^- >a . " ?s:*r'.'
- ' - *
:A BAD MUDDLE. I
That Is What the Penitentiary :
Investigation Proves to Be.
SOME HIGH OFFICIALS IN IT.
It Seems That Perquisites Play- j
ed a Prominent Part in the
Management of the State's
When the penitentiary investigation
commit^e met at noon Wednesday,
after a recess of nine days, 31r. S. P.
J. Garris, one of the directors whose
name has been connected with the
brick matter, was present and said he
desired to make a statement. He did
so to explain a card appearing in The
State of the ISth iDSt., alleging that he
had got a carload of brick from the
penitentiary for which he had never
paid. ; .
Mr. Garris took the stand and said: ''I
wish to present for your consideration
the correspondence aod editorial
appearing in The State of March 18. I
ask this investigation I*? justice to myself,
to the board of direcun^ndto the
"7 would state that in '96 that the
1 T ?k
penitentiary auu vu-i. -uipatviuu nuc
making brick. Daring that year we
were called to visit the brickyard to inspect
its workings. In looking around
I saw quite a pile of brick and bats
which seemed to be rejected. That is
what I taken them to be; brick that
were ruined by the burning. I asked
Col. Xeal what they did with them and
he said they were worthless. I said to
him 1 should like to get 3,000 of them
if they were worth nothing to the State.
He said I could get them by paying the
freight; that I had better take 5,000,
as the rate would be cheaper on that
number, which would pass as a carload
lot. I told him I would take 5,000 if
they didn't cost over $1.60 per thousand
for the freight.
"I w^nt down home on the evening
rr uvu jl xcuvavu v**v
agent had left the depot and I did not
get to see him about the freight. I got
Capt. Westfield to find out how much
the freight would be. If it was not
over $160 he was to ship me 5,000. He
was not to send me any brick that the
State could sell.
"In March i received notice Jrona tne
agent that I had a carload of brick and
there was $18.50 due for freight. Well,
it covered more than I expected to pay
by a good deal. I wentovei, paid the
freight and unloaded the brick. I
never bought any brick from the penitentiary.
1 didn't consider these worth
anything, and if I had known anything
had been wanted for them I wouldn't
have had them shipped."
Mr. Garris then ofiered in evidence
affidavits from several reputable citi
zens of his neighborhood, who had seen
the brick, saying they were broken bats
and were worthless for building purposes.
One or two of the affidavits set
forth that Mr. Gams had offered them
the brick for the freight charges, but the
offer was declined, as they did not consider
the brick worth even-that.
. . As Mr. Garris was cu the stand the
committee decided'to get from him information
<ibout the sale of oats from
the .State farms last year. The penitentiary
report shows a discrepancy and
". toward this the questioning was directed.
Mr. Stevenson asked:
''I see in the report of 18'-<- you have
as sales so many thousand bushels of
--A- T7> 1 m j. ii..!
oats, xrom whoiu uiu yuu gei uiai> iuformation?"
"From the bills of lading of the man- J
agers of the farms."
"The only source, then, the directors
could get this information from is from
the statement of the manager* of these
"Yes; that's the only source I know
"I wish to invite your attention to
this fact: In the report of the directors
f liof TTAor H QQQ\ orfi cr\ mor>T7
VI ViMb. JVCkL ?>i.V JV JJLAU.IUJ
bushels of oats reported sold, those
sales aggregating$4,494.70, while the
superintendent reports sales amounting
to $1,499.65. "What about the discrepancy
of $2,995.05 in these reports?"
"I think tlu. bookkeeper had better
make a statement about that."
"You ste bv this on the face of it
that there are $2,995.05 which Col.
Neal hasn't turned in as cash; isn't that
"Yes; by your figures."
Mr. Patton?"These reports of sales
of oats are obtained from the farm
'The reports as taken from the farm
books and incorporated in your report
to the general assembly show that S4,494.70
was received in cash for oats
sold. Is that correct?"
4iYes, sir; as far as I can see."
''That report you made to legislature
also shows that only $1,499,65 was acknowledged
to have been received on
the penitentiary books. Now, if the
first amount as to the oats sold is correct
and if the smaller amount charged
by Col. Xeal is correct, then the difference,
amounting te nearly $3,000,
should be put down as assets in your
report, should it not?"
"Yes; I suppose so."
"Then if this amount does not so appear,
and if these two statements are
both correct, Col. Neal or somebody is
responsible for about ?3.000 received
-"Yes; I would so understand it."
at_ t> : 4 .t , j
iujl. i^uirisa put uu iiiv biauu IU
answer some questions about the oats.
After examining the report for 1S93,
he said the assets, oats sold but still
unpaid for, amounted to $962.29. After
deducting this $962.29 from the apparent
shortage of $2,995.05 there is
left $2,032.76 from the sale of oats yet
Capt. Westfield of the penitentiary
guard,s was called to the stand at the
afternoon session to testify about the
brickbats shipped 3Ir. Garris. He said
that Mr. Garris' statement was correct,
and added that he perhaps sent hint
more than 5,000 brickbats, as it was
c-isier to get rid of them by loading into
a car than to haul off from the yard and
throw away as would otherwise had to
n r?/\ Vv a An a*% a
na > (j wtn uuuu.
