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"PURPOSE OF LIFE. !
Dr. Talmage on the Aim and Ob%
ject of Existence,
A MOST HELPFUL SERMON, j
BJSjjJ _ '
V The End of Life Should Be Action.
The Necessity of Specializing.
> Paradise Shall Be the Reward
To all those who feel ih^y have no
especial mission in the world, this sermon
of Dr. Talmage will come as a
cheering revalation; test, John xviii,
37, "To this end was I torn."
After Pilate had suicided, tradition
s . says that his body was thrown into' the
? > j
E 'i'iDer, ana sucn storms eusucu vu.
river that his body was taken out aud
thrown into the Rhone aod similar disturbances
swept that river and its
banks. Then the body was taken out
and moved to Lousanne. and put in a
deeper pool, which immediately became
the centre of similar atmospheric and
on^istnrWnces. Though these
are fanciful and fabe traditions, they
show- the execration with which the
world looked upon Pilate. It was before
this man, when he was in full life
and power; that Christ was arraigned as
in a court of oyer and terminer. Pilate
said to his prisoner, "Art thou a king,
then?" and Jesus answered, ?lTo this
end was I born." Sure enough, although
all earth and hell arose to keep
him down, he is today empalaced, enthroned
and coroneted king of earth
and of heaven. This is what he
came for and that is what lie accomplished.
By the time a child reaches 10 years
of age the parents begin to discover
that child's destiny, but by the time he
or she reaches 15 years of age, the
question is on the child's lips: ''"What
shall I do? What am I going to be?
, What was I made for?" It is a sensible
and righteous question, and the
youth ought to keep asking it until it
is so fully answered that the young
man or young woman can say with as
much truth as its author, though on a
less expansive scale, "To this end was
There is too much divine skill shown
in the physical, mental and moral constitution
of the ordinary human being
. to suppose that he was constructed
without any divine purpose. If you
take me out on some vast plain and
show me a pillared temple surmounted
by a dome like St Peter's and having a
floor of precious stones and arches that
must have taxed the brain of the greatest
draftsman to design, and walls
scrolled and niched and paneled, and
wainscotted and painted, and I should
ask you what this building was put up
" i ii*-.
tor and you answered, ior uuuuug
all," how could I believe you? And
it is impossible for me to believe that
any ordinary human being who has in
his muscular, nervous and cerebral organization
more wonders than Christopher
"Wren lifted in St. Paul's, or Phidias
ever chiseled on the Acropolis,
and built in such a way that it shall
last long after St. Paul's cathedral is as
much a ruin as the Parthenon?that
such a being was constructed for no
purpose, and to execute no mission,
and without any divine intention toward
some end. The object of this
sermon is to help you to find out what
.? . you are made for and help you find
.. , your sphere and assist you into -that
f condition where you can say with certainty
and emphasis and enthusiasm
k - - * it: j
> ana cnumpn, jio iiuseuu nssiuuxu.
First, I discharge yon from all responsibility
for most of your environments.
You are not responsible for
your parentage or grandparentage. You
are not responsible for any of the cranks
that may have lived in your ancestral
\ line and who a hundred years before
you were born may have lived a style of
life that more or less affects you today.
You are not responsible for the fact
that your temperament is sanguine,
or melancholic, or bilious, or lymphatXT
ic, ,or nervous, neitner are yuu responsible
for the place of your nativity,
whether among the granite hills of
. New England, or the cotton plantations
* of Louisiana, or on the banks of the
v, Clyde, or the Dneiper, or the Shannon,
or the Seine. Neither are you responsible
for the religion taught in your
father's house, or the irreligion. Do
not bother yourself about what you cannot
help or about circumstances that
you did ifot decree.
rase tilings as tney are ana aeciae
the question so that you shall be able
safely to say, "To this end was I born."
How will^rou decide it? By direct application
to the only Being in the_universe
who is competent to tell you?
the Lord Almighty. Do you koow the
reason why he is the only one who can
tell? Because he can see everything
between your cradle and your grave,
though the grave be 80 years off. And
besides that he is the only Being who
can see what has been happening in the
last 500 years in your ancestral line,
\ and for thousands of years clear back to
Adam, and there is not one person in
all that ancestral line of 6,000 years
i?i T 1 ir?? ~
uui juas sumenuw aueutcu >uui viiiaiauter,
and even old Adam himself will
sometimes turn up in your disposition, i
The only being who can take all things
that pertain to you into consideration
is God, and he is the one you can ask.
Life is so short we have no time to experiment
with occupations and professions.
The reason we have so many
dead failures is that parents decide for
children what they shall do or children
themselves, wought on by some whim
- or fancy, decide for themselves, without
anv imnloration of divine sruidance.
So we have now in pulpits men making
sermons who ought to be in blacksmith
shops making plowshares, and we have
in the law those who instead of ruining
the cases of their clients ought to
< be pounding shoe lasts, and doctors
who are the worst hindrances to their
patients' convalescence, and artists trying
to paint landscapes who ought to be
whitewashing board fences, wh I' there
are others making bricks who ought to
be remodeling constitutions or shoving
planes who ought to be transforming
^ > literatures. Ask God about what
worldlv business vou shall undertake
until you are so positive you can in
earnestness smite your hand on your
plow handle or your carpenter's bench,
or your Blackstone's ''Commentaries,"
or your medical dictionary, or your Dr.
Dick's "Didactic Theology," saying,
"For this end was I born." There are
children who early develop natural affinities
for certain styles of work.
... When the father of the astronomer
^ ^ Forbes was going to London, he asked
- , his children what present he should
A . bring each of them. The boy who was
^ to be an astronomer cried out, "Bring
... ,.m.e a telescope!1'
Hut my subject now mounts into the
. .momentous. Juet me say tnat ycu are
made for usefulness and heaven. I
judge this fronj|he way you are built.
