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VOL. HI. . WINNSBOKO. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. APRIL 27, 1898. NO. 38.
CUBA MUST BE FREE.
k THIS IS THE DEMAND M*DE UPON
Fresldeit MeKttJey Signs Cuban Kesolatloaoaad
?ead? Ult'm&tam to Msdrld
Dimiodlsg tte Evacuation cJ Cub*? The
Spasish Minister Ie?.\es for Horn*.
Wednesday in Washington was a
day of events in the history of the
AiiAeiiAVk T*V? AIII v?a Vtw 4V.A
I^esi-ient to the joint resolution re4
Whg intervention in Cuba; the notification
of that action to the Spanish
minister here; his demand for passports;
the department's prompt reply
to that demand; the minister's departure
fcr Canada and the transmission
of our ultimatum that Spain must
evacuate Cuba and must make answer
by Saturday through Minister Woodford,
to the Spanish government folv
lowed in rapid succession. The ultimatum
was sent to the Spanish minister
by Judge Day's Dersonal messenger
Edward Savoy, one of the trusted eml
ployes of the state department, who
f was appointed to bib place m lefay oj
Hamilton Fish. The messenger was
sot kept waiting long at the legation,
but in the course of an hour had re
turned to the state department with
the minister's application for his passports.
It was not until half past 3
o'clock in the afternoon that Savoy
made his second trip, carrying with
himthe desired paper. This was a pass>
port for the minister and his family
and suite. It was not in the usual
form, but was what is known as a
In the general terms it is similar to
that presented to Lord Sack ville-West,
when that unfortunate minister was
obliged to retire. In this case it reads
United States of America.
Department of State.
To all whom these present shall come,
* Know ye, that the bearer hereof,
Don Louis Polo y Bernabe, envoy
extriordmary and minister plenipotentiary
cf Spain to the United States,
accompanied by nis family and his
suite, is about to travel abroad.
These are, therefore, to request all
officers of the United States, or cf any
State therecf, to permit him to pass
freely without let or molestation, and
to extend to him all friendly aid and
protection in case of need.
In. testimony whereof, I, John Sherman,
secretary of state of the United
States of Americi, have hereunto set
my hand and caused the seal of the
department of state to be affixed at
Washington, this 20th day of April,
A. D., 1893, and cf the independence
of tht> United States of the one hundred
and twenty second.
Secretary of State.
At first there was some expectations
4. it.i .
aw biic &MI>O ucparuxiciib feiuu <*jraspuuoc
from Minister Woodford might be
expected Wednesday. Later on,
however, after Judge Day had calculated
the length of time that would be
cJtefuined in the cabling cf the ultimatum
to Minister Wocdforct, its
translation from cipher and retranslalon,
he became convinced that it
would be practically impossible, owing
to difference in time between
Washington and Madrid, to receive
any response Wednesday.
TEXT OF THE ULTIMATUM.
I he Official Statsraens lifxxel by the State
The following statement of the text
of the ultimatum to Spaizx was issued
On yesterday, April 20,1898, about
11 o'clock a. m., the department of
State served notice of the purpose of
this government by delivering to Minister
Polo a copy of the resolutions
passed by the Congress of the United
States on the 19 th inst After the receipt
of this notice the Spanish minister
forwarded. to the State Department
a request for his passports,
which were ismished him on yesterday
afternoon. Copy of the instructions
to Minister Woodford is herewith
appended. The United States minister
at Madrid was at the same time instructed
to make alike communication
to the government of Spain. This
morning the department received
from General Woodford a telegram, a
copy of which is hereunto attached
showing that the .Spanish government
rv>Alrnri rff otinric
uav MiUAVU wax. iviauvuo
with this government This course
renders unnecessary any further dip
Jomatic action on the part of the
Woodford, Minister, Madrid: "You
have been furnished -with the text of a
joint resolution voted by tne Congress
of the United States on the 19;h inst.,
approved today, in relation to the
pacification of tiie Island of Caba. Id
obedience to that act, the President
directs 5 ou to immediately coir muni
cate tc the government of Spain said
resolutions, with the formal demand
of the government of the United States
that the government of Spain at once
relinquisn its autority and govern
ment in the Island of Cuba and with
draw i's land ard naval forces from
Cuba and CuMh waters. In taking
this step, the Uailed States hereby riis
claims any disposition or intention to
jtejzercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or
flHktrol over said island, except for the
opacification thereof, and asserts its de
termination, when that is accomplished,
to leave the government and con
troi of the island to its people, under
such free and indeper dent government
as they may establish.
If by the hour of noon on Saturday
next, the 23 i day of April, instant,
there be not communicated to this government
by that of Spain a full and
satisfactory response to this demand
and resolution, whereby the. ends of
peace :n Cuba shall be assured, the
President wiii proceed without further
I notice to use powtr and autnoricv en
en joined and conferred upon hiui by
the said joint resolution 10 such extent
I as may be necessary to carry the same
I into e ffect.
' (Singed) Sherman.
Madrid Apri] 21, 1SSS
Sherman, Vt asnington: Early this
Thursday morning, immediately after
the rectipt of your open telegram, and
before I had communicated same to
Spanish government, Spanish minisu r
for foreign affairs notihsd me tnat diplomatic
relations are broken between
the two countries and that all official
communication between their respec
! live representatives have ceased. I arS
cording] y asked for safe passports. I
turn legation over to British embassy
and leave fcr Paris tnis afternoon.
Have notified Consuls.
