Newspaper Page Text
I VOL. LIII WINNSBOKO, S. C., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 10, 1898. NO. 1.
L TERMS OF PEACE.
We Will Consent for the CommisP
sion to Meet in France.
\ MODIFICATIONS REFUSED.
Spain Must Cede All Her Islands
In Western Waters Save Cuba
to Us if She Wants
> + v Peace.
r Y President McKinley has given out
^ the foilowiug statement:
f ';in order to remove any misapprehension
wijfch' regard to the peace negotiationsj^tw.een
the United States aud
Spai|^ -it-is^6emed proper to say that
the teruts-Q^ered by the United States
I ^ to Spain jjm the note handed to the
French Ambassador are, in substance,
/ as follows:
" 'The President does not now put
* forward any claim for pecuniary indemnity,
but requires the relinquish&
ment of all claim of sovereignty over
or title to tne island 01 Uuoa, as wen
|h| as the immediate evacuation by Spain
<>; of the island.
" 'The cession to the United States
Wm and immediate evacuation of Porto liico
i? and other islands under Spanish soverW
eignty in the West Indies, and the like
R cession of an island in the Ladrunes.
F " 'The United States will occupy and
VinM tliA cit-v hsv fim] liarhrvr nf Marti
k la, pending the conclusion of a treaty
L " of peace, which shall determine the
L control, disposition and government of
F the Philippines.
'"If these terms are accepted by
Spain in their entirety it is stated that
commissioners will be named by the
United States to meet commissioners
r?n twrf-. nf Snair* fnr t.Tio rmrnfKP nf
concluding a treaty <$f peace on the
basis above indicated.'"
The foregoing was made public by
reason of the great discussion that has
arisen over the matter and the many
contradictory statements published.
There has been considerable discussion
. between the United States and Spain in
ya'parar*r>a f<"? fVio forme Sr>sin
wanted them modified, but this the
President has refused to do, except in
some minor particulars.
The President and M. Cambon, the
French Ambassador at Washington.
I who is acting for Spain, has had several
R conferences. 31. Cambon asked that
the commission "to be appointed to set
B tie the terms of peace shall meet outWfr
side of the United States, and preferably
in France. The President sees no
material objection to granting this request,
and it is said to be practically
settled that the conference will be held
The Madrid government, through M.
Cambon, propounded a number of questions
as to the time when Spain would
be expected to evacuate Cuba and the
territory to be ceded the United States
and what provisions would be made by
. ? the United States to protect the interests
of Spanish subjects in these islands
. while the evacuation was in progress.
Cambon was informed upon all of
Jjpese points presumably to his satisf^faction.
There is one point, however, which
i the Spanish authorities, judging from
||L their communication to their represenW
tative here, fail fully to comprehend,
and Secretary Dav's call upon the am
bassador Thursday night was i'or the
purpose, principally, of making perfectly
clear this one point, which was the
evacuation of Cuba, Porto Rico and
one of the Ladrone islands to be selected
by the United States, and the permanent
cession to this government of
all these islands except Cuba, was made
/ifc a condition precedent to all peace nego v
tiations. and that not until these terms
had been fully complied with would
this government consent to entertain
any peace propositions whatever.
The question upon which the Spanish
government has so far asked for additional
information are regarded by the
administration as perfectly legitimate
and proper, and up to this time nothing
has occurred to bring in question the
I sincerity of their motives. Under these
I circumstances it is the purpose of the
I^" President to deal -with them in a spirit
of perfect fairness and to make the road
- to peace as smooth for them as the
rights and dignity of this governmen
will permit, and to this end unimportant
concessions will be readily granted.
Something has been said about an effort
on the part of the Spanish govern
merit to secure some guarantee from the
B United States that the lives and propK
erty of Spanish citizens in conquered
Wf territory shall be cared for. The idea
^ of the administration is that "no such
pledge or guarantee is necessary. Assuming
sovereignty over conquered territory
and exercising it either through
civil administration, as will be the case
with Porto ftico in the end, or through
military governorship, as will be the
msp in P!iibrt fnr an indefinite time.
the United States assumes a strict obligation
to protect the lives, interest and
property of all citizens of all stations,
t and it must be remembered that when
the treaty of peace, is signed the citizens
of Spain, now enemies, will be in
Sanitary and Hygenic.
Augusta has formed, we believe, a
Lcivie league to keep the city clean and
r?^fceautiful. Charleston urges that no
more scraps of paper be allowed to
blow through the streets and litter
them. The late Mr. Drummond. of
? literary fame, said some good things
about clean homes and yards and
streets, aud it would be a happy thing
could we all. white and colored, teach
the children, by precept as well as ex
b % ample, the beauty and utility as well
as-the heathfulness of taking an abidlp
ing interest in these matters.
Streets, lanes, alleys, yards, drains,
f ditches, outhouses, stables, etc., should
r be cleansed, fumigated, deodorized
and disinfected whenever needed.
Under houses and low places should j
be swept, sanded and limed. Scraps I
of paper, as well as offal and all debris !
^ should be gathered and burned or
^ buried. Weeds should be cut down
and burned before the August and
September sun falls upon them. Pig
pens, wherever they may be, should
be kept scrupulously clean. No impure
water should be allowed by sura
face aud interstitial drainage to get
^ into wells and cisterns. This is a
fruitful soutce of trouble. Our towns,
villages and county places should all
be awake to the importance of this
k matter. It is one of vital moment.
| BOWS TO THE INEVITABLE.
j America's Terms Accepted and the War
is Practically Ended.
i A /I-Piv.nri ATn^rid s.ivs flip
| xx uiojmwvu
j Spanish Cabinet approved Saturday
! evening the basis of the reply to the
peace conditions proposed by the United
States. Duke Aimadovarde Kio. the
minister of foreign affairs, is charged
with revising the reply, which will be
! read and approved at the cabinet council
tomorrow morning. It is stated on
good authority that the Spanish reply
will give no occasion for a further response
from the United States.
