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A DESERVED TRIBUTE ~
FROM SENATOR TILLMAN TOTCTHE
, LATE SENATOR EARlE.
An JE!oq.-6at Eel gy ot tile L'ta at.a Cisartc:crcf
t! e D;ad Statesman-An Io>ieall&s
Fecltal of H.'st jr!ca5 Erin's iz>
South Ca o'lua
Below will be found the full text cf
Senator Tiliman's tribute to the mem
ory of the l*t- Senator Earie deliverer
in th? United Stages oeaati:
Mr. President, in rising to adiress the
Senate on this sad occasion I shall depart
from the form of eulogy which is customary.
I can not speak of frenator Earle from the
standpoint of personal friendship, I can not
from extended personal observation and experience
pay tribute to his character and
virtues as a man and as a private citizen. I
can not speak of him even from the standpoint
or politics, friendship. While we both
entered this Senate as representatives of the
Democracy of South Carolina and he had
publicly announced his purpose to cooperate
with me in the Senate if elected, -we were
not friends in the common scceptation of the
term, nor were we political allies, What I
shall say, therefore, in honor of my dead
colleague will be more worthy of acceptation
and carry more weight by reison of the antagonism
that existed between us as rival candidates
for the governorship in 18!?0, and
"" I folf it -me dnf.r to lend all
ichwx vu wvau^v A ^ ?v ?
the help I could to the gentleman who opposed
him in his race for the Senate.
Senator Earle and myself were never
brought into close contact except during an
exciting political canvass, and I therefore
had no opportunity to judge the man as he
bore himself toward his friends and neighbors.
But during that canvass I watched
him, and had opportunities such as no other
man in South Carolina or out of it ever had
to get an insight to his character and a correct
appreciation of his sterling worth and
brave, unflinchicg manhood during a most
tryiag ordeal. It may not be of interest to
the Senate, and I haye almost doubted the
propriety of entering on this occasion into a
recital of events in which I mysell bore so
-* conspicuous a part- It ij not egotism or
any desire to inject my own personality into
the discussion of Senator Earle's ser.ices
and merits. But if I fail by reason of such
consideration to discuss the subject from
that standpoint, I will fail to discharge my
duty as I see it, and no one elie can perform
that duty as well as I can. Indeed, no one
can or will perform it at all. If I do not do
it, the fame and record of the virtues cf the
dead Senator would lack that testimonial
which I alone can give here and which given
under <he circumstances, can but help to
link his^cfflerSy stronger bonds to South
f Senator Earle sat in this body a very
' short time. The illness wmcn resulted m
|tr)his death seized him within thirty days after
ha took the oat*> of office, and he disappeared
from our midst to return no more. His
star had climbed ihe heavens until it had
reached the zenith and there shone with a
calm and steady brilliancy. Suddenly, like
a meteor, it sank beneath the horizon and
went out in darkness, leaving naught as a
remainder that it ever held a place in the Senatorial
galaxy save the memory of one short
speech of two minutes. That speech made
its impress on the minds of his hearers and
stamped the new Senator as a good constitutional
lawyer and a man who would not
tamely submit to injustice or yield one jot
or tittle of the right of the State and of his
But, as impressive as was his utterance
and as e.oquent as was his plea, it only gave
promise ot a career that closed all too suddenly
and sadly. Senator Earle will not be
remembered for what he did here. His
record is not a senatorial one. His reputation
must rest upon his actions and utterances
while he was an officer of South
Carolina and before he was sent here as her
representative. Realizing this in the fullest
degree and anxious as I am to give that part
of his life the greatest prominence which
will tend to perpetuate his memory, I must
follow the course I have marked out, even
though it deals with occurrences in which I
mjseif acted an important part.
A brief recital of historical events in my
State will be necessary for a clear understanding
of the causes which led up to the
most ezciting and intensely bitter campaign
that has ever convulsed any State in this
Union. There are people in South Carolina,
where mo3t of Senator Earle's friends live,
and where his good name and the honor
due him will be most cherished, who will
not thank me fer this exposition, and who
will severely censure me for making it, but,
as I have said once before, I am not seeking
jhe plaudits of anyone or trying to do anything
except to discharge a solemn duty to
the cead man whose one striking characteristic
was devotion to duty. It is a simple
act of justice to him without caring for its
ef ect on me. I know if he were alive, he
would do as much for me. Indeed, he did,
in 1892, by writing a letter for publication,
do such an act of justice for me which made
nim very unpopular at the time.
The real friends of the dead Senator will
see the justice of this view of the matter and
will thank me for giving prominence to that
part of hi3 career which is the lasting basis
of his fame. It is not as a Senator mat he
will De remembered, nor is his record as
judge and attorney-general, honorable and
worthy though it be, his highest claim to
remembrance. His candidacy for governor
in 1890 and the fact that he so b?re ^himself
in that campaign, in -which, he carried only
4 counties in '6b, that six years later he
won the Senatorship by a popular vote given
largely by the very men who howled him
down in 1890?this is the man's claim to
immortality, and I shall tell the story as
briefly as I can and as I understand its
phases and facts, concealing nothing and
anxious only to state the truth, as I understand
it. 1 do this knowing that there arc
men who will be ready to dispute the facts
and also deny the conclusions. That is a
right I shall not attempt to deny to any man.
Those who hear and read what I say must
determine for themselves the truthfulness
and impartiality of the story.
Up to the period of reconstruction South
Carolina never had a real popular government.
It was so in form only. The State
was settled first along the coast, as were
the other colonies, and up to and succeeding
the Revolutionary war a preponderance of
its people resided in the tier of counties bordering
on the ocean. These people were
largely the descendants of the Huguenots,
who fied from religious persecutions in
.France, and of the Enzlish. who had been
sent over by the lords proprietors. The
Piedmont or upper portion of the State, hadbeen
settled during the first half of the
eighteenth century by a large influx of
Scotch-Irish, German, and Dutch settlers
from Pennsylvania. There were also settlemeats
of persons in different counties of
Scotch Highlanders. Irish, and English.
These interior settlers owned few slaves,
while the planters of the CDast counties
owned a great many. They differed from
these latter in many ways.
