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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 25, 1899, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-01-25/ed-1/seq-5/

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i i -iii i fc??aefeoQ?
ANNUAL REPORT |;
e
e
On the'Charitable and Penal State t
s
Institutions. i j
i e
!h
WORK OF THE PAST YEAR. * e
The Condition and Work of the j 1
Various Public Institutions
Reviewed by a Legislative
( Committee. j ^
Following is the report of the legislative
committee on charitable and penal institutions
for the fiscal year 1S98: !
To the General Assembly: M
Gentlemen: The committee appoint- |
ed at the last session of the general as- *
sembly to examine the books, accounts
and vouchers of the penal and cbarit
able institutions of the Stale, beg leave
to make the following report:
INSTITUTION Foil T1IK DEAF ANI) BLIND.
Your comiiiittco -.wis highly pleased }
with the magnificent management cf' f
this institution. We were kindly shown
through the various dr part merits by
Superintend* ut Walker. We realize 3
the need, ar?*i recommend an appropria- I
tion by your honorable body of $3,000
for the purpi'-c of erecting and ctjuipping
briek building for the mechanical 3
department. A new building for the I
colored department is also badly needed.
but on account of the depressed conniMioriK
df our tax- 3
U1UULI Ui a lai^'v ii?wjv4?v
pavers, we leave this matter for your ; 1
due consideration, without any special
recommendation on our part. The
books and vouchers are neatly and cor- 3
rectlv kept, and we feel that too much 1
cannot be said in praise of Superintendent
Walker aud his able corps of assistants
in their work to promote the hap- )
piness of this unfortunate class of our I
population. With an average attendance
of about 153,/if we remember cor_
rectly, the appropriation for this insti- 3
tution is judiciously and economically 1
spent, as the following statement of re;?n<3
disbursements will sho?v:
RECEIPTS. 3
Cash on hand Jun. i, 1S9S? I
support fund $ 830.19
Cash on hand Jan. 1, 1898?
' repair fund 287.77 3
wk?_ Appropriation for 1898 for I
maintenance 19,000.00
Received from other sources_ 239 31
S20.377.27 3
DISBURSEMENTS,
For maintenance?Jan ?1,807.97
For maintenance?Feb 1,809.09
For maintenance?March.... 1.772.S5 3
For maintenance?April i.?-?.p<
For maintenance?M= y 1,751.35
For maintenance?June
For maintenance?July ~- 1
For maintenance?Aug 592.3? 1
For maintenance?Sept 1,074.60
For maintenance?Oct *2,091.-0
For maintenance?Nov 2,500.&6
For maintenance?Dec 1,975.34 1
vpnnirs ? b^.<<
Total amount of disburse
ments $10,782.99
Gash on hand 484.28
$20^377.27 1
PENITENTIARY.
We found the prisoners well cared
for. The sanitary arrangements of this
institution are most excellent for an ^
institution of this kind. The young ,
convicfs are kept separate from the j.1
older ones at night, which your com- J
mittee was pleased to note. We vHted
the State farms and found them in excellent
condition.
The following improvements have
been made on the l\eid farm during the
year 1898: Depot warehouse, wagon
and grain house, commissary building,
house for trusty convicts, smoke house,
blacksmith shop and furnaces, cattle
Ko cKoji fnr milk cows, sin house
and engine room?, saw mill sheds, two F
engines and boilers supplied, two gins, o:
one press, one thresher of 3,000 bush- t?'
els capacity per day, one reaper and T
binder, and other minor improvements. 0
A large amount of corn and peayine tl
hay was made on all the farms; and we b
are pleased to learn that the superin- ir
tendent and directors have decided to a<
plant a still larger acreage in food S
crops. "We found the mules in fine ir
condition. The Reid farm managers F
has a considerable number of line hogs a1
and a large number of cows. We sug- r<
gest that a greater number of hogs be m
raised on ail the State farms. d
We found the stockade on the Lex- Q
ington farm m a dilapidated couuituu, xr
and recommend that a new one be built, pi
We find some accounts due this institution
for convict hire unpaid, and sug
gest that they be collected as soon as
possible.
The receipts and disbursements for s|
the year 1898 are as follows: ,
RECEIPTS. u.:
January i? 0,714.14 ,C3
February 7.949.12 r
Marc 4.499.15 "
April 3.043.33
May 9.504.04 **
June 2,591.30 g
July 4.074.93 ?
August 3,134.11 ?
September 4.070.98
" October 7,942.16 ^
November 3.397.31 ^
December 11,391.91
Balance from 1897 1.097.43 ^
Total $70,009.91 ^
The following statement will show tj
from what source the above amounts
were derived:
Convict hire $43.57(5.45
Sale of farm produce 16.154.26
Sale of sundries 2.074.64 ei
Sundries, rent of water pow- K
er, dieting prisoners, etc.. G.207.12 w
Balance from 1S97 1.097.43 st
Total 7*70.009.91
DISBURSEMENTS. *<
January > 7.366.03 S.
February 5,340.77 Z?
March 4.3S0.96 tc
April 3.500.13 y5May
7.093.56
T,,r"* 3.965.76!St
July 6,822.96 Iw
Augu^ 3,005.55 i m
Septetuber 4.193.65 P]
October 7.96(1.50 J
November 2,625.78
December 8,853.82 I C
Total $05,205.47
Balance brought forward to t *
Jan. 1, 1S99: 4,804.44 j Ui
In checking the vouchers, we found .
,the following errors: No. 16, for the .
month of June. Keid farm, $10in favor CJ
of the State: No. 28. for the month of ^
October, lieid farm, *1 in favor of the
State; No. 19, for the month of Decern*
her. 46 cents against the State: Xo. 11.
for the month of December, error in
v posting looks. 820 against the State:
Xo. 16. for June. .">0 cents against the
State. ,t
, " We found the books and vouchers j "
neat!v and conveniently kept. *
STATE HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE.
