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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 29, 1899, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-03-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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TIE*. j
NfSWi AX? HERALD.
MBMSEBJ* 3VERY WEDNESDAY
-BYm
W'S AND HSB4 LD COMPANY.
TI5RM8.IN ADVAJiCJK:
a??V?ar, ... 81.50
Six Meatbi. - - >75
VIMNSBORO, S. C.
?* ' ~ ?? ??: ?
Wednesday March 29, - - 1899
SOUrflEKN DEVELOP Jl E>*T.
Southern Pines, N C., M*rch 9,1899.
B>ard of Ujariiisiio i?r*:
(yentlemen?We ci'i your attention
t> the enclos d circnkr I.*tier that has
bean seat to a Urg.i nu'n^er of prominent
Southarn people, invieinjf them to
be present at Southern Pines, N. C ,
on the 18 h of April, and to work for
th.'ir respective secti >us. We beg to 1
suggest that it will be to the adr intage
of your place, if you wiil se'ect a comm'ttae
composed o? the mayor of your
place and the editors of n-iwspap-rs
located in your territory, to attend tbe
meeting, an i you oujht to mike an
appropriotion to piy at leastt he expenses
of th6se gentleman. We are
sura tbey will be williag to give their
llOlt*, II you V?m
penses uid h ;t*l char/rea. We want
to tell "?ou ibat tbe Northern people
whc have come into this plac 5 duri -g
the p**t few days are now payi-ig onesixth
of the taxes of this entire county,
both school, coanty and State, and it
will i?ay you to send a delegation to
Southern Pines, that they may induce
Northern people to go to your place
and aid yon? people in paying taxes
and in developing manufacturing enterprises.
Oar people from ih j North
^ will gladly corns down out of that
"* bleak, col 1 climate to the sunny land
Ot Dixie, H yoo win oniy luBui |
know you want them, as the native
people of this section did, advertise
the fact that they wanted u?. You
cannot expect people to settle in your
plac#, for they know comparatively
nothing aiwnt it. All they do know is
that it is down in ths postoffic? directory,
as having a postoffice. . They see
no otner advertisement of it This
place w filling np to overflowing, and
we haven't room for all who want to
come, and we will be glad to help yon
to a share. You Southern people do
not realize lb? fact that you do not advertise
what you have. You need to
advertise your advantages through
your horn*) paper*, and send yonr
home papers broadcast over every
Northern State. We hope yon appreciate
whit we Northern pejple located
at Southern Pines (ihe Yankee city in
tha Soatb) are deing to bring Norther.
tera to every pay part ot Dixie.
Yon cai.'t spend a conpla of hundred
dollars to baiter advantage, thanbv
fur rusting it to yonr chairman and
editors, and send them to talk your
advantages to the large number of !
Nvrbernars, who will be at Southern
Pi'ies to learn of the advantages of
the difleerut sections of the South.
Yours truly,
A. &. Clarke,
Presiieat Board of Trade.
P. H. Seek, . "
Mayor Southern Pines, '
The above letter together with a
""^similar letter for life mayor of the
fchVD and an jiiritatioa to editors to
attefcS. the ^meeting mentioned have
. been rt.?3ived at this office. It may be
a sche.ne merely to advertise Southern
- - -> J I
iin?5 ftQU Uraw vk uvnu iuoiv
tbat the hotels may profit by it, but
ths letter cartainly contains many ,
facts. Southern people do not realize
tbe importance of advertising. We
expect people to find out for themselves
wh?t we have for sale and what
the local advantages are. If we would
advertise and let Northern capitalists
know the good opportunities for in- 1
vestment in tbe South, more capital
w^uld ?ome to U3. Millions of dollars j
seek investment in tbe North at 3 and 4
per cent, yet tbe same money coma oe
jast as safely placed in tbe South at j
seven and eight per cent. If it could ,
be made clear to the Northern man i
thai solid and safe investment could <
be made here at * higher rate than he j
i3 now getting, his money will
come in this direction. Let the farm- i
ers in less favored sections know that
here are greater advantages here and j
they will settle here. ,
A. kind of bureau of information or <
some organization to collect statistics 1
and data of all kinds relating to the !
particular locality is needed in every
section. If a party of prospective !
settlers should land in Fairfield to day,
there is no organization to take hold or !
them and furnish them with informstion
as to the lands for sale and the
character of the lands.
M i
WINNSBOKO NEEDS HOMES.
A genuine building and loan asso- j
ciation is badly needed io Wiunsboro- \
The town show's unmistakable evi- ,
dences of growth, but it lacks just
such an organization as a building and
loan association, an association that
will bnild a home and sell it on easy j
terms. Many young men, with small !
income*, wonld build homes, if tbey j
c^ald arrange to pay for them iu
monthly installments. Ail progressive
and growing towns have such an
organization, and Winngboro should !
> not be without one?not simply a loan 1
I company, bat a company which shall
A ?'.! a field that's not now occupied, |
that of lending money exclusively ^>n j
j
Brea! estate aesigayu tor ?uujcuuuv ?