You go into where there is only
one wheel tujAKB&i that by a workman's
foot^B^^K?^in(i' say to
Bl. SE? - ?
yourself, ''Here ia gomething good being
done, yet on a small scale," but if
you go into a factory covering many
acres and you find thousands of bands
pulling on thousands of wheels and
shuttles Sying and the whole scene bewildering
with activities, driven by
water or steam or electric power, you
conclude that the factory was put up to
~ "> on/"] rtn o VO ^t". CC-AIA
, uy Ot fylZfCl U YY \JX tV CfcLLVfc vu v% ?%wv wvwawo
Now, I look at you, and if I should find
that you had only one faculty of body,
only one muscle, only one nerve, if you
could see but not hear, or could hear
and not see, if you had the use of only
one foot or one hand, and, as to our
higher nature, if vou had only one
mental faculty and you had memory
but no judgment, or judgment but no
will, and if you had a soul with only
one capacity, I would say not much is
rv-P VA? Unf nnVi
CA(HJUWU Ui \ VU. uui Ol-auu. ujy,
man, and let me look you squarely in
the face. Eyes capable seeiDg everything.
Ears capable of hearing everything.
Hands capable of grasping
everything. Minds with more wheels
than any factory ever turned, more
power than any Corliss engine ever
moved. A soui that will outlive all
the universe except heaven, and would
outlive all heaven if the life of the
other immortals were a moment short
of the eternal. Now, what has the
world a right to expect of you? What
has God a right to demand of you?
God is the greatest of economists in the
universe, and he makes nothing uselessly,
and for what purpose did he
% * * *? ? 3 ? J 1 i.1
I Duiia your Doay, mina aau. suui a& mcj
are built? There are only two beings
in the universe who can answer that
question. The angels do not know.
The schools do not know. Your kindred
cannot certainly know. God
knows, and you ought to know. A
factory running at an expense of $500,000
a year and turning out goods worth
70 cents a year would not be such an
incongruity as you, O man, with such
semi-infhnte equipment doing nothing,
or next to nothing, in the way of usefttlnAcs
"What, shall I do?" vou ask.
My brethren, my sisters, do not ask me.
Ask God. There's some path of Christian
usefulness open. It may be a
rough path or it may be a smooth path,
a long path or a short path. It may be
on a mount of conspicuity or in a valley
unobserved, but it is a path on which
you can start with such faith and such
satisfaction and such certainty that
you can cry out in the face of earth and
hell and heaven, "To this end was I
born." ^ .
Do not wait for extraordinary qualifications.
Philip the conqueror gained
his greatest victories seated, on a muie
and if you wait -for some caparisoned
Bucephalus to ride into the conflict you
will never get into the worldwide fight
at all. Samson slew the Lord's enemies
with the jawbone of the stupidest
beast created. Shamgar slew 600 of
the Lord's enemies with an ox goad.
Under God spittle cured the blind mans
eyes in the New Testamentstory. Take
all the faculty you have and say: "Oh
Lord, here is what I have! Show me
the field and back me up by omnipotent
power. Anywhere, anyhow, any
time for brod." Two men riding on
horseback came to a trough to water
the horses. While the horses were
drinking one of the men said to the
other a few words about the value of the
soul, then they rode away and in opposite
directions. But the words uttered
were the salvation of the one to whom
they were u-tered, and he became the
Rev- Mr. Champion, one of the most
distinguished missionaries in heathen
lands, for years wondering who did for
him the Christian kindness, and not
finding out until in a bundle of books
sent him to Africa he found the biography
of Brainord Taylor and a picture
of him and the missionary recognized
the face in the oook as the man who at
the watering trough for horses had said
the thing that saved his soul. What
rtrvrvvr+Tir>ifi?>a vnn Viatro Vi5?rl ir> T>ast!
What opportunities you have now!
What opportunities you will have in
the days to come! Put on your hat, 0
womau, this afternoon and go and comfort
that young mother who lost her
babe last summer. Put on your hat, 0
man, and go over and see that merchant
who was compelled yesterday to make
an assignment and tell him of the everlasting
riches remaining for all those
who serve the Lord. Can you sing?
Go and sing for that man who cannot
get well, and you will help him into
heaven. Let it be your brain, your
tongue, your eyes, your ears, your heart
your lungs, your hand, your feetf, your
body, your mind, your soul, your life,
your time, your eternity for God, feel- |
mgm your soul. "To ttas ena was i
And now I come to the * climacteric
consideration. As near as I can tell,
you were built for a happy eternity, all
the disaster which have happened to
your nature to be overcome by the
blood of the Lamb, if you will heartily
accept that Christly arrangements. "We
are all rejoiced at the increase in human
longevity. People live, as near
as I can observe, about ten years longer
than they used to. The modern doctors
do not bleed their patients on all occasions
as did the former doctors. In
those times if a man had fever they
Tiim- i-P Tie Viov? oAnennrnfinn
bled him; if he had rheumatism they
bled him! and if they could not make
out exactly what was the matter they
bled him. Olden time phlebotomy was
death's coadjutor. All this has changed.
From the way I see people skipping
about at 80 years of age I conclude
that the life insurance companies will
have to change their table of risks and
charge a man ro more premium at 70
than they used to do when he was 60.
and no more premium at 50 than wl en
he was 40, By the advancement of
medical science and the wider acquaintance
with the laws of health and the
fact that the people know better how to
take care or themselves human lire is
prolonged. But do you realize what,
after all, is the brevity of our earthly
state? In the t;mes when people lived
700 and 800 years the patriarch Jacob
said his years were few. Looking at
the life of the youngest person in this
assembly and supposing that he will
live to be a nonagenarian, how short
the time and soon gone, while banked
up in front of us is an eternity so vast
that arithmetic has not figures enough
1 express its length, or breadth, or
epth, or height. For a happy eternity
you were born unless you run yourseli .
against the divine intentions. If stand
ing in your presence my eye should fall
upon the feeblest soul here as that
soul will appear when the world lets it
up and heaven entrances it. I suppose
I would be so overpowered that I should
drop down as one dead.