Your committee found this institu- a
tion in a highly satisfactory condition. V
The books and vouchers are well kept. t]
In the disbursements of over $100,000, ?
we found only one small mistake. ?
voucher Xo. 4. for the month of Janu- r<
te ^ isA rv
ii ? ' 'fWra?a? irf"'l i
? *
ry. 20 cems figarost the State. We
ote with pleasure that the per capita
xpense ,'o) last year was less than has
ver been in the history of the institution,
and a great deal less than any
imilar institution in the United States,
'he Parker building is about complet
d. at quite an economical cost. The
logs, cows and farm are all in a most
xcellcnt condition.
A 51 Of NT or RECEIPTS.
Appropriation for support..$100,000.00
Appropriation for negr >
men's building 13.52().S0
Appropriation for insurance,
3 years (5,000.0(1
Appropriation for regents, 1.000.0C
)verdraft, regents accounts.
returned 64.2C
Appropriation to meet
Nicholson notes 4,920.CC
ic-eeipt* from pay patients <>,13").1-J
* ' ? 1 1Q1TO
Receipts irom saies 'cceipts
from insurance on
barn .J:9.9!?:
Total $134,832.1)1;
DISBURSEMENTS FOK IS98.
January.
tlouthly reports.8 6.977.37
Payroll 3,320.45
?10,297.85
February.
'Iontiily reports.$10.0G<! r?0
'ay roll 3,337.05
13,404. K
March.
'lontlily reports.5=13.021.79
'ay roll 3.375.35
? 16,397.14
April.
lontbly reports.* (!,270.68
V roll 3,354.80
9,625.45
May.
IoDtlily reports.$ 5,704.50
'av roll 3,268 94
8,973.5(
June.
IoDthly reports.$ 5.033.13
*ay roll 3.285.32
8,378.4;
July.
loathly reports.$ 5,120.00
oaa net
'ay roll 3..3vu.u.s
? 8,400.2:"
August.
lonthly reports.$ 6.105.28
*ay roll 3,177.75
? 9,283.01September.
lonthly reports. $ 6.523.35
*ay roll ? 190.45
$ 9,713.80
October.
lonthly reports. .$6,364 53
ay roll 3,280 40
9,644 92
November.
lonthly reports. .$5,263 40
>ay roll 3,406 62
S.6T0 02
December.
lonthly reports. .$6,087 92
'ay roll 3,37177
? 9,459 69
"otal amount of scheduled
bills $122,18823
'ayment interest on Nicholson
notes not scheduled.. 4,480 00
t-T.oor _q 17<) n
/eucit tit uegmuiufc, ui
$129,8-17 34
Jalance on hand at'the end
of the year 4,985 35
$134,82:2 69
We desire to express our appreciaion
to the officers of the various instiutions
for this assistance and courjsies
shovrn the committee in the perarmance
of their duties.
KeFpectfullv submitted.
W. E. Love.
On the part of the Senate.
L. K. Sturkie,
G. L. Toole,
On part of the-House.
4c. Cotton Makes 4c. Prices.
Xot o~ly on Provisions, Clothing,
uraiture-and all the actual necessaries
f living, but as well on thiDgs apperlining
t: our enjoyment and culture,
'his :s specially true as to Pianos and
rgans. Wise Manufacturers realize
lat in these close times prices must
e exceedingly low, and they are meetig
the emergency. Notice the latest
Ivertisement of Ludden & Bates
outhero Music House. Savannah, Ga.,
1 this issue., and write them for their
our Cents Prices. This is a widewake-never-get-left
ana thoroughly
iliable house, whose offers always
iean just -what they say. It costs
othing to write Ludden & Bates for
atalogues, Prices and Easy Installtent
Terms, which they send with
leasure.
Old Tom MackeyA
dispatch from Charleston TV. Va.,
T 3 ?. ^TkA??Aa TAffA*?r?AT> ATOAI-OV
lys: o uuge iuuuia."' ncutijuu ,
ie South Carolina jurist, who was inicted
at the November term of the
ircuit court in this county on the
iiarge of bigamy, left here this mornlg
in company with Deputy Sheriff
. C. Young and his counsel, Cleon
foore. for M-rtiasburg. W. Va., where
e was admitted to bail before Judge
aulkner. He married Miss Katherine
orterfield, daughter of Col. Gr. A.
Orterfield, cashier of the Bank of
harleston. in July last, and a few
eeks afrer a woman claiming to be his
wful wife turned up in New York.
... ? . y . 1 1
he sued hira lor a divorce, wmcn nas
eca granted in that place, and now he
ill be remarried to Miss Porterfield,
iq license having been issued Friday.
Killed by Robbers.
A dispatch from Havana says Fransco
Godoy. Ramon Cabbelt and Jose
igeno Perez, three Spanish soldiers,
ere arrested at the Regia Railway
ation Thursday as they got off a train
om Matanzas. The prisoners are
,'cused of murdering and robbing a
panish major of guerrillas at Matanls.
Information of the crime was
:legraphed to Havana and officers
ere sent to Regia to watch the incomig
trains. When the prisoners were
lurched at police headquarters S3,000
as found in their possession. This
onev is supposed to have been the
roceeds ot tue roooery.
3Ir. James M. Smith of Columbia, S
writes: Pear Sir?It zivos me
eat pleasure to say that tne Uid
ortn State Ointment bought of you
xz tntirely cured me of eczema when
rerything I had used previously failed
) giye any relief. It is a great mediae.
and I would not be without it in
y house. I use it for almost everyling,
where any medicine is needed,
id have gotten the best of results
rery time. Respectfully,
JamesM. Smith.
