Newspaper Page Text
v=F?C: "'" -^' T.-'V ' ' :*
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W VOL. LII. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY. JUNE 15, 1898. NO. 45. I
? ?? - -
f NIGHT TORPEDO ATTACK.
A DARIN3 ATTEMPT CF THE SPANIARDS
Io3!cwUp Oas of !3?=p50L'< Sufpi X,pped
ia the Bad by fie VJgtlacce of Uac'e
gsm'j Sailers. 7he.?p;si)i*h ' est Driven
The daring attempt of the Spaniards
to blow up one of ihe American war
ships off the harbor of Santiago de
Cuba one night last week is the first
^ instance of its kind since the beginning
of the war. It illustrated how
r ? it is to hit a small cbjectat night.
Hjhortly after 10 o'clock, tne New Of
^^Teans flashed her private signal. It
was answered by the fl3gship, and in
a few seconds colored lights sprang up
into the darkness from the New Orleans'
deck. They signified thai the
i enemy was in sight. A little later
* * >> J 1Z-.-U4.
sue Guinea anoiner coiureu -ugn*
This meant that a hostile torpedo boat
- wasapproachiog. although later. Cap
ain Folger, of the New Orleans, -was
not-certain whether this was cor
rect Instantly the semi-circle of
blockading ships flashed night signals.
For six or seven miles, east and
west of the baibor, they twinkled
fe brilliantly in the darkness and then
K went out Simultaneously fluheso?
EjSfc fire shot from the Naw Orleans' side.
Ihe New Orleans kept her brilliant
searchlights pijing in all directions,
and other ships near her did the same.
On the decks of the New York the
marines were crouched down, peering
into the darkness, with their rifles on
their knees,, watching for the sailors'"
most dreaded enemy?the* torpedo
boat The lookouts were in every
t conceivable spot and guns were train
red in the direction w!heie lhe New Orleans
seemed to "be filing. Every now
and again sparks and red fire 11 ew up
in the distance, marking the explosion
of shells. Many persons thee thought
they were exploding on a torpedo boat
but today it is believed that they found
their mark on shore.
The moon, which had been hidden
behind the clouds, came out at about i
11 o'clock. The N&w York was then
sieamixig at full speed toward the
shore to bead off, if possible, the retreat
of the enemy into the harbor.1
The evolutions had to be carried oa
with great care, to avoid getting in
line of fire from the other American i
ships. The searchlights flayed fire- j
quently asd private signals burned!
brightly. A dim object, like a small j
boat enveloped in smoke, was seen on j
the pert hand from the signal bridge,
and Ensign ilustin reported to (J?p-!
tain Chad wick: '"A torpedo boat or.e i
r point forward on the per; b?am, sir;
headed this way." j
Captain Chad wick, with Rear Ad|
y"~ miral Sampson, was on the forward
^ bridge. Bsfore a shot was fired from
the flagship this curious, lurking ob j
jact disappeared. It must have been
xwoor tnree miles away frcm the
"Naw YnrV and the same distance frcm
l the New Orleans.
| The Oregon, grim and big, crossed
the New York's boat in the direction
^ _ the torpedo beat was reported. The
F boat was still headed for shore. When
a mile away and close to Morro Castle
an object was seen against the cliffs.
It was thought to be a torpedo boat,
the Ntyr York's forwards inch
Hds bellowed out, making a hideous
Vnoise in the quiet night. Oi shore a
figfew sparks close to a dark object show
I ftlwhere the shells struck.
The 4 inch and 6 pounder guas >rol*
Bred suit, and for afe?7 minutes a
Bu-p fire was kept up. The btfom of
ft Oregon's big guns was twice heard
Hthe eastward. "Cease firing" was
HWnen sounded. The searchlights failed
W to reveal the presence of the enemy,
and nothirg but the bare coast cculd
?|L be seen.
After a careful search, the New
kjL UIA dlCAUICU yaVA LW uCi ?**V4
the men went back to their ham
Tiiere had been no firing from the
forts, Captain Fo.lgcr reported that
he had sighted a small steamer, perhaps
& gunboat that she had failed to
answer the private signal, and that he
had fired on her; , He believed she
Jiad escapcd along the beach, or had
fcfcp destroyed he could not tell which.
Bonded the night attack and ' the
Hfcsperience here with iorpedo
Ha naval warfare.
HBi notuniil the Porter, this
Bn, found the torpedoes, that
Hoger of last night's affair was
EHyrealized. The Porter was steamtwo
miles from shore and well to
Re Eastward of Morro Castle, when
two torpedoes were seen floating on
the water. Ensign Gillis j umped
overboard and swam around tnemf He
4l^O WO* YIAPA Vsilf a i
UMCU IAJ UUOUGT1 U1U njU JUWU, WIA> nuu
torpedo itself turned tco easily in the
^ water. He returned to the Porter,
and Commander Fremont finally got
ft one of the torpedoes safely on board.
The other sunk as he was getting it in.
, Commander Fremont tben brought
the torpedo alongside the New York.
It was a 14 inch Whitehead of modern
make, and worth about |3,5C0. It
was in perfect condition. *nd had any
of our ships struct it wiuie it fbated it
would have exploded aad psrhups
suik the ship, tterfore the find was
not only valuable, but mcst fortuuate.
* A curious fsct is that the to;pido
which surk had an (xjrciie head on
and had no war nose, and wonld not
Thiseither mears that the Spaniards
are terribly ignorant or cireless about
torpedoes. Precautions against night
torpedo attack have teen a distin
guxshicg feature of Admiral Samp
ft OWAl a Ctw "3il.Vv
jfl||ftmest of the war, and last night proved
jpt:;;e eSLcacy of the arrangements.
" Everything moved as smoothly as if
in the case af a day engagement, In
spite of the.diffi^uity ezp-rienced in
seeing the enemy, had a torpedo boat
come any where rear the effective
range of fire, it would undoubtedly
have been shot to pieces.
It is possible that^there were tv;o tor
rpedo boats Thursday night although
^ only one is believe to have approached
anywhere near our ships.