Under the State constitution adopted in
1790 the apportionment of political power in
the State senate was such as to fix and
perpetuate the domination of the coast counties
by reason of the fact that each parish
of those counties, which were organized
after the manner of the Church of Englagd,
was given a senator, while the interior counties,
then large in area and sparsely settled,
were given only one senator each. The
county of Charleston, with its nine parishes,
was thus given nine senators, and the other
coast counties had proportionate numbers cf
senators not at all corresponding with their
population later on.
This one-sided and unfair condition was a
source of constant ansrv discussion and led
to a division of "up country" and "lowcountry"
in State politic and insured the
absolute domination of the city of Charleston
in State affairs. All efforts to undo the
wrong "were futile. The same constitution
provided that the governor and oihtr State
officers and the judges of the supreme and
circuit courts should be elected by the legislature,
so that the people were permittei to
vote only for members of Congress, county '
officers, and members of ".he legislature.
And the control of the machinery of the
counties even for the disbursing of taxes and
performing other duties incident to county
government were in charge of a board of
COtnuiissioutrji sj'2>oiut?>i at the eipiia!. This
nran a?? - . aawa?cw r.-x^'^wgovernment
was s? nearly aristocratic as has
existed anywhere in America, and two generations
had passed away, and a third habituated
to its requirements was in possession
of the government when the civil war
The large slave owners and families of
greatest prominence and wealth, by intermarriage
and other alliances, held absolute
sway ia State politics, and the masses were
mere puppets to register their will. The
State was Democratic or independent in national
politics, but it was aristocratic in local
afTiirs. This aristocracy, be it said to
its credit, ga.*e the State as good governin
;ot, so far a3 purity and honesty were
r-nnrprrud. as anv country ever had. But a
prouder, niore arrogant, or hot-headed ruling
class never existed. Under the reconstruction
constitution of J 80S the election of
governor 3nd State officers was given to the
people by direct vote, and the scheme of
county government was decentralized and
placed in charge of a board of county commissioners
elected by the people.
During the eight years cf radical misrule,
when the carpet-baggers and their negro
dupe? trampled the whites under foot in a
way no ether English speaking community
ever endured "since the fc'axon wore the
Norman's collar," there was no opportunity
for growth along the lines of true American
citizenship and genuine Democracy. To
define it more clearly, there "was no such
thins as the rule of the people, eitner white
or black. When, in 1870, the white people,
in desperation, rose and overthrew the reconstruction
government and drove out the
vampire horde of thieyes and bribe takers,
they were confronted with this condition.
There was a clear .numerical majority of negroes
of voting age of about 30,000, and it is
a self-evident proposition that "white unity''
w is the bs-ttle cry that most appealed to the
cense and patriotism ot every white man in
Aside from the condition of semi-anarchy
a.nd the burdensome taxation which had ex!
istcd, the reconstruction government had
! dissipated the. assets of the State bank
| amounting to ?3,000,OOC, had squandered
the State's interest in railroads to an equal
I amount, and had issued bonds increasing
the Sta.e debt from ?6,000,000 tovmore than
?20,000,000, with nothing to show for it. It
is small wonder,-then, that the whites knew
and understood the needs of unity.
The political demarcation was a color line,
pure and simple. Democracy ?eant white
supremacy; Republicanism meant the rule of
the African and carpet-bagger, and native
scalawag, the most despised of-the threo.
,The newly emancipated white man, who
stood erect in the consciousness of being
once more citizens of South Carolina,/and
freeman as far as the State was concerned,
followed the leaders who had led in the fight
for that emancipation with almost blind idolatry.
These leaders at once became almost
omnipotent in State politics; and the para
mount thought in the minds of everyone was
how to retain control of the State govern
Prior to tie war there had been little or
no division along party lines in the State,
it was said that "when Calhoun took snuff,
the State sneezed;" and hero worship has
always been a leading characteristic of our
people. The lack of familiarity with partisan
or party politics and the total lack of
familiarity with the machinery for controlling
and directing party politics were great
drawbacks. In fact, the people knew almost
nothing about such things. The four years
of war and the eight years of reconstruction,
during which there was paralysis of citizenship,
had bred a torpor which made it easy
for the old aristocratic families and those in
alliance with them to resume control, and
the necessities of the political situation, the
enforced white unity, made it easy to continue
Tho constitution had been changed, the
power vested in the people, but the condi*-<
/-v* rrrmQ a 1 f G AT"ATV*.ifiP?_
11UU3 nuc ZIWO iar vauviv am v?v- vw
Party nominations were made in convention
(I mean as to State officers and Congressmen,
and in many counties for all officers)
| from 1876 to 1890. From 1870 to 18S0 there
1 were no causes of complaint?every white
man was satisfied with the management of
affairs and everyone set about actively rebuilding
the State and advancing his individual
interests. But in 1880 the poison
began to work. Ring rule is an enevitable
growth where only one party exists. The
conventions were manipulated ai they usually
are by court house rings, and these
worked under the direction of a statehouse
While there were mutterings of discontent
which constantly grew in intensity with the
management of local or State affairs and
with the way in which the people were ignored.in
parceling out the offices,the thought
of "independentism"?division among the
whites was abhorent to every good Carolinian.
The nomination by the party conventions
was equivalent to election, and he was
regarded as a public enemy who dared to
raise his voice in criticism or objection. One
or two spasmodic efforts to overthrow ring
rule were made in. the mountain counties,
where there was a majority of white voters
and where the people had not suffered so
much as in the negro counties, but the leaders
denounced all such efforts as unpatriotic
and declared that "an independent was
worse than a radical," and, with the mem.
orv of their oppressions rankling in their
minds, the people re-echoed the sentiment
and acted upon it. Thus were the conditions
produced and the mine laid for the explosion
which came in 1890.
The antebellum conditions were entirely
changed. The large fortunes of the old slave
owners had been destroyed by the results
of the war and with them had been destroyed,
in a large measure, class distinctions.
The Confederate soldiers while fighting
had also been going to school. There
was a quickened intelligence and a more
thorough understanding of the correct principles
of government, and the demand for
popular government and equality of privilege
made rapid growth. It was seen that a certain
coteris of politicians were running
laings m me interest 01 inemseives, ineir
kindred, and friends, and the people were
growing tired of the inevitable answer to
any of their complaints, "Hush, or you will
split the Democratic party."
