CHRIST'S LAST HOUR. I
Dr. Talmage Finds Lessons of 1
Comfort in a Sad Scene. s
HEAVEN'S BRIGHT CROWNS <
The Great Divine Says Shall
Adorn the Brows of Those Who
Bear Life's Burdens With ,
From the pathetic seece of Christ's
last hour of suffering Dr. Talmage in j
this sermon draws lessons of comfort I
- - xix_ |
lor people id iryuuic, ?.
30, "When Jesus therefore had received
The brigands of Jerusalem had done
their work. It was almost sundown,
and Jesus was dying Persons in crucifixion
often lingered on from day to 1
day, crying, begging, cursing, but
Christ had been exhausted by years of
maltreatment. Pillowiess, poorly fed,
flogged, as bent over and tied to a low J
post his bare back was infiamed with j
the scourges interstice*! with pieces of j
onr! V,nr>f> and now for whole Lours |
the weight of his body hung on deli-.
eate tendons, and. according to custom,
a violent stroke under the armpits had
been given by the executioner. Dizzy,
nauseated, feverish, a world of agony
is compressed in the two words' "I
thirst!" L>h, skies of Judea, let a
drop of rain strike on his burning
tongue! Ob, world, with rolling rivers
and sparkling lakes and spraying fountains,
give Jesus something to drink! J
? ? ?* ^ V, /"vo I
II tnere dc any pity iu eaxtu w aviATvu i
or hell, let it now be demonstrated in
behalf of this royal sufferer
The wealthy women of Jerusalem
used to have a fund of money with
which they provided wine for those people
who died in crucifixion?a powerful
opiate to deaden the pain?but
Christ would not take it. He wanted
to die sober, and so he refused the wine.
But afterward they go to a cup of vinegar
and soak a sponge in it and put it
on a stick of hyssop and then press it
against tne Hot lips 01 unrisi. j. uu
the wine was an anaesthetic ana intend
ed to relieve or deaden the pain. But
the vinegar was an insult.
In some lives to saccharine seems to
predominate. Life is sunshine on a
bank of flowers. A thousand handt < o
clap approval. In December or in January,
looking across their table, the}'
see all their family present. Health
rubicund, skies flamboyant, days resilient.
But in a great many cases
there are not so many sugars as acids.
The annoyances, and the vexations,
and the disappointments of life overpower
the successes. There is a gravel
in almost every shoe. An Arabian
legend says that there was a worm in
Solomon's stafiE knawing its strength
away, and there is a weak spot in every
earthly support that a mac leans on.
King George of England forgot all the
grandeurs of his throne because one day
in an interview Beau Brummel called
him by his first name and addressed
? him as a servant, crying, ''.George,
ring the bell !'J Miss Laagdon, honored
all the world over for her poetic genius,
is so worried over the evil reports
set aaoatregaruiug ner tjia^auc ia iu^?r
"?^ dead with an empty Jrt>ttle of?pfussic
acid in her hand. GcUd?lncE said that
liis life was a wr^bed being, and that
all thai--want and contempt could
bring to it had been brought, and cries
out, '"What, then, is there formidable
in a jail?" Correggio's fine paiBtiasgs
hung up for a tavern' sisn. Hogarth
cannot seli his best painting except
through a raffle. Andrei del Sarto
makes the great fresco in the Church of
the Annunciata at Floreoce and gets
for pay a sack of corn, and there are
annoyances and vexations in high
-1 71 ? 1?
uiaues as ACXI MIU IUW inatta, oi.uning
that in a great many lives are the
sours greater than the sweets. ''When
Jesus therefore had received the vinegar.
It is absurd to suppose that a man
who has always been well can sympathize
with those who are sick, or that
one who has always been honored can
appreciate the sorrow of those who are
despised, or that one who has been
born to a great fortune eau understand
the distress and the straits of those who
are destitute. The fact that Christ
himself took the vinegar makes him
able to sympathize tiday and fv>rever
with all those whose cup is Siled with
the sharp acids of this life. lie took the
In the first place, there was the sourness
of betrayal. 'ihe treachery of
Judas hurt Christ's feelings more than
all the friendship of his disciples did
him good. You have had many friends. :
but there was one friend upon whom
t . v. . P j 1
you put especial stress, i ou leastea
him. You loanded him money. You
befriended him in the dark passes of
life, when he especially needed a
friend. Afterward, he turned upon
you, and he took advantage of ycui: past :
|| He wrote against you. He in
talked against you. He microscopized 1
your faults. He fiung contempt at you. 1
when you ought to have received noth- 1
ing but gratitude. At first you could ;
uot sleep at night. Then you went
about with a sense of having been :
stung. That difficulty will never be '
healed,'for though mutual friends may
arbitrate in the matter until you shall ;
shake hands, the old cordiality will :
never come back. 2sow I commend to
ail sucn tne sympatny ox a oetrayea
Christ. Why, they sold him for less ^
than our $20! Theu all forsook him and 1
fled. They cut him to the quick. He 1
drank that cup to the dregs. He took 1
the vinegar. j
There is also the sourness of pain.
