Newspaper Page Text
SBPtefe ' ... 10
VOL.LII WINNSBGRO, S.C., WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 23, 1898. NO. 29.
THE MAINE BLOWN UP.
A TERRIBLE DISASTER IN THE HARBOR
Ore of the Flceet YejssJs Id tie United
States Navy Destroyed, and Many ot Her
Ofticers and Men Killed asd "Woonded.
The Unite i Sta'es battleshio Maine
was blown up ard totally destroyed
in the harbor of Havara en
Tuesday night a week ago. The explosicn
occurred ucd?r the men's
gjfc quarters in the forward part of the
msniD, and the death list is two huo
dred and sixty cut of a crew of about
9 three hundred and fiftv. Mcst of the
^ men were asleer> -when Ihe explosion
lock place, which accounts in some
measure for the fearful loss of life.
An hour after the explosion the bow
of the once great battleship was under
water and only a pa-t of her stern
could be seen. Tbe explosion which
shook the city of Havana from one
end to the other, created the wildest
excitement All the electric lights
were put out by the shcck. Fire engines
rushed madly from one direction
to another, and no one knew for certain
from which direction tbe explo
sion came. The cause of tbe disaster
is unknown, but is now being investigated
by a board of naval officers.
Consul General Lee, who was at the
Hotel Xnglaterra, received a telephone
messsage from General Blanco telling
him that the Maine had been blown
up. General Lee hastened to the palace,
where the cabinet quickly assembled
and orders were given the officers
and crew of the Snanish battleship
Alphonso XIII, to aid in the rescue of
the Maine's crew. All the officers
were saved except Jenkins and Meritt,
who are missing:.
One offir-er. whose name could not
be learned said of the explosion:
"I was in my bunk. When I got
on deck die had started forward.
There was a good strong breezs. The
call for all hands on deck was promptly
obsyed and the men and officers
were perfectly cool. All possible efforts
were made to check the fire, but
without avail The flames spread fast
and several explosions occarad. Mag
azines were byst open and explosives
were thrown ovorboard. In half an
hour it was aparentthat nothing could
save the ship."
A Spanish naval office? said that
Captain Sigsbee was the last man to
abandon the sinking ship and that he
remained alongside the wreck as long
as it was possible to do any thing in
the work of rescue.
The disaster is remarkable, in that
only two officers lost their lives and
these were of junior grades. They
WCIQ JJlCUkOHaiik XXiCJiU T* . vWJUAium
and Assistant Engineer Oar win R.
Merritt The former was unmarried,
but leaves a mother and sister. The
latter, it is thought, also was unmarried,
but the department was unadvised
concerning his family.
James Rowe, the ship's cook, was the
least injured of any that were rescued.
When asked how it happened, he
441 dont know. I turned in my
-hammock at 8 o'clock, and heard
three bells strike. I don't remember
fcghy thing more till I felt myself turnBp
overand over, and falling heavily
ton the deck through a mass of
HEnoke. I got on my feet and worked
my way on deck. When I got there
jr the superstructure deck was dipping
under water, and I jumped overboard
to keep from being drawn into the
suction. I was picked up by a boat
from the Spanish man-of-war. Four
more were picked up by tbe same
boat. They were Daniel Cronin, a
landsman; Cnaries Berryman, boat
swain; Aibert John, seaman, and
Bloomer, a landsman."
1 r?tTTir?rti AoVtlo wuc
received from Consul -General Lee by
the State Department at Washington
''Havana, Feb. 16.?Profound sorrow
expressed by government and
municipal authorities, consuls of for
eign nations, organized bodies of all
sorts and citizens generally.
"Flags at naif mast on governor
general's palace, on shipping in harDor
and in city.
"Business suspended and theatres
"Dead number about 260. Officers'
quarters being in the rear and sea
men's forward, where explosion took
place, accounts for greater proportional
loss of sailors.
"Funerel tomorrow at 3 v. m. OfE.
cers Merritt and Jenkins still msising.
4tSuppose you ask that naval court
of inquiry be held to ascertain cause
' Hope our people will repress ex
and naimiv await decision.
the ill fated ship.
The Maine was looked upon as a
warship that would give a good ac
count of herself in any situation. She
was builtat the New York navy yard
and since entering into active service,
on September 17, 1S95, has been continuously
at work. She was also a
steel armored battleship find was
equipped with two JO-inch barbetts
turrets. She was 315 feet long by 5S
feet beam and had a displacement of
6,682 tons. Her draft was 21 feet 6
; inches, which allowed her 10 enter
Havana harbor without trouble. She
was equipped with twin screw veriical
triple expansion engines, which drove
her at the rate of 17:45 knots an hour,
and she was thus able to make the
distance between Key West and Ha^^fcgna
in four hours. She had a maxifihgi
coal capacity of 854 tons. Her
were protected by 12 inch, her j
Mpl^Eurrets by S inch and her barbetts by
^ 12 and 10 inch armor. She was arm
ed with four 10 inch guns in turrets,
six 6 men Dreecii loading rines, seven
6-pounders, eight I-pouaciers and four
Gatlings. Tne Maine ccst $3,COO,COO
in round figures.
The following is a list cf tbc "isers
of the Maine, with their si :ie- sts as
far as obtainable at the nav; .spart*
Captain Charles D. Sigsbee, TV" ashinston.
Lieutenant Commander Richard
Lieutenant G. F. Hclman, California,
Lieutenant John Hood, Florence,
Lieutenant C?rl W. J an gen. New
Lieutenants (junior grade) G. P.
Blow, Lasalle, Iu.; John J. Blanain,
Greenwood, Md.; F. W. Jenkins,
> Allegheny City, Pa.
Naval cadets?W. T. Cluverius, Jr.,
Louisiana; Amen Bronson, Nebraska;
D. F. Boyd, Jr., Alabama.
Surgeon L. G. Heaneberger, Harrisonburg,
Va.; Paymaster, C. M. RsvWasihincton.
