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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 08, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-02-08/ed-1/seq-4/

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SOME NEW LAWS. !;
(Which Have Passed the House of i
Representatives.
' j
^ i ,
THEY GO TO THE SENATE, ji
5*?t:'V *' I 1
' Oil inspecti?n, Commutation
Tax, The Sale of Tobacco
O+Uor Matters Lf^
auu vmivi ?0
i
islated On. j
Ou Monday the House pass-.'d a bill K
providing for the inspection of oil. j
The bill provides for the election of an I
oil inspector of oils at a salary of ?1,200 j
per annum, to be derived from fees paid
by the oil companies for having their
oil inspected.
A general commutation tax bill took i
up considerable time, out was uuau> <
l>assed to its third reading.
The bill provides that the county
treasurers of this State arc hereby authorized
and empowered to receive from
any and all persons liable road duties
in the counties of Abbeville, one
dollar; Aiken, one dollar: Anderson,
one dollar: Barnwell, one dollar: Beaufort,
two dollars; Berkeley, one dollar:
Chester, two dollars: Chesterfield, one
dollar; Charleston, two dollars; Colle
ton, two dollars: Clarendon, one dollar:
Dorchester, one dollar: Darlington, one
dollar; Edgefield, two dollars: Fairfield,
xiTrt one and a half
dollars; Georgetown, two dollars;
Greenville, one dollar; Hampton, one
dollar; Horry, two dollars; Kershaw,
two dollars; Lancaster, one dollar;
Laurens, one dollar: Lexington, two
* ? ^-ii \r t
dollars: ^sewoerry. two aonars; :uan- .
boro, one dollar; Marion, two dollars:
Pickens, one dollar and fifty cents;
Richland, one dollar; Spartanburg, one
dollar; Saluda, two dollars: Sumter, one
dollar; Union, 9ne dollar; Orangeburg,
two dollars; Williamsburg, two dollars:
York, one dollar, as commutation tax;
and all moneys so paid shall be set apart
and known as the county road fund:
Provided, that such commutation tax
be paid for the fiscal year 1890, be
tween the first day of March and the
first day of April, and hereafter said
commutation tax shall be paid by the
31st day of March of the year next af- |
ter the fiscal year for which the same j
was due. That such persons as have
* I
paid their commutation road tax snau
be exempted from road duty for that
fiscal year: Provided that this Act!
shall not affect the commutation tax
for the year 1S99.
In the House it was fully an hour
Tuesday before the body could get to
work. The bad weather eaused a number
to be late, and others were sick with
the grip. There was some talk of send?
*? ? ? ? ?r\-r> CAma n4v
mg tne scr^tj?iiit""ctL~ciiLuo xvi cvmv v*
the tardy ones, but they commenced
dropping in one by one until at last a
quorum was present.
Under the head of unfinished business,
Mr. Laban Mauldin's bill in relation
to fixing the day of adjournment
for Feb. 11th was taken up and killed,
the motion by Mr. Blease being to postpone
discussion until the 11th day of
V o rr
X WV1 u?.ijr
. Mr. Mauldia demanded the aye and
nay vote, which resulted as follows/
those voting in the affirmative wishing
s to table the bill until Feb. 11th:
Yeas?Speaker Gary, Black. "W. D.,
Blythe,. Bolts. Browning, Colcock,
Crumm, Dargan, Davis, Dean, DeBrunl.
Dendy, Evans. X. G., Floyd.
Gause. Hill, Hoffmeyer. Hopkins. Jackson,
Lockwood, Lofton, McCraw. McLauehlin,
Mil?y, Montgomery. Nettles,
Bichards, Sanders C. R^Sawyer. Sink-ler,
Smith G. -Smith Jeremiah.
Thomas W. H., Thomas W. J., Ven-T
_-jner, Whisonant, Wimberly, Winkler? 9
" 39.^ 1
Nays?Bacot, Bailey, Bell. Bkase. '
Caughman, Efird, Epps, Evans H. H.,
Q-roliom TTorxlnrao'D FT r?l Its
^ VXCfc-LUASl^ VAXO.i-Ltt.iii, w v , ??
Mann, Manning, Marion, Mauldia. McDill,
Moss, Ragsdale E. B., Richardson
George W., Xiehirdsan Henry B.,
Robinson C. E. Robinson R. B. A.,
Sharpe, Simpkins, SmitL J. L.. Yarn,
tWeston, Wingo, Woodward M. B..
Y oung?38.
It was necessary to poll the houso to
see if a quorum were present, as so little
interest was manifested and so few
voted on anv uuestion.
" Mr. H. H. Evan's bill to prrmit
chaingangs to be used in the promotion
of the health of a community passad its
second reading.
The bill read as follows: That on and
after the approval of this act the county
board of commissioners shall have power
and authority, in their discretion, to
utilize the county chaingang in whole
or in part in any kind of work calculated
to promote or conserve public
health in the county or in any community
thereof, in which sentences of
the convicts on such gang were pronounced.
Mr. Floyd's bill to regulate the scale
of tobacco passed its second reading
ill LCI tut; UUUUtiCd Ui VW1CUUVU,
" ? Marion, Pickeas and Chesterfield kad
been exempted. It applies to the rest
of the State.
_m Following is the bill:
Section 1. That the charges ana expenses
of handling and selling leaf tobacco
upon the floor of tobacco warehouses
in this State shall no4; exceed f
-the following schedule of prices, to-wit:
For auction fees, fifteen (15) cents on
all piles ef one hundred pounds or less
and twenty-five (25) cents on all piles
of over one hundred pounds and less
L than two hundred and fifty pounds;
nt fifty (50) cents per pile for piles of two
n hundred and fifty pounds or over. For
WClgiilJUg auu tcu Viv/
perpile for all piles of less than one
hundred pounds: for all piles of over
one hundred pounds, at the rate of ten
(10) cents per hundred pounds; for commission
on the gross sales of leaf tobacco
in said warehouses, not to exceed
two and one-half per centum.