There are some of you who have not '
seen a well day for many years. By *
keeping out of drafts, and by carefully (
studying dietetics, you continue to this 1
time, but oh, the headaches, and the '
side aches, and the backaches, and the (
heartaches which h?ve been your ac- (
companimtnt all the way through! You j
have struggled under z. heavy mortgage ]
! ! -_1 - J * _ J O 7
oi pnysicai aisaomues, aact lnsieaa 01 1
the placidity that once characterized 5
yon it is now only with great effort that x
you keep away from irritability and 1
sharp retort. Difficulties of respira- 1
tion, of digestion, of locomotion, make *
up the great obstacle in your life, and ?
you tug and sweat along the pathway c
and wonder when the exhauston will
end. My friends, the brightest crowns s
in heaven will not be giyen to those, s
in stirrups, dashed to the cavalry
^wWarge, while the general applauded, i
"'and the sound of clashing sabers raug s
through the lacu, but the birghtest t
crowns in heaven, I believe, will be t
given to those who trudged on amid t
chronic ailments which uunerved their z
strength, yet all the time maintaining i 1
their faith in God, It is comparative- j 1
ly easy to fight in a regimen* of a thou- j e
sand men, charging up the parapets to i
the sound of martial music, but it is | 1
hoc so easy to endure when no one but j c
the nurse and the doctorarc the witnesses i j
(f the Christian fortitude. Besides
hat, you never had any y*ains worse
han Christ's. The sharpness that stung
hrough his brain, through his hands,
hrough his feet, through his heart, were
is great as yours certainly. He was as j
siclc ana as weary. a. ucnc ui i
nuscle v>r ligament escaped. All the
angs of all the nations of ail the ages
.-ompressea into one sour cup. He took
There is also tie sourness of poverty.
Your income does not meet your outgoings,
<*nd that always gives an honest
man anxiety. There is no sign of destitution
about you?pleasant appearance
and a cheerful ho?:;e for you?but
LJod only knows what a time you have
had to manaee your private finances.
Just as the bills run up the wages seem
to run down. You may sap nothing,
but life to you is a hard push, and
wrifcn you sit dowt. with vour wife and
talk over the expenses you both rise up
discouraged. You abridge here, and
you abridge there and your get things
snug for smooth sailing, and, lo, suddenly
there is a large doctor s bill to
pay, or you have loi-t your pocketbook,
or some debtor has failed, ?nd you are
thrown abeam end. Well, brother,
you are in glorious compar.y. Christ
owned not the house in \vhi3h he stop
ped or the coJt on wfcicft be rcae or me
boat ia which he sailed. He lived in a
borrowed house; he was buried in a bor
rowed grave. Exposed to all kinds of
weather, vet he had only one tuit of
clothes. He breakfasted in the morning,
and no one' could possihly tell
where he could got anything to eat before
night. He would have been pronounced
a financial failure. He had to
perform a miracle to get money to pay,
a tax bill. Not a dollar did he own.
Privation of domesticity, privation of
UUiriLIU U5 iUUU, piiViiLiuu Kji. a, wujiui vable
couch on which to sleep, privation
of all worldly resources! The kings of
the earth had chased chalices out of
which to drink, but Christ had nothing
but a plain cup set before him, and
it was very sharp, and it was very sour.
He took the vinegar.
There were years that passed along
before your family circle was invaded
by death, but the moment the charmed
circle was broken everything seemed to
dissolve. Hardly have you put the
black apparel in the wardrobe before
vnu have asain to take it out. Great
and rapid changes in your family record.
You got the house and rejoiced
in it, but the charm was gone as soon
as the crape hung on the doorbell. The
one upon whom you most depended was
taken away from you. A cold marble
stab lies on your heart today. Once,
as the childen romped through the
house, you put your hand over your
aching head and said, "Oh, if I could
only have it still!'' Oh. it is too still
now! You lost your patience when the
tops and the strings and the shells were
left amid the floor, but, oh, you would
be willing to have the trinkets scattered
all nvor tKp finar uerair> if hhev were
scattered by the same hands.
"With what a ruthless plowshare bereavement
rips the heart! But Jesus
knows all about that. You cannot tell
him anything new in regard to bereavement.
He had only ajew friends, and
when he lost onei'fbrought tears to bis
eyes. Lazarus bad often entertained
him at his _home. Now Lazarus is
dead and buried, and Christ breaks
down with'emotion, the convulsion of
grief shuddering through all the ages of
bereavement. Christ knows what it is
to go through the bouse missing a familiar
inmate. Christ knows what it
is to see an unoccupied place at the
table. Were there not lour of them?
Mary and Martha and Christ and Lazarus?
Four of them. But where is Lazarus?
Lonely and afflicted Christ,
his great-loving eyes filled with tears!
Oh, yes, yes! He knows all about the
loneliness and the heartbreak. He
took the vinegar!
Then there is the sourness of the
death hour. Whatever else we mav
escape, that acid sponge will be pressed
to our lips. I sometimes have a curiosity
to know how I will behave when I
come to die. Whether I will be calm
or excited, whether 1 will b<; filled with
reminiscence or with. anticipation, I
carmot say. But come to the point I
must and you must. An officer from
the future world will knock at the door
of our hearts and serve on us the writ
<vF pioctmpnf nnrl wp will ViavA tri siir
render. And we will wake up after
these autumnal and wintry and vernal
and summery glories have vanished
from our vision. We will wake up into
a realm which has only one season and
that the season of everlasting love.
But you say: "I don't want to break
out from my present associations. It
is so chilly and so damp to go down the
stairs of that va^lt. I don't want any
thing drawn so tightly over my eyes.
