furf+win^t'nore/1
at. 1 with
liivl V*.V I ...
The inside walls are struck smooth
and are ready for pairiting, thus rendering
plastering unnecessary. Ail
the brick work about the doors and
windows above tbe basement is made
with "ball nosed" brick, which pro
vides rounded corners to prevent clipping
and injury to patients by cutting
with sharp angles.
Chimneys and fire plscre have been
built at the ends and central portion,
but for the purpose of eventually heating
the building by indirect radiation
flues run in the corridor walls from
the basement to each story.
Ample provision i3 made for light
and natural ventilation by large windows,
doors, alcoves and stairway
n- TTI J.1 ?.v,?
weus. jd or iiio esuaue 01 iuux an uw
or more flues lead from each rocm
and concentrate beneath the roof
where exit is provided for by ventilating
turrets on each corner of that j
structure as well as by "star" ventilators
along the ridge of the roof.
The building is divided into three
sections by two fire walls, one of
which forming the inner cross will of
the dining room and associate dormitories
rises three feet above i:he roof.
The other, or middle fire waL, serves
ss an outside w*U and extends without
window or other openings a story
above the eastern ^iag.
A wide stairway leads from the
basement to the top story in each of
j-\? iU-? -C /Nvt a o4 n Ax
I Lit) IX1TCO iiro CFniUVUO v.uo at WM1W1
end on the rear and central one in
front. The windows are finished on
the inside with a sloping or beveled
still, thus preventing patients from
standing upon them.
The plans include on the southern
or front exposure a piazz* on each
wing and a central porch, all having
brick substructure. Provision has
also been m2de for erecting at the ea3
tern extremity v? rand as similar to the
ones now on the other buildingsThe
appropriation for the building
was exhausted about November 1,
when the brick work was about twothirds
finished. After consulation
with Governor Ellerbe, it was decided
that.in view of the fact that a force of
experienced workmen was upon the
ground, and since the brick could be
obtained from the directors of the Penitentiary
and from Capt. Giugcard on
I credit, the better course would be to
i push the building to such a state of
completion as would prevent injury
to the work already done by exposure
to tho weather. This course having
i been determined upon, the work has
bsen continued upon borrowed money
and b.T the time for the session of the
Gener.il Assembly the building will
ba nearly under cover. The dining
room was so far completed that Christmas
dinner was served and a Christmas
dijice held therein.
A fL-e occurred about 1P.M., June
2, desiiroying the laundry, electric
plant carpenter shop and mill and injuring
the boilers and engine. The
fire originated in the southern end of
the laundry building from a defect in
theSffoe of the stove for heat Satirons.
So much headway had been made by
tie firs between the celling and the tin
roof before its discovery that the efforts
of the city fire department which
came to our relief was of little avail
other than to save adjoining buildings.
rm < i .j
-LiLO prupcrty was iuauiou uuuu tui
80 per cent, company insurance policy
for $6,400. The adjuster offered to
pay $5,949.97 and this was accepted in
view of the fact that the walls of tha
building could be used again.
With this amount of insurance money
the laundry has been rebuilt, the
whole building being now devoted to
the purposes of the laundry, boilers
and engine, and a very complete iaundrpplant
Tiie mm is again m operation, out
we are without an independent electric
plant and carpenter shop.
It nas been thought best to take a
somewhat comprehensive review of
the financial history o! the Hospital,
so that the members of the General
Assembly may inform themselves of
past achievements as well as of futurs
needs. The following table is based
upon "he one published in the last report
of the censu3:
Total treated. Maintenance. Building
1882.... 643 $ 69,726 $43,184
1883.... 775 73.810 3,026
1884.... 789 86,078 16,560
1885?.?. 914 92,585 44,392
1886.... 859 88,772 25,889
1887.... 857 91,262 4,110
1888..894 94,143 j
1889.... 931 94,265
1891....1,081 105.950 7,591
1892.. ..1,132 92,317 9,323
1893....UC9 - 101,593 2,852
1894....1,107 92,474 9,S41
1895... ..1,157 96,563 15,902
1896....1,247* 107,282 27,601
1897....1,257 98,273 23,000
All of the building fund from 1891
inclusive is for permanent improve
The deficit of last year, 1896, $L,058.23,
had to bed made good from
this year's appropriation. Oar total
income was $103,066.39, the total expenses
$102,291.49, which gives a balance
of $3,775.90. This balance has
been used to reduce the amount of
money borrowed from the banks to
meet the expenses of the Parker building.
