Newspaper Page Text
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||p VOL. LI1I. " WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 16, 1898. NO. 15. ^J?g|pH
| AN ELECTION RIOT.)
Biood Spilled at Phoenix Ten
Miles from Greenwood.
^ A WHITE MAN SHOT DOWN.
The Story in Detail. Relatives
of the Republican State Chaira
man onoi. ? very get i*
;C \ ous Affair.
Phtenix, 10 miles below Greenon
e^ect^on <W there was a rno^t
serious occurence in connection with
the election. Giles O. Etheredge was
r tilled instantly, Thomas P. Tolbert,
P* Jr., w'^s badly wounded and several
c.-; Negroes were hurt. There is great feeling
about Phoenix and throughout the.
l county, and the probabilities are strongr
ly favorable to one or more lynchings.
- - - ' -;_-n:i
cAbont 9 o'clock mesaay-monnQg u-ues
0. Etheredge and & C. Cheatham,
citizens of the Phoenix section, went
to the store of J. W. Watson, where
the State and federal elections were
being held, aDd at the instance of sevLjtar
eral citizens reproached T. P. Tolbert
jj^u' for the unusual proceeding he was evi
4enfcly directing. On the small piazza
f in front 01 the store Tolbert had an ordinary
looking ballot box, and in it he
| was directing all the Republicans who
iad no registration certificates to drop a
t marked "Blank No. 3,"readf
ing as follows:
BLANK SO. O.
STATE OP SOUTH CAROLINA,'
' This certifies that the undersigned, be-~^*ing
over the age of 21, male resident of
. the voting precinct
of Ward and legally qualified to
register and vote-therein, did, on this,
the 0ih day of November, 1898, present
himself at the said voting precinvK
go vote for R. R. Tolbert, the
* Renublican candidate for congress in
_ . the Third district of said State, desiring
and intending to vote for the said R. R.
Tolbert, and, upon his attempting to
so vote, was denied the right to so vote,
b and his vote thus offered to the proper
"officers was rejected.
* And the undersigned further states
that prior to such an attempt to vote,
and as required by statute, he had applied
for registration, under the laws
?* Koine to
VI OUUiUl vatviiuaj
- suet registration, but had been refused
: -h. and denied the right to register and he
i* further states that if he had been per?
mitfced to register and to vote at said
election, he would have voted for R. R.
Colbert, the Republican candidate for
v -congress in said district.
V " r*C. ?
* Personally appeared
..... . .rr:. and made oath that the above
K is correct.
<^BHK>eredge demanded of Tolbert his
? jPffiSto carry on such a side election,
* being closely followed be Cheatham and
several young men. Tolbert struck
Etheredge in the face, and at about the
same time some one dealt him a horrible
blow with an iron rod. Almost at
the same instance a pistol was fired,
1 T^l. J J ? J o "Knllof
^ Slid 1CU UCOU TTXVU U kruixvv
jt tele in the centre of his forehead. Then
* there was excitement and fury amounting
to distraction, and rapid and seemingly
indiscriminate firing commenced.
By the time the men up-stairs at the
- boxes got down, Tolbert and all the
Negroes present scattered and got away.
Those who did the firing were mainly
. v?- young men, and their aim was bad.
uf Tolbert was the only man, it seems
who was seriously hurt. Several Ne?l?i*
Kr?t Tftnnds wftre
- giWD ntiv vaav ? ...?
not sufficient to stop the flight of anyone.
Twenty-two men had been refused
the privilege of voting when the killing
^_ took place, two being white DemoW
> erats. Eighteen Negroes had deposited
r , in Tolbert's boi, the certificate being
The news was quickly telephoned to
k Greenwood^and all other points in reach.
I Armed men immediately started for
Phoenix- Over 100 fully armed men,
Jf. embracing many of the level-headed
^ ' A TTAftf /?ATPT? I
-SHU D63& CltiZiCJLiS Ul I'iiC viwj ^ n&uvuviiui
_"< At 4 p. m., they were still gathering at
(^Greenwood, Ninety-Six, Kirksey, Bradf::.
ley and the entire country side, includC
ing the upper part of Edgefield county.
. Among those gathered at Phoenix
there was little passion expressed, but
there was that tense expression that
"Bose" Etheredge, as the slain man
R . was known, was one of the best citiW
zens cf tliat section. He was a brave,
5 calm, public-spirted citizen, as was
shown on more than one trying occasion.
^ ?? He was a favorite with all the people,
A an industrious farmer, a member of the
Baptist church, a school truestee and in
r ^very way identified with the best in
terests of the community. He was 38
' Your correspondent was with the
men at Phoenix until 3:30 and talked
to the eye-witnesses of the tragedy and
to many representative citizens. The
? talk of the crowd was surprisingly dis
Ifkfiionate, but there was no disguise of
tap fact that it was intended that the
slayers of Etheredge and the authors of
the mischief, two white men shouid die
whenever caught, whenever guilt was
From the evidence taken by Coroner
Bean at the inquest Tuesday afternoon,
the following facts appear concerning
Tom P. Tolbert, Jr., who is a relative
of R. R. Tolbert, the Republican
^ candidate for congress in the Third
t district, had for several days past been
posting the Negroes as to voting.
When ht apjeared at the
"Watson store with his protest box he
-'i *was closely followed by a very tall,
- 3>lack Negro, said to be Joe Circuit,
who resides several miles from Phoenix.
