Newspaper Page Text
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| VOL. LIL WINNSBORQ, S. C., WEDNESDAY. JULY 6, 1898. NO. 48. ||
I PRESSING FORWARD"
Bp Advance of the American Army
W on San+iago.
THE SPANIARDS COOPED UP.
Slight Skirmishes Between Spaniards
and Cubans. Heavy Losses SusvL
tained by the Enemy. Starvation and
a^tiress in City of Santiago.
W The American front lias been advanced
beyond the first crossing of the
Rio Guama about a miie. and a tug lies
three and a half miles from the Span.
ish entrenchments at Santiago.
L General ChaffeeV brigade, with three
WL thousand Cubans under General Aguirra
and several hundred uuderCol. Gonzales.
was skirmishing towards the city
W this morniug.
The Cubans had several slight skirmishes
with the Spaniards stationed on
the hills on the American right Hank.
Laud our auxiliaries occupied the blockhouses
in that vicinitv. which were
Bb evacuated before daybreak by the Spau
iards. The latter retreated towards
Santiago de Cuba.
W General Lawtou. General Chaffee and
General Wheeler have thoroughly reeonnoiteaed
the Spanish position, and.
with the aid of information furnished
by the Cubans, have very good maps of
the roads and defenses o*' me city.
Much information has also been <>bm
tained from Spanish pacificos. who have
& slipped out of the city and given themB
selves up in the hope of getting food.
V They report great starvation and distress
in Sautiago. They say the SpanK
ish troops are on short rations and that
* ail the supplies are being held for their
The sick in the hospitals, the pacifi
B eos say. are suffering from lack of food,
and they also report that seventy-seven
were killed and t>at eighty-uine were
wounded as the result of the engagement
on Friday last with Coi. "Wood's
and Young's commands.
The most startling information .obtained
from the pacificos is that since
k the advance began almost twenty thousr
and Spanish soldiers have arrived at
Santiago de Cuba. This statement is
made on the authority of General Lawton
and he is also of the opinion that
General Pando may be able to effect a
junction with General Linares at Sani
tiago de Cuba.
I There are two forts of considerable
importance within the Spanish lines?
^ Punta Blanco, at the southern end of
^ the bay, and Santa Ursula at the south
cast corner. On the road to-Caney, on
B the north, is another fort. There are
R about 450 men in each of these fortifications,
and stretching around the
wnoie city are nine uaroeu wire icuucs,
W fifty yari? while just inside these
k are lines of rifle pits.
WL Outside to the eastward, about two
Smiles beyond the American outposts, is
x, line of entrenchments, extending
*? .Worn the northern extremity of the city
iittle west of south, at a distance
.^about seven miles from General Lawton's
headquarters, lies Morro Castle.
The road to within a few hundred yards
of the batteries at the rear of 31o:ro
y was reconnoitered yesterday afternoon
by General Chaffee and several members
of his staff.
The Cubans believe that if the water
supply of the city could be cut off.
Santiago will have to yield at onse.
They say that Admiral Cervera's entire
fleet, except the torpedo boat destroyer
Terror, is in the barbor. General Lawton
is inclined to discredit the reports
I that guns have been taken from the
I .ships to strengthen tho defences on
f land. He says it would he impossible
v lor Admiral Cervera to reach the posi\
lion of the American army with his big
N^guns from where the Spanish ships
aggressive move by the Americansrat
anticipated for several days.
The rorftd to the base of supplies must
be greatUy improved before the onward
movement can be safely made.
At present it taxes the quartermaster's
department, to the utmost to get
provisions nnd ammunition. Last night
* one pack train arrived with supplies
sufficient toj last until tonight, and as
this dispatqh is being written another
..nvmumtiAYi 10 *?rtnnn(r TI? A
Hill ' VI aililUlUiiVIVM 1.7 VV/IIMW^, it.. traiu
of ammunition has reached General
Chaffee's brigade, and a battery
of (.lading gnus and dynamite guns.
. attached to the Hough Riders, has
been moved to General Wheeler's
? There is no high ground in the presflk
ent jx)sition ,where Hotchkiss or Gat&
ling guns could be put in position. but
HA a little further on is ground where trims
can be mounted and from which an effective
tire can be dir:*ct?-d :it the Spanish
There were no alarms last njbgjiit.
v Many of ours officers are amaml^as
they have locked for resistance to ??bu
advance. The ground over which they
have traveled could have easily been
defended. buC the Spanish have steadily
retired, not even attempting to har-ic
th<> columns moved
on through a natural ambuscading country.
Apparently. General Linares prefer*
Axes place faith i?. the defenses of the
MRty and intends to make a "last ditch
N ftfht" of it. A few?though only a few
-hold to theory that he does not purpose
fighting at all.
Major Coolidge received orders tc
clear the road beyond the front, where
the stream doubles back across it. foi
the advance of the- artillery. A uyna
mite gun and a Hotchkiss gun will be
put in position.General
Wheeler, who made a re
connaissance for half a mile beyond the
skirmish lines this morning, findinj
that he was unable to secure the desirec
view through the luxuriant tropica
foliage, dismounted and climbed a tree
A major general of the United State:
in the forks of a tree, surveying th(
Spanish outposts through his fielc
glasses, was a spectacle that gave some
idea of the wonderful energy of th<
^ dashing ex-Confederate cavalry leader
^ This feat of agility in a man sixty-twc
ft years of age put to blush many youngei
V officer iu his own staff.
jl| Standing Skeleton.
A very queer discovery was made a
Carpentersville, 111., during excavation:
for the public school building. Th<
skeleton of a man was found standini
r upright. It is suppossod he was uiire<
and sauk from sight.
