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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 08, 1899, Image 1

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VOL. LI1I. WINNSBORO. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 8, 1899. NO. 27. j
v
gfc-TflE SCHOOL TAX."
The Senate Spends a Dav and
Night on It.
K NO EXTRA TO BE LEVIED.
But the Senate Ordered the
Apportionment of the Dispensary
Funds to
the Schools.
Senator Hay's bill to fix the terms of
the free public schools, to provide for
the support of the same and to regulate
^ the disbursement of moneys arising
^ from the sale of liquors, came up for
in the State senate Tues
WUlJAMVA M V* v? . _
day week. Senator Ilay .cavo a succinct
explanation of the objects of the
bill.
Senator Scarborough moved tr. adopt
the following substitute:
i_ Strike out all after the enacting words
and inseitthe following:
"Section 1. That from and after the
approval of this Act all revenue derived
^ from the sale of alcoholic liuuors in this
State, under the dispensary law. shall
be apportioned amoEg the various counties
of the State, for the benefit of the
common schools, in proportion to the
enrollment 01 pupias iu ?utu JV/UUUIO a ii
the respective counties: and all funds
derived from said dispensary law, not
already disbursed, shall be apportioned
in the same way.
"'Section-2. Such apportionment shall
be made by the Comptroller General,
and he shall draw his warrant upon the
* State Treasurer in favor of the county
f ~ treasurers of the respective counties
for the amounts apportioned to such
counties respectively. ?
Senator Brown, of Marion, offered an
amendment to make the term not less
than six months instead of three months.
l. He made an excellent presentment of
p- the mehts of his amendment.
T -1? C -^ i ^M l?vATrn co 1 ri
in conclusion ocuaiut ^
that the poor country districts will have
to rely upon the State for years to come.
'r The rich centres of wealth and population
will have to help. In a State like
ours they live upon and derive their
wealth from the country.
Senator Henderson stated that he
| was as zealous as any one else in the
matter of improving the common
schools, but the Constitution prevented
the Senate, at the outset, from originating
bills to raise revenues. But, besides
that, the people were now taxed
enough and could not afford to pay more
_ taxes. Besides the law provided that
in addition to the three-mill tax for
schools any school district could levy a
special tax for sctiool purposes and
therebv keep open the schoolsNipr an
L extra time. He hoped the bill would
be defeated.
I Senator Brown, of Marion, thought a
W half mill would be ali the additional
levy needed.
Senator Henderson suggested that
should the dispensary Iaw"be done away
with or the State go for prohibition the
Comptroller Geuerul would have the
r power, under the provisions of this bill,
to order the levy. lie opposed this.
Senator Brown, of Marion, thought
that in the circumstances there would
:
UK' iiU vujcv;tiuii.
Senator Ragsdale thought there would
be no objection. The people were al- j
ready taxed until they complained.
^ Senator Barnwell said he coald not
vote for Senator Hay's bill because he
was of opinion that it was unconstitutional.
and for the sains reason he was
opposed to Senator Scarborough's substitute
bill. The substitute was to dis '>?
tribute the funds and fix the term for
schools. It was a wise provision of the
Constitution that distributed the fund
-so tli3t the term ^.ould be the same all
over the State, and the poorer counties
would receive benefit from the rich. It
looked like nullifying the Constitution
to pass this bill.
v~ Senator Scarborough said he would
not go into the constitutionality of the
question. He did not think the provisionsof
the Constitution were mandatory
on the Legislature to fix a term for the j
> schools to run. He did not think it
Wild CApguicui iv laiot u. la.v **?, vju-W t*mv |
to support the schools for a definite period.
It was not because there was op*
position to free schools, but there was
suffering on account financial stringenk
cyW
Senator Kagsdale opposed the bill.
He also thought it uaconstuiional and
read from the Constitution the para
graphs affecting the question. The
Constitution did not authorize an apportionment
by enrollment, as proposed
? hv tliA siihsHtnte- The law said it
must be apportioned in aid of the supplementary
tax.
Senator Henderson said that the deficiency
had been paid up. The three
dollars per capita had been paid in, and
it vras now proposed to distribute the
fund.Senator
Walker said he yielded to no
cue in his desire to sec this State uplifted
by education. He thought that,
the unconstitutionality had nothing to
do with the case. He thought that one
jk. important point has been lost sight of.
He thought that this Legislature was
prohibited from levying the tax until
[ i he per capita tax was distributed. The
tax could not be levied unless there was
;i deficiency, lie thought the substib
t ate constitutional. Thejfinancial status
k the State is that such that the Senates
dare not do anything that would
increase taxes. The burden was now
heavy enough. 115: did not think there
""" v as any mandate that the term be fixed.
^ He thought the substitute covered the
Bfey* whole matter.
F Senator Henderson thought it would
Y' -.veil if the Senate would bear in
h..nd the constitutional argument in
connection with a little history. A
ir\v years ago Comptroller Uenentl Nor?,??>
rrkfncrnl f?m** 1-?-* o IAW nnrl
;,\Vait until the whole school fund is
in before making an additional levy."
and he acted wisely.
Senator Sheppard said that the legality
of the Comptroller's action was still
i in the Courts, and asked what would
1^ bo the effect if the Courts decided
L against the Comptroller?
H| Senator Henderson replied that the
gL Legislature can now prescribe how this
Hr money should be paid out.
^ Senator Mauldin said that as there
was such a difference of opinion between
the members of the legal fraternity he
moved to adjourn the debate.
?
Senator Mayfielu thought that all
could agree that if it was undertaken
to make a scheme to fix terms it would
be more difficult than the proposition
to distribute this fund.
Senator Scarborough moved to table
Senator 3Iauldin's motion to adjourn
the debate. His notion prevailed and
the debate was continued.