About 9.15 Etheredje appeared to
; make his remonstrance, no threat being
heard. Tolbert rose from a seat
and made a quick blow at Etheredge,
striking him in the face. It seems the
Kl/variroa nnt rotnrnpH TVlATl
]y blow with the iron, itself sufficient
to cause death, followed by the immedi
ate discharge of a pistol. One or two
witnesses say K. G. Cheatham was shot
at. but he was not hurt. Then followed
~ the shooting?probably 100 shots?and |
to.*- ' I
j the escape of Telbert and his backers.
| Young Rush, Mr. Williams and an|
other >oung man were the positive witj
nesses. Kush picked up off the floor
i of the piazza, at the spot this tall Nei
gro, Joe Circuit, was noticed to stand,
a red memorandum book having in it
j the inscription kkJ. F. Circuit' and
some illegible scrawling. Two wit(
nesses testify that this book fell out of
, Joe Circuit's pocket, and that it fell
; out as he drew a pistol. There is positive
testimony by two boys that Joe
' Circuit tired tne shot that killed Eth
These are about all the positive statej
meats in direct relation to the shooting,
' and the coroner's jury so rendered a
Toibert was bit by somebody's shot
and some others were hit. In an hour,
a party of iSegroes, most of them
armed, gathered about a half mile
. from Phoenix. Later they moved presumably
to Kehoboth church, two miles
distant. When the Greenwood delegation,
a hundred cool men with guns
arrived, the plan of following the .Negroes
and dispersing them was talked
of, but it was decided to refer everything
to the inquest.
The gathering at the store could
harcily be called a mob, as there was
no wild talk and no pronounced excitement.
Among the men present, who,
while expressing deep indignation and
determination ttfavenge tne billing 01
their fellow citizen, were against hasty
action, even against organization, were
Senator J. Milton Gaines, who lives
near by, Postmaster L. M. Moore of
Greenwood, Prof. T. M. Wright, Mr.
J. W. Watson, J. V. Duffis and others
of high repute and known grit'. Senator
Gaines naturally became the leader,
and his cool course probably kept down
Behind this death and trouble is a
black story. For two or three weeks
past Tom Tolbert and R. P. Henderson,
a young white man heretofore esteemed
* ? i
in mis seutiuu, liavc UCCU uuiuiug rngbvings
with the Negroes?sometimes at
weird places and unholy hours. A
party of young men attempted to locate
these meetings to break them up, but
the meetings were always held and the
participants gone before they could be
definitely located. At one meeting at
Damascus, R. P. Henderson made- an
incendiary speech, telling the Negroes
that Greenwood county was theirs, that
Phoenix and Ninety-Six would be carried
by the Republicans. This was
'nigger news," but today shows that
was real news. ^
Henderson is a relative of the Tolberts
and had become seized with ambition
to hold office. He was about to
be appointed postmaster at - Edgefield
and had promised to appoint a Negro, |
some say Joe Circuit, as ttie cierjc, Dut
the Edgefield people notified him that
this meant death. He is quite a young
man. During the sad scenes at' Kirksey's
today his mother, a noble Christian
lady, was buried at Damascus
church, near the Negro church of Damascus,
where some of the meetings
with Negroes had been held.
Tom Tolbert, like all the Tolberts,
is a good citizen with this one fatal exception
of tempting the Negroes. He is
about thirty-five years old.?State.
Tolbert and Several Democrats Ambushed
The sequel to the tragedy at Phoenix
in the afternoon of election
John R. Tolbert, the veteran leader
of the Republicans of upper Carolina,
was dangerously wounded about sundown.
With his nephew, the son of
Charles Tolbert, he was on his way
from Bradley's home when he was fired
on from the roadside. He was dangerously
rounded and the boy was killed.
A party of armed Negroes wer? following
their old leader and they returned
the fire of the white men who did the
shooting. Some one was Hurt, but tne
name cannot be ascertained at 8 p. m.
Three young white men returning
from Phoenix about dark were fired on
from ambush and were badly wounded.
Br. G. P. Neil and Dr. B. W. Cobb are
with them, and the citizens are making
a strenuous hunt for the bushwhackers.
M. J. Younger, a young merchant
of Greenwood was wounded in the foot.
Cresswell 'Fleming, a prominent young
farmer was badly hurt. Stuart Miller,
a member of Co. "A," First South Caiolina
volunteer, infantry a son ?f Col.
G. McD. Miller, was wounded. These
a n n. i
young men are at Mr. a. u. diockman's
six miles from Greenwood.
FOUR NEGROES KILLED.
A company about 40 stropg was organized
abGreenwood "Wednesday morning
to make a peaceable settlement of
the affair. They vieited Piney Grove
church and met a crowd* resting, about
300 strong, who had several Negro prisoner.
They went to the Harris place
and found the house apparently deserted.
Two men entered and found
John Tolbert and his sister alone. Tolbert
was in a pitiable condition and
mi j i.1 c
-Lne coxxipauy suuuieu cue swimiya iui
bands of- Negroes reported gathering,
but found none. They returned .via
Rehoboth church -where a crowd of two
or three hundred had eight Negroes.
The crowd was commendably peaceful
at first, but soon fired up. They were
quieted twice, but finally one Negro
was dragged out in the read and 100
shots were fired into his body.
At this time two ran one way, two
another, leaving three on a log, who
were immediately lynched. Negroes
are scarce, duc it is tnougnt tnai tney
are gathered in some secluded
place. The crowd has not dispersed.
Excitement is at the highest. One
! Negro was wounded running across a
two more negv.oes killed.
Two more negroes were killed in
Greenwood Thursday. That morning
the crowd which started from Phoenix
met near Rehoboth church, the scene
of "Wednesday's lynching, Essex Harrison,
a Negro who was in the Tuesday
fight when j>lr. iithendge was killed.
Harrison was halted and his heart was
shot out. He was thrown on the pile
of four negroes lying in front of the
church who weie lynched Wednesday.
Their bodies still lie there horribly
shot and freauent showers are falling
to make matters worse. Coroner Dean
went down to hold the inquest Thursday.