The fj an 1th Flo. t on Its Wiy to Meet 5he
The ultimatum of the United States
was received early Thursday morning
in Madrid, and the Spanish government
immediately broke eft' diplomatic
relations with the United States,
notifying the United 8tates minister
to this effect before he was able to
prcseu'- "%ay juuwc. xuo ucrra ui wo
rupture was received calmly, notwithstanding
Spain's action was considered
a virtual declaration of war bj the
Spanish people. The following note
was issued late Thursday afternoon
by the government: "The Spanish
government, having received the ultimatum
of the President of the United
States, considers that the document
constitutes a declaration of war against
Spain, and that the proper form to be
adopted is not to make any further
reply, but to await the expiration of
time mentioned in the ultimatum before
opening hostilities. In the meantime
the Spanish authorities have
plaad their possessions in a state of
defense, and their fieet is already on
its way to meet that of the United
WOOCFORD LEAVES MADRIDBe
1? Accompanied to th? Froitler bjm
A dispatch from Madrid says Minister
Woodford left that city at 5 o'clock
Thursday afternoon for Paris. An
immense crowd gathered at the sta
tion, composed of all classes. A
strong force of police and civic guards
maintained order while amid the
crowd moved a large numbfer of private
detectives. A detachment of the
civil guards accompanied General
Woodford to the frontier. - The retiring
minister maintained his usual caim
ness, but looked worn and fatigued.
When the crowd was thickest about
him, General Woodford forced his
way through, an8, approaching Colonel
Morel, the chief of police, shook
hands with him cordially, thanking
him for his kindness and zeal in
guarding the United States legation
and his house for sc many month3.
When General Woodford tcok his
seat in the train there . was a stir
amoKg the spectators and a rush toward
the window of the carriage. The
minister sat unconcerned and dignified.
Senor Aguilera, the civil Governor
of Madrid, his gigantic figure
rising head and shoulders above the
crowd, in a stentorian voice, raised a
cheer, which was thrice responded to
by the crowd. "Viva Espana!" resounded
throughout the station until
the train was fairly outside. This was
not meant as a kindly farewell; but
was an explosion of long pent-up
feelings. . } :
WOODFORD'S TRAIN ATTAOKzD.
uaudi Wit* UTAvrn i-worai ?aa io jrrclect
A dispatch from Hesdoze, on the
Spanish frontier, says Qen. Stewart
L. Woodford, the United States minister
to Spain, accompanied by his
staff and ethers, reached the frontier
at 8 o'clock Friday morning in safety/
after seme exciting experiences. Tie
Spanish police attempted to capture a
member of the legation and at Valiadolid
the train was attacked.
Mr. Moreno was the member of the
United States legation singled oat by
the Spanish police for capture, on the
ground that he is a subject of Spain,
but the attempt was frustrated owing
to presence of mind of the minister.
At Valladolid the United States minister's
train was attacked and stoned.
Windows were broken and the civil
guards were compelled to protect his
carriage with drawn swords. Gen.
Woodford, however, slept throughout
The Moreno incident threatened to
be serious. The Spanish police made
a determined effort to capture Mr.
Moreno, but Gen. Woodford stood in
the doorway of the carriage declaring
he should only be removed by force.
A detachment of police accompanied
the train from Toloso to San Sebastin,
where the police officials left, on see
ing the general determined to maintain
At Segovia the students of the military
college gathered on the platform,
cheering for Spain, and there were
several similar incidents at other stopping
places. It was a great relief to
the minister's party when the general
finally reached French soil. But G-er.
Woodford personally seemed unconscious
of any danger.
AM ERSCAN EAGLE SMASH ED
The Foolish Act of a Foolish Hob in
A dispatch from Madrid Thursday
night said an enthusiastic mob was
parading tha principal streets, the mob
gathered in front of the Equitable
Life Insuratca company ani insisted
upon the removal of the American
eagle, which was thrown down and
smashed to bits. The fragments were
then carried through the streets by a 1
cheering, yelling mob to the military
club, |wbers the members appeared
upon the balcony and enthusiastically
cheered the demonstrators, shouting
"Viva Espana!i: aad "Down with the
Yankees!" The police mixed with
tiie crowd and allowed tne demonstrations
to co on with nut restraint.
The civil governor of Madrid, Sinor
Aguiiera instead of prohibiting disorder,
allowed complete liberty ol action
mingling amoDg th? demonstrators.
He was loudly cneered, especially
when the American escutcheon was
thrown from the balcony of the Equitable
building and fell at his very
feet. Aguiiera, as if trampling upon
the escutcheon, addressed the popu
lace, amid enthusiastic applause, fie
said: "The Spanish lion is roused
from his slumber. He will shake his
mane and disperse the rest of the brute
creation." The demonstration then
continued, a part of the mob proposing
to demonstrate in front of the
American legation, which is now
under the British flag. It is hoped, at
me xime ibis aispaico. xs seni, maT. me
crowd will disperse, exhausted, havir g
nothing upon whica to wreak its vengeance.
Ejgland Sc?ada bjr La.
A dispatch from London says Eaeland
will ie:aain neutral, but will aid
the United States if any other country
interferes in the interest of Spain.
WAR NOW EXISTS
BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND
THE KINGDOM OF SPAIN.
Th.e Atlantic Squadron Orde el to Blockage
Havana?Tha Spanish Ileet at Cape
Verde Has Sailed to Meet the American
War between the United States and
Spain is now a fact. The stirring
CVCUW a* i, wv-^
were succeeded Thursday by others
of equal importance, culminating in
the afternoon in orders for the departure
of the North Atlantic Squadron
for Havana. This practically is an
act cf war, so that the war between
this country and Spain may fairly be
said to date from April 21,1898
Two minutes after the opening of
the State Department Thursday morning
word came from Minister Woodford
that the Spanish government having
anticipated and prevented his intention
to present the President's ultimatum,
he had asked for his passports.