Senator Ha}* opposed the amendment
to make the term six months instead of
two. He favored amending the bill so
that the Superintendent of Education
ir/vn 1/1 f-A roriArt t.n tnp TjPtnslatiire
what deficiency existed, and then the
Legislature could provide for the deficiency.
Then the contention that bills
carrying revenues could not originate in
the Senate could be gotteu around.
Senator Archer thought that if it had
been a (juestion of dividing one hundred
thousand dollars among the common
schools it would not have taken
half an hour. lie thought the Scarborough
substitute all right and would
vote for it.
Senator Sheppard agreed with Senator
Barnwell. He thought the bill and
the substitute unconstitutional, and he
did not wish the General Assembly to
come in conflict with the Supreme
Court, for the Supreme Court generally
won. The last Legislature had already
decided what should be done with this
fund, and until he found out wJiether
this question was now before the Supreme
Court or not he could not vote
for the substitute.
Senator Kagsdale renewed his motion
to indefinitely postpone the bill.
By a vote of 29 to 8 the Senate refused
to postpone the bill.
Senator Scarborough moved to strike
out all but the enacting words of the bill
and the adoption of the substitute.
Yeas?Alexander, Archer. Blakeney,
Bowen, G. \V. Brown. Connor, Dean,
Dennis, Douglass, Glenn. Graydon,
Henderson, Hough. Love, Manning,
1*1 itJ> Ut?iU. kjiUiau, lvu.1 uvi v/uc,ii, kjvuii
land. Suddath. Sullivan. Walker and
Williams 24.
Nays?Aldrich, Appelt, Barnwell.
W. A. Brown. Gruber. llay. llderton.
Livingston, Marshall. Mauldin. Kagsdale,
Sheppard and Talbird?13.
Senator Gruber offered an amendment
that thereafter the public schools
of the State should be kept open for at
least six months in the year.
Senator Brown, of Marion, offered as
a substitute that when such apportion
- . ? i i
| ment could not Ueep open tne scnoois i
for six months that an additional levy
be made for that purpose.
Senator Scarborough moved to table.
Carried by a vote of 28 to S.
WILL NOT BOLT BRYAN.
Whoever the Candidate Tammany
Hall Will be Loyal.
Mr. Oliver H. P. Belmont's paper,
the New York Verdict, contained a significant
editorial last week. It declares
that, though ardently opposed to free
silver as an issue next year, Tammany
Hall will loyally support the candidate
and platform of the Democratic Party,
as it has always done heretofore. The
Verdict says on this point:
''If Bryan is named in 1000, Croker
will be for him: Tammany Hail will be
for him. Personally, Croker deems
high and well for Bryan. He holds
him a leader of breadth and force and
truth. Croker may differ from Bryan
on finance or' some other question of
I nnlifioc Kr?f lio Tlim 'wlinlp
respect. And if Bryan should again be
the choice of a national convention,
whoever else may fail him were he the
last in the lines, Bryan would have the
utter support of Croker to win his vie-,
tory. Croker never boited and he never
will. Tammany never bolted and
never will. They both stood for Cleveland
in '92, and that means that no man
no day. will ever come when either
m T_ J x
trover or xammany wiu De iounu outside
the ranks of the Democracy.
Croker is not tor silver. That need not
separate him from his party in 1000^-it
didn't in 1896.
Further, the Verdict hints at a
scheme of the deposed leader, Sheehan,
now out for silver, to set up a contesting
delegation to the next national convention,
and warns the Democracy of
the country to beware of the man.
Ex-Senator Hill, it is intimated, is
giving encouragement to the Sheehan
scheme, though Hill himself abandoned
Bryan at the last moment in the memorable
silver campaign. Concluding,
The Verdict says; "First and last, the
party interests lies in full reliance on
the Democracy that never yet failed the
national ticket: and it in no sort runs
with any Hill-led clique, who, without
party following or party force, speak
f<$r nobody stand for nothing but them
selves.
Passed the House.
A bill'with regard to trespassing on
land, which was passed by the House
on Tuesday, makes cntryon land, "after
notice by the owner or tenant prohibiting
the same," a misdemeanor, punishable
by a fine not exceeding one
hundred dollars, or imprisonment with
hard labor on the public works not exceeding
thirty days, and adds: "Provided,
that whenever any owner or
tenant of any land shall post a notice
in four conspicuous places on the holders
of any land prohibiting entry therein,
or shall publish once a week for
three successive weeks such notice in
any newspaper-(Circulating in the county
where such lands are situate, a proof
of the posting or publishing of such
notice within twelve months prior to
the entry shall be deemed and taken as
notice conclusive against the person
making the entry as aforesaid."
A Good Headsman.
The handiest man with the axe. in
this part oi the country is Mayor Myers.
of Savannah. On the second day
of his administration he hacked off the
j heads of an -jven dozen of city officials,
big and little, and then he paused to
catch his breath. IIow many more fatalities
there will be no one can tell,
but it is fair to assume that the Mayor
will not stop until he finishes the job.
He believes that "to the victors belong
the spoils.'" and he will not let any of
the spoiig. get away.
Powder Press Mill Explodes.
The press "lill of the Ohio Powder
company's, works, located about four
miles north of Youngstown. exploded I
shortly before noon, Wednesday killing
two employes. Evan Evans and Henry
Dams, aod totally demolishing the I
building and machinery. I
AGAINST ALLIANCE
Prominent Prohibitionists Urg
Their State Platform.
MUST RF wn CGMPROMISE
Members of the Legislature ar
Asked to Stand for Prohibition
Principle Against all
Opposition.