:C.'- - - ' r"'
J- LOVE, CRIME AND WAR.
i A Very Strange Tale Told by an Escaped
There is a Cuban passenger on one
of the-ship's of the biockadiug squadron
to whom the phra.se "Cuba Libre" has
taken a new meaning, lie is an escaped
murderer, and he tells a strange tale
of "love, crime and war." His name
is Pablo Sail tana lienites, 30 years ?ld.
* * '? " l ' 1 I
a native or vonsoiacion uei our, province
of Piuar del Rio. Seven years ago
lie killed a man. as the outcome of a
love affair. Twenty-four years was the
sentence. For seven of these lSenites
lay in the (,'areel de la Panta, the Havana
prison. A mouth and a half ago
he was put in a ehaingang and set to j
work on fortifications. His duty was
wheeling sand at Sand Hattery Xo. 1.
east of Morro. They gave him nothing
to eat hut a few heans. lie said, and lie
was almost starved. Thursday last
while the guard was at lunch, he and a
fellow convict made their escape. They
ran into the woods and were soon safely
away. For three days they made
their way through thicket and brush.
! i?* - -i o. 1. 1.1; ,;i
t'luuum me r>i>;tmsji >uiuici?. uum ? ?.-.? j
reached the water front oh Sunday. |
But at the last moment the other man I
became panic-stricken and ran hack to
the woods. .Benites knew little of the
I war. hut when asked if he was a patrij
ot. he replied: "I'll tight for America."
j There are between tliree and four hundred
men working on the Hand Battery
from which he escaped, lie said, and
big forces are at work on all the fortifications
around Havana. Some information
had reached him as to the conditions
prevailing in the Cuban capital.
"The poor are starving in the street."
he asserted. "The Spanish soldiers are
on half rations. Bread brings sixty
cents per pound, beef costs forty cents
and pork is sold for fifty cents a
pound." Benites has a brother at Palma.
Island of Magorca. The prisoner
will be turned over to Commodore Wat
HE IS A ROMANCER.
A Boy Who Can Beat the Spaniards
Albert"L. Moray, a Providence boy.
who graduated from the gunners" school
at Newport I April, writes of the
first bombardment of Santiago in which
he participated on the cruiser New Orleans.
In a letter just received by Moray's
parents he says:
*;I had the good luck to put a sixinch
shell into the Cristobal Coloe and
kill a whole gun crew and also wound
the Spanish Admiral. In the second
bombardment I had another stroke of
good luck. We had silenced the right
battery and several smaller masked batteries,
and the right wing of the fleet
korl finisl-iA*} its -wnrk :md was helDinc
out the rest of the fleet when a large
gun commenced firing at us from the
fort (the only one left), and she was
doing some close work.
;;Her shells were whistling all kinds
of tunes when I hit her square, and you
could see her and her whole crew go
flying into the air. I have been
complimented twice by my Captain and
four or five times by my division officer.
J "I have killed about twenty and
wounded a few more that 1 know of.
and if they don't surrender before long
I hope to do a little better. The Admiral
says we're a regular pepper-box,
and 'Bob' Evans says we can give a
battleship points on good and rapid
To Relieve Santiago.
From two Cuban officials picked up by
the fleet oft' Santiago on Wednesday it
was learned that General Pundo is
moving eastward from Hanzanillo, with
S.700 Spanish troops, for the purpose
of assisting the beleaguered of Santiago
de Cuba. The Cubans had eome to
Aserranderos, in small boats, with dispatches
from General Rios for Admiral
Sampson and General Rabi. The
Spaniards were moving at the rate of
twelve miles a day when the messengers
left, and at their present speed it is expected
they will reach Santiago *de
Cuba nest Sunday, July 3. The Cubans
have a small force hanging on the
Spanish flank and rear and harrassing
General Pando's troops at every step.
Manzanillo is 127 miles west of Santiago
de Cuba, and the roads are in bad
condition. The Spaniards say that if
General Pando reaches his goal it will
be with less than half the foree fie
A rii i... r* A
? riu^Ky oea. v_?a.ju<iii.
The GOU-ton American schooner
Clara A. I'hiniiev of New Bedford,
some days ago was authorized to clear
with TOO tons of coal from Mobile to
Vera Cruz 011 affidavits of reliable citizens
of Mobile that the coal was destined
for railroad purposes. On rcaeh
ing Vera Cruz. Captain Phinney was
directed by L. Jonblanc. his consignee,
to place his vessel alongside the Spanish
setamer "Maria Herrara." In the
presence of a group of excited Spanish
sympathizers. Captain Phinney bluntly
refused, declaring with emphasis
that 110 vessel in his charge should ever
; lie alongside a ship bearing the flag of
his country's enemy, much less supply
Vsnm A^'An ? >\A11 *-? /I At I TllA
[ 121*1 WCU it jrintuvi v?* vvai. .**4^
captain, with a crowd at his heels,
marched to the American consulate and
notified the consul, and wrote at once
> to General Spaulding, acting secretary.
> that he had placed himself under
- American protection.
; The Lake City Murder.
The following men at Lake City were
- arrested on a charge of being implicated
i in the killing of Postmaster Baker:
' Moultrie Kpps. H. F. Stokes, H. C.
i Godwin. K. R.McKnight, M. V. Ward
I \\ A \\ TIiaso mnn wpro
* UUU " ?A> fT ^ A iAVWV i>4VU ?| v< V
arrested by Deputies from Charleston
> on a warrant issued by Postoffice Ini
spector Buella. Everything is quiet at
I Lake City and very little excitement
; Has No Feet.
r Col. John S. Candler, brother of the
Democratic nominee for governor of
Georgia a)?& recently appointed colonel
of the Third Georgia regiment, is a
t cripple. One of his feet has been cut
~ 1 -- 4.U,.