The agitation which led to the revolution
or explosion had begun in 188G, and it had
taken four years of discussion and of agitation
after six years of dissatisfaction ever on
the increase to prepare the minds of the people
and to organize them to overthrow the
oligarchy which had fallen heir to the power
to the old antebellum aristocray. The State
was ruled during these ten years absolutely
by the two cities of Columbia and Charleston;
and as they did tb.13 through their allies liv-,
mg in the other towns of the State, the agitation
for reform had assumed Rie complexion
of an agricultural movement, in which the
farmers or country people were embattled
against the cities and towns. It was not
an agrarian movement in any sense of the
term, and it antedated the alliance movement
by two years. A large majority of the
white people live in the country, and many
of these farmers?thousands of them?are as
intelligent and well-educated men as there
are in the State, and they own a large share
of its wealth.
Senator Earle had entered politics shortly
after the overthrow of the carpet-bag re
gime as senator irom oamwr county, anu
while he belonged to one of the best families
of the State, one noted for its prominent
men and wealth, he himself, as a result of
war, had had to struggle in his young manhood
with poverty, and he was not in touch
or sympathy with the then, ruling powers.
Indeed, he was more or less antagonistic to
them, lie had been promoted, not through
the instrumentality of the oligarchy, but
rather in spite of it, to the attorney-generalship
in 1SS0, and although he was offered
the governorship by the reformers or farmers
in 18SS, and ^ould have been nominated,
his affiliations with the then State administration
were such that he was forced to decline.
This fact, in IS'JJ, led the Reform Democrats
to resolve to have nothing to do with
any of the old leaders or prominent politicians
of the State. The experience in two
State campaigns?those of 1SS6 and 1SS8?
in which they had been defeated taught
i _ 1 U ~ ***}? *-rsA
mem 19 &UUn cac >aiuc vi caiij uuu tiivi
organization, so that the political forces of
the State began to marshal themselves and
politics to assume shape almost vrith the
new jear. A convention or voluntary caucus
c:' those in sympathy "with reform ideas
vras called to meet in March.
One of the principal demands in the call
was for a primary election in which each individual
citizen should have a right to vote
il;rect for the nominees of the Democratic;,
j. rty. Another va? the e-ra^lishmen- ?*
a teciinical and industrial schoo'?an agTicl
.il college for the education of farmers
and mechanics separate from the State university.
There were other important issuer,
but it is unnecessary to mention them. This
convention assembled and, denouncing the
administration oi.afFairs, passed resolutions
announcing its platform and put me forward
as candidate for governor in the party convention
whenever it should be called. It
also passed resolutions demanding cf the
State Democratic committee, which was con
trolled by our opponents, to appoint aperies
of meetings in each of the counties of the
State for a general discussion of the issues
of the day by all of the candidates for State
The newspapers of the State, almost without
exception, opened their batteries on the
movement. Many declared that it was unDemocratic,
and that its purpose was the
division and consequent destruction of the
Democratic party iu the State. All of the
trained politicians and men of prominence,
vith very few exceptions, aligned themselves
in opposition. The banks, corporations,
and railroads were all antagonistic. Out of
TcO lawyers in the State not more than 40
joined in the movement for reform.
Senator, then Attorney-General Earle and
Gen. John Bratton, a Confederate brigadier
of high character, both announced themselves
as car didates for governor, and the campaign
opened early in June in Greenville, the
county of General Eirle's birth. One meeting
was held in every county in the State.
Day by day, week by week, crowds numbering
in the thousands and embracing almost
the entire white male population turned out
to hear the speakers. It was during this
period of two months tha* I learned to know
Senator Earle thoroughly, to admire his
ability a3 a debater, to respect his manhood,
and to appreciate his gentlemanly, chival
rous h earing.
If there be such tl'ir * as?
That stem joy which warriors feel
In foemen worthy of their steel?
I had my fill of it. But candor compels the
confession that while all of the indications
pointed to General Earle's defeat, the fighting,
if such a term be permissible, was anyj
thing but pleasant. The contest was never
I in doubt after the first five meetings. A
tidal wave had risen in the mountains and
was sleeping seaward with irresistible force,
bearing down all opposition, washing away
all landmarks, and entirely submerging the
Democracy, like Pallas, new-born but fully
grown and armed, rejoiccd in its strength
and grew hoarse with cheering those who
had first found courage to give it a voice
and d;mand its rights. It had been suppressed
and oppressed for a century, and
nothing could now stay its course. The feeling
was very intense, the danger of collision
and riot always imminent. Dramatic situations,
sharp personal colloquies, bitter sarcastic
retorts, would first drive one side then
the other into a frenzy of approval or angry
dissent. General Earle knew that he was
beaten, but he never faltered or let up. He
faced hostile audiences which sometimes refused
at first to let him speak, but with calm
dignity and courage he forced recognition
and a hearing. He never relaxed his grasp
upon my throat, but fought till the last. He
pressed his arguments home with powerful
logic and sabtle reasoning.
A trained lawyer and debater, he had Jail
the advantage. But the facts were aga nst
him, and while he made no impression upon
the feelings or judgment of his audiences on
the issues then pending, he yet won the admiration
of all by his intrepidity and ability
and always under the most trying circum
J i. ?
stances maintained nis seu-respect uuu turn-1
manded that of his opponents. There were
260 votes in the convention, and of these he
received les3 than 50, carrying only four
counties out of thirty-five. The county of
his birth was against him, the county of his
adoption was divided; but while he went
down to defeat it was with every flag flying
and no thought of asking quarter, and it was
! this canvass that won him his seat in the
United States Senate six years later. I have
always thought he entered the race under a
misconception, bat being in he was too proud
His line of fight during the campaign had
been almost entirely personal. In other
words, he did not dispute the justice of the
deAands whi.ch the reformers had set out in
their platform, but he tried to get on the
platform and shove its exponent off of it.
He did not go far enough along that line to
alienate the adherents of the oligarchy who
supported him with enthusiasm; but he wa3
not their real choice, and he knew it, so he J
was careful to let the people see he wa3 not I
nonnsinjr lwntilar <rovernmeni. and such re- I
vrr ? r-r o
forms as were needed. When the result was
known, after the nomination was over, he
bowed submissively to the will of the people
and loyally supported the ticket, advising
against and antagonizing with all his might
an independent ticket which the defeated
faction had set on foot to retain the government
by the aid of the negroes.
After the last meeting at Colleton I approached
General Earle, andk extending my
hand, I said:
General, we know each other better than
we did at Greenville ia June. If I have said
anything in the heat of debate to wound your
feelings, I desire to apologize, and to express
the hope that if we can not be friends, we
shall not become enemies.