A Rgmsnt.'c Harriagv
Miss Evangeline Cisneros, whose
n rcuntic escape frcm a Spasiah prison
in Havanah several months ago, is
recalled, was married at Baltimore
Oo-?k^v oil t^Vso
JL 1_L1X1 QviOjr Tf iJLVJ
assisted in her rescue. Tne ceremony
took place at the Hotel Renneri at
soon. The happy couple left for
Washington an hour later.
i3lvvuj S'.Dt iH 7 SlDpd,
s-? A special a from Savannah, Ga.,
says: In a private letter xeceived in
Savannah <rom a soldier at Tampa it
is stated that during a rlci a Tampa on
Monday night four men vrere killed
and several wouv.dcd.
A CUBAN VICTORY.
Tee Spstiarde Sarprlsed are L'efeattd and
News has just reached the Cuban
Junta in New York of a victory
schieved by the Cuban forces over a
division of the Spanish army at Jiguani,
providenc9 of Santiago, on May
22. ' It was one of the most decisive
battles which the patriots have gained
in many months, and the most im
nr.a since war was declared bv
the United States against Spain.
A column of Spanish soldiers 1,300 j
strong. acUDg under orders from Ha
vana to abandon the interior towns
and advance toward the coast, evacuated
the town of L* Piedra, after havirg
destroyed their forts to prevent
them from falling into the hands of
the insurgent, and camped at Jiguani,
where they expected to remain await,
irg further orders. They were also
joined there by a detachment of 300
Spanish soldiers from Santa Rita, and
the two forces were united in oamp at
The Spaniards were surprised on the
morning of May 22 by being attacked
by a division of the first corps belonging
to General Calixto Garcia'd command,
under the leadership of Colonel
Jose Jesus Rahi. With him also were
Col. Lora, commanding the first cavalry,
and Col. Montaire of the infantry
regiment "Cuba Libre " The Cubans
altogether numbered a little
mere than 1,000 men, -while th? Spaniards
had fully twice that number.
The Cubans advanced in good order,
being well equippsd with arms and
ammunition, and tcok the enemy com
pletely by surprise. At the start the
Spaniards scattered, but afterward
made an effort to rally their forces.
They only succeeded in being able to
retreat in regular order \o the -village
There they w.re reinf jrcad by several
hundred men from Aguacote and
Arroya Blanco, and turned upon the
Cubans, and the battle was renewed
with fury. The ^Spaniards were beginning
to recover some of the ground
which they had lost, when, at a most
opportune moment, the Cuban ie^i
ment "Aguilera" came up ;from Gen.
Garci&'s command and attacked the
enemy in the rear. Simultaneously
with this the regiment "Santiago" attacked
them upon the left fl ink, so
that the Spaniards were forced to
fight, hemmed in on both sides.
The Cubans succeded in making
several advantageous positions which
they maintained throughout the fight
ing. In their flight from their camp
at Jiguani the Spaniards were forced
to leave behind much of their arnmu
nition and supplies, so that they were
to a considerable extent handicapped
in Sgiuing, while, on the other hand,
the Cubans seemed to be well equip
ped and on the aggressive.
After six hours hard fighting at Pal
jnst, which, is oniyasnort distance
from Jiguani, the Spaniards raised a
flag of truoe and expressed themselves
as being willing to surrender. Terms
were speedily arranged, and the Cubans
took as prisoners one Spanish
colonel, seven captains and several
other officers, besides 103 soldiers. The
Spanish loss amounted to 76 dead, be
sides a large number who were wound
ed. IiiJudii i in the Spanish losses
were 13 c fibers. The
Cubans sustained a heavy loss,
but it was considerably smaller than
that of the SDaniards. I; is reported
thai there were 45 killed, including
nve cfillers of lesser rank, and ab^ut}
After the battle, which was oae of
the bitterest of the war, the Cubans
relumed to Jiguani. There they recovered
a large quantity of arms and
ammunition from the deserted Spanish
.camp, together with provisions
and supply wagons, which the enemy
had been compelled to leave behind.
Ihese were much needed, and were
sent to the headquarters of General
9-arcia'a camp at Bayamo.
The people of tha two towns of Jiguar.i
and Santa Rita came out to
greet the victorious Cuban army, and
taere was great rejoicing among the
inhabitants. who had before that time
been forced to conceal their sympa
thies while the towns were occupied by
Spanish soldiers. General Jesus R ibi
at once set to work organizing a civil
government for the towns, acting unHpt
thA nrrfprs of Ganeral Garcia in a
proclamation which he issued two days
after the battle.
REWARD FOR CONVlCTs.
Two Have Eicaped?Iircy Oollara Each
Colonel Neal, Superintendent of the
penitentiary, issued the following notice
We will pay a reward of $50 each
for tha capture and delivery at this
offic3 of Harvey Lackey and Bill
Yeargan, who escapsd from W.
Holmes Hardin, Jr., camp in Cheiter
county; June 4 th, 18Q8,
N -? 14 r?0R Harvftv Laekev was tried
and convicted of burglary and larceny
at the February term of the court in
Laurens county in 1898 and sentenced
to five years in the penitentiary. He
is 22 years old, six feet two and onehalf
inches high, black hair, dark
brown eyes and complexion mulitte.
H. A. and star in India ink on ri?ht
arm above wrist; scar on right- shoulder
blade and scar back of left wrist.
Xo 14,508?Billy Yeargan was tried
and convicted o! manslaughter at the
February term of court m Laurens
county in 1893 and sentenced to five
j ears in the penitentiary. He i3 23
years old, 5 feet 11 inches high, black
hair, dark brown eyes and complexion,
two scars on right aide of body
and scare on left arm from vaccina
tion. W. A. NeaJj,
Supt. S. C. Penitentiary.
Tke Ciltoo. Acreage.
