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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 22, 1899, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-02-22/ed-1/seq-4/

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THE ICE KING, |
feelow Zero Weather Advafi&eS
Even into Florida;
s-..?- ?rtiiTu rnr\7CW IIP
I nt OUU l n r rvUi-wi. w. .
The Entire Country Covered With
a Mantle of Snow. Record
Breakng Temperature.
FEW YORK 20E BOUND.
New York, 12 ?The storm
which 0r? n !airi-s; >it.ce Sa;ur?!a\
nijrht im-react-d in violence toda\. becoming
a thorough blizzard. Snow fell
ail day and is still coming down. A
bitter northwest wind <Jrives the snow
in clouds thruuch the streets, sweeping
the sidewalks iu some places and iu
others piling up 3 feet snow drifts. Tie.
street cleaning department, after struggling
for 36' hours to clear the principal
streets, gave up entirely, even surrendering
Broadway to the wind and snow.
In the suburbs, where the wiuas have
free sweeps, drifts are 5 to 10 feet high.
Street railroads have stopped altogether
and suburban steam railroads are
blocked. Many neighboring towns are
cut off from Xew York altogether. Of
the 15,000 destitute families in this
< >;tv as estimated by Blair, superin
tendent of the outdoor poor, nearly all
are either freezing or starving to death.
LJ BELOW ZERO AT TALLAHASSEE.
Jacksonville, Fla.. Feb. 13.?Unprecedented
weather visited northern
Florida today. Sleet was followed by
light snow early this morning in .all- of
western and middle Florida. The lowest
temperature was 2 degrees below
zero at Tallahassee, 9 degrees above at
Jacksonville and a temperature of from
? i.
15 to 40 degrees in the orange oeit.
- -- Winter maturing vegetables were killed.
What damage was done to orange trees
is yet in doubt, subsequent weather being
an important factor in determining.
In the orange belt rite temperatures
were not so low as they have been. In
northern Florida the weather was unprecedented.
The snow between midnight
and daylight was followed by sunshine
and a clear sky, but with a cold
northwest wind.
rriARTVESTOX ASTONISHED.
Charleston, Feb. 13?When the city
awoke this morning it found itself wrapped
ia a blanket of snow. It was bitterly
cold all of last night, the thermometer
registering as low as 13 degrees.
Until after midnight rain and
sleet fell. The snow did not come till
towards morning. The fall is variously
estimated at from 2 to 3 inches
on a level. Business has practiWn
all dav
V<UAJ vvwu ? ?
Merchants, clerks, business men and
private citizens have paraded the
streets, engaging in snowball battles.
The street cars have not been able to i
run and no trains have entered or gone
out of the city today. The weather is
the coldest ever experienced here, the j
thermometer registering 9 degrees at 2 J
p. m., today.
"coldest ox record."
^ Augusta, Ga., Feb. 13.?Augusta is
in the midst of the coldest spell on record.
"With half a foot of dry snow on
the ground and the themometer lo to
25 degrees below the freezing point, a
stiff northerly wind intensifies the cold.
The snow ceased falling at 3:30 a. m.,
and the sun shone all day, but without
causing any diminishing effect in the
biting cold. The lowest point reached
by the mercury for 24 hours ending at
8 n m was 4 dp<?rees. The maximum
was 17 degrees, and the deficiency of j
-5^- temperature over the same date last
year was 40 degrees. At 9 o'clock tonight
thermometer was at the 10degree
point, with every indication of
being near zero before morning.
north Carolina's dose.
Charlotte, X. C., Feb 13.?Charlotte
is having j'ne coldest weather known in
in rr "In rears. Snow beeall failing
_ Saturday morning and continued
through the day au i Mgnt, incr asking
in seventy toward Sunday morning. It
conunued ail day Suuday and up to 11
o'clock Sunday night. At 10:30 tonight
thermometers registered from 1
- to 4 degrees below zero. One of the
^ J J
worsi onzzarus uu icuuiu ia 105^^ iu
the mountains in the western part of
the State. At Blowing Rock the thermometer
was 10 below zero this morning.
At Lenoir it stood at 2 degrees
below. At Winston zero was reached.
In many towns a coal and wood famine
is threatened.
BUSINESS SUSPENDED.
Savannah, (ia., Feb. 13.?Today has
been the coldest on record in this city.
A 1A ? m +>10 moTfiirr stnnf} flf. fi rfe
J.JLl? JLV ? iU. ? WUV U4VAVU*;
grees above zero, with the city under a
2-inch snowfall and a brisk wind blowing.
Henry Lewis, colored died from
the cold in his house. Street cars were
for 12 hours stalled by snow all over
the city. In several instances motormen
and conductors who waited on their
stalled cars for orders were so badlv
frostbitten that they had to be lifted off
???- the cars and sent home and to bed.
BATTLE AGAINST THE ELEMENTS.
Philadelphia. Feb. 13.?After a day
Ui i-lflUIU UilLtlC, itii mc uumau J.v/1
that could be brought into play agains
the elements have been forced to sue
eumb, and to night the city is fast locked
in the embrace of the worst blizzard
in tie hisiory of the local weather
bureau. Steam and local traffic are at
a standstill, and the snow-heaped
streets are deserted. There were a
number of deaths and a good many casualties
attributable to the prevailing
conditions.
SENTRIES SUCCUMBED.
Anniston, Ala., Feb. 13.?Daniel
Chatman. a Negro, was found frozen in
his bed this morning. The temperature
this morning was 14 below, the
coldest ever known. The enlisted men
at Camp Shipp are well equipped, and
suffered no inconvenience from the
cold. Many sentnes. mainly Negroes,
however, fell on their beats from numb??
s. ness, and' had to be taken to the hos^
pital to be thawed out.
TWENTY-FOUR BELOW ZERO.
Lexington, Ky., Feb. 13.?Attested
thermometers registered 24 degrees below
zero this morning. The poor have
been fed free at i soup house all day,
and various citizens have donated coal.
Only one "or two coal yards in Lexington
have any coal, and they will not
furnish to any one person more than a
ton. Coal has jumped from S2.25 to
$4a ton.
AT CAMP MARION.