A number of prominent prohibitioi
ists have issued an address to the pr<
hibition members of the general assen
bly urging their support of a straigl
prohibition measure without an}* eon
promise or combination with local o|
tion forces. The first signer of the ai
j ; i. i
UICMS, It \>111 UU UUtlVVU. iO 11VMI. 4J. a
Childs, who was the prohibition lead<
in the legislature last session. It
said that the members of the gener;
assembly who are classei as prohib
tionists will stand together and suppoi
Mr. McCullough's bill or some siinik
measuie. There are thought to be n<
less than 30 prohibitionists in tli
house aud how many there are in tli
senate is not known.
rr\i IT 11
ine aaaress is as iouows;
To the Prohibition Members ?!' tli
General Assembly.
Gentlemen: Recent developments (
a desire and purpose on the part of tL
friends of the liquor traffic t<? draw v<>
into a false and inconsistent position t<
ward the issue now before the legisl:
ture and to divert your acknowledge
' . * . 1 ~ i i* ,1_
lutiuence in tnat Doay irom rue suj
port of prohibition to that of the 1
quor traffic, has impressed upon us tli
duty of given expression to our view
af the situation, for which we deem n
apology necessary.
We respectfully suggest tiiat wha
ever may be individual opinions on th;
subject, and however conscientious!
entertained, their correctness and v ain
in guiding loyal prohibitionists must L
determined by their agreement with th
platform of their convention as a bod
representing the prohibitionists of tli
State.
That convention in April last di:
tinctly announced its opposition t
everv form of liouor selling for beve:
age purposes and lo any legal sanetio
of such sales by dispensary, high 1
cense or any other agency.
U*x>n that platform its candidate
for State offices entered the campaig
and earnestly contesting the views c
those candidates representing the di:
pensary, local option and license, the
proclaimed as the doc-trifle of the pre
hibitionists that a prohibition law fc
the whole State was the only remed
for the evils of the liquor tramc.
Upon that issue the campaigo wa
fought and resulted in the elimioatio
of the local-option-high, licence ide
from the contest by a decisive vote c
the people in the first primary, an
their determination that the final cor
test should be between prohibition an
the dispensary.
The attitude of the prohibition car
didate throughout that campaign wa
one of unswerving devotion to prohib:
tion as a principle, and this, with th
high plane on which his canvass wa
conducted, called forth the grateful ac
miration'of his friends and forced froi
his opponents the highest commends
tions for himself and his cause.
In several counties members of th
general assembly were elected over * k
cal option license candidates becaus
of their adherance to the doctrine c
prohibition announced by the conveii
tion while in other counties, alsc
where no issue was made candidate
were elected whose views were know
to be in harmony, on this issue, wit
those annonnced by the convention
The number of these prohibitionists i
the general assembly is believed to b
sufficient to constitute the "balance
without which the dispensary cannc
be perpetuated nor license legislatio
sucured.
In this condition of affairs the advc
cates of license are making the mos
strenuous efforts to secure the coopers
tion of the prohibitionists in their el
fort to enact what they arc pleased t
call local option, to effect which thre
bills are now on their passage tliroug
the house. Plausible pleas are offere
by these local optioD advocates to ir
duce the friends of prohibition to foi
sake their principles and join with ther
in the inauguration of a system whic
they claim will be beneficial to all.
We do not propose to point out th
fallacy of this claim in theory and fac<
"We would briefly submit that whatcve
may be the benefits of local option whe
used as an agency for the deliverance c
a community from the curse of the li
quor traffic, these claims fail when it i
distinctly proposed for your support b
the friends of the liquor traffic, or th
opponents of prohibition, as a means c
securing the license of -the liquor trafrl
in certain counties of the State where i
dees not now exist and where it cannc
exist without your aid. This suppoi
is based on a temporising, temporar,
policy of expediency and necessarily ir
volves a compromise of your principle
as prohibition^It is the commer^it
me:hod of dealing with the traffic an
xirifl-* flirt t.r?^/linor
CUVUiU WC ivit I' ivu Hiu ~
cians who resort to it. It proposes t
set aside prohibition in the interest c
law-defying cliques and schemes and a
the opportune time, when it has d<
moralized the public sentiment to if
own plane, to offer it up as a sacrific
to the liquor Moloch and sprinkle it
blood upon all the high places wher
sin holds its carnival. It proposes t
ignore the eternal distinction betwee
right and wrong by endorsing wron
and legalizing it. It makes a majorit
vote the authority by which what i
declared a wrong in one county is mad
right in another, or what is iwrong j
one time in one county is maae njjnts
another time in the same county, i
proposes to grant the protection whicprohibition
of the liquor traffic may s?
cure to life, health and moral? in on
county, and by'the same means in th
adjacent county to grant the license t
individuals to invade the rights and sc
at naught the protection thus secured.
We regret the necessity which ha
been forced upon us of protesting thu
publicly against the advice of some c
our most prominent counsellors wh
favor an alliance with the friends c
the liquor traffic under the name of lc
cal option, but where our silence woul
1 be cenatrued as an approval of this al'
liance and used to 'promote it, we arc
j constrained by a sense of duty to ourj
selves and to the thousands of tayal
;e j prohibitionists who have put themselves
on reco. as opposed to the liquor tra|
file by local option or otherwise, to set
forth these views and earnestly urge
upon you not to lend your influence tc
any alliance with local option licensc
advocates in the general assembly in
securing legislation which must inevie
tably prove disastrous to prohibition
and fasten upon us the evils of a liquor
system for an indefinite time tr
come.
L. 1). Childs,
Geo. II. Wad dell.
0. 1). Stanley,
W. R Richardson,
" John M. Pike.
lvlitor "Way of Faith."
: Thos. J. LaMotte,
j IJobt. M. Adam,
S. IT. Zimmerman,
'j_ John A. Rice.
> (r. Dale.
F. II. Hyatt.
John 0. Wilson,
^ J. (\ Abney.
i- EATEN BY SAVAGES.
rt
ir
The Horrible Fate of Eleven Shipic
ie j wrecked Sailors.