The total cost of maintenance
proper was $98,273.40. This amount,
divided by 875, the daily number of
average patients, gives the actual annual
per capita of $112.31, or daily per
capita of $30.77 cents.
For comparison with former years
the following tables ars presented:
1887.... 137.37 1893.... 132.80
1888.... 140.59 1894.... 123.37
1889.... 137.47 1895.... 116.76
1890.... 13L05 1896.... 107.80
1891.... 133.42 1897. 112 31
estimates for the tear 1898.
Your board, after careful consideration,
has decided to ask for special appropriations
For maintenance.... .?? .$100,000
For Parker building... 13,500
For Wallace property, debt and
interests..., . 4.840
For insurance (three years) . 1,200
For mileage and per diem regents....
The prohibition candidate in New
York is found by the corrccted returns
to have polled 650 votes, and in the
present city of Brooklyn, long regarded
as strongly inclined to temperance,
607 votes, a total in the two cities of
1,257. As his contribution to the camr\oirm
tttqp AAA if 4-V>/x-ipf Uim
pai^U *TAO 111 bUClClUAC Wi3b Llli-UL
about $4 a vote.
Governor Powers of Maine, recently
told how, when he was a young
justice of the peace, he married a
couple, later secured them a divorce,
married the man to another woman,
secured them a divorca, and later remarried
the original couple.
Tli'in^a ?grets wi-h E!:Hb?,
St?nstor Tillci ar: agr^'s ? ilb G-c-7?r
ror EUerba as to the 'o5i:; oT
dlsposi-ipc of the liquor ques'.ion. To
the Washington correspocdest of the j
News and Coiner. jic, on. we-Jr.ecdry,
cave the fo)Jo --ins? slatvment for pubh'catioa:
'1th v.eii understood'thai
the dispensary, ss no tt conducted,
with such saffguatdi as would prevent
abuses or speculation, would be
the bast system Ths only question
is what the legislature had best do
pending a dfeisien by the supreme
court of the United Slates or the action
of the house of representatives on the
bill already passed by the senate. If
Simcnton's d: cTs:on is sustained by the
supreme court, it des'roys the license
system throughout tco country, and
gives liquor, in original packages free
"entry inio every State in the Union
under the Inter Stale Commerce.
The legislature cannot afford to leave
the origins! package ttora pursuing
i rnejr pernicious irarnc, wmcn nas resulted
in a large increase of drunkenness
and crime already. I agree with
Governor Ellerbe that we hid bttt c
destroy the profit feature of the dispensary
than undertake any form cf
license, and prohibition would, in my
judgment, be a practical continuance
of the existing condition., which is free
whiskey througout the State.]A great
many people have alw&js opposed the
dispensary because of the profit feature,
and, while I could never understand
the difference between accepting
money for license and cbtaiaisg
it by profit from liquor sold in the
dispensary, I believe it is-the best for
the peace snd good order of the Staie
to forego the profit entirely rather
I tin-n n?u profit or license, we -win
gain time, and can determine -what is
best to do next winter, after the court
I has decided the question, and after the
house has passed or refused to pass
the bill which I got tho senate to.
Dr. E. M. Stuart, of Beaufort, arrived
here on last Wednesday to ex
amine into the t mall-pox situation
here and report to the State Board of
Health. Ha was taken first out to the
State Colored College in a carriage,
accompanied by Mayor J. W. H.
Dukes, Drs. J. W. Lowman and T. A.
.To-ffnrHa r<f thft Irn&l hoard nf health
and Drs. A. S. Hydrick and T. C.
Doyle, cf the city council. The eight
inmates of the house out on the /arm
known as the "pest house" were first
examined, and then the case of Jim
Banks, who has been sick at Sunnyside,
in the city, was looked into. After
thcS9 examinations Dr. Stuart expressed
it as his opinion that they
were cases of smallpox. But he considers
this is smallpox of an especially
! mild form. He stated that it appeared
I that the authorities cf Orangeburg
| had done all that cculd be done to
' prevent the spread of the disease and
recommended the same strict quarantine
against the colored colleges and
the house of Banks, on Sunnyside.