Messrs. Latham, Alexander & Co.,
one of the most reliable cotton firms
ip New York, has sent us a copy of
their latest cotton circular, which
gives some interesting figures as to the
cotton acreage. It shows that the
acreage in 18PS is 22,736,000 as compared
with 24,091,050 in 1897. Every
State shows a decrease, the per cent,
in this State being five; Alabama, :?our;
Arkansas, seven; Florida, five; Georgia,
six; Louisiana, three; Mississippi,
three; Norih CdroLna, seven: Tennessee,
e:ght; Texas, six. Some of this
redaction in acreage is no doubt due
to the agitation on the subj set last
Un* T.o4kory> A loro-nnu* Pa
YYLilLCIy i^av.A.?uuwi w wv.
explain it thus: ''Our correspondents
reports that the reduction in acreage
has been brought about by the lower
prices of cotton, reluctance of commission
merchants to make as liberal
advacc?s to the planters as last year,
in the face of war, and the increase in
acreage in tobacco, wheat and corn,
on account of the high prices of these
^ commodities." I
i A DESPERATE BATTLE j
j BETWEEN THE AMERICANS >ND
SPAMADS NEAP. SANTIAGO
j Thtitiea Honrs Qca'.Jncoua yj?.li'.irg in
: Barber c7 Gaaxtasairo -Foar A merle ?ns
Kli'ed scd 0.1? TV?anded--The Vpaslsb
Tha invasion of Cuba by the Amer|
ic&n forces began Friday.
Six hundred marines have pitched
their tents about the smoking ruius
of the outer fortifications-ot Guantanamo,
and the Stars and Stripes for the
first time float from a Spanish flagstaff
To Capt, Clark and the battleship
Oregon belong the honor of aceompJishing
the first successful landing of.
Forty marines from the battleship
went ashore Saturday morning and
occupied the left entrance of the bay
until the troopship Panther arrived
with 000 marines.
These, under command of Lieutenant
Colonel R. W. Huntinzton. ar
rived at 3 o'clock and, within half an I
hour, th6y had burned the buildings
of th9 Spanish camp and had set fire
tt the miserable little village which
crouched on the beach under the hilltop
The whole operation of silencing
the guns and landing the forces was
as easy as placing a Sunday school
The Marblehead, backed by the
Vixen andDclphin, opened fire on tte
The snore to the right of the entrance
was lined with guns and ride pits, but
the Spaniards stampeded after firing a
The city of Guantanamo lies fjur
miles up tne bay, and a little Spanish
gunbaat came down to help the shore
batteries, but she stayed just lone
enough to turn around.
Numerous shots were fired by the
Spaniards, but not one landed, aid no
Americans were injured.
rue main fort lies within the citj?
limiis, and is atiil to be reduced, but it
is not a difficult position, and the
American officers say tney can take it
in 15 minutes when desired.
Tn9 Marblehead, Vixen, Dolphin
and two colliers have been off the entrance
of the harbor for several days,
and Saturday morniug they sailed into
the channel. A mile furtner up they
opened firing, sending 50 shots at the
fertilisations on the left. The hills on
the right of the entrance were deserted.
There are no defenses on the
right side of the harbor.
No attempt was made to land until
the Oregon steamed in early Friday
morning. Captain Clark immediate1M
* A A mnSiiMAn #? *-? /4 OA
XJ acixu IV lUCfcX.LU.VO AUU^V ll^UI
tne Mardlehead followed.
They found evidence of a hasty departure
by the Spaniards.
Watches, hammocks and amaauni- ,
tionwere scattered about tbe earthworks,
and a Spanish flig was fouud
in one of the rifle-pita.
The little detachment of marines
held the place until the Pantner ar- !
rived, when they were recalled and ;
the wors of disembarkation began. i
The first boatload had scarcely landed
when the village burst into flames.
Company B, under Lieutenant Hall, i
was tne flrat ashore, aad, without the
loss of a moment, tne column started
up tne steep, rjeky hillside to tne
earthworks. !!?or an hour a brown '
column of marines filed up tha narrow
path, eventually taking up a pssilion
at tne top of tna hill. As soon
as tne Amsr;can fUg was swung out ;
to the breeze from tne flagstaff of the
ponti*.Qnonich />amn the* Hi?flrrnn
VMUA k/j HUW VlVf^VU
steamed away to rejoin tiie lieet oil
The marines will hoi<J tae position
until the arrival of ine expected troops i
ia the meantime, scouting in the vicinity,
with the Maroleneaci, Vixen
ana Dolphin lying Dy to protect them.
R ar Admiral oampson now nas a
haroor and a base of supplies on the <
soutn side of tne islana, and troops
can be landed at will. *" i
The troopship Panther reach id the
fleet off Santiago early .Friday. <
On her way over, tne Yosemite fired 1
a dozen shells into the Port of B&quiri, i
but received no response.
Guantanamo is bu.t 40 miles east of Santiago,
and is a splendid location <
for a base of supplies for the blocking
It is understood that the island of |
fiu ha is entirelv cat off from cable i
communication with the cutsids world ;
Report here has it that the cabieship
Ooria cut the cable running from
G-uantanamo to the Mole SJ. Nicholas,
She was interrupted in the work by
shells from the shore, but the Marble- 1
head sent se?eral shells at the soldiers ;
and scattered them.
DETAILS OF THE BATTLE- ;
? U i. (
WMch Iiibt d Until Si. O'clock Sacdayj;
Lieut. Oal. R W. Huntington's oat I
talion of marines, winca landed irom
the transport Panther on Frd&y and 1
encamped on the hill g"i\rding aban- 1
doned cable station ai the entrance to J
the outer harbor of Guantanamo, has
been engaged in beating off a bush at- J
tack by Spanish guerillas and regu- 1
lars since 3 o'clock Satuday ofternoon. 1
The fighting was almost continuous :
for thirteen hours, until 6 o'clock Sun- 1
day morning, when reinforcements i
were lacded from the Marblehead.
Four of our mea were killed and one 1
wounded. The advance picket?, ur.- 1
der Lieutenants Naville and Shaw, are
the killed is Assistant Surgeon
John Blair Gibbs, son of Major
Gibbs, of the regular army, who fall
in tie- Cu3ier massacsre. His home
Was at Richmond, Va., but he had
been practicing in New York, and he ~
entered the servic9 since the war begun.
He was a very popular officer.
The otters killed are:
Sergeant Charies EL Smith, of
Private William Danpby, of Gloucester,
Private Jaine;> McColpan, of Sioneht.m,
Corporal Giais -was accidentally
wc u aded in the head.
The Spanish loss is unknown, but it
was probably considerable. The
splashes cf olood feu rid at daylight at
I the position the Spaniards occupied
i indicate fatilities, but their comrades
: carried eff the killed and woundeJ.
