OCR Interpretation


The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 29, 1899, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-03-29/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

f- : -v i ^
VOL. LIIL WINNSBOKO. S. G, WEDNESDAY. MARCH 29, 1899. NO. 34. ||jj
. STREETS OF A CIT1
Dr. Talmage Contrasts Th?
Splendor and Woe.
SHAMS AND PRETENSION!
Unlike the Democratic Princip
oftheGosDel of Christ. Temp
/*
tations for the ^Unwary.
Wr k for Christians.
Ifl this discourse at Washington Su
I*-. day Dr. Talmage. who has lived t
most of his life in cities, draws prac
X cal lessons from his own observatio
text, Proverbs i, 20 r "Wisdom crie
without. She utteretb her voice in t
streets."
^ We are ail reaay 10 usieu tu v.
.* voices of nature?the voices of t
mountain, the voices of the sea, t!
voices of the storm, the voices of i.
>tar. As in some of the cathedrals
Europe there is an organ at either ei
of the building, and the one iostr
iLent responds musically to the othe
sa in the great cathedral of nature di
responds to day, and night to nigb
and flower to flower, and star to star
the great harmonies of the univers
The springtime is an evangelist in blc
sow* preaching of God's love, and t]
wiuter is- a prophet?white bearded lenouncing
woe against our sins. V
are all ready to listen to the voices
oature. But how few of us learn an
thing from the voices of the noisy ar
^ dusty street. Y_eu go to your mecha
ism, and to your work, and to yoi
merchandise, and you come back aga:
?and often with how different a hea
> ou pass through. the streets. A
nn thirds for us to learn fro
i hose pavements over wiiich we pas:
^ Are there no tufts of truth .rowing i
between these cobblestones, beat(
with the feet of toil and pan. ..nd plea
ore, the slow tread of old age and tl
quick step of childhood? Aye, the
ure great .harvests to be reaped, ar
?- now I thrust in the sickle because tl
harvest is ripe. : 'Wisdom crieth wit'
out She utteretb her voice in tl
streets."
In the first place the street impress
lue witli the fact that this life is a scei
of toil and struggle. By 10 o'clo*
J iL - -J*-" in -Joiner -wif-ll whftfl
?-very uay uiecitj: ujoi^uj, ..?
- ;?nd shuffling with feet and hummii
with voices and covered with the-breai
of smoke-stacks and a-rush with tra
fickers. Once in a while you find
,)uan going along with folded arms ai
vith leisurely step, as though he h;
liothrng to do, but, for the most pai
you find men going down the
^ streets on the way to business, the
is anxiety in their faces, a~ thouj
they had some errand whicn must I
of. first possible momen
r?xwvuwv? wV _ .
You are jostled by those who h<tve ba
gains to make and notes to sell. I
this ladder with a hod of bricks, out
f this bank with a roll of bills, on th
<;r<iy with a load of goods, digging
cellar, or shingling a roof, or shoeing
horse, or building a wall, or mending
& watch, or binding a book. Industr
with her thousand arms and thousai
?*x eyes and thousand feet, goes on singii
1 e ?"-1" Tr/vrlr wTlilp. tl
' ner song ui w wa, nv^,
mills it and. the steam whist!
ii'Vit. All .this is not because m<
1-jve toil. Some one remarked, "Eve:
man is as lazy as he can afford to be
But is it because-necessity with ste:
brow and with uplifted whip stan<
over you ready whenever you relax yoi
toil to make your shoulders sting wit
the lash.
Can it be that pascing up and dov
these streets ou your way to work a*
business you do no* learn anything
ti.e world's toil antianxiety and stru
?] -? Oh, how-many drooping neari
how maDy eyes on the watch, how ma:
. miles travelled, how many burdens ca
ried, how -many losses suffered, he
many victories gained, how many d
cats suffered, how many exasperatio:
; udured ?What losses, what hunge
- what wretchedness, what pallor, wh
disease, what agony, what despai
Sometimes I stopped at the corner the
street as the multitudes went hith
and you, and it has seemed to be agre
pantomime, and as 1 looked upon itn
_ . heart broke. This great tide of hums
life that goes down the street is a rap
'? tossed and turned aside and daslu
ahead and driven back?beaut
ful in its confusion and coufused irr i
beauty. In the carpeted aisles of ti
forest, in the woods from which tl
* ' ? *1
eternal snaaow is never VJ U CI
shore of the sea ever whose iron coa
tosses the tangled foam sprinkling tl
cracked cliffs with a baptism of whii
wind and tempest, is the best place
study God, but in the rushing, swari
ing, raving street is the best place
study man.
Going down to your place of busine
and coming home again I charge you
look about?see these signs 01 poveri
of wretchedness,' of hunger, of sin,
bereavement?and as you go chrous
the streets and come back through tl
streets, gather up in the arms of yoi
prayer all the sorrow, all tbe losses, j
the sufferings, all the bereavements
* those whom you pass and present the
Ifr, in prayer before an all sympathet
Goc. In the great day of crerni
there will be thousands of persons wi:
K whom you in this world never exchan
B ed one word who will rise up and ci
SB you blessed, and there will be a tho
Hf sand fingers pointed at you in heave
V saying, 'That is the man, that is tl
K woman, who helped me when I washu
wL gry and sick and wandering and lo
*1 i_ i
^?UiU UUd
Stthe woman.'' And the blessii
Rre down upon you as Chri
ft '*1 was hungry, and ye f
S naked, and ye clothed m
jffipnd in prison, and ye visit
Rnuch as ye did it to the
Bk>f the streets, ye did it
Hstreet impresses me wi
Hi classes'and conditio
^kcommingle. We son
Hoicked exclusivene:
8k ignorance. Kefir
&ing to do with bo<
mo the sunburn
Rforehead despis
^fctrim hedger
ftwith thew
Bfctes Xazare
ftThe astroi
sta:
Hkvigatic
7 The surgeon must come away from his j
study of the human organism and set;
outbroken bones. The chemist must
come away from his laboratory, where
jir he has been studying analysis and synj
thesis, and help us to understand the
j nature of the soils. I Bless God that
J all classes of people arc compelled to i
meet on the street, me guttering j
coach wheel clashes against the scaven- j
ger's cart. Fine robes run against the
! peddler's pack. Robust health meets
I? wan sickness. Honesty confronts
fraud. Every class of people meets
every other class. Impudence and
modesty, pride and humility, purity and
beastliness, frankness and hypocrisy,
meeting on the same block, in the same
street, in the same city. Oh, that is
n. what Solomon meant whea he said;
he ''The rich and the poor meet together,
ti- j The Lord is the Maker of them all.