Chief Engineer C. P. Howeil, Go
:shen, N. Y; Past Assistant Engineer j
j F. C. Bowers. Brooklyn. N. Y.
Assistant Engineers J. R. Morris,
I Oregon, Mo.; Darwin R. Merrit, Red
Engineer cadets, Pope Washington, j
North Carolina; Arthur Crenshaw,
Alabama. Chapl?in, J. P. Obadwick,
New York, N. Y.; First Lieutenant
Marines Albert W. Catlin, Minnesota, j
j BLAMES THE SPANIARDS.
[Naval OSlcrs TbioK Tiey Bl<iv Up
j The Washington correspondent of
the News and Courier says: Spanish
treacbery appears to be the cause or
the destruction of the battle ship
Maine in the harbor of Havana. That
is the opinion of the best officers of
the navy, including Chief Naval Con|
structorHichborn, Assistant Secretary j
Roosevelt and a majority of the mem|
bers of Congress, who are familliar
witQ ice circumstances surruuim.u^
the terrible event. Although the reports
received from Capt. Sig?bee and
Consul General Le? are lacking in de
tail, ana the responsibility for the disaster
is not fixed, the prevailing: senti
ment here is that the explosion was
caused bj the use of torpedoes guided
by an unfriendly hand. The greatest
excitement prevailed throughout the
city Wednesday and from early
morning to the hour of closing the
Executive mansion and the navy department
bavo been crowded w::th
earnest seekers for the latest information
from Havana relative to the
President McKinJey is disposed to
attribute the terrible calamity to the
Maine to some unaccountable accident,
but he does not have many supporters
in that theory. The practical men of
ths navy are willing to stake their
reputation upDn the assertion that the
circumstances do not admit of the sc j
Chief Naval Constructor Hichborn, j
regarded as ore of the best and most
fearless men in the navy, went all
over the plans and drawings of the ill
fated ship with your correspondent,
and decided beyond reasonable dcub:
'the impossibility" of sueh an accident
occurring;. He exploded the theory
put out by Blanco in his discatsh to
the Spanish legation her?, indicating
that the accident was due to the explosion
of the donkey engine, which runs
the dynamo immediately over the forward
magazine. According to the plan
of th9 ship the donkey engine is employed
in running the dynamo.
It is run ono of the regular
boilers, o? which there are
eight, which performs all of
the auxiliary functions aboard Jhe
ship. Commodore Hichborn says the
theory of spontaneous combustion
will not hold water, for the character
of the powder and ammunition, and
the precaution taken to pro.ect them,
all combine to render such an occur
rence out of the question. He is convinced
that when the divers come to
take a look at the bottom of the ship
it will be found that the indentations
will turn inward, showing that the
concussion came from the exterior instead
of the interior of the vessel.
Nearly all of the experienced officers
of the navy agree with Commodore
Hichborn that the destruction of the
Maine was accomplished by the use of
torpedoes. It is known that th? feeling
of resentment against theUaited
States by Spanish residents of Havana
is intense, and there are a number .of
Snanish Guiteaus at laree in that city
j who would glory in dynamiting an
' American war ship or io assassinating
I an American citizen. Uader the cir
j cumstances it ts almost irnpcssible to
[locate the responsibility cr hold the
i Spanish G-overnment accountable for
j the fi?nd;sh act committed in the har
i fcor of Havana under the cover of darkness.
Assistant Secretary Roosevelt says
he is convinced that the deslraction
of the Maine was not an accident. Hi
says further that it is impossible for
Capt. Sigsbee to furnish the world
with a detailed account of the terrible
happening and the cause of the same.
Cap:. Sigsbee was in his cabia at the
time of the explosion, and he barely
escaped half clad. He received reports
from his subordinate officers at eight
beils, 8 o'clock, ao aoucclag that everything
was "welP' in the various departments
of the ship. According to
the regulation the magazines were care
fullv insnprted at 8 o clock. and the
?v -?r-w*? ? - ~ 7
engineer mast have reported every
thing ail right in the engineering department.
The most reasonable theory advanced
in naval circles is to the effect
that torpedoes were employed. The
question arises whether tuey were
sub marine, operated from sherd, or
whether they we-e used, as is frequently
the practice, jy the drifting pro
cjss; t'na;is, to attach two torpedoes
to a cable a certain distance apart and
let them drift with the tide toward the
bowiof the ship to be attacked. The flow
of the current would cause them to
come in contact with the sides of the
ship, prodacing a concussion, followed
by instant explosion.
What tho Survivors Say.
The steamship Olivette arrived at
Key West Wednesday night with a
large number of tee wounded and
many otner survivors of the Maine
disaster. The officers were, as a rule,
reticent, and followed in line with
their chief, Sigsbee, in saying that the
cause of the explosion could only be
ascertained by divers, bat many of the
sailors were outspoken in their declaration
of belief that the explosion was
a deep laid plot of the Spaniards.
They are greatly incensed against the
Havana people, who have shown
tnern smailcourtesy,who looked upon
their presence as a national aifront.
and who have published anonymous
circulars captioned "Down with Americans."
Tney believe that the author
of such expressed and cowardly natred
would no; slop at an act o: such
ter; i tie vengeance as the bjowing up i
of the Maine. These .sailors, acquainted
with the drills, discipline and ensemble
cf a man of-war. pooh-pooh
the idea of an explosion as the last
thing to be thought o,:.
Pi&th lo Aaseiic*ns.