The engagement began with desul
tory tiring as ine pickets, a thousand
I yards inland from the ciinp, Captsin
| Spicer's coaapany was doing guard
| duty and was driven in, finally raily;
ing on the camp and repulsing the
1 enemy at 5 o'clock.
Tie bodies of Privates McCogl&c
and Dunph.v were found, both shot in
the head. The lar^e cavities caused
by the bullets, which, inside a rarge
of 500 jar da have a rotary moiior, indicate
that the victims were killed at
The bodies were stripped of shoe?,
hats and cartridge belts and hc-riibly
mutilated -with machetes. When they
wer6 brought in the whole battalion
formed threa sides oi a hollow square
about the camp on ih-) hill top.
low in ine oay were me wars-iipa at
anchor. Inland from the hill camp
is a deep ravine and beycnd this are
high hills. Tee a-Jjieent ccualry is
heavy with a thicket growth.
The sky was blanketed with clouds,
and when the sun set a gale was
blowing seaward. Night fell, thick
and impenetrable. The Spanish squads
concealed in ths cfcapparel cover, hsd
the advantage, the Americans on the
ridge furnisaing fine targets against
the sky and tha white tents. The
Spaniards fought from cover till mid
night, discoverable only Dy nasaes, a:
which the marines fired volleys. The
repeaters sounded like crackers in a
The Marbiehead launch, a Colt ma
chine gun in her bow, pushed uo the
bay enfilading the Spaniards, send it is
thought that some were killed. The
marines trailed much blood to the
water's edge and there lest it. Sharks
are numerous in the vicinity.
The ships threw their searchlights
ashore, the powerful electric eyes
sweeping the deep tropic foliage and
disclosing occasionally skulking parties
It all resembled a transformation
scene at the harbor.
Each discovery of* the enemy was
greeted by the cracks of carbine fire
along the edge of the camp ridge or
by the long roll of the launches macainegun,
searching the thicke's with
a leaden stream.
Shortly after midnight came the
main attack. The Spaniards made a
gallant charge up the" southwest slope
bat were m.t by repeated volleys from
the main body, and b:*oke before they
were one-third of the way up the hill;
but they came so close that at points
there was almost a hand to hand struggle.
The officers used their revolver!.
Three Spaniards got through the cp?n
formation to the edge of tfha caaap.
uoi. J ose uomprna, tne uuoati guide,
discharged his revolver, a^d they,
turning and finding themselves wiihout
support, ran heiterj skelter down
the .reverse side of the hill.
It was during this assault that Assistant
Surgeon Giobs was killed. He
was shot in the head in front of his
own tent, the farthest point of attack.
Ha fell into the arms of Private Sullivan
and both dropped. A second ballet
threw du3fc in tneirfaces. Surgeon
Q-ibb3 lived 10 minutes, but did not
regain consciousness. The surgeons
of the hospital corps then removed
their quarters to the trenches about
the old Spanish stec&ade north of the
camp. I'he attacks were C3ntinued at
intervals throughout the rest cf the
night, with firing from small sqaacts
in various directions,
Toward morning.the fire slackened.
n i nrn ic tliA fo ttahi fa ti rv\a f r% * f 1 r? br
ls ix xo bug xav
as tiie east paled, the marines, lying
on their guns, were aroassd. Some
were actually asleep, as they had had
no re3t for 48 hours and tired nature
could no longer stand the strain. Bat
no attack came.
Three new 12-pound ?L;ld guas,
which could no; be U3ed during the
night, for fear of hitting cur o?m
men, shell?.d several squads of Spaniards
after daylight. 'I'ney dove into
the bushe3 like prairie dogs into burrows
as the shells broke over them in
the gray dawn. As th3 correspondent
o! the Associated Pres3 talked
with j&ajor Coskrell, who was in
charge o: the outposts, wo:d came of
;he hnciag cf tiie body of Sergeant
Lieutenant Colonel Huntington and
M3 jor Cockrell gave high praise to the
nerve and steadiness of oflisers and
men, especially the young ones, as the
engagement was baptism ox fire for a
large mayj Drily. Tne men ware in
darkness and in a strange land, but
ihey stood to their posts with courage
and f jrtitude anu tnerj svas no sympt
;m of panic,
Tne marine;, though exhausted,
were eager for mDre fignting, pro mis
Lug to inflict heavy punishment. They
complimented the aaring oi the Spaniards
with characteristic camp profanity.
Sunday the amplest pre caution 3 have
been taken, and as the Dauntless was
Leaving, reinforcements w.ere lauding
from tne Marblehead. A storjiyiime
Estimates vary as to the attacking
force, some saying 200 and the figures
running as high as 1,000. Colonel
Campina, the Cuban guide, siid the
Spaniards were mostly irregulars, but
tne reports of the discnarge of Mauser
nfl.es would indicate that ihey weie
regulars, as most cf the guerrillas
carry Remingtons. The guerrillas, as
i rule, have more dash and c:u.-a^e
chan the regulars.
l'te new campaign uniforms prove
satisfactory a ad ara almost ir.visible
at a distance of 200 jears. The Lr.e
?ul.s caused several^accidenls in drawng
Despite the loss of ths men, who are
keenly regretted, the marines .re j jice
kUAb MM?J ua v c iu
tirst fieht on Cuban soil. They sailed
rrom Nevr York the day war was declared
and expected to land within
a week at Hibana. Sinca then,
until they landed on tne shore ol
9-uantanamo bay, they have been
coopad up on the Panther and they
had begua to fear that the troops
would beat them after alJ.
He-a by the 2Isrbl?h:>d.
The navy department Friday posted
the following bulletin: "On June7th
Admiral Sampson ordered the ilarblenead,
Commander McUalla, and the
Yankee, Commanc/er Brownson, to
take poss?ssion of the outer bay of
G-uantanamo. These vessels entered
the haibjr at daylight on the 7.h,
ur.Ving u opauibu guuuoou mtu tuc mb-:>
harbor, and took possession of the
lower bay, which is now held by tiia
Spisish ."-iilps iJadiy D&znsg-d.
A special from Kingston, Ja, reports
that the Spanish cruiser V.z:aja and
:he torpedo boat aeslroyer Furor were
bacly damaged during th6 bombardment
of Sanusgo,s defences on Monday.
A shell irom the Brooklyn is
said to burst undj? the V zjaya" port
quarter, dismounted a <ua, ir-j iring
ine cruisers rudder ani wounding
several of her sailors.