Sec. 2. That tke proprietor of each
and every warehouse shall render to
each seller of tobacco at his warehouse
a bill, plainly stating the amount
charged for weighing and hauling, the
amounts charged for auction fees, and
the commission charged on each sale,
and it shall be unlawful for any other
charges or fees exceeding those herein
named to be made or accepted.
Sec. 3. That for each and every violation
of the provisions of this act a penalty
of ten dollars shall be enforced,
and the same may be recovered by any
person so offended.
Sec. 5. That this act shall go into epfeet
immediately upon its approval.
-v*_ t v.:n
f-;, \ iur. ua.na.ii -uuuiuiu ? uni iui?uicuu
the law relating to stealing from the
Egjj|?\ fi-ehi passed its second reading.
Mr. Maudlin said that this was not tu
extend the law. but to simplify the
law in order to clarify the statutes*so
that'magistrates will have no trouble to
construct the law.
The bill as adopted reads: ^
l. ^ That a*y landlord renting laud. tenjjv
| ant or laborer irking on,shares of-the|^
crop shall take from the field any paft
KW . I. H
>i the C;'Ops made by ->iiil IBiiant or la- j
jijrer without the eouxent of Hie other, j
shall be considered a> stealing: 1'roni the '
field, and shall be j finished according ;
.1 ? ;e,;nnc <-,f tViic sit'i'tinn .So !
to llic V* .
chat said section when amended shall !
read a?* follows:
Section 1<>4. Whosoever .shall steal ;
from the field any grain, cotton or veg- !
etables, whether severed from the free- |
hold or not. shall be deemed guilty of i
a misdemeanor, and on conviction j
thereof shall be punished by imprison- j
ment for not more than five years, or j
by a fine of not more than nvc hundred !
dollars: Provided. That any landlord I
acntiagland, tenant or laborer working *j
n shares of the erop shall take from*']
the field any part of' the crops made by !
said tenant or laborer without the con- i
sent of the other, shall be considered I
as stealing irom uie uem, anu ?xi<m ut
punished according to the provisions of
this section.
On Thursday Mr. Winkler* bill to
regulate the disbursement of money
arising from the sale of liquors passed
ks third reading after a long light.
The bill as it A*as up for discussion
was quite different frcm the original as I
introduced by Mr. Winkler, which pro- I
viced that the schools of the State {
should be kept open for five months, j
the funds for their support being the j
three mill tax supplemented by the dis- |
pensary profits. The bill as it passed j
provides that all revenue derived from
the sale of alcoholic liquors in this
State under the dispensary law shall be
apportioned among the varioas counties
of the State for the benefit of the common
schools in proportion to the amount
of profits derived from the sale of alcoholic
liquors in the respective counties,
and all funds not derived from said dispensaiy
law not already disbursed shall
be apportioned in the same way.
A Great Year for Trusts.
The St. Paul Pioneer Press contends
that the year 1S!)S was one of the most
wonderful in the history of this country
and tries to sustains the statement with
the following bill of particulars:
1. Largest wheat crop except that of
1891.
2. Highest price recorded for wheat
except in 18SS.
3. Largest cotton crop.
4. Largest export of breadstuft's.
5. Largest exports of manufactured
goods.
G. Largest aggregate exports of produce
and merchandise.
7. Largest production of iron ore.
S. Largest prodution of pig iron.
9. Largest production of coal.
10. Largest production of copper.
""" *? * n l
11. Largest production 01 silver incept
that of 1892.
12. Largest production of gold.
13. Largest goKJ holdings.
14. Largest per capita circulation of
all forms of money.
15. Largest aggregate bank clearings.
lb'. Largest aggregate railroad earnings.
17. Largest aggregate sab of bonds.
18. Largest aggregate sales of stocks
on New York Stock Exchange sinc-e
1SS2.
19. Smallest number of failures and
smallest aggregate liabilities since 1S92.
The Pioneer Press should add one
more item to its list. Last year was a
great year for trusts, but our cocempa-j
rary seems to hare overlooked this
item. The number of trusts formed
last year is put down by the New York
Herald at ninety-two. The amount of
their common capital stock is $957,907. 00,
and of preferred S3S4.79l.900.
The largest of these combines are the
American Tin Plate company, $30,000.000;
Continental Plug Tobacoo Co.,
$30,000,000; Consolidated Gas Co.,
New York, $37,000,000; Federal Steel
Co.. $100,000,000; Metropolitan Street
Railway Co., $40,000,000; Pacific States
Telephone Co , $30,000,000; Gaslight
and Coke company, of Chicago, $30,000.000:
Print Cloth Pool, $50,000,000^
^United States Biscuit company. SHO,-,
#00.000: Writing Paper company, $40,.000.000.
If it was not for the formation
of these gigantic oppressors of the
masses and the existence of the gold
standard the array of facts set forth by
the Pioneer Press would mean great
business activity and prosperity to all
who are willing to work. But on account
of the existence of these things
the prosperity that we hear so much
about is confined to the few who compose
the trusts or have large capital.
One of the items put down in the enumeration
is the large cotton crop. We
of this section know how much prosperity
this large cotton crop brought to
the farmers and merchants of the
South. The same is the case with
many of the other items. Xo doubt
1 - 1 J * i.-L
tne trusts prosperea aunag me yasi.
year, but the m:tsses did not.
The Question of Salary.
The"re being a proposition to increase
certain salaries in the State of Massachusetts,
the Springfield Republican
declares it is no time for salary-raising,
even though the stock markets are
booming. "The great industries and
business of Massachusetts, are not finding
it easy to increase their rewards
above the profitless point of the past
five years of depression, and are still
/mi f v?w\ n f C of 1 A TV TttMAPfi
IUIUIU5 \JUV ^ivuuvto W.W U1V w*
which have enabled public officers to
make their salaries go further than ever
before." Speaking of public salaries
and particularly of the governor's
recommendation of an increase for the
higher State court justices, the I'Dpublicon
compiles the following table,
showing what compensation is received
by the chief justice of the supreme
court in each cf the New England
States and some of the larger States of
the Union.