Frank Jungen, of .ilianeapolis, re - j
I ceived a letter a few days ago from i
j his brotner, First Lieutenant C. W. i
! Jungen, who was one of these saved i
frcm the Maine, in winch the latter j
said there was a very bitter feeling in j
Havana against tne Maine ana ner J
cScers- Whenever they went on
shore great excitement aad evidences j
o; antagonism were visioie. He enclosed
a translaiian ci a handbill j
headed "Dsath to Americans," which j
had been circulated in Havana. In
the opinion of tbe writer, there was j
| an element in Havsna that would!
quickiy make trouble if opportunity j
THE SENATE ADJOURNS. '
THE LAST CAV3 CF THE SESSION OF
The Jim Crow Car Bill Passed by a Z.srjje
2Zj>joxiiy?Cther BUIb P8B5c<l--PreEldent
filcSweeEey Complemented bj the Senators
la the Senate Monday a house resolution
came up providing: for a
[committee of one senator and
i t^o represer taiives to investigate what
! disposition should be made of liquor
'samples received by the state board of
! control, and on motion of Mr. May
j 6eld was indefinately postponed. Mr.
I said it was too late for such
I invpstigatior. at this session.
When Mr Moses' bill came up proI
viding for the creation of L?e county.
Mr. Haymored to indefinitely pestpone
the bill. This motion was lor.t
and the bill forming Lse county was
| The Pee Dse county matter then
came up and after some discussion
was referred bac? to the people for
I The separate coach bill was then
taken up and passed its second reading
by tbe following vote:
Yeas?Alexander. Archer. Brown,
Connor, Dean, Gainfs, Griffith. Henderson,
Love, McAlhsny. McCa'la,
McDanie), Moses, Mower, O'Dell, Pett:grew,
Ragsdale, Sudaalh and Wal
Nays? Baict, Dennis. Douglass. Da
Bose, Hay, Je if dries, Lesesne, Mauldin,
Ma-vfield, Millar, Norris, Scarborough,
Sloan, Stackhouse, Talbird,
Turner, Waller and Williams?18.
Immediately after the Ssnate opened
on Tuesday Mr. Daan moved to reconsider
the vote whereby the house
resolution of Monday providing for
an inquiry into the disposition of liquor
samples by the State board of
control was indefinitely postponed.
After some discussion the motion was
adopted by the following vote:
Ayes?Alexander, Archer. Brown,
Buist, Connor, Dean, Dennis, Douglass,
DuBose, Hay, Henderson, Jeffe
ries, Love, May field, McAlbany. Miller,
Mcses, Mower, Norris, O'Deil,
Pettigrew, Ra.esdale, Scarborough,
Sloan, Talbiri, Turner, Waller?27.
Nays?Gaines, Lesesne, McCalla,
McDaniei, Stackhouse, Suddath, Wallace?7.
The chair appointed Mr. Ragsdale
on this committee.
Mr. Gaines offered a concurrent resolution
calling for the appointment of
a commission consisting of one senator
and two representatives to investigate
road improvement, tbe said commission
to receive the sum of $50
each and permission to accept free
transportation from railroads and the
right of the investigation to be reportby
bill or otherwise at the next
session of the legislature. The resolution
was then adopted.
The house bill to provide for the
taxation of telegraph, telephone, palace
car, sleeping car, drawing room
car, dining csir, express and fast
freight, joint stock association ;, companies,
copartnerships and corporations
transacting business in the State
of South Carolina, and to repeal acts
ill conflict, creaied much debat9. Tiie
senate committee, to which was refer
red the bili, offered an amendment
which provide! the taxation of the
above named concerns Dy a different
plan. The speeches pro and con were
numerous and when the vota was finally
taken it resulted in the rejection
of the amendments and the passage of
the bill by 21 ayes and 11 nays.
A concurrent resolution forbidding
the granting of hotei privileges by the
dispsnsary was the occasion of an
The vote on rejection of the resolution
| Yeas?Buist, Dannis, Gaines, Hay,
Henderson, Mauldin, Miller, Moses,
Slcan, Talbird, Wallace?11.
I Nays?Alexander. Archer, Connor,
Dean, Douglass, DaBose, Griffith,
Jefferies, Lesesne, Love, Ma> field,
McA-lhaney, filcDanieL Slower, Norris,
O'Dall, Pettigrew, Riesdale, Scarborough,
Stackhouse, Suddath, Turn-1
T-rr ii-- TXT. n _ _ c\ A I
er, vvaner, wuiistus??-?.
When the Jim Crow car bill was
taken up for its final reading last
night Mr. Moses amended by providing
that railroads must have one sec;ond-class
coach to every train ia
[ which ail persons paying a second
class fare can ride.
Mr. Henderson amended by making
the lavr go into effect the 1st of September.
Mr. Miller had all narrow gauge
Mr. ScarDnrough amended by providing
that the provisions of the bill
do not apply to roads under 40 miles
Mr. Buist amended that nothing in
tbe act shall foroid railroads from attaching
passenger cDaches to 'reight
Mr. Sloan moved ti strike out the
enacting words. By the following
vote the senate refused to do so:
Lesesne, Mauldia, Miller, Norris,
Sloan, Stackiicuse, Taibird, Tamer,
Nay s?Arc her, Bro wn, Connor. D ean,
DuBose, Gaines, Henderson^Jtiferies,
Majnsld, McAlhuny, McCalia, Mc
Daniel, Mcses, Mov7er, O'DeL', Petti
grew, Baesdaie, Scarborough, Sud
dath, Wallace, Waller?21.
After some further amendments had
been offered and voted do^n Mr. Norris
moved to indefinitely pastcone the
There were several speeches made
for and against. Mr. Henderson
brought out the point that as the rail
roads had of their own volition established
separate wjiitin? rooms atde
po:s that it was ri?ht they should pro
i vide separate accommodations on
j Some one of the speakers thought
I mat tne races saouja oe Kept sjparaieu
| for were they not the day might come
[ when there would be intermarriages,
j Mr. Sloan got the floor and in the
: ecurs? of his speech scouted the idea
! that the races would ever intermarry,
j Mr. Archer d the speaker's at;
tention to the ia<?t that he nad seen in
the newspapers of last week that a
oil! was pending in ihs Maryland
legislature legalizing such marriages.