He met a crowd, who did not
molest him, and, after some little
I threatening and parleying, with some 1
difficulty secured a jury. The verdict
mentioned the customary unkown parties
It is reliably understood that two other
Negroes shot Wednesday are lying in
the woods nearby. No inquest was held
over these. Later in the day a party
f/vr?T*/3 orinf.Vior Mpctpa in i
iuuuu i/gu mmvwuv*
the Tuesday fight when Etheridge was
killed. Collins was on the place of W.
H. Stall worth, Sr., and he was promptly
killed and left there.
Rhett R. Tolbert took the Gieenville
and Columbia up train at Donald's,
dodging a crowd looking for him.
Chief Kennedy says that he is at
the Mansion House in Greenville. He
will probably go to Washington.
Thomas Tolbert has been moved to
Abbeville. He will likely die from
Tnlfamilr is ftf
Due West. Jim Tolbert, whose wife
is postmistress at McCormick, has left
on demand of citizens.
THE TOIBERT'S ARRESTED.
They Are Kow In the Penitentiary for
TTie chief development in the .Phoenix
race riot occurred in Columbia Thurs
day. But for prompt action on the
part of the county authorities, J no. R.
Tolbert and his son Joseph Tolbert,
I two of the leading figures in the terrible
trouble, would likely have met their
j death at the hands of numbers of men
who hail from the up-country in the
city at this time. The intensity of
their feelings had been increased by a
report that young Private Miller, of the
First Regiments, who was fired upon
* ? 1 TfcT . V_ 1_ _ J J ' . J
irom amousn near rnoemx, naa uieu.
It was about 2 o'clock in the after
noon when the news became current
that two of the Tolberts were in the
city, having gotten thus far on the
flight from Phoenix. At once excitement
ran high among the up-country
soldiers in the First Regiment and
among others from that part of the
State here. Men kept an eye to wind- >
ward along Main street. It was reported
that the Tolbert's had a room at
"Wright's hotel, though they were not
registered there. Later on Joe Tolbert
was seen on the street by some men
from Abbeville and G-reenwood. It
then became certain that the report
The crowd on the watch was not certain
where the men were and no move
was made, in the meantime, .Lieut.
"Wyatt Aixen, having heard the men
were here, went before Magistrate
Smith and swore out a warrant for the
arrest of J. R., T. R. and Joseph Tolbert,
charging them upon information
and belief with inciting to riot^. This
warrant probably saved the lives of the
two men, for had not the step been
taken they would hardly have gotten
away from Columbia.
The warrant was placed in Police
Sergeant Jones'hands for service. Selecting
one of the best men on the
force and taking constables along, Sergt.
Jones began the work? of locating the
men. He finally found them in a room
at Wright's hotel. Both were heavily
armed, and Jno. R. Tolbert did not
feel like submitting to arrest though he
was weak from Ms wounds almost to
the point of delirium.
Finally the men were taken down
and placed in a carriage, being- quickly
driven to the magistrate's office. They
sent for Judge Andrew Crawford, engaging
him to handle their case.
Judge Crawford waived a preliminary
and the men were escorted to his office.
In the meaDtime Judge Crawford,
knowing the danger that threatened
the. men if they were known to-be in
the city, had applied to Judge Gary
for an order for the commitment of his
?* ' - if . C\a x Zl. j.Z P
ciltncs K) 1/He Dtat-e penitentiary iur
safe keeping. The order was promptly
granted and Sheriff Cathcart then took
charge of matters.
John K. Tolbert is about seventy
i years of age. His body is a mass cf
wonnds from the crown of his head to
below his hips. The wounds had been
bandaged by his son when he began his
flight and from that time until he
reached the State prison Thursday afternoon
had never been dressed. Clotted
blood could be seen on the mass of
rough bandages. Dr. B. "W. Taylor
was summoned to attend the wounded
collector at the State prison. He will
. be given the best of attention at the
prison. The extent ot his injuries
were not known at 8 o'clock last night.
That he was in a pitiable condition,
however, goes with saying.?State.
A Fertilizer Trust.
The Spartanburg Herald tells of a
great trust that is being organized, and
which will have great bearing on the
industrial welfare of South Carolina.
The Herald says: "Every fertilizer
company from Baltimore to Key West,
of importance, passeJ into the hands of
one gigantic concern, known as the
Virginia Carolina Chemical Company.
This is a trust, if there is such a thing.
It is a combination of capital
formed for the purpose of controlling
production and price, in restraint of
? J - T? Au n 1
traue. xi aiwiubj* vjrcucxcti jjcuiiigei
will tackle this monster and display
the same amount of force and fire he
used on the Br ox ton Bridge case, he
will be named for governor two years
from now with practically no opposition.
There is a law in this state against
trusts. It ought to be made effective
or else be repealed. "We believe it can
be made effective."
The Edgefield Chronicle says: iJ3Iany
of the farmers of Sonth Carolina, and
especially of Edgefield, we hope, are
arranging for a big wheat crop next
year. It is a wise course. Very wise.
There ought to be a big flour mill in
Edgefield town, in addition "to those at
! various points in the county. And
they ought to be run on Edgefield
wheat to." What is true of Edfiefield
i is true of every County in South Carolina,
and we commend the good advice
of the Chronicle to the farmers of this
The steamer Peon arrived at San
Francisco, Cal., Wednesday from
Manila. When she left Manila there
were .1500 sick among the men and the
physicians were terribly dismayed at
the progress smallpox was making. Aca
i ? ? 4- m AnA v
I VUlUlllg KAJ Vj^i5^-a.u u xaxuiu, xia vuo ucij
there were ten deaths from smallpox.
Capt. Linn said he knew of but five
deaths from that disease in a single
day. The filth poured into the canals
! by the Chinese is said to be a prolific
' source of disease.
The Mayor of the City Requested
to Resign. .
NEGRO EDITOR MUST LEAVE.
Negro Laborers to be Excluded to
the Preference of White. Committee
Appointed to Carry
Resolutions Into Effect.