5 oil au men aoove iye uumc aim u?;
i other from the instep. His injuries
; were caused by a railroad accident sev1
t:rai years ago. He uses artiticial feet
and walks quite well.
SPAN f ARM ROUTE!). I
Gen. Shafter's Forces Occupy |
Outer Works of Santiago.
BATTLE RAGED ALL DAY.
i The Americans Had Four Hundred
Men Killed and Wounded. Loss of
Enemy Not Known. Santiago Will
I _ __
Soon Se Ours.
The battle lias begun. .Just two
mouths after the kittle of Manila, and
on the first day ??!' the month, like that
glorious engagement, began l he first set
battle of the war in this hemisphere.
This startling news was conveyed in the
following brief dispatch received from
j Uen. Shafter at 10 o clock Friday morn
('amp Near Sevilia. Cuba.
Secretary of War. Washington:
Action now going on. The lire only
light and desultory. Kegan on the
right, near Caney. Lawtou's division,
lie will move on the northeast part of
tlie town of Sauliago. Will keep you
constantly advised of progress.
(Signed.) Si i a vt Kit.
Friday night the war rtintriit
received the following :idelitit?n;( 1 d:s |
patch from (Jen. Shatter:
"Si honey. Cuba. July 1.
"Had a very heavy engagement today,
which lasted from S a. in., till sundown.
We have carried their outwoi ks and arc
now in possession of tlieni. There is
now about three-quarters of a mile of
open between my lines and the city. By
morning troops will be entrenched and
considerable augmentation of forces will
be there. (Jeneral Lawton's division
and Oeueral Bates's brigade have been
engaged all day in carrying El Caney.
which was accomplished at 4 p. m.
Will be in line and in front of Santiago
(luring the night. I regret to say that I
our casualties will be about 400. Of I
these not many killed.
THE TROOPS IN* AT T1IK START.
According to Gen. Shafter's report,
the attack on Santiago was begun by
the second division" of the Fifth army
corps, commanded by Brig. Gen. H. W.
Lawton. This division consisists of
three brigades made up as follows:
First brigade, commanded by Col. J.
J. Van Horn. Kighth U. S. Infantry.
Twenty-second Massachusetts infantry.
Second brigade, commanding officer
unknown, but- supposed to be Col.
Bates. First U. S. infantry; Fourth U.
S. infantry and Twentv-tifth lT. S.
Third brigade, commanded by Brig.
Gen. A. K. Chaffee. Seventh U. S. infantry,
Twelfth U. S. infantry and
Seventeenth U. S. infantry.
Tf fin,a anrvars that, thfi p.ntire divis
ion which opened the hostilities of the
day is composed entirely of regular
troops, seasoned and experienced in
battle, with the exception of the Second'Massachusetts
which is regarded as one of the best
volunteer organizations of the army.
The American army drove the Spaniards
back at every point in an all day
engagement Friday. Caney will be
taken with 2,000 prisoners, [t is now
surrounded. Onr loss is probably close
to a thousand. The total proportiou is
very large, about 25 per cent. The lighting
yesterday was steady though the
Americans were embarrassed bv the
heavy brush. The Spaniards made a
brave but spasmodic defense. Much of
the Spanish tiring was by volley, while
ours was mostly at will, each bullet
. being aimed at a social target. It is
impossible to estimate the Spanish loss.
SIfAFTER REPORTS HEAVIER LOSSES.
Owing to the many conflicting reports
of the losses of the American
troops in Friday's engagement, it. has
been thought best by the war department
officials to make public the text
of Gen. Shafer's last dispatch received
Saturday morning at4 o'clock. ' It is
Siboney, via PI ay a del Este. July 1.
Adjutant General, Washington. I>. (\:
I fear I have underestimated today s
casualties. A large and thoroughly
equipped hospital ship should be sent
here at once to care for the wounded.
The chief surgeon says he has use for
40 more medical officers. The ship
must bring a launch and boats for conveying
. t,signeu) rM i a f Tf.u,
Major (iScucral Commanding.
OUR LOSS ONE THOUSAND. "
Our losses are heavy. An officer
from the field estimates our killed and
wounded at over 1.000 men. Shells,
supposedly from the Spanish licet, did
heavy execution among our troops.
During a lull in the lighting, an impressive
incident occurred. The -1st infantry
was out in front and suffering
loss from the Spanish tire, hut tin* men
sang "The Star Spangled Uanner." even
the wounded joining in the singing.
THE CIIAItOE A DESPERATE ONE.
San Juan heights have .fallen, and
the way is now open for an advance
on Moro castle. It was a glorious victory.
but dearly purchased. The place
was the strongest Spanish outpost, well
fortified and valiantly defended. The
position was an excellent one. San
Juan hill is steep, and an artillery battery
was located on it. It was-also occupied
by barracks and other buildings.
Tint- flip American troons stormed the
heights awl*'Spanish valor had to yield
to the bull dog tenacity and courage of
the Anglo-Saxon. As 1 write our troops
are swarming up t.he hill and covering
it like ants. The Spaniards are demoralized.
The fighting has been of the
hardest kind and our troops have suffered
severely, but the enemy's works
are in their hands and they do not
count the cost.