Mr. Sloan: "Does my friend from
Spartanburg mean to say that he believes
everything he sees in the newspapers?"
Mr. Archer (driij): '"No, I don't
believe ali I ste in the newspapers
nor ali I heir, either."
The hit was palpable and there was
A number of new amendments were
offered and with sjsiematic regularity
Mr. Ragscale moved that they be ta-J
bled. The result was that the bill finally
passed its third reading with no j
changes than those mentioned above. I
The vote was practically the same ss j
on Mr. Sloan's motion to strike cut
the enacting words.
Wednesday the closing day of tne;
senate was a continuous session
breaker with frequent short recesses to
await reports of conference committees.
The report of the printing committees
awarding t^e public printing to
R L Bryan & Co., was received during
the afternoon and the choice confirmed.
The closing scenes of the present
session were enactcd when Mr. Mower
moved, at 12:40 o'clock, that the senate
go into committee of the whole,
with Mr. Henderson in the chair.
Mr. Slower said that the session had
been provided with courtesy and
good feeling between the members sel
dom excelled. They had been actuated
by a desire to do the best for
the State, and this had been largely
promoted by the services of a zood
presiding officer in Lieut. Gov. Mc
Sweeney, who had exhibited in the
chair a wide knowledge of parliamentary
Jaw, and of the rules of the senaie.
At all times he had been curteoua,
imoartial and efficient. It be
came not merely his formal duty, but
his pleasure to testify alike to the
faithful and able services of the presi
dent pro. tem., and of the capable cffi
cers and attaches of the bcdy. He
then offered thefollowingresoiutions.
Be it resolved, That the thanks of
the senate sr3 due, and are hereby
tenderid, the Hon. M. B McSweeney
for his courteous, impartial and efS.
ciens discharge of the dut:'e3 devolv
iDg upon him as the presiding officer
of this body.
That the same are due. and are hereby,
tendered to the president pro. tern.,
o! the senate.
That the senate commends the clerk,
sergeant at-arms, assistant clerk and
the other oflicars and employees of
the senate for their faithful discharge
of the duties of their respective po&i
Mr. May field seconded the resolu
tions and Mr. Sloan expressed like
sentiments for the president and other
officers. Sweet and pleasant recolltc
tions, he said, would always associate
with the amible, kind-hearted and
learned president. His courtesy and
that of the clerks and assistants would
Ha Inntr ?Am#?mh?red Lieut. GrOV. I
McSweeney had been well known in
Columbia as a boy struggling for a
foothold in life, and it was especially
gratifying to them to know how ably
ha has filled the exalted station to
which he was called.
The following resolutions, offered
by Mr. Maj field, were then read and
adopted by a unanimous vote:
Resolved, That the thanks of the
senate are due, and are hereby ten
derei Id the representatives of the
prtsj on the floor of the sez&te during
the present session for their fair and
impartial reports of the proceedings
of this body .
Mr. Mayfield arose and expressed
his appreciation not only of the capable
work of the officers, clerks : .apd
assis'aats, but of the efficient cropf^fc
newspaper correspondents who h&a
served so well in the tidious and la bo
ricus work of reporting the session
Tne committee of toe whole was
then discharged and Pr?sident McSweeney
again assumed the chair.
Mr. Henderon presented to him the
resolutiors that had been adopted, as
the unanimous spntiment of tbe body.
"You possess," he said, "all theele
LLiCiiia Ulj an picoiuiup; viumu< vviuhv
ouS, careful, impartial, yet firm in
your decisions, you have guided our
deliberations with signal ability, for
which we are under lasting obliga
tions. Our thanks are due collectively
and individually, to the officers of
the senate for their assistancs 10 us in
discharging our duty,"
Mr. Henderson said that in a long
expsrience in legislative bodies, he
had never known a senate more faithful
to tbe public in:erest, and that
they had set a good example to those
who will succeed them in adjourning
witnin 40 days, whea they were permitted
to eo oeyond the constitutio aal
limit. They had worked faithfully
and laboriously for the good of the
In conclusion Mr. Henderson
moved that the resolution be published
in the journal.
McSweeney, in replying to the
flattering testimonial of Jbtis efficiency
and faithfulness in the chair said tbat
he would attempt no speech, but w uld
sincerely thank them for their kind
words of commendation, for hiaasel'
and for the clerks and attches He
desired to say that Irs officials had all
been faithful and efficient,and that he
bad never seen more aevotei service.
Tney had done not only their duty,
but whatever would advance the business
of the senate. He had done
nothing; more than his duty. When
ne took the oath of office he stated
that he knew nothing of parliamentary
law, but he had with him representative
man of Soutb Carolina, upon
whom he could depend for advice aud
assistance JEI- could say with candor
and sincerity that he hadknovmno
faction in the dischargd of his dut:e >
and had never recogujzed senators as
Reformers or Conservatives, but
looked to all as patriotic South Carolinians.
He had naver asked, ia rca'iiag
an appointment, whether the men
be named wen with him or against
him but had looked soleiy to their
ability to discDarge the duty imposed
upon them. He believed he had done
iiis duty and smccreiy manned me
body for the flattering resolutions o'
praise accorded him and trusted that
in theie return hems to loved ones
tbey would be found in good health
and that in years to come they would
all stand together for tha prosperity
advantage and progress cf tueir grand
The house came over soon .after
these expressions of esteem and ratified
the few remaining acts.
At 1:40 a. in. the president gravelv
rapped his gavel and declared the
senate adjourned sine die.
Farewells were said, the lights put
out and the chamber deserted.
Joy In i?ishopvi?Ur?