There was a mass meeting of the business
men of Wilmington, N. C., Wednesday,
attended by fully 800 of the
best white citizens, at which the follow- \
ing resolutions were adopted:
"Believing that the constitution of
the United States contemplated a government
to be carried- on by an enlightened
people; believing that its
framers did not anticipate the enfranchisement
of an ignorant population of
African origin, and believing that those
men of the State of North Caroiina who
joined in forming the Union, did not
contemplate, for iheir descendants, a
subjection to an inferior race.
"We, the undersigned, citizens of the
city of Wilmington and county of Hanover,
do hereby declare that we will no
longer be ruled and will never again be
ruled by men of African origin. This
condition we have, in part, endured
because we felt that the consequences
of the war of secession were jsuch as to
deprive us of the fair consideration of
many of our countrymen.
"We believe; that, after more than
30 years, this is no longer the case.
'"The stand we now pledge ourselves
to is forced upon us suddenly by a
crisis, and our eyes are open to the fact
bucio VYC muao hvkj iiuw ur Aeavc *.'ui ucscendanfs
to a fate too gloomy to be
"While we recognize the authority
of the United States, and will yield to
t if exerted, we would not, for a momeat.
believe that it is the purpose of
more thau 60,000,000 of oui own race
to subject us permanently (o a fate to
which no Anglo-Saxon has jver been
forced to submit.
""We, therefore, believing that we
represent unequivocally the sentiment
of the white people of this county and
city, hereby, for ourselves, and representing
"1. Thatthfi has r>?ssprJ fnr t.Tip
intelligent citizens of this community,
owning 95 per cent, of the property and
paying taxes in like proportion, to be
ruled by Negroes.
"2. That we will not tolerate the action
of unscrupulous white men in affil-,
iating with the Negroes, so that, by j
means of their votes, they can domi- '
nate the intelligent and thrifty element
in the community, thus causing business
to stagnate and progress to be out
of the question.
u3. That the Negro has demonstrated,
by antagonizing our' ir.terests in
every way, and, especially by his ballot,
that he' is incapable of realizing
t-.hafr 1i?o inforocfc aro onrl ah An M Ko
identical with those of ?the community.
''4. That the progressive element in
any community is the white population
and that the giving of nearly all of the
employment to Negro laborers has been
against the best interest of this county
and city, and is a sufficient reason why
the city of Wilmington, with its natural
advantages, has not become a city of
at least 50,000 inhabitants.
_ "5. That we propose, in future, to
give to white men a large part of the.
employment heretofore given to Negroes,
because we realize that white
families cannot thrive here unless there
are more opportunities for employment
for the different no em hers of caid fami
u6. That the white men expect to
live in this community peacably; to
have and provide absolute protection
for their families, who shall be safe
from insult or injury from all persons,
whomsoever. We are prepared to treat
the Negroes with justice and considation
in all matters which do not involve \
sacrifices of the interests of the intelligent
and progresiive portion of the com
mumty. But we are equally prepared,
now, and immediately, to enforce what
we know to be our rights.
"7. That we have been, in our desire
for harmony and peace, blinded both to
our best interest and our rights. A climax
was reached when the Negro paper
of this city published ac article so vile
and slanderous that it would, in most
communities have resulted in the lynching
of the editor. "We deprecate lynching,
and yet there is no punishment
k tT 1 A TTTfl n J AATiA^A Vl 7 /I
j^uwiucu uj iana JLVI LJLUD UI
fense. We, therefore owe it to the '
people of this community and of this
city, as a protection against such licens
in future, that the paper known as the
Record cease to be published and that
its editor be banished from this community.
"We demand that he leave this city
within 24 hours after the issuance of
this proclamation. Second, that the
printing press from which the Record
lias been issued be packed and shipped
from the city without delay; that we be
notified within 12 hours of the acceptance
or rejecttion of this demand.
"If the demand is agreed to within
12 houis, we counsel forbearance on the ;
part of all white men. If the demand
is refused or if no answer is given
within the time mentioned, then the
editor, Manly, will be expelled by
"It is the sense of this meeting that
the mayor, S. P. Wright, and chief of
police, J. JR.. Mullen, having demonstrated
their utter incapacity to give
tVio nifi7 <> anvpmmprif, and keen
order therein, their continuance in office
being a constant menace to the
peace of this community; forthwith
A committee of 25 citizens was appointed
to direct the execution of the
provisions of the resolutions.
NEWSPAPER OFFICE SACKED.
A General Fight in "Which Ten Necrmoo
A ra Trill08
6:>/v? ~i v, ?
The committee of 2i) men representing
the mass meeting of white citizens
in the execution of the provisions of
the resolutions adopted Wednesday, demanding
the departure of Editor Manly
n ' - "J 1 _c rru~
irom trie city ana cue reiuuvax ui jluc
Record plant, were to have received a
definite answer to their demands from
representative-Negroes at 7.30 a.m.,
Thursday morning. Chairman A. M.
Waddell was to report the answer to the
white citizens- in Iront o* tne Wilmington
Light infantry armory at 8
At the appointed hour more than 500 '
determined white citizens, consisting
of merchants, lawyers, preachers, doctors,
etc., well armed with guns and ,
le vol vers, gathered at the armory, and .
Col. Waddell reported that he had re- ,
ceived no answer from the negroes. J
ATT rpQi f of fKn nnfil olm^Qt
9 o'clock, hoping that an answer complying
with their demands would be received,
but none came. The men then
formed in line, four abreast, and started
on the march tc the Record, office, in a
thickly populated negro settlement. As
the long column of armed men approach
ed the vieinity great crowds of Negroes,
men, women and children, were fleeing
this way and that in a perfect frenzy,
and very soon, scarcely one was insight
anywhere. When the column reached
the building, a two-story frame structure,
the men were halted, aad several
advanced to the door. It was locked.
