Newspaper Page Text
It' tolTlhi. winnsboro, s. c., Wednesday. November 30, 1898. no. n.
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W-X-Vv-V-. ^ T HTTWf\
fm Miraculous Escape of Guests From
an Awful Death.
> A. J. WHITE PROVES HERO.
the Lives of Three Women
Before He Gave Up His Own.
His Death Was Most
Wednesday morning the Baldwin
hotel at San Francisco caught fire and
was entirely destroyed. There were
300 people, guests and employes, in the
hotel ^when the fire broke out and two
of those pe< 1fi art . hought to have lost
their lives. A. J. White and a inan
namod Meyer are ths victims. The
fire is said to have start* d in the kitch- j
en, located in the basanient on the Ellis
-street side. The fire worked its
iray up through the flue to the sixth
J. "floor and before the fire alarm was seat
in the fire had gained gieat headway.
For years the Baldwin has been re- j
garded by the fire department as the
most dangerous fire trap in San Francisco.
Built of wood, six stories high,
with narrow and tortuous hallways, it
is a wonder that half of the people in
the hotel escaped. They were slow to
waken. Many were dazed and stupefied
by the smoke when the police, the
firemen and hotel employes, hnrrying
$ through the hallways, kicked open
doors and notified the people of
their great danger. When they managed
to reach the windows and fire escapes
there were no ladders. Many attempted
to jump from the windows to
the streets, but were warned not to do
so by the crowds below. The firemen
got u p their ladders and commenced
taking people to the ground, rescuing
many in this mannsr. In the interior
of the hotel an expL^sion in the theatre
caused that portion of the building to
cave in. This explosion also extinguished
the electric lights throughon*
Those in the street below could see
through the rifts in the smoke along
the attic cornices, forms of men and
women crouching and climbing to the
woodwork, which was already beginning
to smoulder. Streams from thirty
engines were being poured upon the
blazing building from every point of
vantage, but without any apparent effect
Explosion followed explosion.
The death of Whit'- was most dramatic.
Three women appeared on the
cornice of the fifth floor on the Market
street side of the hotel. The firemen
could not reach them. White came
out of a window carrying a small rope,
gk With this he lowered the women into
P the anna of the firemen, who were wait^
ing at the windows of the next floor.
?r~~ 'fhen he started down the rope hand
Uol^ rtrrtrr t.VlA 7* A TIP
H' UVCi UOliU. tt c ?j uvnu wmv *wj[fv
^l^parted and the man who had just saved
^B^ee lives was dashed to the pavement
fjBPJ feet below.
" . ' "Lucky Baldwin" had a narrow escape
from perishing in his fire trap.
"Amid all the din he slept peacefully
until his room was broken into and he
was dragged from his bed. H. I.
Kowalsky, a well known attorney, was
also dragged unconscious from bed.
He will recover.
The Baldwin hotel has been known
and dreaded for years by firemen and
insurance people as the worst kind of
a fire trap. It has been stated often
that there were no fire walls in it exeept
those enclosing the theatre and
that no insurance companies, would
write a risk on the building except for
? *.11 o V?/*omrr T\t*AT**7TlTr?
a BUiitli aiuuUUl uiu a J
The building of the hotel began in
1873 and was finished in 1877, its total
eost including ground and furniture being
$3,000,000. In the building was
the Baldwin theatre. The street floor
of the immense building were occupied
by the hotel office, bar room and a number
of stores. In the basement was an
elaborately fitted cafe.
E. J. Baldwin stated today that he
carried $100,000 insurance, but he could
not remember in what company.
The Baldwin theatre was completely
demolished by the falling of the fifth
floor. The entire effects of the "Se
cret Service" company, which was filling
an engagement at that theatre, were
A great deal of jewelry and money
belonging to members of the company
were lost. In addition the contracts
were burned. The Columbia theatre and
places of business opposite the Baldwin
were damaged by water to the extent
of $15,000. E. J. Baldwin is
prostrated and unable to tell much
about his affairs. He says he will not
be able to estimate his 1 ">ss for several
days. H. "W. Luke, manager of the
hotel, barely managed to g*t out with
his wife and child. He says where were
302 guests in the hotel.
Bold Postoffice Bobbery.
One of the boldest robberies committed
ir. Columbus, Ohio, in years was
perpetrated Tuesday when the postoffice
was robbed of eleven packages
containing $100 each, or $1,100 in all.
The money was. in a pigeon hole at a
> stamp window presided over bp Miss
Mary Berry. She left the window for
a few seconds anu during that brief
time the mon?y was taken.
Four women were seen acting in.
a suspicious manner in the corridor
of the postoffice just before the
robbery and the police believe one of
them to be the thief. No arrests have
been made as yet.
Bemoval is Asked.
Mayor "Watkins of Chattanooga.
Tenn., states that he has written the
secretary of war, asking him in the interest
of good order and for the honor
of the service and in behalf of the good
name of Chattanooga, to remove the
regiment stationed there, to some other
point from Chickamauga Park. The
mayor stated that he had done this to
throw the responsibility for any breach
of law or order that might occur, growing
out of a possible race collision there,
on the department.
She Was Mistaken.
An exchange remarks that the female
who addressed a recent meeting in New
York was mistaken in her claims. She
said she represented womanhood, when
in fact she only represented viragohood
and the lowest order of that.
j Good Advice Given to the Negroes
by a Negro.