A Madrid special to the New York
Journal says: "The queen regent has
approved the reply of the Spanish gov
eminent to the United States accepting
the conditions laid down by the latter
under which peace will be concluded,"
The Madrid co5Tespondent of the
London Sunday Times says; "Spain's
answer will accept all the American
terms, except that regarding the Cuban
debt. The government will fight this
point on the ground that in all other
cession of territory by one nation to
another the ceded territory has carried
with it its debt or proportion belonging
to the- nation by which it was ceded.
"Senor Sagasta, in conferring with
politicians and generals, follows the ex
ample of Seuor Casteiar in 1873. His
objects are two-fold?to divide the responsibility
for the deeision and to
avoid the convocation of the cortes.
kThe news from Porto Kieo is received
with great disappointment in
Madrid. The Spaniards are disgusted
with the welcome the natives have
given the Americans and the news that
the volunteers have thrown down their
arms. The general opinion is that it is
not worth while to risk lives and spend
millions for the sake of territories
which are worse than disloyal to the
mother country. It is assumed that
there will be no internal trouble over the
evacuation of the West Indies. The
war has cost $350, 000,000.
The Madrid correspondent of the
Daily Mail, telegraphing Sunday, says:
''The answer of the Spanish government
declares that Spain cannot discuss the
American proposals, but only accept
them, because they are imposed on her
by force. Only a few unessential
changes in the American demands were
asked for and it is not expected that
President McKinley will refuse them.
"A commission composed of Spaniards
and Americans will decide the
question of the Cuban debt, the dates
and manner of evacuating Cuba and
Porto Kico, and the protection of Spaniards
and Spanish interests in these
places. The commissioners will also
decide whether Spain is to be allowed
to withdraw her artillery and the remainder
of her arms and ammunition
from the colonies, while the question of
the Philippines will be settled by the
bame body. A treaty will be signed sub
ject to approval by the cortes, which
will be convoked at once.
"The cabinet council tonight will
appoint Spanish commissioners to meet
the Americans to arrange as to the future
of the Philippines and other details."
According to the most reliable sources
of information the Spanish note is
couched in dignified language. It asserts
that Spain bows to the force of
circumstances, having done nothing to
provoke the war, into which she has
been unwillingly led, in the defence of
her rights and territory. It expresses
a willingness to appoint delegates to
meet the American commissiouors to
discuss a regime for the Philippines.
It is understood that both Senor Sagas...
j tv_u_ a i?j
id auu. JL/iuwe <ajiuuuuvai 'iv; jlhv, wiu
foreign minister, told the queen regent
that they felt deeply the painful duty
circumstances imposed upon them.
A dispatch from Madrid says: "El
Imparcial proposes a new solution for
the settlement of the Cuban debt. It
takes it for granted that the United
States cannot be asked to assume the
burden of about 32,000,000 pounds
($160,000, 000) of the debt existing when
the rebellion began in 1895, and the 90,nnn
nnn i nno nniv\ cn^nf.
VVWjVVV ^UUUUtJ ^VIWVj WVVj VVV^ W|/VA4V
since, and it suggests that Spain should
undertake to pay interest and i-edemption
on the Cuban debt until the new
West Indian republic is in a position to
do so, which El Parcial believes, Cuba
could soon do, when its vast natural resources
were developed under an American
To Keep Fools Out of Churches.
Henry Ward Beecher was approach
ed by a young man who considered
himself very clever, says the San Francisco
Argonaut. '"Do you know, Mr.
Beecher," said he, "I've been thinking
that I would settle down, behave myself
and join your church. Now, I like
your preaching, but when I go to your
church and see such men as $ and
others, grasping skinflints and hypocrites
to the core, sitting there in full
membership, why, the thing is just a
little too much for me. And really,"
he added, "I cannot join." "Well,
you're right,"' said Mr. iieecher. ''every
church has such men, and I fancy Plymouth
is not free from them. And until
vou sDoke I have alwavs wondered
why the good Lord permitted it. Now
I understand." "Ah," gvrgled the
young fellow. "I amgtad 1 have thrown
some light on the question. What
strikes you as the reason, Mr.Beecher?"
"Well," replied the great preacher, "it
is permitted in order to-keep just such
fools as you out of the churches."
She Trusted Papa.
Years aw a train was rushinc alone
on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad at
great speed. The passangers were anxious,
because it was in the time of war,
and they were afraid that the enemy
might tear up the tracks or some other
acccident happen. A bright little girl
came toward a passenger and said,
i-Good morning/' in a clear, sweet
voice! The gentleman asked her if she
was not afraid to ride in the cars.
bhe said, sometimes; .but 1 am not
afraid this time."
;'Why are you not afraid this time?
Everybody else seems to be afraid. Bosides
we are running very rapidly."
;*Oh, there'5 no danger at all; papa
is running ti engine."
Her father was the engineer, and she
had such confidence in his ability to
protect her that she felt perfectly secure
and happy. When we have God to
; _ i j j.~ r _
guiue us, \ve nave noming iu iear, lor
! he is much better able to protect us
; than the engineer on the train was to
i take care oi' his little daughter.
Terrible Suffering of Our Soldiers
THE RAVAGES OF DISEASE.
| General Ames Says "If the Army
j is Ever to Return it Must Do
So at Once." Action
Summoned by Maj. Gen. Shafter, a
meeting was held at Santiago "Wednesday
morning at headquarters, and in
the presence of every commanding and
medical officer of the Fifth army corps.