It seems that whatever might be the
opinions of our local physicians, the
cases here are to be considered as
smallpox, as this opinion has been expressed
by the representative of the
State board of health. Every precausion
will be taken by our authorities
to prevent the spread* of the disease,
and rigid quarantine will bs enforced
against all suspects. Those at the
State3 College are all at the pest house
and will be kept there uctii it is considered
safe for them to be released.
Some months ago the Sacramento
Bee asserted that a local judge had
been guilty of falsehood. The editor
of The Bee was fined for contempt by
the judge whom he had attacked.
The editor's counsel appealed to the
supreme court and contended that ss
there was a question of veracity between
the judge and the editor, tie
latter could not be denied the riejht to
prove that the judge was guil:y cf
falsehood. The case was a?gued;elab
orately by both side3, and the supreme
court, by a vote of four to three, decided
in favor of the editor. Ihe ma
jorityor tne court aeciarea cnas wane
the power to punish for contempt ia
proper and necessary, it should be
used with great discretion, ana that
the judge in the case under considera
t on had made an unwarranted assertion
of his authority. Th9 decision
has caused much comment in the California
Too Lmte David,
David B. H 11 has come forth from
his iong oyster-like retirement with
the assertion that he voted for Wm.
J. Brj an for president, aDd that ne
stands on the Chicago platform. He
claims that he is a Democrat still. He
goes on iurtner to say mat j&icnara
(Jroker fled to Earope to avoid committing
himself; but, all the same, Richard
is a pronounced goldbug. and
shall not have control of the Democratic
machine. Mr. Hill's declarations
have created quite a sensation in
New York State, and many Democrats
think teat tbe time for another
Democratic landslide is getting fully
A Washington Dlunar Party I
"John," enquired the wife of a senator
from Nevada, on his return from
his first Washington dinner party.
"What did the ladies have on at dinner
to day." With much confusion ha
replied. "Liza Jane, they did not
have on much of anything above the
table, and you know, dear, I was too
mcdest to go under it."
A Good Size Fellow.
James Mclndoo. of Madelia, is 18
years old, is six ftet ten inches tall,
and weighs 303 pounds. He wears
a twenty-four shoe and a No. 8 hat,
and drinks a gallon of water at a time
to quench his thirst. He is well proportioned,
is very powerful, and is still
growing very fast.
The State Income Ta JLstt.
The New York Daily Dry Goods
Record prints a revised estimate of the
cotton crop of 1897-8, placing the estimate
of the crop at 10,257,030 bales.
The Washington Post makes clever
use of baseball parlance in tne follow
iag paragraph: 'The New York
World calls on Mr. Bryan to drop the
silver issue and become the undisput
ed Democratic leader. As the game is
very close and there are two men out,
Mr. Bryan can be depended upon to
decline this invitation to get reckless
and get caught between gesond and
The suicide record for 1SS7 is a
startling one. Tnere were, accordicg
to the record of the Chicago Tribune,
6,600 suicides in this country, of which
5,186 were men and 1,414 women.
liOCKisg ax me causes assigned ior
these crime?, the Tribune gives despondency
as the most- prolific reason
for suicide, and poison as the most
common agency employed.
Hilton's Life for the Liver and Kidneys
is the most complete regulating
mdeicice. It is mild in its operation.
Is agreeable and pleasant to the stomach.
It will certainly build up a
weakened and broken down ctige3tion.
Eas none o? the harsh action of pills
"and other drastic purgatives. Is the
best of all appetizers. Qaick in its
beneficial effect on the kidneys. Is
purely vegetable. Can be taken at any
time. 25c, 50c and $1.00 bottles.
aggga am g x a.t- aig?aMgg
! mr?77. nATTinnxrAn'L! iff~noe* = r< n i
inth uu v ii-nixua o moo ana. |
[CONTINUED FSOil PAGE ONE. \
?.2d to the Sta^e.
The appropriation cf $2,000 /or the
salary and especs^s the phosphate
inspector is too much to pr?," considei'
lug the small return to the State from
this source. I recommend that the
office of phosphate inspector be abolished
and that the Comptroller General
fce charged with the collection of
the revenue from. phosphate raining.
The Governor rfcarsmmds that the
act creating the office of public printer
be repealed and thai the work be let
r,!!f. *r> trip. tawsvst Ha ?]sn rto.
ccmjuend that the number of special
statutes should te reduced by the enactment
of general laws, embodying
Ample provisions ana remedies for the
relief of persons, corporations and
communities, relative to subjects of a
general character and to put an end
to the present flood Gf special legislation.