Last Thursday uighi wnile T.
Thomas Fortune and a few other Negro
orators were howling at a Negro mass
meeting in Cooper Union, New York,
and Mrs. Grannis was screeching on the
same platform, a Negro was speaking j
words of wisdom at a meeting over in I
Brooklyn. Theit was not one uttered
?^ TTn . aw txrKi/?l^ tttqq
I CL\j biiu UUIVU wvwviug nuAViA n?w
calculated to help La condition of the
Negro, to alleviuc ' n any degree his
real or fancied ills At' the Brooklyn
meeting the only t ue and helpful
policy for the Negi ./as laid down in j
strong language by the wisest Negro j
leader m the country. On that occasion
Brooker T. Washington s
"It must be apparer this time
that the effort to put tnc rank and file
of the colored people irv a position to
exercise the right of!':i chise has not
been a success in thr.< portions of our
own country where tt* Negro is found
in large numbers. Kit her the Negro
was not prepared for auy such wholesale
exercise of the ballot as our recent
amendment to the constitution
j contemplated, or the American people
were not prepared to assist and
encourage him to use the ballot. In
either case the result has been the same.
In mj mind there is no doubt but that
we made the mistake at the beginniug
i of our freedom of putting the emphasis
! on the wrong end. Politics and the
holding of oifice were emphasized almost
to the exclusion of almost every
other interest, and we accepted responsibilities,
which oar experience and
education had not fitted us to perform
with success and credit. To mind the
past and present teach but one lesson?
to the Negro's friends and to the Negro
himself?that there is but one way out,
j that there is but one hope of salvation,
and that is for the Negro in every par:
of America to resolve from henceforth
that he will throw aside every nonessential
and cling only to essentials?
that this pillar of fire by night and this
pillar of cloud by da> shall be property,
skill, eccnomy, education and Christian
No man who will look the facts
squarely in the face, no man who is
capable of forming a fair conclusion as
to tbe results of Negro suffrage can deny
the truth of what Brooker Washington
had the sense to see and the courage to
proclaim. The worst enemies the
Negro has had since his emancipation
have been the politicians and placeseekers
of his own party who have filled
his head with false notions and his
heart with false'feelings- The best
the Negro can possibly do is to realize
his own position, his present weakness
and incapacity for positions which he is
urged by false leaders to claim. Brooker
Washington points out to him the only
path which will enable him to gain a
better condition for himself and his
A PECULIAR ACCIDENT.
? " ? ' m ! tt m
All -Exploding1 .isoner a ears up iwu
of the most peculiar accidents
which has ever occurred in Georgia
happened in Warsaw last week. An
engine and boiler of six horse-power,
and weighing 4,000 pounds, which was
used to run a gin, blew out the crownsheet
of the boiler and kilted two Negro
men and came near killing an entire
| The residence of Mr. S. A. Maxwell,
a well known and respscted gentleman
( of Warsaw, stand just across the road
| from the gin house, and last week,
, while all of hi? family were sitting in
! their house, the crownsheet of the
boiler blew out, and after killing two
! Negro men who were standing near the
ginhonse, went clear across the road and
entirely through a portion of the residence
of Mr. Maxwell and landed thirty
i feet away from the residence in the back
The bursting of the boiler made a
terrific noise, and tore the porch of the
residence off on a line with the parlor,
knocked both front and back walls out
from the parlor, and left the end wall
and the partition wall intact. The
ceiling and roof were only slightly damaged,
and the engine was torn loose
from the boiler while passing through
the house and finally stopped in the rear
of the house, while the boiler went
twenty-five feet further and came to a
stop at the far end of the back yard.
Mrs. Maxwell had just left the parlor,
where sh?. had been to replace a
book, and she i nd her children were
sitting in the r jom next to the parlor,
wheu the accident occurred, and their
escape from serious injury or death was
A Negro man was chopping wood at
the corner of the engine house was
blown thirty yards through a barbed
wire fence into the road and instantly
KJiieU. -OLUUMier J^egru iu?u vjclo ju.au
entering the doorway of the engine
house and was blown fifty yards in an
opposit direction, breaking his neck.
The family of Mr. Maxwell were very
badly frightened by the accident, and
had a narrow escape. Mr. Maxwell
had only a few minute3 before he left
the house and crossed the road to the
store, which escaped uninjured. The
pranks played by bursting boilers are
nearly always peculiar, but the actions
of this boiler in Warsaw were more
freakish than any of its predecessors.
Gagged the Watchman.
At Elsberry, Mo., 68 miles north of
St. Louis, Mo., robbers made a desperbte
attempt to rob the Lincoln county
aank. It is not known how much, if
any, they obtained. As the result of
rough treatment received from the robbers,
J. W. "Waters, nightwatchman of
the town, who is 60 years eld, may die.
He was found at an early hour Thursday
bound and gagged lying in the open
air, where he had been left by the robbers.
He was badly frozen.
A New Plan.
The Rev. Br. L. G-. Broughton, pastor
of the Third Baptist church of Atlanta,
hit upon a simple and good idea
for increasing the contributions, by
making an innovation in the method of
the collection. Instead of the six staid
and sober deacons who have passed
around, the collection plates, he put six
young women on that duty, and the
collection was suddenly and largely increased.
It is an idea that is likely to
be acted upon in some other churces
SOME PLAIN TALK.