El Caney is also ours. The general
advance, which began at ?> p. m.. has
been successful all along the line. After
driving the enemy out of El Caney
the troops took possession of the village
and destroyed the Spanish fort by
t which it had been defended. The Span
iards fled into the city of Santiago,
where they now are. The losses on
both sides were heavy. A bursting
Spanish shell almost annihilated an entire
company of our troops."
The Spanish loss must have been
heavy. The Spaniards opposing (Jen.
Lawton s division lost in Kineu. wounued
and taken,prisoners 2.000 men. and
the loss on the centre and left must he
double that number. Our troops have
Alined several breastworks. They en- ;
countered a barbed wire fence eight
feet hitrFi. Hundreds ??f" the enemy
was found dead or wounded in t Intrenches
when they Wert- captured.
THE FLEET TOOK A HANI).
While the land battle was going on
the Ueet bombarded all the forts at the
entradee of the harbor, doing great
damage lo tlieni. Thousands of shells
were thrown into tlie fort# by the war*
THE FINAL BLOW.
Watson is Ordered to Strike the Coast
'I lie plan If'.' :tti attack 011 tin- coast
of Spain, which was first outlined ill
these dispatches and frequently discus
sed. was (his morn in;/ officially auiioiiji
ccd )?V the department. The lilllletin
posted at tlii* department an Domicilii:'
'i. . .1 < iT.
I Ilf- U<~JUll I UM7 ifl VWJlilUUVkUib M uir /II ?w
organize the squadron of armored cruisers
from Sampson's Heel to proceed at
once nil tie* coast of Spain, 'is' tlie heginning'
of tin? movement which will
probably end the war.
As originally announced in these dispatches.
as soon as the situation at Santiago
was satisfactorily and the preparation
for the occupation of Porto ltico
lias sufficiently advanced, it was the intention
of tlie administration to send a
fleet to attack the Spanish at home.
The time has now arrived when this
movement may he undertaken and the
purpose is to lose no time in bringing
the war home to Spain, in a way that
will make the Spanish realize the absolute
futility of resistance.
It is doubtful whether this order to
Admiral Watson was hastened by any
fear of danger threatening Admiral
fleet, reported at the mouth of the Suez
canal on the way to the Philippines.
The formation of this squadron for an
attack on the Spanish coast was a part
of the general plan for the prosecuting
of the war. decided on some time ago.
and fully outlined in these dispatches.
The movement was held in waiting only
for the landing of troops at Santiago,
and the development of the situation
there to join the squadron.
When the announcement was made
of the sailing of the Spanish fleet from
Cadiz toward the Suez canal, the opinion
was had here that the real object of
the Spanish admiral was to remove his
fleet to a position of greater safety than
Cadiz, being informed, as he undoubtedly
was. of the purpose of the government
to attack the Spanish coast.
The movement of the Spanish fleet
wa:s regarded rather as a retreat than an
aggressive movement toward tne rnmppines.
"Whether this theory was correct
or not will be shown by the course
of Admiral Camara on learning that our
squadron is about to sail. If the movement
of his fleet is not in the nature of
a retreat he will return to defend the
Spanish coast and meet our squadron.
Otherwise he may seek safety by sailing
through the -neutral .water?., of- the .
Suez canal; at all events, the movement
against the Spanish coast is regarded
as a blow which Spain cannot
The squadron under . command of
Watson will be powerful enough to
meet and destroy Admiral Camara's
Sect if it turns back or to inflict severe
damage upon the Spanish forts, and if
the Spanish fleet should sail to get into
the Suez canal our squadron may fol?
1/vn. if intrt tVio AI?r]I1MT1 iinH PCim
pel an engagement there. This movement
means that the war is to be pressed
with all vigor and terminated as
quickly as possible blow delivered upon
blow. Movements of the utmost importance,
aggressive and strong, are to
be made by both army and navy.
A North Carolina Sensation.
A sensation has been caused in Raleigh.
X. C.. by a row between Governor
Russell and city editor Henry
Bagley, of I he .Raleigh Times-Visitor,
a brother of Lieutenant Bagley. Mr.
Bagley says when he called at the governor's
office to introduce air army officer
to the private secretary he was
called into the executive office where
the governor keeping his. hand on a pis< '1
I I?<L- 11r-iriirswl mid abused
hi in lor an article printed in The
Times-Visitor some time before and
violently ordered him to leave. This
incident brings out the information
that (inventor lUissel lias long believed
that somebody has been trying or would
try to kill him and has habitually
kept a loaded revolver in his desk and
a shotgun standing in a corner of his
office. This goes to strengthen the
impression already prevalent among
many people in the State that the gov- |
ernor is a dangerous lunatic.
A Big War Contract.
Commissary (Icneral Kagan of the
army Wednesday awarded to "Swift
&Co. of Chicago a eontractforsupplying
the troops in Cuba with refrigerated j
as may be required. The contract is
a big one :mkI involves the shipment to
tli.it of f;irnr?r>.s of (IrftSSed
meat to be used, not alone for the soldiers
but also for feeding the reconcentrados
and the Cuban troops. The government |
j guarantees the contract to last for not i
less than three months, and the beefs
to be furnished so that it will be perfectly
good and fit for use 72 hours after its
To Send the Sick There.
Steps have been taken to make Fort
Monroe an important hospital point,
and it is said that over (?()(> sick and
wounded soldiers from the south will
be sent there as soon as the arrangements
arc completed. A number of
tents wili be located near the moat, and
they will be equipped with all the conveniences
and appliances known to
medical science. A large corps of surgeons
has been detailed for service at
J th^ now station.
A Vessel Captured.