As an employe of the penitentiary for
the past 10 years and captain of the
guard for the last four years, Mr. "Westfield
was in a position to know much of
the internal workings of that institution.
Hence he was closely interrogated
on many questions of domestic ecnovmy,
so to speak. His answers were
to the point.
Mr. Stevenson asked: ''Who has had
charge of taking in things at the penitentiary,
such as provisions and produce?''
"Since I have been captain of the
guard I have been supervising that."
"Who had charge ol letting thing go
"I have also had supervision of that."
"You do all this under directions
from the superintendent?"
"You kept a record of everthing that
went in and came out?"'
"Where is that record?"
*"it is at tne commissary.
'Have you a laundry at the penitentiarv.
if so, how long and who operates
"Yes, there has been a laundry there
for two or three years and the work in
it is done by convicts."'
"Who have their laundering done
"The officers and guards, and the
convicts, of course.'"
"Whom do you mean by the officers'?''
JF JUili lilC SU|^ilub^Uugubuvnu.
"You mean the superintendent personally?"
"Yes, and his family."
"Are there any places of amusement
inside the penitentiary, such as a billiard
"Yes there is a pool table."
"Who uses that table?"
"I have, and other members of the
"What was the object of such a
"The object of p acmg tnat tnere
was to furnish some amusement to induce
the guards to stay in at night
while o& duty."
"Where did the pool table come
"From the asylum."
"Is there a room fixed up for it?"
"Well, it's not so well fixed up but it
will do to play a game of pool in."
"How long has it been operated?"
"l>oes tnat Deiong to tne penitentiary
''Yes. I suppose the penitentiary
would claim it now."
"I don't see mention of it in the report,
as fixtures or anything of the
sort," said Mr. Stevenson. Then he
"Hav<? you any furniture or cabinet
j vr l
" les, sir; a very goouuue, iMiyviwu.
"How long has he been in the penitentiary?"
"Threeor four years."
"Does he do anything besides-make
"Yes he does lots of carpenter work,
such as keeping up the place and making
"When he is up with that work he
"What is done with the furniture he
"Well, some of it has been sold. I
can't tell just where or to whom."
"You can't give us any definite information?"
"Mr. Stevenson, if you will tell me
what you are driving at or trying to find
oat I will tell you all I know."
"It has been reported to us that state
oScers and prominent men have been
given furniture. Now give us the
names of as many of tnose men as you
"There's Mr. Cugningham, chairman
of ihe board of directors, he got a bookcase;
Mr. Garris, he got one or two
pieces of furniture, a washstand and a
"Yes, and a bookcase and toolchest,"
adefed Mr. Garris, "but I have paid for
Mr. Tatum?"DidI get anything?''
"Not that I remember."
Capt. Westfield continued?"Maj.
Tompkins, secretary of state, got
something, a bookcase I think. Mr.
Hardy got a couple of tables, I think it
was, made. I don't believe there is
anybody else in here who got anything.
"Did Col. Neal get any furniture?"
"Yes, I can name a few things he got.
He also had a bookcase made, had a
bedstead made, and several small tables."
Mr. Patton?"When you said these
people got these things do you mean
they were bought?"
"Yes, most of them, but some of
them were not paid for, and it was
pretty well understood when they went
out that they were not to be paid for.
There were some things that I didn't
much think would be paid for."
v> ere inese aracies m every instance
"No, I might have overlooked charging
up certain things."
"Who board at the institution outside
of the convicts?"
"The guards, the clerk and physician
eat dinner there, the superintendent
occasionally, and the board of directors
stay there when they are in session."
"Has there been any great iufiux of
visitors there from time to time?"
"Yes, .there have been more visitors
since Col. Neal's administration than
"Were there rooms where these people
"Yes, the board of directors sleep
"Does it cost much in the way of
supplius to board these visitors?1'
' 'If it was summed up in dollars and
cents it wouldn't amount to much."
"The fare is sufficiently attractive to
induce them to stay?"
"Yes, its better than paying hotel
"We notice in the reports transactions
in wood and coal. Is it customary
to deal in them?"
"No, but when parties run out of
coal sometimes we let them have it.
We have supplied the city waterworks
at times when they ra*? out, and a few
"I notice here Gov. Ellerbe is charged
with wood and ccal to the amount
"Yes, we have sold the governor his
coal and wood."'
"Did Col. Neal get his wood and coal
from there?"' .
"'Yes, it has been customary to furnish
the superintendent with his wood
and coal since I have been there."
"What does that amount to?as
much as the governor's.
"Yes, sir, about as much."
"The matter of supplies for the su
pcnntendent s family?has it been the
custom for them to have supplies from
"I don't know about the custom before
four years ago, but for the last
three years the superintendent has
been getting supplies in considerable
':l)id he pay for them as "an individual?''
"Yes, I charged them to him, but
whether he paid for them or not I
""What were the thing he got?"
'*PTnm<; lnr<^ anr? VprnsArip wpt-p
"How about milk and butter and
"It has been customary for the superintendent
to get them.""The
depends largely upon the size of his
family then," remarked Mr. Stevenson.
"Can you give us what it has been
customary for the superintendent to
get since you have been there?"