Caustic Comments on the New
A SLANDERER REBUKED.
A She Monster Makes an Unseemly
Exhibition of Herself by
Lieing on the Women
of the South.
No better justification of the white
revolution at Wilmington, N. C.? could
be furnished from a hostile quarter
than was afforded by the spirit which
characterized the colored mass meeting
held in New York recently to protest
against so-called "Southern outrages."
The attitude of&he Negro as illustrated
j at a meeting supposed to be representative
of the best colored elements.^ de!
monstrated to be that of bitter hostility
toward Southern white people and of
savage desire to humiliate and crush
them. It was the same spirit as that
displayed when tne Negroes were 111
the ascendency at Wilmington, and
which lead them to heap insults and
contumely upon the white victims of
their misgovernment. It was the spirit
which rendered the situation at Wilmington
intolerable and made revolution
a necessity. While it may be conceded
that their attitude is mainly attrbutabie
to the political adventurers
and fanatics who have inflamed their
minds and played upon their passions,
it is clear that it is an attitude which
not only justified, but demanded heroic
measures such'as were adopted at Wilmington,
and which will render it necessary
to maintain a firm hand upon
them until they have .reached a far
higher condition of civilization than
,they have yet attained. The false
teaching of the past thirty years has
done infinitely more moral harm to the
V/\/*WA AII fka ffAriArflhftno nf alotr?
UJLiCfcEi an uii^i vr* oavi |
ery through which he passed. Slavery
found him a savage, and in multitude
of cases made him a Christian and in
many instances gave him the refinement
and good form which were developed
even in dependents by the high
social standards of the old South. Tiie
political education which he has received
from New England sources since
emancipation has confused his brain,
perverted his heart and corrupted his
manners, and instead of really progressing,
there is danger, under the baneful
influence of the morbid and unprinci
yiUU ^UiU?UV^< WW TT MXVU UMkl l/vwu v?.
posed, that he may revert to the original
type from which slavery rescued him,
except that this renaisance of barbarism
in him will be accompanied with
the vices of civilization and the power
for mischief which civilization confcrs
upon those who are in it, but not of it.
If the Negro is to avoid this danger
and develop into a higher citizenship,
he must free himself from the evil influences
and teachings under which he
has been degenerating since the war.
As long as he suffers himself to be
abused by bad counsel and kept in a
false attitude toward the Southern
white people, just so long will he continue
to retrograde in character and respectability.
He has seen the effect of
thirty years of fanatical political education.
Let him turn away from the
- i 1 .e 1 j * I
scnooi oi nate, ueiiance auu uistiusi iu
which he has been trained and try
thirty years of good will toward and cooperation
with the white people of the
South. If he does, he will rise to a
higher stature and a higher degree of
prosperity than ever before. His home
and biding place is in the South, and he
should recognize the fact that his interests
are bound up in the prosperity
and progress of that section and are dependent
upon the relation in which he
stands to the dominant classes there.
While the Negro is to berega-ied
'more with pity than with anger, because
the victim of a pernicious sys cm
of political philosophy and pretended
philanthropy, it is impossible to find in
the English language words sufficiently
strong to properly describe the white
hypocrites and political criminals who
have mislead him in the past and are
still endeavoring to fire his heart
against the South. Such wanton, malicious
and unspeakably abominable aspersions
against Southern women as
were uttered at the New York meeting
by one Mrs. Elizabeth B. Grannis could
spring only from a heart as black with
hate as the foul and shameful slanders
which she uttered. The New York
Sun describes her remarks as unprintable.
An extract from her address
was as follows:
"I am only here tonight to represent
womanhood," said Mrs. Grannis. "We
all know that the white women and
white girls of the South are full of colored
blood. I stand here for colored
women and colored girls the same as I
ao lor wnite women.
At this a wild uproar ensued. The
colored men and women jumped up in
the aisles to cheer. Many laughed and
gave vent to hysterical exclamations.
Others mounted their seats and waved
The pure and true. women of the
South can afford to treat this libeler
with the contempt with which they
would regard the ravings of a foulminded
maniac, but her utterances illustrate
the spirit of sectional hate toward
the South which still prevails in
some quarters of the North and which
apostles of humanity like Mrs. Grannis
are continually endeavoring to fan into
a general flame. They stop at no slander,
no lie, no villificaaon, no matter
how gross and detestable, if it gives them
the opportunity to spit out their malignant
venom against the South.
They are the pretty and vulgar political
descendants of that wholesale libeler,
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, who had
more imagination and just as little re- ?
gard for truth as her imitators of the
present day. The wrong and injury
which "Uncle Tom's Cabin" inflicted
upon the country incalculable. That
wrong and injury still live, and, like
John Brown's spirit, seem to be marching
on for still further evil. As is
pointed out in the recently issued
United States history of Susan Pendleton
Lee, "31rs. Stowe had never been
South nor seen slavery and slave-owners
as they really were, but she was a
violent abolitionist, and she wrote for
anti-slavery newspapers a story founded
upon isolated cases of cruelty and
crime picked up from other papers. In
vain the South denied the slanders
given broadcast to the world. "Uncle
Tom" was republished in England; it
was translated into the European languages,
and its caricatures of Southern
life were multiplied a thousand-fold by
abolition energy and fanaticism. When
Mrs. Stowe was pressed to give her authority
for the account she gave of the
Kentucky and Louisiana planters, she
published 'A Key,' which showed
among the millions of slave-holders and
their Negroes how few were the instances
of wickedness such as she gave
to the world as the habitual daily life
of the broad South."