TThsre Did Xhey C;m; F.onaf
A dispatch just received from Cape
Henry says four Spanish warships are
lurking in the vicinity of the cape?. ,
A Hi RILLING STORY, f
THE BR LUANT EXPLOIT OF P.0350N
AND HI5 CR = W.
Full Accjuat v>: ths CArryics cl iie Str?5mac
lato Santiago Harbar and Ecr
Ii:inz ?crk 7b; re-Tie of '.ho
The folio wing is a detailed story of
the set ci heroism, perfes-med oj Lieutenant
Richmond P. Hobsen and his
s?v;n companions in sinking the col
aer jdcr.-imac across the c'aanne;
lading into tee harbor cf Santiago ae
C^ba, a short account of which we
published ksi week:
The Spanish ileet is now helpless,
-being held eapti? e in Santiago de Cuba
harbor. The narrow channel leading
into the harbor was completely blocked
when the United States collier
llerrimac wassuak acrcss its entrance.
It is now impossible for the Spaniards
to get out, ar.u it is equally impossible
for any vessel to get into th6 harbor.
Therefore, the Soanish lirst class armored
cruis.rs Maria Teresa, Cristo
bal Colon, V.zsaya and Almirante
Oquendo, with the two torpedo boat
destroyers Furor and PIuton, are no
loader of a_.r use 10 Spain.
Tais gran- result was accomplished
through the heroism of Lieutenant
Richmond Hobson, assistant naval
constructor, and Daniel Montague,
George Charette, J. T. Murphy, Oicar
Dirgraan. John P. Phillips, John Kelly
and H. Clausen. The latter, a cox
swain on trie New York, took part in
the expidition against orders. They
were all captured by the Spaniard?;
but th9 Spanish admiral in reco& i
tion of their bravery sent word to the
American admiral under a flag of
truce, that he was willing to exchange
the prisoners and assuring the American
commander that they"' would be
treated with the greatest kindness.
Money aid provisions have bien sent
to them and the necessary steps are
being taken to bring about their ex ,
Daniel Montagu* is chief master-atarms
cf the New Yjrst. He has served
fouryear3 in the n^y, is 29 years .
pf a?e, and his home u in UrcoKlyn. :
George Charette is a gunner's mate ;
of the first class on board the New
York. Es has served fourteen years
in the navy, is 31 year3 old and re- i
sides at Lowell, Mass.
J. T. Murphy is a coxswain of the ,
Oicar Dirgman is a coxswain of the -
Merrimac and is about 24 years old. ]
JohnT. Phillips is a machinist of
the first class, belonging to the Merri- i
mac. He is 36 years of age, and his J
home is in Boston,
John Kelly is a water-tender, aboat i
35 years of age. His home is neat i
Glos^ow, Scotland. !
H. Clausen, who slipped on board *
the Merrimac without permission, in <
order to taka part in the expedition, is
a coxswain of tne New York.
Tne fortune that protects men su 1
premely brave protected them. No *
lives wera lost. Lieutenant Rich- 1
mond P. Egdsoi* and his seven heroes !
are prisoners of war on board the ]
Spanish fhgship. The Herrimac is a
wreck on ine bottom of the narrow '
j channel of Santiago harbor, more J
I useful there than waen she sailed the 5
No Spanish ship can leave Santiago. \
No succDrin? Spanish ship can enter i
it. The work cI Lieut. Hobs on and
his seven men makes it imoossible.
' TI.AM A! L - A I? ? 1
Xii3^ fcuaus I.UB Si/jppar III i.D.9 DOUie. ?
The Alerrimac i3 the cork. (
It was magnifbent and it was war. \
| The Spanish fleet is helpless. It re- <
maios for the iaad forces to come to <
j the aid of the Sampson fleet and take j
possession of the city and the flower j
of the Spanish warships.
had.been deliberately planned. 1
Tne plan of closing the harbor com
pleteiy b7 sinking a vessel in it had
long been under consideration. So
important was the work considered
lhatitwas proposed to send stoneladen
scows all tie way from an
American port, send them then to
Santiago with a tug, and have the
.swiftest torpedo boat lashed to the
stern so that the men could escape. It
was abandoned for two reasons.
The first was the news that the
Cadiz fleet was perhaps needed fcSantiago.
The second wa3 the ' js's of j
time and the Sanger. The cour<; te of 1 ]
the American sailors solved the ^ rob-1 j
I AS-. U-I. |
Soon after Admiral Simpson's a?. *i- i
val in Santiago he decided'the chan* I
nel should ba closed. Ha had at his 1
disposal a vessel admirably fitted for
the purpose but utterly useless as a J
transport?the Merrimac, a sl.eel ve3- i
sel of 3,330 tons, formerly the Nor i
wegian sieamer Salveig, an unruly,
unlucky craft continually breaking 1
i The Msrrimae was nearly emplied <
of coal. The officers were glad tcget <
rid of her. Admiral Sampson resolv- <
ed to make the hulk serve a glorious '
rp i. il. _i-: ? '
-Liiii yiiiu W-AS IU ran tue amy iuu. th/:
narrowest pirt of th6 channel, I
over the first line of mine3, and sink (
| her where there was a sharp tarn.
Taere was another purpose, the de
termination of the location and p^wei of
the Spanish min?s.
There was little hope that she could
proceed far, but it wa3 -thought that
oy the time she was sunk by the Span
! ish gui3 or blown up by a mine she
would still'eff .-dually block the bar
I; was known that mines of greai
power had been planted ia the cnannel.
The Merrimac would have to
pass under the. noses of the great
modern riHas so close that-the worsi
Spanish gunners could not misj her. <
Ine danger of the crew of the col- J
lier cannot be exaggerated Adinirai 1
Samoson regarded the mission as one ;
of almost certain death. Wherefore
he gave no orders. The colored 6ig i
I m n In krt n H .?? I rvvi vt f V. A -\ f* /
UttlS UC^viU .UU'ACxlU? iiUUl liiC | N
ship. The wigwaggers waved tiieii i
FOUR THOUSAND VOLUNTEERED.
Sampson was calliDg for volunteers.