As it is easier and in some cases
cheaper to apply to the general Assembly
for relief rather than to the
Courts cr cthc-r tribunals provided by
general law, the Legislature is being,
upon various excuses, subjected to
constant pressure to enact special laws
for th3 relief of individuals. Indeed,
even constitutional provisions intended
to limit such special legislation
have often beer, evaded under the
gui?o cf so-called general law.
THE SINKING FUND C03DIISSI0N.
The total value of tbe assets cf the
cumulative phosphate royalty sinking
fund is $263,007.56. 0? this amount
$37,532 was loaned toccuntiesat a rate
cf 5 per cent interest per annum. The
sinking fund has permanently invested
in State stocks $35,728 56. There is
! invested in temporary leans, under
! the Act of February 25, 1896, and
February 25,18S7, $53,484.22. This
leaves a balance of $131,262 78, which
has been deposited in bank, bearing 4
per cent, payable monthly. ?cu can
see from ihs above statement that under
the Act cf 1897 only a small
amount was lent to counties; while the
greater pari of the fund cas been deposited
in banks and is unsecured, except
by the credit of these banks. It
will also be seen that on the 31st; of
December, 1896, there was then loaned
to the banks at 4 ? per cent, interest,
and secured by a depcsit with the State
Treasurer ss collateral seeuritv of State
Brown 4 i per cent, stock, $173,984.22,
leaving only $2,816.03 cash deposited
It has been particulary unfortunate
that the office of State historian has
been made vacant by the death o? two
worthy incumbents. Since the adjournment
of the General Assembly,
the grand old Confederate soldier,
Q-en. Hugh JL. Farley, has passed
away, before he had completed the
work to which be had been assigned.
I appointed Col. John P. Thomas,
Confederate historian, to carry on the
task, "iou will find in the report of
Col. Thomas a detailed statement of
the work already done, together with
to Ka nicVipr} P?nPf?ial.
ly as to the completion of the Confederate
rolls. It is the duty of the State
to prepare an historical account of the
part taken by the commands from this
State in the great civil war and to complete
the rolls. I therefore urge that
provision be made for carrying cn this
work. To insure completion I recomDnend
that a sum be appropriated sufficient
for carrying out ihis undertaking
; and I suggest as an inducement
to its early completion that while sufficient
money be allowed monthly for
current expenses, the major portion be
paid only upon the completion and ac
ceptance of the work as now mapped
The General Assembly should give
careful consideration to the matter of
expenditures by county governments.
The system now in force is very cumbersome,
and in many counties leads
to extravagance. From the representation
by townships arises a tendency
to reciprocate favors, and this leads to
useless expenditures which, if there
were no opportunity for these mutally
beneficial'" exchanger, wcuid be
avoided. Many counties have remedied
this trouble as far as possible and
have made a further saving by placing
their officers on fixed salaries and turning
the surplus left over after paying
the salaries into the general county
I dcsira to impress upon the mem1
_ J n 1 A
oers ui me wsuerai ixbiciuui/ iuc
necessity for tbe strictest economy in
the appropriation of public monejs.
While unnecessary and excessive appropriations
of public money should
be avoided at all times, and the sirictest
economy consistent with good administration
in every branch of the
public sevvice should be at all times
enforced, there is at tiiis time a special
reason why this principle should be
carefully applied. The people have
endured a long period of businesj de- i
pression, but the present low price of
cotton, our principal money crop, has i
caused still greater depression, and the j
mercantile and industrial inactivity is :
keenly felt by all classes. As guar- :
dians of tbe public interests and custodians
of the public funds the p&ra- '
mount question at this juncture, when i
considering the appropriation of the ;
people's moaey, should be. Can this
expenditure be deferred without injury
to the public interests, until business
shall have resumed its normal activi- 1
ty? On scsount of low prices and the :
scarcity of money the burden of taxation
presses with more than usual ;
severity upon the people, and in no :
way can ycu more richly merit their ;
approval and gratitude or justify their 1
confidence in you than by judiciously j
striving to lighten this burden. j
I have endeavored, after a study of <
the State's affairs, to maka such reeom- j
mendations to you as seeurproyer and i
jast Tne Governor cannot" make ]
laws?to jou alone is entrusted, as it :
should be, the power to pass bills and to
change existing laws for bettering
the conditions of our institutions and
for reducing taxes. My recommendations
are msrelv advisory; the re 1
sponsibility fcr the passage cr defeat
of bills, introduced or recommended,
iifs with you. It is my desire to cooperate
during the coming session, as
during the past, with your respective
bodies and members in the interest of
the taxpayers and of our people generally
; in that behalf I will at all
times be pleased to consult with committees
or with individual members.