The administration, in a public statement,
announced that it regarded th6
action of the Spanish government as
rendering unnecessary further diplomatic
action on the part of the United
States, and further slated that it re
garded the course adopted by Spain as
one paaciDg upon tuc cuuiiiry mio responsibility
for a breech of friendly
Mr. Woodford's teleeram resulted
in the calling of a soecial Cabinet
meeting, to arrange and outline a plan
of campaign, or rather to determin0
how to begin the execution of the
plan of campaign already prepared by
the strategic board of the army and
navy departments. The immediate
result was the order for the North
Atlantic squadron to begin the blosV
ade of Havana. How much further
than this the Cabinet progressed in its
deliberations it is not possiole to say,
for the obvious reason that the time
has now come when the interests of
the government require that the movements
of ships ana troops* should be
guarded with the greatest care from
undue publicity, in order to prevent
the enemy from taking advantage of
Minister Woodf ord's action during
the day, as reported to the State Department
in a late telegram, indicated
that he was following a carefully prepared
program. A significant feature
of his message was the statement that
the Spanish government notified him
that it regardei the withdrawal of J
Minister Polo yesterday as terminating
the diplomatic negotiations, showing
that it was net disposed to accept
the expressed intention of our government
to. continue Minister Woodford
Ad th UJi C UJ. U. Ul KJX. v/.fux ua mu^wm
Saturday noon. Mr. Woodford also
announced that he. had instructed
Consul General Bo wen at Barcelona
to cause all American consuls in
Spain to immediately withdraw from'
the country. Ho further stated that
he .had informed the Spanish government,
after asking for .his passport?,
fiat he had placed the American legation
in Madrid, and American:' interests
it Spain generally, in .tha hands
of the British embassy. -
The Navy Department aside from
giving the orders to the squadron,
continued the work of adding to the
navy purchasing another ship at Nor
folk as an auxiliary craft and some
small yachts. The news of the actual !
beginning cf war was received wilh
gravity at the department, and thera
were many speculations as to the destination
of the Spanish squadron. <
One suggestion was thas they
would try to cut off the fine battleship
Oregon now on its way from tbe Pa
rifir*. coast around to ioin Cant. Samp
son's command. There is also some
fear that the Oregon may be taken at
an unfair advantage, without knowl *
edge of the existence of war, by the
Spanish torpedo destroyer Temaaerire, ,
which is now lying at liaunos Ajres.
Possibly with a view to avoiding a
conflict in the Straits of Magellan,
where she would be at s. disadvantage,
the Oregon has been ordered to go
around Cape Horn.
HElD up by robbers.
tbe Englre jx o? tfce Train and One Kobke:
The Santa Fe overland No. 1 westbound,
was held up at the Mojave
bridge, two miies west of Oro Grande,
in SanBirnadinocounty, Col., at 2 20
a. m. Engineer Gilford was killed
by one of the robbers, who was mortally
wounded by Gifford in an exchange
of shots. The robbers flaerged
the train at the approach to the bridge
and boarding the engine, took the
engineer ana nremen oacit 10 ice express
car and endeavored to detach it
from the passenger coach, but could
not uncouple it. They succeeded in
cutting off the mail car and compelled
the engineer to pull it up to the s.ding.
Here they rifled the mail car and
secured the registered mail. Then ]
they backed down to the train, and '
were proceeding to the express car
when Engineer Gifford opened fire on (
them with a revohe:. He fatally
wounded one of the robbers. Paul
Jones, of Oro Grande, but the other
escaped, after shooting Gilford with a
charge of buckshot. Gilford died at
once. The train with the body of the
engineer prcceeued. The sheriff arrived
at the scene at 6 a. m., and
tracked the other robber to Uumrnings ;
Ranch and into the hills. He had a
horse. His identity is unkno wn. The
robber got notaiug bus tne roistered
Wilt br NeQital.
Great Britain has already taken
steps not only to maintain a passive
neutrality, but to enforce it with arms ;
if necessary. T*o regiments of British
soldiers aie now m the British
West Indies, and these are about to
be augmented by another regiment ;
frnm H -j lifor r?r? n .
\,U1 u VLU JL. .AV * 4'A V UV/1A
centrated in the bilief that tre West
Indies will be a center of conflict, and
that the stress of war may lead one or ;
the other belligerents to occupy neu
tral British territory. So Jar as is
known, tne French government will
observe the same neutrality. Its Wtst
Indian possessions are considerable
and it has several ships in taose wateis.
Germany and ite other powers
are expected to tike t^e tami neutral
re .th o: Beaior D. L?ne.
A special to ihe Times from Nashville,
s>ajs: Hsctor D. Line, formerly
commissioner of agriculture of Alaba
ma and president of tne American
Cotton Gro wers Association, died at
his home in Athens, A;.a., Tuesday,
from the ett\c;s of a stroke of paraljsis.
A REPORTED ENGAGEMENT.
B tvrfeu a United States Monitor and a
According to private dispatches received
by the Jacksonville, FJa.,
Times-Union and Citizen Friday night
the first naval battle of the war took
place opposite Boynton, about 25 miles
south of Palm Beach at 10 o'clock
George Lyman, a reliable man, and
others, who were fishing in Lake
Worth, whic^i is separated from the
ocean by a narrow strip of land, heard
Heavy nriDg ana ran to ua oeacn.
They reported to the railroad agent
and postmaster at Lantana, that a
United States monitor was furiously
chasing and fine2 upon a Spanish
man of war or gunboat conveying a
a coal or transport ship. The Span
iard replied shot for shot. All the
ships were traveling with a bone
in their teeth. The men say they
watched the battle for an hour, or
until only the smoke from the funnels
was visible on the southern horizon
in which direction they were traveling.