You have examined the family Bible
and explored the family records, and
you may have seen daguerreotypes of
so^e of the kindred of previous gcner.nns
vAn havp had r>hrttncranh<s taken
of what you were in boyhood or . girlhood,
and what you were ten years
later, and it is very interesting to any
one to be able to look back upon pictures
of what he was 10. or 20, or 30
| years ago, but have you ever had a
picture taken of what you may be and
what you will be if you seek after God
; and feel tha spirit's regenerating power
I "Where shall I plant the camera to take
the picture? I plant itou this platform. | '
X direct it foward you. Sit still or [
stand still while 1 take the pictures. It j
shall be an instantaneous picture. ^
There! I have it. It is done. You
can see the picture in its imperfect
state and get some idea of what it will
be when thoroughly developed. There p
?b vnnr TP<s?rrAr?t^?d bodv. so brilliant
that the noonday sun is a patch of
midnight compared with it. There i? J
your soul, so pure that all the forces of
diabolism could not spot it with an imperfection.
There is your [being, so
mighty and so swift that flight from
heaven to Mercury on Mars or Jupiter
and back again to heaven would not
weary you, and a world on each shoul- ^
der would not crush you. An eye that *
shall never shed a tear. An enegy that ^
shall never feel a fatigue. A brow that
i 1? A A xr \
snail never tnroo wuu paiu. hju arc |
young again, though you died of de- 3
crepitude. You are well again, though ?
you coughed or shivered yourself into ?
the tomb. Your everyday associates ~
are the apostles and prophets and martyrs
and most exalted souls, masculine *
and feminine, of all the centuries. The ?
archangel to you no embarrassment. fl
God himself your present and everlasting
joy. That is an instantaneous pic- *
ture of what you may be and what I am *
sure some of you will be.
If you realize that it is an imperfect ^
picture, my apology is what the apostle i
John said, ''It doth not yet appear ^
what we shall be." "To this end was
I born." If I did not think so, I would j
be overwhelmed with melancholy. The r
world does very well for a little while, ]
80 or 100 or 15U years, and I think that a
human longevity may yet be improved ;
up to that prolongation, for now there <j
is so little room between our cradle and f
our grave we cannot accomplish much, e
but who would want to dwell in this
world for all eternity. Some think this r
earth will finally be turned into a hea- j
ven. Perhaps it may, but it would j
have to undergo radical repairs and s
thorough eliminations and evolutions ^
and revolutions and transformations in- j
finite to make it desirable for eternal }
residence. All the east winds would
have to become west winds and all the
winters^ changed to springtides and all
the volcanoes extinguished and the
oceans chained to their beds and the
epidemies forbidden entrance and the
world so fixed up that it would take
more to repair this old world than to
make an entirely new one. But I must
say I do not c.ire where heaven is, if
we cs.n only got there, whether a gar- ;
denized America or an emparadised
Europe or a world central to the whole
universe, "To this end was I born."
If each one of us could say that, we
would go with faces shining and hopes
exhilarant amid earth's worst misfortunes
and trials. . Only a little while,
and then the rapture. Only a little
while, and then the reunion. Only a
little while, and then the transfiguration.
In the seventeenth century all En- j
rope was threatened with a wave of *
Asiatic barbarism, and Vienna was es- *
pecially besieged. The kiDg and his \
cour;; had fled, and nothing could save 3
the city from being overwhelmed unless 11
the king of Poland, John Sobieski, to I
whom they had sent for help, should *
with his army come down for the relief s
and from every roof and tower the inhabitants
of Vienna watched and wait- J
ed and hoped, until on the morning of 1
Sept. 11 the rising sun throw ah unusu- 4
al and unparalleled brilliancy. It was s
the reflection of the sun on the swords J
and shields and helmets of John Sobi- *
eski and his army coming down over ?
the hills to the rescue, and that day s
t^T1Y*nr\a C COTTA/^ I C
UUt UlliJ T JLCJiZI1<*J uuvxiuivyv T* c*w? ->** * %*%?
And see you not, 0 ye souls, besieged *
with sin and sorrow, that light breaks J
in; the swords and the shields and the \
helmets"of divine rescue bathed in the J
rising sun of heavenly deliverance? Let ]
everything else go rather than let heaven
What a strange thing it .must be to '
feel oneself born to'an earthly crown,
but you have been born for a throne on
which you may reign after the last
monarch of all the earth shall have
gone to dust I invite yon to start now f
for your own coronation to come in and ]
take the title deed to your everlasting j
inheritance. Through an impassioned f
prayer take heaven and all of its rap- tures.
What a poor farthing is all that this *
world can offer you compared with par* J
Vl?kT7/*\T> A fKo I -i
UUU JLLC1C auu 1UC liumvi uax uvj vuu vuv
stars, unless this side of them there be
a place' large enough and beautiful
enough and grand enough for "all the
ransomed. Wherever it be, in what
world, whether near by or far away, in
this or some other constellation, hail,
home of light and love and blessedness!