After escaping death by drowning,
10 eleven of the crew of the ship Manbare
? were captured and eaten by cannibals oi
c New Guinae. The Manbare was bound
\i for Sydney. Australia, when it was
?- ; caught in the terrible gale of Decwnt
| ber. Xeur Cape Nelson it began to
11 i sink. The crew, eighteen nil told, lo^t
l- the vessel in two boats and soon became
i- separated.
c One boat containing twelve men was
s finally thrown ashore ten miles from
o the cape. The sailors were seized by
natives from the interior and hurried
t- oft to the village of (lie chiefs. One
is man. James <!roeue. escaped. The
y sailors were stripped and bound and
ie killed, one each day. A wildorgie was
e participated in by at least a hundred
:C savages who had gathered for the feast,
v In several cases the sailors were tor
ie tured by the old women and children
of the tribe. The eyes of oue were
gouged out. The doomed men stoieal:o
ly watched the elaborate preparations
r- for their death. A huge pot filled with
n boiling water was used for th? feast,
i- which oh the first day was prolonged
away into the night.
>s In most cases the men were beheadn
ed. their heads being placed on poles
>f and paraded bafore the men who were
o r1
5- to sutler the same late. Li-reene was
y rescued by a steamer after tramping
)- without food a day and a night to r?ach
ir the waast. The scenes of horror he had
y witnessed turned his hair snowy white.
,s Wants to Get Out.
q A letter from Havana to The State
a says the men of the Second Kegiment are
,f circulating auother petition asking our
d representatives in coDgress to use their
. utmost influence to have the regiment
(j mustered out at an early date. There
are several reasons set forth why this
should be done. Lhe men are mostly
tS farmers and \rould like to get out in
[. time to plant a crop or they will be left
e high and dry when they are mustered
g out. Then, too, there is no chance to
[. save any money here and there are those
n at home who are dependent upon these
t. men for support. Again there seems
to be nothing here to do but to sun the
c rocks. There is nothing that can be
done. There are provost guards at
e every crock in the road, and consequently
nothing can be learned of the people
L. or of the county except in a very small
, area. The men are not allowed to visit
2 the city at all. Another is that most
n of tho men have gotten enough of army
h life. They are realizing that it is most
, demoralizing to them and they wish to
p quit. Then. too. thus climate is not
c healty, and they do not care to expose
' themselves to needless danger when
lt there is absolutely nothing at stake.
u No Tax Exemption.
After one of the -ablest debates pro
and con ever heard in the state capital
the senate Thursday by the decisive
!;" vote of 24 to 14 refused to pass a bill to
"aid and encourage manufacturers by
0 remitting all State and county taxes,
? except the school tax. on their investh
ment for live years. "' The following is
? the vote:
L" For Exemption?Aldrich. Alexan "
der, G. AV. Brown. Hay, Henderson,
n Livingston. Manning, Marshall. Maul"
din, Mayfield. Scarborough. Stanland.
Talbird. Walker?14.
e Against Exemption?Appelt, Archer,
Barnwell, Blakeney. Bowen. W. A.
T Brown. Connor. Dennis. Douglass.
^ Glenn. Gravdon. Gruber, Hough, IldcrI1
ton, Love. Mower, llagsdale. Sarratt.
l" Slieppard. Suddath. Sullivan. Wallace.
s "Waller. Williams.?24 nays,
c Too Much Snow.
Information has been reccivod here
e by Supt. Ridge way of the Denver and
:t Rio Grande Kailroad company that a
^ snowslide on its line nine miles cast ol'
-t Glcnwood Springs today came down on
y top of a work train, wrecking the engine
and cars and killing three of the
's wrecking crew and injuring two others,
lJ a fireman and a section hand. Snow is
P falling again throughout the State and
l" there is great suffering. At several
0 places there is danger of a famine owing
to shortage of supplies and the imlt
possibility of receiving aid at present.
;s A Remarkable Case.
c A dispatch from Chicago says
-s George Rogers, who was known in the
e vicinity in which he lived as the "Bo
I ; ji. i ii".j ,1?at
O gie man. uieu w uuuijauaj aij iuc i'uuun
ty hospital of a rare disease, which the
g physicians have called acromegaly,
y swelling of the bones. His hands and
is feet were greatly swollen, and his jaw
e was over four times the normal
it length. The distance from the frontal
it bone to the chin in the ordinary man
't is eight to ten inches. and in Rogers
h this had grown to 2<J inches.
>e
Burned Himself Alive.
e Anthony Burgie, a seven-year man
o in the San Francisco jail, "Wednesday
;t secured some coal oil from the stove
i i ? i . r . . ii . ii i
^mcn was usea to neat uie ceii ana
is poured it over Lis clothes while the
is other prisoners were asleep. He then
>f ignited the oil and in a few seconds his
o body was enveloped in flames. The cell
>f caught fire and the sleeping cell mates
>- were barely saved by the guards. Burd
gie lived but a short time.
I
! THE PRIVILEGE TAX.
rj
i U !:- Taken From Clemson and
j
Given to the State.
; 3
! THE TAX REMAIN THE SAME. I
i
i a
i The Farmers College Must Now $
> Depend Upon a Direct Appro- r
r
priation Like the Gcher
State Colleges. \
The privilege tax matter was finally
settled in the Mouse last Wednesday by a
the passage of a bill taking the tax from }
Clemson College and giving it to the ?
State. The judiciary committee's bill
passed without a single change, and e
the other bills were either killed or with- j
drawn.
'i'his matter has consumed over seven t
hours of the time of the lower house, v
and it is not known yet whether or not \
it is finally disposed of, as the senate
may have some changes to make. There j
were six hills on this <|uestion: Mr. j
. Ashley's to reduce the rate from 2.") to i
10 cents a ton: .Mr. Jeremiah Smith,
to devote the net proceeds to academic t
schools, one to be established in each i
county: the committee on public schools
! offered a substitute for the latter that 1
the next proceeds be devoted to the
public schools; Mr. Efird wanted the \
uet proceeds divided between Withrop ^
>_ and Clenison. and the judiciary commit- c
tee's bill place the tax in the State q
1 treasury.