Gen. Shafter read a cable message from
Secretary Alger, ordering him at the
recommendation of Surgeon Gen. Sternberg.
to move the armv into the interi
or, to San Luis, where it is healthier.
As a result of the conference Gen.
Shafter will insist upon the immediate
withdrawal of the army north withiutwo
weeks. As an explanation of the situation
the following letter from Col.
Theodore Roosevelt, commanding the
First %*olunteer cavalry to Gen. Shafter
was handed by the latter to the correspondent
here of the Associated Press
f 1.1? , -X?
Major Gen. Shafter.
Sir: In a meeting of the general and
medical officers called by you at the
palace this moruing, we were all, as
you kno^, unanimous in view of what
should be done with the army. To
keep us here, in the opinion of every
officer commanding a division or brigade,
will simply involve the destruction
of thousands. There is no possible
reason for not shipping practically
the entire command north at once.
Yellow fever cases are very few in the
cavalry division where I command one
rtf rKincirm* AV^Ant. simrmtr t.hft men
sent to the hospital at Siboney, where
they have, I believe, contracted it.
But in this division there have been
1,500-cases of malarial fever. Not a man
died from it, but the whole command
is so weakened and shattered as to be
ripe for dying like rotten sheep when a
real yellow fever epidemic, instead of a
*?-1- - - -: J : _ i:i.? ii. i
xas.e epiuemit; jus.t: uie jjreaeuc, bl:i!\.c3
us, as it is bound to if we stay here at
the height of the sickness season, August
and the beginning of September.
Quarantine against m tlarial fever is
much like quarantining, against the
toothache. All of us are certain, as
soon as the authorities at Washington
fully appreciate the condition of the
army, to be sent home. If we are kept
here it will, in all human possiblity,
mean an appalling disaster, for the
surgeons here estimate that over half
the army, if kept here during the sickly
season will die. This is not only
terrihlft from the standDoint of the in
dividual lives lost, but it means ruin
from the standpoint of the military efficiency
of the flower of the American
army, for the great bulk of the regulars
are here with you. The sick list, large
though it is, exceeding 4,000, affords but
faint index, of the deliberation of the
army. Not 10 per cent, are fit for active
work. Six weeks on the north Maine
coast, for instance, or elsewhere, where
the yellow fever germs cannot possibly
propogate, would make us all as fit as
fighting cocks, able as we are eager to
take a leading part in the great campaign
against Habana in the fall, even
if we are not allowed to try Porto
Rico. We can be moved north, if we are
moved at at once, with absolute
safety to the country, although
of course it would have been indefinitely
if w "hnr? Viaati mrworl nnrtb or
to Porto Rico two weeks ago. If there
were any object in keeping us here we
would face yellow fever with as much
indifference as we face bullets, but there
is no object in it. The four immune
regiments ordered here are sufficient to
garrison the city and surrounding
towns, and there is absolutely nothing
for us to do here, and there has not
been since the city surrendered. It is
impossible to move into the interior.
Every shifting of camp doubles the
sick rate in our present weakend condition
and anyhow, the interior is rather
worse than the coast, as I have found
l -1 z n _ i.
Dy actual rccoimoisauue. v/ux piescuu
camps are as healthy as any camps at
txiis end of the island can be.
I write only because I cannot see our
men who have fought so bravely and
who have endured extreme hardships
and danger so uncomplainingly, go to
destruction without striving, so far as
lies in me, to avert a doom as fearful
as it is unneccessrry and undeserved.
(Signed) Yours respectfully,
Col. Commanding First Brigade.
After Col. Roosevelt had taken the
initiative, all the American general officers
united in around robin addressed
to Gen. Shafter. It reads:
"We, the undersigned officers, com
manding the various brigades, divisions,
etc., of the army of occupation in Cuba,
are of the unanimous opinion that this
army should be at once taken out of the
island of Cuba and sent to some point
on the northern seacoast of the United
States; that it can be done without danger
to the people of the United States;
that yellow fever in the army at present
is not epidemic; that there are only a
few sporadic cases, but that the army is
disabled by malarial fever to the extent
Ciiat lto cuiuicuv;) A3 ^u. auu tiiai
it is in a condition to be practically destroyed
by an epidemic of yellow fever,
whicli is sure to come in the near future.
"We know from the reports of competent
officers and from personal observations
that the army is unable to !
move into the interior and that there
are no facilities for such a move if attempted,
and that it could not be attempted
till too late. Moreover, the
best medical authorities of the island
say that with our present equipment
we could not live in the interior during
the rainy season without loss from malarial
fever, which is almost as deadly
as yellow fever.
;'This army must be mo zed at once
or perish. As the army can be safely
moved now. the persons responsible for
preventine such a move will be re
sponsible for the unnecessary loss of
many thousands of lives.
':Our opinions are the result of careful
personal observation, and they arc
also based on the unanimous opinion of
our medical officers with the army,
who understand the situation absolutely-'
Maj. M. M. "W ood. the chief surgeon
of the First division, said: "The array j
must be moved north." and added with j
i emphasis, i:or it will be unable to move i
I Gen. Ames has sent the following j
| cable message to Washington:
j "The Hon. Secretary of the Navy:
j "This army is incapable because of j
j sickness from marching anywhere, ex- j
j cept to tne transports. 11 it is ever 10
| return to the Uirited States it must do
j so at once."