Through the atoning mercy of Christ,
may we all get there. ,
SPANISH SOLDIERS MUTINY. c
Threaten Life of Governor of Puerto <\
Principe Province. |
Private reports from Puerto Principe 3
and Nuevitas, Cuba, says tliat 7,000 j
regular soldiers mutinied, demanding c
their pay before embarking for Spain, j
About 4,000 armed soldiers, the re- ?
ports add, presented themselves in a
front of the palace, calling on the mili- ^
tar governor. Emilio March, for their
overdue pay. * Thereupon General
March drew his sword and ordered them.
to disband. The soldiers, however re- t
fused to obey, and some of them, armed
W1 til lUctUCU liiiCSj buicai^ucu unu aaav* j
of General March, who returned hi3 ?
sword to its scabbard, crying out:
"Do you wish to kill me? Well, kil ,
The soldiers in reply shouted:
"No, no! We only want our pay before
embarking for Spain!"
General March promised them that
they would be paid, and they returned a
to their quarters peaceably. r,
The steamer Aiava left Havana four o
days ago with $150,000 with which to fj
pay tnose soiaiers, who were to em- ij
bark immediately for Spain. Ji
Tbe Spanish cruiser Alfonso XII, 1<
and the gunboats Conde de Yenadito si
and Infanta- Isabel, have proceeded for t]
Nuevitas to compel the soldiers to em- a
bark, after which they will proceel to si
Gribara for a like purpose, and will then si
go to Spain, unless new orders are received.
Blames Senator Tillman.
ft* aa nf o in \ avfll s1
vvjuv;uu:u^ uug xav/'j AIVIO X li AWIUU
and' i>outh Carolina T. Thomas Fortune, "
editor of the New York Age, said: ':It P
was hoped that the pleasant relations ?"
of the races, which was a matter of
pride with North Carolinians, would be h
maintained and probably would have t<
been but for the violent and revolution- tl
ary speeches delivered by-.United States p
Senator Tillman at Richmond, and t<
points in North and South Carolina. si
and at Yirden and Edna, III."' ^
Largest Planter in the World.
Ja mes Richardson, the largest cotton ri
planner in the world, died suddenly e
Wednesday of heart disease, near his si
residence at Benoit. Miss. n
Win m,i ?ii ' < IiHiwWiWWiljMi'i *ri
iVHAT BRYAN SAYS.j
Vhy Recent Election Results &re
?EAL ISSUES ARE RESTINC.
How a Republican Defeat Would
Have Appeared in F:oreign
Eyes. Chicago Platform
Col. "Wm. J. Bryan recently gave the
Associated Press the following interiew
relative to the late election:
:'While I do not understand thatserice
in the volunteer army prevents a
oldier from expressing opilnion upon
>olitical questions, I declined to take
tart in the late campaign lust I should
ie accused by partisan opponents ef atempting
to embarrass the administraion.
Now that the election is tover I
hall exercise a citizen's privilege of
Liscussmg tuc returns.
"Compared with the election of 1896,
he Republicans have gained in some
>laces and lost in others. It was not a
seeping Republican victory. On the
rhole, the result is not surprising
phen it is remembered that the adminstration
is just concluding a successful
"While a majority of the soldiers are
>robably anti-Republican, the manageaent
of the war has been entirely in
lepublican hands and the strongest
argument used during the campaign
yas that a Republican defeat would
Liscredit the president in the eyes of
oreign nations, while his commission;rs
were engaged in making a treaty.
"It was not a trial upon the issues
iow before the people, but a successful
>lea for a continuance of the case. The
>eople have not accepted the gold
tandard; they have not fallen in love
nth the plan to give the banks a mono>oly
of the issue of paper money; they
lave not decided to retire the greenjacks;
they have not surrendered to the
"These questions were forced into
he background by the declaration of
vslt, but they must be faced again as
oon as peace is restored. The Chica;o
plaiform presents for public consignation
certain vital, economic quesions.
That platform has not been
abandoned by those who endorsed it in
.896. It will be reaffirmed in J900 be
:ause it gives expression to the hopes
ma aspirations of a large majority of
"When the Democrats, Populists and
Silver Republicans favored Cuban inlependence,
they understood that war
TOuld give a temporary advantage to
he party in power, but they were wiling
to risk defeat in order to aid the
>eople fighting to be free.
"Neither can the election be regardid
as an endorsement of any definite
breign policy. Until a treaty of peace
las been entered into and the terms
* r ^ i.
naae Known tae peopie uauuut pass
udgement, upon it. Whether the war
fill raise any question of sufficient imwrtance
to turn public attention away
rom domestic problems, remains to be
In regard to the Nebraska election,
le said: UA light vote was cast in Ne>raska,
but the Fusionists have elected
he entire State ticket and carried the
&me congressional districts they car iedinl896.
If Senator Allen is de'eated
for re-election it will be because
lenators are elected by legislators initead
of by the people. If a Republic
jan senator is choseiuby the new legisature
he will go to Washington to represent
a minority of the people of the
state and to thwart the will of the ma
CHEEE WHMDTGTOBf REFUGEES.
rhe Sad Lamentations of Banning,
Melton and Gilbert
Three of the Wilmington, N. C., re'ugees
have arrived in Washington and
Wednesday called at the department of
nstice and an appointment for a con'erence
with the officials was made.
Chey areR. H. Bnnning, United States
jommissioner and justice of the peace;
Ibhn R. Melton, chief of police, and C.
3. Gilbert, superintendent of city carts.
According to their statements all were
leized without warrant and escorted to
he railroad station by an armed and
cering mob, who shouted all sorts of
nsults after them as they marched
ilong. "White negroes" appeared to
>e the least insultingjnames with whichhe
crowd greeted them at every step.