n; j I like this democratic principle of the
th i gospel of Jesus Christ which recognizes
I the fact that we stand before God on
one and the same platform. Do not I
he take on any airs, whatever position you
he bave gained in society; you are nothing I
he but man born of the same parent, re- j
he generated by the Same Spi rit, cleansed
in in the same blood, to lie down in the
3d same dust, to get up in the sime resuru
rection. It is high time that we all ac>r,
knowledge not only the Fatherhood of
iy God, but the brotherhood cf man.
Lt, Again, the street impresses me with
in the fact that it is a very hard thing for
" I-->/i>-> ricrhf onH tft
6. a. mau IU mo >aw?
s- get to heaven. Infinite temptations
ae spring upon us from these places of pub?
lie concourse. Amid so much affluence
,*e how much temptation to covetcusness
of and to he discontented with our humy
blelot! Amid so many opportunities
id for over reaching, what temptan
tion to extortion! Amid so much disar
play, what temptation to vanity! Amid
in so many saloons of strong drink, what
it allurement to' dissipation! In the
re maelstroms and hell gates of the street,
in how many make quick and eternal
3? shipwreck! If a man of-war comes
lp back from a battle and is towed into the
m nav}* yard, we go down and look at the
,s- splintered spars and count the bullet
ie holes and look with patriotic admirare
tiou on the flag that floated in victory
id from the masthead. But that man is
ie more of' a curiosity who has gone
h- through 30 years of the sharpshooting
ie of busintss life and yet sails on, victor
oVer the temptations of the streets. Oh,
es how many have gone down under the
ie pressure, leaving not so much as the
;k patch of canvas to tell where they perls
ished! They never Vad any peace,
ig- Their dishonesties kept tolling in their
.v T-f T Vi?rJ or> it onrl r>nnld snlit
Llll C<?13* XX JL XIO.11 AU Ct-x ?*uv* ~ r
.f- open the beams of that fine house, pera
haps I would find in the very heart of
id it a skeleton. In his very best wine
id there is a smack of poor man's sweat.
*t. Oh, is it strange that when a man has
se devoured widow's houses tie is disturbre
ed with indigestion? -All the forces of
;h nature are against him. The floods are.
be ready to drown him and the earthquake
L. to swallow him and the fires to conr
sume him and the lightning te smite
Jp him. But the children of God are on
of every street, and in the day when the
is crowns of heaven are distributed some
a of the brightest of them will be- given
* *. a.i. /_i x . n ^ j I
a to those men who were iauniui tuvxuu
a and faithful to the souls of others amid
y, the marts of business, proving themid
selves the heroes of the street. Mighty
)g were their temptations, mighty- was
le their deliverance, and mighty shall be
es their triumph.
'n Again, "the street impresses me with
the fact that life is full of pretension
and sham. What subterfuge, what
double dealing, what two facedness!
ar Do all people who wish you good morn^
ing really hope for you a happy day?
Do all the people who shake hands love
each other? Are all those anxious about
\ your health who inquire concerning it?
? Do all want to see you who ask you to
call? Does all the world know half as
I" much as it pretends to know? Is there
"}. not many a wretched stock of goods
- with a brilliant show window? Passing
r" un and do .rn the streets to your busi'
ncss and your work, are you not ime"
pressed with the fact that society is
3S hollow and that there are subterfuges
r' and pretensions? Oh, how many there
a, who swagger a^d strut and howfew peoXe
pie who are natural and walk! While
0l fop's simperand fools chuckle and sime?
pletons giggle, how few people are natural
and laugh! The courtesan and the
^ iibertiue go down the street in beauti
j ful apparel, while within the heart
there are volcanoes of passion consum
mg their lite away, i say tnese tnmgs
1" not to create in you incredulity or miss
anthropy, nor do I forget there are
ie thousands of people a great deal better
than they seem, but I do not think any
*e roan is prepared for the conflict of this
st life until he knows this particular peril.
V* Ehud comes pretending to pay his tax
to King Eglon. and while he stands in
0 fiont of the king stabs him through
~ with a dagger until the haft went in
0 after the biade. Judas Iscariot kissed
Christ.