According to private letters from
Cavite. dated June 27th. the insurgents
occupy the whole of Bulucan province.
Occasional skirmishes occur. The insurgents
captured the Spanish ship
Belmi in Kayabo Bay. while she was
j landing live hundred troops. A stubl
born tight ensued, in which the Spanish
! commander, a lieutenant colonel was
I killed. The insurgents have captured
j the governor of Uulueun. with his \vife
Sampson Does up Cervera's Ships
FIGHTING STILL GOING ON.
Gen. Shatter Demands the Surrender
of Santiago. Reports of the Losses
on Eoth Sides Indicate Desoerate
July r?. ? 11 is reported
on wbar is deemed to he reliable authority
that Admiral Sampson's fleet
today eugj&ed the fleet of Admiral (Vrvera
and.ejitirelv destroyed it.
Washington. .July.!'.?The following
statement was tonight given out at the
"I'laya dei Kste. .July .'J. Karly this
morning 1-sent a demand for the im
mediate surrender of Santiago, threatening
to bomhard the city. 1 believe
the place will he surrendered."
The following dispatch was received
at the war department:
Playa del Kste. .July ?Sihoiiey
office confirms statement that all the
Spanish fleet except one warship de
stroved ami burnini: on the heaeh. It
was witnessed by Capt. Smith, who
toj.l operator nodoubt of its eorteet ness.
Ai.i.kn. "Sijrnal Officer."
I'lava del Kste. .July ?The destruction
of (Vvera's fleet is confirmed.
(Shrned) Ai.I.KN. Lieut. Col.
NKWS KitOM SUA FT Kit.
I'laya del Kste. .July ?>.
Secretary <<f War. Washington:
Camp near Sevilla. Cuba. July J!.?
We have the town well invested on the
north and east hut with a very thin
line. lT|>on approaching it we find it
of such a character and the defenses so
strong it will be impossible to carry it
by storm with my present force. Our
losses up to date will aggregate a thousand.
but list has not yet been made.
But little sickness outside of c,\hausIwtilf
it 11/1 AVAVf 1A? nf
I nMi 11 win iiiiuicn; jiv.il uuu laui liuh w*
the buttle of the day before yesterday
and the almost constant fire which is
kept up on the trenches. Wagon road
to the rear is kept up with some difficulty
on account of rains, but 1 will be
able to use it for the present. General
Wheeler is seriously ill and will probably
have to go to the rear today. Gen.
Young also very ill; confined to his bed.
Gen. Hawkins slightly wounded in foot.
Daring sortie made by enemy last night
which was handsomely repulsed. The
behavior of the troops was magnificent.
Gen. Garcia reported he holds the railroad
from Santiago to San Luis and has
burned a bridge and removed some rails;
also that tfen. .Pando lias arrived at
Palrna and that the French consul with
about 400 French citizens came' into
his line yesterday from Santiago. Have
directed him to treat them with every
courtesy possible. Shafter;
Washington. July 3.?The following
disputes fraiaG-en, Shafterwas-receii^cL
at the war department tonight: . "
Plava del Este, July 3, 1898.
Adj. Gen. U. S. A., Washington:
Camp Near Santiago, July 3.?The
following is a partial list of officers
Col. Charles A. Wykoff. 22d infantry.
Lieut. Col. John M. Hamilton.9th
Lieut. \V. IJ. Smith, 10th cavalry.
Maj. Forse, 1st cavalry.
C'apt. O'Neill, 1st volunteers.
Lieut. Micha. son of Professor Micha.
Lieut. Jules G. Orde, 6th infantry.
Lieut. Wm. E. Shipp. 10th cavalry.
TEH SPANISH ACCOUNT.
Madrid. July 3, 4 p. m.?Private dispatches
from Santiago give the following
"Gen. Shaftor's army, composed of
17.000 infantry and 82 siege guns of
various calibre, attacked the Spanish
positions before Santiago, 0,000 rebels
under Garcia assisting them. The
Spaniards had only 2.U00 men. partly
"Our rroops fought with heroic courage.
The battle lasted three hours and
and the Spanish were then compelled
to abandon the trenches and to fall
; back on Santiago. The retreat was conducted
in perfect order.
"Our losses were heavy and theenemy's
were enormous. The list of our wounded
ineludesGen. Linares, Col. Ordonez and
Majors Amadrid and Arraiz, the latter
being Gen. Linares* aid-de-camp. The
American attack upon El Caney was
very seven;.. The position was defended
by Gen. Vera de Roy. with f>00 men.
The enemy was at first, repuised, but
ultimately renewed the attack."
"Our wounded are numerous, including
Gen. Vera deKoy and Major Demingnez.
The struggle is becoming dfiicult.
2.00(1 Spanish having to meet 25.000
of the enemy."
S A N'T I A(10 IJADI.V TORN UP.
Definite, positive information is at
hand that Santiago had been literally
torn to pieces: and that in the-wreck
and ruin of demolished buildings the
Spanish casualties numbered fully
1.000. This information came from
one of the foreign consuls stationed at
Santiago, who reported to the representative
of his country in Washington
the fearful havoc within the city
wrought by the American army and the
fleet. The distress of the city, even
MUlUli; tilC uatuc. an cuuuk ktj
the action of this counsel in serving out
rations of one-half pound daily to his
fellow countrymen, a few hundred in
number, for the last month. Then
came the brief but graphic recital of the
terrible effect of the American attack
from land and sea. The bursting shells
from our fleet had done the greatest
damage inside of the city. Buildings
were riddled with rifles shot and mown
down with the huge shells and solid projectiles
from the ships.