Charleston, Feb. 13.?A special to
The News and Courier from Camp Marion
says: The soldiers suffered considerably
by the blizzard and snow storm.
Today tiiere was an insufficient supply
of wood, and none could be gotten in
the town for love or money.
THE SNOW IN VIRGINIA.
Richmond, Ya.. Feb. 13.?The director
of the weather station here reports
that the present snow storm 'is
the heaviest on record in Virginia, It
commenced snowing here at 2 o'clock
Saturday and continued -up to 6 to- j
night, when it practically stopped.
This is about the experience all
j through Virginia. In this vicinity the
snow is about 17 inches deep on a level.
! but in many places is drifted to a depth
I of 4 or :> feet. 7u this city, street car
j traffic is suspended, and tlere were no
j northern or southern trains in or out of j
I the city today, sp.ve one northern tram i
j that arrived early this morning. The !
J Chesapeake ai;d Ohio road has nvo pas- j
senger :rains tied ur> at Charlottesville, j
bu; dispatched one train westward to- j
TiiiiSu and one to Newport News this af j
tt*rsi'?ou. B io^* the city the Jar\i<Si
rivor is fr<'2?!? over.
WORST EVER KNOWN* IS MACON*.
t Macou. (m.. K. b. 13 ?The Ax-aiher
i i-i Macon and vicinity i- rhe sw-re?i j
I kutiwu t.? tin- oid'-^t iuhahitfTBt. T;.? ;
! six iiH'iu-s iif mkivv that f-!i mi rid ay i> !
j lii' l- ID- Very SU> * Iv til?* tllfOJou- |
! rit*r remaiij.- e;?.&- at<u" 32 d?gre;s!
i above zero, mm * <> n:;:r "iio z?ro point ;
i this n.'ontinj: i iiere is- v mjparativel.v I
j little tiufr-ring sraong the poor, and j
there will be none tomorrow, as the I
- . i
citizens have raised a sutfi.-ient I unci to :
provide for a!!.
WASHINGTON GIVF5 UP.
Washington, Feb. 13. ? With two j
inches less than three feet of snow on a
level and the mercury hovering con|
stantiy ne0" zero, the capital today
was in tfce g a-p of the most severe
blizzard in iiistory. The snow fall.
which began on Saturday evening, con*
* - . "1 i i 1
tinued without cessation until n
o'clock tonight, the official measurement
in 50 hours being 20 iuches on
top of the heavy rail of a few days preceding.
Driven by a hi;ih north-west
wind it drifted in banks cf from.five to
eight feet in depth, suspending ail
traffic, tieing up the street car lines,
cutting off the city from all outside
communication by rail and causing un
told suffering among the poor. At I
| midnight the weatner had cleared and |
the wind had moderated. The railway
mail service is paralyzed by the storm
and mails are at a standstill throughout
the Atlantic region.
FIBE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
Test of a Bill that Passed the House
Last Week.
After considerable discussion on
Thursday the House passed a bill ;;to
prevent fire insurance companies, associations
or partnerships doing business
in this State, or the agents of said comI
r\<inioc ?iccn/>isfir)nc nr nartnershirvs
JJuy'w) ? ? r 1 from
entering into combinations to
make or coDtrol rates for fire insurance
on property in this State, and providing
punishment for violation of this
act." Following is the bill:
That it shall be unlawful for any fire
insurance company, association or partnership
doing a fire insurance business
in this State to enter iDto a combination
or compact with other fire insurance
companies, associations or part
nerships, or to require or allow tneir
agents to enter into any compact or
combination with other insurance
agents, companies, associations or partnerships.
for the purpose of governing
or controlling the rates oharged for fire
insurance charged on any property in
this State: Provided. That nothing
herein shall prohibit one or more of
such companies from employing a common
agent or agents to supervise and
advise of defective structures or sug
gest improvements to lessen fire hazard.
That all fire insurance companies, associations
or partneiships doing a fire
insurance business in this State shall
cause to be filed on the first day of
March, 1900, and in ea:h year thereafter,
with the comptroller general of this
State, the affidavit of some officer or
agent of said company association or
partnership who resides in. this State,
setting forth the fact that the company
of which he is an officer or agent has
Dot in the 12 months previous to the
date of the said affidavit entered into
auy trust, combination or association,
for the purpose of preventing com petition
in insurance rates in this S>a:e..
The sai-i affidavit t-imll be uiade before
some officer of this Stale authorized n> |
administer oaths, and any faUe <-Hte- i
ment made in s.tid aflid-ivit shaii h>-j
deemed perjury. and punished b\ a fine
of not less tl-an SiOO nor more than
$1,000, and by cmtiuemeiinu the penitentiary
for out; .\ear. or. iu the discretion
of the court, by confinement in jail
for a period of not less than 30 days
oor moie than 12 months: Provided,
further. That any attempt to evade :
this act. by agreeing upon any one per
son or number of persons, for the purpose
of making rates for all such insur- '
ance companies, association or partner- !
ships, or by buying rate books made ]
by any person or persons, shall be
deemed a violation of this act and shall 1
be punished as herein provided. <
The comptroller general or other offi- '
cial to whom said companies, associa- J
tions or partnerships are annually re- i
quired to report to this State, shall
on/1 vnno 11 f1
XVIVIIWIVII it WIVU aiiu x won i iuu nvvudv
or authority of such company or com
panies. association or associations, part- ;
nership or partnerships, to do or to \
transact business in ihis State, for any
violation of this act. and no renewal of
authority shall be granted to it for :
three years after such official re voca- j
tion; notice of such revocation to be
icli -P/\r? Ana 1 1
VAU.1J ^uvuou^u IVi V
vreek ia three or more daily papers !
published in this State; and for a viola- !
tion of any of the provisions of this act j
by any such company or companies, as- '
sociation or associations, partnership or 1
partnerships, they shall on conviction
thereof pay a fine of not less than ?500.
It shall be the duty of the attorney
general or the solicitors upon his re
quest to cause the provisions of this 1
act to be enforced.