Ha waited men ready lo take the i
most desperate chanc23. Only by a
miracle could they escape with tneir i
Sampson wanted eight men ; 4,000
To the everlasting glory and honor ]
of American sailors ba it said that ;
every man in the fleet was ready, nay, :
anxious, to enter upon the perilous i
Men dispute with each other. They <
bagged and pleaded for the privilege J
of soing to an honorable death, li 1
devolved upon the otficera to make j
the selection. I
But no officer should be risked in i
i, this duty. The smallest possible num-,i
ber that ccuid handle the ship should
go upon ihe Merrirrac.
TEE LEADER OF HEROES.
An officer cot in the line vas chosen
to lead, and one who had devoted bis
short naval career to the building or
ships, not to sailing them, a man of
twenty-eight, Richmond P. Hobson,
from AIabama.au assistant naval constructor
with the rank of junior lieutenant,
who has won high distinction
for scientific knowledge. He was fit
I'.u oj nis training to piace me nuiK
ia the rnosi; dangerous position where
it would obstruct the channel.
There were you eg officers in the
E.eei ' ro wept because the honor of
leadiL-.^ j hat expedition was denied
them. Besides him a man to stand at
the wheel, men to rua the engines
and to keep up steam vere all that
Lite on Thursday afternoon and
during the night the greater part 0?
the c<5al remaining in the Merrimac
was placed on board the warships.
Commander J. M. Miller, Engineer
R. K. Crank and the crew of forty
left the collier and Lieut. Hob3on and
his seven went on board.
His orders were simple. He was to
run into the ehannel to a certain
point, if the Merrimac was not sunk
in the meantime, then blow up the
ship and take the chances of escape.
When Lieut. Ho'osonand the seven
bade their comrades goodby those who
ovirl fV? Ar?a t*t ?r\ "tt aw aw
O^jrcu VCLllUU OJU bUUO? Vf 11U nfCU b <J il
never expected to see each othar again
And the four thousand envied the
eigh;, who joked about their good
UNDER FIRE OF BIG GUNS.
The start was made at 3 A. M. Friday
morning. Tae Merrimac lumbered
along under her own steaaa.
rne big American warships drew
nearer to protect the collier from the
3panish fire as bast they could.
Every light was hidden, and the
collier moved abng.' Sh3 slipped by
tne scouts guarding tne entrance to
the harbor. It was 4 A. M. when she
entered the channel.
Then the guns of Fort Morro discovered*
th8 Merrimac ploughing
ahead, bent on proceeding as far as
possible b3*ore she sank, fearful of
running aground before an idvanta
eeous piaca was reached. Tne guns
from Socapa fort and from the batteries
along shore opsned fire.
The gunners had the range to a foot.
It was fair for them to suppose that |
the Merrimac was a big warship and
that she was leading the way for the
others, that the whole llest was ti^- ;
ing to force an entrance to the harbor. !
If they sank her no oiher ship could
The shot fell upon tin collier like ,
rain in a tropical storm. Sae had a
path of 150 feet wide.' She must keep
ia it. -On either side, before and be- '
aiad, tha great guns boomed aad '
roared. As the collier moved along ;
;he Reina ilercedas, the Spanish flag- '
ship,gunboats and torpedo boats open- J
;d lira upon her. . .
Tae Merrimac wa3 no warship with
protected sides, with great guns?no
ightmgship. Sh.9 was but a merchantman
that had been condemned,
ffhose thin shell could no more stop
;he great projectiles that -jo much
And the men aboard could not fight
aack. They had no arm 3. They could
aot know the exhilaration and excitement
of combat. Thev coull onlv
withstand the rain of shot a3 baas
;h?y c 3 aid, mar7eling each second
ihat taey ware still alive.
HOBSON ON THE BRID3S. J
Upon tho bridge stojd Lieut. Hob- (
son/ Now and men his brother offi- 1
;ers could catch a giimpsa of his fig- J
ira b7 maaas of thair powerful glass* J
is. i'hey knew ha was measuring his i
;hancas quietly and coolly as ha !
aaade his calculations over his draw- j
iag table in a navy yard. 1
Down in ths waist of the ship wera 1
the strokers and engineers. They
;ould hear the roar of the guns that j
reverberated batwaen the cliffs. Taey J
:ould work, bat they knew that i' 1
anything happaaei to the ship no J
power on earth could save them. \
there was lofty, sublima courage in i
the stroke-hole o' the Blarrimac that !
The ship was approaching the first
bad of torpedoes, those submarine 1
mines filled with tha most powerful 1
5xpl33ives, each one of which could j
blow the Merrimac to atoms.
Thfira wac nn insniratinn r?f nrnh?.
ble victory to exhilarate these men
such as Farragut felt at Mobile, If \
they were blown up their death, would ]
3how the exact position and power of *
th9 mines and the hulk would block
Biu ;he Merrimac passed over the !
Srst bed of mines. The ship did not J
rise up under them. The Merrimac j
noved further in toward the city.
The fire of the Spaniards grew hot- '
;er and hotter. There could not have
Deen a better target. The Mammae is 1
$30 feet long and she stood high out J
3f the water because she was nearly
inapiy. She was riddled like a sieve. 1
Phe whole Spanish fire was concen- :
:rated upon her. Still she sailed on.
rhere were American sailors aboard
that ship. The water hissed and boil;d
with the Ia3hing of shot. The ves |
;el was a mass of splinters.
The man at the wheel was injured, j
Another sprang to take hi3 place.
There is a certain turn in the chan- j
ael where Lieut. Hobson nad deter- ,
dined to sink her should fortune fa- (
70r him?a place where it is narrow- ,
ist and navigation most difficult. '
Nearer and nearer the ship drew to it.
Lieut. Kobson was waiting. The men
strained iheir ears for the order. It
;ame at last, the order that marked
the end of the enterprise, to let go the
As the iron slipped into the sea an
Di-der to lower the boat. The sight
had fulfilled their part to their country;
it was their duty now to try to
A torpstio had been carefully placed
in the Merrimao, an infernal machine
d? great power, so arranged as to blow
3, great hole in her bottom. Lieut.
Eobs^n made a last examination of it. <
rnen he set the electric machine to <
working. Hurrying on deck again iae j
followed his men into the boat. <
They pulled away from the Herri- (
aac, wnile the storm from the Span- ?