He shook my hand heartily and disclaimed
any feeling of natred or sense of wrong, and
offered a similar apology; and so we parted,
as true men oagtit.
Two years latter, when the reformers put
me forward for reelection, there was another
bitter contest, not so intense as that of 1890,
but still very exciting, and in some respects
dangerous. General Earle refused to have
anything to do with this and advised against
it. He wrote a letter in which he gave
credit where credit was due and "warned his
old supporters that they were doomed to
This enraged that element in the State at
the time, but they learned later the wisdom
of his advice and to appreciate the more
his clear judgment, while at the same time
General JS&rle thu3 won the good will and
forgiveness of thousands of those who voted
against aim in his candidacy for governor.
Ine result wae that the reform legislature
elected liim 10 the position of circuit judge
in 3S94. which he held up to the time of his
entry to the Senate. Of this last race I shall
not speak. Suffice it to say that I did not
support him. But it was not because I lid
not know his worth and recognize his fitness
for the nomtion and hia ability to adorn it.
After his entry upon his duties here our
relations were friendly and promised to become
coidial, for he had too much sense to
bear malice and wai too liberal minded not
to know that my antagonism was political
rather than personal. Had he lived so as to
have given him an opportunity to have
shown of what stuff he was made, I am sure
every Senator here would have been impressed
with his high character and chivalrous
bearing and have recognized his worth
and ability. He is gone, as all of us will
have in few years to folio w, "to that undiscovered
country from whose bourne no
traveler returns," and his fame and good
name mast rest in the minds and hearts of
those in his own State, who knew him best
and loved him most
There is something peculiarly pathatie in
hi3 death, coming as it did just after reaching
tbe goal of his ambition. A ripe scholar
au eminent jurist, and a fluent speaker, he
could not have failed to make his influence
felt here bad Providence permitted him to
win additional honors The Senate pauses
in its labors for a brief whiie to pay respect
to his memory, The tribute which I have
paid him, coming from an old antagonist,
may not be deemed the highest or most
worthy, but it is at least sincere; and I feel
that I have but added to rather than detracted
from ;he luster of his name by the recital
of those -jvents which first impressed him
upon the people of his native Srate.
Mr. President} as we look around upon the
Senate in our daily intercourse here, it i3
easy to be seen by everyone that with very
few exceptions every man on this floor is on
the sunset side of life and rapidly approaching
the setting. We struggle here in the
performance of our duties as we see them
and understand them, and are often bitter
ana uareasyaayie m our tviiiciLii'jiia n u,^..
one another, but I know Senators will join
me with the utmost sincerity in the thoughts 1
expressed in that beautiful poem by James 1
Tim? grows not old with length of years:
Changes he brings, but changes not:
New born each moment he appears: ,
We run our rac?, and are forgot. ,
Stars in perennial rounds return,
As from eternity they came,
And to eternity might burn;
We are not for one hour the same.
Spring flowers renew their glad perfume,
But ere a second spring they fly;
Our life is longer than their bloom.
An*. KIaatm DnrDCtOT__"P^t. TF/>
* * ** :k -jf *
Lord God! when ti"*; shall end his flight,
Stars set, and flowers revive no more,
May we behold Thy f*ce m light.
Thy love in Jesus Christ adore.
Gaiher'd Fn m Oar Kxchacgrs ot tbe
Perhaps the most interesting relic
that has been recovered from the
Maine is tbe flaar which fl. )ated at the
masthead when the ship went down.
This ha? was brought uo by the divers.
and sent to Uapt. Sigsbee, with
A woman physician, who is tbe wife
of a physician in Indianapolis, thinks
the souls and bocies should ba adminintered
to jointly, and has united
preaching with her practice. She
makes house to house missionary canvasses.
She is a product of Kansas.
Six blind tigers were convicted in
the court at Greenwood last week.
Their fines aggregated $1,200 but being
unable to pay they will serve on
the chain gang o 1 that county for the
next six months. This is first rate
good roads movement for Greenwood.
An attempt to cross the AJp3 in a
balloon, starting from the Italian,
side, will be made next summer. The
intention is to keep at a height of 15,000
feet as long as possible, and to
take photographic views and make
scientific observations during the passage.
Some able boditd burglars broke
into a blacksmith shop in Alpena,
Michigan, and carried cff two big anvils
along with everything of value in
the place. The owner of the shop
says the stuff with which the burglars
got safely away weighed about two
Dr. Wm. A.. Bjers, of Greenville,
has been arrested at Columbia upon a
warrant sworn out by his wife, Sirs.
A. V. Bjers, before Magistrate Whitmire
at Greenville. Byers is now in
jail waiting for a $500 bond to relase
nim. He is charged with non support
of his children.
It will be interesting, says tne Charleston
Critic, to those who have gszsd
with awe upon ihe "patrified man"
to know that petrified human remains
are made to order at Crookston, Mo.
The average price of a petrified human
body made of plaster of Paris and-clay
and so skillfully treated as to appear
to be genuine, is $100.
Mr. and Mrs. Q. P. Lord, who gave
to Elgin, 111., the pari bearing their
name, and have been libtr.il doLOis
to all objects of a puolic nature, have
offered lu give the Elgin Young Men's
Christian Association $10,000 toward
a building fund, provided the $20,000
more required be raised by sub
scription by J uly 1.
The News and Courier says that
'4,000,000 bariels of adulterated flour
have been sold in the South this crop
3 ear, and Western meat, which could
not be sold elsewhere, is dumped into
the South by tbe trainload." Shall
this tiring continue, to the injury of
the people, when it is so easy to raise
bread and meat in the South?
Mrs. Hsttie Green's recent denuo elation
of one of her lawyers on the
ground that hi3 fee had been exorbitant
calls to mind the fact mat she has
employed more lawyers than any
other woman in the United States,
and that none of them nas ever teen
satisfactory. Her cases are never
pushed far enough to suit her.
The work of placing submarine
mines in the principal harbors of tne
Atlantic coast has oeen commenced
and $1,000,000 is to be spent upon this
branca of defense. The wor& is done
by the war department, under the di
r#-f>.rinn n' fJ-nu Wiisnn nf
gineers, and not by ihe navy departmeat,
as would bo at fir.it supposed.
Rsv. William Alderman, pastor of
tte Methodist Oburcb at Pawnee, 0.