Massachusetts ? 7,500
Maine .. 3,500
New Hampshire 3,500
Vermont 3.000
Rhode Island 5.500
Connecticut 5,000
New York . 12.500
New J ersey 10.000
Pennsylvania 8,500
Maryland 4.800
Georgia 3.000
Louisiana 5.(100
Ohio 4,000
Indiana 4.500
Illinois 7.000
Iowa 4.000
Minnesota 5,0.%
Wisconsin 5,000
Missouri 4.500
Texas 4,000
v 1 ? "AO
^eurasKa
Kansas '-{.000
Colorado 5.000
California 0,000
The Republican states that ireLcrallr
the salary of the chief justice, which
is given above, is $300 more than the
salaries of other justices on the bench
and says that in New York the election
is by the people and candidates for the
bench have to contribute "liberally to
campaign expenses.
A New York newspaper estimates
that the securities owned by twenty- I
seven of the richest men in this coun- j
?ry have been increased in value in tha^j
j?um of 000.000 by the recent up ;
ward movement in the stock market.
STRAIT IS MAD.
r
The Retiring Congressman Issues i '
I
an Address to the People.
ASSAILS StNTOR McLAURIN. |'
! f
i
II
Says He Has Been Treacherous to : 1
a
His Colleagues and Uncru- j.
pulous. Very Warm
\
Language. 1
a
To the People of South Carolina: r\
Since manifestos, addresses and ex- ji
poses are in order in South Carolina, I
i ^ ? ?,. *
uuvc ucv;uicu cv iia^c <i wva\x w oglj . j
The star player in the recent perform- t
ance has been writing his own plays. f
?ritising and damuing all others while 1
painting his own part in glowing colors j
without regard to tru-th or the interests
of any save himself. I have decided it ^
* t . . 1 . . 1
co ue my uutv to Keep quiet no longer
while he is allowed weekly to exploit
himself and his actions through the
leading newspapers of our State. I shall
confine myself to a statement of facts
that can he fully substantiated by the
entire delegation in congress, and, in
fact, all who had an opportunity from
the inside to observe closely the trend
of matters during the last six years.
The people of South Carolina have a
right to know what is now and what has
been going on behind the curtain. And \
when they have learned all the facts f
they will not be slow to make up their
minds. t
The address recently issued by Mr. g
W. A. Xeal, it is well known was not ]
written by him. He was sick at the \
time and could not judge for himself e
what the effects would be. nor how des- j
picable it made him appear in the eyes
.a r * r Ti. 11 ,
CM uoui iricuus iiuu iu*b. il \>cn x
known that it was written by John L.
McLaurin, who hastened down to Columbia
from Washington and as hurriedly
came away after he had penned
this infamous slandor. an instrument of
apostacy, and induced Neil, poor, sick
fejllow to sign it.
Along with other members of ' =
South Carolina delegation in consr - . I
t have been subjected to the trearli ry
aad undermining tactics or the jn-ior
senator from our State so long t!. i- I
had almost become used to it and -.lid
not expect to have anything more t<i say
during the short period in which I will
remain in public life. But there is such
an outrageously false accusation against j
the entire delegation in the Xeal-Mc- }
Laurin address that I cannot longer re- j
main silent. }
McLaurin has his commmision as \
senator until 1903, and he may feel (
that he can slander us with impunity, j
but I, at least, will not submit in silenco.
McLaurin makes Neal charge: s
"In iSS'4 I was invited to go to Wasli- <
ington to attend a conference. I was (
present in Irby?s committee room when ?
it was agreed to make John Gary Evans j
governor of SouthCaroliDa. There was <
only one mm who raised his voice \
against it in protest. I was a witness (
to the scene when he withdrew in anger ,
from the conference.'' There was no
need for him to go back four years to (
make an occusation of there being a j
ring in "Washington at the time which ?
was running S?uth Carolina's politics. (
He made poor Xeal sign a falsehood, ,
knowing ac the time himself that it was \
a falsehood, and his only purpose could (
be to injure the delegation here in the \
eyes of the people. Now. the facts are ]
these and I will be sustained in my j
Statement by every member who par- ?
tt^cipated, as well as l?y Senator Tillman'^
favhowas at the meeting mentioned? he'ffc
^feeing j,oveni?r then: Irby called a
meeting of the delegation without let- j
ting us know what he wanted with us. \
Tillman, Xeal and Evans were present.
As soon as the meeting opened McLaur- 1
in mentioned that Koester, then edit-. x
ing The Register, and Bowden, two
prominent South Carolinians, then in
Washington, ought to be admitted to
our council. Irby and McLaurin were ]
then not on good terms on account of a e
scandal involving McLaurin, of which t
I will not speak here, because it is too t
nauseating, and they began to quarrel,
Irby declaring that he would not havo j
anything to do with a Populist, and i
before anything was done, or the pur- a
pose for which we had been brought to- \
gether mentioned, McLaurin angrily c
left the room, saying he would "stand ?
by his friends."'* 1
ATotforo Viorrinfr tisenmoi] fills slinnA 1
Latimer. Taibert and m\'self, members \
of the house, also left, and there was a
not one word said about running John c
Gary Evans for govenor. McLaurin i
has become so notorious himself for
^holding conferencesand planuingpoliti- i
cal deals, and is by nature such a tricks- i
ter and conspirator, that I presume he a
feels called upon to charge such things r
to others. He was in the "Forty-move- j
ment,"' which had for it? object the de- t
struction of the Keform party. He ?
begged Latimer, Taibert and myself to e
!* *>> ? * ? m ft f A f A flia 1
JUXU 1JUUJ iu a. X U^Uiiot luaungow w mv* j
people of the State in 1804, saying that a
the State was ripe and that the people s
would rally behind that banner if we e
would join him. He denied this when v
he was running for the senate, but I can I
prove it by both the gentlemen referred
to. He cursed and damned the dispell- t
sary law here during the Darlington c
riet and wrote the {:Dear, Appclt letter"
giving Senator Tillman the "Joab t
stab/' yet when Tillman came on here ^
afterwards he went to him and begged i
him not to fight him in his congres- 2
sional district for congress, and disclaimed
intending anything but friendship
for hiir. lie promised Bowden
that he would rua for governor in 1S96 ]
and encouraged Bowden to run for con- c
grcsss. He made Tom Keed believe he t
was in sympathy with the Republican '
party and thus obtained his position on (
the ways and means committee above t
older and abler members of the house, t
He has been, in a way, trying to deliver 1
the goods, ;^nd his tariff speech was a ?