The judiciary committee, in taking t
! the land from Clcmson. had for its ob- o
jcet the enaction of a law which would
i eon form to the constitution of the i
I'nited States. At present the fund is fc
paid directly toClemson college, and in
the case in .North Carolina it has been i]
decided that the law was unconstitu- s
tional. as it exacted a tax nominally t
for inspection, and then devoted the 2
i net proceeds to educational institutions, u
The law in North Carolina was changed a
so that on its facc it would be constitu- fi
tional and still permit the funds being p
devoted to the State Agricultural and
Mechanical college at Raleigh. ii
Fearing litigation from the present
law, the judiciary committee prepared ii
a bill which had the same object as the c
law in North Carolina, to save the reve
cue obtained from this inspection tax e
and still have a law which is not vulnerable
to the constitution. As the e
judiciary committee bill was adopted
wihout amendment. Clemson muet de- e
j>?nd upon a direct appropriation from
the general treasury just as other State ji
institutions are doing. As the net in- it
come from the privilege tax may be t<
considerably more than the appropria- fi
tioa recommended?$40.000?the State b
will hardly suffer from the change in the
law, but may gain, as it has been in- c
timatcd there has been evtravagance at t<
Clemson.
During the discussion of the bill Mr. n
Ashley moved that the tax be reduced
from 25 to 10 cents. This was voted y
down by the following vote:
Yeas?Ashley, Bailey, J. B. Black, p
W. D. Black, Cosgrove. Crum.-Dar- a
gau. Dowling, X. G, Evans. Floyd, g,
Gamble. Gantt, Gause Henderson, Hill.
Iloffmeyer, Jackson, Jenkins, Lofton,
Lyles. Mann, Marion, Laban Mauldin.
Mi lev, Patterson, H. B. Kichardson, n
O. E. Ptobinson, Pi. B. A. Robinson, i(
Sawyer Seabrook, Simkins, Sinkler, G. g
P, Smith, Jeremiah Smith, J. L. ft
Smith, Strom, W. J. Thomas, West, J
Wharton, Wilson. Wimberly. H. H. d
Woodward, Ycung?43. r<
Nays?Speaker Gary, Bacot, Bell, ii
Blease. Blythe, Bolts, Caughman, Col- a
cock. Davis. Dean, DeBruhl, Dendy, tl
Dukes, Efird, Hpps, Fairey, Graham, g
Hollis, Hopkins. Hydrick, II. E. John- w
son, W. J. Johnson Lock wood, Man- t]
ning, McCraw, McCullough, McDill, c.
McI)ow, McLauchlin, Means, Mehrtens J
Montgomery, Moss, Patton. Peurifoy, Si
Pyatt, E. B. Ragsdale, Richards, G-. W. a,
Richardson. Rogers Sharpe, Stackhouse
Stevenson. Sturkie, W. II. Thomas, ^
Threatt, Tinimerman, Verner, Whison- u
ant, Williams, "Wingo, Winkler Wolfe, a
W yche?53. f(
Mr. Blythe then moved that the tax
be given to Clemson College as at pre
"I 1 1_ . i?.l
sent, mis was voteci aown dv me xoilowing
vote: n
Ycas?Bailey. J. 15. Black, Blythe, o
Bolts, Caughraan, Cram, Dowling, tl
Dukes, Epps. Fairy, Gadsden, Gantt, ii
Graham, Hill, IIollis, Hopkins, II. E. h
Johnson, Lockwood, Lofton, Manning, a
McCraw. Miley. Prince. Richards, Geo. si
W. Richardson, R. B. A. Robinson, d
Stackhouse, W. H. Thomas, Yerner, d
"West, "Weston, Wingo, "Winkler. Wolfe, n
Wychc?35. 1c
Nays?Speaker Gary, Ashley, Bacot, r<
Bell, W. 1). Black, Blease, Cosgrove, ii
Cross, Dargan, Davis Dean, DeBruhl, a;
Dcndy, Efird, N. G. Evans. Floyd, p
Gamble, Gause, Henderson, Hoffmcycr. a
Ilydrick. Jackson, Jenkins, W. J.
Johnson. Lyles, Mann, Marion. Laban.
Mauldin. William L. Mauldin. McCullough,
McDill, McDow, Means, Mehrt- w
ens, Montgomery, Moss. Nettles, Pat- "
terson. Peurifov, K. B. llagsdale, J. Cl
" ' ? ' ? T>* i 3 r\ Si
\Y. liagsaaie. nenry r>. mcnarason, kj. ~
E. llobiuson, Rogers, Sawyer, Seabroolc, *(
Sharpe, Simkins, Sinkler, G. P. Smith, *
Jeremiah Smith, J. L. Smith, Steven- ^
son, Strom, Sturkie. Timmerman,
Wharton, Whisonant, Williams. Wil- ^
son. Wimberly, IT. H. "Woodward,
Young?(13.
The judiciary committee bill was
then taken up and passed to its third a:
reading by a vote of 61 to 2^>. there be- Si
** ^ i ta Villi Tf {c /"m if A O
IIU UUUU^ 111 tilt l/iili JLO VJUitV. **
long document, but one which may
play a great part in the political campaigns
of the future. It provides for
the inspection of all fertilizers and
establishes a penalty for selling and J
transporting fertilizers upon which
there is not a tag or certificate as to a|
their purity. These are the provisions cj
~c iOTI. TU AnlT7 I
VI C11C incocm- io.17. Lav VU4J *uv4ivm< p
change is the following which is to take
the place of section 1133. revised stat- P'
utes of 1393: jl
Axl the inspection tax on fertilizers
heretofere required to be paid to the
commissioner of agriculture, be paid to
the treasurer of the State, and he shall ^
pay therefrom the expenses and anal- Qj
ysis as audited and certified to him by ]
the board of trustees of Clemson Agricultural
collese of South Carolina.