The responsibility fcr the defeat of
any good measure for whatever reason
shall not rest on the Executive
ncr snail x aiiow myssu to oe muuenced
in any of my actions by intimations
that my measures may be de- ,
feated. Personal prefference or de- '
sire shall not be indulged by me in the
proposal of any measure. If they be
found not subservient to the public
interests, my suggestions should be
ignored; if in that interest their defeat
will harm not the Executive but only
I call your attention to the repDrts
of the various State departments, 1
which will give you a morj intimate ]
insight into State affairs. In the va <
rious departments of the State Govern i
ment I find in the officers a general
disposition to follow the law and dis- :
charge properly the duties of their of- 1
fices. W. H. Ellerbe, j
' . * *- -J"' '.J.'77. ' - >*
Ths Oas?? at t?$, Colored Cciiege.
Thi /ollowirg statement is made by
President Thcs E. filler, o? the State
Colored College at Or*Bgeb?rg:
To the E -itop of Tr.e State.
On the 17ih of December Student
Montague of Spartanburg showed
symptoms of tha present disease in so
si;?*h(, a rorm (ae was neve? vaccinated)
that the most sceptical would iLave
pronounesd it chickenpox, aid it was
so pronounced on that day by Dr.
Lcwmsn. Onthe5ihof January three
new cases were developed. Montagu?,
the ntw eases aid ether persons
who had rcosed with the sick numbering
12, were immediately taken away
c'ovrn in the woods in a house teat
had been used for farm hands, and
there isolated. And the rooms occupied
by them, after haviDg removed
all the furniture and clothing down
to the farm house, were thoroughly
funigi-ed, by or je.* of D% Ljwmin.
That same night student Hicks returned
from home broken out. He
wts immediately sent to jjin the colony.
His has been the worse case,
intensified from hiving taken cold
while driving across the country wiih
the disease upon him. With the ex
cepucn or mess, wno contracted we
cold, tha other patients have suffered
little inconvenience, being up the
second day. Not one of the students
who has been attacked save student
Johnson has ever been vaccinated,
All who bave been sick, are up and
The entire school were vaccinated
on Monday tho 10ih. The students
^hose arms show sign of having been
icccculated will be revaccinated on
Monday, the 17th. The boys and the
girls occupy the same building. Tfce J
isolation h*s been so perfect that up to i
date not a single girl has taken the |
disease. We bave been quarantined, j
The disease has been pronounced]
smaDpos by Dr. Stewart, but, as in j
the be?inn:'n* of the sickaess, medical j
opinion here is still divided as to the i
nature of the disease, it is cur duty to j
keep the students here. I ask the
railroad officials and officers of the las?
to look out for my students, for some j
of them may escape, being anxious to:
get to their parents, and should they
see any of my students isolate them or
return them to me. The parents and
guardians of student'j need not be
alarmed, for the maltidy is of a very
mild form and the students are being
well cared for and attended. I call
upon the parents of students wno ara
in arrears for board to come to my
assistance in this my time of need.
One dollar now will b>3 worth 10 after
the qtiaramiae has been removed.
Thos. E- Miller, "President.
Complexion of the Senate.
Tho political complexion of the
United States senate will not be
changed Miich 4 next, as it often is
on that day. Wlien the senate membershin
is full, it consists of 90. or t.TO
from each of the 45 states. But now
there is a vacancy from Oregon, Mr.
Corbett not having been seated. The
ro3ter of the senate at the present time,
therefore, shows 89 names. The political
division is as follows: Republicans,
43; Democrats, 34; Silverites, 7;
Populisls, 5.?Total, 89. The silver
senators are: JCannoc, Utath; Mantle,
Montana; Stewart and Jones, Nevada;
Pettigrew and Kyle, South Dakota;
Teller, Colorado. To those Mr.