)nce on the train ti ay were told in
orcible language that if again they set
oot in Wilmington they would be shot
in sight. When their train arrived at
tfewberne it was boarded, they say, by
ormer Mayor "Ellis and a lawyer named
xuyon and they were informed that it
r/vnl/1 tia+ Via ao-fo 4/vr i-.Tiom +/> Tomnin
here any length of time, and so they
ook the first, boat for Norfolk. Brown, j
i Negro from Wilmington, who did not
eave at the same time with them .they
lad since heard, was set upon by a
?owd and terribly beaten in the city
>ostoffice. At other points they were
yarned not to stop. The three men
,re at present staying at a small hotel
m Pennsylvania avenue, but what they
vill do or where they will go from here
s a serious question with them. They
ay they dare not return to their homes
n "Wilmington, as they feel certain
he threats of the mob would be carried
- _ J Ai u
ui auu tucy wuuiu uo ouuu jlucj'
lead not guilty to every charge against
hem and insist that they were run out
f the State for the simple reason that
hey were Republicans and refused at
he bidding of an irresponsible mob to
urrender their right to the franchise.
Eighteen Men Rescued.
The British steamer Peaconic which
rrived at New York from the Mediteranean
Friday morning brought a crew
f eighteen ship wrecked men saved
mm hark Johanta. which
bey found sinking. She was bound to
few York from Honolulu. The men
;ft the bark and weathered a severe
torm which disabled, in boats. After
tie storm they returned to the bark
ad set the distress signals, so were
jen and picked up by the British
The throwing of air-slacked lime
bout the poultry yards will often pre
ent disease; the vermin will be de:royed
by dusting roosts, walls and
oors with this penetrating, purifying
owder. It is also a benefit in the
liter runs. Use it liberally.
Mothers, train your boys to be neat
1 the house. They should be taught
) look after themselves, and to keep
leir hats and coats in their proper
laces. A boy can help clear away af;r
a meal, sweep the floor, polish the
tove, or wash dishes, just as eftectivei
as a girl. He, as a rule, is stronger.
*r n n 3 l.j. . _ . 1
hiie is 110 lQie aream, due a solemn
jality based on and encompassed by
ternity. Find ont your work, and
tand to it; the night cometh when bo
lan can work.
EXPERIMENT WITH WHEAT.
Some Valuable Suggestion* to]On?
' - The monthly bulletins sent out from
Ciemson College are not only extreme
ly interesting and entertaining, duc extremely
valuable and instructive. The
October bulletin is devoted to "Experiments
with Wheat." by Professors
Newman and Conner, Agriculturist and
Assistant Agriculturist of Clemson.
This paper?in view of present renewed
interest'in wheat planting?is so valuable
that we republish it in our this
week's issue. These bulletins irom the
South Carolina Agricultural Experiment
Station at Clemson. are sent free
to all citizens of^the State requesting
them. Here is the October bulletin:
The slovenly way in which small
graiu lands nave been prepared in+the
past is giving pla^e to a moie thorough
and farm-like practice. Wheat delights
ill comparatively stiff soil, clay loam
ranking first in adaptation, sandy loam
second and sandy soils last. The latter,
however, may be profitably cultivated
in wheat if liberally supplied
with humus and properly supplied with
plant food. Wheat succeeds best upon
soils which have previously been cultivated
in some hoed crop. Previous
treatment which renderc the soil verj
porus is not favorable to wheat. Upon
light soils the roller should be used
after seeding and again early in the
spring, just before the plants put forth
the seed stalks.
In southern climates wheat should
not be sowed until cool weather,' since
it will not germinate successfully at a
high temperature. Early sown wheat
is also liable to be attacked by the Hes
sian fly. It is well, therefore, to defer
sowing ur.til a killing frost occurs.
Another danger to which very early
sown wheat is liable is the bursting of
the stems by a spring frost occurring
after the stems have jointed. On the
other hand very late ?owing increases
the risk of winter killing if severe
freezing occurs before the plants are
securely rooted. Late sown wheat and
late varieties incur the risk of injury
from very warm weather accompanied
with moisture, causing conditions favorable
to the production of rust, while
if the weather is very hot and dry,
bleaching or premature ripening occurs.
The depth to^which the seed^may be
covered depends _ somewhat on the
character of the soil and especially upon
the porosity--and .consequent facilities
ior aerauou. x^Apciujiciibs, uun?iw,
conducted bo determine the best
depth, showed that the percentage
of grains that vegetated in a fertile
sandy loam varied but little in seed
covered from a half inch to three inches
in depth. The number which vegetated
at a depth greater than three inches diminished
suddenly and rapidly to six
inches, at which the few which vegetated
at all were enfeebled by the obstacles
which theyjhad overcome. The
quantity of seed to be sown per acre
depends upon the size of the grains,
and consequently the number per bushel,
and upon the fertility of the soil.
The plants will tiller more upon fertile
soil than upon that less fertile. The
quantity of seed varies from three to
five pecks per acre. Seed may be
economized by the use of wheat drill,
which deposits them at a uniform rate
and denih. and consequently a larger
I percentage of those i>own vegetate than
if sown broadcast.
NEGRO LAB0E;IN TfflTSOUTH.
It Is Not Worth .What It Once Was.
Getting Yery Worthless.
The question of tie growing worthlessness
and utter unreliability of the
Negro farm labor of < the South is one
that is obtruding itself upon the attention
of the planting interests in no
very pleasant way. The question has
already practically settled itseii in
many of the poorer hill sections, where
white labor has in a great measure supplanted
it. The Negroes have drifted
away from the hills, some to the alluvial
lands, but most of them to the
cities; they have taken other employments,
such as railroad work, jobbing
about, or doing anything but farm la- i
bor. It was thought that the Negro
would remain on the rich bottom lands
along the rivers, where, fays the Shreveport,
La., Times, under a system of
r.o nrnfifahta ban
Alt vvruiu vu i
died on the large plantations of cotton,
sugar, rice, etc.