Where Oh. Where?
The Springfield Republican says:
Ex-Pension Commissioner Corporal
'anner is in favor of opening the sellers*
homes to Confederate veterans,
nd the St. Paul Pioneer Press Is free
) say thai the north went too far in ra
Ifying the 15th amendment and giviDg
tie ballot to the negro! Where is the
lack man likely to be fennd \7h->n the
^conciliation is complete?"
?
- ....... _? ' ' ~ ' ' ''' . "*
fccriiirr-xiini^ IM J I[
THE PHOSPHATES.
Siate Inspector Jones Makes His
! Annual Report.
. |
i davai tv dain m tuc qtatf
| r\v/i ali i ? m u w i ib. w m
' j The Industry Has Improved a
1 Little. Full Facts and
1 Figures About the Phosi
&
phate Funds.
i
The following is the annual report of
' me ^caie pnospnau; juspeciui.
; To llis Excellency W. H. Ellcrbe.governor,
and chairman board of phos!
phatc comuissioners:
I Sir: I have the honor to submit this
my annual report as State phosphate
inspector for the iiscal year ending December
31st, 1898.
The condition of the State's phosphate
industry January 1, 1898, was
far from encouraging. The mining
plants of all the large companies had
? 1 ' 1 ?* I. a
been ciosea uown, wuu uiw: citcpuuu
of the Beaufort Phosphate company.
' The pnco of rock was about the cost of
production, and sales were hard to effect.
About February 1st, the situation
improved, and there was a demand
' for our river rock. This demand has
since continued at advancing prices,
and our shipments would have exceed.
ed last year but for the advance in
> ocean freights, caused by the enormous
shipr?euts of cereals and the war with
nf hot air dried river
rock on January 1st, 1898, was two to
two dollars and twenty-five cents per
ton, f. o. b. On December 1st, 1898, one
of our companies refused an offer of
two dollars and sixty-five cents per ton
' f. o. b.
COMPANIES RESUME.
/
The Coosaw company resumed min<
iDg operations during the month of February.
The Central Phosphate company
(successors to the Farmers' Mining
company), resumed work about
! April lsf.
STORMS OF 1898.
A.,* nnoct TH9a 9 cr?l 1 n SWPnt bv tWO
VUi V-UttOV *? M.O ? ^ ^
I disastrous storms, on the 28th of Au
gust, and October 2d, doiDg great
damage to the mining fleet. The Beaufort
Phosphate company were the hea>
viest sufferers. Their two dredges,
"Oglethorpe" and "Tomocheechee,"
were badly wrecked; their hands picking
flats were blown- ashore and damag;
ed. The dredges were towed to Savannah
for repairs. Little mining was
done by this company in September and
none in October. The loss in produci
tion to the several companies on account
of the storms would aggregate
; about 8,000 tons. To this add the loss
* 1 *? - * rtAmnonr?
I id production 01 vv/iu^aiuj
i during January and part of February,
say 6,000 tons, together with the Farm.
ers Mining company's plant for Janua.
ry, February and March say 10,000
tons, and we have an unavoidable ag,
gregate loss of about 25.000 tons during
the year, But even with this loss the
i production of the State's mines shows
a gratifying increase of 23,002 tons
over last year, 1898, as the following
statement of operations for the year
will show:
OPERATIONS FOR THE TEAR.
Tons.
The total number of tons, of
rock mined during the year
snding December 31, 1898,
is 99,315
A c otfroin t la?if vAar 76,313
Increase in production 23,002
The total number of tons of
rock on hand December 31,
1898. is 33,015
As against last year, 1897^... 26,659
Increase of rock on haud of.. 5,356
SHIPMENTS.
Tons.
The total number of tons of
rock shipped during the
year ending December 31,
1898 94,098 24
Against last year. 1897 95,237
A decrease in shipments of.. 1.138 76
Of the rock shipped or sent to
market there have been
shipped:
To foreign ports 64,174 50
Coastwise ports |11,761
Charleston and Beaufort. 718,162 74
Total shipments 94 098 24
ROYAMTIES.
The amount of royalty due the
~ - l
State for the year enaing
Dec. 31 is $25,179 SI
The detailed amount of royalties
is as follows:
Royalties.
*The Coosaw company on
> e e aat *
smpmeot qi u,o^ij. tuu: ov
cents $ 5,310 50
The Coosaw company on ship
ment of 2S,780 tons at 25
cents 7,19500
The Beaufort Phosphate company
on shipment of 15.836
50-100 tons at 25 cents 8,97102
The Empire Mining company
on shipment of 1,918 tons
nt . 479 50
James Reid, by Thomas Talbird,
State's attorney, on
shipment of 169.74-100 tons
at 25 cents 42 44
Receiver for Farmers' Mining
company on shipment of
O A A Q f of <?Artf o *
O, TTl/ tUUO li Li VVU wo . . . . ? ? ?
Total royalty on shipment of
' 04,098.24-100 tons. $25,179 SI
*The 6,621 tons shipped by the Coosaw
company at 50 cents per ton was
the balance of the rock on hand April
1st, as estimated by the company. See
report:
TIIE FARMERS' MIXING COMPANY.
Statement of royalty account:
Oct. 16, 1897. To balance
doe the State - $10,38400
To be accounted for by receiver
ef Federal court.
November, 1897. To
2,411 tons shipped
at 25 cents per ton. $600 25
Year IS98. To 3.449 .
tons shipped at 25
cents per ton .... 862.25 1,462 50
Total royalty due $11,846 50
A Very Sad Case.