A special dispatch to The TimesUnion
and Citizen from Lantana,
says: "An eye witnesshssjjst arriv
ed from Boynton and reports a supposed
transport vessel southward
bound guarded by a man-of-war, pursued
by a rronitor, keeping up a heavy
running fire.1' This dispatch was
dated at 10 a. m., Friday morning.
A special to The Times-Union and
Citizen from West Palm Beach, Fla.,
says. Much interest was manifested
here by the manoeuvering of strange
looking vessels. Two torpedo boats
passed south, one early Friday morning,
the other in the aifernoon. Three
vessels, suopostdiy belonging to the
mosquito flaet, after some maneuvering
off Palm Beach pier, proceeded
sic wly southward. A tug towing a
very large and peculiarly shaped vessaI
alsn na-SKfid south.
Some Material Changes Made by the State
Board of Control.
Tic State Board cf Control has
made established salaries for the dispensers
for the ensuing year.
The folio mug dispensaries were
fixed at $75 eacn per month: Abbe
viiie, Aiken, Beaufort Camden. Charleston,
Steinmeyer, Mott, Heyers,
Mahlstedt, Tienken, Sal?, Stoppelbien,
Bailey, Columbia, Price; Darlington,
Edgefield, Florence, Georgetown,
Greenville, Laurens, Orangeburg,
Sumter, and J. F. Trov. at Columbia.
The following was fixed at $65:
The following were fixed at $60 per
month: Jacksonboro, Summerville,
The following were placed at $50
per month; Bishopville,Dillon. Gaffney,
Port Royal, Bantowles.
. The following were placed at $40
per month: Adam's Bun.
The following at $45 Ridge way,
St. George's, Salkehatchie and Pendleton,
Seneca and Tooddviile were
placed at $35 per month. Walterboro's
dispenser will get $83.33.
The clorks' salaries were fixed as
follows: Abbeville, Aiken, Bailey,
of Columbia, Laurens, Sumter and
Troy of Columbia, at $40 each; Chester,
Steinmeyer, Mott, Meyer, Mablstedt
Tienken, Sale, Stoppelbien of
Charleston, Florence, Georgetown,
Greenville, Marion, Orangeburg, i*ere
placed at $35 each per month; Price,
of Columbia, $50; Camden, Dillon, at
$25 each; Edgefield, 'assistant, $13.50
So Far as the Calt ad Stktei tie Ooo,
An outline of the policy to be followed
by this government in the treatment
of neutrals and the matter privateering
is contained in the following
"In the event of hostilities between
the United States and Spain, it will be
the policy of this government not to
resort to privateering. The government
will adhere to the following
"First, neutral flag covers enemies
goods with the exception of contraband
of war; second, neutral goods
not contraband of war are not liable
to confiscation under enemies' flag;
third, blockade in order to be binding
must be elective."
This doctrine is undoubtedly laid i
down to meet the various inquiries
received bj the diplamatic representatives
of the United States from foreign ;
governments as to the attitude assumed
by the United States. It is substantially
in line with the rules prac- i
ticedinihe recent Chinese Japanese ;
war and places the United States in a
most advanced position, so far as the
prUfcWMMA Wl xxxvii Tiuuai, frjr uuu
neutral goods at sea is concerned. By
it Spanish goods are made free from
saizare on the seas in tne bottoms of a
neutral power. This decision on the '
part of our government will be wei20rued
in Europe. 1
AN ARFUY OF F,NE VESSELS
C.ozipo.e the Narth Adsntlc fq a a Iron
lae North Atlantic squadron, under
Captain Sampson, vrhicn is now blockading
Havana and other Cuban 1
ports, makes a splendid array of fine
vesse.s, comprising battleships such as
the Iowa andJndiana; monitors, like
the Puntan, Terror and Amphitnte;
armored cruisers, like the Nsw York,
flagship; protected cruisers, such as (
the Cincinnati, Marbleheadand Moat
gornery; gunboats, like the Vicksburg :
VVilmmgton and Annapolis; regular
torpedo boats, as the Ericsson, Cush- (
ing, Winslow and the like; not to
speak of the large number of fast
yachts and other vessels that have
been added to the fleet by purchase.
This force is quite competent to blockade
ail the ports in Cuba, or at least :
all of the ports connecting by rail '
with Havana and so likely to be -used !
to supply that place, in the event of 1
seige with food and munitions of war.
Besides the above there are other ves
sels, including one battleship, on their .
wav to i iin the scuadron. This
statement is to be taken with the understanding
thasit does 11 Dt contemplate
the coming to Cuban waters of 1
ihe Spanish fleet. In sucn case, the 1
probaole policy woula he to abandon
the blockade and endeavor to force
the Spanish fleet to battle.
A War Measure,
Resolutions authorizing the president
to prohibit the export of coal as
he sees fit have passed the senate.
HOW IT LOOKS IN SPAIN.
THE QUEEN REGENT SPEAKS FOR
THE BOY KING.
Magnificent Spectacle *rd Much Enihmiatm
at Meeting of Cortes-The Fighting
Hood of ? Frond People Aroused?The
Opening ol the Cortes.
The opening of the Spanish Cortes
/I 1 AT <k/^ *? An/-J ? ** wtAn A >?T n ? n i
2U iiLoujriu. tv izuiiccuajr vvttaa
cent sight All the -wealth and beauty
of Madrid gathered in the senate,
where every available foot of space
was occupied. Large bodies of troops
were drawn up outside of the building,
including the handsomely uniformed
Blue Dragoons and the magnificently
attired palace guards. Ail
the members of the diplomatic corps
were present in full dress.