P., has been seriously ill for seveial
weeks, during wnicn time His Helpmeet
nas not only nursed nim, but Has
conducted tne cnurcn services. Sue
bts led the prayer meeting and h?s
preachtd two sermons eacb riunday to
toe cniire sat.sfactiau. oi me cjju^re
Prince Heury of PxUSala just man
aged, to get ttie DatUesmp Dcutschland
to Unrna- On re&cmug Hong Kong
tiie vessel was a: ones puo into uxo
Brnisn dry dock, wiure it nad to staj
tnrte weeks tvnue undergoing serious
repairs to the macninery. From this
it would seem that Oiher nations nave
trouoie witii tneir war snips as well as
tne United States.
Tue Inliaaa did some gun practice
tne oilier day olf Key- W eat oi a bort
calculated to mase marksmen enthusiastic.
Tne Dig guns in tue forward
mrret were trained upon a target
at long range. Tne lirst suot
pierced uie target, ax.d tne second
snot went torough. tha ^ole made by
tne first one. An enemy could not
stand ljng oelore sucn shooting as
One coastwise steamship line has
witndra wn its vessels Decanse ol ine
war seara. 1'ne Lone riiar Line, bjLween
New York and Galveston, nas
announctd tne discontinuance of its
freikfM and passenger services pena
lug me solution or the preseut difficulties.
A cunaideraole numbsr ox
men are taro wn out of employment.
Tnus ine evil effects of war are leit
Del ore the war itseil is in evidence.
A SlaTlns App? tl.
The E iitor of the Rock Mountain
Call won the priza of $L,000 offered
Dy the syndicate of western editors
for the best appeal poena to newspaper
subscribers to pay up their subscrip
lions. This is me poem:
Lives of poor men oft remind as,
Honest men won't stand a chance,
The more we work there grow behind us
Bigger patches on cur pantaOn
our pants, once new and glossy,
jlwn iiic otiipcs ui uiuciciii nuc,
All because subscribers linger,
And won't pay what is due.
Then let us all be up and doing,
Send your mite, however small,
Or, when the snow of winter strikes us,
We shall have no pants at all.
Resting Land ?Half a century ago
farmers wouJd "rest" theirland by
omitting a crop one year in three or
four, in the meantime nature would
force a ?rowth of weeds or plants that
were adapted to the conditions of the
soil. The best way to rest the soil is ,
to rotate the crops, so that the soil
will not be deprived cf certain plant
foods while leaving an excess of other (
Value of Corncobs?Oorncob3 are j
exceediogly rich in potash, containing 3
over 23 per cert. and are worth saying, j
They are not available, however, unless
burnt and the ashes saved. On
farms where heavy crops of corn are
grown the amount of potash that <
could te sived by burning the cobs is <
?tnll.y Verj lar^e. '
i ' i iii ' in ~r~r i ~ i
fcur Hundred and n nsty relq
IN l H s STATE.
Tbis Does Sot Itc'.nde Licenses EUld by
tbe Dl*p?Bearl?F, bit OaJy Thoa? B? Id
by OiJgin?l Pick's;-? D*kI?ts bed Blind
Tie Colum'oia record says for the
present year there have been 490 United
States liquor license issued in South
Carolina to others than dispensers.
Of this number, a rather snail p>r
ceatsge have been issued to p?rsons
as agent. Of course, Charleston
heads the list in the number of licenses
held by citizens of a county.
Of the 490 federal licenses issued,
222 are held in Charleston. Leaiiae
out Beaufort, more licenses are held
in Charleston tban in the other 39
counties of the state. It goes without
saying that a man does not pay for a
United States license unless he is going
to sell liquor. He does not part
with his hard to get money just for the
fun of the thing. It is evident tbat a
thirsty man does not have to go far in
Charleston to ?i ad a place where
liquor is sold.
As stated, Charleston, leads, with
222 licenses Beaufort comes second
with 40. Lr'canses are held in .other
countios~as follows: Richland 34;
Spartanburg, 26; Berkeley. 15; Greenville,
14; Colleton, 12; Georgetown
1H oo/ik "\l ?>rer Kawmv o
2tJUU viici vaw, jl\j govu ^ no" wvji j ?>ju
Union, 8 each; Chester and Florence,
6 each; Hampton, Kershaw and Orangnburg,
5 each. Abbeville, Anderson,
Sumter and York, 4 each; Aiken,
Bamberg, Chesterfield, DarliEgtcn,
Lancaster Laurens, Marion, and Oconee,
3 eich; Edgefield, Paluda and
Williamsburg, 2 each; Greenwood,
Lexington and Marlboro, 1 each.
Fairfield, Horry, Pickens and the new
county of Lee have no license for the
sale of liquor
Bat one woman in the state holds a
license to sell liquor. She lives on
St Helena island, in Beaufort county.
A license is issued in Charleston county
in the name of a militia company.
In Abbeville, Anderson, Cnester,
Clarendon, Darlington, Edgefield,
Florence. Greenville, Greenwood,
Lexington, Newberry and Richland
counties the licenses are held by pervAci^inry
of fV??* /*niin<TT caoto
OV/AiO MX VUV WUUbJ kVUtM* In
Aiken county, two are held at
Aiken and one at Ellenton.
In Bamberg county, there is one
each at Denmark, Olar and Bambere.
In Barnwell, two are held at the
Fair/sx. county seat, two at Attendee.
0De at Elko and one at Blackville,
In Beaufort, twelve are held at the
county seat, seven at Port Royal and
the other twenty eight at cross roads
and landings throughout the county.
la Berkeley, but or.e license is held
at the county seat, the other fourteen
being held by persons living near the'
Charleston is not a large county,
yet 197 licenses are held in the city
and 25 in the county outside of the
In Chesterfield county, all the licenses
are held at Cheraw.
T n r*/\l /SAllvt^TT tttV .In AYl 1 W And
licanse is held at the county ssat, nine
are held at Adam's Ran, a lumber
In Dorchester county, one licence
is held at the county seat and six at
Summerville. Summerville, Mount
Pleasant at Sullivan's island, the three
pleasure resorts of Charlestonians, are
we) I provided.
Nine of the ten licenses in Georgetown
are held at the county seat.
But one of the five licenses in Hampton
is held at the county seat. Two
are held at Brunson and one at Scotia
In Kershaw county, three are held
at the county seat and two at Luck
In Lancaster, two are held at the
county seat and one at Kershaw.