Again the street impresses me with
the fact that it is a ereat field for
Christian charity. There are hunger
and suffering and want and wretched*e
ness in the country, but these evils
ar congregate in our great cities. On every
j] street crime prowls and drunkenness
0? staggers and shame winks and pauperism
thrusts out its hand asking for
c alms. Here want is most squalid and
t hunger is most lean. A Christian man
going along a street in Xew York saw a
poor lad, and he stooped and said, "My
ill D07' ^"ou kROW t0 rea^ aD<*
write?" The boy made no answer. The
man asked the question twice and
Ijg thrice. "Can you read and write?" and
n_ then the boy answered with a tear
gt plashing on the back of his hand. He
said in defiance; aNo, sir; I can't read
' nor write neither. God, sir, don't
s? want me to read and write. Didn't he
a(j take away nay father so long ago I never
"e. remember to have seen him, and have
not I had to go along the streets to get
ge something to fetch home to eat for the
folks, and didn'tl, as soon as I could
carry a basket, have to go out and pick
up cinders and never have no schooling,
sir? God don't want me to read, sir.
ns I can't read nor write neither." Oh,
[e" these poor wanderers! They have no
>S. r?V* > v* s\vr\ 1T> O P +
wxu xll uti.iauauuu, cto u
ie~ get up form their hands and knees to
}r" walk, they take their first step on the
e(* road to despair. Let us go forth in
;e? ! the name of the Lord Je^us Christ to
S rescue them. Let us ministers not be
j afraid of soiliog our black clothes while
we go d.owa on that mission. While
10* we are tying an elaborate knot in our
'T$ cravat or while we are in the study
rounding off some period rhetorically
we might be saving a soul from death
and hiding a multitude of sins. Oh.
Christian laymen, go out on this work.
If you are not willing to go forth yourself,
then give of your means, and if
you are too lazy to go and if you are too
% * * n , *
stingy to help, tnen get out or tee way
and hide yourself in the dens and caves
of the earth, lest when Christ's chariot
omes along the horses' hoofs trample
you into the mire. Beware lest the
thousands of the destitute of your city,
in the last great day, rise up and cuise
your stupidity and your neglect. Down
to work! Lift them up!
One cold winter's day, as a ChriFtian
man was going along the Battery in
New York, he saw a little girl seated at
the gate, shivering in the cold. He said
to her, ''My child, what do you sit
a.? i.v:? "AV> " ckn
Lucre 1U1 LUIS WUiu uajr . vu, uuv
replied, ''I am waiting?I am waiting
for somebody to come and take care of
me." "Why," said the man, "what
makes you think anybody will come and
take c*re of you?" "Oh.?\she said,,
"my mother died last week, and I was
crying very much, and she said: 'Don't
cry, dear. Though I am gone and your
father is gone, the Lord will send somebody
to take care of you.' My mother
never told a lie. She said some one
Prtnid and take care of me. and I
aoi waiting for them to come."' Oh.
yes, they are waiting for you. Men who
hav"e money, men who have influence,
men of churches, men of great hearts,
gather them in, gather them in. It is
not the will of your Heavenly Father
that one of these little ones should perish.
Lastly, the street impresses me with
the fact that all the people are looking
forward, I see expectancy written on almost
every face I meet. Where you
find a thousand people walking straight
on, you only find one man stopping and
looking back. The fact is, God made
us all to look ahead, because we are immortal.
In this tramp of the multitude
on the streets I hear the tramp of a
* "* 1-!__ P
great Jtiost marcnmg ana macmug iur
eternity. Beyond the office, the store,
the shop, the street, there is a world,
populous and tremendous. Through
God's grace, may you reach that blessed
place. A great throng fills those boulevards,
and the streets are a-rush with
the chariots of conquerors. The inhabitants
go up and down, but they
never weep and they never toil. A
river flows through that city, with
rounded and luxurious banks, and the
trees, of life, laden with everlasting
fruitage, bend their branches into the
crystal.
No plumed hearse rattles, over.that
pavement, for they are never sick.
With immortal health glowing in every
vein, they know how to die. Those
towers of strength, those palaces of
beauty, gleam in the light of a sun that
never sets. Oh, heaven, beautiful
heaven! Heaven, where our friends
?rA> Thp.v take no census in. that city,
for it is inhabited by i{a multitude
which no man can number." Rank
above ranks. Host above host. Gallery
above gallery sweeping all around
the heavens. Thousands of thousands,
millions of millions. Blessed are they
who enter in through the gate into that
city. Oh, skirt for it today! Through
the blood of the great sacrifice of the
Son of God take up your march to heaven.
'"The Spirit and the bride say,
Come and whosoever will let him come
and take the water of life freely." Join
this great throng marching heavenward.
A1J the doors of invitation are open.
"And I saw twelve gates, ana tne
twelve gates were twelve pearls/'
BRYAN'S IDEAS.
He Will Talk of the Party Policy in
the Next Campaign.
The Jefferson banquet of the Chicago
Platform Democrats of New York
will take place on the night of April 19.
Col. W. J. Bryan has given positive
assurances that he will be present. It
is ejected that he will make a notable
speech stating the stand which he believes
the Democratic party should take
in the national campaign of next year.
It is planned to have the labor unions
take a verj prominent part in the dinner.
Eugene V. Brewster, who is managing
the Bryan dinner, said: "Some
confusion has arisen over the name of
the dinner. It was decided at first not
to call it a dinner of Chicago Platform
Democrats because of Gov. Pingree
and others who are Republicans. We
arranged that matter in committee all
right, however, and sent the invitation
in the name of the Chicago platform
people.
"We have such financial backing
that we will be able to give a dollar
dinner such as has never been held be
rore Applications have come irom
places in Florida, from Duluth and
from Boston. I wired to the Grand
Central palace as soon as I heard from
Mr. Bryan Wednesday night and engaged
it.
"Because of the confusion no invitations
were sent to anybody but Mr.
Bryan. We have learned, however,
from Gov. Pingree, 31r. Altgeld and
Chairman Jones that they would come
aDy day after April 15."
"Richard Croker said: "I don't care
to say anything about Mr. Bryan's let
ter of declination. I am sorry he cannot
understand a difference of opinion.
As to the fact that he will go to the
one dollar dinner?well. I hope he will
help the cause of Democracy. The
more big dinners there are in New York
the better for the working people."
The promoters of the Bryan dinner take
it for granted that Gov. Pingrce will be
one of the guests. Ex-Senator Gorman,
it is understood, will attend the
Croker banquet.