part delivery. His fawning around the ?
president last summer and declaration i
that McKinley was the "most popular !
president since Lincoln ?.nd ought to be t
renominated"fey acclamation" i.s another i
part. All these things go to prove his 1
absolute unreliability and his unscrupu- i
ions ambition, lie is a Democrat only I
because lie believes that is the way to i
gratify his ambition. \
I would soon and give instance after I
instance of his treachery to his colleagues.
and of his trickery, but this is (
enough for one installment. Let him ^
dispute what I have said thus far and 1 will
give him seme more, and what is *
more to the parpos*. let the people
know more fully what manner of man t
it is thev kn.ve sent to the T'nited c
kjutius duuaiu 1U 1'iavv VX V4AV, LAMUA\,
Joseph II. Earle.
Very respectfully. .a
T. J. Strait. Tc
Washington. D. C.. Feb. 1. 1S09.
PUBLIC PRINTING.
Che House Passes a Sensible Bill on j
!
the Subject.
In the IIou.se on Tuesday of last j
veck Mr. 3Ioss" printing bill was the !
irst to come up. It was the occasion j
ifiiuitea discussion between Messrs. j
ifird and E. B. Ragsdale on one side, j
Hid Moss and "Wolfe, in favor of the j
>ili. Mr. Moss said that the object of j
he bill was to equalize the rates of ad- j
ertising. Under the present law. as j
ie had learned upon inquiry, there was !
i chance for abuse of the public fund?, j
die printer's system of measurements j;
s by the inch, and not by the word.
Mr. Wolfe, chairman of the comniit
CU Uii ]>uun\; pnuLiu^. aaiu cuac cm?
>ill proposed was an improvement on
he present law. He pointed out deSciencies
in the present law. There
s no limit to the caption and au unicrupulous
printer can make that capion
as long as possible. There are
:ertain facts in the body of the notice
vhich must necessarily be in the cap- j
ion. A printer may call each initial a
vord and each figure a word. A masgn |
loes not count the number of bricks in i
l wall, but measures it b} length. Ife 1
:an be forced to count the bricks, but this
s unnatural. Brevier type is as small as
;an be conveniently read. Then, too.
.he bill provides for it to be "solid,'' i
. O 1 1 _ i
lot giviDg an opportunity ior pauuiug. |
rhe printer is compelled to certify by
>ath to the correctness of his bill. The
lewspaper men are an honorable body,
rhey would not stoop to have an unjust
>ill passed. They merely want a uni'orm
rate of charges.
Messrs. Kfird and Ragsdalc fought
,he bill very hard, but it passed in j
* xl 1 4.1. -
spite 01 tneir opposition, uccausi; iuv j
:Iouse saw that the measure proposed j
ras a great improvement on the pres- !
sntlaw. The following is the bill as it j
)assed:
Section 1. That State and county officials
authorized by law to publish adrertisements
in the newspapers of the
state, including sales of real and perional
property by Masters, clerks of
Jourts, Judges cf Probate and Sheriffs;
stations, notices to creditors and noices
of final settlement by execution;
idministratois and guardians, and all
ciier persons acting in a fiduciary capacity,
together with all othei advertisng
done by order of any Court, includng
service of summons by publication;
lotices of election ordered by commis.ioners;
reports of county treasurers,
supervisors, superintendents of educa.ion;
notices of county auditors, proclanations
of the executive department;
proposals for works and supplies by the
leads of department or other officials
tuthorized to advertise for competitiv?
)ids and all other advertising whatever
jy State and county officials shall be
jharged at the rate of one dollar per
nch for the first insertion, and fifty
icnts per inch for each, subsequent insertion;
the said advertisements to be
set in solicl brovier type, including the
jaption and all other parts of the said
idvertisements: Provided, that newspapers
using other than brevier type
sjiall leceive compensation based on
W>v?r>r measure: Provided, further, I
:hat all accounts rendered for printing
shall be under oath that such accounts
ire in accordance with the requirements
)f this Act: Provided, further, when
;he value of the estate as to which suck
idvertisement is made is less than $200
)nly one-have rates hereinafter allowed
;hall be charged or allowed, and when
:he value of such estate is less than $100
)nly one-fourth of the rates hereinaf;er
allowed shall be charged or allowed:
Provided, further, that if the propric;ors
or managers of the newspapers in
my county shall refuse to insert such
idvertisements in their newspapers at
ihe rates hereinafter allowed, the same*
.hall be posted in at least three public*
places in the countv. one of which shall
)e at the Court House door.
? ^ r-i-r* if X , -J
Section Z. l Hat an Acts ana parts 01 i
lets inconsistent with this Act be. and
he same are hereby, repealed.
February Weather.
The following data for the month of
February, covering a period of twenty:ight
years, have been compiled from
he weather bureau records in Charleson.
Temperature?Mean or normal tem>erature,
53 degrees. The warmest
nonth was that of 1884, with an averse
of 65 degrees. The coldest month
cas that of 1805, with an average of 41
iegrees. The highest temperature was
50 degrees, on February 18, 1891. The
owest temperature was 12 degrees, on
?ebiuary 8, 1895. Average date on
rhich first ' 'killing'' frost occurred in
--a ^ 0*7 A roro rrn Alt &
luiulliu, juvcujuc1 ijt. ui?>gv v>u.vv. :
m which last "killing"' frost occurred
d spring, March 2.
Precipitation (rain and melted snow:)
Average for the month, 3.40 inches.