If there were only .some way of breaking
through the partition between
worlds without tearing this body all to
shred! I wonder if the surgeons and
tie doctors cannot compound a mixture
by which this body and soul can all the
time be kept together? Is there no escape
from this separation?" None,
absolutely none. A great many men
tumble through the gates of the future,
as it were, and we do not know where
they have- gone, and they only add gloom
and mystery to the passage, but Jesus
Christ so mightily stormed the gates
of that future world that they haye
never since been closely shut. Christ
knows what it is to leave this world, of
hT-> ^ VvAon^rr XT'V?ili l-i rt rroc WAra orv.
I ii v vtau.j vi n a.o mui v a. p
preciative than we ever could be. He
knows the exquisiteness of the phosphorescence
of the sea. He trod it.
He knows the glories of the midnight
heavens, for they were the spangled
canopy of his wilderness pillow. He
knows about the lilies. He twisted
them into his sermon. He knows about
the fowls of the air. They whirred
their way through his discourse. He
knows about the sorrows of leaving this
beautiful world. Xot a taper was
kindled in the darkness. He died phy:ir>?onloca
ir> crcAof and
;iviuuiv?.v? AAV Aki WAV* U " VU.V UiAVfc
lizziness and hemorrhage and agony,
:hat have put him in sympathy "with all
:he dying. He goes through Christenlom,
and he gathers up the stings out
)f ail the death pillows, and he puts
:hem under his own neck and head.
He gathers cn his own tongue the burn.ng
thirst of many generations. The
>ponge is soaked in the sorrows of all
;hose who have died in their beds, as
veil as soaked in the sorrows of all
;hose who perished in icy or fiery maryrdom.
While heaven was pitying,
tnd earth was mockiDg, and hell was
lending, he took the vinegar!
To all those to whom life has been
m acerbity?a dose they could not
swallow, a draft that set their teeth on
:dge and a-rasping?I preach the omnipotent
sympathy of Jesus Christ. The
sister of Herschel. the astronomer, used
;o spend much of her time polishing the
:elescopes through which he brought
,he distant worlds nigh, and it is* my
tmbition now this hour to clear the
ens of your spiritual vision, so that,
ookiDg through the dark night of 2.'0ur
sarthly troubles, you may behold the
;loriou? constellation of a Saviour's
ove. Oh, my friends, do not try to
:arry all your ills alone. Do not put
,-our poor shoulder under the Apne/
- mm i i r i in mi n
[ niDes, ^hen the Almighty Christ is
ready t>c lift up all your burdens. Wkfcn
you have a trouble of any kind, you
rush this way and that way, and you .
wonder whai this man will say about
it and what that man will say about it,
and you try this prescriptioi and that
prescription and the other prescription.
Oh, why do you not go straight to the
heart of Christ, knowing that for our
own sinning and suffering race he took
the vinegar? - 1
There was a vessel that had been 1
tossed on the seas for a great many e
weeks and been disabled, and the supply
of water gave out, and the crew ?
were dying of thirst. After many days
they saw a sail against the sky. They
signaled it. Wbn tVift varspI
nearer, the people on the suffering ship s
cried to the captain of the other vessel:
''Send us some water. We are dying
for lack of water." And the captain on
the vessel that was hailed responded: (
"Dip your buckets where you are. You
are in the mouth of the Amazon, and 1
there are scores of miles of fresh water
all around about you and hundreds of
feet deep.'' Aad then they dropped
their buckets over the side of the vessel ^
! 11 r\ 4 V* rrV? V*
auu uiuugui u\j mc j iitou
water and put out .the fire ef their *
thirst. So I hail you today, after a
long and perilous voyage, <hirsting as ^
you are for pardou acd thirsting for
comfort ana thirsting for eternal life, ^
and I ask you what is the use of your
going in that death struck state while
all around you is the deep, clear, wide, *
sparkling flood of God's sympathetic
mercy. Ob, dip your buckets and drink
and live forever. ; 'Whosoever will, C
let him come and take of the water of .
e i? ? (
Yet there are people who refuse this v
divine sympathy, and they try to fight
their own battles, and drink their own
vinegar, - and carry their own burdens, ]
and their life, instead ef being a triumphil
march from victory to victory,
will be a hobbling on from defeat to de- g
feat, until they make final surrender to
retributive distaster. Oh, I wish I could
today gather up in my arms all the
woes of men and women, all their heart- j
aches, all their disappointments, all
tneir cnagrms, ana just take tnem rignt ^
to the feet of a sympathizing Jesus.
He took the vinegar. Nana Sahib, af- x
ter he had lost his last battle in India,
fell back into the jungles of Iheri?jungles
so full of malaria that no mortal ]
can live there. He carried with him
also a ruby of great luster and of .*' <
value. He died in those jungles i*;> \
body was never found, and the ru'-j has
npwr vpf, Kapti . Ann I f?ar c
that today there are some who v. 11 fall
back from this subject into the tokening,
killing jungles of their sin carry- 1
ing a gem of infinite value?a piiceless
soul?to be lost forever. Oh, that that ]
vuby might flash in the eternal coronation!
But, no! There are some, 1 fear,
who turn away from this offered mercy
and comfort and divine sympathy, notwithstanding
that Christ, for all who
would accept his grace, trudged the long
way, ana sunerea tne lacerating tnongs,
and received in his face the expectorations
of the filthy mob, and for the guilty,
and the discouraged and the discomforted
of the race, took the vinegar.