It shall also be the duty of the comp- (
troller general, or other official now
charged or to te charged with the en- 1
forcemcut of the insurance laws of th:s ;
State, to renuire everv fire insurance '
company, association or partnership do- J
ing a fire insurance business within this
State, to file with the annual statement '
made to him. a statement duly sworn ;
to by the manager or president ef cach
company, association or partnership,
legally admitted in this State, that it
has not. in the year intervening between
the issue of its last license and that applied
for, violated the conditions of this
act.
TVii< nft shall in fn?Y>A frnrp the
day of 1900. and all acts or parts of acts
inconsistent therewith are hereby repealed.
Four Children Burned.
A special dispatch from Dubois. Pa.
says: A dwelling hcuse at French Run,
6o miles east oi l'ubois, belonging to a
woodsman named Carlson was burned
Friday morning. Carlson was away
from home, but his wife and five little
children were in the house. The mother
was awakened by che noise of crackling
wood, and had just time to grasp
her baby and jump from a second story
window into the snow. She was then
obliged to stand and witness the burning
to death of her four other little ones
aged twelve, seven, five and two years
.respectively.
ARCSSfc'S idOAI OPIIOU BItL.
The Test a? tlie Measure as it Passed
L.AAV, k/vuavv>
The Archer bill, as it passed the
Senate. and as it comes before the
'louse, reads as follows:
There may be one or more county
dispensers appointed for each county,
except the counties of Horry and
Greenwood, the ( lace of business of
each of whom shall be designated by
the county board of control, but the
State b<?ar.i of control nra>t uive con-,
sent before more than oue ais-penser can
be appointed in any county, except
that itj die county of Spartanburg otiiy
onv ai.speti^er shall be appointed and
only one dispensary shali be established;
and when the rount.s board eesijcuatcs
a locality for a dispensary, twenty
' i . ? *11. 1 11 L _
day a puouc rioticc oi wnion snail ue
given, it shall be competent 1'ora majority
ot the qualified voters of the township
iu whL-h such dispensary is to be
lo'.-att-d to prevent its location in such
township by signing a petition or petitions
addressed to the county board,
requeuing that no dispensary be established
in that township,
Any county may secure the establishment
of a dispensary or dispensaries, or
the removal of a dispensaries, within
its limits, in the following manner:
Upon the petition of one-fourth of the
Qualified voters of said county praying
for an election upon either the question
of the establishment or the removal of
dispensaries therein being filed with the
county supervisor of ea^h county, he
shall forthwith order the commissioners
of State ; nd county elections to hold an
election within thirty days, and ql at
least twenty-one days' uCtiGe in the
newspapers of the county, submitting
the question of "dispensary" or lfno
dispensary" to the qualified voters of
such county, which election shall be
conducted as other special elections,
and if a majority of the ballots cast be
found and declared to be for a dispensary,
then a dispensary may be established
in said county, but if a majority
of the ballots cast be found and declared
to be against the dispensary,
then no dispensary shall be established
there in, and any dispensary already
established shall be closed. Elections
under this section can be held not oftener
than once in four years.
Xo dispensary shall be established in
onv ffiimtv tmrn nr ftifcv wherein
sale of alcoholic liquors was prohib !
prior to July 1, 1893. except as her -i i
permitted: Provide.^, th^t where dispensaries
have been established in sjii-h
county, town or city they shall remain
as established until removed or cl jsed
as permitted in this Act.
That all Acts 01 parts of Acts inconsistent
with this Act be, and the same
are hereby, repealed.
COST OF PRODUCING COTTON.
Facts and Figures Gathered by Government
Officials.
Under the supervision of the Statistician.
Hyde, of the department of agriculture,
the cost of growing cotton
has been investigated and the results
of the investigation are to be published
within a few days in a pamphlet.
This report will show that the average
cost of producing an acre of upland cotton
in 1898 was $15.42, sub-divided into
the following items:
Rent$2.88, plowing$2.81, seeds21c.,
planting seed 28c., fertilizers $1,30, distributing
fertilizers 16c., choppingand
hoeing $1.31, picking $3,37, ginning
and pressing $1.02, repairing implements
40c., ail other expenses 41c.
It was ascertained that the pounds of
lint produced per acre were 255.6 sold
for 6.7c. per pound; bushels of seed produced
16, price per bushels 11.9c. The
total return to the planter ws $19 03,
which gave him a net profit of $3 61
per acre. The cost of picking cot .on
per hundred pounds was 44c., while
the cost of producing the lint per pound
was 5.27 cents. Several thousand
cotton planters contributed to these
?ta'istiys and of the entire nawb?r reple.^nted
20 per cent, reported a lass,
largely due to d ficient production,
uwing to drought o. other causes
The sea island cotton costs $21.95
per acre, or an average of 11.59c. per
pound and the total returu for lint and
si-ed of sea island cotton was $2S 65,
whieh gave the planter a net profit of
7A i .a r* ortrfi
VV l V |A.i avi V*
The planters that report a profit in
the raiding of upland cotton produced
275.9 pounds per acre, while those that
repotted a loss produced only 176
pounds.
The effect of the use of fertilizers in
fhe raising of cotton is very distinctly
disclosed, and the general result is
that,* in proportion as the quantity of
fertilizers used increased, the profit of
raising cotton per acre also increased.
It has been discovered in this investigation
that cotton is produced to a
limited extent, but at a high rate of
profit, by means of irrigation in western
Texas and the southwestern part of
Utah. In Texas irrigation had the i ffect
of producing 512.4 pounds of lint
per acre, which is 290.3 pounds greater
than the average for the whole State.
For 1896 many special inquiries were
made by a former statistician of the
department and the estimated cost of
producing lint cotton per pound, in
*old. was 8.32 cents. One of the remarkable
revelations is the comparative
cost of marketing cotton in 1840
md in 1897 The nomnarison is item
ized and shows that in 1S40 it cost
?18.15to market a bale of cotton from
Alabama to Liverpool, while in 1S97
this coit was $7.89.
Mr. James M. Smith of Columbia. S
D. writes: Dear Sir?It eiv^s me
jjeat pleasure to say tfiat tne Uld
North State Ointment bought of you
has entirely cured me of eczema when
sverything I had used previously failed
to giye any relief. It is a great medicine.
and I would not be without it in
my house. I use it for almost everything,
where any medicine is needed,
and have gotten the best of results
every time. Respectfully,
James 31. Smith.