Average number of days with 1-100 of
.n inch or more, 10. Tho greatest
nonthly precipitation wa? 10.45 inches
n 1874. The least monthly precipitaiou
was 0 51 inches, in 1808. The |
;reatest amount of precipitation recora:d
in any twenty-four consecutive
lours was 2.70 inches, on February 1(>
.nd 17.1884. The greatest amount of |
nowfall recorded in any twenty-four .
:onsecutive hours (record extending to
winter of 1884-85 only) was traced on
February 20. 1880.
Clouds and Weather?Average nurn>er
of clear days, 10; partly cloudy
lays, 10; cloudy days, 8.
Wind?The prevailing winds have
>een from the southwest. 21 perccntum.
["he highest velocity of the wind was 44
i o
DUGS, irom Uie iiuruivitot, vn i tuiuai;
!7. 1S93.
4c Cotton Makes 43. Prices.
Xot o*?ly on Provisions, Clothing,
.'""urniture and all the actual ncccssaries
>f living, but as well on things apperaining
to our enjoyment aud culturc.
This is specially true as to Pianos and
Organs. Wise Manufacturers realize
hat in these close times prices must
)e exceedingly low, and they are meetng
the emergency. Notice the latest
idvertisement of J,udden & Bates
southern Mu?ic Ii-iusc, Savannah. <Ja., ,
n this issue, and write them for their ,
'our Cents Prices. This is a wide- ,
iwake-ncver-jret-left and thoroughly
'eliable house, whose offers always
nean just what they say. It costs
lothing to write Ludden & Bates for
Catalogues, Prices and Easy Install
nent Terms, which they send with
>ieasur~
Mr. James 31. Smith of Columbia, S.
2. writes: Pear Sir?It eivft* me
:reat pleasure to say tnat tne Ultl
S'orth State Ointment bought of you
las entirely cured me of eczema when
syerything I had used previously failed
,o giye any relief. It is a great medi:ine.
and I would not be without it in
ny house. I use it for almost everyhing.
where any medicine is needed,.
md have gotten the best of results";
:very time. Respectfully. \
James M. Smith. !
PEACE AT LAST. |
j
Gen. Gomez Accept the Overtures j
of President McKiniey.
HE IS NOW OUR ACTIVE ALLY.
The Provisions of the Compact
Made for the Payment ot the
Cuban Soldiers Under
Arms.
A dispatch from Kcincdios, Cuba,
under date of Feb. 2. says:
As a result of the conference which
Robert P. Porter, the special commissioner
of President McKinley, has had
with Gen. Gomez. the latter cablcd to
President McKinley this afternoon as
suring him ot his cooperation m disbanding
the Cuban army and in distributing
among the Cuban soldiers the S3.OOO.UOO
appropriated for the purpose of
ennabliog them to return to their homes.
Gen. Gomez also telegraphed to Maj.
Gen. Brooke saying lie would accept
the latter's invitation to go to Habaua.
The success of Mr. Porter's mission
cimiJifi/ic tV>r> rptiirninc rtf mili
e4VWlv ?v, -0 w* *
tary Cubans to the pursuits of peace.
In view of Gen. Gomez's supposed
prior attitude of hostility toward the
United States. Mr. Porter came here
clothed with absolute authority and the
tender of $3,000,000 was practically a
verbal ultimatum. Had it not been accepted
no more ultimatums would have
been made.
Mr. Porter made plain the purpose of
the government and was gratified at the
JLCUU,) icspuuoc; uvuig/.. J.IIU
conference took place at the house here
occupied by the Cuban general as his
headquarters since coming to town.
When Mr. Porter arrived here last
week he was accompanied by Senor
Gonzalo de Quesada, the special commissioner
of the Cuban junta at Washington;
Capt. Campbell, of General
Brooke's staff; Lieut. Hanna, of Gen.
Wood's staff, and a correspondent of
the Associated Press.
The Cuban commander was cordial in
greeting Mr. Porter, and opened the interview
by referring to the change for
the better which had taken place in
Cuba since he was last here in September.
He also laid stres? on the fact that
some people were asking where was
Cuba's promised liberty.
."The answer to this." said Mr. Porter.
is that Cuba now has commercial
and industrial liberty and that
President McKinley lias directed me in
framing the Cuban tariff to make no
discrimination in favor of the United
States in the manner that Spain favored
herself. Cuba is free today to buy in
the cheapest market. People are returning
to the pursuits of peace and our
military government will give way to
the civil government as fast as possible."
M ?-? 1 . f 1-. A TV11 vnACA
1U1. l unui diau naiu tuai' uiu pui^vov;
of the American government is to lay a
firm foundation of stable government
for Cuba, to give the Cubans all the liberties
they had fought for, and that
Gen. Gom?z must remember that and
more still. For instance, there are 25,000
or 30.000 Spanish soldiers at Cicnfuegos
who have not left Cuba, that we
had only been a month on the island
and that President McKinley needed
and was entitled to the cooperation of
all interested in the welfare and future
of Cuba and that he needed the cooperation
of Gomez above all others.
The first problem, Mr. Porter then
pointed out, was thedisbandment of the
Cuban army and the return of the Cuban
soldiers to work. This was the specific
mission which had brought Mr.
Porter to Remedies and i"h which President
McKinley expected Gen. Gomez's
axu.
The Cubaa commander replied that
he was willing to give the aid required,
but asked how he could do so.
To this Mr. Porter replied that President
McKinley would be glad to have
him go to Habana and cooperate with
Gen. Brooke in disbanding the Cubans
and in paying over the $3,000,000 appropriated
for that purpose.
Gen. Gomez said the amount was too
small, but that was not his fault, and
he would make it go as far as possible.
while likening it to the miracle of the
loaves and fishes.
"Xo man in history," said Mr. Porter,
"has done so much with so small
resources as you have done. Hence
your cooperation with Gen. Brooke
nrill Krinor crnnrl-rocnlf'S "
Gen. Gomez especially requested that
the money, for which Mr. Porter had
orders in his pocket, should be paid
over to Gen. Brooke and not to himself,
as he did not want the personal responsibility
of keeping it.