* 3? _ rnu~ o.~4~ T>:^"U
iiL Gispaicn IU iue Otitic irum ulsll- i
opviiie s^ys: There has been a perfect J
jubilee around here /or the las: few
davscn account of ine establishment
of Leecoutnty bj the legislature. We
have made the welkin ring with the
booming of cannon, shooting of lireworko
and other demonstrations of j
j:y, and especially cesause this townj
uas been made a county seat. It is a |
little town splendidly situated, andj
with as rich land to support it as are
10 be found any wnere :n the State. It
is a town that is bound to grow inaj
few years." J
THE FRIENDS OF SJLVEB.
IN THE DEMOCRATIC; REPUBLICAN
AND POPULISTS PARTiESAsked
to Usita in Futtue on the Financial
Issue as ol Paramount Importance?Appeals
t3 K tch ol the Parties to Conf oildate.
The addresses on behalf of the Democratic,
Populist acd Silver Republican
parties which are the result of the
conferences which, have been in pro!
gress among tbe leaders of these pari
ties at the capitol for the past few
I weeks, were issued Wednesday. They
| seek to unite the members of the three
panics m iuiure elections upon me
financial issue as the question of paramount
importance and are separate
appeals to each of the parties to consolidate
all along the lines for this
purpose. The address to D*-nocrats
is signed by Senator James K Jones
of Arkansas, chairman of the Democratic
national committee, and is endorsed
by the Democratic congressional
committee; that to the Populists
by SeDrtor Marion Butler, chairman
of the PoDuii3t national committee,
and the 25 other Populist members of
the senate and house, and that of the
silver Rspubh'cins b? Chairman Chas.
A. Towns and tbe Silver Republicans
in the senate and the house, and also
by ex Senator DuBois.
The Democratic address is as fol
To the People: The surrender of the
Republican party to the advocates of
tfce gold standard and monopoly is at
iast complete. The present administration,
called to power under the solemn
pledge of the Republican nation
al convention at St. Louis to promote
bimetallism, has formulated and sent
4-/-v r. xcifo n ki 11 iViA r>n?noccj
a* IUC i^auiu^ puij?x.
of which, the honorable secretary of
the treasury avows, is to commit the
country more thoroughly to the gold
The country has already, for 24
years, been so thoroughly committed
to this standard, partly by law and
partly bv the usurpations of the executive
branch of the government, that
its effects are seen and fait on every
hand; wages are reduced; work is
harder to get; the weight of debt is
doubled; the value of land and other
property is reduced one-half or more,
until the lives of the people are "made
bitter with hard bondage." It is certainly
not in the interest of humanity
to have this condition of things more
thoroughly established. The con tin
ued rise in the value of gold, or,
which is the same thing, the continued
fall of prices, must inevitably
transfer the property of all those engaged
in active business, the actual
creators of wealth, whether by hand,
brain or capital, to those who, avoiding
the risk and effort of active business,
only draw inteiest.
The increase of 14!) per cent, in the
value of money, caused by its iccreas
ing scarcity, from 1809 to 1849, as admitted
by leading advocates of the
gold standard, found expression at
that time in_exremely low prices and
c^d&ions of ^ --jaralLled distress. Tne
discovery or goiu ana silver in. extraordinary
quantities, and the great in
crease in me volume of metallic money
resulting '.herefrom, severed this
distress aud brought in its stead wonr?ivwrMa>?if.T7
Prirtfts rnsfl hnsi -
?*A. \SKI m ? ? ?
ness flourished, producers prospered,
ail were happy. Substantially this
condition would Itave continued if
both the precious metals had been al
lowed to remain in use as money, because
thej were being found in nearly
sufficient quantities to increase the
volume of money in proportion to tne
developments of business. A wicked
consoiracy deprived one of them of
the money function. This was none
with the deliberate purpose of raising
the value of the other by rendering
the supply of metallic money relatively
scarcer as compared with the de
mand. From the hoi'.r of the consummation
of this crime mankind nas
suffered commercial disaster and social
distress in almost constantly increasing
m?.R6ure. Just in proportion
to the growln of arts and civilization
and the expansion of commerce, Dus.ntss
and industry, the inadequacy of
the volume of gold is felt, its scarcity
is empnasizcd its value increased.
The repression of life and nappiness
which is inseparable irum a long
course of declining pric=s, nas now
checked developments, and. if contin
ued will ultimately stifla civilization.
An eminent American, President Andrews
of Brown university, some
.years ago saia:
'Oar national debt on September 1,
1865. wa* $2,750,UOO.OOU; it could men
nave been paid off witn 18,000,0U0
oaies of cotton or 25,0U0,000 tons of
oar iron. Wnen it nad bean reduced
lo $1,250,000,000, 30,000,000 Dales of
cotton or 32,UOO,UOO tons o? iron would
nave Deen required to p*y it. In otaer
words, wnile a nominal shrinkage ol
about 55 per cent, nad taken place in
tne debt, it had, as measured m either
of these two world staples, actually
Deen enlarged by some 50 per cent."
Although more than half tne piiac:pal
o: mis enormous debt and every
cent of accumulated interest nad bean
paid by the labor of the United Slates,
the holders of the bonds siill hold a
claim for more oi the labor of the
people than they held before these
eneormous payments had been even
begun. This cruel confiscation of the
lives and liberty of tne laboring millions
of tbis country is the most stupendous
crime that has been commit:ed
in the annals of civilization. Unless
a government "of the people, by
fht. nunnlp! and for thfi normta" has riflr
wt*w rwr? ?? ? ? r r? r ?
isiieci from the earth, surely the present
boldy avowed scheme, not only to
continue, but to increase these evils,
will not be permitted. In addition to
this purpose of more thoroughly establishing
the gold standard, the plan of
the administration is to retire the
paper money of the government to
issue gold bonds and to increase the
power, privileges and profits of national
The retirement of government paper
money must reduce the volume of
circulation and while the secretary of
tee treasurv admits that the contrac
tiou of the currency would be more
ruinous in two years than iiitirest on
a like amount of bonds for 40 jears
wouid be, he calmly informs us that
the national banks will probably secure
a sufficient amount of money to
prevent this enormous suffering.