- > ei
The first camp* meetiug in the tl
United States was held on the banks tl
of the l?ed River. Kentucky, in the t<
year 1799. w
ILLEGAL FISHING.
Che Penalty for Same Increased tc
Twenty-five Dollars.
In the House on Tuesday of last wecli
?Ir. Blease moved to strike out th<
acting words of Mr. W. D. Black':
(ill to increase the penalty on fishing ir
Vikcn, Barnwell. Darlington, Colleton
.nd Orangeburg counties, from $10 t(
;25
Mr. Crum said that the penalty wa:
iow but ten dollars which was no me
lace to trap fishers.
Mr. Dukes said that to make thi:
>enalty heavier would not add tc th<
mforcement of the law, for an unpepu
ar measure oannot be easily enforced
Mr. Blythe said that it seemed to b<
l good bill, and while it did not affec
lis section still he thought that h<
ihould support it.
Mr. W. D. Black said that trap fish
in ATii> niorlif mol-n nnrtmrli t/
="W ?"
>ay the fine of ten dollars. The law i<
)sing violated openly and he though'
.his bill would offer a restraint.
Mr. McLauchlin spoke in favor of th<
>ill.
Mr. Timnierman said that when th(
>resent law was passed in 1S92 the peo
>Ie of Aiken felt outraged. The lav
iow imposes a fine of from $10 to $100
Mr. Crum said that there were sec
ions where the people made their liv
agby fishing.
Mr. Dukes interposed, ';But not dislonestly."
Mr. Crum replied: "Not dishonestly.
?ut illegally." He recited an instanc(
_\ .fl* 1 l
vnore an omciai naa Decn given a gooc
[rubbing by fishermen whom he ha?
aught violating the law.
Mr. Dukes said quite feelingly thai
ho incident happened in Mr. Crum's
iwn county. Bamberg.
Mi. Crum submitted that illegal fishag
was just as widespread in Orangeiurg
as in Bamberg.
Mr. Dukes explained the manner ol
Isiiing on the Kdisto. The seines don'l
tretch across the river and don't keep
he fish from going up. The seines are
:ever in the river longer than 10 minxes
at a time, and out 40 minutes. As
general rule the poorer class does the
shing, a class who could ill afford to
>ay heavy fines.
Mr. Jenkins asked if the fine would
ojure them if they obeyed the few.
Mr. Dukes said not, but that it would
aduc-e unscrupulous men to bring false
harges against these people.
The house refused to strikeout the
acting words.
Mr. Bell then wanted to amend by
tempting Aiken county.
Mr. Dukes wanted Orangeburg exmpted.
Mr. Crum said that as Bamberg was
ast across the river from Orangeburg,
would be unjust to Bamberg oounty
d exempt Orangeburg. The house reused
to exempt both Aiken and Orangeurg,
Mr. Sawyer moved to strike out the
lause offering three-fourths of the fine
3 the informant.
Mr. Crum moved to table the amendlent.
The amendment of Mr. Sawyer was
oted down.
Mr. Dukes moved to indefinitely postone
the bill. This was voted down by
vote of 49 to 15 and the bill passed its
jcond reading.
Crushed to DeathThe
news reached here Wednesday
lorning of the horrible death at Char)tte
of flagman C. G. Crak. which was a
reat shock to railroad men. Just how
Ir. Craig met his death is not known,
[e left here with freight No. 72, Tuesay
at noon, and it is presumed that he
;ached Charlotte that night between
0 and 11 o'clock. The train stopped
ad shifted at the junction. When
le conductor was ready to leave the
agman was missing. One of the crew
ent back to look for him and found
le body on the track, between the
irs, in a horribly mangled condition,
[e lived only ten minutes. No one
i- * ... r a . * *
iw mm go Deiween the cars and the
ccicent cannot be explained. When
Lst seen he had two coupling pins in
is hands. The remains were gathered
p and put in charge of an undertaker
nd Thursday they were shipped to his
)rmer home in Gastonia, 2s. C.
The Whole Truth.
The Gallatin, Tenn., Examiner relarks:
"'An idea prevails in the minds
f a great many people that unless
tieir representive in the Legislature
itroduces a number of bills and gets
is name in the papers he is not doing
nything. But to those who undertand
the situation the best rccommenation
he can have is that he introuces
as few as possible and kills as
lanv as he can. for we have too many
iws already, and it is generally the
jprcsentative who knows the least that
itroduces the most bills. Let us have
s few new laws as possible, and the
eoplc will be better off." The evil
ppears to be widespread.
Suicided on the Street.
Ernest A. Maletti, said to belong to a
calthy New Orleans family, commitid
suicide Thursday bv swallowing
irbolic acid while walking on the
:reet in New York. A letter was
)und on his body addressed to Henry
[aletti of the commission firm of Ma;tti
& Stoddard of New Orleans, whom
ie suicide addressed as his brother,
mother letter was found addressed to
[r. Edye of Punch. Edye & Co., steamnip
agents in New York. In both letjrs
the man complained that financial
id had been refused him. Mr. Edye
lid that Maletti came to New York
jveral months ago.
Passed the Senate.
A house bill to require cotton buyers
) accept bales of cotton weighing not
iss than 300 pounds without docking
le seller SI of any o-her amount on
ccount of the lightness of the bale,
illed for a good deal of discussion in
le State Senate Wednesday. Messrs.
-ravdon. Surratt, Coinor and Shep
i C.. J J ST- r> 11
aiu i<t>uieu lug um uuu iur. x>a.raweii
pposed it. The bill was passed to a
lird reading.
Coming Out Early.