The Southern Express comyany in
whose territory all the camps of the
United States army are located, with
the exception of the one on the
Pacific coast, lias taken tlxe intitative.
and all other express companies have
agreed to making a uniform reduction
on all express matter shipped to soldiers
in the field. It has been agreed that
a strait cut of 23 per cent, on express
matter for all the soldirers be given
from any point in the United States.
This action, prompted as it was by pure
patriotism and a desire to help those
vrhoneed it. is, to say the least, commendable.
as more than 200.000 men in
the field are the direct benficiariea.
A GREAT MISTAKE,
At Least Many People Seems to
Sonic thoughtless editor away off in
Kansas casually observed that it takes
money to run a newspaper, whereupon
every edTlor in the land is down on him.
Notwithstanding the long established
l'aet tluit the running of a paper broke
up the devil and exhausted all his gold
i ?i_- . .1 ... _ ^ !ij:
arm stiver mines more are yet millions
ol' people who believe it costs nothing to
.start and run newspapers, J Hi. no. replies
one editor. What a lie. says
another. What an exaggeration! What
a whopper! Money to run a newspaper?
Never! It has been disproved a thousand
t imes, says another; it is a clean
ease irf airy fancy. It doesn t take
mom-v to run a newsspaper; it can run
withoiLt money. It is a charitable institution,
a begging concern, a highway
robber. B'lJodi'rey. , the newspaper
is the child of the air. a
creature of a dream. It can go on and
on and on. when any other concern
would be in the hands of a receiver and
Wound up with cobwebs in the window.
ll takes wind to run a newspaper: it
takes gall to run a newspaper. It takes
a scintillating, acrobatic imagination,
ami a half dozen white shirts, and a
railroad pass to run a newspaper. Hut
i . . o . i
i:i<hic\ ?iu anu ?yi a
hands round, who ever needed money in
conducting a newspaper! Kind words
art; the medium of' exchange that do-the
business for the editor?kind words and
church social tickets. When you see
an editor with money, watch him. He ll
be paying his bills and disgracing his
profession. Never give money to an
editor. Make him trade it out. He
likes to swap.
Then when you die. after having
stood around for years and having
sneered at the editor and his little jim
crow paper, be sure and have your wife
send in for three extra copies bv one of
your weeping children, and when she
reads the generous and touching notice
about you. forewarn her to neglect to
send 15 cents to the editor. It would
overwhelm him. Money is a currupting
thing. The editor knows it. and
what he wants is your heartfelt thanks
Then he can thank the printers and they
can thank the grocers.
Hut money?scorn the filthy thing.
Don't let the pure, innocent editor know
.i i . . Tr .i i n
anvtning aooui it. iveep tnat ior sordid
tradespeople who charge for their
wares. The editor gives his bounty
away. The Lord loves a cheerful giver.
He'll take care of the editor. Don't
worry about the editor. He has a charter
from the State to act as a doormat
for the community. He'll get the paper
out somehow, and stand up for you when
you run for office, and lie about your
.pigeontoed daughter's tackyj wedding,
and blow about your big-footed sons
when they get a $4 per week job, and
weep over your shriveled soul when it
is released from your grasping body, and
smile at at your giddy wife's second
marriage. He'll get along. The Lord
knows kow?but somehow.
WILL TURN BACK.
Such is the Impression About the Spanish
The Spanish fleet thatsailed last week
for the Philippines has not made much
progress and does not give the United
States much coucern. The government
lias done everything possible within
fair lines to prevent this fleet from
reaching the Philippines and the
agents of the state dei>artment
have been particularly successful
in his work. United States Consular
Agent* Broad bent has jast made
a master stroke which he reports to the
department. While the Spanish ships
were seeking permission of the Egyptian
government to take coal at Port
Said the consular officers, succeeded in
quietly buying up all the coal available
| at the port. This amounted to 20,000
! tons and it is in a good place to be
shipped to Dewey; to serve as a base of
supplies Yor Commodore Watson's eastern
squadron when it. enters the Med iteranian;or
to coal any American vessel
that may-pass through the Suez canal
bound for the Asiatic station if it should
be decided that it is permissible for
warships to take on coal at Port Said.
The news that reached the department
through the press reports that Admiral
Camara is about to leave his torpedo
bout destroyers :it Port Said be
cause they would be unable to weater
the monsoons in the Indian Ocean at
this season, is believed at the navy department
to presage the dissolution of
the squadron ;ind the abandonment of
the cruise to the Philippines. As these
torpedo destroyers have proved their'
ability to cross the Atlanta in bad weather.
it is conjectured at the department
that the real reason for turning back is
one that is almost chronic in the Spanish
navy, namely, a break-down or a
breakage of the machinery of the craft.
Leaving out the three torpedo boat
destroyers Audaz. Prosperina and Ortez.
there is very little left in the squadron
of an offensive ' character aside
from the battleship Pelayo and the
cruiser Carlos Y. At any rate the
dropping of the destroyers will weaken
Camara's squadron so materially as to
make his defeat by Dewey a foregone
conclusion if they should come together, j
Troops Reach Manila.
Hong Kong. July 4.?The United
States Dispatch Boat Zafiro. which left
Cavite. Manilo Harbor, on July 1. has
arrived here. She reports that the
American troops in the transport City
of Sidney, City of Peking and Australia.
convoyed by the Charleston, arrived
at Cavite on June 30. having taken
the Ladronc Islands on the way and
having left nieu there. The Spanish
Governor and other officials captured
were brought to Cavite. The United
States troops commenced to disembark
at Cavite on July 1.