May God Almight break the infatuation
and lead jou out into the 'strorig
hope, and the good cheer, and the glori1
f? ,1 ? 1!
ous sunsnine 01 tnis mumpani gospei:
TEE CHICAGO PLATFORM. (
Bryan Stands by Its Principals- A *
Party Conference. j
A Democratic conference has been ?
called under the auspices of the Demo- j
cratic Siate committee was held in To- ]
peka Thursday evening. Prominent ,
speakers, including Col. W. J. Bryan i
of Nebraska; Champ Clark of Missouri; ?
Allen D. Myers of Ohio and Sidney s
Clark of Oklahoma were present. More t
than a thousand persons were invited. |
The meeting was in the nature of a con- i
ference of Democratic leaders, the pol- 1
: a. : <
ivy \ji tuc iu me cam^aigu ui
1899 being touched on.
Mr. Bryan himself was given the
most prominent place, his subject being
Mr. Bryan stood out squarely for the
Chicago platform, and said that there
had been no retreat from the positions
taken iu 1896.
"We are only holding our own,'* he
declared, but we are gaining back those
Democrats who left us without fully
understanding the nature of the struggle.
"Sometime; we hear plea^ for harmony
from those who opposed the party
in 1896/' continued Mr. Brvan.
"but harmony, (instead of 'being a
thing hoped for, is at least, a thing j
realized; not a pretended harmony be- ,
tween those entertaining antagonistic ,
principles, but an actual harmony between
those who are uuited in a common
purpose against a common enemy.
The Democratic party was never more ]
harmonious, and its harmony cau ouly
be disturbed Dy admitting within the ]
fold those who are at variance with its '
principles and aspirations. T
"The Democratic platform of 1900 1
will be written by those who stood upon $
the platform of 1896, not by those who .
tried to overthrow the Democratic par- 3
ty in that campaign."
Mr. Bryan declared that events have s
been vindicating the policies proposed 1
by the Democratic party in 1896.
He then passed on to the subject of }
trusts and characterized them as the
products of Republican methods. c
Mr. Bryan closed with a denunciation
of militarism and what he termed the v
tendency of the present administration s
toward iDsperialism. 0
Champ Clark of BowliDg Green, Mo., ?
had for his subject "Prosperity, past, *
present and future."
QfAT>/\ Ap A! ifOAimi /\n ^
vvuuvi uuv/uc; vi jiidsuuii uu
the future of the Democratic party.
He was followed by Allen 0. Myers
of Columbus, 0., whose toast was "The a
East and the West." ?
The toast responded to by Sidney | _
Clark was "Oklahoma, the next star in "
the flag of the Union."' ^
Three Lives Crushed Out.
The bodies of three white minors now T
lie 125 feet under ground b<;uearh
great volume of water and tons of dirt
and debris in a manganese miue niue
miles from Cartersville, Ga., where they j]
met death by being mashed and smother- t]
de b> the great mass above where they b
ttoic Udviij^ iu v/u tiicui. JLUC p
dead men are Frank McEver, a son of f,
one of the lessees, and the Messrs. h
Chastain. McEver leaves a wife and
two children. He was 26 years of age.
The mine is on the Canton road and is I
known as the Clumber Hill mine. It t<
has recently been leased by Messrs. tl
White & McEver and worked with a w
force of from three to five hands. It t<
may take several days to recover the n
bodies of the men, as the water in the s<
shaft is 80 feet deep and will have to s<
be pumped out before other work to- t<
ward rescuing them can picceed. w
Che List of Chairmen &f the Varion
Followirg is the list of chairmen o
he county boards of pensions. Salud;
s the only county which has not com
Dunicated with the comptroller gen
Abb^villA?.T T? TTnllntrar Potti
Aiken?J. R. iSidron, Vaucluse.
Anderson?J. J. Gilmer. Anderson
Bamberg ?W. F. Stokes, Farrell'
Barnwell?A. B. Connor, Ailendale
Beaufort?Dr. R. R. Sams, Beaufort
Berkeley?1). M. Breaker, Monck
CkarlesteD?Dr. B. M. Lebby, Cbar
Cherokee?J. Gr. Sarratt, Gaffney.
Chester?V>T. H. Hardin, Chester.
Chesterfield?W. J. Hanna, Chester
Clarendon?C. S. Land, Sr., Fores
Darlington?Capt. W. E. James
Dorchester?D. M. Horn, St
Edgefield?J. N. Fair, Edgefield.
Fairfield?G. H. McMaster. Winns
Florence?E. W. Lloyd, Florence.
Georgetown?J. Harleston Rea<
Greenyille?Col. S. S. Crittenden
Greenwood?TV. P. McKeller, Green
Horry?B. L. Beaty, Bncksville.
Hampton?J. H. Steinmeyer, Earl:
Kershaw?W. F. Russell, "Westville
Lanr-aster?W. K. Btccp. H^atl
Laurens?B. W. Ball, Laurens.
Lexington?S. M. Roof, Lexington.