Coldest Ever Known.
The oldest inhabitants of the South
say that the recent cold ?pell was the
coldest the South has ever kno^n. In
many places in this section uu Monday
morning the thermemeter was as lnw as
lO J T
a.-* uciu>y /.civ. AI#
even in some parts of Florida.
Greatly Damaged.
The Atlanta Journal estimates the
damage to the -wheat and oat crop of
Georgia b5* the late freeze at one million
dollars. Xo doubt the damage in
South Carolina has been very great too.
A Fitting Union.
Miss Mamie Witless and Henry
Foolfeller were married in Lincoln
county. Ga.. last week. Heaven will
surely smile upon such a fitting union
at that.
North Carolina tobacco growers are
said to make from $50 to $132 per acre.
iwv iBBBaaaSSSgiSO
r TOOK MORPHINE.
I
! Suicide in Savannah of a Stranger
in that City.
I LEAVES A PATHETIC LETTER.
| Could Not Stand Poverty. His
Farewell Message to the
World He Found too
Cold.
| S. T. Brachfeld was found dead in
; his room at No, 307 Broughton street,
i Savannah. Ga., on Mouuay, February
j 23.
fie had taKen morphine and had been
dead for seme time. The. hou-e is a
lodgiug house and is couducted by
Charles Collman. About two weeks
: ago Brachtield applied for lodging and
! \riic afn o rf\t\rr\ TJV'^n than Vin
wa-* in a mood.v aud despondent condition,
and complained frequently of his
poverty. He was a stranger in the city,
aud nothing was known of his past life.
He was reticent and gave little information
about himself. He said that
he had been divorced iroin his wire, and
had three children living.
The stranger's efforts to secure work
there were unavailing, and he became
more and more depressed. Vague hints
that he let drop seem to indicate that
even then he entertained ideas of suicide.
The last seen of him alive was
Saturday night, when he was in Gildea's
place cuj Broughton street, across
from the house in which he was living.
r\ ri i _ v \ i
un sunaay ne aiq. noc leave nis room,
but the people in the house thought he
was too poor to buy a meal and kept his
room for that reason. He seems to have
had an unusual pride and had rupulsed
gruffly and indignantly even a hint of
charity.
Monday morning he did not respond
to the knocks on the door of his room,
and at 4 o'clock had not been seen, and
it was determined to force an entrance.
Mrs. Collman's brother, D. Schwartz,
and S. Marcus broke in the door and
found the body of Brachfield lying on
thfi h;>H. Ha h
but was otherwise fully dressed. Clapped
to his breast was a picture of his child,
from which his fingers could scarcely be
released. On the mantel was the bottle
ihat had contained the morphine with
j which he had ended his life. Qn the
I table was a letter which the dead man
| had written, giving his reasons for suij
cide. The letter was written in Hebrew,
bit concluded with a few words
of English. The following is the letter:
'"I pray that I may receive k Jewish
burial.
<:The last request of one to whom
life is so burdensome that he takes his
own life.
''To whom do I write this? I don't
know. Who is a friend to me? I
don't know. Who in these days has
any feeling for a fellow being? I don't
know. Who can or may do me justice?
Nobody. Every one will say, what do
I care for him??nothing at all. What
did he take his life for? He must have
been crazy and did not know how to
take the world; let him go.
"They are truly.in the right; they
r n~
uuuci^t- ju v>cii. x icany uiu uut
know how to take the world. I have
observed people who have no kind feelings,
and who do not know what humanity
is, prosper in the world. They
are happy; they have plenty to eat, and
do as they please. When they are hard
up they apply to societies and ask for
what they want without any Reeling of
shame. I think they are right, and if
I had been like tbein I might have
lived to old age. But I can't do it, I
can't do it, I can't do it; I cannot live
dfinendinc nnnn nt.hers. T rln nr>f. np.pd
to be excused. I always believed, and
believe yet, that it were better to steal
than to b^e.
'"I aui tired of this world. I can't
bear an\ more. I am alone to blame
for all that ha* driven ine to my death.
1 rannot eWu blame my parents, though
had chey been more wise thaw pious, 1
mi .rKt iiAf Kor*i Kziur* i*K * tt\ tliic
IIVW i-LO. * VJJ^^LX VU'U^UU \JKI UIIIO
eud. But I cau?t blame them, for they
did what they thought was for my best.
'"Farewell, ray frieuds. Farr-well.
my unfortunate children. I wish that
you may be more fortunate than your
unhappy father. I am unhappy. I am
oi no good to my?eir nor others. 1
have no object in life- Then why
should I prolong suffering? God' God!
God! I know that it is wrong to take
one's own life; I cannot help myself,
and I do not believe that you will visit
punishment on me, for what you know
too well I cannot help.
"S. Brachfeld."
The style and contents of the letter,
tnougn it aDounas in repetitions ana
wild expression natural to one in Brachfeld's
condition, indicate, nevertheless,
a man of considerable feeling and education.
It expresses well the condition
of perfect desponbency and of utter
and absolute despair, that the unfortunate
man must have been in. when
he took his ewn life.
Railroad Accident.
A construction train on the South
Carolina and Georgia Railroad was
completely wrecked by the spreading of
the tracks about fifteen miles of Charleston
on last Tuesday. Two men were
killed, eight were more or less seriously
injured. The engine had gone out of
Charleston with a crew of five u;on and
carried five others, who were in the
employ of the long distance Bell Telephone
company, now constructing lines
between Charleston and Augusta.
When eleven miles out the engine
was running on a stroight track at about j
fifteen miies speed. Without a moment's
notice the track spread and the
; <.i
eugiui; wild ciiiuw u iiiiu a uiiun. m 1111
one exception the men who had been
on it were caught under it.
THE DEAD.
M. B. Jackson of Atlanta, telephone
employee.
Fred B. Fobbes, of Ypsilante, Michigan,
a telephone employee. He leaves
a widow.
THE INJURED.
W. R. Etheridge of Macon, internally
injured a^d m:iy die.