Rioaie. The rr.ore owners of homes
tho.re are ia aay community the better
off is that community. People should
bs encouraged to obtain homes for
themselves. Sach a coarse will n?t
only be an advantage to those who j
obtain a home, bai will result in profit j
to the stockholders in the association, i
Even tin most selfish, and plenty of \
rr-^&em are in every commomty, ca& - j
>; consistently pat their racosv ia a j
^ bu ding and loan associate*. The j
|Sniaa with money, from a selfish, stand- j
l^po it, if he ha* any sense, desires tlte.-: j
to umanUy to Jgrow and prosper;- be- '
|l?lu*e it adds to his ; wealth, by htcr&s>^^5?i~th9~vald3"of
what he pressor and
| by affording a source of investment.
Oace yoa can iodace people to baiid
and own homes yoa have them rooted, j
wliacourage establishing inane*, an 1 I
tbe~e i? no better wav than building c
landioao association*, provided they e
Bare not organized t> extort usarons
^interest. If 4 company cx&i. &s or1"
> - ' . -
ganized in WInnsboro, and the managers
would be satisfied with & reasonable
profit, there can be- no doubt that
it would succeed, and be of iuestimable
advantage to the town and everybody
in it. j
Gen*. Wheelek, ^it is reported, says'
that he would like to stay in the irmy,
if he was sent to the Philipines. Were
"vve hi# confidential adrisers, we wociiu
advise him to retire. He has distinguish?.!
himself and his country,
and ha will go dowo in history as a
great military lealer. It is a good
time to stop.
- - - - T - - A.
It will be hard ur rresiasai axuKinley
and Senitor Hf.nna to convince
the country that th* assembling of
so many prominent Kepuolicans ab:ut
Jekyl Island was a mere coincidence.
The South loses a valuable friend in
the death of Patrick Walsh. Ha did
as much as any nun we san recall to
baild up the South.
m . snmmm
More msn in Manilla are wasted !
That $20,000,000 won't toncb what
the United Stated will hare to piy for
these ielauds.
runwr ftTTR rSROXICLES.
Politics --Churcfcess-* Schools?Factories.
Charlotte city politics remind one
somewhs: of a Tillman campaign a
few years ago. The present mayor
has been in office nearly two years or
one term. Two years ago, feeling tnai
be was n >t gettiDg fair treatment at
the hauch of the Democratic executive
committee, he refused to go into the
primary, bat appealed to the general
election. Then followed a bitter campaign,
which became too dirty before
its close for a man to have much to do
with it. Whiskey was u?ed freely and
vote* were openly bought and sold.
There was a sharp line drawn then
between the two factions. This spring
the agitation of the dispensary has
changed ihe old lines somewhat, bnt
it has lef". two factions. The municipal
eleeuoa is about a month off
"Fair play," "citizens," "voter,"
"taxpayer" and a host of oihers are
-fflltnnr nn nf nozxrart inpr anar.ft ad
JKlAlUg Uf iVVW V*, ?
vocating different men for officr Tbe
fight will be a sharp one. The principal
bone of contention will be the
liquor Question, and such a fight generally
leave3 its stjag. There is a disposition
among many to close back
doors and remove all rcrenes from
barroom*.
The Philadelphia base ball team
(professional) is spending awhile here i
now. They are a big, muscular set of
mnn onii Ia/iIt os it Jhou WrtnM nnt HD
Ui^U UHU JWA MU i*. iwvj If ?
a splendid exhibition of ball playing, j
They will play games here with teams
from the surronnding towns and will
remain uuti! the season opens North.
Th? sight of a man, whose name he
has 4ofteu seen in the reports of ball
games, is a treat to many a crank.
Kev. J. Knox Montgomery, pastor
First U. P. Church, of Cincinnati, will
occupy the pulpit of the First A. R.
P. Charch of this place, for a month.
Kev. J. T. U&aicaers, u. u.t me regu?
lar pastor, has beeu unwell for some
time and will take a raacb needed
rest. Rer. Montgomery is a splendid
preacher, and has already made a good
impression on the people here. He is
ulso a lec: urer of some note and delivered
a lecture Friday night on
"Help Somebody." The proceeds go
to the different societies of the church.
Speaking of th?*A. R. P.'s, this
place boasts of the obI/ second A. E.
P. Church ia the coanti v. It is something
new in Secederdoin aud it already
promises great Uiit gs. I remftmhnr
r?a.4ini? ouce in i be Abbeville !
Medium s me one writing th ?t it used
to be tha. the Seceders wonld take a
man in if he was worth less than $5,000.
Bat the reverse is almost the case u*jw ;
there are so few rich ones to tafeo in.
Whatever else Charlotte may be lacking
in it is not good churches and
good preachers. Ever/ church edifice
is an ornament to the town; very few
them are over ten yearn old, and
the .preachers are exceptionally good
A^aio, tbe paopJ.e at 1 churchjoing
people. Ab a geu. ' tbio*,
ftiere are good coflgregatio. "< pvery
:hurch. Sat as I said above ibcjr have
superior attractions.
It is wonderful, when you begia to
louut them, the number of mannfac'
- * ? i rrtA-A
luring enterprises ueie. iucic
seren large cotton mills and almost
irery othar kin i of factory is re predated.
They are wonderful feeders
!o any town and the money they turn
oose each week is enoogi to make
many a small town rich. These factories
are rather on th? increase as
aew ones of different charac'ers are
jeieg talked of and planned.