Hn Tnac/lar mnrninc nf last; week
Mrs. Waring, of Georgetown, who has
been stopping at the Nixon house at
Sumter, S. C., was found in an unconcious
condition in her room by the
chambermaid. At a glance it was seen
that something unusual was the matter,
and a physician was summoned
immediately. She told the doctors
that she did not want to live and there
is no doubt that she fully intended to
end her life. A letter was found in
her room asking thatN. S- Gibson, of
Florence, and5lr. Waring, of Georgetown,
be notified of her death.
-rirV in 11 rT " i i-i - "
NEW PENSION ROLL
! How It Is to be Made Out and
by Whom.
I
I AN INTERESTING DOCUMENT
What Names are to be Stricken
From the Rolls and those
Who Are to be
Added.
The Comptroller General lias issued
the following instructions for the guidance
of township and county boards of
pensions, as authorized by an Act with
reference to pensions, approved March
S. and Act ameuded thereby:
The pension boards as organized in
1897 will meet as required by law on
the third Monday in January, at a convenient
place in each township, for the
purpose of examining the township
rolls of their respective townships, and
for pasMng upon any new applications
for pensions. All new applicants fur
pensions must appear in person before
township boards. Said applications
must have the approval of the township
and county boards before the tate
board can approve. The township
boards may drop from the roll of pen
31UWL10 uauiv. vi uaiuuo kji a.U^> |/a.i CJ>
or parties which, in their judgment are
uot entitled to a pension under the law
giving the reason therefor in writing,
and also erase the names of those whom
they know to be dead. They may add
to the roll only such names of new applicants
as may file applications. Those
already on the pension roll need not
prepare nor file new applications.
- in new applications nut prupynj
and correctly filed in eaoh particular,
although approved by township and
county boards, will be disapproved by
the State bo*-rd. The county boards
are requested not to forward to the
State Board the name of any pensioners
disapproved by the township or county
boards. Complete county and. township
lists as approv (1 for 1S97 are herewith
sent to the township boards, from
which they are expected to make up the
list of those to be continued on the roll;
the same will be handed to the county
board for their approval.
m l .1 J _ *11
jLOwnsnip ana county Doarus win notice
that the law provides three classes,
?A;" "B" and ;'C." (with five sub-divisions
of ciass '"C,") as follows:
Class A.?Those who have lost both
hands, or both legs, or both eyes,
or whose absolute disabilities arising
from wounds are equivalent to the less
of either, and whose income does not
exceed $250. This does not include
soldiers whose disabilities arise from
diseases or causes arising since the
war.
Class B.?Those who have iost one
arm or one leg, or whose disabilities
from wounds are ecpiivalent to the loss
of an arm or a leg, and whose income
does not exceed $250.
Class C?(No. I.)?Those soldiers
and sailors disabled by wounds, but not
sufficient to be placed in Class B.
whose incomes do not exceed .$250.
Class C?(No 2.)?Those who have
reached the age of (JO years and whose
incomes do not exceed $100.
Class C? (No 3.)?Widows of those
who lost their lives while in the service
of the State or Confederate States, and
whose incsmes do not exceed $250.
Class C?No 4.)?Widows above the
age of 60 years, whose incomes do not
exeeed ?100.
Class C?(No. 5.(?Widows of pen
sioners. This class is not mentioned in
the printed Acts sent out, but by the
Act approved 9tL December, 1891.
Blanks for the reports of township
and county boards in accord with these
classes and sub-divisions have been
prepared and will be mailed to auditors
for distribution among the boards.
Class A gets $6 per month, or $72, and
will be paid this amount; Class B, $4
per month or 48; and Class C, with each
of its sub divisions. $3 Der month, or
$36. AFter Class A shall have been
paid the balance will be pro rated be'tween
B and C on the basis of $4 to $3.
This money will be sent to tne clerks
of court as heretofore, as has been provided
in the Appropriation Acts cach
year, and will be sent just as soon as
the roll for the State can be corrected
and verified.
Township boards cannot be too careful
in these matters of "income" and
"physical condition " It is a very p)or
man whose gross income from labor,
rent, and other sources, does not exceed
$100, or poor lands, if any, which
will not produce this amount gross.
^ */% iinn. si 1 flO in
rruperwy SUILWCUU IU yiw
a plicant's or his wife's name debars
him or her. Where soldiero or widows
dispose of their property by giving or
selling to their chi'dren they are debarred
from receiving a pension.
The question of service to the State
in connecting -with the various classes
of reserves tailed into the service of the
State just at the close of the war will
depend roueh upon the evidence submitted
to the State board. When real
service was rendered the pension should
be allowe . Any citizen of the State,
over 60 years of age, and otherwise
qualified, is as much entitled to a pen '
' i i j
sion as tnat ciass 01 ner gyuu ciuwus
who merely met aad organized on call
without real service to the State.
Please note very carefully the follow'ng:
Let township ar.d county boards
act promptly and fairly, giving full information
with complete reports by
township for cach county, writiug
names full aud clear, with particulars
for approving or disapproving in each
case. Township boards must nrst approve
or disapprove, in writing, each
new application, and then county boards
and afterwards the Stale board. In
making reports to county boards township
boards' reports should be signed
by each member.
D. A. To npkins,
Seeretarv of State.
W. A. Barber.
Comptroller General.
L. P. Epton,
Attorney General.
State Board of Pensions.
Attest: Kate F. Maker,
Pension Clerk.
A Desperate Hegro.