.11. M.jili^an, Augusta, Ga j cut and
brui.-cd .t'jout body and face.
V. F. Wells of Atlanta, bruised
about the body.
Conductor Edward Coughman. fractured
collar-bone.
W. D. Morman. engineer, dislocated
shoulder, fractured collar-bone.
J. E. Clark, fireman, wounds on hand
and head and legs.
John Doyle, brakeman. legs mashed.
Mr. Mulligan was the only one of
the entire party who was not caught
under the engine. He assisted the
other men to escape from their perilous
position. Another train that was due
at the 11 mile post was flagged before
it ran into wreck, and from it assistance
was obtained from the city. Daring
the afternoon all the wounded men were
brought here and cared for. They are
all doing as well as could be expected.
I
!
ALL IS ONE YEAS.
! "
{ The Changes That Have Taken Plate
in that Time.
One year ago last Wednesday tbe
! United States battleship Maine. Capt.
(J. P. Sigsbee, lay at anchor in Havana
! harbor, oj posite Mono Castle from
' whose turret floated the Spanish flag.
| Fitzhugh Lee. former major general iu
I the Confederate army, was consul general
for tliu United States in Cuba, and
I Marshal Blanco of Spain was governor
t (> i -i i m *. .i rr !.. ]
general or ine lsiana. xouay me uuuea
States battleship Texas. Capt. (J. D.
Siirsbec. lies at anchor in Havana harbor.
oj>j'uyii<: Morro Castle, whence the
American ilatr floats in the breeze; Fitzhugh
Lee. major general. United States
army, is gove: n ir <?f Havana province,
i and M.-tj. Gen. J. K. Brooke. U S A.,
i is governor general of Cuba. In the
I foul waters of the harbor lies the
I twi-ted frame of the shattered Maine,
aj.d in the Colon cemetery repose the
bones ol near three nuudreu or tne crew
that luauned her. In this contrast lies
the story of a w^ndtrful 3 ear. The
Maine lias been remembered and Spain
has departed forever from the Western
Continent. From February 15th, 1898,
to the same date in the present year,
eveuts moved with great rapidity,
though at times they seemed to the impatient
to drag slothfully along. The
terrible shock which the whole country
received with the news of the Maine's
ueMrutuiou, win nut lie lui^utcuu ouuu,
vor the tense strain of the weeks when
the court of inquiry was studying the
causes of the disaster. The American
people, wrought through half a century
by the sufferings of Cuba, were carried
to frenzy by the foul destruction of the
> r i 1 _ 1.1.1
Aiause, ana tncy were Dareiy neiu 10
momentary check from springing ut the
throat of Spaiu. The exciting period
of debate in Congress is well remembered;
the president's strong effort to
turn back the tide of war, or iO delay its
encroachments for a time; the retreat
forced upon him, tjie final swell, over
whelming all conservative regard, and
then war. The rest was hurrv and ac
tion, less harrowing than the waiting
and preparation. A short and brilliant
war, a complete victory for the American
arms, an empire lost to Spain, and
a new leaf turned in the history of the
world. All this since that a-rtful February
nl0nt in Havana harbor when the
Maine was shattered and her brave crew
sent to their doom., In Havana today,
memorial services are being held over
frroroc r.f tVi<? vif'tiinS fif
wnv ?i, 0 ?
the Maine. Tlieir fate has been
avenged. The red and yellow flag
which flaunted ir. derision at the wreck
of the proud ship, is no more in evidence.
The Spanish warships that saw
the red flames leap from tho Maine on
that fateful night or came later to view
the charred and wrecked frame of the
great ship, are now in Spanish harbors
or rusting on Cuban beaches. The
American flag floats over Cuba, and the
TrrVi-iitVi ?-> O hi Q t V> o
UULlUIliULld^ W UliUXl LUCbVlV ^ WMV.
crime of February 15, are ended forevei.?Charleston
Post.
CAPTURE "OF IL0IL0.
How the United States Troops Captured
the City.
Particulars of the capture of Iloilo
by the United States forces under Brig.
Gen. Miller, on Saturday last, have
been received. On the morning of Friday,
Feb. 10, Gen. Miller sent an ultimatum
to the commander of the rebels
on shore, notifying him that it was his
intention to take Iloilo, by force if necessary.
Noncombatants and foreigners
were warned to leave the town within
2i hours. The rebels were also
warned that they must make no fur
ther belligerent preparations. The
gunboat Petrel was then moved to a
position close in shore and near the rebel
fort, while the cruiser Boston took
up her station at the other end of the
town.
Friday passed quietly. During the
day many refugees left the town of Ho
ilo. Trie m sjority of them were taken
on board foreign s'-ips lying in the bar
b?>r. Searchlights from the United
Siates warships were kept all nighi
long illuminating the town and its de
f'enses. The rebels, so far as the lookouts
on the ships could discover, remained
qniescent throughout the day.
At S o'clock on the morning of Saturday,
Feb. 11, the gunboat Petrel sig
nailed to the cruiser Boston that the
rebels were working in their trenches.
In return the'Petrel was ordered to fire
warning shots upon the town from her
three poundera. This was done, and
the rebels replied with a harmless fu
silade. The Boston and Petrel then
bombarded the rebels' trenches, completely
clearing them of their occupant?
in a very short time.
Soon after the bombardment began
flames broke out simultaneously in various
parts of the town. Thereupon 48
marines, acting as infantry and artillery,
were landed from the Boston, and a
company was sent ashore from the .Petrel.
These detachments marched
straight into the town of Iloilo. and
hoisting the Stars and Stripes over the
fort, took possession in the name of the
United States. The capture of the
towna>d its defenses having been accomplished.
the marines and soldiers
who had been sent ashore proceeded to
save the American, English and Ger- j
man consulates from destruction Dy tne
fire which was raging among the inflammable
buildings of the town. The
Swiss consul's residence, which was in
the same row as the consulates named,
was burned, but foreign mercantile
property escaped wirh slight damage.
There was some desultory firing by the
enemy in the outskirts of Iloilo, but
not a single American was injured.