It is perhaps not generally known
:hat th? Cnarlctte graded acbool is the
second largest (in one building) in the
jouutry. The city school of Milwaatee,NWis.,
is the largest. There are
>ver 1,400 pupils in the graded school
lere. The school not only boasts of
?eing the largest in the country, but
-1? 4. c j iK;.Ctii?a
iU'J iiifeb uue IUUUUVU iu tux# uiuiv.
G.
aiBiimuiiumiiiiiuiHisiiifiiiffiiiiiiiiiin
| 1
| is a wonderful aid in the E
| maintenance of health; it.is |
= an easily assimilable form of g
= nourishment in illness, and s
s is invaluable in restoring 5
? ckom?fv?H nppv? and In rnfiu B
| valescen^eo A doctor writes: ?
= "I have found it especially 1
| valuable for persons conva- ?
g lescing from fever, and for a
= nursing mothers. I am high- ?
ly pleased ?
with k and |
| Av \ Biy patients |
s , could not do 1
| without it.7' |
E Drnj Stores ?
IsnmrannitRraHiuiiBniiBamiifflaB
_ i _
ror oaie.
A TRAOT Q? 176 ACF.5S OF
and, on Little River, belonging to
). M. Bi oom, and bojmded &y lands
?f the estate of R. G. Simontou, Season
ami others.
For ten.- a apply to
A. S. & W. D. DOUGLASS.
11-17 Attorneys Winniboro, S. C,
UPPER LOJfGOOWX.
| Rair. I Rain I and fetill it continue? lo
rain. We had quite a heavy rain last
night, which waa accompanied by
tbuader and lightning. Farm work
i has heen srreatlv retarded by the ex
ceesive rain?. Very little ploughing
has been done yet. Oar farmers will
not succeed in planting much corn in
March this year, as a comparatively
mall area has been pal in so far;
however, if the weather will permit
there will be a considerable amount
planned daring the remaining dayt of j
the moath. We should all strive to!
see how much corn and ether supplies
forborne consumption we can make
tbii year. Let us see if we can't stop
this thing of having our corn crib3 and
finoke houses in the West iastcad of
afhome where they should be. We
certainly can raise most of our supplier
at home blessed as we are, living
' in a country that will produce almost
all agricultural products, all that is
needed is labor and toil, without
nnthinor orpat nor rood can be
| T. muu uv???# D - j
accomplished. Diversified farming; is
the most profitable, and is io most
instances the sect et of the success of
those who are now onr most prosperoas
farmers. I am glad to say that
our farmers are beginning to devoto
more attention to raising their own
hog and hominy, so to speak. This is
as it shonld be. When we succeed in
doing this, then, and not nntil then,
? :n nnn/litinn ho Hofforprl
W 111 UU1 WHUIIiVU WV VWHVV* VV??
Small grain is looking well, especially
it this the case as regards wheat.
There has been more wheat sown in
this section than has been the case before
iu years. Owing to the superabundance
of rain no spring oats were
sown until March, which is'somethiog
unusual. v.
Some corn ha* been planted; generally
speaking though, very littie has
been planted yet.
Gardening is backward, owing to
' Mmt nf nnr np.iah
I lie TOOL xcauidi iav? v* v.. ??Q?
bora, however, planted their gardens
the latter part ot last *eek or first of
this. Onions, radiehc*, cabbage, etc.,
have in tome instances commenced to
come np.
We are afraid that the frnit has been
greatly injured. Especially is tbis the
case ai regards peacbes, most of them
b3ing killed in the bnd. We notice
some trees though blooming ont nicely.
Apples aod?cherries have not been
injured any, at least we do not think
so. Fig bushes vrere in most instances
killed to the ground.
Both of the Longtown schools are
progressing nicely. The upper school,
under the efficient management of Mr.
J. R. Sterling, is in a flourishing conditio?,
having 50 scholar* enrolled
Miss Ketchin's school on the Wateree
has closed. Her many friends re
- . ^ - i i
gret to see ner jeare.
Mrs T W Mellichamp is with her
daughter, Mrs Gettys, of Kershaw,
who has? been quite ill bat is now con-1
valesciug.
Mr and Mr3 Wm Mobley, of Chester,
recently spent several days among'
relatives in this section. E H. H |
March 23, '99.
' '
Hillloss 6Hr?n Away.
It is certainly gratifying to the public
to know of one concern in the land
who are not afraid to be generous to
the needy and suffering. The propria
ters ?f Dr. King's New Discovery for
Consumption, Coughs and Colds, bare
given away over ten million trial bottles
of tb'j great medicine; and hare
the satisfaction of knowing it hag abi
solutely cured thousands of hopeless
cases. Asthma, Brohcbiiis, Hearseness
and ail diseases of the Throat,
Cbeit and Lungs are sured by it. Call
on McMaster Co , druggists, and get a
1-!-' L-l'l- T>?r?nU? dim tnd
I rial UVU1C J I CO IK^UIM oi^v WVM M"$1.'
Every bottle guaranteed, or price
refaudtd. N 3
FSASTERVILL ITEMS.
There was a good deal of wind and!
rain on Saturday night the 18th inst. j
There his been very little work done
-
on me iarins. omui gram i* :uv&>ug
very well.
Mrs. Sarah Gladden, of Shelfon, is
riaifciDg relative? in this section.