To a correspondent of the Associated
! Press Gen. Ames said:
* ;If I had the power I would put the
men on the transports at once and ship
them north without further orders. I
am confident such action would ultimately
be approved. A full list of the
sick men would mean a copy of the ros|
ter of every companv here."
Tlia Tl" mrorlov liorl "? ATI -
J.UV A. IV/OXUUUV J ilUiOUU.J iiau U vvn
fcrence with Secretary Alger, Secretary
Long and Assistant Secretary of NavyAllen,
at which action was taken for
prompt transportation of Gen. Shafter's
army from Cuba to Montauk Point.
It was concluded that there were sufficient
vessels off the coast there now
for the purpose. When the meeting
ended it was officially stated that the
number of vessels now there was adequate
for the removal of the army.
The dispatch of the troops home accordingly
will begin at once.
The first transport containing soldiers
of Shafter's army at Santiago has already
left for Montauk Point. Eight
others are off Santiago to be loaded immediately
with troops. The entire
command should be transferred by the
twentieth. The first immuue regi&tent
has reached Santiago and four others
are expected shortly.
FIVE DAYS IN A DUNGEON.
How Hobson and His Men Were Treated
Wliilfi Xnvnl TTnhsnn Tins !
manifested great reticence in speaking
of his treatment by the Spanish authorities
after the Merrimac sunk, and has
avoided any reference to his experiences
as a prisoner which might increase the
esteem in vrhich he is held by the officials
and by the public generally, he
has talked freely 011 the subject to his
immediate superiors, who declare that
for a time he was treated by the Span- ?
iards as a common criminal, instead of
being accorded the rights of a prisoner ;
of war. According' to Chief Construe- :
tor Hichborn, immediately after the
capture of Hobson's men by Admiral
Cervera, when it was thought-that he
and his men alone had survived trom
the wreol* of an American battleship,
destroyed by torpedoes in attempting to
force the}hr.Dor, the Spaniards were too
jubilant to pay much attention to him,
but when they realized that no American
lives had been lost, and the channel
had been obstructed, if, at all, only
by a worthless collier, they looked upon
him with amazement as a hero
whose gallantry far exceeded any Spanish
conception of what a man might do
for his country and it was with great
chagrin that Admiral Cervera was prevented
bythe Madrid authorities from
returning the heroic young officer and
his brave men to Admiral Sampson, but
compelled to deliver them to the mili
tary authorities ashore as prisoners of i
(jren. Linares, with the brutal instinct
that had marked his conduct of i
Cuban affairs already intrusted to him, ?
deliberately placed Hobson and his :
men in Morro Castle as a shield against ;
the fire of Sampson's squadron and here i
he was locked up for five days in soli- ;
tary confinement in a filthy dungeon, ;
under conditions which, he says, must ]
have soon resulted in his serious illness ]
and perhaps his death. The treatment j
he received and the scanty food given ]
TTrti?A t?r\ VvrtffAr flion fVtACA -
"iiu >ruiu uu tuau U^UVIUUU j
a common criminal condemned to exe- ]
cution. This punishment, however,
was of short duration, on account of the ]
vigorous protest which was made \
through a neutral power to Spain, <
coupled with Admiral Sampson's notice <
to the Spanish admiral that he would be <
held personally responsible for Hob- ]
son's welfare. Under these circum- j
stances, Admiral Cervera interposed j
his influence with Gen. Linares, and <
Hobson, with Jiis men, were transferred ;
to the barracks in the city. Here his i
solitary confinement continued, but he ,
could look out of a window to the hills ,
on the east and see the smoke from the ,
American rifles of Gen. Shafter's men, ?
firing from their intrenchments, with
the consolation that his captivity would be
of short duration. The food given '
to him was of the most wretched char- '
acter, probably because the Spaniards |
themselves could spare no beiter, but ;
the British consul frequently brought
him delicacies from his own table. A
Spanish official was invariably present,
however, during these visits to prohibit
conversation, and no news of occurrences
around him was?_ever permitted to I
reach Hobson. In this manner he was i
kept in ignorance of the destruction of
(Jervera's fleet until his exchange was :
completed, and he had entered the ,
The Second Regiment.
The Columbia llegitter says every :
tliinir Yiriint.s f.n mm r?:irlv r-n rnr>lAt.inn nf
w"4ua ww v- ?r*vv*u" ;
the second regiment. Ool. Jones liav- !
ing successfully accomplished his mission
to Washington, -recruiting officers
will at once start on their tour. There !
are to be six of these in all?Lieut. ,
Col. Thompson, two commissioned men '
and three enlisted men. It is the plan i
to cover the State and wherever there !
nronnv mpn of nir tliPSfi
officers will administer the oath and thus
speedily form a company. In ]
each city a local physician will be ap- !
pointed and with the assistance of ]
the recruiting officers proceed with (
the examinations. Hence, under
this arrangement it is thought that it ,
will be a matter of only a short while ,
until the regiment is mustered in. j
Spanish Methods. !
J J uiuuiai nuui uau y uau
de Porto Rico says Col. San Martin, ]
wlio was in command of the Spanish
garrison at Ponce, has been court mar- (
tialed and shot for abandoning the place
without resistance in the face of an 1
overwhelming American force. Lieut ]
Col. Puiz. the second in command, }
Spaniards Ready to Surrender.
The warships Massachusetts and Dixie
arrived at Santiago Friday afternoon
mid started coalinir. The commander 1
of the Wilmington reports that the i
Spaniards demoralized at Manzanillo :
and would quickly surrender to the
forces of the Americans. ;
Two Young Women Claim Him
as a Husband.
WHILE HE HAS SKIPPED OFF.
Mrs. Mackey, in New York, Produces
a Warrant Charging De"
sertion, While He Weds
Miss Porterfield, of
Charleston, W. Va.