Haters of the South who have learned
l- J? VT-- - ]
tneir morais lruui iuj.?. oluyyc <*uu uwuu
JBrewn, who deliberately slander the
Southern people and seek to array the
Negroes against them, are enemies of
the colored race and dangerous to the
peace and prosperity of the whole country.
They are directly responsible for
race outrages, murders and collisions in
the South, and the blood shed under
these circumstances will cry to heaven
against them. It is time that the better
classes in the North put the stamp
of their emphatic disapproval upon
these emissaries of evil and wickedness.
They cannot atford even to appear to
endorse creatures who, like very drabs,
fall to cursing a whole section and spew
oat upon it tiie slime of their own degraded
A Heavy Bale.
Catton ani Easks in tha Sims Pack
One of Adam's black sons, Will Clarrlv
namfi. and a farmer hvr.ccuDation. I
induced by the exceedingly low price of
cotton, and hard times generally, concluded.
as he was helping to gin a bale
of his own cotton at Frank Davenports
gin in Greenville county, one morning
before daylight, last week, that he
would add a few hundred pounds to the
weight of his bale by dropping a rock
in the press occasionally, and so he
proceeded to execute his plan, with the
result that when his little bale of cutton
was suspended upon the company's
scales at Pelzer, Cotton-buyer Blake
was astonished to see that the beam
was tipped at the 829 figure, and suspecting
that there was surely something
heavier than cotton in the enclosure,
Mr. Blpke ordered the bale unhooked
and Mr. A. P. Long, chief of police,
ordered Will Clardy to keep quiet and
watch the investigation which only
lasted a few minutes, when 350 pounds
of rocks, five in number, were separated'"
from the cotton, the largest one
weighing 125 pounds. Mr. Long, after
pausing a few minute, came to the conclusion
that any man who could enhance
the value of flint rocks from
nothing to 4 5-8 cents per pound would
do to take along, and he accordingly
invested his man wich bracelets and
escorted him to Anderson jail. Will
did not confess his crime bnt only aaid
"its de strangest thing I ever seed how
dem rocks got into dat bale of cotton."
Girls Commit Murder.
Miss Nora Bitner, a highly respected
young lady of Allegheny, Pa.3 was beat
ea so badly JLhursdayatternoon by ttaree
girls (none of whom are over 15 years of
age) that she will probably die. Her
assailants, Mamie Wright, Sophia
Mickle and Victoria Bennett, are in
jail. The cause of the assault is rather
mysterious. It seems that Miss JBittter,
with a young lady companion was walking
along liast Ohio street, and in pass
ing a group of young girls at play she
made some jocular remark concerning
the party, whereupon one of the youngsters
grabbed her by the hair and pullhar
fA fho <TrAiin^ WKIIA nfAofmita
vu wv u uuu< r t mig ];j
Miss Bitner was kicked oil the head and
beaten into insensibility. Her companion
was unable to protect her, and a
rescue was only effected when two men
came upon the scene. The physicians
attending Miss Bitner says her skull is
fractured, and a blood clot has formed
on the brain.
Tried to mob tue Engineer.
Members of the Seventeenth United
States volunteers, colored, attempted
to mob Virgil Waters, an engineer on
the Southern Railway Thursday. At
Silver Creek^ G-a., Waters' train accidentally
killed a member of the regiment
who was standing od the track,
the troops being en route to Macon,
G-a. When the man was struck Waters
stopped his train and hastened out
of the cab to render assistance. Several
members of the regiment cursed the
engineer for alleged carelessness and
one made a threatening gesture, and
with angry soldiers in pursuit the enffinpp.r
ran fcn his and VmrrioHlv
O ' "V ?W Vk*M WA444VW*,,
pulied out. A gun was fired as the
train moved away, but no one was injured.
Danger in Soda.
Common soda is all right in its place
and indispensable in the kitchen for
cooking and washing purposes, but it
was never intended for a medicine, and
people who use it as such will some day
regret it. We refer to the common use
of soda to relieve heartburn or sour
stomach, a habit which thousands of
people practice almost daily, and one
which is fraught with danger; moreover,
the soda only give3 temporary relief
and in the end the stomach trouble gets
worse and worse. The soda acts as a
meehanical irritant to the walls of the
stomach and bowels and cases are on
record where it accumulated in the intestines,
causing death by inflamation
Don't Want Them.
El Parvenir, a Santiago de Cuba paper,
prints a two-column article with
reference to the intention of a colored
preacher of Topeka, Kas., to bring 40
families of Negroes and establish a
town in the highlands above Santiago
which shall be known as Topeka. The
paper demands that the people boycott
the Yankee Negroes, asserting that
they are freauently guilty of horrible
_ J i j-T- _ Cl-._i.__
crimes ana tnat me soutueru cunes,
anxious to be rid of their colored
population, will endeavor to send them
A Horse Midget.
The premium midget of the New
York horse show is a perfect horse, 29
inches tall, 7 1-4 hands high, weighing
127 pounds. He is four years old and
eats a pint of oats three times a day,
and when thirsty drinks a glass of water.
URGED FORCE. '
DemonstrativelMeeting in Washington
MUCH BAD ADVICE GIVEN.