Mr. J. W. Gibson has moved back
from Chester.
Mr. William Weir, Sr., and Mr.
John Yarnadore have both been qaite
Ick. We wish then: a speedy recovery.
Mr. David Taylor, of the Crosbyville
section, has been soffering with
ruenmi-iam. We hope he will soon
be ap again. Mr. Taylor is one of oar
most enterprising farmers. Last year
be made fourteen oaiet 01 coiccn,
averaging 500 pounds eaeh, on fourteen
acre* of land. He used a ton of
acid and one hundred bushels of cotton
seed on abont ten aGres of the land
and about one-half top of guano on
the other part. The crop above mentioned
was cultivated by Mr. Cameron
forhneo or-cpn ntmc T dn not remem
ber). Both Messrs. Taylor and Cameron
deserve credit for their successful
farming. Ic demonstrates that the
while people of this country cau, by
perseveiance and industry, make
farming remunerative. In my opinion
those who can, like Mr. Taylor, make
the greatest yield with the least expense
are the best farmers.
Some of our farmers have been
hauling guano.
Some use Gibbs' high grade,
Th#y say it's the best guano that's
made;
It will make yocr cotton grow tall,
And insures a good yield next fall. Gibbs'
high grade gaano
Is a little litce Mark A. Elanua;
It gives the eottor. a good start,
And cheers the workingman's tieart.
Iu politics Mark's qnick on the start,
And some tbfaks he's mighty smart;
He'll shake handa and say. "Howdydo,"
Bat next fall he'll meet bis Waterloo.
The negro, the mule and gaano just
suits,
With them the merchant has gone into
caboat;
They will give hi-n a lien and say next
fall,
"Come on, boys, to me you owe it all."
The lien Hw li * aim vt live ! Its day,
And we h'>pe ii win so m pa*s aw?y;
I was unwise iu its origin,
Bat the Legislature won'd m?t call it
in Robt. R flares.
March 20, 1899
We have s*ved many doctor bills
since we b^an usiog Chamberlain's
Hnnoh RpfTisAv in nnr home. We kceol
a bottle open afl the time and whenever
any of my family or .myself begin
to catch cold we begin to ^i?e the
Coo^h Remedy* ;asd as a jwsnh we
never have to send a.wjiy for a doctor
and incur a largo doctor bi.l, fui j
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy never i
fails to cure. It is certainly a medicine
0| great merit and worih ? D. S.
Mearkle, Genera! Merchant and
Farmer, Mattie, Bedford county, Pa.
For sole by McMaster Co. i
bbhegj&aaTOBaBasegSRg^3g^
Aj^etabie PrepaMoirfof As - ij I
siffiflatirig t&Tood andRegula- &
tflg rttt>fltorcachsand Bowels
m
Erofflotesl^estion,Cheerful- e
ness^d^stCoiitalns neither %
OpnimtMorptimeiior ^msraL m
?OT KAR OTIC.
Jjttxpt atOUlVrSmuLLPu wlbJt
PmpJax Seci' .
Abiienna*
JkMUSJtr- I
JtalttSeid* 1
/faiu/huul' ^ * :3?M
ihCarkaattSoiia* I
SSgftt*r. I
h^ryrt^FUfrsr. J jJ| ^
I A perfect Bemedy for Constipa- Mi
| tioa. Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea, '?{
Worra .Convulsions .Feverish- M '
ness and LOSS OF SLEEP. fl
Facsimile Signature of
NEWYORK. 1 g|
Hi' - ' ?ipg*
EXACT COPY-OF WRAPPER, ||
?isBg??amsst
ONE WAY TO ADVANCE TIIE PKICE
OF COTTON".
The Clemso i College Chroniclc.'~
If. will soon be time for the farmsre
of South Carolina to plant another crop
of cotton, and the thought of greatest
importance to them is, "Wbat price
will it brin??" Will this crop sell at
* ^ - -N-U ^ ? Won I Via r? rAn r\ f
tt ULIglJd' iuau lXAV V4V/p V* AWVV.
What grounds have we upon which to
hope that the crop of '99 will place
enough money ia the hands of the
f?rmers to pay all expenses and have
a profit balance? We have none, and
ire are discouraged, even before the
rep is planted, by the prospective,
almost certain lo;v .price.
This question, "How to rais8 the
price of cotton?''has received earefal
thought from many men, some of
whom have honestly endeavored to aid
the unfortunate planters, and other*
who hare labored for le9S worthy purposes.
We cannot call attention to all
the schemes arising from the discussion
of this question, but mention the
decrease of cotton acreage, the cylindrical
bale, wire tire, and ;hs bagging
made from the cotton stalk.
The first i-? the only method of improvement
that would help the planters
as a dass, and raise the price of cotton,
but it has been found impracticable
for i he reason that all planters
will not decrease the number of acres
planted. It is but human for each one
to plant* as many acres as possible
when be thinks the price is going to
advance.
Good results may come from the
cotton picking machine, and the employment
of animals trained to pick
the white locks. What the Sonth
needs most is the means of advancing
the price of cotton?a means that wi.l
not be affectcd by an increas-e ot the
namber of bales marketed. If this
can oe accompnsnea we price u> cutton
will advance independently of the
acreage, and the whole South wilt
take on an era of profitable farming
and prosperity, and that man who will
put this means into the hands of the
people will be the greatest benefactor
of the Southern cotton planter si'ice
Whitney, who gave tham the gin.