In Laurens, two are held at the
a/mi r>tTT f no f ovt/3 Ana Q f Pll infon
va>uuvj ocab ajuu uuo an v-iiiiiv/u*
la Marion, two are held at Marion
and one at Dillon.
The only license in Marlboro is held
In Osonee, two are held at Walhalla
and one at Saneca.
In Orangeburg, two are held at the
CJuntj seat ana uce each at tit. M&c
thews, Brazjchviile andCameroa.
Io Saluda, one is h?ld at the county
seat and one at OdomV.
Ia Spartanburg, 24 are held at the
county s.'at and one each at Clifton
Ia Sumter, three are held at the
county seat ana one at cmiuiyiue.
In Union, seven are held at the
count; seat and tne other at the im
mortal town of Jonesville.
In Williamsburg, one is held at the
county seat and one at G-ourdin.
Tite four in York CDuaty are held at
She 9m No Credit Amoij tse Oiher I?aU)Of.
No nation in this time can conduct
a war with any prospect but that cf
early and disastrous failure without
plenty of money. In her lack of credit
lies the greatest weakness of Spain.
The London Economist gives an interesting
summary of Spain's financial
condition. The three Cuban loans
aggregate $450,000,000, the floating
debt amounts to $70,000,000, and the
monthly war expenditure to $8,000,000.
Such are the Economist's figures
translating pounds sterling into doi
lars at the rate of five to one. They
are exclusive of old debt and of the
new loan of 200,000,000 pseta3, equivalent
to about $10,000,000, whicn the
government is tryiDg to raise by pop
ular subscription through the national
bank. A country like ours would not
find any difficulty in handling and
increasing upon favorable terms a
debt as large as that of Spain, but with
Spain it is a very different matter.
Tne total population of that country is
about ia,uuu,uuu, out ?pain is very
weak in industrial resources. Her
total debt 13 now $1,613,400,000, aDd
the annual interest cnar^e is $90,000,
000. How serious a matter this is for
Spain is shown by tte fact that her 4'
and 5 per cent bonds are now quoted
at from 49 to 55 par cent of thair face
value. The new offer of $40,000,000 of
bonds is not likely to bring into the
treasury more than $25,000,000 at
most, and prooably not more than one
third of the amount of the floating
debt Spain would have to raise several
hundred million dollars to prepare
for a war with this country. How
could she get ii? She has failed to get
more than half their face valua for
$40,000,000 of bonds which wera taken
by her own people after stroDgappeals
>- ^ 1?:
iu meir pa trim/a uj. t*iicuo|/?mgucs
outside of her own country to borrow
money she will find ir; impossible to
raise any great amount at any rate of
interest. There is not today a civilized
nation s d ill prepared for war as
Mark Hanna has just been convicted
-after a thorough investigation by a
committee of the very "e^jslatute tbat
sleeted bin:?of securing hfs Senatorial
seat by bribery.
^cn-wrra^i m .. 11. ?r.7
tUr-iDAY school convention.
Ths Progratli of the T*?my First Ancnai
The following is the program of the
twenty first annual convention of the
South Carolina Sunday School Convention,
-which will meet in Georgetown
on May 17:
Tuesday ntottt vi\-17
8 CO, Songs of Praise, By Local choir.
8.30, Devotional, Thanksgiving Service,
by R.3V. D. M. Fulton.
8 45. Wtatare our aims? Answered
by President Hazard of Georgetown.
Wbatisour Inspiration? Answered
by Field Secretary Whilden,
What hasten our Progress? An-1
swtred by Rev. J. W. Sbell.
9.00. Adiress. Subject (to be an
noutcsd [by Rev. R. N. Pratt, Columbia.
10 00. Adj >urnment.
WEDNESDAY UOKSOKO MAY 18.
9 00 Devotional. Rv F. F. Whilden.!
9 45, Organization. Enrollment. Ap
pointment o? Committees. ReDorts
of Executive Committee and Field
10 CO, Open Conference and Question
Drawer conducted by S. B. Ezall,
11 CO, Topic. *'The Life of Christ,"
Rev. W. B. Duncan, AUendale.
11 JO, Sunday School management.
The Superintendent's responaib lity,
by A C. Dibble, Orangeourg.
The Teachers Meeting, open dission.
12 30, Reports and Miscellaneous, The
"WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, MAY 18.
Primary Teachers Special Service in
charge of Mrs. M 8. Whilden, Superintendent,
3.00, Singing. Praytr. Scripture Selections.
3 40, Paper, Equipment of Primary
3.25, Normal Lesson.....,By...,,,
3 50, Papers, Benin's derived from
Primary Te&c aer?' Unions, by4. ..
4 00, lessons tor next Sunday taught
with blackboard illustrations.
WEDNESDAY NIGHT, MAY 18.
8.00, Song Ssrvica, Conducted by
8 30, Praise Semoe and Devotional,
F. P. Whilden,
8.45. Offerees for the Work.
Key. W. I. Herbert, Treasurer.
9.00, Address. Sublet: Jesus ia His
Klagdom, by Rev. A E. Coraiih,
THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 19.
9 30, Reports: (I) Supariateadeat Pri
mary Departmeat, Mrs. M. S. Whildea,
(2) SuDeriateadtat Normal Depart
meat, Professor R. O. Sims, Gaff
(3) Superiateadeat Home Glass Departmeat,
Prof. J. A. GameweiJ,
(4) Statistic^ Secretary, Pr?f. R. O.
(5) Treasurer, Ray. W. I. Herbert,
10,00. Financial. A belter way. Ho*?
Whj? Rey. T. H. Law, D. X>., |
10.30. Normal Lesson, Rev. B. P.
1L00, The S, C. Edition of the International
E vac gel, by Editor C. W.
12 CO, Miscelleneous. Farewell words.
(The above may still be changed
Gospel Hymns, Nos. lto.6 will be
used ia the singing,
Notes.?(1) As seen from the above
program, the Super" ntendents of the
Home, Primary and. Normal Depart
merits, the Statistical Secretary and
the Treasurer will have brief written
reports to present to the Convention
also the Editor of the E-augel.
(2) The County Vice Presidents (lo
wnom copies of this program will be
sen ) will kindly send to the Secretary,
Rev. W. I. Herbert, at Florence, S.
C ., or to Cnairmanof Executive Committee,
brief written reports of conditions
and prospect of the work in
taeir respective counties.