Gen. Miller's force had complete control
of the situation when the Petrel
sailed" from Iloilo for Manila. The
Sixth U. S. artillery regiment occupied
a position commanding both the |
bridges leading into the town, and the
Tennessee volunteers ancl tlie Jbignteenth
U. S. infantry were occupying
tlie trenches that had been constructed
by the rebels.
Coldest on Record.
A dispatch from Chicago says not
since 1ST2 has Chicago experienced
such intense cold as that which prevailed
Wednesday. The lowest notch
X-?A /5c>+<lk1Jcl^'mor!^ nf flip
itclUiltJU SiUUC v* v.-v
weather bureau in Chicago was 23 below.
At 11 o'clock "Wednesday night
it was 19 below. Reports from points
in Iowa, Wisconsin and Illinois show
*- ic^QI jn_
Temperatures raugxug num iu ijtnt degrees
below zero, the latter at LaCrosse,
Wis. There is much suffering in the
interior towns among poor people.
Atlanta in Luck.
Andrew ^arnegie has offered the city
of Atlanta $100,000 for a free public
library. Mr. Carnegie makes his offer
conditional to the extent that Atlanta
shall furnish the site and appropriate
$5,000 Thursday for the maintenance
of the library. Mr. Carnegie recently
gave $100,000 to the city of Washington
for a public library.
,
1 STRANGE STORIES.
i
I , . ~
I Derelicts in Australia Who Preceded
Louis de Rougement.
AN ESCAPED CONVICT.
i
i Whits Men Who Had Lived So
Long Among the Savages that
they Had Forgotten Their
Native Language.
j The meteoric appearance or L-ouis ae
Rougemont, with a marvelous story oI
hitherto unheard-of adventures during
j an alleged residence of some thirty
' years with the blacks of Northern Aus;
tralia, revives recollections of the "wild
! white men" that from time to time
j have fallen into the hands of the uncivilized
Australian aborigines and
! been restored to white humanity after
long years c* separation and degradation.
The first recorded wild white man
was William Buckley, a native of Macclesfield,
and at the close of the last
century a soldier in the 4tli, or King's
Own, Regiment On December 24, 1802,
in company with six o'her soldiers, he
was involved in an attempt on the life
of the Duke of Kent. He was sentenced
to transportation for life and
taken out in a convict-ship to the Antipodes.
During a brief stay at the
head of what is now the harbor of Melbourne
he contrived to escape in company
with two other convicts. The
latter perished?how was never ascertained?and
when Buckley was subsequently
questioned as to their fate he
was exceedingly reticent and disconcerted.
That it was a case of cannibalism
was the general belief of the early
settlers around Melbourne. Anyhow, in
the last stages of hunger and privation,
Buckley lay down upon what proved to
be the grave of a recently buried chief.
T.iir>Vnv fnr Viim thp Tri^irn.' alnr?
and superstitiously concluded that her
dear departed had returned to life in
the shape of a white man. She promptly
annexed him as her own, led him to
the camp of the blacks, exclaimed the
circumstances under which she had
found him, and secured his admission
as a chief of the tribe, a position for
which he was physically well qualified,
as he was a man of great stature (6 feet
7 inches), strength and endurance.
For the next thirty-two years Buckley
led the life of a savage, hunting,
fishing, and fighting with the tribe that
adopted him. It was on July 12, 1835,
that he saw a white -face for the first
time after the lapse of more than thirty
years. On that day the pioneers of the
city of Melbourne landed from their
little schooner, and Buckley advanced
t... ^/-s + 4-1* TJT /-V "Uo^ Vi-rr + "U ; ~ sv "U *
IU iilCCC LUC1U. XiC .'IdU VJ UXld C1UJC UC"
come but little superior to the savages
around him, but the newcomers noticed
the comparatively light color of his
skin. He tried to summon up some
English words from the depths of his
memory, and at last succeeded in articulating
the word "bread." He made
himself very useful as an interpreter
between the new white settlers and the
blacks, and when bis story reached
London, the imperial authorities magnanimously
drew the sponge over his
offence and sent him a free pardon. He
enjoyed a small pension in his later
years, and lived until February 2, 1856,
when he was thrown out of a cart and
Killed in ms seveniy-siit.il year. xne
site of the present town of Geelong,
about forty miles from Melbourne, was
the headquarters of the tribe to which
Buckley was attached during his three
decades of savage life. Three miles
' from Geelong there is still shown a
cave in a river gorge where he is said
to have resided, and the adjacent rapids
continue to perpetuate bis name as
Buckley's Falls.
James Morrill, a native of - Maldon,
Essex, was the sole survivor of the
shipwreck of the bark Peruvian, that
struck on a reef off the northeastern
coast of Queensland on March 8, 1846.
He lived with the Queensland blacks
until bis rescue in February, 1863. Another
shipwreck sailor, John Renton by
name, was with the Queensland blacks
for an even longer period, twenty years.
The story of a little cabin-boy named'
Narcisse Pierre Pellatier ought to have
attracted the attention of the boys'
novelists long before now. He engaged
as cabin boy on the St. Paul,
bound from China to Australia with
350 Chinese emigrants. She also struck
on a reef off the northeastern coast of
Queensland. Officers and crew got
away in the boats, not troubling themselves
about the Chinese passengers,
and in their hurry forgetting the little
I cabin boy, who was subsequently found
and it -will pursue its prey witn eagerness
and agility during the first hour
>f its free existence.
LIQUOR, MORPHINE.
TOBACCO USING
(. rcduce ."diseased condition of the brai.wbich
is easilycured at the
KEELEY INSTITUTE,
126 SMITH STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C. !
The REMEDY BUILDS UP i'HB SWTEM j
N EVERY WAV, removing permanent \ :
dj dtsire or demand for Liquc* or brut
All patients are ucder the care of skilled la- (
siitute Piiy?icUn, who is a veteran graduate j
of the cure :iod sis jea's exclusively in
KEELEY WORK Write for ite*ature
Lirge Mansion- Steam lie.ted. L'.-ce j
{Iiazzii?. The only K^e ey lnstiiu'e i j ?!i '
tate. |
Telephone No. 1,082. (
by the blacks in a dying condition in
a cranny among the rocks. They
nursed him back to life, fed him, treated
him well, and, in fact, made him the
pet of the tribe. Nearly all the Chinese
passengers were captured by the blacks
and eaten up two at a time. The flesh
of a Chinaman is esteemed a great deli{
cacy by the cannibal blacks of Queensland.