We are spending too much time and
energy in seeking new methods and
innovaiions. Wnat we should do is to
- - * nn . j? _ .
j improve present memous. xo ao cms
we mnst stady the conditions that
surround the production of cotton and
its manufacture. We pass over tbe
planting and gathering of the crop to
the ginning?tbe subject of o;ir discussion.
In this day of haste, even the inven- ,
tor is apt to pay no attention to the
minor needs in tbe processes of pro'
> ArranlArtL' f Ko
UUUUUii) auu io o^;it iv vuw
opportunities of improving present
methods of manufacturing. Thousands ;
of men ride each day in vehicles and ]
never for a moment think of the man
who invented the single-tree, without
which the motion of the hor.-e would
make vehicle riding unendurable. How
few thoughts are bestowed npo:i the *
man who first used laths upon wt:ich 1
to fasten tha plastering of the walls? 1
How many of us realize that every '
time we raise a book ofi a table, acd
every time the housekeeper weighs a <
a? m/At flovih ia tn enc. 1
v i Lu;a.) luu cat iu i j * ?.? www
pension? We might go on, but this is '
OLly to show ihat we are too heeil ess <
of the forces that surround and con- '
tiuually affect us.
The cotton produced wis one* of I
little ralne whether a few acres were '
planted or hundred* because of the 1
crndo moifnd of preparin? it for the !
requirements of man. A study of ibe *
coaditions and requiremen?s Jed Whit- 1
n?r to nroduce !hc ein, and the value (
of* cottou was for many years f
commensurate With the efficiency *
ot the gin. The processes of producing
and (he methods of manufacturing
the staple have been
improved from >ear to year u;itil J
we have now abjut c^meto a standstill.
T^ese processes and methods
hav- reached their limit of cheapness,
and as we have approached this limit i
rh-; price of chiton his steadily de- t
criuod. An advance can not be ex- a
peeled under present conditions. ?
Aiioih r Whitney must rise up and c
ex:entl theso limits of improvement.
It is to the improvement of the cotton (
gin tnat the S^uth mast look for an
advance and a speedy advance in the
price of cotton. We must look to the J
get:ius of inyentiou to make the improvements,
but let us consider them.
Chu method of separating the fibers a
from the seed has not changed ma- ti
lerially from the original meihod of v
Whitney. That id the employment of b
circular saw*, the teeth of which poll h
the fiber from the seed by pulling it c
between the iron ribs. -This lint is s
brushed Irout the taw by a rapidly re- c
vohi-'i/Wrasb, revolving in the oppc c
site (luecdon. Some gm oa\vs may t!
pull the lint from the seed in this way f
when new, but none of them do after ?
thev have been filed by hand or by a
portable filing machines. " S
The shaft holding the saws is taken
out, mounted iu a frame where it is p
free to turn, and the filing "done. A (]
three cornered file is applied to each s<
side of the tootb, and when finished v,
gives the tooth a diamond shaped p
cro=s-section, while the crotch of the s<
tooth is as sharp as filing can make it n
When the saw is remounted and gin
nirg commenced, tbe saw revolves in
the seed cotton, catches the fibers, and p
the lint, 33 it is pulled between the p
n?a?nnsariiHri ?
si
- ^ *1 ? * w v * 4 S g?-4
?r- - . , rt t;& ;.?$gpfej ,
'*&L: i* 14 ?S? w&SgTil II
a
Xv^J. .iZfti* .ind&dLiren. *
a ' p - o rj e 7 n (3 p
tm$m Yea ha?e J
Always Booghi J
Bears the / ? *
MC\s^ ^
ri' .' $ U *\I 1
Signature / Ay ?
si w T!ie!
Kind i
[j1 You Have;
always Bought, i
the centaur company, new York cmr. |
: i
ribs is cut Jn two if the.saw is sharp 1
and formed into a hard lump or nap 1
if the saw Is dull. Thus we see that ]
the usual process of ginning is one of
culling tie ^fibers from the seed, and 1
very oft^njcutting tin detached fiber \
into shor erpieces. ~ 1
Thi* rhnnnino- ud of the cotton floer I(
rt n "4 - .
becomcs in tbe end a serious !o*s. J
Let ns trace it Yon have bren in a J
cotton mill and have seen this short J
iirit filling the air and festooning tbe 1
Q)acbm?ry.. Where does it come from?
As the lint passes frcm the first machine
to the sccond and so on it is
Deing continually drawn out io that
all tbe fibers-, will lay along sida of
each other and be in the best position
for trc-irriusr. L is daring these drawing
and spinning processes that this {
short fiber i-= beaten out by the m?.clrnerv
and collects on tfc-; machines (
and fills tbe air. This los- ha^ been *
estimated by good authority at from
twelve to fifteen per cent. And besides
this there is tbe cost of separal- 1
ing it from the longer fibers.
A bale of cotton as-it is ginned now ;
contains, anylength of fibers from a s
small fraction of an inch to one and
onc-haif inches. This varying length
of fiber, has been and is now, a ques- :
tion of tauch concern to the designer |
of eotlon manufacturing machinery. !