Warships in Collision.
Secretary Long has received word
"R uiiipv at. ICov !
I that the flagship Newark, -with Commo|
dore Watson aboard, has been in collision
with the Dolphin. The Newark
was uninjured but the Dolphin sustained
considerable damage. She is
i now on her way north to a dry dock.
! No details are obtainable.
| A BUNCH OF PRIZES.
Several Spanish Boats Captured by
A dispatch from Havana says '"the j
commander of the Spanish gunboat
Ardilla. reports that while reconnoiteriug
on June 2G at Coloma. PuntaCorets
and other places, at Covabia. he was informed
that a strange steamer with one
smoke-stack, apparently a war ship, 8,000
tons, was in sight. The stranger
soon caught sight of the Ardilia and
pursued her. The gunboat kept within
the blue sea and succeeded in keeping
out of range of the guns of her pursuer.
To the southeastward the stranger,
which fumed out to be an American
ship, appeared to be in company with
several other vessels. The Ardilia made
a reconnoissance on the following day,
June '21. and discovered that the American
ship had captured the sloops
Xemesia. of Hatabano. province of Havana:
Amistad and .Manuelita. of
(.'olmna, province of Pinar del Rio, and
the pilot boats Luzaud Jacinto. It is
claimed that when the sloops Were
sighted the American ship hoisted the
Spanish Hag. believing he had to do
with a Spanish war ship. The pilot
also approached the American vessel and
did not find out his mistake until a blank
shot and afterward loaded shells were
tired at the pilot boat. The shells, it is
? i * i rm
claimed, exploded near lier. i ne j
American ship by this time seemed to |
have driven the Sjjanish craft into a
bunch, including the Luz. Jacinto.
Amistad. Xemesiaand Manuelita. The
latter, it is further alleged, let go their
anchors and were abandoned by their
crews, who made fpr the shore, going in
the direction of Punta de Piedras. on
the southwestern extremity of Pinar del
Kio. between the Isle of Pines and the
mainland. The commander of the
Xemesia, with one of his crew, remained
on board his sloop and was captured and
taken on board the American ship.
Later he was set at liberty, after having
been questioned regarding the Spanish
fleet and the general situation of affairs.
The American is described as
carrying one gun forward, another at
her stern and four sruns on each side.
She is said to have been commanded by
a "frigate captain"'and to have carried
about six hundred men ' "with blue pants
and red fringe," who said they were going
to Cuba and afterward to Key West."
How to Abate the Great Nuisance of
The Charlotte Observer says about
ten years ago Charlotte was emancipated
from the habit of loafing, From that .
time it prospered. Formerly, in front
of each store, the professionals sat upon
dry goods boxes, whittled sticks and
talked over the affairs of men, women
and children in the' town. * One rilan
made a rule that there could be no loafing
in front of his .place of business.
He was considered reckless. A little
1 i 1 -L^i J _ il.
later a ciotaing nouse niaue ue same
rale. -The movement grew until today
there is not a business house in Charlotte
having loafers in chairs and on dry
goods boxes in front of any store. They
have be&n driven from one store to another
until now the native local loafer
has no refnge except amongst the tran-.
sient guests at the hotels; He still gets
out at night and squats on chairs that
he never pays for at the hotels and loafs
in disguise, as a tsansient guest of the
house. Charlotte has prospered in proportion
as the loafing habit has been
broken up. The loafer not only produces
nothing, but he saps the energies of
the working man. ' ' , :
Some years ago the Observer wrote of
the emancipation of' Fort Mill from the
loafing habit. The local paper at Fort
Mill copied the article and expressed
pleasure in being written abo.ut in that
strain. Since then Fort Mill has been
prosperous. Salisbury is prosperous by
tue errortt 01 tnose people wno are never
seen whittling sticks and loafing on the
streets. In the course of time in all our
Southern towns and cities the loafing
habit will be disgraceful as it ought to
be. From that time foward every Southern
town and city will prosper.
In Rockingham the loafing habit has
been largely broken up. As a consequence
it is a prosperous town. Rock
Hill, in South Carolina, was never a victim
of the loafing habit? and it always
prospered. Founded, practically since
the war, it has prospered far beyond the
adjacent towns that are more than 100
To all towns we would say: "If you
would prosj>er then drive out the loafers."
Let Us Stop to Think.
Let us stop to think of' the pood-bye
kiss. Better miss a ear than leave a
heartache. Let us stop to think of the
children. We. too, were children once
and loved to be remembered. Let us;
stop to think of the aged. For us. too,
the evening shadows will close at length
and we shall, perchance, be left at desolate
heartstones. We shall need to be
remembered then. Let us stop to
think of the stranger. We, too,
have been alone and have needed the
touch of a kindly hand upon our lives,
and many a life has gone out in the
blackness of darkness for the lack of
such a touch as any one of us might
have given. Let us stop and think of
G;od and the future. At best the time
is short and the end is near. And when
it shall come, blessed will be he to wholn
the entrance upon another life will be
but the realization of dear and familiar
dreams, the consummation of a lifetime
of longings. Let us stop to think. If
there be any virtue, if there be any
praise, let us stop to think upon these
They Are Impressed.
That which most impresses the officers
of the European armies who have
come to the United States to "observe"
the war is the rapidity with which an
army is being mobilized. To them it is
almost incredible that on the 23d of
Appil this government had an army of
only 26.500 men. Today there are organized,
officered and encamped over
150,000 men. When foreigners are told I
that these men responded to a call for
volunteers, they marvel greatly. Accustomed
as they are to bringing their
soldiers into the fields by the forced
levies cf rigorous military laws, they
cannot comprehend the willingness of
the American youth to volunteer. The j
high character of the American private
soldier also is impresssive to the foreigner.