Tne national banks are not to be
required to redeem their notes in gold,
bUL it is arranged tbat the Uaited
| Slates government shall do so on de- j
| mand; and after having done so, the
I government must be content to have j
jtne rational banks reimburse it in!
["any kind of legal tender money at.
the option of the back?." We are
frankly told that lawful money will i
be made "relat1 sely scarcer than it is
now," and that it is intended that un- j
der the operation of the bill it will I
be "easier to gel; gold than lawful
money." Practically all the money
in the hands of the people now, as tie
secretary distinctly admits, is silver,
chiefly in the form of silver certificates.
The avowed purpose of the bill
is to make it hereafter more difficult
to get these than gold.
In view of the great principles involved
and cf the danger so close at
hand, we urge the people everywhere
to arouse themselves and at once to
tike it.'ps to save themselves and their
children from the fetters now being
openly forged to bind them. In re
cent years there have been a number
of instances of congressional districts
where the advocates of gold ana
monopoly were largely outnumbered
by taeir opponents, and where, never
tnelesa, by a failure to unite and act
ic^etber, friends of the gold standard
have been successive. Thus, as the
result of a personal or partisan wrangle
the cause of truth ana justice has
been overshado ed, the interest of hu
manity ignored and the greatest good
to the government subordinated to an
ignoble strife. We appeal to you to
let this not be the ca^ again. Oar
only danger is in division. If we are
in earnest we must have harmony
amongst ourselves. Iftiere should
be those who would divide us, let ihem
be summarily and emphatically rebuked
by the people, who have none
but h'gh and patriotic motives.
After the bold declaration of the
of the administration in favor of the
gold standard no sincere bimetallist
can ever again, by his vote or influ
ence, give aid or encouragement to
the Republican party.
The issue is joined; we cannot avoid
is if we would. Either the friends of
bimetallism or the advocates of the
gold standard, trusts and monopoliss,
must suecetd Wiio is not for us is
against us. We ask 110 man to abandon
bis party or change his politics;
we ask no one to yield any principle;
bat in this great cont33t we do appeal
to all good men to stand solidly to
gethtr for liberty and humanity and
strike down forever this conspiracy of
gold and monopoly.
James K Jones,
Chairman Democratic Natioial Com.
The Populist address covers the
well known position of the party
on this question, and says:
"The conspiracy of gold and monopoly
is nearing its culmination.
Every advance it has made during the
last twenty-five years has been by
adroit ana stealthy process. These
would have been impossible if it had
not had its agents and confederates
holding positions of public trust in
the legislative, executive and judicial
branches of the government. Xveitner
the beneficiaries nor the tools of this
conspiracy have any particular politics.
In the name the last administration
was Democratic. The present
admini&tration is called Beuublican.
but it lias ingloriousiy practiced and
defended trie perfidious of its predecessor.
*, * *
We do not arraign any political
party., .on..partisan ground, .We arraign
a system and denounce a con
conspiracy We condemn individuals
and organizations taat support tins
systeca and aid tbe conspiracy. A
party that is the mou&npiece and
a&ent of this conspiracy is juat as
dangerous under one name as under
anotner. * * *
Tne line of battle is clearly drawn.
We cannot avoid the conli.ct if we
would. Therefore, lei us appeal to all
ciuzens and to all organizations aud
parties tnat oppose ihis conspiracy?
tnat oppose a government of tlie
trusts; mat oppose and will not submit
to tne despotism of sordid wealth
?to come to tne rescue. Patriotism
and mannood are nos dead.
fills was signed by Marion Butler
and 25 senators and representatives of
tne Populist party,
The paper of tne Silver Republicans
is a luuuns.
Ine cuaning plans of the bsneficia
ries of tne gold standard and tne advocates
of monopoly are fast nearing
compieuoia. Tney need but to win
onem^ra victory to become supreme
and 10 oe aDle to defy the sovereignty
of the people for generations. Tne
policy of the .Republican administra
tion is a plain coniesaion tnat tne so
crei authors of the Si. Louis platiorm
or 1893 arei in aosoiuie control of tnat
party. Power thus secured by luse
pretences is to Oe xutnelessiy used to
carry out tne designs of iha conspira
tors. Tne slo w process oi 25 y e?r.& are
rapidly advancing to tueir goal;
the near approacn to wmca now
seems to warrant uispenaiug witn the
caution and deceit that have hitnerto
been the necassary prelimiuaries oi
But this openness of purposes is the
opportunity of patriotism. Honest
men should hesitate no longer if op
posed to the establishment of the goid
standard in ail lus rigor, 11 opposed
to the retirement of government car
rency, if opposed t j me erection ol a
great association of Da~ks of isaue as
the all-dominating power in tne na
tion, if opposed to every kind of trust
and monopoly, the .offspring a .d adjunct
of tne moaey pjffer. * * *
Patriots and Citizens: We call upon
you to unite in ta;S great common
service of citizensaip and patriotism
No man need surrender nis party convictions.
No existing organization
need ba abandoned. While striving
to overthrow a common enemy no
gocd purpose is served by emphasiz
mg points on which we differ. But
until this final assault of tne enemy
upon the last ramparts of our indus
trial and social independenca repelled,
until the control of the money system
of the country is rescued from ihe
hands of the special iateres s .and
assured to trie whole people, the members
of the great armiej of pilitical
reform in every par; of the United
States should act in mutual justice and
harmonious co operation or the general
welfare. To this obj ct, thus
urged upon our friends every wnere,
we hereby pledge, jsintiy a&d severally,
our earnest constant endeavor.