A few blows by stalwart men forced it
open, about 20 citizens entered, and
within a very few minutes the whole j
plant was wrecked, and the broken
pieces pitched into the street. The ?
windows of the house were broken out. ^
As the numerous fragments were tossed g
into the street, and tne people recog- t
nized what they were, exultant shouts ^
went up. Yet with it all there was a t
remarkable demonstration of coolness ^
and determination. It was when a
long sign, l,The Record Publishing
Uo.," was cast into the street, that the a
greatest outburst of cheers went up. A ^
beaver hat was thrown out and quickly j
torn in pieces, as was a life bust crayon
likeness of editor Manly. When the
wrecking was about complete it became
evident that the building was on lire. Smoke
was rising out of the upper
windows. There were shouts of indig- r
nation and commands to extinguish the
flames. But the fire spread quickly, so
that the fire department had to be called
out. As the engines and hose reels
dashed upon the scene, several rounds r
were fired by the men who were lined
? ? r? 4- rrrs\ c/tnAnAO
UU iur lUUiC UJLU&UL KTTV 0V|uaxg0 wxuugi |
say. Tlie department quickly had the r
fire under comrul?but not before the c
building was a total wreck?and prevented
the spread of the flames to adjacent
buildings. Conservative men very
much regret the fire, not only because n
it was entirely unnecessary, but because
it endangered a great deal of other- property
as well. Close on one side of the
building was St. Stephen's church, the .
largest and handsomest Negro church
in the city. On the other side, with
only three or four small cottages, join- *
ed closely together, between it and the i
burning building is Ruth hall, a large
and well equipped hall owned and used
by Negroes. Happily not a single one ?
of the adjacent buildings were injured.
As soon as it was apparent that the fire ?
was under control, the people left the c
scene and dispersed through the city, ?
^ - * 1 3 .i t
many ortnem going on guard amy on their
various blocks. ^ \
All w+.j quiet until wild rumors, with a
no foundation in fact, were carried to c
the Negroes, more than 500, ai work in r
the cotton compress. They were told B
that their homes were being burned, c
etc. They rushed pell mell from their v
work. However, by the heroic efforts ?
of Messrs. James and W. H. Sprunt, E
the proprietors of Alexander Sprunt & E
Sons Co., the great majority of them B
were stopped, and finally so controlled j,
as to leave for their home in small v
About the time the trouble at the f
compress was gotten under control, I
news came from the first ward, over a
the railroad, that a riot was in progress r
there. Large numbers of armed men i
boarded the street car or ran on foot to
the scene, corner of Fourth and Harnett
This was about 11:30 o'clock. When 3
they reached the^ scene five Negroes had *
already been killed and fully 20 wounded;
one highly esteemed young white 9
man, Mr. William Mayo, was seriously ^
wounded and two others, George Finer 1
and a Mr. Chadwlck, were sligutiy ^
What gave rise to tHe trouble was
that white guards who were on duty 1
on the corner of Fourth and Harnett
streets,' halted a squad of Negroes who .
manifested a threatening a;.r. All of j
them save one heeded the advice of v
the guards to disperse. He finally ,
turned as though to move away and .
suddenly wheeled about and fired at the v
squad of guards. Very quickly several t
rifle balls crashed through his body, j
killing him instantly. The ball firea j
by the Negro took effect in Wm. Piner's &
arm. The Negroes in sight quickly .
i.i i i - n S
aartea arouna corners, ana in a lew moments
one of them raised up from behind
a fence and fired a "Winchester
rifle, severely wounding Wm. Mayo, r
now of Yonkers, N. Y., who was stand- J"
ing on the piazza of his father's residence.
Mr. Mayo was here to vote and ?
would have returned home in a few .
days. The Negro was captured. He ^
was in his own yard and two Winches- ,
ters were found in his house. Within
10 minutes his body was riddled with v
bullets. A large mob of Negroes as- e
sembled about a square away, and rein- ?
forcements for the white men having ,
?j it ? j i-i. a
arnveu. a volley was ureu. upuu tucm
killing four more and wounding others. ?
The Negroes quickly retreated. The 1
Wilmington Light infantry and the
naval reserves vrere called out and the
rapid-fire gun and the Hotchkiss one- c
pounder were also hurriedly carried to t
the scene. A mob of several hundred p
Negroes was gathered on Ninth street, s
corner of Nixon, but as the military ad- \
vanced the Negroes fell back and rapid- s
ly scattered. u
When nearSixtti and iNixon streets a
shot was fired into the naval reserves
from a Negro house. A volley of bullets
was fired by the military through t
doors and windows, killing one Negro. 11
Nine inmates were captured and es- e
corted to jail. The house was demol- fc
With the exception of two or three t:
casualties in remote portions of the
city this ended the really riotous scenes
of the day.
The news of the conflict spread ?
quickly to neighboring cities and large j3
bodies of men arrived during the after- *
noon from Fayetteville and other nearby *
towns, and all sections of the city in- *
habited by white people are closely 1
A Prediction. ^
Ex-Senator Ingalls of Kansas rises to d
predict that McKinley will be beaten a
and the Republican party knocked into h
flinders two years hence. "We hope so. r
THEY PROMPTLY RESIGNED
foil Turned the City Government Over
to the Whites.
After a day of bloodshed and turbu.ence
Wilmington has subsided tonight
!nto comparative peacefulness. Eight
Negroes were killed and three white '
ne;i wounded during the day, one of
;hem William Mayo, seriously.
/vk 4" 4-k A Alf TT m n
J unijjUi vxcjr xo xu. Uuv nauuj v/a <&.
jew municipal government and law and
>rder is being established. This afterloon
the board of aldermen resigned
>ne by one. As each alderman vaca;ed,
the remainder elected a successor,
lamed by the citizens' committee, unil
the entire board was changed legaly.
They resigned in response to pub- ]
ic sentiment. The new board is com- I
)Osed of conservative Democratic citi- ?