A wild cheer at 2:30 p.m., announced
the arrival of the queen regent
who was driven to the cortes
palace in a state coach and escorted
by a detachment of Life Guards. The
cheeriag was taken up within the
building as the queen regent entered,
the cheers being accompanied by enthusiastic
cries of ''Viva Alfonso
Trece," ''Vive Espana.'\i a really tumultuoualy
The queen regent read the speech
from the throne while seated with the
young Mag, Alfonso, on her right,
and ^e premier, Senor Sagasta,standing
near the king. Her majesty's
words were inaudible to all but those
in her immediate vicinity. The reading
was greeted throughout with cries
of *'Viva Espana." A wonderful picture
was presented by the queen's entourage,.'
corjsisiing of must of the
highest personages in Spain in brilliant
court, military, naval or palace
At the close of her majesty's speech
there was renewed cheering, after
which premier Sagasta declared the
cortes opened, ana me quaej. regent
and tie boy king left the building
amid another wild outburst of enthu
siacm. The queen regent's speech began:
"The grave anxieties which saddened
my mind the last time I addressed
you hare increased and are heightened
by public uneasiness conveying the
presentment of fresh and greater complications
as a result of the turn
which events in Cuba have taken.
These complications were brought
about by a section cf the people of the
United States which, seeing that the
auvuiiULujr UIOVIUUJJLJT UU.UX.CU. IU uij
message was about to be put in force,
foresaw thai: the free manifestation of
the Cuban people, through its chambers,
would frustrate forever the
schemes against Spanish sovereignty
which have been plotted by those
who, with resources and homes sent
from the neighboring coast, have fettered
the suppression of the insurrection
in that unhappy island. Should
the government of the United States
yield to his blind current, menaces
and insults which we have hitherto
been abh> to regard with indifference,
for they were not an expression of the
sen&imencfesf the true -American na
tion, would become intolerable provocation
s, which would compel my government,
in defence of the national
dignity, to sever relations with the
government of the United States.
"In this supreme crisis, the sacred
voice of him who represents human
justice on earth was raised in counsels
of peace and prudence, to which my
government had no difficulty in hark
enmg, s.roxig m iiio uuuiciousness ox
its right, ana calm in the strict performance
of its duties." Her majesty
added: "Spain's attitude is due to the
pope, and alto to the great powers,
whose action strengthens my con vie
tion that Spain's cause deserves universal
sympathy and that her conduct
merits unanimous appro val.
"Possibly, however, the peace efforts
may fail to control the evil passions
excited against Spain. Lest this
reault, I have summoned the cortes to
defend our rights, whatever sacrifice
fkATT inotr antoi i Thno
bllu y Uiaj yutau? xuuo .uuiaui
myself with the nation, I not only
fulfill the oath I swore in accepting
the regency, but I follow the dictates
of a mother's heart, trusting to the
Spanish people to gather benind my
son's throne, and to defend it until he
is old enough to defend it himself, as
well us trusting to the Spanish people
to defend the honor and the territory
of the nation."
The queen regent then referred to
the trouble in tne Philippine Islands, :
and, continuing, said: "Although a
dark and gloomy future is before us,
the difficulties are not b9yond our
powers. With our glorious army,
navy and the united nation before
foreign aggression, we trust in God
that >76 snail overcome without stain
on our honor, the baseless and unjust
attacks made upon us."
Adrices from Havana ?ays business
is almost paralj zed t no contracts are !
being entered into and the papers are ;
urgirg Spain to declare war immedi- ;
ateiy. According to statements made 1
by (Spaniards the insurgents recently
captured in Havana province a ser- '
geanl of volunteers, whom tney killed 1
and ziost terribly mutilated, cutting 1
out his tongue, eyes and other parts
of his body. Exchange is still falling.
Prov:siona are rising in price, althougn *
still abundant. Local committees have J
placed 38 districts of Havana in an oflensire
and defensive position, without
tie aid of the troops or the volun- '
Kay Wett B\j ale as.
A. special dispatch from Kay West,
Fla.. to the Atlanta Journal says an
outburst of patriotic fervor greeted
the mnounc anient here of the agree
men; of both houses on the Cuban
resolitions. Intense excitement reign
Ed aid the war spirit took complete
possesion of the town. Cuban flags
were displayed from every pole and a
telegram was sent to President McKiniy
offering the services of a
thousand Cubans here who are anx
ioufito take the fieid at once. Aholi
day was declared and the public
scn?ols turned out to take part in the
To At:scfc aSsalll*.
The American tqu&dron at Hong
Koig, according to a special dispatch
fron Shanghai has sailed for Manilla,
whch it will attack. The dispatch
say: "Three steamers recently purcajsed
by the United States govern
meit will follow the feat with coal
Tb approach to Manilla are mined.
It s reported here that the priests and
thi commercial classes in the Philip
piies are in favor of a peaceful sur
raider rather than to suffer a bombailment,
but that the military are
dtfermined to resist"
er/nNian MINIS I LtAVts.
He gpclce Feallnsly of Hia Tepmrtnre
From the Country,
The Spanish minister, accompanied
by six members of his staff, left Washington
at 7:30 o'clock Wednesday
night, and the Spanish government
thus terminated its diplomatic representations
in the United States. The
minister and his party left by the
Pennsylvania road going northward
to Buffalo and Suspension Bridge, and
thence to Toronto. By 10:40 o'clock
Thursd y morning the Spanish officials
were on British soil At - 6
o'clock Wednesday evening Senor
Polo mad6 a hurried call at the French
emoassy ana me Austrian legation,
where Spanish interests are left in
charge, and then joined his staff at the
legation and started for the train.