A special from Selma, Ala., says:
Sheriff Joseph Lumpkin, of Dallas
county, was shot three time3 last night
by Charlie Nelson, a negro who he was
trying to arrest. Nelson had been in
jail, charged with shooting a man some
time ago. The negro broke jail, after
overpowering the jailor, and officers
have been searching for him. Last
night the officers surrounded a house in
which Nelson was located and attempted
his arrest. He opened fire on the
officers,- and the sheriff was hit three
times. jS'trae of the wounds are thought
to be dangerous. The Negro escaped.
&;
/
6
| ~~ farming is THE SOUTH.
I A Laudable Enterprise on the Part of
the Atlanta Journal.
The Atlanta Journal of "Wednesday
! Iioc on An tkn cifnotiAn a? f Via
i iiu>j au ui li^iv uti iav ji bua vivu vi luv
j farmer, from which we clip the followi
iag:
"The farmer, as Sam Jones says, is
in the middle of t.vo bad fires. Ht i*
between var} ing conditions of nature,
which he cannot control and the caprice
of the markets, whick is beyond the
comprehension or control of human
beings. A prominent man said that it
is harder to run a farm than a business
establishment with the same capital iivolveil.
Business principles are well
established and comparatively simple.
The conditions that control the result
of farming are complex and ever changing,
never exactly alike two years in
succession. Yet, difficult as it is, the
nrobleu of the farmer's success must
be solved. Upon it the prosperity of
all classes depends, and in the business
itself a large majority of the people fo
the south are directly engaged. This
question is worthy of the earnest and
sympathetic study of all classes, and no
one is without a personal interest in the
subject.
With this view of the situation The
Journal has instituted a searching investigation
into the condition of agriculture
in Georgia aDd the south. The
services of an experienced agriculturist
have been engaged, and the counsel of
manv mnrp will he sought and laid be
fore the public. Leading farmers in
every county in Georgia will be consulted
and the best informed agriculturists
in other states will be brought into the
discussion. What is needed is the
practical suggestions of experienced
and successful men and in the multitude
of such counsel wisdom will be
found. The journal earnestly invites
| the attention of all thinking men, par
ticularlyof men experienced in agriculture,
to the solution of this problem,
which is the greatest before the people
of this section for solution. Concise
and pithy communications on this subject
by experienced and practical farmers
are invited." ,
This is a subject in which every body
has a deep interest in common with the
farmer. And as the Journal says, there
is more advice dumped upon them than
upon any other class of people. And
theories do no good. The reform must
come from' the farmers themselves,
from within outward, and not from the
outside. The investigation proposed
will get facts which we believe, will
stimulate thought and action among
the farmers and do good.
Free Delivery on FarmsCongressman
Stokes has introduced
a very important and practical bill in
the House providing for free delivery
of mail on the farms The title of the
bill is: "A bill to extend free delivery
of mail along star routes." Undents
terms all future contracts for carrying
mail on star routes will include this increased
service.
The star route contractor will have
this in mind when he puts in his bid.
The additional service will be slight,
the additional cost to the government
correspondingly slight, but the benefit
to the people will be very great. Carriers,
as a general thing, deliver mail
now along the line of their route by
private contract for $1 or less per annum,
to each family served. Of course,
taking it. in gross for everybody it could
be done for less still than for a few.
It is confidently expected, howeTer3
that instead of such serrice as is provided
in this bill being a ?harg? upon
the government it would be a iour?e of
revenue. That has been the hiitory of
11 ?;i m.
an increases ox imtu iwiimss iu wc
past. The incre*ed eost of the service
has invariably been more than offset
by the increased revenue incident
to better facilities.
This bill of Dr. Stoke* provides that
mail boxei shall be placed along the
star routes on the roadside, and for convenience,
numbered consecutively from
the initial point of the route. Those
mail dp-nnnitad in th?se 1
UV/OHlU& ?-X- r
boxes will leave with the nearest post- j
master od each side of them a written ,
request for delivery of their mail to the j
carrier, designating the number of the
bos in which it is to be deposited, and
thereupon it becomes the duty, of the
carrier to deposit said mail in the box
without charge to the addressee.
Thus every person living on or near a j
star route would get his mail erery time
the carrier passed without expense or I
loss oI time in going to the postoffice.
It is easy to see that my multiplication |
of the star routes, radiating from the
~ -- 1 ^ 1 ynr, /I nfllMO Tflrv AATl I
social lamvau vimvvuj ? ? ~
and effective free delivery system could i
be realized?one that there is every j
reason to expect would become at once
selfsustaining.
For the present, the people who get !
this service would hav? to furnish their
own boxes, but the bill contemplates
that ultimately these shall ba furuished
by the government, if the service justifies
it. The cost ia large numbera
would be small to the government; but
that is what is being done in many of
the city districts, says Congressman
Stokes, and :'I am in this asking only
that the country residents be fed out of
the same spoon that the government
uses to dish out benefits to our eity
cousins."
Dr. Stokes does not offer this bill as a
substitute foi the free rural delivery
with which he has been prominently
identified in the past, but as a supplemental
proposition-a sort of transition
stage. A general system of rural free
delivery is bound to come in the evolution
of our postal system. It may be
in the form already inaugurated here
j and there throughout the United States,
or it may be through some modification
of this star route system, or it may be
through a system of postal wagons radiating
from several railroad offices. Bui
whatever may be its final form, as approved
by experiment, it will be a permanent
system and will b? self-iuiiaining.
The plan saggested it now b?in{ successfully
worked in this and all th?
other counties of the State on a small
scale arid we see no reason why it could
not be made general and work equally
as well. We believe that Dr. Stokes'
bill will solve the free rural mail delivery
problem, and that in a short time
it will be in general use on every star
route in the country. We hope the bill
will be speedily passed by Congress,
and the experiment of delivering mail
free on the farms will be tried at once,
If the soldiers in Spain's Cuban
armies knew what was good for them
they would remain on the island, beat
their swords into pruning-hooks and
grow up with the country. There is
plenty of room for them there, and
the tropical sun might in a generation
or two roast the most virulent of theii
Peninsular qualities out of them. Il
ripens the spirit of insular patriotism
as it does bananas, with extraordinary
rapidity, and they would become good
I and loyal Cubans almost before they
; knew it.
ir ' ii "-"-Yii -?ft?