Only One Voice Was Raised for
Peace. McKinley, BrookerT.
Washington and Other
Upward of 5,000 Negroes assembled
Wednesday night at the Fifth Baptist
church, on Vermont avenue, near R
street, Washington, D. C-, to protest
against the wrongs ifc is charged have
been inflicted upon their race, particularly
with reference to the recent race
riots in the Carolina?. Incidentally
they took occasion to denounce the
Democratic party, President McKinley
and Brookcr T. Washington and other
colored men and the Washington Post
as enemies of the Negro. It was probably
the greatest outpouring of Negroes
ever seen in Washington.
Orenerallv SDeakincr. the addresses
were of the most fiery and passionate
order, while two diametrically opposed
sets of resolutions were adopted, the
one favoring force, and termed the political
resolution, the other counseling
prayer and preaching. Incendiary as
were some of the utterances, the meeting
was nevertheless harmless, and afforded
the speakers an opportunity to
give vent to their feelings.
A committee was then appointed to
draft resolutions for the meeting. It
consisted of Rev. W. H. Brooks, Rev.
W. J. Howard, E. M. Hewlett, W.
Calvin Chase, Rev. R. T. Hart and
Col. Perry H. Carson.
While the committee was out Attorney
John Moss secured recognition
from the chair, but he did not long retain
it, and had not the Hillsdale barrister
left the church at the time that
he did, a riot might have ensacd. Moss
wanted to know the purpose of the
meeting. In reply, the presiding
preacher started in to tell the story of
a man going to Heaven, but he had
conducted his hero no further than the
pearly gates before the audience burst
into thundering applause and laughter,
mingled with cries denouncing Moss,
commanding him to sit down and to get
out. Moss protested, and vainly endeavored
to state his position, but the
6rowd declined to listen to him.
At the conclusion of his speech the
committee on resolutions reported.
Rev. W. H. Brooks read those which
were announced as the moral resolutions.
They reviewed the situation
tiiroughout the South with respect to
the condition of the Negro, declared
that lynchings .had become common,
unarmed men were slaughtered, babes
torn from mothers breasts and private
property destroyed. The resolutions
then urged th.e Negroes to act, and to
protest before the American people
against arson, murder and anarchy, and
also appeal for sufferage. The Negroes
were urged to support the best statesmanship
of the South, and a call was
sent forth to the ministers throughout
the land and to preach and to teach
right and justice to all men, and Christians
everywhere were called on to support
the Negro in demanding his rights
guaranteed him by the law.
The political resolutions next read
declared that the fourteenth and fifteenth
amendments are practically
dead letters, and that a former presiHpnt.
fipnfc t.rnnna infcn Tllinms to nroteet
property, so should the present executive
have sent a force into the Carolinas
to protect the Negro and his rights. It
was then declare! in the resolutions
that color was not the cause of the race
war and outrages against the Negroes;
it was because they were Republicans.
Democracy had caused ail the trouble
to regain its power. The passage of a
Federal electien law was strongly urged,
and a committee of fifteen advised to
be appointed to communicate the resolutions
to the president. The resolutions
advised that force be used to secure
the negroes' voting rights. Both
of these sets of resolutions were unanimously
Tremendous cheers greeted Col. Per
ry Carson when lie came forward to
speak, and his every utterance was
greeted with cheers and laughter. He
said the Negroes wanted a Douglass to
lead them, and then dropped into original
poetry which brought down the
house. "Organization is what is needed,"
said Col. Carson; "you niggers
don't get nothing till you organize.
Resolutions and mass meetings don't
count for anything; organize." Look
at your organization here tonight; I am
known all over the country as Col. Perry
Carson. The Irishmen stand together,
the Dutchmen stand together
and so must you niggers, if you expect
to get your rights and stop calling on
the White House. Father Abraham
ain't there no more. Prepare to protect
? 1 TTTi~\ m n
Juu-locxvcaj tuu v 11 iuc ui jum nvuivu
and your property. Get your powder
and shot and pistol. The Negroes in
North Caroliua had five years to do
that, and they didn't do it until three
days before the election. That's why
they failed. Perry Carson is ready; he
has got his shot and pistol; he is ready
to defend himself. Help yourself; stop
crying for the white man to help you.
Get your shot and your powder."
Rev. "W. H. Brooks followed in a
speech which, considering the occasion
and the surroundings, was simply marvelous
and wonderful. It was most
eloquent and, in fact, the redeeming
feature of the meeting. It was a most
stirring but sincere and earnest appeal
frtr deliberation aad the working' Out
of the destiny of the Negro by peaceful
methods. He appealed to the pulpit
and to Christians everywhere for justice
Several brief speeches were made,
all of them of an inflammatory nature,
and it was late when the mass meeting
adjourned, after having passed a resolution
denouncing George W. Stewart
for his attack upon the colored school
teachers. He was declared a defamer
of the virtue of Negro women.
An Oklahoma girl advertised for a
husband and got him. The advertise
ment and wedding outfit cost eleven
dollars. Within a year he died and
left her five thousand dollars life insurance.
And yet some people say advertising
does not pay.
BISHOP TTTRNER ON NEGRO RACE.