A Remarkable Incident.
A remarkable incident in connection
with the Seventh Day Adventist conference
now in session at Battle Creek,
Mich., is being related. Among those
in attendance is Elder F. H. Westphal,
who has charge of tfceir mission in Buenos
Ayres, South America. He came
from'Southhampton on the Hamburg
Line because it was the cheapest, and
* i r% .j. xr
met on ooara snip a uapt. x>oriuau. reported
to be a several times million?'**
The captain became interested in
Adventist faith and came to the meetings
here. As a climax he has given
the munificent sum of 8400,000. The
Adventists believe that the coming of
Elder Westphal when he could not
really a3ord the expense and meeting
Captain Norman was an act of Providence.
I
I
TON A LARGE SCALE
Unu> Ri<y PrrvfitQ Afp P/fldft ?,
Wholesale Farming.
SOME BALANCE SHEETS
4
| Showing the Receipts and Ex
[ penses of Immense Wheat
and Corn Farms in Iowa
and Dakota.
The following special article was pre
pared by Mr. Frank Spearman for th
Review of Reviews:
We know what the railroads did las
vear: we know what the manufacturer
c did; we know what the merchants diO
In a year." then, like 1S9S, when re
cords in so many branches of America
industry were smashed, what did th:
American fanner do?
Balance sheets are unhappily scar<;
among farmers: the fe^ which are take:
are hard to get at; for these reasons .tli
one here presented is of especial inter
est. it is not from a paper farm; it i
riAt ?> nonor hfllanr***: nnr is it/a oaDfc
farmer who makes this showing. It i
what no American review has ever be
fore presented to its readers?an actua
glimpse at the books and workings of
model American farm. This farm, 1c
cated in the State of Iowa, contain
6.000 acres and its business is to pro
duce corn.
Look first at the investment and not
that the laud w:?s not bought in a;
early day for a song, but within thre
years and at the market price.
INVESTMENT? IOWA CORN FARM
Land?G.OflO acres at $30 an
. ... .$180.000.0*
Buildings 43.021. CPStock.
17,701.2
Machinery 17,773.9'
Total ?258,496. &
The operation of this farm for 189i
shows a net profit of over $50,000
Putting out of the comparison patent:
and good-will, neither of which contrib
nted to this result, what other line 0
-business on an equal capitalization cai
make a better showing?
EXPENSE ACCOUNT OF THE IOWA PAR5
FOR THE YEAR 1S98.
Labor $13,912.96
House supplies.... 4,368.SI
Beef 1,384.10
Taxes 1,553.06
Sundries 760.00
Freight 500.00
437.25
HayT."!339.10
Insurance ... 200.00
Oil 169.62
Repairs 112.80
Legal expense 40.05
Fuel 7.20
Total $23,794.0Less
credit by discount$106.00
Less road tax 43.26
149.21
Net expense of the Iowa
farm for the twelve months
of 189S $23,644.7:
GROSS RETURNS FROM THE IOWA COR'
FARM.
215,000 bushels of corn at 30
cents $64,500.01
20,000 bushels of wheat at
'\i\ nanto 1fr.00(l.0(
XJ\J -t -
28,000 bushels of oats reserved
for feed.
Total $74,500.01
Deduct tlie expenses 23,644.71
Net profit ?50,(544.7}
A particularly valuable comparisoi
of the expense difference between run
ning a corn farm and a wheat farm o
equal size is afforded by the fact tha
the owner of the Iowa corn farm als<
nwri; and migrates a six-thousand-acr<
"wheat farm in the Red River valley o
North Dakota
THE DAKOTA WHEAT FARM EXPENS1
ACCOUNT.
Labor $12,632.31
House supplies 1.718.3"
Taxes 1,202.9(
Repairs 1,0S4.7J
Machines 1,062.0(
Twine 987.2;
Fuel .. 495.9(
Beef 462,8(
Sundries 649.1(
Personal ... 254.3$
Freight 206.6!
Oil 135.8:
O..J * QQ ,Q'
oeeu -.
Hay 22.51
Net expense $20,998.6!
GROSS RETURNS FROM THE DAKOTA
WHEAT FARM.
Credits by wheat shipments.$40,050.01
Less expense 20,998.6!
Net profits in 1893 $19,051.3'
For the wheat farm 1898 was an aver
age year, the yield being 18 bushels pe
acre and the price an average price. I
has produced for its owner seventeei
successive crops, one of which alon<
netted him 872,000.
The two expense accounts show curi
ous differences. In Iowa men are hirct
for the entire crfop season of eigh
months at $18 -and board per month
In Dakota they arc hired for the actua
seeding in the spring and the harvest
ing the fall at from $1.50 to $3 per day
In the. end the lauor, or money-wagi
account, is about the same thing, as wil
be seen; but the house supply accoun
is much heavier on the corn farm.
On the corn farm the item of repair
was nominal, the plant, under presen
ownership being new, while the item
of repairs and machines on the whea
farm represent the average annual ex
penditure for replacing and keeping u]
the machinery. Twine is naturaily th<
loTi-rn-r it-am nn flip whpflt, farm. Till
4WV/JULA VW V4*w , .
Iowa farm supplies its own fuel. Oi
the Dakota farm coal is required.
Here, too. note that the corn farm i
planted with GOO bushels of corn, cost
ing $1S0, while to seed the wheat farn
requires S,000 bushels of wheat, wort!
in 1898 $S.000. Again in Dakota fivi
hundred acres of oats barely feeds thj
160 head of mules, while in Iowa 251
acres of corn feeds the same numbe
easily. These differences, togethe
with the seed difference and the twin*
difference, sometimes handicap tb
profit account of the wheat farm ?10,
000 a year to start with.
IIOW IT WAS DONE.