The Cuban general then assured Capt.
Campbell of his good feeling toward
Gen. Brooke and the formal compact
was presented to Gomez by Mr. Porter
and was assented to by Gen. Gomez.
In brief the compact is as follows:
First. The Cuban officers in each
province shall assist the American officers
in distributing the funds.
Second. That these officers shall at
once meet at some convenient point and
devise how. when and where the payments
are to be made and arrange any
other details.
Third. That the sum paid to cach
man shall not be regarded as part payment
of salary or wages due for service
rendered, but to facilitate the disbandmetit
of tlio army, as a relief of suffering
and as an aid in getting the people
to work.
Fourth. The Cubans shall surrender
their arms to the Cuban assembly cr to
its representatives.
Fifth. The committee oiT8istribution
shMl use its best endeavors to distribute
it among the population, so that al!
may secure work.
Sixth. That the ?3,000,000 shall be
placed subject to the order of Gen.
Brooke and that action in the matter
shall be immediate.
Gen. G.vmez was tendered a public
reception this evening and Mr. Porter
was among those present.
Gen. Gomez made the point in his
discussions with Mr. i'orter that the
estimate of the amount wanted for the
army was not his. but that of the Cuban
assembly. It was then that, lie
brought in his reference to using the
grant like the loaves and fishes.
The meeting last night at the Cuban
club house took the form of a reception
to Mr. Porter and his party. It was ar
ranged by Gen. Gomez, the invitations
being sent out after the close of the
conference. The private theatre of the
club was crowded, many handsome and
gaily dressed women in the audience
giving beauty and color to the scene.
American and Cuban flags were the
no 1 -Ti3ofi7rr> in tlir> rlcpnratinns.
|
Sesor de Ouesada made a stirring address,
counseling faith in the good intentions
of the United States and predicting
a glorious future for the Cuban
republic. He was literally showered
with roses bv the women at the end of
nis speech35"^'ivas' ^"ere for
1'rcsident Molvinicy. < mi. tjoiitcz. Mr. j
Porter and the 1'nited States. Then <
followed other speeches. l>;it <!eu. j
Gomez diu not speak.
* I
MONKEYS AS COTTOJf PICKERS.
An Interesting Experiment Eeing j
Tried in Mississippi Cotton Fields.
Mr. Torn (J. Lane contributes the follow
i ug to the Southern Cotton Planters'
Journal: Two years ago. at the Yicksburg
fair, in the fall of 180(5, as Prof.
8. M. Tracey and Mr. W. W. Mangrum
were watching some trained monkeys
perform their various tricks Professor
Traccy said to Mr. Mangrum: "Assure
as you are alive. Mangrum. those montovi
i?tn k.-> t-ino-litTn mcl- f>Atl-nn
and more cheaply than our Negroes do.
and perpetual fame will he the part of
the man who tirst tried the experiment."
At first Mr. Mangum was inclined to
iaugh at the idea, but the more he
thought over the matter, and the more
he watched the monkeys at their various
tricks", the more he became con
vinceu mat mere was sometning in it,
and the next day as he left the professor
at the Carroll hotel, he said:
"Well professor. I have been thinking
over your suggestion of teaching
monkeys to pick cotton, :;nd I am determined
to try the thing and see if it
will work. They have been taught to
do much more difficult things than that-,
and I am aiuost sure they can be taught
to pick cotton. We can't rely on the
Niggers much longer, and next falll am
goin? to buy me a dozen monkeys and
see what can be done.' The next fall,
that is in September of 181^7. Mr. Mangrum
hunted up the owner and trainer
of ten trained monkeys in New York
Pi rt i-? A rr> n 1* a r/\
Viiv, aiiM Liiciivu ai ito i;utn tu
buy the monkeys, and to get the services
of their trainer who understood
the business, and assured Mr. Mangrum
that it would the simplest thing imaginable
to teach monkeys to pick cotton.
These were placed upon one of Mr.
Mangum's Mississippi plantations about
the middle of September of that year,
and the training began. The monkeys
belonged to the race known to scientists
as Sphagtalis Vulgaris, and the
males weigh about 110 pounds and the
females about 00 pounds each. Bags
were made for each monkey, which
would hold aoout z.) ids or seea cotton,
and a bag placed over the shoulder of
each. It is surprising how rapidly the
trainer taught the monkeys to pick cotton.
Baskets to hold the cotton were
pla ei at the cod of the rows, and one
man. over and above the trainer, was
necrssary to take the cotton out of the
sacks and put it in the baskets. The
females proved much better .pickers
than the males, for they not only pick
cleaner cotton, but they would also
pick more of it in a day. In less than
o tli a in an cfortftrl of"
O. uiuutu at ivi wiiv mvuuvj & ov.*** ?* v
the work the}* could pick au average of
150 pounds a day. They pickcd in
weather in which Negroes would not
pick, and picked cleaner cotton. The
cost of picking was much less, and in
every way they made much better
pickers than the average Xegro.
The first experiment, although on a
small scale, proved to Mr. Mangrum
that mohkeys could be used with great
succcss as cotton pickers, so in June of
189S he made an order for 300 monkeys
of the same breed, on an exporter of
monkeys from Africa, with the understanding
that most of them were to be
females. About the first of September
of this year the new batch of monkeys
arrived, and the service of the old
trainers was engaged to train this new
lot. But this was not such an easy
matter as was at first thought, for
many of the new monkey's were still
wild. But the trainer thoroughly understands
his business, having served
< * * - - t> ? _ x
ior a long nine unaer jjaruum us u?allcr
of monkeys. Finally with the aid
of the ten old monkeys, who were of
great assistance, and a great deal of punishment
and rewarding, the gang
were pretty well trained by the middle
of October.
I have watched this experiment with
greater interest than I have watched
any new things in years. I have kept
in constant correspondence with Mr.