He Declares His People Have no Future
in This Country
The seventeenth session of the Macon
African Methodist Episcopal conference,
sitting at Dublin, G-a., since
Wednesday, has adjourned. Bishop
H. M. Turner, D. D., of Atlanta, presided,
assisted by Vicar Bishop James
M. Devane, of Queenstown South Africa.
This conference consisted of 250
colored ministers. Before reading out
the appointments Bishop Turner made
a sensational address. Among other
things he said:
'T see no manhood future for the
negro iu tins country, and the man who
is not able to discover that fact from
existing conditions must be void of common
sense. Our civil, political and
social status is degrading, and as degradation
begets degredation, the Negro
must go from bad to worse and infinitum.
Neither education nor wealth
can ever elevate us to the grade of respectability.
I say this, because we
are surrounded by so many influences
that militate against our manhood.
'"The best thing the Negro can do is
to ask the United States congress for a
hundred million dollars to meet the expense
of starting a line of steamers
between this country and Africa, thus
pioneering a domain forour settlement.
With this start upon the part of the
general -government, which actually
owes us forty billions of dollars for 246
years of labor, we could build up a
business that would enable us to transport
to Africa as many of our race as
are fit to go. If the United States has
hundreds of millions to throw away in
a useless war, and for other foolish
things, surely it can appropriate a hundred
million dollars en the mnst Iftval
inhabitants it has in its domain.
"The white people themselves bad
infinitely better appropriate a hundred
million dollars, if we are the raping
monsters which the public press charges
us with being, than to be shedding so
much blood, when I know and you all
know that much of that blood is. innocent
blood; and innocent blood will
speak to God day and night for retribution
till God overthrows the nation, as
he did the Roman Empire. And, as I
have the ear of the country it is very
likely I shall call such a convention
within the next three or six months;
for, if the Negro does not say or do
something in his own defence, he is not
only an inferior race, but he is not fit
to be ranked as a human being."
A WOMiff'S WORK.
She Makes a Good Living on a Little
There is in this state a woman who on
a little farm manages to support herself
and her children and to provide the
latter with the means of education.
Her only help is a young negro boy.
The following extract from a letter
written by this woman to a friend in
Atlanta a few days ago gives some iaetf8*
of the way in which she manages to get
"Well, let me tell you what I made
cn my little farm this year. First, I
sold $40 worth of strawberries, made 60
bushels corn, plenty of hay and fodder,
60 gallons syrup, 200 bushels swees potatoes,
3 bales of cotton, which the
children and I, with the negro boy,
picked. I get 4 gallons of milk a day,
and nounds of bnttftr: havf. 4- Vine*
to kill and have plenty of chickens and
eggs. I have never done as much work
and as hard work as I have this year
and my health has never been better.
"The children are getting so ihey
are lots of help to me, and are just as
smart in their books as they can be.
May plays nicely on the piano, is taking
lessons from a good teacher and I
pay her in butter, eggs, etc. We are
gradually getting out of debt."
This brave little woman has not only
given a noble example of courage and
liidepeaaciiee, but she furnishes also :
an illustration of the advantages of diversified
farming. Her good sense in
raising her own provisions might be
imttated by a majority of the farmers
of this state greatly to their benefit. ;
There are many women in this state ,
who conduct farms, large and small, and ,
it is said that nearly all of them are ,
remarkably thrifty and successful.
They believe in raising as far as they ,
can everything they need, and they are
exemplars of the fine practical business
sense which women so often develop
when there is a demand for it.?Atlan- .
A Remarkable Case.
William B. Smallridge, who died a ;
few days ago at Glenville, in Gilmer "
county, carried a bullet in his heart for i
37 years. He was a member of Co. E, !
1st West Virginia infantry in the civil i
war, and in September, 1861, while <
marching through Gilmer county, West !
Virginia, was shot by somebody in am- i
i I ii T IT . * .n n J
ousn, tne Dunet entering omaiinage s 1
che3t, at the lower point of the scapula, J
on the left side, passing thence direct- i
ly through the left lung into the left i
ventricle of the heart. The force of ;
bullet wad so broken that it did not pass :
the innor wall, but the regimental sur- s
geon prououuced the wound fatal, and <
left Smallridge to die. He did not die, <
however, but was sent back up the Lit- J
tie Kanawha river in a skiff to his home i
in Glenville, where he recovered and <
has since lived. A few weeks ago, <
while on his deathbed, he asked Dr. Gr. i
0. Brown to make an examination of i
the wound after his death. This Brown i
did, and found the bullet imbedded in
the heart. Surgeons pronounced it the
most extraordinary case on record.
An Indiana Mob.
On Sunday night' November 6, Jos- ,
eph Baird, an offensive negro in Sey- ,
mour, Ind.. was taken from jail and ,
horsewhipped. It was with difficulty '
that the mob was restrained then from 1
lynching him. When Baird was re- t
leased he accused about 20 colored men t
of being in the mob, also Mayor A. W. j
Mills, and other officials. When May- '
or Mills met Baird Thursday he accus- *
ed the latter of making these charges. '
Baird was also confronted by Dr. Shield (
who said Baird had repeated the charge
to him. Then Baird and Mills both
drew their revolvers and opened fire,
keeping it up through the street till t
Baird ran into his house. Fifteen i
shots were fired while a crowd was wit- i
nessing the chase, and no one was hurt, a
Baird was arrested and taken to Brown- t
town to prevent lynching. <
OTJE TROOPS LAND.