About April 1 men and mules movi
on the fields in battalions. Four-horsi
feeders, four-horse harrows, and six
j horse gang-plows maneuvre for six
i weeks like an army, sowing small grain,
j plowing and planting corn. The min!
ute the small grain is sown 31 corn i
it ; planters are thrown behind the plows,
I and in this work lies largely the sucI
cess or failure of the crop. Note, for
j for instance, the pains taken in selecting
the seed corn.
A perfect stand of corn is the first requisite
of a large yield. From a choice
piece of land previously planted with
- selected seed about li.UUU bushels ot
the finest ears are taken. From these
an expert selects 600 bushels. 1 hese
ears are placed on racks in a building
arranged especially for a seed house.
Whatever the thermometer registers in
Iowa, the temperature in that seedhouse
never falls below freezing. All
!" this insures the highest germinating
e power in the seed, and that alone
might, in case of cold, wet spring, save
,t the entire profit of the season by pros
ducing a good stand.
The planting must of necessity be
J t-~ T
uuue uy mauuiut;! v, uuu tu scuuic unc
p. maximum yield three seed kernels
o must be dropped in each hill. If' five
drop in, that hill is-lost to the profit aco
count. If only one. it is partially lost,
a But perfect as American farming mae
chinery is, it does not leave the factory
- perfect enough to insure against irregs
ular planting. Patiently and by a ser
ries of exhaustive tests the planter
? plates are.so adjusted to the size or tne
seed kernels for each year that they de!
posit an average of sixty-five kernels to
a' every twenty hills, and not more than
- four nor less than two in anv one. So
3 great are the precautions that before
> the seed is shelled the tips and butts
of the seed ears are cut off to secure
c kernels of an even size.
a Even after this delicate adjustment
6 of the best machinery in the world,
foremen follow the 31 planters and at
intervals open hills to count the seed
deposits and make sure that each mdrr
chine is doing its work. In addition, a
i purse of $100 is split in eight prizes be
' 1 ? 1 T xl.
t tween tne eignt men wno ao tne Desi
? work and whose teams mark the straigh
test rows. With such method is it any
3 wonder that the crop on this farm aver3
aged 60 bushels per acre, against the
. average of 32 bushels as given Iowa
s by the gevernment report for 1898?
After the seeding, the harrowing and
i it i3 done with extraordinary energy
i and concentration. One hundred and
forty jections of four-foot harrows
r sweeD the fields like a charge of caval
ry. Every time they move a mile together
62 acres are covered.
When the 3,800 acres of corn are up
and ready 76 two-horse cultivators are
put into it. The point in the first cultivation
one way ->and in tne second
the other way, is to get as close as possible
to the corn; but after the pains to
place it there no plant must be left
covered by a clod of earth. The field
* . i/> I
nana must uncover it, ana a ioreman
on horseback behind each twenty men
is held responsible for his eiew.'s work.
In the third and final cultivation the- earth
is thrown up against the plant,
I the small weeds in the hill beiDg
smothered and the large ones beir.g
pulled by hand. It will be of interest
5 to merchants and to theological profesi
ii-.i :.L : i. J
- sors io learn uiai 11 is uui uiu weuu m
in the row, but the one in the hiil,
that mars the beauty of the balance
5 sheet.
s" The corn being now three feet high,
the stalks prevent further cultivation.
Into this field, approximating one mile
in width and six miles in length, are
sent in October 75 wagons and men for
^ the husking. This takes GO davs, and
a row of cribs 10 feet wide and 16 .feet
" high, half a mile long, arc require# to
^ hold the crop.
* t y . Ai n
J in narvescmg tne smaii gram 11 is
3 threshed directly from the shojk, sav1
ing the cost of stacking and rehand"
ing. Elevators provide against heating
* A further saving of 5 to 8 per cent over
the operations of the small- farmer is
5 effected in shipping to terminal points
2 instead of selling to local grain-buyers.
* Future options may also be sold against
lne growing crop uu marxta uuigva ai
2 a season when the small farmer could
not ordinarily deliver his crop.
I The soil is kept in a high state of
f fertility by a rotation of crops so ar^
ranged that each piece of land bears
' three crops of corn, ' nest of wheat, in
. which clover is sown, next one of clo*
ver plowed under, then follow again the
| three crops of corn.
J mi.. ?i.. ? ?
j -LIIC UlUVCl is 3iLL!yi\ a icuiiuu, ?
5 portion only of the first crop being cut
j for nay, and the remainder plowed un>
der to maintain the vitality of the soil.
J" The large roots act as a subsoiler and
-) the decomposing vegetable matter
restores the nitrogen taken by the
3 graiu.
^ In order that the maximum amount
field work may be obtained,- no 'chores'
) are required of the men other than the
3 cleaning of their teams. These are fed
. bedded, and the barns cleaned by barn
f men. The results ou this txrm are'
. therefore secured by paiustaking care
r and thorough methods.
1 The question is often asked, what
! does it cost to produce a bushel of corn?
2 On this farm, the size of 35 ordinary
farms, with a GO-bushel crop the cost
. was 9 cents per bushel to the crib. For
1 shelling, shipping and commissions add
t another cent, making 10 cents in all.