These machines mast be desisued to :
make a thread from tbe fibers of j
mixed lengths, hence when a bale of >,
wdi ginned (Ions: fiher) cotton goes
through the mill the loss is considers-!
ble. The . machiLery uses the same I
amount o"f this 16n^ fiber to make tka I
same size thread as it did cf the
choppcd up fibers. Of course the .
thread .''made from - the long fibers is 1
stronger, but the cloth is no better .
than the poorest threads that compose J
k. Now then if the fibers wore all f
longer .the thread could be made .
~ /I 1A?? aaH A*> n rn/1 TiiAn 4 ^
feUl.-il/Cl UUU iC3* LUUUJ UO^U. 111VU mi J
bale of c ' * ? ^*f>rjld make more cloth.
It is reawj^.c .u say that there will
never be aav less cotton goods u-ed
than at presant, and as these goods can
be manufactured more cheaply from
cotton of longer fiber, or the long
fibers manufactured into finer goods
than the present lengths of fiber, the
better ginned cotton will bring a
higher price.
Wbat/weueed then is a gin that
will pull the whole length of fib^r
from the seed asd cot chop it or iup c
it. Fnrihermore, we want a gin tl?af.
will separate the different lengths of
fiber?. Tne shorter lengths wiil make
the cheap goods now in use, and tlie
long fibers will be sold at a higher :
price to be made into finer fabrics.
This improvement in the gin must be \
left, as we have said, for the inventor v
to accomplish. But in the mrantime a 3
little more'care in filing and better
methods of sharpening the saws nvw
in use will result in longer fiber?. a:id I
we believe-.ia an advance ia price.
Edgar M. Matthews.
I is very "hard to stand idly by and
3: e onr cear ones suffer while atvaiti::g
lh^ arrival o? the doctor. An Albany
(N. Y.) dairyman called at a drug
5:ore mere lor a doctor iu cuiue uuu
;ee h:s cbil"d, then very sick with
:roup Not. finding the doctor in, be
eft word f-;r him to come at ones on
lis return. (le also bought a bottle of
Jhimberlain'e Cough Remedy, which
3C hoped would give some relief un;il
,he d ^c.or should arrive. In a f;?w
icui-s he 1 ciarned, saying the doctor .
ieed no! come, as (be elaiid was much C
jctter. The druggi?i. Mr. Oitu Snolz, J
iajs the family has ?inre recommonchd ^
Chamberlain's Consrh Jieinedy to their ^
ie;ghbors and f;iends until lu has a ?
constant. demaud*for it from that pari
)f the country. For sa'e by McNJas-1
er uo.
FATHER BY AN.
^ Story of the Gifted Poet Patriot of the fT
South. |
From the Birmingham JSre:cs.
Mrs. M. E. Ilenry-Ruffin recency
nade public a hitherto unprinted pcern
>y Abram J. Ryan, the gifted poet a
mil patriot of the South, whose name
oust be fsmiiiar to readers of A merlin
ver^-v.fhologies, although he
i:mscif -w: - -l :
;I sing, with a Vvi.:e too low
Tc be heard beyond to-day,
ti minor kjys of my people's vi-oe;
And my songs will pass away." The
publication of the poem was js
coir.paniod by several pages of in- f
cresting persdnaj_ memories. The E
rrirer of these, wbea^a little girl, |
egMn to make verses and Father-Ryan $
,3iped her with encouragement aDd
riticism. Before leaving school she ""
nbmitted a po-.rn in a newspaper
onipstitio:!, the subject being the
bar; (If the North tu the South afrer *
lie ; v low fever epidemic. Father |[
iran was one of the judges. Mrs. \
[enry-Ruffin tells the rest of the story
3 follows, (the Rosary Magazine,
fovember):
"A few days after sendiag in my
oem Father Ryan came to see rue. ""
Nellie,' he said, 4I want ycu to do
^me'bing for me. I think the others
riil ba glad if yon do; but theyopose
my asking /ou. If will be a|
icritice, but I want vou to do it for, c*
ie.' ! u:
" What is ir, Father?' I asked. W
' 'I want you to withdraw yonr -il
oem from that competition. T'.ar tlr
riz? should go out of Mobile. Be
;ded, we all know you and like you so ' a
rell. I did not think of yon entering J
lis contest, or I wonld have asked \
on not to do it.' j f
"'Certain''*. T r:ji take it out. Ju*tj
jnd it back.' i au^thered u,y girlish i I
ioannnintmpnt and said nothing more. ! 4
"Father Ryan afterwards gave me % !
m^bable account of how the Bishop '
nd the other 'scolded' hiai j
?hen he told th^m be had rcq:ie.ved i
le to withdraw. When he wa? traih- {
ring his poems togeiher he asked me
d let him place this poem, 'Rcmtiited,'
tBODg his own. In looking over the
erses he had written, just a?'ter the >
Far, he said it seemed ie him then that I
hev needed soif-ethinj? to 'eorteri' i
hem.
"Your poem, my child is ju-t the
ort I need. 1 could not write in that
one myself. The war meaut too much
o me. To you, it is only history. To
ae, an awfc! ?u3mory. Bat i
[rowing eld. I ivani to forge-, t h?'
litterness. I wa'.t to help others to
orget it. Youi poem will touch a
mto that T t pprf and that I cannot t
iae.' * ~ 9
O A
''So my verse, 'Reunited,' went into \
he book, as did a long- p >em. 4The |
3ilgrim,' which had been written t>v ,
lis young and beloved brother, David, <
vho was killed in the war. I cs- (
ecially stipulated that .there shoul-J ?