[sn guns rained about them. \
W nen they were well clear of the j
ship the torpedo exploded. The Mer- <
rimac was raised high out of the water
ind then she sank. her spars showing \
ibove the water when she reached <
It was splendid daring and magnifi- ,
sent courage upon the part of Lieut.
Elobson and his seven men to bring ]
;he Merrimac through the channel. <
It would have been foolhardiness for i
them to try to row back in an open <
boat. , ]
Thicker and faster came shell and j
shot. The roar cf guns, the shritk and
hiss of shell grew mere dreadful. Tbe
Merrimac was near the end of her last
voyage. It could be measured in feet.
They made directly for the Reina
Mercedes and the Spanish ceased firing.
Now they welcomed the galiani
men. whose bravery commanded their
And it was this recognition of the
enemy which led to Admiral Sampson
learning of the fate of hi3 officer and
men. For Admiral Cervera sent a flag
of truce to the American commander,
telling mm ;nat tne mernmae was
sunk in the chancel and that L;.eut.
Hobson and his men had escaped from
her ard were on board the Rein*
Mercedes, held as prisoners of war.
Two-are slight'y wounded.
Admiral Cervera said he seat the
flag of truce in recognition of the
bravery of Lieut. Hob3on and the
seven, and, while they are held as
prisoners, they will be treated with
There was thea great rejoicing on
the American ships and wonder over
the miraculous escape of Lieut. Hobson
and his seven.
A DREADFUL ACCIDENT.
Two Mea Killed Oa'jlght and TJirea In-J
j ared by Explosion.
A terribly distressing accident occurred
at St. John's Bluff, Fla., Friday
morning at about 9 o'clock, in
which J. J. O'Rourke and Ed Hsuston,
two well known young citizens
of Jacksonville, were instantly killed
and Lieut. Harts of the United States
engineering corps was seriously in
jured, and a stenographer named
Barnham and a negro were also painfully
For several weeks Lieut. Harts has
been engaged in laying mines in the
river at St. John's Bluff. He has
baenassisted in this work by J.J.
O'Iburke, who for a number of years
has been line foreman of the Western
Union Telegraph company. This
morning Mr. O'Bourke and Mr. Houston
were near the cable hous9 on the
L.i.-?C J ^ _ j. J
ujLuiL ana were lesang a torpsao.
L;.eut. Harts was about 15 feet away
aad the stenographer and negro were
a few yards distant. Mr, O'ffcourke
had the testing wires in hi3 hands and
Mr. Hoaston was bending over the:
deadly 'explosive. By some unaccountable
reason Mr. O'Rsurke connected
the battery wire with the firing
plug, instead of the testing plug,
and in a moment a terrible explosion
took plac3. Mr. Houston was
blown to atoms, the only part of his
body b8ing recovered was a leg. Mr.
O'Bjurke was instantly killed, bat
was not very badly mutilated, and
Lieut. Harts was struck in the small
_ ? I t 1_ J x C 1 J !i.L
ui tus DasK ana in lae neaa WHO.
piecas of the shell. The Stenographer
and negro were also strack by fljing
piec83 of the torpedo.
By a strange coincidence Mr.
07R Durke's father was killed, by the
premature explosion o! a shell. After
che war ne was digging around at
Fort Sumter wnen nifc- pick struck a
3heli lying embedded in-the earth, and
axploded, killing him instantly.
ON CHICKAMAUSA FiSLD.
Ttn Firs; Re_jimeit of goalh Carolina
Volnateery, U. S. A.
A 7 J! i. - %j.i r* _ r
.a. spec*! uuipALca to tna uji.um.Dia
Rsgi-jster says (Joi. Alston's battalion
irrivad at the little station in the
central part of Gamp Thomas Tuesday
ibout noon, the other battalions within
short ister7al3, except CoL Till
inn's, which was delayed six hours
it Chattanooga. As the battalions
arrived, they were at once marched
four miles eastward to the camp re
3ently used by the First Illinois regi- '
ment bsfore leaving for Tampa.
During the march th9 boys suffered 1
terribly from the dusty roads, but the <
kindness of the Fiftn Pennsylvania
md Twelfth Minnesota regiments will '
never be forgotten by the Sauth Carolinians.
E rery accommodation at all '
posssible was rendered the tired and '
worn-out soidfers from the Palmetto
Tne regiment is happily situated in
\ forest of oak trees. Tnere is an artesian
well justi in front of the ?amp, '
*nd three springs within two hundred J
yards, yielding the purest freestone water.
Another well- is being sunk 1
within the camp. Bathing facilities
ire good. Chicfcamauga creek flows
in sight of the camp. 'JCnis mountain 1
stream, with its sandy bottom is con- (
sidered a luxury by the boys.
Those that were sick stood the trip 1
well and are rapidly convalescing. '
None of the usual military duties were I
engaged in today. Every one was
Dusy perfecting camp arrangements.
Although the South Carolina regiment 1
was not oraereu until ia;e to unickamauga,
it was honored by being placid
in the brigade * of the first division
of first army corps. The other
regiments of tne brigade are the
twelfth Minnesota and the Fifth
Pennsylvania. Ehosya Holler.
The Kansas City Journal says: A i
Ebur merchant at Eigar let trie story
*et out that while ha was stooping
3 ver his flour bin a $150 diamond ring
aad slipped off his finger into the 1
lour. He appeared to be greatly ex3rcised
over the loss, got a notice in
the local piper, but finally announc- <
id with a sigh that he would have to
give it up; that the ring was in the 1
hour somewhere; that he supposed it
would turn up in a sack of flour, but
ne had 110 idea what one. Well, yoa
ought to have seen the boom that
guileless man had in the flour trade. <
tTor the next week he had to hire ex- |
Lra help to fill sacks out of that bin.
Due man who never bought a sack
from him before came m and laid in a
winter's supply. And the smooth, i
zierchant whistled softly as he filled .
.he sacks and winked tne other eye." :
* i tmmm???.