It is evident, however, that had this
1 farm been divided into 35 farms, with
. 35 cooks and 35 families. 35 dooryards
and waste lands, the expense of raising
2 a bushel of corn would nave Deen near1
or 16 to IS cents.
t Iu any event, the cost varies from
year to year with the yield. The only s
iixed estimate which the farmer can
t give is the cost per acre for producing
s the crop. This remains always practit
c illy the same and is, roughly speaking
. S4.DU tor small grain ana nveaonars ior
p corn.
e The 1S98 acreage of the corn farm
2 was approximately as shown in the foli
lowing brief tabic:
Corn 3.700
s Wheat 1,200
Oats 700
a Roads aud trees 400
1 Some interest naturally attaches to
2 the man behind the gun?the man who
e in this iustance. has demonstrated that
3 nothing pays better than farming,
r While the element of foreign birth and
r of foreign descent which has done so
e much to develop the northwest is ade
mirable it will still be a gratification to
- learn that this successful farmer is not
of that element, but that he is purely
and distinctly American. He comes
e from the straightest New England stock
u and bears the name of one of its most
- famous families. His ancestral kin
dred were among the molders of the republic
and represented their country at
the courts of England, Russia, and
France; sat in presidential cabinets, in
congerss. and more than once in the i
white house. The record almost spells
the name.
Less than 40 years of age. he never
saw a day's work on a farm uatil he'
bought one after he was 21. His suc
ii? f.*;u
ucss ramer IliUil-'itiea cu<ic mciv svui aic .(
farmers born, and that the capital and
energy put into manufacturing and
merchandising, if applied today to
farming, will yield equally good returns.
ABDUCTED CHILD FOUND.
An Interesting Sequel to a Crime Committed
Last May.
A startling sequel to the abduction
of Gerald Lapiner, the three-year-old
*on of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Lapiner,
which occurred in Chicago May 30,
1S98, developed at Panesville, O., on
Tuesday of last week, in the recovery
and restoration of the child to his mother,
and the arrest of Mrs. Ann Ingersoll
and John C. Collins, who live
about a mile west of Painesville, at
whose place the child was found and
where he had been keptsince last June.
On May 30 Gerald Lapiner was abducted
by a mysterious woman from in front
of his parent's home, 4835 Prairie avenue,
Chicago. The woman and child
weie traced for a short time and then all
track of them was lost. A large reward
was offered for the recovery of ihe child
k pi.
auu auuuu^u vuivauu yv?iw **n?v*v
every effort to bring the kidnappers to
justice, nothing further could be learned.
Two months ago a newspaper account
of the abduction and the reward
offered came under the notice of Mr. F.
E. Ferris, and his sister, Miss 0. C.
Ferris, neighbors of the Ingersolls. Mr.
and Miss Ferris suspected that the little
boy who had been at the residence
of Mrs. Ingersoll since last June might
be the missing child, and they entered
into correspondence with fche Chicago
police. After about two months investigation
and correspondence, it was determined
that the child was the missing
Gerald Lapiner. Mrs. Lapinerwas
not satisfied and arrived at Panesville
Wednesday morning. She was met at
the station by Deputy Sheriff A. T.
May, who has been in charge of the
ease and was taken to the Ingersoll
place, while Sheriff St. John went on
ahead to prevent the escape of the abductors.
Access to the house was
gained through - the rear door, and
there, tied in a high chair, half dressed,
the boy was feund. Both Mrs. Ingersoll
and Collins' were placed under
arrest. Mrs. Ingersoll denies the
charge of abduction and could not be induced
to say nothing about the case.
Fatal College Hazing.
, James T. .Mount, the victim of the
hazing at .the Chicago College-of Dental
Surgery, is dead. Friends and relatives
of Mount at Petersburg, Ind., his-,
home, will begin at once to prosecute
the students who are said to be responsible
for his death. Mount was a relative
of Governor Mount, of Indiana.
When it was discovered that Mount
had been injured seriouly by hazing
last Wednesday, he was taken to the
Presbyterian hospital for treatment.
He had apparently recovered sufficiently
Thursday, morning to justify the
hospital authorities in a&o ./ing him to
go to his home. On the way home he
h(>p.nmp. suddenly ill on the train and
died before lie reached his destination.
Mount's dea& was due to internal injuries
caused by being "passed up" in k
the dental college amphitheatre and
then "passed down" by his fellow students.
"Passing" consists in pulling a
student over the backs of the seats to
the top tier and then down again.
Mount, it is said, was thrown heavily to
the floor when "passed down.17
Three in Mississippi.
Three Negroes were lynched by a
mob near Silver City in Yazo county,
Miss., last Saturday morning. After
being shot to death, the bodies of the
victims were weighted with bundles of
cotton bale ties and thrown into ths
Yazo 3 river. The Negroes were Minor
Wilson, C. C. 'Reed and. Willis Boyd.
They were the ringleaders of the Negroes
in a race encounter on the Midnight
plantation early last week. They
were arrested and taken to Yazoo City
jail. The offence with which they
were charged having been committed in
Sharkey county, the Sharkey authorities
were notified. Last Friday evening
Deputy Constable Sylvester arrived,
and the prisoners were turned
over to him. The constable boarded
the steameT Rescue with the Negroes
Saiurday morning and reached Silver
City with them. The Negroes fell into
thr hands of the mob near Silver City,
wpr/i slint-. t.A and thrown into the
river. The feeling against these Negroes
had been vero bitte, .on account of
a disturbance at the Midnight plantation
last week, in which thep, with two
other comrades, had fired sn two whites
on the public roads, A horse belonging
to ooe of the white men was wounded,
but the men were not harmed.
Starvation in Bussia.
The newspapers of St. Petersburg,
Russia, published pitiable accounts of
the so-called famine districts of Russia*
especially Jbamara, in tne eastern pari
of European Russia. The efforts of the
Red Cross society have staved off the
horrors of actual starvation, but the so
ciety's funds are almost exhausted, and.
the dire distress, compelling the consumption
of all kinds of garbage, has
produced an epidemic of terrible mortality,
with typhus, scurvy and other
pestilential diseases. The peasants are
compelled to sell everything, and are
living in cold, damp and filthy cabins.
Weakened by hunger, they fall ready
?- ? ArtJ O/infA OA1ir?TTT
V1UL1ULS Ui tJ'J^UUO UUU avuig ^uu;<
Unless the government gives prompt
aid, the provinces appear doomed to a
repetition of the horrors of 1891 and
1S92. .