_C200SlN(F BRIDESMAIDS. j
Prospective Brides Should Select j
Girls Who Walk Well with Gracefnlly-I'oised
Heads.
"In selecting- bridesmaids,"-said she
of the emerald and diamond ring to the
New York Commercial Advertiser
writer, "it is not- beauty that counts
so much as style and carriage. Mosi
brides take a great deal of pride in
ihcir bridesmaids' costumes and want
them to show to the best advantage.
It is very important that a bridesmaid
should walk well. The \ adding
marches are more suited to grand opera
stages than church aisles, and while
Elsa's or Lucia's attendants can walk
ia gracefully to sucn music, tne mosi
graceful of girls is apt to sway and fal;er
Trying to keep time and step with j
11 e same strains. I've watched bridal
processions and I've seen radiantly
pretty girls lose all effect of their good
looks by a hobbling- walk. A brides- .
maid should glide, not limp or hop.
The beauty of a faultless frock and the
stateliness of a picture hat vanish when
the wearer is awkward and obviously
?!'. at ease. The bride herself is helped
by her long train, her drooping head
and the leaning on her father's arm before
and on her husband's after the ceremony,
but the bridesmaid wears a
short gown, carries her head erect, j
walks up and down beside another
girl, and. so has her own grace aione
to depend upon. A girl who walks well,
whose head is wel]-poised on her shoulders
and whose hair arranges well ,
makes a good appearance as a brides- '
maid, and?well, all mine are like that."
COWARDLY SPANIARDS. ]
]
The Dlaplcable Conduct of the Viz- (
coya'i Cre*v at the Battle
of Santiago.
The contrast between the two nations ,
stands out very clearly in connection
with the Vizcaya, says Ira Xelson Hollis
in the Atlantic. The torpedo boat Ericsson
ran close alongside o uer, and sent
a small boat to take oft all that were 4
1 - - . - - , - . ? ,
alive oi iier crew, a lew ooats irom tnc j
Iowa assisted. The Vizcaya was on fire ?
fore and aft; the ammunition on board ]
was exploding, and the guns that had t
been left loaded were going off one af tor ,
another in the intense heat, to say notli- j
ing of the proximity of the shore. The ]
position of the little craft has been de- \
scribed as perilous in the extreme. Ou r (
UiCU 1 1J 'VO * * " help
their fa'^cn enemy; but no sooner c
were the Spaniards transferred to the (
deck of the ?ricsson than they urged ,
immediate withdrawal without regard ^
to their comrades who had been left i
behind. To the honor of our navy, t
Lieut. Ushur remained until every liv- t
ing being bad been rescued from the <
burning ship. A similar scene was en
acted around the two torpedo boat de- 1
stroycrs. It was a case of mad panic
on the one side, and of perfect coolness ;
on the other. One officer of the Viz- t
caya afterward stated on board the ;
Iowa that they were obliged to close the t
gun ports on the disengaged side of the i
sliip, to prevent the men from jumping i
overboard rather than face the Ameri- l
can gun fire. j
CRIMES OF COOLIES. \
f
T)i# vpfl Mnr>trnl Aro an Pntu
nlnff as Foxes and as Covr- A
ardly as Wolves. j
i
They are a queer crowd, these coolies, s
whether on land or sea, says the Lud- ^
g-ate Magazine. Cunning as foxes and t
:owardly as wolves, they resemble the
pariah dogs of their own cities in point
of inability to hunt any prey save in
packs. I heard of an instance where (
a gang of them, employed as navvies
Ji the cutting of a railway, killed their
overseer with shovels and fled into the
bush. Nobody was ever hanged for the
:rimc, because some 40 of them were in ?
^t?and that would have been rather a j
iarga consignment to condemn, even j
in the far east, where human life is so s
jheap. c
There are 230,000 Chinese in Bang- ?
kok alone, and they do not appeal to $
me's cordial emotions?very much the v
iontrary. And should this catch the p
;ye of any intending visitor to the far
east, I would urge upon him the un- f
wisdom of venturing to spend a night r
on a Chinese junk without so much as
a revolver to defend himself with. Oc- s
2asionally a European is discovered by 0
the marine police floating on the wa- v
ter with his throat cut. In such a case
it is highly probable that he had been D
foolhardy, as I was. But different peo- a
pie are born to different ends, and the j
Chinese contempt of the European is
frequently justified by facts. n
* f:
TALLEST IN THE MORNING, s:
0
By Evening Most People Have Strnnk
Half an Inch?How Men Get
Into the Army. I*
"The singular fact that people are r,
about half an inch taller in the morning t]
than they are in the afternoon has en- b
abled many a fellow to slip into the
army," said an officer who has seen a o
gcod deal of recruiting service. ''Time
end again when the examinations were
being conducted at a tolerably early
hour men have been passed in my pres- b
ence who were barely up to the regula- 1^
tion height, in fact, they were under ?>
it a shade, and the thickness cf a card- If
board would have resulted in throwing tl
them out. I am perfectly confident i1
that if these same men had been re
measured just beiore taps m me evening
they -would have fallen so far short
that they would never by any possibility
have been accepetd. I have heard n
it said that a man can put nearly an .
inch in his height by staying in bed
for a couple of days and meanwhile taking
several hot baths, but I have never
seen the thing tried. The average morniog
and evening variation I have found w
by a good deal of experimenting- on w
myself and others to be a little less than ic
half an inch." b
| j
A col ored debating society in Jones j
precinct had this weighty subject un- *
I der discussion the other night: "Which 2
is the most useful, the sun or the ?
moon?" After considerable wrangling s
?n both sides, during which they waxed ;
warm and eloquent, the judge, an old 2
Negro, promptly decided that the moon |
was the most useful, as it "shined at s
night when the people needed light, ;
while the sun, he only shined in the 2
daytime -when they could do without 5j
f." i
The Braadock, Pa., physician who is |
interested in statisticts of American jj
hero-worship finds that he has peronal- j
ly ushered into the world Sve Deweys. *
three Hobsons, one Schley and one ?