The mayor and chief of police then <
esigned and the new board elected ]
heir successors, according to law. $
S*-Ei>T)resenfcative Waddell was elected t
nayor and E. G-. Parmelee chief of po- j
ice. The first act of the new govern- j
nent was to swear in 2o0 policemen,
shosen from the ranks of reputable ]
vhi.te citizens. They are vested with t
ill the authority of the law and' will J
akg charge of the city. The citizens i
villi remain on guard, however, 1
hroughout the town to prevent possi- i
>le attempts at incendiarism. <
The new government will devote its <
Mention to restraining recklessness j
unong the whites as well as keeping j
lown lawlessness among the Negroes, i
father trouble of a general or serious '
1/vf tlWA T a VtA^1 f llA I
LAULL1 C IS JLLUW UVVU CLX l/VI UJJLW
eeting Mr. George Rountree received
i tolegram from Governor Russel, sayng
that he would *use all his efforts to
nflaence the mayor and city council to
esign if that would restore peace.
Mr. Rountree sent the following re>ly:
Mayor and aldermen have resigned.
Two hundred and fifty special policeaen
sworn in. Law will be maintain- j
id and peace restored." Mr. Rountree ^
s a prominent attorney here and a
n/i?iV>??i? /if TlarrKl^rat.ii* (lomnaiffn ,
uguuv^j. Vi VUV 0/VU4VV*wvw ^
THE OFFENSIVE EDITORIAL. j
!?h.e Article that Caused the Trouble t
in Wilmington. j
The following is the editorial pub- i
ished in the "Wilmington Record c
hat caused the destruction of the news 1
laper plant and the banishment of the s
fegro editor Manly from that city:> i
"We suggest that the whites guard t
heir women more closely, thus giving i
10 opportunity for the human fiend, be c
ie white or black. You leave your (
;oods out doors and then complain be- *
. 1 Tfc
ause tney are taicen away, roor wnite t
oen are careless in the matter of pro- \
ecting their women, especially on c
arms. They are careless of their con- jj
:uct toward them, and< our experience t
mong the poor white people in the i
ountry teaches that the women of that t
ace are not any more particular in the ^
oatter of' clandestine meetings with r
olored men than are the white men 1
rith colored women. Meetings of this
:ind go on for some time, until the wo- t
aan's infatuate on or the man's bold- 2
less brings attention to them and the
TTTAT?TT \TA/*VA X
Liail 13 IJ iiUllcu. jjicij ij u^uw j
3 called a 'big, burly, black brute,' \
rhen in fact many of those who have t
hus been dealt with had white men ]
or their fathers and were not only not g
?lack and burly, but were sufficiently }
.ttractive for white girls of culture and r
efinement to fall in love with them as c
s well known to all." g
The Deadly Hot Supper.
The time for the deadly hot supper |
,mong the colored population has t
irrived, and we may expect to hear from t
ia.e to time of the sudden taking off of
* 1 i ?
ome ot tnose wno auena tnese aangerius
places of amusement. The first
n>r. supper of this season was held at
he house of Charles Zeigler, in the t
own of Woodford, on last Friday night, ;
,nd as a result Charles Coleman has
Qade the journey to "that undiscov- f
red country from whose bourn no
raveller returneth." He was induced *
o take this long journey by John Wil- ^
iains, who was assisted in the argument
pith a lightwood knot. Magistrate G-. r
IV. Dannelly, acting as coroner, held an ^
nquest over the remains of Coleman
fhen the above facts were elicited.
f M. I *
T liiiauio Qvauuk? a ^wu vuwuw v*.
owing Coleman by the rope route. It _
s always pretty safe to count on losing
,t least one colored citizen when a hot
upper is held.?Times and Democrat. t
Ladies Take Notice. t
Brother Bacon, of the Edgefield *
Jhronicle, says; "Ladies must now
iave their dress skirts made long?deidedly
iong?touching the ground in c
MAit* Ai-t/J cwTTflfl'ninrr nn fllO ffTATTT)f.WA
L U U1, OtUU flTTC^XUJ, VU uuv vm v i
aches behind. Lately we have been
ut into the haunts of fashion, and we t
:now whereof we speak. And a
rorsted walking dress must have sleeves 1
xs.ctly like a man's coat. "Brother Ba- j;
uti is an old bachelor, but he seems to
e pusted on the subject of ladies
resses, and we hope they will take due ?
LOtice and govern themselves accord
Won the Prize. js
Ensign "Willard won the prize of s1uu 1
)ff sred by a patriotic American citizen r
o,i;he first American soldier who would t
lant the stars and stripes on Cuban v
oil. As soon as he got the money f
Villard set about distributing it s
tmong the men who accompanied him f
ipon the expedition. " a
Paid for Them Pigs. ^
Two little pigs caused contention be- r
ween a couple of neighboring farmers E
q Shannon county, Mo. Each claim- \
d both pigs. They went to law about
hem, and when the posts amounted to c
. " - - J 1 1. _
yu tne litigants compromised Dy eaca ^
aking a pig. <3
Takes the Cake. y
The Columbia Record says: "Rich- *
and county has a precinct that should ^
e accorded the palm for taking the j
2ast interest in Tuesday's election.
Lt Killians only one vote was cast. 'he
managers did not even take the .
rouble to deposit a ballot."
A New Industry. - j
A Kansas man has discovered that c
randy can be made from wet elm saw- I
ust, and a discouraged prohibitionist
sks what chance the good cause will o
ave when a man can go forth with a 11
ip-saw and get drank on a fence rail? | f
UUT1UJN UKUWiSKS. ;
Proclamation of aCeneral Planfor
ANDERSON'S FARMERS ACT.
Howto Create a Deficiency or Surplus
as the Occasion Demands
Prnmnt Artinn i?