From the point of view of a cannibal,
a vegetarian is vastly superior to
a meat-eater. Little Pellatier lived
with tie blacks for seventeen years,
and was rescued by a British ship, the
John Bell, on April 11, 1S75.
Aluminum Instead of Linen.
Collars, Cuffs, shirt-fronts and like
articles usually raade of linen are being
made of aluminum, coated with
white Japanese varnish, on which designs
in imitation of weaving and sewing
are marked.
4c Cotton Mikes 4c. P:lc33.
Xot o"ly on Provisions. Clothing.
Furniture and all the actual nec-cssarios
of living, but as well on tilings appertaining
iz our enjoyment and culture.
This is specially true as to Pianos and
Organs. Wise Manufacturers realize
that in these close times prices must
be exceedingly low. and they are meeting
the emergency. Notice the latest
advertisement of Ludden & Bates
Southern Music House. Savannah, Ira.,
in this issue, and write them for their
Four Gents Prices. This is a wideawake-never-get-left
ana thoroughly
reliable house, whose offers always
mean just what they say. It costs
nothing to write Ludden & Bates for
Catalogues. Prices and Easy Install- !
ment Terms, which they send with
pleasure.
Cattle and Sheep Killed.
The estimate of losses to the cattle
and sheep interests caused by the recfnrmc
in Pf-ilnr-of^n moriA fit- St-ofo
ugub 1. 1JU. O i 4-1 \_/ ViVtUUV iil I*\*v 'J J *WWfc?V%s
Veternarian Charles Gresswell, reports
a total of 6200.000, covering4.200 head
of cattle and 47.500 head of sheep A
large number of sheep and cattle were
killed in "Wyoming and northern New
Mexico at the same time, but Mr. Gresswell
has no data from which to base an
j estimate.
L
a?? ** ? ?- ?ju' v
! |
| GIP'S LIVELY EXPERIENCES.
I A Reaiarkablj Do;; and Some Incidents of
His T.usy I.iff.
There is a smnll do? named Gyp liv
!ng at Ramsey's, X. .T.. and belonging
to Jacob Storms, that has had at one
I time and another a lot of lively exI
periences; perhaps not as any dog in
I itamsey 5.
Gyp's first experience was with a !
passing freight train, which threw him ;
for a considerable distance. He was j
picked up for dead, but found to be 1
alive after all. No bones had been !
broken, and, carefully treated, itwasn't j
very long before he was around again. j
"With another dog mtich bigger than ;
himself Gyp was playing one day in |
a shop that took ere. Not much dam- j
acre was done by fire, but the shop was j
filled for a time with suffocatingsincke. j
The big dog was found later lying on j
a bench dead; Gyp. down on the floor, I
off in one corner by a knothole, with,
his nose to'the opening, living.
Later Gyp fell out of a second-story
window 01" a barn and sprained one of
his hind legs. Lying In the road one
day, and of about the same color as
the dust, he was run over by a team,
and one of his forelegs "was broken.
It was set and done up iu sprints, and
in due time it healed all right and Gyp
went about with sound legs again.
Gyp's most recent lively experience
was with muskrats. He is a great
ratter, and he has the pluck and grit
of a bulldog, but muskrats were just
a little bit too much for him. They
bit him and tore him and scratched
iliUl U1IU UMS1 1L1U1 up ?t*l\ UUUI*, U.UU
poor Gyp had to be carried home in a
wheelbarrow*. It was thought at first
that the right thing to do would be to
chloroform him to put him out of his
misery, that lie couldn't live: but when
it was considered what he had lived
through before it was thought that he
might come out all right even from
this; and Gyp has justified this expectation.
He is around to-day as lively
as ever, and as sound, barring his teeth
and his tail. He has lost nearly all
his teeth, and the few he has left are
loose; and for a tail he has but a stump
of a few inches, the rest was gone
when he came to Ramsey's. It is be15
AfA/1 rt + r* t?rv 1 Vi fnil l-\r? p/\rrtA
UOCU Jiai \JJ\J JLVO c AJ.IO LaiJ. UJ OUUJC
lively experience, and that he has had
other vicissitudes besides those recorded;
but this is only an account of what
has happened to him since he has belonged
to his present owner.
FOR THE FESTIVE PARISIAN.
Unmanageable Charges to I5e Comfortably
Conveyed to Their Destination.
A brilliant idea has struck the police
authorities in Paris. From this day
forward vehicles specially constructed
for the conveyance of festive persons
whom an excess of Iced but strong
drinks, added to the effects of a tropical
sun, has brought to the verge of
physical collapse will be provided for
use 'at all the police stations in this
city. Some of these new carriages
are already in view. The vehicles are
built on two wheels, and very much
after the pattern of the coster's cart,
save that they are lower, narrower
and longer. The passenger to be conveyed
will he placed on the barrow,
and securely kept on by a belt which
is attached to the sides of the vehicle.
It is confidently believed that the new
cart will prove comfortably for those
who travel in it. and will make it an
easier matter for the police officials to
convey unmanageable charges to their
destination.
"Onp morp nerson drunk in a -wheel
barrow," will in future be a familiar
phrase here, and the Parisian street
urchin may be expected thus unconsciously
to take a leaf from the books
of Captian Marryat.
Dangerous Smells.
Some smells are dangerous. A single
sniu OI UJgmy cuuceuuiiu.-u piuasiv:
acid will kill a man as quickly as a
shot through the heart.
The odor of a bad egg is due to the
presence of sulphuretted hydrogen, and
the objectionable perfumes of sewer
and bone factories are attributed chiefly
to the same gas.
Chemical labatories are famous for
bad smells. Berzelius. who discovered
the element called "selenium," once
tried the experiment of permitting a
bubble of purehydrogen selenide gas
to enter his nostril. For days afterward
he was not able to smell strong
ammonia, the olfactory nerves being
temporarily paralyzed.