The information comes from Columia
that Congressman Latimer will be a
mdidate tor b-overnor nest year, as
[so Col. John G. Sheppard. It is reorted
that Hon. -Stanyarne "Wilson will
ither oppose Senator Tillman or enter
le gubernatorial arena, but of courss
lese are mere surmises, as no one can
ill what surprises the nest campaign
ill bring forth.
THE RAILROAD BOOM. g 1
.
' I Railroad Projects which haye Bills Be
fore the General Assembly.
: !
The influx of bills to amend old rail3
road charters or to issue new ones seems ^
1 to indicate a markcl revival in the
| building of railroads in this State. It
is a very uncommon thing to find half Qq
, so many applications for charters for
' railroads. In addition to the charters
and extensions asked for it is to be re,
membered that there are a great many
> outstanding charters which are still
' alive and which can be and of which
some are being used now. <
1 The following is a list of the railroad
[ projects for which bills have been passj
ed this session of the Legislature or Sal
which are pending: ' ens
Mr. Rogers: A charter for the Ben- ror
. nettsviMe and Ashborn Kailroad. , *
s Mr. Gadsden: For the Charleston
^ city Railway company. ' l?o
Mr. Colcock: For the Savannah Ter- wa'
. minal commnv.
Senator Marshall: For the Columbia j
? Electric Street Railroad Company.
' Senator Henderson: For the Wilson
. and Summerton railroad.
Senator Mauldin: For the Hampton Foi
^ and Branchville Railroad compan\\ one
Mr. Montgomery: For the Carolina ?d<
aud Northern Railroad company. tke
Mr. Rogers: For the Marlboro. Mari- mil
on and Horry Railroad company.
Senator Aldncli: J: or the Uarnweii ne
, and Dlackville Electric Power com- hin
I pany. x
Mr. DeBruhl: For the Due AVsst and ma
Donald's Railroad compan\\ kn<
Mr. Stevenson: For the North and
! South Carolina Railroad Company.
Senator Douglass: For the UnioB toa
and Augusta Railroad company. vie
S^tator Marshall: For the Winston,
Salem and Carolina Railroad company, the
? Senator Barnwell: For the South I
! Carolina and Georgia Extension Rail- ufo
| road company. ma:
Mr. C. E. Robinson: For the Pick- nat
' ens and Coleman Railroad company.
ha;
THE CUBAN ARMY.
sid<
wit
The Amouut Needed to Pay Them wel
'co:
Up in Full. few
m, ? Se^
The correspondent of the Associated in(j
Press understands that the estimate mai
furnished President McKinley by the 4
delegation from the Cuban assembly wer
called for payment for 5,119 commis- ''
sioned officers. 9,762 noncommissioned yet.
officers, and 30,160 privates, divided as "
follows, with totals estimated as due ly t
eack grade: "
Eleven major generals, $500 a month wai
$179,450. to t
Nineteen generals of division, $450 a inqi
month, $298,175. bef<
Fifty-four brigadier generals. $400 a seal
month, $682,S25. "
One hundred and sixty-three colonels wai
a month Sl,4yi, t oU. 137
Two hundred and ninety lieutenant of ]
colonels, $275 a month, $2,362.S00. the]
Five kuadred and seventy-eight ma- pat]
jors, $220 a month, $3,870,240.
Nine hundred and sixty-five captains isn"
$130 a month, 84.561.800. bee;
One thousand two hundred and fortyfive
lieutenants. 8100 a month. 83.763, mar
200. '
A ,1 1 ItT 1 il.
une tnousana, seven ntmarea ana me
ninety-four sub-lieutenants, $90 a "
month, $4,952,8S0. dog]
Two thousand, one hundred and *'
thirty first sergeants. $60 a month. S3,- Wei
796,200.
Three thousaid, one hundred and cd.
twenty-three second sergeants. $30 a ';
month, $4,605,600. old
Four thousand, five hundred ana nine Ci
corporals, $40, a month, $5,23S.240. cler
Thirty thousand, one hundred and "
sixty privates. $30. a month, $21,502.- old
G20. and
lotal, 44,041 men. $57,304,380. fishi
It is doubtful whether as many men hun
still under arms can be found as was and
estimated by the assembly's delegation, witl
Large numbers, however, are scattered '*
throughout the island, though there is broi
no great force at any one place. Gen. "
Gomez has only 400 with him here.
Lawless Negro Troops. "m
The Negro troops have been giving com
great trouble in Arkansas and Georgia
by their lawless acts and general rowd- this
ism. As the regiment from Arkansas an 6
passed through Inka. Miss., some unknown
persons set fire to the am muni-' sat <
tion car, which was almost filled with som
cartridges and powder. It was entirely tow
destroyed and the rest of the train was the
barely saved. . Three Xegro women, he
who were following the troopers, are re- swu
ported to have been killed in the burn- ly i
ing car. A dozen of the men were in- mai
jured. At Walker switch the burning "
car was discovered by trainmen and T
side-tracked. The lives of the crew "
were in danger, as the cartridges were to t
exploding in every direction. By the "
time the switch was reached the car was whi
a mass of flames. The loss will be "
heavy. bill
Predicted His Own Death. the
Rev. Geo. II Simons, of Brooklyn, him
predicted his own death, which occurred the
Wednesday of pneumonia. Last December
during heavy snow storms, he I
visited a sick child aud caught a chill. 1:
Since then he has been ailing and Wed- stee
nesdhy was quite feeble, but was not ing
apparently in auy immediate danger. bef<
To his wife, however, who was sitting fare
in the room, he said, for no apparent and
reason: "My dear. I do not believe that "
I will live after midnight."' smo
ed
A Fatal Snow Slide.