-e no signature to distinguish my erses,
and although the meter, etc.,
s, I think, totally unlike any of
father Ryan's, I have yet to read the
ir3t word that seemed to note the
nrantiee hand' in the master's wosk.
"There i3 a curious little incident; j
;onnected with the poem. After tbc
>ublication ofUhis book, Father Ryan
rave most successful readings in
rarions cities. At (he Acarterav of
ilusic, in Baltimore, an immense
iadienc3 greeted him His pro^ramm i
was made np of his poems selected bv |
be literary , men of the country. Dr.!
3liver Wendell Holmes, of Boston,
ihose 'Reunited' as bis selection. HowFather
Ryan and I laughed over that
when he returned. 'It was the funkiest
thing that ever happened to me
In my life,' he told me 'I stood before
that great throng and thought of
:he little girl iu Mobile, and I jast
?^at? tha
tvauieu to say nucn luo? vuwavu
poem 'I didn't write that?I couldn't
write it. A dear child down South,
:o whom war is only history, who ha3
ao brother's blood to remember, she
wrote that.' I thought of my promise
:fcat the poem should pass as my own, md
I just stood there with the paper
n my hand and did not know what to
3o about it. When I came homo the
Bishop gave me another "scolding,"
md said it made no different what
Nellie wanted, I should have read the
poems as hers'."
Regardless of Age.
The kidneys are responsible for
more sickness, suffering, and deaths
han any other organs of the body.
A majority of the ills afflicting people
to-day i3 traceable to kidn-iy trouble.
It prevades all classes of so;iety,
in all climates, regardless o
ige, sex or condition.
The symptoms of kidney trouble are
mmistakable, such a3 rneumansra,
leuralgia, sleeplessness, pain or dnli
iche in the back, a desire to urinate
)ften day or night, profuse or scanty
iUDply.
Uric acid, or brick-dust deposit in
irine are signs of elogged kidneys,
:ausing poisoned ana germ-filled
)lood. Sometimes the heart ac's
jadly, and tube casts (wasting of the
Sidneys) are found in ibe urine, which
f nocr!f?r?to/l tcill ppftntt in Bfiffht'S
disease, the most dangerons for.n of |
kidney trouble.
All t' ese symptoms and conditions
ire promptly removed under the inluence
of Dr. Kilmer'a Swamp-Roet.
it has a world wide reputation for its
wonderful cures of the tnofrt distressing
cases. ?
No one need be long without it as it
s so easy to get at any drng store at
ifty cents or one dollar. You can
ia?e a sample bottle of this wonder- ,
!q1 discovery, Swamp-Root, and a
>ook telling all about it, brth sent to
'on absolutely free by mail. Send
'our address to Dr. Kilmer & Co.,
linorhflmfnn. "M. V.. and kindlv men
ion that you read this liberal ofier in
Che News and Herald.
Issily, Quickly, Permanently Restored
AQNETIC NERVINE SfitEi .
lit: to Cure Insomnia, Fits, Dizziness, Hvsteria,
"r.-.-ous Debility, Lo6t Vitality. Seminal Losses,
"ailing Memory?the result of Over-work, Worn-,
ickness. Errors of Yonth or Over-inda!gcnce.
'rica 50c. and $1: 6 boxes SB.
For quick, positive and lasting results in Sexur.i
Veakn " ?<!. Ime?otencv. Xsrvrcs Debility and Lo^t
Vitality, U3e YELLOW LABEL SPECIAL-double
trenjrt'n vrill give strength and tone to even- oart
ad effect a permanent carc. Cheapest and" best.
oo fills S=; ny man.
PR EE?A bottle the fatr.ous Japanese Li/?
'eliets wiU be given with a Jr 1*>x cr more of Maglitic
Ncrvir.c. irce. SoM cu'y by
J. J. OBEAR, Druggist,
Winnsboro, S. C.
m m
A FRESH STOCK
OF
;anned peas,
3eans,
:olumbia river
SALMON, L
DESSERT PEACHES,
CONDENSED MILK.
"ry Join's Premiiai Pitt. J
/
To make soup delicious get
can of Succotash,
FRESH BREAD AND -
CAKES TO-DAY.
J. S. McCarley.
[ , I, |-I, una, ?.,1^| -n
HHS
5 oou bv*-:wfi<5* th* bslc,
kSfcrCs+S* xTor^jiCM a hixt-rixnt growth-vx!Sr:?vor
Tailr to Restore Grsy
Ea-ir to J:* Tc*?hfftl QcjOTOsxotv--^
,J;^:;,-. ?b
~? of
-sa YANKEE \Jnr ,r<
bicycles/?! is
A PI
^33T II v )) W*Ithyickel-\ i |1
^ V ^ plated Lamp I f . 1f
N^=s^ and Bell. / UV
Second-hand Wheels, all makes, 95.00 up.
Shipped C. O. D. on approval.