Ex-Judge Tom Mackey, of more or
less unsavory reputation in South Car
oiina, seems to be a gay Lothario, despite
his weight of years. The following
New York dispatch to the Washington
Post gives an account of his many j
matrimonial ventures, the introductory !
sketch of Mackey's carcer in South
Carolina being as inveracious as Mackey
himself could have made it:
Ex-Judge Thomas Jefferson Mackcy,
gay in spite of his being within one
year of the allotted span of life, has
brought misery into the lives of two
- J :
juuug wuiJieu. a,uu uulii are crying ior i
vengeance and his punishmentf or alleged I
bigamy. Ilis present whereabouts are I
unknown. He was last heard from in
After Judge Mackey left South Carolina
and established himself in Washington
rumors reached Mrs. Mackey,
the wife the Judge lived with in South
Carolina. She had an investigation
made, and the result was that she sco
rl i\r/\i*rt/i An 00 1 QQO jxn I
VU1VU 4* V-4.X T U.iVV, \JL1 fj UUC J, AUOl/, UI1
the statutory ground. He then went to
New York and opened a law office in
Chambers street, near Broadway. Most
of the money Mackey had made in the
law business he lost, it is said, speculating
in stocks. He added to his incomc
by contributing to magazines, and published
several volumes on legal topics.
The former judge has several old friend
living in New York, and he frequently
visited their homes. On one of these1
visits he met Miss Sarah Lenore Curtis,
the daughter of ex-Judge Curtis, a
wealthy man, who lives at Stanford,
n iif 11, "i
uonn. miss uurus nau just oeen graauated
from a college in jN'ew England,
and had peculiar ideas concerning matrimony.
She did not believe in love as
the foundation of wedlock, and held
that marriages founded upon intellectual
sympathy were the only ones which
would result in lifelong happiness.
Miss Curtis met ex-Judge Mackey
several times and discussed this subject
with him. He agreed with all that she
said and after an acquaintance of a few
months, proposed marriage. He was
then sixty-one, at his last birthday, and
C. TTTOe 1 TT f YTT/^rk fv
rrcfco vsixxjr vrr^ixuj. jul^l jkjctij x^luctantly
gave their consent to the
union, and the ex-judge and the exjudge's
pretty daughter were married on
May 3, 1891, at St. Paul's Methodist
Episcopal church. 30S East Fiftyfith
street, by the Zov. George H. McGrew.
Ex-Judge Curtis gave his daughter
S1;000 for a wedding present. Mrs.
Mackey had supposed her husband was
wealthy enough to give her a home as
ajood as the one she gave up, but she
soon found that he wos practically penniless.
He decided to go to Europe on
the honeymoon trip, and spent the
51,000 in the old country. When they
returned they went to housekeeping at
368 "West 116th street. The cs-judge
was for a time devoted to his wife.
Mrs. Mackey had a little of her own,
md her husband borrowed money from
lier regularly. He soon began to absent
himself from home, and has been away
for weeks at a time the last two years.
He told his wife that he was attending to
important legal eases which would bring
iiim large fees.
Or* TnnA Q ATqaI-att f/\l/3 T-?ic fViof
vu V UUV U LU1U JUO WALCbU
lie was going to Washington to attend
to an important case and would be absent
for a long time. During her absence
he packed up all his clothing and
she says he also drew about $4,0U0 of
tier money. She heard nothing from I
him and could not get any trace of him
in Washington. Acting upon the adrice
of her father and Lawyer John B.
Fiske. of 52 Wall street, she obtained a
warrant lor tne arrest or ner nusDana
jn the charge of abandonment from
Justice Mott, in the Harlem police
court. A detective was detailed to
serve the warrant.
The ex-judge, though in seclusion,
was not idle. Last - spring, while in
Washington, he met Miss Katherine
Porterfield, a beautiful young woman.
She was living temporarily with Mrs.
Loring, who keeps a fashionable boarding
liouse. Mackey made love to Miss
Porterfield. He told her he had been
a widower for years, and before he returned
to his home in New York she had
promised to marry him, if her parents
consented. The ex-judge saw Col.
George A. Porterfield, cashier of the
Bank of Charlestowu, \V\ Va., the
father of the fiance, and obtained his
consent to the marriage. On July 19
Maekey and Miss Porterfield were married
in Colonel Porterfield's home by
the Juev. A. U. Hopkins. in tne evening
the 2X-judge and his bride started
for Washington. He told Colonel Porfcerfield
that there was a woman in New
York who would attempt to blackmail
him if the marriage became known at
that time. The ex-judge and his wife
?r>Ani. t.wri davs in Washinsrt.nn and fhr>n
? ' J ~ O
be took her to Paiufield, N. J. On
Saturday, July 23, lie called upon >Irs.
Mackey No. 1 at her home. She tried
to communicate with the detective who
bad the warrant, but was unable to do
so. Mackey said that he had been kept
iway by urgent business, but lie agreed
to meet his wife at her home the next
The ex-judge came at the appointed !
Lime and was arrested. He was taken
to the Harlem police court and was held
For examination on the charge of abanionment.
He followed Mrs. Mackey to
lier home and made this confession to
bis wife: liI married Miss Katherine j
Porterfield," said he, t:on July 19. I
lid so against my will."
Mrs. Mackev was astounded at her
husband's perfidy, and nearly lost her j
reason when he proposed a plan to save ;
Irimself. He admitted that he loved j
Miss Porterfield. and had tried to ob- j
tain a divorce in several states from i
Mrs. Mackey, so that he might marry [
tier. There was a person in Mrs.