,;Milk and butter, green vegetables,
coal and wood. "'
Well, captain, you said the superintendent
had gotten hams from there?
wnat disposition nas oeen maae 01 tne
hams of the hogo killed on the state
"They were fed to the guards, and
the superintendent got some of them.
The board of directors have eaten
slices of them, too. "
"How manv hogs do you usually kill
"About 75." _
"That would give about 150 hams.
What wnuld be their average we?ght?"
"About 18 or 20 pounds."
UTT. _1_. 1 J . _ XL.
nas auyone eise Desiaes me superintendent
and guards been getting these
"Yes, I think the governor has been
setting hams for the last six years. "
"By 'getting,' do you mean they
"Yes what went to the governor was
expected to be paid for."
"By the 75 hogs slaughtered?you
refer to those killed at the penitentiary.
fPT _ 1 1M 1 U
i uere are aisu a uuiuyer tu uug&siaugutered
at the state farms each year, are
"Yes, sir, a go)d many.1'
"Do they sh;p any of the pork to th ?
"Yes, year before last seine was sent
''"What became of the hams from the
"They were used on the farms, I suppose."
On TVwirj^oTT flio Pvominabrtri rvf
Capt. Westfield was continued. He
said he found that Senator Tillman had
got a bookcase, which was shipped to
Trenton. Congressman Latimer had
also gotten a bookcese. These cases
were made by Napolean Loval, a convicts.
The following testimony of
Westfield is reported verbatim:
Mr. Stevenson?"You have your
commissary book with you today. Will
you turn to the account kept with the
governor's mansion. When was that
"Do vou know anything of an actW
"I don't think the governor kept an
account before then."
"Who was the governor at that
"B. R. Tillman."
"At the close of that year (189^;1
did that account stand?"
"There was due $57.06."'
"Read over some of the items."
"Most of (hem vere wood and c ?al."
"Yes: a small amount of hay, a little
lime, a litcle paint amf a few nails."'
"Has that account been paid?'"
"So far as I know it has not been
"If it was paid, it was turned in to
"Yes; his books should show that.''
"As a matter of fact, his books do
not show any such payment,'' said Mr.
"For the year, '95, who was governor?''
"What is the account of the gover
nor s mansion for 1895?"
"The total for that year is $206.44."'
"What was the account for 1896?"
"For 1896 the account would, be
$95.55. I don't think all of the '95 account
was paid. 1 notice lumber bills
to Fowles & Co. and others. This is
(Later on it was showed that these
lumber accounts had been paid, leaving
Evans' ration account At $18i still unpaid
and now due the State).
"How about coal and wood?"
"That has not been paid."
"What are some other items?"
"Corn, peas and horse feed, but the
largest item outside 01 lumDer is ior
coal and wood."
"You said those accounts were transferred
to the penitentiary books?"
"They should have been; but I don't
"Take up the account for 1897 and
give us the total."
"The total for '97 is $268.71."
"Was any part of that paid out of
any special appropriation?"
"Yes: for building a barn, but some
of the material was gotten from the
"Should there be a credit?"
"Yes; $36.65 should be credited."
"That would leave whit properly
chargeable to the governor's mansion
"Now for 1898?"
"The total is $458.52 for 1897 and
"Are there credits on that total?"
"Yes; there ought to be a credit of
$337.54, including the $36.65 for building
material. That leaves a balance of
$120.97 still due!"
"Has he gotten anythiDg for this
"Yes; $33.13 worth of things."
"So that leaves the present governor
due the penitentiary what?"
The books show on October 17,1893,
that the governor's account is credited
with $60 for hay bought from him by
the penitentiary; a check of ?146. GO
and cash to the amount of $100. As
stated above, this leaves Gov. Ellerbe
due the State $154.11.
"What about the meat transactions?'1
In reply the witness explained that
when Mr. Ellerbe became governor he
had a quantity of meat shipped to Columbia
from his farm. There was no
suitable place to store it at the executive
mansion so he spoke to Col. Neal
ohrtnf. Vppninor if-, in frTiA np.mtftTit.iarv
commissary. Permission was given and
the meat was placed there but was kept
seperate from the penitentiary meat.
When the governor wanted one of his
hams he sent for it and it was given
him. The witness was quite sure that
the governor did not get any of the
pemtentiary s nams.
"So you merely kept that meat there
as an accommodation?" asked Mr. Stevenson.
"What year was that?"
'"How about 1898?"
'"He had some meat shipped up and
placed there. We bought the tnrat
from him and as he needed any he
would send and get what he required.
This was charged to him at the same
price as he sold at and one meat account
aboat-balanced the other. This
was to save the trouble of keeping the
meat separate. I would like to state,
continued Capt. Westfield, "that the
statement in this morning's paper to
the effect that the governor's mansion
has been getting hams from the penit.en+iar-p-'
for last, SIX VftflrS was a
mistake. I said the governor's mansion
had been running an account with
the penitentiary commissary for the
past sis years.
;'I would also like to state that my
friend. Mr. Hardy, got his furniture
with the intention of paying for it and
it was charged to him on the peniten
tiary books and so appears in the report."
Mr. it. K. Burriss, the bookkeeper,
was put on the stand as the first witness
after dinner and a bill from th?