Fatal Bide to a FuneralFive
persons were injured, two probably
fatally in a runaway during a funeral
at Evansville. Ind., Wednesday.
The injured are: Mrs. <jaroline Frey
ser, 60, rigiit shoulder dislocated and
internally injured. Mrs. Suan 'Smock,
internally injured. Three others, unknown,
badlv injured. The five persons
were in a hack and the team became
frightened at a street car. The hack
was completely demolished and the funeral
proccssion was stopped an hour, i
! OTTE BOYS COMING HOME.
i Senator Tillman's Party Visits the
I- Second
Regiment in Cuba.
A letter from Cuba to The State under
date of March iy says the Second
r? ^ T? J 2 J 4.
Juegimenj. nau receneu. uruers uj ictuiu
to the I'nited States and be mustered
out of service. The correspondent
says: The place the Carolina boys will
be mustered out depends on whether
they leave here on a transport or a
Ward Liner: if on the former Savannah
will be the place, the Ward Liners only
running to Charleston. The soldiers
would be taken by rail from
Charleston to Augusta. This latter is
a circuitous route, but it may be to pay
Charleston a little toll. The Louisiana
regiment is expected to get away tomorrow,
while the First Texas is next
'on the list. South' and North Carolina
and Virginia soldiers are to follow in
the order named.
1 1 P - 1L.1 it
it is tne wisn or tne meu mat tuey
strike a transport. They do not know
anything about Augusta, but the memory
of Savannah is sufficiently pleasant
to make them wish to go there without
taking chances elsewhere. Col. Jones
has tried to get his command taken to
Columbia to be mustered out, getting
Senator Tillman to cable to the war department
from here, but thejsenator
had little expectation of having'his request
complied with. The news of the.
order to move was received in camp
without a ripple of excitement. There
was no demonstration and the usual
routine of the morning was carried out.
Later in the day, they had an. opportunity
to cheer and used their lungs freer*
Senator Tillman's congressional
party, with the ladies, reached Habana
yesterday morning. The South Carolinians
were the senator and Congressmen
Norton and Latimer with their
families. They were met by ex-Governor
John G-ary Evans, who is officiating
in Habana as something on the order
of a police recorder, and taken to
a hotel. Later in the day Col. Jones,
who, in the absence of the ranking
colonel and brigadier general, is acting
brigadier eeeeral. drove to the city and
brought the members of congress to
camp. Here a stand had been erected
and there was speechmaking, the congressman
from Illinois receiving the
most liberal applause of the day when
he referred to the" closer relations
brought about between the north and
south by this war. We are brigaded
with two Illinois regiments, and the
westerners think there are none like
South Carolinians.
An event of the day was the present-iJl-'.T___
o mm ^1? J
taciOQ cy senator xmman ui a swuru uj
Maj. Julias J. "Wagener. This sword
was said to have been the property of a
Spanish colonel. Tlie previous evening;#^
;ef the handsomest swords in
the-brigade was, at evening parade,
presented by Col. Thompson to Capt.
4ohn Jj. Perrin, Co. M. The sword was
purchased by Capt. Perrin's company,
who are devoted to an officer who has
in many ways endeared himself to them,
at the same time commanding the respect
and friendship of his Hrother officers.
Friday night a meeting of the officers
of the army corps was held in the
Y. M. C. A. tent of the Fourth Illinois
to organize an association of the Seventh
army corps. Capes. Sirrine and
Gonzales and Lieut. Cox were sent to
represent the South Carolina regiment.
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee was elected per-:
panent chairman by acclamation and a
dozen colonels sent to notify him. Gen.
Douglas or Virginia was first called to
the chair. A formidable committee
was appointed to draft a constitution
and is to report to an adjourned meeting
to be held Tuesday night. The
chief <iuestion to decide will be as to
whether the association is to be open to
enlisted men or to officers only. It is
probable the privates will come in.
The health of the men has improved
very much in the past week. For a
few days there was an epidemic of fevers
anrl mnrninp- rftnorts beean to
' "" ? O W
look as they did last fall at Jacksonville.
But tha attacks were light and
many men are now returning to duty.
There are no serious cases in the hospitals.
The wives of officers in this
regiment will leave here this week and
many of the other "army ladies" are
flying northward.
OXCE MOREIX THE STATES.
The latest news from the Second
Regiment is to the effect that the whole
regiment has sailed from Cuba and by
this time are safely landed once more
on American soil. In a few weeks the
boys will come marching home.
A Vvrtnt TVinoa BnW
AWVUV MlAViAl
In speaking of Senator Tillman's arrival
in Columbia from his trip to Cuba
the Columbia State says the Senator
was looking rather tired and not communicative.
He was waiting for the
train to come so that he could ask the
secretary of war to send the Second
regiment to Columbia. However the
newspaper man could not refrain from
asking:
"Senator, hate you been keeping in
touch with the penitentiary investigation
?"
"No, I haven't seen the papers much
lately," he replied.
"WaII T eniinnw vnn have heard
" v"j ? ^ ~ ~ ?
about that carload of brick they say
you got?"
"Yes, I have heard something about
it, but I will have to wait until I get
home before l ean tell you whether or
not I have paid for them. I must look
through my papers. This thing happened
four or five years ago. I never
could.get Neal to sead me bills for anything.
As for h^ms, I didn't get any.
I didn't need them! ' I had hams of my
own."
Left them Destitute.
The twenty-seven colored families
numbering 104 persons in all, who, are
stranded in Jersey "City after, having
come from the'west to go to* Liberia, as
is alleged, under a contract* with the
International Migration society, were
notified Wednesday by the -Central
Railroad of New Jersey that they would
have, to leave the railroad cars in which
they have remained since their arrival
in Jersey City. It is claimed that
the International Migration society
promised to send these people to Liberia.
and that they have failed to carry
out their promise. Most of them are
destitute and their condition is pitiable.