Mangrum about this matter and about
the middle of November I visited his
plantation near Smedes to see the monkeys
at their work. I must admit that
it was a glorious sight to see, and one
that did my heart good. The rows were
filled with monkeys, each one with her
little cotton sack around her neck,
picking quietly and orderly, and without
any rush or confusion. When they
got their sacks full they would ran to
the end of the row. where a man was
stationed to empty them into the cotton
baskets, when they would hurry
back to their work, and the monkeys
seemed actually to enjoy picking.
Killed Each Other.
Bob Marks, a noted ?porting character
and tvpical deadshot Texan, was
.Tolin I
iviiiuii aii a uu\;t nut juuj v v?*m
W. Bennett, proprietor of a saloon and
gambling house at San Antanio. Tex.
Marks had been drinking and announced
as he left his own saloon that he
was going to die with his boots on. He
entered the Silver King saloon and
threatened to shoot out the lights.
Words were passed and revolvers were
drawn. Marks emptied the five chambers
of his revolver, shooting Bennett
through the abdomen. Stretched on
the floor, mortally wounded. Bennett
fired tliree shots at Marks, killing him
instantly. Bennett died Thursday.
No Additional Judges
In the House Thursday. 31 r. Moss'
bill providing for two additional circuits
brought forth much debate. The
author contended that he was rot actuated
by personal interest and that the
arrangement would not displace any of
the present judges. Before the war
there were ten judges and they certainI3
are needed now. The scheme would
cost $10,000 but it would save *40.000.
Many members engaged in the debate,
discussing the cost and necessity of
the bill. On a vote being taken the
bill was killed.
We agree wit'i the Masion Star that
'"United States senators should be
elected by the popular vote instead of
leaving it to the legislatures of the several
States. A i;:an clectcd to the senate
in this way would be directly responsible
to the people for his conduct while
in Washington, and would be made to
feel that he was sent there by the people.
It is wrong for a legislature to have powers
that could properly be given to the
people."
A Xe\v York man who had the grip
for four years in succession escaped it
this year because he kept his feet dry
atlu now icci* auru mat mc uisw.'t u
contracted through the f'eet. And
right on top of this another fellow
comes along and says that he had grip
five years in succession, and wears two
wooden legs. This seems to knock the
feet from under the foot theory, but as
a rule it is a good thing to keep the
feet warm.
The Richmond Times thinks that j
"before Kagan gets through eating the
nf nrnw in front of him. he will I
think that embalmed beef is angel's
food."
f
/
sags r-w-? ** ii * ~ama
! FIGHTINC BEGINS. !
!
Battle at Manila Between Our
Troops and Filipinos.
TWENTY AMERIGANS KILLED.
The Battle Began Saturday Night
and Was Resumed Sunday
Morning by a Genera! Advance
of the Americans.
A dispatch from Manila says the long
pv: iA<>r r>rl mntnre between the Aroeri
cans and the Filipinos has come at last.
The former are now engaged in solving
the Philippine problem with the utmost
expedition possible. The clash
came at 8:40 Saturday evening, when
three daring Filipinos darted past the
Nebraska regiment's pickets at Santa
Mesa, but retired when challenged.
They repeated the experiment without
drawing the sentries' fire. But the
last time Corporal Greely challenged
the Filipinos and then fired, killing
one of them and wounding another. Almost
immediately afterward the Filipino
line, from Caloocan to Santa Mesa,
commenced a fusilade which was ineffectual.
The Nebraska. Montana and North
Dakota outposts replied vigorousty and
held their ground until reinforcements
arrived. The Filipinos in the meantime
concentrated at three points. Caloocan,
Gagalangin and Santa Mesa.
At about 1 o'clock the Filipinos opened
a hot fire from all three places simultaneously.
This was supplemented by
the fire of two siege guns at Balik-Balik,
and by advancing their skirmishers
-j.it n._j Ti?
lit i'uqcu ui1u i aiiUilUilLI. jliic T.mtuicans
responded with a terrific fire, but
owing to the darkness tliev were unable 1
to determine the effect. The Third artillery
also did good work on the ex- '
treme left. The engagement lasted
over an hour. The Uuited States cruiser
Charleston and the gunboat Concord,
stationed off Malabona, opened
tire from their secondary batteries on
ffio 17?lininnc' rmcifinn ot
kept it up vigorously.
At 2:45 there was another fusilade
along the entire line, and the United
States sea-going monitor Monadnock
opened lire on the enemy from off
Malate. With daylight the Americans ,
advanced. The California and Washington
regiments made a splendid charge
and drove the Filipinos from the villages
of Paco and Santa Mesa. The
Nebraska regiment also distinguished
itself, capturing several prisoners and
one howitzer and a very strong position
at. the reservoir, which is connected
with the waterworks. The Kansas and
Dakota regiments compelled the enemy's
right flank to retire to Caloocan.
There was intermittent firing at vari
ous points all day long, xne losses 01
of the Filipinos cannot be estimated at
present, btft they are known to be considerable.
The American losses are
estimated at 20 men killed and 125
wounded.
The Ygorrotes. ar/aed with brtws and
arrows, made a very determined stand
in the face of a hot artillery fire and left
many dead on the field. Several attempts
wen. made in this city Sunday
evening to assassinate American officers.
SAVAGE AND FEROCIOUS.
The Devil Dancers at Ceylon and Tfcolr
jxystenous ays.
The real Singhalese devil dancers
in Ceylon are ferocious and savage
fellows. Their dances are revolting
and horrible. But their profession is
popular and affords a royal living for
the men who go into it. There is a
superstition among the Singhalese that
when a man falls sick he is supposed
to be afflicted by the deviL In order
to rid liim of the disease the devil
dancers are called in to propitiate the
demon. Two or more of them go by
night to the sick man's house, in front
of which a smaii. square inclosure,
about six feet high, lias been made
of grasses and palm leaves. Tbis answers
the purpose of the green room
at a theatre. The men appear at first
without masks ,and with long yellow
grass streamers hanging from their
beads and waists. The only light cast
on the scene is by torches made of
sticks, roinid which pieces of cloth are
wrapped, dipped in oil. To the music
of a tam-tam, kept up on one note, the
dancers sing a pecu.iar, wild funeral
dirge, in which the spectators often
join.