Stewa/t Stone Co., for 400 feet of
granite curbing for S220 under date of
!n,.r -> .I QOQ TTo
that the granite had been ordered by
Governor Tillman for use at the executive
mansion and that the pay for it
had been deducted from Mr. Stewart's
account for convict hire. This granite
he understood had never been used and
Mr. Stewart told him under the contract
for it he was only to prepare it and not
deliver it. The granite was still at the
quarry and could be gotten when sent
for. Governor Tillman had promised
to get a special appropriaton passed to
pay for it but had not done so.
Another bill of $31 of the date of
March 12, 1896, was shown Mr. Burriss.
He said it was for furniture for the
executive mansion brought by Goveruor
Evans There was no fund to pay
O . .1 1
ior it tne governor naa saia ana ne
asked that it be paid by the penitentiary
also saying he would get it paid
for by appropriation.
There was also claim of $87 against
the executive mansion for putting in a
"Here is a bookcase which Senator
Tillman got?was that charged to
'"Xo, sir. I only heard that he got a
Was -the bookcase Congressman
Latimer got charged to him or ever
';No, sir. It was never turned in to
About two wardrobes which, ex-Secretary
of State Tompkins got from the
penitentiary, Mr. Burrisssaid: ''I understood
from Capt. AlleD that he was
to make him a present of one wardrobe.
I didn't know he got two."
''Well, was there any charge against
Tti onctrfi? fn /"inAcfinnc
J~ j-l ftUiJtlVl \*vj VJUWWVUU
witness said there were no charges
made by him against Col. Neal for furniture.
Mr. Burriss stated that his books
showed that Governor Tillman had settled
his account with the penitentiary
up to Oct. 31, 1893. About the additional
account contracted after that
time of $57.06 he knew nothing. It
had never been turned over to him.
"About Governor Evans' account I
! 'vould state that my understanding was
that Col. Neal had told Capt. "Westfield
to let it stand and he would see about
collecting it. The account w-uj never
turned over to me and if anything was
collected on it I don't know. I don't
know what the amount of it was."
Governor Ellerbe's account, the witness
said, had had payments made on
-V --J 1- - J T l--. J
Jl aiiu juuu ueeu piwpeny iepuii/cu iu
About Col. Neal's account Mr. Burriss
said that no bill against him had
ever been given to him. He knew Col.
Xeal had been furnished with his account
by Capt. Westfield, but if he ever
paid it he knew nothing of it.
Capt. Westfield was recalled to the
witness stand. In answer to questions
he said that Gov. Tillman had worked
eight or ten acres of rented land in and
near Columbia while governor. The
work was done by convicts and with
penitentiary stock. Xo charge for
either convict hire or the mules were
made against him on any of the penitentiary
books. The governor paid for
the fertilizers used. This same thing
was done by Gov. Evans, and is now
being done by Gov. Ellerbe. No other
governors prior to Gov. Tillman had
ever done such a thing. The pea vine
hay with which Gov. Ellerbe is credited
on his account to che amount of
$60, he said, was made on this small
Columbia farm of his.
Capt. "Westfiela corroborated the
statement of Mr. Burris that Col. 2seal
had said just to let the account of Gov.
Evans stand open and he would see
oKrmf if. Haiti <r r>5id. Turning1 to that
U.UVSU* ""'"O r- O --
account he showed where credits to it
should have been given for lumber so
as to reduce it to $181. That was the
amount Col. Xeal had said to let go
over and he would see to its being paid.
The Use of School Funds.
The Columbia Record says the superintendent
of education, in pursuit of
his investigation of the purchase of
charts, finds that almost incredible sums
have been spent for them in some instances,
leaving practically nothing
with which to run the schools, come
trustees even went so far as to anticipate
the school tax for a year , in advance
and made arrangements 'to pay
cash for the charts. The attorney general
has been requested to give his opinion
as to the right of trustees to purchase
supplies after this fashion. The
opinion is not ready just yet, but generally
speaking it will hold that trustees
have no such right. When the
maps and charts have thus been purchased
there is no doubt but thatT they
should be paid for. But that is a question
for the agent and the trustees to
settle amongst themselves. It may be,
however, that it will be legal to enter
into an arrangement to purchase now.
and the supplies to be paid for when
next year's taxes are available. Trustees
throughout the state are much, interested
m the subject and many letters
are being received by Mr. 3IcMahan in
reference thereto. There does not appear
to be any objection to the supplies
themselves, many teachers believing
them first class aids in the school room,
but it is a question whether such luxuries
should be indulged in when the
school fund is already too small.
A Narrow Escape.
A soldier of the Fifteenth Minnesota
Regiment now stationed at Augusta,
Ga., had a narrow escape from death at
Branchville last Friday while going to
Charleston on an excursion train from
Ausrusta. The following account of
. n w
the accident we take from the Augusta
Chronicle: There was a tremendous
crowd on the train, and some of the
soldiers who went along decided that
they would ride on top of the coaches,
just as they have frequently ridden to
the city from Camp Mackenzie. There
wasn't any mishap until the train was
leaving Branchville. At this point
f.omc of the excursionists made a raid
on lunch ^tund-* and a "man on the
ground was pitching articles to the men
on the top of one of the coaches. One
of the soldiers, while attempting to
catch a box of cigars, did not noticethat
the train was approaching a coal
chute. He was struck in the head,
turned a complete somersault and rolled
in between two coaches. His body fell
down upon the railing of the platforms.