We, the undersigned committee, ap- 7
pointed by the Cotton Growers' conven- a
iion assembled in the court house at ^
Anderson, on the 7th day of November.
L898, by resolution adopted by the a
same, do proclaim the following as a ^
plan for organizing all of the cotton "
'rowing counties of this State and all tl
)ther States in the cotton growing P
>elt, and ask that prompt action be -B
Editor: Allow me through your -A
paper to offer a plan, or a suggestion, si
n f Vl OnffAW n??A TX7
/v vuv wwuvu viiunuio aoJV\^.auiuu> "
Seing a farmer myseif, I am very much ol
nterested in a plan by which we can, tl
>etter our condition. We have only ^
;hree features to contend with to ac- T
jomplish our purpose: First. We must; w
sontrol a certain amount of the cotton
produced throughout the cotton belt tc
second. We must control the labor fii
lecessary to produce that amount, b;
L'hird. We must be able to create a ae- w
iciency or surplus, as the situation de- cc
it does not seem to me that we can st
jver accomplish much, if anything, in bi
i farmers'- organization as a unit, sim.
I _ I? xl- _ ?
ny irom tue iacc tnac some are noo so
fortunately situated aa others. Hence
ibis plan. With these fortunate ones ai
iepencb the solution of thi3 cotton ti
question. They can over double their fc
prosperity and that of their neighbors w
without injury to themselves. si
The first feature: To accomplish this t?
snd, let 50 independent farmers, or to
vho can be accommodated to indepen- le
l<incy, meet, organize, form a corpora- jo
ion, or, to put it-plain, form a trustj si
;o be governed by laws regulating
... rt i i*
rusts, etc. xor tne oenenc or i-uose
?ho may not comprehend the magnitude
of their representative body of 50 Si
nen, we will take our own county, An- T
Lerson, for illustration, and see what we
lave. (We will say where the counties p,
ire small and are not so wealthy it is p
lot necessary to have so many men in w,
he organization.) " By selecting your ^
nen you can find them- to represent or w
;ontrol anywhere between 8,000 to 15,- Q
)00 bales of cotton. But for fear this
sstimate is too high we will cut it down to
o 6,000. Apply this to the State and ft
ve have 246,000 bales of cotton, abojit [d
>ne-third of the cotton produced in the J
state. This will hold good throughout Q
;he cotton belt. The estimate for 1898 ^
s 12,000,Of 0 bales. Grant this to be v^
;rue. Then you will see that this or- C1
ranization holds 4,000.000 bales. Do
lot lose sight of this and we will see S
?rrrl-i A ^ flt/STT />AT\ /I A W1 1 f 1
aocr y\ ix<xl kucj u\j wxiux iu 0j
Second feature: How are we to con- ta
,rol this labor necessary to produce the ta
unount of cotton above stated? Very p)
sasily. We will take the crop of 1898 w
or a basis. Let each individual mem>er
of this organization retain the same
enants or hired labor which he had in
.898, or in case of a change he must u,
mpply their places with labor equiva- .
ent. For he will not be permitted to 113
epresent more cotton than he can pro- ^
Inaa IAKAW f A Y?OI*-A 4-VIA ortT?A A n/4 if
luv^ lauui w uiaag vug ^cuug* xxuu j
thall be his duty and he will be requir- "
:d to furnish this labor with supplies a'
is ordinarily. For one-half or threeourths
of the cotton he represents in
.his body will be theirs, according to .
he terms of their contract. ~^
How are we to create a deficiency or
inrplus as desired? My answer to this m
s through the New York Cotton Ex- .
:hange. Pick up your daily paper, ^
urn to the market quotation. You. p
rill see your crop of cotton for 1899
an be bought by a man who wants it tb
rom a man who hasn't got it and for a
jiven price, which many claim is below "
'UC wou ui yivuu^uxvu. xxuvnxug vugog - .
acts to exist, can we not get together w'
n a body governed as a trust, so that
to one can act independently? We 01
fill have a president and board of di- e*
ectors. Grant that we have this trust
istablished. What will be the conseluences?
Our president, actiDg in uni- ?
on with our board of directors, will .1
tuthorize his agents to go on the floor
>f the exchange and purchase the en- ?
ire crop controlled by this trust Then _
he order will go out to each individual jjrj
nember?I will not say member, but ac
tockholder?to put his lands in wheat,
>ats, peas, com or anything he may
ihoose, but under no condition must he .
>lant a seed of cotton, and to keep his ^
enants employed so they cannot assist
n raising cotton for a non-member. ^
f he should plant cotton after receivng
this order he would forfeit his bonus ^
Qoney, which would be $4 or $5 per
?ale. He would, have as much cotton
o sell the next fall as he could make out ve
if other products be raised the year A
lefore, and all lie could make out of iti
ither products would be a surplus, dc
Cake the 12,000,000 bales. You will ar
ae by buying 4,000,000 instead of rais- m
ng it, we have reduced the amount oc
aised to about 8,000,000 bales. Four fa
housand bales must be bought for us, tu
?hich wili leave only four million bales th
or the us<i of the world. Can't you of
ee it would be a grab and snatch game pa
or this cotton, and prices would run w<
A il * I. 1_ _ 3
.way up r un tne otner nana, n cot- co
on is bringing' a fair price, -*we could
ell our crop, roll up our sleeves and
aise it, as we have it sold. There is
tot a corporation or trust that could be
tave the advantage we would have. ns
Now, we know the cry will be "You fr
an not make your purchase or sale." to
\re will see. In order to keep cotton T!