Mackey s flat who overheard the con- | :
rersation. Mackev said that his second 1
;rife did not know of his former mar- 1
"I will go and see this woman," said
Mrs. Mackey, "and tell her who I am. 1
You deserve to go to prison for bigamy."
j Mackey became violent at tliis, but
I when he was again calm said:
"I want you, Sarah," said the exjudge
more calmly, 4;to swear to a
statement which I will prepare now.
me gist oi it will be that you will admit
that when I married you you had a
husband living from whom you had not
been divorced. This will make our
marriage illegal, and will save me from
going to the penitentiary. If you will
do this I will not desert you. ?
After this proposition, it took some
time for Mrs. Mackey to recover her
senses. Then she said: t:You are a
scoundrel, sir; and I will never sign
any paper for you, not even if I could
save your life. Leave my house or I
win call the police.''
The ex-judge left, mutterins; threats.
Mrs. Mackey. after consulting with
Lawyer Fiske, decided to give up the
abandonment proceedings, and start a
suit for divorce. She learned that it
was her husband's intention to forfeit
his bail bond and go to Europe wiui his
bride and she was surprised last Wednesday
by the following telegram from
"Pittsburg. Pa.?Mrs. Mackey, 227
"West 114th street. Left to avoid un
just arrest; am alone; will return to you
if you will stand -by me. Will you?
Answer, paid here. Tiiomas."
It is said that after Mackey had failed
to get his wife to condone he deserted
Mrs. Mac-key No. 2 in Jersey City and
she returned to her father's home. It
was learned there that the old ex-judge
had two wives living, aud the warrant
which he referred to in his telegram, is
one obtained for his arrest upon the
complaint of Mrs. Mackey No. 2 in the
Colonel Porterfield's sons, it -is said,
have declared they will take the law
into their own hands. It is said that
one of them. Robert, lives in Brooklyn.
There is a Robert Porterfield in
the Brooklyn directory whose address
is given as 157 Rainbridge avenue. The
Porterfield who lived there recently has
moved, and his present address is not
known. Lawyer Fiske is collecting
the evidence and will file a petition for
divorce as soon as possible. Mrs. Mackey
No. 1 is in comfortable circum
suiutrca itnu iici uume is uvaiiy IUIIIished.
A woman friend lives with her.
After she gets a divorce she will return
to her home in Stamford.
A PITIABLE SITUATION.
The Woeful Story Which. Comes from
a Woman Passenger.
Accounts of the condition of affairs in
Rabana.Matanzas and Cardenas were giv
en recently in New York by passengers
on the steamer Friedt of Xansen from Sagua.
She brought 29 refugees, most of
whom were Spaniards who made all
sorts of sacrifices to escape from the
island in anticipation of its becoming
controlled by insurgents. Many of
them are well supplied -with, funds, having
turned all their available property
into cash. They paid $200 each for
their passage. One woman who had
reached Sagua by rail from Habana
said the condition of affairs in the capital
was deplorable and daily growing
"There is plenty of money," she said,
"but what use is it when it will hardly
purchase anything? It is impossible to
get beef at any price. ' Even horse
flesh costs $1 per pound. Bread costs
28 cents per pound and is very bad at
that. The supply of condensed milk
is practically exhausted and but little
is left. It sold at $2 for one can
such as you buy here at 10 cents. On
an average, 10 to 12 persons are found
dead from starvation in the streets
every day and this takes no account of
the scores who daily die from hunger in
iCJSTo words can describe the horrors
at Las Fossos. a place at the foot of
T> ]- _.T a1.~ I
rrauu, wiieru l:iu wiutmiou icuuuueutrados
were herded together. I was
told there were no less than 4,000 of
these miserable people in the place when
I came away. They are dying by the
hundreds, for, of course, nothing is
being dbne there for their relief, when
the government has not enough food
for its own soldiers. "Worse than this,
officials beat and abuse them shamefully.
"Almost all the stores in "VYevIer and
O'Reilly streets are closed, as are all
the principal hotels. The stock of coal
is almost completely exhausted and
for a few days the local trains were
run to Vadado past Santa Clara battery
and were stopped for want of fuel.
GEN. LEE TO GO TO CUBA.
Will Occupy the Island Until a Government
Preparations are being made to send
Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee and the Seventh
army corps to Cuba immediately
after the conclusion of peace between
the United States and Spain. The
plans provide for the enibrkation of the
troops within a week if Spain sends a
favorable answer to our terms of peace.
For the last two weeks the seventh
corps has been iully equipped by the
assignment ot signal officers, engineer
officers and surgeons to duty under Gen.
Lee. and the regiments of his command
have been mobilized ut Jacksonville, a
convenient point for embarkation. It
has been generally understood in both
official and unofficial quarters for some
time that Gen. Lee would have the
honor of entering Ilabana with the
troops of his command. It was pre- ,
sumed that this would be done in the
fall, when the campaign in northern I
Cuba should be begun, but, now that
an early peace seems probable, Gen. ;
Lee will go in at the head of the gar
rison force to administer the military '
government pending the installation of !
the Cuban administration. The troops j
will be distributed among the large
towns of northern Cuba, notably Habana
and Matanzas; and on the southern 1
coast at Cienfuegos. It is probable' !
that three or four regiments of Gen.
Lee:s corps will be withdrawn from
Jacksonville to join the provisional di- '
vision under Gen. Wade for Porto
Four "Were Drowned. ,
A row boat containing Mrs. Otto Frowein.
her three children, aged 4. 14 i
and 16 years, respectively, and Annie 1
Siebenliehm, and manned by three sailors
from the yacht of Col. Ruppert, a
whose quests they were, was capsized t
1. llUciJr i_li?>UC 111 JLULll^Uil UtXJ j VAIU V? , u
the three children and Miss Sicbcnlehm. j j
Dates that the War Makes Memorable
in Our History.