Write for catalogue and full particulars. _ f
YANKEE CVCtE CO. Of
27 South JJinth St. Philadelphia, Pa. JD
Notice. 51
0 1
HAVING SOLD OUT THE MER- toi
ii;I!e Imf'ness herfttotorc couducted pn
iHer iii?; mine < !' B J. Emer*o.i to th<
'. J. Emerson, I am tiu longer re?p ???- coi
j q for ai:y debts contracted by >:ud hii
m. B.J.EMERSON, i
March 27th, 1899 3 28-Uw3fr
i
-w'
% V
I
B MY Wlf t mas aurrcncu i
k For more than eleven years, and has trie<
h several doctors, but nothing did her any s
2C her Gerstle's Female Panacea whi<
H her greatly at her monthly periods. 1
m L. GERSTLE & CO., Proprietors,
\r-.. i;?i_
I uu UcUl c^wCULLipiiSIl U1S
effort by ri<
: ? ;..V , .)
' . * l
. . t. ':V'
Models 59 and 60
1898 are entirely
new. Price
Pnlnmhio Droit
uuiuiiiuia ouaii
For scientific design, tho:
tion and elegance 'of finis
unequaled by any bicycles
I - PRICl
Hartfords, Pat
Possess every advantage of ir
Vedettes, PATT
Best for tli
' ???'*
aas <?o i
X HV-CO, ' 1UV>U O, A"
Every feature of these mac
in our New 1
POPE MFG. CO.,
JOBM & DAVIS, A|
-BUd* r
POISON. ;
i!
I
c
\
For the Destruttion ?f
Insects, 1
r
Ants.
]
Roaches,
i
I
I
23 Tlg'S- !I
5,
I
DRUGGIST,
Harflwere, k'?
t
TBE UNDERSIGNED HAS PUR j
ased the interest of the estate of F j
jrig, deceased, in the stock of goods
Gerig & Seigler, and solicits the |
:de of the people of Fairfield County. | q
lis, Hoes, Harness, gadflies, | r
' ? j ia
Fanainff Implements |01
all kinds, and everything foand
a FIRST-CLA^S HARDWARE
'ORE.
rhe tra.Ic of the friends and cusuers
of Ceng & Seialeris fally apeciaied,
and the undersigned hopes
>v mil- find it n? their interests to
Htinue *heir bnsii e-s r^Ia*ions with SI
n. lii
J. W. SEIGLER.
iffiffrSi'
ERY woman is under obligations J
o herself and the man she mar- V
ie8 to be in the most healthy cpn- A
x possible. She should be free of 2 nale
diseases and menstral irreg- V ;ies,
because the condition of the ?
nakes or mars the home. Bon't a
because you dread to consult a ,
r, for a "consultation is tm&eo* A
? /" < -t ? hnMaa nf .
ym UClfiVlOY krUVMW V*
not| pc female
(101 Ltd panacea 2
? "(Q-.F.F.)??*. z
;reat yourself in the privacy of j|
home. It will cure yon. If tan* w
y costiveness or indigestion, re> A
i it with a few mild doses of St* a
ih'A Liver Regulator. Write ns. W
ir case is complicated, and wewiu &
act yon, free of charge, how to J
hese faxnons remedies. V FROM
WOMB TROUBLB8 M
? airArv+ViiTiff she ronld fet, S3 Wtli. M
:oodT 'Last spring I commenc?dglTia*
>h save immediate relief and benffitea ;
IV. E. TUKSEK, St. ^phenaTAlt. V .
Chattanoog*, TtflB. A .
; most with the least
ding the
Bevel-Gear
CHAINLESS.
Z $75.
I KDDELS S7 iHD
roughness of construc h,
these machines are :
of the chain type.
i $50. [ . ..
terns 19 and 201
lost bicycles that cost more.
i $35.
ERNS 21 ANDt 22.
-, . i * v
e money.'' 'v; . ; 5;
Ladies', $26.
:hines is fully illustrated
Catalogue.
, Hartrorcuuonn
rents, Wsista, S. C. 1
' ' ~ i
. , $ ,
?' v^_
ilTn fPimn I not I
ii in in
IN SPITE OF THE
ateness of the season, if' ,
rou prepare land well afcd.
slant seed bought from
js you will probably have
i better garden than
T it ? .
lsuai mis year.
Biiiin a# m.
They are scarce atid the
Driee will go up*
?We Sell?
rRIUMPH, BURBANK,
BEAUTY OF HEBRON,
EARLY ROSE and
PEERLESS POTATOES
MnMnnfnn Pa
lliliH bl.
IUST RECEIVED! .
in ifitt rn in
[3 fflulu) 13
"Which We Oto
:heap for cash
or on??
- - - time. - - i
w nnw 9. hf\
u, n. nun aw.
UNDERTAKING"' ^
IN ALL ITS DEPABTMBftTB,
iib a fall stock of Caskets, Burial M I
asfts *nd Coffins, constantly on hand, fl
id us- of hearse when rrqne?ted. M
for paat pa^nase and <olici,
i for a share in the fuHirt, in thi^fl
d stand
Calls attended to at all baot*.
THE BLLIOTT (US aiop.J
J. :a?ELLiOPT^|?fl
4-lT-ly M
ForSaieJjj^^^^l
KING'S IMPROVED^
EED. Price 50 ceuts p^
,rsd at railroad.
VY. S. EM
3 7-St
"V .

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