Marion?Dr. G. A. Mclntyre, Mar
Marlboro?J. H Hudson, Bennetts
Newberry?M. A. Carlisle, Xewber
Oconec?J. C. Neville, West Union
Orangeburg?G. W. Dan nelly
Pickens?N. A. Cristopher, Pickens
Richland?Capt. W. D. Starling, Co
Spartanburg?Capt. J. W. Hawkins
Sumter?E. E. Gaillard, Sumter.
Union?Godfrey B. Fowler, Jones
"Williamsburg?H. H. Kindei
York-J. F. Wallace Yorkville.
A.n act to amend Section 4 of an act en
titled "An act to provide a system o
county government for the seven
counties of this State, so far as it re
lates to the maintaining and workin
of the roads and highways in thi
State," approved March 23, 189C
amended and approved February 22
1897, and amended and approved Fet
ruary 21, 1898, by inserting Cheroke
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Get
;ral Assembly of the State of Sout
Carolina, that an act entitled "An ac
;o amend an act entitled an act to pre
ride a syst.em of county government fc
ihe several counties of this State, so fa
is it relates to the working and main
L_ * * _ O il. _ J _ J 1_ ? *
;ainmg oi one roaas ana nignways i
;his State," approved March 23, 1896
imeuded and approved February 2z
1897, and also amended and approve
February 21, 1898, be, and the same i
iereby. further amended by insertin
:he name Cherokee, on line 4 of Sectio
I. after the name Spartanburg, so tha
raid section when amended shall rea
Section 4. That all male prisons abl
:o perform, or cause to be performed
:he labor herein required, between th
iges of 18 and 50 .\ears, except in Hoi
r? Q?iOfronktn?i* CZ- rftnnni 11 n
j J uuyu.j;, viccuviucj vuwvai;
ma Union counties, where the age
shall be from 21 to 50, and also excep
uinisters of the Gospel in actual charg
jf a congregation, and persons permat
intly disabled in the military service c
;his State, and persons who served i
:he late war between the States, sha!
)e required annually to perform, c
jause to be performed, four days' labc
>n the highways, under the direction c
;he overseer of the road district i
vhich he shall reside; except in th
;ounties of Spartanburg, Anderson
jrreenville, Pickens and DarhngtoE
therein the number of working day
shall be three; and in Pickens county
;he commutation tax shall be one do!
ar; and in Greenville county ten hour
shall constitute a day's work for al
lired hands; and in Pickens county te
lours shall constititute a day's wor
'or all hands; and the counties of Oi
mgeburg, Saluda, Edgefield, Colleton
Chester, Barnwell, Newberry, Green
vood, Williamsburg, Dorchester, Sum
er and York, wherein the number o
vorkitig days shall be four as to York
iud the counties of Berkeley, Charles
.on, Georgetown, Hampton, Beaufort
tfarion and Florence, where the numbe
>f working days shall be eight; and ii
Samberg county, the number of work
ng days shall be six: and in Clarendon
jouHty, where the number of work day
ihall be changed to four, and the com
nutation tax shall be one dollar: Pro
dded, that the county board of com
nissioners of any county may cause t
>e levied an additional tax, not to ex
aa/3 r>n a mill An oil fli a f a nrAn
'Vi^VA vug AJLI1AJ.} \JLL CLIX lAAOUlt piV^J
irty of any township in their county
?hen so required by a written petitio]
igned by two-thirds of the freeholder
if such township, except in Picken
;ounty, where it shali not be necessar
o have said written petition. Sue!
ax to be collected as the other taxe
,nd to be expended on the roads ant
lighways of such township: Provided
hat the provisions of this act shall no
,pply to the county of Fairfield. Th<
>rovisions of this act shall not apply t<
^ckens, Cherokee and Union counties
_ i.n il. T> J P A.1
:uin sue year jrroviaea, luruier
hat in Oconee couDfy the number o;
ays' work to be performed be four
'ithout any commutition.
Approved the 2nd dav of March. A.
A Brain-Twister for Robert.
A discouraged editor asks the follow3g
question: "If Bob Ingersoll insists
hat there is no hell, will he state what
ecomes of the man who takes the paer
three of four years without paying
)r it and then tells the postmaster that
e does not want it.
When the hour came for the Kansas
legislature to close the other dav de
ictives were stationed at every exit of
ae State house to see that no property
as carried away. It has been thecus)m
for a vast number of articles,
inging from typewriters down to ink:ands,
to disappear at the end of every
sssioo. The detectives found plenty
> do. and dozens of wonld-bp thieves
ere forced to disgorge.
, THE LAKE CITY CASE.
^ The Trial Will Begin Sometime Next
Week in Charleston.
The News and Courier says over
eighty witnesses have been summoned
* to appear for the Government in the
a case against the alleged lynchers from
- Lake City, which will be tried next
i_ mi t . /
wees, inere win oe a great array 01
witnesses for the defence, and it is not
believed that the trial can be finished
in less than two weeks.
Mr. E W. Bell, the special agent
who was sent to South Carolina by the
department of justice to gather evis
dence in the lynching case, has returned
to Charleston from Cuba, wheie
' he went to interview certain members
" of the 2d South Carolina regiment.
8 Marion Clark, who enlisted in the regiment,
and who was formerly editor of
a newspaper at Lake City, is named as
one of the defendants. Mr. Bell wanted
to see Clark and others connected
with the case.
At present there ar.e fifteen defendants.
They were all arrested at different
times, and were released from jail
on bend. The "fifteen alleged members
* of the mob are: Ezra McKnight, W.