Miles, and in the households of his pa- . (jj
tients 20 dogs, 17 cats and 9 goats an- ?
swer to the names of the heroes of |
1898. |
The York Yeoman says if Tillman |
had done nothing out appoint Babcock |
superinsendent of the insane asylum, he a
would not have been governor in vain. |
"n? ie Ana a loo Oilier ot. I 8
JL/X* JLPCfrk/VsUVA xo vug \ja. vuv v-. M
peits in the United States on insanity, |
is a native South Carolinian and loves a
his Btate and the work for her poor nn- |
forfunates. t
' - ' x-- -:mm%
APPROPRIATED HIS CLOTHES
Bat the Soldiers Cave Them Back
and Cheered lor the Yoansr
Correspondent.
Here is one to the credit of Richard
Harding Davis. After the battle a
heavy traveling bag or trunk was found
with no owner at hand to claim it, says
n Nashville American correspondent.
Several negroes of the Tenth cavalry
regulars opened ft and found a variety
of fancy shirts, trousers, stockings and
such like. These they immediately confiscated
and began to bedeck themselves
with.
Shortly after Richard Harding Davis
came upon the scene from another part
<jf the field. He saw he had been despoiled,
but entered no complaint. An
Lllicer of the regiment, however, began
to make inquiries. He asked where
ihe clothes came from and was told.
Turning to Mr. Davis he inquired:
"Are these your clothes?" Mr. Davis
bowed in the affirmative. "Then, men.
. ou should be doubly ashamed of your
. onduct. You ?.ot only did wrong in
u,ening the trunk at all, but you have
nade a brave man your victim. When
^?J t In.
we were nrea upuu num aiu^uou
the Spaniards Davis here was right in
front of our column pointing out the
Spaniards for us to shoot at. A soldier
was shot down by his side. He
picked up the gun and began firing immediately.
He has just returned from
the pursuit. Take off those garments.
Mr. Davis, in behalf of my soldiers, I
ipologize for their thoughtless conduct."
There was a cheer given for Richard
[Jarding Davis, which the big, broadshouldered
war correspondent acknowledged
with a smile, and the incident
was ended.
IN THE ARCTIC CIRCLE.
The Possibilities Developed in the
Extreme Xorth in Late
Years.
The close of the century discloses for
!he first time in the world's history a
practical purpose to develop the reiourccs
of the Arctic circle, says Les
ie's Weekly. The discovery of gold in
:he Klondike has sent a flood of immigrants
into a territory which -was supposed
to be almost uninhabitable. And
sow scientists of Great Britain are makng
a careful investigation of enormous
leposits of iron ore, some distance from
Stockholm, Sweden, within the area in:luded
in the Arctic circle. These new
:>re fields are apparently of limitless
extent and of the greatest possible
alue to the iron industry of Great
Britain, which is rapidly finding itself
mable to compete with the cheap prodicts
of American ore. These Swedish
ieposita are said to be among the most
-aluable ever discovered on either con:inent.
Following tbe discovery 01 go:a u:
Alaska, this may be taken as an indica:ion
that the mineral wealth of the
\rctic regions ma}' ultimately lead to
he establishment of a large population
n those parts of the world nearest the
aorth pole, which have hitherto been
ittle explored, because of their inhos>itdble
climate. An ingenious philosopher
has outlined the theory that the
jrecious metals of the world will be
ound in greatest abundance in the
Arctic regions, because, when the world
vas a molton mass, revolving on its
ixis, the tendency of all metals was,
laturallv, toward the axis or the poles,
md that when the plastic mass solidiied
the gold and silver were concenrated
near the poles.
SNOBBISHNESS.
>ne Meet* It Everywhere?Not Confined
to Any One Set
of People.
A iadv living m an uniasmonaoie
itreet invited a gentleman of leisurely
ife to her home, because in her similicitv
she thought he seemed lonely,
ays an exchange. He came and at the
lose of the evening remarked to her:
I had no idea I should meet so many
!istinguished people at your house " his
oice unconsciously emphasizing the
ronoun. In a little book, "About PeoiTe,"
Mrs. Kate Gannett Wells gives the
ollowing instance of a lack of good
lanners:
"Snobbishness is not confined to one
et of people. Emphasized by fashion
r literary pretensions, it spreads from
illage to city. It exists in sardine facjries
and in palatial mansions; it is
let with at picnics and dances, as well
> at dinners or conversation parties,
"he link^ are close.
"One of Boston's oldest families gave
reception. Two scions of other old
umilies attended, to whom the host
aid: 'I'll introduce you to those ladies
pposite,' and he moved toward them.
" 'Excusc us,' said one of the men,
"U ~ In
uc muJca aic ui a pcuaum si>ic UJeauty;
it is hardly worth while.'
"The host bowed low in recognition
f their far-seeing power, adding: 'Yes,
jev are my nieccs from the country,
utl will not trouble yon.'
">'o apology would lie receive, though,
ne was eagerly offered."