A RACE WAR NIPPED v|
' Seven
Arkansas Negroes Victims
cf the Wrath of the Whites.
AGITATORS WERE LYNCHHEO^ '
The Whole Thing Started With
the Lynching of an Assassin,
Who Was the Ringleader.
A dispatch from Texarkana. Arkan
ssas, says a race' war is is on in Little
River county, and during the last 48
hours an indefinite number of Negroe*
have met their death 'at the hands of
an infuriated white population. Seven
are known to have been lynched, and
the work is not yet done.
The bodies of the victims of the mob's
vengeance are hanging to the limbs %i
trees in various parts of the county,
_ _I_1 ?
suruug up wnerever overtaken. "lae
! country is in a state of intense exsitement.
White men are collecting in
mobs,-heavily armed and determined.
Negroes are fleeing for their live3, and
the community is in an uproar. The .
exact number of Negroes who have been
summarily dealt with or those who may
yet fall into the hands of the mob before
order is restored may never be
known"
Seven bodies have been found, and
other victims are being hunted and will
meet a similar fate when run to earth.
The known dead-to date are: Gen. ~-M
Dackett Edwin Goodwin, Adam King,
Joseph Jones, Benjamin Jones, Moses
Jones, unknown man.
Joe King and John Johnson, were
also taken in hand by mobs and whipped.
They were afterwards turned loose and". '
h ave d isannAjr<?^ - -
Little River county is in the extreme
southwest corner of the State, bordered
on the west by the Indian Territory . .
and on the south by Texas. The Negro
population is large, and has for a
long time proved very troublesome to
the whites. Frequent murders have
occurred, and thefts and fights have . ^
become common affairs,
One or two negroes have previously
been severely dealt with when the peopie
found it nccessary to take the law . ~
into their own hands, but it was not , * / .
until today that the trouble took on a
serious aspect. It then developed that * carefully
laid plans had. been mad$by
a number.of negroes to- precipitate a
race war, and that manywhite men bad
been marked-for victims. It is learned '? ?'??
that 23 negroes were implicated in this .
plot, and the whiteg"3re?aow bent on ' " "
meting out summary punisHine^t to the . .
entire coterie of conspirators.' NSeveh' .* . Uhave
been kilted, and the workof:
ing out the entire list continues witfl*r
out relaxation. All implicated in -the
plot are known, and parties of white . '[%
men, varying in numbers from 25 to 50, ?
are scouring the country for them.
Wherever one is found he i3 quickly
strung up and his body perforated with
bullets. The work of dispatching the
first two or three was an easy matter.
D..A *T ? - 3 i'L -
.uuii we news auuu spreaa among me
negroes, who instead of making the resistance
and offering the battle that
they had threatened, became panie
stricked and began getting out of the
community as quickly as possible.
Two whose names were on - the list of
conspirators got a good start and succeeded
in reaching the Texas State line
before being captured. They were
swung up without ceremony.
The trouble arose over the killing of
James Stockton by Duckett. Just prior
to the lynching of Daekett, the negroes
had planned the inauguration of a race j '_
war. Buckett was the leader, and at
his death the negroes let the matter
out. The citizens-became greatly enraged,
Joe King and John Johnson
were taken to the woods agd whipped.
Other negroes made threats, but nothing
occurred until yesterday, when the
wholesale Ivnchihff hec-in.
o ? "O t
In the gang that was plotting for a
race war there were 23 Negroes, and it
is likely the entire number have been
strung up in the thickets. It is known ^
to a certainty that the seven ringleaders
are doad. The negroes are fleeing from ;
the district. Today three wagons full
arrived at Texarkana, having crossed
Red river at Index last midnight.
Three Lives Crushed Oat. ? - - ??*
The bodies of three white miners now
lie 125 feet under; ground beneath
great volume of water and tons"of dirt <
and 'debris in a manganese mine nine miles
from Cartersville, Ga., where they ,
met death by being mashed and smotherde
b> the great mass above where they
Traits nviaiu^ i>aviug iu vu vuciu* xug
dead men are Frank McEver. a son of
one of the lessees, and the Messrs.
Chastain. McEver leaves a wife and
two children. He was 26 years of age.
The mine is on the Canton road aoG is
known as the Clumber Hill mine. It
has recently been leased by Messrs.
Whif\P A" M(>F,cor on/} Tr-Arlr<w1 urit-.li fl
force of from three to five hands. It
may take several days to recover the
bodies of the men, as the water in the
shaft is 80 feet deep and will have to j
be pumped out before other work to- j
ward rescuing them can proceed. \tr\
Four Lives LostIn
a fire Friday morning at Mrs. E.
R. Nolen's boarding house, 104 Court
street, Memphis. Ten., four lives were
lost and six people were more or less
seriously injured. At the time of the
fire there were 21 people in the house.
A fire fropx the grate ignited the cuitains
inihe early part of the night, and
the fire department succeeded in extin
i f ,i rr , i
guisnmg^tne names witnout damage.
The guests retired at the usual hoar.
At an early hour Friday morning flames
were seen truing from the Vouse, and
the inmates'^fehecbout. ia an effort to
escape. . ; : - -1|
Lost on. the River.
A special to The Commercial-Appeal
from Chattanooga says:" Two raftsmen one
named Devoney and the other un- ~
known, iost^their lives in the river 80
miles above ^Memphis, Tuesday. They
were, with a.'Sit of a million feet of
logs, coming " down the river, and their
raft went to pieces on"one of the swift
shoals with which the upper rive
abounds*
" ' "

xml | txt