Fortunately for the soldier Mr. Frank
Lowe of Augusta, happened to be
standing on one of the platforms and
seeing the man h? threw out his arms
and caught him just as he was about to
fall in between the platform to the
track below, where he would undoubtedly
have been ground to death.
C The tatal deaths in the army since
the outbreak of the war with Spain
down to March 1 has "been 5.731.
t . *
THE INSURANCE LAW |
The Most Important Act Passed !
at the Late Session.
KNOCKS OUT THE TRUSTS, i
it Prohibits Insurance Companies i
Doing Business in this
State Combining to
The Legislative Acts, which has re- 1
ceivea more mtenuou uaii uli,> utuer,
is that intended to drive the South
eastern Tariff Association out of business
in this State. The Act, which
has been approved by the Governor:
reads as follows:
An Act to prevent fire insurance
companies, associations or partnerships
doing business in this State, or the '
agents of said companies associations or
partnerships from entering into combi- .
nations to make or control rates i'or fire
insurance on property in this State, aud '
providing a punishment for violation of ;
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Gen- ;
eral Assembly of the State of South '
Carolina that it shall be unlawful for '
any fire insurance company, association
or partnership doing a fire insurance 1
Dusmess in tins otate 10 enter into any
compact or combination with other '
fire insurance companies, associa- ,
tions or partnership, or to require or
allow their agents to enter into any
compact or combination with other '
insurance agents, companies, associa- :
tions or partnership, or to require or ]
allow their agents to enter into any com- 1
pact "or combination with other insur- j
ance agents, companies or associations
or partnerships for the purpose of gov- '
erning or controlling the rates charged '
for fire insurance, charged on any pro- '
perty in this State; Provided thatnoth '
ing herein shall prohibit one or more
of such companies from employing a
common agent or agents to supervise
and advise of defective structures or
suggest improvements to lessen fire
Section 2. That all * fire insurance
companies, associations or partnerships
doing a fire insurance business in this
State shall cause to be filed on the 1st
day of March, 1900, and in each year
thereafter, with the Comptroller Gen
eral of this State, the affidavit of some (
imiuer ur ageiit ui saiu uuiupauy, assuciation
or partnership, who - resides in
this State, setting forth the fact that
that the company of which he is an
officer or agent has not in the twelve
months previous to the date of the said
affidavit entered into any trust, combination
or association for the purpose of
preventing competition in insurance
rates in this State. The said affidavit
shall be made before some officer of this
State authorized to administer oaths,
and any false statement made in said
affidavit shall be deemed perjury, and
punished by a fine of not less than one
hundred dollars, nor more than one ;
thousand dollars, and by confinement ]
in the Penitentiary for one year, or, in
the discretion of the Court by confine- !
ment in jail for a period of not less !
than thirty days nor more than twelve i
montns: Provided, further, that any
attempt to evade this Act by agreeing
upon any one person, or number of
pernors for the purpose of making rates
for all such insurance companies, associations
or partnerships, or by buying <
rate books made by any person or per- 1
sons, shall be deemed a violation of this
Act, and shall be punished as herein
Section 3. The Comptroller General
or omer omciai to wnom saia company <
association or partnership are annually
required to report to this State, shall
forthwith revoke and recall the license
or authority of such company, or companies,
association or associations,
partnership or partnerships to do or to
transact business in this State for any <
violation 01 tins Act, ana no renewal or :
authority shall be granted to do it for
three years after such official revocation
Notice of such revocation to be duly
published for one consecutive week in
three or more daily papers published in
this State and for a violation of any of
the provisions of this Act by any such
company, or companies, association or
associations, partnership or partnerships,
they shall, on conviction thereof,
mv a fine nf Tint less than five hundred
r? > ? ~ - "?
Scction 4. It shall be the duty of the
Attorney General or the solicitor, upon
his request, to cause the provisions of
this Act to be enforced.
Section 5. It shall also be the duty
of the Comptroller General or other
official, now charged, or to be charged,
with the enforcement of the insurance
laws of this State, to require every fire
insurance company, association or partnership
doing a fire insurance business
within this State, to file with the annual
statement made to him a statement
duly sworn to by the manager or
T O ^
president 01 eacn company, associauon
partnership, legally admitted in this
State, that it has not in the year intervening
between the issue of its last license
and that applied for violated the
condition of this Act. !
Section 6. This Act shall be in force .
from the 1st day of March. 1900, and
all Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent (
with this Act are hereby repealed.
Will Pay for It.