Apri!. 11?President McKinley asked
Congress for power to intervene in Cuba.
April 19?Intervention ordered by
April 20?Ultimatum cabled to Minister
April 22?Admiral Sampson's fleet
sailed from Key West to blockade ports
April 22?First gun of the war fired
by the gunboat Nashville.
April 23?The president asked for
May 1?A great naval battle fought
in the harbor of Manila, Philipine Isl
ands. and the Spanish fleet ot' ten vessels
destroyed by the United States
squadron. in command of Commodore
May 11?The gunboats Wilmington
and Hudson and the torpedo boat Winslow
in the first engagement in Cuban
waters. Ensign Bagley and four other
men of the Winslow killed.
May 12?Acting Rear Admiral Samp
son's squadron bombarded ban Juan,
May 19?Arrival of Admiral Cervera
and his squadron at Santiago de Cuba.
May *24?Arrival of the battle ship
Oregon a:; Jupiter, Fla., after a voyage
of 13,000 miles from San Francisco.
May 2;i?The President's second call
May 28?Schley semi-officially reported
by the auxiliary cruiser Harvard
to be ofi Santiago de Cuba with twelve
June 3?Lieutenant Richmond P.
Hobson and seven men take the collier
Merrimac into channel of Santiago and
sink it there, so as to close the harbor
and prevent the escape of the Spanish
June 10?The invasion of Cuba begun
by the landing of 600 marines, after
war ships had silenced the enemy's
forts at Guantanamo.
June 11?American troops at Guantanamo
attacked by the Spaniards, who
were repulsed. Six Americans killed.
June 13?The first expedition for
Santiago left Key West, Major-General
Shafter in command.
.TnnA In?^>r-/inr5 lYTanil:!
left San Francisco.
June 20?Arrival of General Shafter
and his army off Santiago de Cuba.
June 22?General Shafter's army
landed at Daiquiri.
June 24?Ten men were killed including
Captain Capron and Sergeant
Hamilton Fish, Jr., both of Colonel,
Wood's Rough Riders, and about forty
wounded, in a skirmish with 2,000
Jund 29?General Merritt sailed from
uau JL iau
July 1 and 2?A general assault on
Santiago de Cuba by the army and by
ships was begun at 7 a. m., the American
troops capturing and holding the
lines of the enemy. ?
July 3?General Shafter demanded
the.surrender of the city of Santiago de
July 3?Admiral Cervera made a dash
out of the harbor of Santiago to cut his
way through the J American ships and
his squadron was destroyed and many
men and officers were killed by the fire
of the Americans, under Commodore
July i?ine jNavy department received
a dispatch from Admiral Dewey
announcing the arrival at Manila of
the cruiser Charleston and the three
transports, the City of Peking, the
Colon and the Australia, with troops on
board, on June 30. The squadron stopped
at the Ladrone Island and the I
Charleston bombarded the Island of
July 6?Lieutenant Hobson and his !
Merrimac men exchanged.
July 6?General Toral, commanding :
the Spanish forces at Santiago, sent a
flag of truce to General Shafter asking 1
three days' grace and cable operator to
notify Madrid of Santiago's desire to
surrender, all of -which were granted.
July 6?Rear Admiral Dewey chased 1
the German cruiser Irene out of Subig :
Bay with the Raleigh and the Concord.
July 12?A flag of truce waved by i
General Toral at Santigo and the truce
granted by General Shafter.
July 14?Santiago surrendered, the
United States Government agreeing to <
return to Cuba all the prisoners of war.
July 17?The American flag was I
raised over the city of Santiago de Cuba, i
July 21?General Calixto Garcia, com- '
mander of the Cuban Army of Eastern
Cuba, owing to discontent because the
American Government had ignored
him and his troops in the surrender of
Santiago, withdrew. <
July 21?News reached this country
that the second expedition to reinforce :
Admiral Dewey had arrived at Cavite. !
July 22?Asniinaldo, according to a ;
dispatch received, declared himself I
Dictator of the Philippines.
July 23?Another expedition for the ;
Philippine Islands sailed froix San <
July 25?General Miles and 3.500 3
reached Guanico, Porto Rico. <
July 25?General Nelson A. Miles 1
landed at Guanico. Porto Rico. <
July 26?Peace overtures made by i
Spain wsre announced by the authorities ]
at Washington. i
July 30?News of General Merritt's t
arrival at Cavite received at "Washing- ?
What Aguinaido Says.
The New York Journal prints a ca- ]
blegram from Hong Kong purporting to j
jive the text of a message sent by 1
Aguinaido, the Philippine insurgent t
leader, to Consul General "Wildman. t
Ilie message is dated Cavite, July 30, s
md in it Aguinaido says it has been re- r
ported that he is "getting the big head j
ind not- behaving '' as he promised Mr. t
Wildman. 1 'In reply," says Aguinaldo \
"I ask why should America expect me
to outline my policy, present and future
md fight blindly for her interests, when
A.merica will not be frank with me? J
';Tell me this, am I fighting for an- j(
vexation, protection or independence? ],
i*It is for America to say. not me. t
Lean take Manila, as I havedeleat- t
)d the Spanish everywhere, but what I j
.vould be the use? ^ J ^
'"If America ta'ces Manila I can save ^
ny men and arms for what the future a
las in store for me.