Just before the departure from the
legation, the Austrian minister, Mr.
Hengel Muller, and Barones Hengel
MulLer dropped in for a last word, and
several other members of the diplomatic
corps called to make their final
adieus. This done the legation was
vacated a ad the party assembled at
the depot. As the minister entered
the station he was recognized by the
crowd, which closed in about him
until gently cautioned by the officers.
No words of indignity were spoken,
and the salutations of those in the
crowd were rather sgreeable than
otherwise. He smiled in acknowledgement
cf the attention given him, and
several times touched his hat Following
him came Senor Pabler Soler,
first secretary of the legation, Sanor
Acquaroni, second secretary, Senores
Pla and Almeida, attaches, Captain de
la Casa, military attache, and Lieutenant
de Carantho, naval attache.
mt * I 3 . J JL _ T> lJ
me pariy Doaraea me runman
sleeper Japan, which had been taken
The minister spoke feelingly of his
departure, saying the circumstances
were most painful to him. One of his
inmates ventured the suggestion that
he would be back soon again, under
much more favorable circumstances,
but he shook his head and said he
feared this could not be the case. He
said his request for his passports had
been made only after the enactment ol
a law which attacked Spain's sovereignty,
impunged her honor and insulted
ROWDY NEGRO SOLDIERS.
Aimed. With Rifles They Force Sheriff to
Be ease a Comrade.
An affray occurred Wednesday
night wnich shows that considerate*
feeling exists against the colored
troops or rather their presence at Key
West, Fla. Sergt. Williams of company
Q-, twenty-fifth infantry, was
with a brother soldier examining a
revolver at a street corner when a
policeman asked him to put the weapon
away. According to the story of
the police, Sergt Williams refused
and challenged the policeman to compel
him. Tne policeman drew his revolver.
but the weapon missed fire.
Meanwhile the soldier blazad away.
He was overpowered before any one
was hurt Daring the struggle to
nvernower the several white
men struck him in the face. Williams
was locked up at the city hall. The
police say Col. Daggett had issued an
order forbidding me troops to carry
side arms. The escapade na3 raised
fesling to a high pitch and race trouble
is feared. Twenty minutes after
the arrest 25 soldiers of the Twentyfifth
infantry, armed with rifljs aad
fixed bayonets, surrounded the house
of Sheriff Knight and demanded that
he release his prisoner. The sheriff
was alone and ill. The negro troops
gave him five minute3 to comply with
their demand and he dicided that discretion
was the better part of valor
and gave up his man. Col. Daggett
when the latter feature of the affair
was brought to his attention, said he
would investigate it thoroughly, and
if the report were true, would discipline
every man severely. After in
vestigaiing the matter OoL Daggett
had Williams and Private Coles, of
the same company, who is said to
have been the leader of the attacking
party, arrested and put under guard.
Col. Daggett says that Williams,
Coles ana their companions, when the
latter are discovered, will be turned
oyer to the civil powers and punished
to the full extent of the law, after
which a court martial will follow.
Williams had a hearing before a jus
? iL. i l n
uce ox uiB peace ana was neia in
11,000 bail lor trial at the May term ol
me court. There was no demonstra
tion at the hearing.
buue coats cheered.
U. S. Soldiers EntixzulutlcaUy Receive 1 In
Never in the history of the town was
a larger crowd at the Charlotte depot
than gathered there today to see the
United. States troops pass through the
city on their way from the North to
lampa to be in readiness for the comLDg
conflict between the United States
and Spain. The troops were coming
through in sections of seven and eight
cars each, within about half an hour
of each other. Each section stopped
aver here a half hour.
rrri 1.1 1; ? js 1
vvnen me nrsi section arrived eariy
this mormng already a considerable
:rowd. of Columbians was there to
greet them, and at 10 o'clock when
the fifth section arrived nearly a 1
thousand people were at the depat. (
A.s the train rolled in the crowd sent
ap a lusty, patriotic cheer mixed wit h
Eiebsi yells and this was heartily re
spooded to by the soldiers, who cheer
3d and waved banners and national
Tne soldiers talked freely with the
:itiz9iis and many souvenirs were exchange
They, the soldiers, were a
l&y and cheerful set, and if one did
act know that war was about to begin
ae would think the blue coats were on
i picnic. Many youDg ladies were j
iLLLUug LUC auu wcic ]
inthusiastic in their cheers of Uncle j
Sam's regulars. Some thirty years j
igo these same soldiers would have j
jeen hissed by just such a crowd.
The officers said they had not met ?
?uch an inspiring demonstration since
hey left Washington. Ttiis was the
argest and most enthusiastic crowd
>f spectators they had seen since they ;
Dulled out of the national capital yes* <
Some of the trains bore ammuni- :
ion, accoutrements, cannon and am- ;
julances, while others transported i
;roops alone. Tte troops came through
ii eight sections from Sackett's Har* i
x>r, New York and Pittsburg. From ;
iere they went over the Florida Cen- :
jral and Peninsular road, through Sa- .
rannah into Florida, their final desti- ;
lation being Tampa.?Columbia Ke- i
*\Jl U. | '
EJt.UcfS.AUfc ur (JUBAN j-un I t.
Officially Proclaimed by the Presideat ot
the United States.