Gov. Ellerbe Thursday gave out the '
following statement in regard to his
name being brought into the penitentiary
scandal: "In the testimony of 1
Capt. Westfield the public would think 1
I have been getting my laundering Gone 1
free at the penitentiary. Some time
ago our washwoman left the city and we.
could not get one to do our work satis- j
factorily. I told Col. Xeal about the i
matter and he told me he had a good i
laundry at the penitentiary and that he 1
could do my laundering for me. I sent i
a part of it only, and am to pay $3 per '
month. About a month ago I succeeded j
in getting a washwoman and have not ]
had any laundering dono at tne peni- j
Where Are the Guns. j
Gen. Floyd is preparing to get after ]
some of the former militia companies ]
with a sharp stick. There has been. ]
much negligence in collecting and re- j
turning arms from disbanded military <
companies. Gen. Floyd is looking <
into the matter. He finds guns scat- ]
tered all over the State, and has notified
several former company commanders
that they will be held personally \
responsible unless the guns are collect- '
ed and turned in. Most of these guns 1
belonged to companies in rural com-- ?
Explosion on a Cruiser. t
The British firstclass cruiser Terri- '
ble from Malta reports that a boiler ex- t
plosion on board of her Monday killed t
a stoker, fatally injured another man t
and badly scalded several others. ?
Seeing the Banger.
The scales are beginning to fall from
the eyes of some of the Republican
leaders and newspapers, and they begin
to see great danger to the country in the
formation of so many gigantic trusts.
The Chicago Tribune has for many
y-iars oecn an exponent ot tfepublicanism.
In a L recent length} editorial
that paper strongly showed the great
menace to the .people of the United
States in the appalling number of great
trusts formed in almost every conceiveable
line of human industry. These
trusts constitute great monopolies.
They now control all lines of human
supplies. There are certain things
which mankind must have?light, heat,
food, clothing, transportatioa. And to
snnnlv thfiSfi nfwssnrv \rnnt-c nmnvin
dustries have been established in the
United States. Under a high protective
or prohibitory tariff the vast market
in which nearly one hundred millions
of people are buyers is closed
against outside competition, and the
millers and factory men, quick to see
this opportunity, have formed trusts to
prevent competition, and reduce expenses.
Under these combines mills
and factories are locked "up, men are
thrown our. of Amnlnvmont. anrl
tion is prevented. A trust employs
t'ew or no drummers. It uses no more
laborers than are absolutely necessary.
It throws the vrork, formerly done by
many factories, giving employment and
support to thousands of people, upon a
Pew factories. It absolutely controls
the market for its product, at both ends,
iixing the price of the raw material and
Df the finished product. For instance,
the castor oil trusts shuts up oil mills,
md throws many employees out of
v>uifv. JL t UAUO tiic iJiiw vi v;aotui
beans, paying the farmer just enough
to iaduce him to raise the beans. It
ilso fixes the prices of castor oil, to
;uit its own ideas of profit. The workings
of a trust are exemplified in the
Standard Oil monopoly, which has
made Rockefeller the richest man in
the world, at the expense of thousands
)f honest men, that the Standard Oil
JUUipitU,) iliiS iuiueu. HCVCi ILL tliC Illstory
of the world has there been such
in appalling growth of trusts, as we
tiaye seen since the election of Mark
Hanna and McKinley. The Chicago
rribune says the people must act.
rhere are^laws against trusts. Yet the
Attorney General of the United States
has not moved a muscle to enforce
these laws. The Tribune says the people
must vote against the men in favor
}f trusts. This means vote against the
Republican party, for that party is
Dwned and controlled and run bv the
trusts. We agree with the Tribune.
Vote against this monstrous trust evil
jvery time the ballot box is open. The
Democratic party has denounced trusts
md combines, one of the greatest evils
jf modern times. It is the only great
party that stands squarely against them,
rrusts will have a hard time with William
J. Bryan in the White House,
md they know this, and'fcr this reason
;hey fight him. For this reason, if for
30 other, the people should be solidly
The War Taxes.
The act levying special war taxes
(vent into effect June 13, 1898, and the
receipts therefrom up to the end of the
pear were as follows:
Documentary and proprietary
Soecial taxes 4.500.06S.75
Excise tax oil gross re2eipts
Mixed flour. 5,ISO.95
Barrel tax on beer 18.102.569.85
Cigarettes :... 74S.315.S9
TVi nnorVt fVio wn :* rvn nf wllirtVl
these taxes were laid has been over several
months the war taxes are still with
as and there is not the slightest prospect
that they will be abolished, at
least for a long time to come. We are
in no condition to talk about doing
away with them now. i^ach passing
month shows a huge gap between receipts
and expenditures ana the deficit
for the fiscal year to end June 30 will
be at least $150,000,000. We will have
the war taxes with us long enough to
become very familiar with them, even
if we do not become reconciled to them.
Those who dapce must pay the fiddler.
Will be Electrocuted.
Several women have suffered the law's
death penalty in 2sew York but not one
since the electric chair was substituted
for the callows. This week, howeyer.
Mrs. Martha Place will be electrocuted,
all efio)ts to obtain a commutation of
her sentence having failed. The last
appeal was to Governor Roosevelt and
he has refused it in a very emphatic
manner. He declares that the lawmakes
no distinction between men and
women in prescribing punishment for
crime ana that he can find no warrant
for interference in this case. The crime
for which Mrs. Place is to pay the penalty
was a most atrocious one. She de? '
< -i? -i 3 ii- - j i
noerateiy pianneu me muruiu- ui ue*
step daughter and carried out her design
in a peculiarly cruel manner. After
blinding her victim with' acid Mrs.