But it :is beginning to dawn on the
big planters that the Negro is gradually
but surely slipping from under their
control, and that he is becoming a very
different kind of an individual from the
Negro of former days. A glimpse of
the world and a little education has
destroyed the Negro's peace of mind,
he is no longer contented and happy at
his old plantation home. He is restless
and moves around from place to
place?dissatisfied here, there and
Along the railroads and rivers he is
A/infinnaUt? travpliTiff. hither and
wttv*uu?M^ wj-m w?-o; o? yon
as long as he can beg, borrow or
steal money to travel; first in the city
and again in the country he scarcely
knows which way to turn or what to do.
Few of the present generation are at
best worth their salt as farmers. They
have obstinately refused to take a farmer's
education or training. The-old,
i ante-bellum farm Negro, who had been
trained under his master's eye, and often
was a better farmer than his owner,
is out of the calculation?he is dead or
too old and feeble to handle the plow
To dure Hoe' Cholera.
An exchange says that every paper
in the United States ought occasionally
to keep the fact before its readers that
burnt corn is a sure and speedy cure
for hog cholera. The best way is to
make a pile of corn on the cob, effectually
scorch it, and then give the hogs
free access to it. This remedy was discovered
by E. E. Locke, Esq., at the
time his distillery was burned in Columbus
countv. Ohio, together with a
large quantity of store corn, which was
so much injured as to be unfit for use,
and was hauled out and greedily eaten
by the hogs, several of which were dying
daily. After the second day not a
single hog was lost, and the disease entirely
disappeared. The remedy has
been tried in a number of cases since
and never failed.
Iodoform Liniment is the "nee plus
ultra" of all such preparations in removing
soreness, and quickly healing
fresh cuts and wounds, no matter how
bad. It will promptly heal old sores
of long standing. Will kill the pois""
tr-nm '!"P/%iann Tttt" nr "PniflOTl
\JL1 XXV/liX JL Vijuu xs* ?
Oak" and cure "Dew Poison." "Will
counteract the poison from bites of
snakes an stings of insects. It is a
sure cure for sore throat. Will cure
any case of sore mouth, and is a superior
remedy for all pains and ache?.
Sold by druggists and dealers 25 cents a
A rnrni AccrDSSTT,
J A Misplaced Switch. Causes the Los* of j
A grand trunk express train, bound
for Toronto, crashed into a moving
freight train near Murray Hill crossing,
two miles, west of Trenton, Ont., at
3:30 Wednesday morning, and several
cars were smashed almost to splinters.
So far as known, 12 persons were killed
and a dozen or more seriously injured.
A misplaced switch was the cause of
the accident, the westbound train taking
the wrong track, on which was the
eastbound freight. The train which
left Montreal at 8 o'clock Wednesday
night consisted of an express, mail and
baggage cars, a second class car. one
first class coach and two Pullman sleepers.
The second class car was next to
the baggage car and ahead of the fa st
class coach and sleepers. It was pretty
well filled with people, there being 20
or more passengers in it, and hardly
n 11 j r ? x
any 01 mem escapeu wx_uout injury.
Between BelJeville and Murray Hill ,
crossing the road is single tracked, the
only piece of single track between Toronto
and Montreal. Murray Hill
crossing the westbound express, usually
leaves the single track and takes the
double track, and it was about a mile
and a half west of this point where the
accident occurred. Whether the signals'
were right or not Wednesday
morning will never be known from the
engineer or fireman of the wrecked
train, for they are both dead. Both
engines were totally destroyed, and the :
freight engine was thrown completely
over the passenger engine into the ditch
beyond. The engineer and fireman of
the freight train, Thomas Ivens and i'
Alexander Toppin, both of Toronto, '
inmned and escaned with slight iniu
ries. W. H. Brady, engineer, cf Belleville
and John McDonald, fireman, of
Bellevilie, who were in charge of the
passenger engine, were killed. The
greatest destruction was wrought in the
second class car. The baggage car was
driven into and almost completely
through it, the passengers being crushed
and mangled underneath the timbers
of the car. The mail car was forced
right on top of the baggage car, and the
express car was partially wrecked.
The first class car was uninjured, as
were also the two sleepers, although the
passengers were awakened by the shock.
The work of getting out the dead and
injured was commenced immediately,
but it was late in tho morning before '
all the bodies were gotten out. Some
were so horribly mangled that recogni- ;
nition was almost impossible. The in- '
jured were taken to the hospital at ;
THEY WAtfT PIE.
South Carolina Republicans After Pap
and Hot Vengeance. ,
The Washington correspondent of ;
the News and Cburier says:
"Federal patronage is more to the
likiDg of the South Carolina Eepubli- '
tau lciugccD liurr uctt vuau ^vuv??
military assistance. From the vicinity
of Phoenix the South Carolina colony
of Republicans received several additions
here today, but the postoffice pat- .
ronage seems to be their mission. ;
There are nine important postoffice ;
appointments in South Carolina
about to be made, and hence there is a
struggle on the part of the faithful to j
get up to the pie counter. I met Deputy ;
Collector Deas, of Darlington, Thurs- j
day, and he was very indignant because
some of the newspapers have stated that
he ran away from Darlington, fearing ;
bodily harm. He repudiates the charge,
and says the people of Darlington are '
ycavciuj, law-auiuiug v/iui<cucij ouu.
has nothing to fear at their hands. He !
says the trouble at Phoenix has blown '
over, and there is no occasion for Fed- '
eral intervention. He says the Tolbert J
family alone are still urging the admin- i
istration to take some action to avenge ;
the attack upon the members of that ,
numerous office-holding family./ The J
recruits to the South Carolina contin- 1
gent are E. J. Crews and Capt Blue
backer, candidates for the Spartanburg '
postoffice, the_ Rev. Wilson, former !