The following proclamation announcing
the blockade of Cuban porta
was issued Friday:
By the President of the United States:
Whereas by a joint resolution passed
by the Congress and approved
April 20, 1898, and commnicated to
the government of Spain, it was demanded
that said government at once
relinquish its authority and government
m the Island of Cuba and with
draw its land and naval forces from
Cuba and Cuban waters, and the President
of the United States y/as directed
and empowered to use the enire land
and naval forces of the United States
and to call into actual service of the
United States the militia of the seve
ral States to such extent as might be
necessary to carry said resolutions into
effect; and that
Whereas in carrying into effect said
resolution, the President of the United
States deems it necessary to set on foot
and maintain a blockade of the North
coast of Cuba, including all ports on
said coast between Cardenas and Bahia
Honda and the port of Cienfuegos on
the South side of Cuba;
Now, therefore, I, William McKinley,
President of the United States, in
order to enforce the said resolution,
do hereby declare and proclain that
Ua TTnif/v? Qfof^a A ItA?*A
LUC U1UW)U KJbabCO Kjl ^.LUCJLIVA UAYC 111*
stituted and will maintain a blockade
of tlie North coast of Cuba, including
the ports on said coast between Cardenas
aud Bahia Honda and the port
of Cienfuegos on the South coast of
Cuba, aforesaid, in pursuance of the
laws of the United States and the law
of nations applicable to such cases.
An efficient force be posted so as to
prevent the entrance and exit of vessels
from the ports aforesaid. Any
neutral vessels approaching any of
said ports or attempting to leave the
same without notice or knowledge o'
the establishment of such blockade will
be duly warned by the commander o!
tUa klo^lro^iv>'v WKA TTTI 1 I An _
buo TT UU TTJUU ui'
dorse on her register the fact, and the
date of such warning, where such endorsement
was made; and if the same
vessel shall again attempt to enter any
blockaded ports, she will be captured
and sent to the nearest convenient
port for such proceedings against her
and her cargo as prize, as may be
Neutral vessels lying in any of said
ports at the time of the establishment
of such blockade will be allowed thirty
days to issue therefrom.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto
set my hand and cuased the seal of
the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this
twenty second day of April, A. D.,
189S, and of the independence of tb.e
United States the one* hundred and
(Signed) William McKinley.
A PITIABLE CASE.
m . i>v
Toons Mo:tier cud. He; J8abe Found
The Atlanta Journaf says E:hel
Murry, a young woman from Greenville,
S. 0., was found in a starring
condition in a room at the Hotel
Washington in that city Tuesday afternoon
oy Patrolman Osborne. She
is the mother of an infant two weeks
old, and aside from natural physical
suffering, tne woman and her child
were almost dead from hunger.
For two days and nights she has
. j i. i_ - t 'a . i
nurseu ui3 imam, ro-kea it io Sleep
and watched over it without a morsel
of food. Three wieksago Eshel Marry,
weak and suffering in mind and
body, was taken to the hotel, which is
on Loyd street, near the east end ol
the uoion depot. She was without
means, and two days after h9r arrival
her condition became such that she
could not leave the house.
Three days after she became a
mother. The woman who keeps the
house alio we i her to remain simply
because she could not be moved. Sunday,
it is said, this woman told the
young mother that she must leave the
nouse or pay her board. At the same
time, it is said, she declined to furnish
her with food for herself or child.
For two days the unhappy mother
remained in her room with her child
?a pretty girl?unable to leave and
without lood. The people in the
house who were able to give her help
would not do so, and those who were
willing had no means. Tuesday af
ternoon a woman who has been employed
in the hotel reported the mat- '
tar to Patrolman Osborne. At least ,
such is the statement of th? girl, and
it is borne out by others in tne house.
The officer went to the place and 1
found the woman half dead from
starvation and suffering. The infant
waa lying on the oed covered with an ]
old cape. It was crying for the. want (
of proper nourishment, which the ]
motuer was unable to give it. She j
was too weak to stand and was in a j
terrible physical condition.
Tne officer telephoned to the authorities
of the Florence Crittenton
home and this afternoon, if she is able
to stand the fatigue the unfortunate
woman will be moved. Siie says that
ner parents live in Greenville, but
that ner father is an invalid and is
supported by her mother, who makes
amy a scant living. Her condition is
now very precarious.
Rjiftifv tCi FnHif,
The Charleston correspondent of '
the Columbia State says Commander 1
Picckney of the South Carolina bat
talion of naval reserves has forwarded ;
to Washington upon demand the :
names 01' 20 men of his batalion who '
stand ready to enlist immediately in 1
the signal corps. Commander Pmck- :
aey received his orders saveral days :
ago. Hefcuad no trouble in securing ;
the 20 me;-< from the Lafayette Artille- !
py and the Chicora Rifles. He will in
tne next few days forward to Wash
ington the names of members of the ,
Beaufort company who may also desire
to enlist in the sign*! corps. ]
Wanta to Help.
At the New York cffi^e of the Cuban J
junta general satisfaction was express- j
ed over the action of congress in pass- J
A fftfp. I'
UJ? UIO VUVOIi lOJViuuvu* *-*
ment was given out, which contained '
the following: "Should force be nec- '
essary on the part of the United States,
there will be the most complete co-ooeration
by the Cuban government ,
a ad its army. Coast pilots and prac- |
ticed guides will be placed immediate- j
ly at the service of the United States j
and in every practicable way will the j
Cubans aid in expelling the common j
JttKBI HOSTILE SHOT
FIRED BY A UNITED STATES MANOF-WAR.
A Vpanlah Steamship Lumber Lade a; from
Teraa for Bottsrdasn, Captured by tlx*
OrrJxer JiaahTlllo and Tabea to Key
The United States cruiser Nashville
has captured the Spanish steamer
Buena Ventura, for Rotterdam, having
on board a cargo of lumber. She was
on her way from the cosst o! Texas.
rne jNasnyiLie towed ner prize into the
harbor at 11 o'clock Friday morning.