They March on Cuban Soil to Their
Gen. Greene and his sta5 left the
hotel Inglaterra at 6 o'clock Friday
morniug for Marianao in order to superintend
the landing of the American
troops. All four companies of the Second
regiment volunteer engineers which
th* pi AT?1
cfcx li r V/U vu vuv x iviiua louuvgu wj uaix
past 9 o'clock at the Marianao wharf
with colors flying. They formed at
the landing place and marched to their
camp, two miies away, filing past Gen.
Greene and his staff, who, on horseback.
reviewed the men as they pasi^d.
All the men, with the exception of five
who are still suffering from sea sickness
and were taken to the camp by train, '
were in line and are all in good spirits
and fit for duty. One hundred and fifty
Cubans of Gen. Menocal's division
were employed in clearing the camp
site and by 11 o'clock the tents were
being pitched for the first American
camp at Habana.
Apart from the few cases of sea sickness
only two of the 280 men who landed
from the Florida are on the sick list.
Patrick Toohing is suffering from dysentery
and Thomas Leonard from a dislocated
knee cap. Both had their present
complaints when they left the
United States. These men were busy
all the afternoon pitching camp and
fixing tents. The site selected for the
camp is excellent on high ground and
well supplied with water. The men
have arrived with only heavy underwear,
woolen blouses and cloth breeches,
which are very trying under the scorching
sua of the seacoast. The medical
staff considers it urgently necessary that
khaki uniforms be sent at once for the
comfort of the men.
Felt in Portions of North Carolina and
.Richmond. Va., Nov. 25.?Many
points in south and southwest Virginia
report having experienced an earthquake
shock about 3.30 o'elock this afternoon.
The disturbance was felt
from Nottoway county to the Tennessee
line. There was the usual preceding
roaring noise. No damage is reported.
Lynchburg, Va., Nov. 25.?At 3,05
o'clock this afternooh a shock of earthquake
was felt here. It was quite generally
felt, but there was no damage.
Danville, Va., Nov. 25.?At3.o'clock
sharp this afternoon an earthquake
shock was felt throughout the city and
surrounding country very perceptibly.
No damage reported.
CHARLOTTE PELT IT.
Charlotte, N. C., Nov. 25.?A distinct
earthquake shock was felt,
throughout this section at 3.10j;his a?- _
terhoon' No'serious damage reported
SOUTH WEST VIRGINIA.
Roanoke, Va., Nov. 25.?A very
perceptible earthquake shock was felt
here this afternoon at 3 o'clock, lasting
about 30 seconds. No serious damage
was done. Reports to the Times from
various Darts of southwest Virarinia
show the tremor to have been very general
throughout that region.
Raleigh, N. C., Nov.?A special to
the News and Observer from Franklinsviile,
N. C., says: A very distinct
earthquake shock was felt here this '
afternoon about five minutes after 3. 1
Vibration was from east to west.
A special from Winston, Nv C.. says:
A distinct earthquake shock was felt *
here at 3.10 this afternoon. It shook '
the largest buildings in town. 1
AT NORFOLK ALSO.
Norfolk, Ya.. Nov. 25.?A few min- J
utes after 3 o'clock this afternoon two ;
light shocks of earthquakes were felt :
here. There were not generally noticed 1
A Lady Suicides. i
Friday morning about 5 o'clock Mrs. <
3am Whetstone, of the Hollow Creek
section of Aiken county, the wife one
of the community's most respected citizens,
committed suicide by drowning. ]
At an early hour, while it was yet dark, ,
she called her husband to do some er- (
rand for her. He was still in bed, as \
was all the rest of the household. He
remained in bed some 10 or 15 minutes <
afterwards, dozing off to sleep. When j
he awoke he missed his wife. He arose, |
calling her, and receiving no answer he ]
gave the alarm and search was immediately
made. It still being dark, it was '
with much difficulty that she was traced ]
by her footprints to an old pond some
200 yards from the house. There she .
seemed to have sprung across an old (
ditch, and going some distance up the
stream, jumped in. The searchers had
to wait some time for daylight before .
the body could be found, the current (
having borne it some distance down the
stream. The place wa3 only about two ^
feet deep and it is somewhat remark- <
ible Jiow any one could be drowned in ]
so shallow a place. This is the second |
ittempt in the last few weeks. The \
>ther was made with a razor, the lady
jutting an ugly gash in her throat.
Her reason then, she said, was her very
ill health, and she felt that she was }
jnly a burden to her family, and want- ^
id to eet out of the way. She was <
ibout 60 years old and leaves a large J
:ainily and a number of relatives to (
mourn her sad end.
v:n T (
wcgiu mill iiauur x culls. v
In the United States circuit court *
:n Charleston Saturday Judge Simon
;on appointed C. 0. White temporal^ r
receiver of the Charleston cotton mill j
lpon application of Walters & Compaay,
of Baltimore. The claims of these
;oncerns amount to $30,000. It is al,eged
in the complaint that the liabilities
of the mill amount to $125,000. '
rhe order issued is made returnable ?
December 19th. The mill was reor- *
ranized about fourteen months ago, 1
Segro labor being substituted in it for s
white labor. It was generally supposed 1
:o be doing a eood business. 1
-- - - 2
Getting Their Eyes Open"Senator
Tillman recently said that
;here had been a great change of senti
neat .in the North in relation to the 1
ights of inferior races, and it looks r
rery much as if he was right," assents (
ihe Portland (Me.) Press, a Republican a
IUKE JiLUUD dtiJSl)
T l_ I unit at a
oenaus i rouDie wren wegro soldiers
SPRINGFIELDS FREELY USED.