Congressman Tom Jttiller and S. JU. 1
Smith. There are nine postoffice cases
under consideration, and the South ]
Carolina Republicans swarms to the cor- :
ridors of the postoffice department like (
flies around a fish wharf on a hot after- ]
noon. The political fruit about to" ?
ripen consists of the following offices: 1
Greenwood, with James Tolbert slated
for appointment; Abbeville; James Collins;
Florence, the Rev. J. Wilson; t
Marion, L. R. Owens; Bennettsville, <
E. J. Sawyer; Yorkville, A. Withers; "
Rock Hill, Col. Pride; Spartanburg, ]
four candidates, Bluebacker, Asker, j
?J "n ;a
JL ctttJiJ <1UU V/JLLilbiJLClU* AO
contested by Dr. Lnnney and Gr. H.
McKee, with Webster for Joseph Hart.
Several of these appointments have
been kept waiting for some time, and
"Boss" Webster as doing his best to i
shake the administration tree, hoping j
to bring down some of the fruit." j
The Price of Cotton. j
Some of the newspapers in the great i
/>rvttr>n nonfurfl OTfl trt KpHpVA 1
that there will soon be a rise in the |
price of cotton. They believe that the \
general estimates of the crops are too l
large. The New Orleans Picayune, ?
one of the best posted and most relia- *
ble of newspapers, has this to say. on f
the subject: "There have been many fi
indications from the countiy that the t
farmers considered the price so low s
that it no longer paid to pick the crop, 2
and the tenant farmers, feeling that \
they could not hope to pay out at cur- I
rent figures, were disposed to simply ?
* *? .* # mi. _ j_ .f S
a Danclon titeir neias. jluis tnreat ox g
not marketing a portion of the crop, |
and the increasing tendency of farm- g
ers to resist further declines by hold- ?
ing back their cotton, have frightened jj
the shorts and bears, and have caused
many prudent operators to anticipate *
a reaction. Spinners have been holding
oS so far in the hope of replenish- ing
their supplies at bottom prices. 1
When the demand for them commences '
in earnest, it is sure to be lively, and
in the present position of the market it
would not take very much encourage- ^
ment to start this purchasing move
merit. At present prices cotton can
be u9ed for many purposes to which it
is not put at higher prices. The pres- .
ent price for cotton is based upon the "
belief that the crop will be from 11,- ^
500,000 to 12,000,000 bales. Belief in v:
such large figures is based merely upon t(
the dictum of a few crop guessers, who
however successful they may have been h
in the past, are certainly not infallible, f
While the movement indicates a large
crop, it is scarcely an entirely reliable
guide. Bad weather and extreme cold
would make a difference in the yield
onrt if ^erfainlv is nnf, Iikelv that we
will experience again this year the mild
weather that was enjoyed np to Christmas
during the two proceeding seasons."
There may be something in (]
the view thus presented.
.'i- :c.VlJ|i-7>. itfxmi! Ml! m
ELEVEN MEN KIJLLED
They Were Mewed Dowa Uke so
Much Green Crass.
AT wr?Dtf HM A D All DHAD
n l vi vi\i\ wii n
Terrible Accident!in a Fog on Ithe
Pennsylvania Line Near Jersey
In the gloom of smoke, storm and
fog that darkened the rails of the Pennsylvania
railroad early Friday morning
between Jersey City and Harrison, a
Kol-jtiirl cnknrhan train .Hajshpri intn a
gang of workmen, killing '11 instantly
and injuring 4. Others had remarkable
escapes. All the victims lived in
Jersey City. The dead are:
Bodoski, Frank, aged 48.
Oolasurdo, Giuseppi, 41, single.
Doherty, Thomas, 47, single.
Flannigan. Thomas, single.
Faggea, Joseph, 48, single.
Lawless, Michael, 34, single.
i 04 l^
.utiuiy, xniHua, <J-r, ojLugic,
Ludowski, Frank, 21, single.
Puggo, Angelo, 25, single.
Sluminsky, Frank, 30.
Stinziano, Guiseppi, aged 23, single.
Hoffman, Lawrence, went home.
Miller, Michael, went home.
Swaskowski, Frank, St. Francis hospital,
Wangdon, John, St. Francis hospital.
The accident happened about two
and a half miles west of Jersey City,
just beyond the Hackensack river
nrirlcro At that, rwiinfc t.hprA ATP fnnr
tracks, two devoted to passenger and
two to freight traffic.
At the north are the shops and tracks
of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western
railroad. Foreman Quirk saw that
the fog might mean danger, so he sent
two men. Lawless and Doherty, to give
warning of approaching trains. Lawless
was to go west and Doherty east
and cover all the tracks. They yrere
to shout warnings at the approach of
trains. The passenger tracks were kept
busy with incoming suburban trains,
and the dense smoke from these trains
helped to make the atmosphere moifc
Suddenly about 8:30 there was a
shout from Lawless, who was the advance
guard pf the gang. "Train, on
No. 3," he cried. It was an eastbound
Frieight train that came along slowly,
leaving behind it a heaw nail of smoke.
The men who were scattered along the
track jumped out of the way. Almost
all of them jumped over to track No. 1,
the eastbonnd passenger track. The
heavy smoke enveloped them.