Great excitement prevails on Blue ,
3tone river, West Virginia, on ac ,
jount of the mysterious poisoning of
;he fish in that stream. As a result,
5 men ar9 dead from eating some fish
jaught from the river. Late reports
say that a number of persons and cat- j
;ie have died from the effects of drink* ]
ing the water.'The fish have been ]
iying in large numbers and are being 2
washed ashore. It is not thought that j
there is one left in the stream. The ?
stench from those washed ashore is }
ilmost unbearable. The people are
greatly exciled, ana will not use the
water from ihe wells that are near the
river. Where tha poison came from i
Dr what it consists of is a mystery. !
3ne theory is that the poison is due to i
3ome mineral substance in the water, '
and it is said that a peculiar sediment 1
has been found on the rocks. 1
[ THE ARMY SAILS. " f
A FORCE OF TWENTY-SEVEN THOUSAND-MEN
TO INVADE CUBA.
General chaffer la Command?Santiago
flliut be Taken a* Oace-nie Grand Army
A-iunr vu VUWJU ovu?X Q13UUUQ1 U1 bUfl X?Z?
The first United States army for the
invasion of Cuba sailed from Tampa,
Fla., last Wednesday, under command
of Gen. Shafter. The force numbers
27,000 men,. composed of infantry,
cavalry, artillery, engineers and a signal
corps. The infantry consists of
twenty seven regiments, sixteen regulars
and eleven volunteers, as follows:
Of the regular regiments, the First,*
Second, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh,
Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth, Thirteenth,
Sixteenth, Seventeenth, Twen- ~ ?
ty-first, Twenty second, Twenty-fourth
Of the volunteer regiments, there
were the Seventy-first New York.
] lf.-L. TTt- * 1
xixukjr'cov^jiiu iuauui^tuL. xirn ana
Fifth. Ohio, Second New York, First
District of Columbia, Fifth .Maryland,
One Hundred and Fifth-seventh. Penn- v
sylvania and the Third Peiinsylvani*. .
Ihe total infantry force is 21,600 men. ^
la addition, there are a battalion of
engineers, a detachment of the signal
co'rp3, five squadrons of cavalry, four
batteries of light artillery and two batteries
of heavy artillery.
General Shafter's order was as follows:
Headquarters Fifth Army Corps,
Tampa, Fla., May 31,1898.
(jwnerai ureter in o. 5: '
The following troops will hold themselves
in readiness to move immediately
on board transports upon notification
from these headquarters:
1. The Fifth army corps.
2. The battalion of engineers.
3. The detachment of the signal
4. Five squadrons of cavalry, to be
selected by the commanding general
of the cavalry division, in accordance
with instructions previously given.
5. Four batteries of light artillery, to
bs commanded by a major to be se-^
iected by the commanding officer of <
the light artillery brigade.
6. Two battenes of heavy artillery, , ?
to be selected by the commanding officer
of the siege artillery battalion,
with eight siege guns and eight field v
7 Th? a? *i
auw VI LUUQIIj lUOill*
fantry and cavalry will be sapplied
with 500 pounds of ammunition par
^All troops will carry, in addition
theiourteen days'field rations now
on hand, ten days' travel rations. \
9. Tne minimum allowance of tent- "
age and baggage as prescribed in General
Orders 51, A. Gh O., current series,
will be taken.
10. In addition to the rations spaci- * ,:-;
fied in paragraph 8 of this order, the '
chief commissary will provide sixty
days field rations for the entire command.
11. All recruits and extra baggage,'
the latter to bd stored, .carefully piled
anH (Vivowui Will ko iaft "* ?
iM*i? vv i V4VW) nui wo UI 1U . ri
cbarge of a commissioned offices to .be
selected by the re/imental command- 1 mmv>*m
e?.x Where there are no recuits available,
the necessary guard only will ba
12. Travel rations will be drawn at
once by the several commands, as indicated
in paragraph 8.
By command of Major General 2
E. J. McClernand, Assistant
The Fiftn army corps includes only
two volunteer regiments, the Seventy- >:
first New York and the Second Massachusetts^
/In the corps are about 12,300
man. In the other branches of the
servica the numbar of men ordered to ^
go is about 3.000. The whole of the tirst
invading forca is therefore about
Cn Saturday night General Shafter " Issued
an ordar tr^nsferriu* to his
corps ali the voluntear tcoop3 in Tam
pa and vicinity, except the Georgia
ana Florida regiment3, to his coaamaud,
taking thereby many regiments
prop3rly baionging to General Laa's
corps. Tais was done, 01 coarse, to
strengthen the invading fores. Folio
Hingis a copy of General Saafter's
order: . :~M
Headquarters Fifth ArmyCoros,
Tampa, Fla., June 4,1898.
General Orders No. 11.
A provisional division, Brig. Gen.
Simon Snyder, United States Volon- ?
teers, commanding is hereby organized
is follows and assigned temporarily to
the Fifth army corps:
Brig. Gen. Guy Y. Henry, United
States Volunteers, commanding.
j tt -1 - '
Tnird Onio V olunteer infantry.
Fifth Ohio Volunteer infantry.
Brigadier General L. H. Carpenter,
CJ. S. Volunteers, commanding.
Second New York Volunteer infantry.
First District of Columbia volunteer
Fifth Maryland volunteer infantry.
Brigadier General B. H. Hall, U. 8.
First Ohio volunteer infantry.
One Hundred and Fifth seventh. In'
liana volunteer infantry.
Third Pennsylvania volunteer infan' J
By command Major Graner&l Shaf ter,
Assistant Adjutant General.
Tdis addition to the Fifth army
:orps increased the invading force
from about 15,000 to nearly 25,000.
Giant Powd rr la Goal,
While unloading a carload of coal
for the Shadley Tnreai company in
Holyoke Friday, a shoveler discovered
& can of giant powder in the coal,
rhe can contained abaut five pounds
of the explosive, enough to cause a
disastrous explosion if it had been
saoveled into tne Are under a steam
KU?rj in S^palxu
Cjuatess Casa Valencia wife of the
former Spanish ambassador to Great
Britain who started a Spanish fund in
London which only realizad a thousmd
pcuads $5,000, has received irom
Madrid a dispatch describing the
jhccking misery of the Spanish sick -
? ? 0?rgo
of Arms Seized* ?
The police have seizad a cargo of
irms on board tho British steamer
rshig, owned by Tsang Sam Yung, of
tiong iS.ong. i t is supposed tue arms
srere destined for the insurgents of the
Philippine Islands. They were seized
under the neutrality law.