The dancers begin by slowly moving
ol?/\n+- tlin fin-lit iVint 5ind
bringing rue loft up to it, and appear
as if they were searching for something.
during which the singing sounds
like crying. They are then asking the
devil to appear. There are twenty-four
different sorts of devils, and. after the
first part, the dancers are constantly
changing their clothes 10 represent the
entire species: some wear masks, some
don jaws ~nd terrible teeth reaching
to the ears. Tne jaws open and close
in a very realistic manner.
A dance .nsts over two nights, as the
whole twenty-four devils have all to
be personated before the particular demon
who is afflicting Uie sick man is
pitched on. When he gives signs of
his presence tlie dancers go into a sort
of frenzy, which increases as he takes
possession of them; tue tam-tam beats
faster nnu faster, the chanting grows
into yells, the mc-n whirl and stamp
and the bells on their ankles jingle and
clash.
At this stage the .dancers appear to
be looking for some object to give the
devil in sacrifice, and into which lie
may pass. A chicken is usually offered
by the friend of the sick man. and this
unfortunate bird is seized upon, twisted
and tormented and bitten between
the false teeth, until tho dancers, worn
out. move slower and slower, and the
chicken sinks into a sort of trance,
which is the sijrn tnat tho devil has
accepted the sacrifice, and is willing
to pass from the man into the bird.
IMiiiilMiiia
From Maker Direct to Purchaser,
Si -r?2^ * H
IA fjrOOCl |
m -k s.ga&iO ^
n
if'"SfeSS^jill A Poor Piano f|
^5, wiillastafew??!
Sive endless j?$
^ The ^-.?2^'- vexation. ^
l Matnusnck i
Is ar.vr.ys Ccod, always Reliable, 1
fjg? always Satisfactory. always Last- JjgS <
in?. "You take no chances in buy* 28s
18?i ?S 1
? ? It costs somewhat more than a
i(g%\ chenp, ]>oor piano, but is much the SS5 '
iSS. cheupexl in the end. 3S? ]
(SgS Noother li itrh Grade Piano sold so Jjgig
138? reasonable. Factory prices to retail i?5
8R\ buyers. Easy payments. Writenj. fjftfi
?g 9 L'JSQEN & BATES, M 1
Savannah, <;a., and >.'ew York City.
J
Mgfl HM*
Old North State Ointment.
The Old North State Ointment
is a medical wonder discovered
by Jasper Miller. It
cures Piles, Eczema, Carbuncles,
Boils, Inflammatory
Rheumatism, Corns, Bunions,
Sore Eyes, Sore Throat, Prickly
Heat and all skin diseases,
or money refunded. Only 25
cents per box. The discovery
was a case of seeming necessi- ^
ty. His little daughter had a
fearful case of eczema of the
head and eyes, and it finally
got into the upper lip, causing
it to turn inside out. He had /
-* -* * ? i i. _
her treated oy leading?me
best?physicians in Columbia
and Charlotte for nearly two
years, and the disease constantly
grew ^sy-orse. He-began
reading a standard medical
journal, and saw many
things recommended for eczema,
and went to work nd
took of the many things and
compounded this medical wonder,
Old North State Ointment,
and cured, in the case of this
little girl, one of the most
stubborn cases of eczema; after
which many other stubborn
diseases have been experi
mented with and cured.
Cuthbert, Ga , September 1, IS97.
Mr Jasper Miller, < olumbia, S. C :
Dear Sir?A friend of mine bad eezema, ia
Savannah, and he ii*d tried everything recommended
to him without success. I re- ^
commended jour Old North State Ointment.
He osed one box, whish made a complete
cure. I take pleasure in recommending it
to any one suffering from eczema ortny exm
affection. Yours truly, G. C. Bacot.
For sale by all Dealers and Cruggists at 25
cents oer box.
Flour Mill
Machinery.
CONTRACTS TAKEN TO FURNISH COM
?PLETE EQUIPMENT FOE?
Roller Floor Mills.
?REPRESENTING THE ?
Riehinoni City Mill Works,
One of the largest manufacturers e
Flour Mill Machinery in the country,
and having experienced Millwrights,
I am prepared to build mills on
the most improved plans ,.and at
prices to compete with any one
in the trade. We guarantee
the products of our mills to
equal ' the grades of the best
Western mills. Before
placing your orders
write to me.
I also handle a complete line of WoodWorking
Machinery: Saw Mills, Bn*
gines and Boilera, Corn Mills and Machinery
in general.
Having been established in business
here for sixteen years, I have built up
my trade by selling the very.highest
class of machinery, and am in a better
position to serve the interest of my
customers than ever before.
V. C. Badham,
Take Care of '
Your Property.
Save money oy keeping your
Gins in thorough repairYon
get better results
please the public
and save your
OWN TIME AND LABOR.
Fourteen years practical experience
in the ELLIOTT GUN
SHOPS at Winnsboro, S. C.,
is a guarantee ol good worK.
Send your gins at once to
he undersigned,
W.J, ELLIOTTCOLUMBIA,
S. C.
Located adjacent to the Tozer
Engine Work July27 3m
"COME AND SEE II!
We will exhibit at the State
Fair to be held here Nov,
13th to 19th, in operation
a
Complete hurray ft inning
o-mplete mubray ?inning
System,
ystem
Built by Liddell Co , Charlotte,
N. C.
This will afford all interested an opportunity
of seeing the most modejn
and simplest ginning machinery. Y?u
can't afford to miss it.
W. H. GIBBES & C9
Liquor, Morphine, Tobacco
using produce a disease?
condition of tiie brain
Which is easily cured at?
1/ !.. I 12fi Smith
m\) insuiuie, Charleston, S. C.
The Remedy builds up the system in
every way, removing permanently any
desire for Liquor or Drug. All patients
are under the care of a skilled institute
physician who is a veteran graduate of
the cure and six years exclusively iii
Keely work. Write for literature.
Large mansion. Steam heated. Large
piazzas.
Keelylnstitute sut

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