Lawless, too, had jumped axsross to
track No. 1, keeping all the time a
sharp lookout. Suddenly there was a
rumble of wheels and the shriek of a
whistle. The Millstone local, delayed
by fog, was coming along at the rate of
iO miles an hour. Lawless was struck
and thrown 30 feet away, mangled and
bleeding. On went the train. Engineer
Vannostrand had^scarcely noticed
the man's body flying"through the air
when the engine struck Doherfcy; then
it ploughed into the mass of cowering
men, who stood huddled together on
UT+ TTTO O An UTTT^nl ^ C01/3 fll A
jlu rt oro aa aniiu otuu wav vu
gineer later. ''There was a mass of legs
and arms and heads fying through the
iir. I was drenched with blood. I
biew that something terrible had happened
and pat on the air-brakes as fast
When the train came to a standstill
the passengers rushed out. The track
was drenched in blood. The meadows
ind the track looked like a battlefield
sovered with bodies. The shrieks of
the dying men drowned the cries of the
horrified passengers. Women fainted
md men turned away in horror. Of the
19 men, nine were dead and tit
wounded. Some one telephoned quick*
lv t/i .Tatsav fHt.v Munv nf KniJifts
atill writhing in mortal agony were
placed on the train and borne to the
jity. Two of the wounded men died
3n the way. A relief train brought
back the others.
An Oklahoma girl advertised for a
husband and got him. The advertisement
and wedding outfit cost eleven
lollars. Within a year he died and
left her five thousand dollars life insurance.
And yet some people say advertising
does not pay.
TTT ,1 1 . .
w earner propnets continue to say
;hat the coming winter will be the
soidest experienced for years.
?)] From Maker Direct to Punkas*. fit
| A Good
1 Piano ?
Si) ^Pfi?SSrM'i4BSl will last a m I
Sew mwir,-,,..inrmKTi i
^ 9n* III
! Mathushek I
?$ Is always Good, always Reliable, wl
?S aIttavb Sji.t.iiitu/?fftfv ?!?rov? ! u?t- ?^E2 I
m ing. You take no chances In buy SH I
M ln?1L w m
SBa It costs somewbat more than a 368
SC cheap, poor piano. l>ot Is much the jHH
h? cheapest In the end. a?#
18 No other High Grade Piano fold so M
?5 reasonable. Factory price* to retail Wm
SE buyers. Easy payments. Write ns. 2K
HIDDEN & BATES, ?
jrjj Havcnmah, Ga., uid ?w York Oily. 9B
Lddress: D. A. PRESSLET, Agent.
Columbia. 3. C.
fhe Keeley Institute,
r. E. Corner Vanderhorst and Smith
CHARLESTON, SO. CA,
Atlantic Ocean Sort Bathing, Yatchlg,
Boating and Fishing. Trolley and
erry Rides, 1, 18 and 23 miles. Sulliin
Island and The Isle' of Palms all
) be enjoyed while under treatment for
fhiskey or Morphine Aic
>pens 3rd October ana lill be the only
Keeley Institute in the State.
A Happy Oorrnt
^ ii> ?evfoW b* >jm M ;
th* no*i \jt liO by yroc? -ia^ a fp*d
VIA V<1 oK <
M jf? as* h ? ?u?>nc?"> Keeft
youi childrci- *i noca*.
Vou wily in>?^? t-o ? j?r?? .
f*' foil ?? ? ? ? I nr>"~ ! ?
4nytivuu? ii> Atrvnt* to aiy pnct*
To ?hoe* aot p*Tjxr?<t u> x>+y &vtb r +ii
rwMoo^lr time, w difrerrLCf
I fUJly ruarant-a# my limrumeBw told ?u
fo wriso for pno? *od t*ra?. %- <1 for Hint
?1A and orw \ NTg
1509 MAIN STREET,
Take Care of
Save money by .keeping your
Gins in thorough repair.
You get better results
please the public
and save your
OWN TIME AND LABOR.
Fourteen years practical experience
in the ELLIOTT GIN
SHOPS -at Winnsboro, S. C., ^81
is a guarantee of good work.
Send your gius at once to
W. J. E^IOTTCOLDMijlA,
Located adjacent to the To
zer Enjsrine Work July*? 3a
Sold by dealers generally and by
THE MURRAY DRUG CO.,
Columbia, S. C. V;
THE CITY BY THE SKA.
2fyoanMdaiavBin,iay ait*, write
M btfcw baying tUowkore l ton .
tho mo*t oompljt# line of Bills of u;
dealer or nuumft ctorw ia the South.
Vetj higkwtgndt 8toa??, at unaeaU* IT
Ptuan. Mmtldm. Bdire*. fte-Savv
Bnd Bum, L&*,
XUbott aad Liddd?,
Bngleberg fiioe Hooar, in stock, quick '>%?
delivery, low prion.
1336 Miifc ? rfet.
. COL^V A. 8. %
GOME AND SEE IT !
We will exhibit at the State
| Fair to be held here Nov,
13th to 19th, in operation
COMPLETE IfUBRAY CEDING
OMPLETE mUERAY UlNtfING
bnilt by Liddell] Co., i?Char:
lotte, ST. C. . This
wHl afford all inteste-i ?a opportunity
of seeing the most modern ahd Mta? est of '
Ginning >*achinery, Ton cm't afford to " <:i
miss it. '4
W. E GIBBES & CO# J
Machinery and Mill supply fle^qiwtersf .
O-ilumhia. d. C,, " :}jii
Near Union Oepot, '
Oelnmbiw B. C.
8. C. Aa^nt* Lid4?H Co., Cbtriott*. S. <\ - '
t9HH KBQH KB
I KOR TH8 LIYSS , ANi H
KIDNRYS, as it* name imparts, j
MB t> a Httmiifttcr snd regulator to I ^
H sc~?e or*a-js. Is tbe beat after A
meal* medHDft to aid diction HB JH
H Frevento Head?.dies. CureeHR
- lllloosnetw Acts on tte Kid-j^U
nejn within Thirty mlnatea. after
H taking, relieving aebei In the|H
H tack from disorder of tbea eor.^B ,j||
0 gv?. Relieves all stomaefc^B ~'W?
H troutolea. It entirely vegetable, I
?M. 60c*nd?^' Tbt-I