Wolcott of California should be added
in certain contingencies and possibly
the two senators from Wyoming and
IA'm I?J r?Vl rtf "MAwfli lr aI o
llir. XlAUdUlUUgU \JL XYUXkli JL/OAS/W>, j
The Populist senators are: Allan,
Nebraska; Butler, North Carolina;
Harris, Kansas;Heitfield, Idaho; Turner,
The term of none of the senators expires
in March. Under the law senators
are divided into three classes, and
the terms of all in one of these classes
expire 6very ether year, always in an
odd numbered year. A year from
next March, therefore, 30 senator*, i f
not re elected, will come to the end of
their service. The senators who have
but a j ear of their terms remaining
Republicans ?Aldrich, Rhode Island;
Burrows, Michigan; Clark,
Wyoming; Davis, Minnesota; HAle,
Maine;?,Ohio; Hawley, Connecticut;
Lodge, Massfcchuietts; Prcctor, Vermont;
Quay, Pennsylvania; Wilson.
Washington; total, 1L
Missouri; Daniel, Virginia;
Money, Mississippi, appointed ad in
terim; worman, raarjisna; urav,
Delaware; Mills, Texas; Mitchell, Wisconsin;
Murphy, New York; Pasco,
Florida:Roach, North Dikot3;Smith,
Ne57 Jersey; Turpie, Indiana; White,
California; Faulkner, iTTcstVirginia;
Silverites.?Cannon, Utah; MantleJ
Monlaas; Stewart, Nevada; total, 3.
Populist.?Allen,^Nebraska; total, 1.
At least two-thirds of these are likely
to be re-elected by their states.
How Ic Is Done.
To be or not to be vaccinated is a
question that is now agitating
tiie minds el many good people all
over tne state. rney ao not aesire to
go through the sore arm ordeal unnecessarily,
nor do thej wi?h to ran
risk of smallpox, if vaccination will
prevent having it. The New York
Times publishes a statement about the
the dilution of vaccine lymph with
glycerine, in Europe, which relieves
tbe experience of being vaccinated of
much of its unpleasantness, and enables
the same amount of vaccine matter
to serve from 20 to 50 times as
many patients. The Times says:
"Vaccine lymph that has been sterilized
by mixture .with glycerine is
rapidly coming into use all over Europe,
and with it the last arguments of
the anti-vaccinationists. are disappear*
La?. The rare accidents that have
hitherto given them an escise for
calling theJennerian operation dangerous
no longer take place, and even
the 'sore arm ' which some people
fciave found so objectionable, has been
reduced to a hardly appreciable annoy
id ce."?Augusta Chronicle.
Iodoform Liniment is the "nee plu
ultra" of all such preparations in remoTing
soreness, and quickly healing
fresh cuts and wounds, no matter how
trad. It will promptly heal old sores
3? long standing, "will kill the poisDn
from *'Poison Ivy" or "Poison
Dak" and cure "Dew Poison." "Will
counteract the poison from bites of
snakes and stings of injects. It is a
sure cure for sore throat. Will cure
my case of sore mouth, and is a superior
remedy for all pains and aches.
Sold by druggists and dealers 25 cents
The unusual spectacle of a mother
md daughter both appearing in ccurt
the same day a--king 'or divorces was
presented in the superior court at Anderson,
Inda few days ago. Both
were granted the decrees. The mother
was Mrs. Ella Barton,and she charged
intoxication. The daughter was Mrs.
Minnie SUn)ey, and her charge was
A young college athlete at Richmond
Hill, Long Island, saved two
lives the other day by making a leap
Df six feet through the air and striking
with his shoulders a man and
woman who stood on the edge of a
railroad track with & train almost on
them. The thock threw them to the
ground just over the edge of the track
and barely in time. i
Tixosc Uaffjicjj Parties.
: A Charleston paper, several y ear
j ago, published thn following: '"As
j exchange xsys that Luggirg parties for
; the benefit of churches are a rccent
importation into the South, but they
! are becoming very pony la? ia some
I sections, especially in Virginia. The
j prices are as folio *s: For girls under
15, 3o cents 'or & nug of 2 minutes;
from 15 to 2u >cars of age, from 35 to
75, another man's wife, $i; widows,
according to looks, from 10 cents to
$2; old maids, 2 cents apiec?, or two
for a nickel, and no limit of to time."