A. Webster, M. V. Ward, Moultrie
* Epps, H. C. Goodwin, C. J. Joyner,
Oscar Kelly, Edwin Bodgers, Alonzo
Hodgers, Henry S. Stokes, Allen Belk,
Van Somerford, Early P. Lee, John P.
Newham and Marion Clark. It is
, hinted that other arrests will be made
before the case is taken up for trial.
Much interest is being taken in the
' make-up of the jury which will have
to sit on the trial. The names of the
men are or particular interest just at
this time. The grand jurors are:
A. S. Dukes, Branchville, Orange7
S. P. Reid, Spartanburg. Spartan
G. C. Singleton. Conway, Horry.
W. S. Wilkerson, Hickory Grove.
A. C. Izard. Walterboro, Colleton.
John K. Ragsdale, Jenkinsville,
D. P. Lide, Darlington, Darlington.
Fred "Walker, (colored.) Chester,
H. H. Gooche, Lancaster, Lancaster.
J. A. Thompson, Lindsay, Lancaster.
, T /1 1? TXT vt:II_
o. v. riucujau, travel ly jjuiia,
S. E. Owons. St. Matthews. Orangeburg.
M. T. Simpson. Cross Hill, Laurens.
? John R. Gossett, Easley, Pickens.
S. F. Flowers. Sumter, Sumter.
J. J. Thompson, Camden. Kershaw.
John C. Sevier, Spartanburg, Spar
'? Adam Cook, "Winnsboro, Fairfield.
Tom Johnson, (colored,) Camden,
L. B. Carson, Union, Union.
Thomas Addison, Branson, Hampf
S. M. Snider. Greenville, Greenville.
H. H. Cannon, Spartanburg, Spartan
S The petit jury are:
? Alfred Sevans, (colored,) Aiken, Ai'>
'' J. J. Lawton, Hartsville, Darlington.
J. A. Gibson, Newberry, Newberry.
e C. A. Bowman, Newberry, Newberry.
John W. McCullough, Alba, Greenh
!t J. H. Clarkson, Columbia, Pti?hland.
S. A. Durham, Marion, Marion.
,r E. P. Ricker, Sumter, Sumter.
ir B. F. Davis, Marion, Marion.
l" Joel B. Garrison, Sterling Grove,
R. M. Marshall, Charleston, Charles's
d ^ W. P. McGill, Camp Ridge, Wil13
S Arthur L. Kerne, Clinton, Laurens.
d. Adams vjiartson, Weston, lucnJ
^ J. B. Stepp, Switzer, Spartanburg.
William Alexander, (colored,) Chese
'> J. C. Elliott, Lancaster, Lancaster.
e W. R. Price. Suanydale, Pickens.
r" Robert P. Evans, Charleston, Char6
!S W. R. Doty, "Winnsboro, Fairfield.
U. A. Calhoun, Appleton, Barnwell.
e Morgan Boylston, Wagener, Aiken.
l" T. P. Horger, Jamison, Orangeburg.
J. D. Humphries, Union, Union.
Fred C G-ibbs, Cordesville, Berkeley.
" McCloud Hutson, Beaufort, Beau11
,r W. H. Tuten, Hampton, Hampton.
* T. H. Reane, Graniteville, Aiken.
n Samuel T. Waddell, (colored,) Dovese
C. H. Carlisle, Spartanburg, Spar
3 R. J. Poole, Anderson, Anderson.
'> J. S. Cantey, Summerton, Clarendon.
A. J. Stringer, Belton, Anderson.
"S Turpin Earle, Greenville, Greenville.
Edward DeReef, "Waverly Mills,
k C. 31. Mills, (colored,) Laurens, Lau "
' Prosperity--Eow It Propers.
t. The McKinley wave of prosperity is
,f still sweeping on. Around the gates of
: the factories in the cities every morn(1
ing are found scores and hundreds of
men begging for employment, who are
_ tnrnpf? awav with tVip sfprpnt.vnpd PV
a pression, "No work." One-fourth of
the population of New Ycrk city are
a subjects of charity! This last winter
s women disguised themselves in men's
. clothing and sought work on the streets
i_ of New York in shoveling snow, and
. when discharged by the foreman when
0 their sex was discovered, they cried bit_
terly and begged to be allowed to re
: J i. c :i:
lllciiU <1UU nrUIft., UCLldliU^ lUCli laUllIICO
were -starving. In Cincinnati over 4,3
900 persons applied for aid in Decems
ber and January. In Nashville, Tenn.,
s children are working in cotton factories
y for five cents a day of twelve or thirteen
j Hours. One child received fifty-five
s cents for three weeks' work, and one
I family one of eight workers average
scarcely $30 a month. Talk of McKinl
ley prosperity! In Ohio?McKinley's
s home*?the head center of prosperity,
j there are 65,950 people being fed by
3 charity. "No longer the man hunts
the job, but the job now hants the
p man," is a sentence coined by McKinley,
and yet in the face of it the Wash'
ington Post recently contained au appeal
in behalf of 'discharged yolunteers
of the District regiment now out of
employment and destitute! This, under
the shadow of the dome of the na
tion's capital?at the portals of the
White House! Prosperity of this kind
1 is found all around the country, but it
' is of a kind that requires a great deal
' of nursing by the followers of McKin>
"Ben Hut," Gen. Lew Wallace's
masterpiece, was first dedicated ikTo
i the wife of my youth." When the
book began to make its way Gen. Wal1
lace was flooded wjth letters of condolence
on the supposed death of his
tri^A f VIA AM fottym no ^
r?iic? iuc niiicio uaoiuj wugix oj uipathy
on the dedication. Mrs. Wallace
herself had written the words, but for
the nest edition altered them to the
following, which has ever since been
; used: "To the wife of my youth who
still abides with me
?i "I iTfci tfrrnar f"nri iT"i11rk mh'iii mi mm in
I High Rrm Sewinc
Fully guaranteed for ten y
; all the latest attachments, 1
mented wood work.