Signed by Charles A. Towne, chair
man naticnai committer of the Silver
Republican party, e:ght Silver Republican
sanatori and representatives and
Fred T. DuBoise.
I'ag Boat fcuai:.
A tu? boat said to- be the Frankie
capsized and S2nkiat&e lower New
York bay. It is said thai at least fiye
men were lost. The ferry boat, Castleton,
of the Staten Island line, was
on her way to New York vrjaen the
tug boac was heard whistling for heip.
l'he ferry boat went to its Aid but the
Lug sank quickly. Two men were
ARM ROflD WAR.
The Way Thty Do >hlcj;s Oyer In North
It seems that the Southern Railway
has bccn atteir p'.irg to run over the
littJeXarrow Guage at Hickory, N.
C- We gut the facts from the Charlotte
Observer cf Thursday. It seems
that tfce Southern desired to liy sidetracks
into the plants of the Catawba
Lumber company and the Hickory
Manafacturirg company, and to reach
j inese points, it was neucssarj iwiuj
[ cross the Carolina and North-Western
railroad. Without previous intimation,
a construction train, loaded with
hands ana material, rolled into Hickory
at 2 o'clock ilonday morning over
I the Southern, and at daylight both
crossings had tesn out in; but not
! quite completed. Upon being advised
of the situation, the Carolina
and North Western authorities ssnt a
train to the scene, placed two cars
across one crossing and an engine
across the other. The Southern people
continued work on either side of
of the two crossings; but were uaable
i to crntinue operations on the crossing
| themselves on account of the car and
; eDgiue obstructions. Tnings remained
| in the shape described uaiil abcut 10
o'clock Tuesday morning, when the
Southern men haviig retired, the
I Carclina and North-Western people
I appeared on the scene andcommencid
| tearing up what had been done. The
! Southern gang was called out, and be!
ing the stronger, soon succeeded in
overpowering the Carolina and North!
Western people and made them quit
work. The Carolina and North-Western
men retired; but on Wednesday
morning reappeared on the scene witn
instructions not to allowtheSouthern
folks to drive another spike. The
Southern folks made further efforts to
drive spike?, and pretty soon there
were several figatsia progress. ?It
became necessary for the mayor of
Hickory to take a hand, and summoning
50 men to the assistance of the po
! iice, he took possession of Dota cross
ingsiathe name of the law. Both
railroads and the city authorities now
began to increase their respective forces
until ea:h had something like 150
mea, and the situation b -gan to look
decidedly squally. But finally the
municipal force succeeded in getting
in betwesn the two railroad mobs, ana
had no further trouble in keeping
them apart. Next the Southern started
out on a new track. Placing an en
gice across one crossing, it had the
rails of tha Carolina and North Weitorn
nn at th ji nthftiv Tnft citV
authorities protested against this arrangement;
bat the Southern claimed
that its engine was on its o wn right of
way and refused to move. Wnen the
passenger traia came along,passeagers,
mail and baggage had to be transferred.
At 3 o'clock Wednesday afternoon,
Superintendent Dodson, of the Southern,
arrived on the scene, and after
investigating the situation ordered the
Southern gang to remove obstructions
and allow tne Carolina anctNortnWestern
trains to pass. The sympathies
of the Hickory people are strong
ly with the Carolina and Normwestern
road; bat at last accounts the
trouble was not settled.
- ? ....
The state ooard of control, the attorney
general, the sinking ' It ud
commissioners and W. H. Lyles, attorney
for E. B. Wesley, tne new
owner Of the hall, have had several
conferences recently and nave pracucaiiy
reached an agreement. Mr
Lyles, on benalf of his Client first demanded
$15 000 for back rent and
damages, out Attorney General Barber
expressed the opinion mat $7 500
was about as mucn as Wesley could
collect on those accounts by suits
against tne supercedeas bond. Alter
considerable argument, $10,000 was
suggested as a cjmpromit> i figure and
ibis nas been practically agreed upon.
For some reasons, the agricultural
hail is peculiarly adapted to the state
dispensary's requirements and it may
remain there. Liter it was learned
that the claim of E. B. Wesley had
actually been settled for $10,000 and
papers signed ending that matter.
Attorney Lyles said the state dispensary
would remain in. its present
quarters, paying $175 a month, rent.?
Tae Atlanta Constitution tells of an
a^ed Georgia Negro, Nathan by name,
who is employed by a gentleman very
prominent in. state politics. That Nathan
also has an eye to political favors
is shown by the foliowi jg conversation,
fl-hicu recently took ^lace between
nim acd his employer.
"iildrse Jim," saiu Nathan, "is you
gwine in dis yere racs fer governor?"
"Haven't thought about it."
"Weil, ef yer does run, an'gits
elected, will jou give me a j >b?"
"Certainly, 1 would remember you,
Nathan. Wnat would you li&e?"
"Well, suh, I'd des like to black
boots roua' de capitol."
"And wnat would you expect for
"Weii, sir," he replied, "I should
say $4 a day wculd be* reasonable.
Dais ^liat de jut her legislators ge;."
Thanks For the Foundation.
An old itinerant ccbred preacher,
while condusiiog services at a pro
trac:ed meeting, was interrupted by a
m sse ger, who rusiied in and excLriaej,
"Pardon, de iightnin' struck yo'
house, ea burned is ter da groun1!"
The congregation expected t3 sea
the p irson c )llas.s2 under ihis informaticn
but h-j d;d not.
"Burmd ds housi down, did it?"
"Weil, dtd it hurt de land what de
house wuz on?"
"Thatk de Lord far dat!" exclaim
ed the parson "Thank d* Lord de
land's ltf'! En now we'll sing on i
j era l5,)7 'ff \nr /? n j .n rt ^ '
, "HV J J H L' n u a L' /ua I
Tasiik some brother fer de tuns."
guspecsa Fanl Piay.