To which a lady very properly objected
and replied as follows: "In
your last issue there appeared a paragraph
entitled 'A Hugging Match,'
which was intended to be funny, but
which proved to be mean. It embodied
the old fossilized slur on old
maids, and averred that in the hug
ging matches now in vogue in divers
place?, while young girls and
widows were hugged at a dollar or two
each, and a very few seconds allowed
at that for the thrilling performance,
old maids were huntjgel at 3 cents
each or two for a nickel, with no limit
as to time. I'll vouch that the author
of that paragraph is a bachelor who
keeps his blacking brush on the mantiepiece,
and his ckan shirts in the
| coal box. and who is a good enough
1 J?J ? 1*^1 X
i juugc ui yinum.if iaj puu ine stoppers
cut of a bottle of corn whisky and
smell tha negro that hoed the corn.
And if the truth were only known, he
has been rejected by a dczan girls,
perhaps some old maids, any one of
whom would had to have supported
him had she been fool enough to have
had him, and all of whom render
thanks night and morning now that
they had sense enough to kick him. I
am an old maid, and I am happy. I
don't know ho<7 it feels to uncork a
bottle of paregoric at 2 a. m. to quiet
a squall that was caused by a colic in
stead of a cloud; and I am ignorant of
the process of pulling off a pair o!
muddy boots a midnight and swathing
with we} towels the burning, ach
| ing forehead of at "lord of creation,"
who promised with a lie upon his lips
at the holy altar, to love, honor and
I protect me as long as he lived. I reI
peat it, I don't know anything about
' these delights of matrimonv. I sun
pose I ought to be pitied. But I had
rather be laughed at because I am not
| married, than not to be able to laugh
be cause I am married. If you will excuse
me for being confidential, M say
! ia closing, that duriDg a career' of 30
! years I've only been hugged one time.
On that occasion, strange to say, I got
three scents. I didn't wans any
'more. The three scants I got were
scents of disgusting hair oil, rum and
An Indiana genius has beaten perpetual
motion and the Keeley motor
"out of sight" He has invented, so
he says, a perpetual light. Once set
to burning it burns forever, or until
the glass globe, which contain* it, is
broken. The substance, which is a
profound secret, is hermetically sealed
in a glass globe, where the inventor
says it will glow brightly and constantly
for all time, barring accidents.
hood is full of deep
unanswerable enigmas. 7* WW" io<^\
Why should women be \8
compelled to suffer sim- I X^&gSgfr
ply because they are women?
Why is it that the
source of their highest joys is at the same
time the cause of their greatest wretchedness?
The very attributes which make it
possible for women to be happy wives and
mothers also render them liable to the utmost
physical misery and pain.
The sufferings of body and mind caused
by some weakness of the distinctly feminine
organs are so almost universal among women
that the question might well be asfeed:
" Is this Nature's punishment for the crime
of being a woman?"
I The true answer is JNo! "inese sunenngs
are neither natural nor necessary. They
would not exist if the organism was healthy.
No woman ought to endure such troubles.
There is no need of it. Dr. Pierce's Favorite
description is a perfect and positive
cure for feminine weakness and disease.
It gives health and strength to the special
organs and nerve-centres; heals inflammation;
stops weakening drains; promotes
functional regularity, and restores the' normal,
vigorous and painless condition which
It is the only medicine of its kind invented
by an educated and experienced
physician. It is the only medicine which
qjakes baby's coming safe and comparatively
Any woman who would like to know
more about this medicine and about .her
own physicial make-up should send Zi onecent
stamps to Dr. R. V. Pierce, Bufialo,
N. Y., to pay the cost of mailing only on an
absolutely free copy of his thousand-page
illustrated book, The People's Common
Sense Medical Adviser;" or,*3i stamps for
A sure and permanent cure for constipation
is Dr. Pierce's Pellets. One "Pellet"
is a gentle laxative, two a mild cathartic.
HEMOTED FROM COLUMBIA
&BEEJmLT,]3, S. C.:
WILL BELIEVE THAT COUGH AND
GIVE rOU HEALTHFUL BEST.
GOOD FOR Sffi"nnnn
U V/W X' VJLK WJiA.NUJM.1
Waltebeoeo. S, C. Feby. 27,1897.