The news of the capture of the Spaniard
set the people of Key West frantic
with enthusiasm. All work was .
suspended and the docks were soon
TheUuitsd States feet was about
12 miles off Sandy Key light Friday
morning at 7, when the Spanish merchantman
was sighted, bound North.
The gunboat Nashville ran her down
and put a shot across her bows from
the four-inch gun on the port side aft*
manned by L.edt. Dillingham. Tbe
Spaniard ignored the shot; but another,
closer to her bows, brought her to.
A prize crew, under Eusign T. P. Magrader,
was put aboard.
Captain Lucarraga, in command of
her, was astounded. He said he did
not know that war had been declared;
but when he was informed of the state
of affairs, he shrugged his shoulders
and accepted the situation philosophically.
The Nashville has taken on
stores and will return to the fieet, car
_ TTt . ?r ? i %i
rymg ^osiga jnagruaer, wno will Da
relieved by Ensign- Carlton, of the
'Snow. A body of marines i* pacing
the deck of the Spaniajd, and her
crew of 28 are .lounging aoout the
decks in nonchalant fashion. Not a
man is in irons. According to prizj
laws Captain Maynard will torn the
prisoners of war over tb the United
States district attorney, who will decide
the question of tueir disposition.
The Spanish steamer Baena Ventura,
captured by the United States gunboat
Nashville, is a tramp steamer, bailing
from Bilboa, Spain. She belonged
to the Sarrinaga Line. On March 29
she arrived at Pascagula, Miss., from
Havana, and was on the way to Pensacola,
Fia.-, to load for Holand when
THE KNIQHT8 OF HONOR,
the Grand Lxlge of tie 8W Me*ia la
The State Grand Lodge of the
Knights of Honor, which met last
wee* in Columbia, completed its work
Thursday and adjourned sine die.
The sessions were ail most harmonioos
and pleasant and no time was wasted
in disposing of the work on hand.
The annual election of grand officers
was held, resulting as follows:
Past Grand Dictator, J. E. Holmes;
grand dictator, W. A. Templeton;
grand vice dictator, J. W. Tood;
grand assistant dictator, IC. F. Kennedy;
grand reporter, L. N. Zealj;
grand tcieasurer, J. T. Robertson;
grand chaplain, A. Boist;grand guide,
J . A. Vernon; grand guardian, J. B.
Lewis; grand sentinel, J. B. Bonner,
grand trustees, J. G. Tompkins, H. 0.
Moses, D. A. Smith.
Representative to supreme lodge for
two years, W. A. Templeton; alternate
for two years, M. A. Carlisle;
al(A)>nitA fno nao vao* T Wf
MfBW&AMVV *W* V44W J VU1] V* fl ? 4kWU?
Orangeburg Lodge, No. 1,462, carried
off both prizes offered. Thefirst,
offered by Grand Dictator Holmes,
$25, was for the largest increase in
membership from April 1, 1B97, to
April 1, 1898. The second, offered, by
Grand Eaporter Zjaly, $10, was for the
largest number of imauons from Sep*
tember 1,1897, to April 1,1898. The
first was presented- by ex-G-erernor
Sheppard of the advisory board of the
supreme lodge, and the second by Mr.
Shannon, both were presented with
remarks highly complimentary to the
Orangeburg lodge. They were accepted
in behalf of the lodge by Mr. A.
kathrop, who said he expected to see
his lodge ahead again at the next
The newly-elected grand officers
were then installed by Messrs. Sheppard,
Shannon and L, W. Perrin.
The next meeting of the grand lodge
will be held in Colombia on the third
Wednesday in April, 1899.
The following standing committees
On Laws and Supar vision?L. W.
Perrin, M. A, Carlisle, L. Sherfesse.
On Finance?W. P. Anderson, A?
F. Calvert, H. Byttenberg.
This was the 22d annual session of
the grand lodge of this popular drder,
and it was harmonious and pleasant
XealuiAlMr Lorer Died*
Attired in a wedding dress she had
nflvflr hftfnrft wnrn and with a hmifiuftt
3f spring flowers in her-.hand, Miss
Lillian Higgins died yesterday at her
home, 10201 Lowe Avenue, from
laudanum taken with suicidal intent,
because she could not forget her
Lover, who passed away ten years ago.
Five letters ware found upon the table,
rhey were to relatives and friends of
Miss Higgins. They reviewed in simple
language preparations which had
been made for the wedding, aa.d told
of the sudden death of Miss Higgins's
fianc3 when she was nineiean years
old. For ten years she had li voi with
a saddened love in her heart, then decided
to join her lover in death. Miss
Higgins lived with her father, Alexander
Higgins^ who is eighty years old.
3unday afternoon her father went to
her room and found her writing letters
to her friends. The old man sat
beside his daughter until she had finished
her letters. Taen she went to a
closet in the room and brought out a
number of trinkets. Snj told her
father she was going to give them
away, but he did not suspect her reason.?Chicago
KOlcd ??? taw 81111.
A fatal accident occurred three miles
above Williamston Wednesday aftercoon
at the saw mill of Bub Simpson.
John Richards, colored engineer, had
tied the safety valve of the engine
down when suddenly the boiler exploded,
fracturing Richard's skull,
breaking his arms and legs and horribly
mangling his body, causing hit
ieath instantly. The boiler was blown
x distance of 200 vards.
To Attack the Oregon.
A. disprtch from Buaeos Ayres, dat;d
Friday, says the Spanish torpedo
boat Teaxerario left there that day.
[t is believed she has gone to attack
die United States battleship Oregon
and the United States gunboat Marietta,
which left Valparaiso on Monday
fast fo: Montevideo.