Money refunded after 30 da
I is not as good as the $40. T?0 to
sold by agents.
Send for circulars and state
"We are headquarters for Farn
Mattings, Carpets, Sewi
Baby Carriages, etc.
IIIO & II12 Br
Ia connection with Superintendent
McMahan's statement that it is' 'claimed
that many children are prevented from
attending sehool because of the inability
of their parents to provide them with
the necessary books" and that ''some
even say that the schools are beyond
the reach of the poorer classes unless
the State supplies text books to the
children," this article from the Nash
ville American will be found of interest:
The table following will show the
difference between the prices of school
books in Tennessee and Indiana. The
Indiana law was passed ten years ago
and any attempt to rescind it would not
find a corporal's guard in the State.
The table is:
First Reader $ .15 $ .20
n i t? i r>~ o;
oecona .neaaer &o .00
Third Reader 35 .45
Fourth Reader 45 .60
Fifth Reader 60 .SO
Third Part Arithmetic.. .45 .60
Elementary Geography.. .30 .50
Complete Georeraphy... .75 1.25
Intermediate Geography. .20 .35
Spelling Books 10 .20
English Grammar 40 .75
TT..;*. J ? en 1 9.
u iJiieu oiiices jjLiacuij'.. . .uv x.~v
Physiology 60 1.25
Copy Book No. 1 05 .10
Copy Book No. 2 05 .10
Copy Book No. 3 05 .12*
Copy Book No. 4 05 .12i
Copy Book No. 5 05 .12?
Copy Book No. 6 05 .12*
54.60 ?y ID.
We called attention to the fact the
other day that under the Iudiana law .
every school book concern of import- J
ancein the country was competing for
the State contract. This knocks into
a cocked hat the argument that cheap ;
and inferior books would be furnished ,
the Tennessee children if we had such j
a law as prevails in Indiana.
In commenting on the above the ;
n ^ ? r?i . * i l i
LOiumDia oiaie says it aoes not krow ;
the prices paid for school books in j
South Carolina but they are dobutless !
higher than those paid in Indiana. The
State is right. The price of school
books in South Carelinaare higher than
they are in Indiana, which should not
be the case. There is no reason why
South Carolina should not get school
Venire fie as Indiana or anv nt.her
The State reports Superintendent
McMahan as saying that the sums expended
for the luxury of school charts
have reached the astounding total of
?*?A AAA * % A CirtlA AWA f Vv A AO TT1 Acf
??)UU,UUV iu a uoacc yvagic cjug uwav^ou i
taxation bearable is insufficient to keep
the schools open six months in the
year. It passes understanding how
this folly could have been permitted by
those who have been charged with the
economical- and effective management
of our public school system.
"VTe agree with The State, that Mr.
McMahan "did not take charge of the
office of superintendent of education a
day too soon His statement shows
that he appreciates the obligations of
his position an 3 the necessity for radical
reforms in the system, and we hope
that he will continue unflinchingly in
the path he has entered. This State,
as a State, cannot give more money to
^ its public schools than it does now,
'but the effectiveness of what it does
give can be greatly increased by wise
administration. This the people now
A Biff Farmer.
David llankin, of Tarkio, Anchinson
county, Missouri, who owns and manages
23,000 acres of land in Atchinson
county, scattered over an area of
forty miles, is described in the Indianapolis
News as an all-round farmer who
farms all the year round. To work his
farms, which average from 600 to 3.000
acres, requires 140 employes, 700
horses, more than 100 wagons and many
plows, harrows, cultivators, etc. Half
of his land goes under the plow year
ly. About 2,000 acres are sown to
TT- U /\A ^ A n /I i A ?\ i A J AAMM
YVllCUL dUU LilC lot ID yidUlCU xu uuiu.
Other land is laid do./n in clover, timothy
and bluegrall pasture?. Every
year Mr. Rankin buys and fattens from
8,000 to 10,000 head of cattle. Ho
keeps 12,000 head of hogs at all times,
and sells about $80,000 worth yearly.
He began to buy his land in 187(5. In
addition to his duties as a farmer he is
the president of the First National
Bank, of the Electric Light and Power
company of the Water company and of
a brick and tile company. He has been
liberal in his support of the church and
Eleven persous, including Tax As
sessor Lewis Uonee and nine msmoer
of his family, were killed by a cyclone '
at Edwardsville, Ala., Saturday night. ?
The ^torm spread throughout the
So^'g^ut was especially severe ni
Bk and Alabama.
- ^1 *.A^'^^^r 'vt^,''V>.ateL
I Machine j??
ears, lit ted with
: what you want.
The Padgett Furi
The School Charts.