Poor Drcsrs foisted on Japac.
Inferior and adulterated drugs have
een introduced into Japan in such,
lrge quantities that a law had to be
nacted to the effect that all drugs
mded in Japan must be inspected at
le government laboratories before beig
offered for sale.
Durable Clotli of Old Egrypt.
The cloth of the old Egyptians was soood
that, though it- has been used for
aousands of years as wrappings for
lummies, the Arabs of to-day can wear
. It is all of linen, the ancient Egypans
considering wool unclean.
Women Scarce In Egypt.
Egypt is the only country in the
orld where there are more men than
omen. The male sex in the dominm
of the lihedive exceeds the feminine*,
y 1G0.000.
H From Maker Direct io Purchaser. ^
| A Good I
I H
1 MdthiKhpV I
si inuiuujuva i
? Is always Good, always Reliable,
K always Satisfactory, always l?st- .IGtS.
|? ing. You talie no chance* in buy- KB
^ ft costs somewhat more than a
SC cheap, poor piano, but Is much the ;???
SB cheapest in the end. a??
jffi ^o other High Grade Piano sold so ,<g?
g reasonable. Factory prices to retail 985
w, buyers. Easy payments. Write ?*. &%)
| LUDDEN & BATES, jg
Savannah, a., and Sew York City* flgg
SiililSili
i Old North State Ointment.
j Tlie Old North State Ointment
is a medical wonder discovered
by Jasper Miller. It
cures Piles, Eczema, Carbuncles,
Boils, Inflammatory
Rheumatism, Corns, Bunions,
Sore Eyes, Sore Throat, Prickly
Heat and all skin diseases,
or money lefunded. Only 25
cents per box. The discovery
was a case of seeming necessi
... 1 l u i 1 ?
ty. BlS lit tie aaugmer uau a
fearful case of eczema of the
head and eyes, and it finally
got into the upper lip, causing
it to turn inside out. He had .
her treated by leadiDg?the
best?phys cians in Columbia
and Charlotte for nearly two
years, and the disease constantly
grew worse. He began
reading a standard medical
journal, and saw many
fhinorc rpp.r>ir)mended for eoze
VUAUg* v w -
ma, and went to wo k and
took of the many tilings and
compounded this uedical wonder,
Old North State Ointment,
and cured, in the case of this
little girl, one of the most
stubborn cases of eczema; after
which many other stubborn
diseases have been experimented
with and cared.
Cu hVrt. S ,-ceai'??r I, I3y7.
Mp Ja-'psr Miller, uiu-mta, S. t):
l>e tr Sir?A f'rseud? f ni ne bad ecz ?mi, in
S.v unah aod be h d iritM e?erjthing rfec>mmend?-d
t> him witbou- S.icc-'S. 1 ?eco
nmeu-led >ou -OH S-?rti Ointment
He use 1 o <t box, whiiti m? ? 4 complete
care ( uic-t pleasure i i reo'tna adiag it
to any ue s-ifferiug Torn eczeui* or *ny eKin
affec.ion. Yuurs truly, - G C B*c,t
c .? m.u Kf ail fwiern aid ruiz^i->t(j at 25
cea'a ptr box.
Take Care oi
Your Property.
Save money oy keeping yoar
Gins in thorough, repair.
You get better results
please the public
and save your ^
OWN TIME AND LABO&
Fourteen years practical experience
in the ELLIOTT GIN
SHOPS at Winnsboro'v 8. C.,
is a guarantee of good work.
Send your gius at once to
he undersigns d,
"I
YV.J. ELLIOT!. j
COLOMBIA, S. C
f-noated adiacent to the To
zer Engine Work Jnly27
GOME ffl-lK'in"
We will exhibit afc the State
Fair to be held here Nov,
13th to 19 th, in operation
a
j AOMPLETE HURRAYIIINXtNG
j Complete ItIctbray
I
System,
YSTEM
! ' '' iL
Bnilt by Liddell Co, Char!
lotte, N. C.
j This will afford all interested an op- 4
| portunity of seeing the most modern
; and simplest ginning machinery. Yon fl
| can't afford to miss it. * fl
W. H. G1BBBS & CO |
j Flour Mill
I Machinery.
! CONTRACT? TAKEN' TO VHRVrSfT COM
?PLETE EQUIPMENT FOB ?
Roller Floor Mills.
i
; ?REPRESENTING THE ?
i Bishmond City Mill Works,
; One of the largest nfouufactnrers ?
; Flour Mill Machinery ia the country,
! and having experienced Millwrights,
! I am prepared to build mills on ,
the most improved plans and at
. "prices to compete witn any one
in the trade. We guarantee *
the products of our mills to
equal the grades of the best
Western mills. Before
i placing your orders
write to me. ^
I also handle a complete line of Wood;
Working Machinery: Saw Mills, En
gincs aud Bcilera, Corn Mills and Ma-'
: chinery in general.
Having been established in business
i here for sixteen years. I have built up
I my trade by selling the very highest
cla<s of machinery, and atn in a barter
i; position to serve the interest of my
customers than ever before.
V. C. Badham,
1326 Main St. Columbia. S. C
Liquor, Morphine, Tobacco
USIXG PRODUCE A. DISEASED |
CONDITION" OF THE BRAIN
Which is easily cured at?
Vaolu Inotitllto !:6
I\UU1 J liiomuiu, Charleston, S. <J.
The Remedy builds up the systom in
every way, removiug permanently any
desire for Liquor or Dru^. All patients
are under the care of a skilled institute
physician who is a veteran jjraduite of
the cure and six years exclusively in ?J
Keely work. Write for literature. J
Large mansion. Steam heated. Large
piazza .
DoXKeely Institutes^ 1

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