Details were received Thursday of a
fatal snow slide on the main line of the T
Canadian Pacific at Ridgers Pass on an c
the summit of Selkirks. The catas- volt
trophe occurred lasi evening. The "Fi
jfarinn mm- I Thi'
pletcly swept away, and seven lires at
were lost, and two persons injured. Pen
The dead are Agent Canton, wife and Pea
two children. Operator Carson. Engine Foa
"Wiper Reply and one unknown. Wis
Leprosy in America.
A special from Battle Creek says Tea
lhat Dr. Hitt, a physician from India,
at present visiting in this city stated
that there are 532 cases of leprosy in j T
? tt .. i i r\ fl 1_ ? r_ | _
tne united states, xu 01 wmcu artjiu i nen
Chicago. The doctor has made a life j the
study of leprosy and recommends that grea
our quarantine laws be more rigidly en- I ever
forced, and believes in the establish- j now
meirc of a 'general asylum in this coun- rise
try for lepers ' The
ttOOTH BUNCO GAME
>w a Farmer Put thelLaugh on
a Shrewd Hotel Clerk.
4E CONFIDENCE MAN.CAME
chpH a Hraff fnr a Runrn Man
and Bet the Clerk that He
Would Come and
Redeem It
'I was standing in the rotunda of one
the uptown hotels in New York last'
;urday night," said Mr. 0. D. Stey5,
a leather drummer from the met>olis.
"when an old gentlemen with
rseed in his whiskers came in. He
ked about for a moment; and then
Iked up to the clerk's desk, fished a
d from his pocket, and throating
dlO the hands of that official, asked:
4 'Mister, do yon know that man?"
'The clerk glanced at it, and smiled.
r iie read thereon a name worn by
! of the smoothest of the many conjnce
men who have sprang up since
: beginning of the 'anti-reform' adilstration.
Then he said:
' 'Yes, I know him, sir?I dare say
had you cash a certified check for - ~
3, or something of that sort?1'
'Yes he did.' said the old gentle
a, wonderingly. 'How did you
>w'?'' J
The clerk smiled.
'He said lie would meet me here
ight and take it up,' continued the
tim.
:I don't think he will, though, said
clerk.
t j- ? ?:j u **
uuii uu, oaiu luu oiu geauemsui;
t he leoked to me like an honest
a, and I am a good judge of human
UTQ." .
?A11 right, sir," said the clerk, "just
'A o Cflof o r? T?Trti f "
V/ u> UVU.U O.UU. nuiLj IX jyu Will*
:The old man oame over and sat b?i
me. I entered into conversation
h him, and discovered that he was a
1-to do Long Island farmer. The ;
a' man in question had met him a
days before, and ingratiated him!
in the old man's confidence. and
need him to cash a check?the old
i showed me the paper.
;After about an hour the old man
it back to the desk and asked: \
\Have you seen anything of him * v
'No, said the clerk, and it isn't Hkefcatlwill."
'Tke old geitleman came back. He
ted abeut fifteen minutes, then went
he clerk again, and made' another _ mm
niry. The clerk answered as he did
ore, and the old fellow went to his
: looking a bit disappointedHe
grew fidgety after another short *
t. and again addressed the clerk. ^
this time the attention of a number
people had been attracted. ?omeof
3i laughed, and others looked synthetic.
See here, said the clerk, that man
t going to meet you. You have
a bunkoed." " ^
fro, sir, you are wrong, said the old
i.
Well, lie won't meet you, insisted
clerk.
I'll bet lie does, replied the old man
aredly.
You bet lie does, repeated the clerk.
11, how much will you bet?"
Come?put up or shut up, he addOh!
I don't want to bet, said the
man.
Xo. of course you don't laughed the
k. ' v
Well, now, Mr.. Smarty, said the
man. in it nettled tone, I will bet,
lie reached down in his pooket and
ed ont a roll of bills. There was a
dred and sixteen dollars in all told,
lie laid the money on the counter
1 a dogged air.
The clerk went back to the safe,
ight ont a similar sum, and said:
I give yon one more hour."Xo,';
said the old fellow, I'm bet:
he will either be here, or send me
ftssage explaining why he couldn't
e."
All right, said the clerk, and upon
agreement the money was put into
mvelope and placed in the safe.
The old gentleman came over and down
by me. He started to say
ething but arose suddenly and went
aras me cigar stand, tnat was near
front door, and bought a cigar. As 0tOeaim
turned to come back, the door .
eg open, and in stepped a flashidressed
gentlemen?the confidence
1.
Mr. Wilson, he said.
'he old man wheeled areuad.
1 have come, continued the bunkoer
ake up that-little check."
I looked at the clerk. Hisfacewas
te:
The bunko-steerer pulled a roll of
s from his pocket, stripped of a .iber
of them, and handed them to
farmer. The farmer in return gave
i the check, and then walked up to
clerk and said:
I'll take that money."
t was handed to him.
le went back to where the bnnko
irerwas standing, and the two, joinarms,
walked toward the door Just
)re they stepped into the street the
Q?r looked back over his shoulder,
winded at the crowd.
Well, I'll bed?dif that aiint the
othest con game that was ever worksaid
the clerk, simply."
Mustering Them Out.
he war department Thursday issued
>rdcr to muster out about 15,000
inteer troops. The regiments are
rst Maryland, now at Augusta,
rd Mississippi and Second Missouri
4 P'tj-L J
.iviuaay. jCiig&in ana -inineenin
nsylvania at Augusta. Fourteenth
svlvaaia. Summerville, S. C.
rth Texas at San Antonio, Fourth
consin at Anniston. Seventeenth
mtcer infantry at Macon. Eighth
mtcer infantry at Chickamauga
th volunteer infantry at Macon.
* Why Don't They?
he Rome. Ga., Tribune very pertitiy
remark?: "Biennial sessions of
Legislature would cut down ' the
,t flood of useless laws enacted at
y session. We have too many laws
. I he people ot Georgia should
up and demand biennial sessions."
question is, why don't they?

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