Deae Sib:?Having suffered several days
with ''La Grippe" and getting no relief
from many otner cougb medicine, I tried
McMillan's Grippe Cough Core, I can
truthfully say I found it the best remedy I
have ever tried, before finishing the bottle
was cured. Respectfully.
COL. B. STOKES.
25 cents for large bottle. For sale by al
Druggists. If year druggist doesn't keep
It, send us 25 cents and we will send it bj
W. C. MCMILLAN, Druggist,
Oct.29 Columbia, S. C. M
Piano . |g
Exhibit at / 1
1509 Main st: Jf
Columbia, S. C.
BEST GOODS 4H
At Fair Prices.
at My store, J
see my bargains. J
M. A. MALONE,
1509 MAIN STREET,
COLUMBIA, 8. C.,
PIANO8 AND OS3 A.KS . |jj
I HILTON'S B f
I LIFE FOB THE LIVER AXD^H* |
H KIDNEYS, as its nam8imparts, I
JH is a stlmilator and regulator .to^B ^
th?se organs. Is the best after!
meals medicine to aid digestion
Prevents Headaches. CaresMl.'
I Billioasness* Acts en tbeKld-^E
I n^within Thirty minutes,after Hf 1j
I taking, relieving aches in tfceH
I back from disorder cf thes.eor-^B - ' M
I gans. Believes all stomach H
I troables. Is entirely vegetable, mm
250, ?0: and fl 03 a bottle. Sold I
?>1,tT and bv The
I C. o
Sold by dealers generally and by
THE MQRRAY DRUG CO.
COLUMBIA -Q. X).
?f8 it&s In atiiicg year aBes
ton to * remedy k long needed to carry.
lag ciilldrea safely tttrcrogli lbs critic*! J>
itaga cf See&Infi. ts !m as incalculable
blessing to SZOSkC *U<Z Child. II JOU STS^ ?
iSstarbed *i nigfci wlSii & sick, fretfuls ijj
teething child, C3* Flttf CsrxalnsGve, it
??*ii relief, and reg&tei* ?hs
<r>?;!S, and nxsle teething rafs and ttsj.
ti -srtii core Dysentery and DisrxlMia,
Kit* CarmlraiLva la as instant "elicf tsi * ;;Jj
-oXc of infante. It srlll promsie digsrasn,
?<?e icce and energy So fee swmfcch snl
r?^e>s. tc? SICK, yvujv, sraiajriaj? cjkis \ . ? - *
^j.U caco bacome ihe tzi ?? trolIcS:# Icy
m fce ?jo5?iboia. It 22 Tsry pLsmnt so / %
>?k taste *nd ec3y aoct ?5 nssfei par ^on!j
Via by (3runlets sefi "o?
THE MUERAY DBUG CO.,
Columbia, S. C.
Us /to.tj iifafer 0/>ecf ft> Purchaser. Si
IA Good | 1
1 Piano 1 4
tj* fSSSSSSBH ^ iast * ffi
ffilBMPl^M lifetime ?
JHgBlRSlaeggBM and give 293
i Mattasiek S S
la always Good, alTrays Reliable,
"jltv always Satisfactory, always Lastlner.
You take no chances la buy- ?B
'?? in? It. >?3
??' it costs somewhat more than a 2E5
jgf cheap, jxyyr piano, but is much the S*2
3ga cheapest in the end- saw
'igtf No other H lgh Grade Piano sold so ;gS
reasonable, factory prices to retail ssis .v.
t-uyers. Easy payments. Write u*. S|S * <
fg UJDSEM & BATES, fg
Savsna&h, 6a., and Xtw York City. j?g
Address: D. A PBE3SLEY, Agent
COLUMBIA, S. C.
hi mm |
ii the most complete intern of abating J5
handling cleaning and pacXla^ cotto.iImproves
staple, saves labor, makes yen
money. Write for catalogues, no otlrr
equala it -*r|3
I handle the most improved
COTTON GINS, s
to be found on the market
My Sergeant Log Beam Saw Hiii is, in
iJmpiteity and efficiency, a wonder.
QAJSG 2DQKSS . Jg
and all wood working .nacliinery,
OIDDSLl. AND TALBOTT ?K<*i>'SS
are the beet.
Write to m ) before Saying, jj
?? a Badham,
COLTJj&BIA. S, C.
wLuibAiii^ Sii^iSr jjjf