(3) Tne County officers (or where
the couay is not organized tne county
Vice President) will please see that the
pledges made lor the county is collect
ed audforwarded witinut fail, as the
Treasurer needs money. . __
(4) Special rates on the railroads of
the State have been authorized by tiie
Southern Passenger Association. Have
your railroad agent to wire a few
days ahead to be sure they get the
special rates for jou.
(5) Tnose who will attend the convention
should send their names to
Rev. A. J. S;okes by May 12th.
(6) Lat all devoutly pray G;d's blessings
upon the Convention and taat
all me work may prosper in our hands.
C. H. Carlisle, Oil, ?x- Con.,
Spartanburg, S. C.
Ameilc* One Hundred- Years Ago.
TJaere was not a public libi*ary in
the United Sates.
ALmost all the furniture was imported
An old copper mine in Connecticut
was used as a prison.
Xnere was only one hat factory, and
that made cocked hats.
Every gentleman wore a queue and
powdered his hair.
Crockery plates were objected to because
they dulled the knives.
Virginia contained a fifth of the
whole population of the country.
n. man wuo jeerea at me preacher
or criticised the sermon was fined,
A gentleman bowiug to a lady always
scraped his foot on the ground.
Two stage coaches bore all tne travel
between New York und Boston.
A day laborer considered himself
well paid witn two shillings a cay.
The whipping post and pillory were
still standing in New York.
Beef, pork, salt fish, potatoes and
hommy were the staple diet all the
Buttons were scarce and expensive,
and trousers were fasten with pegs or
A new arrival in jail was set upon
by his fellow prisoners and rob':ei of j
everything he had.
Wnenamau hsd enough tea he J
piacea nis spoan across nis cup 10 ia- j
dicats that he wanted no more.
Leather breeches, a checked shirt, a
red flannel jacket, and a 'cocked hat
formed the dress of an artisan.
The Church collection was taken in
a bag: at the end of a pole, with a bell
attached to rouse sleepy contributors.
?The Biblical Recorder.
Remedy for Bedbugs.?One ounce
of Kerosene cil, two ounces of household
ammonia, and one and one half
ounces of spiiits of turpentine. Put
in spring oil can, mixthorougly while
using. Inject into all crevices and
where bu* s are apt to collect. Also,
under ed$ 63 of base boards of cracks
in the waJJ, etc.
The New York Journal claims to
have information from Washington j
to the effect that tbe United States has
purchased from Denmark tha three isJacids
of St. Thomas, St John and St
Croix, along with two cruisers and
three torpedo boat destroyers all for
]TI"iT< ii i will il i i i ii i a, ! ? ?|W
"ALL DEPENDS ON S PAIN
SHE CAN AVERT A WAR BY FREEING
Whicb ie la Fo?ed Sbe Will Not lo, and
Thore W)io Bare Been Bopefal ot m
Pe*c f al Sottltmint Now Consider W?r
There is nc longer any doubt as to
the purposes of the United States Government
regarding Cuba. War, in
the opinion of President MeKinley
and his advisers, is inevitable, except
in the unlooked for event of a surrender
on the part of Spain.
The President's message, which he
had intended to send to Congress last
Thursday, has not been changed in
any particular and embodies the unanimous
wiews of the cabinet without
tbe slightest variance or exception,
Onrl 1C CGT/1 +/% Vta c% rrnvtir Tri/?A?/Min
uuu sa u bv* Ot V OA J Vi^UiU(UUVbU
ment Any movement to avert war
must new come from Madrid, and
must concede American demands, in
eluding an end to Spain's dominion
The ominous tone of the press advices
from Madrid, where the war
fever seemed to have dominated, instead
of the concessions, the opening
of prison doors and other manifest*
tions of peace and gocd will which
Holy Thursday was expected to bring
forth, and the more definite announcement
of action that would bring psace
The heavy guard about Minister
Woodford's house, the imperative
character of his last note, the war utterance
of Minister Correa and the
turbulence at the Spanish capital left
little hope that pacific councils would
prevail. No negotiations ar^ proceeding
in Madrid on the part ef this gov
eminent, but the powers of Europe, it
is understood, are doing their utmost
to persuade tne Spanish government
f A ^rial/4 a-riA A rrra ?a '
-V JTi-lW1 ?uu ?TUU TTC?t?
The Spartanburg Herald says: "We
are informed that the report has gone
out in Abbeville and Laurens counties
that L. P. Epton must be defeated in
his aspirations to become ComptrollerGenera),
because he is a Conservative.
We belie vein fair play. Mr. Epton
has never belonged to that faction
known as the Conservatives. He has
been from the first the head of the Beform
faciion in this county. He has
been the most pronounced and uncompromising
Btformer in the count.7
and while a larger number of ta mer
Conservatives endorsed his claims
for the Comptroller-Gtenerakhip, it
was not on political grounds. If these
people nave legitimate arguments to
use against Mr. Epton, they can use
them and this paper will not say a
word. We have no candidate, but
when delit er^te misrepresenta ins .re
made, even though it be against a political
opouent, we protest. Mr. Eptoa
js a Reformer, he has always beea
a Reformer, and there is not a zraa,
woman or child in Spartanburg tuat
knows him, who ever doubted his loylaty
to that faction."
Ordered from tile Maine.
A dispatch from Havana says:
Ea&ign Powelson, who is attached to
ihe Fern, vhile spending some time
on the wreck of ihe Maine, was per
emtoriiy ordered away by the commander
of the Spanish gunboat Le
Gtezpe, who toog the position that Mr.
Powelson had no right there since the
United States flag Had been hauled
down from the wreck a'ter the departure
of the Lieutenant Commander
The Augusta Chronicle says "there
will be little danger of invasion from
either country in the event of war
with Spain. The war will be principally
upoiUhe ocean and there is no
reason 10 be cocksure that it will end
in three months. The ocean is a big
placa, and battleships might knock
around a considerable time upon il
without warlike collision. Cuba and
Porto Rico will be points of attack,
and ihe fighting will be over these is
It has bedn held that consumption
is hereditary, and the fact tuat one
psrson of a family had died with consumption
was considered a s ire sign
that others of that family could not
< scape it. This is partly true and part
ly untrue. A man wxin weak lungs ii
likely to transmiMha!; weakness to his
children. But there is no reason in
the world why the weakness should
be allowed to develop. Keep the
lungs full of rich, red, wholesome
blood, and the weakness will disappear.