[own they have got to sell, or else it th
rill go up, and if it goes up, then we ar
rill have accomplished our aim. We ba
re willing to sell and make it. They es
rill either have to put up or shut up. pe
t takes $100 to buy 100 bales or sell. be
it i ? t 1-ir Ti
some may taiDK ims is gauiuung. it j.u
s Dot?far from it. It is simply a pro- se
ection for the services rendered
hroughout the year, and if they pro?ose
to sell us cotton cheaper than we
an raise it, we have a perfect right to a :
iuy it and sell it next fall at a profit.? an
Now, gentlemen, it is a duty we owe sa
urselve3 and surroundings to do some- ac
hing. We have farmed long enough of
or the glory there is in it, and if these i gu
aen offer us a saucer of ice create, I
ay let's eat it.
J. B. Watson, Ch'm.,
S. N. Dearman, .
L. D. Harris, ^
. H. Gr. Anderson,
A. T. Newell,
W. H. Glenn.
Anderson, Nov. 8. _
FAST THAIS' ROBBED.
light E obb srs Were in the Gang.That
Tk:J IV. TT7 1- . 5^
J/JU UiS VTOJT&*
The Great Northern through tain,
hich passed through Fergus Falls at
.30 p. m., was held up and robbed
boat five miles west of there. There
ere eight robbers in the gang, all well
rmed. Two of them evidently boardi
the blind baggage in that city. The
-ain was scarcely oat of the town when
lese two climbed over the tender, and,
resenting revolvers, told engineer
iracc and his fireman to stop at a lonej
spot near the Pelican river bridge. .
driving at this place, the train was
topped and the engineer and fireman IgsSfl
ere ordered to leave tne cab. Tiie
:her members ofrthe gang rushed from
le woods and boarded the express car.
il wore handkerchieis over their faces.
he gang was regularly organized and
eat by numbers.
When the train stopped, the conduc *
>rand brakeman started forward to
ad out what the trouble was, but the i
audits fired a number of shots and
arned them to keep back. They then
nnpelled the express messenger to
ave the car, and while three or four
ood gui-xd, the others proceeded to
low the safes; /
The local safe was destroyed, and it
as thought they succeeded in securig
considerable money, but the exact
nount cannot be learned. The
Lrough safe was drilled and dynamited
>ur cnarges Deing used. ?ae jacket
as blown off, but it was found imposble
to reach the inner part and get at
ie cash. They worked over_it nearly
70 hours, holding the train' for that
ngth of time, but gave up fm$llyand
fining their companions on the outde,
Captures the Senate.
Republicans will control the United
?tes senate after March 4, next
be present party division of the sene
is: Republicans 43, Democrats 34,
opulists 6. Silver Republicans 6.
rior to the late election the figures
ere changedfby a Republican gain of
m;! viz: McComas, <of Maryland, who
ill succeed Gorman, and Simon, of
regon, who was elected to fill a v?mcy.
Xhis increases the Republican
, i , if m? . : ? n T . -.S-y^sa
iwtow. ine terms or seven ivepupcan
senators expire March 4, next
aving 38 hold-over Republicans,
be elections of last week made certain te
choice of 10 additional Republican
snators. This gives a total of^^or
vo more than a majority ov^r Demo ats,
Populists and Silver Republicans.
There are 21 Democratic hold-over
snators. To this number last week's
ection will result in adding four cer.inty
and one probably, making a to,1
of 25. The Populist and Silver Belblican
hold-overs number 8. This
as increased Tu esday by 1.
Bloodshed in Texas. /
A special from Dallas, Texas, says:
Tuesday was a bloody, election day ;
l Texas.' At Hubbard, Stevens couu-,
Rosario McCarthy, Joseph Ramby,
id Jefferson Squires, were killed ?nd
. F. McCarthy and Riley Squires prob)ly
mortally _wounded in an election
At Steuper, in Hopkins county, K
, Sutton and George- Young were killL
William Boung is in jail as a
irty. to the killing Of Sutton, who had
ordered Young's brother.
"At Aubrey, Denton county, Depu
Sheriff B. Taylor was shot through
.e neck by Lee Webb and dangerouswounded.
He shot Webb through
Sheffield, in Trinity county, J.
\ Ashfield was killed ^ his father
obably fataly wounded by persons
hose names have not been learned, . Many
minor affrays occurred in vaii- _-J
ts parts of the state as the result* of
A Good Yield.
The Cotton Plant says: Col. T. ?f.
oore, of Spartanburg County, tells :
ie Evening Star that he has already
eked 2,256 pounds of seed cotton
om one acre and thinks lie will
ither five hundred pounds more.
lis is a good lot of cotton from an
ire of ground, but it is likely there is
>t much money in it after alL The
Dtton Plant would like for CoL Moore
tell its readers the net profit on ' - ]
at acre of cotton and how it was culrated.
Every /farmer is trying to
id out the wdy to make money in
owing cottony ;
An Election Odity.
The latter days of the camDaijrn de* ~ - si
sloped some oddities in electioneering. >'
few days-ago several prominent policians,
candidates for office, went
>wn in the coal mines of Cherokee
id Crawford counties, Kansas, and
stde speeches to the miners. On one
casion, while 600 feet below the surce,
the candidates crawled through a
nnel and made speeches while on
eir hands and knees because of lack
space to stand up in. The camligners
spent a week in the mines,
)rking among 10,000 miners, only
ming oat into the open air at night.
The State Farm.
Superintendent VV. A. Neal, and the
tard of directors of the South Caroli- ^
i penitentiary, have arranged to give a
ee excursion to and from Colnmbiii
the State Farm on November 18.
le invitations includes all visitors to
e State Fair who care to see the farm,
id the visitors are promised a big
irbecue or other entertainment. The
vmrCTAn TTTT 11 KA of. fho nnvofcA
.V/UiOiVU "? IXL CH3 vTCU pTTTTSWT?OE
nse of Superintendent Xeal and tjfl
ard of direstors. Their object is ~fl
rnish taxpayers the opportunity oH
eing what is being done.
A Wonderful Voice.
A colored citizen of Se^^Ho^^
most wonderful voice^^^yjff
i ordinary conversatiM
id, he can be eajdfl|
re neicu ana wu