How Uncle Sam Will Raise the
Sinews of War.
Hardly a Legal Document of any Kind
Exempt. Telegrams, Checks, Bills of
Lading and All Commercial Papers
> The people of this country have had
a war on for two months or thereabout*
and all it has cost them has been the
satisfaction of hurrahing over a Dewey . victory,
or a Hobsou, a Blue, or Sampson
or Schley. They have not gone
deep down into their pockets to pay for
ail this glory. They knew what happened
and simply trusted Uncle Sam
to foot the bills. But your Uncle Samuel
wants some help, and he will call
upon all the people to assist him in
providing the funds.
Take telegraphing as an instance, and
this is a very large factor in the commercial
affairs of the world. Wednesday
Manager Gray of the Western Union
received instructions from head- - ? , :
quarters to the effect that every message
sent should first be stamped with a
revenue stamp before it could be transmitted.
The cost of the stamp for
every message no matter how long will
be one cent.
The law provides that the person
"using or affixing the stamp shall write
or stamp thereupon the initials of his
name aud date upon which the same
shall be attached or used. "
Some of the principal offices of the
State have been furnished with stamps
for the use of patrons, but until the
stamps are generally distributed from
the revenue office there may be some
delay in receiving replies to telegrams.
At some of the smaller telegraph sta
tions these stamps may not be available a
for several weeks, and should a reply
be required and the receiver of the telegram
have no stamps and cannot get
them there would be no answer. The . '-yjjaj
stamp must be affixed at the sending 'office
and cannot be at the receiving
As to railroad and express companies
bills . of lading, money orders and all
documents relative to shipping will v
have to be stamped. All the railroads . ^
centering here have received a large
supply for the use of their patrons. f%
The Register has already published
the full text of the bill, but in order to
refresh the minds of its readers it publishes
the lix on some of the documents
of ordinary business transactions:
"All bonds, debentures, or certificates
of indebtedness issued after the - , . 'c^|
first of July by any association, company
or corporation, on each hundred
dollars of the face value or fractioa ' 4L
thereof, five cents: and on all sales, or
agreement to sell, or memoranda of
sales or deliveries or transfers of shares
or certificates of stock in any association,
company or corporation whether
shown upo:i the books of such associa- . ff*
tion, company or corporation, or by any .
assignment in blank, or by any delivery,
or by any paper, &c., on eachhundred
dollars of the face value or fraction
thereof, two cents.
"Bank checks, drafts, or certificates
of deposits not drawing interest, or order
for the payment of any sum of ?
money, drawn upon Or issued by any
bank, trust company, or any persons,
companies or corporations at sight or
on demand, two cents. < . *
"Bill of exchange (inland), draft
certificate of deposit drawing interest,
or order for the payment of any sum ,r0
of money, otherwise than at sight or on
demand, or any promissory note except *||i
bank notes issued for circulation, and
for each renewal of the same, for a sum
not exceeding one. hundred dollars, two v *
cents; and for each additional one hundred
dollars or fractional part thereof
in excess of one hundred dollars, two
| cents. "Bonds,
for indemnifying any person
1 or persons, firm, or rnrmrat.jnn fnr th? . M
payment of any sum of money, or for
the due execution or performance of
duties of any office or position, and to
account for money received, and all
other bonds of any description, except ; jl
such as may be required in legal proceedings.
fifty cents. All deeds, instruments
or writing, whereby any
lands, tenements, or other realty sold
shall be granted, when the considera- .
tion or value exceeds one hundred dollars
and not over five hundred dollars.
fifty cents; and for eacll additional five
hundred dollars or fractional part thereof
in osftoss of fivA rlnllnrs.
agreement, memorandum, or
contract for the rent of land, tenement.
when not exceeding one year, 25 cents; ^
when for more than a year and not ex- ^
ceeding two years, fifty cents; whea
for more than three years, one dollars.
"Mortgages of lands or personal
property, deeds of trust, &c., intended *
to secure any definite and fixed sum,
on one thousand dollars* and not exceed- 1|
ing one thousand five hundred dollars.
twedty-five cents. All transfers or assignments
of a mortgage, lease, or policy
of insurance, or the renewal or con-5
tinuance of any agreement, contract or
charter, a stamp duty is required and
must be paid at the same rate as that
imposed on the original instrument.
Power of attorney to sell lands, &c.?
twentv-five cents. ?3S
u:n~ ~c ?.1
J. lUl/Uat U1 J1UIU3. Villa Vi CAUUailgC#
acceptance, check or draft, twenty-five
cents. t ' 'gl
"No paper can be recorded or regis- V^Si
tered. if such paper is required by law
to be stamped, and such paper or document
cannot be used in evidence unless
_ Stamps can be obtained from the internal
revenue* office, and if the war
continue long they will be as common
as postage stamps.?Columbia Register.
For the Usual Crime.
Henry Williams, colored, charged
with outraging the Browitt girls a few
days ago, was hrtnged by a mob to a
bridge at Macon, Mo., Thursday. He
died protesting innocence. Rev. Rob- ?3
bins, Sheriff Glenn, and Mr. McVicker
made speeches, pleading with the lynchers
to let the law take its course. Robbins
was knocked down and McVicker
was knocked senseless. The sheriff and
/IrtiMiftAa TPnrA /lie.
iliO u^i^/ v^i^vuvivu auu uio
armed, and the jail was biodcen into and
tKe prisoner taken.