"Now, my good friend, believe me, I J
mi not both fool and rocue. The in i fi
erests of my people are as sacred to me 11
is are the interests of your people to y
OU. j s<
A WARM WELCOME. -i
Genera! Miles' Triumphal March
Into Porto Rico.
TIRED OF SPANISH RULE.
The American Army Hailed as
One of Liberation, and Men,
Women and Children Hug! ||
Our Men. , ^11
^PViA Yr? rs w/>li fl\A A rw OWITT iSfi
rnaiv^u \jx tut xxiii aiiu; w
wards San Juan is more of a triumphal
procession than anything else. The
citizens of Porto Rico everywhere hail
the appearance of the Americans with
delight, with banners flying, with bands
playing stirring American tunes, with
presents of food, cigarettes, cigars, wit!.
hu<rs and kisses from men. women and
children alike. The scenes described
by me of the occupation of Juan Diaz are
repeated as we march quickly inland,
only the further we go the more enthusiastic
the people become.
Besides the towns already reported
by me as being occupied we are in pos
beb&ion ui nine omers. xuese wjwiis
are Arroyo, Satillas, Yiabucoa, Salinas,
Santaisbei. Ajuntas, Panuelas Guayamala
and Guayamo. * There were Spanish
troops in all of the important towns
in this list. Guayamo has a large garrison.
. It was reported to the Americans that
these soldiers intended to make a fight
ana this morning General Wilson sent
two companies there. On the way ;VJ?
the Americans met couriers who
said that the citizens had ordered the
CI 1 J ? ^ _ . 1 1.3 L . J
opamaras out 01 town ana naa noistea
the American flag. The soldiers
thought this was a trick and observed
gTeat caution in approaching, but getting
nearer they saw the American flag
waving in the distance, and marched
into the town without hesitation. ^
Here they found a bigger reception
than ever. The American flag was
waving over the public buildings,
and not many in the town had opposed
its being raised. The brass bands were
1 CCTT 1 TV "11 1* Li.m T% c**'
piaying lansee i^ooaie, xa na
Boom de Aye," and the men and women
fell upon their knees and worshiped
The mayor made a speech in which
he said that the day of deliverance for
Porto Ricans had come. Crowds followed
the soldiers everywhere and the
Americans could hardly get away from
them. They insisted on taking our
men into their houses and giving them
feasts such as no invading army ever
saw. The best thev had was none too 38
good for the humblest private.
The mayor made another speech of
welcome at the public square where the
people shouted "Down with Spain!"
and "Viva live Americanos!" etc. The
Americans hardly know what Spanish
soldiers look like. . , _
The mayors of four other towns have ~ ? -wip|
visited Ponce and told General Wilson
tnat tnc people 01 tneir towns are giaoto.
be Americans. Their towns had surrendered
and tKey were ready to tnrn
over everything to the Americans and
have American officials appointed. i|||
Word was received from other towns <
that had not been visited by the soldiers
and consequently had not formally
surrendered, but the people and officials
heard of the landing of the Americans
and had hoisted the American
flag at once and kept it hoisted
ever since, driving out the Spaniards
from towns wliere the soldiers were stationed.
The people in these towns report
the Spanish soldiers fled in fright
as they did from Ponce. The Spaniards
took the military road going toward
When the American soldiers arrived
here the Spanish citizens were naturally
alarmed, and many of them fled with
the Spanish soldiers and went to the
mountains. They began returning on
Sun (lav and am all tiftarlv hank tndav.
The first thing they did when they got
back was to begin shonting "viva los
Americanos!" They are apparently good
Americans, but the Porto Ricansdo not
trust them. They say they.will watch
for the.first sign of disloyalty on their
part and shoot them or turn them ove?
to the American soldiers.
Returning Spaniards profess not to
know the whereabouts of the troops
that fled with. them. They say the sol- 4;
Uicio 1<XLL SU iddl lUdl LI1CJ VTC1C UU4U1C
to keep up with them. Even these
Spaniards are genuinely glad at the
change in the local government which
has been made by General Wilson, particularly
in the courts.
Porto Rico. ?^
Porto Rico, it is noted, is the most
pupoidicu icgiuu in cue iiew
World. With an area of 108 by 40
miles it has a population of 800,000 or
900.000 souls. Of these about 80,000
are residents of the principal townSj
San Juan, Ponce and San German,
Ponce being the most populous. Mayaguez
Humacao and Auguadilla are also
considerable towns. These facts implifv
a lanre number of villages in the ru
ral districts and correspondingly easy
iommunications. Another authority
idds that "there are few Spanish troops
)n the island and these have not been
trained in war like those in Cuba."
Furthermore "the defenses of the towns -fM
ire old and insignificant." Altogether
;he island promises to be an easy prize
is well as a rich one.
A Slick Bank Robber. M
The Bank of Commerce, of Sedolia,
Vlo.. was the victim of a sneak thief
tt the noon hour. A rich haul was
nade. While either the president or
he cashier was at the cashier's window
he thief made his way through the
ide door into the directors's room, in
ear of the bank proper, and stepped
nside of the railing from where he
ook only a couple of steps into the
tank vault where he helped himself.
For Women and Cliildren. ^
The steamer San Juan, in charge of
^ -fcT i i rt o. * ~
jieut. j>ODie 01 <jen. cnaiter's Stan
eft Santiago Wednesday for Manzanilo.
under a flag of truce, to embark there
he wives and children of the officers of
he Spanish forces which arrived from
Ianzanillo to rcinforce Gen. Linares
uring the siege. They will be reamed
to Spain with their husbands
If you would enjoy your food. Iapor
or it; if you would enjoy Your raiment
lent, pay for it be fore you wear it; if
ou would sleep soundly, let a good conbo
voiir dadf^llow. \