The Boston d;spa;ch says Eear Admiral
Belknap, who resides in that
city, says he is inclined ta think that
ine ilaiae was blown up b? a torpedo.
Ke said it was a very significant thing
that the ilsine should- nave oiown up
[in thai particular narbor at ttsis par
j ticular time, in ine absence of inforj
mation as to the cause of the explosion
I he thougnt it was :ne most significant
j indication in the whole matter.
The c<lr3?. Law oi >?tare.
Massachutc.ts h-s again decided in
ito Lciolanifrf ?i<r*in?r wnm'.n snf.
frage. Slas -achusetts bas a large sur
plus feminine poyulation, and toe
m^n are, apjarently, hanging desperately
togemer to resist as long and as
haru ?s possible the tidil wave of the
new femiaity, with trie unreasoning
instinct cf self-preservation.
WHAT WAS DONE DURING THE LAST
The Public Printing; Awarded the Bryan
Printing Company?Complimentary Baa
olatlons Adopted to Speaker Gary.
In tne House on Monday Mr. Verner
introduced a concurrent resolution
which raised a whirlwind for a little
while. His resolution was to the effect
that a committee of investigation
be appointed by the general assembly
to investigate certain rumors
that the sample room at the
state dispensary was continually being
drawn upon for whiskey to present
to members of the legislature.
After some discussion the resolution
On Tuesday Mr. Kennedy offered
the following concurrent resolution,
saying that it had bee a rumored largely
that blind tigers nere had been patronized
by certain members and he
desired to have them vindicated.
E=soived, That a commiitee be appointed
to investigate and fl.od out
what members, attaches and clerks of
this general assembly have patronized
blind tigers in the purchase of alcoholic
liquors during their connection .
with said general assembly.
The voting on the resolution was
very light Nobody objected, and the
speaker declared the resolution agreed
The Eous3 on Wednesday rushed
through the business before it and
was ready for adjournment at the appointed
time. Tne following report
of the joint committee on printing
Tne joint committee on printing of
the senate and house have carefully
considered the bids'for the public
printing; and we hereby award the
contract to the Bryan Printing company,
they being the lowest responsible
hidder. .T FT MnDivmrr.
. Chairm an senate.
J. D. Ketabd,
The following report was made by
the special committee of investigation
of the liquor sample matter:
"The committee appointed pursuant
to a concurrent resolution to invecti*
gate and report to this general assembly
what disposition has been made of
the liquor samples of the dispensary
beg leave respectfully to report:
"That they have made such investigation
as the very limited time at the
disposal of the committee would per*
mit The committee not having been
appointed until the last hours of the
session of the general assembly, have
found it impossible under the pressure
of legislative duties to examine fully
such witnesses as would enable the
c jmmittee to make an adequate investigation
of the matter? which come
within the scope of the resolution. But
the committee are deeply impressed
with the gravity of certain abases in
vuo n.mua%cmcun> ui IUU majjcurarjr
ljcuor samples which are not denied
by the dispensary official. The committee
view with, great apprehension
the practice which has grown up of
distriba&ig gratisamong m^pbers of
the general assembly samples of liquor
left in the dispensary. Such a practice
your committee feels assured will
be fruit ul of the most pernicious results.
The members of the board of
control who were examined by the
committee declined to disclose the
names of the members of the general
assembly who have received these
samples and while the committee
tbink that the names of members of
the general assembly who have received
these donations of whiskey should
be published, the resolution does not
empower the committee to compel
witnesses to attend and answer and
the limited time at the disposal of the
committee will not admit Of further in*
quiry to that end The committee
respectfully recommend the enaat- 1 ^
meiit of a law making all liquors
gratuitously presented to the dispensary
or to the board of control the
property of the State to ba disposed of
in ail respects as other liquors purchased
for the dispensary.
The report was recived as information?
After the transaction of some other
business, which wound up the work
of the session the Souse resolved itself
into the ommittee of tne whole,
and Mr. J no. P Thomas, Jr., was
called to the chair.
Mr. R&rd nfF^pp>d fn]lf>win<7?
Resolved, first That upon the conclusion
of the duties or this house, its
thanks are dus and are hereby ten
dercd to the Hon. Prank B. G-iry for
the able, impartial and energetic manner
in which he has discharged the
responsible duties of speaker since its
Second. That while we have, and
claim no power or right to dictate or
even suggest to our successors a presiding
officer, yet we would be derelict
to our appreciation of the efficiency of
one who has shown himself worthy"
in ail particulars, did we not commend
him to those who may succeed
Third. That these resolutions be
entered uaon the journal' of the
house, and a copy thereof properly engrossed,
be presented to the honorable
Tne resolutions were adopted.
The clerk of the senate arrived and
stated that the upper house had com*
pleted its business.
Air. Bicot, was about to move to adjourn
sine die, when Mr. W. 8. Smith
moved that a message be sent to the
senate that the house was ready to adjourn
sine die. This was done.
Mr. Welling got in the motion for
adjournment sine die, there being
quite a scuffle for this honor, and at
1:55 a. m , Thursday morning the session
of 1898 Citne to an end.
The Campajjne General trans-At*
laniic steamer Flachat, bound from
Marseilles for Colon, was totally
wrecked on Anaga Point, Conway
island, at 1 o'clock Thursday morning.
Her captain, second officer, eleven of
her ere 97 and one passenger were
saved. Thiny-sight of the crew and
49 pas;secger3 wer*> lost. The Flachat
was a vessel of 2,715 tons gross register.
Will Contest H*un?1a Scat.
Mayor Robert E KcKisson. of Columbus,
Ohio, has mailed to the clerk
of the senate at Washington a formal
notice of his intention to coutest the
right of Senator Kanna to his seat.
It was necessary that this be done
now or the whole matter drooped, because
the law requires that such notice
must be filed within thirty days
after the election.