Fatalities Result. Apparently
Worst of All the Troubles Yet
Developed. A Reign of
Terror for Awhile.
A special from Anniston, Ala., to The
Advertiser says: Members of the
Third Alabama (Negro) regiment with
murder in their hearts caused great excitement
here Thursday night. Shortly
after dark, Private Gildhart of Co. B,
Seoond Arkansas, while going towards
his regimental camp from tewn, was
shot in the head by a Nesrro soldier.
who also stabbed him in the back.
G-ildheart was taken to the regiment J
hospital. A little later a member of
the Fourth Kentucky was shot on Walnut
street by a Negro soldier, who lay
in a gully, shooting at the white men
who passed. Firing was heard in Liberia,
the Negro quarter of the city, which
is not far irom "Walnut street,- and*
squad of provost guards went to inve&
tigate. As it turned the corner of Six
teenth and Pine streets a large crowd of
Negro soldiers, without warning, opened
fire upon the guard with Springfields
the gun in use in the regiment. The
guard returned the fire, but had but
few cartridges, and soon had to retreat.
Reinforcements and more ammunition
were tfent for, but when they arrived
the Negroes had disappeared.
The number of Negroes in the mob
was variously estimated at from 50 to
200. In the engagement, Sergeant
Dobson, Third Tennessee, was shot in
the arm and Priyate Graham, Third
Tennessee, received a painful but not
necessarily dangerous wound in the
stomach. Two other members of the
provost guard are missing and cannot be
When the news of the trouble became
known the white soldiers who were in
the city gathered around the provost
guards' headquarters and begged for
guns and amunition, crying like children
because their requests could not
be granted. Citizens armed themselves
and repaired to the scene of the battle.
Mayor High at once ordered all saloons
closed. Several Negro soldiers, one
with a Springfield which had just been
fired, were arrested in various parts of
the city and locked up, though it was
with difficulty that the inforiated white
soldiers and citizens were prevented
from wreaking summary vengeance upon
Armories of the two local military companies
were broken into and every gun
and cartridge appropriated by unknown
parties. Gen. Frank, who is in command
of the troops here, came out and
wa? on the streets until" a late hour. ?
Grea. Colby, commanding the Second
brigade, ordered out two companies
fPL:.a m O'
wvu <jl uuc xrniu xemiesoee aau'oeuond
Arkansas and brought -them to the "
city for whatever services might be-required.
They scoured the city and carried
all soldiers not "on duty back to the
A member of the Fourth Tfisconsin
is said to have been shot but the report
cannot be verified. One Negro soldier
while under arrest was shot in the arm
by a citizen. After the engagement at
Sixteenth and Pine very few Negroes,
either soldiers or civilians, were to be
found on the streets, and it was well.
Firing has been heart! at various parts
of the city and rumors are afloat of several
crowds of Negroes in ambush, but
ill investigation was fruitless.
A Negro soldier was dangerously
beaten by some white soldiers on
Tenth street this afternoon and this
incident is supposed to have caused the
riotous actions on the part of the Ne- >
?roes, who are said to have slipped out
of the camp through the guard lines.
One Negro soldier has been brought in
iead and another fatally wounded.
DflftArhvJ Wrm at. Alto*
Miss Margaret Moore, who was to be
married to Timothy Foley in St Catharine's
church, Moscow, Pa., Wednesday,
deserted the bridegroom at the altar.
The church at Moscow was filled
with the relatives and friends of the
principals. Rev. B,. H. Walsh began
the service. Already the bridegroom
had made his solemn vow.
"Will ycfu, Margaret Moore, take
rimothy Foley to be your lawful husband?"
asked the priest.
There was a pause.
"Is it yet too late?" asked the bridejlect.
"Not yet," said Father Walsh.
"Then I will not." said Miss Moore, ' *
is she turned from the altar and startjd
for the door.
Several years ago Foley jilted Margaret
Moore for her sister. His wife
lying, he recently sought out Margaret
Moore, who promised to marry him,
jut through revenge deserted him at
Fed on Turfcey.
The Seventh army corps had an un<
lsual Thanksgiving. The ladies of
savannah gave Gen. Lee's 13,000 solliers
a turkey Thanksgiving dinner.
Five hundred ladies visited the camps
luring the afternoon and served the ta)les
in each regiment. Turkey, fruit
ind cakes were served to every man.
Outside of Gamp Onward the provost
:ompanies at a dozen different stations
Fere given dinner so that not a soldier
n the entire corps was without turkey,
rhousands of crysaothenums was distributed
among the men and half of the
torps wore boufconniers.
A special from/Quincy, HI., says:
rhe powder mill at Lamotte, Mo.,
iituated eight miles south of herej'on
he maine line and a half a iri'.e from
\cf>Krtrrt KIait r>r> at. 7 nn a. m tillinc
ix men and wounding several others,
rhe explosion occurred in the packing
louse and was so terrific as to be heard
md felt a distance of 25 miles.
A Democratic Conference,
Eastern and western Democrats will
lold a conference in New York in the
lear future, probably on December 2.
Chairman Jones is authority for the
tatement that the Chicago platform