The school chart business se?ms to !
be dividing the honors with the peni-1
tentiary investigation. Assistant At-;
torney-'General Gunter has had for!
sometime under advisement the matter!
j of paying for these charts. The ques- j
cion submitted to him is whether trus- i
tees are permitted legally to pay for the j
charts by warrants on the coming year's 1
school fund. This has been done in a
number of instances. Mr.-G-unter had
not written out his decision but he said
that he would hold that trustees could
not do so. The question whether they j
had a right to expend school money for
such a purpose has not been submitted
to him. His ruling on the first
point will go a long way in stopping
*1 ?? ?1 i.? ? J? ?1 1
me puiuiia.se ui uuans, IUI lew acuuui
districts have anv money to spare for
the purpose. It will be hard on the
chart men, even if thej wait until nest
year's money is available, as conditions
will be about the same then as they
are now?no money to spend upon such
luxuries. Trustees will have to make
some arrangements about them or the
chart company will have to take back
their goods as second hand. We hop
iL __ 1 * 1 Ml 1_ . xl _ _ . 1 1
tnis cnart Dusmesswm maKeme scnooi
authorities more carefuliu future about
making illegal contracts. The chsrr
peopie sold their charts in good faith,
and it isc<rtainly harden them to be
knocked out in this way. If they had
been told in the beginning that their
goods were too high, instead of being
encouraged as they were in many instances
by the school authorities to sell
them on urns the case would be different.
Will Pay for It.
Gov. Eilerbe Thursday gave out the
following statement in regard to his
name being brought into the penitentiary
scandal: *'In the testimony of
Capt. Westfield the public would think
I have been getting my laundering aone
free at the penitentiary. Some time
ago our washwoman left the city and we
could not get one to do our work satisfactorily.
I told Col. Xeal about the
matter and he told me he had a good
laundry at the penitentiary and that he
could do my laundering for me. I sent
a part of it only, and am to pay $3 per
month. About a month ago I succeeded
in getting a washwoman and have not
had any laundering done at the penitentiary
We are State Agents for and make
SPECIALTY of equipping improvec
Hurray Ginning System,
the simplest and best. Cotton ginned
on this system commands a higher market
price than any other, and the machinery
itself is a marvel of simplicity
We control for this State the improved
Murray Cleaning Feeder, which is
unquestionably the best gin feeder eve
_ -n . * i .
yet invented, rarnes contemplating
a purchase of machinery of this kind
are invited to correspond with us.
Machinery and Mill Supplies of
all kinds at lowest manufacturers
Now is the time to place your order
for a threshing machine; buy the best,
we sell it?the FARQUHAR.
W. H. SIBBES & CO.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
a t :j ji n~
utiles IUI .?JJIUUCII v>u., xuagit;
Cotton Gin Co.. A. B. Fargnhar CoWrite
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
for catalogue. Free scholarships
on easy conditi >ns to
those who write soon. Railroad
fare paid. Cheap board.
Notes accepted. Can pay part 1
of expenses by working in the
college office. Address, mentioning
W. H NEWBERRY, Prest
No. 0 COCKING STOVE i
Orsly $'h0.>00. 1
II::s 17x17 inch oven, four S incli I
i>t holes; large Hues and guaran- ? A
>ed a good baker. We lit this j M
tove up with forty pieces of ware . | fl
icludiu.ii: the latest stove ware.
To sitlveitiso uiir business we 3'
ill sell this No. Cooking Stove, 9 ?
tied with -JO pieces of ware for n "
SrG.CC CASH. 1
g? Frca faker Direct'to Purchaser ^
8 A Good |
| Piano |r.
m V:J J?st * <?5
SE lifetime J?*
Si ei^.j1!6 $| ^
ii sSSlydiiApMrpiaM i
^?1 give endless ^?1
The "^43235* vexation. jg
f Matbushek I .:"
Is always Good, always Reliable? '^8
isf always Satisfactory, always Last- MS
?? ing. Yoa take no chances in boy- a*
ft costs somewhat _.iore than a ifi
Sj? cheap, poor piano, but is much t&d jHf
3Bs cheapest in the encL a? ?NootherHiffhGradePlanosoldio
ffl? reasonable. Factory prices toretali aH
buyers. Easy payments. Write u*. ?gi
?g LUOOEN & BATES,
jjj1 Savannah. Ga., and New York City. 1^
\udii-?3. L>. A. Jr'liiiSSL u i . ^
COLUMBIA. S. 0.
Charleston. South Carolina. 1
Corner Vandsrhorst a Smith Sts.
IN THE STATE.
CONTRACTS TAKEN TO FURNISH C03I?PLETE
Roller Floor Mills.
Richmond City ill Works, I
One of tli i ii . i i' i: . t ; M
Flour Mill Mwhiasr/ ia t'\; on:rr , ^
and hiving espsrieac^ 1 VliU^figlvv
I am prepared to build mills on
the most improved plans and atprices
to compete with any one
in the trade. We guarantee
the products of our mills to
equal the grades of the best
Western mills. Before
placing your orders
write to me.
I also handle a complete line of Wood- A
gines and Boilera, Com Mills and Maehinery
in general. V
Having been established in business ^
here for sixteen years, I have built up j
my trade by selling the very highest
class of matthinftrv_ and am in ?
position to serve the interest of my
sustomers than ever before.
V. C. Badham, J
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