Decaying tissues will be thrown
off, and new material will be added
until the lungs are well and perfectly
strong again. This is the tnxng that
Dr. Pierce's G-olden Medical Discovery
does. This is what makes it cure 98
per cent, o all cases of consumption
where it is taken according to direc
tions. It searches out disease germs,
wherever they may be in tne body"
ons) frtvwo thom Ailr of tho OTTOtam Ii
auu itiwvg wuvu v*? w*. MAV HJ H?VU*I 41
supplies the blood with rich, life-giving
properties. It makes the appetite
good, digestion perfect. Send 21 ceuis
in one Cint stamps to World's Dispensary
Medical Association, Buffalo, N.
Y., and receive Dr. Pierce's 1008 page
' Common Sense Medical Adviser,"
"ocean , but when
dangers of that
particular channel. In the voyage of life
there are many perilous places where we
need the help of a pilot who has a thorough
knowledge of the special difficulties and
dangers to be avoided.
In those delicate physical weaknesses and
diseases peculiar to women a general practitioner
or ordinary doctor has no opportunity
to become thoroughly proficient. Still
less to be trusted is the advice of any mere
nurse or unscientific person.
Only a specialist who has given a life of
study to this particular field of practice, is
competent to treat the diseases f woman's
intricate and complicated organi m.
Any woman suffering from these delicate
troubles may obtain the most eminent pro
tessionai advice tree oi cnarge Dy writing
to Dr. R. V. Pierce, chief consulting physician
of the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical In- i
stitute, of Buffalo. N. Y. During nearly 30
years' at the head of his snlendid staff of
specialists, he has successfully treated many
thousands of cases of obstinate feminine
His " Favorite Prescription " was devised
for the sole purpose of curing- the diseases
and weaknesses of the feminine organs.
No other medicine has been so marvelously I
successful in this particular field of prac- s
tice. No other medicine so completely 2
overcomes all the dangers and nearly all
the pains of motherhood. _ <
"It is with pleasure I recommend Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription to suffering ladies," writes 8
Mrs. J. Ferguson, Box 29. Douglas Station. Selkirk
Co.. Manitoba. "After suffering untold
tortures I thank God I found relief and cure in
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription."
The greatest book for women ever pub
1 t. ~ /J CO ^ A
iisiicu 13 L/i. o mu3trated
"Common Sense Medical Adviser,"
sent free in paper covers for cost of mailing (
only, 21 on?-cent stamps; cloth-bonnd 31
stamps. Address Dr. Pierce as above. j
I.I n I fc r? mmm mm ^
Iodoform Liniment is the "nee pluultra"
of all such preparations in removing
soreness, and quickly healing
fresh cuts and wounds, no matter how
bad. It will promptly heal old sores
of long standing. Will kill the poison
from ''Poison Ivy" or "Poison
Oak" and cure "Dew Poison." "Will
counteract the poison from bites of
snakes and stings of insects. It is a
sure cure for tore throat Will cure
any case of sore mouth, and is a superior
remedy for all pains and aches.
Sold by druggists and dealers 25 cents
A Happy Home
Is increased ten-fold by good Music. Make
the most of life by procuring a good
PIANO OE OBGAI<
Music has a refining influence, and keeps
your children at home.
it 5 MEMBER J?
Fou only iuTest omcfl in a lifetime, pro rid
ed you select a good Instrument:
- ' > '
Anyhouse in Amariea to boat my prices.
quality ?nd responsibility considered.
To those not prepared to pay cash, I wil)
give reasonable time, at a alight difference
- - '-%J
I folly guarantee my Instruments sold as
T? for ^..ud for illoa
PIANOS AND OKSA.NS
1509 MAIN" street,
_ - COLUMBIA, 8. c..
Lira FOR THE LIYKB AKDMKj
KIDNEYS, as its name imparts,
is a stimilator and regulator to I
th?se Organs. Js the best after
meals mediciimb aid digestion
| Prevents Headaches. Cares Hi
Blllionsness' Acts on toe Kid- KJ
neys.within Thirty minutes.after
H t&klzig, relieving aches in the^B
"??f thes eor.^g
H 0? ^
* old lj dtthn gtzejtllj tnd by ^r""
THE MURRAY DRUG CO. JpCOLUMBIA,
8 O. S
from Mak* Dirtd to Purcba&r. H
SA Good s
| Piano g
SB win ie?t ? *
IhMIH give M
endless en- Jg
Kd *???* g
^ bhs vfliiMtftfew n
years and an
give endle? H -:
<?g Hie ^mMKvezation. ?|
1 Mathushek 3
? u always Oood, always Reliable, fli
w ing. You take no chance* in boy* 91
? *ft' ooeta aozneirbat more than a 91
SC cheap, poor piano, bat is mach tlx* Oft
Sb cheapest In the end. all
?No other Hiarh Grade Pls.no sold bo Mi
reasonable. Factory prices to retail 9M
boy era Easy payment*. Write a*. 3M
I LUDOCN & BATES, S
ItTtiuk, 6k. Md St? York Cltj ?1
AddzeM: D. A! PBE88LEY, Afcent
COLUMBIA, 8 C
tee mm j
I? the matt complete tyitem of ?ie*attiu
handling, dewing and pacrln* cotton
Improves staple, nna labor, makes voq
acoef. Write for eaUIognw. no otb-r
I handle the moat Ik. orated
to be found on the market
My Sergeant Log Beam rfili ?. ;o
dmpUdtj and efficiency ? wonder
frANtt . ,
and all wood working machinery.
rj?DD SLL AND TALBOTT
Write to me twfore oayine
V. O. Badbam,
KEELEY INSTITUTE ?
&EEBaTVXLL.E, S. c.
ALCOHOL; OPIUM, TOBACCO USING. jgj
' Make no Mistake nor delay.
This treatment restores the Diseased
ferrous System to its Normal Condition. Re- V
alt?a perfect cnre of the Liquor or the V
Morphine fiabitand re-establishment of the
fill power. Have you a friend who needs
he care? Detailed information mailed on i|
THE KEELEY INSTITUTE,
(or Box 37) Greenville, S. C.
(In writing mention this paper.)
Unsta, Qt. Irtul hiiiiM. Retail W
fkmttiaa. QkM?D?*r4. Sea4 for