Selenium gas has the odor of putrid
horse-radish. Tellurium is even worse.
There is a story of a physician whose
patient a lady, refused to take an absolutely
necessary rest because she
was so fond of being always on the
go in society. He gave her a pill containing
a small quantity of tellium, and
her breath was affected by It to such
an extent that she was not able to
appear in public for a month. She ;
never guessed what the trouble was.
The volatized essential oil of roses is
supposed to cause "rose cold.'' This
peculiar complaint is so far nervous in
its character that paper roses impregnated
with this oil sometimes excite
the trouble.
Newspapers in the World.
A statistician has learned that the
annual aggregate circulation of the
papers of the world is calculated to be
12,000,000,000 copies. To grasp an idea
of this magnitude we may state that it
would cover no fewer than 10,450
square miles of surface: that it Is printed
on 7S1,250 tons of paper, and, further,
that if the number, 12,000,000,000,
represented, instead of copies, seconds,
it would take over 333 years for them
to elapse.
In lieu of this arrangement we might
press and pile them vertically upward
till gradually reaching our highest
x.: ~ IT
mouuiams. j.uppms 911 uiicsc, auu
even the highest Alps, the pile would
reach the magnificent altitude of 490
miles, or, in round numbers, 500 miles.
Calculating that the average man
spends fire minutes reading his paper
in the day (this is a very low estimate),
we find that the people of the world
altogether occupy time equivalent to
100,000 years reading the papers.
Animal Instinct.
The moment that a young crocodile
breaks its shell It is to all intents
\nd purposes as active as it is at any
rime during its life. It will make
straight for the water, even if it be
out of sight and a good distance off,
m wji ujgssaeamwwbawmmmm?b?
Old North State Ointment. :
The Old Xorth State Oink
ment is a medical wonder dis- covered
by Jasper Miller. It
cures Piles, Eczema, Carbuncles,
Boils, Inflammatory
Kheumatism, Corns, Bunions,
Sore Eyes, Sore Throat, Prick
ly Heat and all skin diseases,
or money refunded. Only 25
cents per box. The discoveiy^^
was a case of seeming necessity.
His little daughter had a *
fearful case of eczema of the
head and eyes, and it finally
^ot into the upper lip, causing
it to turn inside out. He had
* .11 i -l i_T. ^
tier trearea oy leaaiDg?me
best?physicians in Columbia
and Charlotte for nearly two
years, and the disease constantly
grew worse. He be-"
^an reading a standard medical
journal, and saw many
things recommended for eczema,
and went to work nd
took of the many things and
compounded this nedical wonder,
Old North State Ointment,
on,-) /innoi^ in tlia />d co rtf tliia
a Jill V.UIUUJ 111 tUV/ VUUV VX VMM
little girl, one of the most
stubborn cases of eczema; after
A'liich many other stubborn
diseases have been experimented
with and cured.
Cuthbert, Ga , September ], 1897.
M? 'asper Miller, olumbia, S C :
I'cir Sir?A friend of mine bad eczema, in
v nnsh, and be h?d tried everything re^
u mended to him without success, i re0-1
mended jour 01<1 North State Ointment.
? cseJ o?=e box, which made a complete
ci.ru i take pleasure ia recomm-nding it
' > Huy one suffering irom eczema or #ny sirin
?ffeciion. Yours uuly. G. C. Bacot.
K". t sale bj all Dealers and i ruggists* at 25
cents per box.
Flour Mill *
Machinery, a
CONTRACTS TAKEN TO FURNISH COM?PLETE
EQUIPMENT FOR?
Roller Floe Mills. ^
?REPRESENTING THE ?
Richmond City Mill Works, ^
One of the largest manufacturers o
Flour Mill Machinery in the country,
and huving experienced Millwrights,
I am prepared to build mills on
the most improved plans and at
prices to compete with any one
? A PITA /VnAWAVkfAA
ill IUC 114UC* I! C
the products of our mills to y
equal the grades of the best ^
Western mills. Before ' t
placing your orders- g
write to me. t
I also handle a complete line of WoodWorking
Machinery: Saw Mills, Engines
and Boilera, Corn Mills and Machinery
in general.
Having been established, in business ^
here for sixteen years, I have built up
my trade by selling the very highest
class of machinery, aod am in a better
position to serve tne interest ot my
eustomers than ever before.
V. C. Badham,
Take Care ot j
Your Property.
Save money oy keeping your
Gins in thorough repair.
Yon get better results
please the public
and save vour
*
OWN TIME AND LABOR.
Fnnrtefm vears nractinai ex
perience in the ELLIOTT GIN |
SHOPS at Winnsboro, S. C.,
is a guarantee of good work.
SeBd your, gins at once to
be undersigned,
W.J. ELLIOTT. I
' " "
COLUMBIA, S. 0.
' ';]
Located adjacent to the Tc?
z?r Engine Work Julv2? Stu
~ GOME ill SEE IT! I
We will exhibit at the State
Fair to be held here Nov,
13th to 19th, in operation
a
COMPLETE MURRAY ft INNING v
OMPLETK m i:HRA V UINN1NG
SYSTEM;
YSTEM
Built by Liddell Co , Char- 4
lotte, N. C.
This will afford all interested an opportunity
of seeing the most modern
and simplest ginning machinery. You
can't afford to miss it.
V. H. 8I83E3_& CO H
^ From Maker Direct fo Purchaser. ?
j A Good | i
?^^Piano| j
HI vexation. IK __
! Mathushck 1 i
m Is aiwavs Good, always Reliable* aW .4?
?? always Satisfactory, always Last* ?
Sss lag. " You take no cbinces in buy- gg
2$ iDft costs somewhat ^ore than ft *B| flfl
gjfj cheap, poor piano, but is much the fga SB
sea cneapcxi in ine eno.
SgC Xoother H 'sh Grade Piano -sold #o AH fll
SS reasonable. Factory prices to retail Jg "
SgSj buyers. Easy payments. Writetxsy mm
g| LUODEN & BATES,
JgJ! Savonoah, Ga., and >'ew York City. \9RI
Address: D. A. PRESSLEY, Agent

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