Place strangled her. She then waited
in the house nearly all day and at dark
when her husband returned, tried to
kill him with an axe. Mrs. Place was
defended with great energy and skill.
The plea of insanity was urged in her
behalf and that failing every possible
effort was made to obtain commutation
of the death sentence. One of the
attempts to save her life was made in
the form of a bill to abolish capital
punishment in .New York, but it was defeated
in the assembly last Monday by
i vote of 47 to 78. Mrs. Place's last
:hance of life is gone and according to
the New York form of sentence she
trill be executed "during the week
begining Monday, March 20. 1S99."
Tiie Benton Standard notices with
ilarm that an astronomer has discovered
i short tailed comet. This is calcula ?
M xi. _ i_ .r? it. :
tea to spoil me narmoay ox me uuirerse.
A comet wiih a docked tail has
qo right to career around in the sky.
[t is not comely. Where is the soc:ety
for the cruelty to animals? This comet
must rearrested and put in limbo un^il
its tail grows rtut to a suitable length.
We can't stai'.a this kind of business,
[t will take an the gauze and fuzz we
iave to'spare for ten years to cover our
aaked fellow citizcns in the Philippines
and nan't furnish tail stuff.
:'or bobbed comets. Neither can we afford
to have these hobtailed celestials
jbscening our sky. That comet will
iither have to put on petticoats or tarry
at Jericho until its tail be giown.
The attempt of the trusts to bribe
.he attorney-general of Ohio to render
i decision in their favor trust methods,
another evidence of the utter disregard
of law by these combinations.
Trusts which are pronounced unlawful
Dy legislatures and courts cannot main;ain
themselves without corruption.
This bribery case will open men's eyes
;o the truth about these combines. Af;er
such revelations nobody can deny
;hat they are a menace to liberty and
iubversive of government itself.
! REUNION FACTS.
General Waiker Issues a Circular
of General information.
I TO THE OLD VETERANS.
j Ail Old Confederate Soldiers
Urged to Attend in Uniform.
Headquarters in Charleston.
General Walker lias issued the fol|
lowing circular letter giving some facts
and information relative to the Confederate
I. The ninth annual reunion of the
United Confederate Veterans will be
held in the ''Cradle of Secession,"
Charleston, S. C.. commencing on the
morning of May 10th. 1899.
The headquarters of the division,
daring the reunion, will be at Market
Hall, Meeting and Market streets.
Comrades will please register there and
during their stay make it their general
II. While the comrades of the division
will be the guests of Charles
ton, (.and indeed ot the people ot the
state of South Carolina) none the less
they must play the part of hosts, and
be prepared to share their blankets,
and the contents of their haversacks
and canteens with the visiting comrades
from the other divisions, and
with all Confederate veterans who may
join us in commemerating the memories
so dear to us.
III. In order to take part in the proceedings
and have the right to vote,
camps must pay their dues of 10 cents
per capita to the U. C. VM organization,
either direct to Major-Geaeral
George Moorman, A. G. and C. of S.,
U. C. V., Xew Orleans, La., or
the division adjutant general. Dues
of 5 cents per capita to the division,
to be paid to the divisiou, adjutant
eeneral, with arrears for those
camps that have not done their part
heretofore in sustaining the division;
all must be paid before April 1,1899.
IV. Camps and comrades are urged
to briDg with them any Confederate battle
flags they may have, as well as their
[ camp colors for the parade, especially
as they will be wanted in the ceremonial
of Memorial day, May 10th, (the
anniversary of. Stonewall Jackson's
1 *3ao4-V?\ in a pif.r
u^abuy cuv vtcujr vvuvirvui
The Ladies' Memorial association having
invited the U. C. V. organization
to join them, and General Gordon having
accepted the invitation of the association
V. Miss Mary Carwile, of Edgefield,
daughter of Brigadier-General T. W.
Carwile, commanding 2<f brigade, is announced
as division spcnsorfor the current
year, and Miss Lula Cassels Lake,
daughter of Col. George B. Lake, as
maid of honor. The honorary maids of
honor (for the Charleston reunion) will
be Miss Minnie Agatha Wright, of
Gainesville, Texas, and. Miss Lulie
Wagener, grandnieee of the late Gen.
John A. Wagener, of Charleston. The
comrades of the diyison are to be congratulated
upon having as sponsor and
maids of honor four young ladies who
will worthily represent names that appear
upon the honor rolls of tKe Confederacy,
and they will vie with, .each
other in honoring .them. To Miss
Wright the thanks of the comrades are
due for her modest but effective
efforts to influence the vote of the
Texas delegation at Atlanta in favor of
f!har1<?sfr.nn nnr? fi^r ?<?f>.fir>tanee of the
sponsor's invitation to serve as one of
the honorary maids of honor is another
pleasing evidence of her gracious consideration
for the Confederate veterans
of our state.
VI. The camps of the division are
earnestly called upon to put themselves
in position to exert the full influence
this division is entitled to. as the representative
of the first state to assert it
self for states rights in the sixties, and
all Confederate veterans in the state,
not now members, are fraternally invited
and urged to join one of the division
or to f?rm new camps.
' VII. The commanding general of
the division suggests that as many of
the camps as can do so uniform their
members in a simple and inexpensive
suit, or sack only, of Confederate gray,
with a dark hat. This seems to be the
sentiment and custom of many camps
in other divisons of the U. C. V. Each
reunion shows more uniformed camps,
and the South Carolina division should
keep pace with the growing sentiment.
By order Major-General C. Irvine
Walker. James G. Holmes.
a j:..*?* n??i
XXUJUUIUL VJCUGiai, VI wtau.
Information for Veterans.
Charleston will open her homes, as
well as her boarding houses and hotels
for the comfortable and pleasant accommodation
of all of the visitors who
will attend the Confederate reunion.
May 10 to 13 nest. The following information
as to rates of board and lodging
is officially given out:
Private homes and boarding houses,
lodging 50 cents to 31 a day: single
meals, 25 cents to 50 cents; board and
lodging, $1 to $2.
TT.i-1. T 2 - - 3 I.J AO J
xiotexs, Doara ana xoaging 94 auu upwards.
Restaurants, meals 25 cents and upwards.
Dormitories for ladies 50 cents and
upwards; also reocaurants under the
control of King's Daughters, Daughters
of the Confederacy and Revolution and
church societies of all denominations
will be established.
Dormitories for men with abundant
accommodations will be opened at 50
Visitors are urged to make all arrangements
for board and lodging in advance
and all information can be obtained
and quarters engaged by addressing
Mr. Robert P. Evans, chairman committee
on information. Charleston, S.
Another Gunboat Saved.
The navy department is gratified to
1 nAnvAeflnfflfirAC TTII A IjOVfi
itJiUU LUAL 1UJ nuv u?f .,
been working for some time in the vicinity
of Santiago and Guantaname
huve succeeded in adding another vessel
to the American navy in the gunboat
Baracoa, which was reported to
have been towed into Santiago yesterday.
The Baracoa was one of the Spanis
h gunboats sunk near Guantanamo.
She is a uselui type ot vessel ior patrol
work and is about 50 per cent larger
than the gunboats Sandoval and Alvarado
now at Washington navy yard.
She carries one Hontoria gun of 3.5
inch calbre and two machine guns.
Never loo Old.
John D. Clews, aged 102 years, was
married at Franklin, Pa., recently to
Sarah Jennings, 100 years old, who at
one time was a member f Abraham
Lincoln's household. Despite their advanced
years, Mr. and-Mrs. Clews are
still sprightly and active.^ _.~3i 11 I
- . : %
- ' wm
- ^ - Tf- : ?: yr-^6
Gharieston. South Carolina.
Corner Vanderharst & Smith Sts. ^
IN THE STATE. >
^ From Maker Direct to Purchaser ?|$
p A CfoocI ? ;
I Piano ?
M win last a
?j irtU??sl? fi
3 Matboshck 1 %
Is always Good, always KellaM* wH
SC always Satisfactory, always Last* o|
?S lag. Yoa lake no ciwnces in Duy- m 7;:
3? -ft costs somewhat _<ore than ft 9
Sgjjj cheap, poor piano, but Is much tho a-*'
385 cheapest in the end- *
Noother High GradePlanosoldao BH --4
heh reasonable. Factory prices to retail 9?
5?? buyers. Easy payments. Write**. 2H
?| * LUODEN & BATES. ? f
ggg StTaiiBAlif t^ and New York Gtf*
rwli9tr*1<y f *9!i9ti9}f9lSMBmSK' f'
A.ddress: D. A. PRBSSLifltf, A?eat^
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Write Quick d
; ' : |
COLUMBIA, S. C? I
for catalogue. Free scholarships
on easy conditions to
those who write soon. Rail-. ~ >i
road fare paid. Cheap board. J*
Notes accepted. Can pay partP-^d
of expenses by working: in the
college office. Address, men- -m
tioning course desired, . jfl
W. H NEWBERRY, Prest ' ||
We are State Agents for and make
SPECIALTY of equipping improvec
modern ginneries with, the celebrated?
Murray Ginning System,
the simplest and best. Cotton ginned J
on this system commands a higher market
price than any other, and the ma- |
chinery itself is a marvel of simplicity ' . ~v
We control for this State the improved
Mnrrav Cleaning Feeder, which is
unquestionably the best gin feeder eve
yet invented. Parties contemplating
a pnrcfiase of machinery of this kind
are invited to correspond with us-.
Machinery and Mill Supplies op
all kinds at lowest manufacturers
Now is the time to place your order
for a threshing machine; buy tbe best,
we sell it?the FARQQtfAit.
W. H. GIBBES & CO.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
State Agents for:?Liddell Co., Eagle
- " |p
r * .*
CONTRACTS TAKEN TO FURNISH COM
?PLETE EQUIP3IENT FOE?
Roller Floor Mills^jS
?REPRESENTING THE? d
Richmond City Mill Work^H
One of t'15 lirjjss a 11 if t;:x re^
Flour Mill Mi3hiajf/ in th.5 oaol
and having experieual
I am prepared to build
tue most iuipiuvyu pi^a
prices to compete witfl
in the trade. W|H
the products, of ow
equal the grades^
I also handle a cofl
gines and Boilei^B
chinery in gen^f
here for sixtefl
class of mafl
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